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Www irs gov freefile com Publication 1544(SP) - Main Content Table of Contents ¿Por qué hay que declarar estos pagos? ¿Quién tiene que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP?¿Qué pagos tienen que declararse? ¿Qué es efectivo? Número de identificación del contribuyente (TIN) ¿Qué son transacciones relacionadas? ¿Qué se hace en el caso de transacciones sospechosas? Cuándo, dónde y qué se tiene que presentar Ejemplos Multas y sanciones Cómo Obtener Ayuda con los ImpuestosTalleres de Asistencia Tributaria para Contribuyentes de Bajos Recursos (LITC, por sus siglas en inglés). Www irs gov freefile com ¿Por qué hay que declarar estos pagos? A menudo, los contrabandistas y narcotraficantes hacen transacciones de grandes cantidades de efectivo con el propósito de “blanquear” (lavar) dinero proveniente de actividades ilícitas. Www irs gov freefile com El término “blanquear” (lavar) significa convertir el dinero “sucio”, u obtenido ilegalmente, en dinero “limpio” (como si fuera obtenido legalmente). Www irs gov freefile com El gobierno a menudo puede rastrear el origen de este dinero blanqueado (lavado) mediante los pagos que se declaran. Www irs gov freefile com Determinadas leyes aprobadas por el Congreso requieren que se declaren estos pagos. Www irs gov freefile com Al cumplir con estas leyes, se proporciona información valiosa para ayudar a poner fin a las operaciones de los evasores de impuestos y los que se benefician del narcotráfico y otras actividades delictivas. Www irs gov freefile com La USA Patriot Act (Ley patriota de los Estados Unidos) del año 2001 amplió el alcance de dichas leyes con el propósito de rastrear los fondos usados para llevar a cabo acciones terroristas. Www irs gov freefile com ¿Quién tiene que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP? Por regla general, toda persona que se dedique a una ocupación o negocio en los que reciba más de $10,000 en efectivo en una sola transacción, o en varias transacciones relacionadas, tiene que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP. Www irs gov freefile com Por ejemplo, es posible que tenga que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP si la ocupación o negocio al cual se dedica es la compraventa de joyas, muebles, barcos, aeronaves o automóviles, si es prestamista, abogado o corredor de bienes raíces, o si se trata de una compañía de seguros o de una agencia de viajes. Www irs gov freefile com Las reglas especiales que deben cumplir los secretarios de los tribunales federales o estatales aparecen más adelante bajo Fianza recibida por secretarios de los tribunales. Www irs gov freefile com Sin embargo, usted no tiene que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP si la transacción no está relacionada con su ocupación o negocio. Www irs gov freefile com Por ejemplo, si es dueño de una joyería y vende su automóvil personal por una cantidad superior a $10,000 en efectivo, no tendrá que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP por esta transacción. Www irs gov freefile com Definición de transacción. Www irs gov freefile com   Se lleva a cabo una “transacción” cuando: Se venden bienes o propiedades, o se prestan servicios; Se alquila una propiedad; Se intercambia efectivo por otro efectivo; Se contribuye a una cuenta de fideicomiso o a una cuenta en plica (depósito en custodia de un tercero); Se saca o se paga un préstamo; o Se convierte el efectivo en un instrumento negociable, como un cheque o un bono. Www irs gov freefile com Definición de persona. Www irs gov freefile com   Una “persona” incluye una persona física, una empresa o compañía, una sociedad anónima, una sociedad colectiva, una asociación, un fideicomiso o un caudal hereditario. Www irs gov freefile com   A las organizaciones exentas, incluidas las que tienen planes para sus empleados, se las considera también “personas”. Www irs gov freefile com Sin embargo, las organizaciones exentas no tienen que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP cuando reciben una donación caritativa superior a $10,000 en efectivo, debido a que dicha donación no la reciben en el transcurso de una ocupación o negocio. Www irs gov freefile com Transacciones en el extranjero. Www irs gov freefile com   No tiene que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP si toda la transacción (incluyendo la recepción del efectivo) se lleva a cabo fuera de: Los 50 estados de los Estados Unidos, El Distrito de Columbia, Puerto Rico o Una posesión o territorio de los Estados Unidos. Www irs gov freefile com Sin embargo, tiene que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP si alguna parte de la transacción (incluyendo la recepción del efectivo) se lleva a cabo en Puerto Rico o en una posesión o territorio de los Estados Unidos y usted está sujeto a las disposiciones del Código Federal de Impuestos Internos. Www irs gov freefile com Fianza recibida por los secretarios de los tribunales. Www irs gov freefile com   Todo secretario de un tribunal federal o estatal que reciba más de $10,000 en efectivo en concepto de fianza a favor de una persona que ha sido acusada de cualquiera de los delitos penales enumerados a continuación tiene que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP: Todo delito federal relacionado con la ley de control de narcóticos (sustancias controladas), Extorsión (racketeering), Blanqueo (lavado) de dinero y Todo delito estatal que sea considerablemente similar a los mencionados anteriormente en los puntos 1, 2 ó 3. Www irs gov freefile com Para obtener más información acerca del reglamento con el que deben cumplir los secretarios de los tribunales, vea la sección 1. Www irs gov freefile com 6050I-2 de los Reglamentos Federales del Impuesto Sobre los Ingresos Federales. Www irs gov freefile com ¿Qué pagos tienen que declararse? Tiene que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP para declarar el efectivo que le paguen si el mismo: Supera los $10,000, Lo recibió en: Un solo pago en efectivo superior a $10,000, Varios pagos en efectivo recibidos en un período de un año, contado a partir de la fecha en que se hizo el pago inicial, que sumen un total de $10,000 u Otros pagos en efectivo no declarados anteriormente, cuya suma total recibida durante un período de 12 meses sea superior a $10,000. Www irs gov freefile com Lo recibió en el curso de su ocupación o negocio, Lo recibió del mismo comprador (o agente) y Lo recibió en una sola transacción o en varias transacciones relacionadas (las cuales se definen más adelante). Www irs gov freefile com ¿Qué es efectivo? Efectivo es: El dinero en monedas y billetes de los Estados Unidos (y de cualquier otro país) y Un cheque de cajero, giro bancario, cheque de viajero o giro que se reciba, si tiene un valor nominal de $10,000 o menos y se recibe en: Una transacción que tiene que ser declarada, como se define más adelante o Toda transacción en que a usted le conste que el pagador evita declarar en el Formulario 8300-SP. Www irs gov freefile com El efectivo puede incluir un cheque de cajero aunque a éste se le llame “cheque de tesorero” o “cheque bancario”. Www irs gov freefile com El efectivo no incluye un cheque girado contra la cuenta bancaria particular de una persona. Www irs gov freefile com Un cheque de cajero, giro bancario, cheque de viajero o giro con un valor nominal de más de $10,000 no se considera efectivo. Www irs gov freefile com Éstos no se consideran efectivo y usted no tiene que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP cuando los recibe porque, si fueron comprados con dinero en efectivo, el banco u otra institución financiera que los emitió debe presentar el Formulario 104 de la FinCEN para declararlos. Www irs gov freefile com Ejemplo 1. Www irs gov freefile com Usted es comerciante y se dedica a la compraventa y colección de monedas (numismático). Www irs gov freefile com Roberto Coruña le compró monedas de oro por un precio de $13,200. Www irs gov freefile com El Sr. Www irs gov freefile com Coruña le pagó con $6,200 en moneda estadounidense y un cheque de cajero con un valor nominal de $7,000. Www irs gov freefile com El cheque de cajero se considera efectivo. Www irs gov freefile com En este caso, ha recibido más de $10,000 en efectivo y tiene que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP para declarar esta transacción. Www irs gov freefile com Ejemplo 2. Www irs gov freefile com Usted se dedica a la venta de joyas al por menor. Www irs gov freefile com María Núñez le compra una joya por $12,000 y le paga con un cheque personal pagadero a usted por la cantidad de $9,600 y con cheques de viajero que ascienden a $2,400. Www irs gov freefile com Debido a que el cheque personal no se considera efectivo, usted no ha recibido más de $10,000 en efectivo en la transacción. Www irs gov freefile com No tiene que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP. Www irs gov freefile com Ejemplo 3. Www irs gov freefile com Usted es un comerciante que se dedica a la venta de barcos. Www irs gov freefile com Emilia Espinosa le compra un barco por $16,500 y le paga con un cheque de cajero pagadero a usted por dicha cantidad. Www irs gov freefile com El cheque de cajero no se considera efectivo, ya que el valor nominal del mismo es más de $10,000. Www irs gov freefile com Usted no tiene que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP para declarar esta transacción. Www irs gov freefile com Transacciones que se tienen que declarar Una transacción que tiene que declararse es aquélla que consiste en la venta al por menor de alguno de los siguientes: Un artículo de consumo duradero, como un automóvil o un barco. Www irs gov freefile com Un artículo de consumo duradero es una propiedad que no es un terreno o un edificio y que: Es apropiado para uso personal, Se espera que dure por lo menos un año bajo uso normal, Tiene un precio de venta mayor de $10,000 y Se puede ver o tocar (propiedad tangible). Www irs gov freefile com Por ejemplo, un automóvil cuyo valor es $20,000 es un artículo de consumo duradero, pero un camión de descarga (volquete) o maquinaria utilizada en una fábrica con un valor de $20,000 no lo es. Www irs gov freefile com El automóvil es un artículo de consumo duradero aún cuando lo venda a un comprador para uso en una ocupación o negocio. Www irs gov freefile com Un artículo coleccionable (por ejemplo, una obra de arte, alfombra, antigüedad, metal, piedra preciosa, sello o moneda). Www irs gov freefile com Un viaje o entretenimiento, si el precio total de venta de todos los artículos vendidos para el mismo viaje o evento de entretenimiento en una sola transacción (o varias transacciones relacionadas) es más de $10,000. Www irs gov freefile com Al calcular el precio total de venta de todos los artículos vendidos para un viaje o evento de entretenimiento, incluya el precio de venta de los artículos vendidos, como pasajes de avión, habitaciones de hotel y boletos de entrada. Www irs gov freefile com Ejemplo. Www irs gov freefile com Usted es agente de viajes. Www irs gov freefile com Su cliente, Eduardo Juanes, le solicita que flete un avión de pasajeros con el propósito de llevar a un grupo de personas a un evento deportivo en otra ciudad. Www irs gov freefile com Además, le solicita que reserve habitaciones en un hotel y boletos de entrada al evento deportivo para los miembros del grupo. Www irs gov freefile com El Sr. Www irs gov freefile com Juanes le paga a usted con dos giros por un valor de $6,000 cada uno. Www irs gov freefile com En esta transacción usted ha recibido más de $10,000 en efectivo y, por lo tanto, tiene que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP. Www irs gov freefile com Ventas al por menor. Www irs gov freefile com   El término “ventas al por menor” significa toda venta hecha en el transcurso de un negocio u ocupación, principalmente las ventas al consumidor final. Www irs gov freefile com   Por lo tanto, si su negocio u ocupación es principalmente de ventas al consumidor final, todas las ventas que haga en el transcurso de su ocupación o negocio son ventas al por menor. Www irs gov freefile com Esto incluye toda venta de artículos para reventa. Www irs gov freefile com Agente o intermediario. Www irs gov freefile com   Una transacción que debe declararse incluye la venta al por menor de los artículos que aparecen en los puntos 1, 2 ó 3 de la lista anterior, aunque el pago haya sido recibido por un agente u otro intermediario en vez de directamente por el vendedor. Www irs gov freefile com Excepción a la definición del término “efectivo” No se clasifican como efectivo un cheque de cajero, giro bancario, cheque de viajero o giro que usted reciba en una transacción que tenga que declararse, si una de las siguientes excepciones le corresponde: Excepción en el caso de ciertos préstamos bancarios. Www irs gov freefile com   No se clasifican como efectivo un cheque de cajero, giro bancario, cheque de viajero o giro si provienen de un préstamo bancario. Www irs gov freefile com Como prueba de que se obtuvieron de un préstamo bancario, puede usar una copia del contrato del préstamo, un documento escrito, instrucciones del banco acerca del gravamen u otra prueba similar. Www irs gov freefile com Ejemplo. Www irs gov freefile com Usted es concesionario de automóviles. Www irs gov freefile com Le vende un automóvil a Carlota Blanco por $11,500. Www irs gov freefile com La Srta. Www irs gov freefile com Blanco le pagó a usted $2,000 en moneda estadounidense y le entregó un cheque de cajero por $9,500, pagadero a usted y a ella. Www irs gov freefile com Se sabe que el cheque de cajero proviene de un préstamo bancario porque contiene instrucciones para que se le registre un gravamen al automóvil como garantía de pago del préstamo y, por lo tanto, el cheque de cajero no se considera efectivo. Www irs gov freefile com No tiene que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP en este caso. Www irs gov freefile com Excepción en el caso de ciertas ventas a plazos. Www irs gov freefile com   No se considera efectivo un cheque de cajero, giro bancario, cheque de viajero o giro, si el mismo se recibe como el pago de un pagaré o de un contrato de ventas a plazos (incluido un contrato de arrendamiento que se considera una venta para propósitos del impuesto federal). Www irs gov freefile com Sin embargo, esta excepción le corresponde solamente si: Usa pagarés o contratos similares en otras ventas a consumidores en el transcurso normal de su negocio u ocupación y El total de pagos que reciba como producto de la venta el sexagésimo (60) día después de la fecha en que se efectúe la venta o antes, asciende a un 50% o menos del precio de compra. Www irs gov freefile com Excepción en el caso de ciertos planes de pagos iniciales. Www irs gov freefile com   No se considera efectivo un cheque de cajero, giro bancario, cheque de viajero o giro si lo recibió como pago por un artículo de consumo duradero o coleccionable y, además, se dan todas las condiciones siguientes: Lo recibe conforme a un plan de pagos que requiere: Uno o más pagos iniciales y El pago del saldo del precio de la compra en la fecha de la venta. Www irs gov freefile com Lo recibe más de 60 días antes de la fecha de la venta. Www irs gov freefile com Durante el transcurso normal de su ocupación o negocio, usa planes de pagos con las mismas condiciones (o similares) cuando hace ventas a consumidores. Www irs gov freefile com Excepción en el caso de viajes y entretenimiento. Www irs gov freefile com   No se considera efectivo un cheque de cajero, giro bancario, cheque de viajero o giro recibido para un viaje o entretenimiento, si se dan todas las condiciones siguientes: Lo recibe conforme a un plan de pagos que requiere: Uno o más pagos iniciales y Que el saldo del precio de compra se pague antes de que se proporcione el artículo de viaje o entretenimiento (como el precio de un pasaje aéreo). Www irs gov freefile com Lo recibe más de 60 días antes de la fecha en la cual vence el pago final. Www irs gov freefile com Durante el transcurso normal de su ocupación o negocio, usa planes de pagos con las mismas condiciones (o similares) cuando hace ventas a consumidores. Www irs gov freefile com Número de identificación del contribuyente (TIN) Tiene que proveer el número correcto de identificación del contribuyente (TIN, por sus siglas en inglés) de la(s) persona(s) de la(s) cual(es) recibe el efectivo. Www irs gov freefile com Si la transacción se hace en representación de otra(s) persona(s), usted tiene que proveer el número de identificación del contribuyente de esa(s) persona(s). Www irs gov freefile com Si no sabe cuál es el número de identificación del contribuyente de la(s) persona(s), tiene que pedírselo. Www irs gov freefile com Usted podría estar sujeto a multas o sanciones por no incluir el número de identificación del contribuyente o por incluir un número incorrecto. Www irs gov freefile com Hay tres tipos de número de identificación del contribuyente: El número de identificación de una persona física, incluida una persona que es dueña única de un negocio, es su número de Seguro Social (SSN, por sus siglas en inglés). Www irs gov freefile com El número de identificación del contribuyente de una persona que es extranjera y no residente, pero necesita dicho número y no tiene derecho a obtener un número de Seguro Social, es el número de identificación del contribuyente individual (ITIN, por sus siglas en inglés) expedido por el IRS. Www irs gov freefile com Un número de identificación del contribuyente individual consta de nueve dígitos, similar a un número de Seguro Social. Www irs gov freefile com El número de identificación del contribuyente individual de otras personas, incluidas las sociedades anónimas, sociedades colectivas y caudales hereditarios, es el número de identificación del empleador (EIN, por sus siglas en inglés). Www irs gov freefile com Excepción. Www irs gov freefile com    Usted no está obligado a proporcionar el TIN de un extranjero no residente o una organización extranjera si dicha persona u organización extranjera: No recibe ingresos que estén realmente relacionados con la operación de una ocupación o negocio en los Estados Unidos; No tiene oficina o lugar de negocios, ni agente financiero o agente pagador en los Estados Unidos; No presenta una declaración de impuestos federales; No proporciona un certificado de retención de impuestos, el cual se describe en la sección 1. Www irs gov freefile com 1441-1(e)(2) ó (3) ó 1. Www irs gov freefile com 1441-5(c)(2)(iv) ó (3)(iii), según se exija en la sección 1. Www irs gov freefile com 1441-1(e)(4)(vii); No tiene que proporcionar el TIN en una declaración escrita ni en ningún otro documento obligatorio conforme a la sección 897 o la sección 1445 de los reglamentos de los impuestos sobre el ingreso o En el caso de un extranjero no residente, el mismo no ha optado por presentar una declaración conjunta de impuesto federal sobre los ingresos con su cónyuge, que es ciudadano estadounidense o residente de los Estados Unidos. Www irs gov freefile com ¿Qué son transacciones relacionadas? Las transacciones que se lleven a cabo entre un comprador (o un agente del comprador) y un vendedor en un período de 24 horas son transacciones relacionadas. Www irs gov freefile com Si usted recibe de un mismo comprador más de $10,000 en efectivo en dos o más transacciones en un período de 24 horas, tiene que tratar las transacciones como una sola transacción y declarar los pagos en el Formulario 8300-SP. Www irs gov freefile com Por ejemplo, si en un mismo día le vende a un cliente dos productos por un valor de $6,000 cada uno y el cliente le paga en efectivo, estas transacciones están relacionadas. Www irs gov freefile com Debido a que el total de ambas transacciones asciende a $12,000 (más de $10,000), tiene que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP. Www irs gov freefile com Más de 24 horas entre transacciones. Www irs gov freefile com   Las transacciones son relacionadas aunque se lleven a cabo en un período de más de 24 horas entre ellas y se tiene conocimiento, o tiene razón para saber, que cada transacción es una de una serie de transacciones relacionadas entre ellas. Www irs gov freefile com   Por ejemplo, usted es agente de viajes y un cliente le paga $8,000 en efectivo para un viaje. Www irs gov freefile com Dos días más tarde, el mismo cliente le paga $3,000 adicionales en efectivo para incluir a otra persona en el viaje. Www irs gov freefile com Estas transacciones están relacionadas y, por lo tanto, tiene que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP para declararlas. Www irs gov freefile com ¿Qué se hace en el caso de transacciones sospechosas? Si recibe $10,000 o menos en efectivo, puede presentar voluntariamente el Formulario 8300-SP si la transacción parece ser sospechosa. Www irs gov freefile com Una transacción es sospechosa si parece que una persona trata de persuadirlo para no presentar el Formulario 8300-SP o trata de que usted presente un Formulario 8300-SP con información falsa o incompleta, o si hay indicios de una posible actividad ilegal. Www irs gov freefile com Si usted tiene alguna sospecha, le instamos a que se comunique lo antes posible con Investigación Penal del IRS (Criminal Investigation) de su localidad. Www irs gov freefile com O puede llamar gratis a la línea directa de la FinCEN para instituciones financieras, al 1-866-556-3974. Www irs gov freefile com El servicio en esta línea telefónica está disponible en inglés. Www irs gov freefile com Cuándo, dónde y qué se tiene que presentar La cantidad que usted reciba, así como cuándo la reciba, determinará cuándo tiene que presentar la declaración. Www irs gov freefile com Por lo general, tiene que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP dentro de un plazo de 15 días después de recibir un pago. Www irs gov freefile com Si el día en que se vence el plazo para presentar el Formulario 8300-SP (el decimoquinto (15) día o el último día en el que puede presentar el formulario a tiempo) es un sábado, domingo o día feriado oficial, dicho día de vencimiento se pospone hasta el próximo día que no sea sábado, domingo o día feriado oficial. Www irs gov freefile com Más de un pago. Www irs gov freefile com   En algunas transacciones, el comprador puede acordar con usted pagarle en efectivo a plazos. Www irs gov freefile com Si el primer pago es más de $10,000, tiene que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP dentro de un plazo de 15 días. Www irs gov freefile com Si el primer pago no excede de $10,000, tiene que sumar el primer pago y todo pago posterior que haya recibido en un período de un año, a partir de la fecha en que recibió el primer pago. Www irs gov freefile com Cuando el total de los pagos en efectivo ascienda a más de $10,000, tiene que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP dentro de un plazo de 15 días. Www irs gov freefile com   Después de presentar el Formulario 8300-SP, tiene que comenzar a contar de nuevo los pagos en efectivo que reciba de ese comprador. Www irs gov freefile com Si recibe de dicho comprador más de $10,000 en pagos adicionales en efectivo dentro de un período de 12 meses, tiene que presentar otro Formulario 8300-SP. Www irs gov freefile com Tiene que presentar el formulario dentro de un plazo de 15 días a partir de la fecha en la cual recibió el pago que causó que los pagos adicionales sumaran más de $10,000. Www irs gov freefile com   Si ya está obligado a presentar el Formulario 8300-SP y recibe pagos adicionales en un período de 15 días antes de la fecha en que debe presentarlo, puede declarar en un solo formulario todos los pagos recibidos. Www irs gov freefile com Ejemplo. Www irs gov freefile com El 10 de enero usted recibió un pago de $11,000 en efectivo. Www irs gov freefile com Recibió también $4,000 el 15 de febrero, $5,000 el 20 de marzo y $6,000 el 12 de mayo en pagos adicionales en efectivo correspondientes a la misma transacción. Www irs gov freefile com Tiene que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP a más tardar el 25 de enero por el pago de $11,000. Www irs gov freefile com A más tardar el 27 de mayo, debe presentar un Formulario 8300-SP adicional por los pagos adicionales que suman $15,000. Www irs gov freefile com ¿Cómo enmendar un informe?    Si va a enmendar un informe, marque el encasillado 1a, en la parte superior del Formulario 8300-SP. Www irs gov freefile com Complete el formulario en su totalidad (de la Parte I a la Parte IV) e incluya la información que está enmendando. Www irs gov freefile com No adjunte una copia del informe original. Www irs gov freefile com Dónde se presenta el Formulario 8300-SP. Www irs gov freefile com   Envíe el formulario por correo a la dirección que aparece en las instrucciones del Formulario 8300-SP. Www irs gov freefile com Requisito de entregar una notificación al comprador. Www irs gov freefile com   Tiene que entregar una notificación por escrito o por vía electrónica a cada persona cuyo nombre aparezca en algún Formulario 8300-SP que usted tenga que presentar. Www irs gov freefile com Puede dar la notificación por vía electrónica únicamente si el receptor acepta recibirla en tal formato. Www irs gov freefile com La notificación tiene que incluir el nombre y la dirección de su establecimiento, el nombre y el número de teléfono de la persona de contacto y el total de efectivo recibido de esa persona durante el año que usted tiene que declarar. Www irs gov freefile com En dicha notificación, tiene que indicar también que está suministrando esta información al IRS . Www irs gov freefile com   Tiene que enviar esta notificación al comprador a más tardar el 31 de enero del año siguiente al año en el cual recibió el efectivo que causó que tuviera que presentar el formulario. Www irs gov freefile com Debe guardar durante 5 años una copia de cada Formulario 8300-SP que haya presentado. Www irs gov freefile com Ejemplos Ejemplo 1. Www irs gov freefile com Patricio Moreno es el gerente de ventas de “Automóviles de Exhibición, Inc. Www irs gov freefile com ”. Www irs gov freefile com El 6 de enero de 2013, Juana Leal le compra un automóvil nuevo y se lo paga con $18,000 en efectivo. Www irs gov freefile com Patricio le pide a Juana que le muestre una identificación con el propósito de obtener los datos necesarios para completar el Formulario 8300-SP. Www irs gov freefile com Un Formulario 8300-SP debidamente completado correspondiente a esta transacción aparece al final de esta publicación. Www irs gov freefile com Patricio tiene que enviar por correo el Formulario 8300-SP a más tardar el día 21 de enero de 2013 a la dirección que aparece en las instrucciones del mismo. Www irs gov freefile com Además, tiene que enviarle a Juana una notificación a más tardar el 31 de enero de 2014. Www irs gov freefile com Ejemplo 2. Www irs gov freefile com Usemos los mismos datos del Ejemplo 1, pero supongamos que en este caso Juana acordó hacer varios pagos en efectivo de $6,000 cada uno el día 6 de enero, el día 6 de febrero y el día 6 de marzo. Www irs gov freefile com Patricio tendrá que presentar un Formulario 8300-SP a más tardar el 21 de febrero (15 días después de recibir la totalidad de los pagos en efectivo que asciendan a más de $10,000 dentro de un período de un año. Www irs gov freefile com Patricio no está obligado a declarar los $6,000 restantes recibidos en efectivo, ya que esa cantidad no es más de $10,000. Www irs gov freefile com No obstante, puede declararlos si cree que se trata de una transacción sospechosa. Www irs gov freefile com Multas y sanciones La ley establece que se impongan multas civiles por no: Presentar un Formulario 8300-SP correcto para la fecha de vencimiento del mismo y Cumplir con el requisito de entregar una notificación a cada persona cuyo nombre aparece en el Formulario 8300-SP. Www irs gov freefile com Si usted, a sabiendas, hace caso omiso del requisito de presentar un Formulario 8300-SP correcto para la fecha de vencimiento del mismo, la multa que se le impondrá será la mayor de las dos cantidades siguientes: $25,000 o La cantidad de efectivo que recibió y que estaba obligado a declarar (hasta un máximo de $100,000). Www irs gov freefile com La ley establece que se impongan multas y sanciones por: No presentar intencionalmente el Formulario 8300-SP, Presentar intencionalmente un Formulario 8300-SP falso o fraudulento, Impedir o tratar de impedir que se presente el Formulario 8300-SP y Hacer arreglos, ayudar a que se hagan arreglos, o tratar de que se hagan arreglos para que se lleve a cabo una transacción de tal manera que parezca que no es necesario presentar el Formulario 8300-SP. Www irs gov freefile com Si intencionalmente no cumple el requisito de presentar el Formulario 8300-SP, podría imponérsele una multa de hasta $250,000 a las personas físicas ($500,000 en el caso de una sociedad anónima) o una condena de hasta 5 años de cárcel, o ambas. Www irs gov freefile com Estas cantidades en dólares se imponen de acuerdo a lo estipulado en la sección 3571 del Título 18 del Código de los Estados Unidos. Www irs gov freefile com Las sanciones por no presentar el Formulario 8300-SP se pueden imponer también a toda persona (incluso a un pagador) que trate de dificultar o impedir que el vendedor (o el establecimiento comercial) presente un Formulario 8300-SP correcto. Www irs gov freefile com Esto incluye todo intento de estructurar la transacción de manera que parezca innecesario presentar el Formulario 8300-SP. Www irs gov freefile com “Estructurar” significa dividir una transacción cuantiosa de efectivo en pequeñas transacciones de efectivo. Www irs gov freefile com Cómo Obtener Ayuda con los Impuestos Puede obtener ayuda con asuntos relacionados con sus impuestos que no hayan sido aún resueltos, pedir gratuitamente publicaciones y formularios, hacer preguntas acerca de los impuestos, así como obtener más información del IRS de varias maneras. Www irs gov freefile com Al seleccionar el método que le resulte mejor, usted tendrá acceso rápido y fácil a ayuda relacionada con los impuestos. Www irs gov freefile com Ayuda gratuita con la preparación de la declaración de impuestos. Www irs gov freefile com   Existe ayuda gratuita para la preparación de la declaración de impuestos en todo el país con voluntarios capacitados por el IRS. Www irs gov freefile com El programa Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (Programa de Ayuda Voluntaria a los Contribuyentes o VITA, por sus siglas en inglés) está diseñado para ayudar a los contribuyentes de bajos recursos y el programa Tax Counseling for the Elderly (Programa de Asesoramiento para las Personas Mayores o TCE, por sus siglas en inglés) está diseñado para ayudar a los contribuyentes de 60 años de edad o más con su declaración de impuestos. Www irs gov freefile com En muchas de estas oficinas usted puede presentar la declaración electrónicamente gratis y los voluntarios le informarán sobre los créditos y deducciones a los que quizás tenga derecho. Www irs gov freefile com Para ubicar un sitio de ayuda VITA o TCE cerca de usted, visite IRS. Www irs gov freefile com gov o llame al 1-800-906-9887 o al 1-800-829-1040. Www irs gov freefile com   Como parte del programa TCE, la Asociación Estadounidense de Personas Jubiladas (AARP, por sus siglas en inglés) ofrece el programa de asesoramiento AARP Tax-Aide (Programa de Ayuda Tributaria de la Asociación Estadounidense de Personas Jubiladas). Www irs gov freefile com Para ubicar el sitio del programa AARP Tax-Aide más cercano a usted, llame al 1-888-227-7669 o visite el sitio web de la AARP, www. Www irs gov freefile com aarp. Www irs gov freefile com org/money/taxaide. Www irs gov freefile com   Para más información sobre estos programas, visite www. Www irs gov freefile com irs. Www irs gov freefile com gov/espanol e ingrese la palabra clave “ VITA ” en la esquina superior derecha. Www irs gov freefile com La información está disponible en inglés. Www irs gov freefile com Internet. Www irs gov freefile com Puede tener acceso al sitio web del IRS, en IRS. Www irs gov freefile com gov las 24 horas del día, los 7 días a la semana para: Revisar el estado de su reembolso. Www irs gov freefile com Visite www. Www irs gov freefile com irs. Www irs gov freefile com gov/espanol y pulse sobre el enlace “¿Dónde Está mi Reembolso?”. Www irs gov freefile com Asegúrese de esperar por lo menos 72 horas después de que el IRS acuse recibo de su declaración presentada por vía electrónica o 3 a 4 semanas después de enviar una declaración en papel. Www irs gov freefile com Si presentó el Formulario 8379 junto con su declaración, espere 14 semanas (11 semanas si la presentó electrónicamente). Www irs gov freefile com Tenga a mano su declaración de impuestos para poder facilitar su número de Seguro Social, su estado civil para efectos de la declaración y la cantidad exacta en dólares enteros de su reembolso. Www irs gov freefile com Presentar la declaración por medio del sistema electrónico e-file. Www irs gov freefile com Aprenda sobre programas comerciales para la preparación de la declaración y los servicios e-file gratuitos para los contribuyentes que cumplan los requisitos. Www irs gov freefile com Descargar formularios, instrucciones y publicaciones (incluyendo los formularios, instrucciones y publicaciones en audio). Www irs gov freefile com Pedir productos del IRS a través de Internet. Www irs gov freefile com Buscar información sobre sus preguntas acerca de impuestos en Internet. Www irs gov freefile com Buscar publicaciones en Internet por tema o palabra clave. Www irs gov freefile com Utilizar el Código de Impuestos Internos, los reglamentos u otras guías oficiales a través de Internet. Www irs gov freefile com Ver los Internal Revenue Bulletins (Boletines del IRS, o IRB por sus siglas en inglés) publicados en los últimos años. Www irs gov freefile com Calcular los descuentos de la retención usando nuestra calculadora diseñada para este propósito en el sitio web www. Www irs gov freefile com irs. Www irs gov freefile com gov/individuals. Www irs gov freefile com Esta herramienta está disponible en inglés. Www irs gov freefile com Saber si tiene que presentar el Formulario 6251, utilizando el Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT) Assistant (Hoja de Cómputo Electrónica para Calcular el Impuesto Mínimo Alternativo). Www irs gov freefile com Esta herramienta está disponible en inglés en el sitio www. Www irs gov freefile com irs. Www irs gov freefile com gov/individuals. Www irs gov freefile com Suscribirse para recibir noticias sobre impuestos locales y nacionales por medio de correo electrónico. Www irs gov freefile com Obtener información acerca de cómo comenzar y administrar un pequeño negocio. Www irs gov freefile com Teléfono. Www irs gov freefile com Muchos servicios están disponibles por teléfono:  Cómo pedir formularios, instrucciones y publicaciones. Www irs gov freefile com Llame al 1-800-829-3676 (servicio disponible en español) para pedir formularios, instrucciones y publicaciones de este año, así como de años anteriores. Www irs gov freefile com Deberá recibir lo que ha pedido dentro de 10 días. Www irs gov freefile com Cómo hacer preguntas relacionadas con los impuestos. Www irs gov freefile com Llame al IRS para hacer preguntas al 1-800-829-1040. Www irs gov freefile com Cómo resolver problemas. Www irs gov freefile com Puede recibir ayuda en persona para resolver problemas tributarios en días laborables en los IRS Taxpayer Assistance Centers (Centros de Ayuda del IRS para Contribuyentes). Www irs gov freefile com Un funcionario le puede explicar las cartas del IRS, ayudar a hacer solicitudes para ajustes a su cuenta tributaria o ayudarle a establecer un plan de pagos. Www irs gov freefile com Llame al Centro de Ayuda del IRS para Contribuyentes local para pedir una cita. Www irs gov freefile com Para obtener el número telefónico, visite el sitio web www. Www irs gov freefile com irs. Www irs gov freefile com gov/localcontacts o consulte la guía telefónica bajo United States Government, Internal Revenue Service (Gobierno de los Estados Unidos, Servicio de Impuestos Internos). Www irs gov freefile com Equipo TTY/TDD. Www irs gov freefile com Las personas que son sordas, tienen problemas auditivos o quienes tienen incapacidades del habla y tienen acceso a equipo TTY/TDD, llame al 1-800-829-4059 para hacer preguntas relacionadas con los impuestos o para pedir formularios y publicaciones. Www irs gov freefile com Temas TeleTax. Www irs gov freefile com Llame al 1-800-829-4477 y presione el 2 para escuchar mensajes grabados en español sobre varios temas relacionados con los impuestos. Www irs gov freefile com Información sobre los reembolsos. Www irs gov freefile com Puede verificar el estado de su reembolso en la nueva aplicación del IRS para teléfonos móviles. Www irs gov freefile com Descargue gratuitamente la aplicación IRS2Go visitando la tienda de aplicaciones de iTunes o la tienda para las aplicaciones para los teléfonos Android. Www irs gov freefile com IRS2Go es una nueva manera en donde puede obtener información y recursos. Www irs gov freefile com Para revisar el estado de su reembolso, llame al 1-800-829-4477 (información automatizada sobre reembolsos en español, 24 horas al día, 7 días a la semana). Www irs gov freefile com Asegúrese de esperar por lo menos 72 horas después de que el IRS acuse recibo de su declaración presentada por vía electrónica o 3 a 4 semanas después de enviar una declaración en papel. Www irs gov freefile com Si presentó el Formulario 8379 junto con su declaración, espere 14 semanas (11 semanas si la presentó electrónicamente). Www irs gov freefile com Tenga a mano su declaración de impuestos para poder facilitar su número de Seguro Social, su estado civil para efectos de la declaración y la cantidad exacta en dólares enteros de su reembolso. Www irs gov freefile com Los reembolsos se envían el viernes de cada semana. Www irs gov freefile com Si comprueba el estado de su reembolso y no se le da una fecha de envío, espere a la siguiente semana para volver a comprobarlo. Www irs gov freefile com Otra información sobre reembolsos. Www irs gov freefile com Para revisar el estado de un reembolso de un año anterior o un reembolso de una declaración enmendada, llame al 1-800-829-1040. Www irs gov freefile com Evaluación de la calidad de nuestros servicios telefónicos. Www irs gov freefile com Para asegurar que las respuestas que reciba de los funcionarios del IRS sean correctas, corteses y profesionales, evaluamos la calidad de nuestros servicios telefónicos de diversas maneras. Www irs gov freefile com Una manera es que un segundo funcionario del IRS escuche o grabe las llamadas telefónicas en el momento en que éstas se lleven a cabo. Www irs gov freefile com Otra manera es pedirles a algunas de las personas que llaman que contesten una breve encuesta al final de la llamada. Www irs gov freefile com Visitas en persona. Www irs gov freefile com Muchos productos y servicios están disponibles en varios lugares sin la necesidad de tener cita previa. Www irs gov freefile com   Productos. Www irs gov freefile com Puede visitar diversas oficinas de correos, bibliotecas y oficinas del IRS para obtener ciertos formularios, instrucciones y publicaciones. Www irs gov freefile com Algunas oficinas del IRS, bibliotecas, supermercados, centros para hacer copias, oficinas de gobiernos municipales y de condados, cooperativas de crédito y tiendas de artículos de oficina tienen una colección de productos que se pueden imprimir de un CD o fotocopiar del documento original impreso. Www irs gov freefile com Además, algunas oficinas del IRS así como algunas bibliotecas tienen el Código de Impuestos Internos, reglamentos, Boletines del IRS y Boletines Cumulativos disponibles para la búsqueda de información. Www irs gov freefile com Servicios. Www irs gov freefile com Usted puede visitar su Taxpayer Assistance Center (Centro de Ayuda para el Contribuyente) local del IRS cada día laborable para recibir ayuda en persona con respecto a todo problema relacionado con los impuestos. Www irs gov freefile com Un funcionario puede explicarle las cartas que le envía el IRS, le puede ayudar a hacer solicitudes para ajustar su cuenta tributaria o ayudarle a establecer un plan de pagos. Www irs gov freefile com Si necesita resolver un problema relacionado con los impuestos, tiene preguntas sobre cómo las leyes tributarias son aplicables a su declaración de impuestos personal o se siente más a gusto hablando con alguien en persona, visite su Centro de Ayuda para el Contribuyente a nivel local donde podrá mostrar sus archivos y documentación y hablar con un funcionario del IRS en persona. Www irs gov freefile com No se necesita cita, simplemente visite y haga su consulta. Www irs gov freefile com Pero si prefiere, puede llamar a su centro local y dejar un mensaje solicitando una cita para resolver un asunto relacionado con su cuenta tributaria. Www irs gov freefile com Un funcionario le llamará dentro de 2 días laborables para hacer una cita en persona con usted. Www irs gov freefile com Si le queda por resolver algún problema complicado relacionado con los impuestos o si tiene alguna necesidad especial, como una discapacidad, puede solicitar una cita. Www irs gov freefile com Los demás asuntos se tramitan sin necesidad de hacer una cita. Www irs gov freefile com Para obtener el número telefónico de la oficina local, visite el sitio web www. Www irs gov freefile com irs. Www irs gov freefile com gov/localcontacts o consulte la guía telefónica bajo United States Government, Internal Revenue Service (Gobierno de los Estados Unidos, Servicio de Impuestos Internos). Www irs gov freefile com Correspondencia. Www irs gov freefile com Puede solicitar formularios, instrucciones y publicaciones enviando una solicitud a la dirección que se proporciona a continuación y le contestaremos dentro de un período de 10 días después de haber recibido su solicitud. Www irs gov freefile com  Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. Www irs gov freefile com Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613 Servicio del Defensor del Contribuyente. Www irs gov freefile com    El Servicio del Defensor del Contribuyente (TAS, por sus siglas en inglés) es su voz ante el IRS. Www irs gov freefile com Nuestro trabajo es asegurarnos que cada contribuyente sea tratado de manera justa y que usted conozca y entienda sus derechos. Www irs gov freefile com Nosotros ofrecemos ayuda gratuita para guiarle a través del proceso confuso de resolver problemas tributarios que usted no ha podido resolver por su cuenta. Www irs gov freefile com Recuerde, lo peor que puede hacer es no hacer nada al respecto. Www irs gov freefile com    TAS le puede ayudar si usted no puede resolver su problema con el IRS y: Su problema le está causando dificultades económicas a usted, a su familia o a su negocio. Www irs gov freefile com Usted (o su negocio) está enfrentando una amenaza inmediata de alguna acción que se podría tomar en contra de usted. Www irs gov freefile com Usted se ha tratado de comunicar con el IRS, pero nadie le ha respondido o el IRS no le ha respondido para la fecha prometida. Www irs gov freefile com   Si usted reúne los requisitos para recibir nuestra ayuda, nosotros haremos todo lo que esté en nuestro poder para resolver su problema. Www irs gov freefile com A usted se le asignará un defensor, quien estará con usted durante todo el proceso. Www irs gov freefile com Tenemos oficinas en cada estado, el Distrito de Columbia y Puerto Rico. Www irs gov freefile com Aunque TAS es una organización independiente dentro del IRS, nuestros defensores conocen cómo trabajar con el IRS para poder resolver sus problemas. Www irs gov freefile com Y nuestros servicios siempre son gratuitos. Www irs gov freefile com   Como contribuyente, usted tiene derechos. Www irs gov freefile com El IRS tiene que cumplir con esos derechos al tratar con usted. Www irs gov freefile com Nuestro conjunto de recursos en www. Www irs gov freefile com TaxpayerAdvocate. Www irs gov freefile com irs. Www irs gov freefile com gov le puede ayudar a entender estos derechos. Www irs gov freefile com   Si cree que TAS podría ayudarle, comuníquese con su defensor local, cuyo número telefónico se encuentra en su guía telefónica y en nuestro sitio web en www. Www irs gov freefile com irs. Www irs gov freefile com gov/advocate. Www irs gov freefile com Además, puede llamar a nuestro número telefónico libre de cargos, al 1-877-777-4778. Www irs gov freefile com   Además, TAS también maneja problemas de gran escala y problemas sistémicos que afectan a muchos contribuyentes. Www irs gov freefile com Si usted conoce acerca de alguno de estos asuntos, por favor, infórmelo a nuestra oficina a través del Systemic Advocacy Management System (Sistema de administración de la defensa sistémica), en inglés, en www. Www irs gov freefile com irs. Www irs gov freefile com gov/advocate. Www irs gov freefile com Talleres de Asistencia Tributaria para Contribuyentes de Bajos Recursos (LITC, por sus siglas en inglés). Www irs gov freefile com   Los LITC son organizaciones independientes del IRS. Www irs gov freefile com Algunos talleres le prestan servicios a personas cuyos ingresos están por debajo de ciertos niveles y necesitan resolver un asunto tributario. Www irs gov freefile com Estos talleres proveen representación profesional ante el IRS o en los tribunales con asuntos como auditorías, apelaciones, litigios sobre el cobro de impuestos y otros asuntos de manera gratuita o por un cargo mínimo. Www irs gov freefile com Además, algunos talleres pueden proveer información sobre los derechos y responsabilidades de los contribuyentes en muchos idiomas para las personas que hablan inglés como segunda lengua. Www irs gov freefile com Si desea más información y para encontrar un taller que le quede cerca, vea la página dedicada a los LITC en www. Www irs gov freefile com irs. Www irs gov freefile com gov/espanol, la cual se encuentra bajo el enlace “Defensor del Contribuyente” o vea la Publicación 4134(SP), Lista de Talleres para Contribuyentes de Bajos Ingresos (o la Publicación 4134, en inglés). Www irs gov freefile com Puede obtener esta publicación llamando al 1-800-829-3676 o en su oficina local del IRS. Www irs gov freefile com Servicios gratuitos para los impuestos. Www irs gov freefile com   Para saber qué servicios están disponibles, obtenga la Publicación 910, IRS Guide to Free Tax Services (Guía de servicios gratuitos relacionados con los impuestos), en inglés. Www irs gov freefile com Contiene una lista de recursos gratuitos relacionados con los impuestos, incluidas las publicaciones, y explica sobre servicios de educación tributaria y programas de ayuda. Www irs gov freefile com Además, cuenta con un índice de más de 100 temas tributarios (TeleTax), o sea, información tributaria grabada que puede escuchar por teléfono. Www irs gov freefile com La mayor parte de la información y los servicios identificados en esta publicación están disponibles a usted libre de cargos. Www irs gov freefile com Si acaso tendría que incurrir en un cargo para obtener algún recurso o servicio, la publicación así lo indicaría. Www irs gov freefile com   Para personas discapacitadas, se pueden solicitar versiones de productos publicados por el IRS en formatos alternativos. Www irs gov freefile com Discos DVD para productos tributarios. Www irs gov freefile com Usted puede solicitar la Publicación 1796, IRS Tax Products DVD (DVD de productos del IRS), en inglés, y obtener: Formularios, instrucciones y publicaciones de impuestos del año en curso. Www irs gov freefile com Formularios, instrucciones y publicaciones de impuestos de años anteriores. Www irs gov freefile com Tax Map (Mapa Tributario): una herramienta de búsqueda electrónica y de ayuda. Www irs gov freefile com Preguntas sobre leyes tributarias hechas con frecuencia. Www irs gov freefile com Tax Topics (Temas Tributarios) del sistema telefónico de respuesta del IRS. Www irs gov freefile com Código de Impuestos Internos — Título 26 del Código de los Estados Unidos. Www irs gov freefile com Enlaces a otros materiales tributarios para búsqueda en la Internet. Www irs gov freefile com Opciones para completar, imprimir y guardar la mayoría de los formularios de impuestos. Www irs gov freefile com Internal Revenue Bulletins (Boletines del IRS). Www irs gov freefile com Apoyo técnico telefónico gratuito y por correo electrónico. Www irs gov freefile com El CD que se expide dos veces al año. Www irs gov freefile com  — La primera entrega se envía a principios de enero. Www irs gov freefile com  — La última entrega se envía a principios de marzo. Www irs gov freefile com Compre el DVD del National Technical Information Service (NTIS, por sus siglas en inglés) en la página web www. Www irs gov freefile com irs. Www irs gov freefile com gov/cdorders por $30 (sin costo de tramitación) o llame gratuitamente al 1-877-233-6767 para comprar el DVD por $30 (más un cargo de tramitación de $6). 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Www irs gov freefile com 2. Www irs gov freefile com   Taxable and Nontaxable Income Table of Contents Compensation for Services Retirement Plan DistributionsIndividual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs) Pensions and Annuities Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement BenefitsAre Any of Your Benefits Taxable? How Much Is Taxable? How To Report Your Benefits Lump-Sum Election Repayments More Than Gross Benefits Sickness and Injury BenefitsDisability Pensions Long-Term Care Insurance Contracts Workers' Compensation Other Sickness and Injury Benefits Life Insurance ProceedsInstallments for life. Www irs gov freefile com Surviving spouse. Www irs gov freefile com Endowment Contract Proceeds Accelerated Death Benefits Sale of HomeMaximum Amount of Exclusion Ownership and Use Tests Married Persons Business Use or Rental of Home Reporting the Sale Reverse Mortgages Other ItemsWelfare benefits. Www irs gov freefile com Payments from a state fund for victims of crime. Www irs gov freefile com Home Affordable Modification Program (HAMP). Www irs gov freefile com Mortgage assistance payments. Www irs gov freefile com Payments to reduce cost of winter energy use. Www irs gov freefile com Nutrition Program for the Elderly. Www irs gov freefile com Reemployment Trade Adjustment Assistance (RTAA). Www irs gov freefile com Generally, income is taxable unless it is specifically exempt (not taxed) by law. Www irs gov freefile com Your taxable income may include compensation for services, interest, dividends, rents, royalties, income from partnerships, estate or trust income, gain from sales or exchanges of property, and business income of all kinds. Www irs gov freefile com Under special provisions of the law, certain items are partially or fully exempt from tax. Www irs gov freefile com Provisions that are of special interest to older taxpayers are discussed in this chapter. Www irs gov freefile com Compensation for Services Generally, you must include in gross income everything you receive in payment for personal services. Www irs gov freefile com In addition to wages, salaries, commissions, fees, and tips, this includes other forms of compensation such as fringe benefits and stock options. Www irs gov freefile com You need not receive the compensation in cash for it to be taxable. Www irs gov freefile com Payments you receive in the form of goods or services generally must be included in gross income at their fair market value. Www irs gov freefile com Volunteer work. Www irs gov freefile com   Do not include in your gross income amounts you receive for supportive services or reimbursements for out-of-pocket expenses under any of the following volunteer programs. Www irs gov freefile com Retired Senior Volunteer Program (RSVP). Www irs gov freefile com Foster Grandparent Program. Www irs gov freefile com Senior Companion Program. Www irs gov freefile com Service Corps of Retired Executives (SCORE). Www irs gov freefile com Unemployment compensation. Www irs gov freefile com   You must include in income all unemployment compensation you or your spouse (if married filing jointly) received. Www irs gov freefile com More information. Www irs gov freefile com   See Publication 525, Taxable and Nontaxable Income, for more detailed information on specific types of income. Www irs gov freefile com Retirement Plan Distributions This section summarizes the tax treatment of amounts you receive from traditional individual retirement arrangements (IRA), employee pensions or annuities, and disability pensions or annuities. Www irs gov freefile com A traditional IRA is any IRA that is not a Roth or SIMPLE IRA. Www irs gov freefile com A Roth IRA is an individual retirement plan that can be either an account or an annuity and features nondeductible contributions and tax-free distributions. Www irs gov freefile com A SIMPLE IRA is a tax-favored retirement plan that certain small employers (including self-employed individuals) can set up for the benefit of their employees. Www irs gov freefile com More detailed information can be found in Publication 590, Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs), and Publication 575, Pension and Annuity Income. Www irs gov freefile com Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs) In general, distributions from a traditional IRA are taxable in the year you receive them. Www irs gov freefile com Exceptions to the general rule are rollovers, tax-free withdrawals of contributions, and the return of nondeductible contributions. Www irs gov freefile com These are discussed in Publication 590. Www irs gov freefile com If you made nondeductible contributions to a traditional IRA, you must file Form 8606, Nondeductible IRAs. Www irs gov freefile com If you do not file Form 8606 with your return, you may have to pay a $50 penalty. Www irs gov freefile com Also, when you receive distributions from your traditional IRA, the amounts will be taxed unless you can show, with satisfactory evidence, that nondeductible contributions were made. Www irs gov freefile com Early distributions. Www irs gov freefile com   Generally, early distributions are amounts distributed from your traditional IRA account or annuity before you are age 59½, or amounts you receive when you cash in retirement bonds before you are age  59½. Www irs gov freefile com You must include early distributions of taxable amounts in your gross income. Www irs gov freefile com These taxable amounts are also subject to an additional 10% tax unless the distribution qualifies for an exception. Www irs gov freefile com For purposes of the additional 10% tax, an IRA is a qualified retirement plan. Www irs gov freefile com For more information about this tax, see Tax on Early Distributions under Pensions and Annuities, later. Www irs gov freefile com After age 59½ and before age 70½. Www irs gov freefile com   After you reach age 59½, you can receive distributions from your traditional IRA without having to pay the 10% additional tax. Www irs gov freefile com Even though you can receive distributions after you reach age 59½, distributions are not required until you reach  age 70½. Www irs gov freefile com Required distributions. Www irs gov freefile com   If you are the owner of a traditional IRA, you generally must receive the entire balance in your IRA or start receiving periodic distributions from your IRA by April 1 of the year following the year in which you reach age 70½. Www irs gov freefile com See When Must You Withdraw Assets? (Required Minimum Distributions) in Publication 590. Www irs gov freefile com If distributions from your traditional IRA(s) are less than the required minimum distribution for the year, you may have to pay a 50% excise tax for that year on the amount not distributed as required. Www irs gov freefile com For purposes of the 50% excise tax, an IRA is a qualified retirement plan. Www irs gov freefile com For more information about this tax, see Tax on Excess Accumulation under Pensions and Annuities, later. Www irs gov freefile com See also Excess Accumulations (Insufficient Distributions) in Publication 590. Www irs gov freefile com Pensions and Annuities Generally, if you did not pay any part of the cost of your employee pension or annuity, and your employer did not withhold part of the cost of the contract from your pay while you worked, the amounts you receive each year are fully taxable. Www irs gov freefile com However, see Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers , later. Www irs gov freefile com If you paid part of the cost of your pension or annuity plan (see Cost , later), you can exclude part of each annuity payment from income as a recovery of your cost (investment in the contract). Www irs gov freefile com This tax-free part of the payment is figured when your annuity starts and remains the same each year, even if the amount of the payment changes. Www irs gov freefile com The rest of each payment is taxable. Www irs gov freefile com However, see Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers , later. Www irs gov freefile com You figure the tax-free part of the payment using one of the following methods. Www irs gov freefile com Simplified Method. Www irs gov freefile com You generally must use this method if your annuity is paid under a qualified plan (a qualified employee plan, a qualified employee annuity, or a tax-sheltered annuity plan or contract). Www irs gov freefile com You cannot use this method if your annuity is paid under a nonqualified plan. Www irs gov freefile com General Rule. Www irs gov freefile com You must use this method if your annuity is paid under a nonqualified plan. Www irs gov freefile com You generally cannot use this method if your annuity is paid under a qualified plan. Www irs gov freefile com Contact your employer or plan administrator to find out if your pension or annuity is paid under a qualified or nonqualified plan. Www irs gov freefile com You determine which method to use when you first begin receiving your annuity, and you continue using it each year that you recover part of your cost. Www irs gov freefile com Exclusion limit. Www irs gov freefile com   If your annuity starting date is after 1986, the total amount of annuity income you can exclude over the years as a recovery of the cost cannot exceed your total cost. Www irs gov freefile com Any unrecovered cost at your (or the last annuitant's) death is allowed as a miscellaneous itemized deduction on the final return of the decedent. Www irs gov freefile com This deduction is not subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit on miscellaneous deductions. Www irs gov freefile com   If you contributed to your pension or annuity and your annuity starting date is before 1987, you can continue to take your monthly exclusion for as long as you receive your annuity. Www irs gov freefile com If you chose a joint and survivor annuity, your survivor can continue to take the survivor's exclusion figured as of the annuity starting date. Www irs gov freefile com The total exclusion may be more than your cost. Www irs gov freefile com Cost. Www irs gov freefile com   Before you can figure how much, if any, of your pension or annuity benefits are taxable, you must determine your cost in the plan (your investment in the contract). Www irs gov freefile com Your total cost in the plan includes everything that you paid. Www irs gov freefile com It also includes amounts your employer contributed that were taxable to you when paid. Www irs gov freefile com However, see Foreign employment contributions , later. Www irs gov freefile com   From this total cost, subtract any refunded premiums, rebates, dividends, unrepaid loans, or other tax-free amounts you received by the later of the annuity starting date or the date on which you received your first payment. Www irs gov freefile com   The annuity starting date is the later of the first day of the first period for which you received a payment from the plan or the date on which the plan's obligations became fixed. Www irs gov freefile com    The amount of your contributions to the plan may be shown in box 9b of any Form 1099-R, Distributions From Pensions, Annuities, Retirement or Profit-Sharing Plans, IRAs, Insurance Contracts, etc. Www irs gov freefile com , that you receive. Www irs gov freefile com Foreign employment contributions. Www irs gov freefile com   If you worked abroad, certain amounts your employer paid into your retirement plan that were not includible in your gross income may be considered part of your cost. Www irs gov freefile com For details, see Foreign employment contributions in Publication 575. Www irs gov freefile com Withholding. Www irs gov freefile com   The payer of your pension, profit-sharing, stock bonus, annuity, or deferred compensation plan will withhold income tax on the taxable part of amounts paid to you. Www irs gov freefile com However, you can choose not to have tax withheld on the payments you receive, unless they are eligible rollover distributions. Www irs gov freefile com (These are distributions that are eligible for rollover treatment but are not paid directly to another qualified retirement plan or to a traditional IRA. Www irs gov freefile com ) See Withholding Tax and Estimated Tax and Rollovers in Publication 575 for more information. Www irs gov freefile com   For payments other than eligible rollover distributions, you can tell the payer how much to withhold by filing a Form W-4P, Withholding Certificate for Pension or Annuity Payments. Www irs gov freefile com Simplified Method. Www irs gov freefile com   Under the Simplified Method, you figure the tax-free part of each annuity payment by dividing your cost by the total number of anticipated monthly payments. Www irs gov freefile com For an annuity that is payable over the lives of the annuitants, this number is based on the annuitants' ages on the annuity starting date and is determined from a table. Www irs gov freefile com For any other annuity, this number is the number of monthly annuity payments under the contract. Www irs gov freefile com Who must use the Simplified Method. Www irs gov freefile com   You must use the Simplified Method if your annuity starting date is after November 18, 1996, and you receive your pension or annuity payments from a qualified plan or annuity, unless you were at least 75 years old and entitled to at least 5 years of guaranteed payments (defined next). Www irs gov freefile com   In addition, if your annuity starting date is after July 1, 1986, and before November 19, 1996, you could have chosen to use the Simplified Method for payments from a qualified plan, unless you were at least 75 years old and entitled to at least 5 years of guaranteed payments. Www irs gov freefile com If you chose to use the Simplified Method, you must continue to use it each year that you recover part of your cost. Www irs gov freefile com Guaranteed payments. Www irs gov freefile com   Your annuity contract provides guaranteed payments if a minimum number of payments or a minimum amount (for example, the amount of your investment) is payable even if you and any survivor annuitant do not live to receive the minimum. Www irs gov freefile com If the minimum amount is less than the total amount of the payments you are to receive, barring death, during the first 5 years after payments begin (figured by ignoring any payment increases), you are entitled to less than 5 years of guaranteed payments. Www irs gov freefile com Who cannot use the Simplified Method. Www irs gov freefile com   You cannot use the Simplified Method and must use the General Rule if you receive pension or annuity payments from: A nonqualified plan, such as a private annuity, a purchased commercial annuity, or a nonqualified employee plan, or A qualified plan if you are age 75 or older on your annuity starting date and you are entitled to at least 5 years of guaranteed payments (defined above). Www irs gov freefile com   In addition, you had to use the General Rule for either circumstance described above if your annuity starting date is after July 1, 1986, and before November 19, 1996. Www irs gov freefile com If you did not have to use the General Rule, you could have chosen to use it. Www irs gov freefile com You also had to use the General Rule for payments from a qualified plan if your annuity starting date is before July 2, 1986, and you did not qualify to use the Three-Year Rule. Www irs gov freefile com   If you had to use the General Rule (or chose to use it), you must continue to use it each year that you recover your cost. Www irs gov freefile com   Unless your annuity starting date was before 1987, once you have recovered all of your non-taxable investment, all of each remaining payment you receive is fully taxable. Www irs gov freefile com Once your remaining payments are fully taxable, there is no longer a concern with the General Rule or Simplified Method. Www irs gov freefile com   Complete information on the General Rule, including the actuarial tables you need, is contained in Publication 939, General Rule for Pensions and Annuities. Www irs gov freefile com How to use the Simplified Method. Www irs gov freefile com   Complete the Simplified Method Worksheet in the Form 1040, Form 1040A, or Form 1040NR instructions or in Publication 575 to figure your taxable annuity for 2013. Www irs gov freefile com Be sure to keep the completed worksheet; it will help you figure your taxable annuity next year. Www irs gov freefile com   To complete line 3 of the worksheet, you must determine the total number of expected monthly payments for your annuity. Www irs gov freefile com How you do this depends on whether the annuity is for a single life, multiple lives, or a fixed period. Www irs gov freefile com For this purpose, treat an annuity that is payable over the life of an annuitant as payable for that annuitant's life even if the annuity has a fixed-period feature or also provides a temporary annuity payable to the annuitant's child under age 25. Www irs gov freefile com    You do not need to complete line 3 of the worksheet or make the computation on line 4 if you received annuity payments last year and used last year's worksheet to figure your taxable annuity. Www irs gov freefile com Instead, enter the amount from line 4 of last year's worksheet on line 4 of this year's worksheet. Www irs gov freefile com Single-life annuity. Www irs gov freefile com   If your annuity is payable for your life alone, use Table 1 at the bottom of the worksheet to determine the total number of expected monthly payments. Www irs gov freefile com Enter on line 3 the number shown for your age on your annuity starting date. Www irs gov freefile com This number will differ depending on whether your annuity starting date is before November 19, 1996, or after November 18, 1996. Www irs gov freefile com Multiple-lives annuity. Www irs gov freefile com   If your annuity is payable for the lives of more than one annuitant, use Table 2 at the bottom of the worksheet to determine the total number of expected monthly payments. Www irs gov freefile com Enter on line 3 the number shown for the annuitants' combined ages on the annuity starting date. Www irs gov freefile com For an annuity payable to you as the primary annuitant and to more than one survivor annuitant, combine your age and the age of the youngest survivor annuitant. Www irs gov freefile com For an annuity that has no primary annuitant and is payable to you and others as survivor annuitants, combine the ages of the oldest and youngest annuitants. Www irs gov freefile com Do not treat as a survivor annuitant anyone whose entitlement to payments depends on an event other than the primary annuitant's death. Www irs gov freefile com   However, if your annuity starting date is before 1998, do not use Table 2 and do not combine the annuitants' ages. Www irs gov freefile com Instead, you must use Table 1 at the bottom of the worksheet and enter on line 3 the number shown for the primary annuitant's age on the annuity starting date. Www irs gov freefile com This number will differ depending on whether your annuity starting date is before November 19, 1996, or after November 18, 1996. Www irs gov freefile com Fixed-period annuities. Www irs gov freefile com   If your annuity does not depend in whole or in part on anyone's life expectancy, the total number of expected monthly payments to enter on line 3 of the worksheet is the number of monthly annuity payments under the contract. Www irs gov freefile com Line 6. Www irs gov freefile com   The amount on line 6 should include all amounts that could have been recovered in prior years. Www irs gov freefile com If you did not recover an amount in a prior year, you may be able to amend your returns for the affected years. Www irs gov freefile com    Be sure to keep a copy of the completed worksheet; it will help you figure your taxable annuity in later years. Www irs gov freefile com Example. Www irs gov freefile com Bill Smith, age 65, began receiving retirement benefits in 2013, under a joint and survivor annuity. Www irs gov freefile com Bill's annuity starting date is January 1, 2013. Www irs gov freefile com The benefits are to be paid over the joint lives of Bill and his wife, Kathy, age 65. Www irs gov freefile com Bill had contributed $31,000 to a qualified plan and had received no distributions before the annuity starting date. Www irs gov freefile com Bill is to receive a retirement benefit of $1,200 a month, and Kathy is to receive a monthly survivor benefit of $600 upon Bill's death. Www irs gov freefile com Bill must use the Simplified Method to figure his taxable annuity because his payments are from a qualified plan and he is under age 75. Www irs gov freefile com See the illustrated Worksheet 2-A, Simplified Method Worksheet, later. Www irs gov freefile com You can find a blank version of this worksheet in Publication 575. Www irs gov freefile com (The references in the illustrated worksheet are to sections in Publication 575). Www irs gov freefile com His annuity is payable over the lives of more than one annuitant, so Bill uses his and Kathy's combined ages, 130 (65 + 65), and Table 2 at the bottom of the worksheet in completing line 3 of the worksheet and finds the line 3 amount to be 310. Www irs gov freefile com Bill's tax-free monthly amount is $100 ($31,000 ÷ 310 as shown on line 4 of the worksheet). Www irs gov freefile com Upon Bill's death, if Bill has not recovered the full $31,000 investment, Kathy will also exclude $100 from her $600 monthly payment. Www irs gov freefile com The full amount of any annuity payments received after 310 payments are paid must generally be included in gross income. Www irs gov freefile com If Bill and Kathy die before 310 payments are made, a miscellaneous itemized deduction will be allowed for the unrecovered cost on the final income tax return of the last to die. Www irs gov freefile com This deduction is not subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit. Www irs gov freefile com Worksheet 2-A. Www irs gov freefile com Simplified Method Worksheet—Illustrated 1. Www irs gov freefile com Enter the total pension or annuity payments received this year. Www irs gov freefile com Also, add this amount to the total for Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a 1. Www irs gov freefile com $ 14,400 2. Www irs gov freefile com Enter your cost in the plan (contract) at the annuity starting date plus any death benefit exclusion* See Cost (Investment in the Contract), earlier 2. Www irs gov freefile com 31,000   Note. Www irs gov freefile com If your annuity starting date was before this year and you completed this worksheet last year, skip line 3 and enter the amount from line 4 of last year's worksheet on line 4 below (even if the amount of your pension or annuity has changed). Www irs gov freefile com Otherwise, go to line 3. Www irs gov freefile com     3. Www irs gov freefile com Enter the appropriate number from Table 1 below. Www irs gov freefile com But if your annuity starting date was after 1997 and the payments are for your life and that of your beneficiary, enter the appropriate number from Table 2 below 3. Www irs gov freefile com 310 4. Www irs gov freefile com Divide line 2 by the number on line 3 4. Www irs gov freefile com 100 5. Www irs gov freefile com Multiply line 4 by the number of months for which this year's payments were made. Www irs gov freefile com If your annuity starting date was before 1987, enter this amount on line 8 below and skip lines 6, 7, 10, and 11. Www irs gov freefile com Otherwise, go to line 6 5. Www irs gov freefile com 1,200 6. Www irs gov freefile com Enter any amount previously recovered tax free in years after 1986. Www irs gov freefile com This is the amount shown on line 10 of your worksheet for last year 6. Www irs gov freefile com 0 7. Www irs gov freefile com Subtract line 6 from line 2 7. Www irs gov freefile com 31,000 8. Www irs gov freefile com Enter the smaller of line 5 or line 7 8. Www irs gov freefile com 1,200 9. Www irs gov freefile com Taxable amount for year. Www irs gov freefile com Subtract line 8 from line 1. Www irs gov freefile com Enter the result, but not less than zero. Www irs gov freefile com Also, add this amount to the total for Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b. Www irs gov freefile com Note. Www irs gov freefile com If your Form 1099-R shows a larger taxable amount, use the amount figured on this line instead. Www irs gov freefile com If you are a retired public safety officer, see Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers, earlier, before entering an amount on your tax return. Www irs gov freefile com 9. Www irs gov freefile com $ 13,200 10. Www irs gov freefile com Was your annuity starting date before 1987? □ Yes. Www irs gov freefile com STOP. Www irs gov freefile com Do not complete the rest of this worksheet. Www irs gov freefile com  ☑ No. Www irs gov freefile com Add lines 6 and 8. Www irs gov freefile com This is the amount you have recovered tax free through 2013. Www irs gov freefile com You will need this number if you need to fill out this worksheet next year. Www irs gov freefile com 10. Www irs gov freefile com 1,200 11. Www irs gov freefile com Balance of cost to be recovered. Www irs gov freefile com Subtract line 10 from line 2. Www irs gov freefile com If zero, you will not have to complete this worksheet next year. Www irs gov freefile com The payments you receive next year will generally be fully taxable 11. Www irs gov freefile com $ 29,800 * A death benefit exclusion (up to $5,000) applied to certain benefits received by employees who died before August 21, 1996. Www irs gov freefile com   Table 1 for Line 3 Above       AND your annuity starting date was—   IF your age on your annuity starting date was . Www irs gov freefile com . Www irs gov freefile com . Www irs gov freefile com   BEFORE November 19, 1996, enter on line 3 . Www irs gov freefile com . Www irs gov freefile com . Www irs gov freefile com AFTER November 18, 1996, enter on line 3 . Www irs gov freefile com . Www irs gov freefile com . Www irs gov freefile com   55 or under 300 360   56-60 260 310   61-65 240 260   66-70 170 210   71 or over 120 160 Table 2 for Line 3 Above   IF the annuitants' combined ages on your annuity starting date were . Www irs gov freefile com . Www irs gov freefile com . Www irs gov freefile com   THEN enter on line 3 . Www irs gov freefile com . Www irs gov freefile com . Www irs gov freefile com         110 or under   410         111-120   360         121-130   310         131-140   260         141 or over   210       Survivors of retirees. Www irs gov freefile com   Benefits paid to you as a survivor under a joint and survivor annuity must be included in your gross income in the same way the retiree would have included them in gross income. Www irs gov freefile com   If you receive a survivor annuity because of the death of a retiree who had reported the annuity under the Three-Year Rule, include the total received in your income. Www irs gov freefile com The retiree's cost has already been recovered tax free. Www irs gov freefile com   If the retiree was reporting the annuity payments under the General Rule, you must apply the same exclusion percentage the retiree used to your initial payment called for in the contract. Www irs gov freefile com The resulting tax-free amount will then remain fixed. Www irs gov freefile com Any increases in the survivor annuity are fully taxable. Www irs gov freefile com   If the retiree was reporting the annuity payments under the Simplified Method, the part of each payment that is tax free is the same as the tax-free amount figured by the retiree at the annuity starting date. Www irs gov freefile com See Simplified Method , earlier. Www irs gov freefile com How to report. Www irs gov freefile com   If you file Form 1040, report your total annuity on line 16a, and the taxable part on line 16b. Www irs gov freefile com If your pension or annuity is fully taxable, enter it on line 16b. Www irs gov freefile com Do not make an entry on line 16a. Www irs gov freefile com   If you file Form 1040A, report your total annuity on line 12a, and the taxable part on line 12b. Www irs gov freefile com If your pension or annuity is fully taxable, enter it on line 12b. Www irs gov freefile com Do not make an entry on line 12a. Www irs gov freefile com   If you file Form 1040NR, report your total annuity on line 17a, and the taxable part on line 17b. Www irs gov freefile com If your pension or annuity is fully taxable, enter it on line 17b. Www irs gov freefile com Do not make an entry on line 17a. Www irs gov freefile com Example. Www irs gov freefile com You are a Form 1040 filer and you received monthly payments totaling $1,200 (12 months x $100) during 2013 from a pension plan that was completely financed by your employer. Www irs gov freefile com You had paid no tax on the payments that your employer made to the plan, and the payments were not used to pay for accident, health, or long-term care insurance premiums (as discussed later under Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers ). Www irs gov freefile com The entire $1,200 is taxable. Www irs gov freefile com You include $1,200 only on Form 1040, line 16b. Www irs gov freefile com Joint return. Www irs gov freefile com   If you file a joint return and you and your spouse each receive one or more pensions or annuities, report the total of the pensions and annuities on line 16a of Form 1040, line 12a of Form 1040A, or line 17a of Form 1040NR. Www irs gov freefile com Report the total of the taxable parts on line 16b of Form 1040, line 12b of Form 1040A, or line 17b of Form 1040NR. Www irs gov freefile com Form 1099-R. Www irs gov freefile com   You should receive a Form 1099-R for your pension or annuity. Www irs gov freefile com Form 1099-R shows your pension or annuity for the year and any income tax withheld. Www irs gov freefile com You should receive a Form W-2 if you receive distributions from certain nonqualified plans. Www irs gov freefile com You must attach Forms 1099-R or Forms W-2 to your 2013 tax return if federal income tax was withheld. Www irs gov freefile com Generally, you should be sent these forms by January 31, 2014. Www irs gov freefile com Nonperiodic Distributions If you receive a nonperiodic distribution from your retirement plan, you may be able to exclude all or part of it from your income as a recovery of your cost. Www irs gov freefile com Nonperiodic distributions include cash withdrawals, distributions of current earnings (dividends) on your investment, and certain loans. Www irs gov freefile com For information on how to figure the taxable amount of a nonperiodic distribution, see Taxation of Nonperiodic Payments in Publication 575. Www irs gov freefile com The taxable part of a nonperiodic distribution may be subject to an additional 10% tax. Www irs gov freefile com See Tax on Early Distributions, later. Www irs gov freefile com Lump-sum distributions. Www irs gov freefile com   If you receive a lump-sum distribution from a qualified employee plan or qualified employee annuity and the plan participant was born before January 2, 1936, you may be able to elect optional methods of figuring the tax on the distribution. Www irs gov freefile com The part from active participation in the plan before 1974 may qualify as capital gain subject to a 20% tax rate. Www irs gov freefile com The part from participation after 1973 (and any part from participation before 1974 that you do not report as capital gain) is ordinary income. Www irs gov freefile com You may be able to use the 10-year tax option to figure tax on the ordinary income part. Www irs gov freefile com Form 1099-R. Www irs gov freefile com   If you receive a total distribution from a plan, you should receive a Form 1099-R. Www irs gov freefile com If the distribution qualifies as a lump-sum distribution, box 3 shows the capital gain part of the distribution. Www irs gov freefile com The amount in box 2a, Taxable amount, minus the amount in box 3, Capital gain, is the ordinary income part. Www irs gov freefile com More information. Www irs gov freefile com   For more detailed information on lump-sum distributions, see Publication 575 or Form 4972, Tax on Lump-Sum Distributions. Www irs gov freefile com Tax on Early Distributions Most distributions you receive from your qualified retirement plan and nonqualified annuity contracts before you reach age 59½ are subject to an additional tax of 10%. Www irs gov freefile com The tax applies to the taxable part of the distribution. Www irs gov freefile com For this purpose, a qualified retirement plan is: A qualified employee plan (including a qualified cash or deferred arrangement (CODA) under Internal Revenue Code section 401(k)), A qualified employee annuity plan, A tax-sheltered annuity plan (403(b) plan), or An eligible state or local government section 457 deferred compensation plan (to the extent that any distribution is attributable to amounts the plan received in a direct transfer or rollover from one of the other plans listed here or an IRA). Www irs gov freefile com  An IRA is also a qualified retirement plan for purposes of this tax. Www irs gov freefile com General exceptions to tax. Www irs gov freefile com   The early distribution tax does not apply to any distributions that are: Made as part of a series of substantially equal periodic payments (made at least annually) for your life (or life expectancy) or the joint lives (or joint life expectancies) of you and your designated beneficiary (if from a qualified retirement plan, the payments must begin after separation from service), Made because you are totally and permanently disabled, or Made on or after the death of the plan participant or contract holder. Www irs gov freefile com Additional exceptions. Www irs gov freefile com   There are additional exceptions to the early distribution tax for certain distributions from qualified retirement plans and nonqualified annuity contracts. Www irs gov freefile com See Publication 575 for details. Www irs gov freefile com Reporting tax. Www irs gov freefile com   If you owe only the tax on early distributions and distribution code 1 (early distribution, no known exception) is correctly shown in Form 1099-R, box 7, multiply the taxable part of the early distribution by 10% (. Www irs gov freefile com 10) and enter the result on Form 1040, line 58, or Form 1040NR, line 56. Www irs gov freefile com See the instructions for line 58 of Form 1040 or line 56 of Form 1040NR for more information about reporting the early distribution tax. Www irs gov freefile com Tax on Excess Accumulation To make sure that most of your retirement benefits are paid to you during your lifetime, rather than to your beneficiaries after your death, the payments that you receive from qualified retirement plans must begin no later than your required beginning date. Www irs gov freefile com Unless the rule for 5% owners applies, this is generally April 1 of the year that follows the later of: The calendar year in which you reach age 70½, or The calendar year in which you retire from employment with the employer maintaining the plan. Www irs gov freefile com However, your plan may require you to begin to receive payments by April 1 of the year that follows the year in which you reach 70½, even if you have not retired. Www irs gov freefile com For this purpose, a qualified retirement plan includes: A qualified employee plan, A qualified employee annuity plan, An eligible section 457 deferred compensation plan, or A tax-sheltered annuity plan (403(b) plan) (for benefits accruing after 1986). Www irs gov freefile com  An IRA is also a qualified retirement plan for purposes of this tax. Www irs gov freefile com An excess accumulation is the undistributed remainder of the required minimum distribution that was left in your qualified retirement plan. Www irs gov freefile com 5% owners. Www irs gov freefile com   If you own (or are considered to own under section 318 of the Internal Revenue Code) more than 5% of the company maintaining your qualified retirement plan, you must begin to receive distributions from the plan by April 1 of the year after the calendar year in which you reach age 70½. Www irs gov freefile com See Publication 575 for more information. Www irs gov freefile com Amount of tax. Www irs gov freefile com   If you do not receive the required minimum distribution, you are subject to an additional tax. Www irs gov freefile com The tax equals 50% of the difference between the amount that must be distributed and the amount that was distributed during the tax year. Www irs gov freefile com You can get this excise tax excused if you establish that the shortfall in distributions was due to reasonable error and that you are taking reasonable steps to remedy the shortfall. Www irs gov freefile com Form 5329. Www irs gov freefile com   You must file a Form 5329 if you owe a tax because you did not receive a minimum required distribution from your qualified retirement plan. Www irs gov freefile com Additional information. Www irs gov freefile com   For more detailed information on the tax on excess accumulation, see Publication 575. Www irs gov freefile com Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers If you are an eligible retired public safety officer (law enforcement officer, firefighter, chaplain, or member of a rescue squad or ambulance crew), you can elect to exclude from income distributions made from your eligible retirement plan that are used to pay the premiums for accident or health insurance or long-term care insurance. Www irs gov freefile com The premiums can be for coverage for you, your spouse, or dependent(s). Www irs gov freefile com The distribution must be made directly from the plan to the insurance provider. Www irs gov freefile com You can exclude from income the smaller of the amount of the insurance premiums or $3,000. Www irs gov freefile com You can only make this election for amounts that would otherwise be included in your income. Www irs gov freefile com The amount excluded from your income cannot be used to claim a medical expense deduction. Www irs gov freefile com An eligible retirement plan is a governmental plan that is a: Qualified trust, Section 403(a) plan, Section 403(b) annuity, or Section 457(b) plan. Www irs gov freefile com If you make this election, reduce the otherwise taxable amount of your pension or annuity by the amount excluded. Www irs gov freefile com The taxable amount shown in box 2a of any Form 1099-R that you receive does not reflect the exclusion. Www irs gov freefile com Report your total distributions on Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a. Www irs gov freefile com Report the taxable amount on Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b. Www irs gov freefile com Enter “PSO” next to the appropriate line on which you report the taxable amount. Www irs gov freefile com Railroad Retirement Benefits Benefits paid under the Railroad Retirement Act fall into two categories. Www irs gov freefile com These categories are treated differently for income tax purposes. Www irs gov freefile com Social security equivalent benefits. Www irs gov freefile com   The first category is the amount of tier 1 railroad retirement benefits that equals the social security benefit that a railroad employee or beneficiary would have been entitled to receive under the social security system. Www irs gov freefile com This part of the tier 1 benefit is the social security equivalent benefit (SSEB) and is treated for tax purposes like social security benefits. Www irs gov freefile com (See Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement Benefits , later. Www irs gov freefile com ) Non-social security equivalent benefits. Www irs gov freefile com   The second category contains the rest of the tier 1 benefits, called the non-social security equivalent benefit (NSSEB). Www irs gov freefile com It also contains any tier 2 benefit, vested dual benefit (VDB), and supplemental annuity benefit. Www irs gov freefile com This category of benefits is treated as an amount received from a qualified employee plan. Www irs gov freefile com This allows for the tax-free (nontaxable) recovery of employee contributions from the tier 2 benefits and the NSSEB part of the tier 1 benefits. Www irs gov freefile com Vested dual benefits and supplemental annuity benefits are non-contributory pensions and are fully taxable. Www irs gov freefile com More information. Www irs gov freefile com   For more information about railroad retirement benefits, see Publication 575. Www irs gov freefile com Military Retirement Pay Military retirement pay based on age or length of service is taxable and must be included in income as a pension on Form 1040, lines 16a and 16b; on Form 1040A, lines 12a and 12b; or on Form 1040NR, lines 17a and 17b. Www irs gov freefile com But, certain military and government disability pensions that are based on a percentage of disability from active service in the Armed Forces of any country generally are not taxable. Www irs gov freefile com For more information, including information about veterans' benefits and insurance, see Publication 525. Www irs gov freefile com Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement Benefits This discussion explains the federal income tax rules for social security benefits and equivalent tier 1 railroad retirement benefits. Www irs gov freefile com Social security benefits include monthly retirement, survivor, and disability benefits. Www irs gov freefile com They do not include supplemental security income (SSI) payments, which are not taxable. Www irs gov freefile com Equivalent tier 1 railroad retirement benefits are the part of tier 1 benefits that a railroad employee or beneficiary would have been entitled to receive under the social security system. Www irs gov freefile com They commonly are called the social security equivalent benefit (SSEB) portion of tier 1 benefits. Www irs gov freefile com If you received these benefits during 2013, you should have received a Form SSA-1099 or Form RRB-1099 (Form SSA-1042S or Form RRB-1042S if you are a nonresident alien), showing the amount of the benefits. Www irs gov freefile com Are Any of Your Benefits Taxable? Note. Www irs gov freefile com When the term “benefits” is used in this section, it applies to both social security benefits and the SSEB portion of tier 1 railroad retirement benefits. Www irs gov freefile com  To find out whether any of your benefits may be taxable, compare the base amount for your filing status (explained later) with the total of: One-half of your benefits, plus All your other income, including tax-exempt interest. Www irs gov freefile com When making this comparison, do not reduce your other income by any exclusions for: Interest from qualified U. Www irs gov freefile com S. Www irs gov freefile com savings bonds, Employer-provided adoption benefits, Foreign earned income or foreign housing, or Income earned in American Samoa or Puerto Rico by bona fide residents. Www irs gov freefile com Figuring total income. Www irs gov freefile com   To figure the total of one-half of your benefits plus your other income, use Worksheet 2-B. Www irs gov freefile com If that total amount is more than your base amount, part of your benefits may be taxable. Www irs gov freefile com If you are married and file a joint return for 2013, you and your spouse must combine your incomes and your benefits to figure whether any of your combined benefits are taxable. Www irs gov freefile com Even if your spouse did not receive any benefits, you must add your spouse's income to yours to figure whether any of your benefits are taxable. Www irs gov freefile com If the only income you received during 2013 was your social security or the SSEB portion of tier 1 railroad retirement benefits, your benefits generally are not taxable and you probably do not have to file a return. Www irs gov freefile com If you have income in addition to your benefits, you may have to file a return even if none of your benefits are taxable. Www irs gov freefile com Worksheet 2-B. Www irs gov freefile com A Quick Way To Check if Your Benefits May Be Taxable A. Www irs gov freefile com Enter the amount from box 5 of all your Forms SSA-1099 and RRB-1099. Www irs gov freefile com Include  the full amount of any lump-sum benefit payments received in 2013, for 2013 and  earlier years. Www irs gov freefile com (If you received more than one form, combine the amounts from box 5  and enter the total. Www irs gov freefile com ) A. Www irs gov freefile com     Note. Www irs gov freefile com If the amount on line A is zero or less, stop here; none of your benefits are  taxable this year. Www irs gov freefile com     B. Www irs gov freefile com Enter one-half of the amount on line A B. Www irs gov freefile com   C. Www irs gov freefile com Enter your taxable pensions, wages, interest, dividends, and other taxable income C. Www irs gov freefile com   D. Www irs gov freefile com Enter any tax-exempt interest income (such as interest on municipal bonds) plus any exclusions from income for: •Interest from qualified U. Www irs gov freefile com S. Www irs gov freefile com savings bonds, •Employer-provided adoption benefits, •Foreign earned income or foreign housing, or •Income earned in American Samoa or Puerto Rico by bona fide residents D. Www irs gov freefile com   E. Www irs gov freefile com Add lines B, C, and D and enter the total E. Www irs gov freefile com   F. Www irs gov freefile com If you are: •Married filing jointly, enter $32,000 •Single, head of household, qualifying widow(er), or married filing separately and you  lived apart from your spouse for all of 2013, enter $25,000 •Married filing separately and you lived with your spouse at any time during 2013,  enter -0- F. Www irs gov freefile com   G. Www irs gov freefile com Is the amount on line F less than or equal to the amount on line E? □ No. Www irs gov freefile com None of your benefits are taxable this year. Www irs gov freefile com  □ Yes. Www irs gov freefile com Some of your benefits may be taxable. Www irs gov freefile com To figure how much of your benefits  are taxable, see Which worksheet to use under How Much Is Taxable. Www irs gov freefile com     Base Amount Your base amount is: $25,000 if you are single, head of household, or qualifying widow(er) with dependent child, $25,000 if you are married filing separately and lived apart from your spouse for all of 2013, $32,000 if you are married filing jointly, or $0 if you are married filing separately and lived with your spouse at any time during 2013. Www irs gov freefile com Repayment of Benefits Any repayment of benefits you made during 2013 must be subtracted from the gross benefits you received in 2013. Www irs gov freefile com It does not matter whether the repayment was for a benefit you received in 2013 or in an earlier year. Www irs gov freefile com If you repaid more than the gross benefits you received in 2013, see Repayments More Than Gross Benefits , later. Www irs gov freefile com Your gross benefits are shown in box 3 of Form SSA-1099 or Form RRB-1099. Www irs gov freefile com Your repayments are shown in box 4. Www irs gov freefile com The amount in box 5 shows your net benefits for 2013 (box 3 minus box 4). Www irs gov freefile com Use the amount in box 5 to figure whether any of your benefits are taxable. Www irs gov freefile com Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax You can choose to have federal income tax withheld from your social security and/or the SSEB portion of your tier 1 railroad retirement benefits. Www irs gov freefile com If you choose to do this, you must complete a Form W-4V, Voluntary Withholding Request. Www irs gov freefile com If you do not choose to have income tax withheld, you may have to request additional withholding from other income, or pay estimated tax during the year. Www irs gov freefile com For details, see Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax, or the instructions for Form 1040-ES, Estimated Tax for Individuals. Www irs gov freefile com How Much Is Taxable? If part of your benefits is taxable, how much is taxable depends on the total amount of your benefits and other income. Www irs gov freefile com Generally, the higher that total amount, the greater the taxable part of your benefits. Www irs gov freefile com Maximum taxable part. Www irs gov freefile com   The taxable part of your benefits usually cannot be more than 50%. Www irs gov freefile com However, up to 85% of your benefits can be taxable if either of the following situations applies to you. Www irs gov freefile com The total of one-half of your benefits and all your other income is more than $34,000 ($44,000 if you are married filing jointly). Www irs gov freefile com You are married filing separately and lived with your spouse at any time during 2013. Www irs gov freefile com   If you are a nonresident alien, 85% of your benefits are taxable. Www irs gov freefile com However, this income is exempt under some tax treaties. Www irs gov freefile com Which worksheet to use. Www irs gov freefile com   A worksheet to figure your taxable benefits is in the instructions for your Form 1040 or 1040A. Www irs gov freefile com However, you will need to use a different worksheet(s) if any of the following situations applies to you. Www irs gov freefile com You contributed to a traditional individual retirement arrangement (IRA) and you or your spouse were covered by a retirement plan at work. Www irs gov freefile com In this situation, you must use the special worksheets in Appendix B of Publication 590 to figure both your IRA deduction and your taxable benefits. Www irs gov freefile com Situation (1) does not apply and you take one or more of the following exclusions. Www irs gov freefile com Interest from qualified U. Www irs gov freefile com S. Www irs gov freefile com savings bonds (Form 8815). Www irs gov freefile com Employer-provided adoption benefits (Form 8839). Www irs gov freefile com Foreign earned income or housing (Form 2555 or Form 2555-EZ). Www irs gov freefile com Income earned in American Samoa (Form 4563) or Puerto Rico by bona fide residents. Www irs gov freefile com In these situations, you must use Worksheet 1 in Publication 915, Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement Benefits, to figure your taxable benefits. Www irs gov freefile com You received a lump-sum payment for an earlier year. Www irs gov freefile com In this situation, also complete Worksheet 2 or 3 and Worksheet 4 in Publication 915. Www irs gov freefile com See Lump-Sum Election , later. Www irs gov freefile com How To Report Your Benefits If part of your benefits are taxable, you must use Form 1040, Form 1040A, or Form 1040NR. Www irs gov freefile com You cannot use Form 1040EZ. Www irs gov freefile com Reporting on Form 1040. Www irs gov freefile com   Report your net benefits (the amount in box 5 of your Form SSA-1099 or Form RRB-1099) on line 20a and the taxable part on line 20b. Www irs gov freefile com If you are married filing separately and you lived apart from your spouse for all of 2013, also enter “D” to the right of the word “benefits” on line 20a. Www irs gov freefile com Reporting on Form 1040A. Www irs gov freefile com   Report your net benefits (the amount in box 5 of your Form SSA-1099 or Form RRB-1099) on line 14a and the taxable part on line 14b. Www irs gov freefile com If you are married filing separately and you lived apart from your spouse for all of 2013, also enter “D” to the right of the word “benefits” on line 14a. Www irs gov freefile com Reporting on Form 1040NR. Www irs gov freefile com   Report 85% of the total amount of your benefits (box 5 of your Form SSA-1042S or Form RRB-1042S) in the appropriate column of Form 1040NR, Schedule NEC, line 8. Www irs gov freefile com Benefits not taxable. Www irs gov freefile com   If you are filing Form 1040EZ, do not report any benefits on your tax return. Www irs gov freefile com If you are filing Form 1040 or Form 1040A, report your net benefits (the amount in box 5 of your Form SSA-1099 or Form RRB-1099) on Form 1040, line 20a, or Form 1040A, line 14a. Www irs gov freefile com Enter -0- on Form 1040, line 20b, or Form 1040A, line 14b. Www irs gov freefile com If you are married filing separately and you lived apart from your spouse for all of 2013, also enter “D” to the right of the word “benefits” on Form 1040, line 20a, or Form 1040A, line 14a. Www irs gov freefile com Lump-Sum Election You must include the taxable part of a lump-sum (retroactive) payment of benefits received in 2013 in your 2013 income, even if the payment includes benefits for an earlier year. Www irs gov freefile com This type of lump-sum benefit payment should not be confused with the lump-sum death benefit that both the SSA and RRB pay to many of their beneficiaries. Www irs gov freefile com No part of the lump-sum death benefit is subject to tax. Www irs gov freefile com For more information about the lump-sum death benefit, visit the Social Security Administration website at www. Www irs gov freefile com SSA. Www irs gov freefile com gov, and use keyword: death benefit. Www irs gov freefile com Generally, you use your 2013 income to figure the taxable part of the total benefits received in 2013. Www irs gov freefile com However, you may be able to figure the taxable part of a lump-sum payment for an earlier year separately, using your income for the earlier year. Www irs gov freefile com You can elect this method if it lowers your taxable benefits. Www irs gov freefile com See Publication 915 for more information. Www irs gov freefile com Repayments More Than Gross Benefits In some situations, your Form SSA-1099 or Form RRB-1099 will show that the total benefits you repaid (box 4) are more than the gross benefits (box 3) you received. Www irs gov freefile com If this occurred, your net benefits in box 5 will be a negative figure (a figure in parentheses) and none of your benefits will be taxable. Www irs gov freefile com If you receive more than one form, a negative figure in box 5 of one form is used to offset a positive figure in box 5 of another form for that same year. Www irs gov freefile com If you have any questions about this negative figure, contact your local Social Security Administration office or your local U. Www irs gov freefile com S. Www irs gov freefile com Railroad Retirement Board field office. Www irs gov freefile com Joint return. Www irs gov freefile com   If you and your spouse file a joint return, and your Form SSA-1099 or RRB-1099 has a negative figure in box 5 but your spouse's does not, subtract the box 5 amount on your form from the box 5 amount on your spouse's form. Www irs gov freefile com You do this to get your net benefits when figuring if your combined benefits are taxable. Www irs gov freefile com Repayment of benefits received in an earlier year. Www irs gov freefile com   If the total amount shown in box 5 of all of your Forms SSA-1099 and RRB-1099 is a negative figure, you can take an itemized deduction for the part of this negative figure that represents benefits you included in gross income in an earlier year. Www irs gov freefile com   If this deduction is $3,000 or less, it is subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit that applies to certain miscellaneous itemized deductions. Www irs gov freefile com Claim it on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 23. Www irs gov freefile com   If this deduction is more than $3,000, you have to follow some special instructions. Www irs gov freefile com See Publication 915 for those instructions. Www irs gov freefile com Sickness and Injury Benefits Generally, you must report as income any amount you receive for personal injury or sickness through an accident or health plan that is paid for by your employer. Www irs gov freefile com If both you and your employer pay for the plan, only the amount you receive that is due to your employer's payments is reported as income. Www irs gov freefile com However, certain payments may not be taxable to you. Www irs gov freefile com Some of these payments are discussed later in this section. Www irs gov freefile com Also, see Military and Government Disability Pensions and Other Sickness and Injury Benefits in Publication 525. Www irs gov freefile com Cost paid by you. Www irs gov freefile com   If you pay the entire cost of an accident or health plan, do not include any amounts you receive from the plan for personal injury or sickness as income on your tax return. Www irs gov freefile com If your plan reimbursed you for medical expenses you deducted in an earlier year, you may have to include some, or all, of the reimbursement in your income. Www irs gov freefile com Disability Pensions If you retired on disability, you must include in income any disability pension you receive under a plan that is paid for by your employer. Www irs gov freefile com You must report your taxable disability payments as wages on line 7 of Form 1040 or Form 1040A or on line 8 of Form 1040NR until you reach minimum retirement age. Www irs gov freefile com Minimum retirement age generally is the age at which you can first receive a pension or annuity if you are not disabled. Www irs gov freefile com If you were 65 or older by the end of 2013 or you were retired on permanent and total disability and received taxable disability income, you may be able to claim the credit for the elderly or the disabled. Www irs gov freefile com See Credit for the Elderly or the Disabled, later. Www irs gov freefile com For more information on this credit, see Publication 524, Credit for the Elderly or the Disabled. Www irs gov freefile com Beginning on the day after you reach minimum retirement age, payments you receive are taxable as a pension or annuity. Www irs gov freefile com Report the payments on lines 16a and 16b of Form 1040, on lines 12a and 12b of Form 1040A, or on lines 17a and 17b of Form 1040NR. Www irs gov freefile com For more information on pensions and annuities, see Publication 575. Www irs gov freefile com Retirement and profit-sharing plans. Www irs gov freefile com   If you receive payments from a retirement or profit-sharing plan that does not provide for disability retirement, do not treat the payments as a disability pension. Www irs gov freefile com The payments must be reported as a pension or annuity. Www irs gov freefile com Accrued leave payment. Www irs gov freefile com   If you retire on disability, any lump-sum payment you receive for accrued annual leave is a salary payment. Www irs gov freefile com The payment is not a disability payment. Www irs gov freefile com Include it in your income in the tax year you receive it. Www irs gov freefile com Long-Term Care Insurance Contracts In most cases, long-term care insurance contracts generally are treated as accident and health insurance contracts. Www irs gov freefile com Amounts you receive from them (other than policyholder dividends or premium refunds) generally are excludable from income as amounts received for personal injury or sickness. Www irs gov freefile com However, the amount you can exclude may be limited. Www irs gov freefile com Long-term care insurance contracts are discussed in more detail in Publication 525. Www irs gov freefile com Workers' Compensation Amounts you receive as workers' compensation for an occupational sickness or injury are fully exempt from tax if they are paid under a workers' compensation act or a statute in the nature of a workers' compensation act. Www irs gov freefile com The exemption also applies to your survivors. Www irs gov freefile com The exemption, however, does not apply to retirement plan benefits you receive based on your age, length of service, or prior contributions to the plan, even if you retired because of an occupational sickness or injury. Www irs gov freefile com If part of your workers' compensation reduces your social security or equivalent railroad retirement benefits, that part is considered social security (or equivalent railroad retirement) benefits and may be taxable. Www irs gov freefile com For a discussion of the taxability of these benefits, see Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement Benefits, earlier. Www irs gov freefile com Return to work. Www irs gov freefile com   If you return to work after qualifying for workers' compensation, salary payments you receive for performing light duties are taxable as wages. Www irs gov freefile com Other Sickness and Injury Benefits In addition to disability pensions and annuities, you may receive other payments for sickness or injury. Www irs gov freefile com Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA). Www irs gov freefile com   Payments received under this Act for personal injury or sickness, including payments to beneficiaries in case of death, are not taxable. Www irs gov freefile com However, you are taxed on amounts you receive under this Act as continuation of pay for up to 45 days while a claim is being decided. Www irs gov freefile com Report this income on Form 1040, line 7; Form 1040A, line 7; on Form 1040EZ, line 1; or Form 1040NR, line 8. Www irs gov freefile com Also, pay for sick leave while a claim is being processed is taxable and must be included in your income as wages. Www irs gov freefile com    If part of the payments you receive under FECA reduces your social security or equivalent railroad retirement benefits, that part is considered social security (or equivalent railroad retirement) benefits and may be taxable. Www irs gov freefile com For a discussion of the taxability of these benefits, see Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement Benefits, earlier. Www irs gov freefile com Other compensation. Www irs gov freefile com   Many other amounts you receive as compensation for sickness or injury are not taxable. Www irs gov freefile com These include the following amounts. Www irs gov freefile com Benefits you receive under an accident or health insurance policy on which either you paid the premiums or your employer paid the premiums but you had to include them in your income. Www irs gov freefile com Disability benefits you receive for loss of income or earning capacity as a result of injuries under a no-fault car insurance policy. Www irs gov freefile com Compensation you receive for permanent loss or loss of use of a part or function of your body, for your permanent disfigurement, or for such loss or disfigurement suffered by your spouse or dependent(s). Www irs gov freefile com This compensation must be based only on the injury and not on the period of your absence from work. Www irs gov freefile com These benefits are not taxable even if your employer pays for the accident and health plan that provides these benefits. Www irs gov freefile com Life Insurance Proceeds Life insurance proceeds paid to you because of the death of the insured person are not taxable unless the policy was turned over to you for a price. Www irs gov freefile com This is true even if the proceeds were paid under an accident or health insurance policy or an endowment contract. Www irs gov freefile com Proceeds not received in installments. Www irs gov freefile com   If death benefits are paid to you in a lump sum or other than at regular intervals, include in your income only the benefits that are more than the amount payable to you at the time of the insured person's death. Www irs gov freefile com If the benefit payable at death is not specified, you include in your income the benefit payments that are more than the present value of the payments at the time of death. Www irs gov freefile com Proceeds received in installments. Www irs gov freefile com   If you receive life insurance proceeds in installments, you can exclude part of each installment from your income. Www irs gov freefile com   To determine the excluded part, divide the amount held by the insurance company (generally the total lump sum payable at the death of the insured person) by the number of installments to be paid. Www irs gov freefile com Include anything over this excluded part in your income as interest. Www irs gov freefile com Installments for life. Www irs gov freefile com   If, as the beneficiary under an insurance contract, you are entitled to receive the proceeds in installments for the rest of your life without a refund or period-certain guarantee, you figure the excluded part of each installment by dividing the amount held by the insurance company by your life expectancy. Www irs gov freefile com If there is a refund or period-certain guarantee, the amount held by the insurance company for this purpose is reduced by the actuarial value of the guarantee. Www irs gov freefile com Surviving spouse. Www irs gov freefile com   If your spouse died before October 23, 1986, and insurance proceeds paid to you because of the death of your spouse are received in installments, you can exclude, in any year, up to $1,000 of the interest included in the installments. Www irs gov freefile com If you remarry, you can continue to take the exclusion. Www irs gov freefile com Surrender of policy for cash. Www irs gov freefile com   If you surrender a life insurance policy for cash, you must include in income any proceeds that are more than the cost of the life insurance policy. Www irs gov freefile com In general, your cost (or investment in the contract) is the total of premiums that you paid for the life insurance policy, less any refunded premiums, rebates, dividends, or unrepaid loans that were not included in your income. Www irs gov freefile com You should receive a Form 1099-R showing the total proceeds and the taxable part. Www irs gov freefile com Report these amounts on Form 1040, lines 16a and 16b; Form 1040A, lines 12a and 12b; or Form 1040NR, lines 17a and 17b. Www irs gov freefile com Endowment Contract Proceeds An endowment contract is a policy that pays over to you a specified amount of money on a certain date unless you die before that date, in which case, the money is paid to your designated beneficiary. Www irs gov freefile com Endowment proceeds paid in a lump sum to you at maturity are taxable only if the proceeds are more than the cost of the policy. Www irs gov freefile com To determine your cost, subtract from the total premiums (or other consideration) paid for the contract any amount that you previously received under the contract and excluded from your income. Www irs gov freefile com Include in your income the part of the lump-sum payment that is more than your cost. Www irs gov freefile com Endowment proceeds that you choose to receive in installments instead of a lump-sum payment at the maturity of the policy are taxed as an annuity. Www irs gov freefile com The tax treatment of an annuity is explained in Publication 575. Www irs gov freefile com For this treatment to apply, you must choose to receive the proceeds in installments before receiving any part of the lump sum. Www irs gov freefile com This election must be made within 60 days after the lump-sum payment first becomes payable to you. Www irs gov freefile com Accelerated Death Benefits Certain amounts paid as accelerated death benefits under a life insurance contract or viatical settlement before the insured's death are generally excluded from income if the insured is terminally or chronically ill. Www irs gov freefile com However, see Exception , later. Www irs gov freefile com For a chronically ill individual, accelerated death benefits paid on the basis of costs incurred for qualified long-term care services are fully excludable. Www irs gov freefile com Accelerated death benefits paid on a per diem or other periodic basis without regard to the costs are excludable up to a limit. Www irs gov freefile com In addition, if any portion of a death benefit under a life insurance contract on the life of a terminally or chronically ill individual is sold or assigned to a viatical settlement provider, the amount received also is excluded from income. Www irs gov freefile com Generally, a viatical settlement provider is one who regularly engages in the business of buying or taking assignment of life insurance contracts on the lives of insured individuals who are terminally or chronically ill. Www irs gov freefile com To report taxable accelerated death benefits made on a per diem or other periodic basis, you must file Form 8853, Archer MSAs and Long-Term Care Insurance Contracts, with your return. Www irs gov freefile com Terminally or chronically ill defined. Www irs gov freefile com   A terminally ill person is one who has been certified by a physician as having an illness or physical condition that reasonably can be expected to result in death within 24 months from the date of the certification. Www irs gov freefile com A chronically ill person is one who is not terminally ill but has been certified (within the previous 12 months) by a licensed health care practitioner as meeting either of the following conditions. Www irs gov freefile com The person is unable to perform (without substantial help) at least two activities of daily living (eating, toileting, transferring, bathing, dressing, and continence) for a period of 90 days or more because of a loss of functional capacity. Www irs gov freefile com The person requires substantial supervision to protect himself or herself from threats to health and safety due to severe cognitive impairment. Www irs gov freefile com Exception. Www irs gov freefile com   The exclusion does not apply to any amount paid to a person other than the insured if that other person has an insurable interest in the life of the insured because the insured: Is a director, officer, or employee of the other person, or Has a financial interest in the business of the other person. Www irs gov freefile com Sale of Home You may be able to exclude from income any gain up to $250,000 ($500,000 on a joint return in most cases) on the sale of your main home. Www irs gov freefile com Generally, if you can exclude all of the gain, you do not need to report the sale on your tax return. Www irs gov freefile com You can choose not to take the exclusion by including the gain from the sale in your gross income on your tax return for the year of the sale. Www irs gov freefile com Main home. Www irs gov freefile com   Usually, your main home is the home you live in most of the time and can be a: House, Houseboat, Mobile home, Cooperative apartment, or Condominium. Www irs gov freefile com Repaying the first-time homebuyer credit because you sold your home. Www irs gov freefile com   If you claimed a first-time homebuyer credit for your main home and you sell it, you may have to repay the credit. Www irs gov freefile com For a home purchased in 2008 and used as your main home until sold in 2013, you must file Form 5405 and repay the balance of the unpaid credit on your 2013 tax return. Www irs gov freefile com   For a home purchased after 2008, you generally must repay the entire credit if the home was sold (or otherwise ceased to be your main home) within 36 months of the purchase date. Www irs gov freefile com If you purchased your home in 2009 and used it as your main home until sold in 2013, you do not have to repay the credit or file Form 5405. Www irs gov freefile com If you purchased your home in 2010 and used it as your main home until sold in 2013, you may have to file Form 5405 and repay the entire credit on your 2013 tax return. Www irs gov freefile com   See the Instructions for Form 5405 for more information about repaying the credit and exceptions to repayment that may apply to you. Www irs gov freefile com Maximum Amount of Exclusion You can generally exclude up to $250,000 of the gain (other than gain allocated to periods of nonqualified use) on the sale of your main home if all of the following are true. Www irs gov freefile com You meet the ownership test. Www irs gov freefile com You meet the use test. Www irs gov freefile com During the 2-year period ending on the date of the sale, you did not exclude gain from the sale of another home. Www irs gov freefile com You may be able to exclude up to $500,000 of the gain (other than gain allocated to periods of nonqualified use) on the sale of your main home if you are married and file a joint return and meet the requirements listed in the discussion of the special rules for joint returns, later, under Married Persons . Www irs gov freefile com Ownership and Use Tests To claim the exclusion, you must meet the ownership and use tests. Www irs gov freefile com This means that during the 5-year period ending on the date of the sale, you must have: Owned the home for at least 2 years (the ownership test), and Lived in the home as your main home for at least 2 years (the use test). Www irs gov freefile com Exception to ownership and use tests. Www irs gov freefile com   If you owned and lived in the property as your main home for less than 2 years, you still can claim an exclusion in some cases. Www irs gov freefile com Generally, you must have sold the home due to a change in place of employment, health, or unforeseen circumstances. Www irs gov freefile com The maximum amount you can exclude will be reduced. Www irs gov freefile com See Publication 523, Selling Your Home, for more information. Www irs gov freefile com Exception to use test for individuals with a disability. Www irs gov freefile com   There is an exception to the use test if, during the 5-year period before the sale of your home: You become physically or mentally unable to care for yourself, and You owned and lived in your home as your main home for a total of at least 1 year. Www irs gov freefile com Under this exception, you are considered to live in your home during any time that you own the home and live in a facility (including a nursing home) that is licensed by a state or political subdivision to care for persons in your condition. Www irs gov freefile com   If you meet this exception to the use test, you still have to meet the 2-out-of-5-year ownership test to claim the exclusion. Www irs gov freefile com Exception to ownership test for property acquired in a like-kind exchange. Www irs gov freefile com   You must have owned your main home for at least 5 years to qualify for the exclusion if you acquired your main home in a like-kind exchange. Www irs gov freefile com This special 5-year ownership rule continues to apply to a home you acquired in a like-kind exchange and gave to another person. Www irs gov freefile com A like-kind exchange is an exchange of property held for productive use in a trade or business or for investment. Www irs gov freefile com See Publication 523 for more information. Www irs gov freefile com Period of nonqualified use. Www irs gov freefile com   Generally, the gain from the sale or exchange of your main home will not qualify for the exclusion to the extent that the gain is allocated to periods of nonqualified use. Www irs gov freefile com Nonqualified use is any period after December 31, 2008, during which the property is not used as the main home. Www irs gov freefile com See Publication 523 for more information. Www irs gov freefile com Married Persons In the special situations discussed below, if you and your spouse file a joint return for the year of sale and one spouse meets the ownership and use test, you can exclude up to $250,000 of gain. Www irs gov freefile com However, see Special rules for joint returns , next. Www irs gov freefile com Special rules for joint returns. Www irs gov freefile com   You can exclude up to $500,000 of the gain on the sale of your main home if all of the following are true. Www irs gov freefile com You are married and file a joint return for the year. Www irs gov freefile com Either you or your spouse meets the ownership test. Www irs gov freefile com Both you and your spouse meet the use test. Www irs gov freefile com During the 2-year period ending on the date of the sale, neither you nor your spouse exclude gain from the sale of another home. Www irs gov freefile com Sale of home by surviving spouse. Www irs gov freefile com   If your spouse died and you did not remarry before the date of sale, you are considered to have owned and lived in the property as your main home during any period of time when your spouse owned and lived in it as a main home. Www irs gov freefile com   If you meet all of the following requirements, you may qualify to exclude up to $500,000 of any gain from the sale or exchange of your main home in 2013. Www irs gov freefile com The sale or exchange took place no more than 2 years after the date of death of your spouse. Www irs gov freefile com You have not remarried. Www irs gov freefile com You and your spouse met the use test at the time of your spouse's death. Www irs gov freefile com You or your spouse met the ownership test at the time of your spouse's death. Www irs gov freefile com Neither you nor your spouse excluded gain from the sale of another home during the last 2 years. Www irs gov freefile com Home transferred from spouse. Www irs gov freefile com   If your home was transferred to you by your spouse (or former spouse if the transfer was incident to divorce), you are considered to have owned it during any period of time when your spouse owned it. Www irs gov freefile com Use of home after divorce. Www irs gov freefile com   You are considered to have used property as your main home during any period when: You owned it, and Your spouse or former spouse is allowed to live in it under a divorce or separation instrument and uses it as his or her main home. Www irs gov freefile com Business Use or Rental of Home You may be able to exclude gain from the sale of a home that you have used for business or to produce rental income. Www irs gov freefile com However, you must meet the ownership and use tests. Www irs gov freefile com See Publication 523 for more information. Www irs gov freefile com Depreciation after May 6, 1997. Www irs gov freefile com   If you were entitled to take depreciation deductions because you used your home for business purposes or as rental property, you cannot exclude the part of your gain equal to any depreciation allowed or allowable as a deduction for periods after May 6, 1997. Www irs gov freefile com See Publication 523 for more information. Www irs gov freefile com Reporting the Sale Do not report the 2013 sale of your main home on your tax return unless: You have a gain and you do not qualify to exclude all of it, You have a gain and you choose not to exclude it, or You received Form 1099-S. Www irs gov freefile com If you have a gain that you cannot or choose not to exclude, if you received a Form 1099-S, or if you have a deductible loss, report the sale on your tax return. Www irs gov freefile com Report the sale on Part I or Part II of Form 8949 as a short-term or long-term transaction, depending on how long you owned the home. Www irs gov freefile com If you used your home for business or to produce rental income, you may have to use Form 4797, Sales of Business Property, to report the sale of the business or rental part. Www irs gov freefile com See Publication 523 for more information. Www irs gov freefile com Reverse Mortgages A revers