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Www Irs Gov Amended Tax Return

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Www Irs Gov Amended Tax Return

Www irs gov amended tax return 35. Www irs gov amended tax return   Education Credits Table of Contents Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Who Can Claim an Education Credit Qualified Education ExpensesNo Double Benefit Allowed Adjustments to Qualified Education Expenses Introduction For 2013, there are two tax credits available to persons who pay expenses for higher (postsecondary) education. Www irs gov amended tax return They are: The American opportunity credit, and The lifetime learning credit. Www irs gov amended tax return The chapter will present an overview of these education credits. Www irs gov amended tax return To get the detailed information you will need to claim either of the credits, and for examples illustrating that information, see chapters 2 and 3 of Publication 970. Www irs gov amended tax return Can you claim more than one education credit this year?   For each student, you can choose for any year only one of the credits. Www irs gov amended tax return For example, if you choose to take the American opportunity credit for a child on your 2013 tax return, you cannot, for that same child, also claim the lifetime learning credit for 2013. Www irs gov amended tax return   If you are eligible to claim the American opportunity credit and you are also eligible to claim the lifetime learning credit for the same student in the same year, you can choose to claim either credit, but not both. Www irs gov amended tax return   If you pay qualified education expenses for more than one student in the same year, you can choose to take the American opportunity and the lifetime learning credits on a per-student, per-year basis. Www irs gov amended tax return This means that, for example, you can claim the American opportunity credit for one student and the lifetime learning credit for another student in the same year. Www irs gov amended tax return Table 35-1. Www irs gov amended tax return Comparison of Education Credits Caution. Www irs gov amended tax return You can claim both the American opportunity credit and the lifetime learning credit on the same return—but not for the same student. Www irs gov amended tax return   American Opportunity Credit Lifetime Learning Credit Maximum credit Up to $2,500 credit per eligible student Up to $2,000 credit per return Limit on modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) $180,000 if married filing jointly;  $90,000 if single, head of household, or qualifying widow(er) $127,000 if married filing jointly;  $63,000 if single, head of household, or qualifying widow(er) Refundable or nonrefundable 40% of credit may be refundable Credit limited to the amount of tax you must pay on your taxable income Number of years of postsecondary education Available ONLY if the student had not completed the first 4 years of postsecondary education before 2013 Available for all years of postsecondary education and for courses to acquire or improve job skills Number of tax years credit available Available ONLY for 4 tax years per eligible student (including any year(s) the Hope credit was claimed) Available for an unlimited number of years Type of program required Student must be pursuing a program leading to a degree or other recognized education credential Student does not need to be pursuing a program leading to a degree or other recognized education credential Number of courses Student must be enrolled at least half time for at least one academic period beginning during the tax year Available for one or more courses Felony drug conviction At the end of 2013, the student had not been convicted of a felony for possessing or distributing a controlled substance Felony drug convictions do not make the student ineligible Qualified expenses Tuition, required enrollment fees, and course materials that the student needs for a course of study whether or not the materials are bought at the educational institution as a condition of enrollment or attendance Tuition and fees required for enrollment or attendance (including amounts required to be paid to the institution for course-related books, supplies, and equipment) Payments for academic periods Payments made in 2013 for academic periods beginning in 2013 or beginning in the first 3 months of 2014 Differences between the American opportunity and lifetime learning credits. Www irs gov amended tax return   There are several differences between these two credits. Www irs gov amended tax return These differences are summarized in Table 35-1, later. Www irs gov amended tax return Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 970 Tax Benefits for Education Form (and Instructions) 8863 Education Credits (American Opportunity and Lifetime Learning Credits) Who Can Claim an Education Credit You may be able to claim an education credit if you, your spouse, or a dependent you claim on your tax return was a student enrolled at or attending an eligible educational institution. Www irs gov amended tax return The credits are based on the amount of qualified education expenses paid for the student in 2013 for academic periods beginning in 2013 and in the first 3 months of 2014. Www irs gov amended tax return For example, if you paid $1,500 in December 2013 for qualified tuition for the spring 2014 semester beginning in January 2014, you may be able to use that $1,500 in figuring your 2013 education credit(s). Www irs gov amended tax return Academic period. Www irs gov amended tax return   An academic period includes a semester, trimester, quarter, or other period of study (such as a summer school session) as reasonably determined by an educational institution. Www irs gov amended tax return In the case of an educational institution that uses credit hours or clock hours and does not have academic terms, each payment period can be treated as an academic period. Www irs gov amended tax return Eligible educational institution. Www irs gov amended tax return   An eligible educational institution is any college, university, vocational school, or other postsecondary educational institution eligible to participate in a student aid program administered by the U. Www irs gov amended tax return S. Www irs gov amended tax return Department of Education. Www irs gov amended tax return It includes virtually all accredited public, nonprofit, and proprietary (privately owned profit-making) postsecondary institutions. Www irs gov amended tax return The educational institution should be able to tell you if it is an eligible educational institution. Www irs gov amended tax return   Certain educational institutions located outside the United States also participate in the U. Www irs gov amended tax return S. Www irs gov amended tax return Department of Education's Federal Student Aid (FSA) programs. Www irs gov amended tax return Who can claim a dependent's expenses. Www irs gov amended tax return   If an exemption is allowed as a deduction for any person who claims the student as a dependent, all qualified education expenses of the student are treated as having been paid by that person. Www irs gov amended tax return Therefore, only that person can claim an education credit for the student. Www irs gov amended tax return If a student is not claimed as a dependent on another person's tax return, only the student can claim a credit. Www irs gov amended tax return Expenses paid by a third party. Www irs gov amended tax return   Qualified education expenses paid on behalf of the student by someone other than the student (such as a relative) are treated as paid by the student. Www irs gov amended tax return However, qualified education expenses paid (or treated as paid) by a student who is claimed as a dependent on your tax return are treated as paid by you. Www irs gov amended tax return Therefore, you are treated as having paid expenses that were paid by the third party. Www irs gov amended tax return For more information and an example see Who Can Claim a Dependent's Expenses in Pub. Www irs gov amended tax return 970, chapter 2 or 3. Www irs gov amended tax return Who cannot claim a credit. Www irs gov amended tax return   You cannot take an education credit if any of the following apply. Www irs gov amended tax return You are claimed as a dependent on another person's tax return, such as your parent's return. Www irs gov amended tax return Your filing status is married filing separately. Www irs gov amended tax return You (or your spouse) were a nonresident alien for any part of 2013 and did not elect to be treated as a resident alien for tax purposes. Www irs gov amended tax return Your MAGI is one of the following. Www irs gov amended tax return American opportunity credit: $180,000 or more if married filing jointly, or $90,000 or more if single, head of household, or qualifying widow(er). Www irs gov amended tax return Lifetime learning credit: $127,000 or more if married filing jointly, or $63,000 or more if single, head of household, or qualifying widow(er) . Www irs gov amended tax return   Generally, your MAGI is the amount on your Form 1040, line 38, or Form 1040A, line 22. Www irs gov amended tax return However, if you are filing Form 2555, Form 2555–EZ, or Form 4563, or are excluding income from Puerto RIco, add to the amount on your Form 1040, line 38, or Form 1040A, line 22, the amount of income you excluded. Www irs gov amended tax return For details, see Pub. Www irs gov amended tax return 970. Www irs gov amended tax return    Figure 35-A may be helpful in determining if you can claim an education credit on your tax return. Www irs gov amended tax return The American opportunity credit will always be greater than or equal to the lifetime learning credit for any student who is eligible for both credits. Www irs gov amended tax return However, if any of the conditions for the American opportunity credit, listed in Table 35-1 earlier, are not met for any student, you cannot take the American opportunity credit for that student. Www irs gov amended tax return You may be able to take the lifetime learning credit for part or all of that student's qualified education expenses instead. Www irs gov amended tax return See Pub. Www irs gov amended tax return 970 for information on other education benefits. Www irs gov amended tax return Qualified Education Expenses Generally, qualified education expenses are amounts paid in 2013 for tuition and fees required for the student's enrollment or attendance at an eligible educational institution. Www irs gov amended tax return It does not matter whether the expenses were paid in cash, by check, by credit or debit card, or with borrowed funds. Www irs gov amended tax return For course-related books, supplies, and equipment, only certain expenses qualify. Www irs gov amended tax return American opportunity credit: Qualified education expenses include amounts spent on books, supplies, and equipment needed for a course of study, whether or not the materials are purchased from the educational institution as a condition of enrollment or attendance. Www irs gov amended tax return Lifetime learning credit: Qualified education expenses include amounts for books, supplies, and equipment only if required to be paid to the institution as a condition of enrollment or attendance. Www irs gov amended tax return Qualified education expenses include nonacademic fees, such as student activity fees, athletic fees, or other expenses unrelated to the academic course of instruction, only if the fee must be paid to the institution as a condition of enrollment or attendance. Www irs gov amended tax return However, fees for personal expenses (described below) are never qualified education expenses. Www irs gov amended tax return Qualified education expenses for either credit do not include amounts paid for: Personal expenses. Www irs gov amended tax return This means room and board, insurance, medical expenses (including student health fees), transportation, and other similar personal, living, or family expenses. Www irs gov amended tax return Any course or other education involving sports, games, or hobbies, or any noncredit course, unless such course or other education is part of the student's degree program or (for the lifetime learning credit only) helps the student acquire or improve job skills. Www irs gov amended tax return You should receive Form 1098–T, Tuition Statement, from the institution reporting either payments received in 2013 (box 1) or amounts billed in 2013 (box 2). Www irs gov amended tax return However, the amount in box 1 or 2 of Form 1098–T may be different from the amount you paid (or are treated as having paid). Www irs gov amended tax return In completing Form 8863, use only the amounts you actually paid (plus any amounts you are treated as having paid) in 2013, reduced as necessary, as described in Adjustments to Qualified Education Expenses , later. Www irs gov amended tax return Qualified education expenses paid on behalf of the student by someone other than the student (such as a relative) are treated as paid by the student. Www irs gov amended tax return Qualified education expenses paid (or treated as paid) by a student who is claimed as a dependent on your tax return are treated as paid by you. Www irs gov amended tax return If you or the student takes a deduction for higher education expenses, such as on Schedule A or C (Form 1040), you cannot use those expenses in your qualified education expenses when figuring your education credits. Www irs gov amended tax return Qualified education expenses for any academic period must be reduced by any tax-free educational assistance allocable to that academic period. Www irs gov amended tax return See Adjustments to Qualified Education Expenses, later. Www irs gov amended tax return Prepaid Expenses. Www irs gov amended tax return   Qualified education expenses paid in 2013 for an academic period that begins in the first 3 months of 2014 can be used in figuring an education credit for 2013 only. Www irs gov amended tax return See Academic period , earlier. Www irs gov amended tax return For example, if you pay $2,000 in December 2013 for qualified tuition for the 2014 winter quarter that begins in January 2014, you can use that $2,000 in figuring an education credit for 2013 only (if you meet all the other requirements). Www irs gov amended tax return    You cannot use any amount you paid in 2012 or 2014 to figure the qualified education expenses you use to figure your 2013 education credit(s). Www irs gov amended tax return Paid with borrowed funds. Www irs gov amended tax return   You can claim an education credit for qualified education expenses paid with the proceeds of a loan. Www irs gov amended tax return Use the expenses to figure the credit for the year in which the expenses are paid, not the year in which the loan is repaid. Www irs gov amended tax return Treat loan payments sent directly to the educational institution as paid on the date the institution credits the student's account. Www irs gov amended tax return Student withdraws from class(es). Www irs gov amended tax return   You can claim an education credit for qualified education expenses not refunded when a student withdraws. Www irs gov amended tax return No Double Benefit Allowed You cannot do any of the following. Www irs gov amended tax return Deduct higher education expenses on your income tax return (as, for example, a business expense) and also claim an education credit based on those same expenses. Www irs gov amended tax return Claim more than one education credit based on the same qualified education expenses. Www irs gov amended tax return Claim an education credit based on the same expenses used to figure the tax-free portion of a distribution from a Coverdell education savings account (ESA) or qualified tuition program (QTP). Www irs gov amended tax return Claim an education credit based on qualified education expenses paid with educational assistance, such as a tax-free scholarship, grant, or employer-provided educational assistance. Www irs gov amended tax return See Adjustments to Qualified Education Expenses, next. Www irs gov amended tax return Adjustments to Qualified Education Expenses For each student, reduce the qualified education expenses paid in 2013 by or on behalf of that student under the following rules. Www irs gov amended tax return The result is the amount of adjusted qualified education expenses for each student. Www irs gov amended tax return Tax-free educational assistance. Www irs gov amended tax return   For tax-free educational assistance received in 2013, reduce the qualified educational expenses for each academic period by the amount of tax-free educational assistance allocable to that academic period. Www irs gov amended tax return See Academic period , earlier. Www irs gov amended tax return      Tax-free educational assistance includes:    Tax-free parts of scholarships and fellowships (see chapter 12 of this publication and chapter 1 of Pub. Www irs gov amended tax return 970), The tax-free part of Pell grants (see chapter 1 of Pub. Www irs gov amended tax return 970), The tax-free part of employer-provided educational assistance (see Pub. Www irs gov amended tax return 970), Veterans' educational assistance (see chapter 1 of Pub. Www irs gov amended tax return 970), and Any other nontaxable (tax-free) payments (other than gifts or inheritances) received as educational assistance. Www irs gov amended tax return Generally, any scholarship or fellowship is treated as tax-free educational assistance. Www irs gov amended tax return However, a scholarship or fellowship is not treated as tax-free educational assistance to the extent the student includes it in gross income (if the student is required to file a tax return) for the year the scholarship or fellowship is received and either: The scholarship or fellowship (or any part of it) must be applied (by its terms) to expenses (such as room and board) other than qualified education expenses as defined in Qualified education expenses in Pub. Www irs gov amended tax return 970, chapter 1; or The scholarship or fellowship (or any part of it) may be applied (by its terms) to expenses (such as room and board) other than qualified education expenses as defined in Qualified education expenses in Pub. Www irs gov amended tax return 970, chapter 1. Www irs gov amended tax return You may be able to increase the combined value of an education credit and certain educational assistance if the student includes some or all of the educational assistance in income in the year received. Www irs gov amended tax return For details, see Adjustments of Qualified Education Expenses, in chapters 2 and 3 of Pub. Www irs gov amended tax return 970. Www irs gov amended tax return Some tax-free educational assistance received after 2013 may be treated as a refund of qualified education expenses paid in 2013. Www irs gov amended tax return This tax-free educational assistance is any tax-free educational assistance received by you or anyone else after 2013 for qualified education expenses paid on behalf of a student in 2013 (or attributable to enrollment at an eligible educational institution during 2013). Www irs gov amended tax return If this tax-free educational assistance is received after 2013 but before you file your 2013 income tax return, see Refunds received after 2013 but before your income tax return is filed, later. Www irs gov amended tax return If this tax-free educational assistance is received after 2013 and after you file your 2013 income tax return, see Refunds received after 2013 and after your income tax return is filed, later. Www irs gov amended tax return Refunds. Www irs gov amended tax return   A refund of qualified education expenses may reduce qualified education expenses for the tax year or may require you to repay (recapture) the credit that you claimed in an earlier year. Www irs gov amended tax return Some tax-free educational assistance received after 2013 may be treated as a refund. Www irs gov amended tax return See Tax-free educational assistance, earlier. Www irs gov amended tax return Refunds received in 2013. Www irs gov amended tax return   For each student, figure the adjusted qualified education expenses for 2013 by adding all the qualified education expenses paid in 2013 and subtracting any refunds of those expenses received from the eligible educational institution during 2013. Www irs gov amended tax return Refunds received after 2013 but before your income tax return is filed. Www irs gov amended tax return   If anyone receives a refund after 2013 of qualified education expenses paid on behalf of a student in 2013 and the refund is received before you file your 2013 income tax return, reduce the amount of qualified education expenses for 2013 by the amount of the refund. Www irs gov amended tax return Refunds received after 2013 and after your income tax return is filed. Www irs gov amended tax return   If anyone receives a refund after 2013 of qualified education expenses paid on behalf of a student in 2013 and the refund is received after you file your 2013 income tax return, you may need to repay some or all of the credit that you claimed. Www irs gov amended tax return See Credit recapture, next. Www irs gov amended tax return Credit recapture. Www irs gov amended tax return    If any tax-free educational assistance for the qualified education expenses paid in 2013, or any refund of your qualified education expenses paid in 2013, is received after you file your 2013 income tax return, you must recapture (repay) any excess credit. Www irs gov amended tax return You do this by refiguring the amount of your adjusted qualified education expenses for 2013 by reducing the expenses by the amount of the refund or tax-free educational assistance. Www irs gov amended tax return You then refigure your education credit(s) for 2013 and figure the amount by which your 2013 tax liability would have increased if you had claimed the refigured credit(s). Www irs gov amended tax return Include that amount as an additional tax for the year the refund or tax-free assistance was received. Www irs gov amended tax return Example. Www irs gov amended tax return    You paid $8,000 tuition and fees in December 2013 for your child's Spring semester beginning in January 2014. Www irs gov amended tax return You filed your 2013 tax return on February 3, 2014, and claimed a lifetime learning credit of $1,600 ($8,000 qualified education expense paid x . Www irs gov amended tax return 20). Www irs gov amended tax return You claimed no other tax credits. Www irs gov amended tax return After you filed your return, your child withdrew from two courses and you received a refund of $1,400. Www irs gov amended tax return You must refigure your 2013 lifetime learning credit using $6,600 ($8,000 qualified education expenses − $1,400 refund). Www irs gov amended tax return The refigured credit is $1,320 and your tax liability increased by $280. Www irs gov amended tax return You must include the difference of $280 ($1,600 credit originally claimed − $1,320 refigured credit) as additional tax on your 2014 income tax return. Www irs gov amended tax return See the instructions for your 2014 income tax return to determine where to include this tax. Www irs gov amended tax return If you also pay qualified education expenses in 2014 for an academic period that begins in the first 3 months of 2014 and you receive tax-free educational assistance, or a refund, as described above, you may choose to reduce your qualified education expenses for 2014 instead of reducing your expenses for 2013. Www irs gov amended tax return Amounts that do not reduce qualified education expenses. Www irs gov amended tax return   Do not reduce qualified education expenses by amounts paid with funds the student receives as: Payment for services, such as wages, A loan, A gift, An inheritance, or A withdrawal from the student's personal savings. Www irs gov amended tax return   Do not reduce the qualified education expenses by any scholarship or fellowship reported as income on the student's tax return in the following situations. Www irs gov amended tax return The use of the money is restricted, by the terms of the scholarship or fellowship, to costs of attendance (such as room and board) other than qualified education expenses, as defined in Chapter 1 of Pub. Www irs gov amended tax return 970. Www irs gov amended tax return The use of the money is not restricted. Www irs gov amended tax return   For examples, see chapter 2 in Pub. Www irs gov amended tax return 970. Www irs gov amended tax return Figure 35-A. Www irs gov amended tax return Can You Claim an Education Credit for 2013? This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Www irs gov amended tax return Please click the link to view the image. Www irs gov amended tax return Figure 35-A. Www irs gov amended tax return Can You Claim an Education Credit for 2013? Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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Tax Information for Members of the U.S. Armed Forces

For federal tax purposes, the U.S. Armed Forces includes officers and enlisted personnel in all regular and reserve units controlled by the Secretaries of Defense, the Army, Navy and Air Force. The Coast Guard is also included, but not the U.S. Merchant Marine or the American Red Cross. However, these and other support personnel may qualify for certain tax deadline extensions because of their service in a combat zone.

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Consumer Alert

June 2012

Taxpayers should be on the lookout for a new, email-based phishing scam now circulating that targets Department of Defense military members, retirees and civilian employees. The email appears to come from Defense Finance and Accounting Services and displays a .mil email address. The email states that those receiving disability compensation from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) may be able to obtain additional funds from the IRS. Email recipients are then asked to send various VA and IRS documents containing their personal and financial information, such as copies of VA award letters or their income tax returns, to an address in Florida.

The information on these documents is then used by the scammers to commit identity theft. Typically, identity thieves use someone’s personal data to empty the victim’s financial accounts, run up charges on the victim’s existing credit cards or apply for new loans, credit cards, services or benefits in the victim’s name.

For more information on phishing scams, please see Suspicious e-Mails and Identity Theft.


Tax Laws Affecting the Military

These tax laws provide some special benefits for active members of the U.S. Armed Forces, including those serving in combat zones.


Combat Zones


Publications

  • Publication 3, Armed Forces' Tax Guide, addresses a wide range of issues that may affect members of the military:
    • Online — browse the publication to find specific information;
    • Portable Document Format (PDF) — download a copy to read later or print select pages;
    • Hardcopy — order a paper copy by calling 1-800-829-3676. 


News Releases (IR) and Fact Sheets (FS) 

  • IR-2010-47 — Haiti Relief Workers Qualify for Combat Zone Extension; Military Personnel and Designated Civilians Have at Least 180 Days to File and Pay
  • IR-2007-46 — Free Online Tax Filing Available to Many Military Members
  • IR-2006-152 — Active Duty Reservists Get Relief on Retirement Plan Payments; Refunds of 10-Percent Tax Available Back to 2001, New Law Says
  • IR-2006-129 — New Law Expands IRA Options for Military; Many Can Still Contribute for 2004 and 2005
  • IR-2003-132 — IRS Helps Military Personnel Get New Law's Tax Breaks
  • IR-2003-63 — New Tax Scam Targets Families of Armed Forces Members
  • IR-2003-43 — Tax Assistance for Military Families; IRS.gov Page for Armed Forces
  • FS-2003-11 — Information for Taxpayers Serving in the Armed Forces
  • IR-2002-18 — Tax Relief for Troops in the Afghanistan Combat Zone.


Legal Guidance

  • Revenue Ruling 2009-11 — Differential Wage Payments to Active Duty Members of the Uniformed Services
  • Notice 2003-21 — Tax Relief for Those Involved in Operation Iraqi Freedom.
  • Notice 2002-17 — Tax Relief for Those Involved in Operation Enduring Freedom.


Related Items:

Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 04-Sep-2013

The Www Irs Gov Amended Tax Return

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