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Turbo Tax Ez

Turbo tax ez 6. Turbo tax ez   How To Report Table of Contents Where To ReportGifts. Turbo tax ez Statutory employees. Turbo tax ez Vehicle Provided by Your Employer ReimbursementsAccountable Plans Nonaccountable Plans Rules for Independent Contractors and Clients How To Use Per Diem Rate TablesThe Two Substantiation Methods Transition Rules Completing Forms 2106 and 2106-EZInformation on use of cars. Turbo tax ez Standard mileage rate. Turbo tax ez Actual expenses. Turbo tax ez Car rentals. Turbo tax ez Hours of service limits. Turbo tax ez Allocating your reimbursement. Turbo tax ez 1. Turbo tax ez Limit on meals and entertainment. Turbo tax ez 2. Turbo tax ez Limit on miscellaneous itemized deductions. Turbo tax ez 3. Turbo tax ez Limit on total itemized deductions. Turbo tax ez Special Rules This chapter explains where and how to report the expenses discussed in this publication. Turbo tax ez It discusses reimbursements and how to treat them under accountable and nonaccountable plans. Turbo tax ez It also explains rules for independent contractors and clients, fee-basis officials, certain performing artists, Armed Forces reservists, and certain disabled employees. Turbo tax ez The chapter ends with illustrations of how to report travel, entertainment, gift, and car expenses on Forms 2106 and 2106-EZ. Turbo tax ez Where To Report This section provides general information on where to report the expenses discussed in this publication. Turbo tax ez Self-employed. Turbo tax ez   You must report your income and expenses on Schedule C (Form 1040) or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040) if you are a sole proprietor, or on Schedule F (Form 1040) if you are a farmer. Turbo tax ez You do not use Form 2106 or 2106-EZ. Turbo tax ez    If you claim car or truck expenses, you must provide certain information on the use of your vehicle. Turbo tax ez You provide this information on Schedule C (Form 1040), Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040), or Form 4562. Turbo tax ez   If you file Schedule C (Form 1040): Report your travel expenses, except meals, on line 24a, Report your deductible meals (actual cost or standard meal allowance) and entertainment on line 24b, Report your gift expenses and transportation expenses, other than car expenses, on line 27a, and Report your car expenses on line 9. Turbo tax ez Complete Part IV of the form unless you have to file Form 4562 for depreciation or amortization. Turbo tax ez   If you file Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040), report the total of all business expenses on line 2. Turbo tax ez You can only include 50% of your meals and entertainment in that total. Turbo tax ez If you include car expenses, you must also complete Part III of the form. Turbo tax ez    If you file Schedule F (Form 1040): Report your car expenses on line 10. Turbo tax ez Attach Form 4562 and provide information on the use of your car in Part V of Form 4562. Turbo tax ez Report all other business expenses discussed in this publication on line 32. Turbo tax ez You can only include 50% of your meals and entertainment on that line. Turbo tax ez See your form instructions for more information on how to complete your tax return. Turbo tax ez Both self-employed and an employee. Turbo tax ez   If you are both self-employed and an employee, you must keep separate records for each business activity. Turbo tax ez Report your business expenses for self-employment on Schedule C (Form 1040), Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040), or Schedule F (Form 1040), as discussed earlier. Turbo tax ez Report your business expenses for your work as an employee on Form 2106 or 2106-EZ, as discussed next. Turbo tax ez Employees. Turbo tax ez    If you are an employee, you generally must complete Form 2106 to deduct your travel, transportation, and entertainment expenses. Turbo tax ez However, you can use the shorter Form 2106-EZ instead of Form 2106 if you meet all of the following conditions. Turbo tax ez You are an employee deducting expenses attributable to your job. Turbo tax ez You were not reimbursed by your employer for your expenses (amounts included in box 1 of your Form W-2 are not considered reimbursements). Turbo tax ez If you claim car expenses, you use the standard mileage rate. Turbo tax ez   For more information on how to report your expenses on Forms 2106 and 2106-EZ, see Completing Forms 2106 and 2106-EZ , later. Turbo tax ez Gifts. Turbo tax ez   If you did not receive any reimbursements (or the reimbursements were all included in box 1 of your Form W-2), the only business expense you are claiming is for gifts, and the Special Rules discussed later do not apply to you, do not complete Form 2106 or 2106-EZ. Turbo tax ez Instead, claim the amount of your deductible gifts directly on line 21 of Schedule A (Form 1040). Turbo tax ez Statutory employees. Turbo tax ez    If you received a Form W-2 and the “Statutory employee” box in box 13 was checked, report your income and expenses related to that income on Schedule C (Form 1040) or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040). Turbo tax ez Do not complete Form 2106 or 2106-EZ. Turbo tax ez   Statutory employees include full-time life insurance salespersons, certain agent or commission drivers, traveling salespersons, and certain homeworkers. Turbo tax ez If you are entitled to a reimbursement from your employer but you do not claim it, you cannot claim a deduction for the expenses to which that unclaimed reimbursement applies. Turbo tax ez Reimbursement for personal expenses. Turbo tax ez    If your employer reimburses you for nondeductible personal expenses, such as for vacation trips, your employer must report the reimbursement as wage income in box 1 of your Form W-2. Turbo tax ez You cannot deduct personal expenses. Turbo tax ez Income-producing property. Turbo tax ez   If you have travel or transportation expenses related to income-producing property, report your deductible expenses on the form appropriate for that activity. Turbo tax ez   For example, if you have rental real estate income and expenses, report your expenses on Schedule E (Form 1040), Supplemental Income and Loss. Turbo tax ez See Publication 527, Residential Rental Property, for more information on the rental of real estate. Turbo tax ez If you have deductible investment-related transportation expenses, report them on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 23. Turbo tax ez Vehicle Provided by Your Employer If your employer provides you with a car, you may be able to deduct the actual expenses of operating that car for business purposes. Turbo tax ez The amount you can deduct depends on the amount that your employer included in your income and the business and personal miles you drove during the year. Turbo tax ez You cannot use the standard mileage rate. Turbo tax ez Value reported on Form W-2. Turbo tax ez   Your employer can figure and report either the actual value of your personal use of the car or the value of the car as if you used it only for personal purposes (100% income inclusion). Turbo tax ez Your employer must separately state the amount if 100% of the annual lease value was included in your income. Turbo tax ez If you are unsure of the amount included on your Form W-2, ask your employer. Turbo tax ez Full value included in your income. Turbo tax ez   You can deduct the value of the business use of an employer-provided car if your employer reported 100% of the value of the car in your income. Turbo tax ez On your 2013 Form W-2, the amount of the value will be included in box 1, Wages, tips, other compensation, and box 14. Turbo tax ez    To claim your expenses, complete Form 2106, Part II, Sections A and C. Turbo tax ez Enter your actual expenses on line 23 of Section C and include the entire value of the employer-provided car on line 25. Turbo tax ez Complete the rest of the form. Turbo tax ez Less than full value included in your income. Turbo tax ez   If less than the full annual lease value of the car was included on your Form W-2, this means that your Form W-2 only includes the value of your personal use of the car. Turbo tax ez Do not enter this value on your Form 2106 because it is not deductible. Turbo tax ez   If you paid any actual costs (that your employer did not provide or reimburse you for) to operate the car, you can deduct the business portion of those costs. Turbo tax ez Examples of costs that you may have are gas, oil, and repairs. Turbo tax ez Complete Form 2106, Part II, Sections A and C. Turbo tax ez Enter your actual costs on line 23 of Section C and leave line 25 blank. Turbo tax ez Complete the rest of the form. Turbo tax ez Reimbursements This section explains what to do when you receive an advance or are reimbursed for any of the employee business expenses discussed in this publication. Turbo tax ez If you received an advance, allowance, or reimbursement for your expenses, how you report this amount and your expenses depends on whether your employer reimbursed you under an accountable plan or a nonaccountable plan. Turbo tax ez This section explains the two types of plans, how per diem and car allowances simplify proving the amount of your expenses, and the tax treatment of your reimbursements and expenses. Turbo tax ez It also covers rules for independent contractors. Turbo tax ez No reimbursement. Turbo tax ez   You are not reimbursed or given an allowance for your expenses if you are paid a salary or commission with the understanding that you will pay your own expenses. Turbo tax ez In this situation, you have no reimbursement or allowance arrangement, and you do not have to read this section on reimbursements. Turbo tax ez Instead, see Completing Forms 2106 and 2106-EZ , later, for information on completing your tax return. Turbo tax ez Reimbursement, allowance, or advance. Turbo tax ez   A reimbursement or other expense allowance arrangement is a system or plan that an employer uses to pay, substantiate, and recover the expenses, advances, reimbursements, and amounts charged to the employer for employee business expenses. Turbo tax ez Arrangements include per diem and car allowances. Turbo tax ez    A per diem allowance is a fixed amount of daily reimbursement your employer gives you for your lodging, meals, and incidental expenses when you are away from home on business. Turbo tax ez (The term “ incidental expenses ” is defined in chapter 1 under Standard Meal Allowance. Turbo tax ez ) A car allowance is an amount your employer gives you for the business use of your car. Turbo tax ez   Your employer should tell you what method of reimbursement is used and what records you must provide. Turbo tax ez Employers. Turbo tax ez   If you are an employer and you reimburse employee business expenses, how you treat this reimbursement on your employee's Form W-2 depends in part on whether you have an accountable plan. Turbo tax ez Reimbursements treated as paid under an accountable plan, as explained next, are not reported as pay. Turbo tax ez Reimbursements treated as paid under nonaccountable plans , as explained later, are reported as pay. Turbo tax ez See Publication 15 (Circular E), Employer's Tax Guide, for information on employee pay. Turbo tax ez Accountable Plans To be an accountable plan, your employer's reimbursement or allowance arrangement must include all of the following rules: Your expenses must have a business connection — that is, you must have paid or incurred deductible expenses while performing services as an employee of your employer. Turbo tax ez You must adequately account to your employer for these expenses within a reasonable period of time. Turbo tax ez You must return any excess reimbursement or allowance within a reasonable period of time. Turbo tax ez “ Adequate accounting ” and “ returning excess reimbursements ” are discussed later. Turbo tax ez An excess reimbursement or allowance is any amount you are paid that is more than the business-related expenses that you adequately accounted for to your employer. Turbo tax ez Reasonable period of time. Turbo tax ez   The definition of reasonable period of time depends on the facts and circumstances of your situation. Turbo tax ez However, regardless of the facts and circumstances of your situation, actions that take place within the times specified in the following list will be treated as taking place within a reasonable period of time. Turbo tax ez You receive an advance within 30 days of the time you have an expense. Turbo tax ez You adequately account for your expenses within 60 days after they were paid or incurred. Turbo tax ez You return any excess reimbursement within 120 days after the expense was paid or incurred. Turbo tax ez You are given a periodic statement (at least quarterly) that asks you to either return or adequately account for outstanding advances and you comply within 120 days of the statement. Turbo tax ez Employee meets accountable plan rules. Turbo tax ez   If you meet the three rules for accountable plans, your employer should not include any reimbursements in your income in box 1 of your Form W-2. Turbo tax ez If your expenses equal your reimbursements, you do not complete Form 2106. Turbo tax ez You have no deduction since your expenses and reimbursement are equal. Turbo tax ez    If your employer included reimbursements in box 1 of your Form W-2 and you meet all the rules for accountable plans, ask your employer for a corrected Form W-2. Turbo tax ez Accountable plan rules not met. Turbo tax ez   Even though you are reimbursed under an accountable plan, some of your expenses may not meet all three rules. Turbo tax ez All reimbursements that fail to meet all three rules for accountable plans are generally treated as having been reimbursed under a nonaccountable plan (discussed later). Turbo tax ez Failure to return excess reimbursements. Turbo tax ez   If you are reimbursed under an accountable plan, but you fail to return, within a reasonable time, any amounts in excess of the substantiated amounts, the amounts paid in excess of the substantiated expenses are treated as paid under a nonaccountable plan. Turbo tax ez See Reasonable period of time , earlier, and Returning Excess Reimbursements , later. Turbo tax ez Reimbursement of nondeductible expenses. Turbo tax ez   You may be reimbursed under your employer's accountable plan for expenses related to that employer's business, some of which are deductible as employee business expenses and some of which are not deductible. Turbo tax ez The reimbursements you receive for the nondeductible expenses do not meet rule (1) for accountable plans, and they are treated as paid under a nonaccountable plan. Turbo tax ez Example. Turbo tax ez Your employer's plan reimburses you for travel expenses while away from home on business and also for meals when you work late at the office, even though you are not away from home. Turbo tax ez The part of the arrangement that reimburses you for the nondeductible meals when you work late at the office is treated as paid under a nonaccountable plan. Turbo tax ez The employer makes the decision whether to reimburse employees under an accountable plan or a nonaccountable plan. Turbo tax ez If you are an employee who receives payments under a nonaccountable plan, you cannot convert these amounts to payments under an accountable plan by voluntarily accounting to your employer for the expenses and voluntarily returning excess reimbursements to the employer. Turbo tax ez Adequate Accounting One of the rules for an accountable plan is that you must adequately account to your employer for your expenses. Turbo tax ez You adequately account by giving your employer a statement of expense, an account book, a diary, or a similar record in which you entered each expense at or near the time you had it, along with documentary evidence (such as receipts) of your travel, mileage, and other employee business expenses. Turbo tax ez (See Table 5-1 in chapter 5 for details you need to enter in your record and documents you need to prove certain expenses. Turbo tax ez ) A per diem or car allowance satisfies the adequate accounting requirement under certain conditions. Turbo tax ez See Per Diem and Car Allowances , later. Turbo tax ez You must account for all amounts you received from your employer during the year as advances, reimbursements, or allowances. Turbo tax ez This includes amounts you charged to your employer by credit card or other method. Turbo tax ez You must give your employer the same type of records and supporting information that you would have to give to the IRS if the IRS questioned a deduction on your return. Turbo tax ez You must pay back the amount of any reimbursement or other expense allowance for which you do not adequately account or that is more than the amount for which you accounted. Turbo tax ez Per Diem and Car Allowances If your employer reimburses you for your expenses using a per diem or a car allowance, you can generally use the allowance as proof for the amount of your expenses. Turbo tax ez A per diem or car allowance satisfies the adequate accounting requirements for the amount of your expenses only if all the following conditions apply. Turbo tax ez Your employer reasonably limits payments of your expenses to those that are ordinary and necessary in the conduct of the trade or business. Turbo tax ez The allowance is similar in form to and not more than the federal rate (defined later). Turbo tax ez You prove the time (dates), place, and business purpose of your expenses to your employer (as explained in Table 5-1 ) within a reasonable period of time. Turbo tax ez You are not related to your employer (as defined next). Turbo tax ez If you are related to your employer, you must be able to prove your expenses to the IRS even if you have already adequately accounted to your employer and returned any excess reimbursement. Turbo tax ez If the IRS finds that an employer's travel allowance practices are not based on reasonably accurate estimates of travel costs (including recognition of cost differences in different areas for per diem amounts), you will not be considered to have accounted to your employer. Turbo tax ez In this case, you must be able to prove your expenses to the IRS. Turbo tax ez Related to employer. Turbo tax ez   You are related to your employer if: Your employer is your brother or sister, half brother or half sister, spouse, ancestor, or lineal descendant, Your employer is a corporation in which you own, directly or indirectly, more than 10% in value of the outstanding stock, or Certain relationships (such as grantor, fiduciary, or beneficiary) exist between you, a trust, and your employer. Turbo tax ez You may be considered to indirectly own stock, for purposes of (2), if you have an interest in a corporation, partnership, estate, or trust that owns the stock or if a member of your family or your partner owns the stock. Turbo tax ez The federal rate. Turbo tax ez   The federal rate can be figured using any one of the following methods. Turbo tax ez For per diem amounts: The regular federal per diem rate. Turbo tax ez The standard meal allowance. Turbo tax ez The high-low rate. Turbo tax ez For car expenses: The standard mileage rate. Turbo tax ez A fixed and variable rate (FAVR). Turbo tax ez    For per diem amounts, use the rate in effect for the area where you stop for sleep or rest. Turbo tax ez Regular federal per diem rate. Turbo tax ez   The regular federal per diem rate is the highest amount that the federal government will pay to its employees for lodging, meals, and incidental expenses (or meals and incidental expenses only) while they are traveling away from home in a particular area. Turbo tax ez The rates are different for different locations. Turbo tax ez Your employer should have these rates available. Turbo tax ez You can also find federal per diem rates at www. Turbo tax ez gsa. Turbo tax ez gov/perdiem. Turbo tax ez The standard meal allowance. Turbo tax ez   The standard meal allowance (discussed in chapter 1) is the federal rate for meals and incidental expenses (M&IE). Turbo tax ez The rate for most small localities in the United States is $46 a day. Turbo tax ez Most major cities and many other localities qualify for higher rates. Turbo tax ez You can find this information on the Internet at www. Turbo tax ez gsa. Turbo tax ez gov/perdiem. Turbo tax ez   You receive an allowance only for meals and incidental expenses when your employer does one of the following. Turbo tax ez Provides you with lodging (furnishes it in kind). Turbo tax ez Reimburses you, based on your receipts, for the actual cost of your lodging. Turbo tax ez Pays the hotel, motel, etc. Turbo tax ez , directly for your lodging. Turbo tax ez Does not have a reasonable belief that you had (or will have) lodging expenses, such as when you stay with friends or relatives or sleep in the cab of your truck. Turbo tax ez Figures the allowance on a basis similar to that used in computing your compensation, such as number of hours worked or miles traveled. Turbo tax ez High-low rate. Turbo tax ez   This is a simplified method of computing the federal per diem rate for travel within the continental United States. Turbo tax ez It eliminates the need to keep a current list of the per diem rates for each city. Turbo tax ez   Under the high-low method, the per diem amount for travel during January through September of 2013 is $242 (including $65 for M&IE) for certain high-cost locations. Turbo tax ez All other areas have a per diem amount of $163 (including $52 for M&IE). Turbo tax ez For more information, see Notice 2012-63, which can be found on the Internet at www. Turbo tax ez irs. Turbo tax ez gov/irb/2012-42_IRB/ar12. Turbo tax ez html. Turbo tax ez    Effective October 1, 2013, the per diem rate for certain high-cost locations increased to $251 (including $65 for M&IE). Turbo tax ez The rate for all other locations increased to $170 (including $52 for M&IE). Turbo tax ez Employers who did not use the high-low method during the first 9 months of 2013 cannot begin to use it before 2014. Turbo tax ez For more information, see Notice 2013-65, which can be found on the Internet at www. Turbo tax ez irs. Turbo tax ez gov/pub/irs-drop/n-13–65. Turbo tax ez pdf and Revenue Procedure 2011-47 at www. Turbo tax ez irs. Turbo tax ez gov/irb/2011-42_IRB/ar12. Turbo tax ez html. Turbo tax ez Prorating the standard meal allowance on partial days of travel. Turbo tax ez   The standard meal allowance is for a full 24-hour day of travel. Turbo tax ez If you travel for part of a day, such as on the days you depart and return, you must prorate the full-day M&IE rate. Turbo tax ez This rule also applies if your employer uses the regular federal per diem rate or the high-low rate. Turbo tax ez   You can use either of the following methods to figure the federal M&IE for that day. Turbo tax ez Method 1: For the day you depart, add 3/4 of the standard meal allowance amount for that day. Turbo tax ez For the day you return, add 3/4 of the standard meal allowance amount for the preceding day. Turbo tax ez Method 2: Prorate the standard meal allowance using any method you consistently apply in accordance with reasonable business practice. Turbo tax ez For example, an employer can treat 2 full days of per diem (that includes M&IE) paid for travel away from home from 9 a. Turbo tax ez m. Turbo tax ez of one day to 5 p. Turbo tax ez m. Turbo tax ez of the next day as being no more than the federal rate. Turbo tax ez This is true even though a federal employee would be limited to a reimbursement of M&IE for only 1½ days of the federal M&IE rate. Turbo tax ez The standard mileage rate. Turbo tax ez   This is a set rate per mile that you can use to compute your deductible car expenses. Turbo tax ez For 2013, the standard mileage rate for the cost of operating your car for business use is 56½ cents per mile. Turbo tax ez Fixed and variable rate (FAVR). Turbo tax ez   This is an allowance your employer may use to reimburse your car expenses. Turbo tax ez Under this method, your employer pays an allowance that includes a combination of payments covering fixed and variable costs, such as a cents-per-mile rate to cover your variable operating costs (such as gas, oil, etc. Turbo tax ez ) plus a flat amount to cover your fixed costs (such as depreciation (or lease payments), insurance, etc. Turbo tax ez ). Turbo tax ez If your employer chooses to use this method, your employer will request the necessary records from you. Turbo tax ez Reporting your expenses with a per diem or car allowance. Turbo tax ez   If your reimbursement is in the form of an allowance received under an accountable plan, the following facts affect your reporting. Turbo tax ez The federal rate. Turbo tax ez Whether the allowance or your actual expenses were more than the federal rate. Turbo tax ez The following discussions explain where to report your expenses depending upon how the amount of your allowance compares to the federal rate. Turbo tax ez Allowance less than or equal to the federal rate. Turbo tax ez   If your allowance is less than or equal to the federal rate, the allowance will not be included in box 1 of your Form W-2. Turbo tax ez You do not need to report the related expenses or the allowance on your return if your expenses are equal to or less than the allowance. Turbo tax ez   However, if your actual expenses are more than your allowance, you can complete Form 2106 and deduct the excess amount on Schedule A (Form 1040). Turbo tax ez If you are using actual expenses, you must be able to prove to the IRS the total amount of your expenses and reimbursements for the entire year. Turbo tax ez If you are using the standard meal allowance or the standard mileage rate, you do not have to prove that amount. Turbo tax ez Example 1. Turbo tax ez In April, Jeremy takes a 2-day business trip to Denver. Turbo tax ez The federal rate for Denver is $215 per day. Turbo tax ez As required by his employer's accountable plan, he accounts for the time (dates), place, and business purpose of the trip. Turbo tax ez His employer reimburses him $215 a day ($430 total) for living expenses. Turbo tax ez Jeremy's living expenses in Denver are not more than $215 a day. Turbo tax ez Jeremy's employer does not include any of the reimbursement on his Form W-2 and Jeremy does not deduct the expenses on his return. Turbo tax ez Example 2. Turbo tax ez In June, Matt takes a 2-day business trip to Boston. Turbo tax ez Matt's employer uses the high-low method to reimburse employees. Turbo tax ez Since Boston is a high-cost area, Matt is given an advance of $242 a day ($484 total) for his lodging, meals, and incidental expenses. Turbo tax ez Matt's actual expenses totaled $700. Turbo tax ez Since Matt's $700 of expenses are more than his $484 advance, he includes the excess expenses when he itemizes his deductions. Turbo tax ez Matt completes Form 2106 (showing all of his expenses and reimbursements). Turbo tax ez He must also allocate his reimbursement between his meals and other expenses as discussed later under Completing Forms 2106 and 2106-EZ . Turbo tax ez Example 3. Turbo tax ez Nicole drives 10,000 miles in 2013 for business. Turbo tax ez Under her employer's accountable plan, she accounts for the time (dates), place, and business purpose of each trip. Turbo tax ez Her employer pays her a mileage allowance of 40 cents a mile. Turbo tax ez Since Nicole's $5,650 expense computed under the standard mileage rate (10,000 miles x 56½ cents) is more than her $4,000 reimbursement (10,000 miles × 40 cents), she itemizes her deductions to claim the excess expense. Turbo tax ez Nicole completes Form 2106 (showing all her expenses and reimbursements) and enters $1,650 ($5,650 − $4,000) as an itemized deduction. Turbo tax ez Allowance more than the federal rate. Turbo tax ez   If your allowance is more than the federal rate, your employer must include the allowance amount up to the federal rate in box 12 of your Form W-2. Turbo tax ez This amount is not taxable. Turbo tax ez However, the excess allowance will be included in box 1 of your Form W-2. Turbo tax ez You must report this part of your allowance as if it were wage income. Turbo tax ez   If your actual expenses are less than or equal to the federal rate, you do not complete Form 2106 or claim any of your expenses on your return. Turbo tax ez   However, if your actual expenses are more than the federal rate, you can complete Form 2106 and deduct those excess expenses. Turbo tax ez You must report on Form 2106 your reimbursements up to the federal rate (as shown in box 12 of your Form W-2) and all your expenses. Turbo tax ez You should be able to prove these amounts to the IRS. Turbo tax ez Example 1. Turbo tax ez Laura lives and works in Austin. Turbo tax ez In July her employer sent her to Albuquerque for 4 days on business. Turbo tax ez Laura's employer paid the hotel directly for her lodging and reimbursed Laura $65 a day ($260 total) for meals and incidental expenses. Turbo tax ez Laura's actual meal expenses were not more than the federal rate for Albuquerque, which is $56 per day. Turbo tax ez Table 6-1. Turbo tax ez Reporting Travel, Entertainment, Gift, and Car Expenses and Reimbursements IF the type of reimbursement (or  other expense allowance)  arrangement is under: THEN the employer reports on Form W-2: AND the employee reports on  Form 2106: * An accountable plan with: Actual expense reimbursement: Adequate accounting made and excess returned. Turbo tax ez No amount. Turbo tax ez No amount. Turbo tax ez Actual expense reimbursement: Adequate accounting and return of excess both required but excess not returned. Turbo tax ez The excess amount as wages in box 1. Turbo tax ez No amount. Turbo tax ez Per diem or mileage allowance up to the federal rate: Adequate accounting made and excess returned. Turbo tax ez No amount. Turbo tax ez All expenses and reimbursements only if excess expenses are claimed. Turbo tax ez Otherwise, form is not filed. Turbo tax ez Per diem or mileage allowance up to the federal rate: Adequate accounting and return of excess both required but excess not returned. Turbo tax ez The excess amount as wages in box 1. Turbo tax ez The amount up to the federal rate is reported only in box 12—it is not reported in box 1. Turbo tax ez No amount. Turbo tax ez Per diem or mileage allowance exceeds the federal rate: Adequate accounting up to the federal rate only and excess not returned. Turbo tax ez The excess amount as wages in box 1. Turbo tax ez The amount up to the federal rate is reported only in box 12—it is not reported in box 1. Turbo tax ez All expenses (and reimbursements reported on Form W-2, box 12) only if expenses in excess of the federal rate are claimed. Turbo tax ez Otherwise, form is not filed. Turbo tax ez A nonaccountable plan with: Either adequate accounting or return of excess, or both, not required by plan. Turbo tax ez The entire amount as wages in box 1. Turbo tax ez All expenses. Turbo tax ez No reimbursement plan: The entire amount as wages in box 1. Turbo tax ez All expenses. Turbo tax ez * You may be able to use Form 2106-EZ. Turbo tax ez See Completing Forms 2106 and 2106-EZ . Turbo tax ez Her employer included the $36 that was more than the federal rate (($65 − $56) × 4) in box 1 of Laura's Form W-2. Turbo tax ez Her employer shows $224 ($56 a day × 4) in box 12 of her Form W-2. Turbo tax ez This amount is not included in Laura's income. Turbo tax ez Laura does not have to complete Form 2106; however, she must include the $36 in her gross income as wages (by reporting the total amount shown in box 1 of her Form W-2). Turbo tax ez Example 2. Turbo tax ez Joe also lives in Austin and works for the same employer as Laura. Turbo tax ez In May the employer sent Joe to San Diego for 4 days and paid the hotel directly for Joe's hotel bill. Turbo tax ez The employer reimbursed Joe $75 a day for his meals and incidental expenses. Turbo tax ez The federal rate for San Diego is $71 a day. Turbo tax ez Joe can prove that his actual meal expenses totaled $380. Turbo tax ez His employer's accountable plan will not pay more than $75 a day for travel to San Diego, so Joe does not give his employer the records that prove that he actually spent $380. Turbo tax ez However, he does account for the time, place, and business purpose of the trip. Turbo tax ez This is Joe's only business trip this year. Turbo tax ez Joe was reimbursed $300 ($75 × 4 days), which is $16 more than the federal rate of $284 ($71 × 4 days). Turbo tax ez The employer includes the $16 as income on Joe's Form W-2 in box 1. Turbo tax ez The employer also enters $284 in box 12 of Joe's Form W-2. Turbo tax ez Joe completes Form 2106 to figure his deductible expenses. Turbo tax ez He enters the total of his actual expenses for the year ($380) on Form 2106. Turbo tax ez He also enters the reimbursements that were not included in his income ($284). Turbo tax ez His total deductible expense, before the 50% limit, is $96. Turbo tax ez After he figures the 50% limit on his unreimbursed meals and entertainment, he will include the balance, $48, as an itemized deduction. Turbo tax ez Example 3. Turbo tax ez Debbie drives 10,000 miles in 2013 for business. Turbo tax ez Under her employer's accountable plan, she gets reimbursed 60 cents a mile, which is more than the standard mileage rate. Turbo tax ez Her total reimbursement is $6,000. Turbo tax ez Debbie's employer must include the reimbursement amount up to the standard mileage rate, $5,650 (10,000 × 56½ cents), in box 12 of her Form W-2. Turbo tax ez That amount is not taxable. Turbo tax ez Her employer must also include $350 ($6,000 − $5,650) in box 1 of her Form W-2. Turbo tax ez This is the reimbursement that is more than the standard mileage rate. Turbo tax ez If Debbie's expenses are equal to or less than the standard mileage rate, she would not complete Form 2106. Turbo tax ez If her expenses are more than the standard mileage rate, she would complete Form 2106 and report her total expenses and reimbursement (shown in box 12 of her Form W-2). Turbo tax ez She would then claim the excess expenses as an itemized deduction. Turbo tax ez Returning Excess Reimbursements Under an accountable plan, you are required to return any excess reimbursement or other expense allowances for your business expenses to the person paying the reimbursement or allowance. Turbo tax ez Excess reimbursement means any amount for which you did not adequately account within a reasonable period of time. Turbo tax ez For example, if you received a travel advance and you did not spend all the money on business-related expenses or you do not have proof of all your expenses, you have an excess reimbursement. Turbo tax ez “ Adequate accounting ” and “ reasonable period of time ” were discussed earlier in this chapter. Turbo tax ez Travel advance. Turbo tax ez   You receive a travel advance if your employer provides you with an expense allowance before you actually have the expense, and the allowance is reasonably expected to be no more than your expense. Turbo tax ez Under an accountable plan, you are required to adequately account to your employer for this advance and to return any excess within a reasonable period of time. Turbo tax ez   If you do not adequately account for or do not return any excess advance within a reasonable period of time, the amount you do not account for or return will be treated as having been paid under a nonaccountable plan (discussed later). Turbo tax ez Unproved amounts. Turbo tax ez   If you do not prove that you actually traveled on each day for which you received a per diem or car allowance (proving the elements described in Table 5-1 ), you must return this unproved amount of the travel advance within a reasonable period of time. Turbo tax ez If you do not do this, the unproved amount will be considered paid under a nonaccountable plan (discussed later). Turbo tax ez Per diem allowance more than federal rate. Turbo tax ez   If your employer's accountable plan pays you an allowance that is higher than the federal rate, you do not have to return the difference between the two rates for the period you can prove business-related travel expenses. Turbo tax ez However, the difference will be reported as wages on your Form W-2. Turbo tax ez This excess amount is considered paid under a nonaccountable plan (discussed later). Turbo tax ez Example. Turbo tax ez Your employer sends you on a 5-day business trip to Phoenix in March 2013 and gives you a $400 ($80 × 5 days) advance to cover your meals and incidental expenses. Turbo tax ez The federal per diem for meals and incidental expenses for Phoenix is $71. Turbo tax ez Your trip lasts only 3 days. Turbo tax ez Under your employer's accountable plan, you must return the $160 ($80 × 2 days) advance for the 2 days you did not travel. Turbo tax ez For the 3 days you did travel you do not have to return the $27 difference between the allowance you received and the federal rate for Phoenix (($80 − $71) × 3 days). Turbo tax ez However, the $27 will be reported on your Form W-2 as wages. Turbo tax ez Nonaccountable Plans A nonaccountable plan is a reimbursement or expense allowance arrangement that does not meet one or more of the three rules listed earlier under Accountable Plans. Turbo tax ez In addition, even if your employer has an accountable plan, the following payments will be treated as being paid under a nonaccountable plan: Excess reimbursements you fail to return to your employer, and Reimbursement of nondeductible expenses related to your employer's business. Turbo tax ez See Reimbursement of nondeductible expenses , earlier, under Accountable Plans. Turbo tax ez An arrangement that repays you for business expenses by reducing the amount reported as your wages, salary, or other pay will be treated as a nonaccountable plan. Turbo tax ez This is because you are entitled to receive the full amount of your pay whether or not you have any business expenses. Turbo tax ez If you are not sure if the reimbursement or expense allowance arrangement is an accountable or nonaccountable plan, ask your employer. Turbo tax ez Reporting your expenses under a nonaccountable plan. Turbo tax ez   Your employer will combine the amount of any reimbursement or other expense allowance paid to you under a nonaccountable plan with your wages, salary, or other pay. Turbo tax ez Your employer will report the total in box 1 of your Form W-2. Turbo tax ez    You must complete Form 2106 or 2106-EZ and itemize your deductions to deduct your expenses for travel, transportation, meals, or entertainment. Turbo tax ez Your meal and entertainment expenses will be subject to the 50% limit discussed in chapter 2. Turbo tax ez Also, your total expenses will be subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit that applies to most miscellaneous itemized deductions. Turbo tax ez Example 1. Turbo tax ez Kim's employer gives her $1,000 a month ($12,000 total for the year) for her business expenses. Turbo tax ez Kim does not have to provide any proof of her expenses to her employer, and Kim can keep any funds that she does not spend. Turbo tax ez Kim is being reimbursed under a nonaccountable plan. Turbo tax ez Her employer will include the $12,000 on Kim's Form W-2 as if it were wages. Turbo tax ez If Kim wants to deduct her business expenses, she must complete Form 2106 or 2106-EZ and itemize her deductions. Turbo tax ez Example 2. Turbo tax ez Kevin is paid $2,000 a month by his employer. Turbo tax ez On days that he travels away from home on business, his employer designates $50 a day of his salary as paid to reimburse his travel expenses. Turbo tax ez Because his employer would pay Kevin his monthly salary whether or not he was traveling away from home, the arrangement is a nonaccountable plan. Turbo tax ez No part of the $50 a day designated by his employer is treated as paid under an accountable plan. Turbo tax ez Rules for Independent Contractors and Clients This section provides rules for independent contractors who incur expenses on behalf of a client or customer. Turbo tax ez The rules cover the reporting and substantiation of certain expenses discussed in this publication, and they affect both independent contractors and their clients or customers. Turbo tax ez You are considered an independent contractor if you are self-employed and you perform services for a customer or client. Turbo tax ez Accounting to Your Client If you received a reimbursement or an allowance for travel, entertainment, or gift expenses that you incurred on behalf of a client, you should provide an adequate accounting of these expenses to your client. Turbo tax ez If you do not account to your client for these expenses, you must include any reimbursements or allowances in income. Turbo tax ez You must keep adequate records of these expenses whether or not you account to your client for these expenses. Turbo tax ez If you do not separately account for and seek reimbursement for meals and entertainment in connection with providing services for a client, you are subject to the 50% limit on those expenses. Turbo tax ez See 50% Limit in chapter 2. Turbo tax ez Adequate accounting. Turbo tax ez   As a self-employed person, you adequately account by reporting your actual expenses. Turbo tax ez You should follow the recordkeeping rules in chapter 5 . Turbo tax ez How to report. Turbo tax ez   For information on how to report expenses on your tax return, see Self-employed at the beginning of this chapter. Turbo tax ez Required Records for Clients or Customers If you are a client or customer, you generally do not have to keep records to prove the reimbursements or allowances you give, in the course of your business, to an independent contractor for travel or gift expenses incurred on your behalf. Turbo tax ez However, you must keep records if: You reimburse the contractor for entertainment expenses incurred on your behalf, and The contractor adequately accounts to you for these expenses. Turbo tax ez Contractor adequately accounts. Turbo tax ez   If the contractor adequately accounts to you for entertainment expenses, you (the client or customer) must keep records documenting each element of the expense, as explained in chapter 5 . Turbo tax ez Use your records as proof for a deduction on your tax return. Turbo tax ez If entertainment expenses are accounted for separately, you are subject to the 50% limit on entertainment. Turbo tax ez If the contractor adequately accounts to you for reimbursed amounts, you do not have to report the amounts on an information return. Turbo tax ez Contractor does not adequately account. Turbo tax ez    If the contractor does not adequately account to you for allowances or reimbursements of entertainment expenses, you do not have to keep records of these items. Turbo tax ez You are not subject to the 50% limit on entertainment in this case. Turbo tax ez You can deduct the reimbursements or allowances as payment for services if they are ordinary and necessary business expenses. Turbo tax ez However, you must file Form 1099-MISC to report amounts paid to the independent contractor if the total of the reimbursements and any other fees is $600 or more during the calendar year. Turbo tax ez How To Use Per Diem Rate Tables This section contains information about the per diem rate substantiation methods available and the choice of rates you must make for the last 3 months of the year. Turbo tax ez The Two Substantiation Methods High-low method. Turbo tax ez   IRS notices list the localities that are treated under the high-low substantiation method as high-cost localities for all or part of the year. Turbo tax ez Notice 2012–63, available at www. Turbo tax ez irs. Turbo tax ez gov/irb/2012–42_IRB/ar12. Turbo tax ez html, lists the localities that are eligible for $242 ($65 meals and incidental expenses (M&IE)) per diem, effective October 1, 2012. Turbo tax ez For travel on or after October 1, 2012, all other localities within CONUS are eligible for $163 ($52 M&IE) per diem under the high-low method. Turbo tax ez   Notice 2013–65, available at www. Turbo tax ez irs. Turbo tax ez gov/pub/irs-drop/n-13–65. Turbo tax ez pdf, lists the localities that are eligible for $251 ($65 M&IE) per diem, effective October 1, 2013. Turbo tax ez For travel on or after October 1, 2013, the per diem for all other localities increased to $170 ($52 M&IE). Turbo tax ez Regular federal per diem rate method. Turbo tax ez   Regular federal per diem rates are published by the General Services Administration (GSA). Turbo tax ez Both tables include the separate rate for meals and incidental expenses (M&IE) for each locality. Turbo tax ez The rates listed for FY2013 at www. Turbo tax ez gsa. Turbo tax ez gov/perdiem are effective October 1, 2012 and those listed for FY2014 are effective October 1, 2013. Turbo tax ez The standard rate for all locations within CONUS not specifically listed for FY2013 is $123 ($77 for lodging and $46 for M&IE). Turbo tax ez For FY2014, this rate increased to $129 ($83 for lodging and $46 for M&IE). Turbo tax ez Transition Rules The transition period covers the last 3 months of the calendar year, from the time that new rates are effective (generally October 1) through December 31. Turbo tax ez During this period, you generally may change to the new rates or finish out the year with the rates you had been using. Turbo tax ez High-low method. Turbo tax ez   If you use the high-low substantiation method, when new rates become effective (generally October 1) you can either continue with the rates you used for the first part of the year or change to the new rates. Turbo tax ez However, you must continue using the high-low method for the rest of the calendar year (through December 31). Turbo tax ez If you are an employer, you must use the same rates for all employees reimbursed under the high-low method during that calendar year. Turbo tax ez   The new rates and localities for the high-low method are included each year in a notice that is generally published in mid-to-late-September. Turbo tax ez You can find the notice in the weekly Internal Revenue Bulletin (IRB) on the Internet at www. Turbo tax ez irs. Turbo tax ez gov/irb. Turbo tax ez Federal per diem rate method. Turbo tax ez   New CONUS per diem rates become effective on October 1 of each year and remain in effect through September 30 of the following year. Turbo tax ez Employees being reimbursed under the per diem rate method during the first 9 months of a year (January 1–September 30) must continue under the same method through the end of that calendar year (December 31). Turbo tax ez However, for travel by these employees from October 1 through December 31, you can choose to continue using the same per diem rates or use the new rates. Turbo tax ez   The new federal CONUS per diem rates are published each year, generally early in September, on the Internet. Turbo tax ez Go to www. Turbo tax ez gsa. Turbo tax ez gov/perdiem. Turbo tax ez Per diem rates for localities listed for FY2014 may change at any time. Turbo tax ez To be sure you have the most current rate, check www. Turbo tax ez gsa. Turbo tax ez gov/perdiem. Turbo tax ez Completing Forms 2106 and 2106-EZ This section briefly describes how employees complete Forms 2106 and 2106-EZ. Turbo tax ez Table 6-1 explains what the employer reports on Form W-2 and what the employee reports on Form 2106. Turbo tax ez The instructions for the forms have more information on completing them. Turbo tax ez If you are self-employed, do not file Form 2106 or 2106-EZ. Turbo tax ez Report your expenses on Schedule C (Form 1040), Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040), or Schedule F (Form 1040). Turbo tax ez See the instructions for the form that you must file. Turbo tax ez Form 2106-EZ. Turbo tax ez   You may be able to use the shorter Form 2106-EZ to claim your employee business expenses. Turbo tax ez You can use this form if you meet all the following conditions. Turbo tax ez You are an employee deducting ordinary and necessary expenses attributable to your job. Turbo tax ez You were not reimbursed by your employer for your expenses (amounts included in box 1 of your Form W-2 are not considered reimbursements). Turbo tax ez If you are claiming car expenses, you are using the standard mileage rate. Turbo tax ez Car expenses. Turbo tax ez   If you used a car to perform your job as an employee, you may be able to deduct certain car expenses. Turbo tax ez These are generally figured on Form 2106, Part II, and then claimed on Form 2106, Part I, line 1, Column A. Turbo tax ez Car expenses using the standard mileage rate can also be figured on Form 2106-EZ by completing Part II and Part I, line 1. Turbo tax ez Information on use of cars. Turbo tax ez   If you claim any deduction for the business use of a car, you must answer certain questions and provide information about the use of the car. Turbo tax ez The information relates to the following items. Turbo tax ez Date placed in service. Turbo tax ez Mileage (total, business, commuting, and other personal mileage). Turbo tax ez Percentage of business use. Turbo tax ez After-work use. Turbo tax ez Use of other vehicles. Turbo tax ez Whether you have evidence to support the deduction. Turbo tax ez Whether or not the evidence is written. Turbo tax ez Employees must complete Form 2106, Part II, Section A, or Form 2106-EZ, Part II, to provide this information. Turbo tax ez Standard mileage rate. Turbo tax ez   If you claim a deduction based on the standard mileage rate instead of your actual expenses, you must complete Form 2106, Part II, Section B. Turbo tax ez The amount on line 22 (Section B) is carried to Form 2106, Part I, line 1. Turbo tax ez In addition, on Part 1, line 2, you can deduct parking fees and tolls that apply to the business use of the car. Turbo tax ez If you file Form 2106-EZ, complete Part I, line 1, for the standard mileage rate and line 2 for parking fees and tolls. Turbo tax ez See Standard Mileage Rate in chapter 4 for information on using this rate. Turbo tax ez Actual expenses. Turbo tax ez   If you claim a deduction based on actual car expenses, you cannot use Form 2106-EZ. Turbo tax ez You must complete Form 2106, Part II, Section C. Turbo tax ez In addition, unless you lease your car, you must complete Section D to show your depreciation deduction and any section 179 deduction you claim. Turbo tax ez   If you are still using a car that is fully depreciated, continue to complete Section C. Turbo tax ez Since you have no depreciation deduction, enter zero on line 28. Turbo tax ez In this case, do not complete Section D. Turbo tax ez Car rentals. Turbo tax ez   If you claim car rental expenses on Form 2106, line 24a, you may have to reduce that expense by an inclusion amount as described in chapter 4. Turbo tax ez If so, you can show your car expenses and any inclusion amount as follows. Turbo tax ez Compute the inclusion amount without taking into account your business use percentage for the tax year. Turbo tax ez Report the inclusion amount from (1) on Form 2106, Part II, line 24b. Turbo tax ez Report on line 24c the net amount of car rental expenses (total car rental expenses minus the inclusion amount computed in (1)). Turbo tax ez The net amount of car rental expenses will be adjusted on Form 2106, Part II, line 27, to reflect the percentage of business use for the tax year. Turbo tax ez Transportation expenses. Turbo tax ez   Show your transportation expenses that did not involve overnight travel on Form 2106, line 2, Column A, or on Form 2106-EZ, Part I, line 2. Turbo tax ez Also include on this line business expenses you have for parking fees and tolls. Turbo tax ez Do not include expenses of operating your car or expenses of commuting between your home and work. Turbo tax ez Employee business expenses other than meals and entertainment. Turbo tax ez   Show your other employee business expenses on Form 2106, lines 3 and 4, Column A, or Form 2106-EZ, lines 3 and 4. Turbo tax ez Do not include expenses for meals and entertainment on those lines. Turbo tax ez Line 4 is for expenses such as gifts, educational expenses (tuition and books), office-in-the-home expenses, and trade and professional publications. Turbo tax ez    If line 4 expenses are the only ones you are claiming, you received no reimbursements (or the reimbursements were all included in box 1 of your Form W-2), and the Special Rules discussed later do not apply to you, do not complete Form 2106 or 2106-EZ. Turbo tax ez Claim these amounts directly on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 21. Turbo tax ez List the type and amount of each expense on the dotted lines and include the total on line 21. Turbo tax ez Meal and entertainment expenses. Turbo tax ez   Show the full amount of your expenses for business-related meals and entertainment on Form 2106, line 5, Column B. Turbo tax ez Include meals while away from your tax home overnight and other business meals and entertainment. Turbo tax ez Enter 50% of the line 8, Column B, meal and entertainment expenses on line 9, Column B. Turbo tax ez   If you file Form 2106-EZ, enter the full amount of your meals and entertainment on the line to the left of line 5 and multiply the total by 50%. Turbo tax ez Enter the result on line 5. Turbo tax ez Hours of service limits. Turbo tax ez   If you are subject to the Department of Transportation's “hours of service” limits (as explained earlier under Individuals subject to “hours of service” limits in chapter 2), use 80% instead of 50% for meals while away from your tax home. Turbo tax ez Reimbursements. Turbo tax ez   Enter on Form 2106, line 7 (you cannot use Form 2106-EZ) the amounts your employer (or third party) reimbursed you that were not reported to you in box 1 of your Form W-2. Turbo tax ez This includes any amount reported under code L in box 12 of Form W-2. Turbo tax ez Allocating your reimbursement. Turbo tax ez   If you were reimbursed under an accountable plan and want to deduct excess expenses that were not reimbursed, you may have to allocate your reimbursement. Turbo tax ez This is necessary when your employer pays your reimbursement in the following manner: Pays you a single amount that covers meals and/or entertainment, as well as other business expenses, and Does not clearly identify how much is for deductible meals and/or entertainment. Turbo tax ez You must allocate that single payment so that you know how much to enter on Form 2106, line 7, Column A and Column B. Turbo tax ez Example. Turbo tax ez Rob's employer paid him an expense allowance of $12,000 this year under an accountable plan. Turbo tax ez The $12,000 payment consisted of $5,000 for airfare and $7,000 for meals, entertainment, and car expenses. Turbo tax ez The employer did not clearly show how much of the $7,000 was for the cost of deductible meals and entertainment. Turbo tax ez Rob actually spent $14,000 during the year ($5,500 for airfare, $4,500 for meals and entertainment, and $4,000 for car expenses). Turbo tax ez Since the airfare allowance was clearly identified, Rob knows that $5,000 of the payment goes in Column A, line 7, of Form 2106. Turbo tax ez To allocate the remaining $7,000, Rob uses the worksheet from the Instructions for Form 2106. Turbo tax ez His completed worksheet follows. Turbo tax ez Reimbursement Allocation Worksheet (Keep for your records)   1. Turbo tax ez Enter the total amount of reimbursements your employer gave you that were not reported to you in box 1 of Form W-2 $7,000   2. Turbo tax ez Enter the total amount of your expenses for the periods covered by this reimbursement 8,500   3. Turbo tax ez Of the amount on line 2, enter your total expense for meals and entertainment 4,500   4. Turbo tax ez Divide line 3 by line 2. Turbo tax ez Enter the result as a decimal (rounded to at least three places) . Turbo tax ez 529   5. Turbo tax ez Multiply line 1 by line 4. Turbo tax ez Enter the result here and in Column B, line 7 3,703   6. Turbo tax ez Subtract line 5 from line 1. Turbo tax ez Enter the result here and in Column A, line 7 $3,297 On line 7 of Form 2106, Rob enters $8,297 ($5,000 airfare and $3,297 of the $7,000) in Column A and $3,703 (of the $7,000) in Column B. Turbo tax ez After you complete the form. Turbo tax ez   After you have completed your Form 2106 or 2106-EZ, follow the directions on that form to deduct your expenses on the appropriate line of your tax return. Turbo tax ez For most taxpayers, this is line 21 of Schedule A (Form 1040). Turbo tax ez However, if you are a government official paid on a fee basis, a performing artist, an Armed Forces reservist, or a disabled employee with impairment-related work expenses, see Special Rules , later. Turbo tax ez Limits on employee business expenses. Turbo tax ez   Your employee business expenses may be subject to either of the limits described next. Turbo tax ez They are figured in the following order on the specified form. Turbo tax ez 1. Turbo tax ez Limit on meals and entertainment. Turbo tax ez   Certain meal and entertainment expenses are subject to a 50% limit. Turbo tax ez If you are an employee, you figure this limit on line 9 of Form 2106 or line 5 of Form 2106-EZ. Turbo tax ez (See 50% Limit in chapter 2. Turbo tax ez ) 2. Turbo tax ez Limit on miscellaneous itemized deductions. Turbo tax ez   If you are an employee, deduct your employee business expenses (as figured on Form 2106 or 2106-EZ) on line 21 of Schedule A (Form 1040). Turbo tax ez Most miscellaneous itemized deductions, including employee business expenses, are subject to a 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit. Turbo tax ez This limit is figured on line 26 of Schedule A (Form 1040). Turbo tax ez 3. Turbo tax ez Limit on total itemized deductions. Turbo tax ez   If your adjusted gross income (line 38 of Form 1040) is more than $300,000 ($150,000 if you are married filing separately), the total of certain itemized deductions, including employee business expenses, may be limited. Turbo tax ez See your form instructions for information on how to figure this limit. Turbo tax ez Special Rules This section discusses special rules that apply only to Armed Forces reservists, government officials who are paid on a fee basis, performing artists, and disabled employees with impairment-related work expenses. Turbo tax ez Armed Forces Reservists Traveling More Than 100 Miles From Home If you are a member of a reserve component of the Armed Forces of the United States and you travel more than 100 miles away from home in connection with your performance of services as a member of the reserves, you can deduct your travel expenses as an adjustment to gross income rather than as a miscellaneous itemized deduction. Turbo tax ez The amount of expenses you can deduct as an adjustment to gross income is limited to the regular federal per diem rate (for lodging, meals, and incidental expenses) and the standard mileage rate (for car expenses) plus any parking fees, ferry fees, and tolls. Turbo tax ez See Per Diem and Car Allowances , earlier, for more information. Turbo tax ez Any expenses in excess of these amounts can be claimed only as a miscellaneous itemized deduction subject to the 2% limit. Turbo tax ez Member of a reserve component. Turbo tax ez   You are a member of a reserve component of the Armed Forces of the United States if you are in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, or Coast Guard Reserve; the Army National Guard of the United States; the Air National Guard of the United States; or the Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service. Turbo tax ez How to report. Turbo tax ez   If you have reserve-related travel that takes you more than 100 miles from home, you should first complete Form 2106 or Form 2106-EZ. Turbo tax ez Then include your expenses for reserve travel over 100 miles from home, up to the federal rate, from Form 2106, line 10, or Form 2106-EZ, line 6, in the total on Form 1040, line 24. Turbo tax ez Subtract this amount from the total on Form 2106, line 10, or Form 2106-EZ, line 6, and deduct the balance as an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 21. Turbo tax ez   You cannot deduct expenses of travel that does not take you more than 100 miles from home as an adjustment to gross income. Turbo tax ez Instead, you must complete Form 2106 or 2106-EZ and deduct those expenses as an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 21. Turbo tax ez Officials Paid on a Fee Basis Certain fee-basis officials can claim their employee business expenses whether or not they itemize their other deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040). Turbo tax ez Fee-basis officials are persons who are employed by a state or local government and who are paid in whole or in part on a fee basis. Turbo tax ez They can deduct their business expenses in performing services in that job as an adjustment to gross income rather than as a miscellaneous itemized deduction. Turbo tax ez If you are a fee-basis official, include your employee business expenses from Form 2106, line 10, or Form 2106-EZ, line 6, in the total on Form 1040, line 24. Turbo tax ez Expenses of Certain Performing Artists If you are a performing artist, you may qualify to deduct your employee business expenses as an adjustment to gross income rather than as a miscellaneous itemized deduction. Turbo tax ez To qualify, you must meet all of the following requirements. Turbo tax ez During the tax year, you perform services in the performing arts as an employee for at least two employers. Turbo tax ez You receive at least $200 each from any two of these employers. Turbo tax ez Your related performing-arts business expenses are more than 10% of your gross income from the performance of those services. Turbo tax ez Your adjusted gross income is not more than $16,000 before deducting these business expenses. Turbo tax ez Special rules for married persons. Turbo tax ez   If you are married, you must file a joint return unless you lived apart from your spouse at all times during the tax year. Turbo tax ez If you file a joint return, you must figure requirements (1), (2), and (3) separately for both you and your spouse. Turbo tax ez However, requirement (4) applies to your and your spouse's combined adjusted gross income. Turbo tax ez Where to report. Turbo tax ez   If you meet all of the above requirements, you should first complete Form 2106 or 2106-EZ. Turbo tax ez Then you include your performing-arts-related expenses from Form 2106, line 10, or Form 2106-EZ, line 6, in the total on Form 1040, line 24. Turbo tax ez   If you do not meet all of the above requirements, you do not qualify to deduct your expenses as an adjustment to gross income. Turbo tax ez Instead, you must complete Form 2106 or 2106-EZ and deduct your employee business expenses as an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 21. Turbo tax ez Impairment-Related Work Expenses of Disabled Employees If you are an employee with a physical or mental disability, your impairment-related work expenses are not subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit that applies to most other employee business expenses. Turbo tax ez After you complete Form 2106 or 2106-EZ, enter your impairment-related work expenses from Form 2106, line 10, or Form 2106-EZ, line 6, on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 28, and identify the type and amount of this expense on the dotted line next to line 28. Turbo tax ez Enter your employee business expenses that are unrelated to your disability from Form 2106, line 10, or Form 2106-EZ, line 6, on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 21. Turbo tax ez Impairment-related work expenses are your allowable expenses for attendant care at your workplace and other expenses in connection with your workplace that are necessary for you to be able to work. Turbo tax ez You are disabled if you have: A physical or mental disability (for example, blindness or deafness) that functionally limits your being employed, or A physical or mental impairment (for example, a sight or hearing impairment) that substantially limits one or more of your major life activities, such as performing manual tasks, walking, speaking, breathing, learning, or working. Turbo tax ez You can deduct impairment-related expenses as business expenses if they are: Necessary for you to do your work satisfactorily, For goods and services not required or used, other than incidentally, in your personal activities, and Not specifically covered under other income tax laws. Turbo tax ez Example 1. Turbo tax ez You are blind. Turbo tax ez You must use a reader to do your work. Turbo tax ez You use the reader both during your regular working hours at your place of work and outside your regular working hours away from your place of work. Turbo tax ez The reader's services are only for your work. Turbo tax ez You can deduct your expenses for the reader as business expenses. Turbo tax ez Example 2. Turbo tax ez You are deaf. Turbo tax ez You must use a sign language interpreter during meetings while you are at work. Turbo tax ez The interpreter's services are used only for your work. Turbo tax ez You can deduct your expenses for the interpreter as business expenses. Turbo tax ez Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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Broadcasting Board of Governors

The Broadcasting Board of Governors broadcasts news and information about the United States and the world to audiences abroad.

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Phone Number: (202) 203-4400

The Turbo Tax Ez

Turbo tax ez Index Symbols 1099-C, Persons who each receive a Form 1099-C showing the full amount of debt. Turbo tax ez 501(c)(3) organizations, Section 501(c)(3) organization. Turbo tax ez A Abandonments, Abandonments Canceled debt, Canceled debt. Turbo tax ez Assistance (see Tax help) B Bankruptcy, Bankruptcy Reduction of tax attributes, Bankruptcy and Insolvency Business Real property indebtedness, Qualified Real Property Business Indebtedness C Canceled debt, Canceled Debts, Persons who each receive a Form 1099-C showing the full amount of debt. Turbo tax ez Exceptions Deductible debt, Deductible Debt Gifts, Gifts, Bequests, Devises, and Inheritances Price reduced after purchase, Price Reduced After Purchase Student loans, Student Loans Exclusions Bankruptcy, Bankruptcy Insolvency, Insolvency Qualified farm indebtedness, Qualified Farm Indebtedness Qualified principal residence indebtedness, Qualified Principal Residence Indebtedness Qualified real property business indebtedness, Qualified Real Property Business Indebtedness Co-owners, Persons who each receive a Form 1099-C showing the full amount of debt. Turbo tax ez D Debts Stockholder's, Stockholder debt Definitions Adjusted tax attributes, Adjusted tax attributes. Turbo tax ez Main home, Main home. Turbo tax ez Qualified acquisition indebtedness, Definition of qualified acquisition indebtedness. Turbo tax ez Qualified farm indebtedness, Qualified Farm Indebtedness Qualified principal residence indebtedness, Qualified Principal Residence Indebtedness Qualified real property business indebtedness, Qualified Real Property Business Indebtedness E Educational loans, Student Loans Exceptions Home Affordable Modification Program, Home Affordable Modification Program F Farm indebtedness, Qualified Farm Indebtedness Reduction of tax attributes, Qualified Farm Indebtedness Foreclosures, Foreclosures and Repossessions Form 1099-A, Forms 1099-A and 1099-C. Turbo tax ez , Forms 1099-A and 1099-C. Turbo tax ez 1099-C, Forms 1099-A and 1099-C. Turbo tax ez , Forms 1099-A and 1099-C. Turbo tax ez Free tax services, Free help with your tax return. Turbo tax ez G Gifts, Gifts, Bequests, Devises, and Inheritances H Help (see Tax help) Home Affordable Modification Program, Home Affordable Modification Program I Income from, Canceled Debts Income from canceled debt, Canceled Debts Insolvency, Insolvency Reduction of tax attributes, Bankruptcy and Insolvency L Limits Excluded farm debt, Exclusion limit. Turbo tax ez Excluded principal residence indebtedness, Exclusion limit. Turbo tax ez Qualified real property business indebtedness, Exclusion limit. Turbo tax ez Loans Student, Student Loans M Missing children, photographs of, Reminder Mortgage Debt Relief Act (see Qualified Principal Residence Indebtedness) P Principal residence indebtedness, Qualified Principal Residence Indebtedness Publications (see Tax help) Q Qualified farm indebtedness, Qualified Farm Indebtedness Reduction of tax attributes, Qualified Farm Indebtedness Qualified principal residence indebtedness, Qualified Principal Residence Indebtedness Reduction of tax attributes, Qualified Principal Residence Indebtedness Qualified real property business indebtedness, Qualified Real Property Business Indebtedness Reduction of tax attributes, Qualified Real Property Business Indebtedness R Real property business indebtedness, Qualified Real Property Business Indebtedness Recapture Basis reductions, Recapture of basis reductions. Turbo tax ez Repossessions, Foreclosures and Repossessions S Stockholder debts, Stockholder debt Student loans, Student Loans Suggestions for publication, Comments and suggestions. Turbo tax ez T Tax attributes, reduction of Bankruptcy, Bankruptcy and Insolvency Insolvency, Bankruptcy and Insolvency Qualified farm indebtedness, Qualified Farm Indebtedness Qualified principal residence indebtedness, Qualified Principal Residence Indebtedness Qualified real property business indebtedness, Qualified Real Property Business Indebtedness Tax help, How To Get Tax Help TTY/TDD information, How To Get Tax Help Prev  Up     Home   More Online Publications