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Taxact 1040ez

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Taxact 1040ez

Taxact 1040ez 18. Taxact 1040ez   Pensión para el Cónyuge Divorciado Table of Contents IntroductionCónyuge o ex cónyuge. Taxact 1040ez Documento (instrumento) de divorcio o separación judicial. Taxact 1040ez Useful Items - You may want to see: Reglas GeneralesPagos hipotecarios. Taxact 1040ez Impuestos y seguro. Taxact 1040ez Otros pagos a terceros. Taxact 1040ez Documentos Firmados Después de 1984Pagos a terceros. Taxact 1040ez Excepción. Taxact 1040ez Pagos sustitutivos. Taxact 1040ez Específicamente designado como pensión para hijos menores. Taxact 1040ez Contingencia relacionada con su hijo. Taxact 1040ez Pago claramente asociado con una contingencia. Taxact 1040ez Cómo Deducir la Pensión para el Cónyuge Divorciado que Pagó Cómo Declarar la Pensión para el Cónyuge Divorciado Recibida Regla de Recuperación Introduction Este capítulo trata de las reglas correspondientes si paga o recibe pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez Abarca los siguientes temas: Qué pagos se consideran pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez Qué pagos no se consideran pensión para el cónyuge divorciado, como la pensión para la manutención de hijos. Taxact 1040ez Cómo deducir la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado que pagó. Taxact 1040ez Cómo declarar la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado que recibió por concepto de ingresos. Taxact 1040ez Si debe o no recuperar los beneficios tributarios de la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez “Recuperar” significa volver a añadir a sus ingresos toda, o parte de, una deducción que haya tomado en un año anterior. Taxact 1040ez La “pensión para el cónyuge divorciado” es un pago hecho a, o para, un cónyuge o ex cónyuge conforme a un documento (instrumento) de divorcio o separación judicial. Taxact 1040ez No incluye pagos voluntarios que no sean hechos conforme a un documento de divorcio o separación. Taxact 1040ez La pensión para el cónyuge divorciado es deducible por el pagador y tiene que ser incluida en los ingresos del cónyuge o ex cónyuge. Taxact 1040ez Aunque en general este capítulo está dirigido al pagador de la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado, el cónyuge beneficiario puede usar la información para determinar si una cantidad recibida se considera pago de pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez Para considerarse pensión para el cónyuge divorciado, un pago tiene que cumplir ciertos requisitos. Taxact 1040ez Requisitos distintos generalmente corresponden a pagos hechos conforme a documentos firmados después de 1984 y a pagos hechos conforme a documentos firmados antes de 1985. Taxact 1040ez Este capítulo trata de las reglas relativas a pagos hechos conforme a documentos firmados después de 1984. Taxact 1040ez Si usted necesita consultar las reglas para pagos hechos conforme a documentos firmados antes de 1985, obtenga y guarde una copia de la versión del año 2004 de la Publicación 504, Divorced or Separated Individuals (Personas divorciadas o separadas), en inglés. Taxact 1040ez Ése fue el último año en que la información sobre documentos firmados antes de 1985 se incluyó en la Publicación 504. Taxact 1040ez Use la Tabla 18-1 de este capítulo como guía para determinar si ciertos pagos se consideran pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez Definiciones. Taxact 1040ez   Las siguientes son definiciones aplicables a lo largo de este capítulo. Taxact 1040ez Cónyuge o ex cónyuge. Taxact 1040ez   Salvo que se indique lo contrario, el término “cónyuge” incluye a un ex cónyuge. Taxact 1040ez Documento (instrumento) de divorcio o separación judicial. Taxact 1040ez   El término “documento de divorcio o separación judicial” significa: Un decreto u orden de divorcio o de manutención por separación judicial o un documento (instrumento) por escrito relacionado con ese decreto u orden; Un acuerdo de separación por escrito o Un decreto o cualquier tipo de orden judicial, que le exige a un cónyuge que haga pagos para la manutención del otro cónyuge. Taxact 1040ez Esto abarca un decreto temporal, un decreto interlocutorio (no final) y un decreto de pensión para el cónyuge divorciado pendente lite (en espera de que se tomen acciones con respecto al decreto o acuerdo final). Taxact 1040ez Useful Items - You may want to see: Publicación 504 Divorced or Separated Individuals (Personas divorciadas o separadas), en inglés. Taxact 1040ez Reglas Generales Las siguientes reglas corresponden a la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado independientemente de cuándo se firmó el documento de divorcio o separación judicial. Taxact 1040ez Pagos que no son pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez   No todos los pagos hechos conforme a un documento de divorcio o separación judicial son pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez La pensión para el cónyuge divorciado no abarca: Pensión para hijos menores; Acuerdos de división (distribución) de bienes que no sean en efectivo; Pagos que le corresponden a su cónyuge como parte de los ingresos de la comunidad de bienes conyugales, según se explica bajo Community Property (Bienes gananciales), en la Publicación 504, en inglés; Pagos hechos para el mantenimiento de los bienes del pagador o Uso de los bienes del pagador. Taxact 1040ez Pagos a terceros. Taxact 1040ez   Los pagos en efectivo, cheques o giros hechos a un tercero en nombre de su cónyuge según las condiciones del documento de divorcio o separación judicial pueden ser pagos de pensión para el cónyuge divorciado, si por lo demás reúnen los requisitos. Taxact 1040ez Estos abarcan pagos hechos para cubrir los gastos médicos de su cónyuge, costos de vivienda (alquiler, servicios públicos, etc. Taxact 1040ez ), impuestos, matrícula escolar, etcétera. Taxact 1040ez A estos pagos se les trata como si hubiesen sido recibidos por su cónyuge y luego pagados al tercero. Taxact 1040ez Primas de un seguro de vida. Taxact 1040ez   La pensión para el cónyuge divorciado incluye las primas que tiene que pagar conforme a su documento de divorcio o separación judicial por su seguro de vida hasta la medida o el punto en que su cónyuge sea el dueño de la póliza. Taxact 1040ez Pagos por una vivienda comprada conjuntamente. Taxact 1040ez   Si su documento de divorcio o separación judicial estipula que tiene que pagar los gastos de una vivienda que es propiedad de usted y su cónyuge, algunos de sus pagos pueden ser considerados pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez Pagos hipotecarios. Taxact 1040ez   Si tiene que pagar todos los pagos hipotecarios (capital e intereses) sobre una vivienda de propiedad conjunta y por lo demás estos pagos reúnen los requisitos para considerarse pensión para el cónyuge divorciado, puede deducir la mitad del total de los pagos como pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez Si detalla sus deducciones y la vivienda reúne los requisitos, puede declarar la mitad de los intereses al calcular sus intereses deducibles. Taxact 1040ez Su cónyuge tiene que declarar la mitad de los pagos como pensión para el cónyuge divorciado recibida. Taxact 1040ez Si su cónyuge detalla sus deducciones y la vivienda reúne los requisitos, él o ella puede declarar la mitad de los intereses sobre la hipoteca al calcular sus intereses deducibles. Taxact 1040ez Impuestos y seguro. Taxact 1040ez   Si tiene que pagar todos los impuestos sobre bienes raíces o seguro de una vivienda que es tenencia común (tenancy in common), puede deducir la mitad de dichos pagos como pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez Su cónyuge tiene que declarar la mitad de estos pagos como pensión para el cónyuge divorciado recibida. Taxact 1040ez Si usted y su cónyuge detallan sus deducciones, cada uno puede reclamar la mitad de los impuestos sobre bienes raíces y ninguna parte del seguro de la vivienda. Taxact 1040ez    Si es dueño de una vivienda de tenencia en su totalidad (tenancy by the entirety) o tenencia conjunta (joint tenancy), ninguno de sus pagos de impuestos o pagos de seguro se considera pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez Sin embargo, si detalla sus deducciones, puede reclamar todos los impuestos sobre bienes raíces y ninguna parte del seguro de vivienda. Taxact 1040ez Otros pagos a terceros. Taxact 1040ez   Si hizo otros pagos a terceros, vea la Publicación 504, en inglés, para ver si alguna parte de los pagos reúne los requisitos como pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez Documentos Firmados Después de 1984 Las reglas siguientes de la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado corresponden a pagos hechos conforme a un documento de divorcio o separación judicial firmado después de 1984. Taxact 1040ez Excepción para documentos firmados antes de 1985. Taxact 1040ez   Existen dos situaciones en las que las reglas para documentos firmados después de 1984 corresponden a documentos firmados antes de 1985: Un documento de divorcio o separación judicial firmado antes de 1985 y modificado después de 1984 para especificar que las reglas para documentos firmados después de 1984 se aplicarán. Taxact 1040ez Un documento temporal de divorcio o separación judicial firmado antes de 1985 e incorporado dentro de, o adoptado por, un decreto final firmado después de 1984 que: Cambie la cantidad o el período del pago o Añada o suprima cualquier contingencia o condición. Taxact 1040ez   Para las reglas de los pagos de la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado hechos conforme a documentos anteriores a 1985 que no cumplan estas excepciones, consulte la versión de la Publicación 504 publicada en 2004, en inglés, en www. Taxact 1040ez irs. Taxact 1040ez gov/pub504. Taxact 1040ez Ejemplo 1. Taxact 1040ez En noviembre de 1984, usted y su ex cónyuge firmaron un acuerdo de separación judicial. Taxact 1040ez En febrero de 1985, el acuerdo de separación judicial por escrito fue sustituido por un documento de divorcio. Taxact 1040ez El documento de divorcio no cambió las condiciones relativas a la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado que le paga a su ex cónyuge. Taxact 1040ez El documento de divorcio se trata como si hubiese sido firmado antes de 1985. Taxact 1040ez Los pagos de pensión para el cónyuge divorciado hechos conforme a este documento no están sujetos a las reglas de pagos hechos conforme a documentos firmados después de 1984. Taxact 1040ez Ejemplo 2. Taxact 1040ez Suponga que los hechos son iguales a los del Ejemplo 1, salvo que el documento de divorcio cambió la cantidad de la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez En este ejemplo, el documento de divorcio no se trata como si hubiese sido firmado antes de 1985. Taxact 1040ez Los pagos de pensión para el cónyuge divorciado están sujetos a las reglas de pagos hechos conforme a documentos firmados después de 1984. Taxact 1040ez Requisitos de la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez   Un pago realizado a, o para, un cónyuge conforme a un documento de divorcio o separación se considera pensión para el cónyuge divorciado si los cónyuges no presentan una declaración conjunta juntos y si todos los siguientes requisitos se cumplen: El pago es en efectivo. Taxact 1040ez El documento no indica que el pago no es pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez Cónyuges que han sido separados legalmente conforme a un decreto de divorcio o un decreto de manutención por separación judicial no se consideran miembros de la misma vivienda. Taxact 1040ez No hay obligación de hacer pago alguno (en efectivo o en bienes) después de la muerte del cónyuge beneficiario. Taxact 1040ez El pago no se considera pensión para hijos menores. Taxact 1040ez Cada uno de estos requisitos se trata a continuación. Taxact 1040ez Requisito de pagos en efectivo. Taxact 1040ez   Sólo los pagos en efectivo, incluidos cheques y giros, se consideran pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez Los siguientes ejemplos no se consideran pensión para el cónyuge divorciado: Transferencias de servicios o bienes (incluyendo una escritura de deuda de un tercero o un contrato de anualidad). Taxact 1040ez La firma de una escritura de deuda por parte del pagador. Taxact 1040ez Uso de los bienes del pagador. Taxact 1040ez Pagos a terceros. Taxact 1040ez   Los pagos en efectivo a terceros conforme a las condiciones de su documento de divorcio o separación judicial pueden considerarse pagos en efectivo hechos a su cónyuge. Taxact 1040ez Vea Pagos a terceros bajo Reglas Generales, anteriormente. Taxact 1040ez   Además, los pagos en efectivo a terceros por medio de una solicitud escrita de parte de su cónyuge pudieran ser considerados pensión para el cónyuge divorciado si se cumplen los requisitos siguientes: Los pagos se hacen en lugar de pagos de la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado hechos directamente a su cónyuge. Taxact 1040ez La solicitud por escrito declara que ambos cónyuges quieren que los pagos se consideren pagos de pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez Usted recibe la solicitud por escrito de su cónyuge antes de presentar su declaración para el año en que hizo los pagos. Taxact 1040ez Pagos no designados como pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez   Usted y su cónyuge pueden designar que los pagos que de otra manera se considerarían pensión para el cónyuge divorciado, en este caso, no se consideren como tal. Taxact 1040ez Esto se hace incluyendo una disposición en su documento de divorcio o separación judicial que declare que sus pagos de pensión para el cónyuge divorciado no son deducibles y pueden ser excluidos de los ingresos de su cónyuge. Taxact 1040ez Con este fin, todo instrumento (documento por escrito) firmado tanto por usted como por su cónyuge que haga esta designación y que se refiera a un acuerdo de separación judicial por escrito anterior se considera acuerdo de separación por escrito (y por lo tanto, un documento de divorcio o separación judicial). Taxact 1040ez Si está sujeto a una orden temporal de manutención, la designación debe ser hecha en la orden original o en una orden temporal de manutención posterior. Taxact 1040ez   Su cónyuge puede excluir los pagos de los ingresos sólo si él o ella adjunta a la declaración de impuestos una copia del documento que los designa pagos que no son pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez La copia debe ser adjuntada cada año en el que la designación corresponda. Taxact 1040ez Los cónyuges no pueden vivir en la misma vivienda. Taxact 1040ez    Los pagos a su cónyuge mientras ustedes vivan en la misma vivienda no son pensión para el cónyuge divorciado si están legalmente separados conforme a un documento de divorcio o de manutención por separación judicial. Taxact 1040ez Una residencia que ambos compartieran antiguamente se considera una vivienda, aun si ustedes se separan físicamente en la residencia. Taxact 1040ez   No se consideran miembros de la misma vivienda si uno de ustedes se va a ir de la vivienda y se va a más tardar un mes después de la fecha del pago. Taxact 1040ez Excepción. Taxact 1040ez   Si no está legalmente separado conforme a un documento de divorcio o de manutención por separación judicial, un pago hecho conforme a un acuerdo de separación por escrito, documento de manutención u otra orden judicial puede considerarse pensión para el cónyuge divorciado aun si ustedes son miembros de la misma vivienda cuando se hace el pago. Taxact 1040ez Tabla 18-1. Taxact 1040ez Requisitos de la Pensión para el Cónyuge Divorciado (Documentos Firmados Después de 1984) Los pagos SON pensión para el cónyuge divorciado si todas las condiciones siguientes le corresponden: Los pagos NO son pensión para el cónyuge divorciado si cualquiera de las condiciones siguientes le corresponden: Los pagos son requeridos por un documento de divorcio o de separación judicial. Taxact 1040ez Los pagos no son requeridos por un documento de divorcio o de separación judicial. Taxact 1040ez El cónyuge que paga y el cónyuge beneficiario del pago no presentan una declaración conjunta juntos. Taxact 1040ez El cónyuge que paga y el cónyuge beneficiario del pago presentan una declaración conjunta juntos. Taxact 1040ez Los pagos son en efectivo (incluyendo cheques o giros). Taxact 1040ez El pago: No es en efectivo, Es un acuerdo de división (distribución) de bienes que no son en efectivo, Le corresponde a su cónyuge como su parte de los ingresos de la comunidad de bienes conyugales o Es para el mantenimiento de los bienes del cónyuge que paga. Taxact 1040ez El documento no indica que el pago no es pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez El documento indica que el pago no es pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez Los cónyuges que están legalmente separados conforme a un decreto de divorcio o de manutención por separación judicial no son miembros de la misma vivienda. Taxact 1040ez Los cónyuges que están legalmente separados conforme a un decreto de divorcio o de manutención por separación judicial viven en la misma vivienda. Taxact 1040ez Los pagos no son requeridos después de la muerte del cónyuge beneficiario. Taxact 1040ez Los pagos son requeridos después de la muerte del cónyuge beneficiario. Taxact 1040ez El pago no se considera pensión para hijos menores. Taxact 1040ez El pago se considera pensión para hijos menores. Taxact 1040ez Estos pagos pueden ser deducidos por el cónyuge que paga y deben ser incluidos en los ingresos del cónyuge beneficiario. Taxact 1040ez Estos pagos no pueden ser deducidos por el cónyuge que paga ni pueden ser incluidos en los ingresos del cónyuge beneficiario. Taxact 1040ez Obligación de pagos después de la muerte del cónyuge beneficiario. Taxact 1040ez   Si tiene que continuar haciendo pagos por algún período después de la muerte de su cónyuge, la parte del pago que continuaría no se considera pensión para el cónyuge divorciado, independientemente de si se haya hecho antes o después de la muerte. Taxact 1040ez Si la totalidad del pago continúa, ninguno de los pagos hechos antes o después de la muerte se considera pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez   En el documento de divorcio o de separación judicial no tiene que constar expresamente que los pagos cesan al morir su cónyuge si, por ejemplo, la obligación de continuar con los pagos terminara conforme a la ley estatal. Taxact 1040ez Ejemplo. Taxact 1040ez Usted tiene que pagar a su ex cónyuge $10,000 en efectivo anualmente por 10 años. Taxact 1040ez En su decreto de divorcio consta que los pagos cesarán al morir su ex cónyuge. Taxact 1040ez También tiene que pagarle $20,000 en efectivo a su ex cónyuge, o al caudal hereditario (patrimonio) de su ex cónyuge, anualmente por 10 años. Taxact 1040ez La muerte de su cónyuge no causaría el cese de estos pagos conforme a la ley estatal. Taxact 1040ez Los pagos anuales de $10,000 podrían considerarse pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez Los pagos anuales de $20,000 que no cesan al morir su ex cónyuge no son pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez Pagos sustitutivos. Taxact 1040ez   Si tiene que hacer algún pago en efectivo o en bienes después de la muerte de su cónyuge para sustituir los pagos continuos que de otra manera corresponderían antes de la muerte, los pagos que de otra manera corresponderían no son considerados pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez Hasta el punto en que sus pagos comiencen, se aceleren o aumenten debido a la muerte de su cónyuge, los pagos que de otra manera corresponderían que usted hizo podrían considerarse pagos que no son pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez Si los pagos son o no considerados pensión para el cónyuge divorciado depende de todos los hechos y circunstancias. Taxact 1040ez Ejemplo 1. Taxact 1040ez Conforme a su decreto de divorcio, tiene que pagarle a su ex cónyuge $30,000 anualmente. Taxact 1040ez Los pagos cesarán al final de 6 años o al morir su cónyuge, lo que suceda antes. Taxact 1040ez Su ex cónyuge tiene la custodia de sus hijos menores de edad. Taxact 1040ez El decreto estipula que si algún hijo aún es menor de edad al morir su cónyuge, tiene que pagar $10,000 anualmente a un fideicomiso hasta que su hijo más joven alcance la mayoría de edad. Taxact 1040ez Los ingresos de fideicomiso y los bienes entregados en fideicomiso (capital) sólo pueden ser usados para el beneficio de sus hijos. Taxact 1040ez Estos hechos indican que los pagos que han de hacerse después de la muerte de su ex cónyuge sustituyen $10,000 de los pagos anuales de $30,000. Taxact 1040ez De cada uno de los pagos anuales de $30,000, $10,000 no se consideran pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez Ejemplo 2. Taxact 1040ez Conforme a su decreto de divorcio, usted tiene que pagarle a su ex cónyuge $30,000 anualmente. Taxact 1040ez Los pagos cesarán al final de 15 años o al morir su ex cónyuge, lo que suceda antes. Taxact 1040ez El decreto estipula que si su ex cónyuge fallece antes del final del período de 15 años, usted le tiene que pagar a su caudal hereditario (patrimonio) la diferencia entre $450,000 ($30,000 x 15) y el total de la cantidad pagada hasta ese momento. Taxact 1040ez Por ejemplo, si su cónyuge fallece al final del décimo año, tiene que pagarle al caudal hereditario (patrimonio) $150,000 ($450,000 − $300,000). Taxact 1040ez Estos hechos indican que el pago de suma global que ha de hacerse después de la muerte de su ex cónyuge sustituye la cantidad completa de los pagos anuales de $30,000. Taxact 1040ez Ninguno de los pagos anuales se considera pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez El resultado sería el mismo si el pago que se requiere cuando ocurre la muerte se descontara por un factor de intereses correspondientes para justificar el pago por adelantado. Taxact 1040ez Pensión para hijos menores. Taxact 1040ez   Un pago específicamente designado como pensión para hijos menores o tratado específicamente como pensión para hijos menores conforme a su documento de divorcio o separación judicial no se considera pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez La cantidad o parte designada podría variar con el tiempo. Taxact 1040ez Los pagos de la pensión para hijos menores no son deducibles por parte del pagador ni están sujetos a impuestos por parte del beneficiario. Taxact 1040ez Específicamente designado como pensión para hijos menores. Taxact 1040ez   Un pago se considera específicamente designado como pensión para hijos menores hasta el punto en que el pago sea reducido por una de las siguientes situaciones: En el caso de una contingencia relacionada con su hijo o En un momento que pueda ser claramente asociado con la contingencia. Taxact 1040ez Un pago puede considerarse específicamente designado pensión para hijos menores aun si otros pagos por separado son específicamente designados como pensión para hijos menores. Taxact 1040ez Contingencia relacionada con su hijo. Taxact 1040ez   Una contingencia está relacionada con su hijo si depende de algún suceso relacionado con ese hijo. Taxact 1040ez No importa si es seguro o probable que el suceso vaya a ocurrir. Taxact 1040ez Los sucesos relacionados con su hijo incluyen que éste: Obtenga un empleo, Muera, Deje la unidad familiar, Deje la escuela, Se case o Alcance una edad o un nivel de ingresos específico. Taxact 1040ez Pago claramente asociado con una contingencia. Taxact 1040ez   Se considera que los pagos se reducirán en un momento que esté claramente asociado con el suceso de una contingencia relacionada con su hijo sólo en las siguientes situaciones: Los pagos han de ser reducidos dentro de un período de no más de 6 meses antes o después de la fecha en que su hijo alcance los 18 o 21 años de edad o la mayoría de edad en su localidad. Taxact 1040ez Los pagos han de ser reducidos en dos o más ocasiones que ocurran a más tardar un año antes o después de que otro hijo suyo alcance cierta edad entre los 18 y 24 años. Taxact 1040ez Esta edad tiene que ser la misma para cada hijo pero no tiene que ser en años completos. Taxact 1040ez En todas las demás situaciones, las reducciones en pagos no se consideran claramente asociadas con el suceso de una contingencia relacionada con su hijo. Taxact 1040ez   Usted o el IRS puede evitar la presunción hecha en las dos situaciones anteriores. Taxact 1040ez Esto se hace mostrando que el momento en el que los pagos han de ser reducidos fue determinado independientemente de toda contingencia relacionada con sus hijos. Taxact 1040ez Por ejemplo, si puede mostrar que el período de pagos de la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado es el que se acostumbra en su jurisdicción local, tal como un período equivalente a la mitad de los años que duró el matrimonio, puede evitar la presunción y tal vez pueda tratar la cantidad que pagó como pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez Cómo Deducir la Pensión para el Cónyuge Divorciado que Pagó Puede deducir la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado que pagó, independientemente de si detalla sus deducciones en su declaración o no. Taxact 1040ez Tiene que presentar el Formulario 1040. Taxact 1040ez No puede usar el Formulario 1040A ni el Formulario 1040EZ. Taxact 1040ez Anote la cantidad de la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado que pagó en la línea 31a del Formulario 1040. Taxact 1040ez En el espacio provisto en la línea 31b, anote el número de Seguro Social (SSN, por sus siglas en inglés o su número de identificación de contribuyente individual para extranjeros (ITIN, por sus siglas en inglés)) de su cónyuge. Taxact 1040ez Si le pagó pensión para el cónyuge divorciado a más de una persona, anote el número de Seguro Social o número de identificación de contribuyente individual para extranjeros de uno de los beneficiarios de pago. Taxact 1040ez Muestre el número de Seguro Social o número de identificación de contribuyente individual para extranjeros y la cantidad pagada a cada otro beneficiario de pago en una hoja adjunta. Taxact 1040ez Anote el total de sus pagos en la línea 31a. Taxact 1040ez Tiene que proveer el SSN o ITIN de su cónyuge. Taxact 1040ez Si no lo hace, quizás podría que pagar una multa de $50 y su deducción podría ser denegada. Taxact 1040ez Para más información sobre los SSN o ITIN, consulte Número de Seguro Social , en el capítulo 1. Taxact 1040ez Cómo Declarar la Pensión para el Cónyuge Divorciado Recibida Declare la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado que usted recibió en la línea 11 del Formulario 1040. Taxact 1040ez No puede usar el Formulario 1040A ni el Formulario 1040EZ. Taxact 1040ez Tiene que darle su número de Seguro Social o número de identificación de contribuyente individual para extranjeros a la persona que pagó la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado. Taxact 1040ez Si no lo hace, podría tener que pagar una multa de $50. Taxact 1040ez Regla de Recuperación Si sus pagos de la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado disminuyen o cesan durante los primeros 3 años naturales, podría estar sujeto a la regla de recuperación. Taxact 1040ez Si está sujeto a esta regla, tiene que incluir en sus ingresos del tercer año parte de los pagos de la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado que había deducido anteriormente. Taxact 1040ez Su cónyuge puede deducir en el tercer año parte de los pagos de la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado que él o ella anteriormente había incluido en los ingresos. Taxact 1040ez El período de los 3 años comienza con el primer año natural en el cual usted haga un pago que se considere pensión para el cónyuge divorciado conforme a un documento de divorcio o de separación judicial o conforme a un acuerdo de separación por escrito. Taxact 1040ez No incluya ningún período en que los pagos se hayan hecho conforme a una orden de manutención temporal. Taxact 1040ez El segundo y tercer año son los 2 años naturales siguientes, independientemente de si se hacen o no pagos durante esos años. Taxact 1040ez Las causas de una reducción o cese de pagos de la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado que puedan requerir una recuperación incluyen: Un cambio en su documento de divorcio o separación, No hacer pagos oportunamente, Reducción en su capacidad de proveer manutención o Reducción en las necesidades de su cónyuge. Taxact 1040ez Cuándo aplicar la regla de recuperación. Taxact 1040ez   Usted está sujeto a la regla de recuperación el tercer año si la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado que paga el tercer año disminuye por más de $15,000 en comparación con la cantidad que pagó en el segundo año o la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado que paga en el segundo y tercer año disminuye considerablemente de la cantidad de la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado que pagó en el primer año. Taxact 1040ez   Cuando calcule una disminución en la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado, no incluya las cantidades de los pagos siguientes: Pagos hechos conforme a una orden de manutención temporal. Taxact 1040ez Pagos requeridos durante un período de por lo menos 3 años naturales que varían porque son una parte fija de sus ingresos provenientes de un negocio o bienes, o de la remuneración de empleo o empleo por cuenta propia. Taxact 1040ez Pagos que disminuyen debido a la muerte de cualquiera de los cónyuges o porque el cónyuge beneficiario de pago se vuelve a casar antes de finalizar el tercer año. Taxact 1040ez Cómo calcular la recuperación. Taxact 1040ez   Use la Worksheet 1 (Hoja de Trabajo 1) de la Publicación 504, en inglés, para calcular la pensión para el cónyuge divorciado recuperada. Taxact 1040ez Cómo incluir la recuperación en los ingresos. Taxact 1040ez   Si tiene que incluir una cantidad recuperada en sus ingresos, anótela en la línea 11 (Formulario 1040), “Alimony received” (Pensión para el cónyuge divorciado recibida). Taxact 1040ez Tache la palabra “received” (recibida) y anote, en inglés, la palabra “recapture” (recuperación). Taxact 1040ez En la línea de puntos junto a la cantidad, escriba el apellido y número de Seguro Social o número de identificación de contribuyente individual para extranjeros de su cónyuge. Taxact 1040ez Cómo deducir la recuperación. Taxact 1040ez   Si puede deducir una cantidad recuperada, anótela en la línea 31a (Formulario 1040), “Alimony paid” (Pensión para el cónyuge divorciado pagada). Taxact 1040ez Tache la palabra “paid” (pagada) y anote, en inglés, la palabra “recapture” (recuperación). Taxact 1040ez En el espacio provisto, anote el número de Seguro Social o número de identificación de contribuyente individual para extranjeros de su cónyuge. Taxact 1040ez Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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Taxact 1040ez 4. Taxact 1040ez   Other Section 501(c) Organizations Table of Contents Introduction 501(c)(4) - Civic Leagues and Social Welfare OrganizationsSpecific Organizations 501(c)(5) - Labor, Agricultural and Horticultural OrganizationsLabor Organizations Agricultural and Horticultural Organizations 501(c)(6) - Business Leagues, etc. Taxact 1040ez Line of business. Taxact 1040ez Examples. Taxact 1040ez Improvement of business conditions. Taxact 1040ez Exception for local legislation. Taxact 1040ez De minimis exception. Taxact 1040ez Grass roots lobbying. Taxact 1040ez 501(c)(7) - Social and Recreation ClubsLimited membership. Taxact 1040ez Support. Taxact 1040ez Facilities open to public. Taxact 1040ez Gross receipts from nonmembership sources. Taxact 1040ez Gross receipts. Taxact 1040ez Nontraditional activities. Taxact 1040ez 501(c)(8) and 501(c)(10) - Fraternal Beneficiary Societies and Domestic Fraternal SocietiesFraternal Beneficiary Societies (501(c)(8)) Domestic Fraternal Societies (501(c)(10)) 501(c)(4), 501(c)(9), and 501(c)(17) - Employees' AssociationsLocal Employees' Associations (501(c)(4)) Voluntary Employees' Beneficiary Associations (501(c)(9)) Supplemental Unemployment Benefit Trusts (501(c)(17)) 501(c)(12) - Local Benevolent Life Insurance Associations, Mutual Irrigation and Telephone Companies, and Like OrganizationsMembership. Taxact 1040ez Losses and expenses. Taxact 1040ez Distributions of proceeds. Taxact 1040ez The 85% Requirement Local Life Insurance Associations Mutual or Cooperative Associations 501(c)(13) - Cemetery CompaniesBuying cemetery property. Taxact 1040ez Perpetual care organization. Taxact 1040ez Care of individual plots. Taxact 1040ez 501(c)(14) - Credit Unions and Other Mutual Financial OrganizationsState-Chartered Credit Unions Other Mutual Financial Organizations 501(c)(19) - Veterans' Organizations 501(c)(20) - Group Legal Services Plan Organizations 501(c)(21) - Black Lung Benefit TrustsExcise taxes. Taxact 1040ez 501(c)(2) - Title-Holding Corporations for Single Parent CorporationsExpenses. Taxact 1040ez Waiver of payment of income. Taxact 1040ez 501(c)(25) - Title-Holding Corporations or Trusts for Multiple Parent CorporationsUnrelated Business Income 501(c)(26) - State-Sponsored High-Risk Health Coverage Organizations 501(c)(27) - Qualified State-Sponsored Workers' Compensation Organizations 501(c)(29) - CO-OP Health Insurance Issuers New Guidance for IRC 501(c)(29) Qualified Nonprofit Health Insurance Issuers General Requirements for Exemption under 501(c)(29) and Annual Filing Requirement Additional Guidance for Prospective 501(c)(29) Organizations Introduction This chapter contains specific information for certain organizations described in section 501(c), other than those organizations that are described in section 501(c)(3). Taxact 1040ez Section 501(c)(3) organizations are covered in chapter 3 of this publication. Taxact 1040ez The Table of Contents at the beginning of this publication, as well as the Organization Reference Chart, may help you locate at a glance the type of organization discussed in this chapter. Taxact 1040ez 501(c)(4) - Civic Leagues and Social Welfare Organizations If your organization is not organized for profit and will be operated primarily to promote social welfare to benefit the community, you should file Form 1024 to apply for recognition of exemption from federal income tax under section 501(c)(4). Taxact 1040ez The discussion that follows describes the information you must provide when applying. Taxact 1040ez For application procedures, see chapter 1. Taxact 1040ez To qualify for exemption under section 501(c)(4), the organization's net earnings must be devoted primarily to charitable, educational, or recreational purposes. Taxact 1040ez In addition, no part of the organization's net earnings can inure to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual. Taxact 1040ez If the organization provides an excess benefit to certain persons, an excise tax may be imposed. Taxact 1040ez See Excise tax on excess benefit transactions , under Excess Benefit Transactions in chapter 5 for more information about this tax. Taxact 1040ez Examples. Taxact 1040ez   Types of organizations that are considered to be social welfare organizations are civic associations and volunteer fire companies. Taxact 1040ez Nonprofit operation. Taxact 1040ez   You must submit evidence that your organization is organized and will be operated on a nonprofit basis. Taxact 1040ez However, such evidence, including the fact that your organization is organized under a state law relating to nonprofit corporations, will not in itself establish a social welfare purpose. Taxact 1040ez Social welfare. Taxact 1040ez   To establish that your organization is organized primarily to promote social welfare, you should submit evidence with your application showing that your organization will operate primarily to further (in some way) the common good and general welfare of the people of the community (such as by bringing about civic betterment and social improvements). Taxact 1040ez   An organization that restricts the use of its facilities to employees of selected corporations and their guests is primarily benefiting a private group rather than the community. Taxact 1040ez It therefore does not qualify as a section 501(c)(4) organization. Taxact 1040ez Similarly, an organization formed to represent member-tenants of an apartment complex does not qualify, since its activities benefit the member-tenants and not all tenants in the community. Taxact 1040ez However, an organization formed to promote the legal rights of all tenants in a particular community may qualify under section 501(c)(4) as a social welfare organization. Taxact 1040ez Political activity. Taxact 1040ez   Promoting social welfare does not include direct or indirect participation or intervention in political campaigns on behalf of or in opposition to any candidate for public office. Taxact 1040ez However, if you submit proof that your organization is organized primarily to promote social welfare, it can obtain exemption even if it participates legally in some political activity on behalf of or in opposition to candidates for public office. Taxact 1040ez See the discussion in chapter 2 under Political Organization Income Tax Return . Taxact 1040ez Social or recreational activity. Taxact 1040ez   If social activities will be the primary purpose of your organization, you should not file an application for exemption as a social welfare organization but should file for exemption as a social club described in section 501(c)(7). Taxact 1040ez Retirement benefit program. Taxact 1040ez   An organization established by its members that has as its primary activity providing supplemental retirement benefits to its members or death benefits to their beneficiaries does not qualify as an exempt social welfare organization. Taxact 1040ez It may qualify under another paragraph of section 501(c) depending on all the facts. Taxact 1040ez   However, a nonprofit association that is established, maintained, and funded by a local government to provide the only retirement benefits to a class of employees may qualify as a social welfare organization under section 501(c)(4). Taxact 1040ez Tax treatment of donations. Taxact 1040ez   Donations to volunteer fire companies are deductible on the donor's federal income tax return, but only if made for exclusively public purposes. Taxact 1040ez Contributions to civic leagues or other section 501(c)(4) organizations generally are not deductible as charitable contributions for federal income tax purposes. Taxact 1040ez They may be deductible as trade or business expenses, if ordinary and necessary in the conduct of the taxpayer's business. Taxact 1040ez However, see Deduction not allowed for dues used for political or legislative activities , under 501(c)(6) - Business Leagues, etc. Taxact 1040ez for more information. Taxact 1040ez For more information on social welfare organizations, see Life Cycle of a Social Welfare Organization at IRS. Taxact 1040ez gov. Taxact 1040ez Specific Organizations The following information should be contained in the application form and accompanying statements of certain types of civic leagues or social welfare organizations. Taxact 1040ez Volunteer fire companies. Taxact 1040ez   If your organization wishes to obtain exemption as a volunteer fire company or similar organization, you should submit evidence that its members are actively engaged in fire fighting and similar disaster assistance, whether it actually owns the fire fighting equipment, and whether it provides any assistance for its members, such as death and medical benefits in case of injury to them. Taxact 1040ez   If your organization does not have an independent social purpose, such as providing recreational facilities for members, it may be exempt under section 501(c)(3). Taxact 1040ez In this event, your organization should file Form 1023. Taxact 1040ez Homeowners' associations. Taxact 1040ez   A membership organization formed by a real estate developer to own and maintain common green areas, streets, and sidewalks and to enforce covenants to preserve the appearance of the development should show that it is operated for the benefit of all the residents of the community. Taxact 1040ez The term community generally refers to a geographical unit recognizable as a governmental subdivision, unit, or district thereof. Taxact 1040ez Whether a particular association meets the requirement of benefiting a community depends on the facts and circumstances of each case. Taxact 1040ez Even if an area represented by an association is not a community, the association can still qualify for exemption if its activities benefit a community. Taxact 1040ez   The association should submit evidence that areas such as roadways and park land that it owns and maintains are open to the general public and not just its own members. Taxact 1040ez It also must show that it does not engage in exterior maintenance of private homes. Taxact 1040ez   A homeowners' association that is not exempt under section 501(c)(4) and that is a condominium management association, a residential real estate management association, or a timeshare association generally can elect under the provisions of section 528 to receive certain tax benefits that, in effect, permit it to exclude its exempt function income from its gross income. Taxact 1040ez Other organizations. Taxact 1040ez   Other nonprofit organizations that qualify as social welfare organizations include: An organization operating an airport that is on land owned by a local government, which supervises the airport's operation, and that serves the general public in an area with no other airport, A community association that works to improve public services, housing, and residential parking; publishes a free community newspaper; sponsors a community sports league, holiday programs, and meetings; and contracts with a private security service to patrol the community, A community association devoted to preserving the community's traditions, architecture, and appearance by representing it before the local legislature and administrative agencies in zoning, traffic, and parking matters, An organization that tries to encourage industrial development and relieve unemployment in an area by making loans to businesses so they will relocate to the area, and An organization that holds an annual festival of regional customs and traditions. Taxact 1040ez 501(c)(5) - Labor, Agricultural and Horticultural Organizations If you are a member of an organization that wants to obtain recognition of exemption from federal income tax as a labor, agricultural, or horticultural organization, you should submit an application on Form 1024. Taxact 1040ez You must indicate in your application for exemption and accompanying statements that no part of the organization's net earnings will inure to the benefit of any member. Taxact 1040ez In addition, you should follow the procedure for obtaining recognition of exempt status described in chapter 1. Taxact 1040ez Submit any additional information that may be required, as described in this section. Taxact 1040ez Tax treatment of donations. Taxact 1040ez   Contributions to labor, agricultural, and horticultural organizations are not deductible as charitable contributions on the donor's federal income tax return. Taxact 1040ez However, such payments may be deductible as business expenses if they are ordinary and necessary in the conduct of the taxpayer's trade or business. Taxact 1040ez For more information about certain limits affecting the deductibility of these business expenses, see Deduction not allowed for dues used for political or legislative activities , under 501(c)(6) - Business Leagues, etc. Taxact 1040ez Labor Organizations A labor organization is an association of workers who have combined to protect and promote the interests of the members by bargaining collectively with their employers to secure better working conditions. Taxact 1040ez To show that your organization has the purpose of a labor organization, you should include in the articles of organization or accompanying statements (submitted with your exemption application) information establishing that the organization is organized to better the conditions of workers, improve the grade of their products, and develop a higher degree of efficiency in their respective occupations. Taxact 1040ez In addition, no net earnings of the organization can inure to the benefit of any member. Taxact 1040ez Composition of membership. Taxact 1040ez   While a labor organization generally is composed of employees or representatives of the employees (in the form of collective bargaining agents) and similar employee groups, evidence that an organization's membership consists mainly of workers does not in itself indicate an exempt purpose. Taxact 1040ez You must show in your application that your organization has the purposes described in the preceding paragraph. Taxact 1040ez These purposes can be accomplished by a single labor organization acting alone or by several organizations acting together through a separate organization. Taxact 1040ez Benefits to members. Taxact 1040ez   The payment by a labor organization of death, sick, accident, and similar benefits to its individual members with funds contributed by its members, if made under a plan to better the conditions of the members, does not preclude exemption as a labor organization. Taxact 1040ez However, an organization does not qualify for exemption as a labor organization if it has no authority to represent members in job-related matters, even if it provides weekly income to its members in the event of a lawful strike by the members' union, in return for an annual payment by the member. Taxact 1040ez   For more information on labor organizations, see Life Cycle of a Labor Organization at IRS. Taxact 1040ez gov. Taxact 1040ez Agricultural and Horticultural Organizations Agricultural and horticultural organizations are connected with raising livestock, forestry, cultivating land, raising and harvesting crops or aquatic resources, cultivating useful or ornamental plants, and similar pursuits. Taxact 1040ez For the purpose of these provisions, aquatic resources include only animal or vegetable life, but not mineral resources. Taxact 1040ez The term harvesting, in this case, includes fishing and related pursuits. Taxact 1040ez Agricultural organizations can be quasi-public in character and are often designed to encourage the development of better agricultural and horticultural products through a system of awards, using income from entry fees, gate receipts, and donations to meet the necessary expenses of upkeep and operation. Taxact 1040ez When the activities are directed toward the improvement of marketing or other business conditions in one or more lines of business, rather than the improvement of production techniques or the betterment of the conditions of persons engaged in agriculture, the organization must qualify for exemption as a business league, board of trade, or other organization, as discussed next in the section on 501(c)(6) organizations. Taxact 1040ez The primary purpose of exempt agricultural and horticultural organizations must be to better the conditions of those engaged in agriculture or horticulture, develop more efficiency in agriculture or horticulture, or improve the products. Taxact 1040ez The following list contains some examples of activities that show an agricultural or horticultural purpose. Taxact 1040ez Promoting various cooperative agricultural, horticultural, and civic activities among rural residents by a state, farm, or home bureau. Taxact 1040ez Exhibiting livestock, farm products, and other characteristic features of agriculture and horticulture. Taxact 1040ez Testing soil for members and nonmembers of the farm bureau on a cost basis, the results of the tests and other recommendations being furnished to the community members to educate them in soil treatment. Taxact 1040ez Guarding the purity of a specific breed of livestock. Taxact 1040ez Encouraging improvements in the production of fish on privately owned fish farms. Taxact 1040ez Negotiating with processors for the price to be paid to members for their crops. Taxact 1040ez For more information on agricultural or horticultural organizations, see Life Cycle of an Agricultural or Horticultural Organization at IRS. Taxact 1040ez gov. Taxact 1040ez 501(c)(6) - Business Leagues, etc. Taxact 1040ez If your association wants to apply for recognition of exemption from federal income tax as a nonprofit business league, chamber of commerce, real estate board, or board of trade, it should file Form 1024. Taxact 1040ez For a discussion of the procedure to follow, see chapter 1. Taxact 1040ez Your organization must indicate in its application form and attached statements that no part of its net earnings will inure to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual and that it is not organized for profit or organized to engage in an activity ordinarily carried on for profit (even if the business is operated on a cooperative basis or produces only sufficient income to be self-sustaining). Taxact 1040ez In addition, your organization must be primarily engaged in activities or functions that are the basis for its exemption. Taxact 1040ez It must be primarily supported by membership dues and other income from activities substantially related to its exempt purpose. Taxact 1040ez A business league, in general, is an association of persons having some common business interest, the purpose of which is to promote that common interest and not to engage in a regular business of a kind ordinarily carried on for profit. Taxact 1040ez Trade associations and professional associations are considered business leagues. Taxact 1040ez Chamber of commerce. Taxact 1040ez   A chamber of commerce usually is composed of the merchants and traders of a city. Taxact 1040ez Board of trade. Taxact 1040ez   A board of trade often consists of persons engaged in similar lines of business. Taxact 1040ez For example, a nonprofit organization formed to regulate the sale of a specified agricultural commodity to assure equal treatment of producers, warehouse workers, and buyers is a board of trade. Taxact 1040ez   Chambers of commerce and boards of trade usually promote the common economic interests of all the commercial enterprises in a given trade community. Taxact 1040ez Real estate board. Taxact 1040ez   A real estate board consists of members interested in improving the business conditions in the real estate field. Taxact 1040ez It is not organized for profit and no part of the net earnings inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual. Taxact 1040ez Professional football leagues. Taxact 1040ez   The Internal Revenue Code specifically defines professional football leagues as exempt organizations under section 501(c)(6). Taxact 1040ez They are exempt whether or not they administer a pension fund for football players. Taxact 1040ez General purpose. Taxact 1040ez   You must indicate in the material submitted with your application that your organization will be devoted to the improvement of business conditions of one or more lines of business as distinguished from the performance of particular services for individual persons. Taxact 1040ez It must be shown that the conditions of a particular trade or the interests of the community will be advanced. Taxact 1040ez Merely indicating the name of the organization or the object of the local statute under which it is created is not enough to demonstrate the required general purpose. Taxact 1040ez Line of business. Taxact 1040ez   This term generally refers either to an entire industry or to all components of an industry within a geographic area. Taxact 1040ez It does not include a group composed of businesses that market a particular brand within an industry. Taxact 1040ez Common business interest. Taxact 1040ez   A common business interest of all members of the organization must be established by the application documents. Taxact 1040ez Examples. Taxact 1040ez   Activities that would tend to illustrate a common business interest are: Promotion of higher business standards and better business methods and encouragement of uniformity and cooperation by a retail merchants association, Education of the public in the use of credit, Establishment of uniform casualty rates and compilation of statistical information by an insurance rating bureau operated by casualty insurance companies, Establishment and maintenance of the integrity of a local commercial market, Operation of a trade publication primarily intended to benefit an entire industry, and Encouragement of the use of goods and services of an entire industry (such as a lawyer referral service whose main purpose is to introduce individuals to the use of the legal profession in the hope that they will enter into lawyer-client relationships on a paying basis as a result). Taxact 1040ez Improvement of business conditions. Taxact 1040ez   Generally, this must be shown to be the purpose of the organization. Taxact 1040ez This is not established by evidence of particular services that provide a convenience or economy to individual members in their businesses, such as advertising that carries the name of members, interest-free loans, assigning exclusive franchise areas, operation of a real estate multiple listing system, or operation of a credit reporting agency. Taxact 1040ez Stock or commodity exchange. Taxact 1040ez   A stock or commodity exchange is not a business league, chamber of commerce, real estate board, or board of trade and is not exempt under section 501(c)(6). Taxact 1040ez Legislative activity. Taxact 1040ez   An organization that is exempt under section 501(c)(6) can work for the enactment of laws to advance the common business interests of the organization's members. Taxact 1040ez Deduction not allowed for dues used for political or legislative activities. Taxact 1040ez   A taxpayer cannot deduct the part of dues or other payments to a business league, trade association, labor union, or similar organization that is reported to the taxpayer by the organization as having been used for any of the following activities. Taxact 1040ez Influencing legislation. Taxact 1040ez Participating or intervening in a political campaign for, or against, any candidate for public office. Taxact 1040ez Trying to influence the general public, or part of the general public, with respect to elections, legislative matters, or referendums (also known as grass roots lobbying). Taxact 1040ez Communicating directly with certain executive branch officials to try to influence their official actions or positions. Taxact 1040ez See Dues Used for Lobbying or Political Activities under Required Disclosures in chapter 2 for more information. Taxact 1040ez Exception for local legislation. Taxact 1040ez   Members can deduct dues (or assessments) to an organization that are for expenses of: Appearing before, submitting statements to, or sending communications to members of a local council or similar governing body with respect to legislation or proposed legislation of direct interest to the member, or Communicating information between the member and the organization with respect to local legislation or proposed legislation of direct interest to the organization or the member. Taxact 1040ez Legislation or proposed legislation is of direct interest to a taxpayer if it will, or can reasonably be expected to, affect the taxpayer's trade or business. Taxact 1040ez De minimis exception. Taxact 1040ez   In-house expenditures of $2,000 or less for the year for activities (1) – (4) listed earlier will not prevent a deduction for dues if the dues meet all other tests to be deductible as a business expense. Taxact 1040ez Grass roots lobbying. Taxact 1040ez   A tax-exempt trade association, labor union, or similar organization is considered to be engaging in grass roots lobbying if it contacts prospective members or calls upon its own members to contact their employees and customers for the purpose of urging such persons to communicate with their elected state or Congressional representatives to support the promotion, defeat, or repeal of legislation that is of direct interest to the organization. Taxact 1040ez Any dues or assessments directly related to such activities are not deductible by the taxpayer, since the individuals being contacted, who are not members of the organization, are a segment of the general public. Taxact 1040ez Tax treatment of donations. Taxact 1040ez   Contributions to organizations described in this section are not deductible as charitable contributions on the donor's federal income tax return. Taxact 1040ez They may be deductible as trade or business expenses if ordinary and necessary in the conduct of the taxpayer's business. Taxact 1040ez   For more information on business leagues, see Life Cycle of a Business League (Trade Association) on IRS. Taxact 1040ez gov. Taxact 1040ez 501(c)(7) - Social and Recreation Clubs If your club is organized for pleasure, recreation, and other similar nonprofitable purposes and substantially all of its activities are for these purposes, it should file Form 1024 to apply for recognition of exemption from federal income tax. Taxact 1040ez In applying for recognition of exemption, you should submit the information described in this section. Taxact 1040ez Also see chapter 1 for the procedures to follow. Taxact 1040ez Typical organizations that should file for recognition of exemption as social clubs include: College alumni associations that are not described in chapter 3 under Alumni association , College fraternities or sororities operating chapter houses for students, Country clubs, Amateur hunting, fishing, tennis, swimming, and other sport clubs, Dinner clubs that provide a meeting place, library, and dining room for members, Hobby clubs, Garden clubs, and Variety clubs. Taxact 1040ez Discrimination prohibited. Taxact 1040ez   Your organization will not be recognized as tax exempt if its charter, bylaws, or other governing instrument, or any written policy statement provides for discrimination against any person on the basis of race, color, or religion. Taxact 1040ez   However, a club that in good faith limits its membership to the members of a particular religion to further the teachings or principles of that religion and not to exclude individuals of a particular race or color will not be considered as discriminating on the basis of religion. Taxact 1040ez Also, the restriction on religious discrimination does not apply to a club that is an auxiliary of a fraternal beneficiary society (discussed later) if that society is described in section 501(c)(8) and exempt from tax under section 501(a) and limits its membership to the members of a particular religion. Taxact 1040ez Private benefit prohibited. Taxact 1040ez   No part of the organization's net earnings can inure to the benefit of any person having a personal and private interest in the activities of the organization. Taxact 1040ez For purposes of this requirement, it is not necessary that net earnings be actually distributed. Taxact 1040ez Even undistributed earnings can benefit members. Taxact 1040ez Examples of this include a decrease in membership dues or an increase in the services the club provides to its members without a corresponding increase in dues or other fees paid for club support. Taxact 1040ez However, fixed-fee payments to members who bring new members into the club are not an inurement of the club's net earnings, if the payments are reasonable compensation for performance of a necessary administrative service. Taxact 1040ez Purposes. Taxact 1040ez   To show that your organization possesses the characteristics of a club within the meaning of the exemption law, you should submit evidence with your application that personal contact, commingling, and fellowship exist among members. Taxact 1040ez You must show that members are bound together by a common objective of pleasure, recreation, and other nonprofitable purposes. Taxact 1040ez   Fellowship need not be present between each member and every other member of a club if it is a material part in the life of the organization. Taxact 1040ez A statewide or nationwide organization that is made up of individual members, but is divided into local groups, satisfies this requirement if fellowship is a material part of the life of each local group. Taxact 1040ez   The term other nonprofitable purposes means other purposes similar to pleasure and recreation. Taxact 1040ez For example, a club that, in addition to its social activities, has a plan for the payment of sick and death benefits is not operating exclusively for pleasure, recreation, and other nonprofitable purposes. Taxact 1040ez Limited membership. Taxact 1040ez   The membership in a social club must be limited. Taxact 1040ez To show that your organization has a purpose that would characterize it as a club, you should submit evidence with your application that there are limits on admission to membership consistent with the character of the club. Taxact 1040ez   A social club that issues corporate membership is dealing with the general public in the form of the corporation's employees. Taxact 1040ez Corporate members of a club are not the kind of members contemplated by the law. Taxact 1040ez Gross receipts from these members would be a factor in determining whether the club qualifies as a social club. Taxact 1040ez See Gross receipts from nonmembership sources , later. Taxact 1040ez Bona fide individual memberships paid for by a corporation would not have an effect on the gross receipts source. Taxact 1040ez   The fact that a social club may have an associate (nonvoting) class of membership will not be, in and of itself, a cause for nonrecognition of exemption. Taxact 1040ez However, if one membership class pays substantially lower dues and fees than another membership class, although both classes enjoy the same rights and privileges in using the club facilities, there may be an inurement of income to the benefited class, resulting in a denial of the club's exemption. Taxact 1040ez Support. Taxact 1040ez   In general, your club should be supported solely by membership fees, dues, and assessments. Taxact 1040ez However, if otherwise entitled to exemption, your club will not be disqualified because it raises revenue from members through the use of club facilities or in connection with club activities. Taxact 1040ez Business activities. Taxact 1040ez   If your club will engage in business, such as selling real estate, timber, or other products or services, it generally will be denied exemption. Taxact 1040ez However, evidence submitted with your application form that your organization will provide meals, refreshments, or services related to its exempt purposes only to its own members or their dependents or guests will not cause denial of exemption. Taxact 1040ez Facilities open to public. Taxact 1040ez   Evidence that your club's facilities will be open to the general public (persons other than members or their dependents or guests) may cause denial of exemption. Taxact 1040ez This does not mean, however, that any dealing with outsiders will automatically deprive a club of exemption. Taxact 1040ez Gross receipts from nonmembership sources. Taxact 1040ez   A section 501(c)(7) organization can receive up to 35% of its gross receipts, including investment income, from sources outside of its membership without losing its tax-exempt status. Taxact 1040ez Income from nontraditional business activity with members is not exempt function income, and thus is included as income from sources outside of the membership. Taxact 1040ez Of the 35% gross receipts listed above, up to 15% of the gross receipts can be derived from the use of the club's facilities or services by the general public. Taxact 1040ez If an organization has outside income that is more than these limits, all the facts and circumstances will be taken into account in determining whether the organization qualifies for exempt status. Taxact 1040ez Gross receipts. Taxact 1040ez   Gross receipts, for this purpose, are receipts from the normal and usual (traditionally conducted) activities of the club. Taxact 1040ez These receipts include charges, admissions, membership fees, dues, assessments, investment income, and normal recurring capital gains on investments. Taxact 1040ez Receipts do not include initiation fees and capital contributions. Taxact 1040ez Unusual amounts of income, such as from the sale of a clubhouse or similar facility, are not included in gross receipts or in figuring the percentage limits. Taxact 1040ez Nontraditional activities. Taxact 1040ez   Activities conducted by a social club need to further its exempt purposes. Taxact 1040ez Traditional business activities are those that further a social club's exempt purposes. Taxact 1040ez Nontraditional business activities do not further the exempt purposes of a social club even if conducted solely on a membership basis. Taxact 1040ez Nontraditional business activities are prohibited (subject to an insubstantial, trivial, and nonrecurrent test) for businesses conducted with both members and nonmembers. Taxact 1040ez Examples of nontraditional business activities include sale of package liquor, take-out food, and long-term room rental. Taxact 1040ez Fraternity foundations. Taxact 1040ez   If your organization is a foundation formed for the exclusive purpose of acquiring and leasing a chapter house to a local fraternity chapter or sorority chapter maintained at an educational institution and does not engage in any social or recreational activities, it may be a title holding corporation (discussed later under section 501(c)(2) organizations and under section 501(c)(25) organizations) rather than a social club. Taxact 1040ez Tax treatment of donations. Taxact 1040ez   Donations to exempt social and recreation clubs are not deductible as charitable contributions on the donor's federal income tax return. Taxact 1040ez 501(c)(8) and 501(c)(10) - Fraternal Beneficiary Societies and Domestic Fraternal Societies This section describes the information to be provided upon application for recognition of exemption by two types of fraternal societies: beneficiary and domestic. Taxact 1040ez The major distinction is that fraternal beneficiary societies provide for the payment of life, sick, accident, or other benefits to their members or their dependents, while domestic fraternal societies do not provide these benefits but rather devote their earnings to fraternal, religious, charitable, etc. Taxact 1040ez , purposes. Taxact 1040ez The procedures to follow in applying for recognition of exemption are described in chapter 1. Taxact 1040ez If your organization is controlled by a central organization, you should check with your controlling organization to determine whether your unit has been included in a group exemption letter or can be added. Taxact 1040ez If so, your organization need not apply for individual recognition of exemption. Taxact 1040ez For more information, see Group Exemption Letter in chapter 1 of this publication. Taxact 1040ez Tax treatment of donations. Taxact 1040ez   Donations by an individual to a domestic fraternal beneficiary society or a domestic fraternal society operating under the lodge system are deductible as charitable contributions only if used exclusively for religious, charitable, scientific, literary, or educational purposes or for the prevention of cruelty to children or animals. Taxact 1040ez Fraternal Beneficiary Societies (501(c)(8)) A fraternal beneficiary society, order, or association must file an application for recognition of exemption from federal income tax on Form 1024. Taxact 1040ez The application and accompanying statements should establish that the organization: Is a fraternal organization, Operates under the lodge system or for the exclusive benefit of the members of a fraternal organization itself operating under the lodge system, and Provides for the payment of life, sick, accident, or other benefits to the members of the society, order, or association or their dependents. Taxact 1040ez Lodge system. Taxact 1040ez   Operating under the lodge system means carrying on activities under a form of organization that comprises local branches, chartered by a parent organization and largely self-governing, called lodges, chapters, or the like. Taxact 1040ez Payment of benefits. Taxact 1040ez   It is not essential that every member be covered by the society's program of sick, accident, or death benefits. Taxact 1040ez An organization can qualify for exemption if most of its members are eligible for benefits, and the benefits are paid from contributions or dues paid by those members. Taxact 1040ez   The benefits must be limited to members and their dependents. Taxact 1040ez If members will have the ability to confer benefits to other than themselves and their dependents, exemption will not be recognized. Taxact 1040ez Whole-life insurance. Taxact 1040ez   Whole-life insurance constitutes a life benefit under section 501(c)(8) even though the policy may contain investment features such as a cash surrender value or a policy loan. Taxact 1040ez Reinsurance pool. Taxact 1040ez   Payments by a fraternal beneficiary society into a state-sponsored reinsurance pool that protects participating insurers against excessive losses on major medical health and accident insurance will not preclude exemption as a fraternal beneficiary society. Taxact 1040ez Domestic Fraternal Societies (501(c)(10)) A domestic fraternal society, order, or association must file an application for recognition of exemption from federal income tax on Form 1024. Taxact 1040ez The application and accompanying statements should establish that the organization: Is a domestic fraternal organization organized in the U. Taxact 1040ez S. Taxact 1040ez , Operates under the lodge system, Devotes its net earnings exclusively to religious, charitable, scientific, literary, educational, and fraternal purposes, and Does not provide for the payment of life, sick, accident, or other benefits to its members. Taxact 1040ez The organization can arrange with insurance companies to provide optional insurance to its members without jeopardizing its exempt status. Taxact 1040ez 501(c)(4), 501(c)(9), and 501(c)(17) - Employees' Associations This section describes the information to be provided upon application for recognition of exemption by the following types of employees' associations: A voluntary employees' beneficiary association (including federal employees' associations) organized to pay life, sick, accident, and similar benefits to members or their dependents, or designated beneficiaries, if no part of the net earnings of the association inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual, and A supplemental unemployment benefit trust whose primary purpose is providing for payment of supplemental unemployment benefits. Taxact 1040ez Both the application form to file and the information to provide are discussed later under the section that describes your employee association. Taxact 1040ez Chapter 1 describes the procedures to follow in applying for exemption. Taxact 1040ez Tax treatment of donations. Taxact 1040ez   Donations to these organizations are not deductible as charitable contributions on the donor's federal income tax return. Taxact 1040ez Local Employees' Associations (501(c)(4)) A local association of employees whose membership is limited to employees of a designated person or persons in a particular municipality, and whose income will be devoted exclusively to charitable, educational, or recreational purposes. Taxact 1040ez A local employees' association must apply for recognition of exemption by filing Form 1024. Taxact 1040ez The organization must submit evidence that: It is of a purely local character, Its membership is limited to employees of a designated person or persons in a particular locality, and Its net earnings will be devoted exclusively to charitable, educational, or recreational purposes. Taxact 1040ez A local association of employees that has established a system of paying retirement or death benefits, or both, to its members will not qualify for exemption since the payment of these benefits is not considered as being for charitable, educational, or recreational purposes. Taxact 1040ez Similarly, a local association of employees that is operated primarily as a cooperative buying service for its members in order to obtain discount prices on merchandise, services, and activities does not qualify for exemption. Taxact 1040ez Voluntary Employees' Beneficiary Associations (501(c)(9)) An application for recognition of exemption as a voluntary employees' beneficiary association must be filed on Form 1024. Taxact 1040ez The material submitted with the application must show that your organization: Is a voluntary association of employees, Will provide for payment of life, sick, accident, or other benefits to members or their dependents or designated beneficiaries and substantially all of its operations are for this purpose, and Will not allow any of its net earnings to inure to the benefit of any private individual or shareholder except in the form of scheduled benefit payments. Taxact 1040ez To be complete, an application must include a copy of the document (such as the trust instrument) by which the organization was created; a full description of the benefits available to participants and the terms and conditions of eligibility for benefits (usually contained in a plan document); and, if providing benefits pursuant to a collective bargaining agreement, a copy of that agreement. Taxact 1040ez Note. Taxact 1040ez Under section 4976, the reversion of funds from a section 501(c)(9) organization to the employer who created the beneficiary association may subject the employer to a 100% penalty excise tax on the amount of the reversion. Taxact 1040ez Notice requirement. Taxact 1040ez   An organization will not be considered tax exempt under this section unless the organization gives notice to the IRS that it is applying for recognition of exempt status. Taxact 1040ez The organization gives notice by filing Form 1024. Taxact 1040ez If the notice is not given by 15 months after the end of the month in which the organization was created, the organization will not be exempt for any period before notice is given. Taxact 1040ez An extension of time for filing the notice can be granted under the same procedures as those described for section 501(c)(3) organizations in chapter 3 under Application for Recognition of Exemption . Taxact 1040ez Membership. Taxact 1040ez   Membership of a section 501(c)(9) organization must consist of individuals who are employees and have an employment-related common bond. Taxact 1040ez This common bond can be a common employer (or affiliated employers), coverage under one or more collective bargaining agreements, membership in a labor union, or membership in one or more locals of a national or international labor union. Taxact 1040ez   The membership of an association can include some individuals who are not employees, provided they have an employment-related bond with the employee-members. Taxact 1040ez For example, the owner of a business whose employees are members of the association can be a member. Taxact 1040ez An association will be considered composed of employees if 90% of its total membership on one day of each quarter of its tax year consists of employees. Taxact 1040ez Employees. Taxact 1040ez   Employees include individuals who became entitled to membership because they are or were employees. Taxact 1040ez For example, an individual will qualify as an employee even though the individual is on a leave of absence or has been terminated due to retirement, disability, or layoff. Taxact 1040ez   Generally, membership is voluntary if an affirmative act is required on the part of an employee to become a member. Taxact 1040ez Conversely, membership is involuntary if the designation as a member is due to employee status. Taxact 1040ez However, an association will be considered voluntary if employees are required to be members of the organization as a condition of their employment and they do not incur a detriment (such as a payroll deduction) as a result of their membership. Taxact 1040ez An employer has not imposed involuntary membership on the employee if membership is required as the result of a collective bargaining agreement or as an incident of membership in a labor organization. Taxact 1040ez Payment of benefits. Taxact 1040ez   The information submitted with your application must show that your organization will pay life, sick, accident, supplemental unemployment, or other similar benefits. Taxact 1040ez The benefits can be provided directly by your association or indirectly by your association through the payments of premiums to an insurance company (or fees to a medical clinic). Taxact 1040ez Benefits can be in the form of medical, clinical, or hospital services, transportation furnished for medical care, or money payments. Taxact 1040ez Nondiscrimination requirements. Taxact 1040ez   An organization that is part of a plan will not be exempt unless the plan meets certain nondiscrimination requirements. Taxact 1040ez However, if the organization is part of a plan that is a collective bargaining agreement that was the subject of good faith bargaining between employee organizations and employers, the plan need not meet these requirements for the organization to qualify as tax exempt. Taxact 1040ez   A plan meets the nondiscrimination requirements only if both of the following statements are true. Taxact 1040ez Each class of benefits under the plan is provided under a classification of employees that is set forth in the plan and does not discriminate in favor of employees who are highly compensated individuals. Taxact 1040ez The benefits provided under each class of benefits do not discriminate in favor of highly compensated individuals. Taxact 1040ez A life insurance, disability, severance pay, or supplemental unemployment compensation benefit does not discriminate in favor of highly compensated individuals merely because the benefits available bear a uniform relationship to the total compensation, or the basic or regular rate of compensation, of employees covered by the plan. Taxact 1040ez   For purposes of determining whether a plan meets the nondiscrimination requirements, the employer can elect to exclude all disability or severance payments payable to individuals who are in pay status as of January 1, 1985. Taxact 1040ez This will not apply to any increase in such payment by any plan amendment adopted after June 22, 1984. Taxact 1040ez   If a plan provides a benefit for which there is a nondiscrimination provision provided under Chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code as a condition of that benefit being excluded from gross income, these nondiscrimination requirements do not apply. Taxact 1040ez The benefit will be considered nondiscriminatory only if it meets the nondiscrimination provision of the applicable Code section. Taxact 1040ez For example, benefits provided under a medical reimbursement plan would meet the nondiscrimination requirements for an association, if the benefits meet the nondiscrimination requirements of section 105(h)(3) and 105(h)(4). Taxact 1040ez Excluded employees. Taxact 1040ez   Certain employees who are not covered by a plan can be excluded from consideration in applying these requirements. Taxact 1040ez These include employees: Who have not completed 3 years of service, Who have not attained age 21, Who are seasonal or less than half-time employees, Who are not in the plan and who are included in a unit of employees covered by a collective bargaining agreement if the class of benefits involved was the subject of good faith bargaining, or Who are nonresident aliens and who receive no earned income from the employer that has United States source income. Taxact 1040ez Highly compensated individual. Taxact 1040ez   A highly compensated individual is one who: Owned 5 percent or more of the employer at any time during the current year or the preceding year, Received more than $115,000 in compensation from the employer for the preceding year (the amount is annualized for inflation. Taxact 1040ez Go to IRS. Taxact 1040ez gov, and search “Pension Plan Limitation” for the year), and Was among the top 20% of employees by compensation for the preceding year. Taxact 1040ez However, the employer can choose not to have (3) apply. Taxact 1040ez Aggregation rules. Taxact 1040ez   The employer can choose to treat two or more plans as one plan for purposes of meeting the nondiscrimination requirements. Taxact 1040ez Employees of controlled groups of corporations, trades, or businesses under common control, or members of an affiliated service group, are treated as employees of a single employer. Taxact 1040ez Leased employees are treated as employees of the recipient. Taxact 1040ez One employee. Taxact 1040ez   A trust created to provide benefits to one employee will not qualify as a voluntary employees' beneficiary association under section 501(c)(9). Taxact 1040ez Supplemental Unemployment Benefit Trusts (501(c)(17)) A trust or trusts forming part of a written plan (established and maintained by an employer, his or her employees, or both) providing solely for the payment of supplemental unemployment compensation benefits must file the application for recognition of exemption on Form 1024. Taxact 1040ez The trust must be a valid, existing trust under local law and must be evidenced by an executed document. Taxact 1040ez A conformed copy of the plan of which the trust is a part should be attached to the application. Taxact 1040ez To be complete, an application must include a copy of the document (such as the trust instrument) by which the organization was created; a full description of the benefits available to participants and the terms and conditions of eligibility for benefits (usually contained in a plan document); and, if providing benefits pursuant to a collective bargaining agreement, a copy of that agreement. Taxact 1040ez Note. Taxact 1040ez Under section 4976, the reversion of funds from a section 501(c)(17) organization to the employer who created the supplemental unemployment benefit trust may subject the employer to a 100% penalty excise tax on the amount of the reversion. Taxact 1040ez Notice requirement. Taxact 1040ez   An organization will not be considered tax exempt under this section unless the organization gives notice to the IRS that it is applying for recognition of exempt status. Taxact 1040ez The organization gives notice by filing Form 1024. Taxact 1040ez If the notice is not given by 15 months after the end of the month in which the organization was created, the organization will not be exempt for any period before such notice is given. Taxact 1040ez An extension of time for filing the notice is granted under the same procedures as those described for section 501(c)(3) organizations in chapter 3 under Application for Recognition of Exemption . Taxact 1040ez Types of payments. Taxact 1040ez   You must show that the supplemental unemployment compensation benefits will be benefits paid to an employee because of the employee's involuntary separation from employment (whether or not the separation is temporary) resulting directly from a reduction-in-force, discontinuance of a plant or operation, or other similar conditions. Taxact 1040ez In addition, sickness and accident benefits (but not vacation, retirement, or death benefits) may be included in the plan if these are subordinate to the unemployment compensation benefits. Taxact 1040ez Diversion of funds. Taxact 1040ez   It must be impossible under the plan (at any time before the satisfaction of all liabilities with respect to employees under the plan) to use or to divert any of the corpus or income of the trust to any purpose other than the payment of supplemental unemployment compensation benefits (or sickness or accident benefits to the extent just explained). Taxact 1040ez Discrimination in benefits. Taxact 1040ez   Neither the terms of the plan nor the actual payment of benefits can be discriminatory in favor of the company's officers, stockholders, supervisors, or highly paid employees. Taxact 1040ez However, a plan is not discriminatory merely because benefits bear a uniform relationship to compensation or the rate of compensation. Taxact 1040ez Prohibited transactions and exemption. Taxact 1040ez   If your organization is a supplemental unemployment benefit trust and has received a denial of exemption because it engaged in a prohibited transaction, as defined by section 503(b), it can file a claim for exemption in any tax year following the tax year in which the notice of denial was issued. Taxact 1040ez It must file the claim on Form 1024. Taxact 1040ez The organization must include a written declaration that it will not knowingly again engage in a prohibited transaction. Taxact 1040ez An authorized principal officer of your organization must make this declaration under the penalties of perjury. Taxact 1040ez   If your organization has satisfied all requirements as a supplemental unemployment benefit trust described in section 501(c)(17), it will be notified in writing that it has been recognized as exempt. Taxact 1040ez However, the organization will be exempt only for those tax years after the tax year in which the claim for exemption (Form 1024) is filed. Taxact 1040ez Tax year in this case means the established annual accounting period of the organization or, if the organization has not established an annual accounting period, the calendar year. Taxact 1040ez For more information about the requirements for reestablishing an exemption previously denied, contact the IRS. Taxact 1040ez 501(c)(12) - Local Benevolent Life Insurance Associations, Mutual Irrigation and Telephone Companies, and Like Organizations Each of the following organizations apply for recognition of exemption from federal income tax by filing Form 1024. Taxact 1040ez Benevolent life insurance associations of a purely local character and like organizations. Taxact 1040ez Mutual ditch or irrigation companies and like organizations. Taxact 1040ez Mutual or cooperative telephone companies and like organizations. Taxact 1040ez A like organization is an organization that performs a service comparable to that performed by any one of the above organizations. Taxact 1040ez The information to be provided upon application by each of these organizations is described in this section. Taxact 1040ez For information as to the procedures to follow in applying for exemption, see chapter 1. Taxact 1040ez General requirements. Taxact 1040ez   These organizations must use their income solely to cover losses and expenses, with any excess being returned to members or retained to cover future losses and expenses. Taxact 1040ez They must collect at least 85% of their income from members for the sole purpose of meeting losses and expenses. Taxact 1040ez Mutual character. Taxact 1040ez   These organizations, other than benevolent life insurance associations, must be organized and operated on a mutual or cooperative basis. Taxact 1040ez They are associations of persons or organizations, or both, banded together to provide themselves a mutually desirable service approximately at cost and on a mutual basis. Taxact 1040ez To maintain the mutual characteristic of democratic ownership and control, they must be so organized and operated that their members have the right to choose the management, to receive services at cost, to receive a return of any excess of payments over losses and expenses, and to share in any assets upon dissolution. Taxact 1040ez   The rights and interests of members in the annual savings of the organization must be determined in proportion to their business with the organization. Taxact 1040ez Upon dissolution, gains from the sale of appreciated assets must be distributed to all persons who were members during the period the assets were owned by the organization in proportion to the amount of business done during that period. Taxact 1040ez The bylaws must not provide for forfeiture of a member's rights and interest upon withdrawal or termination. Taxact 1040ez Membership. Taxact 1040ez   Membership of a mutual organization consists of those who join the organization to obtain its services, and have a voice in its management. Taxact 1040ez In a stock company, the stockholders are members. Taxact 1040ez However, a mutual life insurance organization cannot have policyholders other than its members. Taxact 1040ez Losses and expenses. Taxact 1040ez   In furnishing services substantially at cost, an organization must use its income solely for paying losses and expenses. Taxact 1040ez Any excess income not retained in reasonable reserves for future losses and expenses belongs to members in proportion to their patronage or business done with the organization. Taxact 1040ez If such patronage refunds are retained in reasonable amounts for purposes of expanding and improving facilities, retiring capital indebtedness, acquiring other assets, and unexpected expenses, the organization must maintain records sufficient to reflect the equity of each member in the assets acquired with the funds. Taxact 1040ez Distributions of proceeds. Taxact 1040ez   The cooperative may distribute the unexpended balance of collections or assessments remaining on hand at the end of the year to members or patrons prorated on the basis of their patronage or business done with the cooperative. Taxact 1040ez Such distribution represents a refund in the costs of services rendered to the member. Taxact 1040ez The 85% Requirement All of the organizations listed above must submit evidence with their application that they receive 85% or more of their gross income from their members for the sole purpose of meeting losses and expenses. Taxact 1040ez Nevertheless, certain items of income are excluded from the computation of the 85% requirement if the organization is a mutual or cooperative telephone or electric company. Taxact 1040ez Mutual or cooperative telephone company. Taxact 1040ez   A mutual or cooperative telephone company will exclude from the computation of the 85% requirement any income received or accrued from: A nonmember telephone company for the performance of communication services involving the completion of long distance calls to, from, or between members of the mutual or cooperative telephone company, Qualified pole rentals, The sale of display listings in a directory furnished to its members, or The prepayment of a loan created in 1987, 1988, or 1989, under section 306A, 306B, or 311 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936. Taxact 1040ez Mutual or cooperative electric company. Taxact 1040ez   A mutual or cooperative electric company will exclude from the computation of the 85% requirement any income received or accrued from: Qualified pole rentals, Any provision or sale of electric energy transmission services or ancillary service if the services are provided on a nondiscriminatory open access basis under an open access transmission tariff approved or accepted by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) or under an independent transmission provider agreement approved or accepted by FERC (other than income received or accrued directly or indirectly from a member), The provision or sale of electric energy distribution services or ancillary services if the services are provided on a nondiscriminatory open-access basis to distribute electric energy not owned by the mutual or electric cooperative company: To end-users who are served by distribution facilities not owned by the company or any of its members (other than income received or accrued directly or indirectly from a member), or Generated by a generation facility not owned or leased by the company or any of its members and which is directly connected to distribution facilities owned by the company or any of its members (other than income received or accrued directly or indirectly from a member), Any nuclear decommissioning transaction, or Any asset exchange or conversion transaction. Taxact 1040ez   An electric cooperative's sale of excess fuel at cost in the year of purchase is not income for purposes of determining compliance with the 85% requirement. Taxact 1040ez Qualified pole rental. Taxact 1040ez   The term qualified pole rental means any rental of a pole (or other structure used to support wires) if the pole (or other structure) is used: By the telephone or electric company to support one or more wires that are used by the company in providing telephone or electric services to its members, and Pursuant to the rental to support one or more wires (in addition to wires described in (1)) for use in connection with the transmission by wire of electricity or of telephone or other communications. Taxact 1040ez   The term rental, for this purpose, includes any sale of the right to use the pole (or other structure). Taxact 1040ez The 85% requirement is applied on the basis of an annual accounting period. Taxact 1040ez Failure of an organization to meet the requirement in a particular year precludes exemption for that year, but has no effect upon exemption for years in which the 85% requirement is met. Taxact 1040ez Gain from the sale or conversion of the organization's property is not considered an amount received from members in determining whether the organization's income consists of amounts collected from members. Taxact 1040ez Because the 85% income test is based on gross income, capital losses cannot be used to reduce capital gains for purposes of this test. Taxact 1040ez Example. Taxact 1040ez   The books of an organization reflect the following for the calendar year. Taxact 1040ez Collections from members $2,400 Short-term capital gains 600 Short-term capital losses 400 Other income None Gross income ($2,400 + $600 =$3000) 100% Collected from members ($2,400) 80%   Since amounts collected from members do not constitute at least 85% of gross income, the organization is not entitled to exemption from federal income tax for the year. Taxact 1040ez   Voluntary contributions in the nature of gifts are not taken into account for purposes of the 85% computation. Taxact 1040ez   Other tax-exempt income besides gifts is considered as income received from other than members in applying the 85% test. Taxact 1040ez   If the 85% test is not met, your organization, if classifiable under this section, will not qualify for exemption as any other type of organization described in this publication. Taxact 1040ez Tax treatment of donations. Taxact 1040ez   Donations to an organization described in this section are not deductible as charitable contributions on the donor's federal income tax return. Taxact 1040ez Local Life Insurance Associations A benevolent life insurance association or an organization seeking recognition of exemption on grounds of similarity to a benevolent life insurance association must submit evidence upon applying for recognition of exemption that it will be of a purely local character, that its excess funds will be refunded to members or retained in reasonable reserves to meet future losses and expenses, and that it meets the 85% income requirement. Taxact 1040ez If an organization issues policies for stipulated cash premiums, or if it requires advance deposits to cover the cost of the insurance and maintains investments from which more than 15% of its income is derived, it will not be entitled to exemption. Taxact 1040ez To establish that your organization is of a purely local character, it should show that its activities will be confined to a particular community, place, or district irrespective of political subdivisions. Taxact 1040ez If the activities of an organization are limited only by the borders of a state, it cannot be purely local in character. Taxact 1040ez A benevolent life insurance association that does not terminate membership when a member moves from the local area in which the association operates will qualify for exemption if it meets the other requirements. Taxact 1040ez A copy of each type of policy issued by your organization should be included with the application for recognition of exemption. Taxact 1040ez Organizations similar to local benevolent life insurance companies. Taxact 1040ez   These organizations include those that in addition to paying death benefits also provide for the payment of sick, accident, or health benefits. Taxact 1040ez However, an organization that pays only sick, accident, or health benefits, but not life insurance benefits, is not an organization similar to a benevolent life insurance association and should not apply for recognition of exemption as described in this section. Taxact 1040ez Burial and funeral benefit insurance organization. Taxact 1040ez   This type of organization can apply for recognition of exemption as an organization similar to a benevolent life insurance company if it establishes that the benefits are paid in cash and if it is not engaged directly in the manufacture of funeral supplies or the performance of funeral services. Taxact 1040ez An organization that provides its benefits in the form of supplies and service is not a life insurance company. Taxact 1040ez Such an organization can seek recognition of exemption from federal income tax, however, as a mutual insurance company other than life. Taxact 1040ez Mutual or Cooperative Associations Mutual ditch or irrigation companies, mutual or cooperative telephone companies, and like organizations need not establish that they are of a purely local character. Taxact 1040ez They can serve noncontiguous areas. Taxact 1040ez Like organization. Taxact 1040ez   A like organization is a cooperative or mutual organization that performs a service similar to mutual ditch, irrigation, telephone, or electric companies. Taxact 1040ez Examples include the following: cooperatives that provide protection of river banks to prevent erosion, water and sewer services, cable television, satellite, television, cellular phone services, two-way radio service, or natural gas services. Taxact 1040ez 501(c)(13) - Cemetery Companies If your organization wishes to obtain recognition of exemption from federal income tax as a cemetery company or a corporation chartered solely for the purpose of the disposal of human bodies by burial or cremation, it must file an application on Form 1024. Taxact 1040ez For the procedure to follow to file an application, see Application, Approval, and Appeal Procedures in chapter 1. Taxact 1040ez A nonprofit mutual cemetery company that seeks recognition of exemption should submit evidence with its application that it is owned and operated exclusively for the benefit of its lot owners who hold lots for bona fide burial purposes and not for purposes of resale. Taxact 1040ez A mutual cemetery company that also engages in charitable activities, such as the burial of paupers, will be regarded as operating within this standard. Taxact 1040ez The fact that a mutual cemetery company limits its membership to a particular class of individuals, such as members of a family, will not affect its status as mutual so long as all the other requirements of section 501(c)(13) are met. Taxact 1040ez If your organization is a nonprofit corporation chartered solely for the purpose of the disposal of human bodies by burial or cremation, you should show that it is not permitted by its charter to engage in any business not necessarily incident to that purpose. Taxact 1040ez Operating a mortuary is not permitted. Taxact 1040ez However, selling monuments, markers, vaults, and flowers solely for use in the cemetery is permitted if the profits from these sales are used to maintain the cemetery as a whole. Taxact 1040ez How income can be used. Taxact 1040ez   You should show that your organization's earnings are or will be used only in one or more of the following ways. Taxact 1040ez To pay the ordinary and necessary expenses of operating, maintaining, and improving the cemetery or crematorium. Taxact 1040ez To buy cemetery property. Taxact 1040ez To create a fund that will provide a source of income for the perpetual care of the cemetery or a reasonable reserve for any ordinary or necessary purpose. Taxact 1040ez No part of the net earnings of your organization can inure to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual. Taxact 1040ez Ordinary and necessary expenses in connection with the operation, management, maintenance, and improvement of the cemetery are permitted, as are reasonable fees for the services of a manager. Taxact 1040ez Buying cemetery property. Taxact 1040ez   Payments can be made to amortize debt incurred to buy land, but cannot be in the nature of profit distributions. Taxact 1040ez You must show the method used to finance the purchase of the cemetery property and that the purchase price of the land at the time of its sale to the cemetery was not unreasonable. Taxact 1040ez   Except for holders of preferred stock (discussed later), no person can have any interest in the net earnings of a tax-exempt cemetery company or crematorium. Taxact 1040ez Therefore, if property is transferred to the organization in exchange for an interest in the organization's net earnings, the organization will not