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Tax Act 2012 Free

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Tax Act 2012 Free

Tax act 2012 free Publication 1212 - Main Content Table of Contents Definitions Debt Instruments on the OID List Debt Instruments Not on the OID List Information for Brokers and Other MiddlemenShort-Term Obligations Redeemed at Maturity Long-Term Debt Instruments Certificates of Deposit Bearer Bonds and Coupons Backup Withholding Information for Owners of OID Debt InstrumentsExceptions. Tax act 2012 free Adjustment for premium. Tax act 2012 free Adjustment for acquisition premium. Tax act 2012 free Adjustment for market discount. Tax act 2012 free Form 1099-OID How To Report OID Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments Figuring OID on Stripped Bonds and Coupons How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics Definitions The following terms are used throughout this publication. Tax act 2012 free “Original issue discount” is defined first. Tax act 2012 free The other terms are listed alphabetically. Tax act 2012 free Original issue discount (OID). Tax act 2012 free   OID is a form of interest. Tax act 2012 free It is the excess of a debt instrument's stated redemption price at maturity over its issue price (acquisition price for a stripped bond or coupon). Tax act 2012 free Zero coupon bonds and debt instruments that pay no stated interest until maturity are examples of debt instruments that have OID. Tax act 2012 free Accrual period. Tax act 2012 free   An accrual period is an interval of time used to measure OID. Tax act 2012 free The length of an accrual period can be 6 months, a year, or some other period, depending on when the debt instrument was issued. Tax act 2012 free Acquisition premium. Tax act 2012 free   Acquisition premium is the excess of a debt instrument's adjusted basis immediately after purchase, including purchase at original issue, over the debt instrument's adjusted issue price at that time. Tax act 2012 free A debt instrument does not have acquisition premium, however, if the debt instrument was purchased at a premium. Tax act 2012 free See Premium, later. Tax act 2012 free Adjusted issue price. Tax act 2012 free   The adjusted issue price of a debt instrument at the beginning of an accrual period is used to figure the OID allocable to that period. Tax act 2012 free In general, the adjusted issue price at the beginning of the debt instrument's first accrual period is its issue price. Tax act 2012 free The adjusted issue price at the beginning of any subsequent accrual period is the sum of the issue price and all the OID includible in income before that accrual period minus any payment previously made on the debt instrument, other than a payment of qualified stated interest. Tax act 2012 free Debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free   The term “debt instrument” means any instrument or contractual arrangement that constitutes indebtedness under general principles of federal income tax law (including, for example, a bond, debenture, note, certificate, or other evidence of indebtedness). Tax act 2012 free It generally does not include an annuity contract. Tax act 2012 free Issue price. Tax act 2012 free   For debt instruments listed in Section I-A and Section I-B, the issue price generally is the initial offering price to the public (excluding bond houses and brokers) at which a substantial amount of these instruments was sold. Tax act 2012 free Market discount. Tax act 2012 free   Market discount arises when a debt instrument purchased in the secondary market has decreased in value since its issue date, generally because of an increase in interest rates. Tax act 2012 free An OID debt instrument has market discount if your adjusted basis in the debt instrument immediately after you acquired it (usually its purchase price) was less than the debt instrument's issue price plus the total OID that accrued before you acquired it. Tax act 2012 free The market discount is the difference between the issue price plus accrued OID and your adjusted basis. Tax act 2012 free Premium. Tax act 2012 free   A debt instrument is purchased at a premium if its adjusted basis immediately after purchase is greater than the total of all amounts payable on the debt instrument after the purchase date, other than qualified stated interest. Tax act 2012 free The premium is the excess of the adjusted basis over the payable amounts. Tax act 2012 free See Publication 550 for information on the tax treatment of bond premium. Tax act 2012 free Qualified stated interest. Tax act 2012 free   In general, qualified stated interest is stated interest that is unconditionally payable in cash or property (other than debt instruments of the issuer) at least annually over the term of the debt instrument at a single fixed rate. Tax act 2012 free Stated redemption price at maturity. Tax act 2012 free   A debt instrument's stated redemption price at maturity is the sum of all amounts (principal and interest) payable on the debt instrument other than qualified stated interest. Tax act 2012 free Yield to maturity (YTM). Tax act 2012 free   In general, the YTM is the discount rate that, when used in figuring the present value of all principal and interest payments, produces an amount equal to the issue price of the debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free The YTM is generally shown on the face of the debt instrument or in the literature you receive from your broker. Tax act 2012 free If you do not have this information, consult your broker, tax advisor, or the issuer. Tax act 2012 free Debt Instruments on the OID List The OID list on the IRS website can be used by brokers and other middlemen to prepare information returns. Tax act 2012 free If you own a listed debt instrument, you generally should not rely on the information in the OID list to determine (or compare) the OID to be reported on your tax return. Tax act 2012 free The OID amounts listed are figured without reference to the price or date at which you acquired the debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free For information about determining the OID to be reported on your tax return, see the instructions for figuring OID under Information for Owners of OID Debt Instruments, later. Tax act 2012 free The following discussions explain what information is contained in each section of the list. Tax act 2012 free Section I. Tax act 2012 free   This section contains publicly offered, long-term debt instruments. Tax act 2012 free Section I-A: Corporate Debt Instruments Issued Before 1985. Tax act 2012 free Section I-B: Corporate Debt Instruments Issued After 1984. Tax act 2012 free Section I-C: Inflation-Indexed Debt Instruments. Tax act 2012 free For each publicly offered debt instrument in Section I, the list contains the following information. Tax act 2012 free The name of the issuer. Tax act 2012 free The Committee on Uniform Security Identification Procedures (CUSIP) number. Tax act 2012 free The issue date. Tax act 2012 free The maturity date. Tax act 2012 free The issue price expressed as a percent of principal or of stated redemption price at maturity. Tax act 2012 free The annual stated or coupon interest rate. Tax act 2012 free (This rate is shown as 0. Tax act 2012 free 00 if no annual interest payments are provided. Tax act 2012 free ) The yield to maturity will be added to Section I-B for bonds issued after December 31, 2006. Tax act 2012 free The total OID accrued up to January 1 of a calendar year. Tax act 2012 free (This information is not available for every instrument. Tax act 2012 free ) For long-term debt instruments issued after July 1, 1982, the daily OID for the accrual periods falling in a calendar year and a subsequent year. Tax act 2012 free The total OID per $1,000 of principal or maturity value for a calendar year and a subsequent year. Tax act 2012 free Section II. Tax act 2012 free   This section contains stripped coupons and principal components of U. Tax act 2012 free S. Tax act 2012 free Treasury and Government-Sponsored Enterprise debt instruments. Tax act 2012 free These stripped components are available through the Department of the Treasury's Separate Trading of Registered Interest and Principal of Securities (STRIPS) program and government-sponsored enterprises such as the Resolution Funding Corporation. Tax act 2012 free This section also includes debt instruments backed by U. Tax act 2012 free S. Tax act 2012 free Treasury securities that represent ownership interests in those securities. Tax act 2012 free   The obligations listed in Section II are arranged by maturity date. Tax act 2012 free The amounts listed are the total OID for a calendar year per $1,000 of redemption price. Tax act 2012 free Section III. Tax act 2012 free   This section contains short-term discount obligations. Tax act 2012 free Section III-A: Short-Term U. Tax act 2012 free S. Tax act 2012 free Treasury Bills. Tax act 2012 free Section III-B: Federal Home Loan Banks. Tax act 2012 free Section III-C: Federal National Mortgage Association. Tax act 2012 free Section III-D: Federal Farm Credit Banks. Tax act 2012 free Section III-E: Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation. Tax act 2012 free Section III-F: Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation. Tax act 2012 free    Information that supplements Section III-A is available on the Internet at http://www. Tax act 2012 free treasurydirect. Tax act 2012 free gov/tdhome. Tax act 2012 free htm. Tax act 2012 free   The short-term obligations listed in this section are arranged by maturity date. Tax act 2012 free For each obligation, the list contains the CUSIP number, maturity date, issue date, issue price (expressed as a percent of principal), and discount to be reported as interest for a calendar year per $1,000 of redemption price. Tax act 2012 free Brokers and other middlemen should rely on the issue price information in Section III only if they are unable to determine the price actually paid by the owner. Tax act 2012 free Debt Instruments Not on the OID List The list of debt instruments discussed earlier does not contain the following items. Tax act 2012 free U. Tax act 2012 free S. Tax act 2012 free savings bonds. Tax act 2012 free Certificates of deposit and other face-amount certificates issued at a discount, including syndicated certificates of deposit. Tax act 2012 free Obligations issued by tax-exempt organizations. Tax act 2012 free OID debt instruments that matured or were entirely called by the issuer before the tables were posted on the IRS website. Tax act 2012 free Mortgage-backed securities and mortgage participation certificates. Tax act 2012 free Long-term OID debt instruments issued before May 28, 1969. Tax act 2012 free Short-term obligations, other than the obligations listed in Section III. Tax act 2012 free Debt instruments issued at a discount by states or their political subdivisions. Tax act 2012 free REMIC regular interests and CDOs. Tax act 2012 free Commercial paper and banker's acceptances issued at a discount. Tax act 2012 free Obligations issued at a discount by individuals. Tax act 2012 free Foreign obligations not traded in the United States and obligations not issued in the United States. Tax act 2012 free Information for Brokers and Other Middlemen The following discussions contain specific instructions for brokers and middlemen who hold or redeem a debt instrument for the owner. Tax act 2012 free In general, you must file a Form 1099 for the debt instrument if the interest or OID to be included in the owner's income for a calendar year totals $10 or more. Tax act 2012 free You also must file a Form 1099 if you were required to deduct and withhold tax, even if the interest or OID is less than $10. Tax act 2012 free See Backup Withholding, later. Tax act 2012 free If you must file a Form 1099, furnish a copy to the owner of the debt instrument by January 31 in the year it is due. Tax act 2012 free File all your Forms 1099 with the IRS, accompanied by Form 1096, by February 28 in the year it is due (March 31 if you file electronically). Tax act 2012 free Electronic payee statements. Tax act 2012 free   You can issue Form 1099-OID electronically with the consent of the recipient. Tax act 2012 free More information. Tax act 2012 free   For more information, including penalties for failure to file (or furnish) required information returns or statements, see the General Instructions for Certain Information Returns (Forms 1098, 1099, 3921, 3922, 5498, and W-2G) for the appropriate calendar year. Tax act 2012 free Short-Term Obligations Redeemed at Maturity If you redeem a short-term discount obligation for the owner at maturity, you must report the discount as interest on Form 1099-INT. Tax act 2012 free To figure the discount, use the purchase price shown on the owner's copy of the purchase confirmation receipt or similar record, or the price shown in your transaction records. Tax act 2012 free If you sell the obligation for the owner before maturity, you must file Form 1099-B to reflect the gross proceeds to the seller. Tax act 2012 free Do not report the accrued discount to the date of sale on either Form 1099-INT or Form 1099-OID. Tax act 2012 free If the owner's purchase price cannot be determined, figure the discount as if the owner had purchased the obligation at its original issue price. Tax act 2012 free A special rule is used to determine the original issue price for information reporting on U. Tax act 2012 free S. Tax act 2012 free Treasury bills (T-bills) listed in Section III-A. Tax act 2012 free Under this rule, you treat as the original issue price of the T-bill the noncompetitive (weighted average of accepted auction bids) discount price for the longest-maturity T-bill maturing on the same date as the T-bill being redeemed. Tax act 2012 free This noncompetitive discount price is the issue price (expressed as a percent of principal) shown in Section III-A. Tax act 2012 free A similar rule is used to figure the discount on short-term discount obligations issued by the organizations listed in Section III-B through Section III-F. Tax act 2012 free Example 1. Tax act 2012 free There are 13-week and 26-week T-bills maturing on the same date as the T-bill being redeemed. Tax act 2012 free The price actually paid by the owner cannot be established by owner or middleman records. Tax act 2012 free You treat as the issue price of the T-bill the noncompetitive discount price (expressed as a percent of principal) shown in Section III-A for a 26-week bill maturing on the same date as the T-bill redeemed. Tax act 2012 free The interest you report on Form 1099-INT is the OID (per $1,000 of principal) shown in Section III-A for that obligation. Tax act 2012 free Long-Term Debt Instruments If you hold a long-term OID debt instrument as a nominee for the true owner, you generally must file Form 1099-OID. Tax act 2012 free For this purpose, you can rely on Section I of the OID list to determine the following information. Tax act 2012 free Whether a debt instrument has OID. Tax act 2012 free The OID to be reported on the Form 1099-OID. Tax act 2012 free In general, you must report OID on publicly offered, long-term debt instruments listed in Section I. Tax act 2012 free You also can report OID on other long-term debt instruments. Tax act 2012 free Form 1099-OID. Tax act 2012 free   On Form 1099-OID for a calendar year show the following information. Tax act 2012 free Box 1. Tax act 2012 free The OID for the actual dates the owner held the debt instruments during a calendar year. Tax act 2012 free To determine this amount, see Figuring OID, next. Tax act 2012 free Box 2. Tax act 2012 free The qualified stated interest paid or credited during the calendar year. Tax act 2012 free Interest reported here is not reported on Form 1099-INT. Tax act 2012 free The qualified stated interest on Treasury inflation-protected securities may be reported on Form 1099-INT in box 3 instead. Tax act 2012 free Box 3. Tax act 2012 free Any interest or principal forfeited because of an early withdrawal that the owner can deduct from gross income. Tax act 2012 free Do not reduce the amounts in boxes 1 and 2 by the forfeiture. Tax act 2012 free Box 4. Tax act 2012 free Any backup withholding for this debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free Box 7. Tax act 2012 free The CUSIP number, if any. Tax act 2012 free If there is no CUSIP number, give a description of the debt instrument, including the abbreviation for the stock exchange, the abbreviation used by the stock exchange for the issuer, the coupon rate, and the year of maturity (for example, NYSE XYZ 12. Tax act 2012 free 50 2006). Tax act 2012 free If the issuer of the debt instrument is other than the payer, show the name of the issuer in this box. Tax act 2012 free Box 8. Tax act 2012 free The OID on a U. Tax act 2012 free S. Tax act 2012 free Treasury obligation for the part of the year the owner held the debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free Box 9. Tax act 2012 free Investment expenses passed on to holders of a single-class REMIC. Tax act 2012 free Boxes 10-12. Tax act 2012 free Use to report any state income tax withheld for this debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free Figuring OID. Tax act 2012 free   You can determine the OID on a long-term debt instrument by using either of the following. Tax act 2012 free Section I of the OID list. Tax act 2012 free The income tax regulations. Tax act 2012 free Using Section I. Tax act 2012 free   If the owner held the debt instrument for the entire calendar year, report the OID shown in Section I for the calendar year. Tax act 2012 free Because OID is listed for each $1,000 of stated redemption price at maturity, you must adjust the listed amount to reflect the debt instrument's actual stated redemption price at maturity. Tax act 2012 free For example, if the debt instrument's stated redemption price at maturity is $500, report one-half the listed OID. Tax act 2012 free   If the owner held the debt instrument for less than the entire calendar year, figure the OID to report as follows. Tax act 2012 free Look up the daily OID for the first accrual period in the calendar year during which the owner held the debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free Multiply the daily OID by the number of days the owner held the debt instrument during that accrual period. Tax act 2012 free Repeat steps (1) and (2) for any remaining accrual periods for the year during which the owner held the debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free Add the results in steps (2) and (3) to determine the owner's OID per $1,000 of stated redemption price at maturity. Tax act 2012 free If necessary, adjust the OID in (4) to reflect the debt instrument's stated redemption price at maturity. Tax act 2012 free Report the result on Form 1099-OID in box 1. Tax act 2012 free Using the income tax regulations. Tax act 2012 free   Instead of using Section I to figure OID, you can use the regulations under sections 1272 through 1275 of the Internal Revenue Code. Tax act 2012 free For example, under the regulations, you can use monthly accrual periods in figuring OID for a debt instrument issued after April 3, 1994, that provides for monthly payments. Tax act 2012 free (If you use Section I-B, the OID is figured using 6-month accrual periods. Tax act 2012 free )   For a general explanation of the rules for figuring OID under the regulations, see Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments under Information for Owners of OID Debt Instruments, later. Tax act 2012 free Certificates of Deposit If you hold a bank certificate of deposit (CD) as a nominee, you must determine whether the CD has OID and any OID includible in the income of the owner. Tax act 2012 free You must file an information return showing the reportable interest and OID, if any, on the CD. Tax act 2012 free These rules apply whether or not you sold the CD to the owner. Tax act 2012 free Report OID on a CD in the same way as OID on other debt instruments. Tax act 2012 free See Short-Term Obligations Redeemed at Maturity and Long-Term Debt Instruments, earlier. Tax act 2012 free Bearer Bonds and Coupons If a coupon from a bearer bond is presented to you for collection before the bond matures, you generally must report the interest on Form 1099-INT. Tax act 2012 free However, do not report the interest if either of the following apply. Tax act 2012 free You hold the bond as a nominee for the true owner. Tax act 2012 free The payee is a foreign person. Tax act 2012 free See Payments to foreign person under Backup Withholding, later. Tax act 2012 free Because you cannot assume the presenter of the coupon also owns the bond, you should not report OID on the bond on Form 1099-OID. Tax act 2012 free The coupon may have been “stripped” (separated) from the bond and separately purchased. Tax act 2012 free However, if a long-term bearer bond on the OID list is presented to you for redemption upon call or maturity, you should prepare a Form 1099-OID showing the OID for that calendar year, as well as any coupon interest payments collected at the time of redemption. Tax act 2012 free Backup Withholding If you report OID on Form 1099-OID or interest on Form 1099-INT for a calendar year, you may be required to apply backup withholding to the reportable payment at a rate of 28%. Tax act 2012 free The backup withholding is deducted at the time a cash payment is made. Tax act 2012 free See Pub. Tax act 2012 free 1281, Backup Withholding for Missing and Incorrect Name/TIN(s), for more information. Tax act 2012 free Backup withholding generally applies in the following situations. Tax act 2012 free The payee does not give you a taxpayer identification number (TIN). Tax act 2012 free The IRS notifies you that the payee gave an incorrect TIN. Tax act 2012 free The IRS notifies you that the payee is subject to backup withholding due to payee underreporting. Tax act 2012 free For debt instruments acquired after 1983: The payee does not certify, under penalties of perjury, that he or she is not subject to backup withholding under (3), or The payee does not certify, under penalties of perjury, that the TIN given is correct. Tax act 2012 free However, for short-term discount obligations (other than government obligations), bearer bonds and coupons, and U. Tax act 2012 free S. Tax act 2012 free savings bonds, backup withholding applies only if the payee does not give you a TIN or gives you an obviously incorrect number for a TIN. Tax act 2012 free Short-term obligations. Tax act 2012 free   Backup withholding applies to OID on a short-term obligation only when the OID is paid at maturity. Tax act 2012 free However, backup withholding applies to any interest payable before maturity when the interest is paid or credited. Tax act 2012 free   If the owner of a short-term obligation at maturity is not the original owner and can establish the purchase price of the obligation, the amount subject to backup withholding must be determined by treating the purchase price as the issue price. Tax act 2012 free However, you can choose to disregard that price if it would require significant manual intervention in the computer or recordkeeping system used for the obligation. Tax act 2012 free If the purchase price of a listed obligation is not established or is disregarded, you must use the issue price shown in Section III. Tax act 2012 free Long-term obligations. Tax act 2012 free   If no cash payments are made on a long-term obligation before maturity, backup withholding applies only at maturity. Tax act 2012 free The amount subject to backup withholding is the OID includible in the owner's gross income for the calendar year when the obligation matures. Tax act 2012 free The amount to be withheld is limited to the cash paid. Tax act 2012 free Registered long-term obligations with cash payments. Tax act 2012 free   If a registered long-term obligation has cash payments before maturity, backup withholding applies when a cash payment is made. Tax act 2012 free The amount subject to backup withholding is the total of the qualified stated interest (defined earlier under Definitions) and OID includible in the owner's gross income for the calendar year when the payment is made. Tax act 2012 free If more than one cash payment is made during the year, the OID subject to withholding for the year must be allocated among the expected cash payments in the ratio that each bears to the total of the expected cash payments. Tax act 2012 free For any payment, the required withholding is limited to the cash paid. Tax act 2012 free Payee not the original owner. Tax act 2012 free   If the payee is not the original owner of the obligation, the OID subject to backup withholding is the OID includible in the gross income of all owners during the calendar year (without regard to any amount paid by the new owner at the time of transfer). Tax act 2012 free The amount subject to backup withholding at maturity of a listed obligation must be determined using the issue price shown in Section I. Tax act 2012 free Bearer long-term obligations with cash payments. Tax act 2012 free   If a bearer long-term obligation has cash payments before maturity, backup withholding applies when the cash payments are made. Tax act 2012 free For payments before maturity, the amount subject to withholding is the qualified stated interest (defined earlier under Definitions) includible in the owner's gross income for the calendar year. Tax act 2012 free For a payment at maturity, the amount subject to withholding is only the total of any qualified stated interest paid at maturity and the OID includible in the owner's gross income for the calendar year when the obligation matures. Tax act 2012 free The required withholding at maturity is limited to the cash paid. Tax act 2012 free Sales and redemptions. Tax act 2012 free   If you report the gross proceeds from a sale, exchange, or redemption of a debt instrument on Form 1099-B for a calendar year, you may be required to withhold 28% of the amount reported. Tax act 2012 free Backup withholding applies in the following situations. Tax act 2012 free The payee does not give you a TIN. Tax act 2012 free The IRS notifies you that the payee gave an incorrect TIN. Tax act 2012 free For debt instruments held in an account opened after 1983, the payee does not certify, under penalties of perjury, that the TIN given is correct. Tax act 2012 free Payments outside the United States to U. Tax act 2012 free S. Tax act 2012 free person. Tax act 2012 free   The requirements for backup withholding and information reporting apply to payments of OID and interest made outside the United States to a U. Tax act 2012 free S. Tax act 2012 free person, a controlled foreign corporation, or a foreign person at least 50% of whose income for the preceding 3-year period is effectively connected with the conduct of a U. Tax act 2012 free S. Tax act 2012 free trade or business. Tax act 2012 free Payments to foreign person. Tax act 2012 free   The following discussions explain the rules for backup withholding and information reporting on payments to foreign persons. Tax act 2012 free U. Tax act 2012 free S. Tax act 2012 free -source amount. Tax act 2012 free   Backup withholding and information reporting are not required for payments of U. Tax act 2012 free S. Tax act 2012 free -source OID, interest, or proceeds from a sale or redemption of an OID instrument if the payee has given you proof (generally the appropriate Form W-8 or an acceptable substitute) that the payee is a foreign person. Tax act 2012 free A U. Tax act 2012 free S. Tax act 2012 free resident is not a foreign person. Tax act 2012 free For proof of the payee's foreign status, you can rely on the appropriate Form W-8 or on documentary evidence for payments made outside the United States to an offshore account or, in case of broker proceeds, a sale effected outside the United States. Tax act 2012 free Receipt of the appropriate Form W-8 does not relieve you from information reporting and backup withholding if you actually know the payee is a U. Tax act 2012 free S. Tax act 2012 free person. Tax act 2012 free   For information about the 28% withholding tax that may apply to payments of U. Tax act 2012 free S. Tax act 2012 free -source OID or interest to foreign persons, see Publication 515. Tax act 2012 free Foreign-source amount. Tax act 2012 free   Backup withholding and information reporting are not required for payments of foreign-source OID and interest made outside the United States. Tax act 2012 free However, if the payments are made inside the United States, the requirements for backup withholding and information reporting will apply unless the payee has given you the appropriate Form W-8 or acceptable substitute as proof that the payee is a foreign person. Tax act 2012 free More information. Tax act 2012 free   For more information about backup withholding and information reporting on foreign-source amounts or payments to foreign persons, see Regulations section 1. Tax act 2012 free 6049-5. Tax act 2012 free Information for Owners of OID Debt Instruments This section is for persons who prepare their own tax returns. Tax act 2012 free It discusses the income tax rules for figuring and reporting OID on long-term debt instruments. Tax act 2012 free It also includes a similar discussion for stripped bonds and coupons, such as zero coupon bonds available through the Department of the Treasury's STRIPS program and government-sponsored enterprises such as the Resolution Funding Corporation. Tax act 2012 free However, the information provided does not cover every situation. Tax act 2012 free More information can be found in the regulations under sections 1271 through 1275 of the Internal Revenue Code. Tax act 2012 free Including OID in income. Tax act 2012 free   Generally, you include OID in income as it accrues each year, whether or not you receive any payments from the debt instrument issuer. Tax act 2012 free Exceptions. Tax act 2012 free   The rules for including OID in income as it accrues generally do not apply to the following debt instruments. Tax act 2012 free U. Tax act 2012 free S. Tax act 2012 free savings bonds. Tax act 2012 free Tax-exempt obligations. Tax act 2012 free (However, see Tax-Exempt Bonds and Coupons, later. Tax act 2012 free ) Obligations issued by individuals before March 2, 1984. Tax act 2012 free Loans of $10,000 or less between individuals who are not in the business of lending money. Tax act 2012 free (The dollar limit includes outstanding prior loans by the lender to the borrower. Tax act 2012 free ) This exception does not apply if a principal purpose of the loan is to avoid any federal tax. Tax act 2012 free   See chapter 1 of Publication 550 for information about the rules for these and other types of discounted debt instruments, such as short-term and market discount obligations. Tax act 2012 free Publication 550 also discusses rules for holders of REMIC interests and CDOs. Tax act 2012 free De minimis rule. Tax act 2012 free   You can treat OID as zero if the total OID on a debt instrument is less than one-fourth of 1% (. Tax act 2012 free 0025) of the stated redemption price at maturity multiplied by the number of full years from the date of original issue to maturity. Tax act 2012 free Debt instruments with de minimis OID are not listed in this publication. Tax act 2012 free There are special rules to determine the de minimis amount in the case of debt instruments that provide for more than one payment of principal. Tax act 2012 free Also, the de minimis rules generally do not apply to tax-exempt obligations. Tax act 2012 free Example 2. Tax act 2012 free You bought at issuance a 10-year debt instrument with a stated redemption price at maturity of $1,000, issued at $980 with OID of $20. Tax act 2012 free One-fourth of 1% of $1,000 (the stated redemption price) times 10 (the number of full years from the date of original issue to maturity) equals $25. Tax act 2012 free Under the de minimis rule, you can treat the OID as zero because the $20 discount is less than $25. Tax act 2012 free Example 3. Tax act 2012 free Assume the same facts as Example 2, except the debt instrument was issued at $950. Tax act 2012 free You must report part of the $50 OID each year because it is more than $25. Tax act 2012 free Choice to report all interest as OID. Tax act 2012 free   Generally, you can choose to treat all interest on a debt instrument acquired after April 3, 1994, as OID and include it in gross income by using the constant yield method. Tax act 2012 free See Constant yield method under Debt Instruments Issued After 1984, later, for more information. Tax act 2012 free   For this choice, interest includes stated interest, acquisition discount, OID, de minimis OID, market discount, de minimis market discount, and unstated interest, as adjusted by any amortizable bond premium or acquisition premium. Tax act 2012 free For more information, see Regulations section 1. Tax act 2012 free 1272-3. Tax act 2012 free Purchase after date of original issue. Tax act 2012 free   A debt instrument you purchased after the date of original issue may have premium, acquisition premium, or market discount. Tax act 2012 free If so, the OID reported to you on Form 1099-OID may have to be adjusted. Tax act 2012 free For more information, see Showing an OID adjustment under How To Report OID, later. Tax act 2012 free The following rules generally do not apply to contingent payment debt instruments. Tax act 2012 free Adjustment for premium. Tax act 2012 free   If your debt instrument (other than an inflation-indexed debt instrument) has premium, do not report any OID as ordinary income. Tax act 2012 free Your adjustment is the total OID shown on your Form 1099-OID. Tax act 2012 free Adjustment for acquisition premium. Tax act 2012 free   If your debt instrument has acquisition premium, reduce the OID you report. Tax act 2012 free Your adjustment is the difference between the OID shown on your Form 1099-OID and the reduced OID amount figured using the rules explained later under Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments. Tax act 2012 free Adjustment for market discount. Tax act 2012 free   If your debt instrument has market discount that you choose to include in income currently, increase the OID you report. Tax act 2012 free Your adjustment is the accrued market discount for the year. Tax act 2012 free See Market Discount Bonds in chapter 1 of Publication 550 for information on how to figure accrued market discount and include it in your income currently and for other information about market discount bonds. Tax act 2012 free If you choose to use the constant yield method to figure accrued market discount, also see Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments, later. Tax act 2012 free The constant yield method of figuring accrued OID, explained in those discussions under Constant yield method, is also used to figure accrued market discount. Tax act 2012 free For more information concerning premium or market discount on an inflation-indexed debt instrument, see Regulations section 1. Tax act 2012 free 1275-7. Tax act 2012 free Sale, exchange, or redemption. Tax act 2012 free   Generally, you treat your gain or loss from the sale, exchange, or redemption of a discounted debt instrument as a capital gain or loss if you held the debt instrument as a capital asset. Tax act 2012 free If you sold the debt instrument through a broker, you should receive Form 1099-B or an equivalent statement from the broker. Tax act 2012 free Use the Form 1099-B or other statement and your brokerage statements to complete Form 8949, and Schedule D (Form 1040). Tax act 2012 free   Your gain or loss is the difference between the amount you realized on the sale, exchange, or redemption and your basis in the debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free Your basis, generally, is your cost increased by the OID you have included in income each year you held it. Tax act 2012 free In general, to determine your gain or loss on a tax-exempt bond, figure your basis in the bond by adding to your cost the OID you would have included in income if the bond had been taxable. Tax act 2012 free   See chapter 4 of Publication 550 for more information about the tax treatment of the sale or redemption of discounted debt instruments. Tax act 2012 free Example 4. Tax act 2012 free Larry, a calendar year taxpayer, bought a corporate debt instrument at original issue for $86,235. Tax act 2012 free 00 on November 1 of Year 1. Tax act 2012 free The 15-year debt instrument matures on October 31 of Year 16 at a stated redemption price of $100,000. Tax act 2012 free The debt instrument provides for semiannual payments of interest at 10%. Tax act 2012 free Assume the debt instrument is a capital asset in Larry's hands. Tax act 2012 free The debt instrument has $13,765. Tax act 2012 free 00 of OID ($100,000 stated redemption price at maturity minus $86,235. Tax act 2012 free 00 issue price). Tax act 2012 free Larry sold the debt instrument for $90,000 on November 1 of Year 4. Tax act 2012 free Including the OID he will report for the period he held the debt instrument in Year 4, Larry has included $4,556. Tax act 2012 free 00 of OID in income and has increased his basis by that amount to $90,791. Tax act 2012 free 00. Tax act 2012 free Larry has realized a loss of $791. Tax act 2012 free 00. Tax act 2012 free All of Larry's loss is capital loss. Tax act 2012 free Form 1099-OID The issuer of the debt instrument (or your broker, if you purchased or held the debt instrument through a broker) should give you a copy of Form 1099-OID or a similar statement if the accrued OID for the calendar year is $10 or more and the term of the debt instrument is more than 1 year. Tax act 2012 free Form 1099-OID shows all OID income in box 1 except OID on a U. Tax act 2012 free S. Tax act 2012 free Treasury obligation, which is shown in box 8. Tax act 2012 free It also shows, in box 2, any qualified stated interest you must include in income. Tax act 2012 free (However, any qualified stated interest on Treasury inflation-protected securities can be reported on Form 1099-INT in box 3. Tax act 2012 free ) A copy of Form 1099-OID will be sent to the IRS. Tax act 2012 free Do not attach your copy to your tax return. Tax act 2012 free Keep it for your records. Tax act 2012 free If you are required to file a tax return and you receive Form 1099-OID showing taxable amounts, you must report these amounts on your return. Tax act 2012 free A 20% accuracy-related penalty may be charged for underpayment of tax due to either negligence or disregard of rules and regulations or substantial understatement of tax. Tax act 2012 free Form 1099-OID not received. Tax act 2012 free   If you held an OID debt instrument for a calendar year but did not receive a Form 1099-OID, refer to the discussions under Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments, later, for information on the OID you must report. Tax act 2012 free Refiguring OID. Tax act 2012 free   You must refigure the OID shown on Form 1099-OID, in box 1 or box 8, to determine the proper amount to include in income if one of the following applies. Tax act 2012 free You bought the debt instrument at a premium or at an acquisition premium. Tax act 2012 free The debt instrument is a stripped bond or coupon (including zero coupon bonds backed by U. Tax act 2012 free S. Tax act 2012 free Treasury securities). Tax act 2012 free The debt instrument is a contingent payment or inflation-indexed debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free See the discussions under Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments or Figuring OID on Stripped Bonds and Coupons, later, for the specific computations. Tax act 2012 free Refiguring interest. Tax act 2012 free   If you disposed of a debt instrument or acquired it from another holder between interest dates, see the discussion under Bonds Sold Between Interest Dates in chapter 1 of Publication 550 for information about refiguring the interest shown on Form 1099-OID in box 2. Tax act 2012 free Nominee. Tax act 2012 free   If you are the holder of an OID debt instrument and you receive a Form 1099-OID that shows your taxpayer identification number and includes amounts belonging to another person, you are considered a “nominee. Tax act 2012 free ” You must file another Form 1099-OID for each actual owner, showing the OID for the owner. Tax act 2012 free Show the owner of the debt instrument as the “recipient” and you as the “payer. Tax act 2012 free ”   Complete Form 1099-OID and Form 1096 and file the forms with the Internal Revenue Service Center for your area. Tax act 2012 free You must also give a copy of the Form 1099-OID to the actual owner. Tax act 2012 free However, you are not required to file a nominee return to show amounts belonging to your spouse. Tax act 2012 free See the Form 1099 instructions for more information. Tax act 2012 free   When preparing your tax return, follow the instructions under Showing an OID adjustment in the next discussion. Tax act 2012 free How To Report OID Generally, you report your taxable interest and OID income on the interest line of Form 1040EZ, Form 1040A, or Form 1040. Tax act 2012 free Form 1040 or Form 1040A required. Tax act 2012 free   You must use Form 1040 or Form 1040A (you cannot use Form 1040EZ) under either of the following conditions. Tax act 2012 free You received a Form 1099-OID as a nominee for the actual owner. Tax act 2012 free Your total interest and OID income for the year was more than $1,500. Tax act 2012 free Form 1040 required. Tax act 2012 free   You must use Form 1040 (you cannot use Form 1040A or Form 1040EZ) if you are reporting more or less OID than the amount shown on Form 1099-OID, other than because you are a nominee. Tax act 2012 free For example, if you paid a premium or an acquisition premium when you purchased the debt instrument, you must use Form 1040 because you will report less OID than shown on Form 1099-OID. Tax act 2012 free Also, you must use Form 1040 if you were charged an early withdrawal penalty. Tax act 2012 free Where to report. Tax act 2012 free   List each payer's name (if a brokerage firm gave you a Form 1099, list the brokerage firm as the payer) and the amount received from each payer on Form 1040A, Schedule B, Part I, line 1, or Form 1040, Schedule B, line 1. Tax act 2012 free Include all OID and periodic interest shown on any Form 1099-OID, boxes 1, 2, and 8, you received for the tax year. Tax act 2012 free Also include any other OID and interest income for which you did not receive a Form 1099. Tax act 2012 free Showing an OID adjustment. Tax act 2012 free   If you use Form 1040 to report more or less OID than shown on Form 1099-OID, list the full OID on Schedule B, Part I, line 1, and follow the instructions under 1 or 2, next. Tax act 2012 free   If you use Form 1040A to report the OID shown on a Form 1099-OID you received as a nominee for the actual owner, list the full OID on Schedule B, Part I, line 1 and follow the instructions under 1. Tax act 2012 free If the OID, as adjusted, is less than the amount shown on Form 1099-OID, show the adjustment as follows. Tax act 2012 free Under your last entry on line 1, subtotal all interest and OID income listed on line 1. Tax act 2012 free Below the subtotal, write “Nominee Distribution” or “OID Adjustment” and show the OID you are not required to report. Tax act 2012 free Subtract that OID from the subtotal and enter the result on line 2. Tax act 2012 free If the OID, as adjusted, is more than the amount shown on Form 1099-OID, show the adjustment as follows. Tax act 2012 free Under your last entry on line 1, subtotal all interest and OID income listed on line 1. Tax act 2012 free Below the subtotal, write “OID Adjustment” and show the additional OID. Tax act 2012 free Add that OID to the subtotal and enter the result on line 2. Tax act 2012 free Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments How you figure the OID on a long-term debt instrument depends on the date it was issued. Tax act 2012 free It also may depend on the type of the debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free There are different rules for each of the following debt instruments. Tax act 2012 free Corporate debt instruments issued after 1954 and before May 28, 1969, and government debt instruments issued after 1954 and before July 2, 1982. Tax act 2012 free Corporate debt instruments issued after May 27, 1969, and before July 2, 1982. Tax act 2012 free Debt instruments issued after July 1, 1982, and before 1985. Tax act 2012 free Debt instruments issued after 1984 (other than debt instruments described in (5) and (6)). Tax act 2012 free Contingent payment debt instruments issued after August 12, 1996. Tax act 2012 free Inflation-indexed debt instruments (including Treasury inflation-protected securities) issued after January 5, 1997. Tax act 2012 free Zero coupon bonds. Tax act 2012 free   The rules for figuring OID on zero coupon bonds backed by U. Tax act 2012 free S. Tax act 2012 free Treasury securities are discussed under Figuring OID on Stripped Bonds and Coupons, later. Tax act 2012 free Corporate Debt Instruments Issued After 1954 and Before May 28, 1969, and Government Debt Instruments Issued After 1954 and Before July 2, 1982 If you hold these debt instruments as capital assets, you include OID in income only in the year the debt instrument is sold, exchanged, or redeemed, and only if you have a gain. Tax act 2012 free The OID, which is taxed as ordinary income, generally equals the following amount. Tax act 2012 free   number of full months you held the debt instrument  number of full months from date of original issue to date of maturity X original issue discount The balance of the gain is capital gain. Tax act 2012 free If there is a loss on the sale of the debt instrument, the entire loss is a capital loss and no OID is reported. Tax act 2012 free Corporate Debt Instruments Issued After May 27, 1969, and Before July 2, 1982 If you hold these debt instruments as capital assets, you must include part of the OID in income each year you own the debt instruments. Tax act 2012 free For information about showing the correct OID on your tax return, see the discussion under How To Report OID, earlier. Tax act 2012 free Your basis in the debt instrument is increased by the OID you include in income. Tax act 2012 free Form 1099-OID. Tax act 2012 free   You should receive a Form 1099-OID showing OID for the part of the year you held the debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free However, if you paid an acquisition premium, you may need to refigure the OID to report on your tax return. Tax act 2012 free See Reduction for acquisition premium, later. Tax act 2012 free If you held an OID debt instrument in a calendar year but did not receive a Form 1099-OID, see Form 1099-OID not received, immediately below, and refer to Section I-A available at www. Tax act 2012 free irs. Tax act 2012 free gov/pub1212 by clicking the link under Recent Developments. Tax act 2012 free Form 1099-OID not received. Tax act 2012 free    The OID listed is for each $1,000 of redemption price. Tax act 2012 free You must adjust the listed amount if your debt instrument has a different principal amount. Tax act 2012 free For example, if you have a debt instrument with a $500 principal amount, use one-half the listed amount to figure your OID. Tax act 2012 free   If you held the debt instrument the entire year, use the OID shown in Section I-A for a calendar year. Tax act 2012 free (If your debt instrument is not listed in Section I-A, consult the issuer for information about the issue price and the OID that accrued for that year. Tax act 2012 free ) If you did not hold the debt instrument the entire year, figure your OID using the following method. Tax act 2012 free Divide the OID shown by 12. Tax act 2012 free Multiply the result in (1) by the number of complete and partial months (for example, 6½ months) you held the debt instrument during a calendar year. Tax act 2012 free This is the OID to include in income unless you paid an acquisition premium. Tax act 2012 free The reduction for acquisition premium is discussed next. Tax act 2012 free Reduction for acquisition premium. Tax act 2012 free   If you bought the debt instrument at an acquisition premium, figure the OID to include in income as follows. Tax act 2012 free Divide the total OID on the debt instrument by the number of complete months, and any part of a month, from the date of original issue to the maturity date. Tax act 2012 free This is the monthly OID. Tax act 2012 free Subtract from your cost the issue price and the accumulated OID from the date of issue to the date of purchase. Tax act 2012 free (If the result is zero or less, stop here. Tax act 2012 free You did not pay an acquisition premium. Tax act 2012 free ) Divide the amount figured in (2) by the number of complete months, and any part of a month, from the date of your purchase to the maturity date. Tax act 2012 free Subtract the amount figured in (3) from the amount figured in (1). Tax act 2012 free This is the OID to include in income for each month you hold the debt instrument during the year. Tax act 2012 free Transfers during the month. Tax act 2012 free   If you buy or sell a debt instrument on any day other than the same day of the month as the date of original issue, the ratable monthly portion of OID for the month of sale is divided between the seller and the buyer according to the number of days each held the debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free Your holding period for this purpose begins the day you acquire the debt instrument and ends the day before you dispose of it. Tax act 2012 free Debt Instruments Issued After July 1, 1982, and Before 1985 If you hold these debt instruments as capital assets, you must include part of the OID in income each year you own the debt instruments and increase your basis by the amount included. Tax act 2012 free For information about showing the correct OID on your tax return, see How To Report OID, earlier. Tax act 2012 free Form 1099-OID. Tax act 2012 free   You should receive a Form 1099-OID showing OID for the part of the year you held the debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free However, if you paid an acquisition premium, you may need to refigure the OID to report on your tax return. Tax act 2012 free See Constant yield method and the discussions on acquisition premium that follow, later. Tax act 2012 free If you held an OID debt instrument in a calendar year but did not receive a Form 1099-OID, see Form 1099-OID not received, immediately below, and refer to Section I-A available at www. Tax act 2012 free irs. Tax act 2012 free gov/pub1212 by clicking the link under Recent Developments. Tax act 2012 free Form 1099-OID not received. Tax act 2012 free    The OID listed is for each $1,000 of redemption price. Tax act 2012 free You must adjust the listed amount if your debt instrument has a different principal amount. Tax act 2012 free For example, if you have a debt instrument with a $500 principal amount, use one-half the listed amount to figure your OID. Tax act 2012 free   If you held the debt instrument the entire year, use the OID shown in Section I-A. Tax act 2012 free (If your instrument is not listed in Section I-A, consult the issuer for information about the issue price, the yield to maturity, and the OID that accrued for that year. Tax act 2012 free ) If you did not hold the debt instrument the entire year, figure your OID using either of the following methods. Tax act 2012 free Method 1. Tax act 2012 free    Divide the total OID for a calendar year by 365 (366 for leap years). Tax act 2012 free Multiply the result in (1) by the number of days you held the debt instrument during that particular year. Tax act 2012 free  This computation is an approximation and may result in a slightly higher OID than Method 2. Tax act 2012 free Method 2. Tax act 2012 free    Look up the daily OID for the first accrual period you held the debt instrument during a calendar year. Tax act 2012 free (See Accrual period under Constant yield method, next. Tax act 2012 free ) Multiply the daily OID by the number of days you held the debt instrument during that accrual period. Tax act 2012 free If you held the debt instrument for part of both accrual periods, repeat (1) and (2) for the second accrual period. Tax act 2012 free Add the results of (2) and (3). Tax act 2012 free This is the OID to include in income, unless you paid an acquisition premium. Tax act 2012 free (The reduction for acquisition premium is discussed later. Tax act 2012 free ) Constant yield method. Tax act 2012 free   This discussion shows how to figure OID on debt instruments issued after July 1, 1982, and before 1985, using a constant yield method. Tax act 2012 free OID is allocated over the life of the debt instrument through adjustments to the issue price for each accrual period. Tax act 2012 free   Figure the OID allocable to any accrual period as follows. Tax act 2012 free Multiply the adjusted issue price at the beginning of the accrual period by the debt instrument's yield to maturity. Tax act 2012 free Subtract from the result in (1) any qualified stated interest allocable to the accrual period. Tax act 2012 free Accrual period. Tax act 2012 free   An accrual period for any OID debt instrument issued after July 1, 1982, and before 1985 is each 1-year period beginning on the date of the issue of the obligation and each anniversary thereafter, or the shorter period to maturity for the last accrual period. Tax act 2012 free Your tax year will usually include parts of two accrual periods. Tax act 2012 free Daily OID. Tax act 2012 free   The OID for any accrual period is allocated equally to each day in the accrual period. Tax act 2012 free You must include in income the sum of the OID amounts for each day you hold the debt instrument during the year. Tax act 2012 free If your tax year includes parts of two or more accrual periods, you must include the proper daily OID amounts for each accrual period. Tax act 2012 free Figuring daily OID. Tax act 2012 free   The daily OID for the initial accrual period is figured using the following formula. Tax act 2012 free   (ip × ytm) − qsi     p   ip = issue price ytm = yield to maturity qsi = qualified stated interest p = number of days in accrual period         The daily OID for subsequent accrual periods is figured the same way except the adjusted issue price at the beginning of each period is used in the formula instead of the issue price. Tax act 2012 free Reduction for acquisition premium on debt instruments purchased before July 19, 1984. Tax act 2012 free   If you bought the debt instrument at an acquisition premium before July 19, 1984, figure the OID includible in income by reducing the daily OID by the daily acquisition premium. Tax act 2012 free Figure the daily acquisition premium by dividing the total acquisition premium by the number of days in the period beginning on your purchase date and ending on the day before the date of maturity. Tax act 2012 free Reduction for acquisition premium on debt instruments purchased after July 18, 1984. Tax act 2012 free   If you bought the debt instrument at an acquisition premium after July 18, 1984, figure the OID includible in income by reducing the daily OID by the daily acquisition premium. Tax act 2012 free However, the method of figuring the daily acquisition premium is different from the method described in the preceding discussion. Tax act 2012 free To figure the daily acquisition premium under this method, multiply the daily OID by the following fraction. Tax act 2012 free The numerator is the acquisition premium. Tax act 2012 free The denominator is the total OID remaining for the debt instrument after your purchase date. Tax act 2012 free Section I-A is available at www. Tax act 2012 free irs. Tax act 2012 free gov/pub1212 and clicking the link under Recent Developments. Tax act 2012 free Using Section I-A to figure accumulated OID. Tax act 2012 free   If you bought your corporate debt instrument in a calendar year or the subsequent year, you can figure the accumulated OID to the date of purchase by adding the following amounts. Tax act 2012 free The amount from the “Total OID to January 1, YYYY” column for your debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free The OID from January 1 of a calendar year to the date of purchase, figured as follows. Tax act 2012 free Multiply the daily OID for the first accrual period in the calendar year by the number of days from January 1 to the date of purchase, or the end of the accrual period if the debt instrument was purchased in the second or third accrual period. Tax act 2012 free Multiply the daily OID for each subsequent accrual period by the number of days in the period to the date of purchase or the end of the accrual period, whichever applies. Tax act 2012 free Add the amounts figured in (2a) and (2b). Tax act 2012 free Debt Instruments Issued After 1984 If you hold debt instruments issued after 1984, you must report part of the OID in gross income each year that you own the debt instruments. Tax act 2012 free You must include the OID in gross income whether or not you hold the debt instrument as a capital asset. Tax act 2012 free Your basis in the debt instrument is increased by the OID you include in income. Tax act 2012 free For information about showing the correct OID on your tax return, see How To Report OID, earlier. Tax act 2012 free Form 1099-OID. Tax act 2012 free   You should receive a Form 1099-OID showing OID for the part of a calendar year you held the debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free However, if you paid an acquisition premium, you may need to refigure the OID to report on your tax return. Tax act 2012 free See Constant yield method and Reduction for acquisition premium, later. Tax act 2012 free   You may also need to refigure the OID for a contingent payment or inflation-indexed debt instrument on which the amount reported on Form 1099-OID is inaccurate. Tax act 2012 free See Contingent Payment Debt Instruments or Inflation-Indexed Debt Instruments, later. Tax act 2012 free If you held an OID debt instrument in a calendar year but did not receive a Form 1099-OID, see Form 1099-OID not received, immediately below, and refer to Section I-B available at www. Tax act 2012 free irs. Tax act 2012 free gov/pub1212 by clicking the link under Recent Developments. Tax act 2012 free Form 1099-OID not received. Tax act 2012 free   The OID listed is for each $1,000 of redemption price. Tax act 2012 free You must adjust the listed amount if your debt instrument has a different principal amount. Tax act 2012 free For example, if you have a debt instrument with a $500 principal amount, use one-half the listed amount to figure your OID. Tax act 2012 free   Use the OID shown in Section I-B for a calendar year if you held the debt instrument the entire year. Tax act 2012 free (If your debt instrument is not listed in Section I-B, consult the issuer for information about the issue price, the yield to maturity, and the OID that accrued for that year. Tax act 2012 free ) If you did not hold the debt instrument the entire year, figure your OID as follows. Tax act 2012 free Look up the daily OID for the first accrual period in which you held the debt instrument during a calendar year. Tax act 2012 free (See Accrual period under Constant yield method, later. Tax act 2012 free ) Multiply the daily OID by the number of days you held the debt instrument during that accrual period. Tax act 2012 free Repeat (1) and (2) for any remaining accrual periods in which you held the debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free Add the results of (2) and (3). Tax act 2012 free This is the OID to include in income for that year, unless you paid an acquisition premium. Tax act 2012 free (The reduction for acquisition premium is discussed later. Tax act 2012 free ) Tax-exempt bond. Tax act 2012 free   If you own a tax-exempt bond, figure your basis in the bond by adding to your cost the OID you would have included in income if the bond had been taxable. Tax act 2012 free You need to make this adjustment to determine if you have a gain or loss on a later disposition of the bond. Tax act 2012 free In general, use the rules that follow to determine your OID. Tax act 2012 free Constant yield method. Tax act 2012 free   This discussion shows how to figure OID on debt instruments issued after 1984 using a constant yield method. Tax act 2012 free (The special rules that apply to contingent payment debt instruments and inflation-indexed debt instruments are explained later. Tax act 2012 free ) OID is allocated over the life of the debt instrument through adjustments to the issue price for each accrual period. Tax act 2012 free   Figure the OID allocable to any accrual period as follows. Tax act 2012 free Multiply the adjusted issue price at the beginning of the accrual period by a fraction. Tax act 2012 free The numerator of the fraction is the debt instrument's yield to maturity and the denominator is the number of accrual periods per year. Tax act 2012 free The yield must be stated appropriately taking into account the length of the particular accrual period. Tax act 2012 free Subtract from the result in (1) any qualified stated interest allocable to the accrual period. Tax act 2012 free Accrual period. Tax act 2012 free   For debt instruments issued after 1984 and before April 4, 1994, an accrual period is each 6-month period that ends on the day that corresponds to the stated maturity date of the debt instrument or the date 6 months before that date. Tax act 2012 free For example, a debt instrument maturing on March 31 has accrual periods that end on September 30 and March 31 of each calendar year. Tax act 2012 free Any short period is included as the first accrual period. Tax act 2012 free   For debt instruments issued after April 3, 1994, accrual periods may be of any length and may vary in length over the term of the debt instrument, as long as each accrual period is no longer than 1 year and all payments are made on the first or last day of an accrual period. Tax act 2012 free However, the OID listed for these debt instruments in Section I-B has been figured using 6-month accrual periods. Tax act 2012 free Daily OID. Tax act 2012 free   The OID for any accrual period is allocated equally to each day in the accrual period. Tax act 2012 free Figure the amount to include in income by adding the OID for each day you hold the debt instrument during the year. Tax act 2012 free Since your tax year will usually include parts of two or more accrual periods, you must include the proper daily OID for each accrual period. Tax act 2012 free If your debt instrument has 6-month accrual periods, your tax year will usually include one full 6-month accrual period and parts of two other 6-month periods. Tax act 2012 free Figuring daily OID. Tax act 2012 free   The daily OID for the initial accrual period is figured using the following formula. Tax act 2012 free   (ip × ytm/n) − qsi     p   ip = issue price ytm = yield to maturity n = number of accrual periods in 1 year qsi = qualified stated interest p = number of days in accrual period       The daily OID for subsequent accrual periods is figured the same way except the adjusted issue price at the beginning of each period is used in the formula instead of the issue price. Tax act 2012 free Example 5. Tax act 2012 free On January 1 of Year 1, you bought a 15-year, 10% debt instrument of A Corporation at original issue for $86,235. Tax act 2012 free 17. Tax act 2012 free According to the prospectus, the debt instrument matures on December 31 of Year 15 at a stated redemption price of $100,000. Tax act 2012 free The yield to maturity is 12%, compounded semiannually. Tax act 2012 free The debt instrument provides for qualified stated interest payments of $5,000 on June 30 and December 31 of each calendar year. Tax act 2012 free The accrual periods are the 6-month periods ending on each of these dates. Tax act 2012 free The number of days for the first accrual period (January 1 through June 30) is 181 days (182 for leap years). Tax act 2012 free The daily OID for the first accrual period is figured as follows. Tax act 2012 free   ($86,235. Tax act 2012 free 17 x . Tax act 2012 free 12/2) – $5,000     181 days     = $174. Tax act 2012 free 11020 = $. Tax act 2012 free 96193   181           The adjusted issue price at the beginning of the second accrual period is the issue price plus the OID previously includible in income ($86,235. Tax act 2012 free 17 + $174. Tax act 2012 free 11), or $86,409. Tax act 2012 free 28. Tax act 2012 free The number of days for the second accrual period (July 1 through December 31) is 184 days. Tax act 2012 free The daily OID for the second accrual period is figured as follows. Tax act 2012 free   ($86,409. Tax act 2012 free 28 x . Tax act 2012 free 12/2) – $5,000     184 days     = $184. Tax act 2012 free 55681 = $1. Tax act 2012 free 00303   184 Since the first and second accrual periods coincide exactly with your tax year, you include in income for Year 1 the OID allocable to the first two accrual periods, $174. Tax act 2012 free 11 ($. Tax act 2012 free 95665 × 182 days) plus $184. Tax act 2012 free 56 ($1. Tax act 2012 free 00303 × 184 days), or $358. Tax act 2012 free 67. Tax act 2012 free Add the OID to the $10,000 interest you report on your income tax return for Year 1. Tax act 2012 free Example 6. Tax act 2012 free Assume the same facts as in Example 5, except that you bought the debt instrument at original issue on May 1 of Year 1, with a maturity date of April 30, Year 16. Tax act 2012 free Also, the interest payment dates are October 31 and April 30 of each calendar year. Tax act 2012 free The accrual periods are the 6-month periods ending on each of these dates. Tax act 2012 free The number of days for the first accrual period (May 1 through October 31) is 184 days. Tax act 2012 free The daily OID for the first accrual period is figured as follows. Tax act 2012 free   ($86,235. Tax act 2012 free 17 x . Tax act 2012 free 12/2) – $5,000     184 days     = $174. Tax act 2012 free 11020 = $. Tax act 2012 free 94625   184           The number of days for the second accrual period (November 1 through April 30) is 181 days (182 for leap years). Tax act 2012 free The daily OID for the second accrual period is figured as follows. Tax act 2012 free   ($86,409. Tax act 2012 free 28 x . Tax act 2012 free 12/2) – $5,000     181 days     = $184. Tax act 2012 free 55681 = $1. Tax act 2012 free 01965   181 If you hold the debt instrument through the end of Year 1, you must include $236. Tax act 2012 free 31 of OID in income. Tax act 2012 free This is $174. Tax act 2012 free 11 ($. Tax act 2012 free 94625 × 184 days) for the period May 1 through October 31 plus $62. Tax act 2012 free 20 ($1. Tax act 2012 free 01965 × 61 days) for the period November 1 through December 31. Tax act 2012 free The OID is added to the $5,000 interest income paid on October 31 of Year 1. Tax act 2012 free Your basis in the debt instrument is increased by the OID you include in income. Tax act 2012 free On January 1 of Year 2, your basis in the A Corporation debt instrument is $86,471. Tax act 2012 free 48 ($86,235. Tax act 2012 free 17 + $236. Tax act 2012 free 31). Tax act 2012 free Short first accrual period. Tax act 2012 free   You may have to make adjustments if a debt instrument has a short first accrual period. Tax act 2012 free For example, a debt instrument with 6-month accrual periods that is issued on February 15 and matures on October 31 has a short first accrual period that ends April 30. Tax act 2012 free (The remaining accrual periods begin on May 1 and November 1. Tax act 2012 free ) For this short period, figure the daily OID as described earlier, but adjust the yield for the length of the short accrual period. Tax act 2012 free You may use any reasonable compounding method in determining OID for a short period. Tax act 2012 free Examples of reasonable compounding methods include continuous compounding and monthly compounding (that is, simple interest within a month). Tax act 2012 free Consult your tax advisor for more information about making this computation. Tax act 2012 free   The OID for the final accrual period is the difference between the amount payable at maturity (other than a payment of qualified stated interest) and the adjusted issue price at the beginning of the final accrual period. Tax act 2012 free Reduction for acquisition premium. Tax act 2012 free   If you bought the debt instrument at an acquisition premium, figure the OID includible in income by reducing the daily OID by the daily acquisition premium. Tax act 2012 free To figure the daily acquisition premium, multiply the daily OID by the following fraction. Tax act 2012 free The numerator is the acquisition premium. Tax act 2012 free The denominator is the total OID remaining for the debt instrument after your purchase date. Tax act 2012 free Example 7. Tax act 2012 free Assume the same facts as in Example 6, except that you bought the debt instrument on November 1 of Year 1 for $87,000, after its original issue on May 1 of Year 1. Tax act 2012 free The adjusted issue price on November 1 of Year 1 is $86,409. Tax act 2012 free 28 ($86,235. Tax act 2012 free 17 + $174. Tax act 2012 free 11). Tax act 2012 free In this case, you paid an acquisition premium of $590. Tax act 2012 free 72 ($87,000 − $86,409. Tax act 2012 free 28). Tax act 2012 free The daily OID for the accrual period November 1 through April 30, reduced for the acquisition premium, is figured as follows. Tax act 2012 free 1) Daily OID on date of purchase (2nd accrual period) $1. Tax act 2012 free 01965*  2)  Acquisition premium $590. Tax act 2012 free 72    3)  Total OID remaining after purchase date ($13,764. Tax act 2012 free 83 − $174. Tax act 2012 free 11) 13,590. Tax act 2012 free 72   4) Line 2 ÷ line 3 . Tax act 2012 free 04346  5)  Line 1 × line 4 . Tax act 2012 free 04432  6)  Daily OID reduced for the acquisition premium. Tax act 2012 free Line 1 − line 5 $0. Tax act 2012 free 97533  * As shown in Example 6. Tax act 2012 free The total OID to include in income for Year 1 is $59. Tax act 2012 free 50 ($. Tax act 2012 free 97533 × 61 days). Tax act 2012 free Contingent Payment Debt Instruments This discussion shows how to figure OID on a contingent payment debt instrument issued after August 12, 1996, that was issued for cash or publicly traded property. Tax act 2012 free In general, a contingent payment debt instrument provides for one or more payments that are contingent as to timing or amount. Tax act 2012 free If you hold a contingent payment bond, you must report OID as it accrues each year. Tax act 2012 free Because the actual payments on a contingent payment debt instrument cannot be known in advance, issuers and holders cannot use the constant yield method (discussed earlier under Debt Instruments Issued After 1984) without making certain assumptions about the payments on the debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free To figure OID accruals on contingent payment debt instruments, holders and issuers must use the noncontingent bond method. Tax act 2012 free Noncontingent bond method. Tax act 2012 free    Under this method, the issuer must compute a comparable yield for the debt instrument and, based on this yield, construct a projected payment schedule for the instrument, which includes a projected fixed amount for each contingent payment. Tax act 2012 free In general, holders and issuers accrue OID on this projected payment schedule using the constant yield method that applies to fixed payment debt instruments. Tax act 2012 free When a contingent payment differs from the projected fixed amount, the holders and issuers make adjustments to their OID accruals. Tax act 2012 free If the actual contingent payment is larger than expected, both the issuer and the holder increase their OID accruals. Tax act 2012 free If the actual contingent payment is smaller than expected, holders and issuers generally decrease their OID accruals. Tax act 2012 free Form 1099-OID. Tax act 2012 free   The amount shown on Form 1099-OID in box 1 you receive for a contingent payment debt instrument may not be the correct amount to include in income. Tax act 2012 free For example, the amount may not be correct if the contingent payment was different from the projected amount. Tax act 2012 free If the amount in box 1 is not correct, you must figure the OID to report on your return under the following rules. Tax act 2012 free For information on showing an OID adjustment on your tax return, see How To Report OID, earlier. Tax act 2012 free Figuring OID. Tax act 2012 free   To figure OID on a contingent payment debt instrument, you need to know the “comparable yield” and “projected payment schedule” of the debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free The issuer must make these available to you. Tax act 2012 free Comparable yield. Tax act 2012 free   The comparable yield generally is the yield at which the issuer would issue a fixed rate debt instrument with terms and conditions similar to those of the contingent payment debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free The comparable yield is determined as of the debt instrument's issue date. Tax act 2012 free Projected payment schedule. Tax act 2012 free   The projected payment schedule for a contingent payment debt instrument includes all fixed payments due under the instrument and a projected fixed amount for each contingent payment. Tax act 2012 free The projected payment schedule is created by the issuer as of the debt instrument's issue date. Tax act 2012 free It is used to determine the issuer's and holder's interest accruals and adjustments. Tax act 2012 free Steps for figuring OID. Tax act 2012 free   Figure the OID on a contingent payment debt instrument in two steps. Tax act 2012 free Figure the OID using the constant yield method (discussed earlier under Debt Instruments Issued After 1984 ) that applies to fixed payment debt instruments. Tax act 2012 free Use the comparable yield as the yield to maturity. Tax act 2012 free In general, use the projected payment schedule to determine the instrument's adjusted issue price at the beginning of each accrual period (other than the initial period). Tax act 2012 free Do not treat any amount payable as qualified stated interest. Tax act 2012 free Adjust the OID in (1) to account for actual contingent payments. Tax act 2012 free If the contingent payment is greater than the projected fixed amount, you have a positive adjustment. Tax act 2012 free If the contingent payment is less than the projected fixed amount, you have a negative adjustment. Tax act 2012 free Net positive adjustment. Tax act 2012 free   A net positive adjustment exists for a tax year when the total of any positive adjustments described in (2) above for the tax year is more than the total of any negative adjustments for the tax year. Tax act 2012 free Treat a net positive adjustment as additional OID for the tax year. Tax act 2012 free Net negative adjustment. Tax act 2012 free   A net negative adjustment exists for a tax year when the total of any negative adjustments described in (2) above for the tax year is more than the total of any positive adjustments for the tax year. Tax act 2012 free Use a net negative adjustment to offset OID on the debt instrument for the tax year. Tax act 2012 free If the net negative adjustment is more than the OID on the debt instrument for the tax year, you can claim the difference as an ordinary loss. Tax act 2012 free However, the amount you can claim as an ordinary loss is limited to the OID on the debt instrument you included in income in prior tax years. Tax act 2012 free You must carry forward any net negative adjustment that is more than the total OID for the tax year and prior tax years and treat it as a negative adjustment in the next tax year. Tax act 2012 free Basis adjustments. Tax act 2012 free   In general, increase your basis in a contingent payment debt instrument by the OID included in income. Tax act 2012 free Your basis, however, is not affected by any negative or positive adjustments. Tax act 2012 free Decrease your basis by any noncontingent payment received and the projected contingent payment scheduled to be received. Tax act 2012 free Treatment of gain or loss on sale or exchange. Tax act 2012 free   If you sell a contingent payment debt instrument at a gain, your gain is ordinary income (interest income), even if you hold the debt instrument as a capital asset. Tax act 2012 free If you sell a contingent payment debt instrument at a loss, your loss is an ordinary loss to the extent of your prior OID accruals on the debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free If the debt instrument is a capital asset, treat any loss that is more than your prior OID accruals as a capital loss. Tax act 2012 free See Regulations section 1. Tax act 2012 free 1275-4 for exceptions to these rules. Tax act 2012 free Premium, acquisition premium, and market discount. Tax act 2012 free   The rules for accruing premium, acquisition premium, and market discount do not apply to a contingent payment debt instrument. Tax act 2012 free See Regulations section 1. Tax act 2012 free 1275-4 to determine how to account for these items. Tax act 2012 free Inflation-Indexed Debt Instruments This discussion shows how you figure OID on certain inflation-indexed debt instruments issued after January 5, 1997. Tax act 2012 free An inflation-indexed debt instrument is generally a debt instrument on which the payments are adjusted for inflation and d
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The Tax Act 2012 Free

Tax act 2012 free Publication 929 - Introductory Material Table of Contents Future Developments Reminders IntroductionOrdering forms and publications. Tax act 2012 free Tax questions. Tax act 2012 free Useful Items - You may want to see: Future Developments For the latest information about developments related to Publication 929, such as legislation enacted after this publication was published, go to www. Tax act 2012 free irs. Tax act 2012 free gov/pub929. Tax act 2012 free Reminders Social security number (SSN). Tax act 2012 free  Dependents who are required to file a tax return must have an SSN. Tax act 2012 free To apply for an SSN, file Form SS-5 with the Social Security Administration. Tax act 2012 free You can go to the website www. Tax act 2012 free socialsecurity. Tax act 2012 free gov for more information. Tax act 2012 free Individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN). Tax act 2012 free  The IRS will issue an ITIN to a nonresident or resident alien who does not have and is not eligible to get an SSN. Tax act 2012 free To apply for an ITIN, file Form W-7, Application for IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number, with the IRS. Tax act 2012 free It takes 6-10 weeks to get an ITIN. Tax act 2012 free The ITIN is entered wherever an SSN is requested on a tax return. Tax act 2012 free If you are a nonresident alien applying for an ITIN to file a tax return, you generally must attach your original, completed return to Form W-7 to get an ITIN. Tax act 2012 free See the Form W-7 instructions for more information. Tax act 2012 free An ITIN is for tax use only. Tax act 2012 free It does not entitle you to social security benefits or change your employment or immigration status under U. Tax act 2012 free S. Tax act 2012 free law. Tax act 2012 free Effective January 1, 2013, ITINs will expire after 5 years. Tax act 2012 free Taxpayers who still need an ITIN after the end of the expiration period must reapply for a number. Tax act 2012 free Photographs of missing children. Tax act 2012 free  The Internal Revenue Service is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Tax act 2012 free Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank. Tax act 2012 free You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) if you recognize a child. Tax act 2012 free Introduction Part 1 of this publication explains the filing requirements and other tax information for individuals who can be claimed as a dependent on another person's tax return. Tax act 2012 free  Part 2 explains how to report and figure the tax on unearned income of certain children (whether or not they can be claimed as dependents). Tax act 2012 free Definitions. Tax act 2012 free   Many of the terms used in this publication, such as “dependent,” “earned income,” and “unearned income,” are defined in the Glossary at the back of this publication. Tax act 2012 free Comments and suggestions. Tax act 2012 free   We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions. Tax act 2012 free   You can write to us at the following address: Internal Revenue Service Tax Forms and Publications Division 1111 Constitution Ave. Tax act 2012 free NW, IR-6526 Washington, DC 20224   We respond to many letters by telephone. Tax act 2012 free Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence. Tax act 2012 free   You can send your comments from www. Tax act 2012 free irs. Tax act 2012 free gov/formspubs/. Tax act 2012 free Click on “More Information” and then on “Comment on Tax Forms and Publications. Tax act 2012 free ”   Although we cannot respond individually to each comment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax products. Tax act 2012 free Ordering forms and publications. Tax act 2012 free   Visit www. Tax act 2012 free irs. Tax act 2012 free gov/formspubs/ to download forms and publications, call 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676), or write to the address below and receive a response within 10 days after your request is received. Tax act 2012 free Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. Tax act 2012 free Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613 Tax questions. Tax act 2012 free   If you have a tax question, check the information available on IRS. Tax act 2012 free gov or call 1-800-829-1040. Tax act 2012 free We cannot answer tax questions sent to either of the above addresses. Tax act 2012 free Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 501 Exemptions, Standard Deduction, and Filing Information 505 Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax 550 Investment Income and Expenses Form (and Instructions) W-4 Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificate 8615 Tax for Certain Children Who Have Unearned Income 8814 Parents' Election To Report Child's Interest and Dividends See How To Get Tax Help near the end of this publication for information about getting these publications and forms. Tax act 2012 free Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications