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Student Tax Return 2011

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Student Tax Return 2011

Student tax return 2011 Publication 541 - Introductory Material Table of Contents Reminder IntroductionTax questions. Student tax return 2011 Ordering forms and publications. Student tax return 2011 Useful Items - You may want to see: Reminder Photographs of missing children. Student tax return 2011  The Internal Revenue Service is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Student tax return 2011 Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank. Student tax return 2011 You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) if you recognize a child. Student tax return 2011 Introduction This publication provides supplemental federal income tax information for partnerships and partners. Student tax return 2011 It supplements the information provided in the Instructions for Form 1065, U. Student tax return 2011 S. Student tax return 2011 Return of Partnership Income, and the Partner's Instructions for Schedule K-1 (Form 1065). Student tax return 2011 Generally, a partnership does not pay tax on its income but “passes through” any profits or losses to its partners. Student tax return 2011 Partners must include partnership items on their tax returns. Student tax return 2011 For a discussion of business expenses a partnership can deduct, see Publication 535, Business Expenses. Student tax return 2011 Members of oil and gas partnerships should read about the deduction for depletion in chapter 9 of that publication. Student tax return 2011 Certain partnerships must have a tax matters partner (TMP) who is also a general partner. Student tax return 2011 For information on the rules for designating a TMP, see Designation of Tax Matters Partner (TMP) in the Form 1065 instructions and section 301. Student tax return 2011 6231(a)(7)-1 of the regulations. Student tax return 2011 Many rules in this publication do not apply to partnerships that file Form 1065-B, U. Student tax return 2011 S. Student tax return 2011 Return of Income for Electing Large Partnerships. Student tax return 2011 For the rules that apply to these partnerships, see the instructions for Form 1065-B. Student tax return 2011 However, the partners of electing large partnerships can use the rules in this publication except as otherwise noted. Student tax return 2011 Withholding on foreign partner or firm. Student tax return 2011   If a partnership acquires a U. Student tax return 2011 S. Student tax return 2011 real property interest from a foreign person or firm, the partnership may have to withhold tax on the amount it pays for the property (including cash, the fair market value of other property, and any assumed liability). Student tax return 2011 If a partnership has income effectively connected with a trade or business in the United States, it must withhold on the income allocable to its foreign partners. Student tax return 2011 A partnership may have to withhold tax on a foreign partner's distributive share of fixed or determinable income not effectively connected with a U. Student tax return 2011 S. Student tax return 2011 trade or business. Student tax return 2011 A partnership that fails to withhold may be held liable for the tax, applicable penalties, and interest. Student tax return 2011   For more information, see Publication 515, Withholding of Tax on Nonresident Aliens and Foreign Entities. Student tax return 2011 Comments and suggestions. Student tax return 2011   We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions. Student tax return 2011   You can write to: Internal Revenue Service Tax Forms and Publications  SE:W:CAR:MP:TFP 1111 Constitution Ave. Student tax return 2011 NW, IR-6526 Washington, DC 20224   We respond to many letters by telephone. Student tax return 2011 Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence. Student tax return 2011    You can send us comments from www. Student tax return 2011 irs. Student tax return 2011 gov/formspubs. Student tax return 2011 Click on “More Information” and then on “Comment on Tax Forms and Publications. Student tax return 2011 ”   Although we cannot respond individually to each comment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax products. Student tax return 2011 Tax questions. Student tax return 2011   If you have a tax question, check the information available at IRS. Student tax return 2011 gov or call 1-800-829-4933. Student tax return 2011 We cannot answer tax questions at the address listed above. Student tax return 2011 Ordering forms and publications. Student tax return 2011    Visit www. Student tax return 2011 irs. Student tax return 2011 gov/formspubs to download forms and publications, call 1-800-829-3676, or write to one of the addresses shown under How To Get Tax Help in the back of this publication. Student tax return 2011 Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 334 Tax Guide for Small Business 505 Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax 535 Business Expenses 537 Installment Sales 538 Accounting Periods and Methods 544 Sales and Other Dispositions of Assets 551 Basis of Assets 925 Passive Activity and At-Risk Rules 946 How To Depreciate Property See How To Get Tax Help near the end of this publication for information about getting publications and forms. Student tax return 2011 Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The Student Tax Return 2011

Student tax return 2011 17. Student tax return 2011   Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs) Table of Contents What's New Reminders Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Traditional IRAsWho Can Open a Traditional IRA? When and How Can a Traditional IRA Be Opened? How Much Can Be Contributed? When Can Contributions Be Made? How Much Can You Deduct? Nondeductible Contributions Inherited IRAs Can You Move Retirement Plan Assets? When Can You Withdraw or Use IRA Assets? When Must You Withdraw IRA Assets? (Required Minimum Distributions) Are Distributions Taxable? What Acts Result in Penalties or Additional Taxes? Roth IRAsWhat Is a Roth IRA? When Can a Roth IRA Be Opened? Can You Contribute to a Roth IRA? Can You Move Amounts Into a Roth IRA? Are Distributions Taxable? What's New Traditional IRA contribution and deduction limit. Student tax return 2011  The contribution limit to your traditional IRA for 2013 will be increased to the smaller of the following amounts: $5,500, or Your taxable compensation for the year. Student tax return 2011 If you were age 50 or older before 2014, the most that can be contributed to your traditional IRA for 2013 will be the smaller of the following amounts: $6,500, or Your taxable compensation for the year. Student tax return 2011 For more information, see How Much Can Be Contributed? later. Student tax return 2011 Roth IRA contribution limit. Student tax return 2011  If contributions on your behalf are made only to Roth IRAs, your contribution limit for 2013 will generally be the lesser of: $5,500, or Your taxable compensation for the year. Student tax return 2011 If you were age 50 or older before 2014 and contributions on your behalf were made only to Roth IRAs, your contribution limit for 2013 will generally be the lesser of: $6,500, or Your taxable compensation for the year. Student tax return 2011 However, if your modified adjusted gross income (AGI) is above a certain amount, your contribution limit may be reduced. Student tax return 2011 For more information, see How Much Can Be Contributed? under Can You Contribute to a Roth IRA? later. Student tax return 2011 Modified AGI limit for traditional IRA contributions increased. Student tax return 2011  For 2013, if you were covered by a retirement plan at work, your deduction for contributions to a traditional IRA is reduced (phased out) if your modified AGI is: More than $95,000 but less than $115,000 for a married couple filing a joint return or a qualifying widow(er), More than $59,000 but less than $69,000 for a single individual or head of household, or Less than $10,000 for a married individual filing a separate return. Student tax return 2011 If you either lived with your spouse or file a joint return, and your spouse was covered by a retirement plan at work, but you were not, your deduction is phased out if your modified AGI is more than $178,000 but less than $188,000. Student tax return 2011 If your modified AGI is $188,000 or more, you cannot take a deduction for contributions to a traditional IRA. Student tax return 2011 See How Much Can You Deduct , later. Student tax return 2011 Modified AGI limit for Roth IRA contributions increased. Student tax return 2011  For 2013, your Roth IRA contribution limit is reduced (phased out) in the following situations. Student tax return 2011 Your filing status is married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) and your modified AGI is at least $178,000. Student tax return 2011 You cannot make a Roth IRA contribution if your modified AGI is $188,000 or more. Student tax return 2011 Your filing status is single, head of household, or married filing separately and you did not live with your spouse at any time in 2013 and your modified AGI is at least $112,000. Student tax return 2011 You cannot make a Roth IRA contribution if your modified AGI is $127,000 or more. Student tax return 2011 Your filing status is married filing separately, you lived with your spouse at any time during the year, and your modified AGI is more than -0-. Student tax return 2011 You cannot make a Roth IRA contribution if your modified AGI is $10,000 or more. Student tax return 2011 See Can You Contribute to a Roth IRA , later. Student tax return 2011 Net Investment Income Tax. Student tax return 2011   For purposes of the Net Investment Income Tax (NIIT), net investment income does not include distributions from a qualified retirement plan including IRAs (for example; 401(a), 403(a), 403(b), 408, 408A, or 457(b) plans). Student tax return 2011 However, these distributions are taken into account when determining the modified adjusted gross income threshold. Student tax return 2011 Distributions from a nonqualified retirement plan are included in net investment income. Student tax return 2011 See Form 8960, Net Investment Income Tax - Individuals, Estates, and Trusts, and its instructions for more information. Student tax return 2011 Name change. Student tax return 2011  All spousal IRAs have been renamed Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRAs. Student tax return 2011 There are no changes to the rules regarding these IRAs. Student tax return 2011 See Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA Limit , later, for more information. Student tax return 2011 Reminders 2014 limits. Student tax return 2011   You can find information about the 2014 contribution and AGI limits in Publication 590. Student tax return 2011 Contributions to both traditional and Roth IRAs. Student tax return 2011   For information on your combined contribution limit if you contribute to both traditional and Roth IRAs, see Roth IRAs and traditional IRAs under How Much Can Be Contributed? in Roth IRAs, later. Student tax return 2011 Statement of required minimum distribution. Student tax return 2011  If a minimum distribution from your IRA is required, the trustee, custodian, or issuer that held the IRA at the end of the preceding year must either report the amount of the required minimum distribution to you, or offer to calculate it for you. Student tax return 2011 The report or offer must include the date by which the amount must be distributed. Student tax return 2011 The report is due January 31 of the year in which the minimum distribution is required. Student tax return 2011 It can be provided with the year-end fair market value statement that you normally get each year. Student tax return 2011 No report is required for IRAs of owners who have died. Student tax return 2011 IRA interest. Student tax return 2011  Although interest earned from your IRA is generally not taxed in the year earned, it is not tax-exempt interest. Student tax return 2011 Tax on your traditional IRA is generally deferred until you take a distribution. Student tax return 2011 Do not report this interest on your tax return as tax-exempt interest. Student tax return 2011 Form 8606. Student tax return 2011   To designate contributions as nondeductible, you must file Form 8606, Nondeductible IRAs. Student tax return 2011 The term “50 or older” is used several times in this chapter. Student tax return 2011 It refers to an IRA owner who is age 50 or older by the end of the tax year. Student tax return 2011 Introduction An individual retirement arrangement (IRA) is a personal savings plan that gives you tax advantages for setting aside money for your retirement. Student tax return 2011 This chapter discusses the following topics. Student tax return 2011 The rules for a traditional IRA (any IRA that is not a Roth or SIMPLE IRA). Student tax return 2011 The Roth IRA, which features nondeductible contributions and tax-free distributions. Student tax return 2011 Simplified Employee Pensions (SEPs) and Savings Incentive Match Plans for Employees (SIMPLEs) are not discussed in this chapter. Student tax return 2011 For more information on these plans and employees' SEP IRAs and SIMPLE IRAs that are part of these plans, see Publications 560 and 590. Student tax return 2011 For information about contributions, deductions, withdrawals, transfers, rollovers, and other transactions, see Publication 590. Student tax return 2011 Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 560 Retirement Plans for Small Business 590 Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs) Form (and Instructions) 5329 Additional Taxes on Qualified Plans (including IRAs) and Other Tax-Favored Accounts 8606 Nondeductible IRAs Traditional IRAs In this chapter, the original IRA (sometimes called an ordinary or regular IRA) is referred to as a “traditional IRA. Student tax return 2011 ” A traditional IRA is any IRA that is not a Roth IRA or a SIMPLE IRA. Student tax return 2011 Two advantages of a traditional IRA are: You may be able to deduct some or all of your contributions to it, depending on your circumstances, and Generally, amounts in your IRA, including earnings and gains, are not taxed until they are distributed. Student tax return 2011 Who Can Open a Traditional IRA? You can open and make contributions to a traditional IRA if: You (or, if you file a joint return, your spouse) received taxable compensation during the year, and You were not age 70½ by the end of the year. Student tax return 2011 What is compensation?   Generally, compensation is what you earn from working. Student tax return 2011 Compensation includes wages, salaries, tips, professional fees, bonuses, and other amounts you receive for providing personal services. Student tax return 2011 The IRS treats as compensation any amount properly shown in box 1 (Wages, tips, other compensation) of Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, provided that amount is reduced by any amount properly shown in box 11 (Nonqualified plans). Student tax return 2011   Scholarship and fellowship payments are compensation for this purpose only if shown in box 1 of Form W-2. Student tax return 2011   Compensation also includes commissions and taxable alimony and separate maintenance payments. Student tax return 2011 Self-employment income. Student tax return 2011   If you are self-employed (a sole proprietor or a partner), compensation is the net earnings from your trade or business (provided your personal services are a material income-producing factor) reduced by the total of: The deduction for contributions made on your behalf to retirement plans, and The deductible part of your self-employment tax. Student tax return 2011   Compensation includes earnings from self-employment even if they are not subject to self-employment tax because of your religious beliefs. Student tax return 2011 Nontaxable combat pay. Student tax return 2011   For IRA purposes, if you were a member of the U. Student tax return 2011 S. Student tax return 2011 Armed Forces, your compensation includes any nontaxable combat pay you receive. Student tax return 2011 What is not compensation?   Compensation does not include any of the following items. Student tax return 2011 Earnings and profits from property, such as rental income, interest income, and dividend income. Student tax return 2011 Pension or annuity income. Student tax return 2011 Deferred compensation received (compensation payments postponed from a past year). Student tax return 2011 Income from a partnership for which you do not provide services that are a material income-producing factor. Student tax return 2011 Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) payments reported on Schedule SE (Form 1040), line 1b. Student tax return 2011 Any amounts (other than combat pay) you exclude from income, such as foreign earned income and housing costs. Student tax return 2011 When and How Can a Traditional IRA Be Opened? You can open a traditional IRA at any time. Student tax return 2011 However, the time for making contributions for any year is limited. Student tax return 2011 See When Can Contributions Be Made , later. Student tax return 2011 You can open different kinds of IRAs with a variety of organizations. Student tax return 2011 You can open an IRA at a bank or other financial institution or with a mutual fund or life insurance company. Student tax return 2011 You can also open an IRA through your stockbroker. Student tax return 2011 Any IRA must meet Internal Revenue Code requirements. Student tax return 2011 Kinds of traditional IRAs. Student tax return 2011   Your traditional IRA can be an individual retirement account or annuity. Student tax return 2011 It can be part of either a simplified employee pension (SEP) or an employer or employee association trust account. Student tax return 2011 How Much Can Be Contributed? There are limits and other rules that affect the amount that can be contributed to a traditional IRA. Student tax return 2011 These limits and other rules are explained below. Student tax return 2011 Community property laws. Student tax return 2011   Except as discussed later under Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA limit , each spouse figures his or her limit separately, using his or her own compensation. Student tax return 2011 This is the rule even in states with community property laws. Student tax return 2011 Brokers' commissions. Student tax return 2011   Brokers' commissions paid in connection with your traditional IRA are subject to the contribution limit. Student tax return 2011 Trustees' fees. Student tax return 2011   Trustees' administrative fees are not subject to the contribution limit. Student tax return 2011 Qualified reservist repayments. Student tax return 2011   If you are (or were) a member of a reserve component and you were ordered or called to active duty after September 11, 2001, you may be able to contribute (repay) to an IRA amounts equal to any qualified reservist distributions you received. Student tax return 2011 You can make these repayment contributions even if they would cause your total contributions to the IRA to be more than the general limit on contributions. Student tax return 2011 To be eligible to make these repayment contributions, you must have received a qualified reservist distribution from an IRA or from a section 401(k) or 403(b) plan or similar arrangement. Student tax return 2011   For more information, see Qualified reservist repayments under How Much Can Be Contributed? in chapter 1 of Publication 590. Student tax return 2011 Contributions on your behalf to a traditional IRA reduce your limit for contributions to a Roth IRA. Student tax return 2011 (See Roth IRAs, later. Student tax return 2011 ) General limit. Student tax return 2011   For 2013, the most that can be contributed to your traditional IRA generally is the smaller of the following amounts. Student tax return 2011 $5,500 ($6,500 if you are 50 or older). Student tax return 2011 Your taxable compensation (defined earlier) for the year. Student tax return 2011 This is the most that can be contributed regardless of whether the contributions are to one or more traditional IRAs or whether all or part of the contributions are nondeductible. Student tax return 2011 (See Nondeductible Contributions , later. Student tax return 2011 ) Qualified reservist repayments do not affect this limit. Student tax return 2011 Example 1. Student tax return 2011 Betty, who is 34 years old and single, earned $24,000 in 2013. Student tax return 2011 Her IRA contributions for 2013 are limited to $5,500. Student tax return 2011 Example 2. Student tax return 2011 John, an unmarried college student working part time, earned $3,500 in 2013. Student tax return 2011 His IRA contributions for 2013 are limited to $3,500, the amount of his compensation. Student tax return 2011 Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA limit. Student tax return 2011   For 2013, if you file a joint return and your taxable compensation is less than that of your spouse, the most that can be contributed for the year to your IRA is the smaller of the following amounts. Student tax return 2011 $5,500 ($6,500 if you are 50 or older). Student tax return 2011 The total compensation includible in the gross income of both you and your spouse for the year, reduced by the following two amounts. Student tax return 2011 Your spouse's IRA contribution for the year to a traditional IRA. Student tax return 2011 Any contribution for the year to a Roth IRA on behalf of your spouse. Student tax return 2011 This means that the total combined contributions that can be made for the year to your IRA and your spouse's IRA can be as much as $11,000 ($12,000 if only one of you is 50 or older, or $13,000 if both of you are 50 or older). Student tax return 2011 When Can Contributions Be Made? As soon as you open your traditional IRA, contributions can be made to it through your chosen sponsor (trustee or other administrator). Student tax return 2011 Contributions must be in the form of money (cash, check, or money order). Student tax return 2011 Property cannot be contributed. Student tax return 2011 Contributions must be made by due date. Student tax return 2011   Contributions can be made to your traditional IRA for a year at any time during the year or by the due date for filing your return for that year, not including extensions. Student tax return 2011 Age 70½ rule. Student tax return 2011   Contributions cannot be made to your traditional IRA for the year in which you reach age 70½ or for any later year. Student tax return 2011   You attain age 70½ on the date that is 6 calendar months after the 70th anniversary of your birth. Student tax return 2011 If you were born on or before June 30, 1943, you cannot contribute for 2013 or any later year. Student tax return 2011 Designating year for which contribution is made. Student tax return 2011   If an amount is contributed to your traditional IRA between January 1 and April 15, you should tell the sponsor which year (the current year or the previous year) the contribution is for. Student tax return 2011 If you do not tell the sponsor which year it is for, the sponsor can assume, and report to the IRS, that the contribution is for the current year (the year the sponsor received it). Student tax return 2011 Filing before a contribution is made. Student tax return 2011   You can file your return claiming a traditional IRA contribution before the contribution is actually made. Student tax return 2011 Generally, the contribution must be made by the due date of your return, not including extensions. Student tax return 2011 Contributions not required. Student tax return 2011   You do not have to contribute to your traditional IRA for every tax year, even if you can. Student tax return 2011 How Much Can You Deduct? Generally, you can deduct the lesser of: The contributions to your traditional IRA for the year, or The general limit (or the Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA limit, if it applies). Student tax return 2011 However, if you or your spouse was covered by an employer retirement plan, you may not be able to deduct this amount. Student tax return 2011 See Limit If Covered by Employer Plan , later. Student tax return 2011 You may be able to claim a credit for contributions to your traditional IRA. Student tax return 2011 For more information, see chapter 37. Student tax return 2011 Trustees' fees. Student tax return 2011   Trustees' administrative fees that are billed separately and paid in connection with your traditional IRA are not deductible as IRA contributions. Student tax return 2011 However, they may be deductible as a miscellaneous itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040). Student tax return 2011 See chapter 28. Student tax return 2011 Brokers' commissions. Student tax return 2011   Brokers' commissions are part of your IRA contribution and, as such, are deductible subject to the limits. Student tax return 2011 Full deduction. Student tax return 2011   If neither you nor your spouse was covered for any part of the year by an employer retirement plan, you can take a deduction for total contributions to one or more traditional IRAs of up to the lesser of: $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older in 2013). Student tax return 2011 100% of your compensation. Student tax return 2011 This limit is reduced by any contributions made to a 501(c)(18) plan on your behalf. Student tax return 2011 Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA. Student tax return 2011   In the case of a married couple with unequal compensation who file a joint return, the deduction for contributions to the traditional IRA of the spouse with less compensation is limited to the lesser of the following amounts. Student tax return 2011 $5,500 ($6,500 if the spouse with the lower compensation is age 50 or older in 2013). Student tax return 2011 The total compensation includible in the gross income of both spouses for the year reduced by the following three amounts. Student tax return 2011 The IRA deduction for the year of the spouse with the greater compensation. Student tax return 2011 Any designated nondeductible contribution for the year made on behalf of the spouse with the greater compensation. Student tax return 2011 Any contributions for the year to a Roth IRA on behalf of the spouse with the greater compensation. Student tax return 2011 This limit is reduced by any contributions to a 501(c)(18) plan on behalf of the spouse with the lesser compensation. Student tax return 2011 Note. Student tax return 2011 If you were divorced or legally separated (and did not remarry) before the end of the year, you cannot deduct any contributions to your spouse's IRA. Student tax return 2011 After a divorce or legal separation, you can deduct only contributions to your own IRA. Student tax return 2011 Your deductions are subject to the rules for single individuals. Student tax return 2011 Covered by an employer retirement plan. Student tax return 2011   If you or your spouse was covered by an employer retirement plan at any time during the year for which contributions were made, your deduction may be further limited. Student tax return 2011 This is discussed later under Limit If Covered by Employer Plan . Student tax return 2011 Limits on the amount you can deduct do not affect the amount that can be contributed. Student tax return 2011 See Nondeductible Contributions , later. Student tax return 2011 Are You Covered by an Employer Plan? The Form W-2 you receive from your employer has a box used to indicate whether you were covered for the year. Student tax return 2011 The “Retirement plan” box should be checked if you were covered. Student tax return 2011 Reservists and volunteer firefighters should also see Situations in Which You Are Not Covered by an Employer Plan , later. Student tax return 2011 If you are not certain whether you were covered by your employer's retirement plan, you should ask your employer. Student tax return 2011 Federal judges. Student tax return 2011   For purposes of the IRA deduction, federal judges are covered by an employer retirement plan. Student tax return 2011 For Which Year(s) Are You Covered by an Employer Plan? Special rules apply to determine the tax years for which you are covered by an employer plan. Student tax return 2011 These rules differ depending on whether the plan is a defined contribution plan or a defined benefit plan. Student tax return 2011 Tax year. Student tax return 2011   Your tax year is the annual accounting period you use to keep records and report income and expenses on your income tax return. Student tax return 2011 For almost all people, the tax year is the calendar year. Student tax return 2011 Defined contribution plan. Student tax return 2011   Generally, you are covered by a defined contribution plan for a tax year if amounts are contributed or allocated to your account for the plan year that ends with or within that tax year. Student tax return 2011   A defined contribution plan is a plan that provides for a separate account for each person covered by the plan. Student tax return 2011 Types of defined contribution plans include profit-sharing plans, stock bonus plans, and money purchase pension plans. Student tax return 2011 Defined benefit plan. Student tax return 2011   If you are eligible to participate in your employer's defined benefit plan for the plan year that ends within your tax year, you are covered by the plan. Student tax return 2011 This rule applies even if you: Declined to participate in the plan, Did not make a required contribution, or Did not perform the minimum service required to accrue a benefit for the year. Student tax return 2011   A defined benefit plan is any plan that is not a defined contribution plan. Student tax return 2011 Defined benefit plans include pension plans and annuity plans. Student tax return 2011 No vested interest. Student tax return 2011   If you accrue a benefit for a plan year, you are covered by that plan even if you have no vested interest in (legal right to) the accrual. Student tax return 2011 Situations in Which You Are Not Covered by an Employer Plan Unless you are covered under another employer plan, you are not covered by an employer plan if you are in one of the situations described below. Student tax return 2011 Social security or railroad retirement. Student tax return 2011   Coverage under social security or railroad retirement is not coverage under an employer retirement plan. Student tax return 2011 Benefits from a previous employer's plan. Student tax return 2011   If you receive retirement benefits from a previous employer's plan, you are not covered by that plan. Student tax return 2011 Reservists. Student tax return 2011   If the only reason you participate in a plan is because you are a member of a reserve unit of the armed forces, you may not be covered by the plan. Student tax return 2011 You are not covered by the plan if both of the following conditions are met. Student tax return 2011 The plan you participate in is established for its employees by: The United States, A state or political subdivision of a state, or An instrumentality of either (a) or (b) above. Student tax return 2011 You did not serve more than 90 days on active duty during the year (not counting duty for training). Student tax return 2011 Volunteer firefighters. Student tax return 2011   If the only reason you participate in a plan is because you are a volunteer firefighter, you may not be covered by the plan. Student tax return 2011 You are not covered by the plan if both of the following conditions are met. Student tax return 2011 The plan you participate in is established for its employees by: The United States, A state or political subdivision of a state, or An instrumentality of either (a) or (b) above. Student tax return 2011 Your accrued retirement benefits at the beginning of the year will not provide more than $1,800 per year at retirement. Student tax return 2011 Limit If Covered by Employer Plan If either you or your spouse was covered by an employer retirement plan, you may be entitled to only a partial (reduced) deduction or no deduction at all, depending on your income and your filing status. Student tax return 2011 Your deduction begins to decrease (phase out) when your income rises above a certain amount and is eliminated altogether when it reaches a higher amount. Student tax return 2011 These amounts vary depending on your filing status. Student tax return 2011 To determine if your deduction is subject to phaseout, you must determine your modified adjusted gross income (AGI) and your filing status. Student tax return 2011 See Filing status and Modified adjusted gross income (AGI) , later. Student tax return 2011 Then use Table 17-1 or 17-2 to determine if the phaseout applies. Student tax return 2011 Social security recipients. Student tax return 2011   Instead of using Table 17-1 or Table 17-2, use the worksheets in Appendix B of Publication 590 if, for the year, all of the following apply. Student tax return 2011 You received social security benefits. Student tax return 2011 You received taxable compensation. Student tax return 2011 Contributions were made to your traditional IRA. Student tax return 2011 You or your spouse was covered by an employer retirement plan. Student tax return 2011 Use those worksheets to figure your IRA deduction, your nondeductible contribution, and the taxable portion, if any, of your social security benefits. Student tax return 2011 Deduction phaseout. Student tax return 2011   If you were covered by an employer retirement plan and you did not receive any social security retirement benefits, your IRA deduction may be reduced or eliminated depending on your filing status and modified AGI as shown in Table 17-1. Student tax return 2011 Table 17-1. Student tax return 2011 Effect of Modified AGI1 on Deduction if You Are Covered by Retirement Plan at Work If you are covered by a retirement plan at work, use this table to determine if your modified AGI affects the amount of your deduction. Student tax return 2011 IF your filing status is. Student tax return 2011 . Student tax return 2011 . Student tax return 2011   AND your modified AGI is. Student tax return 2011 . Student tax return 2011 . Student tax return 2011   THEN you can take. Student tax return 2011 . Student tax return 2011 . Student tax return 2011 single   or  head of household   $59,000 or less   a full deduction. Student tax return 2011   more than $59,000 but less than $69,000   a partial deduction. Student tax return 2011   $69,000 or more   no deduction. Student tax return 2011 married filing jointly   or  qualifying widow(er)   $95,000 or less   a full deduction. Student tax return 2011   more than $95,000 but less than $115,000   a partial deduction. Student tax return 2011   $115,000 or more   no deduction. Student tax return 2011 married filing separately2   less than $10,000   a partial deduction. Student tax return 2011   $10,000 or more   no deduction. Student tax return 2011 1Modified AGI (adjusted gross income). Student tax return 2011 See Modified adjusted gross income (AGI) . Student tax return 2011 2If you did not live with your spouse at any time during the year, your filing status is considered Single for this purpose (therefore, your IRA deduction is determined under the “Single” column). Student tax return 2011 If your spouse is covered. Student tax return 2011   If you are not covered by an employer retirement plan, but your spouse is, and you did not receive any social security benefits, your IRA deduction may be reduced or eliminated entirely depending on your filing status and modified AGI as shown in Table 17-2. Student tax return 2011 Filing status. Student tax return 2011   Your filing status depends primarily on your marital status. Student tax return 2011 For this purpose, you need to know if your filing status is single or head of household, married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er), or married filing separately. Student tax return 2011 If you need more information on filing status, see chapter 2. Student tax return 2011 Lived apart from spouse. Student tax return 2011   If you did not live with your spouse at any time during the year and you file a separate return, your filing status, for this purpose, is single. Student tax return 2011 Table 17-2. Student tax return 2011 Effect of Modified AGI1 on Deduction if You Are NOT Covered by Retirement Plan at Work If you are not covered by a retirement plan at work, use this table to determine if your modified AGI affects the amount of your deduction. Student tax return 2011 IF your filing status is. Student tax return 2011 . Student tax return 2011 . Student tax return 2011   AND your modified AGI is. Student tax return 2011 . Student tax return 2011 . Student tax return 2011   THEN you can take. Student tax return 2011 . Student tax return 2011 . Student tax return 2011 single, head of household, or qualifying widow(er)   any amount   a full deduction. Student tax return 2011 married filing jointly or separately with a spouse who is not covered by a plan at work   any amount   a full deduction. Student tax return 2011 married filing jointly with a spouse who is covered by a plan at work   $178,000 or less   a full deduction. Student tax return 2011   more than $178,000 but less than $188,000   a partial deduction. Student tax return 2011   $188,000 or more   no deduction. Student tax return 2011 married filing separately with a spouse who is covered by a plan at work2   less than $10,000   a partial deduction. Student tax return 2011   $10,000 or more   no deduction. Student tax return 2011 1Modified AGI (adjusted gross income). Student tax return 2011 See Modified adjusted gross income (AGI) . Student tax return 2011 2You are entitled to the full deduction if you did not live with your spouse at any time during the year. Student tax return 2011 Modified adjusted gross income (AGI). Student tax return 2011   How you figure your modified AGI depends on whether you are filing Form 1040 or Form 1040A. Student tax return 2011 If you made contributions to your IRA for 2013 and received a distribution from your IRA in 2013, see Publication 590. Student tax return 2011 You may be able to use Worksheet 17-1 to figure your modified AGI. Student tax return 2011    Do not assume that your modified AGI is the same as your compensation. Student tax return 2011 Your modified AGI may include income in addition to your compensation (discussed earlier), such as interest, dividends, and income from IRA distributions. Student tax return 2011 Form 1040. Student tax return 2011   If you file Form 1040, refigure the amount on the page 1 “adjusted gross income” line without taking into account any of the following eight amounts. Student tax return 2011 IRA deduction. Student tax return 2011 Student loan interest deduction. Student tax return 2011 Tuition and fees deduction. Student tax return 2011 Domestic production activities deduction. Student tax return 2011 Foreign earned income exclusion. Student tax return 2011 Foreign housing exclusion or deduction. Student tax return 2011 Exclusion of qualified savings bond interest shown on Form 8815, Exclusion of Interest From Series EE and I U. Student tax return 2011 S. Student tax return 2011 Savings Bonds Issued After 1989. Student tax return 2011 Exclusion of employer-provided adoption benefits shown on Form 8839, Qualified Adoption Expenses. Student tax return 2011 This is your modified AGI. Student tax return 2011 Form 1040A. Student tax return 2011   If you file Form 1040A, refigure the amount on the page 1 “adjusted gross income” line without taking into account any of the following amounts. Student tax return 2011 IRA deduction. Student tax return 2011 Student loan interest deduction. Student tax return 2011 Tuition and fees deduction. Student tax return 2011 Exclusion of qualified savings bond interest shown on Form 8815. Student tax return 2011 This is your modified AGI. Student tax return 2011 Both contributions for 2013 and distributions in 2013. Student tax return 2011   If all three of the following apply, any IRA distributions you received in 2013 may be partly tax free and partly taxable. Student tax return 2011 You received distributions in 2013 from one or more traditional IRAs. Student tax return 2011 You made contributions to a traditional IRA for 2013. Student tax return 2011 Some of those contributions may be nondeductible contributions. Student tax return 2011 If this is your situation, you must figure the taxable part of the traditional IRA distribution before you can figure your modified AGI. Student tax return 2011 To do this, you can use Worksheet 1-5, Figuring the Taxable Part of Your IRA Distribution, in Publication 590. Student tax return 2011   If at least one of the above does not apply, figure your modified AGI using Worksheet 17-1, later. Student tax return 2011    How to figure your reduced IRA deduction. Student tax return 2011   You can figure your reduced IRA deduction for either Form 1040 or Form 1040A by using the worksheets in chapter 1 of Publication 590. Student tax return 2011 Also, the instructions for Form 1040 and Form 1040A include similar worksheets that you may be able to use instead. Student tax return 2011 Worksheet 17-1. Student tax return 2011 Figuring Your Modified AGI Use this worksheet to figure your modified adjusted gross income for traditional IRA purposes. Student tax return 2011 1. Student tax return 2011 Enter your adjusted gross income (AGI) from Form 1040, line 38, or Form 1040A, line 22, figured without taking into account the amount from Form 1040, line 32, or Form 1040A, line 17 1. Student tax return 2011   2. Student tax return 2011 Enter any student loan interest deduction from Form 1040, line 33, or Form 1040A, line 18 2. Student tax return 2011   3. Student tax return 2011 Enter any tuition and fees deduction from Form 1040, line 34, or Form 1040A, line 19 3. Student tax return 2011   4. Student tax return 2011 Enter any domestic production activities deduction from Form 1040, line 35 4. Student tax return 2011   5. Student tax return 2011 Enter any foreign earned income and/or housing exclusion from Form 2555, line 45, or Form 2555-EZ, line 18 5. Student tax return 2011   6. Student tax return 2011 Enter any foreign housing deduction from Form 2555, line 50 6. Student tax return 2011   7. Student tax return 2011 Enter any excludable savings bond interest from Form 8815, line 14 7. Student tax return 2011   8. Student tax return 2011 Enter any excluded employer-provided adoption benefits from Form 8839, line 28 8. Student tax return 2011   9. Student tax return 2011 Add lines 1 through 8. Student tax return 2011 This is your Modified AGI for traditional IRA purposes 9. Student tax return 2011   Reporting Deductible Contributions If you file Form 1040, enter your IRA deduction on line 32 of that form. Student tax return 2011 If you file Form 1040A, enter your IRA deduction on line 17. Student tax return 2011 You cannot deduct IRA contributions on Form 1040EZ. Student tax return 2011 Nondeductible Contributions Although your deduction for IRA contributions may be reduced or eliminated, contributions can be made to your IRA up to the general limit or, if it applies, the Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA limit. Student tax return 2011 The difference between your total permitted contributions and your IRA deduction, if any, is your nondeductible contribution. Student tax return 2011 Example. Student tax return 2011 Mike is 28 years old and single. Student tax return 2011 In 2013, he was covered by a retirement plan at work. Student tax return 2011 His salary was $57,312. Student tax return 2011 His modified AGI was $70,000. Student tax return 2011 Mike made a $5,500 IRA contribution for 2013. Student tax return 2011 Because he was covered by a retirement plan and his modified AGI was over $69,000, he cannot deduct his $5,500 IRA contribution. Student tax return 2011 He must designate this contribution as a nondeductible contribution by reporting it on Form 8606, as explained next. Student tax return 2011 Form 8606. Student tax return 2011   To designate contributions as nondeductible, you must file Form 8606. Student tax return 2011   You do not have to designate a contribution as nondeductible until you file your tax return. Student tax return 2011 When you file, you can even designate otherwise deductible contributions as nondeductible. Student tax return 2011   You must file Form 8606 to report nondeductible contributions even if you do not have to file a tax return for the year. Student tax return 2011 A Form 8606 is not used for the year that you make a rollover from a qualified retirement plan to a traditional IRA and the rollover includes nontaxable amounts. Student tax return 2011 In those situations, a Form 8606 is completed for the year you take a distribution from that IRA. Student tax return 2011 See Form 8606 under Distributions Fully or Partly Taxable, later. Student tax return 2011 Failure to report nondeductible contributions. Student tax return 2011   If you do not report nondeductible contributions, all of the contributions to your traditional IRA will be treated as deductible contributions when withdrawn. Student tax return 2011 All distributions from your IRA will be taxed unless you can show, with satisfactory evidence, that nondeductible contributions were made. Student tax return 2011 Penalty for overstatement. Student tax return 2011   If you overstate the amount of nondeductible contributions on your Form 8606 for any tax year, you must pay a penalty of $100 for each overstatement, unless it was due to reasonable cause. Student tax return 2011 Penalty for failure to file Form 8606. Student tax return 2011   You will have to pay a $50 penalty if you do not file a required Form 8606, unless you can prove that the failure was due to reasonable cause. Student tax return 2011    Tax on earnings on nondeductible contributions. Student tax return 2011   As long as contributions are within the contribution limits, none of the earnings or gains on contributions (deductible or nondeductible) will be taxed until they are distributed. Student tax return 2011 See When Can You Withdraw or Use IRA Assets , later. Student tax return 2011 Cost basis. Student tax return 2011   You will have a cost basis in your traditional IRA if you made any nondeductible contributions. Student tax return 2011 Your cost basis is the sum of the nondeductible contributions to your IRA minus any withdrawals or distributions of nondeductible contributions. Student tax return 2011 Inherited IRAs If you inherit a traditional IRA, you are called a beneficiary. Student tax return 2011 A beneficiary can be any person or entity the owner chooses to receive the benefits of the IRA after he or she dies. Student tax return 2011 Beneficiaries of a traditional IRA must include in their gross income any taxable distributions they receive. Student tax return 2011 Inherited from spouse. Student tax return 2011   If you inherit a traditional IRA from your spouse, you generally have the following three choices. Student tax return 2011 You can: Treat it as your own IRA by designating yourself as the account owner. Student tax return 2011 Treat it as your own by rolling it over into your IRA, or to the extent it is taxable, into a: Qualified employer plan, Qualified employee annuity plan (section 403(a) plan), Tax-sheltered annuity plan (section 403(b) plan), or Deferred compensation plan of a state or local government (section 457 plan). Student tax return 2011 Treat yourself as the beneficiary rather than treating the IRA as your own. Student tax return 2011 Treating it as your own. Student tax return 2011   You will be considered to have chosen to treat the IRA as your own if: Contributions (including rollover contributions) are made to the inherited IRA, or You do not take the required minimum distribution for a year as a beneficiary of the IRA. Student tax return 2011 You will only be considered to have chosen to treat the IRA as your own if: You are the sole beneficiary of the IRA, and You have an unlimited right to withdraw amounts from it. Student tax return 2011   However, if you receive a distribution from your deceased spouse's IRA, you can roll that distribution over into your own IRA within the 60-day time limit, as long as the distribution is not a required distribution, even if you are not the sole beneficiary of your deceased spouse's IRA. Student tax return 2011 Inherited from someone other than spouse. Student tax return 2011   If you inherit a traditional IRA from anyone other than your deceased spouse, you cannot treat the inherited IRA as your own. Student tax return 2011 This means that you cannot make any contributions to the IRA. Student tax return 2011 It also means you cannot roll over any amounts into or out of the inherited IRA. Student tax return 2011 However, you can make a trustee-to-trustee transfer as long as the IRA into which amounts are being moved is set up and maintained in the name of the deceased IRA owner for the benefit of you as beneficiary. Student tax return 2011 For more information, see the discussion of inherited IRAs under Rollover From One IRA Into Another, later. Student tax return 2011 Can You Move Retirement Plan Assets? You can transfer, tax free, assets (money or property) from other retirement plans (including traditional IRAs) to a traditional IRA. Student tax return 2011 You can make the following kinds of transfers. Student tax return 2011 Transfers from one trustee to another. Student tax return 2011 Rollovers. Student tax return 2011 Transfers incident to a divorce. Student tax return 2011 Transfers to Roth IRAs. Student tax return 2011   Under certain conditions, you can move assets from a traditional IRA or from a designated Roth account to a Roth IRA. Student tax return 2011 You can also move assets from a qualified retirement plan to a Roth IRA. Student tax return 2011 See Can You Move Amounts Into a Roth IRA? under Roth IRAs, later. Student tax return 2011 Trustee-to-Trustee Transfer A transfer of funds in your traditional IRA from one trustee directly to another, either at your request or at the trustee's request, is not a rollover. Student tax return 2011 Because there is no distribution to you, the transfer is tax free. Student tax return 2011 Because it is not a rollover, it is not affected by the 1-year waiting period required between rollovers, discussed later under Rollover From One IRA Into Another . Student tax return 2011 For information about direct transfers to IRAs from retirement plans other than IRAs, see Can You Move Retirement Plan Assets? in chapter 1 and Can You Move Amounts Into a Roth IRA? in chapter 2 of Publication 590. Student tax return 2011 Rollovers Generally, a rollover is a tax-free distribution to you of cash or other assets from one retirement plan that you contribute (roll over) to another retirement plan. Student tax return 2011 The contribution to the second retirement plan is called a “rollover contribution. Student tax return 2011 ” Note. Student tax return 2011 An amount rolled over tax free from one retirement plan to another is generally includible in income when it is distributed from the second plan. Student tax return 2011 Kinds of rollovers to a traditional IRA. Student tax return 2011   You can roll over amounts from the following plans into a traditional IRA: A traditional IRA, An employer's qualified retirement plan for its employees, A deferred compensation plan of a state or local government (section 457 plan), or A tax-sheltered annuity plan (section 403(b) plan). Student tax return 2011 Treatment of rollovers. Student tax return 2011   You cannot deduct a rollover contribution, but you must report the rollover distribution on your tax return as discussed later under Reporting rollovers from IRAs and under Reporting rollovers from employer plans . Student tax return 2011 Kinds of rollovers from a traditional IRA. Student tax return 2011   You may be able to roll over, tax free, a distribution from your traditional IRA into a qualified plan. Student tax return 2011 These plans include the federal Thrift Savings Fund (for federal employees), deferred compensation plans of state or local governments (section 457 plans), and tax-sheltered annuity plans (section 403(b) plans). Student tax return 2011 The part of the distribution that you can roll over is the part that would otherwise be taxable (includible in your income). Student tax return 2011 Qualified plans may, but are not required to, accept such rollovers. Student tax return 2011 Time limit for making a rollover contribution. Student tax return 2011   You generally must make the rollover contribution by the 60th day after the day you receive the distribution from your traditional IRA or your employer's plan. Student tax return 2011 The IRS may waive the 60-day requirement where the failure to do so would be against equity or good conscience, such as in the event of a casualty, disaster, or other event beyond your reasonable control. Student tax return 2011 For more information, see Can You Move Retirement Plan Assets? in chapter 1 of Publication 590. Student tax return 2011 Extension of rollover period. Student tax return 2011   If an amount distributed to you from a traditional IRA or a qualified employer retirement plan is a frozen deposit at any time during the 60-day period allowed for a rollover, special rules extend the rollover period. Student tax return 2011 For more information, see Can You Move Retirement Plan Assets? in chapter 1 of Publication 590. Student tax return 2011 More information. Student tax return 2011   For more information on rollovers, see Can You Move Retirement Plan Assets? in chapter 1 of Publication 590. Student tax return 2011 Rollover From One IRA Into Another You can withdraw, tax free, all or part of the assets from one traditional IRA if you reinvest them within 60 days in the same or another traditional IRA. Student tax return 2011 Because this is a rollover, you cannot deduct the amount that you reinvest in an IRA. Student tax return 2011 Waiting period between rollovers. Student tax return 2011   Generally, if you make a tax-free rollover of any part of a distribution from a traditional IRA, you cannot, within a 1-year period, make a tax-free rollover of any later distribution from that same IRA. Student tax return 2011 You also cannot make a tax-free rollover of any amount distributed, within the same 1-year period, from the IRA into which you made the tax-free rollover. Student tax return 2011   The 1-year period begins on the date you receive the IRA distribution, not on the date you roll it over into an IRA. Student tax return 2011 Example. Student tax return 2011 You have two traditional IRAs, IRA-1 and IRA-2. Student tax return 2011 You make a tax-free rollover of a distribution from IRA-1 into a new traditional IRA (IRA-3). Student tax return 2011 You cannot, within 1 year of the distribution from IRA-1, make a tax-free rollover of any distribution from either IRA-1 or IRA-3 into another traditional IRA. Student tax return 2011 However, the rollover from IRA-1 into IRA-3 does not prevent you from making a tax-free rollover from IRA-2 into any other traditional IRA. Student tax return 2011 This is because you have not, within the last year, rolled over, tax free, any distribution from IRA-2 or made a tax-free rollover into IRA-2. Student tax return 2011 Exception. Student tax return 2011   For an exception for distributions from failed financial institutions, see Rollover From One IRA Into Another under Can You Move Retirement Plan Assets? in chapter 1 of Publication 590. Student tax return 2011 Partial rollovers. Student tax return 2011   If you withdraw assets from a traditional IRA, you can roll over part of the withdrawal tax free and keep the rest of it. Student tax return 2011 The amount you keep will generally be taxable (except for the part that is a return of nondeductible contributions). Student tax return 2011 The amount you keep may be subject to the 10% additional tax on early distributions, discussed later under What Acts Result in Penalties or Additional Taxes? . Student tax return 2011 Required distributions. Student tax return 2011   Amounts that must be distributed during a particular year under the required distribution rules (discussed later) are not eligible for rollover treatment. Student tax return 2011 Inherited IRAs. Student tax return 2011   If you inherit a traditional IRA from your spouse, you generally can roll it over, or you can choose to make the inherited IRA your own. Student tax return 2011 See Treating it as your own , earlier. Student tax return 2011 Not inherited from spouse. Student tax return 2011   If you inherit a traditional IRA from someone other than your spouse, you cannot roll it over or allow it to receive a rollover contribution. Student tax return 2011 You must withdraw the IRA assets within a certain period. Student tax return 2011 For more information, see When Must You Withdraw Assets? in chapter 1 of Publication 590. Student tax return 2011 Reporting rollovers from IRAs. Student tax return 2011   Report any rollover from one traditional IRA to the same or another traditional IRA on lines 15a and 15b, Form 1040, or lines 11a and 11b, Form 1040A, as follows. Student tax return 2011   Enter the total amount of the distribution on Form 1040, line 15a, or Form 1040A, line 11a. Student tax return 2011 If the total amount on Form 1040, line 15a, or Form 1040A, line 11a, was rolled over, enter zero on Form 1040, line 15b, or Form 1040A, line 11b. Student tax return 2011 If the total distribution was not rolled over, enter the taxable portion of the part that was not rolled over on Form 1040, line 15b, or Form 1040A, line 11b. Student tax return 2011 Put “Rollover” next to Form 1040, line 15b, or Form 1040A, line 11b. Student tax return 2011 See your tax return instructions. Student tax return 2011   If you rolled over the distribution into a qualified plan (other than an IRA) or you make the rollover in 2014, attach a statement explaining what you did. Student tax return 2011 Rollover From Employer's Plan Into an IRA You can roll over into a traditional IRA all or part of an eligible rollover distribution you receive from your (or your deceased spouse's): Employer's qualified pension, profit-sharing, or stock bonus plan; Annuity plan; Tax-sheltered annuity plan (section 403(b) plan); or Governmental deferred compensation plan (section 457 plan). Student tax return 2011 A qualified plan is one that meets the requirements of the Internal Revenue Code. Student tax return 2011 Eligible rollover distribution. Student tax return 2011   Generally, an eligible rollover distribution is any distribution of all or part of the balance to your credit in a qualified retirement plan except the following. Student tax return 2011 A required minimum distribution (explained later under When Must You Withdraw IRA Assets? (Required Minimum Distributions) ). Student tax return 2011 A hardship distribution. Student tax return 2011 Any of a series of substantially equal periodic distributions paid at least once a year over: Your lifetime or life expectancy, The lifetimes or life expectancies of you and your beneficiary, or A period of 10 years or more. Student tax return 2011 Corrective distributions of excess contributions or excess deferrals, and any income allocable to the excess, or of excess annual additions and any allocable gains. Student tax return 2011 A loan treated as a distribution because it does not satisfy certain requirements either when made or later (such as upon default), unless the participant's accrued benefits are reduced (offset) to repay the loan. Student tax return 2011 Dividends on employer securities. Student tax return 2011 The cost of life insurance coverage. Student tax return 2011 Any nontaxable amounts that you roll over into your traditional IRA become part of your basis (cost) in your IRAs. Student tax return 2011 To recover your basis when you take distributions from your IRA, you must complete Form 8606 for the year of the distribution. Student tax return 2011 See Form 8606 under Distributions Fully or Partly Taxable, later. Student tax return 2011 Rollover by nonspouse beneficiary. Student tax return 2011   A direct transfer from a deceased employee's qualified pension, profit-sharing, or stock bonus plan; annuity plan; tax-sheltered annuity (section 403(b)) plan; or governmental deferred compensation (section 457) plan to an IRA set up to receive the distribution on your behalf can be treated as an eligible rollover distribution if you are the designated beneficiary of the plan and not the employee's spouse. Student tax return 2011 The IRA is treated as an inherited IRA. Student tax return 2011 For more information about inherited IRAs, see Inherited IRAs , earlier. Student tax return 2011 Reporting rollovers from employer plans. Student tax return 2011    Enter the total distribution (before income tax or other deductions were withheld) on Form 1040, line 16a, or Form 1040A, line 12a. Student tax return 2011 This amount should be shown in box 1 of Form 1099-R. Student tax return 2011 From this amount, subtract any contributions (usually shown in box 5 of Form 1099-R) that were taxable to you when made. Student tax return 2011 From that result, subtract the amount that was rolled over either directly or within 60 days of receiving the distribution. Student tax return 2011 Enter the remaining amount, even if zero, on Form 1040, line 16b, or Form 1040A, line 12b. Student tax return 2011 Also, enter "Rollover" next to Form 1040, line 16b, or Form 1040A, line 12b. Student tax return 2011 Transfers Incident to Divorce If an interest in a traditional IRA is transferred from your spouse or former spouse to you by a divorce or separate maintenance decree or a written document related to such a decree, the interest in the IRA, starting from the date of the transfer, is treated as your IRA. Student tax return 2011 The transfer is tax free. Student tax return 2011 For detailed information, see Can You Move Retirement Plan Assets? in chapter 1 of Publication 590. Student tax return 2011 Converting From Any Traditional IRA to a Roth IRA Allowable conversions. Student tax return 2011   You can withdraw all or part of the assets from a traditional IRA and reinvest them (within 60 days) in a Roth IRA. Student tax return 2011 The amount that you withdraw and timely contribute (convert) to the Roth IRA is called a conversion contribution. Student tax return 2011 If properly (and timely) rolled over, the 10% additional tax on early distributions will not apply. Student tax return 2011 However, a part or all of the conversion contribution from your traditional IRA is included in your gross income. Student tax return 2011 Required distributions. Student tax return 2011   You cannot convert amounts that must be distributed from your traditional IRA for a particular year (including the calendar year in which you reach age 70½) under the required distribution rules (discussed later). Student tax return 2011 Income. Student tax return 2011   You must include in your gross income distributions from a traditional IRA that you would have had to include in income if you had not converted them into a Roth IRA. Student tax return 2011 These amounts are normally included in income on your return for the year that you converted them from a traditional IRA to a Roth IRA. Student tax return 2011   You do not include in gross income any part of a distribution from a traditional IRA that is a return of your basis, as discussed later. Student tax return 2011   You must file Form 8606 to report 2013 conversions from traditional, SEP, or SIMPLE IRAs to a Roth IRA in 2013 (unless you recharacterized the entire amount) and to figure the amount to include in income. Student tax return 2011   If you must include any amount in your gross income, you may have to increase your withholding or make estimated tax payments. Student tax return 2011 See chapter 4. Student tax return 2011 Recharacterizations You may be able to treat a contribution made to one type of IRA as having been made to a different type of IRA. Student tax return 2011 This is called recharacterizing the contribution. Student tax return 2011 See Can You Move Retirement Plan Assets? in chapter 1 of Publication 590 for more detailed information. Student tax return 2011 How to recharacterize a contribution. Student tax return 2011   To recharacterize a contribution, you generally must have the contribution transferred from the first IRA (the one to which it was made) to the second IRA in a trustee-to-trustee transfer. Student tax return 2011 If the transfer is made by the due date (including extensions) for your tax return for the year during which the contribution was made, you can elect to treat the contribution as having been originally made to the second IRA instead of to the first IRA. Student tax return 2011 If you recharacterize your contribution, you must do all three of the following. Student tax return 2011 Include in the transfer any net income allocable to the contribution. Student tax return 2011 If there was a loss, the net income you must transfer may be a negative amount. Student tax return 2011 Report the recharacterization on your tax return for the year during which the contribution was made. Student tax return 2011 Treat the contribution as having been made to the second IRA on the date that it was actually made to the first IRA. Student tax return 2011 No deduction allowed. Student tax return 2011   You cannot deduct the contribution to the first IRA. Student tax return 2011 Any net income you transfer with the recharacterized contribution is treated as earned in the second IRA. Student tax return 2011 Required notifications. Student tax return 2011   To recharacterize a contribution, you must notify both the trustee of the first IRA (the one to which the contribution was actually made) and the trustee of the second IRA (the one to which the contribution is being moved) that you have elected to treat the contribution as having been made to the second IRA rather than the first. Student tax return 2011 You must make the notifications by the date of the transfer. Student tax return 2011 Only one notification is required if both IRAs are maintained by the same trustee. Student tax return 2011 The notification(s) must include all of the following information. Student tax return 2011 The type and amount of the contribution to the first IRA that is to be recharacterized. Student tax return 2011 The date on which the contribution was made to the first IRA and the year for which it was made. Student tax return 2011 A direction to the trustee of the first IRA to transfer in a trustee-to-trustee transfer the amount of the contribution and any net income (or loss) allocable to the contribution to the trustee of the second IRA. Student tax return 2011 The name of the trustee of the first IRA and the name of the trustee of the second IRA. Student tax return 2011 Any additional information needed to make the transfer. Student tax return 2011 Reporting a recharacterization. Student tax return 2011   If you elect to recharacterize a contribution to one IRA as a contribution to another IRA, you must report the recharacterization on your tax return as directed by Form 8606 and its instructions. Student tax return 2011 You must treat the contribution as having been made to the second IRA. Student tax return 2011 When Can You Withdraw or Use IRA Assets? There are rules limiting use of your IRA assets and distributions from it. Student tax return 2011 Violation of the rules generally results in additional taxes in the year of violation. Student tax return 2011 See What Acts Result in Penalties or Additional Taxes , later. Student tax return 2011 Contributions returned before the due date of return. Student tax return 2011   If you made IRA contributions in 2013, you can withdraw them tax free by the due date of your return. Student tax return 2011 If you have an extension of time to file your return, you can withdraw them tax free by the extended due date. Student tax return 2011 You can do this if, for each contribution you withdraw, both of the following conditions apply. Student tax return 2011 You did not take a deduction for the contribution. Student tax return 2011 You withdraw any interest or other income earned on the contribution. Student tax return 2011 You can take into account any loss on the contribution while it was in the IRA when calculating the amount that must be withdrawn. Student tax return 2011 If there was a loss, the net income earned on the contribution may be a negative amount. Student tax return 2011 Note. Student tax return 2011 To calculate the amount you must withdraw, see Worksheet 1-4 under When Can You Withdraw or Use Assets? in chapter 1 of Publication 590. Student tax return 2011 Earnings includible in income. Student tax return 2011   You must include in income any earnings on the contributions you withdraw. Student tax return 2011 Include the earnings in income for the year in which you made the contributions, not in the year in which you withdraw them. Student tax return 2011 Generally, except for any part of a withdrawal that is a return of nondeductible contributions (basis), any withdrawal of your contributions after the due date (or extended due date) of your return will be treated as a taxable distribution. Student tax return 2011 Excess contributions can also be recovered tax free as discussed under What Acts Result in Penalties or Additional Taxes?, later. Student tax return 2011    Early distributions tax. Student tax return 2011   The 10% additional tax on distributions made before you reach age 59½ does not apply to these tax-free withdrawals of your contributions. Student tax return 2011 However, the distribution of interest or other income must be reported on Form 5329 and, unless the distribution qualifies as an exception to the age 59½ rule, it will be subject to this tax. Student tax return 2011 When Must You Withdraw IRA Assets? (Required Minimum Distributions) You cannot keep funds in a traditional IRA indefinitely. Student tax return 2011 Eventually they must be distributed. Student tax return 2011 If there are no distributions, or if the distributions are not large enough, you may have to pay a 50% excise tax on the amount not distributed as required. Student tax return 2011 See Excess Accumulations (Insufficient Distributions) , later. Student tax return 2011 The requirements for distributing IRA funds differ depending on whether you are the IRA owner or the beneficiary of a decedent's IRA. Student tax return 2011 Required minimum distribution. Student tax return 2011   The amount that must be distributed each year is referred to as the required minimum distribution. Student tax return 2011 Required distributions not eligible for rollover. Student tax return 2011   Amounts that must be distributed (required minimum distributions) during a particular year are not eligible for rollover treatment. Student tax return 2011 IRA owners. Student tax return 2011   If you are the owner of a traditional IRA, you must generally start receiving distributions from your IRA by April 1 of the year following the year in which you reach age 70½. Student tax return 2011 April 1 of the year following the year in which you reach age 70½ is referred to as the required beginning date. Student tax return 2011 Distributions by the required beginning date. Student tax return 2011   You must receive at least a minimum amount for each year starting with the year you reach age 70½ (your 70½ year). Student tax return 2011 If you do not (or did not) receive that minimum amount in your 70½ year, then you must receive distributions for your 70½ year by April 1 of the next year. Student tax return 2011   If an IRA owner dies after reaching age 70½, but before April 1 of the next year, no minimum distribution is required because death occurred before the required beginning date. Student tax return 2011 Even if you begin receiving distributions before you attain age 70½, you must begin calculating and receiving required minimum distributions by your required beginning date. Student tax return 2011 Distributions after the required beginning date. Student tax return 2011   The required minimum distribution for any year after the year you turn 70½ must be made by December 31 of that later year. Student tax return 2011    Beneficiaries. Student tax return 2011   If you are the beneficiary of a decedent's traditional IRA, the requirements for distributions from that IRA generally depend on whether the IRA owner died before or after the required beginning date for distributions. Student tax return 2011 More information. Student tax return 2011   For more information, including how to figure your minimum required distribution each year and how to figure your required distribution if you are a beneficiary of a decedent's IRA, see When Must You Withdraw Assets? in chapter 1 of Publication 590. Student tax return 2011 Are Distributions Taxable? In general, distributions from a traditional IRA are taxable in the year you receive them. Student tax return 2011 Exceptions. Student tax return 2011   Exceptions to distributions from traditional IRAs being taxable in the year you receive them are: Rollovers, Qualified charitable distributions (QCD), discussed later, Tax-free withdrawals of contributions, discussed earlier, and The return of nondeductible contributions, discussed later under Distributions Fully or Partly Taxable . Student tax return 2011    Although a conversion of a traditional IRA is considered a rollover for Roth IRA purposes, it is not an exception to the rule that distributions from a traditional IRA are taxable in the year you receive them. Student tax return 2011 Conversion distributions are includible in your gross income subject to this rule and the special rules for conversions explained in Converting From Any Traditional IRA Into a Roth IRA under Can You Move Retirement Plan Assets? in chapter 1 of Publication 590. Student tax return 2011 Qualified charitable distributions (QCD). Student tax return 2011   A QCD is generally a nontaxable distribution made directly by the trustee of your IRA to an organization eligible to receive tax-deductible contributions. Student tax return 2011 Special rules apply if you made a qualified charitable distribution in January 2013 that you elected to treat as made in 2012. Student tax return 2011 See Qualified Charitable Distributions in Publication 590 for more information. Student tax return 2011 Ordinary income. Student tax return 2011   Distributions from traditional IRAs that you include in income are taxed as ordinary income. Student tax return 2011 No special treatment. Student tax return 2011   In figuring your tax, you cannot use the 10-year tax option or capital gain treatment that applies to lump-sum distributions from qualified retirement plans. Student tax return 2011 Distributions Fully or Partly Taxable Distributions from your traditional IRA may be fully or partly taxable, depending on whether your IRA includes any nondeductible contributions. Student tax return 2011 Fully taxable. Student tax return 2011   If only deductible contributions were made to your traditional IRA (or IRAs, if you have more than one), you have no basis in your IRA. Student tax return 2011 Because you have no basis in your IRA, any distributions are fully taxable when received. Student tax return 2011 See Reporting taxable distributions on your return , later. Student tax return 2011 Partly taxable. Student tax return 2011    If you made nondeductible contributions or rolled over any after-tax amounts to any of your traditional IRAs, you have a cost basis (investment in the contract) equal to the amount of those contributions. Student tax return 2011 These nondeductible contributions are not taxed when they are distributed to you. Student tax return 2011 They are a return of your investment in your IRA. Student tax return 2011   Only the part of the distribution that represents nondeductible contributions and rolled over after-tax amounts (your cost basis) is tax free. Student tax return 2011 If nondeductible contributions have been made or after-tax amounts have been rolled over to your IRA, distributions consist partly of nondeductible contributions (basis) and partly of deductible contributions, earnings, and gains (if there are any). Student tax return 2011 Until all of your basis has been distributed, each distribution is partly nontaxable and partly taxable. Student tax return 2011 Form 8606. Student tax return 2011   You must complete Form 8606 and attach it to your return if you receive a distribution from a traditional IRA and have ever made nondeductible contributions or rolled over after-tax amounts to any of your traditional IRAs. Student tax return 2011 Using the form, you will figure the nontaxable distributions for 2013 and your total IRA basis for 2013 and earlier years. Student tax return 2011 Note. Student tax return 2011 If you are required to file Form 8606, but you are not required to file an income tax return, you still must file Form 8606. Student tax return 2011 Send it to the IRS at the time and place you would otherwise file an income tax return. Student tax return 2011 Distributions reported on Form 1099-R. Student tax return 2011   If you receive a distribution from your traditional IRA, you will receive Form 1099-R, Distributions From Pensions, Annuities, Retirement or Profit-Sharing Plans, IRAs, Insurance Contracts, etc. Student tax return 2011 , or a similar statement. Student tax return 2011 IRA distributions are shown in boxes 1 and 2a of Form 1099-R. Student tax return 2011 A number or letter code in box 7 tells you what type of distribution you received from your IRA. Student tax return 2011 Withholding. Student tax return 2011   Federal income tax is withheld from distributions from traditional IRAs unless you choose not to have tax withheld. Student tax return 2011 See chapter 4. Student tax return 2011 IRA distributions delivered outside the United States. Student tax return 2011   In general, if you are a U. Student tax return 2011 S. Student tax return 2011 citizen or resident alien and your home address is outside the United States or its possessions, you cannot choose exemption from withholding on distributions from your traditional IRA. Student tax return 2011 Reporting taxable distributions on your return. Student tax return 2011    Report fully taxable distributions, including early distributions on Form 1040, line 15b, or Form 1040A, line 11b (no entry is required on Form 1040, line 15a, or Form 1040A, line 11a). Student tax return 2011 If only part of the distribution is taxable, enter the total amount on Form 1040, line 15a, or Form 1040A, line 11a, and the taxable part on Form 1040, line 15b, or Form 1040A, line 11b. Student tax return 2011 You cannot report distributions on Form 1040EZ. Student tax return 2011 What Acts Result in Penalties or Additional Taxes? The tax advantages of using traditional IRAs for retirement savings can be offset by additional taxes and penalties if you do not follow the rules. Student tax return 2011 There are additions to the regular tax for using your IRA funds in prohibited transactions. Student tax return 2011 There are also additional taxes for the following activities. Student tax return 2011 Investing in collectibles. Student tax return 2011 Making excess contributions. Student tax return 2011 Taking early distributions. Student tax return 2011 Allowing excess amounts to accumulate (failing to take required distributions). Student tax return 2011 There are penalties for overstating the amount of nondeductible contributions and for failure to file a Form 8606, if required. Student tax return 2011 Prohibited Transactions Generally, a prohibited transaction is any improper use of your traditional IRA by you, your beneficiary, or any disqualified person. Student tax return 2011 Disqualified persons include your fiduciary and members of your family (spouse, ancestor, lineal descendent, and any spouse of a lineal descendent). Student tax return 2011 The following are examples of prohibited transactions with a traditional IRA. Student tax return 2011 Borrowing money from it. Student tax return 2011 Selling property to it. Student tax return 2011 Receiving unreasonable compensation for managing it. Student tax return 2011 Using it as security for a loan. Student tax return 2011 Buying property for personal use (present or future) with IRA funds. Student tax return 2011 Effect on an IRA account. Student tax return 2011   Generally, if you or your beneficiary engages in a prohibited transaction in connection with your traditional IRA account at any time during the year, the account stops being an IRA as of the first day of that year. Student tax return 2011 Effect on you or your beneficiary. Student tax return 2011   If your account stops being an IRA because you or your beneficiary engaged in a prohibited transaction, the account is treated as distributing all its assets to you at their fair market values on the first day of the year. Student tax return 2011 If the total of those values is more than your basis in the IRA, you will have a taxable gain that is includible in your income. Student tax return 2011 For information on figuring your gain and reporting it in income, see Are Distributions Taxable , earlier. Student tax return 2011 The distribution may be subject to additional taxes or penalties. Student tax return 2011 Taxes on prohibited transactions. Student tax return 2011   If someone other than the owner or beneficiary of a traditional IRA engages in a prohibited transaction, that person may be liable for certain taxes. Student tax return 2011 In general, there is a 15% tax on the amount of the prohibited transaction and a 100% additional tax if the transaction is not corrected. Student tax return 2011 More information. Student tax return 2011   For more information on prohibited transactions, see What Acts Result in Penalties or Additional Taxes? in chapter 1 of Publication 590. Student tax return 2011 Investment in Collectibles If your traditional IRA invests in collectibles, the amount invested is considered distributed to you in the year invested. Student tax return 2011 You may have to pay the 10% additional tax on early distributions, discussed later. Student tax return 2011 Collectibles. Student tax return 2011   These include: Artworks, Rugs, Antiques, Metals, Gems, Stamps, Coins, Alcoholic beverages, and Certain other tangible personal property. Student tax return 2011 Exception. Student tax return 2011    Your IRA can invest in one, one-half, one-quarter, or one-tenth ounce U. Student tax return 2011 S. Student tax return 2011 gold coins, or one-ounce silver coins minted by the Treasury Department. Student tax return 2011 It can also invest in certain platinum coins and certain gold, silver, palladium, and platinum bullion. Student tax return 2011 Excess Contributions Generally, an excess contribution is the amount contributed to your traditional IRA(s) for the year that is more than the smaller of: The maximum deductible amount for the year. Student tax return 2011 For 2013, this is $5,500 ($6,500 if you are 50 or older), or Your taxable compensation for the year. Student tax return 2011 Tax on excess contributions. Student tax return 2011   In general, if the excess contributions for a year are not withdrawn by the date your return for the year is due (including extensions), you are subject to a 6% tax. Student tax return 2011 You must pay the 6% tax each year on excess amounts that remain in your traditional IRA at the end of your tax year. Student tax return 2011 The tax cannot be more than 6% of the combined value of all your IRAs as of the end of your tax year. Student tax return 2011 Excess contributions withdrawn by due date of return. Student tax return 2011   You will not have to pay the 6% tax if you withdraw an excess contribution made during a tax year and you also withdraw interest or other income earned on the excess contribution. Student tax return 2011 You must complete your withdrawal by the date your tax return for that year is due, including extensions. Student tax return 2011 How to treat withdrawn contributions. Student tax return 2011   Do not include in your gross income an excess contribution that you withdraw from your traditional IRA before your tax return is due if both the following conditions are met. Student tax return 2011 No deduction was allowed for the excess contribution. Student tax return 2011 You withdraw the interest or other income earned on the excess contribution. Student tax return 2011 You can take into account any loss on the contribution while it was in the IRA when calculating the amount that must be withdrawn. Student tax return 2011 If there was a loss, the net income you must withdraw may be a negative amount. Student tax return 2011 How to treat withdrawn interest or other income. Student tax return 2011   You must include in your gross income the interest or other income that was earned on the excess contribution. Student tax return 2011 Report it on your return for the year in which the excess contribution was made. Student tax return 2011 Your withdrawal of interest or other income may be subject to an additional 10% tax on early distributions, discus