Filing Your Taxes Online is Fast, Easy and Secure.
Start now and receive your tax refund in as little as 7 days.

1. Get Answers

Your online questions are customized to your unique tax situation.

2. Maximize your Refund

Find tax credits for everything from school tuition to buying a hybri

3. E-File for FREE

E-file free with direct deposit to get your refund in as few as 7 days.

Filing your taxes with paper mail can be difficult and it could take weeks for your refund to arrive. IRS e-file is easy, fast and secure. There is no paperwork going to the IRS so tax refunds can be processed in as little as 7 days with direct deposit. As you prepare your taxes online, you can see your tax refund in real time.

FREE audit support and representation from an enrolled agent – NEW and only from H&R Block

State Tax Forms 2013

What Forms Do I Need To File An Amended Tax ReturnIncome Tax Forms 1040H&r Block Free Tax PrepIrs Gov 1040x FormIrs Forms 10401040x Irs FormAmend State TaxesTurbotax Free State Filing CodeH&r Block 1040xState Income Tax ChartsHow To Fill Out A 1040x FormHow To Amend Your Tax ReturnAmended 1040 FormTurbotax Login Tax Return 2012Irs Tax Forms 1040ezEfile FreeWho Can File A 1040ez2005 Tax Return OnlineWww Irs Gov VitaTurbotax Business Fed E File 2012Non Resident State Tax ReturnFile Free 1040ezEz Form 1040My TurbotaxFree State Income Tax FormsHow To File Amended Tax Return For 2011Tax FilingFile Free State Return OnlineFiling 2007 Tax Return LateH & R Block Tax ReturnEz Form 2013Irs Online 1040ezState TaxesFile Amended 2012 Tax Return1040a Tax FormTaxslayer ComFile Amended Tax ReturnFree State And Federal Tax FilingFree Tax 2012Irs Form 1040

State Tax Forms 2013

State tax forms 2013 3. State tax forms 2013   Adjustments to Income Table of Contents Individual Retirement Arrangement (IRA) Contributions and DeductionsContributions to Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRAs. State tax forms 2013 Deductible contribution. State tax forms 2013 Nondeductible contribution. State tax forms 2013 You may be able to subtract amounts from your total income (Form 1040, line 22 or Form 1040A, line 15) or total effectively connected income (Form 1040NR, line 23) to get your adjusted gross income (Form 1040, line 37; Form 1040A, line 21; or Form 1040NR, line 36). State tax forms 2013 Some adjustments to income follow. State tax forms 2013 Contributions to your individual retirement arrangement (IRA) (Form 1040, line 32; Form 1040A, line 17; or Form 1040NR, line 32), explained later in this publication. State tax forms 2013 Certain moving expenses (Form 1040, line 26; or Form 1040NR, line 26) if you changed job locations or started a new job in 2013. State tax forms 2013 See Publication 521, Moving Expenses, or see Form 3903, Moving Expenses, and its instructions. State tax forms 2013 Some health insurance costs (Form 1040, line 29 or Form 1040NR, line 29) if you were self-employed and had a net profit for the year, or if you received wages in 2013 from an S corporation in which you were a more-than-2% shareholder. State tax forms 2013 For more details, see Publication 535, Business Expenses. State tax forms 2013 Payments to your self-employed SEP, SIMPLE, or qualified plan (Form 1040, line 28 or Form 1040NR, line 28). State tax forms 2013 For more information, including limits on how much you can deduct, see Publication 560, Retirement Plans for Small Business. State tax forms 2013 Penalties paid on early withdrawal of savings (Form 1040, line 30 or Form 1040NR, line 30). State tax forms 2013 Form 1099-INT, Interest Income, or Form 1099-OID, Original Issue Discount, will show the amount of any penalty you were charged. State tax forms 2013 Alimony payments (Form 1040, line 31a). State tax forms 2013 For more information, see Publication 504, Divorced or Separated Individuals. State tax forms 2013 There are other items you can claim as adjustments to income. State tax forms 2013 These adjustments are discussed in your tax return instructions. State tax forms 2013 Individual Retirement Arrangement (IRA) Contributions and Deductions This section explains the tax treatment of amounts you pay into traditional IRAs. State tax forms 2013 A traditional IRA is any IRA that is not a Roth or SIMPLE IRA. State tax forms 2013 Roth and SIMPLE IRAs are defined earlier in the IRA discussion under Retirement Plan Distributions . State tax forms 2013 For more detailed information, see Publication 590. State tax forms 2013 Contributions. State tax forms 2013   An IRA is a personal savings plan that offers you tax advantages to set aside money for your retirement. State tax forms 2013 Two advantages of a traditional IRA are: You may be able to deduct some or all of your contributions to it, depending on your circumstances, and Generally, amounts in your IRA, including earnings and gains, are not taxed until distributed. State tax forms 2013    Although interest earned from your traditional IRA generally is not taxed in the year earned, it is not tax-exempt interest. State tax forms 2013 Do not report this interest on your tax return as tax-exempt interest. State tax forms 2013 General limit. State tax forms 2013   The most that can be contributed for 2013 to your traditional IRA is the smaller of the following amounts. State tax forms 2013 Your taxable compensation for the year, or $5,500 ($6,500 if you were age 50 or older by the end of 2013). State tax forms 2013 Contributions to Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRAs. State tax forms 2013   In the case of a married couple filing a joint return for 2013, up to $5,500 ($6,500 for each spouse age 50 or older by the end of 2013) can be contributed to IRAs on behalf of each spouse, even if one spouse has little or no compensation. State tax forms 2013 For more information on the general limit and the Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA limit, see How Much Can Be Contributed? in Publication 590. State tax forms 2013 Deductible contribution. State tax forms 2013   Generally, you can deduct the lesser of the contributions to your traditional IRA for the year or the general limit (or Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA limit, if applicable) just explained. State tax forms 2013 However, if you or your spouse was covered by an employer retirement plan at any time during the year for which contributions were made, you may not be able to deduct all of the contributions. State tax forms 2013 Your deduction may be reduced or eliminated, depending on your filing status and the amount of your income. State tax forms 2013 For more information, see Limit if Covered by Employer Plan in Publication 590. State tax forms 2013 Nondeductible contribution. State tax forms 2013   The difference between your total permitted contributions and your IRA deduction, if any, is your nondeductible contribution. State tax forms 2013 You must file Form 8606, Nondeductible IRAs, to report nondeductible contributions even if you do not have to file a tax return for the year. State tax forms 2013    For 2014, the most that can be contributed to your traditional IRA is $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older at the end of 2014). State tax forms 2013 Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
Español

State and Local Surplus Property

Find surplus property sales and auctions from state and local government.


The State Tax Forms 2013

State tax forms 2013 1. State tax forms 2013   Gain or Loss Table of Contents Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: Sales and ExchangesGain or Loss From Sales and Exchanges Abandonments Foreclosures and RepossessionsAmount realized on a nonrecourse debt. State tax forms 2013 Amount realized on a recourse debt. State tax forms 2013 Involuntary ConversionsCondemnations Nontaxable ExchangesLike-Kind Exchanges Other Nontaxable Exchanges Transfers to Spouse Rollover of Gain From Publicly Traded Securities Gains on Sales of Qualified Small Business Stock Exclusion of Gain From Sale of DC Zone Assets Topics - This chapter discusses: Sales and exchanges Abandonments Foreclosures and repossessions Involuntary conversions Nontaxable exchanges Transfers to spouse Rollovers and exclusions for certain capital gains Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 523 Selling Your Home 537 Installment Sales 547 Casualties, Disasters, and Thefts 550 Investment Income and Expenses 551 Basis of Assets 908 Bankruptcy Tax Guide 4681 Canceled Debts, Foreclosures, Repossessions, and Abandonments Form (and Instructions) Schedule D (Form 1040) Capital Gains and Losses 1040 U. State tax forms 2013 S. State tax forms 2013 Individual Income Tax Return 1040X Amended U. State tax forms 2013 S. State tax forms 2013 Individual Income Tax Return 1099-A Acquisition or Abandonment of Secured Property 1099-C Cancellation of Debt 4797 Sales of Business Property 8824 Like-Kind Exchanges 8949 Sales and Other Dispositions of Capital Assets Although the discussions in this chapter may at times refer mainly to individuals, many of the rules discussed also apply to taxpayers other than individuals. State tax forms 2013 However, the rules for property held for personal use usually will not apply to taxpayers other than individuals. State tax forms 2013 See chapter 5 for information about getting publications and forms. State tax forms 2013 Sales and Exchanges A sale is a transfer of property for money or a mortgage, note, or other promise to pay money. State tax forms 2013 An exchange is a transfer of property for other property or services. State tax forms 2013 The following discussions describe the kinds of transactions that are treated as sales or exchanges and explain how to figure gain or loss. State tax forms 2013 Sale or lease. State tax forms 2013    Some agreements that seem to be leases may really be conditional sales contracts. State tax forms 2013 The intention of the parties to the agreement can help you distinguish between a sale and a lease. State tax forms 2013   There is no test or group of tests to prove what the parties intended when they made the agreement. State tax forms 2013 You should consider each agreement based on its own facts and circumstances. State tax forms 2013 For more information, see chapter 3 in Publication 535, Business Expenses. State tax forms 2013 Cancellation of a lease. State tax forms 2013    Payments received by a tenant for the cancellation of a lease are treated as an amount realized from the sale of property. State tax forms 2013 Payments received by a landlord (lessor) for the cancellation of a lease are essentially a substitute for rental payments and are taxed as ordinary income in the year in which they are received. State tax forms 2013 Copyright. State tax forms 2013    Payments you receive for granting the exclusive use of (or right to exploit) a copyright throughout its life in a particular medium are treated as received from the sale of property. State tax forms 2013 It does not matter if the payments are a fixed amount or a percentage of receipts from the sale, performance, exhibition, or publication of the copyrighted work, or an amount based on the number of copies sold, performances given, or exhibitions made. State tax forms 2013 Nor does it matter if the payments are made over the same period as that covering the grantee's use of the copyrighted work. State tax forms 2013   If the copyright was used in your trade or business and you held it longer than a year, the gain or loss may be a section 1231 gain or loss. State tax forms 2013 For more information, see Section 1231 Gains and Losses in chapter 3. State tax forms 2013 Easement. State tax forms 2013   The amount received for granting an easement is subtracted from the basis of the property. State tax forms 2013 If only a specific part of the entire tract of property is affected by the easement, only the basis of that part is reduced by the amount received. State tax forms 2013 If it is impossible or impractical to separate the basis of the part of the property on which the easement is granted, the basis of the whole property is reduced by the amount received. State tax forms 2013   Any amount received that is more than the basis to be reduced is a taxable gain. State tax forms 2013 The transaction is reported as a sale of property. State tax forms 2013   If you transfer a perpetual easement for consideration and do not keep any beneficial interest in the part of the property affected by the easement, the transaction will be treated as a sale of property. State tax forms 2013 However, if you make a qualified conservation contribution of a restriction or easement granted in perpetuity, it is treated as a charitable contribution and not a sale or exchange, even though you keep a beneficial interest in the property affected by the easement. State tax forms 2013   If you grant an easement on your property (for example, a right-of-way over it) under condemnation or threat of condemnation, you are considered to have made a forced sale, even though you keep the legal title. State tax forms 2013 Although you figure gain or loss on the easement in the same way as a sale of property, the gain or loss is treated as a gain or loss from a condemnation. State tax forms 2013 See Gain or Loss From Condemnations, later. State tax forms 2013 Property transferred to satisfy debt. State tax forms 2013   A transfer of property to satisfy a debt is an exchange. State tax forms 2013 Note's maturity date extended. State tax forms 2013   The extension of a note's maturity date is not treated as an exchange of an outstanding note for a new and different note. State tax forms 2013 Also, it is not considered a closed and completed transaction that would result in a gain or loss. State tax forms 2013 However, an extension will be treated as a taxable exchange of the outstanding note for a new and materially different note if the changes in the terms of the note are significant. State tax forms 2013 Each case must be determined by its own facts. State tax forms 2013 For more information, see Regulations section 1. State tax forms 2013 1001-3. State tax forms 2013 Transfer on death. State tax forms 2013   The transfer of property of a decedent to an executor or administrator of the estate, or to the heirs or beneficiaries, is not a sale or exchange or other disposition. State tax forms 2013 No taxable gain or deductible loss results from the transfer. State tax forms 2013 Bankruptcy. State tax forms 2013   Generally, a transfer (other than by sale or exchange) of property from a debtor to a bankruptcy estate is not treated as a disposition. State tax forms 2013 Consequently, the transfer generally does not result in gain or loss. State tax forms 2013 For more information, see Publication 908, Bankruptcy Tax Guide. State tax forms 2013 Gain or Loss From Sales and Exchanges You usually realize gain or loss when property is sold or exchanged. State tax forms 2013 A gain is the amount you realize from a sale or exchange of property that is more than its adjusted basis. State tax forms 2013 A loss is the adjusted basis of the property that is more than the amount you realize. State tax forms 2013   Table 1-1. State tax forms 2013 How To Figure Whether You Have a Gain or Loss IF your. State tax forms 2013 . State tax forms 2013 . State tax forms 2013 THEN you have a. State tax forms 2013 . State tax forms 2013 . State tax forms 2013 Adjusted basis is more than the amount realized, Loss. State tax forms 2013 Amount realized is more than the adjusted basis, Gain. State tax forms 2013 Basis. State tax forms 2013   You must know the basis of your property to determine whether you have a gain or loss from its sale or other disposition. State tax forms 2013 The basis of property you buy is usually its cost. State tax forms 2013 However, if you acquired the property by gift, inheritance, or in some way other than buying it, you must use a basis other than its cost. State tax forms 2013 See Basis Other Than Cost in Publication 551, Basis of Assets. State tax forms 2013 Special rules apply to property acquired from a decedent who died in 2010 and the executor made the election to file Form 8939, Allocation of Increase in Basis for Property Received From a Decedent. State tax forms 2013 See Publication 4895, Tax Treatment of Property Acquired From a Decedent Dying in 2010, for details. State tax forms 2013 Adjusted basis. State tax forms 2013   The adjusted basis of property is your original cost or other basis plus (increased by) certain additions and minus (decreased by) certain deductions. State tax forms 2013 Increases include costs of any improvements having a useful life of more than 1 year. State tax forms 2013 Decreases include depreciation and casualty losses. State tax forms 2013 For more details and additional examples, see Adjusted Basis in Publication 551. State tax forms 2013 Amount realized. State tax forms 2013   The amount you realize from a sale or exchange is the total of all money you receive plus the fair market value (defined below) of all property or services you receive. State tax forms 2013 The amount you realize also includes any of your liabilities that were assumed by the buyer and any liabilities to which the property you transferred is subject, such as real estate taxes or a mortgage. State tax forms 2013 Fair market value. State tax forms 2013   Fair market value (FMV) is the price at which the property would change hands between a buyer and a seller when both have reasonable knowledge of all the necessary facts and neither is being forced to buy or sell. State tax forms 2013 If parties with adverse interests place a value on property in an arm's-length transaction, that is strong evidence of FMV. State tax forms 2013 If there is a stated price for services, this price is treated as the FMV unless there is evidence to the contrary. State tax forms 2013 Example. State tax forms 2013 You used a building in your business that cost you $70,000. State tax forms 2013 You made certain permanent improvements at a cost of $20,000 and deducted depreciation totaling $10,000. State tax forms 2013 You sold the building for $100,000 plus property having an FMV of $20,000. State tax forms 2013 The buyer assumed your real estate taxes of $3,000 and a mortgage of $17,000 on the building. State tax forms 2013 The selling expenses were $4,000. State tax forms 2013 Your gain on the sale is figured as follows. State tax forms 2013 Amount realized:     Cash $100,000   FMV of property received 20,000   Real estate taxes assumed by buyer 3,000   Mortgage assumed by  buyer 17,000   Total 140,000   Minus: Selling expenses 4,000 $136,000 Adjusted basis:     Cost of building $70,000   Improvements 20,000   Total $90,000   Minus: Depreciation 10,000   Adjusted basis   $80,000 Gain on sale $56,000 Amount recognized. State tax forms 2013   Your gain or loss realized from a sale or exchange of property is usually a recognized gain or loss for tax purposes. State tax forms 2013 Recognized gains must be included in gross income. State tax forms 2013 Recognized losses are deductible from gross income. State tax forms 2013 However, your gain or loss realized from certain exchanges of property is not recognized for tax purposes. State tax forms 2013 See Nontaxable Exchanges, later. State tax forms 2013 Also, a loss from the sale or other disposition of property held for personal use is not deductible, except in the case of a casualty or theft. State tax forms 2013 Interest in property. State tax forms 2013   The amount you realize from the disposition of a life interest in property, an interest in property for a set number of years, or an income interest in a trust is a recognized gain under certain circumstances. State tax forms 2013 If you received the interest as a gift, inheritance, or in a transfer from a spouse or former spouse incident to a divorce, the amount realized is a recognized gain. State tax forms 2013 Your basis in the property is disregarded. State tax forms 2013 This rule does not apply if all interests in the property are disposed of at the same time. State tax forms 2013 Example 1. State tax forms 2013 Your father dies and leaves his farm to you for life with a remainder interest to your younger brother. State tax forms 2013 You decide to sell your life interest in the farm. State tax forms 2013 The entire amount you receive is a recognized gain. State tax forms 2013 Your basis in the farm is disregarded. State tax forms 2013 Example 2. State tax forms 2013 The facts are the same as in Example 1, except that your brother joins you in selling the farm. State tax forms 2013 The entire interest in the property is sold, so your basis in the farm is not disregarded. State tax forms 2013 Your gain or loss is the difference between your share of the sales price and your adjusted basis in the farm. State tax forms 2013 Canceling a sale of real property. State tax forms 2013   If you sell real property under a sales contract that allows the buyer to return the property for a full refund and the buyer does so, you may not have to recognize gain or loss on the sale. State tax forms 2013 If the buyer returns the property in the year of sale, no gain or loss is recognized. State tax forms 2013 This cancellation of the sale in the same year it occurred places both you and the buyer in the same positions you were in before the sale. State tax forms 2013 If the buyer returns the property in a later tax year, you must recognize gain (or loss, if allowed) in the year of the sale. State tax forms 2013 When the property is returned in a later year, you acquire a new basis in the property. State tax forms 2013 That basis is equal to the amount you pay to the buyer. State tax forms 2013 Bargain Sale If you sell or exchange property for less than fair market value with the intent of making a gift, the transaction is partly a sale or exchange and partly a gift. State tax forms 2013 You have a gain if the amount realized is more than your adjusted basis in the property. State tax forms 2013 However, you do not have a loss if the amount realized is less than the adjusted basis of the property. State tax forms 2013 Bargain sales to charity. State tax forms 2013   A bargain sale of property to a charitable organization is partly a sale or exchange and partly a charitable contribution. State tax forms 2013 If a charitable deduction for the contribution is allowable, you must allocate your adjusted basis in the property between the part sold and the part contributed based on the fair market value of each. State tax forms 2013 The adjusted basis of the part sold is figured as follows. State tax forms 2013 Adjusted basis of entire property × Amount realized (fair market value of part sold)   Fair market value of entire property   Based on this allocation rule, you will have a gain even if the amount realized is not more than your adjusted basis in the property. State tax forms 2013 This allocation rule does not apply if a charitable contribution deduction is not allowable. State tax forms 2013   See Publication 526, Charitable Contributions, for information on figuring your charitable contribution. State tax forms 2013 Example. State tax forms 2013 You sold property with a fair market value of $10,000 to a charitable organization for $2,000 and are allowed a deduction for your contribution. State tax forms 2013 Your adjusted basis in the property is $4,000. State tax forms 2013 Your gain on the sale is $1,200, figured as follows. State tax forms 2013 Sales price $2,000 Minus: Adjusted basis of part sold ($4,000 × ($2,000 ÷ $10,000)) 800 Gain on the sale $1,200 Property Used Partly for Business or Rental Generally, if you sell or exchange property you used partly for business or rental purposes and partly for personal purposes, you must figure the gain or loss on the sale or exchange as though you had sold two separate pieces of property. State tax forms 2013 You must subtract depreciation you took or could have taken from the basis of the business or rental part. State tax forms 2013 However, see the special rule below for a home used partly for business or rental. State tax forms 2013 You must allocate the selling price, selling expenses, and the basis of the property between the business or rental part and the personal part. State tax forms 2013 Gain or loss on the business or rental part of the property may be a capital gain or loss or an ordinary gain or loss, as discussed in chapter 3 under Section 1231 Gains and Losses. State tax forms 2013 Any gain on the personal part of the property is a capital gain. State tax forms 2013 You cannot deduct a loss on the personal part. State tax forms 2013 Home used partly for business or rental. State tax forms 2013    If you use property partly as a home and partly for business or to produce rental income, the computation and treatment of any gain on the sale depends partly on whether the business or rental part of the property is part of your home or separate from it. State tax forms 2013 See Property Used Partly for Business or Rental, in Publication 523. State tax forms 2013 Property Changed to Business or Rental Use You cannot deduct a loss on the sale of property you purchased or constructed for use as your home and used as your home until the time of sale. State tax forms 2013 You can deduct a loss on the sale of property you acquired for use as your home but changed to business or rental property and used as business or rental property at the time of sale. State tax forms 2013 However, if the adjusted basis of the property at the time of the change was more than its fair market value, the loss you can deduct is limited. State tax forms 2013 Figure the loss you can deduct as follows. State tax forms 2013 Use the lesser of the property's adjusted basis or fair market value at the time of the change. State tax forms 2013 Add to (1) the cost of any improvements and other increases to basis since the change. State tax forms 2013 Subtract from (2) depreciation and any other decreases to basis since the change. State tax forms 2013 Subtract the amount you realized on the sale from the result in (3). State tax forms 2013 If the amount you realized is more than the result in (3), treat this result as zero. State tax forms 2013 The result in (4) is the loss you can deduct. State tax forms 2013 Example. State tax forms 2013 You changed your main home to rental property 5 years ago. State tax forms 2013 At the time of the change, the adjusted basis of your home was $75,000 and the fair market value was $70,000. State tax forms 2013 This year, you sold the property for $55,000. State tax forms 2013 You made no improvements to the property but you have depreciation expense of $12,620 over the 5 prior years. State tax forms 2013 Although your loss on the sale is $7,380 [($75,000 − $12,620) − $55,000], the amount you can deduct as a loss is limited to $2,380, figured as follows. State tax forms 2013 Lesser of adjusted basis or fair market value at time of the change $70,000 Plus: Cost of any improvements and any other additions to basis after the change -0-   70,000 Minus: Depreciation and any other decreases to basis after the change 12,620   57,380 Minus: Amount you realized from the sale 55,000 Deductible loss $2,380 Gain. State tax forms 2013   If you have a gain on the sale, you generally must recognize the full amount of the gain. State tax forms 2013 You figure the gain by subtracting your adjusted basis from your amount realized, as described earlier. State tax forms 2013   You may be able to exclude all or part of the gain if you owned and lived in the property as your main home for at least 2 years during the 5-year period ending on the date of sale. State tax forms 2013 However, you may not be able to exclude the part of the gain allocated to any period of nonqualified use. State tax forms 2013   For more information, see Business Use or Rental of Home in Publication 523. State tax forms 2013 In addition, special rules apply if the home sold was acquired in a like-kind exchange. State tax forms 2013 See Special Situations in Publication 523. State tax forms 2013 Also see Like-Kind Exchanges, later. State tax forms 2013 Abandonments The abandonment of property is a disposition of property. State tax forms 2013 You abandon property when you voluntarily and permanently give up possession and use of the property with the intention of ending your ownership but without passing it on to anyone else. State tax forms 2013 Generally, abandonment is not treated as a sale or exchange of the property. State tax forms 2013 If the amount you realize (if any) is more than your adjusted basis, then you have a gain. State tax forms 2013 If your adjusted basis is more than the amount you realize (if any), then you have a loss. State tax forms 2013 Loss from abandonment of business or investment property is deductible as a loss. State tax forms 2013 A loss from an abandonment of business or investment property that is not treated as a sale or exchange generally is an ordinary loss. State tax forms 2013 This rule also applies to leasehold improvements the lessor made for the lessee that were abandoned. State tax forms 2013 If the property is foreclosed on or repossessed in lieu of abandonment, gain or loss is figured as discussed later under Foreclosure and Repossessions. State tax forms 2013 The abandonment loss is deducted in the tax year in which the loss is sustained. State tax forms 2013 If the abandoned property is secured by debt, special rules apply. State tax forms 2013 The tax consequences of abandonment of property that is secured by debt depend on whether you are personally liable for the debt (recourse debt) or you are not personally liable for the debt (nonrecourse debt). State tax forms 2013 For more information, including examples, see chapter 3 of Publication 4681. State tax forms 2013 You cannot deduct any loss from abandonment of your home or other property held for personal use only. State tax forms 2013 Cancellation of debt. State tax forms 2013   If the abandoned property secures a debt for which you are personally liable and the debt is canceled, you may realize ordinary income equal to the canceled debt. State tax forms 2013 This income is separate from any loss realized from abandonment of the property. State tax forms 2013   You must report this income on your tax return unless one of the following applies. State tax forms 2013 The cancellation is intended as a gift. State tax forms 2013 The debt is qualified farm debt. State tax forms 2013 The debt is qualified real property business debt. State tax forms 2013 You are insolvent or bankrupt. State tax forms 2013 The debt is qualified principal residence indebtedness. State tax forms 2013 File Form 982, Reduction of Tax Attributes Due to Discharge of Indebtedness (and Section 1082 Basis Adjustment), to report the income exclusion. State tax forms 2013 For more information, including other exceptions and exclusion, see Publication 4681. State tax forms 2013 Forms 1099-A and 1099-C. State tax forms 2013   If you abandon property that secures a loan and the lender knows the property has been abandoned, the lender should send you Form 1099-A showing information you need to figure your loss from the abandonment. State tax forms 2013 However, if your debt is canceled and the lender must file Form 1099-C, the lender may include the information about the abandonment on that form instead of on Form 1099-A, and send you Form 1099-C only. State tax forms 2013 The lender must file Form 1099-C and send you a copy if the amount of debt canceled is $600 or more and the lender is a financial institution, credit union, federal government agency, or any organization that has a significant trade or business of lending money. State tax forms 2013 For abandonments of property and debt cancellations occurring in 2013, these forms should be sent to you by January 31, 2014. State tax forms 2013 Foreclosures and Repossessions If you do not make payments you owe on a loan secured by property, the lender may foreclose on the loan or repossess the property. State tax forms 2013 The foreclosure or repossession is treated as a sale or exchange from which you may realize gain or loss. State tax forms 2013 This is true even if you voluntarily return the property to the lender. State tax forms 2013 You also may realize ordinary income from cancellation of debt if the loan balance is more than the fair market value of the property. State tax forms 2013 Buyer's (borrower's) gain or loss. State tax forms 2013   You figure and report gain or loss from a foreclosure or repossession in the same way as gain or loss from a sale or exchange. State tax forms 2013 The gain or loss is the difference between your adjusted basis in the transferred property and the amount realized. State tax forms 2013 See Gain or Loss From Sales and Exchanges, earlier. State tax forms 2013 You can use Table 1-2 to figure your gain or loss from a foreclosure or repossession. State tax forms 2013 Amount realized on a nonrecourse debt. State tax forms 2013   If you are not personally liable for repaying the debt (nonrecourse debt) secured by the transferred property, the amount you realize includes the full debt canceled by the transfer. State tax forms 2013 The full canceled debt is included even if the fair market value of the property is less than the canceled debt. State tax forms 2013 Example 1. State tax forms 2013 Chris bought a new car for $15,000. State tax forms 2013 He paid $2,000 down and borrowed the remaining $13,000 from the dealer's credit company. State tax forms 2013 Chris is not personally liable for the loan (nonrecourse debt), but pledges the new car as security. State tax forms 2013 The credit company repossessed the car because he stopped making loan payments. State tax forms 2013 The balance due after taking into account the payments Chris made was $10,000. State tax forms 2013 The fair market value of the car when repossessed was $9,000. State tax forms 2013 The amount Chris realized on the repossession is $10,000. State tax forms 2013 That is the outstanding amount of the debt canceled by the repossession, even though the car's fair market value is less than $10,000. State tax forms 2013 Chris figures his gain or loss on the repossession by comparing the amount realized ($10,000) with his adjusted basis ($15,000). State tax forms 2013 He has a $5,000 nondeductible loss. State tax forms 2013 Example 2. State tax forms 2013 Abena paid $200,000 for her home. State tax forms 2013 She paid $15,000 down and borrowed the remaining $185,000 from a bank. State tax forms 2013 Abena is not personally liable for the loan (nonrecourse debt), but pledges the house as security. State tax forms 2013 The bank foreclosed on the loan because Abena stopped making payments. State tax forms 2013 When the bank foreclosed on the loan, the balance due was $180,000, the fair market value of the house was $170,000, and Abena's adjusted basis was $175,000 due to a casualty loss she had deducted. State tax forms 2013 The amount Abena realized on the foreclosure is $180,000, the balance due and debt canceled by the foreclosure. State tax forms 2013 She figures her gain or loss by comparing the amount realized ($180,000) with her adjusted basis ($175,000). State tax forms 2013 She has a $5,000 realized gain. State tax forms 2013 Amount realized on a recourse debt. State tax forms 2013   If you are personally liable for the debt (recourse debt), the amount realized on the foreclosure or repossession includes the lesser of: The outstanding debt immediately before the transfer reduced by any amount for which you remain personally liable immediately after the transfer, or The fair market value of the transferred property. State tax forms 2013 You are treated as receiving ordinary income from the canceled debt for the part of the debt that is more than the fair market value. State tax forms 2013 The amount realized does not include the canceled debt that is your income from cancellation of debt. State tax forms 2013 See Cancellation of debt, below. State tax forms 2013 Seller's (lender's) gain or loss on repossession. State tax forms 2013   If you finance a buyer's purchase of property and later acquire an interest in it through foreclosure or repossession, you may have a gain or loss on the acquisition. State tax forms 2013 For more information, see Repossession in Publication 537. State tax forms 2013    Table 1-2. State tax forms 2013 Worksheet for Foreclosures and Repossessions Part 1. State tax forms 2013 Use Part 1 to figure your ordinary income from the cancellation of debt upon foreclosure or repossession. State tax forms 2013 Complete this part only  if you were personally liable for the debt. State tax forms 2013 Otherwise,  go to Part 2. State tax forms 2013   1. State tax forms 2013 Enter the amount of outstanding debt immediately before the transfer of   property reduced by any amount for which you remain personally liable after   the transfer of property   2. State tax forms 2013 Enter the fair market value of the transferred property   3. State tax forms 2013 Ordinary income from cancellation of debt upon foreclosure or    repossession. State tax forms 2013 * Subtract line 2 from line 1. State tax forms 2013   If less than zero, enter zero   Part 2. State tax forms 2013 Figure your gain or loss from foreclosure or repossession. State tax forms 2013   4. State tax forms 2013 If you completed Part 1, enter the smaller of line 1 or line 2. State tax forms 2013   If you did not complete Part 1, enter the outstanding debt immediately before   the transfer of property   5. State tax forms 2013 Enter any proceeds you received from the foreclosure sale   6. State tax forms 2013 Add lines 4 and 5   7. State tax forms 2013 Enter the adjusted basis of the transferred property   8. State tax forms 2013 Gain or loss from foreclosure or repossession. State tax forms 2013 Subtract line 7  from line 6   * The income may not be taxable. State tax forms 2013 See Cancellation of debt. State tax forms 2013 Cancellation of debt. State tax forms 2013   If property that is repossessed or foreclosed on secures a debt for which you are personally liable (recourse debt), you generally must report as ordinary income the amount by which the canceled debt is more than the fair market value of the property. State tax forms 2013 This income is separate from any gain or loss realized from the foreclosure or repossession. State tax forms 2013 Report the income from cancellation of a debt related to a business or rental activity as business or rental income. State tax forms 2013    You can use Table 1-2 to figure your income from cancellation of debt. State tax forms 2013   You must report this income on your tax return unless one of the following applies. State tax forms 2013 The cancellation is intended as a gift. State tax forms 2013 The debt is qualified farm debt. State tax forms 2013 The debt is qualified real property business debt. State tax forms 2013 You are insolvent or bankrupt. State tax forms 2013 The debt is qualified principal residence indebtedness. State tax forms 2013 File Form 982 to report the income exclusion. State tax forms 2013 Example 1. State tax forms 2013 Assume the same facts as in Example 1 under Amount realized on a nonrecourse debt, earlier, except Chris is personally liable for the car loan (recourse debt). State tax forms 2013 In this case, the amount he realizes is $9,000. State tax forms 2013 This is the lesser of the canceled debt ($10,000) or the car's fair market value ($9,000). State tax forms 2013 Chris figures his gain or loss on the repossession by comparing the amount realized ($9,000) with his adjusted basis ($15,000). State tax forms 2013 He has a $6,000 nondeductible loss. State tax forms 2013 He also is treated as receiving ordinary income from cancellation of debt. State tax forms 2013 That income is $1,000 ($10,000 − $9,000). State tax forms 2013 This is the part of the canceled debt not included in the amount realized. State tax forms 2013 Example 2. State tax forms 2013 Assume the same facts as in Example 2 under Amount realized on a nonrecourse debt, earlier, except Abena is personally liable for the loan (recourse debt). State tax forms 2013 In this case, the amount she realizes is $170,000. State tax forms 2013 This is the lesser of the canceled debt ($180,000) or the fair market value of the house ($170,000). State tax forms 2013 Abena figures her gain or loss on the foreclosure by comparing the amount realized ($170,000) with her adjusted basis ($175,000). State tax forms 2013 She has a $5,000 nondeductible loss. State tax forms 2013 She also is treated as receiving ordinary income from cancellation of debt. State tax forms 2013 (The debt is not exempt from tax as discussed under Cancellation of debt, above. State tax forms 2013 ) That income is $10,000 ($180,000 − $170,000). State tax forms 2013 This is the part of the canceled debt not included in the amount realized. State tax forms 2013 Forms 1099-A and 1099-C. State tax forms 2013   A lender who acquires an interest in your property in a foreclosure or repossession should send you Form 1099-A showing the information you need to figure your gain or loss. State tax forms 2013 However, if the lender also cancels part of your debt and must file Form 1099-C, the lender may include the information about the foreclosure or repossession on that form instead of on Form 1099-A and send you Form 1099-C only. State tax forms 2013 The lender must file Form 1099-C and send you a copy if the amount of debt canceled is $600 or more and the lender is a financial institution, credit union, federal government agency, or any organization that has a significant trade or business of lending money. State tax forms 2013 For foreclosures or repossessions occurring in 2013, these forms should be sent to you by January 31, 2014. State tax forms 2013 Involuntary Conversions An involuntary conversion occurs when your property is destroyed, stolen, condemned, or disposed of under the threat of condemnation and you receive other property or money in payment, such as insurance or a condemnation award. State tax forms 2013 Involuntary conversions are also called involuntary exchanges. State tax forms 2013 Gain or loss from an involuntary conversion of your property is usually recognized for tax purposes unless the property is your main home. State tax forms 2013 You report the gain or deduct the loss on your tax return for the year you realize it. State tax forms 2013 You cannot deduct a loss from an involuntary conversion of property you held for personal use unless the loss resulted from a casualty or theft. State tax forms 2013 However, depending on the type of property you receive, you may not have to report a gain on an involuntary conversion. State tax forms 2013 Generally, you do not report the gain if you receive property that is similar or related in service or use to the converted property. State tax forms 2013 Your basis for the new property is the same as your basis for the converted property. State tax forms 2013 This means that the gain is deferred until a taxable sale or exchange occurs. State tax forms 2013 If you receive money or property that is not similar or related in service or use to the involuntarily converted property and you buy qualifying replacement property within a certain period of time, you can elect to postpone reporting the gain on the property purchased. State tax forms 2013 This publication explains the treatment of a gain or loss from a condemnation or disposition under the threat of condemnation. State tax forms 2013 If you have a gain or loss from the destruction or theft of property, see Publication 547. State tax forms 2013 Condemnations A condemnation is the process by which private property is legally taken for public use without the owner's consent. State tax forms 2013 The property may be taken by the federal government, a state government, a political subdivision, or a private organization that has the power to legally take it. State tax forms 2013 The owner receives a condemnation award (money or property) in exchange for the property taken. State tax forms 2013 A condemnation is like a forced sale, the owner being the seller and the condemning authority being the buyer. State tax forms 2013 Example. State tax forms 2013 A local government authorized to acquire land for public parks informed you that it wished to acquire your property. State tax forms 2013 After the local government took action to condemn your property, you went to court to keep it. State tax forms 2013 But, the court decided in favor of the local government, which took your property and paid you an amount fixed by the court. State tax forms 2013 This is a condemnation of private property for public use. State tax forms 2013 Threat of condemnation. State tax forms 2013   A threat of condemnation exists if a representative of a government body or a public official authorized to acquire property for public use informs you that the government body or official has decided to acquire your property. State tax forms 2013 You must have reasonable grounds to believe that, if you do not sell voluntarily, your property will be condemned. State tax forms 2013   The sale of your property to someone other than the condemning authority will also qualify as an involuntary conversion, provided you have reasonable grounds to believe that your property will be condemned. State tax forms 2013 If the buyer of this property knows at the time of purchase that it will be condemned and sells it to the condemning authority, this sale also qualifies as an involuntary conversion. State tax forms 2013 Reports of condemnation. State tax forms 2013   A threat of condemnation exists if you learn of a decision to acquire your property for public use through a report in a newspaper or other news medium, and this report is confirmed by a representative of the government body or public official involved. State tax forms 2013 You must have reasonable grounds to believe that they will take necessary steps to condemn your property if you do not sell voluntarily. State tax forms 2013 If you relied on oral statements made by a government representative or public official, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) may ask you to get written confirmation of the statements. State tax forms 2013 Example. State tax forms 2013 Your property lies along public utility lines. State tax forms 2013 The utility company has the authority to condemn your property. State tax forms 2013 The company informs you that it intends to acquire your property by negotiation or condemnation. State tax forms 2013 A threat of condemnation exists when you receive the notice. State tax forms 2013 Related property voluntarily sold. State tax forms 2013   A voluntary sale of your property may be treated as a forced sale that qualifies as an involuntary conversion if the property had a substantial economic relationship to property of yours that was condemned. State tax forms 2013 A substantial economic relationship exists if together the properties were one economic unit. State tax forms 2013 You also must show that the condemned property could not reasonably or adequately be replaced. State tax forms 2013 You can elect to postpone reporting the gain by buying replacement property. State tax forms 2013 See Postponement of Gain, later. State tax forms 2013 Gain or Loss From Condemnations If your property was condemned or disposed of under the threat of condemnation, figure your gain or loss by comparing the adjusted basis of your condemned property with your net condemnation award. State tax forms 2013 If your net condemnation award is more than the adjusted basis of the condemned property, you have a gain. State tax forms 2013 You can postpone reporting gain from a condemnation if you buy replacement property. State tax forms 2013 If only part of your property is condemned, you can treat the cost of restoring the remaining part to its former usefulness as the cost of replacement property. State tax forms 2013 See Postponement of Gain, later. State tax forms 2013 If your net condemnation award is less than your adjusted basis, you have a loss. State tax forms 2013 If your loss is from property you held for personal use, you cannot deduct it. State tax forms 2013 You must report any deductible loss in the tax year it happened. State tax forms 2013 You can use Part 2 of Table 1-3 to figure your gain or loss from a condemnation award. State tax forms 2013 Main home condemned. State tax forms 2013   If you have a gain because your main home is condemned, you generally can exclude the gain from your income as if you had sold or exchanged your home. State tax forms 2013 You may be able to exclude up to $250,000 of the gain (up to $500,000 if married filing jointly). State tax forms 2013 For information on this exclusion, see Publication 523. State tax forms 2013 If your gain is more than you can exclude but you buy replacement property, you may be able to postpone reporting the rest of the gain. State tax forms 2013 See Postponement of Gain, later. State tax forms 2013 Table 1-3. State tax forms 2013 Worksheet for Condemnations Part 1. State tax forms 2013 Gain from severance damages. State tax forms 2013  If you did not receive severance damages, skip Part 1 and go to Part 2. State tax forms 2013   1. State tax forms 2013 Enter gross severance damages received   2. State tax forms 2013 Enter your expenses in getting severance damages   3. State tax forms 2013 Subtract line 2 from line 1. State tax forms 2013 If less than zero, enter -0-   4. State tax forms 2013 Enter any special assessment on remaining property taken out of your award   5. State tax forms 2013 Net severance damages. State tax forms 2013 Subtract line 4 from line 3. State tax forms 2013 If less than zero, enter -0-   6. State tax forms 2013 Enter the adjusted basis of the remaining property   7. State tax forms 2013 Gain from severance damages. State tax forms 2013 Subtract line 6 from line 5. State tax forms 2013 If less than zero, enter -0-   8. State tax forms 2013 Refigured adjusted basis of the remaining property. State tax forms 2013 Subtract line 5 from line 6. State tax forms 2013 If less than zero, enter -0-   Part 2. State tax forms 2013 Gain or loss from condemnation award. State tax forms 2013   9. State tax forms 2013 Enter the gross condemnation award received   10. State tax forms 2013 Enter your expenses in getting the condemnation award   11. State tax forms 2013 If you completed Part 1, and line 4 is more than line 3, subtract line 3 from line 4. State tax forms 2013 If you did not complete Part 1, but a special assessment was taken out of your award, enter that amount. State tax forms 2013 Otherwise, enter -0-   12. State tax forms 2013 Add lines 10 and 11   13. State tax forms 2013 Net condemnation award. State tax forms 2013 Subtract line 12 from line 9   14. State tax forms 2013 Enter the adjusted basis of the condemned property   15. State tax forms 2013 Gain from condemnation award. State tax forms 2013 If line 14 is more than line 13, enter -0-. State tax forms 2013 Otherwise, subtract line 14 from  line 13 and skip line 16   16. State tax forms 2013 Loss from condemnation award. State tax forms 2013 Subtract line 13 from line 14     (Note: You cannot deduct the amount on line 16 if the condemned property was held for personal use. State tax forms 2013 )   Part 3. State tax forms 2013 Postponed gain from condemnation. State tax forms 2013  (Complete only if line 7 or line 15 is more than zero and you bought qualifying replacement property or made expenditures to restore the usefulness of your remaining property. State tax forms 2013 )   17. State tax forms 2013 If you completed Part 1, and line 7 is more than zero, enter the amount from line 5. State tax forms 2013 Otherwise, enter -0-   18. State tax forms 2013 If line 15 is more than zero, enter the amount from line 13. State tax forms 2013 Otherwise, enter -0-   19. State tax forms 2013 Add lines 17 and 18. State tax forms 2013 If the condemned property was your main home, subtract from this total the gain you excluded from your income and enter the result   20. State tax forms 2013 Enter the total cost of replacement property and any expenses to restore the usefulness of your remaining property   21. State tax forms 2013 Subtract line 20 from line 19. State tax forms 2013 If less than zero, enter -0-   22. State tax forms 2013 If you completed Part 1, add lines 7 and 15. State tax forms 2013 Otherwise, enter the amount from line 15. State tax forms 2013 If the condemned property was your main home, subtract from this total the gain you excluded from your income and enter the result   23. State tax forms 2013 Recognized gain. State tax forms 2013 Enter the smaller of line 21 or line 22. State tax forms 2013   24. State tax forms 2013 Postponed gain. State tax forms 2013 Subtract line 23 from line 22. State tax forms 2013 If less than zero, enter -0-   Condemnation award. State tax forms 2013   A condemnation award is the money you are paid or the value of other property you receive for your condemned property. State tax forms 2013 The award is also the amount you are paid for the sale of your property under threat of condemnation. State tax forms 2013 Payment of your debts. State tax forms 2013   Amounts taken out of the award to pay your debts are considered paid to you. State tax forms 2013 Amounts the government pays directly to the holder of a mortgage or lien against your property are part of your award, even if the debt attaches to the property and is not your personal liability. State tax forms 2013 Example. State tax forms 2013 The state condemned your property for public use. State tax forms 2013 The award was set at $200,000. State tax forms 2013 The state paid you only $148,000 because it paid $50,000 to your mortgage holder and $2,000 accrued real estate taxes. State tax forms 2013 You are considered to have received the entire $200,000 as a condemnation award. State tax forms 2013 Interest on award. State tax forms 2013   If the condemning authority pays you interest for its delay in paying your award, it is not part of the condemnation award. State tax forms 2013 You must report the interest separately as ordinary income. State tax forms 2013 Payments to relocate. State tax forms 2013   Payments you receive to relocate and replace housing because you have been displaced from your home, business, or farm as a result of federal or federally assisted programs are not part of the condemnation award. State tax forms 2013 Do not include them in your income. State tax forms 2013 Replacement housing payments used to buy new property are included in the property's basis as part of your cost. State tax forms 2013 Net condemnation award. State tax forms 2013   A net condemnation award is the total award you received, or are considered to have received, for the condemned property minus your expenses of obtaining the award. State tax forms 2013 If only a part of your property was condemned, you also must reduce the award by any special assessment levied against the part of the property you retain. State tax forms 2013 This is discussed later under Special assessment taken out of award. State tax forms 2013 Severance damages. State tax forms 2013    Severance damages are not part of the award paid for the property condemned. State tax forms 2013 They are paid to you if part of your property is condemned and the value of the part you keep is decreased because of the condemnation. State tax forms 2013   For example, you may receive severance damages if your property is subject to flooding because you sell flowage easement rights (the condemned property) under threat of condemnation. State tax forms 2013 Severance damages also may be given to you if, because part of your property is condemned for a highway, you must replace fences, dig new wells or ditches, or plant trees to restore your remaining property to the same usefulness it had before the condemnation. State tax forms 2013   The contracting parties should agree on the specific amount of severance damages in writing. State tax forms 2013 If this is not done, all proceeds from the condemning authority are considered awarded for your condemned property. State tax forms 2013   You cannot make a completely new allocation of the total award after the transaction is completed. State tax forms 2013 However, you can show how much of the award both parties intended for severance damages. State tax forms 2013 The severance damages part of the award is determined from all the facts and circumstances. State tax forms 2013 Example. State tax forms 2013 You sold part of your property to the state under threat of condemnation. State tax forms 2013 The contract you and the condemning authority signed showed only the total purchase price. State tax forms 2013 It did not specify a fixed sum for severance damages. State tax forms 2013 However, at settlement, the condemning authority gave you closing papers showing clearly the part of the purchase price that was for severance damages. State tax forms 2013 You may treat this part as severance damages. State tax forms 2013 Treatment of severance damages. State tax forms 2013   Your net severance damages are treated as the amount realized from an involuntary conversion of the remaining part of your property. State tax forms 2013 Use them to reduce the basis of the remaining property. State tax forms 2013 If the amount of severance damages is based on damage to a specific part of the property you kept, reduce the basis of only that part by the net severance damages. State tax forms 2013   If your net severance damages are more than the basis of your retained property, you have a gain. State tax forms 2013 You may be able to postpone reporting the gain. State tax forms 2013 See Postponement of Gain, later. State tax forms 2013    You can use Part 1 of Table 1-3 to figure any gain from severance damages and to refigure the adjusted basis of the remaining part of your property. State tax forms 2013 Net severance damages. State tax forms 2013   To figure your net severance damages, you first must reduce your severance damages by your expenses in obtaining the damages. State tax forms 2013 You then reduce them by any special assessment (described later) levied against the remaining part of the property and retained out of the award by the condemning authority. State tax forms 2013 The balance is your net severance damages. State tax forms 2013 Expenses of obtaining a condemnation award and severance damages. State tax forms 2013   Subtract the expenses of obtaining a condemnation award, such as legal, engineering, and appraisal fees, from the total award. State tax forms 2013 Also, subtract the expenses of obtaining severance damages, which may include similar expenses, from the severance damages paid to you. State tax forms 2013 If you cannot determine which part of your expenses is for each part of the condemnation proceeds, you must make a proportionate allocation. State tax forms 2013 Example. State tax forms 2013 You receive a condemnation award and severance damages. State tax forms 2013 One-fourth of the total was designated as severance damages in your agreement with the condemning authority. State tax forms 2013 You had legal expenses for the entire condemnation proceeding. State tax forms 2013 You cannot determine how much of your legal expenses is for each part of the condemnation proceeds. State tax forms 2013 You must allocate one-fourth of your legal expenses to the severance damages and the other three-fourths to the condemnation award. State tax forms 2013 Special assessment retained out of award. State tax forms 2013   When only part of your property is condemned, a special assessment levied against the remaining property may be retained by the governing body out of your condemnation award. State tax forms 2013 An assessment may be levied if the remaining part of your property benefited by the improvement resulting from the condemnation. State tax forms 2013 Examples of improvements that may cause a special assessment are widening a street and installing a sewer. State tax forms 2013   To figure your net condemnation award, you must reduce the amount of the award by the assessment retained out of the award. State tax forms 2013 Example. State tax forms 2013 To widen the street in front of your home, the city condemned a 25-foot deep strip of your land. State tax forms 2013 You were awarded $5,000 for this and spent $300 to get the award. State tax forms 2013 Before paying the award, the city levied a special assessment of $700 for the street improvement against your remaining property. State tax forms 2013 The city then paid you only $4,300. State tax forms 2013 Your net award is $4,000 ($5,000 total award minus $300 expenses in obtaining the award and $700 for the special assessment retained). State tax forms 2013 If the $700 special assessment was not retained out of the award and you were paid $5,000, your net award would be $4,700 ($5,000 − $300). State tax forms 2013 The net award would not change, even if you later paid the assessment from the amount you received. State tax forms 2013 Severance damages received. State tax forms 2013   If severance damages are included in the condemnation proceeds, the special assessment retained out of the severance damages is first used to reduce the severance damages. State tax forms 2013 Any balance of the special assessment is used to reduce the condemnation award. State tax forms 2013 Example. State tax forms 2013 You were awarded $4,000 for the condemnation of your property and $1,000 for severance damages. State tax forms 2013 You spent $300 to obtain the severance damages. State tax forms 2013 A special assessment of $800 was retained out of the award. State tax forms 2013 The $1,000 severance damages are reduced to zero by first subtracting the $300 expenses and then $700 of the special assessment. State tax forms 2013 Your $4,000 condemnation award is reduced by the $100 balance of the special assessment, leaving a $3,900 net condemnation award. State tax forms 2013 Part business or rental. State tax forms 2013   If you used part of your condemned property as your home and part as business or rental property, treat each part as a separate property. State tax forms 2013 Figure your gain or loss separately because gain or loss on each part may be treated differently. State tax forms 2013   Some examples of this type of property are a building in which you live and operate a grocery, and a building in which you live on the first floor and rent out the second floor. State tax forms 2013 Example. State tax forms 2013 You sold your building for $24,000 under threat of condemnation to a public utility company that had the authority to condemn. State tax forms 2013 You rented half the building and lived in the other half. State tax forms 2013 You paid $25,000 for the building and spent an additional $1,000 for a new roof. State tax forms 2013 You claimed allowable depreciation of $4,600 on the rental half. State tax forms 2013 You spent $200 in legal expenses to obtain the condemnation award. State tax forms 2013 Figure your gain or loss as follows. State tax forms 2013     Resi- dential Part Busi- ness Part 1) Condemnation award received $12,000 $12,000 2) Minus: Legal expenses, $200 100 100 3) Net condemnation award $11,900 $11,900 4) Adjusted basis:       ½ of original cost, $25,000 $12,500 $12,500   Plus: ½ of cost of roof, $1,000 500 500   Total $13,000 $13,000 5) Minus: Depreciation   4,600 6) Adjusted basis, business part   $8,400 7) (Loss) on residential property ($1,100)   8) Gain on business property $3,500 The loss on the residential part of the property is not deductible. State tax forms 2013 Postponement of Gain Do not report the gain on condemned property if you receive only property that is similar or related in service or use to the condemned property. State tax forms 2013 Your basis for the new property is the same as your basis for the old. State tax forms 2013 Money or unlike property received. State tax forms 2013   You ordinarily must report the gain if you receive money or unlike property. State tax forms 2013 You can elect to postpone reporting the gain if you buy property that is similar or related in service or use to the condemned property within the replacement period, discussed later. State tax forms 2013 You also can elect to postpone reporting the gain if you buy a controlling interest (at least 80%) in a corporation owning property that is similar or related in service or use to the condemned property. State tax forms 2013 See Controlling interest in a corporation, later. State tax forms 2013   To postpone reporting all the gain, you must buy replacement property costing at least as much as the amount realized for the condemned property. State tax forms 2013 If the cost of the replacement property is less than the amount realized, you must report the gain up to the unspent part of the amount realized. State tax forms 2013   The basis of the replacement property is its cost, reduced by the postponed gain. State tax forms 2013 Also, if your replacement property is stock in a corporation that owns property similar or related in service or use, the corporation generally will reduce its basis in its assets by the amount by which you reduce your basis in the stock. State tax forms 2013 See Controlling interest in a corporation, later. State tax forms 2013 You can use Part 3 of Table 1-3 to figure the gain you must report and your postponed gain. State tax forms 2013 Postponing gain on severance damages. State tax forms 2013   If you received severance damages for part of your property because another part was condemned and you buy replacement property, you can elect to postpone reporting gain. State tax forms 2013 See Treatment of severance damages, earlier. State tax forms 2013 You can postpone reporting all your gain if the replacement property costs at least as much as your net severance damages plus your net condemnation award (if resulting in gain). State tax forms 2013   You also can make this election if you spend the severance damages, together with other money you received for the condemned property (if resulting in gain), to acquire nearby property that will allow you to continue your business. State tax forms 2013 If suitable nearby property is not available and you are forced to sell the remaining property and relocate in order to continue your business, see Postponing gain on the sale of related property, next. State tax forms 2013   If you restore the remaining property to its former usefulness, you can treat the cost of restoring it as the cost of replacement property. State tax forms 2013 Postponing gain on the sale of related property. State tax forms 2013   If you sell property that is related to the condemned property and then buy replacement property, you can elect to postpone reporting gain on the sale. State tax forms 2013 You must meet the requirements explained earlier under Related property voluntarily sold. State tax forms 2013 You can postpone reporting all your gain if the replacement property costs at least as much as the amount realized from the sale plus your net condemnation award (if resulting in gain) plus your net severance damages, if any (if resulting in gain). State tax forms 2013 Buying replacement property from a related person. State tax forms 2013   Certain taxpayers cannot postpone reporting gain from a condemnation if they buy the replacement property from a related person. State tax forms 2013 For information on related persons, see Nondeductible Loss under Sales and Exchanges Between Related Persons in chapter 2. State tax forms 2013   This rule applies to the following taxpayers. State tax forms 2013 C corporations. State tax forms 2013 Partnerships in which more than 50% of the capital or profits interest is owned by  C corporations. State tax forms 2013 All others (including individuals, partnerships (other than those in (2)), and S corporations) if the total realized gain for the tax year on all involuntarily converted properties on which there is realized gain of more than $100,000. State tax forms 2013   For taxpayers described in (3) above, gains cannot be offset with any losses when determining whether the total gain is more than $100,000. State tax forms 2013 If the property is owned by a partnership, the $100,000 limit applies to the partnership and each partner. State tax forms 2013 If the property is owned by an S corporation, the $100,000 limit applies to the S corporation and each shareholder. State tax forms 2013 Exception. State tax forms 2013   This rule does not apply if the related person acquired the property from an unrelated person within the replacement period. State tax forms 2013 Advance payment. State tax forms 2013   If you pay a contractor in advance to build your replacement property, you have not bought replacement property unless it is finished before the end of the replacement period (discussed later). State tax forms 2013 Replacement property. State tax forms 2013   To postpone reporting gain, you must buy replacement property for the specific purpose of replacing your condemned property. State tax forms 2013 You do not have to use the actual funds from the condemnation award to acquire the replacement property. State tax forms 2013 Property you acquire by gift or inheritance does not qualify as replacement property. State tax forms 2013 Similar or related in service or use. State tax forms 2013   Your replacement property must be similar or related in service or use to the property it replaces. State tax forms 2013   If the condemned property is real property you held for productive use in your trade or business or for investment (other than property held mainly for sale), like-kind property to be held either for productive use in trade or business or for investment will be treated as property similar or related in service or use. State tax forms 2013 For a discussion of like-kind property, see Like-Kind Property under Like-Kind Exchanges, later. State tax forms 2013 Owner-user. State tax forms 2013   If you are an owner-user, similar or related in service or use means that replacement property must function in the same way as the property it replaces. State tax forms 2013 Example. State tax forms 2013 Your home was condemned and you invested the proceeds from the condemnation in a grocery store. State tax forms 2013 Your replacement property is not similar or related in service or use to the condemned property. State tax forms 2013 To be similar or related in service or use, your replacement property must also be used by you as your home. State tax forms 2013 Owner-investor. State tax forms 2013   If you are an owner-investor, similar or related in service or use means that any replacement property must have the same relationship of services or uses to you as the property it replaces. State tax forms 2013 You decide this by determining all the following information. State tax forms 2013 Whether the properties are of similar service to you. State tax forms 2013 The nature of the business risks connected with the properties. State tax forms 2013 What the properties demand of you in the way of management, service, and relations to your tenants. State tax forms 2013 Example. State tax forms 2013 You owned land and a building you rented to a manufacturing company. State tax forms 2013 The building was condemned. State tax forms 2013 During the replacement period, you had a new building built on other land you already owned. State tax forms 2013 You rented out the new building for use as a wholesale grocery warehouse. State tax forms 2013 The replacement property is also rental property, so the two properties are considered similar or related in service or use if there is a similarity in all the following areas. State tax forms 2013 Your management activities. State tax forms 2013 The amount and kind of services you provide to your tenants. State tax forms 2013 The nature of your business risks connected with the properties. State tax forms 2013 Leasehold replaced with fee simple property. State tax forms 2013   Fee simple property you will use in your trade or business or for investment can qualify as replacement property that is similar or related in service or use to a condemned leasehold if you use it in the same business and for the identical purpose as the condemned leasehold. State tax forms 2013   A fee simple property interest generally is a property interest that entitles the owner to the entire property with unconditional power to dispose of it during his or her lifetime. State tax forms 2013 A leasehold is property held under a lease, usually for a term of years. State tax forms 2013 Outdoor advertising display replaced with real property. State tax forms 2013   You can elect to treat an outdoor advertising display as real property. State tax forms 2013 If you make this election and you replace the display with real property in which you hold a different kind of interest, your replacement property can qualify as like-kind property. State tax forms 2013 For example, real property bought to replace a destroyed billboard and leased property on which the billboard was located qualify as property of a like-kind. State tax forms 2013   You can make this election only if you did not claim a section 179 deduction for the display. State tax forms 2013 You cannot cancel this election unless you get the consent of the IRS. State tax forms 2013   An outdoor advertising display is a sign or device rigidly assembled and permanently attached to the ground, a building, or any other permanent structure used to display a commercial or other advertisement to the public. State tax forms 2013 Substituting replacement property. State tax forms 2013   Once you designate certain property as replacement property on your tax return, you cannot substitute other qualified property. State tax forms 2013 But, if your previously designated replacement property does not qualify, you can substitute qualified property if you acquire it within the replacement period. State tax forms 2013 Controlling interest in a corporation. State tax forms 2013   You can replace property by acquiring a controlling interest in a corporation that owns property similar or related in service or use to your condemned property. State tax forms 2013 You have controlling interest if you own stock having at least 80% of the combined voting power of all classes of stock entitled to vote and at least 80% of the total number of shares of all other classes of stock of the corporation. State tax forms 2013 Basis adjustment to corporation's property. State tax forms 2013   The basis of property held by the corporation at the time you acquired control must be reduced by your postponed gain, if any. State tax forms 2013 You are not required to reduce the adjusted basis of the corporation's properties below your adjusted basis in the corporation's stock (determined after reduction by your postponed gain). State tax forms 2013   Allocate this reduction to the following classes of property in the order shown below. State tax forms 2013 Property that is similar or related in service or use to the condemned property. State tax forms 2013 Depreciable property not reduced in (1). State tax forms 2013 All other property. State tax forms 2013 If two or more properties fall in the same class, allocate the reduction to each property in proportion to the adjusted basis of all the properties in that class. State tax forms 2013 The reduced basis of any single property cannot be less than zero. State tax forms 2013 Main home replaced. State tax forms 2013   If your gain from a condemnation of your main home is more than you can exclude from your income (see Main home condemned under Gain or Loss From Condemnations, earlier), you can postpone reporting the rest of the gain by buying replacement property that is similar or related in service or use. State tax forms 2013 The replacement property must cost at least as much as the amount realized from the condemnation minus the excluded gain. State tax forms 2013   You must reduce the basis of your replacement property by the postponed gain. State tax forms 2013 Also, if you postpone reporting any part of your gain under these rules, you are treated as having owned and used the replacement property as your main home for the period you owned and used the condemned property as your main home. State tax forms 2013 Example. State tax forms 2013 City authorities condemned your home that you had used as a personal residence for 5 years prior to the condemnation. State tax forms 2013 The city paid you a condemnation award of $400,000. State tax forms 2013 Your adjusted basis in the property was $80,000. State tax forms 2013 You realize a gain of $320,000 ($400,000 − $80,000). State tax forms 2013 You purchased a new home for $100,000. State tax forms 2013 You can exclude $250,000 of the realized gain from your gross income. State tax forms 2013 The amount realized is then treated as being $150,000 ($400,000 − $250,000) and the gain realized is $70,000 ($150,000 amount realized − $80,000 adjusted basis). State tax forms 2013 You must recognize $50,000 of the gain ($150,000 amount realized − $100,000 cost of new home). State tax forms 2013 The remaining $20,000 of realized gain is postponed. State tax forms 2013 Your basis in the new home is $80,000 ($100,000 cost − $20,000 gain postponed). State tax forms 2013 Replacement period. State tax forms 2013   To postpone reporting your gain from a condemnation, you must buy replacement property within a certain period of time. State tax forms 2013 This is the replacement period. State tax forms 2013   The replacement period for a condemnation begins on the earlier of the following dates. State tax forms 2013 The date on which you disposed of the condemned property. State tax forms 2013 The date on which the threat of condemnation began. State tax forms 2013   The replacement period generally ends 2 years after the end of the first tax year in which any part of the gain on the condemnation is realized. State tax forms 2013 However, see the exceptions below. State tax forms 2013 Three-year replacement period for certain property. State tax forms 2013   If real property held for use in a trade or business or for investment (not including property held primarily for sale) is condemned, the replacement period ends 3 years after the end of the first tax year in which any part of the gain on the condemnation is realized. State tax forms 2013 However, this 3-year replacement period cannot be used if you replace the condemned property by acquiring control of a corporation owning property that is similar or related in service or use. State tax forms 2013 Five-year replacement period for certain property. State tax forms 2013   The replacement period ends 5 years after the end of the first tax year in which any part of the gain is realized on the compulsory or involuntary conversion of the following qualified property. State tax forms 2013 Property in any Midwestern disaster area compulsorily or involuntarily converted on or after the applicable disaster date as a result of severe storms, tornadoes, or flooding, but only if substantially all of the use of the replacement property is in a Midwestern disaster area. State tax forms 2013 Property in the Kansas disaster area compulsorily or involuntarily converted after May 3, 2007, but only if substantially all of the use of the replacement property is in the Kansas disaster area. State tax forms 2013 Property in the Hurricane Katrina disaster area compulsorily or involuntarily converted after August 24, 2005, as a result of Hurricane Katrina, but only if substantially all of the use of the replacement property is in the Hurricane Katrina disaster area. State tax forms 2013 Extended replacement period for taxpayers affected by other federally declared disasters. State tax forms 2013    If you are affected by a federally declared disaster, the IRS may grant disaster relief by extending the periods to perform certain tax-related acts for 2013, including the replacement period, by up to one year. State tax forms 2013 For more information visit www. State tax forms 2013 irs. State tax forms 2013 gov/uac/Tax-Relief-in-Disaster-Situations. State tax forms 2013 Weather-related sales of livestock in an area eligible for federal assistance. State tax forms 2013   Generally, if the sale or exchange of livestock is due to drought, flood, or other weather-related conditions in an area eligible for federal assistance, the replacement period ends 4 years after the close of the first tax year in which you realize any part of your gain from the sale or exchange. State tax forms 2013    If the weather-related conditions continue for longer than 3 years, the replacement period may be extended on a regional basis until the end of your first drought-free year for the applicable region. State tax forms 2013 See Notice 2006-82. State tax forms 2013 You can find Notice 2006-82 on page 529 of Internal Revenue Bulletin 2006-39 at www. State tax forms 2013 irs. State tax forms 2013 gov/irb/2006-39_IRB/ar13. State tax forms 2013 html. State tax forms 2013    Each year, the IRS publishes a list of counties, districts, cities, or parishes for which exceptional, extreme, or severe drought was reported during the preceding 12 months. State tax forms 2013 If you qualified for a 4-year replacement period for livestock sold or exchanged on account of drought and your replacement period is scheduled to expire at the end of 2013 (or at the end of the tax year that includes August 31, 2013), see Notice 2013-62. State tax forms 2013 You can find Notice 2013-62 on page 466 of Internal Revenue Bulletin 2013-45 at www. State tax forms 2013 irs. State tax forms 2013 gov/irb/2013-45_IRB/ar04. State tax forms 2013 html. State tax forms 2013 The replacement period will be extended under Notice 2006-82 if the applicable region is on the list included in Notice 2013-62. State tax forms 2013 Determining when gain is realized. State tax forms 2013   If you are a cash basis taxpayer, you realize gain when you receive payments that are more than your basis in the property. State tax forms 2013 If the condemning authority makes deposits with the court, you realize gain when you withdraw (or have the right to withdraw) amounts that are more than your basis. State tax forms 2013   This applies even if the amounts received are only partial or advance payments and the full award has not yet been determined. State tax forms 2013 A replacement will be too late if you wait for a final determination that does not take place in the applicable replacement period after you first realize gain. State tax forms 2013   For accrual basis taxpayers, gain (if any) accrues in the earlier year when either of the following occurs. State tax forms 2013 All events have occurred that fix the right to the condemnation award and the amount can be determined with reasonable accuracy. State tax forms 2013 All or part of the award is actually or constructively received. State tax forms 2013 For example, if you have an absolute right to a part of a condemnation award when it is deposited with the court, the amount deposited accrues in the year the deposit is made even though the full amount of the award is still contested. State tax forms 2013 Replacement property bought before the condemnation. State tax forms 2013   If you buy your replacement property after there is a threat of condemnation but before the actual condemnation and you still hold the replacement property at the time of the condemnation, you have bought your replacement property within the replacement period. State tax forms 2013 Property you acquire before there is a threat of condemnation does not qualify as replacement property acquired within the replacement period. State tax forms 2013 Example. State tax forms 2013 On April 3, 2012, city authorities notified you that your property would be condemned. State tax forms 2013 On June 5, 2012, you acquired property to replace the property to be condemned. State tax forms 2013 You still had the new property when the city took possession of your old property on September 4, 2013. State tax forms 2013 You have made a replacement within the replacement period. State tax forms 2013 Extension. State tax forms 2013   You can request an extension of the replacement period from the IRS director for your area. State tax forms 2013 You should apply before the end of the replacement period. State tax forms 2013 Your request should explain in detail why you need an extension. State tax forms 2013 The IRS will consider a request filed within a reasonable time after the replacement period if you can show reasonable cause for the delay. State tax forms 2013 An extension of the replacement period will be granted if you can show reasonable cause for not making the replacement within the regular period. State tax forms 2013   Ordinarily, requests for extensions are granted near the end of the replacement period or the extended replacement period. State tax forms 2013 Extensions are usually limited to a period of 1 year or less. State tax forms 2013 The high market value or scarcity of replacement property is not a sufficient reason for granting an extension. State tax forms 2013 If your replacement property is being built and you clearly show that the replacement or restoration cannot be made within the replacement peri