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Past Tax Forms

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Past Tax Forms

Past tax forms Tax Changes for Individuals Table of Contents 2001 ChangesNew 5-Year Carryback Rule for Net Operating Losses (NOLs) Wash Sale Rules Do Not Apply to Section 1256 Contracts Other 2001 Changes 2002 ChangesDeduction for Educator Expenses Personal Credits Still Allowed Against Alternative Minimum Tax Later ChangeChild and Dependent Care Expenses 2001 Changes New 5-Year Carryback Rule for Net Operating Losses (NOLs) If you have an NOL from a tax year ending during 2001 or 2002, you must generally carry back the entire amount of the NOL to the 5 tax years before the NOL year (the carryback period). Past tax forms However, you can still choose to use the previous carryback period. Past tax forms You also can choose not to carry back an NOL and only carry it forward. Past tax forms Individuals, estates, and trusts can file Form 1045, Application for Tentative Refund. Past tax forms The instructions for this form will be revised to reflect the new law. Past tax forms Wash Sale Rules Do Not Apply to Section 1256 Contracts The wash sale rules that generally apply to losses from the sale of stock or securities, do not apply to any loss arising from a section 1256 contract. Past tax forms A section 1256 contract is any: Regulated futures contract, Foreign currency contract, Nonequity option, Dealer equity option, or Dealer securities futures contract. Past tax forms Wash sales and section 1256 contracts are explained in detail in Publication 550, Investment Income and Expenses. Past tax forms Other 2001 Changes Other changes are discussed in the following chapters. Past tax forms Chapter 4 Car Expenses Chapter 5 Depreciation 2002 Changes Deduction for Educator Expenses If you are an eligible educator, you can deduct as an adjustment to income up to $250 in qualified expenses. Past tax forms You can deduct these expenses even if you do not itemize deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040). Past tax forms This adjustment to income is for expenses paid or incurred in tax years beginning during 2002 or 2003. Past tax forms Previously, these expenses were deductible only as a miscellaneous itemized deduction subject to the 2% of adjusted gross income limit. Past tax forms Eligible educator. Past tax forms   You are an eligible educator if, for the tax year, you meet the following requirements. Past tax forms You are a kindergarten through grade 12: Teacher, Instructor, Counselor, Principal, or Aide. Past tax forms You work at least 900 hours during a school year in a school that provides elementary or secondary education, as determined under state law. Past tax forms Qualified expenses. Past tax forms   These are unreimbursed expenses you paid or incurred for books, supplies, computer equipment (including related software and services), other equipment, and supplementary materials that you use in the classroom. Past tax forms For courses in health and physical education, expenses for supplies are qualified expenses only if they are related to athletics. Past tax forms   To be deductible as an adjustment to income, the qualified expenses must be more than the following amounts for the tax year. Past tax forms The interest on qualified U. Past tax forms S. Past tax forms savings bonds that you excluded from income because you paid qualified higher education expenses, Any distribution from a qualified tuition program that you excluded from income, or Any tax-free withdrawals from your Coverdell education savings account. Past tax forms Personal Credits Still Allowed Against Alternative Minimum Tax The provision that allowed certain nonrefundable personal credits to reduce both your regular tax and any alternative minimum tax (AMT) has been extended and will be in effect for 2002 and 2003. Past tax forms This provision, as it applies to the AMT, was originally scheduled to expire after 2001. Past tax forms Without the extension, these credits could not have been used to reduce any AMT in 2002 or 2003. Past tax forms Later Change Child and Dependent Care Expenses For the purpose of figuring the child and dependent care credit, your spouse is treated as having at least a minimum amount of earned income for any month that he or she is a full-time student or not able to care for himself or herself. Past tax forms Beginning in 2003, this amount is increased to $250 a month if there is one qualifying person and to $500 a month if there are two or more qualifying persons. Past tax forms Before 2003, the amounts were $200 and $400. Past tax forms The same rule applies for the exclusion of employer-provided dependent care benefits. Past tax forms For more information about the credit and exclusion, see Publication 503, Child and Dependent Care Expenses. Past tax forms Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The Past Tax Forms

Past tax forms 2. Past tax forms   Roth IRAs Table of Contents What's New for 2013 What's New for 2014 Reminders Introduction What Is a Roth IRA? When Can a Roth IRA Be Opened? Can You Contribute to a Roth IRA?How Much Can Be Contributed? When Can You Make Contributions? What if You Contribute Too Much? Can You Move Amounts Into a Roth IRA?Conversions Rollover From Employer's Plan Into a Roth IRA Military Death Gratuities and Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance (SGLI) Payments Rollover From a Roth IRA Rollover of Exxon Valdez Settlement Income Rollover of Airline Payments Are Distributions Taxable?What Are Qualified Distributions? Additional Tax on Early Distributions Ordering Rules for Distributions How Do You Figure the Taxable Part? Must You Withdraw or Use Assets?Minimum distributions. Past tax forms Recognizing Losses on Investments Distributions After Owner's Death What's New for 2013 Roth IRA contribution limit. Past tax forms  If contributions on your behalf are made only to Roth IRAs, your contribution limit for 2013 will generally be the lesser of: $5,500, or Your taxable compensation for the year. Past tax forms If you were age 50 or older before 2014 and contributions on your behalf were made only to Roth IRAs, your contribution limit for 2013 will generally be the lesser of: $6,500, or Your taxable compensation for the year. Past tax forms However, if your modified adjusted gross income (AGI) is above a certain amount, your contribution limit may be reduced. Past tax forms For more information, see How Much Can Be Contributed? under Can You Contribute to a Roth IRA? in this chapter. Past tax forms Modified AGI limit for Roth IRA contributions increased. Past tax forms  For 2013, your Roth IRA contribution limit is reduced (phased out) in the following situations. Past tax forms Your filing status is married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) and your modified AGI is at least $178,000. Past tax forms You cannot make a Roth IRA contribution if your modified AGI is $188,000 or more. Past tax forms Your filing status is single, head of household, or married filing separately and you did not live with your spouse at any time in 2013 and your modified AGI is at least $112,000. Past tax forms You cannot make a Roth IRA contribution if your modified AGI is $127,000 or more. Past tax forms Your filing status is married filing separately, you lived with your spouse at any time during the year, and your modified AGI is more than -0-. Past tax forms You cannot make a Roth IRA contribution if your modified AGI is $10,000 or more. Past tax forms See Can You Contribute to a Roth IRA? in this chapter. Past tax forms Net Investment Income Tax. Past tax forms  For purposes of the Net Investment Income Tax (NIIT), net investment income does not include distributions from a qualified retirement plan (for example, 401(a), 403(a), 403(b), 457(b) plans, and IRAs). Past tax forms However, these distributions are taken into account when determining the modified adjusted gross income threshold. Past tax forms Distributions from a nonqualified retirement plan are included in net investment income. Past tax forms See Form 8960, Net Investment Income Tax—Individuals, Estates, and Trusts, and its instructions for more information. Past tax forms What's New for 2014 Modified AGI limit for Roth IRA contributions increased. Past tax forms  For 2014, your Roth IRA contribution limit is reduced (phased out) in the following situations. Past tax forms Your filing status is married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) and your modified AGI is at least $181,000. Past tax forms You cannot make a Roth IRA contribution if your modified AGI is $191,000 or more. Past tax forms Your filing status is single, head of household, or married filing separately and you did not live with your spouse at any time in 2014 and your modified AGI is at least $114,000. Past tax forms You cannot make a Roth IRA contribution if your modified AGI is $129,000 or more. Past tax forms Your filing status is married filing separately, you lived with your spouse at any time during the year, and your modified AGI is more than -0-. Past tax forms You cannot make a Roth IRA contribution if your modified AGI is $10,000 or more. Past tax forms Reminders Deemed IRAs. Past tax forms  For plan years beginning after 2002, a qualified employer plan (retirement plan) can maintain a separate account or annuity under the plan (a deemed IRA) to receive voluntary employee contributions. Past tax forms If the separate account or annuity otherwise meets the requirements of an IRA, it will be subject only to IRA rules. Past tax forms An employee's account can be treated as a traditional IRA or a Roth IRA. Past tax forms For this purpose, a “qualified employer plan” includes: A qualified pension, profit-sharing, or stock bonus plan (section 401(a) plan), A qualified employee annuity plan (section 403(a) plan), A tax-sheltered annuity plan (section 403(b) plan), and A deferred compensation plan (section 457 plan) maintained by a state, a political subdivision of a state, or an agency or instrumentality of a state or political subdivision of a state. Past tax forms Designated Roth accounts. Past tax forms  Designated Roth accounts are separate accounts under 401(k), 403(b), or 457(b) plans that accept elective deferrals that are referred to as Roth contributions. Past tax forms These elective deferrals are included in your income, but qualified distributions from these accounts are not included in your income. Past tax forms Designated Roth accounts are not IRAs and should not be confused with Roth IRAs. Past tax forms Contributions, up to their respective limits, can be made to Roth IRAs and designated Roth accounts according to your eligibility to participate. Past tax forms A contribution to one does not impact your eligibility to contribute to the other. Past tax forms See Publication 575, for more information on designated Roth accounts. Past tax forms Introduction Regardless of your age, you may be able to establish and make nondeductible contributions to an individual retirement plan called a Roth IRA. Past tax forms Contributions not reported. Past tax forms   You do not report Roth IRA contributions on your return. Past tax forms What Is a Roth IRA? A Roth IRA is an individual retirement plan that, except as explained in this chapter, is subject to the rules that apply to a traditional IRA (defined next). Past tax forms It can be either an account or an annuity. Past tax forms Individual retirement accounts and annuities are described in chapter 1 under How Can a Traditional IRA Be Opened. Past tax forms To be a Roth IRA, the account or annuity must be designated as a Roth IRA when it is opened. Past tax forms A deemed IRA can be a Roth IRA, but neither a SEP IRA nor a SIMPLE IRA can be designated as a Roth IRA. Past tax forms Unlike a traditional IRA, you cannot deduct contributions to a Roth IRA. Past tax forms But, if you satisfy the requirements, qualified distributions (discussed later) are tax free. Past tax forms Contributions can be made to your Roth IRA after you reach age 70½ and you can leave amounts in your Roth IRA as long as you live. Past tax forms Traditional IRA. Past tax forms   A traditional IRA is any IRA that is not a Roth IRA or SIMPLE IRA. Past tax forms Traditional IRAs are discussed in chapter 1. Past tax forms When Can a Roth IRA Be Opened? You can open a Roth IRA at any time. Past tax forms However, the time for making contributions for any year is limited. Past tax forms See When Can You Make Contributions , later under Can You Contribute to a Roth IRA. Past tax forms Can You Contribute to a Roth IRA? Generally, you can contribute to a Roth IRA if you have taxable compensation (defined later) and your modified AGI (defined later) is less than: $188,000 for married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er), $127,000 for single, head of household, or married filing separately and you did not live with your spouse at any time during the year, and $10,000 for married filing separately and you lived with your spouse at any time during the year. Past tax forms You may be able to claim a credit for contributions to your Roth IRA. Past tax forms For more information, see chapter 4. Past tax forms Is there an age limit for contributions?   Contributions can be made to your Roth IRA regardless of your age. Past tax forms Can you contribute to a Roth IRA for your spouse?   You can contribute to a Roth IRA for your spouse provided the contributions satisfy the Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA limit discussed in chapter 1 under How Much Can Be Contributed, you file jointly, and your modified AGI is less than $188,000. Past tax forms Compensation. Past tax forms   Compensation includes wages, salaries, tips, professional fees, bonuses, and other amounts received for providing personal services. Past tax forms It also includes commissions, self-employment income, nontaxable combat pay, military differential pay, and taxable alimony and separate maintenance payments. Past tax forms For more information, see What Is Compensation? under Who Can Open a Traditional IRA? in chapter 1. Past tax forms Modified AGI. Past tax forms   Your modified AGI for Roth IRA purposes is your adjusted gross income (AGI) as shown on your return with some adjustments. Past tax forms Use Worksheet 2-1 , later, to determine your modified AGI. Past tax forms    Do not subtract conversion income when figuring your other AGI-based phaseouts and taxable income, such as your deduction for medical and dental expenses. Past tax forms Subtract them from AGI only for the purpose of figuring your modified AGI for Roth IRA purposes. Past tax forms How Much Can Be Contributed? The contribution limit for Roth IRAs generally depends on whether contributions are made only to Roth IRAs or to both traditional IRAs and Roth IRAs. Past tax forms Worksheet 2-1. Past tax forms Modified Adjusted Gross Income for Roth IRA Purposes Use this worksheet to figure your modified adjusted gross income for Roth IRA purposes. Past tax forms 1. Past tax forms Enter your adjusted gross income from Form 1040, line 38; Form 1040A, line 22; or Form 1040NR, line 37 1. Past tax forms   2. Past tax forms Enter any income resulting from the conversion of an IRA (other than a Roth IRA) to a Roth IRA (included on Form 1040, line 15b, Form 1040A, line 11b, or Form 1040NR, line 16b) and a rollover from a qualified retirement plan to a Roth IRA (included on Form 1040, line 16b, Form 1040A, line 12b, or Form 1040NR, line 17b) 2. Past tax forms   3. Past tax forms Subtract line 2 from line 1 3. Past tax forms   4. Past tax forms Enter any traditional IRA deduction from Form 1040, line 32; Form 1040A, line 17; or Form 1040NR, line 32 4. Past tax forms   5. Past tax forms Enter any student loan interest deduction from Form 1040, line 33; Form 1040A, line 18; or Form 1040NR, line 33 5. Past tax forms   6. Past tax forms Enter any tuition and fees deduction from Form 1040, line 34, or Form 1040A, line 19 6. Past tax forms   7. Past tax forms Enter any domestic production activities deduction from Form 1040, line 35, or Form 1040NR, line 34 7. Past tax forms   8. Past tax forms Enter any foreign earned income exclusion and/or housing exclusion from Form 2555, line 45, or Form 2555-EZ, line 18 8. Past tax forms   9. Past tax forms Enter any foreign housing deduction from Form 2555, line 50 9. Past tax forms   10. Past tax forms Enter any excludable qualified savings bond interest from Form 8815, line 14 10. Past tax forms   11. Past tax forms Enter any excluded employer-provided adoption benefits from Form 8839, line 28 11. Past tax forms   12. Past tax forms Add the amounts on lines 3 through 11 12. Past tax forms   13. Past tax forms Enter: $188,000 if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er), $10,000 if married filing separately and you lived with your spouse at any time during the year, or $127,000 for all others 13. Past tax forms   Is the amount on line 12 more than the amount on line 13? If yes, see the note below. Past tax forms  If no, the amount on line 12 is your modified adjusted gross income for Roth IRA purposes. Past tax forms       Note. Past tax forms If the amount on line 12 is more than the amount on line 13 and you have other income or loss items, such as social security income or passive activity losses, that are subject to AGI-based phaseouts, you can refigure your AGI solely for the purpose of figuring your modified AGI for Roth IRA purposes. Past tax forms (If you receive social security benefits, use Worksheet 1 in Appendix B to refigure your AGI. Past tax forms ) Then go to line 3 above in this Worksheet 2-1 to refigure your modified AGI. Past tax forms If you do not have other income or loss items subject to AGI-based phaseouts, your modified adjusted gross income for Roth IRA purposes is the amount on line 12 above. Past tax forms Roth IRAs only. Past tax forms   If contributions are made only to Roth IRAs, your contribution limit generally is the lesser of: $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older), or Your taxable compensation. Past tax forms   However, if your modified AGI is above a certain amount, your contribution limit may be reduced, as explained later under Contribution limit reduced . Past tax forms Roth IRAs and traditional IRAs. Past tax forms   If contributions are made to both Roth IRAs and traditional IRAs established for your benefit, your contribution limit for Roth IRAs generally is the same as your limit would be if contributions were made only to Roth IRAs, but then reduced by all contributions for the year to all IRAs other than Roth IRAs. Past tax forms Employer contributions under a SEP or SIMPLE IRA plan do not affect this limit. Past tax forms   This means that your contribution limit is the lesser of: $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older) minus all contributions (other than employer contributions under a SEP or SIMPLE IRA plan) for the year to all IRAs other than Roth IRAs, or Your taxable compensation minus all contributions (other than employer contributions under a SEP or SIMPLE IRA plan) for the year to all IRAs other than Roth IRAs. Past tax forms   However, if your modified AGI is above a certain amount, your contribution limit may be reduced, as explained below under Contribution limit reduced . Past tax forms   Simplified employee pensions (SEPs) are discussed in Publication 560. Past tax forms Savings incentive match plans for employees (SIMPLEs) are discussed in chapter 3. Past tax forms Repayment of reservist distributions. Past tax forms   You can repay qualified reservist distributions even if the repayments would cause your total contributions to the Roth IRA to be more than the general limit on contributions. Past tax forms However, the total repayments cannot be more than the amount of your distribution. Past tax forms Note. Past tax forms If you make repayments of qualified reservist distributions to a Roth IRA, increase your basis in the Roth IRA by the amount of the repayment. Past tax forms For more information, see Qualified reservist repayments under How Much Can Be Contributed? in chapter 1. Past tax forms Contribution limit reduced. Past tax forms   If your modified AGI is above a certain amount, your contribution limit is gradually reduced. Past tax forms Use Table 2-1, later, to determine if this reduction applies to you. Past tax forms Table 2-1. Past tax forms Effect of Modified AGI on Roth IRA Contribution This table shows whether your contribution to a Roth IRA is affected by the amount of your modified adjusted gross income (modified AGI). Past tax forms IF you have taxable compensation and your filing status is . Past tax forms . Past tax forms . Past tax forms AND your modified AGI is . Past tax forms . Past tax forms . Past tax forms THEN . Past tax forms . Past tax forms . Past tax forms married filing jointly or  qualifying widow(er) less than $178,000 you can contribute up to $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older) as explained under How Much Can Be Contributed . Past tax forms at least $178,000 but less than $188,000 the amount you can contribute is reduced as explained under Contribution limit reduced . Past tax forms $188,000 or more you cannot contribute to a Roth IRA. Past tax forms married filing separately and you lived with your spouse at any time during the year zero (-0-) you can contribute up to $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older) as explained under How Much Can Be Contributed . Past tax forms more than zero (-0-) but less than $10,000 the amount you can contribute is reduced as explained under Contribution limit reduced . Past tax forms $10,000 or more you cannot contribute to a Roth IRA. Past tax forms single, head of household,  or married filing separately and you did not live with your spouse at any time during the year less than $112,000 you can contribute up to $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older) as explained under How Much Can Be Contributed . Past tax forms at least $112,000 but less than $127,000 the amount you can contribute is reduced as explained under Contribution limit reduced . Past tax forms $127,000 or more you cannot contribute to a Roth IRA. Past tax forms Figuring the reduction. Past tax forms   If the amount you can contribute must be reduced, use Worksheet 2-2, later, to figure your reduced contribution limit. Past tax forms Worksheet 2-2. Past tax forms Determining Your Reduced Roth IRA Contribution Limit Before using this worksheet, check Table 2-1, earlier, to determine whether or not your Roth IRA contribution limit is reduced. Past tax forms If it is, use this worksheet to determine how much it is reduced. Past tax forms 1. Past tax forms Enter your modified AGI for Roth IRA purposes (Worksheet 2-1, line 12) 1. Past tax forms   2. Past tax forms Enter: $178,000 if filing a joint return or qualifying widow(er), $-0- if married filing a separate return and you lived with your spouse at any time in 2013, or $112,000 for all others 2. Past tax forms   3. Past tax forms Subtract line 2 from line 1 3. Past tax forms   4. Past tax forms Enter: $10,000 if filing a joint return or qualifying widow(er) or married filing a separate return and you lived with your spouse at any time during the year, or $15,000 for all others 4. Past tax forms   5. Past tax forms Divide line 3 by line 4 and enter the result as a decimal (rounded to at least three places). Past tax forms If the result is 1. Past tax forms 000 or more, enter 1. Past tax forms 000 5. Past tax forms   6. Past tax forms Enter the lesser of: $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older), or Your taxable compensation 6. Past tax forms   7. Past tax forms Multiply line 5 by line 6 7. Past tax forms   8. Past tax forms Subtract line 7 from line 6. Past tax forms Round the result up to the nearest $10. Past tax forms If the result is less than $200, enter $200 8. Past tax forms   9. Past tax forms Enter contributions for the year to other IRAs 9. Past tax forms   10. Past tax forms Subtract line 9 from line 6 10. Past tax forms   11. Past tax forms Enter the lesser of line 8 or line 10. Past tax forms This is your reduced Roth IRA contribution limit 11. Past tax forms      Round your reduced contribution limit up to the nearest $10. Past tax forms If your reduced contribution limit is more than $0, but less than $200, increase the limit to $200. Past tax forms Example. Past tax forms You are a 45-year-old, single individual with taxable compensation of $113,000. Past tax forms You want to make the maximum allowable contribution to your Roth IRA for 2013. Past tax forms Your modified AGI for 2013 is $113,000. Past tax forms You have not contributed to any traditional IRA, so the maximum contribution limit before the modified AGI reduction is $5,500. Past tax forms You figure your reduced Roth IRA contribution of $5,140 as shown on Worksheet 2-2. Past tax forms Example—Illustrated, later. Past tax forms   Worksheet 2-2. Past tax forms Example—Illustrated Before using this worksheet, check Table 2-1, earlier, to determine whether or not your Roth IRA contribution limit is reduced. Past tax forms If it is, use this worksheet to determine how much it is reduced. Past tax forms 1. Past tax forms Enter your modified AGI for Roth IRA purposes (Worksheet 2-1, line 12) 1. Past tax forms 113,000 2. Past tax forms Enter: $178,000 if filing a joint return or qualifying widow(er), $-0- if married filing a separate return and you lived with your spouse at any time in 2013, or $112,000 for all others 2. Past tax forms 112,000 3. Past tax forms Subtract line 2 from line 1 3. Past tax forms 1,000 4. Past tax forms Enter: $10,000 if filing a joint return or qualifying widow(er) or married filing a separate return and you lived with your spouse at any time during the year, or $15,000 for all others 4. Past tax forms 15,000 5. Past tax forms Divide line 3 by line 4 and enter the result as a decimal (rounded to at least three places). Past tax forms If the result is 1. Past tax forms 000 or more, enter 1. Past tax forms 000 5. Past tax forms . Past tax forms 067 6. Past tax forms Enter the lesser of: $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older), or Your taxable compensation 6. Past tax forms 5,500 7. Past tax forms Multiply line 5 by line 6 7. Past tax forms 369 8. Past tax forms Subtract line 7 from line 6. Past tax forms Round the result up to the nearest $10. Past tax forms If the result is less than $200, enter $200 8. Past tax forms 5,140 9. Past tax forms Enter contributions for the year to other IRAs 9. Past tax forms 0 10. Past tax forms Subtract line 9 from line 6 10. Past tax forms 5,500 11. Past tax forms Enter the lesser of line 8 or line 10. Past tax forms This is your reduced Roth IRA contribution limit 11. Past tax forms 5,140 When Can You Make Contributions? You can make contributions to a Roth IRA for a year at any time during the year or by the due date of your return for that year (not including extensions). Past tax forms You can make contributions for 2013 by the due date (not including extensions) for filing your 2013 tax return. Past tax forms This means that most people can make contributions for 2013 by April 15, 2014. Past tax forms What if You Contribute Too Much? A 6% excise tax applies to any excess contribution to a Roth IRA. Past tax forms Excess contributions. Past tax forms   These are the contributions to your Roth IRAs for a year that equal the total of: Amounts contributed for the tax year to your Roth IRAs (other than amounts properly and timely rolled over from a Roth IRA or properly converted from a traditional IRA or rolled over from a qualified retirement plan, as described later) that are more than your contribution limit for the year (explained earlier under How Much Can Be Contributed? ), plus Any excess contributions for the preceding year, reduced by the total of: Any distributions out of your Roth IRAs for the year, plus Your contribution limit for the year minus your contributions to all your IRAs for the year. Past tax forms Withdrawal of excess contributions. Past tax forms   For purposes of determining excess contributions, any contribution that is withdrawn on or before the due date (including extensions) for filing your tax return for the year is treated as an amount not contributed. Past tax forms This treatment only applies if any earnings on the contributions are also withdrawn. Past tax forms The earnings are considered earned and received in the year the excess contribution was made. Past tax forms   If you timely filed your 2013 tax return without withdrawing a contribution that you made in 2013, you can still have the contribution returned to you within 6 months of the due date of your 2013 tax return, excluding extensions. Past tax forms If you do, file an amended return with “Filed pursuant to section 301. Past tax forms 9100-2” written at the top. Past tax forms Report any related earnings on the amended return and include an explanation of the withdrawal. Past tax forms Make any other necessary changes on the amended return. Past tax forms Applying excess contributions. Past tax forms    If contributions to your Roth IRA for a year were more than the limit, you can apply the excess contribution in one year to a later year if the contributions for that later year are less than the maximum allowed for that year. Past tax forms Can You Move Amounts Into a Roth IRA? You may be able to convert amounts from either a traditional, SEP, or SIMPLE IRA into a Roth IRA. Past tax forms You may be able to roll over amounts from a qualified retirement plan to a Roth IRA. Past tax forms You may be able to recharacterize contributions made to one IRA as having been made directly to a different IRA. Past tax forms You can roll amounts over from a designated Roth account or from one Roth IRA to another Roth IRA. Past tax forms Conversions You can convert a traditional IRA to a Roth IRA. Past tax forms The conversion is treated as a rollover, regardless of the conversion method used. Past tax forms Most of the rules for rollovers, described in chapter 1 under Rollover From One IRA Into Another , apply to these rollovers. Past tax forms However, the 1-year waiting period does not apply. Past tax forms Conversion methods. Past tax forms   You can convert amounts from a traditional IRA to a Roth IRA in any of the following three ways. Past tax forms Rollover. Past tax forms You can receive a distribution from a traditional IRA and roll it over (contribute it) to a Roth IRA within 60 days after the distribution. Past tax forms Trustee-to-trustee transfer. Past tax forms You can direct the trustee of the traditional IRA to transfer an amount from the traditional IRA to the trustee of the Roth IRA. Past tax forms Same trustee transfer. Past tax forms If the trustee of the traditional IRA also maintains the Roth IRA, you can direct the trustee to transfer an amount from the traditional IRA to the Roth IRA. Past tax forms Same trustee. Past tax forms   Conversions made with the same trustee can be made by redesignating the traditional IRA as a Roth IRA, rather than opening a new account or issuing a new contract. Past tax forms Income. Past tax forms   You must include in your gross income distributions from a traditional IRA that you would have had to include in income if you had not converted them into a Roth IRA. Past tax forms These amounts are normally included in income on your return for the year that you converted them from a traditional IRA to a Roth IRA. Past tax forms If you must include any amount in your gross income, you may have to increase your withholding or make estimated tax payments. Past tax forms See Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax. Past tax forms More information. Past tax forms   For more information on conversions, see Converting From Any Traditional IRA Into a Roth IRA in chapter 1. Past tax forms Rollover From Employer's Plan Into a Roth IRA You can roll over into a Roth IRA all or part of an eligible rollover distribution you receive from your (or your deceased spouse's): Employer's qualified pension, profit-sharing, or stock bonus plan (including a 401(k) plan); Annuity plan; Tax-sheltered annuity plan (section 403(b) plan); or Governmental deferred compensation plan (section 457 plan). Past tax forms Any amount rolled over is subject to the same rules for converting a traditional IRA into a Roth IRA. Past tax forms See Converting From Any Traditional IRA Into a Roth IRA in chapter 1. Past tax forms Also, the rollover contribution must meet the rollover requirements that apply to the specific type of retirement plan. Past tax forms Rollover methods. Past tax forms   You can roll over amounts from a qualified retirement plan to a Roth IRA in one of the following ways. Past tax forms Rollover. Past tax forms You can receive a distribution from a qualified retirement plan and roll it over (contribute) to a Roth IRA within 60 days after the distribution. Past tax forms Since the distribution is paid directly to you, the payer generally must withhold 20% of it. Past tax forms Direct rollover option. Past tax forms Your employer's qualified plan must give you the option to have any part of an eligible rollover distribution paid directly to a Roth IRA. Past tax forms Generally, no tax is withheld from any part of the designated distribution that is directly paid to the trustee of the Roth IRA. Past tax forms Rollover by nonspouse beneficiary. Past tax forms   If you are a designated beneficiary (other than a surviving spouse) of a deceased employee, you can roll over all or part of an eligible rollover distribution from one of the types of plans listed above into a Roth IRA. Past tax forms You must make the rollover by a direct trustee-to-trustee transfer into an inherited Roth IRA. Past tax forms   You will determine your required minimum distributions in years after you make the rollover based on whether the employee died before his or her required beginning date for taking distributions from the plan. Past tax forms For more information, see Distributions after the employee’s death under Tax on Excess Accumulation in Publication 575. Past tax forms Income. Past tax forms   You must include in your gross income distributions from a qualified retirement plan that you would have had to include in income if you had not rolled them over into a Roth IRA. Past tax forms You do not include in gross income any part of a distribution from a qualified retirement plan that is a return of contributions (after-tax contributions) to the plan that were taxable to you when paid. Past tax forms These amounts are normally included in income on your return for the year of the rollover from the qualified employer plan to a Roth IRA. Past tax forms If you must include any amount in your gross income, you may have to increase your withholding or make estimated tax payments. Past tax forms See Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax. Past tax forms For more information on eligible rollover distributions from qualified retirement plans and withholding, see Rollover From Employer's Plan Into an IRA in chapter 1. Past tax forms Military Death Gratuities and Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance (SGLI) Payments If you received a military death gratuity or SGLI payment with respect to a death from injury that occurred after October 6, 2001, you can contribute (roll over) all or part of the amount received to your Roth IRA. Past tax forms The contribution is treated as a qualified rollover contribution. Past tax forms The amount you can roll over to your Roth IRA cannot exceed the total amount that you received reduced by any part of that amount that was contributed to a Coverdell ESA or another Roth IRA. Past tax forms Any military death gratuity or SGLI payment contributed to a Roth IRA is disregarded for purposes of the 1-year waiting period between rollovers. Past tax forms The rollover must be completed before the end of the 1-year period beginning on the date you received the payment. Past tax forms The amount contributed to your Roth IRA is treated as part of your cost basis (investment in the contract) in the Roth IRA that is not taxable when distributed. Past tax forms Rollover From a Roth IRA You can withdraw, tax free, all or part of the assets from one Roth IRA if you contribute them within 60 days to another Roth IRA. Past tax forms Most of the rules for rollovers, described in chapter 1 under Rollover From One IRA Into Another , apply to these rollovers. Past tax forms However, rollovers from retirement plans other than Roth IRAs are disregarded for purposes of the 1-year waiting period between rollovers. Past tax forms A rollover from a Roth IRA to an employer retirement plan is not allowed. Past tax forms A rollover from a designated Roth account can only be made to another designated Roth account or to a Roth IRA. Past tax forms If you roll over an amount from one Roth IRA to another Roth IRA, the 5-year period used to determine qualified distributions does not change. Past tax forms The 5-year period begins with the first taxable year for which the contribution was made to the initial Roth IRA. Past tax forms See What are Qualified Distributions , later. Past tax forms Rollover of Exxon Valdez Settlement Income If you are a qualified taxpayer (defined in chapter 1, earlier) and you received qualified settlement income (defined in chapter 1, earlier), you can contribute all or part of the amount received to an eligible retirement plan which includes a Roth IRA. Past tax forms The rules for contributing qualified settlement income to a Roth IRA are the same as the rules for contributing qualified settlement income to a traditional IRA with the following exception. Past tax forms Qualified settlement income that is contributed to a Roth IRA, or to a designated Roth account, will be: Included in your taxable income for the year the qualified settlement income was received, and Treated as part of your cost basis (investment in the contract) in the Roth IRA that is not taxable when distributed. Past tax forms For more information, see Rollover of Exxon Valdez Settlement Income in chapter 1. Past tax forms Rollover of Airline Payments If you are a qualified airline employee (defined next), you may contribute any portion of an airline payment (defined below) you receive to a Roth IRA. Past tax forms The contribution must be made within 180 days from the date you received the payment. Past tax forms The contribution will be treated as a qualified rollover contribution. Past tax forms The rollover contribution is included in income to the extent it would be included in income if it were not part of the rollover contribution. Past tax forms Also, any reduction in the airline payment amount on account of employment taxes shall be disregarded when figuring the amount you can contribute to your Roth IRA. Past tax forms Qualified airline employee. Past tax forms    A current or former employee of a commercial airline carrier who was a participant in a qualified defined benefit plan maintained by the carrier which was terminated or became subject to restrictions under Section 402(b) of the Pension Protection Act of 2006. Past tax forms These provisions also apply to surviving spouses of qualified airline employees. Past tax forms Airline payment. Past tax forms    An airline payment is any payment of money or other property that is paid to a qualified airline employee from a commercial airline carrier. Past tax forms The payment also must be made both: Under the approval of an order of federal bankruptcy court in a case filed after September 11, 2001, and before January 1, 2007, and In respect of the qualified airline employee’s interest in a bankruptcy claim against the airline carrier, any note of the carrier (or amount paid in lieu of a note being issued), or any other fixed obligation of the carrier to pay a lump sum amount. Past tax forms Any reduction in the airline payment amount on account of employment taxes shall be disregarded when figuring the amount you can roll over to your traditional IRA. Past tax forms Also, an airline payment shall not include any amount payable on the basis of the airline carrier’s future earnings or profits. Past tax forms Are Distributions Taxable? You do not include in your gross income qualified distributions or distributions that are a return of your regular contributions from your Roth IRA(s). Past tax forms You also do not include distributions from your Roth IRA that you roll over tax free into another Roth IRA. Past tax forms You may have to include part of other distributions in your income. Past tax forms See Ordering Rules for Distributions , later. Past tax forms Basis of distributed property. Past tax forms   The basis of property distributed from a Roth IRA is its fair market value (FMV) on the date of distribution, whether or not the distribution is a qualified distribution. Past tax forms Withdrawals of contributions by due date. Past tax forms   If you withdraw contributions (including any net earnings on the contributions) by the due date of your return for the year in which you made the contribution, the contributions are treated as if you never made them. Past tax forms If you have an extension of time to file your return, you can withdraw the contributions and earnings by the extended due date. Past tax forms The withdrawal of contributions is tax free, but you must include the earnings on the contributions in income for the year in which you made the contributions. Past tax forms What Are Qualified Distributions? A qualified distribution is any payment or distribution from your Roth IRA that meets the following requirements. Past tax forms It is made after the 5-year period beginning with the first taxable year for which a contribution was made to a Roth IRA set up for your benefit, and The payment or distribution is: Made on or after the date you reach age 59½, Made because you are disabled (defined earlier), Made to a beneficiary or to your estate after your death, or One that meets the requirements listed under First home under Exceptions in chapter 1 (up to a $10,000 lifetime limit). Past tax forms Additional Tax on Early Distributions If you receive a distribution that is not a qualified distribution, you may have to pay the 10% additional tax on early distributions as explained in the following paragraphs. Past tax forms Distributions of conversion and certain rollover contributions within 5-year period. Past tax forms   If, within the 5-year period starting with the first day of your tax year in which you convert an amount from a traditional IRA or rollover an amount from a qualified retirement plan to a Roth IRA, you take a distribution from a Roth IRA, you may have to pay the 10% additional tax on early distributions. Past tax forms You generally must pay the 10% additional tax on any amount attributable to the part of the amount converted or rolled over (the conversion or rollover contribution) that you had to include in income (recapture amount). Past tax forms A separate 5-year period applies to each conversion and rollover. Past tax forms See Ordering Rules for Distributions , later, to determine the recapture amount, if any. Past tax forms   The 5-year period used for determining whether the 10% early distribution tax applies to a distribution from a conversion or rollover contribution is separately determined for each conversion and rollover, and is not necessarily the same as the 5-year period used for determining whether a distribution is a qualified distribution. Past tax forms See What Are Qualified Distributions , earlier. Past tax forms   For example, if a calendar-year taxpayer makes a conversion contribution on February 25, 2013, and makes a regular contribution for 2012 on the same date, the 5-year period for the conversion begins January 1, 2013, while the 5-year period for the regular contribution begins on January 1, 2012. Past tax forms   Unless one of the exceptions listed later applies, you must pay the additional tax on the portion of the distribution attributable to the part of the conversion or rollover contribution that you had to include in income because of the conversion or rollover. Past tax forms   You must pay the 10% additional tax in the year of the distribution, even if you had included the conversion or rollover contribution in an earlier year. Past tax forms You also must pay the additional tax on any portion of the distribution attributable to earnings on contributions. Past tax forms Other early distributions. Past tax forms   Unless one of the exceptions listed below applies, you must pay the 10% additional tax on the taxable part of any distributions that are not qualified distributions. Past tax forms Exceptions. Past tax forms   You may not have to pay the 10% additional tax in the following situations. Past tax forms You have reached age 59½. Past tax forms You are totally and permanently disabled. Past tax forms You are the beneficiary of a deceased IRA owner. Past tax forms You use the distribution to buy, build, or rebuild a first home. Past tax forms The distributions are part of a series of substantially equal payments. Past tax forms You have unreimbursed medical expenses that are more than 10% (or 7. Past tax forms 5% if you or your spouse was born before January 2, 1949) of your adjusted gross income (defined earlier) for the year. Past tax forms You are paying medical insurance premiums during a period of unemployment. Past tax forms The distributions are not more than your qualified higher education expenses. Past tax forms The distribution is due to an IRS levy of the qualified plan. Past tax forms The distribution is a qualified reservist distribution. Past tax forms Most of these exceptions are discussed earlier in chapter 1 under Early Distributions . Past tax forms Please click here for the text description of the image. Past tax forms Is Roth Distributions a Qualified Distribution? Ordering Rules for Distributions If you receive a distribution from your Roth IRA that is not a qualified distribution, part of it may be taxable. Past tax forms There is a set order in which contributions (including conversion contributions and rollover contributions from qualified retirement plans) and earnings are considered to be distributed from your Roth IRA. Past tax forms For these purposes, disregard the withdrawal of excess contributions and the earnings on them (discussed earlier under What if You Contribute Too Much ). Past tax forms Order the distributions as follows. Past tax forms Regular contributions. Past tax forms Conversion and rollover contributions, on a first-in, first-out basis (generally, total conversions and rollovers from the earliest year first). Past tax forms See Aggregation (grouping and adding) rules, later. Past tax forms Take these conversion and rollover contributions into account as follows: Taxable portion (the amount required to be included in gross income because of the conversion or rollover) first, and then the Nontaxable portion. Past tax forms Earnings on contributions. Past tax forms Disregard rollover contributions from other Roth IRAs for this purpose. Past tax forms Aggregation (grouping and adding) rules. Past tax forms   Determine the taxable amounts distributed (withdrawn), distributions, and contributions by grouping and adding them together as follows. Past tax forms Add all distributions from all your Roth IRAs during the year together. Past tax forms Add all regular contributions made for the year (including contributions made after the close of the year, but before the due date of your return) together. Past tax forms Add this total to the total undistributed regular contributions made in prior years. Past tax forms Add all conversion and rollover contributions made during the year together. Past tax forms For purposes of the ordering rules, in the case of any conversion or rollover in which the conversion or rollover distribution is made in 2013 and the conversion or rollover contribution is made in 2014, treat the conversion or rollover contribution as contributed before any other conversion or rollover contributions made in 2014. Past tax forms Add any recharacterized contributions that end up in a Roth IRA to the appropriate contribution group for the year that the original contribution would have been taken into account if it had been made directly to the Roth IRA. Past tax forms   Disregard any recharacterized contribution that ends up in an IRA other than a Roth IRA for the purpose of grouping (aggregating) both contributions and distributions. Past tax forms Also disregard any amount withdrawn to correct an excess contribution (including the earnings withdrawn) for this purpose. Past tax forms Example. Past tax forms On October 15, 2009, Justin converted all $80,000 in his traditional IRA to his Roth IRA. Past tax forms His Forms 8606 from prior years show that $20,000 of the amount converted is his basis. Past tax forms Justin included $60,000 ($80,000 − $20,000) in his gross income. Past tax forms On February 23, 2013, Justin made a regular contribution of $5,000 to a Roth IRA. Past tax forms On November 8, 2013, at age 60, Justin took a $7,000 distribution from his Roth IRA. Past tax forms The first $5,000 of the distribution is a return of Justin's regular contribution and is not includible in his income. Past tax forms The next $2,000 of the distribution is not includible in income because it was included previously. Past tax forms Figuring your recapture amount. Past tax forms   If you had an early distribution from your Roth IRAs in 2013, you must allocate the early distribution by using the Recapture Amount—Allocation Chart, later. Past tax forms Recapture Amount—Allocation Chart Enter the amount from your 2013 Form 8606, line 19   Before you begin: You will need your prior year Form(s) 8606 and income tax return(s) if you entered an amount on any line(s) as indicated below. Past tax forms   You will now allocate the amount you entered above (2013 Form 8606, line 19) in the order shown, to the amounts on the lines listed below (to the extent a prior year distribution was not allocable to the amount). Past tax forms The maximum amount you can enter on each line below is the amount entered on the referenced lines of the form for that year. Past tax forms Note. Past tax forms Once you have allocated the full amount from your 2013 Form 8606, line 19, STOP. Past tax forms See the Example , earlier. Past tax forms Tax Year Your Form 2013 Form 8606, line 20   Form 8606, line 22   1998 Form 8606, line 16   Form 8606, line 15   1999 Form 8606, line 16   Form 8606, line 15   2000 Form 8606, line 16   Form 8606, line 15   2001 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2002 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2003 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2004 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2005 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2006 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2007 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2008 Form 8606, line 18  and  Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b*   Form 8606, line 17  and  Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a**   2009 Form 8606, line 18  and  Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b*   Form 8606, line 17  and  Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a**   2010 Form 8606, lines 18 and 23   Form 8606, lines 17 and 22   2011 Form 8606, line 18  and  Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b*   Form 8606, line 17  and  Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a**   2012 Form 8606, line 18  and  Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b*   Form 8606, line 17  and  Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a**   2013 Form 8606, line 18  and  Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b*   Form 8606, line 17  and  Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a**   2013 Form 8606, line 25       *Only include those amounts rolled over to a Roth IRA. Past tax forms  **Only include any contributions (usually Form 1099-R, box 5) that were taxable to you when made and rolled over to a Roth IRA. Past tax forms Amount to include on Form 5329, line 1. Past tax forms   Include on line 1 of your 2013 Form 5329 the following four amounts from the Recapture Amount—Allocation Chart that you filled out. Past tax forms The amount you allocated to line 20 of your 2013 Form 8606. Past tax forms The amount(s) allocated to your 2009 through 2013 Forms 8606, line 18, and your 2010 Form 8606, line 23. Past tax forms The amount(s) allocated to your 2009, 2011, 2012, and 2013 Forms 1040, line 16b; Forms 1040A, line 12b; and Forms 1040NR, line 17b. Past tax forms The amount from your 2013 Form 8606, line 25. Past tax forms   Also, include any amount you allocated to line 20 of your 2013 Form 8606 on your 2013 Form 5329, line 2, and enter exception number 09. Past tax forms Example. Past tax forms Ishmael, age 32, opened a Roth IRA in 2000. Past tax forms He made the maximum contributions to it every year. Past tax forms In addition, he made the following transactions into his Roth IRA. Past tax forms In 2005, he converted $10,000 from his traditional IRA into his Roth IRA. Past tax forms He filled out a 2005 Form 8606 and attached it with his 2005 Form 1040. Past tax forms He entered $0 on line 17 of Form 8606 because he took a deduction for all the contributions to the traditional IRA, therefore he has no basis. Past tax forms He entered $10,000 on line 18 of Form 8606. Past tax forms In 2011, he rolled over the entire balance of his qualified retirement plan, $20,000, into a Roth IRA when he changed jobs. Past tax forms He used a 2011 Form 1040 to file his taxes. Past tax forms He entered $20,000 on line 16a of Form 1040 because that was the amount reported in box 1 of his 2011 Form 1099-R. Past tax forms Box 5 of his 2011 Form 1099-R reported $0 since he did not make any after-tax contributions to the qualified retirement plan. Past tax forms He entered $20,000 on line 16b of Form 1040 since that is the taxable amount that was rolled over in 2011. Past tax forms The total balance in his Roth IRA as of January 1, 2013 was $105,000 ($50,000 in contributions from 2000 through 2012 + $10,000 from the 2005 conversion + $20,000 from the 2011 rollover + $25,000 from earnings). Past tax forms He has not taken any early distribution from his Roth IRA before 2013. Past tax forms In 2013, he made the maximum contribution of $5,500 to his Roth IRA. Past tax forms In August of 2013, he took a $85,500 early distribution from his Roth IRA to use as a down payment on the purchase of his first home. Past tax forms See his filled out Illustrated Recapture Amount—Allocation Chart, later, to see how he allocated the amounts from the above transactions. Past tax forms Based on his allocation, he would enter $20,000 on his 2013 Form 5329, line 1 (see Amount to include on Form 5329, line 1 , above). Past tax forms He should also report $10,000 on his 2013 Form 5329, line 2, and enter exception 09 since that amount is not subject to the 10% additional tax on early distributions. Past tax forms Illustrated Recapture Amount—Allocation Chart Enter the amount from your 2013 Form 8606, line 19 $85,500 Before you begin: You will need your prior year Form(s) 8606 and income tax return(s) if you entered an amount on any line(s) as indicated below. Past tax forms   You will now allocate the amount you entered above (2013 Form 8606, line 19) in the order shown, to the amounts on the lines listed below (to the extent a prior year distribution was not allocable to the amount). Past tax forms The maximum amount you can enter on each line below is the amount entered on the referenced lines of the form for that year. Past tax forms Note. Past tax forms Once you have allocated the full amount from your 2013 Form 8606, line 19, STOP. Past tax forms See the Example , earlier. Past tax forms Tax Year Your Form 2013 Form 8606, line 20 $10,000 Form 8606, line 22 $55,500 1998 Form 8606, line 16   Form 8606, line 15   1999 Form 8606, line 16   Form 8606, line 15   2000 Form 8606, line 16   Form 8606, line 15   2001 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2002 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2003 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2004 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2005 Form 8606, line 18 $10,000 Form 8606, line 17 $-0- 2006 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2007 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2008 Form 8606, line 18  and  Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b*   Form 8606, line 17  and  Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a**   2009 Form 8606, line 18  and  Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b*   Form 8606, line 17  and  Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a**   2010 Form 8606, lines 18 and 23   Form 8606, lines 17 and 22   2011 Form 8606, line 18  and  Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b* $10,000 Form 8606, line 17  and  Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a**   2012 Form 8606, line 18  and  Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b*   Form 8606, line 17  and  Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a**   2013 Form 8606, line 18  and  Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b*   Form 8606, line 17  and  Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a**   2013 Form 8606, line 25       *Only include those amounts rolled over to a Roth IRA. Past tax forms  **Only include any contributions (usually Form 1099-R, box 5) that were taxable to you when made and rolled over to a Roth IRA. Past tax forms How Do You Figure the Taxable Part? To figure the taxable part of a distribution that is not a qualified distribution, complete Form 8606, Part III. Past tax forms Must You Withdraw or Use Assets? You are not required to take distributions from your Roth IRA at any age. Past tax forms The minimum distribution rules that apply to traditional IRAs do not apply to Roth IRAs while the owner is alive. Past tax forms However, after the death of a Roth IRA owner, certain of the minimum distribution rules that apply to traditional IRAs also apply to Roth IRAs as explained later under Distributions After Owner's Death . Past tax forms Minimum distributions. Past tax forms   You cannot use your Roth IRA to satisfy minimum distribution requirements for your traditional IRA. Past tax forms Nor can you use distributions from traditional IRAs for required distributions from Roth IRAs. Past tax forms See Distributions to beneficiaries , later. Past tax forms Recognizing Losses on Investments If you have a loss on your Roth IRA investment, you can recognize the loss on your income tax return, but only when all the amounts in all of your Roth IRA accounts have been distributed to you and the total distributions are less than your unrecovered basis. Past tax forms Your basis is the total amount of contributions in your Roth IRAs. Past tax forms You claim the loss as a miscellaneous itemized deduction, subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit that applies to certain miscellaneous itemized deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040). Past tax forms Any such losses are added back to taxable income for purposes of calculating the alternative minimum tax. Past tax forms Distributions After Owner's Death If a Roth IRA owner dies, the minimum distribution rules that apply to traditional IRAs apply to Roth IRAs as though the Roth IRA owner died before his or her required beginning date. Past tax forms See When Can You Withdraw or Use Assets? in chapter 1. Past tax forms Distributions to beneficiaries. Past tax forms   Generally, the entire interest in the Roth IRA must be distributed by the end of the fifth calendar year after the year of the owner's death unless the interest is payable to a designated beneficiary over the life or life expectancy of the designated beneficiary. Past tax forms (See When Must You Withdraw Assets? (Required Minimum Distributions) in chapter 1. Past tax forms )   If paid as an annuity, the entire interest must be payable over a period not greater than the designated beneficiary's life expectancy and distributions must begin before the end of the calendar year following the year of death. Past tax forms Distributions from another Roth IRA cannot be substituted for these distributions unless the other Roth IRA was inherited from the same decedent. Past tax forms   If the sole beneficiary is the spouse, he or she can either delay distributions until the decedent would have reached age 70½ or treat the Roth IRA as his or her own. Past tax forms Combining with other Roth IRAs. Past tax forms   A beneficiary can combine an inherited Roth IRA with another Roth IRA maintained by the beneficiary only if the beneficiary either: Inherited the other Roth IRA from the same decedent, or Was the spouse of the decedent and the sole beneficiary of the Roth IRA and elects to treat it as his or her own IRA. Past tax forms Distributions that are not qualified distributions. Past tax forms   If a distribution to a beneficiary is not a qualified distribution, it is generally includible in the beneficiary's gross income in the same manner as it would have been included in the owner's income had it been distributed to the IRA owner when he or she was alive. Past tax forms   If the owner of a Roth IRA dies before the end of: The 5-year period beginning with the first taxable year for which a contribution was made to a Roth IRA set up for the owner's benefit, or The 5-year period starting with the year of a conversion contribution from a traditional IRA or a rollover from a qualified retirement plan to a Roth IRA, each type of contribution is divided among multiple beneficiaries according to the pro-rata share of each. Past tax forms See Ordering Rules for Distributions , earlier in this chapter under Are Distributions Taxable. Past tax forms Example. Past tax forms When Ms. Past tax forms Hibbard died in 2013, her Roth IRA contained regular contributions of $4,000, a conversion contribution of $10,000 that was made in 2009, and earnings of $2,000. Past tax forms No distributions had been made from her IRA. Past tax forms She had no basis in the conversion contribution in 2009. Past tax forms When she established this Roth IRA (her first) in 2009, she named each of her four children as equal beneficiaries. Past tax forms Each child will receive one-fourth of each type of contribution and one-fourth of the earnings. Past tax forms An immediate distribution of $4,000 to each child will be treated as $1,000 from regular contributions, $2,500 from conversion contributions, and $500 from earnings. Past tax forms In this case, because the distributions are made before the end of the applicable 5-year period for a qualified distribution, each beneficiary includes $500 in income for 2013. Past tax forms The 10% additional tax on early distributions does not apply because the distribution was made to the beneficiaries as a result of the death of the IRA owner. Past tax forms If distributions from an inherited Roth IRA are less than the required minimum distribution for the year, discussed in chapter 1 under When Must You Withdraw Assets? (Required Minimum Distributions), you may have to pay a 50% excise tax for that year on the amount not distributed as required. Past tax forms For the tax on excess accumulations (insufficient distributions), see Excess Accumulations (Insufficient Distributions) under What Acts Result in Penalties or Additional Taxes? in chapter 1. Past tax forms If this applies to you, substitute “Roth IRA” for “traditional IRA” in that discussion. Past tax forms Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications