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Michigan Tax Forms 1040ez

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Michigan Tax Forms 1040ez

Michigan tax forms 1040ez Index A Absence, temporary, Temporary absence from work. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Temporary absence from work. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Accountable plans, Accountable Plans Address, change of, Reminders Adequate accounting, Adequate accounting. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Armed Forces, Retirees, survivors, and Armed Forces members. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Members of the Armed Forces Distance test, special rule, Armed Forces. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Form 3903, how to complete, How to complete Form 3903 for members of the Armed Forces. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Services or reimbursements provided by government, Services or reimbursements provided by government. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Spouse and dependents, Spouse and dependents. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Assistance (see Tax help) C Change of address, Reminders Closely related in place, Closely related in place. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Closely related in time, Closely related in time. Michigan tax forms 1040ez D Deductible moving expenses, Deductible Moving Expenses, Moving expenses allocable to excluded foreign income. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Household goods, Household goods and personal effects. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Moving to and from storage, Moving goods and effects to and from storage. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Member of your household, Member of your household. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Moves in U. Michigan tax forms 1040ez S. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Moves to Locations in the United States Moves outside U. Michigan tax forms 1040ez S. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Moves to Locations Outside the United States Moving expenses allocable to excluded foreign income, Moving expenses allocable to excluded foreign income. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Personal effects, Household goods and personal effects. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Moving to and from storage, Moving goods and effects to and from storage. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Reasonable expenses, Reasonable expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Storage expenses, Storage expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Storage expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Travel by car, Travel by car. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Travel expenses, Travel expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Distance test, Distance Test Armed Forces, special rule, Armed Forces. Michigan tax forms 1040ez First job, First job or return to full-time work. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Illustration of (Figure A), Main job location, Main job location. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Return to full-time work, First job or return to full-time work. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Worksheet 1, Distance Test E Employees Time test for, Time Test for Employees Estimated tax, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax, Estimated tax. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Excess reimbursements, Excess reimbursement. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Excluded foreign income Moving expenses allocable to, Moving expenses allocable to excluded foreign income. Michigan tax forms 1040ez F Figures (see Tables and figures) First job, First job or return to full-time work. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Form 1040 Moving expense deduction, Where to deduct. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Form 3903 Armed Forces members, how to complete, How to complete Form 3903 for members of the Armed Forces. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Completing form, Completing Form 3903. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Moving expense deduction calculation, Form 3903 Form W-2 Reimbursements, You meet accountable plan rules. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Expenses deducted in earlier year. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Government provided for Armed Forces members, Services or reimbursements provided by government. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Form W-4 Withholding allowance, Amount of income tax withheld. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Free tax services, Free help with your tax return. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Full-time work, defined, Full-time work. Michigan tax forms 1040ez H Help (see Tax help) Home, defined, Home defined. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Household goods, Household goods and personal effects. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Moving to and from storage, Moving goods and effects to and from storage. Michigan tax forms 1040ez I Important reminders, Reminders J Joint returns, Joint Return M Main job location Defined, Main job location. Michigan tax forms 1040ez More than one job, More than one job. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Union members, Union members. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Member of household, Member of your household. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Members of Armed Forces (see Armed Forces) Mileage rate, What's New Missing children, photographs of, Reminders Moves In U. Michigan tax forms 1040ez S. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Moves to Locations in the United States Outside U. Michigan tax forms 1040ez S. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Moves to Locations Outside the United States To and from storage, Moving goods and effects to and from storage. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Moving expenses, Who Can Deduct Moving Expenses, Deductible Moving Expenses (see also Deductible moving expenses) (see also Who can deduct) N Nonaccountable plans, Nonaccountable Plans Nondeductible expenses, Nondeductible Expenses Reimbursements of, Reimbursement of nondeductible expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Reimbursement for deductible and nondeductible expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez P Permanently retired, defined, Retirees who were working abroad. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Personal effects, Household goods and personal effects. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Moving to and from storage, Moving goods and effects to and from storage. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Publications (see Tax help) R Reasonable expenses, Reasonable expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Reasonable period of time, Reasonable period of time. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Reimbursements, Reimbursements, Estimated tax. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Accountable plans, Accountable Plans Adequate accounting, Adequate accounting. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Armed Forces members, Services or reimbursements provided by government. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Estimated tax, Estimated tax. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Excess, Excess reimbursement. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Excluded from income, Reimbursements excluded from income. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Included in income, Reimbursements included in income. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Nonaccountable plans, Nonaccountable Plans Nondeductible expenses, Reimbursement of nondeductible expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Reimbursement for deductible and nondeductible expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Reasonable period of time, Reasonable period of time. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Reporting moving expenses and reimbursements (Table 2), How and When To Report Types of plans, Types of Reimbursement Plans Reporting expenses, How and When To Report Expenses equal to or less than reimbursement, Expenses equal to or less than reimbursement. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Expenses greater than reimbursement, Expenses greater than reimbursement. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Form 3903, deduction calculation, Form 3903 Moving expenses and reimbursements (Table 2), How and When To Report Retirees who move to U. Michigan tax forms 1040ez S. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Retirees, survivors, and Armed Forces members. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Retirees or survivors. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Permanently retired, defined, Retirees who were working abroad. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Return to full-time work, First job or return to full-time work. Michigan tax forms 1040ez S Seasonal trade or business, Seasonal trade or business. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Seasonal work, Seasonal work. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Self-employed persons Time test, Time Test for Self-Employed Persons, Self-employment. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Table 1, Time Test for Employees Spouse of Armed Forces member, Spouse and dependents. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Standard mileage rate, What's New Storage expenses, Storage expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Storage expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Survivors who move to U. Michigan tax forms 1040ez S. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Retirees, survivors, and Armed Forces members. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Retirees or survivors. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Retirees or Survivors Who Move to the United States, Survivors of decedents who were working abroad. Michigan tax forms 1040ez When move begins, When a move begins. Michigan tax forms 1040ez T Tables and figures Distance test, Distance Test Nonmilitary move within U. Michigan tax forms 1040ez S. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , can you deduct expenses (Figure B), Seasonal work. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Reporting moving expenses and reimbursements (Table 2), How and When To Report Time test, satisfying for employees and self-employed persons (Table 1), Time Test for Employees Tax help, How To Get Tax Help Temporary absence, Temporary absence from work. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Temporary absence from work. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Time test, Time Test Employees, Time Test for Employees Exceptions to, Exceptions to the Time Test Full-time work, Full-time work. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Joint return, Joint Return Not yet met, Time Test Not Yet Met Satisfying for employees and self-employed persons (Table 1), Time Test for Employees Seasonal trade or business, Seasonal trade or business. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Seasonal work, Seasonal work. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Self-employed persons, Time Test for Self-Employed Persons, Self-employment. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Temporary absence from work, Temporary absence from work. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Temporary absence from work. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Travel by car, Travel by car. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Travel expenses, Travel expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez TTY/TDD information, How To Get Tax Help U Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970, Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970 Unions Main job location of member, Union members. Michigan tax forms 1040ez W When to deduct expenses, When To Deduct Expenses, Illustrated Example Choosing when to deduct, Choosing when to deduct. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Expenses not reimbursed, Expenses not reimbursed. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Expenses reimbursed, Expenses reimbursed. Michigan tax forms 1040ez How to make choice, How to make the choice. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Who can deduct, Who Can Deduct Moving Expenses, When a move begins. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Armed Forces, members of, Retirees, survivors, and Armed Forces members. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Distance test, Distance Test Nonmilitary move within U. Michigan tax forms 1040ez S. Michigan tax forms 1040ez (Figure B), Seasonal work. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Related to start of work, Move Related to Start of Work Retirees who move to U. Michigan tax forms 1040ez S. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Retirees, survivors, and Armed Forces members. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Retirees or survivors. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Retirees or Survivors Who Move to the United States Survivors who move to U. Michigan tax forms 1040ez S. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Retirees, survivors, and Armed Forces members. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Retirees or survivors. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , Retirees or Survivors Who Move to the United States, Survivors of decedents who were working abroad. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Time test, Time Test Withholding, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax Worksheet Distance test (Worksheet 1), Distance Test Prev  Up     Home   More Online Publications
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The Michigan Tax Forms 1040ez

Michigan tax forms 1040ez 9. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   Rental Income and Expenses Table of Contents Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Rental Income Rental ExpensesVacant while listed for sale. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Repairs and Improvements Other Expenses Property Changed to Rental Use Renting Part of Property Not Rented for Profit Personal Use of Dwelling Unit (Including Vacation Home)Example. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Dividing Expenses Dwelling Unit Used as a Home Reporting Income and Deductions DepreciationChanging your accounting method to deduct unclaimed depreciation. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Limits on Rental LossesAt-Risk Rules Passive Activity Limits How To Report Rental Income and ExpensesSchedule E (Form 1040) Introduction This chapter discusses rental income and expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez It also covers the following topics. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Personal use of dwelling unit (including vacation home). Michigan tax forms 1040ez Depreciation. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Limits on rental losses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez How to report your rental income and expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez If you sell or otherwise dispose of your rental property, see Publication 544, Sales and Other Dispositions of Assets. Michigan tax forms 1040ez If you have a loss from damage to, or theft of, rental property, see Publication 547, Casualties, Disasters, and Thefts. Michigan tax forms 1040ez If you rent a condominium or a cooperative apartment, some special rules apply to you even though you receive the same tax treatment as other owners of rental property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez See Publication 527, Residential Rental Property, for more information. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 527 Residential Rental Property 534 Depreciating Property Placed in Service Before 1987 535 Business Expenses 925 Passive Activity and At-Risk Rules 946 How To Depreciate Property Form (and Instructions) 4562 Depreciation and Amortization 6251 Alternative Minimum Tax—Individuals 8582 Passive Activity Loss Limitations Schedule E (Form 1040) Supplemental Income and Loss Rental Income In most cases, you must include in your gross income all amounts you receive as rent. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Rental income is any payment you receive for the use or occupation of property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez In addition to amounts you receive as normal rent payments, there are other amounts that may be rental income. Michigan tax forms 1040ez When to report. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you are a cash-basis taxpayer, you report rental income on your return for the year you actually or constructively receive it. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You are a cash-basis taxpayer if you report income in the year you receive it, regardless of when it was earned. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You constructively receive income when it is made available to you, for example, by being credited to your bank account. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   For more information about when you constructively receive income, see Accounting Methods in chapter 1. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Advance rent. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   Advance rent is any amount you receive before the period that it covers. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Include advance rent in your rental income in the year you receive it regardless of the period covered or the method of accounting you use. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Example. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You sign a 10-year lease to rent your property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez In the first year, you receive $5,000 for the first year's rent and $5,000 as rent for the last year of the lease. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You must include $10,000 in your income in the first year. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Canceling a lease. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If your tenant pays you to cancel a lease, the amount you receive is rent. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Include the payment in your income in the year you receive it regardless of your method of accounting. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Expenses paid by tenant. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If your tenant pays any of your expenses, the payments are rental income. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Because you must include this amount in income, you can deduct the expenses if they are deductible rental expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez See Rental Expenses , later, for more information. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Property or services. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you receive property or services, instead of money, as rent, include the fair market value of the property or services in your rental income. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If the services are provided at an agreed upon or specified price, that price is the fair market value unless there is evidence to the contrary. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Security deposits. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   Do not include a security deposit in your income when you receive it if you plan to return it to your tenant at the end of the lease. Michigan tax forms 1040ez But if you keep part or all of the security deposit during any year because your tenant does not live up to the terms of the lease, include the amount you keep in your income in that year. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If an amount called a security deposit is to be used as a final payment of rent, it is advance rent. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Include it in your income when you receive it. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Part interest. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you own a part interest in rental property, you must report your part of the rental income from the property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Rental of property also used as your home. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you rent property that you also use as your home and you rent it less than 15 days during the tax year, do not include the rent you receive in your income and do not deduct rental expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez However, you can deduct on Schedule A (Form 1040) the interest, taxes, and casualty and theft losses that are allowed for nonrental property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez See Personal Use of Dwelling Unit (Including Vacation Home) , later. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Rental Expenses This part discusses expenses of renting property that you ordinarily can deduct from your rental income. Michigan tax forms 1040ez It includes information on the expenses you can deduct if you rent part of your property, or if you change your property to rental use. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Depreciation , which you can also deduct from your rental income, is discussed later. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Personal use of rental property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you sometimes use your rental property for personal purposes, you must divide your expenses between rental and personal use. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Also, your rental expense deductions may be limited. Michigan tax forms 1040ez See Personal Use of Dwelling Unit (Including Vacation Home) , later. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Part interest. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you own a part interest in rental property, you can deduct expenses that you paid according to your percentage of ownership. Michigan tax forms 1040ez When to deduct. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you are a cash-basis taxpayer, you generally deduct your rental expenses in the year you pay them. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Depreciation. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   You can begin to depreciate rental property when it is ready and available for rent. Michigan tax forms 1040ez See Placed-in-Service under When Does Depreciation Begin and End in chapter 2 of Publication 527. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Pre-rental expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   You can deduct your ordinary and necessary expenses for managing, conserving, or maintaining rental property from the time you make it available for rent. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Uncollected rent. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you are a cash-basis taxpayer, do not deduct uncollected rent. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Because you have not included it in your income, it is not deductible. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Vacant rental property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you hold property for rental purposes, you may be able to deduct your ordinary and necessary expenses (including depreciation) for managing, conserving, or maintaining the property while the property is vacant. Michigan tax forms 1040ez However, you cannot deduct any loss of rental income for the period the property is vacant. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Vacant while listed for sale. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you sell property you held for rental purposes, you can deduct the ordinary and necessary expenses for managing, conserving, or maintaining the property until it is sold. Michigan tax forms 1040ez If the property is not held out and available for rent while listed for sale, the expenses are not deductible rental expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Repairs and Improvements Generally, an expense for repairing or maintaining your rental property may be deducted if you are not required to capitalize the expense. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Improvements. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   You must capitalize any expense you pay to improve your rental property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez An expense is for an improvement if it results in a betterment to your property, restores your property, or adapts your property to a new or different use. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Betterments. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   Expenses that may result in a betterment to your property include expenses for fixing a pre-existing defect or condition, enlarging or expanding your property, or increasing the capacity, strength, or quality of your property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Restoration. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   Expenses that may be for restoration include expenses for replacing a substantial structural part of your property, repairing damage to your property after you properly adjusted the basis of your property as a result of a casualty loss, or rebuilding your property to a like-new condition. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Adaptation. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   Expenses that may be for adaptation include expenses for altering your property to a use that is not consistent with the intended ordinary use of your property when you began renting the property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Separate the costs of repairs and improvements, and keep accurate records. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You will need to know the cost of improvements when you sell or depreciate your property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez The expenses you capitalize for improving your property can generally be depreciated as if the improvement were separate property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Other Expenses Other expenses you can deduct from your rental income include advertising, cleaning and maintenance, utilities, fire and liability insurance, taxes, interest, commissions for the collection of rent, ordinary and necessary travel and transportation, and other expenses, discussed next. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Insurance premiums paid in advance. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you pay an insurance premium for more than one year in advance, for each year of coverage you can deduct the part of the premium payment that will apply to that year. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You cannot deduct the total premium in the year you pay it. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Legal and other professional fees. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   You can deduct, as a rental expense, legal and other professional expenses, such as tax return preparation fees you paid to prepare Schedule E (Form 1040), Part I. Michigan tax forms 1040ez For example, on your 2013 Schedule E, you can deduct fees paid in 2013 to prepare your 2012 Schedule E, Part I. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You can also deduct, as a rental expense, any expense (other than federal taxes and penalties) you paid to resolve a tax underpayment related to your rental activities. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Local benefit taxes. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   In most cases, you cannot deduct charges for local benefits that increase the value of your property, such as charges for putting in streets, sidewalks, or water and sewer systems. Michigan tax forms 1040ez These charges are nondepreciable capital expenditures, and must be added to the basis of your property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez However, you can deduct local benefit taxes that are for maintaining, repairing, or paying interest charges for the benefits. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Local transportation expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez    You may be able to deduct your ordinary and necessary local transportation expenses if you incur them to collect rental income or to manage, conserve, or maintain your rental property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez However, transportation expenses incurred to travel between your home and a rental property generally constitute nondeductible commuting costs unless you use your home as your principal place of business. Michigan tax forms 1040ez See Publication 587, Business Use of Your Home, for information on determining if your home office qualifies as a principal place of business. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   Generally, if you use your personal car, pickup truck, or light van for rental activities, you can deduct the expenses using one of two methods: actual expenses or the standard mileage rate. Michigan tax forms 1040ez For 2013, the standard mileage rate for business use is 56. Michigan tax forms 1040ez 5 cents per mile. Michigan tax forms 1040ez For more information, see chapter 26. Michigan tax forms 1040ez    To deduct car expenses under either method, you must keep records that follow the rules in chapter 26. Michigan tax forms 1040ez In addition, you must complete Form 4562, Part V, and attach it to your tax return. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Rental of equipment. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   You can deduct the rent you pay for equipment that you use for rental purposes. Michigan tax forms 1040ez However, in some cases, lease contracts are actually purchase contracts. Michigan tax forms 1040ez If so, you cannot deduct these payments. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You can recover the cost of purchased equipment through depreciation. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Rental of property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   You can deduct the rent you pay for property that you use for rental purposes. Michigan tax forms 1040ez If you buy a leasehold for rental purposes, you can deduct an equal part of the cost each year over the term of the lease. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Travel expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   You can deduct the ordinary and necessary expenses of traveling away from home if the primary purpose of the trip is to collect rental income or to manage, conserve, or maintain your rental property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You must properly allocate your expenses between rental and nonrental activities. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You cannot deduct the cost of traveling away from home if the primary purpose of the trip was to improve your property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You recover the cost of improvements by taking depreciation. Michigan tax forms 1040ez For information on travel expenses, see chapter 26. Michigan tax forms 1040ez    To deduct travel expenses, you must keep records that follow the rules in chapter 26. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   See Rental Expenses in Publication 527 for more information. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Property Changed to Rental Use If you change your home or other property (or a part of it) to rental use at any time other than the beginning of your tax year, you must divide yearly expenses, such as taxes and insurance, between rental use and personal use. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You can deduct as rental expenses only the part of the expense that is for the part of the year the property was used or held for rental purposes. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You cannot deduct depreciation or insurance for the part of the year the property was held for personal use. Michigan tax forms 1040ez However, you can include the home mortgage interest, qualified mortgage insurance premiums, and real estate tax expenses for the part of the year the property was held for personal use as an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040). Michigan tax forms 1040ez Example. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Your tax year is the calendar year. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You moved from your home in May and started renting it out on June 1. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You can deduct as rental expenses seven-twelfths of your yearly expenses, such as taxes and insurance. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Starting with June, you can deduct as rental expenses the amounts you pay for items generally billed monthly, such as utilities. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Renting Part of Property If you rent part of your property, you must divide certain expenses between the part of the property used for rental purposes and the part of the property used for personal purposes, as though you actually had two separate pieces of property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You can deduct the expenses related to the part of the property used for rental purposes, such as home mortgage interest, qualified mortgage insurance premiums, and real estate taxes, as rental expenses on Schedule E (Form 1040). Michigan tax forms 1040ez You can also deduct as rental expenses a portion of other expenses that normally are nondeductible personal expenses, such as expenses for electricity or painting the outside of your house. Michigan tax forms 1040ez There is no change in the types of expenses deductible for the personal-use part of your property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Generally, these expenses may be deducted only if you itemize your deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040). Michigan tax forms 1040ez You cannot deduct any part of the cost of the first phone line even if your tenants have unlimited use of it. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You do not have to divide the expenses that belong only to the rental part of your property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez For example, if you paint a room that you rent, or if you pay premiums for liability insurance in connection with renting a room in your home, your entire cost is a rental expense. Michigan tax forms 1040ez If you install a second phone line strictly for your tenants' use, all of the cost of the second line is deductible as a rental expense. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You can deduct depreciation, discussed later, on the part of the house used for rental purposes as well as on the furniture and equipment you use for rental purposes. Michigan tax forms 1040ez How to divide expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If an expense is for both rental use and personal use, such as mortgage interest or heat for the entire house, you must divide the expense between the rental use and the personal use. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You can use any reasonable method for dividing the expense. Michigan tax forms 1040ez It may be reasonable to divide the cost of some items (for example, water) based on the number of people using them. Michigan tax forms 1040ez The two most common methods for dividing an expense are based on (1) the number of rooms in your home, and (2) the square footage of your home. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Not Rented for Profit If you do not rent your property to make a profit, you can deduct your rental expenses only up to the amount of your rental income. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You cannot deduct a loss or carry forward to the next year any rental expenses that are more than your rental income for the year. Michigan tax forms 1040ez For more information about the rules for an activity not engaged in for profit, see Not-for-Profit Activities in chapter 1 of Publication 535. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Where to report. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   Report your not-for-profit rental income on Form 1040, line 21. Michigan tax forms 1040ez For example, you can include your mortgage interest and any qualified mortgage insurance premiums (if you use the property as your main home or second home), real estate taxes, and casualty losses on the appropriate lines of Schedule A (Form 1040) if you itemize your deductions. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you itemize your deductions, claim your other rental expenses, subject to the rules explained in chapter 1 of Publication 535, as miscellaneous itemized deductions on Form 1040, Schedule A, line 23. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You can deduct these expenses only if they, together with certain other miscellaneous itemized deductions, total more than 2% of your adjusted gross income. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Personal Use of Dwelling Unit (Including Vacation Home) If you have any personal use of a dwelling unit (including a vacation home) that you rent, you must divide your expenses between rental use and personal use. Michigan tax forms 1040ez In general, your rental expenses will be no more than your total expenses multiplied by a fraction; the denominator of which is the total number of days the dwelling unit is used and the numerator of which is the total number of days actually rented at a fair rental price. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Only your rental expenses may be deducted on Schedule E (Form 1040). Michigan tax forms 1040ez Some of your personal expenses may be deductible if you itemize your deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040). Michigan tax forms 1040ez You must also determine if the dwelling unit is considered a home. Michigan tax forms 1040ez The amount of rental expenses that you can deduct may be limited if the dwelling unit is considered a home. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Whether a dwelling unit is considered a home depends on how many days during the year are considered to be days of personal use. Michigan tax forms 1040ez There is a special rule if you used the dwelling unit as a home and you rented it for less than 15 days during the year. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Dwelling unit. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   A dwelling unit includes a house, apartment, condominium, mobile home, boat, vacation home, or similar property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez It also includes all structures or other property belonging to the dwelling unit. Michigan tax forms 1040ez A dwelling unit has basic living accommodations, such as sleeping space, a toilet, and cooking facilities. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   A dwelling unit does not include property used solely as a hotel, motel, inn, or similar establishment. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Property is used solely as a hotel, motel, inn, or similar establishment if it is regularly available for occupancy by paying customers and is not used by an owner as a home during the year. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Example. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   You rent a room in your home that is always available for short-term occupancy by paying customers. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You do not use the room yourself, and you allow only paying customers to use the room. Michigan tax forms 1040ez The room is used solely as a hotel, motel, inn, or similar establishment and is not a dwelling unit. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Dividing Expenses If you use a dwelling unit for both rental and personal purposes, divide your expenses between the rental use and the personal use based on the number of days used for each purpose. Michigan tax forms 1040ez When dividing your expenses, follow these rules. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Any day that the unit is rented at a fair rental price is a day of rental use even if you used the unit for personal purposes that day. Michigan tax forms 1040ez This rule does not apply when determining whether you used the unit as a home. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Any day that the unit is available for rent but not actually rented is not a day of rental use. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Example. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Your beach cottage was available for rent from June 1 through August 31 (92 days). Michigan tax forms 1040ez During that time, except for the first week in August (7 days) when you were unable to find a renter, you rented the cottage at a fair rental price. Michigan tax forms 1040ez The person who rented the cottage for July allowed you to use it over the weekend (2 days) without any reduction in or refund of rent. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Your family also used the cottage during the last 2 weeks of May (14 days). Michigan tax forms 1040ez The cottage was not used at all before May 17 or after August 31. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You figure the part of the cottage expenses to treat as rental expenses as follows. Michigan tax forms 1040ez The cottage was used for rental a total of 85 days (92 − 7). Michigan tax forms 1040ez The days it was available for rent but not rented (7 days) are not days of rental use. Michigan tax forms 1040ez The July weekend (2 days) you used it is rental use because you received a fair rental price for the weekend. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You used the cottage for personal purposes for 14 days (the last 2 weeks in May). Michigan tax forms 1040ez The total use of the cottage was 99 days (14 days personal use + 85 days rental use). Michigan tax forms 1040ez Your rental expenses are 85/99 (86%) of the cottage expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Note. Michigan tax forms 1040ez When determining whether you used the cottage as a home, the July weekend (2 days) you used it is considered personal use even though you received a fair rental price for the weekend. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Therefore, you had 16 days of personal use and 83 days of rental use for this purpose. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Because you used the cottage for personal purposes more than 14 days and more than 10% of the days of rental use (8 days), you used it as a home. Michigan tax forms 1040ez If you have a net loss, you may not be able to deduct all of the rental expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez See Dwelling Unit Used as a Home, next. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Dwelling Unit Used as a Home If you use a dwelling unit for both rental and personal purposes, the tax treatment of the rental expenses you figured earlier under Dividing Expenses and rental income depends on whether you are considered to be using the dwelling unit as a home. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You use a dwelling unit as a home during the tax year if you use it for personal purposes more than the greater of: 14 days, or 10% of the total days it is rented to others at a fair rental price. Michigan tax forms 1040ez See What is a day of personal use , later. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Fair rental price. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   A fair rental price for your property generally is the amount of rent that a person who is not related to you would be willing to pay. Michigan tax forms 1040ez The rent you charge is not a fair rental price if it is substantially less than the rents charged for other properties that are similar to your property in your area. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If a dwelling unit is used for personal purposes on a day it is rented at a fair rental price, do not count that day as a day of rental use in applying (2) above. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Instead, count it as a day of personal use in applying both (1) and (2) above. Michigan tax forms 1040ez What is a day of personal use?   A day of personal use of a dwelling unit is any day that the unit is used by any of the following persons. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You or any other person who has an interest in the unit, unless you rent it to another owner as his or her main home under a shared equity financing agreement (defined later). Michigan tax forms 1040ez However, see Days used as a main home before or after renting , later. Michigan tax forms 1040ez A member of your family or a member of the family of any other person who owns an interest in the unit, unless the family member uses the dwelling unit as his or her main home and pays a fair rental price. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Family includes only your spouse, brothers and sisters, half-brothers and half-sisters, ancestors (parents, grandparents, etc. Michigan tax forms 1040ez ), and lineal descendants (children, grandchildren, etc. Michigan tax forms 1040ez ). Michigan tax forms 1040ez Anyone under an arrangement that lets you use some other dwelling unit. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Anyone at less than a fair rental price. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Main home. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If the other person or member of the family in (1) or (2) above has more than one home, his or her main home is ordinarily the one he or she lived in most of the time. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Shared equity financing agreement. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   This is an agreement under which two or more persons acquire undivided interests for more than 50 years in an entire dwelling unit, including the land, and one or more of the co-owners is entitled to occupy the unit as his or her main home upon payment of rent to the other co-owner or owners. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Donation of use of property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   You use a dwelling unit for personal purposes if: You donate the use of the unit to a charitable organization, The organization sells the use of the unit at a fund-raising event, and The “purchaser” uses the unit. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Examples. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   The following examples show how to determine days of personal use. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Example 1. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You and your neighbor are co-owners of a condominium at the beach. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Last year, you rented the unit to vacationers whenever possible. Michigan tax forms 1040ez The unit was not used as a main home by anyone. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Your neighbor used the unit for 2 weeks last year; you did not use it at all. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Because your neighbor has an interest in the unit, both of you are considered to have used the unit for personal purposes during those 2 weeks. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Example 2. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You and your neighbors are co-owners of a house under a shared equity financing agreement. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Your neighbors live in the house and pay you a fair rental price. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Even though your neighbors have an interest in the house, the days your neighbors live there are not counted as days of personal use by you. Michigan tax forms 1040ez This is because your neighbors rent the house as their main home under a shared equity financing agreement. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Example 3. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You own a rental property that you rent to your son. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Your son does not own any interest in this property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez He uses it as his main home and pays you a fair rental price. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Your son's use of the property is not personal use by you because your son is using it as his main home, he owns no interest in the property, and he is paying you a fair rental price. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Example 4. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You rent your beach house to Joshua. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Joshua rents his cabin in the mountains to you. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You each pay a fair rental price. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You are using your house for personal purposes on the days that Joshua uses it because your house is used by Joshua under an arrangement that allows you to use his house. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Days used for repairs and maintenance. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   Any day that you spend working substantially full time repairing and maintaining (not improving) your property is not counted as a day of personal use. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Do not count such a day as a day of personal use even if family members use the property for recreational purposes on the same day. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Days used as a main home before or after renting. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   For purposes of determining whether a dwelling unit was used as a home, you may not have to count days you used the property as your main home before or after renting it or offering it for rent as days of personal use. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Do not count them as days of personal use if: You rented or tried to rent the property for 12 or more consecutive months. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You rented or tried to rent the property for a period of less than 12 consecutive months and the period ended because you sold or exchanged the property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez However, this special rule does not apply when dividing expenses between rental and personal use. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Examples. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   The following examples show how to determine whether you used your rental property as a home. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Example 1. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You converted the basement of your home into an apartment with a bedroom, a bathroom, and a small kitchen. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You rented the basement apartment at a fair rental price to college students during the regular school year. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You rented to them on a 9-month lease (273 days). Michigan tax forms 1040ez You figured 10% of the total days rented to others at a fair rental price is 27 days. Michigan tax forms 1040ez During June (30 days), your brothers stayed with you and lived in the basement apartment rent free. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Your basement apartment was used as a home because you used it for personal purposes for 30 days. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Rent-free use by your brothers is considered personal use. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Your personal use (30 days) is more than the greater of 14 days or 10% of the total days it was rented (27 days). Michigan tax forms 1040ez Example 2. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You rented the guest bedroom in your home at a fair rental price during the local college's homecoming, commencement, and football weekends (a total of 27 days). Michigan tax forms 1040ez Your sister-in-law stayed in the room, rent free, for the last 3 weeks (21 days) in July. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You figured 10% of the total days rented to others at a fair rental price is 3 days. Michigan tax forms 1040ez The room was used as a home because you used it for personal purposes for 21 days. Michigan tax forms 1040ez That is more than the greater of 14 days or 10% of the 27 days it was rented (3 days). Michigan tax forms 1040ez Example 3. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You own a condominium apartment in a resort area. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You rented it at a fair rental price for a total of 170 days during the year. Michigan tax forms 1040ez For 12 of those days, the tenant was not able to use the apartment and allowed you to use it even though you did not refund any of the rent. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Your family actually used the apartment for 10 of those days. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Therefore, the apartment is treated as having been rented for 160 (170 − 10) days. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You figured 10% of the total days rented to others at a fair rental price is 16 days. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Your family also used the apartment for 7 other days during the year. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You used the apartment as a home because you used it for personal purposes for 17 days. Michigan tax forms 1040ez That is more than the greater of 14 days or 10% of the 160 days it was rented (16 days). Michigan tax forms 1040ez Minimal rental use. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you use the dwelling unit as a home and you rent it less than 15 days during the year, that period is not treated as rental activity. Michigan tax forms 1040ez See Used as a home but rented less than 15 days , later, for more information. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Limit on deductions. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   Renting a dwelling unit that is considered a home is not a passive activity. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Instead, if your rental expenses are more than your rental income, some or all of the excess expenses cannot be used to offset income from other sources. Michigan tax forms 1040ez The excess expenses that cannot be used to offset income from other sources are carried forward to the next year and treated as rental expenses for the same property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Any expenses carried forward to the next year will be subject to any limits that apply for that year. Michigan tax forms 1040ez This limitation will apply to expenses carried forward to another year even if you do not use the property as your home for that subsequent year. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   To figure your deductible rental expenses for this year and any carryover to next year, use Worksheet 9-1. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Reporting Income and Deductions Property not used for personal purposes. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you do not use a dwelling unit for personal purposes, see How To Report Rental Income and Expenses , later, for how to report your rental income and expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Property used for personal purposes. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you do use a dwelling unit for personal purposes, then how you report your rental income and expenses depends on whether you used the dwelling unit as a home. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Not used as a home. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you use a dwelling unit for personal purposes, but not as a home, report all the rental income in your income. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Since you used the dwelling unit for personal purposes, you must divide your expenses between the rental use and the personal use as described earlier in Dividing Expenses . Michigan tax forms 1040ez The expenses for personal use are not deductible as rental expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   Your deductible rental expenses can be more than your gross rental income; however, see Limits on Rental Losses , later. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Used as a home but rented less than 15 days. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you use a dwelling unit as a home and you rent it less than 15 days during the year, its primary function is not considered to be rental and it should not be reported on Schedule E (Form 1040). Michigan tax forms 1040ez You are not required to report the rental income and rental expenses from this activity. Michigan tax forms 1040ez The expenses, including qualified mortgage interest, property taxes, and any qualified casualty loss will be reported as normally allowed on Schedule A (Form 1040). Michigan tax forms 1040ez See the Instructions for Schedule A (Form 1040) for more information on deducting these expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Used as a home and rented 15 days or more. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you use a dwelling unit as a home and rent it 15 days or more during the year, include all your rental income in your income. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Since you used the dwelling unit for personal purposes, you must divide your expenses between the rental use and the personal use as described earlier in Dividing Expenses . Michigan tax forms 1040ez The expenses for personal use are not deductible as rental expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you had a net profit from renting the dwelling unit for the year (that is, if your rental income is more than the total of your rental expenses, including depreciation), deduct all of your rental expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You do not need to use Worksheet 9-1. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   However, if you had a net loss from renting the dwelling unit for the year, your deduction for certain rental expenses is limited. Michigan tax forms 1040ez To figure your deductible rental expenses and any carryover to next year, use Worksheet 9-1. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Depreciation You recover the cost of income-producing property through yearly tax deductions. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You do this by depreciating the property; that is, by deducting some of the cost each year on your tax return. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Three factors determine how much depreciation you can deduct each year: (1) your basis in the property, (2) the recovery period for the property, and (3) the depreciation method used. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You cannot simply deduct your mortgage or principal payments, or the cost of furniture, fixtures, and equipment, as an expense. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You can deduct depreciation only on the part of your property used for rental purposes. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Depreciation reduces your basis for figuring gain or loss on a later sale or exchange. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You may have to use Form 4562 to figure and report your depreciation. Michigan tax forms 1040ez See How To Report Rental Income and Expenses , later. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Alternative minimum tax (AMT). Michigan tax forms 1040ez    If you use accelerated depreciation, you may be subject to the AMT. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Accelerated depreciation allows you to deduct more depreciation earlier in the recovery period than you could deduct using a straight line method (same deduction each year). Michigan tax forms 1040ez Claiming the correct amount of depreciation. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   You should claim the correct amount of depreciation each tax year. Michigan tax forms 1040ez If you did not claim all the depreciation you were entitled to deduct, you must still reduce your basis in the property by the full amount of depreciation that you could have deducted. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you deducted an incorrect amount of depreciation for property in any year, you may be able to make a correction by filing Form 1040X, Amended U. Michigan tax forms 1040ez S Individual Income Tax Return. Michigan tax forms 1040ez If you are not allowed to make the correction on an amended return, you can change your accounting method to claim the correct amount of depreciation. Michigan tax forms 1040ez See Claiming the correct amount of depreciation in chapter 2 of Publication 527 for more information. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Changing your accounting method to deduct unclaimed depreciation. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   To change your accounting method, you generally must file Form 3115, Application for Change in Accounting Method, to get the consent of the IRS. Michigan tax forms 1040ez In some instances, that consent is automatic. Michigan tax forms 1040ez For more information, see chapter 1 of Publication 946. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Land. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   You cannot depreciate the cost of land because land generally does not wear out, become obsolete, or get used up. Michigan tax forms 1040ez The costs of clearing, grading, planting, and landscaping are usually all part of the cost of land and cannot be depreciated. Michigan tax forms 1040ez More information. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   See Publication 527 for more information about depreciating rental property and see Publication 946 for more information about depreciation. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Limits on Rental Losses If you have a loss from your rental real estate activity, two sets of rules may limit the amount of loss you can deduct. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You must consider these rules in the order shown below. Michigan tax forms 1040ez At-risk rules. Michigan tax forms 1040ez These rules are applied first if there is investment in your rental real estate activity for which you are not at risk. Michigan tax forms 1040ez This applies only if the real property was placed in service after 1986. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Passive activity limits. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Generally, rental real estate activities are considered passive activities and losses are not deductible unless you have income from other passive activities to offset them. Michigan tax forms 1040ez However, there are exceptions. Michigan tax forms 1040ez At-Risk Rules You may be subject to the at-risk rules if you have: A loss from an activity carried on as a trade or business or for the production of income, and Amounts invested in the activity for which you are not fully at risk. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Losses from holding real property (other than mineral property) placed in service before 1987 are not subject to the at-risk rules. Michigan tax forms 1040ez In most cases, any loss from an activity subject to the at-risk rules is allowed only to the extent of the total amount you have at risk in the activity at the end of the tax year. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You are considered at risk in an activity to the extent of cash and the adjusted basis of other property you contributed to the activity and certain amounts borrowed for use in the activity. Michigan tax forms 1040ez See Publication 925 for more information. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Passive Activity Limits In most cases, all rental real estate activities (except those of certain real estate professionals, discussed later) are passive activities. Michigan tax forms 1040ez For this purpose, a rental activity is an activity from which you receive income mainly for the use of tangible property, rather than for services. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Limits on passive activity deductions and credits. Michigan tax forms 1040ez    Deductions or losses from passive activities are limited. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You generally cannot offset income, other than passive income, with losses from passive activities. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Nor can you offset taxes on income, other than passive income, with credits resulting from passive activities. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Any excess loss or credit is carried forward to the next tax year. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   For a detailed discussion of these rules, see Publication 925. Michigan tax forms 1040ez    You may have to complete Form 8582 to figure the amount of any passive activity loss for the current tax year for all activities and the amount of the passive activity loss allowed on your tax return. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Real estate professionals. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   Rental activities in which you materially participated during the year are not passive activities if, for that year, you were a real estate professional. Michigan tax forms 1040ez For a detailed discussion of the requirements, see Publication 527. Michigan tax forms 1040ez For a detailed discussion of material participation, see Publication 925. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Exception for Personal Use of Dwelling Unit If you used the rental property as a home during the year, any income, deductions, gain, or loss allocable to such use shall not be taken into account for purposes of the passive activity loss limitation. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Instead, follow the rules explained in Personal Use of Dwelling Unit (Including Vacation Home), earlier. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Exception for Rental Real Estate Activities With Active Participation If you or your spouse actively participated in a passive rental real estate activity, you may be able to deduct up to $25,000 of loss from the activity from your nonpassive income. Michigan tax forms 1040ez This special allowance is an exception to the general rule disallowing losses in excess of income from passive activities. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Similarly, you may be able to offset credits from the activity against the tax on up to $25,000 of nonpassive income after taking into account any losses allowed under this exception. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Active participation. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   You actively participated in a rental real estate activity if you (and your spouse) owned at least 10% of the rental property and you made management decisions or arranged for others to provide services (such as repairs) in a significant and bona fide sense. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Management decisions that may count as active participation include approving new tenants, deciding on rental terms, approving expenditures, and similar decisions. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Maximum special allowance. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   The maximum special allowance is: $25,000 for single individuals and married individuals filing a joint return for the tax year, $12,500 for married individuals who file separate returns for the tax year and lived apart from their spouses at all times during the tax year, and $25,000 for a qualifying estate reduced by the special allowance for which the surviving spouse qualified. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) is $100,000 or less ($50,000 or less if married filing separately), you can deduct your loss up to the amount specified above. Michigan tax forms 1040ez If your MAGI is more than $100,000 (more than $50,000 if married filing separately), your special allowance is limited to 50% of the difference between $150,000 ($75,000 if married filing separately) and your MAGI. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   Generally, if your MAGI is $150,000 or more ($75,000 or more if you are married filing separately), there is no special allowance. Michigan tax forms 1040ez More information. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   See Publication 925 for more information on the passive loss limits, including information on the treatment of unused disallowed passive losses and credits and the treatment of gains and losses realized on the disposition of a passive activity. Michigan tax forms 1040ez How To Report Rental Income and Expenses The basic form for reporting residential rental income and expenses is Schedule E (Form 1040). Michigan tax forms 1040ez However, do not use that schedule to report a not-for-profit activity. Michigan tax forms 1040ez See Not Rented for Profit, earlier. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Providing substantial services. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you provide substantial services that are primarily for your tenant's convenience, such as regular cleaning, changing linen, or maid service, report your rental income and expenses on Schedule C (Form 1040), Profit or Loss From Business, or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040), Net Profit From Business (Sole Proprietorship). Michigan tax forms 1040ez Substantial services do not include the furnishing of heat and light, cleaning of public areas, trash collection, etc. Michigan tax forms 1040ez For information, see Publication 334, Tax Guide for Small Business. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You also may have to pay self-employment tax on your rental income using Schedule SE (Form 1040), Self-Employment Tax. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   Use Form 1065, U. Michigan tax forms 1040ez S. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Return of Partnership Income, if your rental activity is a partnership (including a partnership with your spouse unless it is a qualified joint venture). Michigan tax forms 1040ez Qualified joint venture. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   If you and your spouse each materially participate as the only members of a jointly owned and operated real estate business, and you file a joint return for the tax year, you can make a joint election to be treated as a qualified joint venture instead of a partnership. Michigan tax forms 1040ez This election, in most cases, will not increase the total tax owed on the joint return, but it does give each of you credit for social security earnings on which retirement benefits are based and for Medicare coverage if your rental income is subject to self-employment tax. Michigan tax forms 1040ez For more information, see Publication 527. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Form 1098, Mortgage Interest Statement. Michigan tax forms 1040ez    If you paid $600 or more of mortgage interest on your rental property to any one person, you should receive a Form 1098, or similar statement showing the interest you paid for the year. Michigan tax forms 1040ez If you and at least one other person (other than your spouse if you file a joint return) were liable for, and paid interest on the mortgage, and the other person received the Form 1098, report your share of the interest on Schedule E (Form 1040), line 13. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Attach a statement to your return showing the name and address of the other person. Michigan tax forms 1040ez In the left margin of Schedule E, next to line 13, enter “See attached. Michigan tax forms 1040ez ” Schedule E (Form 1040) If you rent buildings, rooms, or apartments, and provide basic services such as heat and light, trash collection, etc. Michigan tax forms 1040ez , you normally report your rental income and expenses on Schedule E, Part I. Michigan tax forms 1040ez List your total income, expenses, and depreciation for each rental property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Be sure to enter the number of fair rental and personal use days on line 2. Michigan tax forms 1040ez If you have more than three rental or royalty properties, complete and attach as many Schedules E as are needed to list the properties. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Complete lines 1 and 2 for each property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez However, fill in lines 23a through 26 on only one Schedule E. Michigan tax forms 1040ez On Schedule E, page 1, line 18, enter the depreciation you are claiming for each property. Michigan tax forms 1040ez To find out if you need to attach Form 4562, see Form 4562, in chapter 3 of Publication 527. Michigan tax forms 1040ez If you have a loss from your rental real estate activity, you also may need to complete one or both of the following forms. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Form 6198, At-Risk Limitations. Michigan tax forms 1040ez See At-Risk Rules , earlier. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Also see Publication 925. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Form 8582, Passive Activity Loss Limitations. Michigan tax forms 1040ez See Passive Activity Limits , earlier. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Page 2 of Schedule E is used to report income or loss from partnerships, S corporations, estates, trusts, and real estate mortgage investment conduits. Michigan tax forms 1040ez If you need to use page 2 of Schedule E, be sure to use page 2 of the same Schedule E you used to enter your rental activity on page 1. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Also, include the amount from line 26 (Part I) in the “Total income or (loss)” on line 41 (Part V). Michigan tax forms 1040ez Worksheet 9-1. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Worksheet for Figuring Rental Deductions for a Dwelling Unit Used as a Home Use this worksheet only if you answer “yes” to all of the following questions. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Did you use the dwelling unit as a home this year? (See Dwelling Unit Used as a Home . Michigan tax forms 1040ez ) Did you rent the dwelling unit at a fair rental price 15 days or more this year? Is the total of your rental expenses and depreciation more than your rental income? PART I. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Rental Use Percentage A. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Total days available for rent at fair rental price A. Michigan tax forms 1040ez       B. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Total days available for rent (line A) but not rented B. Michigan tax forms 1040ez       C. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Total days of rental use. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Subtract line B from line A C. Michigan tax forms 1040ez       D. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Total days of personal use (including days rented at less than fair rental price) D. Michigan tax forms 1040ez       E. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Total days of rental and personal use. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Add lines C and D E. Michigan tax forms 1040ez       F. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Percentage of expenses allowed for rental. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Divide line C by line E     F. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   PART II. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Allowable Rental Expenses 1. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Enter rents received 1. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   2a. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Enter the rental portion of deductible home mortgage interest and qualified mortgage insurance premiums (see instructions) 2a. Michigan tax forms 1040ez       b. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Enter the rental portion of real estate taxes b. Michigan tax forms 1040ez       c. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Enter the rental portion of deductible casualty and theft losses (see instructions) c. Michigan tax forms 1040ez       d. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Enter direct rental expenses (see instructions) d. Michigan tax forms 1040ez       e. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Fully deductible rental expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Add lines 2a–2d. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Enter here and  on the appropriate lines on Schedule E (see instructions) 2e. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   3. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Subtract line 2e from line 1. Michigan tax forms 1040ez If zero or less, enter -0- 3. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   4a. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Enter the rental portion of expenses directly related to operating or maintaining  the dwelling unit (such as repairs, insurance, and utilities) 4a. Michigan tax forms 1040ez       b. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Enter the rental portion of excess mortgage interest and qualified mortgage insurance premiums (see instructions) b. Michigan tax forms 1040ez       c. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Carryover of operating expenses from 2012 worksheet c. Michigan tax forms 1040ez       d. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Add lines 4a–4c d. Michigan tax forms 1040ez       e. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Allowable expenses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Enter the smaller of line 3 or line 4d (see instructions) 4e. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   5. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Subtract line 4e from line 3. Michigan tax forms 1040ez If zero or less, enter -0- 5. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   6a. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Enter the rental portion of excess casualty and theft losses (see instructions) 6a. Michigan tax forms 1040ez       b. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Enter the rental portion of depreciation of the dwelling unit b. Michigan tax forms 1040ez       c. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Carryover of excess casualty losses and depreciation from 2012 worksheet c. Michigan tax forms 1040ez       d. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Add lines 6a–6c d. Michigan tax forms 1040ez       e. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Allowable excess casualty and theft losses and depreciation. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Enter the smaller of  line 5 or line 6d (see instructions) 6e. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   PART III. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Carryover of Unallowed Expenses to Next Year 7a. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Operating expenses to be carried over to next year. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Subtract line 4e from line 4d 7a. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   b. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Excess casualty and theft losses and depreciation to be carried over to next year. Michigan tax forms 1040ez  Subtract line 6e from line 6d b. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   Worksheet 9-1 Instructions. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Worksheet for Figuring Rental Deductions for a Dwelling Unit Used as a Home Caution. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Use the percentage determined in Part I, line F, to figure the rental portions to enter on lines 2a–2c, 4a–4b, and 6a–6b of  Part II. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Line 2a. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Figure the mortgage interest on the dwelling unit that you could deduct on Schedule A as if you had not rented the unit. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Do not include interest on a loan that did not benefit the dwelling unit. Michigan tax forms 1040ez For example, do not include interest on a home equity loan used to pay off credit cards or other personal loans, buy a car, or pay college tuition. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Include interest on a loan used to buy, build, or improve the dwelling unit, or to refinance such a loan. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Include the rental portion of this interest in the total you enter on line 2a of the worksheet. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   Figure the qualified mortgage insurance premiums on the dwelling unit that you could deduct on line 13 of Schedule A as if you had not rented the unit. Michigan tax forms 1040ez See the Schedule A instructions. Michigan tax forms 1040ez However, figure your adjusted gross income (Form 1040, line 38) without your rental income and expenses from the dwelling unit. Michigan tax forms 1040ez See Line 4b to deduct the part of the qualified mortgage insurance premiums not allowed because of the adjusted gross income limit. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Include the rental portion of the amount from Schedule A, line 13, in the total you enter on line 2a of the worksheet. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   Note. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Do not file this Schedule A or use it to figure the amount to deduct on line 13 of that schedule. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Instead, figure the personal portion on a separate Schedule A. Michigan tax forms 1040ez If you have deducted mortgage interest or qualified mortgage insurance premiums on the dwelling unit on other forms, such as Schedule C or F, remember to reduce your Schedule A deduction by that amount. Michigan tax forms 1040ez           Line 2c. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Figure the casualty and theft losses related to the dwelling unit that you could deduct on Schedule A as if you had not rented the dwelling unit. Michigan tax forms 1040ez To do this, complete Section A of Form 4684, Casualties and Thefts, treating the losses as personal losses. Michigan tax forms 1040ez If any of the loss is due to a federally declared disaster, see the Instructions for Form 4684. Michigan tax forms 1040ez On Form 4684, line 17, enter 10% of your adjusted gross income figured without your rental income and expenses from the dwelling unit. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Enter the rental portion of the result from Form 4684, line 18, on line 2c of this worksheet. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   Note. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Do not file this Form 4684 or use it to figure your personal losses on Schedule A. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Instead, figure the personal portion on a separate Form 4684. Michigan tax forms 1040ez           Line 2d. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Enter the total of your rental expenses that are directly related only to the rental activity. Michigan tax forms 1040ez These include interest on loans used for rental activities other than to buy, build, or improve the dwelling unit. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Also include rental agency fees, advertising, office supplies, and depreciation on office equipment used in your rental activity. Michigan tax forms 1040ez           Line 2e. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You can deduct the amounts on lines 2a, 2b, 2c, and 2d as rental expenses on Schedule E even if your rental expenses are more than your rental income. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Enter the amounts on lines 2a, 2b, 2c, and 2d on the appropriate lines of Schedule E. Michigan tax forms 1040ez           Line 4b. Michigan tax forms 1040ez On line 2a, you entered the rental portion of the mortgage interest and qualified mortgage insurance premiums you could deduct on Schedule A if you had not rented the dwelling unit. Michigan tax forms 1040ez If you had additional mortgage interest and qualified mortgage insurance premiums that would not be deductible on Schedule A because of limits imposed on them, enter on line 4b of this worksheet the rental portion of those excess amounts. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Do not include interest on a loan that did not benefit the dwelling unit (as explained in the line 2a instructions). Michigan tax forms 1040ez           Line 4e. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You can deduct the amounts on lines 4a, 4b, and 4c as rental expenses on Schedule E only to the extent they are not more than the amount on line 4e. Michigan tax forms 1040ez *           Line 6a. Michigan tax forms 1040ez To find the rental portion of excess casualty and theft losses, use the Form 4684 you prepared for line 2c of this worksheet. Michigan tax forms 1040ez   A. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Enter the amount from Form 4684, line 10       B. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Enter the rental portion of line A       C. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Enter the amount from line 2c of this worksheet       D. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Subtract line C from line B. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Enter the result here and on line 6a of this worksheet               Line 6e. Michigan tax forms 1040ez You can deduct the amounts on lines 6a, 6b, and 6c as rental expenses on Schedule E only to the extent they are not more than the amount on line 6e. Michigan tax forms 1040ez * *Allocating the limited deduction. Michigan tax forms 1040ez If you cannot deduct all of the amount on line 4d or 6d this year, you can allocate the allowable deduction in any way you wish among the expenses included on line 4d or 6d. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Enter the amount you allocate to each expense on the appropriate line of Schedule E, Part I. Michigan tax forms 1040ez Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications