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Hrblock Free File

Hrblock free file Index A Acknowledgment, Acknowledgment. Hrblock free file Adoption expenses, Personal Expenses Airplanes, donations of, Cars, Boats, and Airplanes Appraisal fees, Appraisal Fees Assistance (see Tax help) Athletic events, Athletic events. Hrblock free file B Bargain sales, Bargain Sales Blood donated, Value of Time or Services Boats, donations of, Cars, Boats, and Airplanes Boats, fair market value, Cars, boats, and airplanes. Hrblock free file C Canadian charity, Canadian charities. Hrblock free file Capital gain property, Capital Gain Property Car expenses, Car expenses. Hrblock free file , Car expenses. Hrblock free file Carryovers, Carryovers Cars, donations of, Cars, Boats, and Airplanes Cash contributions, records to keep, Cash Contributions Charity benefit events, Charity benefit events. Hrblock free file Church deacon, Church deacon. Hrblock free file Clothing Fair market value of, Used clothing. Hrblock free file Conservation contribution, Special 50% Limit for Qualified Conservation Contributions Contributions from which you benefit, Contributions From Which You Benefit, Contributions From Which You Benefit Contributions of property, Contributions of Property Contributions subject to special rules Car, boat, or airplane, 1098–C, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Clothing, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Fractional interest in tangible personal property, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Future interest in tangible personal property, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Household items, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Inventory from your business, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Partial interest in property, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Patent or other intellectual property, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Property subject to a debt, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Qualified conservation contribution, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Taxidermy property, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Contributions to nonqualified organizations Foreign organizations, Contributions to Nonqualified Organizations Contributions you can deduct, Contributions You Can Deduct Conventions of a qualified organization, Conventions. Hrblock free file D Daily allowance (per diem) from a charitable organization, Daily allowance (per diem). Hrblock free file Deduction limits, Limits on Deductions Determining fair market value, Determining Fair Market Value Disaster relief, Reminders Donor-advised funds, Contributions to Donor-Advised Funds E Easement, Building in registered historic district. Hrblock free file F Farmer, Qualified farmer or rancher. Hrblock free file Food inventory, Food Inventory Foreign organizations Canadian, Canadian charities. Hrblock free file Israeli, Israeli charities. Hrblock free file Mexican, Mexican charities. Hrblock free file Form 8282, Form 8282. Hrblock free file 8283, Total deduction over $500. Hrblock free file Foster parents, Foster parents. Hrblock free file Free tax services, Free help with your tax return. Hrblock free file Future interests in property, Future Interest in Tangible Personal Property H Help (see Tax help) Historic building, Building in registered historic district. Hrblock free file Household items Fair market value of, Household items. Hrblock free file How to report, How To Report Noncash contributions, Reporting expenses for student living with you. Hrblock free file I Introduction, Introduction Inventory, Food Inventory Israeli charity, Israeli charities. Hrblock free file L Legislation, influencing, Contributions From Which You Benefit Limit on itemized deductions, What's New Limits on deductions, Limits on Deductions 20% limit, 20% Limit 30% limit, 30% Limit 50% limit, 50% Limit Calculation, How To Figure Your Deduction When Limits Apply Capital gain property, Special 30% Limit for Capital Gain Property Qualified conservation contributions, Special 50% Limit for Qualified Conservation Contributions M Meals, Personal Expenses Membership fees or dues, Membership fees or dues. Hrblock free file Mexican charity, Mexican charities. Hrblock free file Motor vehicles, donations of, Cars, Boats, and Airplanes Motor vehicles, fair market value, Cars, boats, and airplanes. Hrblock free file N Noncash contributions, Noncash Contributions How to report, Reporting expenses for student living with you. Hrblock free file Records to keep, Noncash Contributions Nondeductible contributions, Contributions You Cannot Deduct O Ordinary income property, Ordinary Income Property Out-of-pocket expenses, Out-of-pocket expenses. Hrblock free file Out-of-pocket expenses in giving services, Out-of-Pocket Expenses in Giving Services P Payroll deductions, Payroll deductions. Hrblock free file , Payroll deductions. Hrblock free file Penalty, valuation overstatement, Penalty Personal expenses, Personal Expenses Private foundation, 50% Limit Organizations Private nonoperating foundation, Contributions to private nonoperating foundations. Hrblock free file , 50% Limit Organizations Private operating foundation, 50% Limit Organizations Property Bargain sales, Bargain Sales Basis, Giving Property That Has Decreased in Value Capital gain, Capital Gain Property Capital gain election, Capital gain property election. Hrblock free file Decreased in value, Giving Property That Has Decreased in Value Future interests, Future Interest in Tangible Personal Property Increased in value, Giving Property That Has Increased in Value Inventory, Food Inventory Ordinary income, Ordinary Income Property Unrelated use, Tangible personal property put to unrelated use. Hrblock free file Publications (see Tax help) Q Qualified charitable distributions, Qualified Charitable Distributions Qualified conservation contribution, Special 50% Limit for Qualified Conservation Contributions Qualified organizations Foreign qualified organizations Canadian, Organizations That Qualify To Receive Deductible Contributions Israeli, Organizations That Qualify To Receive Deductible Contributions Mexican, Organizations That Qualify To Receive Deductible Contributions Types, Organizations That Qualify To Receive Deductible Contributions R Raffle or bingo, Contributions From Which You Benefit Recapture No exempt use, Recapture if no exempt use. Hrblock free file Recapture of deduction of fractional interest in tangible personal property Additional tax, Recapture of deduction. Hrblock free file Records to keep, Records To Keep Reminders Disaster relief, Reminders Reporting, How To Report Retirement home, Contributions From Which You Benefit S Services, value of, Value of Time or Services Split-dollar insurance arrangements, Contributions From Which You Benefit Student, Mutual exchange program. Hrblock free file Exchange program, Mutual exchange program. Hrblock free file Living with you, Student living with you. Hrblock free file Student living with you, Expenses Paid for Student Living With You, Reporting expenses for student living with you. Hrblock free file T Tangible personal property Future interest in, Future Interest in Tangible Personal Property Tax help, How To Get Tax Help Time, value of, Value of Time or Services Token items, Certain membership benefits can be disregarded. Hrblock free file Travel expenses, Travel. Hrblock free file Travel expenses for charitable services, Deductible travel expenses. Hrblock free file Tuition, Contributions From Which You Benefit U Underprivileged youths, Underprivileged youths selected by charity. Hrblock free file Uniforms, Uniforms. Hrblock free file Unrelated use, Unrelated use. Hrblock free file V Volunteers, Out-of-Pocket Expenses in Giving Services W Whaling captain, Expenses of Whaling Captains When to deduct, When To Deduct Prev  Up     Home   More Online Publications
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Contact My Local Office in North Dakota

Face-to-face Tax Help

IRS Taxpayer Assistance Centers (TACs) are your source for personal tax help when you believe your tax issue can only be handled face-to-face. No appointment is necessary.

Keep in mind, many questions can be resolved online without waiting in line. Through IRS.gov you can:
• Set up a payment plan.
• Get a transcript of your tax return.
• Make a payment.
• Check on your refund.
• Find answers to many of your tax questions.

We are now referring all requests for tax return preparation services to other available resources. You can take advantage of free tax preparation through Free File, Free File Fillable Forms or through a volunteer site in your community. To find the nearest volunteer site location or to get more information about Free File, go to the top of the page and enter “Free Tax Help” in the Search box.

If you have a tax account issues and feel that it requires talking with someone face-to-face, visit your local TAC.

Caution:  Many of our offices are located in Federal Office Buildings. These buildings may not allow visitors to bring in cell phones with camera capabilities.

Multilingual assistance is available in every office. Hours of operation are subject to change.

Before visiting your local office click on "Services Provided" in the chart below to see what services are available. Services are limited and not all services are available at every TAC office and may vary from site to site. You can get these services on a walk-in basis.

City  Street Address  Days/Hours of Service  Telephone* 
Bismarck 

4503 Coleman St.
Suite 101
Bismarck, ND  58503 

Monday-Friday - 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.
(Closed for lunch 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 noon)

 

**This office will be closed 4/17**

 

Services Provided

(701) 221-5834 
Fargo  657 Second Ave. N.
Fargo, ND 58102 

Monday-Friday - 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

 

Services Provided

(701) 232-4710 
Grand Forks  102 N. Fourth St.
Grand Forks, ND 58203 

Monday-Friday - 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.
(Closed for lunch 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 noon)

 

**This office will be closed 3/31**

 

Services Provided

(701) 746-5283 
Minot  315 S. Main St.
Suite 316
Minot, ND 58701 

Monday-Friday - 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.
(Closed for lunch 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 noon)

 

Services Provided

(701) 839-7741 

* Note: The phone numbers in the chart above are not toll-free for all locations. When you call, you will reach a recorded business message with information about office hours, locations and services provided in that office. If face-to-face assistance is not a priority for you, you may also get help with IRS letters or resolve tax account issues by phone, toll free at 1-800-829-1040 (individuals) or 1-800-829-4933 (businesses).

For information on where to file your tax return please see Where to File Addresses.

The Taxpayer Advocate Service: Call (701) 237-8342 in Fargo or 1-877-777-4778 elsewhere, or see Publication 1546, The Taxpayer Advocate Service of the IRS.

For further information, see Tax Topic 104.

Partnerships

IRS and organizations all over the country are partnering to assist taxpayers. Through these partnerships, organizations are also achieving their own goals. These mutually beneficial partnerships are strengthening outreach efforts and bringing education and assistance to millions.

For more information about these programs for individuals and families, contact the Stakeholder Partnerships, Education and Communication Office at:

Internal Revenue Service
657 2nd Ave., North
Fargo, ND 58102

For more information about these programs for businesses, your local Stakeholder Liaison office establishes relationships with organizations representing small business and self-employed taxpayers. They provide information about the policies, practices and procedures the IRS uses to ensure compliance with the tax laws. To establish a relationship with us, use this list to find a contact in your state:

Stakeholder Liaison (SL) Phone Numbers for Organizations Representing Small Businesses and Self-employed Taxpayers.

Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 28-Mar-2014

The Hrblock Free File

Hrblock free file 4. Hrblock free file   Unrelated Business Taxable Income Table of Contents IncomeExclusions Dues of Agricultural Organizations and Business Leagues DeductionsDirectly Connected Exploitation of Exempt Activity—Advertising Sales Modifications Partnership Income or Loss S Corporation Income or Loss Special Rules for Foreign Organizations Special Rules for Social Clubs, VEBAs, SUBs, and GLSOsIncome that is set aside. Hrblock free file Special Rules for Veterans' Organizations Income From Controlled OrganizationsAddition to tax for valuation misstatements. Hrblock free file Net unrelated income. Hrblock free file Net unrelated loss. Hrblock free file Control. Hrblock free file Income from property financed with qualified 501(c)(3) bonds. Hrblock free file Disposition of property received from taxable subsidiary and used in unrelated business. Hrblock free file Income From Debt-Financed Property Debt-Financed PropertyAcquisition Indebtedness Computation of Debt-Financed Income Deductions for Debt-Financed Property Allocation Rules How to Get Tax Help The term “unrelated business taxable income” generally means the gross income derived from any unrelated trade or business regularly conducted by the exempt organization, less the deductions directly connected with carrying on the trade or business. Hrblock free file If an organization regularly carries on two or more unrelated business activities, its unrelated business taxable income is the total of gross income from all such activities less the total allowable deductions attributable to all the activities. Hrblock free file In computing unrelated business taxable income, gross income and deductions are subject to the modifications and special rules explained in this chapter. Hrblock free file Whether a particular item of income or expense falls within any of these modifications or special rules must be determined by all the facts and circumstances in each specific case. Hrblock free file For example, if the organization received a payment termed rent that is in fact a return of profits by a person operating the property for the benefit of the organization, or that is a share of the profits retained by the organization as a partner or joint venturer, the payment is not within the income exclusion for rents, discussed later under Exclusions. Hrblock free file Income Generally, unrelated business income is taxable, but there are exclusions and special rules that must be considered when figuring the income. Hrblock free file Exclusions The following types of income (and deductions directly connected with the income) are generally excluded when figuring unrelated business taxable income. Hrblock free file Dividends, interest, annuities and other investment income. Hrblock free file   All dividends, interest, annuities, payments with respect to securities loans, income from notional principal contracts, and other income from an exempt organization's ordinary and routine investments that the IRS determines are substantially similar to these types of income are excluded in computing unrelated business taxable income. Hrblock free file Exception for insurance activity income of a controlled foreign corporation. Hrblock free file   This exclusion does not apply to income from certain insurance activities of an exempt organization's controlled foreign corporation. Hrblock free file The income is not excludable dividend income, but instead is unrelated business taxable income to the extent it would be so treated if the exempt organization had earned it directly. Hrblock free file Certain exceptions to this rule apply. Hrblock free file For more information, see section 512(b)(17). Hrblock free file Other exceptions. Hrblock free file   This exclusion does not apply to unrelated debt-financed income (discussed under Income From Debt-Financed Property, later), to interest or annuities received from a controlled corporation (discussed under Income From Controlled Organizations, later). Hrblock free file Income from lending securities. Hrblock free file   Payments received with respect to a security loan are excluded in computing unrelated business taxable income only if the loan is made under an agreement that:    Provides for the return to the exempt organization of securities identical to the securities loaned, Requires payments to the organization of amounts equivalent to all interest, dividends, and other distributions that the owner of the securities is entitled to receive during the period of the loan, Does not reduce the organization's risk of loss or opportunity for gain on the securities, Contains reasonable procedures to implement the obligation of the borrower to furnish collateral to the organization with a fair market value each business day during the period of the loan in an amount not less than the fair market value of the securities at the close of the preceding business day, and Permits the organization to terminate the loan upon notice of not more than 5 business days. Hrblock free file   Payments with respect to securities loans include: Amounts in respect of dividends, interest, and other distributions, Fees based on the period of time the loan is in effect and the fair market value of the security during that period, Income from collateral security for the loan, and Income from the investment of collateral security. Hrblock free file The payments are considered to be from the securities loaned and not from collateral security or the investment of collateral security from the loans. Hrblock free file Any deductions that are directly connected with collateral security for the loan, or with the investment of collateral security, are considered deductions that are directly connected with the securities loaned. Hrblock free file Royalties. Hrblock free file   Royalties, including overriding royalties, are excluded in computing unrelated business taxable income. Hrblock free file   To be considered a royalty, a payment must relate to the use of a valuable right. Hrblock free file Payments for trademarks, trade names, or copyrights are ordinarily considered royalties. Hrblock free file Similarly, payments for the use of a professional athlete's name, photograph, likeness, or facsimile signature are ordinarily considered royalties. Hrblock free file However, royalties do not include payments for personal services. Hrblock free file Therefore, payments for personal appearances and interviews are not excluded as royalties and must be included in figuring unrelated business taxable income. Hrblock free file   Unrelated business taxable income does not include royalty income received from licensees by an exempt organization that is the legal and beneficial owner of patents assigned to it by inventors for specified percentages of future royalties. Hrblock free file   Mineral royalties are excluded whether measured by production or by gross or taxable income from the mineral property. Hrblock free file However, the exclusion does not apply to royalties that stem from an arrangement whereby the organization owns a working interest in a mineral property and is liable for its share of the development and operating costs under the terms of its agreement with the operator of the property. Hrblock free file To the extent they are not treated as loans under section 636 (relating to income tax treatment of mineral production payments), payments for mineral production are treated in the same manner as royalty payments for the purpose of computing unrelated business taxable income. Hrblock free file To the extent they are treated as loans, any payments for production that are the equivalent of interest are treated as interest and are excluded. Hrblock free file Exceptions. Hrblock free file   This exclusion does not apply to debt-financed income (discussed under Income From Debt-Financed Property, later) or to royalties received from a controlled corporation (discussed under Income From Controlled Organizations, later). Hrblock free file Rents. Hrblock free file   Rents from real property, including elevators and escalators, are excluded in computing unrelated business taxable income. Hrblock free file Rents from personal property are not excluded. Hrblock free file However, special rules apply to “mixed leases” of both real and personal property. Hrblock free file Mixed leases. Hrblock free file   In a mixed lease, all of the rents are excluded if the rents attributable to the personal property are not more than 10% of the total rents under the lease, as determined when the personal property is first placed in service by the lessee. Hrblock free file If the rents attributable to personal property are more than 10% but not more than 50% of the total rents, only the rents attributable to the real property are excluded. Hrblock free file If the rents attributable to the personal property are more than 50% of the total rents, none of the rents are excludable. Hrblock free file   Property is placed in service when the lessee first may use it under the terms of a lease. Hrblock free file For example, property subject to a lease entered into on November 1, for a term starting on January 1 of the next year, is considered placed in service on January 1, regardless of when the lessee first actually uses it. Hrblock free file   If separate leases are entered into for real and personal property and the properties have an integrated use (for example, one or more leases for real property and another lease or leases for personal property to be used on the real property), all the leases will be considered as one lease. Hrblock free file   The rent attributable to the personal property must be recomputed, and the treatment of the rents must be redetermined, if: The rent attributable to all the leased personal property increases by 100% or more because additional or substitute personal property is placed in service, or The lease is modified to change the rent charged (whether or not the amount of rented personal property changes). Hrblock free file Any change in the treatment of rents resulting from the recomputation is effective only for the period beginning with the event that caused the recomputation. Hrblock free file Exception for rents based on net profit. Hrblock free file   The exclusion for rents does not apply if the amount of the rent depends on the income or profits derived by any person from the leased property, other than an amount based on a fixed percentage of the gross receipts or sales. Hrblock free file Exception for income from personal services. Hrblock free file   Payment for occupying space when personal services are also rendered to the occupant does not constitute rent from real property. Hrblock free file Therefore, the exclusion does not apply to transactions such as renting hotel rooms, rooms in boarding houses or tourist homes, and space in parking lots or warehouses. Hrblock free file Other exceptions. Hrblock free file   This exclusion does not apply to unrelated debt-financed income (discussed under Income From Debt-Financed Property, later), or to interest, annuities, royalties and rents received from a controlled corporation (discussed under Income From Controlled Organizations, later), investment income (dividends, interest, rents, etc. Hrblock free file ) received by organizations described in sections 501(c)(7), 501(c)(9), 501(c)(17), and 501(c)(20). Hrblock free file See Special Rules for Social Clubs, VEBAs, SUBs, and GLSOs, discussed later for more information. Hrblock free file Income from research. Hrblock free file   A tax-exempt organization may exclude income from research grants or contracts from unrelated business taxable income. Hrblock free file However, the extent of the exclusion depends on the nature of the organization and the type of research. Hrblock free file   Income from research for the United States, any of its agencies or instrumentalities, or a state or any of its political subdivisions is excluded when computing unrelated business taxable income. Hrblock free file   For a college, university, or hospital, all income from research, whether fundamental or applied, is excluded in computing unrelated business taxable income. Hrblock free file   When an organization is operated primarily to conduct fundamental research (as distinguished from applied research) and the results are freely available to the general public, all income from research performed for any person is excluded in computing unrelated business taxable income. Hrblock free file   The term research, for this purpose, does not include activities of a type normally conducted as an incident to commercial or industrial operations, such as testing or inspecting materials or products, or designing or constructing equipment, buildings, etc. Hrblock free file In addition, the term fundamental research does not include research conducted for the primary purpose of commercial or industrial application. Hrblock free file Gains and losses from disposition of property. Hrblock free file   Also excluded from unrelated business taxable income are gains or losses from the sale, exchange, or other disposition of property other than: Stock in trade or other property of a kind that would properly be includable in inventory if on hand at the close of the tax year, Property held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of a trade or business, or Cutting of timber that an organization has elected to consider as a sale or exchange of the timber. Hrblock free file   It should be noted that the last exception relates only to cut timber. Hrblock free file The sale, exchange, or other disposition of standing timber is excluded from the computation of unrelated business income, unless it constitutes property held for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business. Hrblock free file Lapse or termination of options. Hrblock free file   Any gain from the lapse or termination of options to buy or sell securities is excluded from unrelated business taxable income. Hrblock free file The exclusion applies only if the option is written in connection with the exempt organization's investment activities. Hrblock free file Therefore, this exclusion is not available if the organization is engaged in the trade or business of writing options or the options are held by the organization as inventory or for sale to customers in the ordinary course of a trade or business. Hrblock free file Exception. Hrblock free file   This exclusion does not apply to unrelated debt-financed income, discussed later under Income From Debt-Financed Property. Hrblock free file Gain or loss on disposition of certain brownfield property. Hrblock free file   Gain or loss from the qualifying sale, exchange, or other disposition of a qualifying brownfield property (as defined in section 512(b)(19)(C)), which was acquired by the organization after December 31, 2005 and before January 1, 2011, is excluded from unrelated business taxable income and is excepted from the debt-financed rules for such property. Hrblock free file See sections 512(b)(19) and 514(b)(1)(E). Hrblock free file Income from services provided under federal license. Hrblock free file   There is a further exclusion from unrelated business taxable income of income from a trade or business conducted by a religious order or by an educational organization maintained by the order. Hrblock free file   This exclusion applies only if the following requirements are met. Hrblock free file The trade or business must have been operated by the order or by the institution before May 27, 1959. Hrblock free file The trade or business must provide services under a license issued by a federal regulatory agency. Hrblock free file More than 90% of the net income from the business for the tax year must be devoted to religious, charitable, or educational purposes that constitute the basis for the religious order's exemption. Hrblock free file The rates or other charges for these services must be fully competitive with the rates or other charges of similar taxable businesses. Hrblock free file Rates or other charges for these services will be considered as fully competitive if they are neither materially higher nor materially lower than the rates charged by similar businesses operating in the same general area. Hrblock free file Exception. Hrblock free file    This exclusion does not apply to unrelated debt-financed income (discussed under Income From Debt-Financed Property, later). Hrblock free file Member income of mutual or cooperative electric companies. Hrblock free file   Income of a mutual or cooperative electric company described in section 501(c)(12) which is treated as member income under subparagraph (H) of that section is excluded from unrelated business taxable income. Hrblock free file Dues of Agricultural Organizations and Business Leagues Dues received from associate members by organizations exempt under section 501(c)(5) or section 501(c)(6) may be treated as gross income from an unrelated trade or business if the associate member category exists for the principal purpose of producing unrelated business income. Hrblock free file For example, if an organization creates an associate member category solely to allow associate members to purchase insurance through the organization, the associate member dues may be unrelated business income. Hrblock free file Exception. Hrblock free file   Associate member dues received by an agricultural or horticultural organization are not treated as gross income from an unrelated trade or business, regardless of their purpose, if they are not more than the annual limit. Hrblock free file The limit on dues paid by an associate member is $148 for 2011. Hrblock free file   If the required annual dues are more than the limit, the entire amount is treated as income from an unrelated business unless the associate member category was formed or availed of for the principal purpose of furthering the organization's exempt purposes. Hrblock free file Deductions To qualify as allowable deductions in computing unrelated business taxable income, the expenses, depreciation, and similar items generally must be allowable income tax deductions that are directly connected with carrying on an unrelated trade or business. Hrblock free file They cannot be directly connected with excluded income. Hrblock free file For an exception to the “directly connected” requirement, see Charitable contributions deduction, under Modifications, later. Hrblock free file Directly Connected To be directly connected with the conduct of an unrelated business, deductions must have a proximate and primary relationship to carrying on that business. Hrblock free file For an exception, see Expenses attributable to exploitation of exempt activities, later. Hrblock free file Expenses attributable solely to unrelated business. Hrblock free file   Expenses, depreciation, and similar items attributable solely to the conduct of an unrelated business are proximately and primarily related to that business and qualify for deduction to the extent that they are otherwise allowable income tax deductions. Hrblock free file   For example, salaries of personnel employed full-time to conduct the unrelated business and depreciation of a building used entirely in the conduct of that business are deductible to the extent otherwise allowable. Hrblock free file Expenses attributable to dual use of facilities or personnel. Hrblock free file   When facilities or personnel are used both to conduct exempt functions and to conduct an unrelated trade or business, expenses, depreciation, and similar items attributable to the facilities or personnel must be allocated between the two uses on a reasonable basis. Hrblock free file The part of an item allocated to the unrelated trade or business is proximately and primarily related to that business and is allowable as a deduction in computing unrelated business taxable income if the expense is otherwise an allowable income tax deduction. Hrblock free file Example 1. Hrblock free file A school recognized as a tax-exempt organization contracts with an individual to conduct a summer tennis camp. Hrblock free file The school provides the tennis courts, housing, and dining facilities. Hrblock free file The contracted individual hires the instructors, recruits campers, and provides supervision. Hrblock free file The income the school receives from this activity is from a dual use of the facilities and personnel. Hrblock free file The school, in computing its unrelated business taxable income, may deduct an allocable part of the expenses attributable to the facilities and personnel. Hrblock free file Example 2. Hrblock free file An exempt organization with gross income from an unrelated trade or business pays its president $90,000 a year. Hrblock free file The president devotes approximately 10% of his time to the unrelated business. Hrblock free file To figure the organization's unrelated business taxable income, a deduction of $9,000 ($90,000 × 10%) is allowed for the salary paid to its president. Hrblock free file Expenses attributable to exploitation of exempt activities. Hrblock free file   Generally, expenses, depreciation, and similar items attributable to the conduct of an exempt activity are not deductible in computing unrelated business taxable income from an unrelated trade or business that exploits the exempt activity. Hrblock free file (See Exploitation of exempt functions under Not substantially related in chapter 3. Hrblock free file ) This is because they do not have a proximate and primary relationship to the unrelated trade or business, and therefore, they do not qualify as directly connected with that business. Hrblock free file Exception. Hrblock free file   Expenses, depreciation, and similar items may be treated as directly connected with the conduct of the unrelated business if all the following statements are true. Hrblock free file The unrelated business exploits the exempt activity. Hrblock free file The unrelated business is a type normally conducted for profit by taxable organizations. Hrblock free file The exempt activity is a type normally conducted by taxable organizations in carrying on that type of business. Hrblock free file The amount treated as directly connected is the smaller of: The excess of these expenses, depreciation, and similar items over the income from, or attributable to, the exempt activity; or The gross unrelated business income reduced by all other expenses, depreciation, and other items that are actually directly connected. Hrblock free file   The application of these rules to an advertising activity that exploits an exempt publishing activity is explained next. Hrblock free file Exploitation of Exempt Activity—Advertising Sales The sale of advertising in a periodical of an exempt organization that contains editorial material related to the accomplishment of the organization's exempt purpose is an unrelated business that exploits an exempt activity, the circulation and readership of the periodical. Hrblock free file Therefore, in addition to direct advertising costs, exempt activity costs (expenses, depreciation, and similar expenses attributable to the production and distribution of the editorial or readership content) can be treated as directly connected with the conduct of the advertising activity. Hrblock free file (See Expenses attributable to exploitation of exempt activities under Directly Connected, earlier. Hrblock free file ) Figuring unrelated business taxable income (UBTI). Hrblock free file   The UBTI of an advertising activity is the amount shown in the following chart. Hrblock free file IF gross advertising income is . Hrblock free file . Hrblock free file . Hrblock free file THEN UBTI is . Hrblock free file . Hrblock free file . Hrblock free file More than direct advertising costs The excess advertising income, reduced (but not below zero) by the excess, if any, of readership costs over circulation income. Hrblock free file Equal to or less than direct advertising costs Zero. Hrblock free file   • Circulation income and readership costs are not taken into account. Hrblock free file   • Any excess advertising costs reduce (but not below zero) UBTI from any other unrelated business activity. Hrblock free file   The terms used in the chart are explained in the following discussions. Hrblock free file Periodical Income Gross advertising income. Hrblock free file   This is all the income from the unrelated advertising activities of an exempt organization periodical. Hrblock free file Circulation income. Hrblock free file   This is all the income from the production, distribution, or circulation of an exempt organization's periodical (other than gross advertising income). Hrblock free file It includes all amounts from the sale or distribution of the readership content of the periodical, such as income from subscriptions. Hrblock free file It also includes allocable membership receipts if the right to receive the periodical is associated with a membership or similar status in the organization. Hrblock free file Allocable membership receipts. Hrblock free file   This is the part of membership receipts (dues, fees, or other charges associated with membership) equal to the amount that would have been charged and paid for the periodical if: The periodical was published by a taxable organization, The periodical was published for profit, and The member was an unrelated party dealing with the taxable organization at arm's length. Hrblock free file   The amount used to allocate membership receipts is the amount shown in the following chart. Hrblock free file   For this purpose, the total periodical costs are the sum of the direct advertising costs and the readership costs, explained under Periodical Costs, later. Hrblock free file The cost of other exempt activities means the total expenses incurred by the organization in connection with its other exempt activities, not offset by any income earned by the organization from those activities. Hrblock free file IF . Hrblock free file . Hrblock free file . Hrblock free file THEN the amount used to allocate membership receipts is . Hrblock free file . Hrblock free file . Hrblock free file 20% or more of the total circulation consists of sales to nonmembers The subscription price charged nonmembers. Hrblock free file The above condition does not apply, and 20% or more of the members pay reduced dues because they do not receive the periodical The reduction in dues for a member not receiving the periodical. Hrblock free file Neither of the above conditions applies The membership receipts multiplied by this fraction:   Total periodical costs Total periodical costs Plus Cost of other exempt activities Example 1. Hrblock free file U is an exempt scientific organization with 10,000 members who pay annual dues of $15. Hrblock free file One of U's activities is publishing a monthly periodical distributed to all of its members. Hrblock free file U also distributes 5,000 additional copies of its periodical to nonmembers, who subscribe for $10 a year. Hrblock free file Since the nonmember circulation of U's periodical represents one-third (more than 20%) of its total circulation, the subscription price charged to nonmembers is used to determine the part of U's membership receipts allocable to the periodical. Hrblock free file Thus, U's allocable membership receipts are $100,000 ($10 times 10,000 members), and U's total circulation income for the periodical is $150,000 ($100,000 from members plus $50,000 from sales to nonmembers). Hrblock free file Example 2. Hrblock free file Assume the same facts except that U sells only 500 copies of its periodical to nonmembers, at a price of $10 a year. Hrblock free file Assume also that U's members may elect not to receive the periodical, in which case their dues are reduced from $15 a year to $6 a year, and that only 3,000 members elect to receive the periodical and pay the full dues of $15 a year. Hrblock free file U's stated subscription price of $9 to members consistently results in an excess of total income (including gross advertising income) attributable to the periodical over total costs of the periodical. Hrblock free file Since the 500 copies of the periodical distributed to nonmembers represent only 14% of the 3,500 copies distributed, the $10 subscription price charged to nonmembers is not used to determine the part of membership receipts allocable to the periodical. Hrblock free file Instead, since 70% of the members elect not to receive the periodical and pay $9 less per year in dues, the $9 price is used to determine the subscription price charged to members. Hrblock free file Thus, the allocable membership receipts will be $9 a member, or $27,000 ($9 times 3,000 copies). Hrblock free file U's total circulation income is $32,000 ($27,000 plus the $5,000 from nonmember subscriptions). Hrblock free file Periodical Costs Direct advertising costs. Hrblock free file   These are expenses, depreciation, and similar items of deduction directly connected with selling and publishing advertising in the periodical. Hrblock free file   Examples of allowable deductions under this classification include agency commissions and other direct selling costs, such as transportation and travel expenses, office salaries, promotion and research expenses, and office overhead directly connected with the sale of advertising lineage in the periodical. Hrblock free file Also included are other deductions commonly classified as advertising costs under standard account classifications, such as artwork and copy preparation, telephone, telegraph, postage, and similar costs directly connected with advertising. Hrblock free file   In addition, direct advertising costs include the part of mechanical and distribution costs attributable to advertising lineage. Hrblock free file For this purpose, the general account classifications of items includable in mechanical and distribution costs ordinarily employed in business-paper and consumer-publication accounting provide a guide for the computation. Hrblock free file Accordingly, the mechanical and distribution costs include the part of the costs and other expenses of composition, press work, binding, mailing (including paper and wrappers used for mailing), and bulk postage attributable to the advertising lineage of the publication. Hrblock free file   In the absence of specific and detailed records, the part of mechanical and distribution costs attributable to the periodical's advertising lineage can be based on the ratio of advertising lineage to total lineage in the periodical, if this allocation is reasonable. Hrblock free file Readership costs. Hrblock free file   These are all expenses, depreciation, and similar items that are directly connected with the production and distribution of the readership content of the periodical. Hrblock free file Costs partly attributable to other activities. Hrblock free file   Deductions properly attributable to exempt activities other than publishing the periodical may not be allocated to the periodical. Hrblock free file When expenses are attributable both to the periodical and to the organization's other activities, an allocation must be made on a reasonable basis. Hrblock free file The method of allocation will vary with the nature of the item, but once adopted, should be used consistently. Hrblock free file Allocations based on dollar receipts from various exempt activities generally are not reasonable since receipts usually do not accurately reflect the costs associated with specific activities that an exempt organization conducts. Hrblock free file Consolidated Periodicals If an exempt organization publishes more than one periodical to produce income, it may treat all of them (but not less than all) as one in determining unrelated business taxable income from selling advertising. Hrblock free file It treats the gross income from all the periodicals, and the deductions directly connected with them, on a consolidated basis. Hrblock free file Consolidated treatment, once adopted, must be followed consistently and is binding. Hrblock free file This treatment can be changed only with the consent of the Internal Revenue Service. Hrblock free file An exempt organization's periodical is published to produce income if: The periodical generates gross advertising income to the organization equal to at least 25% of its readership costs, and Publishing the periodical is an activity engaged in for profit. Hrblock free file Whether the publication of a periodical is an activity engaged in for profit can be determined only by all the facts and circumstances in each case. Hrblock free file The facts and circumstances must show that the organization carries on the activity for economic profit, although there may not be a profit in a particular year. Hrblock free file For example, if an organization begins publishing a new periodical whose total costs exceed total income in the start-up years because of lack of advertising sales, that does not mean that the organization did not have as its objective an economic profit. Hrblock free file The organization may establish that it had this objective by showing it can reasonably expect advertising sales to increase, so that total income will exceed costs within a reasonable time. Hrblock free file Example. Hrblock free file Y, an exempt trade association, publishes three periodicals that it distributes to its members: a weekly newsletter, a monthly magazine, and a quarterly journal. Hrblock free file Both the monthly magazine and the quarterly journal contain advertising that accounts for gross advertising income equal to more than 25% of their respective readership costs. Hrblock free file Similarly, the total income attributable to each periodical has exceeded the total deductions attributable to each periodical for substantially all the years they have been published. Hrblock free file The newsletter carries no advertising and its annual subscription price is not intended to cover the cost of publication. Hrblock free file The newsletter is a service that Y distributes to all of its members in an effort to keep them informed of changes occurring in the business world. Hrblock free file It is not engaged in for profit. Hrblock free file Under these circumstances, Y may consolidate the income and deductions from the monthly and quarterly journals in computing its unrelated business taxable income. Hrblock free file It may not consolidate the income and deductions from the newsletter with the income and deductions of its other periodicals, since the newsletter is not published for the production of income. Hrblock free file Modifications Net operating loss deduction. Hrblock free file   The net operating loss (NOL) deduction (as provided in section 172) is allowed in computing unrelated business taxable income. Hrblock free file However, the NOL for any tax year, the carrybacks and carryovers of NOLs, and the NOL deduction are determined without taking into account any amount of income or deduction that has been specifically excluded in computing unrelated business taxable income. Hrblock free file For example, a loss from an unrelated trade or business is not diminished because dividend income was received. Hrblock free file   If this were not done, organizations would, in effect, be taxed on their exempt income, since unrelated business losses then would be offset by dividends, interest, and other excluded income. Hrblock free file This would reduce the loss that could be applied against unrelated business income of prior or future tax years. Hrblock free file Therefore, to preserve the immunity of exempt income, all NOL computations are limited to those items of income and deductions that affect the unrelated business taxable income. Hrblock free file   In line with this concept, an NOL carryback or carryover is allowed only from a tax year for which the organization is subject to tax on unrelated business income. Hrblock free file   For example, if an organization just became subject to the tax last year, its NOL for that year is not a carryback to a prior year when it had no unrelated business taxable income, nor is its NOL carryover to succeeding years reduced by the related income of those prior years. Hrblock free file   However, in determining the span of years for which an NOL may be carried back or forward, the tax years for which the organization is not subject to the tax on unrelated business income are counted. Hrblock free file For example, if an organization was subject to the tax for 2009 and had an NOL for that year, the last tax year to which any part of that loss may be carried over is 2029, regardless of whether the organization was subject to the unrelated business income tax in any of the intervening years. Hrblock free file   For more details on the NOL deduction, including property eligible for an extended carryback period, see sections 172 and 1400N, Publication 536, Net Operating Losses (NOLs) for Individuals, Estates, and Trusts, and Publication 4492-B, Information for Affected Taxpayers in the Midwestern Disaster Areas. Hrblock free file Charitable contributions deduction. Hrblock free file   An exempt organization is allowed to deduct its charitable contributions in computing its unrelated business taxable income whether or not the contributions are directly connected with the unrelated business. Hrblock free file   To be deductible, the contribution must be paid to another qualified organization. Hrblock free file For example, an exempt university that operates an unrelated business may deduct a contribution made to another university for educational work, but may not claim a deduction for contributions of amounts spent for carrying out its own educational program. Hrblock free file   For purposes of the deduction, a distribution by a trust made under the trust instrument to a beneficiary, which itself is a qualified organization, is treated the same as a contribution. Hrblock free file Deduction limits. Hrblock free file   An exempt organization that is subject to the unrelated business income tax at corporate rates is allowed a deduction for charitable contributions up to 10% of its unrelated business taxable income computed without regard to the deduction for contributions. Hrblock free file See the Instructions for Form 990-T for more information. Hrblock free file    An exempt trust that is subject to the unrelated business income tax at trust rates generally is allowed a deduction for charitable contributions in the same amounts as allowed for individuals. Hrblock free file However, the limit on the deduction is determined in relation to the trust's unrelated business taxable income computed without regard to the deduction, rather than in relation to adjusted gross income. Hrblock free file   Contributions in excess of the limits just described may be carried over to the next 5 tax years. Hrblock free file A contribution carryover is not allowed, however, to the extent that it increases an NOL carryover. Hrblock free file Suspension of deduction limits for farmers and ranchers. Hrblock free file   The limitations discussed above are temporarily suspended for certain qualified conservation contributions of property used in agriculture or livestock production. Hrblock free file See the Instructions for Form 990-T for details. Hrblock free file Specific deduction. Hrblock free file   In computing unrelated business taxable income, a specific deduction of $1,000 is allowed. Hrblock free file However, the specific deduction is not allowed in computing an NOL or the NOL deduction. Hrblock free file   Generally, the deduction is limited to $1,000 regardless of the number of unrelated businesses in which the organization is engaged. Hrblock free file Exception. Hrblock free file   An exception is provided in the case of a diocese, province of a religious order, or a convention or association of churches that may claim a specific deduction for each parish, individual church, district, or other local unit. Hrblock free file In these cases, the specific deduction for each local unit is limited to the lower of: $1,000, or Gross income derived from an unrelated trade or business regularly conducted by the local unit. Hrblock free file   This exception applies only to parishes, districts, or other local units that are not separate legal entities, but are components of a larger entity (diocese, province, convention, or association) filing Form 990-T. Hrblock free file The parent organization must file a return reporting the unrelated business gross income and related deductions of all units that are not separate legal entities. Hrblock free file The local units cannot file separate returns. Hrblock free file However, each local unit that is separately incorporated must file its own return and cannot include, or be included with, any other entity. Hrblock free file See Title-holding corporations in chapter 1 for a discussion of the only situation in which more than one legal entity may be included on the same Form 990-T. Hrblock free file Example. Hrblock free file X is an association of churches and is divided into local units A, B, C, and D. Hrblock free file Last year, A, B, C, and D derived gross income of, respectively, $1,200, $800, $1,500, and $700 from unrelated businesses that they regularly conduct. Hrblock free file X may claim a specific deduction of $1,000 with respect to A, $800 with respect to B, $1,000 with respect to C, and $700 with respect to D. Hrblock free file Partnership Income or Loss An organization may have unrelated business income or loss as a member of a partnership, rather than through direct business dealings with the public. Hrblock free file If so, it must treat its share of the partnership income or loss as if it had conducted the business activity in its own capacity as a corporation or trust. Hrblock free file No distinction is made between limited and general partners. Hrblock free file The organization is required to notify the partnership of its tax-exempt status. Hrblock free file Thus, if an organization is a member of a partnership regularly engaged in a trade or business that is an unrelated trade or business with respect to the organization, the organization must include in its unrelated business taxable income its share of the partnership's gross income from the unrelated trade or business (whether or not distributed), and the deductions attributable to it. Hrblock free file The partnership income and deductions to be included in the organization's unrelated business taxable income are figured the same way as any income and deductions from an unrelated trade or business conducted directly by the organization. Hrblock free file The partnership is required to provide the organization this information on Schedule K-1. Hrblock free file Example. Hrblock free file An exempt educational organization is a partner in a partnership that operates a factory. Hrblock free file The partnership also holds stock in a corporation. Hrblock free file The exempt organization must include its share of the gross income from operating the factory in its unrelated business taxable income but may exclude its share of any dividends the partnership received from the corporation. Hrblock free file Different tax years. Hrblock free file   If the exempt organization and the partnership of which it is a member have different tax years, the partnership items that enter into the computation of the organization's unrelated business taxable income must be based on the income and deductions of the partnership for the partnership's tax year that ends within or with the organization's tax year. Hrblock free file S Corporation Income or Loss An organization that owns S corporation stock must take into account its share of the S corporation's income, deductions, or losses in figuring unrelated business taxable income, regardless of the actual source or nature of the income, deductions, and losses. Hrblock free file For example, the organization's share of the S corporation's interest and dividend income will be taxable, even though interest and dividends are normally excluded from unrelated business taxable income. Hrblock free file The organization must also take into account its gain or loss on the sale or other disposition of the S corporation stock in figuring unrelated business taxable income. Hrblock free file Special Rules for Foreign Organizations The unrelated business taxable income of a foreign organization exempt from tax under section 501(a) consists of the organization's: Unrelated business taxable income derived from sources within the United States but not effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business within the United States, and Unrelated business taxable income effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business within the United States, whether or not this income is derived from sources within the United States. Hrblock free file To determine whether income realized by a foreign organization is derived from sources within the United States or is effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business within the United States, see sections 861 through 865 and the related regulations. Hrblock free file Special Rules for Social Clubs, VEBAs, SUBs, and GLSOs The following discussion applies to: Social clubs described in section 501(c)(7), Voluntary employees' beneficiary associations (VEBAs) described in section 501(c)(9), Supplemental unemployment compensation benefit trusts (SUBs) described in section 501(c)(17), and Group legal services organizations (GLSOs) described in section 501(c)(20). Hrblock free file These organizations must figure unrelated business taxable income under special rules. Hrblock free file Unlike other exempt organizations, they cannot exclude their investment income (dividends, interest, rents, etc. Hrblock free file ). Hrblock free file (See Exclusions under Income, earlier. Hrblock free file ) Therefore, they are generally subject to unrelated business income tax on this income. Hrblock free file The unrelated business taxable income of these organizations includes all gross income, less deductions directly connected with the production of that income, except that gross income for this purpose does not include exempt function income. Hrblock free file The dividends received by a corporation are not allowed in computing unrelated business taxable income because it is not an expense incurred in the production of income. Hrblock free file Losses from nonexempt activities. Hrblock free file   Losses from nonexempt activities of these organizations cannot be used to offset investment income unless the activities were undertaken with the intent to make a profit. Hrblock free file Example. Hrblock free file A private golf and country club that is a qualified tax-exempt social club has nonexempt function income from interest and from the sale of food and beverages to nonmembers. Hrblock free file The club sells food and beverages as a service to members and their guests rather than for the purpose of making a profit. Hrblock free file Therefore, any loss resulting from sales to nonmembers cannot be used to offset the club's interest income. Hrblock free file Modifications. Hrblock free file   The unrelated business taxable income is modified by any NOL or charitable contributions deduction and by the specific deduction (described earlier under Deductions). Hrblock free file Exempt function income. Hrblock free file   This is gross income from dues, fees, charges or similar items paid by members for goods, facilities, or services to the members or their dependents or guests, to further the organization's exempt purposes. Hrblock free file Exempt function income also includes income set aside for qualified purposes. Hrblock free file Income that is set aside. Hrblock free file   This is income set aside to be used for religious, charitable, scientific, literary, or educational purposes or for the prevention of cruelty to children or animals. Hrblock free file In addition, for a VEBA, SUB, or GLSO, it is income set aside to provide for the payment of life, sick, accident, or other benefits. Hrblock free file   However, any amounts set aside by a VEBA or SUB that exceed the organization's qualified asset account limit (determined under section 419A) are unrelated business income. Hrblock free file Special rules apply to the treatment of existing reserves for post-retirement medical or life insurance benefits. Hrblock free file These rules are explained in section 512(a)(3)(E)(ii). Hrblock free file   Income derived from an unrelated trade or business may not be set aside and therefore cannot be exempt function income. Hrblock free file In addition, any income set aside and later spent for other purposes must be included in unrelated business taxable income. Hrblock free file   Set-aside income is generally excluded from gross income only if it is set aside in the tax year in which it is otherwise includible in gross income. Hrblock free file However, income set aside on or before the date for filing Form 990-T, including extensions of time, may, at the election of the organization, be treated as having been set aside in the tax year for which the return was filed. Hrblock free file The income set aside must have been includible in gross income for that earlier year. Hrblock free file Nonrecognition of gain. Hrblock free file   If the organization sells property used directly in performing an exempt function and purchases other property used directly in performing an exempt function, any gain on the sale is recognized only to the extent that the sales price of the old property exceeds the cost of the new property. Hrblock free file The purchase of the new property must be made within 1 year before the date of sale of the old property or within 3 years after the date of sale. Hrblock free file   This rule also applies to gain from an involuntary conversion of the property resulting from its destruction in whole or in part, theft, seizure, requisition, or condemnation. Hrblock free file Special Rules for Veterans' Organizations Unrelated business taxable income of a veterans' organization that is exempt under section 501(c)(19) does not include the net income from insurance business that is properly set aside. Hrblock free file The organization may set aside income from payments received for life, sick, accident, or health insurance for the organization's members or their dependents for the payment of insurance benefits or reasonable costs of insurance administration, or for use exclusively for religious, charitable, scientific, literary, or educational purposes, or the prevention of cruelty to children or animals. Hrblock free file For details, see section 512(a)(4) and the regulations under that section. Hrblock free file Income From Controlled Organizations The exclusions for interest, annuities, royalties, and rents, explained earlier in this chapter under Income, may not apply to a payment of these items received by a controlling organization from its controlled organization. Hrblock free file The payment is included in the controlling organization's unrelated business taxable income to the extent it reduced the net unrelated income (or increased the net unrelated loss) of the controlled organization. Hrblock free file All deductions of the controlling organization directly connected with the amount included in its unrelated business taxable income are allowed. Hrblock free file Excess qualifying specified payments. Hrblock free file   Excess qualifying specified payments received or accrued from a controlled entity are included in a controlling exempt organization's unrelated business taxable income only on the amount that exceeds that which would have been paid or accrued if the payments had been determined under section 482. Hrblock free file Qualifying specified payments means any payments of interest, annuities, royalties, or rents received or accrued from the controlled organization pursuant to a binding written contract in effect on August 17, 2006, or to a contract which is a renewal, under substantially similar terms of a binding written contract in effect on August 17, 2006, and the payments are received or accrued before January 1, 2012. Hrblock free file   If a controlled participant is not required to file a U. Hrblock free file S. Hrblock free file income tax return, the participant must ensure that the copy or copies of the Regulations section 1. Hrblock free file 482-7 Cost Sharing Arrangement Statement and any updates are attached to Schedule M of any Form 5471, Information Return of U. Hrblock free file S. Hrblock free file Persons With Respect To Certain Foreign Corporations, any Form 5472, Information Return of a 25% Foreign-Owned U. Hrblock free file S. Hrblock free file Corporation or a Foreign Corporation Engaged in a U. Hrblock free file S. Hrblock free file Trade or Business, or any Form 8865, Return of U. Hrblock free file S. Hrblock free file Persons With Respect to Certain Foreign Partnerships, filed for that participant. Hrblock free file Addition to tax for valuation misstatements. Hrblock free file   Under section 512(b)(13)(E)(ii), the tax imposed on a controlling organization will be increased by 20 percent of the excess qualifying specified payments that are determined with or without any amendments or supplements, whichever is larger. Hrblock free file See section 512(b)(13)(E)(ii) for more information. Hrblock free file Net unrelated income. Hrblock free file   This is: For an exempt organization, its unrelated business taxable income, or For a nonexempt organization, the part of its taxable income that would be unrelated business taxable income if it were exempt and had the same exempt purposes as the controlling organization. Hrblock free file Net unrelated loss. Hrblock free file   This is: For an exempt organization, its NOL, or For a nonexempt organization, the part of its NOL that would be its NOL if it were exempt and had the same exempt purposes as the controlling organization. Hrblock free file Control. Hrblock free file   An organization is controlled if: For a corporation, the controlling organization owns (by vote or value) more than 50% of the stock, For a partnership, the controlling organization owns more than 50% of the profits or capital interests, or For any other organization, the controlling organization owns more than 50% of the beneficial interest. Hrblock free file For this purpose, constructive ownership of stock (determined under section 318) or other interests is taken into account. Hrblock free file   As a result, an exempt parent organization is treated as controlling any subsidiary in which it holds more than 50% of the voting power or value, whether directly (as in the case of a first-tier subsidiary) or indirectly (as in the case of a second-tier subsidiary). Hrblock free file Income from property financed with qualified 501(c)(3) bonds. Hrblock free file If any part of a 501(c)(3) organization's property financed with qualified 501(c)(3) bonds is used in a trade or business of any person other than a section 501(c)(3) organization or a governmental unit, and such use is not consistent with the requirements for qualified 501(c)(3) bonds under section 145, the section 501(c)(3) organization is considered to have received unrelated business income in the amount of the greater of the actual rental income or the fair rental value of the property for the period it is used. Hrblock free file No deduction is allowed for interest on the private activity bond. Hrblock free file See sections 150(b)(3) and (c) for more information. Hrblock free file Disposition of property received from taxable subsidiary and used in unrelated business. Hrblock free file A taxable 80%-owned subsidiary corporation of one or more tax-exempt entities is generally subject to tax on a distribution in liquidation of its assets to its exempt parent (or parents). Hrblock free file The assets are treated as if sold at fair market value. Hrblock free file Tax-exempt entities include organizations described in sections 501(a), 529, and 115, charitable remainder trusts, U. Hrblock free file S. Hrblock free file and foreign governments, Indian tribal governments, international organizations, and similar non-taxable organizations. Hrblock free file A taxable corporation that transfers substantially all of its assets to a tax-exempt entity in a transaction that otherwise qualifies for nonrecognition treatment must recognize gain on the transaction as if it sold the assets at fair market value. Hrblock free file However, such a transfer is not taxable if it qualifies as a like-kind exchange under section 1031 or an involuntary conversion under section 1033. Hrblock free file In such a case the built-in appreciation is preserved in the replacement property received in the transaction. Hrblock free file A corporation that changes status from taxable to tax-exempt is treated generally as if it transferred all of its assets to a tax-exempt entity immediately before the change in status (thus subjecting it to the tax on a deemed sale for fair market value). Hrblock free file This rule does not apply where the taxable corporation becomes exempt within 3 years of formation, or had previously been exempt and within several years (generally a period of 3 years) regains exemption, unless the principal purpose of the transactions is to avoid the tax on the change in status. Hrblock free file In the transactions described above, the taxable event is deferred for property that the tax-exempt entity immediately uses in an unrelated business. Hrblock free file If the parent later disposes of the property, then any gain (not in excess of the amount not recognized) is included in the parent's unrelated business taxable income. Hrblock free file If there is partial use of the assets in unrelated business, then there is partial recognition of gain or loss. Hrblock free file Property is treated as disposed if the tax-exempt entity no longer uses it in an unrelated business. Hrblock free file Losses on the transfer of assets to a tax-exempt entity are disallowed if part of a plan with a principal purpose of recognizing losses. Hrblock free file Income From Debt-Financed Property Investment income that would otherwise be excluded from an exempt organization's unrelated business taxable income (see Exclusions under Income earlier) must be included to the extent it is derived from debt-financed property. Hrblock free file The amount of income included is proportionate to the debt on the property. Hrblock free file Debt-Financed Property In general, the term “debt-financed property” means any property held to produce income (including gain from its disposition) for which there is an acquisition indebtedness at any time during the tax year (or during the 12-month period before the date of the property's disposal, if it was disposed of during the tax year). Hrblock free file It includes rental real estate, tangible personal property, and corporate stock. Hrblock free file Acquisition Indebtedness For any debt-financed property, acquisition indebtedness is the unpaid amount of debt incurred by an organization: When acquiring or improving the property, Before acquiring or improving the property if the debt would not have been incurred except for the acquisition or improvement, and After acquiring or improving the property if: The debt would not have been incurred except for the acquisition or improvement, and Incurring the debt was reasonably foreseeable when the property was acquired or improved. Hrblock free file The facts and circumstances of each situation determine whether incurring a debt was reasonably foreseeable. Hrblock free file That an organization may not have foreseen the need to incur a debt before acquiring or improving the property does not necessarily mean that incurring the debt later was not reasonably foreseeable. Hrblock free file Example 1. Hrblock free file Y, an exempt scientific organization, mortgages its laboratory to replace working capital used in remodeling an office building that Y rents to an insurance company for nonexempt purposes. Hrblock free file The debt is acquisition indebtedness since the debt, though incurred after the improvement of the office building, would not have been incurred without the improvement, and the debt was reasonably foreseeable when, to make the improvement, Y reduced its working capital below the amount necessary to continue current operations. Hrblock free file Example 2. Hrblock free file X, an exempt organization, forms a partnership with A and B. Hrblock free file The partnership agreement provides that all three partners will share equally in the profits of the partnership, each will invest $3 million, and X will be a limited partner. Hrblock free file X invests $1 million of its own funds in the partnership and $2 million of borrowed funds. Hrblock free file The partnership buys as its sole asset an office building that it leases to the public for nonexempt purposes. Hrblock free file The office building costs the partnership $24 million, of which $15 million is borrowed from Y bank. Hrblock free file The loan is secured by a mortgage on the entire office building. Hrblock free file By agreement with Y bank, X is not personally liable for payment of the mortgage. Hrblock free file X has acquisition indebtedness of $7 million. Hrblock free file This amount is the $2 million debt X incurred in acquiring the partnership interest, plus the $5 million that is X's allocable part of the partnership's debt incurred to buy the office building (one-third of $15 million). Hrblock free file Example 3. Hrblock free file A labor union advanced funds, from existing resources and without any borrowing, to its tax-exempt subsidiary title-holding company. Hrblock free file The subsidiary used the funds to pay a debt owed to a third party that was previously incurred in acquiring two income-producing office buildings. Hrblock free file Neither the union nor the subsidiary has incurred any further debt in acquiring or improving the property. Hrblock free file The union has no outstanding debt on the property. Hrblock free file The subsidiary's debt to the union is represented by a demand note on which the subsidiary makes payments whenever it has the available cash. Hrblock free file The books of the union and the subsidiary list the outstanding debt as interorganizational indebtedness. Hrblock free file Although the subsidiary's books show a debt to the union, it is not the type subject to the debt-financed property rules. Hrblock free file In this situation, the very nature of the title-holding company and the parent-subsidiary relationship shows this debt to be merely a matter of accounting between the two organizations. Hrblock free file Accordingly, the debt is not acquisition indebtedness. Hrblock free file Change in use of property. Hrblock free file   If an organization converts property that is not debt-financed property to a use that results in its treatment as debt-financed property, the outstanding principal debt on the property is thereafter treated as acquisition indebtedness. Hrblock free file Example. Hrblock free file Four years ago a university borrowed funds to acquire an apartment building as housing for married students. Hrblock free file Last year, the university rented the apartment building to the public for nonexempt purposes. Hrblock free file The outstanding principal debt becomes acquisition indebtedness as of the time the building was first rented to the public. Hrblock free file Continued debt. Hrblock free file   If an organization sells property and, without paying off debt that would be acquisition indebtedness if the property were debt-financed property, buys property that is otherwise debt-financed property, the unpaid debt is acquisition indebtedness for the new property. Hrblock free file This is true even if the original property was not debt-financed property. Hrblock free file Example. Hrblock free file To house its administration offices, an exempt organization bought a building using $600,000 of its own funds and $400,000 of borrowed funds secured by a pledge of its securities. Hrblock free file The office building was not debt-financed property. Hrblock free file The organization later sold the building for $1 million without repaying the $400,000 loan. Hrblock free file It used the sale proceeds to buy an apartment building it rents to the general public. Hrblock free file The unpaid debt of $400,000 is acquisition indebtedness with respect to the apartment building. Hrblock free file Property acquired subject to mortgage or lien. Hrblock free file   If property (other than certain gifts, bequests, and devises) is acquired subject to a mortgage, the outstanding principal debt secured by that mortgage is treated as acquisition indebtedness even if the organization did not assume or agree to pay the debt. Hrblock free file Example. Hrblock free file An exempt organization paid $50,000 for real property valued at $150,000 and subject to a $100,000 mortgage. Hrblock free file The $100,000 of outstanding principal debt is acquisition indebtedness, as though the organization had borrowed $100,000 to buy the property. Hrblock free file Liens similar to a mortgage. Hrblock free file   In determining acquisition indebtedness, a lien similar to a mortgage is treated as a mortgage. Hrblock free file A lien is similar to a mortgage if title to property is encumbered by the lien for a creditor's benefit. Hrblock free file However, when state law provides that a lien for taxes or assessments attaches to property before the taxes or assessments become due and payable, the lien is not treated as a mortgage until after the taxes or assessments have become due and payable and the organization has had an opportunity to pay the lien in accordance with state law. Hrblock free file Liens similar to mortgages include (but are not limited to): Deeds of trust, Conditional sales contracts, Chattel mortgages, Security interests under the Uniform Commercial Code, Pledges, Agreements to hold title in escrow, and Liens for taxes or assessments (other than those discussed earlier in this paragraph). Hrblock free file Exception for property acquired by gift, bequest, or devise. Hrblock free file   If property subject to a mortgage is acquired by gift, bequest, or devise, the outstanding principal debt secured by the mortgage is not treated as acquisition indebtedness during the 10-year period following the date the organization receives the property. Hrblock free file However, this applies to a gift of property only if:    The mortgage was placed on the property more than 5 years before the date the organization received it, and The donor held the property for more than 5 years before the date the organization received it. Hrblock free file   This exception does not apply if an organization assumes and agrees to pay all or part of the debt secured by the mortgage or makes any payment for the equity in the property owned by the donor or decedent (other than a payment under an annuity obligation excluded from the definition of acquisition indebtedness, discussed under Debt That Is Not Acquisition Indebtedness, later). Hrblock free file   Whether an organization has assumed and agreed to pay all or part of a debt in order to acquire the property is determined by the facts and circumstances of each situation. Hrblock free file Modifying existing debt. Hrblock free file   Extending, renewing, or refinancing an existing debt is considered a continuation of that debt to the extent its outstanding principal does not increase. Hrblock free file When the principal of the modified debt is more than the outstanding principal of the old debt, the excess is treated as a separate debt. Hrblock free file Extension or renewal. Hrblock free file   In general, any modification or substitution of the terms of a debt by an organization is considered an extension or renewal of the original debt, rather than the start of a new one, to the extent that the outstanding principal of the debt does not increase. Hrblock free file   The following are examples of acts resulting in the extension or renewal of a debt: Substituting liens to secure the debt, Substituting obligees whether or not with the organization's consent, Renewing, extending, or accelerating the payment terms of the debt, and Adding, deleting, or substituting sureties or other primary or secondary obligors. Hrblock free file Debt increase. Hrblock free file   If the outstanding principal of a modified debt is more than that of the unmodified debt, and only part of the refinanced debt is acquisition indebtedness, the payments on the refinanced debt must be allocated between the old debt and the excess. Hrblock free file Example. Hrblock free file An organization has an outstanding principal debt of $500,000 that is treated as acquisition indebtedness. Hrblock free file The organization borrows another $100,000, which is not acquisition indebtedness, from the same lender, resulting in a $600,000 note for the total obligation. Hrblock free file A payment of $60,000 on the total obligation would reduce the acquisition indebtedness by $50,000 ($60,000 x $500,000/$600,000) and the excess debt by $10,000. Hrblock free file Debt That Is Not Acquisition Indebtedness Certain debt and obligations are not acquisition indebtedness. Hrblock free file These include the following. Hrblock free file Debts incurred in performing an exempt purpose. Hrblock free file Annuity obligations. Hrblock free file Securities loans. Hrblock free file Real property debts of qualified organizations. Hrblock free file Certain Federal financing. Hrblock free file Debt incurred in performing exempt purpose. Hrblock free file   A debt incurred in performing an exempt purpose is not acquisition indebtedness. Hrblock free file For example, acquisition indebtedness does not include the debt an exempt credit union incurs in accepting deposits from its members or the debt an exempt organization incurs in accepting payments from its members to provide them with insurance, retirement, or other benefits. Hrblock free file Annuity obligation. Hrblock free file   The organization's obligation to pay an annuity is not acquisition indebtedness if the annuity meets all the following requirements. Hrblock free file It must be the sole consideration (other than a mortgage on property acquired by gift, bequest, or devise that meets the exception discussed under Property acquired subject to mortgage or lien, earlier in this chapter) issued in exchange for the property received. Hrblock free file Its present value, at the time of exchange, must be less than 90% of the value of the prior owner's equity in the property received. Hrblock free file It must be payable over the lives of either one or two individuals living when issued. Hrblock free file It must be payable under a contract that: Does not guarantee a minimum nor specify a maximum number of payments, and Does not provide for any adjustment of the amount of the annuity payments based on the income received from the transferred property or any other property. Hrblock free file Example. Hrblock free file X, an exempt organization, receives property valued at $100,000 from donor A, a male age 60. Hrblock free file In return X promises to pay A $6,000 a year for the rest of A's life, with neither a minimum nor maximum number of payments specified. Hrblock free file The amounts paid under the annuity are not dependent on the income derived from the property transferred to X. Hrblock free file The present value of this annuity is $81,156, determined from IRS valuation tables. Hrblock free file Since the value of the annuity is less than 90 percent of A's $100,000 equity in the property transferred and the annuity meets all the other requirements just discussed, the obligation to make annuity payments is not acquisition indebtedness. Hrblock free file Securities loans. Hrblock free file   Acquisition indebtedness does not include an obligation of the exempt organization to return collateral security provided by the borrower of the exempt organization's securities under a securities loan agreement (discussed under Exclusions earlier in this chapter). Hrblock free file This transaction is not treated as the borrowing by the exempt organization of the collateral furnished by the borrower (usually a broker) of the securities. Hrblock free file   However, if the exempt organization incurred debt to buy the loaned securities, any income from the securities (including income from