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Hr block 2010 download Part One -   The Income Tax Return The four chapters in this part provide basic information on the tax system. Hr block 2010 download They take you through the first steps of filling out a tax return—such as deciding what your filing status is, how many exemptions you can take, and what form to file. Hr block 2010 download They also discuss recordkeeping requirements, IRS e-file (electronic filing), certain penalties, and the two methods used to pay tax during the year: withholding and estimated tax. Hr block 2010 download Table of Contents 1. Hr block 2010 download   Filing InformationWhat's New Reminders Introduction Do I Have To File a Return?Individuals—In General Dependents Certain Children Under Age 19 or Full-Time Students Self-Employed Persons Aliens Who Should File Which Form Should I Use?Form 1040EZ Form 1040A Form 1040 Does My Return Have To Be on Paper?IRS e-file When Do I Have To File?Private delivery services. Hr block 2010 download Extensions of Time To File How Do I Prepare My Return?When Do I Report My Income and Expenses? Social Security Number (SSN) Presidential Election Campaign Fund Computations Attachments Third Party Designee Signatures Paid Preparer Refunds Amount You Owe Gift To Reduce Debt Held by the Public Name and Address Where Do I File? What Happens After I File?What Records Should I Keep? Why Keep Records? Kinds of Records to Keep Basic Records How Long to Keep Records Refund Information Interest on Refunds Change of Address What If I Made a Mistake?Amended Returns and Claims for Refund Penalties Identity Theft 2. Hr block 2010 download   Filing StatusWhat's New Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Marital StatusDivorced persons. Hr block 2010 download Divorce and remarriage. Hr block 2010 download Annulled marriages. Hr block 2010 download Head of household or qualifying widow(er) with dependent child. Hr block 2010 download Considered married. Hr block 2010 download Same-sex marriage. Hr block 2010 download Spouse died during the year. Hr block 2010 download Married persons living apart. Hr block 2010 download Single Married Filing JointlyFiling a Joint Return Married Filing SeparatelySpecial Rules Head of HouseholdConsidered Unmarried Keeping Up a Home Qualifying Person Qualifying Widow(er) With Dependent Child 3. Hr block 2010 download   Personal Exemptions and DependentsWhat's New Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: ExemptionsPersonal Exemptions Exemptions for Dependents Qualifying Child Qualifying Relative Phaseout of Exemptions Social Security Numbers for DependentsBorn and died in 2013. Hr block 2010 download Taxpayer identification numbers for aliens. Hr block 2010 download Taxpayer identification numbers for adoptees. Hr block 2010 download 4. Hr block 2010 download   Tax Withholding and Estimated TaxWhat's New for 2014 Reminders Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Tax Withholding for 2014Salaries and Wages Tips Taxable Fringe Benefits Sick Pay Pensions and Annuities Gambling Winnings Unemployment Compensation Federal Payments Backup Withholding Estimated Tax for 2014Who Does Not Have To Pay Estimated Tax Who Must Pay Estimated Tax How To Figure Estimated Tax When To Pay Estimated Tax How To Figure Each Payment How To Pay Estimated Tax Credit for Withholding and Estimated Tax for 2013Withholding Estimated Tax Underpayment Penalty for 2013 Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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Hr block 2010 download Publication 514 - Main Content Table of Contents Choosing To Take Credit or DeductionChoice Applies to All Qualified Foreign Taxes Making or Changing Your Choice Why Choose the Credit?Credit for Taxes Paid or Accrued Foreign Currency and Exchange Rates Foreign Tax Redetermination Who Can Take the Credit?U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download Citizens Resident Aliens Nonresident Aliens What Foreign Taxes Qualify for the Credit?Tax Must Be Imposed on You You Must Have Paid or Accrued the Tax Tax Must Be the Legal and Actual Foreign Tax Liability Tax Must Be an Income Tax (or Tax in Lieu of Income Tax) Foreign Taxes for Which You Cannot Take a CreditTaxes on Excluded Income Taxes for Which You Can Only Take an Itemized Deduction Taxes on Foreign Mineral Income Taxes From International Boycott Operations Taxes on Combined Foreign Oil and Gas Income Taxes of U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download Persons Controlling Foreign Corporations and Partnerships Taxes Related to a Foreign Tax Credit Splitting Event How To Figure the CreditLimit on the Credit Separate Limit Income Allocation of Foreign Taxes Foreign Taxes From a Partnership or an S Corporation Figuring the Limit Qualified Dividends Capital Gains and Losses Allocation of Foreign and U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download Losses Tax Treaties Carryback and CarryoverTime Limit on Tax Assessment Claim for Refund Taxes All Credited or All Deducted Married Couples How To Claim the CreditForm 1116 Records To Keep Simple Example — Filled-In Form 1116Part I—Taxable Income or Loss From Sources Outside the United States (for Category Checked Above) Part II—Foreign Taxes Paid or Accrued Part III—Figuring the Credit Part IV—Summary of Credits From Separate Parts III Comprehensive Example — Filled-In Form 1116Foreign earned income. Hr block 2010 download Employee business expenses. Hr block 2010 download Forms 1116 Computation of Taxable Income Part I—Taxable Income or Loss From Sources Outside the United States (for Category Checked Above) Part II—Foreign Taxes Paid or Accrued Part III—Figuring the Credit Part IV—Summary of Credits From Separate Parts III Unused Foreign Taxes How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics Choosing To Take Credit or Deduction You can choose whether to take the amount of any qualified foreign taxes paid or accrued during the year as a foreign tax credit or as an itemized deduction. Hr block 2010 download You can change your choice for each year's taxes. Hr block 2010 download To choose the foreign tax credit, in most cases you must complete Form 1116 and attach it to your U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax return. Hr block 2010 download However, you may qualify for the exception that allows you to claim the foreign tax credit without using Form 1116. Hr block 2010 download See How To Figure the Credit , later. Hr block 2010 download To choose to claim the taxes as an itemized deduction, use Schedule A (Form 1040), Itemized Deductions. Hr block 2010 download Figure your tax both ways—claiming the credit and claiming the deduction. Hr block 2010 download Then fill out your return the way that benefits you more. Hr block 2010 download See Why Choose the Credit, later. Hr block 2010 download Choice Applies to All Qualified Foreign Taxes As a general rule, you must choose to take either a credit or a deduction for all qualified foreign taxes. Hr block 2010 download If you choose to take a credit for qualified foreign taxes, you must take the credit for all of them. Hr block 2010 download You cannot deduct any of them. Hr block 2010 download Conversely, if you choose to deduct qualified foreign taxes, you must deduct all of them. Hr block 2010 download You cannot take a credit for any of them. Hr block 2010 download See What Foreign Taxes Qualify for the Credit , later, for the meaning of qualified foreign taxes. Hr block 2010 download There are exceptions to this general rule, which are described next. Hr block 2010 download Exceptions for foreign taxes not allowed as a credit. Hr block 2010 download   Even if you claim a credit for other foreign taxes, you can deduct any foreign tax that is not allowed as a credit if: You paid the tax to a country for which a credit is not allowed because it provides support for acts of international terrorism, or because the United States does not have or does not conduct diplomatic relations with it or recognize its government and that government is not otherwise eligible to purchase defense articles or services under the Arms Export Control Act, You paid withholding tax on dividends from foreign corporations whose stock you did not hold for the required period of time, You paid withholding tax on income or gain (other than dividends) from property you did not hold for the required period of time, You paid withholding tax on income or gain to the extent you had to make related payments on positions in substantially similar or related property, You participated in or cooperated with an international boycott, You paid taxes in connection with the purchase or sale of oil or gas, or You paid or accrued taxes on income or gain in connection with a covered asset acquisition. Hr block 2010 download Covered asset acquisitions include certain acquisitions that result in a stepped-up basis for U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax purposes. Hr block 2010 download For more information, see Internal Revenue Code section 901(m). Hr block 2010 download The IRS intends to issue guidance that will explain this provision in greater detail. Hr block 2010 download   For more information on these items, see Taxes for Which You Can Only Take an Itemized Deduction , later, under Foreign Taxes for Which You Cannot Take a Credit. Hr block 2010 download Foreign taxes that are not income taxes. Hr block 2010 download   In most cases, only foreign income taxes qualify for the foreign tax credit. Hr block 2010 download Other taxes, such as foreign real and personal property taxes, do not qualify. Hr block 2010 download But you may be able to deduct these other taxes even if you claim the foreign tax credit for foreign income taxes. Hr block 2010 download   In most cases, you can deduct these other taxes only if they are expenses incurred in a trade or business or in the production of income. Hr block 2010 download However, you can deduct foreign real property taxes that are not trade or business expenses as an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040). Hr block 2010 download Carrybacks and carryovers. Hr block 2010 download   There is a limit on the credit you can claim in a tax year. Hr block 2010 download If your qualified foreign taxes exceed the credit limit, you may be able to carry over or carry back the excess to another tax year. Hr block 2010 download If you deduct qualified foreign taxes in a tax year, you cannot use a carryback or carryover in that year. Hr block 2010 download That is because you cannot take both a deduction and a credit for qualified foreign taxes in the same tax year. Hr block 2010 download   For more information on the limit, see How To Figure the Credit , later. Hr block 2010 download For more information on carrybacks and carryovers, see Carryback and Carryover , later. Hr block 2010 download Making or Changing Your Choice You can make or change your choice to claim a deduction or credit at any time during the period within 10 years from the regular due date for filing the return (without regard to any extension of time to file) for the tax year in which the taxes were actually paid or accrued. Hr block 2010 download You make or change your choice on your tax return (or on an amended return) for the year your choice is to be effective. Hr block 2010 download Example. Hr block 2010 download You paid foreign taxes for the last 13 years and chose to deduct them on your U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download income tax returns. Hr block 2010 download You were timely in both filing your returns and paying your U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax liability. Hr block 2010 download In February 2013, you file an amended return for tax year 2002 choosing to take a credit for your 2002 foreign taxes because you now realize that the credit is more advantageous than the deduction for that year. Hr block 2010 download Because the regular due date of your 2002 return was April 15, 2003, this choice is timely (within 10 years). Hr block 2010 download Because there is a limit on the credit for your 2002 foreign tax, you have unused 2002 foreign taxes. Hr block 2010 download Ordinarily, you first carry back unused foreign taxes arising in 2002 to, and claim them as a credit in, the 2 preceding tax years. Hr block 2010 download If you are unable to claim all of them in those 2 years, you carry them forward to the 10 years following the year in which they arose. Hr block 2010 download Because you originally chose to deduct your foreign taxes and the 10-year period for changing the choice for 2000 and 2001 has passed, you cannot change your choice and carry the unused 2002 foreign taxes back to tax years 2000 and 2001. Hr block 2010 download Because the 10-year periods for changing the choice have not passed for your 2003 through 2012 income tax returns, you can still choose to claim the credit for those years and carry forward any unused 2002 foreign taxes. Hr block 2010 download However, you must reduce the unused 2002 foreign taxes that you carry forward by the amount that would have been allowed as a carryback if you had timely carried back the foreign tax to tax years 2000 and 2001. Hr block 2010 download You cannot take a credit or a deduction for foreign taxes paid on income you exclude under the foreign earned income exclusion or the foreign housing exclusion. Hr block 2010 download See Foreign Earned Income and Housing Exclusions under Foreign Taxes for Which You Cannot Take a Credit, later. Hr block 2010 download Why Choose the Credit? The foreign tax credit is intended to relieve you of a double tax burden when your foreign source income is taxed by both the United States and the foreign country. Hr block 2010 download In most cases, if the foreign tax rate is higher than the U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download rate, there will be no U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax on the foreign income. Hr block 2010 download If the foreign tax rate is lower than the U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download rate, U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax on the foreign income will be limited to the difference between the rates. Hr block 2010 download The foreign tax credit can only reduce U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download taxes on foreign source income; it cannot reduce U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download taxes on U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download source income. Hr block 2010 download Although no one rule covers all situations, in most cases it is better to take a credit for qualified foreign taxes than to deduct them as an itemized deduction. Hr block 2010 download This is because: A credit reduces your actual U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download income tax on a dollar-for-dollar basis, while a deduction reduces only your income subject to tax, You can choose to take the foreign tax credit even if you do not itemize your deductions. Hr block 2010 download You then are allowed the standard deduction in addition to the credit, and If you choose to take the foreign tax credit, and the taxes paid or accrued exceed the credit limit for the tax year, you may be able to carry over or carry back the excess to another tax year. Hr block 2010 download (See Limit on credit under How To Figure the Credit, later. Hr block 2010 download ) Example 1. Hr block 2010 download For 2013, you and your spouse have adjusted gross income of $80,300, including $20,000 of dividend income from foreign sources. Hr block 2010 download None of the dividends are qualified dividends. Hr block 2010 download You file a joint return and can claim two $3,900 exemptions. Hr block 2010 download You had to pay $2,000 in foreign income taxes on the dividend income. Hr block 2010 download If you take the foreign taxes as an itemized deduction, your total itemized deductions are $15,000. Hr block 2010 download Your taxable income then is $57,500 and your tax is $7,736. Hr block 2010 download If you take the credit instead, your itemized deductions are only $13,000. Hr block 2010 download Your taxable income then is $59,500 and your tax before the credit is $8,036. Hr block 2010 download After the credit, however, your tax is only $6,036. Hr block 2010 download Therefore, your tax is $1,700 lower ($7,736 − $6,036) by taking the credit. Hr block 2010 download Example 2. Hr block 2010 download In 2013, you receive investment income of $5,000 from a foreign country, which imposes a tax of $1,500 on that income. Hr block 2010 download You report on your U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download return this income as well as $56,000 of U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download source wages and an allowable $49,000 partnership loss from a U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download partnership. Hr block 2010 download Your share of the partnership's gross income is $25,000 and your share of its expenses is $74,000. Hr block 2010 download You are single, entitled to one $3,900 exemption, and have other itemized deductions of $6,850. Hr block 2010 download If you deduct the foreign tax on your U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download return, your taxable income is a negative $250 ($5,000 + $56,000 − $49,000 − $1,500 − $6,850 − $3,900) and your tax is $0. Hr block 2010 download If you take the credit instead, your taxable income is $1,250 ($5,000 + $56,000 − $49,000 − $3,900 − $6,850) and your tax before the credit is $126. Hr block 2010 download You can take a credit of only $113 because of limits discussed later. Hr block 2010 download Your tax after the credit is $13 ($126 − $113), which is $13 more than if you deduct the foreign tax. Hr block 2010 download If you choose the credit, you will have unused foreign taxes of $1,387 ($1,500 − $113). Hr block 2010 download When deciding whether to take the credit or the deduction this year, you will need to consider whether you can benefit from a carryback or carryover of that unused foreign tax. Hr block 2010 download Credit for Taxes Paid or Accrued You can claim the credit for a qualified foreign tax in the tax year in which you pay it or accrue it, depending on your method of accounting. Hr block 2010 download “Tax year” refers to the tax year for which your U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download return is filed, not the tax year for which your foreign return is filed. Hr block 2010 download Accrual method of accounting. Hr block 2010 download   If you use an accrual method of accounting, you can claim the credit only in the year in which you accrue the tax. Hr block 2010 download You are using an accrual method of accounting if you report income when you earn it, rather than when you receive it, and you deduct your expenses when you incur them, rather than when you pay them. Hr block 2010 download   In most cases, foreign taxes accrue when all the events have taken place that fix the amount of the tax and your liability to pay it. Hr block 2010 download Generally, this occurs on the last day of the tax year for which your foreign return is filed. Hr block 2010 download Contesting your foreign tax liability. Hr block 2010 download   If you are contesting your foreign tax liability, you cannot accrue it and take a credit until the amount of foreign tax due is finally determined. Hr block 2010 download However, if you choose to pay the tax liability you are contesting, you can take a credit for the amount you pay before a final determination of foreign tax liability is made. Hr block 2010 download Once your liability is determined, the foreign tax credit is allowable for the year to which the foreign tax relates. Hr block 2010 download If the amount of foreign taxes taken as a credit differs from the final foreign tax liability, you may have to adjust the credit, as discussed later under Foreign Tax Redetermination . Hr block 2010 download You may have to post a bond. Hr block 2010 download   If you claim a credit for taxes accrued but not paid, you may have to post an income tax bond to guarantee your payment of any tax due in the event the amount of foreign tax paid differs from the amount claimed. Hr block 2010 download   The IRS can request this bond at any time without regard to the Time Limit on Tax Assessment discussed later under Carryback and Carryover. Hr block 2010 download Cash method of accounting. Hr block 2010 download   If you use the cash method of accounting, you can choose to take the credit either in the year you pay the tax or in the year you accrue it. Hr block 2010 download You are using the cash method of accounting if you report income in the year you actually or constructively receive it, and deduct expenses in the year you pay them. Hr block 2010 download Choosing to take credit in the year taxes accrue. Hr block 2010 download   Even if you use the cash method of accounting, you can choose to take a credit for foreign taxes in the year they accrue. Hr block 2010 download You make the choice by checking the box in Part II of Form 1116. Hr block 2010 download Once you make that choice, you must follow it in all later years and take a credit for foreign taxes in the year they accrue. Hr block 2010 download   In addition, the choice to take the credit when foreign taxes accrue applies to all foreign taxes qualifying for the credit. Hr block 2010 download You cannot take a credit for some foreign taxes when paid and take a credit for others when accrued. Hr block 2010 download   If you make the choice to take the credit when foreign taxes accrue and pay them in a later year, you cannot claim a deduction for any part of the previously accrued taxes. Hr block 2010 download Credit based on taxes paid in earlier year. Hr block 2010 download   If, in earlier years, you took the credit based on taxes paid, and this year you choose to take the credit based on taxes accrued, you may be able to take the credit this year for taxes from more than one year. Hr block 2010 download Example. Hr block 2010 download Last year you took the credit based on taxes paid. Hr block 2010 download This year you chose to take the credit based on taxes accrued. Hr block 2010 download During the year you paid foreign income taxes owed for last year. Hr block 2010 download You also accrued foreign income taxes for this year that you did not pay by the end of the year. Hr block 2010 download You can base the credit on your return for this year on both last year's taxes that you paid and this year's taxes that you accrued. Hr block 2010 download Foreign Currency and Exchange Rates U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download income tax is imposed on income expressed in U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download dollars, while in most cases the foreign tax is imposed on income expressed in foreign currency. Hr block 2010 download Therefore, fluctuations in the value of the foreign currency relative to the U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download dollar may affect the foreign tax credit. Hr block 2010 download Translating foreign currency into U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download dollars. Hr block 2010 download   If you receive all or part of your income or pay some or all of your expenses in foreign currency, you must translate the foreign currency into U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download dollars. Hr block 2010 download How and when you do this depends on your functional currency. Hr block 2010 download In most cases, your functional currency is the U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download dollar unless you are required to use the currency of a foreign country. Hr block 2010 download   You must make all federal income tax determinations in your functional currency. Hr block 2010 download The U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download dollar is the functional currency for all taxpayers except some qualified business units. Hr block 2010 download A qualified business unit is a separate and clearly identified unit of a trade or business that maintains separate books and records. Hr block 2010 download Unless you are self-employed, your functional currency is the U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download dollar. Hr block 2010 download   Even if you are self-employed and have a qualified business unit, your functional currency is the U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download dollar if any of the following apply. Hr block 2010 download You conduct the business primarily in dollars. Hr block 2010 download The principal place of business is located in the United States. Hr block 2010 download You choose to or are required to use the dollar as your functional currency. Hr block 2010 download The business books and records are not kept in the currency of the economic environment in which a significant part of the business activities is conducted. Hr block 2010 download   If your functional currency is the U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download dollar, you must immediately translate into dollars all items of income, expense, etc. Hr block 2010 download , that you receive, pay, or accrue in a foreign currency and that will affect computation of your income tax. Hr block 2010 download If there is more than one exchange rate, use the one that most properly reflects your income. Hr block 2010 download In most cases, you can get exchange rates from banks and U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download Embassies. Hr block 2010 download   If your functional currency is not the U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download dollar, make all income tax determinations in your functional currency. Hr block 2010 download At the end of the year, translate the results, such as income or loss, into U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download dollars to report on your income tax return. Hr block 2010 download    For more information, write to: Internal Revenue Service International Section Philadelphia, PA 19255-0725 Rate of exchange for foreign taxes paid. Hr block 2010 download   Use the rate of exchange in effect on the date you paid the foreign taxes to the foreign country unless you meet the exception discussed next. Hr block 2010 download If your tax was withheld in foreign currency, use the rate of exchange in effect for the date on which the tax was withheld. Hr block 2010 download If you make foreign estimated tax payments, you use the rate of exchange in effect for the date on which you made the estimated tax payment. Hr block 2010 download   The exchange rate rules discussed here apply even if the foreign taxes are paid or accrued with respect to a foreign tax credit splitting event (discussed later). Hr block 2010 download Exception. Hr block 2010 download   If you claim the credit for foreign taxes on an accrual basis, in most cases you must use the average exchange rate for the tax year to which the taxes relate. Hr block 2010 download This rule applies to accrued taxes relating to tax years beginning after 1997 and only under the following conditions. Hr block 2010 download The foreign taxes are paid on or after the first day of the tax year to which they relate. Hr block 2010 download The foreign taxes are paid not later than 2 years after the close of the tax year to which they relate. Hr block 2010 download The foreign tax liability is not denominated in an inflationary currency (defined in the Form 1116 instructions). Hr block 2010 download (This condition applies to taxes paid or accrued in tax years beginning after November 6, 2007. Hr block 2010 download )   For all other foreign taxes, you should use the exchange rate in effect on the date you paid them. Hr block 2010 download Election to use exchange rate on date paid. Hr block 2010 download   If you have accrued foreign taxes that you are otherwise required to convert using the average exchange rate, you may elect to use the exchange rate in effect on the date the foreign taxes are paid if the taxes are denominated in a nonfunctional foreign currency. Hr block 2010 download If any of the accrued taxes are unpaid, you must translate them into U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download dollars using the exchange rate on the last day of the U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax year to which those taxes relate. Hr block 2010 download You may make the election for all nonfunctional currency foreign income taxes or only those nonfunctional currency foreign income taxes that are attributable to qualified business units with a U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download dollar functional currency. Hr block 2010 download Once made, the election applies to the tax year for which made and all subsequent tax years unless revoked with the consent of the IRS. Hr block 2010 download The election is available for tax years beginning after 2004. Hr block 2010 download It must be made by the due date (including extensions) for filing the tax return for the first tax year to which the election applies. Hr block 2010 download Make the election by attaching a statement to the applicable tax return. Hr block 2010 download The statement must identify whether the election is made for all foreign taxes or only for foreign taxes attributable to qualified business units with a U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download dollar functional currency. Hr block 2010 download Foreign Tax Redetermination A foreign tax redetermination is any change in your foreign tax liability that may affect your U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download foreign tax credit claimed. Hr block 2010 download The year in which to claim the credit remains the year to which the foreign taxes paid or accrued relate, even if the change in foreign tax liability occurs in a later year. Hr block 2010 download If a foreign tax redetermination occurs, a redetermination of your U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax liability is required if any of the following conditions apply. Hr block 2010 download The accrued taxes when paid differ from the amounts claimed as a credit. Hr block 2010 download The accrued taxes you claimed as a credit in one tax year are not paid within 2 years after the end of that tax year. Hr block 2010 download If this applies to you, you must reduce the credit previously claimed by the amount of the unpaid taxes. Hr block 2010 download You will not be allowed a credit for the unpaid taxes until you pay them. Hr block 2010 download When you pay the accrued taxes, a new foreign tax redetermination occurs and you must translate the taxes into U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download dollars using the exchange rate as of the date they were paid. Hr block 2010 download The foreign tax credit is allowed for the year to which the foreign tax relates. Hr block 2010 download See Rate of exchange for foreign taxes paid , earlier, under Foreign Currency and Exchange Rates. Hr block 2010 download The foreign taxes you paid are refunded in whole or in part. Hr block 2010 download For taxes taken into account when accrued but translated into dollars on the date of payment, the dollar value of the accrued tax differs from the dollar value of the tax paid because of fluctuations in the exchange rate between the date of accrual and the date of payment. Hr block 2010 download However, no redetermination is required if the change in foreign tax liability for each foreign country is solely attributable to exchange rate fluctuations and is less than the smaller of: $10,000, or 2% of the total dollar amount of the foreign tax initially accrued for that foreign country for the U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax year. Hr block 2010 download In this case, you must adjust your U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax in the tax year in which the accrued foreign taxes are paid. Hr block 2010 download Notice to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) of Redetermination You are required to notify the IRS about a foreign tax credit redetermination that affects your U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax liability for each tax year affected by the redetermination. Hr block 2010 download In most cases, you must file Form 1040X, Amended U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download Individual Income Tax Return, with a revised Form 1116 and a statement that contains information sufficient for the IRS to redetermine your U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax liability for the year or years affected. Hr block 2010 download See Contents of statement , later. Hr block 2010 download You are not required to attach Form 1116 for a tax year affected by a redetermination if: The amount of your creditable taxes paid or accrued during the tax year is not more than $300 ($600 if married filing a joint return) as a result of the foreign tax redetermination, and You meet the requirements listed under Exemption from foreign tax credit limit under How To Figure the Credit, later. Hr block 2010 download There are other exceptions to this requirement. Hr block 2010 download They are discussed later under Due date of notification to IRS . Hr block 2010 download Contents of statement. Hr block 2010 download   The statement must include all of the following. Hr block 2010 download Your name, address, and taxpayer identification number. Hr block 2010 download The tax year or years that are affected by the foreign tax redetermination. Hr block 2010 download The date or dates the foreign taxes were accrued, if applicable. Hr block 2010 download The date or dates the foreign taxes were paid. Hr block 2010 download The amount of foreign taxes paid or accrued on each date (in foreign currency) and the exchange rate used to translate each amount. Hr block 2010 download Information sufficient to determine any interest due from or owing to you, including the amount of any interest paid to you by the foreign government and the dates received. Hr block 2010 download   In the case of any foreign taxes that were not paid before the date two years after the close of the tax year to which those taxes relate, you must provide the amount of those taxes in foreign currency and the exchange rate that was used to translate that amount when originally claimed as a credit. Hr block 2010 download   If any foreign tax was refunded in whole or in part, you must provide the date and amount (in foreign currency) of each refund, the exchange rate that was used to translate each amount when originally claimed as a credit, and the exchange rate for the date the refund was received (for purposes of computing foreign currency gain or loss under Internal Revenue Code section 988). Hr block 2010 download Due date of notification to IRS. Hr block 2010 download   If you pay less foreign tax than you originally claimed a credit for, in most cases you must file a notification by the due date (with extensions) of your original return for your tax year in which the foreign tax redetermination occurred. Hr block 2010 download There is no limit on the time the IRS has to redetermine and assess the correct U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax due. Hr block 2010 download If you pay more foreign tax than you originally claimed a credit for, you have 10 years to file a claim for refund of U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download taxes. Hr block 2010 download See Time Limit on Refund Claims , later. Hr block 2010 download   Exceptions to this due date are explained in the next two paragraphs. Hr block 2010 download Multiple redeterminations of U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax liability for same tax year. Hr block 2010 download   Where more than one foreign tax redetermination requires a redetermination of U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax liability for the same tax year and those redeterminations occur in the same tax year or within two consecutive tax years, you can file for that tax year one notification (Form 1040X with a Form 1116 and the required statement) that reflects all those tax redeterminations. Hr block 2010 download If you choose to file one notification, the due date for that notification is the due date of the original return (with extensions) for the year in which the first foreign tax redetermination that reduced your foreign tax liability occurred. Hr block 2010 download However, foreign tax redeterminations with respect to the tax year for which a redetermination of U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax liability is required may occur after the due date for providing that notification. Hr block 2010 download In this situation, you may have to file more than one Form 1040X for that tax year. Hr block 2010 download Additional U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax due eliminated by foreign tax credit carryback or carryover. Hr block 2010 download   If a foreign tax redetermination requires a redetermination of U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax liability that would otherwise result in an additional amount of U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax due, but the additional tax is eliminated by a carryback or carryover of an unused foreign tax, you do not have to amend your tax return for the year affected by the redetermination. Hr block 2010 download Instead, you can notify the IRS by attaching a statement to the original return for the tax year in which the foreign tax redetermination occurred. Hr block 2010 download You must file the statement by the due date (with extensions) of that return. Hr block 2010 download The statement must show the amount of the unused foreign taxes paid or accrued and a detailed schedule showing the computation of the carryback or carryover (including the amounts carried back or over to the year for which a redetermination on U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax liability is required). Hr block 2010 download Failure-to-notify penalty. Hr block 2010 download   If you fail to notify the IRS of a foreign tax redetermination and cannot show reasonable cause for the failure, you may have to pay a penalty. Hr block 2010 download   For each month, or part of a month, that the failure continues, you pay a penalty of 5% of the tax due resulting from a redetermination of your U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax. Hr block 2010 download This penalty cannot be more than 25% of the tax due. Hr block 2010 download Foreign tax refund. Hr block 2010 download   If you receive a foreign tax refund without interest from the foreign government, you will not have to pay interest on the amount of tax due resulting from the adjustment to your U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax for the time before the date of the refund. Hr block 2010 download   However, if you receive a foreign tax refund with interest, you must pay interest to the IRS up to the amount of the interest paid to you by the foreign government. Hr block 2010 download The interest you must pay cannot be more than the interest you would have had to pay on taxes that were unpaid for any other reason for the same period. Hr block 2010 download Interest also is owed from the time you receive a refund until you pay the additional tax due. Hr block 2010 download Foreign tax imposed on foreign refund. Hr block 2010 download   If your foreign tax refund is taxed by the foreign country, you cannot take a separate credit or deduction for this additional foreign tax. Hr block 2010 download However, when you refigure the foreign tax credit taken for the original foreign tax, reduce the amount of the refund by the foreign tax paid on the refund. Hr block 2010 download Example. Hr block 2010 download You paid a foreign income tax of $3,000 in 2011, and received a foreign tax refund of $500 in 2013 on which a foreign tax of $100 was imposed. Hr block 2010 download When you refigure your credit for 2011, you must reduce the $3,000 you paid by $400. Hr block 2010 download Time Limit on Refund Claims You have 10 years to file a claim for refund of U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax if you find that you paid or accrued a larger foreign tax than you claimed a credit for. Hr block 2010 download The 10-year period begins the day after the regular due date for filing the return (without extensions) for the year in which the taxes were actually paid or accrued. Hr block 2010 download You have 10 years to file your claim regardless of whether you claim the credit for taxes paid or taxes accrued. Hr block 2010 download The 10-year period applies to claims for refund or credit based on: Fixing math errors in figuring qualified foreign taxes, Reporting qualified foreign taxes not originally reported on the return, or Any other change in the size of the credit (including one caused by correcting the foreign tax credit limit). Hr block 2010 download The special 10-year period also applies to making or changing your choice to claim a deduction or credit for foreign taxes. Hr block 2010 download See Making or Changing Your Choice discussed earlier under Choosing To Take Credit or Deduction. Hr block 2010 download Who Can Take the Credit? U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download citizens, resident aliens, and nonresident aliens who paid foreign income tax and are subject to U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax on foreign source income may be able to take a foreign tax credit. Hr block 2010 download U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download Citizens If you are a U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download citizen, you are taxed by the United States on your worldwide income wherever you live. Hr block 2010 download You are normally entitled to take a credit for foreign taxes you pay or accrue. Hr block 2010 download Resident Aliens If you are a resident alien of the United States, you can take a credit for foreign taxes subject to the same general rules as U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download citizens. Hr block 2010 download If you are a bona fide resident of Puerto Rico for the entire tax year, you also come under the same rules. Hr block 2010 download Usually, you can take a credit only for those foreign taxes imposed on income you actually or constructively received while you had resident alien status. Hr block 2010 download For information on alien status, see Publication 519. Hr block 2010 download Nonresident Aliens If you are a nonresident alien, you cannot take the credit in most cases. Hr block 2010 download However, you may be able to take the credit if: You were a bona fide resident of Puerto Rico during your entire tax year, or You pay or accrue tax to a foreign country or U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download possession on income from foreign sources that is effectively connected with a trade or business in the United States. Hr block 2010 download But if you must pay tax to a foreign country or U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download possession on income from U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download sources only because you are a citizen or a resident of that country or U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download possession, do not use that tax in figuring the amount of your credit. Hr block 2010 download For information on alien status and effectively connected income, see Publication 519. Hr block 2010 download What Foreign Taxes Qualify for the Credit? In most cases, the following four tests must be met for any foreign tax to qualify for the credit. Hr block 2010 download The tax must be imposed on you. Hr block 2010 download You must have paid or accrued the tax. Hr block 2010 download The tax must be the legal and actual foreign tax liability. Hr block 2010 download The tax must be an income tax (or a tax in lieu of an income tax). Hr block 2010 download Certain foreign taxes do not qualify for the credit even if the four tests are met. Hr block 2010 download See Foreign Taxes for Which You Cannot Take a Credit, later. Hr block 2010 download Tax Must Be Imposed on You You can claim a credit only for foreign taxes that are imposed on you by a foreign country or U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download possession. Hr block 2010 download For example, a tax that is deducted from your wages is considered to be imposed on you. Hr block 2010 download You cannot shift the right to claim the credit by contract or other means. Hr block 2010 download Foreign country. Hr block 2010 download   A foreign country includes any foreign state and its political subdivisions. Hr block 2010 download Income, war profits, and excess profits taxes paid or accrued to a foreign city or province qualify for the foreign tax credit. Hr block 2010 download U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download possessions. Hr block 2010 download   For foreign tax credit purposes, all qualified taxes paid to U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download possessions are considered foreign taxes. Hr block 2010 download For this purpose, U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download possessions include Puerto Rico and American Samoa. Hr block 2010 download   When the term “foreign country” is used in this publication, it includes U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download possessions unless otherwise stated. Hr block 2010 download You Must Have Paid or Accrued the Tax In most cases, you can claim the credit only if you paid or accrued the foreign tax to a foreign country or U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download possession. Hr block 2010 download However, the paragraphs that follow describe some instances in which you can claim the credit even if you did not directly pay or accrue the tax yourself. Hr block 2010 download Joint return. Hr block 2010 download   If you file a joint return, you can claim the credit based on the total foreign income taxes paid or accrued by you and your spouse. Hr block 2010 download Combined income. Hr block 2010 download   If foreign tax is imposed on the combined income of two or more persons (for example, spouses), the tax is allocated among, and considered paid by, these persons on a pro rata basis in proportion to each person's portion of the combined income, as determined under foreign law and Regulations section 1. Hr block 2010 download 901-2(f)(3)(iii). Hr block 2010 download Combined income with respect to each foreign tax that is imposed on a combined basis (and combined income subject to tax exemption or preferential tax rates) is computed separately, and the tax on that combined income is allocated separately. Hr block 2010 download   These rules apply to foreign taxes paid or accrued in tax years beginning after February 14, 2012. Hr block 2010 download However, you can choose to apply the new rules to foreign taxes paid or accrued in tax years beginning after December 31, 2010, and before February 15, 2012. Hr block 2010 download For more details, see paragraphs (f) and (h) of Regulations section 1. Hr block 2010 download 901-2. Hr block 2010 download For similar rules applicable to prior tax years, see Regulations section 1. Hr block 2010 download 901-2 (revised as of April 1, 2011). Hr block 2010 download Example. Hr block 2010 download You and your spouse reside in Country X, which imposes income tax on your combined incomes. Hr block 2010 download Both of you use the “u” as your functional currency. Hr block 2010 download Country X apportions tax based on income. Hr block 2010 download You had income of 30,000u and your spouse had income of 20,000u. Hr block 2010 download Your filing status on your U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download income tax return is married filing separately. Hr block 2010 download You can claim only 60% (30,000u/50,000u) of the foreign taxes imposed on your income on your U. Hr block 2010 download S income tax return. Hr block 2010 download Your spouse can claim only 40% (20,000u/50,000u). Hr block 2010 download Partner or S corporation shareholder. Hr block 2010 download   If you are a member of a partnership, or a shareholder in an S corporation, you can claim the credit based on your proportionate share of the foreign income taxes paid or accrued by the partnership or the S corporation. Hr block 2010 download These amounts will be shown on the Schedule K-1 you receive from the partnership or S corporation. Hr block 2010 download However, if you are a shareholder in an S corporation that in turn owns stock in a foreign corporation, you cannot claim a credit for your share of foreign taxes paid by the foreign corporation. Hr block 2010 download Beneficiary. Hr block 2010 download   If you are a beneficiary of an estate or trust, you may be able to claim the credit based on your proportionate share of foreign income taxes paid or accrued by the estate or trust. Hr block 2010 download This amount will be shown on the Schedule K-1 you receive from the estate or trust. Hr block 2010 download However, you must show that the tax was imposed on income of the estate and not on income received by the decedent. Hr block 2010 download Mutual fund shareholder. Hr block 2010 download   If you are a shareholder of a mutual fund or other regulated investment company (RIC), you may be able to claim the credit based on your share of foreign income taxes paid by the fund if it chooses to pass the credit on to its shareholders. Hr block 2010 download You should receive from the mutual fund or other RIC a Form 1099-DIV, or similar statement, showing your share of the foreign income, and your share of the foreign taxes paid. Hr block 2010 download If you do not receive this information, you will need to contact the fund. Hr block 2010 download Controlled foreign corporation shareholder. Hr block 2010 download   If you are a shareholder of a controlled foreign corporation and choose to be taxed at corporate rates on the amount you must include in gross income from that corporation, you can claim the credit based on your share of foreign taxes paid or accrued by the controlled foreign corporation. Hr block 2010 download If you make this election, you must claim the credit by filing Form 1118, Foreign Tax Credit—Corporations. Hr block 2010 download Controlled foreign corporation. Hr block 2010 download   A controlled foreign corporation is a foreign corporation in which U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download shareholders own more than 50% of the voting power or value of the stock. Hr block 2010 download You are considered a U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download shareholder if you own, directly or indirectly, 10% or more of the total voting power of all classes of the foreign corporation's stock. Hr block 2010 download See Internal Revenue Code sections 951(b) and 958(b) for more information. Hr block 2010 download Tax Must Be the Legal and Actual Foreign Tax Liability The amount of foreign tax that qualifies is not necessarily the amount of tax withheld by the foreign country. Hr block 2010 download Only the legal and actual foreign tax liability that you paid or accrued during the year qualifies for the credit. Hr block 2010 download Foreign tax refund. Hr block 2010 download   You cannot take a foreign tax credit for income taxes paid to a foreign country if it is reasonably certain the amount would be refunded, credited, rebated, abated, or forgiven if you made a claim. Hr block 2010 download   For example, the United States has tax treaties with many countries allowing U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download citizens and residents reductions in the rates of tax of those foreign countries. Hr block 2010 download However, some treaty countries require U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download citizens and residents to pay the tax figured without regard to the lower treaty rates and then claim a refund for the amount by which the tax actually paid is more than the amount of tax figured using the lower treaty rate. Hr block 2010 download The qualified foreign tax is the amount figured using the lower treaty rate and not the amount actually paid, because the excess tax is refundable. Hr block 2010 download Subsidy received. Hr block 2010 download   Tax payments a foreign country returns to you in the form of a subsidy do not qualify for the foreign tax credit. Hr block 2010 download This rule applies even if the subsidy is given to a person related to you, or persons who participated with you in a transaction or a related transaction. Hr block 2010 download A subsidy can be provided by any means but must be determined, directly or indirectly, in relation to the amount of tax, or to the base used to figure the tax. Hr block 2010 download   The term “subsidy” includes any type of benefit. Hr block 2010 download Some ways of providing a subsidy are refunds, credits, deductions, payments, or discharges of obligations. Hr block 2010 download Shareholder receiving refund for corporate tax in integrated system. Hr block 2010 download   Under some foreign tax laws and treaties, a shareholder is considered to have paid part of the tax that is imposed on the corporation. Hr block 2010 download You may be able to claim a refund of these taxes from the foreign government. Hr block 2010 download You must include the refund (including any amount withheld) in your income in the year received. Hr block 2010 download Any tax withheld from the refund is a qualified foreign tax. Hr block 2010 download Example. Hr block 2010 download You are a shareholder of a French corporation. Hr block 2010 download You receive a $100 refund of the tax paid to France by the corporation on the earnings distributed to you as a dividend. Hr block 2010 download The French government imposes a 15% withholding tax ($15) on the refund you received. Hr block 2010 download You receive a check for $85. Hr block 2010 download You include $100 in your income. Hr block 2010 download The $15 of tax withheld is a qualified foreign tax. Hr block 2010 download Tax Must Be an Income Tax (or Tax in Lieu of Income Tax) In most cases, only income, war profits, and excess profits taxes (income taxes) qualify for the foreign tax credit. Hr block 2010 download Foreign taxes on wages, dividends, interest, and royalties qualify for the credit in most cases. Hr block 2010 download Furthermore, foreign taxes on income can qualify even though they are not imposed under an income tax law if the tax is in lieu of an income, war profits, or excess profits tax. Hr block 2010 download See Taxes in Lieu of Income Taxes , later. Hr block 2010 download Income Tax Simply because the levy is called an income tax by the foreign taxing authority does not make it an income tax for this purpose. Hr block 2010 download A foreign levy is an income tax only if it meets both of the following requirements. Hr block 2010 download It is a tax; that is, you have to pay it and you get no specific economic benefit (discussed below) from paying it. Hr block 2010 download The predominant character of the tax is that of an income tax in the U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download sense. Hr block 2010 download A foreign levy may meet these requirements even if the foreign tax law differs from U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax law. Hr block 2010 download The foreign law may include in income items that U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download law does not include, or it may allow certain exclusions or deductions that U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download law does not allow. Hr block 2010 download Specific economic benefit. Hr block 2010 download   In most cases, you get a specific economic benefit if you receive, or are considered to receive, an economic benefit from the foreign country imposing the levy, and: If there is a generally imposed income tax, the economic benefit is not available on substantially the same terms to all persons subject to the income tax, or If there is no generally imposed income tax, the economic benefit is not available on substantially the same terms to the population of the foreign country in general. Hr block 2010 download   You are considered to receive a specific economic benefit if you have a business transaction with a person who receives a specific economic benefit from the foreign country and, under the terms and conditions of the transaction, you receive directly or indirectly all or part of the benefit. Hr block 2010 download   However, see the exception discussed later under Pension, unemployment, and disability fund payments . Hr block 2010 download Economic benefits. Hr block 2010 download   Economic benefits include the following. Hr block 2010 download Goods. Hr block 2010 download Services. Hr block 2010 download Fees or other payments. Hr block 2010 download Rights to use, acquire, or extract resources, patents, or other property the foreign country owns or controls. Hr block 2010 download Discharges of contractual obligations. Hr block 2010 download   In most cases, the right or privilege merely to engage in business is not an economic benefit. Hr block 2010 download Dual-capacity taxpayers. Hr block 2010 download   If you are subject to a foreign country's levy and you also receive a specific economic benefit from that foreign country, you are a “dual-capacity taxpayer. Hr block 2010 download ” As a dual-capacity taxpayer, you cannot claim a credit for any part of the foreign levy, unless you establish that the amount paid under a distinct element of the foreign levy is a tax, rather than a compulsory payment for a direct or indirect specific economic benefit. Hr block 2010 download    For more information on how to establish amounts paid under separate elements of a levy, write to: Internal Revenue Service International Section Philadelphia, PA 19255-0725 Pension, unemployment, and disability fund payments. Hr block 2010 download   A foreign tax imposed on an individual to pay for retirement, old-age, death, survivor, unemployment, illness, or disability benefits, or for substantially similar purposes, is not payment for a specific economic benefit if the amount of the tax does not depend on the age, life expectancy, or similar characteristics of that individual. Hr block 2010 download    No deduction or credit is allowed, however, for social security taxes paid or accrued to a foreign country with which the United States has a social security agreement. Hr block 2010 download For more information about these agreements, see Publication 54. Hr block 2010 download Soak-up taxes. Hr block 2010 download   A foreign tax is not predominantly an income tax and does not qualify for credit to the extent it is a soak-up tax. Hr block 2010 download A tax is a soak-up tax to the extent that liability for it depends on the availability of a credit for it against income tax imposed by another country. Hr block 2010 download This rule applies only if and to the extent that the foreign tax would not be imposed if the credit were not available. Hr block 2010 download Penalties and interest. Hr block 2010 download   Amounts paid to a foreign government to satisfy a liability for interest, fines, penalties, or any similar obligation are not taxes and do not qualify for the credit. Hr block 2010 download Taxes not based on income. Hr block 2010 download   Foreign taxes based on gross receipts or the number of units produced, rather than on realized net income, do not qualify unless they are imposed in lieu of an income tax, as discussed next. Hr block 2010 download Taxes based on assets, such as property taxes, do not qualify for the credit. Hr block 2010 download Taxes in Lieu of Income Taxes A tax paid or accrued to a foreign country qualifies for the credit if it is imposed in lieu of an income tax otherwise generally imposed. Hr block 2010 download A foreign levy is a tax in lieu of an income tax only if: It is not payment for a specific economic benefit as discussed earlier, and The tax is imposed in place of, and not in addition to, an income tax otherwise generally imposed. Hr block 2010 download A tax in lieu of an income tax does not have to be based on realized net income. Hr block 2010 download A foreign tax imposed on gross income, gross receipts or sales, or the number of units produced or exported can qualify for the credit. Hr block 2010 download In most cases, a soak-up tax (discussed earlier) does not qualify as a tax in lieu of an income tax. Hr block 2010 download However, if the foreign country imposes a soak-up tax in lieu of an income tax, the amount that does not qualify for foreign tax credit is the lesser of the following amounts. Hr block 2010 download The soak-up tax. Hr block 2010 download The foreign tax you paid that is more than the amount you would have paid if you had been subject to the generally imposed income tax. Hr block 2010 download Foreign Taxes for Which You Cannot Take a Credit This part discusses the foreign taxes for which you cannot take a credit. Hr block 2010 download These are: Taxes on excluded income, Taxes for which you can only take an itemized deduction, Taxes on foreign mineral income, Taxes from international boycott operations, A portion of taxes on combined foreign oil and gas income, Taxes of U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download persons controlling foreign corporations and partnerships who fail to file required information returns, and Taxes related to a foreign tax splitting event. Hr block 2010 download Taxes on Excluded Income You cannot take a credit for foreign taxes paid or accrued on certain income that is excluded from U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download gross income. Hr block 2010 download Foreign Earned Income and Housing Exclusions You must reduce your foreign taxes available for the credit by the amount of those taxes paid or accrued on income that is excluded from U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download income under the foreign earned income exclusion or the foreign housing exclusion. Hr block 2010 download See Publication 54 for more information on the foreign earned income and housing exclusions. Hr block 2010 download Wages completely excluded. Hr block 2010 download   If your wages are completely excluded, you cannot take a credit for any of the foreign taxes paid or accrued on these wages. Hr block 2010 download Wages partly excluded. Hr block 2010 download   If only part of your wages is excluded, you cannot take a credit for the foreign income taxes allocable to the excluded part. Hr block 2010 download You find the amount allocable to your excluded wages by multiplying the foreign tax paid or accrued on foreign earned income received or accrued during the tax year by a fraction. Hr block 2010 download   The numerator of the fraction is your foreign earned income and housing amounts excluded under the foreign earned income and housing exclusions for the tax year minus otherwise deductible expenses definitely related and properly apportioned to that income. Hr block 2010 download Deductible expenses do not include the foreign housing deduction. Hr block 2010 download   The denominator is your total foreign earned income received or accrued during the tax year minus all deductible expenses allocable to that income (including the foreign housing deduction). Hr block 2010 download If the foreign law taxes foreign earned income and some other income (for example, earned income from U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download sources or a type of income not subject to U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax), and the taxes on the other income cannot be segregated, the denominator of the fraction is the total amount of income subject to the foreign tax minus deductible expenses allocable to that income. Hr block 2010 download Example. Hr block 2010 download You are a U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download citizen and a cash basis taxpayer, employed by Company X and living in Country A. Hr block 2010 download Your records show the following: Foreign earned income received $125,000 Unreimbursed business travel expenses 20,000 Income tax paid to Country A 30,000 Exclusion of foreign earned  income and housing allowance 97,600     Because you can exclude part of your wages, you cannot claim a credit for part of the foreign taxes. Hr block 2010 download To find that part, do the following. Hr block 2010 download First, find the amount of business expenses allocable to excluded wages and therefore not deductible. Hr block 2010 download To do this, multiply the otherwise deductible expenses by a fraction. Hr block 2010 download That fraction is the excluded wages over your foreign earned income. Hr block 2010 download   $20,000 × $97,600 $125,000 = $15,616             Next, find the numerator of the fraction by which you will multiply the foreign taxes paid. Hr block 2010 download To do this, subtract business expenses allocable to excluded wages ($15,616) from excluded wages ($97,600). Hr block 2010 download The result is $81,984. Hr block 2010 download Then, find the denominator of the fraction by subtracting all your deductible expenses from all your foreign earned income ($125,000 − $20,000 = $105,000). Hr block 2010 download Finally, multiply the foreign tax you paid by the resulting fraction. Hr block 2010 download   $30,000 × $81,984  $105,000 = $23,424 The amount of Country A tax you cannot take a credit for is $23,424. Hr block 2010 download Taxes on Income From Puerto Rico Exempt From U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download Tax If you have income from Puerto Rican sources that is not taxable, you must reduce your foreign taxes paid or accrued by the taxes allocable to the exempt income. Hr block 2010 download For information on figuring the reduction, see Publication 570. Hr block 2010 download Possession Exclusion If you are a bona fide resident of American Samoa and exclude income from sources in American Samoa, you cannot take a credit for the taxes you pay or accrue on the excluded income. Hr block 2010 download For more information on this exclusion, see Publication 570. Hr block 2010 download Extraterritorial Income Exclusion You cannot take a credit for taxes you pay on qualifying foreign trade income excluded on Form 8873, Extraterritorial Income Exclusion. Hr block 2010 download However, see Internal Revenue Code section 943(d) for an exception for certain withholding taxes. Hr block 2010 download Taxes for Which You Can Only Take an Itemized Deduction You cannot claim a foreign tax credit for foreign income taxes paid or accrued under the following circumstances. Hr block 2010 download However, you can claim an itemized deduction for these taxes. Hr block 2010 download See Choosing To Take Credit or Deduction , earlier. Hr block 2010 download Taxes Imposed By Sanctioned Countries (Section 901(j) Income) You cannot claim a foreign tax credit for income taxes paid or accrued to any country if the income giving rise to the tax is for a period (the sanction period) during which: The Secretary of State has designated the country as one that repeatedly provides support for acts of international terrorism, The United States has severed or does not conduct diplomatic relations with the country, or The United States does not recognize the country's government, and that government is not otherwise eligible to purchase defense articles or services under the Arms Export Control Act. Hr block 2010 download The following countries meet this description for 2013. Hr block 2010 download Income taxes paid or accrued to these countries in 2013 do not qualify for the credit. Hr block 2010 download Cuba. Hr block 2010 download Iran. Hr block 2010 download Libya (but see Note later). Hr block 2010 download North Korea. Hr block 2010 download Sudan. Hr block 2010 download Syria. Hr block 2010 download Waiver of denial of the credit. Hr block 2010 download   A waiver can be granted to a sanctioned country if the President of the United States determines that granting the waiver is in the national interest of the United States and will expand trade and investment opportunities for U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download companies in the sanctioned country. Hr block 2010 download The President must report to Congress his intentions to grant the waiver and his reasons for granting the waiver not less than 30 days before the date on which the waiver is granted. Hr block 2010 download Note. Hr block 2010 download Effective December 10, 2004, the President granted a waiver to Libya. Hr block 2010 download Income taxes arising on or after this date qualify for the credit if they meet the other requirements in this publication. Hr block 2010 download Limit on credit. Hr block 2010 download   In figuring the foreign tax credit limit, discussed later, income from a sanctioned country is a separate category of foreign income unless a Presidential waiver is granted. Hr block 2010 download You must fill out a separate Form 1116 for this income. Hr block 2010 download This will prevent you from claiming a credit for foreign taxes paid or accrued to the sanctioned country. Hr block 2010 download Example. Hr block 2010 download You lived and worked in Iran until August, when you were transferred to Italy. Hr block 2010 download You paid taxes to each country on the income earned in that country. Hr block 2010 download You cannot claim a foreign tax credit for the foreign taxes paid on the income earned in Iran. Hr block 2010 download Because the income earned in Iran is a separate category of foreign income, you must fill out a separate Form 1116 for that income. Hr block 2010 download You cannot take a credit for taxes paid on the income earned in Iran, but that income is taxable by the United States. Hr block 2010 download Figuring the credit when a sanction ends. Hr block 2010 download    Table 1 lists the countries for which sanctions have ended or for which a Presidential waiver has been granted. Hr block 2010 download For any of these countries, you can claim a foreign tax credit for the taxes paid or accrued to that country on the income for the period that begins after the end of the sanction period or the date the Presidential waiver was granted. Hr block 2010 download Example. Hr block 2010 download The sanctions against Country X ended on July 31. Hr block 2010 download On August 19, you receive a distribution from a mutual fund of Country X income. Hr block 2010 download The fund paid Country X income tax for you on the distribution. Hr block 2010 download Because the distribution was made after the sanction ended, you may include the foreign tax paid on the distribution to compute your foreign tax credit. Hr block 2010 download Amounts for the nonsanctioned period. Hr block 2010 download   If a sanction period ends (or a Presidential waiver is granted) during your tax year and you are not able to determine the actual income and taxes for that period, you can allocate amounts to that period based on the number of days in the period that fall in your tax year. Hr block 2010 download Multiply the income or taxes for the year by the following fraction to determine the amounts allocable to that period. Hr block 2010 download   Number of nonsanctioned days in year  Number of days in year Example. Hr block 2010 download You are a calendar year filer and received $20,000 of income from Country X in 2013 on which you paid tax of $4,500. Hr block 2010 download Sanctions against Country X ended on July 11, 2013. Hr block 2010 download You are unable to determine how much of the income or tax is for the nonsanctioned period. Hr block 2010 download Because your tax year starts on January 1, and the Country X sanction ended on July 11, 2013, 173 days of your tax year are in the nonsanctioned period. Hr block 2010 download You would compute the income for the nonsanctioned period as follows. Hr block 2010 download 173 365 × $20,000 = $9,479             You would figure the tax for the nonsanctioned period as follows. Hr block 2010 download 173 365 × $4,500 = $2,133 To figure your foreign tax credit, you would use $9,479 as the income from Country X and $2,133 as the tax. Hr block 2010 download Further information. Hr block 2010 download   The rules for figuring the foreign tax credit after a country's sanction period ends are more fully explained in Revenue Ruling 92-62, Cumulative Bulletin 1992-2, page 193. Hr block 2010 download This Cumulative Bulletin can be found in many libraries and IRS offices. Hr block 2010 download Table 1. Hr block 2010 download Countries Removed From the Sanction List or Granted Presidential Waiver   Sanction Period Country Starting Date Ending Date Iraq February 1, 1991 June 27, 2004 Libya January 1, 1987 December 9, 2004* *Presidential waiver granted for qualified income taxes arising after December 9, 2004. Hr block 2010 download Taxes Imposed on Certain Dividends You cannot claim a foreign tax credit for withholding tax (defined later ) on dividends paid or accrued if either of the following applies to the dividends. Hr block 2010 download The dividends are on stock you held for less than 16 days during the 31-day period that begins 15 days before the ex-dividend date (defined later). Hr block 2010 download The dividends are for a period or periods totaling more than 366 days on preferred stock you held for less than 46 days during the 91-day period that begins 45 days before the ex-dividend date. Hr block 2010 download If the dividend is not for more than 366 days, rule (1) applies to the preferred stock. Hr block 2010 download When figuring how long you held the stock, count the day you sold it, but do not count the day you acquired it or any days on which you were protected from risk of loss. Hr block 2010 download Regardless of how long you held the stock, you cannot claim the credit to the extent you have an obligation under a short sale or otherwise to make payments related to the dividend for positions in substantially similar or related property. Hr block 2010 download Withholding tax. Hr block 2010 download   For this purpose, withholding tax includes any tax determined on a gross basis. Hr block 2010 download It does not include any tax which is in the nature of a prepayment of a tax imposed on a net basis. Hr block 2010 download Ex-dividend date. Hr block 2010 download   The ex-dividend date is the first date following the declaration of a dividend on which the purchaser of a stock is not entitled to receive the next dividend payment. Hr block 2010 download Example 1. Hr block 2010 download You bought common stock from a foreign corporation on November 3. Hr block 2010 download You sold the stock on November 19. Hr block 2010 download You received a dividend on this stock because you owned it on the ex-dividend date of November 5. Hr block 2010 download To claim the credit, you must have held the stock for at least 16 days within the 31-day period that began on October 21 (15 days before the ex-dividend date). Hr block 2010 download Because you held the stock for 16 days, from November 4 until November 19, you are entitled to the credit. Hr block 2010 download Example 2. Hr block 2010 download The facts are the same as in Example 1 except that you sold the stock on November 14. Hr block 2010 download You held the stock for only 11 days. Hr block 2010 download You are not entitled to the credit. Hr block 2010 download Exception. Hr block 2010 download   If you are a securities dealer who actively conducts business in a foreign country, you may be able to claim a foreign tax credit for qualified taxes paid on dividends regardless of how long you held the stock or whether you were obligated to make payments for positions in substantially similar or related property. Hr block 2010 download See section 901(k)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code for more information. Hr block 2010 download Taxes Withheld on Income or Gain (Other Than Dividends) For income or gain (other than dividends) paid or accrued on property, you cannot claim a foreign tax credit for withholding tax (defined later): If you have not held the property for at least 16 days during the 31-day period that begins 15 days before the date on which the right to receive the payment arises, or To the extent you have to make related payments on positions in substantially similar or related property. Hr block 2010 download When figuring how long you held the property, count the day you sold it, but do not count the day you acquired it or any days on which you were protected from risk of loss. Hr block 2010 download Withholding tax. Hr block 2010 download   For this purpose, withholding tax includes any tax determined on a gross basis. Hr block 2010 download It does not include any tax which is in the nature of a prepayment of a tax imposed on a net basis. Hr block 2010 download Exception for dealers. Hr block 2010 download   If you are a dealer in property who actively conducts business in a foreign country, you may be able to claim a foreign tax credit for qualified taxes withheld on income or gain from that property regardless of how long you held it or whether you have to make related payments on positions in substantially similar or related property. Hr block 2010 download See section 901(I)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code for more information. Hr block 2010 download Covered Asset Acquisition ???You cannot take a credit for the disqualified portion of any foreign tax paid or accrued in connection with a covered asset acquisition. Hr block 2010 download A covered asset acquisition includes certain acquisitions that result in a stepped-up basis for U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax purposes but not for foreign tax purposes. Hr block 2010 download For more information, see Internal Revenue Code section 901(m). Hr block 2010 download The IRS intends to issue guidance that will explain this provision in greater detail. Hr block 2010 download Taxes in Connection With the Purchase or Sale of Oil or Gas You cannot claim a foreign tax credit for taxes paid or accrued to a foreign country in connection with the purchase or sale of oil or gas extracted in that country if you do not have an economic interest in the oil or gas, and the purchase price or sales price is different from the fair market value of the oil or gas at the time of purchase or sale. Hr block 2010 download Taxes on Foreign Mineral Income You must reduce any taxes paid or accrued to a foreign country or possession on mineral income from that country or possession if you were allowed a deduction for percentage depletion for any part of the mineral income. Hr block 2010 download For details, see Regulations section 1. Hr block 2010 download 901-3. Hr block 2010 download Taxes From International Boycott Operations If you participate in or cooperate with an international boycott during the tax year, your foreign taxes resulting from boycott activities will reduce the total taxes available for credit. Hr block 2010 download See the instructions for line 12 in the Form 1116 instructions to figure this reduction. Hr block 2010 download In most cases, this rule does not apply to employees with wages who are working and living in boycotting countries, or to retirees with pensions who are living in these countries. Hr block 2010 download List of boycotting countries. Hr block 2010 download   A list of the countries which may require participation in or cooperation with an international boycott is published by the Department of the Treasury. Hr block 2010 download As of November 2013, the following countries are listed. Hr block 2010 download Iraq. Hr block 2010 download Kuwait. Hr block 2010 download Lebanon. Hr block 2010 download Libya. Hr block 2010 download Qatar. Hr block 2010 download Saudi Arabia. Hr block 2010 download Syria. Hr block 2010 download United Arab Emirates. Hr block 2010 download Yemen. Hr block 2010 download    For information concerning changes to the list, write to: Internal Revenue Service International Section Philadelphia, PA 19255-0725 Determinations of whether the boycott rule applies. Hr block 2010 download   You may request a determination from the Internal Revenue Service as to whether a particular operation constitutes participation in or cooperation with an international boycott. Hr block 2010 download The procedures for obtaining a determination from the Service are outlined in Revenue Procedure 77-9 in Cumulative Bulletin 1977-1. Hr block 2010 download Cumulative Bulletins are available in most IRS offices and you are welcome to read them there. Hr block 2010 download Public inspection. Hr block 2010 download   A determination and any related background file is open to public inspection. Hr block 2010 download However, your identity and certain other information will remain confidential. Hr block 2010 download Reporting requirements. Hr block 2010 download   You must file a report with the IRS if you or any of the following persons have operations in or related to a boycotting country or with the government, a company, or a national of a boycotting country. Hr block 2010 download A foreign corporation in which you own 10% or more of the voting power of all voting stock but only if you own the stock of the foreign corporation directly or through foreign entities. Hr block 2010 download A partnership in which you are a partner. Hr block 2010 download A trust you are treated as owning. Hr block 2010 download Form 5713 required. Hr block 2010 download   If you have to file a report, you must use Form 5713, International Boycott Report, and attach all supporting schedules. Hr block 2010 download See the Instructions for Form 5713 for information on when and where to file the form. Hr block 2010 download Penalty for failure to file. Hr block 2010 download   If you willfully fail to make a report, in addition to other penalties, you may be fined $25,000 or imprisoned for no more than one year, or both. Hr block 2010 download Taxes on Combined Foreign Oil and Gas Income You must reduce your foreign taxes by a portion of any foreign taxes imposed on combined foreign oil and gas income. Hr block 2010 download The amount of the reduction is the amount by which your foreign oil and gas taxes exceed the amount of your combined foreign oil and gas income multiplied by a fraction equal to your pre-credit U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download tax liability (Form 1040, line 44) divided by your worldwide taxable income. Hr block 2010 download You may be entitled to carry over to other years taxes reduced under this rule. Hr block 2010 download See Internal Revenue Code section 907(f). Hr block 2010 download Combined foreign oil and gas income means the sum of foreign oil related income and foreign oil and gas extraction income. Hr block 2010 download Foreign oil and gas taxes are the sum of foreign oil and gas extraction taxes and foreign oil related taxes. Hr block 2010 download Taxes of U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download Persons Controlling Foreign Corporations and Partnerships If you had control of a foreign corporation or a foreign partnership for the annual accounting period of that corporation or partnership that ended with or within your tax year, you may have to file an annual information return. Hr block 2010 download If you do not file the required information return, you may have to reduce the foreign taxes that may be used for the foreign tax credit. Hr block 2010 download See Penalty for not filing Form 5471 or Form 8865 , later. Hr block 2010 download U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download persons controlling foreign corporations. Hr block 2010 download   If you are a U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download citizen or resident who had control of a foreign corporation for an uninterrupted period of at least 30 days during the annual accounting period of that corporation, you may have to file an annual information return on Form 5471, Information Return of U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download Persons With Respect To Certain Foreign Corporations. Hr block 2010 download Under this rule, you generally had control of a foreign corporation if at any time during your tax year you owned: Stock possessing more than 50% of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock entitled to vote, or More than 50% of the total value of shares of all classes of stock of the foreign corporation. Hr block 2010 download U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download persons controlling foreign partnerships. Hr block 2010 download   If you are a U. Hr block 2010 download S. Hr block 2010 download citizen or resident who had control of a foreign partnership at any time during the partnership's tax year, you may have to file