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How To File A 2012 Tax Return

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How To File A 2012 Tax Return

How to file a 2012 tax return Publication 969 - Main Content Table of Contents Health Savings Accounts (HSAs)Qualifying for an HSA Contributions to an HSA Distributions From an HSA Balance in an HSA Death of HSA Holder Filing Form 8889 Employer Participation Medical Savings Accounts (MSAs)Archer MSAs Contributions to an MSA Distributions From an MSA Balance in an Archer MSA Death of the Archer MSA Holder Filing Form 8853 Employer Participation Medicare Advantage MSAs Flexible Spending Arrangements (FSAs)Qualifying for an FSA Contributions to an FSA Distributions From an FSA Balance in an FSA Employer Participation Health Reimbursement Arrangements (HRAs)Qualifying for an HRA Contributions to an HRA Distributions From an HRA Balance in an HRA Employer Participation How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics Health Savings Accounts (HSAs) A health savings account (HSA) is a tax-exempt trust or custodial account you set up with a qualified HSA trustee to pay or reimburse certain medical expenses you incur. How to file a 2012 tax return You must be an eligible individual to qualify for an HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return No permission or authorization from the IRS is necessary to establish an HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return You set up an HSA with a trustee. How to file a 2012 tax return A qualified HSA trustee can be a bank, an insurance company, or anyone already approved by the IRS to be a trustee of individual retirement arrangements (IRAs) or Archer MSAs. How to file a 2012 tax return The HSA can be established through a trustee that is different from your health plan provider. How to file a 2012 tax return Your employer may already have some information on HSA trustees in your area. How to file a 2012 tax return If you have an Archer MSA, you can generally roll it over into an HSA tax free. How to file a 2012 tax return See Rollovers, later. How to file a 2012 tax return What are the benefits of an HSA?   You may enjoy several benefits from having an HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return You can claim a tax deduction for contributions you, or someone other than your employer, make to your HSA even if you do not itemize your deductions on Form 1040. How to file a 2012 tax return Contributions to your HSA made by your employer (including contributions made through a cafeteria plan) may be excluded from your gross income. How to file a 2012 tax return The contributions remain in your account until you use them. How to file a 2012 tax return The interest or other earnings on the assets in the account are tax free. How to file a 2012 tax return Distributions may be tax free if you pay qualified medical expenses. How to file a 2012 tax return See Qualified medical expenses , later. How to file a 2012 tax return An HSA is “portable. How to file a 2012 tax return ” It stays with you if you change employers or leave the work force. How to file a 2012 tax return Qualifying for an HSA To be an eligible individual and qualify for an HSA, you must meet the following requirements. How to file a 2012 tax return You must be covered under a high deductible health plan (HDHP), described later, on the first day of the month. How to file a 2012 tax return You have no other health coverage except what is permitted under Other health coverage , later. How to file a 2012 tax return You are not enrolled in Medicare. How to file a 2012 tax return You cannot be claimed as a dependent on someone else's 2013 tax return. How to file a 2012 tax return Under the last-month rule, you are considered to be an eligible individual for the entire year if you are an eligible individual on the first day of the last month of your tax year (December 1 for most taxpayers). How to file a 2012 tax return If you meet these requirements, you are an eligible individual even if your spouse has non-HDHP family coverage, provided your spouse's coverage does not cover you. How to file a 2012 tax return If another taxpayer is entitled to claim an exemption for you, you cannot claim a deduction for an HSA contribution. How to file a 2012 tax return This is true even if the other person does not actually claim your exemption. How to file a 2012 tax return Each spouse who is an eligible individual who wants an HSA must open a separate HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return You cannot have a joint HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return High deductible health plan (HDHP). How to file a 2012 tax return   An HDHP has: A higher annual deductible than typical health plans, and A maximum limit on the sum of the annual deductible and out-of-pocket medical expenses that you must pay for covered expenses. How to file a 2012 tax return Out-of-pocket expenses include copayments and other amounts, but do not include premiums. How to file a 2012 tax return   An HDHP may provide preventive care benefits without a deductible or with a deductible less than the minimum annual deductible. How to file a 2012 tax return Preventive care includes, but is not limited to, the following. How to file a 2012 tax return Periodic health evaluations, including tests and diagnostic procedures ordered in connection with routine examinations, such as annual physicals. How to file a 2012 tax return Routine prenatal and well-child care. How to file a 2012 tax return Child and adult immunizations. How to file a 2012 tax return Tobacco cessation programs. How to file a 2012 tax return Obesity weight-loss programs. How to file a 2012 tax return Screening services. How to file a 2012 tax return This includes screening services for the following: Cancer. How to file a 2012 tax return Heart and vascular diseases. How to file a 2012 tax return Infectious diseases. How to file a 2012 tax return Mental health conditions. How to file a 2012 tax return Substance abuse. How to file a 2012 tax return Metabolic, nutritional, and endocrine conditions. How to file a 2012 tax return Musculoskeletal disorders. How to file a 2012 tax return Obstetric and gynecological conditions. How to file a 2012 tax return Pediatric conditions. How to file a 2012 tax return Vision and hearing disorders. How to file a 2012 tax return For more information on screening services, see Notice 2004-23, 2004-15 I. How to file a 2012 tax return R. How to file a 2012 tax return B. How to file a 2012 tax return 725 available at www. How to file a 2012 tax return irs. How to file a 2012 tax return gov/irb/2004-15_IRB/ar10. How to file a 2012 tax return html. How to file a 2012 tax return     The following table shows the minimum annual deductible and maximum annual deductible and other out-of-pocket expenses for HDHPs for 2013. How to file a 2012 tax return      Self-only coverage Family coverage Minimum annual deductible $1,250 $2,500 Maximum annual deductible and other out-of-pocket expenses* $6,250 $12,500 * This limit does not apply to deductibles and expenses for out-of-network services if the plan uses a network of providers. How to file a 2012 tax return Instead, only deductibles and out-of-pocket expenses for services within the network should be used to figure whether the limit applies. How to file a 2012 tax return    The following table shows the minimum annual deductible and maximum annual deductible and other out-of-pocket expenses for HDHPs for 2014. How to file a 2012 tax return      Self-only coverage Family coverage Minimum annual deductible $1,250 $2,500 Maximum annual deductible and other out-of-pocket expenses* $6,350 $12,700 * This limit does not apply to deductibles and expenses for out-of-network services if the plan uses a network of providers. How to file a 2012 tax return Instead, only deductibles and out-of-pocket expenses for services within the network should be used to figure whether the limit applies. How to file a 2012 tax return   Self-only HDHP coverage is an HDHP covering only an eligible individual. How to file a 2012 tax return Family HDHP coverage is an HDHP covering an eligible individual and at least one other individual (whether or not that individual is an eligible individual). How to file a 2012 tax return Example. How to file a 2012 tax return An eligible individual and his dependent child are covered under an “employee plus one” HDHP offered by the individual's employer. How to file a 2012 tax return This is family HDHP coverage. How to file a 2012 tax return Family plans that do not meet the high deductible rules. How to file a 2012 tax return   There are some family plans that have deductibles for both the family as a whole and for individual family members. How to file a 2012 tax return Under these plans, if you meet the individual deductible for one family member, you do not have to meet the higher annual deductible amount for the family. How to file a 2012 tax return If either the deductible for the family as a whole or the deductible for an individual family member is less than the minimum annual deductible for family coverage, the plan does not qualify as an HDHP. How to file a 2012 tax return Example. How to file a 2012 tax return You have family health insurance coverage in 2013. How to file a 2012 tax return The annual deductible for the family plan is $3,500. How to file a 2012 tax return This plan also has an individual deductible of $1,500 for each family member. How to file a 2012 tax return The plan does not qualify as an HDHP because the deductible for an individual family member is less than the minimum annual deductible ($2,500) for family coverage. How to file a 2012 tax return Other health coverage. How to file a 2012 tax return   You (and your spouse, if you have family coverage) generally cannot have any other health coverage that is not an HDHP. How to file a 2012 tax return However, you can still be an eligible individual even if your spouse has non-HDHP coverage provided you are not covered by that plan. How to file a 2012 tax return    You can have additional insurance that provides benefits only for the following items. How to file a 2012 tax return Liabilities incurred under workers' compensation laws, tort liabilities, or liabilities related to ownership or use of property. How to file a 2012 tax return A specific disease or illness. How to file a 2012 tax return A fixed amount per day (or other period) of hospitalization. How to file a 2012 tax return   You can also have coverage (whether provided through insurance or otherwise) for the following items. How to file a 2012 tax return Accidents. How to file a 2012 tax return Disability. How to file a 2012 tax return Dental care. How to file a 2012 tax return Vision care. How to file a 2012 tax return Long-term care. How to file a 2012 tax return    Plans in which substantially all of the coverage is through the items listed earlier are not HDHPs. How to file a 2012 tax return For example, if your plan provides coverage substantially all of which is for a specific disease or illness, the plan is not an HDHP for purposes of establishing an HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Prescription drug plans. How to file a 2012 tax return   You can have a prescription drug plan, either as part of your HDHP or a separate plan (or rider), and qualify as an eligible individual if the plan does not provide benefits until the minimum annual deductible of the HDHP has been met. How to file a 2012 tax return If you can receive benefits before that deductible is met, you are not an eligible individual. How to file a 2012 tax return Other employee health plans. How to file a 2012 tax return   An employee covered by an HDHP and a health FSA or an HRA that pays or reimburses qualified medical expenses generally cannot make contributions to an HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Health FSAs and HRAs are discussed later. How to file a 2012 tax return   However, an employee can make contributions to an HSA while covered under an HDHP and one or more of the following arrangements. How to file a 2012 tax return Limited-purpose health FSA or HRA. How to file a 2012 tax return These arrangements can pay or reimburse the items listed earlier under Other health coverage except long-term care. How to file a 2012 tax return Also, these arrangements can pay or reimburse preventive care expenses because they can be paid without having to satisfy the deductible. How to file a 2012 tax return Suspended HRA. How to file a 2012 tax return Before the beginning of an HRA coverage period, you can elect to suspend the HRA. How to file a 2012 tax return The HRA does not pay or reimburse, at any time, the medical expenses incurred during the suspension period except preventive care and items listed under Other health coverage. How to file a 2012 tax return When the suspension period ends, you are no longer eligible to make contributions to an HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Post-deductible health FSA or HRA. How to file a 2012 tax return These arrangements do not pay or reimburse any medical expenses incurred before the minimum annual deductible amount is met. How to file a 2012 tax return The deductible for these arrangements does not have to be the same as the deductible for the HDHP, but benefits may not be provided before the minimum annual deductible amount is met. How to file a 2012 tax return Retirement HRA. How to file a 2012 tax return This arrangement pays or reimburses only those medical expenses incurred after retirement. How to file a 2012 tax return After retirement you are no longer eligible to make contributions to an HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Health FSA – grace period. How to file a 2012 tax return   Coverage during a grace period by a general purpose health FSA is allowed if the balance in the health FSA at the end of its prior year plan is zero. How to file a 2012 tax return See Flexible Spending Arrangements (FSAs) , later. How to file a 2012 tax return Contributions to an HSA Any eligible individual can contribute to an HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return For an employee's HSA, the employee, the employee's employer, or both may contribute to the employee's HSA in the same year. How to file a 2012 tax return For an HSA established by a self-employed (or unemployed) individual, the individual can contribute. How to file a 2012 tax return Family members or any other person may also make contributions on behalf of an eligible individual. How to file a 2012 tax return Contributions to an HSA must be made in cash. How to file a 2012 tax return Contributions of stock or property are not allowed. How to file a 2012 tax return Limit on Contributions The amount you or any other person can contribute to your HSA depends on the type of HDHP coverage you have, your age, the date you become an eligible individual, and the date you cease to be an eligible individual. How to file a 2012 tax return For 2013, if you have self-only HDHP coverage, you can contribute up to $3,250. How to file a 2012 tax return If you have family HDHP coverage, you can contribute up to $6,450. How to file a 2012 tax return For 2014, if you have self-only HDHP coverage, you can contribute up to $3,300. How to file a 2012 tax return If you have family HDHP coverage you can contribute up to $6,550. How to file a 2012 tax return If you were, or were considered (under the last-month rule, discussed later), an eligible individual for the entire year and did not change your type of coverage, you can contribute the full amount based on your type of coverage. How to file a 2012 tax return However, if you were not an eligible individual for the entire year or changed your coverage during the year, your contribution limit is the greater of: The limitation shown on the Line 3 Limitation Chart and Worksheetin the Instructions for Form 8889, Health Savings Accounts (HSAs), or The maximum annual HSA contribution based on your HDHP coverage (self-only or family) on the first day of the last month of your tax year. How to file a 2012 tax return If you had family HDHP coverage on the first day of the last month of your tax year, your contribution limit for 2013 is $6,450 even if you changed coverage during the year. How to file a 2012 tax return Last-month rule. How to file a 2012 tax return   Under the last-month rule, if you are an eligible individual on the first day of the last month of your tax year (December 1 for most taxpayers), you are considered an eligible individual for the entire year. How to file a 2012 tax return You are treated as having the same HDHP coverage for the entire year as you had on the first day of the last month. How to file a 2012 tax return Testing period. How to file a 2012 tax return   If contributions were made to your HSA based on you being an eligible individual for the entire year under the last-month rule, you must remain an eligible individual during the testing period. How to file a 2012 tax return For the last-month rule, the testing period begins with the last month of your tax year and ends on the last day of the 12th month following that month. How to file a 2012 tax return For example, December 1, 2013, through December 31, 2014. How to file a 2012 tax return   If you fail to remain an eligible individual during the testing period, other than because of death or becoming disabled, you will have to include in income the total contributions made to your HSA that would not have been made except for the last-month rule. How to file a 2012 tax return You include this amount in your income in the year in which you fail to be an eligible individual. How to file a 2012 tax return This amount is also subject to a 10% additional tax. How to file a 2012 tax return The income and additional tax are shown on Form 8889, Part III. How to file a 2012 tax return Example 1. How to file a 2012 tax return Chris, age 53, becomes an eligible individual on December 1, 2013. How to file a 2012 tax return He has family HDHP coverage on that date. How to file a 2012 tax return Under the last-month rule, he contributes $6,450 to his HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Chris fails to be an eligible individual in June 2014. How to file a 2012 tax return Because Chris did not remain an eligible individual during the testing period (December 1, 2013, through December 31, 2014), he must include in his 2014 income the contributions made in 2013 that would not have been made except for the last-month rule. How to file a 2012 tax return Chris uses the worksheet in the Form 8889 instructions to determine this amount. How to file a 2012 tax return January -0- February -0- March -0- April -0- May -0- June -0- July -0- August -0- September -0- October -0- November -0- December $6,450. How to file a 2012 tax return 00 Total for all months $6,450. How to file a 2012 tax return 00 Limitation. How to file a 2012 tax return Divide the total by 12 $537. How to file a 2012 tax return 50 Chris would include $5,912. How to file a 2012 tax return 50 ($6,450. How to file a 2012 tax return 00 – $537. How to file a 2012 tax return 50) in his gross income on his 2014 tax return. How to file a 2012 tax return Also, a 10% additional tax applies to this amount. How to file a 2012 tax return Example 2. How to file a 2012 tax return Erika, age 39, has self-only HDHP coverage on January 1, 2013. How to file a 2012 tax return Erika changes to family HDHP coverage on November 1, 2013. How to file a 2012 tax return Because Erika has family HDHP coverage on December 1, 2013, she contributes $6,450 for 2013. How to file a 2012 tax return Erika fails to be an eligible individual in March 2014. How to file a 2012 tax return Because she did not remain an eligible individual during the testing period (December 1, 2013, through December 31, 2014), she must include in income the contribution made that would not have been made except for the last-month rule. How to file a 2012 tax return Erika uses the worksheet in the Form 8889 instructions to determine this amount. How to file a 2012 tax return January $3,250. How to file a 2012 tax return 00 February $3,250. How to file a 2012 tax return 00 March $3,250. How to file a 2012 tax return 00 April $3,250. How to file a 2012 tax return 00 May $3,250. How to file a 2012 tax return 00 June $3,250. How to file a 2012 tax return 00 July $3,250. How to file a 2012 tax return 00 August $3,250. How to file a 2012 tax return 00 September $3,250. How to file a 2012 tax return 00 October $3,250. How to file a 2012 tax return 00 November $6,450. How to file a 2012 tax return 00 December $6,450. How to file a 2012 tax return 00 Total for all months $45,400. How to file a 2012 tax return 00 Limitation. How to file a 2012 tax return Divide the total by 12 $3,783. How to file a 2012 tax return 34 Erika would include $2,666. How to file a 2012 tax return 67 ($6,450 – $3,783. How to file a 2012 tax return 34) in her gross income on her 2014 tax return. How to file a 2012 tax return Also, a 10% additional tax applies to this amount. How to file a 2012 tax return Additional contribution. How to file a 2012 tax return   If you are an eligible individual who is age 55 or older at the end of your tax year, your contribution limit is increased by $1,000. How to file a 2012 tax return For example, if you have self-only coverage, you can contribute up to $4,250 (the contribution limit for self-only coverage ($3,250) plus the additional contribution of $1,000). How to file a 2012 tax return However, see Enrolled in Medicare , later. How to file a 2012 tax return If you have more than one HSA in 2013, your total contributions to all the HSAs cannot be more than the limits discussed earlier. How to file a 2012 tax return Reduction of contribution limit. How to file a 2012 tax return   You must reduce the amount that can be contributed (including any additional contribution) to your HSA by the amount of any contribution made to your Archer MSA (including employer contributions) for the year. How to file a 2012 tax return A special rule applies to married people, discussed next, if each spouse has family coverage under an HDHP. How to file a 2012 tax return Rules for married people. How to file a 2012 tax return   If either spouse has family HDHP coverage, both spouses are treated as having family HDHP coverage. How to file a 2012 tax return If each spouse has family coverage under a separate plan, the contribution limit for 2013 is $6,450. How to file a 2012 tax return You must reduce the limit on contributions, before taking into account any additional contributions, by the amount contributed to both spouses' Archer MSAs. How to file a 2012 tax return After that reduction, the contribution limit is split equally between the spouses unless you agree on a different division. How to file a 2012 tax return The rules for married people apply only if both spouses are eligible individuals. How to file a 2012 tax return If both spouses are 55 or older and not enrolled in Medicare, each spouse's contribution limit is increased by the additional contribution. How to file a 2012 tax return If both spouses meet the age requirement, the total contributions under family coverage cannot be more than $8,450. How to file a 2012 tax return Each spouse must make the additional contribution to his or her own HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Example. How to file a 2012 tax return For 2013, Mr. How to file a 2012 tax return Auburn and his wife are both eligible individuals. How to file a 2012 tax return They each have family coverage under separate HDHPs. How to file a 2012 tax return Mr. How to file a 2012 tax return Auburn is 58 years old and Mrs. How to file a 2012 tax return Auburn is 53. How to file a 2012 tax return Mr. How to file a 2012 tax return and Mrs. How to file a 2012 tax return Auburn can split the family contribution limit ($6,450) equally or they can agree on a different division. How to file a 2012 tax return If they split it equally, Mr. How to file a 2012 tax return Auburn can contribute $4,225 to an HSA (one-half the maximum contribution for family coverage ($3,225) + $1,000 additional contribution) and Mrs. How to file a 2012 tax return Auburn can contribute $3,225 to an HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Employer contributions. How to file a 2012 tax return   You must reduce the amount you, or any other person, can contribute to your HSA by the amount of any contributions made by your employer that are excludable from your income. How to file a 2012 tax return This includes amounts contributed to your account by your employer through a cafeteria plan. How to file a 2012 tax return Enrolled in Medicare. How to file a 2012 tax return   Beginning with the first month you are enrolled in Medicare, your contribution limit is zero. How to file a 2012 tax return Example. How to file a 2012 tax return You turned age 65 in July 2013 and enrolled in Medicare. How to file a 2012 tax return You had an HDHP with self-only coverage and are eligible for an additional contribution of $1,000. How to file a 2012 tax return Your contribution limit is $2,125 ($4,250 × 6 ÷ 12). How to file a 2012 tax return Qualified HSA funding distribution. How to file a 2012 tax return   A qualified HSA funding distribution may be made from your traditional IRA or Roth IRA to your HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return This distribution cannot be made from an ongoing SEP IRA or SIMPLE IRA. How to file a 2012 tax return For this purpose, a SEP IRA or SIMPLE IRA is ongoing if an employer contribution is made for the plan year ending with or within your tax year in which the distribution would be made. How to file a 2012 tax return   The maximum qualified HSA funding distribution depends on the HDHP coverage (self-only or family) you have on the first day of the month in which the contribution is made and your age as of the end of the tax year. How to file a 2012 tax return The distribution must be made directly by the trustee of the IRA to the trustee of the HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return The distribution is not included in your income, is not deductible, and reduces the amount that can be contributed to your HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return The qualified HSA funding distribution is shown on Form 8889 for the year in which the distribution is made. How to file a 2012 tax return   You can make only one qualified HSA funding distribution during your lifetime. How to file a 2012 tax return However, if you make a distribution during a month when you have self-only HDHP coverage, you can make another qualified HSA funding distribution in a later month in that tax year if you change to family HDHP coverage. How to file a 2012 tax return The total qualified HSA funding distribution cannot be more than the contribution limit for family HDHP coverage plus any additional contribution to which you are entitled. How to file a 2012 tax return Example. How to file a 2012 tax return In 2013, you are an eligible individual, age 57, with self-only HDHP coverage. How to file a 2012 tax return You can make a qualified HSA funding distribution of $4,250 ($3,250 plus $1,000 additional contribution). How to file a 2012 tax return Funding distribution – testing period. How to file a 2012 tax return   You must remain an eligible individual during the testing period. How to file a 2012 tax return For a qualified HSA funding distribution, the testing period begins with the month in which the qualified HSA funding distribution is contributed and ends on the last day of the 12th month following that month. How to file a 2012 tax return For example, if a qualified HSA funding distribution is contributed to your HSA on August 10, 2013, your testing period begins in August 2013, and ends on August 31, 2014. How to file a 2012 tax return   If you fail to remain an eligible individual during the testing period, other than because of death or becoming disabled, you will have to include in income the qualified HSA funding distribution. How to file a 2012 tax return You include this amount in income in the year in which you fail to be an eligible individual. How to file a 2012 tax return This amount is also subject to a 10% additional tax. How to file a 2012 tax return The income and the additional tax are shown on Form 8889, Part III. How to file a 2012 tax return   Each qualified HSA funding distribution allowed has its own testing period. How to file a 2012 tax return For example, you are an eligible individual, age 45, with self-only HDHP coverage. How to file a 2012 tax return On June 18, 2013, you make a qualified HSA funding distribution of $3,250. How to file a 2012 tax return On July 27, 2013, you enroll in family HDHP coverage and on August 17, 2013, you make a qualified HSA funding distribution of $3,200. How to file a 2012 tax return Your testing period for the first distribution begins in June 2013 and ends on June 30, 2014. How to file a 2012 tax return Your testing period for the second distribution begins in August 2013 and ends on August 31, 2014. How to file a 2012 tax return   The testing period rule that applies under the last-month rule (discussed earlier) does not apply to amounts contributed to an HSA through a qualified HSA funding distribution. How to file a 2012 tax return If you remain an eligible individual during the entire funding distribution testing period, then no amount of that distribution is included in income and will not be subject to the additional tax for failing to meet the last-month rule testing period. How to file a 2012 tax return Rollovers A rollover contribution is not included in your income, is not deductible, and does not reduce your contribution limit. How to file a 2012 tax return Archer MSAs and other HSAs. How to file a 2012 tax return   You can roll over amounts from Archer MSAs and other HSAs into an HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return You do not have to be an eligible individual to make a rollover contribution from your existing HSA to a new HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Rollover contributions do not need to be in cash. How to file a 2012 tax return Rollovers are not subject to the annual contribution limits. How to file a 2012 tax return   You must roll over the amount within 60 days after the date of receipt. How to file a 2012 tax return You can make only one rollover contribution to an HSA during a 1-year period. How to file a 2012 tax return Note. How to file a 2012 tax return If you instruct the trustee of your HSA to transfer funds directly to the trustee of another of your HSAs, the transfer is not considered a rollover. How to file a 2012 tax return There is no limit on the number of these transfers. How to file a 2012 tax return Do not include the amount transferred in income, deduct it as a contribution, or include it as a distribution on Form 8889. How to file a 2012 tax return When To Contribute You can make contributions to your HSA for 2013 until April 15, 2014. How to file a 2012 tax return If you fail to be an eligible individual during 2013, you can still make contributions, up until April 15, 2014, for the months you were an eligible individual. How to file a 2012 tax return Your employer can make contributions to your HSA between January 1, 2014, and April 15, 2014, that are allocated to 2013. How to file a 2012 tax return Your employer must notify you and the trustee of your HSA that the contribution is for 2013. How to file a 2012 tax return The contribution will be reported on your 2014 Form W-2. How to file a 2012 tax return Reporting Contributions on Your Return Contributions made by your employer are not included in your income. How to file a 2012 tax return Contributions to an employee's account by an employer using the amount of an employee's salary reduction through a cafeteria plan are treated as employer contributions. How to file a 2012 tax return Generally, you can claim contributions you made and contributions made by any other person, other than your employer, on your behalf, as an adjustment to income. How to file a 2012 tax return Contributions by a partnership to a bona fide partner's HSA are not contributions by an employer. How to file a 2012 tax return The contributions are treated as a distribution of money and are not included in the partner's gross income. How to file a 2012 tax return Contributions by a partnership to a partner's HSA for services rendered are treated as guaranteed payments that are deductible by the partnership and includible in the partner's gross income. How to file a 2012 tax return In both situations, the partner can deduct the contribution made to the partner's HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Contributions by an S corporation to a 2% shareholder-employee's HSA for services rendered are treated as guaranteed payments and are deductible by the S corporation and includible in the shareholder-employee's gross income. How to file a 2012 tax return The shareholder-employee can deduct the contribution made to the shareholder-employee's HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Form 8889. How to file a 2012 tax return   Report all contributions to your HSA on Form 8889 and file it with your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. How to file a 2012 tax return You should include all contributions made for 2013, including those made by April 15, 2014, that are designated for 2013. How to file a 2012 tax return Contributions made by your employer and qualified HSA funding distributions are also shown on the form. How to file a 2012 tax return   You should receive Form 5498-SA, HSA, Archer MSA, or Medicare Advantage MSA Information, from the trustee showing the amount contributed to your HSA during the year. How to file a 2012 tax return Your employer's contributions also will be shown in box 12 of Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, with code W. How to file a 2012 tax return Follow the instructions for Form 8889. How to file a 2012 tax return Report your HSA deduction on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. How to file a 2012 tax return Excess contributions. How to file a 2012 tax return   You will have excess contributions if the contributions to your HSA for the year are greater than the limits discussed earlier. How to file a 2012 tax return Excess contributions are not deductible. How to file a 2012 tax return Excess contributions made by your employer are included in your gross income. How to file a 2012 tax return If the excess contribution is not included in box 1 of Form W-2, you must report the excess as “Other income” on your tax return. How to file a 2012 tax return   Generally, you must pay a 6% excise tax on excess contributions. How to file a 2012 tax return See Form 5329, Additional Taxes on Qualified Plans (including IRAs) and Other Tax-Favored Accounts, to figure the excise tax. How to file a 2012 tax return The excise tax applies to each tax year the excess contribution remains in the account. How to file a 2012 tax return   You may withdraw some or all of the excess contributions and not pay the excise tax on the amount withdrawn if you meet the following conditions. How to file a 2012 tax return You withdraw the excess contributions by the due date, including extensions, of your tax return for the year the contributions were made. How to file a 2012 tax return You withdraw any income earned on the withdrawn contributions and include the earnings in “Other income” on your tax return for the year you withdraw the contributions and earnings. How to file a 2012 tax return If you fail to remain an eligible individual during any of the testing periods, discussed earlier, the amount you have to include in income is not an excess contribution. How to file a 2012 tax return If you withdraw any of those amounts, the amount is treated the same as any other distribution from an HSA, discussed later. How to file a 2012 tax return Deducting an excess contribution in a later year. How to file a 2012 tax return   You may be able to deduct excess contributions for previous years that are still in your HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return The excess contribution you can deduct for the current year is the lesser of the following two amounts. How to file a 2012 tax return Your maximum HSA contribution limit for the year minus any amounts contributed to your HSA for the year. How to file a 2012 tax return The total excess contributions in your HSA at the beginning of the year. How to file a 2012 tax return   Amounts contributed for the year include contributions by you, your employer, and any other person. How to file a 2012 tax return They also include any qualified HSA funding distribution made to your HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Any excess contribution remaining at the end of a tax year is subject to the excise tax. How to file a 2012 tax return See Form 5329. How to file a 2012 tax return Distributions From an HSA You will generally pay medical expenses during the year without being reimbursed by your HDHP until you reach the annual deductible for the plan. How to file a 2012 tax return When you pay medical expenses during the year that are not reimbursed by your HDHP, you can ask the trustee of your HSA to send you a distribution from your HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return You can receive tax-free distributions from your HSA to pay or be reimbursed for qualified medical expenses you incur after you establish the HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return If you receive distributions for other reasons, the amount you withdraw will be subject to income tax and may be subject to an additional 20% tax. How to file a 2012 tax return You do not have to make distributions from your HSA each year. How to file a 2012 tax return If you are no longer an eligible individual, you can still receive tax-free distributions to pay or reimburse your qualified medical expenses. How to file a 2012 tax return Generally, a distribution is money you get from your health savings account. How to file a 2012 tax return Your total distributions include amounts paid with a debit card that restricts payments to health care and amounts withdrawn from the HSA by other individuals that you have designated. How to file a 2012 tax return The trustee will report any distribution to you and the IRS on Form 1099-SA, Distributions From an HSA, Archer MSA, or Medicare Advantage MSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Qualified medical expenses. How to file a 2012 tax return   Qualified medical expenses are those expenses that would generally qualify for the medical and dental expenses deduction. How to file a 2012 tax return These are explained in Publication 502, Medical and Dental Expenses. How to file a 2012 tax return   Also, non-prescription medicines (other than insulin) are not considered qualified medical expenses for HSA purposes. How to file a 2012 tax return A medicine or drug will be a qualified medical expense for HSA purposes only if the medicine or drug: Requires a prescription, Is available without a prescription (an over-the-counter medicine or drug) and you get a prescription for it, or Is insulin. How to file a 2012 tax return   For HSA purposes, expenses incurred before you establish your HSA are not qualified medical expenses. How to file a 2012 tax return State law determines when an HSA is established. How to file a 2012 tax return An HSA that is funded by amounts rolled over from an Archer MSA or another HSA is established on the date the prior account was established. How to file a 2012 tax return   If, under the last-month rule, you are considered to be an eligible individual for the entire year for determining the contribution amount, only those expenses incurred after you actually establish your HSA are qualified medical expenses. How to file a 2012 tax return   Qualified medical expenses are those incurred by the following persons. How to file a 2012 tax return You and your spouse. How to file a 2012 tax return All dependents you claim on your tax return. How to file a 2012 tax return Any person you could have claimed as a dependent on your return except that: The person filed a joint return, The person had gross income of $3,900 or more, or You, or your spouse if filing jointly, could be claimed as a dependent on someone else's 2013 return. How to file a 2012 tax return    For this purpose, a child of parents that are divorced, separated, or living apart for the last 6 months of the calendar year is treated as the dependent of both parents whether or not the custodial parent releases the claim to the child's exemption. How to file a 2012 tax return You cannot deduct qualified medical expenses as an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040) that are equal to the tax-free distribution from your HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Insurance premiums. How to file a 2012 tax return   You cannot treat insurance premiums as qualified medical expenses unless the premiums are for: Long-term care insurance. How to file a 2012 tax return Health care continuation coverage (such as coverage under COBRA). How to file a 2012 tax return Health care coverage while receiving unemployment compensation under federal or state law. How to file a 2012 tax return Medicare and other health care coverage if you were 65 or older (other than premiums for a Medicare supplemental policy, such as Medigap). How to file a 2012 tax return   The premiums for long-term care insurance (item (1)) that you can treat as qualified medical expenses are subject to limits based on age and are adjusted annually. How to file a 2012 tax return See Limit on long-term care premiums you can deduct in the instructions for Schedule A (Form 1040). How to file a 2012 tax return   Items (2) and (3) can be for your spouse or a dependent meeting the requirement for that type of coverage. How to file a 2012 tax return For item (4), if you, the account beneficiary, are not 65 or older, Medicare premiums for coverage of your spouse or a dependent (who is 65 or older) generally are not qualified medical expenses. How to file a 2012 tax return Health coverage tax credit. How to file a 2012 tax return   You cannot claim this credit for premiums that you pay with a tax-free distribution from your HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return See Publication 502 for more information on this credit. How to file a 2012 tax return Deemed distributions from HSAs. How to file a 2012 tax return   The following situations result in deemed taxable distributions from your HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return You engaged in any transaction prohibited by section 4975 with respect to any of your HSAs, at any time in 2013. How to file a 2012 tax return Your account ceases to be an HSA as of January 1, 2013, and you must include the fair market value of all assets in the account as of January 1, 2013, on Form 8889. How to file a 2012 tax return You used any portion of any of your HSAs as security for a loan at any time in 2013. How to file a 2012 tax return You must include the fair market value of the assets used as security for the loan as income on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. How to file a 2012 tax return   Examples of prohibited transactions include the direct or indirect: Sale, exchange, or leasing of property between you and the HSA, Lending of money between you and the HSA, Furnishing goods, services, or facilities between you and the HSA, and Transfer to or use by you, or for your benefit, of any assets of the HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return   Any deemed distribution will not be treated as used to pay qualified medical expenses. How to file a 2012 tax return These distributions are included in your income and are subject to the additional 20% tax, discussed later. How to file a 2012 tax return Recordkeeping. How to file a 2012 tax return You must keep records sufficient to show that: The distributions were exclusively to pay or reimburse qualified medical expenses, The qualified medical expenses had not been previously paid or reimbursed from another source, and The medical expenses had not been taken as an itemized deduction in any year. How to file a 2012 tax return Do not send these records with your tax return. How to file a 2012 tax return Keep them with your tax records. How to file a 2012 tax return Reporting Distributions on Your Return How you report your distributions depends on whether or not you use the distribution for qualified medical expenses (defined earlier). How to file a 2012 tax return If you use a distribution from your HSA for qualified medical expenses, you do not pay tax on the distribution but you have to report the distribution on Form 8889. How to file a 2012 tax return However, the distribution of an excess contribution taken out after the due date, including extensions, of your return is subject to tax even if used for qualified medical expenses. How to file a 2012 tax return Follow the instructions for the form and file it with your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. How to file a 2012 tax return If you do not use a distribution from your HSA for qualified medical expenses, you must pay tax on the distribution. How to file a 2012 tax return Report the amount on Form 8889 and file it with your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. How to file a 2012 tax return You may have to pay an additional 20% tax on your taxable distribution. How to file a 2012 tax return HSA administration and maintenance fees withdrawn by the trustee are not reported as distributions from the HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Additional tax. How to file a 2012 tax return   There is an additional 20% tax on the part of your distributions not used for qualified medical expenses. How to file a 2012 tax return Figure the tax on Form 8889 and file it with your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. How to file a 2012 tax return Exceptions. How to file a 2012 tax return   There is no additional tax on distributions made after the date you are disabled, reach age 65, or die. How to file a 2012 tax return Balance in an HSA An HSA is generally exempt from tax. How to file a 2012 tax return You are permitted to take a distribution from your HSA at any time; however, only those amounts used exclusively to pay for qualified medical expenses are tax free. How to file a 2012 tax return Amounts that remain at the end of the year are generally carried over to the next year (see Excess contributions , earlier). How to file a 2012 tax return Earnings on amounts in an HSA are not included in your income while held in the HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Death of HSA Holder You should choose a beneficiary when you set up your HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return What happens to that HSA when you die depends on whom you designate as the beneficiary. How to file a 2012 tax return Spouse is the designated beneficiary. How to file a 2012 tax return   If your spouse is the designated beneficiary of your HSA, it will be treated as your spouse's HSA after your death. How to file a 2012 tax return Spouse is not the designated beneficiary. How to file a 2012 tax return   If your spouse is not the designated beneficiary of your HSA: The account stops being an HSA, and The fair market value of the HSA becomes taxable to the beneficiary in the year in which you die. How to file a 2012 tax return If your estate is the beneficiary, the value is included on your final income tax return. How to file a 2012 tax return The amount taxable to a beneficiary other than the estate is reduced by any qualified medical expenses for the decedent that are paid by the beneficiary within 1 year after the date of death. How to file a 2012 tax return Filing Form 8889 You must file Form 8889 with your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR if you (or your spouse, if married filing a joint return) had any activity in your HSA during the year. How to file a 2012 tax return You must file the form even if only your employer or your spouse's employer made contributions to the HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return If, during the tax year, you are the beneficiary of two or more HSAs or you are a beneficiary of an HSA and you have your own HSA, you must complete a separate Form 8889 for each HSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Enter “statement” at the top of each Form 8889 and complete the form as instructed. How to file a 2012 tax return Next, complete a controlling Form 8889 combining the amounts shown on each of the statement Forms 8889. How to file a 2012 tax return Attach the statements to your tax return after the controlling Form 8889. How to file a 2012 tax return Employer Participation This section contains the rules that employers must follow if they decide to make HSAs available to their employees. How to file a 2012 tax return Unlike the previous discussions, “you” refers to the employer and not to the employee. How to file a 2012 tax return Health plan. How to file a 2012 tax return   If you want your employees to be able to have an HSA, they must have an HDHP. How to file a 2012 tax return You can provide no additional coverage other than those exceptions listed previously under Other health coverage . How to file a 2012 tax return Contributions. How to file a 2012 tax return   You can make contributions to your employees' HSAs. How to file a 2012 tax return You deduct the contributions on your business income tax return for the year in which you make the contributions. How to file a 2012 tax return If the contribution is allocated to the prior year, you still deduct it in the year in which you made the contribution. How to file a 2012 tax return   For more information on employer contributions, see Notice 2008-59, 2008-29 I. How to file a 2012 tax return R. How to file a 2012 tax return B. How to file a 2012 tax return 123, questions 23 through 27, available at www. How to file a 2012 tax return irs. How to file a 2012 tax return gov/irb/2008-29_IRB/ar11. How to file a 2012 tax return html. How to file a 2012 tax return Comparable contributions. How to file a 2012 tax return   If you decide to make contributions, you must make comparable contributions to all comparable participating employees' HSAs. How to file a 2012 tax return Your contributions are comparable if they are either: The same amount, or The same percentage of the annual deductible limit under the HDHP covering the employees. How to file a 2012 tax return The comparability rules do not apply to contributions made through a cafeteria plan. How to file a 2012 tax return Comparable participating employees. How to file a 2012 tax return   Comparable participating employees: Are covered by your HDHP and are eligible to establish an HSA, Have the same category of coverage (either self-only or family coverage), and Have the same category of employment (part-time, full-time, or former employees). How to file a 2012 tax return   To meet the comparability requirements for eligible employees who have not established an HSA by December 31 or have not notified you that they have an HSA, you must meet a notice requirement and a contribution requirement. How to file a 2012 tax return   You will meet the notice requirement if by January 15 of the following calendar year you provide a written notice to all such employees. How to file a 2012 tax return The notice must state that each eligible employee who, by the last day of February, establishes an HSA and notifies you that they have established an HSA will receive a comparable contribution to the HSA for the prior year. How to file a 2012 tax return For a sample of the notice, see Regulation 54. How to file a 2012 tax return 4980G-4 A-14(c). How to file a 2012 tax return You will meet the contribution requirement for these employees if by April 15, 2014, you contribute comparable amounts plus reasonable interest to the employee's HSA for the prior year. How to file a 2012 tax return Note. How to file a 2012 tax return For purposes of making contributions to HSAs of non-highly compensated employees, highly compensated employees shall not be treated as comparable participating employees. How to file a 2012 tax return Excise tax. How to file a 2012 tax return   If you made contributions to your employees' HSAs that were not comparable, you must pay an excise tax of 35% of the amount you contributed. How to file a 2012 tax return Employment taxes. How to file a 2012 tax return   Amounts you contribute to your employees' HSAs are generally not subject to employment taxes. How to file a 2012 tax return You must report the contributions in box 12 of the Form W-2 you file for each employee. How to file a 2012 tax return This includes the amounts the employee elected to contribute through a cafeteria plan. How to file a 2012 tax return Enter code “W” in box 12. How to file a 2012 tax return Medical Savings Accounts (MSAs) Archer MSAs were created to help self-employed individuals and employees of certain small employers meet the medical care costs of the account holder, the account holder's spouse, or the account holder's dependent(s). How to file a 2012 tax return After December 31, 2007, you cannot be treated as an eligible individual for Archer MSA purposes unless: You were an active participant for any tax year ending before January 1, 2008, or You became an active participant for a tax year ending after December 31, 2007, by reason of coverage under a high deductible health plan (HDHP) of an Archer MSA participating employer. How to file a 2012 tax return A Medicare Advantage MSA is an Archer MSA designated by Medicare to be used solely to pay the qualified medical expenses of the account holder who is eligible for Medicare. How to file a 2012 tax return Archer MSAs An Archer MSA is a tax-exempt trust or custodial account that you set up with a U. How to file a 2012 tax return S. How to file a 2012 tax return financial institution (such as a bank or an insurance company) in which you can save money exclusively for future medical expenses. How to file a 2012 tax return What are the benefits of an Archer MSA?   You may enjoy several benefits from having an Archer MSA. How to file a 2012 tax return You can claim a tax deduction for contributions you make even if you do not itemize your deductions on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. How to file a 2012 tax return The interest or other earnings on the assets in your Archer MSA are tax free. How to file a 2012 tax return Distributions may be tax free if you pay qualified medical expenses. How to file a 2012 tax return See Qualified medical expenses , later. How to file a 2012 tax return The contributions remain in your Archer MSA from year to year until you use them. How to file a 2012 tax return An Archer MSA is “portable” so it stays with you if you change employers or leave the work force. How to file a 2012 tax return Qualifying for an Archer MSA To qualify for an Archer MSA, you must be either of the following. How to file a 2012 tax return An employee (or the spouse of an employee) of a small employer (defined later) that maintains a self-only or family HDHP for you (or your spouse). How to file a 2012 tax return A self-employed person (or the spouse of a self-employed person) who maintains a self-only or family HDHP. How to file a 2012 tax return You can have no other health or Medicare coverage except what is permitted under Other health coverage , later. How to file a 2012 tax return You must be an eligible individual on the first day of a given month to get an Archer MSA deduction for that month. How to file a 2012 tax return If another taxpayer is entitled to claim an exemption for you, you cannot claim a deduction for an Archer MSA contribution. How to file a 2012 tax return This is true even if the other person does not actually claim your exemption. How to file a 2012 tax return Small employer. How to file a 2012 tax return   A small employer is generally an employer who had an average of 50 or fewer employees during either of the last 2 calendar years. How to file a 2012 tax return The definition of small employer is modified for new employers and growing employers. How to file a 2012 tax return Growing employer. How to file a 2012 tax return   A small employer may begin HDHPs and Archer MSAs for his or her employees and then grow beyond 50 employees. How to file a 2012 tax return The employer will continue to meet the requirement for small employers if he or she: Had 50 or fewer employees when the Archer MSAs began, Made a contribution that was excludable or deductible as an Archer MSA for the last year he or she had 50 or fewer employees, and Had an average of 200 or fewer employees each year after 1996. How to file a 2012 tax return Changing employers. How to file a 2012 tax return   If you change employers, your Archer MSA moves with you. How to file a 2012 tax return However, you may not make additional contributions unless you are otherwise eligible. How to file a 2012 tax return High deductible health plan (HDHP). How to file a 2012 tax return   To be eligible for an Archer MSA, you must be covered under an HDHP. How to file a 2012 tax return An HDHP has: A higher annual deductible than typical health plans, and A maximum limit on the annual out-of-pocket medical expenses that you must pay for covered expenses. How to file a 2012 tax return Limits. How to file a 2012 tax return   The following table shows the limits for annual deductibles and the maximum out-of-pocket expenses for HDHPs for 2013. How to file a 2012 tax return   Self-only coverage Family coverage Minimum annual deductible $2,150 $4,300 Maximum annual deductible $3,200 $6,450 Maximum annual out-of-pocket expenses $4,300 $7,850 Family plans that do not meet the high deductible rules. How to file a 2012 tax return   There are some family plans that have deductibles for both the family as a whole and for individual family members. How to file a 2012 tax return Under these plans, if you meet the individual deductible for one family member, you do not have to meet the higher annual deductible amount for the family. How to file a 2012 tax return If either the deductible for the family as a whole or the deductible for an individual family member is less than the minimum annual deductible for family coverage, the plan does not qualify as an HDHP. How to file a 2012 tax return Example. How to file a 2012 tax return You have family health insurance coverage in 2013. How to file a 2012 tax return The annual deductible for the family plan is $5,500. How to file a 2012 tax return This plan also has an individual deductible of $2,000 for each family member. How to file a 2012 tax return The plan does not qualify as an HDHP because the deductible for an individual family member is less than the minimum annual deductible ($4,300) for family coverage. How to file a 2012 tax return Other health coverage. How to file a 2012 tax return   You (and your spouse, if you have family coverage) generally cannot have any other health coverage that is not an HDHP. How to file a 2012 tax return However, you can still be an eligible individual even if your spouse has non-HDHP coverage provided you are not covered by that plan. How to file a 2012 tax return However, you can have additional insurance that provides benefits only for the following items. How to file a 2012 tax return Liabilities incurred under workers' compensation laws, torts, or ownership or use of property. How to file a 2012 tax return A specific disease or illness. How to file a 2012 tax return A fixed amount per day (or other period) of hospitalization. How to file a 2012 tax return You can also have coverage (whether provided through insurance or otherwise) for the following items. How to file a 2012 tax return Accidents. How to file a 2012 tax return Disability. How to file a 2012 tax return Dental care. How to file a 2012 tax return Vision care. How to file a 2012 tax return Long-term care. How to file a 2012 tax return Contributions to an MSA Contributions to an Archer MSA must be made in cash. How to file a 2012 tax return You cannot contribute stock or other property to an Archer MSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Who can contribute to my Archer MSA?   If you are an employee, your employer may make contributions to your Archer MSA. How to file a 2012 tax return (You do not pay tax on these contributions. How to file a 2012 tax return ) If your employer does not make contributions to your Archer MSA, or you are self-employed, you can make your own contributions to your Archer MSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Both you and your employer cannot make contributions to your Archer MSA in the same year. How to file a 2012 tax return You do not have to make contributions to your Archer MSA every year. How to file a 2012 tax return    If your spouse is covered by your HDHP and an excludable amount is contributed by your spouse's employer to an Archer MSA belonging to your spouse, you cannot make contributions to your own Archer MSA that year. How to file a 2012 tax return Limits There are two limits on the amount you or your employer can contribute to your Archer MSA: The annual deductible limit. How to file a 2012 tax return An income limit. How to file a 2012 tax return Annual deductible limit. How to file a 2012 tax return   You (or your employer) can contribute up to 75% of the annual deductible of your HDHP (65% if you have a self-only plan) to your Archer MSA. How to file a 2012 tax return You must have the HDHP all year to contribute the full amount. How to file a 2012 tax return If you do not qualify to contribute the full amount for the year, determine your annual deductible limit by using the worksheet in the Instructions for Form 8853, Archer MSAs and Long-Term Care Insurance Contracts. How to file a 2012 tax return Example 1. How to file a 2012 tax return You have an HDHP for your family all year in 2013. How to file a 2012 tax return The annual deductible is $5,000. How to file a 2012 tax return You can contribute up to $3,750 ($5,000 × 75%) to your Archer MSA for the year. How to file a 2012 tax return Example 2. How to file a 2012 tax return You have an HDHP for your family for the entire months of July through December 2013 (6 months). How to file a 2012 tax return The annual deductible is $5,000. How to file a 2012 tax return You can contribute up to $1,875 ($5,000 × 75% ÷ 12 × 6) to your Archer MSA for the year. How to file a 2012 tax return If you and your spouse each have a family plan, you are treated as having family coverage with the lower annual deductible of the two health plans. How to file a 2012 tax return The contribution limit is split equally between you unless you agree on a different division. How to file a 2012 tax return Income limit. How to file a 2012 tax return   You cannot contribute more than you earned for the year from the employer through whom you have your HDHP. How to file a 2012 tax return   If you are self-employed, you cannot contribute more than your net self-employment income. How to file a 2012 tax return This is your income from self-employment minus expenses (including the deductible part of self-employment tax). How to file a 2012 tax return Example 1. How to file a 2012 tax return Noah Paul earned $25,000 from ABC Company in 2013. How to file a 2012 tax return Through ABC, he had an HDHP for his family for the entire year. How to file a 2012 tax return The annual deductible was $5,000. How to file a 2012 tax return He can contribute up to $3,750 to his Archer MSA (75% × $5,000). How to file a 2012 tax return He can contribute the full amount because he earned more than $3,750 at ABC. How to file a 2012 tax return Example 2. How to file a 2012 tax return Westley Lawrence is self-employed. How to file a 2012 tax return He had an HDHP for his family for the entire year in 2013. How to file a 2012 tax return The annual deductible was $5,000. How to file a 2012 tax return Based on the annual deductible, the maximum contribution to his Archer MSA would have been $3,750 (75% × $5,000). How to file a 2012 tax return However, after deducting his business expenses, Joe's net self-employment income is $2,500 for the year. How to file a 2012 tax return Therefore, he is limited to a contribution of $2,500. How to file a 2012 tax return Individuals enrolled in Medicare. How to file a 2012 tax return   Beginning with the first month you are enrolled in Medicare, you cannot contribute to an Archer MSA. How to file a 2012 tax return However, you may be eligible for a Medicare Advantage MSA, discussed later. How to file a 2012 tax return When To Contribute You can make contributions to your Archer MSA for 2013 until April 15, 2014. How to file a 2012 tax return Reporting Contributions on Your Return Report all contributions to your Archer MSA on Form 8853 and file it with your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. How to file a 2012 tax return You should include all contributions you, or your employer, made for 2013, including those made by April 15, 2014, that are designated for 2013. How to file a 2012 tax return You should receive Form 5498-SA, HSA, Archer MSA, or Medicare Advantage MSA Information, from the trustee showing the amount you (or your employer) contributed during the year. How to file a 2012 tax return Your employer's contributions should be shown in box 12 of Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, with code R. How to file a 2012 tax return Follow the instructions for Form 8853 and complete the worksheet in the instructions. How to file a 2012 tax return Report your Archer MSA deduction on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. How to file a 2012 tax return Excess contributions. How to file a 2012 tax return   You will have excess contributions if the contributions to your Archer MSA for the year are greater than the limits discussed earlier. How to file a 2012 tax return Excess contributions are not deductible. How to file a 2012 tax return Excess contributions made by your employer are included in your gross income. How to file a 2012 tax return If the excess contribution is not included in box 1 of Form W-2, you must report the excess as “Other income” on your tax return. How to file a 2012 tax return   Generally, you must pay a 6% excise tax on excess contributions. How to file a 2012 tax return See Form 5329, Additional Taxes on Qualified Plans (Including IRAs) and Other Tax-Favored Accounts, to figure the excise tax. How to file a 2012 tax return The excise tax applies to each tax year the excess contribution remains in the account. How to file a 2012 tax return   You may withdraw some or all of the excess contributions and not pay the excise tax on the amount withdrawn if you meet the following conditions. How to file a 2012 tax return You withdraw the excess contributions by the due date, including extensions, of your tax return. How to file a 2012 tax return You withdraw any income earned on the withdrawn contributions and include the earnings in “Other income” on your tax return for the year you withdraw the contributions and earnings. How to file a 2012 tax return Deducting an excess contribution in a later year. How to file a 2012 tax return   You may be able to deduct excess contributions for previous years that are still in your Archer MSA. How to file a 2012 tax return The excess contribution you can deduct in the current year is the lesser of the following two amounts. How to file a 2012 tax return Your maximum Archer MSA contribution limit for the year minus any amounts contributed to your Archer MSA for the year. How to file a 2012 tax return The total excess contributions in your Archer MSA at the beginning of the year. How to file a 2012 tax return   Any excess contributions remaining at the end of a tax year are subject to the excise tax. How to file a 2012 tax return See Form 5329. How to file a 2012 tax return Distributions From an MSA You will generally pay medical expenses during the year without being reimbursed by your HDHP until you reach the annual deductible for the plan. How to file a 2012 tax return When you pay medical expenses during the year that are not reimbursed by your HDHP, you can ask the trustee of your Archer MSA to send you a distribution from your Archer MSA. How to file a 2012 tax return You can receive tax-free distributions from your Archer MSA to pay for qualified medical expenses (discussed later). How to file a 2012 tax return If you receive distributions for other reasons, the amount will be subject to income tax and may be subject to an additional 20% tax as well. How to file a 2012 tax return You do not have to make withdrawals from your Archer MSA each year. How to file a 2012 tax return If you no longer qualify to make contributions, you can still receive tax-free distributions to pay or reimburse your qualified medical expenses. How to file a 2012 tax return A distribution is money you get from your Archer MSA. How to file a 2012 tax return The trustee will report any distribution to you and the IRS on Form 1099-SA, Distributions From an HSA, Archer MSA, or Medicare Advantage MSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Qualified medical expenses. How to file a 2012 tax return   Qualified medical expenses are those expenses that would generally qualify for the medical and dental expenses deduction. How to file a 2012 tax return These are explained in Publication 502. How to file a 2012 tax return   Also, non-prescription medicines (other than insulin) are not considered qualified medical expenses for MSA purposes. How to file a 2012 tax return A medicine or drug will be a qualified medical expense for MSA purposes only if the medicine or drug: Requires a prescription, Is available without a prescription (an over-the-counter medicine or drug) and you get a prescription for it, or Is insulin. How to file a 2012 tax return   Qualified medical expenses are those incurred by the following persons. How to file a 2012 tax return You and your spouse. How to file a 2012 tax return All dependents you claim on your tax return. How to file a 2012 tax return Any person you could have claimed as a dependent on your return except that: The person filed a joint return, The person had gross income of $3,900 or more, or You, or your spouse if filing jointly, could be claimed as a dependent on someone else's 2013 return. How to file a 2012 tax return    For this purpose, a child of parents that are divorced, separated, or living apart for the last 6 months of the calendar year is treated as the dependent of both parents whether or not the custodial parent releases the claim to the child's exemption. How to file a 2012 tax return    You cannot deduct qualified medical expenses as an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040) that are equal to the tax-free distribution from your Archer MSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Special rules for insurance premiums. How to file a 2012 tax return   Generally, you cannot treat insurance premiums as qualified medical expenses for Archer MSAs. How to file a 2012 tax return You can, however, treat premiums for long-term care coverage, health care coverage while you receive unemployment benefits, or health care continuation coverage required under any federal law as qualified medical expenses for Archer MSAs. How to file a 2012 tax return Health coverage tax credit. How to file a 2012 tax return   You cannot claim this credit for premiums that you pay with a tax-free distribution from your Archer MSA. How to file a 2012 tax return See Publication 502 for information on this credit. How to file a 2012 tax return Deemed distributions from Archer MSAs. How to file a 2012 tax return   The following situations result in deemed taxable distributions from your Archer MSA. How to file a 2012 tax return You engaged in any transaction prohibited by section 4975 with respect to any of your Archer MSAs at any time in 2013. How to file a 2012 tax return Your account ceases to be an Archer MSA as of January 1, 2013, and you must include the fair market value of all assets in the account as of January 1, 2013, on Form 8853. How to file a 2012 tax return You used any portion of any of your Archer MSAs as security for a loan at any time in 2013. How to file a 2012 tax return You must include the fair market value of the assets used as security for the loan as income on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. How to file a 2012 tax return   Examples of prohibited transactions include the direct or indirect: Sale, exchange, or leasing of property between you and the Archer MSA, Lending of money between you and the Archer MSA, Furnishing goods, services, or facilities between you and the Archer MSA, and Transfer to or use by you, or for your benefit, of any assets of the Archer MSA. How to file a 2012 tax return   Any deemed distribution will not be treated as used to pay qualified medical expenses. How to file a 2012 tax return These distributions are included in your income and are subject to the additional 20% tax, discussed later. How to file a 2012 tax return Recordkeeping. How to file a 2012 tax return You must keep records sufficient to show that: The distributions were exclusively to pay or reimburse qualified medical expenses, The qualified medical expenses had not been previously paid or reimbursed from another source, and The medical expenses had not been taken as an itemized deduction in any year. How to file a 2012 tax return Do not send these records with your tax return. How to file a 2012 tax return Keep them with your tax records. How to file a 2012 tax return Reporting Distributions on Your Return How you report your distributions depends on whether or not you use the distribution for qualified medical expenses (defined earlier). How to file a 2012 tax return If you use a distribution from your Archer MSA for qualified medical expenses, you do not pay tax on the distribution but you have to report the distribution on Form 8853. How to file a 2012 tax return Follow the instructions for the form and file it with your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. How to file a 2012 tax return If you do not use a distribution from your Archer MSA for qualified medical expenses, you must pay tax on the distribution. How to file a 2012 tax return Report the amount on Form 8853 and file it with your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. How to file a 2012 tax return You may have to pay an additional 20% tax, discussed later, on your taxable distribution. How to file a 2012 tax return If an amount (other than a rollover) is contributed to your Archer MSA this year (by you or your employer), you also must report and pay tax on a distribution you receive from your Archer MSA this year that is used to pay medical expenses of someone who is not covered by an HDHP, or is also covered by another health plan that is not an HDHP, at the time the expenses are incurred. How to file a 2012 tax return Rollovers. How to file a 2012 tax return   Generally, any distribution from an Archer MSA that you roll over into another Archer MSA or an HSA is not taxable if you complete the rollover within 60 days. How to file a 2012 tax return An Archer MSA and an HSA can only receive one rollover contribution during a 1-year period. How to file a 2012 tax return See the Form 8853 instructions for more information. How to file a 2012 tax return Additional tax. How to file a 2012 tax return   There is a 20% additional tax on the part of your distributions not used for qualified medical expenses. How to file a 2012 tax return Figure the tax on Form 8853 and file it with your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. How to file a 2012 tax return Report the additional tax in the total on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. How to file a 2012 tax return Exceptions. How to file a 2012 tax return   There is no additional tax on distributions made after the date you are disabled, reach age 65, or die. How to file a 2012 tax return Balance in an Archer MSA An Archer MSA is generally exempt from tax. How to file a 2012 tax return You are permitted to take a distribution from your Archer MSA at any time; however, only those amounts used exclusively to pay for qualified medical expenses are tax free. How to file a 2012 tax return Amounts that remain at the end of the year are generally carried over to the next year (see Excess contributions , earlier). How to file a 2012 tax return Earnings on amounts in an Archer MSA are not included in your income while held in the Archer MSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Death of the Archer MSA Holder You should choose a beneficiary when you set up your Archer MSA. How to file a 2012 tax return What happens to that Archer MSA when you die depends on whom you designate as the beneficiary. How to file a 2012 tax return Spouse is the designated beneficiary. How to file a 2012 tax return   If your spouse is the designated beneficiary of your Archer MSA, it will be treated as your spouse's Archer MSA after your death. How to file a 2012 tax return Spouse is not the designated beneficiary. How to file a 2012 tax return   If your spouse is not the designated beneficiary of your Archer MSA: The account stops being an Archer MSA, and The fair market value of the Archer MSA becomes taxable to the beneficiary in the year in which you die. How to file a 2012 tax return   If your estate is the beneficiary, the fair market value of the Archer MSA will be included on your final income tax return. How to file a 2012 tax return The amount taxable to a beneficiary other than the estate is reduced by any qualified medical expenses for the decedent that are paid by the beneficiary within 1 year after the date of death. How to file a 2012 tax return Filing Form 8853 You must file Form 8853 with your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR if you (or your spouse, if married filing a joint return) had any activity in your Archer MSA during the year. How to file a 2012 tax return You must file the form even if only your employer or your spouse's employer made contributions to the Archer MSA. How to file a 2012 tax return If, during the tax year, you are the beneficiary of two or more Archer MSAs or you are a beneficiary of an Archer MSA and you have your own Archer MSA, you must complete a separate Form 8853 for each MSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Enter “statement” at the top of each Form 8853 and complete the form as instructed. How to file a 2012 tax return Next, complete a controlling Form 8853 combining the amounts shown on each of the statement Forms 8853. How to file a 2012 tax return Attach the statements to your tax return after the controlling Form 8853. How to file a 2012 tax return Employer Participation This section contains the rules that employers must follow if they decide to make Archer MSAs available to their employees. How to file a 2012 tax return Unlike the previous discussions, “you” refers to the employer and not to the employee. How to file a 2012 tax return Health plan. How to file a 2012 tax return   If you want your employees to be able to have an Archer MSA, you must make an HDHP available to them. How to file a 2012 tax return You can provide no additional coverage other than those exceptions listed previously under Other health coverage . How to file a 2012 tax return Contributions. How to file a 2012 tax return   You can make contributions to your employees' Archer MSAs. How to file a 2012 tax return You deduct the contributions on the “Employee benefit programs” line of your business income tax return for the year in which you make the contributions. How to file a 2012 tax return If you are filing Form 1040, Schedule C, this is Part II, line 14. How to file a 2012 tax return Comparable contributions. How to file a 2012 tax return   If you decide to make contributions, you must make comparable contributions to all comparable participating employees' Archer MSAs. How to file a 2012 tax return Your contributions are comparable if they are either: The same amount, or The same percentage of the annual deductible limit under the HDHP covering the employees. How to file a 2012 tax return Comparable participating employees. How to file a 2012 tax return   Comparable participating employees: Are covered by your HDHP and are eligible to establish an Archer MSA, Have the same category of coverage (either self-only or family coverage), and Have the same category of employment (either part-time or full-time). How to file a 2012 tax return Excise tax. How to file a 2012 tax return   If you made contributions to your employees' Archer MSAs that were not comparable, you must pay an excise tax of 35% of the amount you contributed. How to file a 2012 tax return Employment taxes. How to file a 2012 tax return   Amounts you contribute to your employees' Archer MSAs are generally not subject to employment taxes. How to file a 2012 tax return You must report the contributions in box 12 of the Form W-2 you file for each employee. How to file a 2012 tax return Enter code “R” in box 12. How to file a 2012 tax return Medicare Advantage MSAs A Medicare Advantage MSA is an Archer MSA designated by Medicare to be used solely to pay the qualified medical expenses of the account holder. How to file a 2012 tax return To be eligible for a Medicare Advantage MSA, you must be enrolled in Medicare and have a high deductible health plan (HDHP) that meets the Medicare guidelines. How to file a 2012 tax return A Medicare Advantage MSA is a tax-exempt trust or custodial savings account that you set up with a financial institution (such as a bank or an insurance company) in which the Medicare program can deposit money for qualified medical expenses. How to file a 2012 tax return The money in your account is not taxed if it is used for qualified medical expenses, and it may earn interest or dividends. How to file a 2012 tax return An HDHP is a special health insurance policy that has a high deductible. How to file a 2012 tax return You choose the policy you want to use as part of your Medicare Advantage MSA plan. How to file a 2012 tax return However, the policy must be approved by the Medicare program. How to file a 2012 tax return Medicare Advantage MSAs are administered through the federal Medicare program. How to file a 2012 tax return You can get information by calling 1-800-Medicare (1-800-633-4227) or through the Internet at www. How to file a 2012 tax return medicare. How to file a 2012 tax return gov. How to file a 2012 tax return Note. How to file a 2012 tax return You must file Form 8853, Archer MSAs and Long-Term Care Insurance Contracts, with your tax return if you have a Medicare Advantage MSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Flexible Spending Arrangements (FSAs) A health flexible spending arrangement (FSA) allows employees to be reimbursed for medical expenses. How to file a 2012 tax return FSAs are usually funded through voluntary salary reduction agreements with your employer. How to file a 2012 tax return No employment or federal income taxes are deducted from your contribution. How to file a 2012 tax return The employer may also contribute. How to file a 2012 tax return Note. How to file a 2012 tax return Unlike HSAs or Archer MSAs which must be reported on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, there are no reporting requirements for FSAs on your income tax return. How to file a 2012 tax return For information on the interaction between a health FSA and an HSA, see Other employee health plans under Qualifying for an HSA, earlier. How to file a 2012 tax return What are the benefits of an FSA?   You may enjoy several benefits from having an FSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Contributions made by your employer can be excluded from your gross income. How to file a 2012 tax return No employment or federal income taxes are deducted from the contributions. How to file a 2012 tax return Withdrawals may be tax free if you pay qualified medical expenses. How to file a 2012 tax return See Qualified medical expenses , later. How to file a 2012 tax return You can withdraw funds from the account to pay qualified medical expenses even if you have not yet placed the funds in the account. How to file a 2012 tax return Qualifying for an FSA Health FSAs are employer-established benefit plans. How to file a 2012 tax return These may be offered in conjunction with other employer-provided benefits as part of a cafeteria plan. How to file a 2012 tax return Employers have complete flexibility to offer various combinations of benefits in designing their plan. How to file a 2012 tax return You do not have to be covered under any other health care plan to participate. How to file a 2012 tax return Self-employed persons are not eligible for an FSA. How to file a 2012 tax return Certain limitations may apply if you are a highly compensated participant or a key employee. How to file a 2012 tax return Contributions to an FSA You contribute to your FSA by electing an amount to be voluntarily withheld from your pay by your employer. How to file a 2012 tax return This is sometimes called a salary reduction agreement. How to file a 2012 tax return The employer may also contribute to your FSA if specified in the plan. How to file a 2012 tax return You do not pay federal income tax or employment taxes on the salary you contribute or the amounts your employer contributes to the FSA. How to file a 2012 tax return However, contributions made by your employer to provide coverage for long-term care insurance must be included in income. How to file a 2012 tax return When To Contribute At the

Topic 203 - Refund Offsets for Unpaid Child Support, Certain Federal and State Debts, and Unemployment Compensation Debts

The Department of Treasury's Bureau of Fiscal Service (BFS), which issues IRS tax refunds, has been authorized by Congress to conduct the Treasury Offset Program (TOP). Through this program, your refund or overpayment may be reduced by BFS and offset to pay:

  • Past-due child support;
  • Federal agency non-tax debts;
  • State income tax obligations; or
  • Certain unemployment compensation debts owed to a state. (Generally, these are debts for (1) compensation that was paid due to fraud, or (2) for contributions owing to a state fund that were not paid due to fraud).

You can contact the agency with which you have a debt to determine if your debt was submitted for a tax refund offset. You may call BFS' TOP call center at the number below for an agency address and phone number. If your debt was submitted for offset, BFS will take as much of your refund as is needed to pay off the debt and send it to the agency you owe. Any portion of your refund remaining after offset will be issued in a check to you or direct deposited for you.

BFS will send you a notice if an offset occurs. The notice will reflect the original refund amount, your offset amount, the agency receiving the payment, and the address and telephone number of the agency. BFS will notify the IRS of the amount taken from your refund. Contact the agency shown on the notice if you believe you do not owe the debt, or if you are disputing the amount taken from your refund. If a notice is not received, contact BFS' TOP call center at 800-304-3107 or TDD 866-297-0517. The available hours are Monday through Friday 7:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. CST. Contact the IRS only if your original refund amount shown on the BFS offset notice differs from the refund amount shown on your tax return.

If you filed a joint return and you are not responsible for the debt, but you are entitled to a portion of the refund, you may request your portion of the refund by filing Form 8379 (PDF), Injured Spouse Allocation. You may file Form 8379 with your original joint tax return ( Form 1040 (PDF), Form 1040A (PDF), or Form 1040EZ (PDF)), with your amended joint tax return ( Form 1040X (PDF)), or by itself after you are notified of an offset. If you file a Form 8379 with your joint return, write "INJURED SPOUSE" in the top left corner of the first page of the joint return. The IRS will process your Form 8379 before an offset occurs. If you file Form 8379 with your original or amended joint tax return, it may take 11 weeks for electronically filed returns or 14 weeks if you file a paper return, to process your return.

If you file Form 8379 by itself, it must show both spouses' social security numbers in the same order as they appeared on your joint income tax return. You, the "injured" spouse, must sign the form. Follow the instructions on Form 8379 carefully and be sure to attach the required forms to avoid delays. Do not attach the previously filed joint tax return to the Form 8379. Send Form 8379 to the Service Center where you filed your original return and allow at least 8 weeks for the IRS to process your Form 8379. The IRS will compute the injured spouse's share of the joint return, and if you lived in a community property state during the tax year, the IRS will divide the joint refund based upon state law. Not all debts are subject to a tax refund offset. To determine if a debt is owed (other than federal tax), and whether an offset will occur, contact BFS' TOP call center at 800-304-3107 (for TTY/TDD help, call 866-297-0517).

Page Last Reviewed or Updated: February 24, 2014

The How To File A 2012 Tax Return

How to file a 2012 tax return Index A Abatement of interest (see Interest, abatement) Appeal rights, Appeal Rights, Appeals to the Courts, Tax Court, District Court and Court of Federal Claims (see also Tax Court) Assistance (see Tax help) Authorization, third party, Third party authorization. How to file a 2012 tax return B Burden of proof, Burden of proof. How to file a 2012 tax return C Civil action (see Waivers, tax suits, civil action) Claim for refund, Claims for Refund Disallowance, Explanation of Any Claim for Refund Disallowance Estates on installment method, Claim for refund by estates electing the installment method of payment. How to file a 2012 tax return Periods of financial disability, Periods of financial disability. How to file a 2012 tax return Comments on publication, Comments and suggestions. How to file a 2012 tax return Communications, privileged, Confidentiality privilege. How to file a 2012 tax return , Confidentiality privilege. How to file a 2012 tax return Confidentiality, Confidentiality privilege. How to file a 2012 tax return , Confidentiality privilege. How to file a 2012 tax return D Disability (see Financial disability, periods of) Disaster areas, abatement of interest, Abatement of Interest for Individuals Affected by Presidentially Declared Disasters or Military or Terrorist Actions E Employment status, Tax Court review of, Jurisdiction for determination of employment status. How to file a 2012 tax return Estates Claim for refund, Claim for refund by estates electing the installment method of payment. How to file a 2012 tax return Examination of returns, Examination of Returns F Fast track mediation, Fast track mediation. How to file a 2012 tax return Financial disability, periods of Claim for refund, Periods of financial disability. How to file a 2012 tax return Form 8379, Injured spouse exception. How to file a 2012 tax return 8857, Form 8857. How to file a 2012 tax return Free tax services, Free help with your tax return. How to file a 2012 tax return H Help (see Tax help) I Injured spouse, Injured spouse exception. How to file a 2012 tax return Innocent spouse relief, Tax Court review of request for relief from joint and several liability on a joint return. How to file a 2012 tax return , Relief from joint and several liability on a joint return. How to file a 2012 tax return Installment agreement, Installment Agreement Request Installment method Estates, claim for refund by, Claim for refund by estates electing the installment method of payment. How to file a 2012 tax return Interest Abatement Disaster areas, Abatement of Interest for Individuals Affected by Presidentially Declared Disasters or Military or Terrorist Actions Error or delay by IRS, Abatement of Interest Due to Error or Delay by the IRS Terrorist attacks, Abatement of Interest for Individuals Affected by Presidentially Declared Disasters or Military or Terrorist Actions Netting, overlapping underpayments and overpayments, Interest Netting Suspended, Suspension of interest and penalties. How to file a 2012 tax return J Joint and several liability, relief from, Tax Court review of request for relief from joint and several liability on a joint return. How to file a 2012 tax return , Relief from joint and several liability on a joint return. How to file a 2012 tax return L Losses Disaster area, Disaster area claims for refund. How to file a 2012 tax return Low Income Taxpayer Clinics, Low Income Taxpayer Clinics. How to file a 2012 tax return M Mediation, fast track, Fast track mediation. How to file a 2012 tax return More information, Useful Items - You may want to see: N Notice of deficiency Timely mailing, Suspension of interest and penalties. How to file a 2012 tax return Notices Third party contacts, Notice of IRS contact of third parties. How to file a 2012 tax return O Offer in compromise, Offer in Compromise Overpayments Offsets against state tax, Offset of past-due state income tax obligations against overpayments. How to file a 2012 tax return P Penalties, suspended, Suspension of interest and penalties. How to file a 2012 tax return Practitioners, federally authorized Confidential communications, Confidentiality privilege. How to file a 2012 tax return , Confidentiality privilege. How to file a 2012 tax return Presidentially declared disaster, Disaster area claims for refund. How to file a 2012 tax return Publications (see Tax help) R Refund, Claims for Refund, Periods of financial disability. How to file a 2012 tax return , Offset of past-due state income tax obligations against overpayments. How to file a 2012 tax return Reduced, Reduced Refund Refund deadline postponement, Postponed refund deadlines. How to file a 2012 tax return Refund or credit before court decision, Refund or Credit of Overpayments Before Final Determination Rights Communications, privileged, Confidentiality privilege. How to file a 2012 tax return , Confidentiality privilege. How to file a 2012 tax return Requests to waive, Prohibition on requests to taxpayers to give up rights to bring civil action. How to file a 2012 tax return S Suggestions for publication, Comments and suggestions. How to file a 2012 tax return T Tax Court, Appeals to the Courts, Tax Court Employment status, review of, Jurisdiction for determination of employment status. How to file a 2012 tax return Innocent spouse relief, review of request for, Tax Court review of request for relief from joint and several liability on a joint return. How to file a 2012 tax return Refund or credit before decision, Refund or Credit of Overpayments Before Final Determination Tax help, How To Get Tax Help Taxpayer Advocate, Taxpayer Advocate Service. How to file a 2012 tax return Taxpayer Advocate Service, Taxpayer Advocate Service. How to file a 2012 tax return Terrorist attacks, abatement of interest, Abatement of Interest for Individuals Affected by Presidentially Declared Disasters or Military or Terrorist Actions Third party authorization, Third party authorization. How to file a 2012 tax return TTY/TDD information, How To Get Tax Help W Waivers Tax suits, civil action, Prohibition on requests to taxpayers to give up rights to bring civil action. How to file a 2012 tax return Z Zero rate, overlapping periods of interest (see Interest, netting) Prev  Up     Home   More Online Publications