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H&r block efile Index A Alternative annuity option How to report, How to report. H&r block efile Lump-sum payment, Alternative Annuity Option Annual leave, Annual leave. H&r block efile Annuity Starting date, Annuity starting date. H&r block efile Statement, Annuity statement. H&r block efile With survivor benefit, CSRS or FERS Survivor Annuity Without survivor benefit, Choosing a survivor annuity after retirement. H&r block efile Assistance (see Tax help) B Benefits, how to report, How To Report Benefits C Child's temporary annuity, Surviving spouse with child. H&r block efile Community property laws, Community property laws. H&r block efile Contributions, refund of, Refund of Contributions Cost (contributions to retirement plan), Your cost. H&r block efile Credit for the elderly or the disabled, Credit for the Elderly or the Disabled D Death benefit, FERS Death Benefit Deduction for estate tax, Income Tax Deduction for Estate Tax Paid Disability retirement, Part III Rules for Disability Retirement and Credit for the Elderly or the Disabled Disabled child, Disabled child. H&r block efile Distributions Qualified domestic relations order (QDRO), Qualified domestic relations order (QDRO). H&r block efile Withholding from TSP payments, Withholding from certain lump-sum payments. H&r block efile E Estate tax, Federal Estate Tax, Income Tax Deduction for Estate Tax Paid Estimated tax, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax, Estimated tax. H&r block efile F Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA), Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA). H&r block efile Filing requirements, Filing Requirements Form 1099-R, Withholding from Thrift Savings Plan payments. H&r block efile CSA 1099R, Form CSA 1099R. H&r block efile CSF 1099R, Form CSF 1099R. H&r block efile W-4P-A, Withholding certificate. H&r block efile Free tax services, Free help with your tax return. H&r block efile G General Rule, General Rule, General Rule. H&r block efile Gift tax, Federal Gift Tax H Help (see Tax help) I Income in respect of a decedent, Income Tax Deduction for Estate Tax Paid Income tax withholding, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax, Withholding. H&r block efile L Lump-sum CSRS or FERS payment, Lump-Sum CSRS or FERS Payment, Lump-Sum CSRS or FERS Payment Lump-sum payment Alternative annuity option, Alternative Annuity Option Installments, Lump-sum payment in installments. H&r block efile Withholding, Withholding from certain lump-sum payments. H&r block efile M Mandatory retirement age, Mandatory retirement age. H&r block efile Marital deduction, Marital deduction. H&r block efile Minimum retirement age, Minimum retirement age. H&r block efile N Nonresident alien retiree, Nonresident Aliens P Permanently and totally disabled, Permanently and totally disabled. H&r block efile Physician's statement, Physician's statement. H&r block efile Public safety officers Dependents, Dependents of public safety officers. H&r block efile Insurance premiums, Distributions Used To Pay Insurance Premiums for Public Safety Officers Survivors, Survivors of Slain Public Safety Officers Publications (see Tax help) Q Qualified domestic relations order (QDRO), Qualified domestic relations order (QDRO). H&r block efile R Reemployment after retirement, Reemployment After Retirement Refund of contributions, Refund of Contributions Retirees, rules for, Part II Rules for Retirees Retirement during the past year, Retirement During the Past Year Rollovers Nonspouse beneficiary, Rollovers by nonspouse beneficiary. H&r block efile Rollover rules, Rollover Rules To Roth IRAs, Rollovers to Roth IRAs Roth Thrift Savings Plan, Roth TSP balance. H&r block efile S Simplified Method, Simplified Method, Simplified Method. H&r block efile Substantial gainful activity, Permanently and totally disabled. H&r block efile Survivor annuity, Choosing a survivor annuity after retirement. H&r block efile , CSRS or FERS Survivor Annuity, CSRS or FERS Survivor Annuity Survivors of federal employees, Part IV Rules for Survivors of Federal Employees Survivors of federal retirees, Part V Rules for Survivors of Federal Retirees T Tax help, How To Get Tax Help Thrift Savings Plan, Thrift Savings Plan. H&r block efile , Thrift Savings Plan Roth option, Roth TSP balance. H&r block efile TTY/TDD information, How To Get Tax Help U Uniformed services Thrift Savings Plan, Reminders Unused annual leave, Payment for unused annual leave. H&r block efile V Voluntary contributions, Voluntary contributions. H&r block efile , Voluntary contributions. H&r block efile , Voluntary Contributions W Withholding certificate, Withholding certificate. H&r block efile Withholding of income tax, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax, Withholding. H&r block efile Worksheets Lump-sum payment at end of survivor annuity, Lump-sum payment at end of survivor annuity. H&r block efile Lump-sum payment to the estate or other beneficiary, Lump-Sum CSRS or FERS Payment Nonresident alien retiree, Nonresident Aliens Simplified Method, Worksheet A. H&r block efile Simplified Method Prev  Up     Home   More Online Publications
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The H&r Block Efile

H&r block efile 2. H&r block efile   Estimated Tax for 2014 Table of Contents Introduction Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: Who Does Not Have To Pay Estimated Tax Who Must Pay Estimated TaxGeneral Rule Married Taxpayers Special Rules Aliens Estates and Trusts How To Figure Estimated Tax2014 Estimated Tax Worksheet When To Pay Estimated TaxWhen To Start Farmers and Fishermen How To Figure Each PaymentRegular Installment Method Annualized Income Installment Method Estimated Tax Payments Not Required How To Pay Estimated TaxCredit an Overpayment Pay Online Pay by Phone Pay by Check or Money Order Using the Estimated Tax Payment Voucher Introduction Estimated tax is the method used to pay tax on income that is not subject to withholding. H&r block efile This includes income from self-employment, interest, dividends, alimony, rent, gains from the sale of assets, prizes, and awards. H&r block efile You also may have to pay estimated tax if the amount of income tax being withheld from your salary, pension, or other income is not enough. H&r block efile Estimated tax is used to pay both income tax and self-employment tax, as well as other taxes and amounts reported on your tax return. H&r block efile If you do not pay enough tax, either through withholding or estimated tax, or a combination of both, you may have to pay a penalty. H&r block efile If you do not pay enough by the due date of each payment period (see When To Pay Estimated Tax , later), you may be charged a penalty even if you are due a refund when you file your tax return. H&r block efile For information on when the penalty applies, see chapter 4. H&r block efile It would be helpful for you to have a copy of your 2013 tax return and an estimate of your 2014 income nearby while reading this chapter. H&r block efile Topics - This chapter discusses: Who must pay estimated tax, How to figure estimated tax (including illustrated examples), When to pay estimated tax, How to figure each payment, and How to pay estimated tax. H&r block efile Useful Items - You may want to see: Form (and Instructions) 1040-ES Estimated Tax for Individuals See chapter 5 for information about how to get this publication and form. H&r block efile Worksheets. H&r block efile   You may need to use several of the blank worksheets included in this chapter. H&r block efile See Worksheets for Chapter 2, later, to locate what you need. H&r block efile Who Does Not Have To Pay Estimated Tax If you receive salaries and wages, you may be able to avoid paying estimated tax by asking your employer to take more tax out of your earnings. H&r block efile To do this, file a new Form W-4 with your employer. H&r block efile See chapter 1. H&r block efile Estimated tax not required. H&r block efile   You do not have to pay estimated tax for 2014 if you meet all three of the following conditions. H&r block efile You had no tax liability for 2013. H&r block efile You were a U. H&r block efile S. H&r block efile citizen or resident alien for the whole year. H&r block efile Your 2013 tax year covered a 12-month period. H&r block efile   You had no tax liability for 2013 if your total tax (defined later under Total tax for 2013—line 14b ) was zero or you did not have to file an income tax return. H&r block efile Please click here for the text description of the image. H&r block efile Figure 2-A: Do You Have To Pay Estimated Tax? Who Must Pay Estimated Tax If you owed additional tax for 2013, you may have to pay estimated tax for 2014. H&r block efile You can use the following general rule as a guide during the year to see if you will have enough withholding, or should increase your withholding or make estimated tax payments. H&r block efile General Rule In most cases, you must pay estimated tax for 2014 if both of the following apply. H&r block efile You expect to owe at least $1,000 in tax for 2014, after subtracting your withholding and refundable credits. H&r block efile You expect your withholding and refundable credits to be less than the smaller of: 90% of the tax to be shown on your 2014 tax return, or 100% of the tax shown on your 2013 tax return. H&r block efile Your 2013 tax return must cover all 12 months. H&r block efile Note. H&r block efile The percentages in (2a) or (2b) above may be different if you are a farmer, fisherman, or higher income taxpayer. H&r block efile See Special Rules , later. H&r block efile If the result from using the general rule above suggests that you will not have enough withholding, complete the 2014 Estimated Tax Worksheet for a more accurate calculation. H&r block efile Figure 2-A takes you through the general rule. H&r block efile You may find this helpful in determining if you must pay estimated tax. H&r block efile If all your income will be subject to income tax withholding, you probably do not need to pay estimated tax. H&r block efile Example 1. H&r block efile Jane Smart uses Figure 2-A and the following information to figure whether she should pay estimated tax for 2014. H&r block efile She files as head of household claiming her dependent son, takes the standard deduction, and expects no refundable credits for 2014. H&r block efile Expected adjusted gross income (AGI) for 2014 $82,800 AGI for 2013 $73,700 Total tax on 2013 return (Form 1040,  line 61) $  8,746 Total 2014 estimated tax (line 13c of the 2014 Estimated Tax Worksheet) $11,015 Tax expected to be withheld in 2014 $10,000 Jane's answer to Figure 2-A, box 1, is YES; she expects to owe at least $1,000 for 2014 after subtracting her withholding from her expected total tax ($11,015 − $10,000 = $1,015). H&r block efile Her answer to box 2a is YES; she expects her income tax withholding ($10,000) to be at least 90% of the tax to be shown on her 2014 return ($11,015 × 90% = $9,913. H&r block efile 50). H&r block efile Jane does not need to pay estimated tax. H&r block efile Example 2. H&r block efile The facts are the same as in Example 1, except that Jane expects only $8,700 tax to be withheld in 2014. H&r block efile Because that is less than $9,913. H&r block efile 50, her answer to box 2a is NO. H&r block efile Jane's answer to box 2b is also NO; she does not expect her income tax withholding ($8,700) to be at least 100% of the total tax shown on her 2013 return ($8,746). H&r block efile Jane must increase her withholding or pay estimated tax for 2014. H&r block efile Example 3. H&r block efile The facts are the same as in Example 2, except that the total tax shown on Jane's 2013 return was $8,600. H&r block efile Because she expects to have more than $8,600 withheld in 2014 ($8,700), her answer to box 2b is YES. H&r block efile Jane does not need to pay estimated tax for 2014. H&r block efile Married Taxpayers If you qualify to make joint estimated tax payments, apply the rules discussed here to your joint estimated income. H&r block efile You and your spouse can make joint estimated tax payments even if you are not living together. H&r block efile However, you and your spouse cannot make joint estimated tax payments if: You are legally separated under a decree of divorce or separate maintenance, You and your spouse have different tax years, Either spouse is a nonresident alien (unless that spouse elected to be treated as a resident alien for tax purposes). H&r block efile See Choosing Resident Alien Status in Publication 519, or Individuals of the same sex and opposite sex who are in registered domestic partnerships, civil unions, or other similar formal relationships that are not marriages under state law cannot make joint estimated tax payments. H&r block efile These individuals can take credit only for the estimated tax payments that he or she made. H&r block efile If you and your spouse cannot make joint estimated tax payments, apply these rules to your separate estimated income. H&r block efile Making joint or separate estimated tax payments will not affect your choice of filing a joint tax return or separate returns for 2014. H&r block efile 2013 separate returns and 2014 joint return. H&r block efile   If you plan to file a joint return with your spouse for 2014, but you filed separate returns for 2013, your 2013 tax is the total of the tax shown on your separate returns. H&r block efile You filed a separate return if you filed as single, head of household, or married filing separately. H&r block efile 2013 joint return and 2014 separate returns. H&r block efile   If you plan to file a separate return for 2014, but you filed a joint return for 2013, your 2013 tax is your share of the tax on the joint return. H&r block efile You file a separate return if you file as single, head of household, or married filing separately. H&r block efile   To figure your share of the tax on a joint return, first figure the tax both you and your spouse would have paid had you filed separate returns for 2013 using the same filing status for 2014. H&r block efile Then multiply the tax on the joint return by the following fraction. H&r block efile      The tax you would have paid had you filed a separate return   The total tax you and your spouse would have paid had you filed separate returns Example. H&r block efile Joe and Heather filed a joint return for 2013 showing taxable income of $48,500 and a tax of $6,386. H&r block efile Of the $48,500 taxable income, $40,100 was Joe's and the rest was Heather's. H&r block efile For 2014, they plan to file married filing separately. H&r block efile Joe figures his share of the tax on the 2013 joint return as follows: Tax on $40,100 based on separate return $5,960 Tax on $8,400 based on separate return 843 Total $6,803 Joe's percentage of total ($5,960 ÷ $6,803) 87. H&r block efile 6% Joe's share of tax on joint return  ($6,386 × 87. H&r block efile 6%) $5,594 Special Rules There are special rules for farmers, fishermen, and certain higher income taxpayers. H&r block efile Farmers and Fishermen If at least two-thirds of your gross income for 2013 or 2014 is from farming or fishing, substitute 662/3% for 90% in (2a) under General Rule , earlier. H&r block efile Gross income. H&r block efile   Your gross income is all income you receive in the form of money, goods, property, and services that is not exempt from tax. H&r block efile To determine whether two-thirds of your gross income for 2013 was from farming or fishing, use as your gross income the total of the income (not loss) amounts. H&r block efile Joint returns. H&r block efile   On a joint return, you must add your spouse's gross income to your gross income to determine if at least two-thirds of your total gross income is from farming or fishing. H&r block efile Gross income from farming. H&r block efile   This is income from cultivating the soil or raising agricultural commodities. H&r block efile It includes the following amounts. H&r block efile Income from operating a stock, dairy, poultry, bee, fruit, or truck farm. H&r block efile Income from a plantation, ranch, nursery, range, orchard, or oyster bed. H&r block efile Crop shares for the use of your land. H&r block efile Gains from sales of draft, breeding, dairy, or sporting livestock. H&r block efile   For 2013, gross income from farming is the total of the following amounts. H&r block efile Schedule F (Form 1040), Profit or Loss From Farming, line 9. H&r block efile Form 4835, Farm Rental Income and Expenses, line 7. H&r block efile Your share of the gross farming income from a partnership, S corporation, estate or trust, from: Schedule K-1 (Form 1065), Schedule K-1 (Form 1120S), or Schedule K-1 (Form 1041). H&r block efile Your gains from sales of draft, breeding, dairy, or sporting livestock shown on Form 4797, Sales of Business Property. H&r block efile   Wages you receive as a farm employee and wages you receive from a farm corporation are not gross income from farming. H&r block efile Gross income from fishing. H&r block efile   This is income from catching, taking, harvesting, cultivating, or farming any kind of fish, shellfish (for example, clams and mussels), crustaceans (for example, lobsters, crabs, and shrimp), sponges, seaweeds, or other aquatic forms of animal and vegetable life. H&r block efile   Gross income from fishing includes the following amounts. H&r block efile Schedule C (Form 1040), Profit or Loss From Business. H&r block efile Income for services as an officer or crew member of a vessel while the vessel is engaged in fishing. H&r block efile Your share of the gross fishing income from a partnership, S corporation, estate or trust, from: Schedule K-1 (Form 1065), Schedule K-1 (Form 1120S), or Schedule K-1 (Form 1041). H&r block efile Certain taxable interest and punitive damage awards received in connection with the Exxon Valdez litigation. H&r block efile Income for services normally performed in connection with fishing. H&r block efile Services normally performed in connection with fishing include: Shore service as an officer or crew member of a vessel engaged in fishing, and Services that are necessary for the immediate preservation of the catch, such as cleaning, icing, and packing the catch. H&r block efile Higher Income Taxpayers If your AGI for 2013 was more than $150,000 ($75,000 if your filing status for 2014 is married filing a separate return), substitute 110% for 100% in (2b) under General Rule , earlier. H&r block efile For 2013, AGI is the amount shown on Form 1040, line 37; Form 1040A, line 21; and Form 1040EZ, line 4. H&r block efile Note. H&r block efile This rule does not apply to farmers and fishermen. H&r block efile Aliens Resident and nonresident aliens also may have to pay estimated tax. H&r block efile Resident aliens should follow the rules in this publication, unless noted otherwise. H&r block efile Nonresident aliens should get Form 1040-ES (NR), U. H&r block efile S. H&r block efile Estimated Tax for Nonresident Alien Individuals. H&r block efile You are an alien if you are not a citizen or national of the United States. H&r block efile You are a resident alien if you either have a green card or meet the substantial presence test. H&r block efile For more information about withholding, the substantial presence test, and Form 1040-ES (NR), see Publication 519. H&r block efile Estates and Trusts Estates and trusts also must pay estimated tax. H&r block efile However, estates (and certain grantor trusts that receive the residue of the decedent's estate under the decedent's will) are exempt from paying estimated tax for the first 2 years after the decedent's death. H&r block efile Estates and trusts must use Form 1041-ES, Estimated Income Tax for Estates and Trusts, to figure and pay estimated tax. H&r block efile How To Figure Estimated Tax To figure your estimated tax, you must figure your expected AGI, taxable income, taxes, deductions, and credits for the year. H&r block efile When figuring your 2014 estimated tax, it may be helpful to use your income, deductions, and credits for 2013 as a starting point. H&r block efile Use your 2013 federal tax return as a guide. H&r block efile You can use Form 1040-ES to figure your estimated tax. H&r block efile Nonresident aliens use Form 1040-ES (NR) to figure estimated tax. H&r block efile You must make adjustments both for changes in your own situation and for recent changes in the tax law. H&r block efile Some of these changes are discussed under What's New for 2014 , earlier. H&r block efile For information about these and other changes in the law, visit the IRS website at IRS. H&r block efile gov. H&r block efile The instructions for Form 1040-ES include a worksheet to help you figure your estimated tax. H&r block efile Keep the worksheet for your records. H&r block efile 2014 Estimated Tax Worksheet Use Worksheet 2-1 to help guide you through the information about completing the 2014 Estimated Tax Worksheet. H&r block efile You can also find a copy of the worksheet in the Instructions for Form 1040-ES. H&r block efile Expected AGI—Line 1 Your expected AGI for 2014 (line 1) is your expected total income minus your expected adjustments to income. H&r block efile Total income. H&r block efile   Include in your total income all the income you expect to receive during the year, even income that is subject to withholding. H&r block efile However, do not include income that is tax exempt. H&r block efile   Total income includes all income and loss for 2014 that, if you had received it in 2013, would have been included on your 2013 tax return in the total on line 22 of Form 1040, line 15 of Form 1040A, or line 4 of Form 1040EZ. H&r block efile Social security and railroad retirement benefits. H&r block efile If you expect to receive social security or tier 1 railroad retirement benefits during 2014, use Worksheet 2-2 to figure the amount of expected taxable benefits you should include on line 1. H&r block efile Adjustments to income. H&r block efile   Be sure to subtract from your expected total income all of the adjustments you expect to take on your 2014 tax return. H&r block efile Self-employed. H&r block efile If you expect to have income from self-employment, use Worksheet 2-3 to figure your expected self-employment tax and your allowable deduction for self-employment tax. H&r block efile Include the amount from Worksheet 2-3 in your expected adjustments to income. H&r block efile If you file a joint return and both you and your spouse have net earnings from self-employment, each of you must complete a separate worksheet. H&r block efile Expected Taxable Income— Lines 2–5 Reduce your expected AGI for 2014 (line 1) by either your expected itemized deductions or your standard deduction and by your exemptions (lines 2 through 5). H&r block efile Itemized deductions—line 2. H&r block efile   If you expect to claim itemized deductions on your 2014 tax return, enter the estimated amount on line 2. H&r block efile   Itemized deductions are the deductions that can be claimed on Schedule A (Form 1040). H&r block efile    For 2014, your total itemized deductions may be reduced if your AGI is more than the amount shown next for your filing status. H&r block efile Single $254,200 Married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) $305,050 Married filing separately $152,525 Head of household $279,650   If you expect your AGI to be more than this amount, use Worksheet 2-5 to figure the amount to enter on line 2. H&r block efile Standard deduction—line 2. H&r block efile   If you expect to claim the standard deduction on your 2014 tax return, enter the amount on line 2. H&r block efile Use Worksheet 2-4 to figure your standard deduction. H&r block efile No standard deduction. H&r block efile   The standard deduction for some individuals is zero. H&r block efile Your standard deduction will be zero if you: File a separate return and your spouse itemizes deductions, Are a dual-status alien, or File a return for a period of less than 12 months because you change your accounting period. H&r block efile Exemptions—line 4. H&r block efile   After you have subtracted either your expected itemized deductions or your standard deduction from your expected AGI, reduce the amount remaining by $3,950 for each exemption you expect to take on your 2014 tax return. H&r block efile If another person (such as your parent) can claim an exemption for you on his or her tax return, you cannot claim your own personal exemption. H&r block efile This is true even if the other person will not claim your exemption or the exemption will be reduced or eliminated under the phaseout rule. H&r block efile    For 2014, your deduction for personal exemption is reduced if your AGI is more than the amount shown next for your filing status. H&r block efile Single $254,200 Married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) $305,050 Married filing separately $152,525 Head of household $279,650   If you expect your AGI to be more than this amount, use Worksheet 2-6 to figure the amount to enter on line 4. H&r block efile Expected Taxes and Credits— Lines 6–13c After you have figured your expected taxable income (line 5), follow the steps next to figure your expected taxes, credits, and total tax for 2014. H&r block efile Most people will have entries for only a few of these steps. H&r block efile However, you should check every step to be sure you do not overlook anything. H&r block efile Step 1. H&r block efile   Figure your expected income tax (line 6). H&r block efile Generally, you will use the 2014 Tax Rate Schedules, later, to figure your expected income tax. H&r block efile   However, see below for situations where you must use a different method to compute your estimated tax. H&r block efile Tax on child's investment income. H&r block efile   You must use a special method to figure tax on the income of the following children who have more than $2,000 of investment income. H&r block efile Children under age 18 at the end of 2014. H&r block efile The following children if their earned income is not more than half their support. H&r block efile Children age 18 at the end of 2014. H&r block efile Children who are full-time students over age 18 and under age 24 at the end of 2014. H&r block efile See Publication 929, Tax Rules for Children and Dependents. H&r block efile Although the ages and dollar amounts in the publication may be different in the 2014 revision, this reference will give you basic information for figuring the tax. H&r block efile Tax on net capital gain. H&r block efile   The regular income tax rates for individuals do not apply to a net capital gain. H&r block efile Instead, your net capital gain is taxed at a lower maximum rate. H&r block efile   The term “net capital gain” means the amount by which your net long-term capital gain for the year is more than your net short-term capital loss. H&r block efile Tax on capital gain and qualified dividends. H&r block efile If the amount on line 1 includes a net capital gain or qualified dividends, use Worksheet 2-7 to figure your tax. H&r block efile Note. H&r block efile For 2014, your capital gains and dividends rate will depend on your income. H&r block efile Tax if excluding foreign earned income or excluding or deducting foreign housing. H&r block efile If you expect to claim the foreign earned income exclusion or the housing exclusion or deduction on Form 2555 or Form 2555-EZ, use Worksheet 2-8 to figure your estimated tax. H&r block efile Step 2. H&r block efile   Total your expected taxes (line 8). H&r block efile Include on line 8 the sum of the following. H&r block efile Your tax on line 6. H&r block efile Your expected alternative minimum tax (AMT) from Form 6251, or included on Form 1040A. H&r block efile Your expected additional taxes from Form 8814, Parents' Election To Report Child's Interest and Dividends, and Form 4972, Tax on Lump-Sum Distributions. H&r block efile Any recapture of education credits. H&r block efile Step 3. H&r block efile   Subtract your expected credits (line 9). H&r block efile If you are using your 2013 return as a guide and filed Form 1040, your total credits for 2013 were shown on line 54. H&r block efile If you filed Form 1040A, your total credits for 2013 were on line 34. H&r block efile   If your credits on line 9 are more than your taxes on line 8, enter “-0-” on line 10 and go to Step 4. H&r block efile Step 4. H&r block efile   Add your expected self-employment tax (line 11). H&r block efile You already should have figured your self-employment tax (see Self-employed under Expected AGI—Line 1, earlier). H&r block efile Step 5. H&r block efile   Add your expected other taxes (line 12). H&r block efile   Other taxes include the following. H&r block efile Additional tax on early distributions from: An IRA or other qualified retirement plan, A tax-sheltered annuity, or A modified endowment contract entered into after June 20, 1988. H&r block efile Household employment taxes if: You will have federal income tax withheld from wages, pensions, annuities, gambling winnings, or other income, or You would be required to make estimated tax payments even if you did not include household employment taxes when figuring your estimated tax. H&r block efile Amounts written on Form 1040 on the line for “other taxes” (line 60 on the 2013 Form 1040). H&r block efile But, do not include recapture of a federal mortgage subsidy; tax on excess golden parachute payments; look-back interest due under section 167(g) or 460(b) of the Internal Revenue Code; excise tax on insider stock compensation from an expatriated corporation; uncollected social security and Medicare tax or RRTA tax on tips or group-term life insurance; or additional tax on advance payments of health coverage tax credit when not eligible. H&r block efile Repayment of the first-time homebuyer credit. H&r block efile See Form 5405. H&r block efile Additional Medicare Tax. H&r block efile A 0. H&r block efile 9% Additional Medicare Tax applies to your combined Medicare wages and self-employment income and/or your RRTA compensation that exceeds the amount listed in the following chart, based on your filing status. H&r block efile Filing Status Threshold Amount Married filing jointly $250,000 Married filing separately $125,000 Single $200,000 Head of household $200,000 Qualifying Widow(er) $200,000 Medicare wages and self-employment income are combined to determine if your income exceeds the threshold. H&r block efile A self-employment loss should not be considered for purposes of this tax. H&r block efile RRTA compensation should be separately compared to the threshold. H&r block efile Your employer is responsible for withholding the 0. H&r block efile 9% Additional Medicare Tax on Medicare wages or RRTA compensation it pays to you in excess of $200,000 in 2014. H&r block efile You should consider this withholding, if applicable, in determining whether you need to make an estimated payment. H&r block efile For more information on Additional Medicare Tax, go to IRS. H&r block efile gov and enter “Additional Medicare Tax” in the search box. H&r block efile Net Investment Income Tax (NIIT). H&r block efile The NIIT is 3. H&r block efile 8% of the lesser of your net investment income or the excess of your modified adjusted gross income over the amount listed in the following chart, based on your filing status. H&r block efile Filing Status Threshold Amount Married filing jointly $250,000 Married filing separately $125,000 Single $200,000 Head of household $200,000 Qualifying Widow(er) $250,000 For more information on Net Investment Income Tax, go to IRS. H&r block efile gov and enter “Net Investment Income Tax” in the search box. H&r block efile Step 6. H&r block efile   Subtract your refundable credit (line 13b). H&r block efile   To figure your expected fuel tax credit, do not include fuel tax for the first three quarters of the year that you expect to have refunded to you. H&r block efile   The result of steps 1 through 6 is your total estimated tax for 2014 (line 13c). H&r block efile Required Annual Payment— Line 14c On lines 14a through 14c, figure the total amount you must pay for 2014, through withholding and estimated tax payments, to avoid paying a penalty. H&r block efile General rule. H&r block efile   The total amount you must pay is the smaller of: 90% of your total expected tax for 2014, or 100% of the total tax shown on your 2013 return. H&r block efile Your 2013 tax return must cover all 12 months. H&r block efile Special rules. H&r block efile   There are special rules for higher income taxpayers and for farmers and fishermen. H&r block efile Higher income taxpayers. H&r block efile   If your AGI for 2013 was more than $150,000 ($75,000 if your filing status for 2014 is married filing separately), substitute 110% for 100% in (2) above. H&r block efile This rule does not apply to farmers and fishermen. H&r block efile For 2013, AGI is the amount shown on Form 1040, line 37; Form 1040A, line 21; and Form 1040EZ, line 4. H&r block efile Example. H&r block efile   Jeremy Martin's total tax on his 2013 return was $42,581, and his expected tax for 2014 is $71,253. H&r block efile His 2013 AGI was $180,000. H&r block efile Because Jeremy had more than $150,000 of AGI in 2013, he figures his required annual payment as follows. H&r block efile He determines that 90% of his expected tax for 2014 is $64,128 (. H&r block efile 90 × $71,253). H&r block efile Next, he determines that 110% of the tax shown on his 2013 return is $46,839 (1. H&r block efile 10 x $42,581). H&r block efile Finally, he determines that his required annual payment is $46,839, the smaller of the two. H&r block efile Farmers and fishermen. H&r block efile   If at least two-thirds of your gross income for 2013 or 2014 is from farming or fishing, your required annual payment is the smaller of: 662/3% (. H&r block efile 6667) of your total tax for 2014, or 100% of the total tax shown on your 2013 return. H&r block efile (Your 2013 tax return must cover all 12 months. H&r block efile )   For definitions of “gross income from farming” and “gross income from fishing,” see Farmers and Fishermen , under Special Rules discussed earlier. H&r block efile Total tax for 2013—line 14b. H&r block efile   Your 2013 total tax, if you filed Form 1040, is the amount on line 61 reduced by the following. H&r block efile Unreported social security and Medicare tax or RRTA tax from Forms 4137 or 8919 (line 57). H&r block efile The following amounts from Form 5329 included on line 58. H&r block efile Any tax on excess contributions to IRAs, Archer MSAs, Coverdell education savings accounts, and health savings accounts. H&r block efile Any tax on excess accumulations in qualified retirement plans. H&r block efile The following write-ins on line 60. H&r block efile Excise tax on excess golden parachute payments (identified as “EPP”). H&r block efile Excise tax on insider stock compensation from an expatriated corporation (identified as “ISC”). H&r block efile Look-back interest due under section 167(g) (identified as “From Form 8866”). H&r block efile Look-back interest due under section 460(b) (identified as “From Form 8697”). H&r block efile Recapture of federal mortgage subsidy (identified as “FMSR”). H&r block efile Additional tax on advance payments of health coverage tax credit when not eligible (identified as “HCTC”). H&r block efile Uncollected social security and Medicare tax or RRTA tax on tips or group-term life insurance (identified as “UT”). H&r block efile Any refundable credit amounts. H&r block efile   If you filed Form 1040A, your 2013 total tax is the amount on line 35 reduced by any refundable credits. H&r block efile   If you filed Form 1040EZ, your 2013 total tax is the amount on line 10 reduced by the amount on line 8a. H&r block efile Total Estimated Tax Payments Needed—Line 16a Use lines 15 and 16a to figure the total estimated tax you may be required to pay for 2014. H&r block efile Subtract your expected withholding from your required annual payment (line 14c). H&r block efile You usually must pay this difference in four equal installments. H&r block efile See When To Pay Estimated Tax and How To Figure Each Payment . H&r block efile You do not have to pay estimated tax if: Line 14c minus line 15 is zero or less, or Line 13c minus line 15 is less than $1,000. H&r block efile Withholding—line 15. H&r block efile   Your expected withholding for 2014 (line 15) includes the income tax you expect to be withheld from all sources (wages, pensions and annuities, etc. H&r block efile ). H&r block efile It includes excess social security, and tier 1 railroad retirement tax you expect to be withheld from your wages and compensation. H&r block efile For this purpose, you will have excess social security or tier 1 railroad retirement tax withholding for 2014 only if your wages and compensation from two or more employers are more than $117,000. H&r block efile See Excess Social Security or Railroad Retirement Tax Withholding in chapter 3. H&r block efile   It also includes Additional Medicare Tax you expect to be withheld from your wages or compensation. H&r block efile Your employer is responsible for withholding the 0. H&r block efile 9% Additional Medicare Tax on Medicare wages or RRTA compensation it pays to you in excess of $200,000. H&r block efile When To Pay Estimated Tax For estimated tax purposes, the year is divided into four payment periods. H&r block efile Each period has a specific payment due date. H&r block efile If you do not pay enough tax by the due date of each of the payment periods, you may be charged a penalty even if you are due a refund when you file your income tax return. H&r block efile If a payment is mailed, the date of the U. H&r block efile S. H&r block efile postmark is considered the date of payment. H&r block efile The payment periods and due dates for estimated tax payments are shown next. H&r block efile For exceptions to the dates listed, see Saturday, Sunday, holiday rule below. H&r block efile For the period: Due date: Jan. H&r block efile 11 – March 31 April 15 April 1 – May 31 June 16 June 1 – August 31 September 15 Sept. H&r block efile 1 – Dec. H&r block efile 31 January 15  next year2 1If your tax year does not begin on January 1,  see Fiscal year taxpayers . H&r block efile 2See January payment . H&r block efile Saturday, Sunday, holiday rule. H&r block efile   If the due date for an estimated tax payment falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the payment will be on time if you make it on the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or a holiday. H&r block efile January payment. H&r block efile   If you file your 2014 Form 1040 or Form 1040A by February 2, 2015, and pay the rest of the tax you owe, you do not need to make the payment due on January 15, 2015. H&r block efile Example. H&r block efile Janet Adams does not pay any estimated tax for 2014. H&r block efile She files her 2014 income tax return and pays the balance due shown on her return on January 26, 2015. H&r block efile Janet's estimated tax for the fourth payment period is considered to have been paid on time. H&r block efile However, she may owe a penalty for not making the first three estimated tax payments, if required. H&r block efile Any penalty for not making those payments will be figured up to January 26, 2015. H&r block efile Fiscal year taxpayers. H&r block efile   If your tax year does not start on January 1, your payment due dates are: The 15th day of the 4th month of your fiscal year, The 15th day of the 6th month of your fiscal year, The 15th day of the 9th month of your fiscal year, and The 15th day of the 1st month after the end of your fiscal year. H&r block efile   You do not have to make the last payment listed above if you file your income tax return by the last day of the first month after the end of your fiscal year and pay all the tax you owe with your return. H&r block efile When To Start You do not have to make estimated tax payments until you have income on which you will owe income tax. H&r block efile If you have income subject to estimated tax during the first payment period, you must make your first payment by the due date for the first payment period. H&r block efile You have several options when paying estimated taxes. H&r block efile You can: apply an overpayment from the previous tax year, pay all your estimated tax by the due date of your first payment, or pay it in installments. H&r block efile If you choose to pay in installments, make your first payment by the due date for the first payment period. H&r block efile Make your remaining installment payments by the due dates for the later periods. H&r block efile To avoid any estimated tax penalties, all installments must be paid by their due date and for the required amount. H&r block efile No income subject to estimated tax during first period. H&r block efile   If you do not have income subject to estimated tax until a later payment period, you must make your first payment by the due date for that period. H&r block efile You can pay your entire estimated tax by the due date for that period or you can pay it in installments by the due date for that period and the due dates for the remaining periods. H&r block efile Table 2-1 shows the dates for making installment payments. H&r block efile    Table 2-1. H&r block efile Due Dates for Estimated Tax Installment Payments If you first have income on which you must pay estimated tax: Make a payment  by:* Make later  installments  by:* Before April 1 April 15 June 16     Sept. H&r block efile 15     Jan. H&r block efile 15 next year April 1–May 31 June 16 Sept. H&r block efile 15     Jan. H&r block efile 15 next year June 1–Aug. H&r block efile 31 Sept. H&r block efile 15 Jan. H&r block efile 15 next year After Aug. H&r block efile 31 Jan. H&r block efile 15 next year (None) *See January payment and Saturday, Sunday, holiday rule . H&r block efile How much to pay to avoid penalty. H&r block efile   To determine how much you should pay by each payment due date, see How To Figure Each Payment , later. H&r block efile Farmers and Fishermen If at least two-thirds of your gross income for 2013 or 2014 is from farming or fishing, you have only one payment due date for your 2014 estimated tax, January 15, 2015. H&r block efile The due dates for the first three payment periods, discussed under When To Pay Estimated Tax , earlier, do not apply to you. H&r block efile If you file your 2014 Form 1040 by March 2, 2015, and pay all the tax you owe at that time, you do not need to make an estimated tax payment. H&r block efile Fiscal year farmers and fishermen. H&r block efile   If you are a farmer or fisherman, but your tax year does not start on January 1, you can either: Pay all your estimated tax by the 15th day after the end of your tax year, or File your return and pay all the tax you owe by the 1st day of the 3rd month after the end of your tax year. H&r block efile How To Figure Each Payment After you have figured your total estimated tax, figure how much you must pay by the due date of each payment period. H&r block efile You should pay enough by each due date to avoid a penalty for that period. H&r block efile If you do not pay enough during any payment period, you may be charged a penalty even if you are due a refund when you file your tax return. H&r block efile The penalty is discussed in chapter 4. H&r block efile Regular Installment Method If your first estimated tax payment is due April 15, 2014, you can figure your required payment for each period by dividing your annual estimated tax due (line 16a of the 2014 Estimated Tax Worksheet (Worksheet 2-1)) by 4. H&r block efile Enter this amount on line 17. H&r block efile However, use this method only if your income is basically the same throughout the year. H&r block efile Change in estimated tax. H&r block efile   After you make an estimated tax payment, changes in your income, adjustments, deductions, credits, or exemptions may make it necessary for you to refigure your estimated tax. H&r block efile Pay the unpaid balance of your amended estimated tax by the next payment due date after the change or in installments by that date and the due dates for the remaining payment periods. H&r block efile If you do not receive your income evenly throughout the year, your required estimated tax payments may not be the same for each period. H&r block efile See Annualized Income Installment Method . H&r block efile Amended estimated tax. H&r block efile If you refigure your estimated tax during the year, or if your first estimated tax payment is due after April 15, 2014, figure your required payment for each remaining payment period using Worksheet 2-14. H&r block efile Example. H&r block efile Early in 2014, Mira Roberts figures that her estimated tax due is $1,800. H&r block efile She makes estimated tax payments on April 15 and June 16 of $450 each ($1,800 ÷ 4). H&r block efile On July 10, she sells investment property at a gain. H&r block efile Her refigured estimated tax is $4,100. H&r block efile Her required estimated tax payment for the third payment period is $2,175, as shown in her filled-in Worksheet 2-14. H&r block efile If Mira's estimated tax does not change again, her required estimated tax payment for the fourth payment period will be $1,025. H&r block efile Worksheet 2-14. H&r block efile Amended Estimated Tax Worksheet—Illustrated               1. H&r block efile Amended total estimated tax due 1. H&r block efile $4,100 2. H&r block efile Multiply line 1 by:           50% (. H&r block efile 50) if next payment is due June 16, 2014           75% (. H&r block efile 75) if next payment is due September 15,  2014           100% (1. H&r block efile 00) if next payment is due January 15,  2015 2. H&r block efile 3,075     3. H&r block efile Estimated tax payments for all previous periods 3. H&r block efile 900     4. H&r block efile Next required payment: Subtract line 3 from line 2 and enter the result (but not less than zero) here and on your payment voucher for your next required payment 4. H&r block efile $2,175       Note. H&r block efile If the payment on line 4 is due January 15, 2015, stop here. H&r block efile Otherwise, go to line 5. H&r block efile         5. H&r block efile Add lines 3 and 4 5. H&r block efile 3,075 6. H&r block efile Subtract line 5 from line 1 and enter the result (but not less than zero) 6. H&r block efile 1,025 7. H&r block efile Each following required payment: If the payment on line 4 is due June 16, 2014, enter one-half of the amount on line 6 here and on the payment vouchers for your payments due September 15, 2014, and January 15, 2015. H&r block efile If the amount on line 4 is due September 15, 2014, enter the amount from line 6 here and on the payment voucher for your payment due January 15, 2015 7. H&r block efile $1,025 Worksheet 2-14. H&r block efile Amended Estimated Tax Worksheet—Blank               1. H&r block efile Amended total estimated tax due 1. H&r block efile   2. H&r block efile Multiply line 1 by:           50% (. H&r block efile 50) if next payment is due June 16, 2014           75% (. H&r block efile 75) if next payment is due September 15,  2014           100% (1. H&r block efile 00) if next payment is due January 15,  2015 2. H&r block efile       3. H&r block efile Estimated tax payments for all previous periods 3. H&r block efile       4. H&r block efile Next required payment: Subtract line 3 from line 2 and enter the result (but not less than zero) here and on your payment voucher for your next required payment 4. H&r block efile         Note. H&r block efile If the payment on line 4 is due January 15, 2015, stop here. H&r block efile Otherwise, go to line 5. H&r block efile         5. H&r block efile Add lines 3 and 4 5. H&r block efile   6. H&r block efile Subtract line 5 from line 1 and enter the result (but not less than zero) 6. H&r block efile   7. H&r block efile Each following required payment: If the payment on line 4 is due June 16, 2014, enter one-half of the amount on line 6 here and on the payment vouchers for your payments due September 15, 2014, and January 15, 2015. H&r block efile If the amount on line 4 is due September 15, 2014, enter the amount from line 6 here and on the payment voucher for your payment due January 15, 2015 7. H&r block efile   Underpayment penalty. H&r block efile   The penalty is figured separately for each payment period. H&r block efile If you figure your payments using the regular installment method and later refigure your payments because of an increase in income, you may be charged a penalty for underpayment of estimated tax for the period(s) before you changed your payments. H&r block efile To see how you may be able to avoid or reduce this penalty, see Annualized Income Installment Method (Schedule AI) in chapter 4. H&r block efile Annualized Income Installment Method If you do not receive your income evenly throughout the year (for example, your income from a repair shop you operate is much larger in the summer than it is during the rest of the year), your required estimated tax payment for one or more periods may be less than the amount figured using the regular installment method. H&r block efile The annualized income installment method annualizes your tax at the end of each period based on a reasonable estimate of your income, deductions, and other items relating to events that occurred from the beginning of the tax year through the end of the period. H&r block efile To see whether you can pay less for any period, complete the 2014 Annualized Estimated Tax Worksheet (Worksheet 2-9). H&r block efile You first must complete the 2014 Estimated Tax Worksheet (Worksheet 2-1) through line 16b. H&r block efile Use the result you figure on line 32 of Worksheet 2-9 to make your estimated tax payments and complete your payment vouchers. H&r block efile Note. H&r block efile If you use the annualized income installment method to figure your estimated tax payments, you must file Form 2210 with your 2014 tax return. H&r block efile See Annualized Income Installment Method (Schedule AI) in chapter 4 for more information. H&r block efile Instructions for the 2014 Annualized Estimated Tax Worksheet (Worksheet 2-9) Use Worksheet 2-9 to help you follow these instructions. H&r block efile The purpose of this worksheet is to determine your estimated tax liability as your income accumulates throughout the year, rather than dividing your entire year's estimated tax liability by four as if your income was earned equally throughout the year. H&r block efile The top of the worksheet shows the dates for each payment period. H&r block efile The periods build; that is, each period includes all previous periods. H&r block efile After the end of each payment period, complete the corresponding worksheet column to figure the payment due for that period. H&r block efile Line 1. H&r block efile   Enter your AGI for the period. H&r block efile This is your gross income for the period, including your share of partnership or S corporation income or loss, minus your adjustments to income for that period. H&r block efile See Expected AGI—Line 1 , earlier. H&r block efile Self-employment income. H&r block efile   If you had self-employment income, first complete Section B of this worksheet. H&r block efile Use the amounts on line 43 when figuring your expected AGI to enter in each column of Section A, line 1. H&r block efile Line 4. H&r block efile   Be sure to consider all deduction limits figured on Schedule A (Form 1040), such as reducing your medical expenses by 10% (7. H&r block efile 5% if either you or your spouse was born before January 2, 1950) or reducing certain miscellaneous deductions by 2% of your AGI. H&r block efile Figure your deduction limits using your expected AGI in the corresponding column of line 1 (2014 Annualized Estimated Tax Worksheet (Worksheet 2-9)). H&r block efile Line 6. H&r block efile   Multiply line 4 by line 5 and enter the result on line 6 unless line 3 is more than $305,050 if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er), $279,650 if head of household, $254,200 if single, or $152,525 if married filing separately. H&r block efile In that case, use Worksheet 2-10 to figure the amount to enter on line 6. H&r block efile Complete Worksheet 2–10 for each period, as necessary. H&r block efile Line 7. H&r block efile   If you will not itemize your deductions, use Worksheet 2-4 to figure your standard deduction. H&r block efile Line 10. H&r block efile   Multiply $3,950 by your total expected exemptions and enter the result on line 10 unless line 3 is more than $305,050 if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er), $279,650 if head of household, $254,200 if single, or $152,525 if married filing separately. H&r block efile   In that case, use Worksheet 2-11 to figure the amount to enter on line 10. H&r block efile Line 12. H&r block efile   Generally, you will use the Tax Rate Schedules to figure the tax on your annualized income. H&r block efile However, see below for situations where you must use a different method to compute your estimated tax. H&r block efile Tax on child's investment income. H&r block efile   You must use a special method to figure tax on the income of the following children who have more than $2,000 of investment income. H&r block efile Children under age 18 at the end of 2014. H&r block efile The following children if their earned income is not more than half their support. H&r block efile Children age 18 at the end of 2014. H&r block efile Children who are full-time students over age 18 and under age 24 at the end of 2014. H&r block efile See Publication 929. H&r block efile Tax on net capital gain. H&r block efile   The regular income tax rates for individuals do not apply to a net capital gain. H&r block efile Instead, your net capital gain is taxed at a lower maximum rate. H&r block efile   The term “net capital gain” means the amount by which your net long-term capital gain for the year is more than your net short-term capital loss. H&r block efile Tax on qualified dividends and capital gains. H&r block efile   For 2014, your capital gain and dividends rate will depend on your income. H&r block efile Tax on capital gain or qualified dividends. H&r block efile If the amount on line 1 includes a net capital gain or qualified dividends, use Worksheet 2-12 to figure the amount to enter on line 12. H&r block efile Tax if excluding foreign earned income or excluding or deducting foreign housing. H&r block efile If you expect to claim the foreign earned income exclusion or the housing exclusion or deduction on Form 2555 or Form 2555-EZ, use Worksheet 2-13 to figure the amount to enter on line 12. H&r block efile Line 13. H&r block efile   If you file Form 1040, add the tax from Forms 8814, 4972, and 6251 for the period. H&r block efile If you file Form 1040A, add the amount from the Alternative Minimum Tax Worksheet found in the instructions. H&r block efile Also include any recapture of an education credit for each period. H&r block efile You may owe this tax if you claimed an education credit in an earlier year and you received either tax-free educational assistance or a refund of qualifying expenses for the same student after filing your 2013 return. H&r block efile   Use the 2013 forms or worksheets to see if you will owe any of the taxes discussed above. H&r block efile Figure the tax based on your income and deductions during the period shown in the column headings. H&r block efile Multiply this amount by the annualization amounts shown for each column on line 2 of the 2014 Annualized Estimated Tax Worksheet (Worksheet 2-9). H&r block efile Enter the result on line 13 of this worksheet. H&r block efile Line 15. H&r block efile   Include all the nonrefundable credits you expect to claim because of events that will occur during the period. H&r block efile Note. H&r block efile When figuring your credits for each period, annualize any item of income or deduction to figure each credit. H&r block efile For example, if you need to use your AGI to figure a credit, use line 3 of Worksheet 2-9 to figure the credit for each column. H&r block efile Line 18. H&r block efile   Add your expected other taxes. H&r block efile   Other taxes include the following. H&r block efile Additional tax on early distributions from: An IRA or other qualified retirement plan, A tax-sheltered annuity, or A modified endowment contract entered into after June 20, 1988. H&r block efile Household employment taxes if: You will have federal income tax withheld from wages, pensions, annuities, gambling winnings, or other income, or You would be required to make estimated tax payments even if you did not include household employment taxes when figuring your estimated tax. H&r block efile Amounts on Form 1040 written on the line for “other taxes” (line 60 on the 2013 Form 1040). H&r block efile But do not include recapture of a federal mortgage subsidy; tax on excess golden parachute payments; look-back interest due under section 167(g) or 460(b) of the Internal Revenue Code; excise tax on insider stock compensation from an expatriated corporation; uncollected social security, Medicare, or RRTA tax on tips or group-term life insurance; or additional tax on advance payments of health coverage tax credit when not eligible. H&r block efile Repayment of the first-time homebuyer credit if the home will cease to be your main home in 2014. H&r block efile See Form 5405 for exceptions. H&r block efile Additional Medicare Tax. H&r block efile A 0. H&r block efile 9% Additional Medicare Tax applies to your combined Medicare wages and self-employment income and/or your RRTA compensation that exceeds the amount listed in the following chart, based on your filing status. H&r block efile Filing Status Threshold Amount Married filing jointly $250,000 Married filing separately $125,000 Single $200,000 Head of household $200,000 Qualifying Widow(er) $200,000 Medicare wages and self-employment income are combined to determine if your income exceeds the threshold. H&r block efile A self-employment loss should not be considered for purposes of this tax. H&r block efile RRTA compensation should be separately compared to the threshold. H&r block efile Your employer is responsible for withholding the 0. H&r block efile 9% Additional Medicare Tax on Medicare wages or RRTA compensation it pays you in excess of $200,000 in 2014. H&r block efile You should consider this withholding, if applicable, in determining whether you need to make an estimated payment. H&r block efile For more information on Additional Medicare Tax, go to IRS. H&r block efile gov and enter “Additional Medicare Tax” in the search box. H&r block efile Net Investment Income Tax (NIIT). H&r block efile The NIIT is 3. H&r block efile 8% of the lesser of your net investment income or the excess of your modified adjusted gross income over a specified threshold amount. H&r block efile Threshold amounts: Filing Status Threshold Amount Married filing jointly $250,000 Married filing separately $125,000 Single $200,000 Head of household $200,000 Qualifying Widow(er) $250,000 For more information on Net Investment Income Tax, go to IRS. H&r block efile gov and enter “Net Investment Income Tax” in the search box. H&r block efile Line 20. H&r block efile   Include all the refundable credits (other than withholding credits) you can claim because of events that occurred during the period. H&r block efile Note. H&r block efile When figuring your refundable credits for each period, annualize any item of income or deduction used to figure each credit. H&r block efile Line 29. H&r block efile   If line 28 is smaller than line 25 and you are not certain of the estimate of your 2014 tax, you can avoid a penalty by entering the amount from line 25 on line 29. H&r block efile Line 31. H&r block efile   For each period, include estimated tax payments made and any excess social security and railroad retirement tax. H&r block efile   Also include estimated federal income tax withholding. H&r block efile One-fourth of your estimated withholding is considered withheld on the due date of each payment period. H&r block efile To figure the amount to include on line 31 for each period, multiply your total expected withholding for 2014 by: 25% (. H&r block efile 25) for the first period, 50% (. H&r block efile 50) for the second period, 75% (. H&r block efile 75) for the third period, and 100% (1. H&r block efile 00) for the fourth period. H&r block efile   However, you may choose to include your withholding according to the actual dates on which the amounts will be withheld. H&r block efile For each period, include withholding made from the beginning of the period up to and including the payment due date. H&r block efile You can make this choice separately for the taxes withheld from your wages and all other withholding. H&r block efile For an explanation of what to include in withholding, see Total Estimated Tax Payments Needed—Line 16a , earlier. H&r block efile Nonresident aliens. H&r block efile   If you will file Form 1040NR and you do not receive wages as an employee subject to U. H&r block efile S. H&r block efile income tax withholding, the instructions for the worksheet are modified as follows. H&r block efile Skip column (a). H&r block efile On line 1, enter your income for the period that is effectively connected with a U. H&r block efile S. H&r block efile trade or business. H&r block efile On line 21, increase your entry by the amount determined by multiplying your income for the period that is not effectively connected with a U. H&r block efile S. H&r block efile trade or business by the following. H&r block efile 72% for column (b). H&r block efile 45% for column (c). H&r block efile 30% for column (d). H&r block efile However, if you can use a treaty rate lower than 30%, use the percentages determined by multiplying your treaty rate by 2. H&r block efile 4, 1. H&r block efile 5, and 1, respectively. H&r block efile On line 26, enter one-half of the amount from line 16c of the Form 1040-ES (NR) 2014 Estimated Tax Worksheet in column (b), and one-fourth in columns (c) and (d) of Worksheet 2-9. H&r block efile On lines 24 and 27, skip column (b). H&r block efile On line 31, if you do not use the actual withholding method, include one-half of your total expected withholding in column (b) and one-fourth in columns (c) and (d). H&r block efile See Publication 519 for more information. H&r block efile Estimated Tax Payments Not Required You do not have to pay estimated tax if your withholding in each payment period is at least as much as: One-fourth of your required annual payment, or Your required annualized income installment for that period. H&r block efile You also do not have to pay estimated tax if you will pay enough through withholding to keep the amount you will owe with your return under $1,000. H&r block efile How To Pay Estimated Tax There are several ways to pay estimated tax. H&r block efile Credit an overpayment on your 2013 return to your 2014 estimated tax. H&r block efile Pay by direct transfer from your bank account, or pay by credit or debit card using a pay-by-phone system or the Internet. H&r block efile Send in your payment (check or money order) with a payment voucher from Form 1040-ES. H&r block efile Credit an Overpayment If you show an overpayment of tax after completing your Form 1040 or Form 1040A for 2013, you can apply part or all of it to your estimated tax for 2014. H&r block efile On Form 1040, or Form 1040A, enter the amount you want credited to your estimated tax rather than refunded. H&r block efile Take the amount you have credited into account when figuring your estimated tax payments. H&r block efile If you timely file your 2013 return, treat the credit as a payment made on April 15, 2014. H&r block efile If you are a beneficiary of an estate or trust, and the trustee elects to credit 2014 trust payments of estimated tax to you, you can treat the amount credited as paid by you on January 15, 2015. H&r block efile If you choose to have an overpayment of tax credited to your estimated tax, you cannot have any of that amount refunded to you until you file your tax return for the following year. H&r block efile You also cannot use that overpayment in any other way. H&r block efile Example. H&r block efile When Kathleen finished filling out her 2013 tax return, she saw that she had overpaid her taxes by $750. H&r block efile Kathleen knew she would owe additional tax in 2014. H&r block efile She credited $600 of the overpayment to her 2014 estimated tax and had the remaining $150 refunded to her. H&r block efile In September, she amended her 2013 return by filing Form 1040X, Amended U. H&r block efile S. H&r block efile Individual Income Tax Return. H&r block efile It turned out that she owed $250 more in tax than she had thought. H&r block efile This reduced her 2013 overpayment from $750 to $500. H&r block efile Because the $750 had already been applied to her 2014 estimated tax or refunded to her, the IRS billed her for the additional $250 she owed, plus penalties and interest. H&r block efile Kathleen could not use any of the $600 she had credited to her 2014 estimated tax to pay this bill. H&r block efile Pay Online Paying online is convenient and secure and helps make sure we get your payments on time. H&r block efile You can make your estimated tax payments online when you e-file or at any time during the year. H&r block efile You can pay using either of the following electronic payment methods. H&r block efile Direct transfer from your bank account. H&r block efile Credit or debit card. H&r block efile To pay your taxes online or for more information, go to www. H&r block efile irs. H&r block efile gov/e-pay. H&r block efile Pay by Phone Paying by phone is another safe and secure method of paying electronically. H&r block efile Use one of the following methods. H&r block efile Direct transfer from your bank account. H&r block efile Credit or debit card. H&r block efile To pay by direct transfer from your bank account, call EFTPS Customer Service at 1-800-555-4477 (English), 1-800-244-4829 (Espanol), or TTY/TDD 1-800-733-4829. H&r block efile To pay using a credit or debit card, you can call one of the following service providers. H&r block efile There is a convenience fee charged by these providers that varies by provider, card type, and payment amount. H&r block efile WorldPay 1-888-9-PAY-TAXTM (1-888-972-9829) www. H&r block efile payUSAtax. H&r block efile com Official Payments Corporation 1-888-UPAY-TAXTM (1-888-872-9829) www. H&r block efile officialpayments. H&r block efile com Link2GOV Corporation 1-888-PAY-1040TM (1-888-729-1040) www. H&r block efile PAY1040. H&r block efile com For the latest details on how to pay by phone, go to www. H&r block efile irs. H&r block efile gov/e-pay. H&r block efile Pay by Check or Money Order Using the Estimated Tax Payment Voucher Each payment of estimated tax by check or money order must be accompanied by a payment voucher from Form 1040-ES. H&r block efile If you use your own envelopes (and not the window envelope that comes with the 1040-ES package), make sure you mail your payment vouchers to the address shown in the Form 1040-ES instructions for the place where you live. H&r block efile Do not use the address shown in the Form 1040 or Form 1040A instructions. H&r block efile If you did not pay estimated tax last year, get a copy of Form 1040-ES from the IRS (see chapter 5). H&r block efile Follow the instructions to make sure you use the vouchers correctly. H&r block efile Joint estimated tax payments. H&r block efile    If you file a joint return and are making joint estimated tax payments, enter the names and social security numbers on the payment voucher in the same order as they will appear on the joint return. H&r block efile Change of address. H&r block efile    You must notify the IRS if you are making estimated tax payments and you changed your address during the year. H&r block efile Complete Form 8822, Change of Address, and mail it to the address shown in the instructions for that form. H&r block efile Worksheets for Chapter 2 Use the following worksheets and tables to figure your correct estimated tax. H&r block efile IF you need. H&r block efile . H&r block efile . H&r block efile THEN use. H&r block efile . H&r block efile . H&r block efile 2014 Tax Rate Schedules   the 2014 Estimated Tax Worksheet Worksheet 2-1 to estimate your taxable social security and railroad retirement benefits—line 1 of ES Worksheet (or Annualized ES Worksheet (Worksheet 2-9)) Worksheet 2-2 to estimate your self-employment (SE) tax and your deduction for SE tax—lines 1 and 11 of ES Worksheet (lines 1 and 17 of Annualized ES Worksheet (Worksheet 2-9)) Worksheet 2-3 to estimate your standard deduction—line 2 of ES Worksheet (line 7 of Annualized ES Worksheet (Worksheet 2-9)) Worksheet 2-4 to reduce your itemized deductions because your estimated AGI is more than $152,525—line 2 of ES Worksheet Worksheet 2-5 to reduce your exemption amount because your estimated AGI is more than $152,525—line 4 of ES Worksheet Worksheet 2-6 to estimate your income tax if line 1 of your ES Worksheet includes a net capital gain or qualified dividends—line 6 of ES Worksheet Worksheet 2-7 to estimate your income tax if you expect to claim a foreign earned income exclusion or foreign housing exclusion or deduction on Form 2555 or Form 2555-EZ—line 6 of ES Worksheet Worksheet 2-8 the 2014 Annualized Estimated Tax Worksheet (Annualized ES Worksheet) Worksheet 2-9 to reduce your itemized deductions because your estimated annualized AGI is more than $152,525—line 6 of Annualized ES Worksheet Worksheet 2-10 to reduce your exemption amount because your estimated annualized AGI is more than $152,525—line 10 of Annualized ES Worksheet Worksheet 2-11 to estimate your income tax if line 1 of your Annualized ES Worksheet includes a net capital gain or qualified dividends—line 12 of Annualized ES Worksheet Worksheet 2-12 to estimate your income tax if you expect to claim a foreign earned income exclusion or foreign housing exclusion or deduction on Form 2555 or Form 2555-EZ—line 12 of Annualized ES Worksheet Worksheet 2-13 to refigure (amend) your estimated tax during the year Worksheet 2-14 2014 Tax Rate Schedules Do not use these Tax Rate Schedules to figure your 2013 taxes. H&r block efile Use them only to figure your 2014 estimated taxes. H&r block efile Schedule X—Use if your 2014 filing status is  Single Schedule Z—Use if your 2014 filing status is Head of household If line 5 is: The tax is:     If line 5 is: The tax is:     Over— But not  over—         of the  amount  over— Over— But not  over—         of the  amount  over— $0 $9,075     10. H&r block efile 0%   $0 $0 $12,950     10. H&r block efile 0%   $0 9,075 36,900 $907. H&r block efile 50 + 15. H&r block efile 0%   9,075 12,950 49,400 $1,295. H&r block efile 00 + 15. H&r block efile 0%   12,950 36,900 89,350 5,081. H&r block efile 25 + 25. H&r block efile 0%   36,900 49,400 127,550 6,762. H&r block efile 50 + 25. H&r block efile 0%   49,400 89,350 186,350 18,193. H&r block efile 75 + 28. H&r block efile 0%   89,350 127,550 206,600 26,300. H&r block efile 00 + 28. H&r block efile 0%   127,550 186,350 405,100 45,353. H&r block efile 75 + 33. H&r block efile 0%   186,350 206,600 405,100 48,434. H&r block efile 00 + 33. H&r block efile 0%   206,600 405,100 406,750 117,541. H&r block efile 25 + 35. H&r block efile 0%   405,100 405,100 432,200 113,939. H&r block efile 00 + 35. H&r block efile 0%   405,100 406,750 - - - - - - 118,118. H&r block efile 75 + 39. H&r block efile 6%   406,750 432,200 - - - - - - 123,424. H&r block efile 00 + 39. H&r block efile 6%   432,200 Schedule Y-1—Use if your 2014 filing status is Married filing jointly or Qualifying widow(er) Schedule Y-2—Use if your 2014 filing status is  Married filing separately If line 5 is: The tax is:     If line 5 is: The tax is:     Over— But not  over—         of the  amount  over— Over— But not  over—         of the  amount  over— $0 $18,150     10. H&r block efile 0%   $0 $0 $9,075     10. H&r block efile 0%   $0 18,150 73,800 $1,815. H&r block efile 00 + 15. H&r block efile 0%   18,150 9,075 36,900 $907. H&r block efile 50 + 15. H&r block efile 0%   9,075 73,800 148,850 10,162. H&r block efile 50 + 25. H&r block efile 0%   73,800 36,900 74,425 5,081. H&r block efile 25 + 25. H&r block efile 0%   36,900 148,850 226,850 28,925. H&r block efile 00 + 28. H&r block efile 0%   148,850 74,425 113,425 14,462. H&r block efile 50 + 28. H&r block efile 0%   74,425 226,850 405,100 50,765. H&r block efile 00 + 33. H&r block efile 0%   226,850 113,425 202,550 25,382. H&r block efile 50 + 33. H&r block efile 0%   113,425 405,100 457,600 109,587. H&r block efile 50 + 35. H&r block efile 0%   405,100 202,550 228,800 54,793. H&r block efile 75 + 35. H&r block efile 0%   202,550 457,600 - - - - - - 127,962. H&r block efile 50 + 39. H&r block efile 6%   457,600 228,800 - - - - - - 63,981. H&r block efile 25 + 39. H&r block efile 6%   228,800                             Worksheet 2-1. H&r block efile 2014 Estimated Tax Worksheet When this worksheet refers you to instructions, you can find those instructions in the Instructions for 2014 Form 1040-ES. H&r block efile 1 Adjusted gross income you expect in 2014 (see instructions) 1     2 If you plan to itemize deductions, enter the estimated total of your itemized deductions. H&r block efile  Caution: If line 1 is over $152,525, your deduction may be reduced. H&r block efile See Worksheet 2-5. H&r block efile If you do not plan to itemize deductions, enter your standard deduction. H&r block efile 2     3 Subtract line 2 from line 1 3     4 Exemptions. H&r block efile Multiply $3,950 by the number of personal exemptions. H&r block efile  Caution: If line 1 is over $152,525, the amount of your personal exemptions may be limited. H&r block efile See Worksheet 2-6. H&r block efile 4     5 Subtract line 4 from line 3 5     6 Tax. H&r block efile Figure your tax on the amount on line 5 by using the 2014 Tax Rate Schedules Caution: If you will have qualified dividends or a net capital gain, or expect to exclude or deduct foreign earned income or housing, see Worksheets 2-7 and 2-8 to figure the tax 6     7 Alternative minimum tax from Form 6251 or included on Form 1040A, line 28 7     8 Add lines 6 and 7. H&r block efile Add to this amount any other taxes you expect to include in the total on Form 1040, line 44 8     9 Credits (see instructions). H&r block efile Do not include any income tax withholding on this line 9     10 Subtract line 9 from line 8. H&r block efile If zero or less, enter -0- 10     11 Self-employment tax (see instructions) 11     12 Other taxes including, if applicable, Additional Medicare Tax and/or NIIT (see instructions) 12     13a Add lines 10 through 12 13a     b Earned income credit, additional child tax credit, fuel tax credit, and refundable American opportunity credit 13b     c Total 2014 estimated tax. H&r block efile Subtract line 13b from line 13a. H&r block efile If zero or less, enter -0- ▶ 13c     14a Multiply line 13c by 90% (662/3% for farmers and fishermen) 14a           b Required annual payment based on prior year's tax (see instructions) 14b           c Required annual payment to avoid a penalty. H&r block efile Enter the smaller of line 14a or 14b ▶ 14c        Caution: Generally, if you do not prepay (through income tax withholding and estimated tax payments) at least the amount on line 14c, you may owe a penalty for not paying enough estimated tax. H&r block efile To avoid a penalty, make sure your estimate on line 13c is as accurate as possible. H&r block efile Even if you pay the required annual payment, you may still owe tax when you file your return. H&r block efile If you prefer, you can pay the amount shown on line 13c. H&r block efile                         15 Income tax withheld and estimated to be withheld during 2014 (including income tax withholding on pensions, annuities, certain deferred income, etc. H&r block efile ) 15     16a Subtract line 15 from line 14c 16a             Is the result zero or less? □ Yes. H&r block efile Stop here. H&r block efile You are not required to make estimated tax payments. H&r block efile  □ No. H&r block efile Go to line 16b. H&r block efile             b Subtract line 15 from line 13c 16b             Is the result less than $1,000? □ Yes. H&r block efile Stop here. H&r block efile You are not required to make estimated tax payments. H&r block efile  □ No. H&r block efile Go to line 17 to figure your required payment. H&r block efile                         17 If the first payment you are required to make is due April 15, 2014, enter ¼ of line 16a (minus any 2013 overpayment that you are applying to this installment) here, and on your estimated tax payment voucher(s) if you are paying by check or money order 17     Worksheet 2-2. H&r block efile 2014 Estimated Tax Worksheet—Line 1 Estimated Taxable Social Security and Railroad Retirement Benefits Note. H&r block efile If you are using this worksheet to estimate your taxable social security or railroad retirement benefits for Worksheet 2-9, 2014 Annualized Estimated Tax Worksheet, multiply the expected amount of benefits for each period by the annualization amount shown on Worksheet 2-9, line 2, for the same period before entering it on line 1 below. H&r block efile     1. H&r block efile Enter your expected social security and railroad retirement benefits 1. H&r block efile   2. H&r block efile Enter one-half of line 1 2. H&r block efile   3. H&r block efile Enter your expected total income. H&r block efile Do not include any social security and railroad retirement benefits, nontaxable interest income, nontaxable IRA distributions, or nontaxable pension distributions 3. H&r block efile   4. H&r block efile Enter your expected nontaxable interest income 4. H&r block efile   5. H&r block efile Enter (as a positive amount) the total of any expected exclusions or deductions for: U. H&r block efile S. H&r block efile savings bond interest used for higher education expenses (Form 8815) Employer-provided adoption benefits (Form 8839) Foreign earned income or housing (Form 2555 or 2555-EZ) Income by bona fide residents of American Samoa (Form 4563) or Puerto Rico 5. H&r block efile   6. H&r block efile Add lines 2, 3, 4, and 5 6. H&r block efile   7. H&r block efile Enter your expected adjustments to income. H&r block efile Do not include any student loan interest deduction 7. H&r block efile   8. H&r block efile Subtract line 7 from line 6. H&r block efile If zero or less, stop here. H&r block efile  Note. H&r block efile Do not include any social security or railroad retirement benefits in the amount on line 1 of your 2014 Estimated Tax Worksheet (Worksheet 2-1) (or Annualized Estimated Tax Worksheet (Worksheet 2-9)) 8. H&r block efile   9. H&r block efile Enter $25,000 ($32,000 if you expect to file married filing jointly; $0 if you expect to file married filing separately and expect to live with your spouse at any time during the year) 9. H&r block efile   10. H&r block efile Subtract line 9 from line 8. H&r block efile If zero or less, stop here. H&r block efile  Note. H&r block efile Do not include any social security or railroad retirement benefits in the amount on line 1 of your Worksheet 2-1 (or Annualized Estimated Tax Worksheet (Worksheet 2-9)) 10. H&r block efile   11. H&r block efile Enter $9,000 ($12,000 if you expect to file married filing jointly; $0 if you expect to file married filing separately and expect to live with your spouse at any time during the year) 11. H&r block efile   12. H&r block efile Subtract line 11 from line 10. H&r block efile If zero or less, enter -0- 12. H&r block efile   13. H&r block efile Enter the smaller of line 10 or line 11 13. H&r block efile   14. H&r block efile Enter one-half of line 13 14. H&r block efile   15