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Free State Tax Returns

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Free State Tax Returns

Free state tax returns 19. Free state tax returns   Education- Related Adjustments Table of Contents Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Student Loan Interest DeductionStudent Loan Interest Defined Can You Claim the Deduction How Much Can You Deduct How Do You Figure the Deduction Tuition and Fees DeductionCan You Claim the Deduction What Expenses Qualify Who Is an Eligible Student Who Can Claim a Dependent's Expenses How Much Can You Deduct Educator Expenses Introduction This chapter discusses the education-related adjustment you can deduct in figuring your adjusted gross income. Free state tax returns This chapter covers the student loan interest deduction, tuition and fees deduction, and the deduction for educator expenses. Free state tax returns Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 970 Tax Benefits for Education Student Loan Interest Deduction Generally, personal interest you pay, other than certain mortgage interest, is not deductible on your tax return. Free state tax returns However, if your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) is less than $75,000 ($155,000 if filing a joint return) there is a special deduction allowed for paying interest on a student loan (also known as an education loan) used for higher education. Free state tax returns For most taxpayers, MAGI is the adjusted gross income as figured on their federal income tax return before subtracting any deduction for student loan interest. Free state tax returns This deduction can reduce the amount of your income subject to tax by up to $2,500 in 2013. Free state tax returns Table 19-1 summarizes the features of the student loan interest deduction. Free state tax returns Table 19-1. Free state tax returns Student Loan Interest Deduction at a Glance Do not rely on this table alone. Free state tax returns Refer to the text for more details. Free state tax returns Feature Description Maximum benefit You can reduce your income subject to tax by up to $2,500. Free state tax returns Loan qualifications Your student loan: •  must have been taken out solely to pay qualified education expenses, and   • cannot be from a related person or made under a qualified employer plan. Free state tax returns Student qualifications The student must be: • you, your spouse, or your dependent, and   • enrolled at least half-time in a program leading to a degree, certificate, or other recognized educational credential at an eligible educational institution. Free state tax returns Time limit on deduction You can deduct interest paid during the remaining period of your student loan. Free state tax returns Phaseout The amount of your deduction depends on your income level. Free state tax returns Student Loan Interest Defined Student loan interest is interest you paid during the year on a qualified student loan. Free state tax returns It includes both required and voluntary interest payments. Free state tax returns Qualified Student Loan This is a loan you took out solely to pay qualified education expenses (defined later) that were: For you, your spouse, or a person who was your dependent (defined in chapter 3) when you took out the loan, Paid or incurred within a reasonable period of time before or after you took out the loan, and For education provided during an academic period when the student is an eligible student. Free state tax returns Loans from the following sources are not qualified student loans. Free state tax returns A related person. Free state tax returns A qualified employer plan. Free state tax returns Exceptions. Free state tax returns   For purposes of the student loan interest deduction, the following are exceptions to the general rules for dependents. Free state tax returns An individual can be your dependent even if you are the dependent of another taxpayer. Free state tax returns An individual can be your dependent even if the individual files a joint return with a spouse. Free state tax returns An individual can be your dependent even if the individual had gross income for the year that was equal to or more than the exemption amount for the year ($3,900 for 2013). Free state tax returns    Reasonable period of time. Free state tax returns   Qualified education expenses are treated as paid or incurred within a reasonable period of time before or after you take out the loan if they are paid with the proceeds of student loans that are part of a federal postsecondary education loan program. Free state tax returns   Even if not paid with the proceeds of that type of loan, the expenses are treated as paid or incurred within a reasonable period of time if both of the following requirements are met. Free state tax returns The expenses relate to a specific academic period. Free state tax returns The loan proceeds are disbursed within a period that begins 90 days before the start of that academic period and ends 90 days after the end of that academic period. Free state tax returns   If neither of the above situations applies, the reasonable period of time is determined based on all the relevant facts and circumstances. Free state tax returns Academic period. Free state tax returns   An academic period includes a semester, trimester, quarter, or other period of study (such as a summer school session) as reasonably determined by an educational institution. Free state tax returns In the case of an educational institution that uses credit hours or clock hours and does not have academic terms, each payment period can be treated as an academic period. Free state tax returns Eligible student. Free state tax returns   This is a student who was enrolled at least half-time in a program leading to a degree, certificate, or other recognized educational credential. Free state tax returns Enrolled at least half-time. Free state tax returns   A student was enrolled at least half-time if the student was taking at least half the normal full-time work load for his or her course of study. Free state tax returns   The standard for what is half of the normal full-time work load is determined by each eligible educational institution. Free state tax returns However, the standard may not be lower than any of those established by the U. Free state tax returns S. Free state tax returns Department of Education under the Higher Education Act of 1965. Free state tax returns Related person. Free state tax returns   You cannot deduct interest on a loan you get from a related person. Free state tax returns Related persons include: Your spouse, Your brothers and sisters, Your half brothers and half sisters, Your ancestors (parents, grandparents, etc. Free state tax returns ), Your lineal descendants (children, grandchildren, etc. Free state tax returns ), and Certain corporations, partnerships, trusts, and exempt organizations. Free state tax returns Qualified employer plan. Free state tax returns   You cannot deduct interest on a loan made under a qualified employer plan or under a contract purchased under such a plan. Free state tax returns Qualified Education Expenses For purposes of the student loan interest deduction, these expenses are the total costs of attending an eligible educational institution, including graduate school. Free state tax returns They include amounts paid for the following items. Free state tax returns Tuition and fees. Free state tax returns Room and board. Free state tax returns Books, supplies, and equipment. Free state tax returns Other necessary expenses (such as transportation). Free state tax returns The cost of room and board qualifies only to the extent that it is not more than: The allowance for room and board, as determined by the eligible educational institution, that was included in the cost of attendance (for federal financial aid purposes) for a particular academic period and living arrangement of the student, or If greater, the actual amount charged if the student is residing in housing owned or operated by the eligible educational institution. Free state tax returns Eligible educational institution. Free state tax returns   An eligible educational institution is any college, university, vocational school, or other postsecondary educational institution eligible to participate in a student aid program administered by the U. Free state tax returns S. Free state tax returns Department of Education. Free state tax returns It includes virtually all accredited public, nonprofit, and proprietary (privately owned profit-making) postsecondary institutions. Free state tax returns   Certain educational institutions located outside the United States also participate in the U. Free state tax returns S. Free state tax returns Department of Education's Federal Student Aid (FSA) programs. Free state tax returns   For purposes of the student loan interest deduction, an eligible educational institution also includes an institution conducting an internship or residency program leading to a degree or certificate from an institution of higher education, a hospital, or a health care facility that offers postgraduate training. Free state tax returns   An educational institution must meet the above criteria only during the academic period(s) for which the student loan was incurred. Free state tax returns The deductibility of interest on the loan is not affected by the institution's subsequent loss of eligibility. Free state tax returns    The educational institution should be able to tell you if it is an eligible educational institution. Free state tax returns Adjustments to qualified education expenses. Free state tax returns   You must reduce your qualified education expenses by certain tax-free items (such as the tax-free part of scholarships and fellowships). Free state tax returns See chapter 4 of Publication 970 for details. Free state tax returns Include as Interest In addition to simple interest on the loan, certain loan origination fees, capitalized interest, interest on revolving lines of credit, and interest on refinanced student loans can be student loan interest if all other requirements are met. Free state tax returns Loan origination fee. Free state tax returns   In general, this is a one-time fee charged by the lender when a loan is made. Free state tax returns To be deductible as interest, the fee must be for the use of money rather than for property or services (such as commitment fees or processing costs) provided by the lender. Free state tax returns A loan origination fee treated as interest accrues over the life of the loan. Free state tax returns Capitalized interest. Free state tax returns    This is unpaid interest on a student loan that is added by the lender to the outstanding principal balance of the loan. Free state tax returns Interest on revolving lines of credit. Free state tax returns   This interest, which includes interest on credit card debt, is student loan interest if the borrower uses the line of credit (credit card) only to pay qualified education expenses. Free state tax returns See Qualified Education Expenses , earlier. Free state tax returns Interest on refinanced student loans. Free state tax returns   This includes interest on both: Consolidated loans—loans used to refinance more than one student loan of the same borrower, and Collapsed loans—two or more loans of the same borrower that are treated by both the lender and the borrower as one loan. Free state tax returns If you refinance a qualified student loan for more than your original loan and you use the additional amount for any purpose other than qualified education expenses, you cannot deduct any interest paid on the refinanced loan. Free state tax returns Voluntary interest payments. Free state tax returns   These are payments made on a qualified student loan during a period when interest payments are not required, such as when the borrower has been granted a deferment or the loan has not yet entered repayment status. Free state tax returns Do Not Include as Interest You cannot claim a student loan interest deduction for any of the following items. Free state tax returns Interest you paid on a loan if, under the terms of the loan, you are not legally obligated to make interest payments. Free state tax returns Loan origination fees that are payments for property or services provided by the lender, such as commitment fees or processing costs. Free state tax returns Interest you paid on a loan to the extent payments were made through your participation in the National Health Service Corps Loan Repayment Program (the “NHSC Loan Repayment Program”) or certain other loan repayment assistance programs. Free state tax returns For more information, see Student Loan Repayment Assistance in chapter 5 of Publication 970. Free state tax returns Can You Claim the Deduction Generally, you can claim the deduction if all of the following requirements are met. Free state tax returns Your filing status is any filing status except married filing separately. Free state tax returns No one else is claiming an exemption for you on his or her tax return. Free state tax returns You are legally obligated to pay interest on a qualified student loan. Free state tax returns You paid interest on a qualified student loan. Free state tax returns Interest paid by others. Free state tax returns   If you are the person legally obligated to make interest payments and someone else makes a payment of interest on your behalf, you are treated as receiving the payments from the other person and, in turn, paying the interest. Free state tax returns See chapter 4 of Publication 970 for more information. Free state tax returns No Double Benefit Allowed You cannot deduct as interest on a student loan any amount that is an allowable deduction under any other provision of the tax law (for example, home mortgage interest). Free state tax returns How Much Can You Deduct Your student loan interest deduction for 2013 is generally the smaller of: $2,500, or The interest you paid in 2013. Free state tax returns However, the amount determined above is phased out (gradually reduced) if your MAGI is between $60,000 and $75,000 ($125,000 and $155,000 if you file a joint return). Free state tax returns You cannot take a student loan interest deduction if your MAGI is $75,000 or more ($155,000 or more if you file a joint return). Free state tax returns For details on figuring your MAGI, see chapter 4 of Publication 970. Free state tax returns How Do You Figure the Deduction Generally, you figure the deduction using the Student Loan Interest Deduction Worksheet in the Form 1040 or Form 1040A instructions. Free state tax returns However, if you are filing Form 2555, 2555-EZ, or 4563, or you are excluding income from sources within Puerto Rico, you must complete Worksheet 4-1 in chapter 4 of Publication 970. Free state tax returns To help you figure your student loan interest deduction, you should receive Form 1098-E, Student Loan Interest Statement. Free state tax returns Generally, an institution (such as a bank or governmental agency) that received interest payments of $600 or more during 2013 on one or more qualified student loans must send Form 1098-E (or acceptable substitute) to each borrower by January 31, 2014. Free state tax returns For qualified student loans taken out before September 1, 2004, the institution is required to include on Form 1098-E only payments of stated interest. Free state tax returns Other interest payments, such as certain loan origination fees and capitalized interest, may not appear on the form you receive. Free state tax returns However, if you pay qualifying interest that is not included on Form 1098-E, you can also deduct those amounts. Free state tax returns For information on allocating payments between interest and principal, see chapter 4 of Publication 970. Free state tax returns To claim the deduction, enter the allowable amount on Form 1040, line 33, or Form 1040A, line 18. Free state tax returns Tuition and Fees Deduction You may be able to deduct qualified education expenses paid during the year for yourself, your spouse, or your dependent(s). Free state tax returns You cannot claim this deduction if your filing status is married filing separately or if another person can claim an exemption for you as a dependent on his or her tax return. Free state tax returns The qualified expenses must be for higher education, as explained later under What Expenses Qualify . Free state tax returns The tuition and fees deduction can reduce the amount of your income subject to tax by up to $4,000. Free state tax returns Table 19-2 summarizes the features of the tuition and fees deduction. Free state tax returns You may be able to take a credit for your education expenses instead of a deduction. Free state tax returns You can choose the one that will give you the lower tax. Free state tax returns See chapter 35, Education Credits, for details about the credits. Free state tax returns Can You Claim the Deduction The following rules will help you determine if you can claim the tuition and fees deduction. Free state tax returns Who Can Claim the Deduction Generally, you can claim the tuition and fees deduction if all three of the following requirements are met. Free state tax returns You paid qualified education expenses of higher education in 2013 for academic periods beginning in 2013 and those beginning in the first three months of 2014. Free state tax returns You paid the education expenses for an eligible student. Free state tax returns The eligible student is yourself, your spouse, or your dependent for whom you claim an exemption (defined in chapter 3) on your tax return. Free state tax returns Qualified education expenses are defined under What Expenses Qualify . Free state tax returns Eligible students are defined later under Who Is an Eligible Student . Free state tax returns Who Cannot Claim the Deduction You cannot claim the tuition and fees deduction if any of the following apply. Free state tax returns Your filing status is married filing separately. Free state tax returns Another person can claim an exemption for you as a dependent on his or her tax return. Free state tax returns You cannot take the deduction even if the other person does not actually claim that exemption. Free state tax returns Your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) is more than $80,000 ($160,000 if filing a joint return). Free state tax returns You (or your spouse) were a nonresident alien for any part of 2013 and the nonresident alien did not elect to be treated as a resident alien for tax purposes. Free state tax returns More information on nonresident aliens can be found in Publication 519, U. Free state tax returns S. Free state tax returns Tax Guide for Aliens. Free state tax returns You or anyone else claims an American opportunity or lifetime learning credit in 2013 with respect to expenses of the student for whom the qualified education expenses were paid. Free state tax returns However, a state tax credit will not disqualify you from claiming a tuition and fees deduction. Free state tax returns Table 19-2. Free state tax returns Tuition and Fees Deduction at a Glance Do not rely on this table alone. Free state tax returns Refer to the text for more details. Free state tax returns Question   Answer What is the maximum benefit?   You can reduce your income subject to tax by up to $4,000. Free state tax returns Where is the deduction taken?   As an adjustment to income on Form 1040, line 34, or Form 1040A, line 19. Free state tax returns For whom must the expenses be paid?   A student enrolled in an eligible educational institution who is either: you, your spouse, or your dependent for whom you claim an exemption. Free state tax returns What tuition and fees are deductible?   Tuition and fees required for enrollment or attendance at an eligible postsecondary educational institution, but not including personal, living, or family expenses, such as room and board. Free state tax returns What Expenses Qualify The tuition and fees deduction is based on qualified education expenses you pay for yourself, your spouse, or a dependent for whom you claim an exemption on your tax return. Free state tax returns Generally, the deduction is allowed for qualified education expenses paid in 2013 in connection with enrollment at an institution of higher education during 2013 or for an academic period (defined earlier under Student Loan Interest Deduction ) beginning in 2013 or in the first 3 months of 2014. Free state tax returns Payments with borrowed funds. Free state tax returns   You can claim a tuition and fees deduction for qualified education expenses paid with the proceeds of a loan. Free state tax returns Use the expenses to figure the deduction for the year in which the expenses are paid, not the year in which the loan is repaid. Free state tax returns Treat loan payments sent directly to the educational institution as paid on the date the institution credits the student's account. Free state tax returns Student withdraws from class(es). Free state tax returns   You can claim a tuition and fees deduction for qualified education expenses not refunded when a student withdraws. Free state tax returns Qualified Education Expenses For purposes of the tuition and fees deduction, qualified education expenses are tuition and certain related expenses required for enrollment or attendance at an eligible educational institution. Free state tax returns Eligible educational institution. Free state tax returns   An eligible educational institution is any college, university, vocational school, or other postsecondary educational institution eligible to participate in a student aid program administered by the U. Free state tax returns S. Free state tax returns Department of Education. Free state tax returns It includes virtually all accredited public, nonprofit, and proprietary (privately owned profit-making) postsecondary institutions. Free state tax returns The educational institution should be able to tell you if it is an eligible educational institution. Free state tax returns   Certain educational institutions located outside the United States also participate in the U. Free state tax returns S. Free state tax returns Department of Education's Federal Student Aid (FSA) programs. Free state tax returns Academic period. Free state tax returns    An academic period is any quarter, semester, trimester, or any other period of study as reasonably determined by an eligible educational institution. Free state tax returns If an eligible educational institution uses credit hours and does not have academic terms, each payment period may be treated as an academic period. Free state tax returns Related expenses. Free state tax returns   Student-activity fees and expenses for course-related books, supplies, and equipment are included in qualified education expenses for the tuition and fees deduction only if the fees and expenses must be paid to the institution as a condition of enrollment or attendance. Free state tax returns Prepaid expenses. Free state tax returns   Qualified education expenses paid in 2013 for an academic period that begins in the first three months of 2014 can be used in figuring the tuition and fees deduction. Free state tax returns See Academic period, earlier. Free state tax returns For example, if you pay $2,000 in December 2013 for qualified tuition for the 2014 winter quarter that begins in January 2014, you can use that $2,000 in figuring the tuition and fees deduction for 2013 only if you meet all the other requirements. Free state tax returns    You cannot use any amount you paid in 2012 or 2014 to figure the qualified education expenses you use to figure your 2013 tuition and fees deduction. Free state tax returns No Double Benefit Allowed You cannot do any of the following. Free state tax returns Deduct qualified education expenses you deduct under any other provision of the law, for example, as a business expense. Free state tax returns Deduct qualified education expenses for a student on your income tax return if you or anyone else claims an American opportunity or lifetime learning credit for that same student in the same year. Free state tax returns Deduct qualified education expenses that have been used to figure the tax-free portion of a distribution from a Coverdell education savings account (ESA) or a qualified tuition program (QTP). Free state tax returns For a QTP, this applies only to the amount of tax-free earnings that were distributed, not to the recovery of contributions to the program. Free state tax returns See Figuring the Taxable Portion of a Distribution in chapter 7 (Coverdell ESA) and chapter 8 (QTP) of Publication 970. Free state tax returns Deduct qualified education expenses that have been paid with tax-free interest on U. Free state tax returns S. Free state tax returns savings bonds (Form 8815). Free state tax returns See Figuring the Tax-Free Amount in chapter 10 of Publication 970. Free state tax returns Deduct qualified education expenses that have been paid with tax-free educational assistance such as a scholarship, grant, or employer-provided educational assistance. Free state tax returns See Adjustments to qualified education expenses, later. Free state tax returns Adjustments to qualified education expenses. Free state tax returns   For each student, reduce the qualified education expenses paid by or on behalf of that student under the following rules. Free state tax returns The result is the amount of adjusted qualified education expenses for each student. Free state tax returns Tax-free educational assistance. Free state tax returns   For tax-free educational assistance you received in 2013, reduce the qualified educational expenses for each academic period by the amount of tax-free educational assistance to that academic period. Free state tax returns See Academic period, earlier. Free state tax returns   This includes: The tax-free part of scholarships and fellowships, including Pell grants (see chapter 1 of Publication 970), The tax-free part of any employer-provided educational assistance (see chapter 11 of Publication 970), Veterans' educational assistance (see chapter 1 of Publication 970), and Any other nontaxable (tax-free) payments (other than gifts or inheritances) received as educational assistance. Free state tax returns Generally, any scholarship or fellowship you receive is treated as tax-free educational assistance. Free state tax returns However, a scholarship or fellowship is not treated as tax-free educational assistance to the extent you include it in gross income (if you are required to file a tax return) for the year the scholarship or fellowship is received and either: The scholarship or fellowship (or any part of it) must be applied (by its terms) to expenses (such as room and board) other than qualified education expenses as defined in Qualified education expenses in Pub. Free state tax returns 970, chapter 1. Free state tax returns The scholarship or fellowship (or any part of it) may be applied (by its terms) to expenses (such as room and board) other than qualified education expenses as defined in Qualified education expenses in Pub. Free state tax returns 970, chapter 1. Free state tax returns You may be able to increase the combined value of your tuition and fees deduction and certain educational assistance if you include some or all of the educational assistance in income in the year it is received. Free state tax returns For details, see Adjustments to Qualified Education Expenses in chapter 6 of Pub. Free state tax returns 970. Free state tax returns Some tax-free educational assistance received in 2013 may be treated as a refund of qualified education expenses paid in 2013. Free state tax returns This tax-free educational assistance is any tax-free educational assistance received by you or anyone else after 2013 for qualified education expenses paid on behalf of a student in 2013 (or attributable to enrollment at an eligible educational institution during 2013). Free state tax returns If this tax-free educational assistance is received after 2013 but before you file your 2013 income tax return, see Refunds received after 2013 but before your income tax return is filed, later. Free state tax returns If this tax-free educational assistance is received after 2013 and after you file your 2013 income tax return, see Refunds received after 2013 and after your income tax return is filed, later. Free state tax returns Refunds. Free state tax returns   A refund of qualified education expenses may reduce adjusted qualified education expenses for the tax year or may require you to include some or all of the refund in your gross income for the year the refund is received. Free state tax returns See chapter 6 of Pub. Free state tax returns 970 for more information. Free state tax returns Some tax-free educational assistance received after 2013 may be treated as a refund. Free state tax returns See Tax-free educational assistance, earlier. Free state tax returns Refunds received in 2013. Free state tax returns    For each student, figure the adjusted qualified education expenses for 2013 by adding all the qualified education expenses paid in 2013 and subtracting any refunds of those expenses received from the eligible educational institution during 2013. Free state tax returns Refunds received after 2013 but before your income tax return is filed. Free state tax returns   If you receive a refund after 2013 of qualified education expenses you paid in 2013 and the refund is received before you file your 2013 income tax return, reduce the amount of qualified education expenses for 2013 by the amount of the refund. Free state tax returns Refunds received after 2013 and after your income tax return is filed. Free state tax returns   If you receive a refund after 2013 of qualified education expenses you paid in 2013 and the refund is received after you file your 2013 income tax return, you may need to include some or all of the refund in your gross income for the year the refund is received. Free state tax returns See chapter 6 of Pub. Free state tax returns 970 for more information. Free state tax returns Coordination with Coverdell education savings accounts and qualified tuition programs. Free state tax returns    Reduce your qualified education expenses by any qualified education expenses used to figure the exclusion from gross income of (a) interest received under an education savings bond program, or (b) any distribution from a Coverdell education savings account or qualified tuition program (QTP). Free state tax returns For a QTP, this applies only to the amount of tax-free earnings that were distributed, not to the recovery of contributions to the program. Free state tax returns Amounts that do not reduce qualified education expenses. Free state tax returns   Do not reduce qualified education expenses by amounts paid with funds the student receives as: Payment for services, such as wages, A loan, A gift, An inheritance, or A withdrawal from the student's personal savings. Free state tax returns   Do not reduce the qualified education expenses by any scholarship or fellowship reported as income on the student's tax return in the following situations. Free state tax returns The use of the money is restricted, by the terms of the scholarship or fellowship, to costs of attendance (such as room and board) other than qualified education expenses. Free state tax returns The use of the money is not restricted. Free state tax returns Expenses That Do Not Qualify Qualified education expenses do not include amounts paid for: Insurance, Medical expenses (including student health fees), Room and board, Transportation, or Similar personal, living, or family expenses. Free state tax returns This is true even if the amount must be paid to the institution as a condition of enrollment or attendance. Free state tax returns Sports, games, hobbies, and noncredit courses. Free state tax returns   Qualified education expenses generally do not include expenses that relate to any course of instruction or other education that involves sports, games or hobbies, or any noncredit course. Free state tax returns However, if the course of instruction or other education is part of the student's degree program, these expenses can qualify. Free state tax returns Comprehensive or bundled fees. Free state tax returns   Some eligible educational institutions combine all of their fees for an academic period into one amount. Free state tax returns If you do not receive, or do not have access to, an allocation showing how much you paid for qualified education expenses and how much you paid for personal expenses, such as those listed above, contact the institution. Free state tax returns The institution is required to make this allocation and provide you with the amount you paid (or were billed) for qualified education expenses on Form 1098-T, Tuition Statement. Free state tax returns See How Do You Figure the Deduction , later, for more information about Form 1098-T. Free state tax returns Who Is an Eligible Student For purposes of the tuition and fees deduction, an eligible student is a student who is enrolled in one or more courses at an eligible educational institution (defined earlier). Free state tax returns Who Can Claim a Dependent's Expenses Generally, in order to claim the tuition and fees deduction for qualified education expenses for a dependent, you must: Have paid the expenses, and Claim an exemption for the student as a dependent. Free state tax returns Table 19-3 summarizes who can claim the deduction. Free state tax returns How Much Can You Deduct The maximum tuition and fees deduction in 2013 is $4,000, $2,000, or $0, depending on the amount of your MAGI. Free state tax returns For details on figuring your MAGI, see chapter 6 of Publication 970. Free state tax returns How Do You Figure the Deduction Figure the deduction using Form 8917. Free state tax returns To help you figure your tuition and fees deduction, you should receive Form 1098-T, Tuition Statement. Free state tax returns Generally, an eligible educational institution (such as a college or university) must send Form 1098-T (or acceptable substitute) to each enrolled student by January 31, 2014. Free state tax returns To claim the deduction, enter the allowable amount on Form 1040, line 34, or Form 1040A, line 19, and attach your completed Form 8917. Free state tax returns Table 19-3. Free state tax returns Who Can Claim a Dependent's Expenses Do not rely on this table alone. Free state tax returns See Who Can Claim a Dependent's Expenses in chapter 6 of Publication 970. Free state tax returns IF your dependent is an eligible student and you. Free state tax returns . Free state tax returns . Free state tax returns AND. Free state tax returns . Free state tax returns . Free state tax returns THEN. Free state tax returns . Free state tax returns . Free state tax returns claim an exemption for your dependent you paid all qualified education expenses for your dependent only you can deduct the qualified education expenses that you paid. Free state tax returns Your dependent cannot take a deduction. Free state tax returns claim an exemption for your dependent your dependent paid all qualified education expenses no one is allowed to take a deduction. Free state tax returns do not claim an exemption for your dependent you paid all qualified education expenses no one is allowed to take a deduction. Free state tax returns do not claim an exemption for your dependent your dependent paid all qualified education expenses no one is allowed to take a deduction. Free state tax returns Educator Expenses If you were an eligible educator in 2013, you can deduct on Form 1040, line 23, or Form 1040A, line 16, up to $250 of qualified expenses you paid in 2013. Free state tax returns If you and your spouse are filing jointly and both of you were eligible educators, the maximum deduction is $500. Free state tax returns However, neither spouse can deduct more than $250 of his or her qualified expenses on Form 1040, line 23, or Form 1040A, line 16. Free state tax returns You may be able to deduct expenses that are more than the $250 (or $500) limit on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 21. Free state tax returns Eligible educator. Free state tax returns   An eligible educator is a kindergarten through grade 12 teacher, instructor, counselor, principal, or aide who worked in a school for at least 900 hours during a school year. Free state tax returns Qualified expenses. Free state tax returns   Qualified expenses include ordinary and necessary expenses paid in connection with books, supplies, equipment (including computer equipment, software, and services), and other materials used in the classroom. Free state tax returns An ordinary expense is one that is common and accepted in your educational field. Free state tax returns A necessary expense is one that is helpful and appropriate for your profession as an educator. Free state tax returns An expense does not have to be required to be considered necessary. Free state tax returns   Qualified expenses do not include expenses for home schooling or for nonathletic supplies for courses in health or physical education. Free state tax returns   You must reduce your qualified expenses by the following amounts. Free state tax returns Excludable U. Free state tax returns S. Free state tax returns series EE and I savings bond interest from Form 8815. Free state tax returns See Figuring the Tax-Free Amount in chapter 10 of Publication 970. Free state tax returns Nontaxable qualified tuition program earnings or distributions. Free state tax returns See Figuring the Taxable Portion of a Distribution in chapter 8 of Publication 970. Free state tax returns Nontaxable distribution of earnings from a Coverdell education savings account. Free state tax returns See Figuring the Taxable Portion of a Distribution in chapter 7 of Publication 970. Free state tax returns Any reimbursements you received for these expenses that were not reported to you in box 1 of your Form W-2. Free state tax returns Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The Free State Tax Returns

Free state tax returns 7. Free state tax returns   Ship Passenger Tax Table of Contents A tax of $3 per passenger is imposed on certain ship voyages, as explained later under Taxable situations. Free state tax returns The tax is imposed only once for each passenger, either at the time of first embarkation or disembarkation in the United States. Free state tax returns The person providing the voyage (the operator of the vessel) is liable for the tax. Free state tax returns Voyage. Free state tax returns   A voyage is the vessel's journey that includes the outward and homeward trips or passages. Free state tax returns The voyage starts when the vessel begins to load passengers and continues until the vessel has completed at least one outward and one homeward passage. Free state tax returns The tax may be imposed even if a passenger does not make both an outward and a homeward passage as long as the voyage begins or ends in the United States. Free state tax returns Passenger. Free state tax returns   A passenger is an individual carried on the vessel other than the Master or a crew member or other individual engaged in the business of the vessel or its owners. Free state tax returns Example 1. Free state tax returns John Smith works as a guest lecturer. Free state tax returns The cruise line hired him for the benefit of the passengers. Free state tax returns Therefore, he is engaged in the business of the vessel and is not a passenger. Free state tax returns Example 2. Free state tax returns Marian Green is a travel agent. Free state tax returns She is taking the cruise as a promotional trip to determine if she wants to offer it to her clients. Free state tax returns She is a passenger. Free state tax returns Taxable situations. Free state tax returns   There are two taxable situations. Free state tax returns The first situation involves voyages on commercial passenger vessels extending over one or more nights. Free state tax returns A voyage extends over one or more nights if it extends for more than 24 hours. Free state tax returns A passenger vessel is any vessel with stateroom or berth accommodations for more than 16 passengers. Free state tax returns   The second situation involves voyages on a commercial vessel transporting passengers engaged in gambling on the vessel beyond the territorial waters of the United States. Free state tax returns Territorial waters of the United States are those waters within the international boundary line between the United States and any contiguous foreign country or within 3 nautical miles (3. Free state tax returns 45 statute miles) from low tide on the coastline. Free state tax returns If passengers participate as players in any policy game or other lottery, or any other game of chance for money or other thing of value that the owner or operator of the vessel (or their employee, agent, or franchisee) conducts, sponsors, or operates, the voyage is subject to the ship passenger tax. Free state tax returns The tax applies regardless of the duration of the voyage. Free state tax returns A casual, friendly game of chance with other passengers that is not conducted, sponsored, or operated by the owner or operator is not gambling for determining if the voyage is subject to the ship passenger tax. Free state tax returns Exemptions. Free state tax returns   The tax does not apply when a vessel is on a voyage of less than 12 hours between 2 points in the United States or if a vessel is owned or operated by a state or local government. Free state tax returns Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications