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Form 1040nrForm 1040nr 1. Form 1040nr Application, Approval, and Appeal Procedures Table of Contents Introduction Topics - This chapter discusses: Application ProceduresForms Required Required Inclusions Miscellaneous Procedures Rulings and Determination LettersEffective Date of Exemption Revocation or Modification of Exemption Appeal ProceduresAppeals Office Consideration EO Technical Consideration Administrative Remedies Appeal to Courts Group Exemption LetterCentral Organization Application Procedure Keeping the Group Exemption Letter in Force Events Causing Loss of Group Exemption Introduction If your organization is one of the organizations described in this publication and is seeking recognition of tax-exempt status from the IRS, you should follow the procedures described in this chapter and the instructions that accompany the appropriate application forms. Form 1040nr For information on section 501(c)(3) organizations, go to Section 501(c)(3) Organizations chapter 3. Form 1040nr If your organization is seeking exemption under one of the other paragraphs of section 501(c), see chapter 4. Form 1040nr Topics - This chapter discusses: Application procedures that generally apply to all organizations discussed in this publication, including the application forms; Rulings and determination letters (approvals/disapprovals); Appeal procedures available if an adverse determination letter is proposed; and Group exemption letters. Form 1040nr Application Procedures Oral requests for recognition of exemption will not be considered by the IRS. Form 1040nr Your application for tax-exempt status must be in writing using the appropriate forms as discussed below. Form 1040nr Forms Required If your organization is seeking recognition of exemption from federal income tax, it must use a specific application prescribed by the IRS in Revenue Procedure 2013–9, sec. Form 1040nr 3. Form 1040nr If your organization is a central organization with exempt status, see Group Exemption Letter , later. Form 1040nr All applications must be signed by an authorized individual. Form 1040nr Form 1023, Application for Recognition of Exemption. Form 1040nr File Form 1023 if you are seeking recognition of exemption under section: 501(c)(3) Corporations, organized and operated exclusively for religious, charitable, scientific, testing for public safety, literary, or educational purposes, or to foster national or international amateur sports, or prevention of cruelty for children or animals, 501(e) Cooperative hospital service organization, 501(f) Cooperative service organization of operating educational organizations, 501(k) Certain organizations providing child care, 501(n) Charitable risk pools, and 501(q) Credit counseling organizations. Form 1040nr Form 1024, Application for Recognition of Exemption Under Section 501(a). Form 1040nr File Form 1024 if you are seeking recognition of exemption under section: 501(c)(2) Title holding corporations, 501(c)(4) Civic leagues, social welfare organizations, 501(c)(5) Labor, agricultural, or horticultural organizations, 501(c)(6) Business leagues, chambers of commerce, etc. Form 1040nr , 501(c)(7) Social clubs, 501(c)(8) Fraternal beneficiary societies, orders, or associations, 501(c)(9) Voluntary employees’ beneficiary associations, 501(c)(10) Domestic fraternal societies, orders, etc. Form 1040nr , 501(c)(12) Benevolent life insurance associations, mutual ditch or irrigation companies, mutual or cooperative telephone companies, 501(c)(13) Cemetery companies, 501(c)(15) Mutual insurance companies or associations, 501(c)(17) Trusts providing for the payment of supplemental unemployment compensation benefits, 501(c)(19) A post, organization, auxiliary unit, etc. Form 1040nr of past or present members of the Armed Forces of the United States, and 501(c)(25) Title holding corporations or trusts. Form 1040nr Form 8718, User Fee for Exempt Organization Determination Letter Request, must also be sent along with Form 1024. Form 1040nr Letter application. Form 1040nr If your organization is seeking recognition of exemption under section 501(c)(11), (14), (16), (18), (21), (22), (23), (26), (27), (28), or (29), submit a letter application with Form 8718. Form 1040nr See Required Inclusions for the information to include with the letter application. Form 1040nr Form 1028. Form 1040nr Use Form 1028 if your organization is a farmers’ cooperative seeking recognition of exemption under section 521. Form 1040nr You must also submit Form 8718. Form 1040nr Form 8871. Form 1040nr Use Form 8871 if you are a political party or campaign committee for a candidate for federal, state or local office seeking to be treated as tax-exempt under section 527. Form 1040nr See Political Organization Income Tax Return , later. Form 1040nr Some organizations do not have to use specific application forms. Form 1040nr The application your organization must use is specified in the chapter in this publication dealing with your kind of organization. Form 1040nr It is also shown in the Organization Reference Chart, later. Form 1040nr Power of attorney. Form 1040nr If your organization expects to be represented by an individual such as an attorney, CPA, officer or other person authorized to practice before the IRS, whether in person or by correspondence, you must file a Form 2848 with your exemption application. Form 1040nr The power of attorney must specifically authorize an individual to represent your organization. Form 1040nr You cannot name an organization, firm, etc. Form 1040nr as your representative. Form 1040nr Form 2848, Power of Attorney and Declaration of Representative, can be used for this purpose. Form 1040nr The categories of individuals who can represent you before the IRS are listed on the form. Form 1040nr Non-exemption for terrorist organizations. Form 1040nr An organization that is identified or designated as a terrorist organization within the meaning of section 501(p)(2) is not eligible to apply for recognition of exemption. Form 1040nr User fee. Form 1040nr The law requires the payment of a user fee for determination letter requests such as your application for recognition of tax-exempt status. Form 1040nr If you are filing Form 1023, user fee information is included in Part XI. Form 1040nr If you are required to apply for recognition of exemption by submitting Form 1024, a letter application, etc. Form 1040nr and you must pay a user fee, you should use Form 8718 to figure the amount of your user fee and to pay it. Form 1040nr Your payment must accompany your request. Form 1040nr The IRS will not process a request unless the fee has been paid. Form 1040nr For the current user fee amount and processing time for applications go to IRS. Form 1040nr gov and select “Charities and Non-Profits” from the buttons near the top. Form 1040nr Then select the underlined link “How to Apply To Be Tax-Exempt” for the latest user fees or I want to check the status of my application for more information. Form 1040nr You can also call 1-877-829-5500. Form 1040nr Required Inclusions Employer identification number (EIN). Form 1040nr Every exempt organization must have an EIN, whether or not it has any employees. Form 1040nr An EIN is required before an exemption application is submitted. Form 1040nr Information on how to apply for an EIN by using one of the following methods can be found at Employer ID Numbers (EIN): Online— This is the preferred method for requesting an EIN. Form 1040nr The EIN is issued immediately once the application information is validated. Form 1040nr By telephone at 1-800-829-4933, from 7:00 a. Form 1040nr m. Form 1040nr to 7:00 p. Form 1040nr m. Form 1040nr local time, Monday through Friday. Form 1040nr The EIN is provided over the phone to an authorized individual. Form 1040nr By mailing or faxing Form SS-4, Application for Employer Identification Number. Form 1040nr If the faxed Form SS-4 includes the taxpayer's fax number, a fax will be sent back with the EIN within four (4) business days. Form 1040nr Use only one method for each entity so you do not receive more than one EIN for an entity. Form 1040nr If you previously applied for an EIN and have not yet received it, or you are unsure whether you have an EIN, please call our toll-free customer account services number, 1-877-829-5500, for assistance. Form 1040nr Organizing documents. Form 1040nr Your application should include a copy of the organizing or enabling document that is signed by a principal officer or is accompanied by a written declaration signed by an authorized individual certifying that the document is a complete and accurate copy of the original or meets the requirements of a conformed copy. Form 1040nr If your organizing or enabling document are articles of incorporation, include evidence that it was filed and approved by a state official. Form 1040nr (For example, a stamped “Filed” copy dated by the Secretary of State is prima facie evidence that it was filed and approved by a state official. Form 1040nr ) A copy of the articles of incorporation can also be submitted with a written declaration signed by an authorized individual indicating the copy is complete and was filed and approved by the state, including the date filed. Form 1040nr Bylaws. Form 1040nr Bylaws alone are not organizing documents. Form 1040nr However, if your organization has adopted bylaws, include a current copy. Form 1040nr The bylaws need not be signed if submitted as an attachment. Form 1040nr If your organization's name has been officially changed by an amendment to your organizing instruments, you should also attach a conformed copy of that amendment to your application. Form 1040nr Bylaws may be considered an organizing document only if they are properly structured (includes name, purpose, signatures, and intent to form an organization). Form 1040nr Conformed copy. Form 1040nr A conformed copy is a copy that agrees with the original and all amendments to it. Form 1040nr If the original document required a signature, the copy should either be signed by a principal officer or, if not signed, be accompanied by a written declaration signed by an authorized officer of the organization. Form 1040nr With either option, the officer must certify that the document is a complete and accurate copy of the original. Form 1040nr A certificate of incorporation should be approved and dated by an appropriate state official. Form 1040nr Attachments. Form 1040nr When submitting attachments, every attachment should show your organization's name and EIN. Form 1040nr It should also state that it is an attachment to your application form and identify the part and line item number to which it applies. Form 1040nr Original documents. Form 1040nr Do not submit original documents because they become part of the IRS file and cannot be returned. Form 1040nr Description of activities. Form 1040nr Your application must include a full description of the proposed activities of your organization, including each of the fundraising activities of a section 501(c)(3) organization and a narrative description of anticipated receipts and contemplated expenditures. Form 1040nr When describing the activities in which your organization expects to engage, you must include the standards, criteria, procedures, or other means that your organization adopted or planned for carrying out those activities. Form 1040nr To determine the information you need to provide, you should study the part of this publication that applies to your organization. Form 1040nr The appropriate chapter will describe the purposes and activities that your organization must pursue, engage in, and include in your application in order to achieve exempt status. Form 1040nr Often, your organization's articles of organization (or other organizing instruments) contain descriptions of your organization's purposes and activities. Form 1040nr Your application should describe completely and in detail your past, present, and planned activities. Form 1040nr Financial data. Form 1040nr You must include in your application financial statements showing your receipts and expenditures and a balance sheet for the current year and the 3 preceding years (or for the number of years your organization was in existence, if less than 4 years). Form 1040nr For each accounting period, you must describe the sources of your receipts and the nature of your expenditures. Form 1040nr If you have not yet begun operations, or have operated for less than 1 year, a proposed budget for 2 full accounting periods and a current statement of assets and liabilities will be acceptable. Form 1040nr Exempt status established in application. Form 1040nr If your application and its supporting documents show that your organization meets the requirements for tax-exempt status under the Code section you applied, the IRS will issue a favorable determination letter or ruling. Form 1040nr Miscellaneous Procedures To help in processing your application, be sure to attach all schedules, statements, and other documents required by the application form. Form 1040nr If you do not attach them, you may have to resubmit your application or you may otherwise encounter a delay in processing your application. Form 1040nr Incomplete application. Form 1040nr If an application is not complete and does not contain all the required attachments found under Required Inclusions, the IRS may return it to you for completion. Form 1040nr The IRS may keep the application and send a letter requesting the missing information if most of the information has been received. Form 1040nr If the IRS returns the application or requests additional information from you, that application will be considered filed on the date the substantially completed application is postmarked, or if no postmark, received at the IRS. Form 1040nr Generally, the user fee will not be refunded if an incomplete application is filed. Form 1040nr Additional information may be requested if necessary to clarify the nature of your organization. Form 1040nr Application made under wrong paragraph of section 501(c). Form 1040nr Occasionally, an organization appears to qualify for exemption under a paragraph of section 501(c) that is different from the one for which the organization applied. Form 1040nr If the application was made on Form 1024, which applies to more than one paragraph of section 501(c), the organization can be recognized as exempt under any paragraph to which the form applies if the organization has agreed to have its application considered under that paragraph. Form 1040nr It must also supply any additional information required for the application under the new paragraph. Form 1040nr Different application form needed. Form 1040nr If a different application form is required for your organization, the IRS will so advise your organization and will provide the appropriate application form for your convenience in reapplying under that paragraph, if you wish to do so. Form 1040nr Although supporting information previously furnished need not be duplicated, you must provide any necessary additional information required for the application. Form 1040nr If your reply is not received within a limited time, your application will be processed only for the paragraph under which you originally applied. Form 1040nr When a specific application form is needed for the paragraph under which your organization qualifies, that form is required before a letter recognizing exemption can be issued. Form 1040nr This includes cases in which a determination letter is modified to recognize an organization's exempt status under a paragraph other than the paragraph under which it originally established exemption. Form 1040nr IRS responses. Form 1040nr Organizations that submit a complete application will receive an acknowledgment from the IRS. Form 1040nr Others will receive a letter requesting more information or returning an incomplete application. Form 1040nr Applicants also will be notified if the application is forwarded to EO Technical Office for consideration. Form 1040nr These letters will be sent out as soon as possible after receipt of the organization's application. Form 1040nr Withdrawal of application. Form 1040nr An application may be withdrawn at any time before the issuance of a ruling or determination letter upon the written request of a principal officer or authorized representative of your organization. Form 1040nr However, the withdrawal will not prevent the information contained in the application from being used by the IRS in any subsequent examination of your organization's returns. Form 1040nr The information forwarded with an application will not be returned to your organization and, generally, when an application is withdrawn, the user fee paid will not be refunded. Form 1040nr Requests for withholding of information from the public. Form 1040nr The law requires many exempt organizations and private foundations to make their application forms and annual information returns available for public inspection. Form 1040nr The law also requires the IRS to make available for public inspection, in accordance with section 6104 and the related regulations, your approved application for recognition of exemption (including any papers submitted in support of the application) and the ruling or determination letter (discussed later, under Rulings and Determination Letters . Form 1040nr ) Any information submitted in the application or in support of it that relates to any trade secret, patent, process, style of work, or apparatus, upon request, can be withheld from public inspection if the IRS determines that the disclosure of such information would adversely affect the organization. Form 1040nr Your request must: Identify the material to be withheld (the document, page, paragraph, and line) by clearly marking it “Not Subject To Public Inspection. Form 1040nr ” Include the reasons for your organization's position that the information is of the type that can be withheld from public inspection. Form 1040nr Be filed with the office where your organization files the documents in which the material to be withheld is contained. Form 1040nr Where to file. Form 1040nr Send your application for exempt status and Form 8718, (if required) to: Internal Revenue Service PO Box 12192 Covington, KY 41012-0192 Your application will be considered by EO Determinations, who will either issue a favorable determination letter to your organization, issue an adverse determination letter denying the exempt status claimed in the application, or refer the case to the Exempt Organizations Technical Office (EO Technical). Form 1040nr Form 8940, Request for Miscellaneous Determination. Form 1040nr You can request miscellaneous determinations under sections 507, 509(a), 4940, 4942, 4945, and 6033 with Form 8940. Form 1040nr Nonexempt charitable trusts also file Form 8940 for an initial determination of section 509(a)(3) status or change to their type. Form 1040nr See Form 8940 and instructions for more information. Form 1040nr Requests other than applications. Form 1040nr Requests other than applications for recognition of exemption or Form 8940 (for example, requests for rulings involving feeder organizations, application of excise taxes to activities of private foundations, taxation of unrelated business income, etc. Form 1040nr ) should be sent to: Internal Revenue Service Attention: EO Letter Rulings PO Box 27720 McPherson Station Washington, DC 20038 These requests, similar to applications for recognition of exemption previously discussed, must be accompanied by the appropriate user fee. Form 1040nr The schedule for user fees, including those for requests other than applications, can be found in Revenue Procedure 2013-8, 2013-1 I. Form 1040nr R. Form 1040nr B. Form 1040nr 237. Form 1040nr Referral to EO Technical. Form 1040nr EO Determinations will refer to EO Technical any exempt organization issue concerning qualification for exemption or foundation status for which there is no published precedent or for which there is reason to believe that nonuniformity exists. Form 1040nr EO Determinations can request technical advice on any technical or procedural question that cannot be resolved on the basis of law, regulations, or a clearly applicable revenue ruling or other published precedent. Form 1040nr An organization can request that an issue be referred to EO Technical for technical advice if it feels that a lack of uniformity exists as to the disposition of the issue or if an issue is so unusual or complex as to warrant consideration by EO Technical. Form 1040nr If a determination letter is issued based on technical advice from EO Technical regarding qualification for exemption or foundation status, no further administrative appeal is available on the issue that was the subject of technical advice. Form 1040nr Reminder. Form 1040nr The law requires payment of a user fee for determination letter requests. Form 1040nr Go to IRS. Form 1040nr gov/Charities and select Current User Fees-Exempt Organizations to find the required payment. Form 1040nr Payment must accompany each request. Form 1040nr Rulings and Determination Letters Elimination of the advance public charity status. Form 1040nr New regulations eliminate the advance ruling process for a section 501(c)(3) organization. Form 1040nr Under the new regulations, a new section 501(c)(3) organization will be classified as a publicly supported organization and not a private foundation if it can show when it applies for tax-exempt status that it reasonably can be expected to be publicly supported. Form 1040nr The new rules no longer require the organization to file Form 8734, Support Schedule for Advance Ruling Period, after completing its first 5 tax years. Form 1040nr See Elimination of the Advance Ruling Process . Form 1040nr An organization must describe fully the activities in which it expects to engage. Form 1040nr This includes standards, procedures, or other means adopted or planned by the organization for carrying out its activities, expected sources of funds, and the nature of its contemplated expenses. Form 1040nr When an organization does not supply the information previously mentioned under Application Procedures , or fails to furnish a sufficiently detailed description of its proposed activities to permit a conclusion that it will clearly be exempt, a proposed adverse determination letter or ruling may be issued. Form 1040nr Adverse determination. Form 1040nr A proposed adverse ruling or determination letter will be issued to an organization that has not provided sufficiently detailed information to establish that it qualifies for exemption or if the information provided establishes that it does not qualify for exemption. Form 1040nr An organization can appeal a proposed adverse ruling or determination letter. Form 1040nr See Appeal Procedures , later. Form 1040nr Effective Date of Exemption A ruling or determination letter recognizing exemption is usually effective as of the date of formation of an organization if, during the period before the date of the ruling or determination letter, its purposes and activities were those required by the law. Form 1040nr (See Application for Recognition of Exemption in chapter 3 for the special rule for organizations applying for recognition of exemption under section 501(c)(3). Form 1040nr ) Upon obtaining recognition of exemption, the organization can file a claim for a refund of income taxes paid for the period for which its exempt status is recognized. Form 1040nr If an organization is required to alter its activities or substantially amend its charter to qualify, the ruling or determination letter recognizing exemption will be effective as of the date specified in the letter. Form 1040nr If a nonsubstantive amendment is made, such as correction of a clerical error in the enabling instrument or the addition of a dissolution clause, exemption will ordinarily be recognized as of the date of formation if the activities of the organization before the ruling or determination are consistent with the exemption requirements. Form 1040nr A ruling or determination letter recognizing exemption cannot be relied on if there is a material change, inconsistent with exemption, in the character, the purpose, or the method of operation of the organization. Form 1040nr Also, a ruling or determination letter cannot be relied on if it is based on any inaccurate material factual representations. Form 1040nr Revocation or Modification of Exemption A ruling or determination letter recognizing exemption may be revoked or modified by: A notice to the organization to which the ruling or determination letter originally was issued, Enactment of legislation or ratification of a tax treaty, A decision of the United States Supreme Court, Issuance of temporary or final regulations, or Issuance of a revenue ruling, a revenue procedure, or other statement published in the Internal Revenue Bulletin or Cumulative Bulletin. Form 1040nr When revocation takes effect. Form 1040nr If the organization omitted or misstated a material fact, operated in a manner materially different from that originally represented, or, with regard to organizations to which section 503 applies, engaged in a prohibited transaction (such as diverting corpus or income from its exempt purpose), the revocation or modification may be retroactive. Form 1040nr Material change in organization. Form 1040nr If there is a material change, inconsistent with exemption, in the character, purpose, or method of operation of the organization, revocation or modification will ordinarily take effect as of the date of that material change. Form 1040nr Relief from retroactivity. Form 1040nr If a ruling or determination letter was issued in error or the IRS changed its position after issuing a letter or ruling, and if section 7805(b) relief is granted, retroactivity of the revocation or modification ordinarily will be limited to a date not earlier than that on which the original ruling or determination letter was modified or revoked. Form 1040nr For more information on requesting section 7805(b) relief, see Revenue Procedure 2013-4, 2013-1 I. Form 1040nr R. Form 1040nr B. Form 1040nr 126, sec. Form 1040nr 13 (or later update). Form 1040nr Foundations. Form 1040nr The determination of the effective date is the same for the revocation or modification of foundation status or operating foundation status unless the effective date is expressly covered by statute or regulations. Form 1040nr Written notice. Form 1040nr If an EO area manager concludes, as a result of examining an information return or considering information from any other source, that a ruling or determination letter should be revoked or modified, the organization will be advised in writing of the proposed action and the reasons for it. Form 1040nr The organization will also be advised of its right to protest the proposed action by requesting Appeals Office consideration. Form 1040nr The appeal procedures are discussed next. Form 1040nr Appeal Procedures If your organization applies for tax-exempt status and EO Determination decides your organization does not qualify, your organization will be advised of its rights to protest the determination by requesting Appeals Office consideration. Form 1040nr This process does not apply to determinations issued by EO Technical. Form 1040nr Your organization must submit a statement of its views fully explaining its reasoning. Form 1040nr The statement must be submitted within 30 days from the date of the adverse determination letter and must state whether it wishes Appeals Office consideration. Form 1040nr Representation. Form 1040nr A principal officer or trustee can represent an organization at any level of appeal within the IRS. Form 1040nr Also, an attorney, certified public accountant, or individual enrolled to practice before the IRS can represent the organization. Form 1040nr If the organization's representative attends a conference without a principal officer or trustee, the representative must file a proper power of attorney or a tax information authorization before receiving or inspecting confidential information. Form 1040nr Form 2848 or Form 8821, Tax Information Authorization, as appropriate (or any other properly written power of attorney or authorization), can be used for this purpose. Form 1040nr These forms can be obtained from the IRS. Form 1040nr For more information, see Publication 947, Practice Before the IRS and Power of Attorney. Form 1040nr Appeals Office Consideration EO Determinations will consider the statement protesting and appealing (hereinafter appealing) the adverse determination and decide if the information affects its determination. Form 1040nr If the appeal does not provide a basis to reconsider its adverse determination, it will forward the appeal and case file to the Appeals Office. Form 1040nr For more information about the role of the Appeals Office, see Publication 892, Exempt Organization Appeal Procedures for Unagreed Issues. Form 1040nr The appeal should include the following information. Form 1040nr The organization's name, address, daytime telephone number, and employer identification number. Form 1040nr A statement that the organization wants to protest the determination. Form 1040nr A copy of the letter showing the determination you disagree with, or the date and symbols on the determination letter. Form 1040nr A statement of facts supporting the organization's position in any contested factual issue. Form 1040nr A statement outlining the law or other authority the organization is relying on. Form 1040nr A statement as to whether a conference at the Appeals Office is desired. Form 1040nr The statement of facts in item 4 must be declared true under penalties of perjury. Form 1040nr This may be done by adding to the protest the following signed declaration: “Under penalties of perjury, I declare that I have examined the statement of facts presented in this protest and in any accompanying schedules and statements and, to the best of my knowledge and belief, it is true, correct, and complete. Form 1040nr ” Signature. Form 1040nr If the organization's representative submits the appeal, a substitute declaration must be included, stating: That the representative prepared the appeal and accompanying documents, and Whether the representative knows personally that the statements of fact contained in the appeal and accompanying documents are true and correct. Form 1040nr Be sure the appeal contains all of the information requested. Form 1040nr Incomplete appeals will be returned for completion. Form 1040nr If a conference is requested, it will be held at the Appeals Office, unless the organization requests that the meeting be held at a field office convenient to both parties. Form 1040nr The Appeals Office, after considering the organization's appeal as well as information presented in any conference held, will notify the organization of its decision and issue an appropriate determination letter. Form 1040nr An adverse decision can be appealed to the courts (discussed later). Form 1040nr The Appeals Office must request technical advice from EO Technical on any exempt organization issue concerning qualification for exemption or foundation status for which there is no published precedent or for which there is reason to believe that nonuniformity exists. Form 1040nr If an organization believes that its case involves such an issue, it should ask the Appeals Office to request technical advice. Form 1040nr Any determination letter issued on the basis of technical advice from EO Technical cannot be appealed to the Appeals Office for those issues that were the subject of the technical advice from EO Technical. Form 1040nr EO Technical Consideration If an application is referred to EO Technical for issuance of a ruling and an adverse ruling is issued, the organization will be informed of the basis for the conclusion, its right to file a protest within 30 days, and its right to have a conference with EO Technical. Form 1040nr Administrative Remedies In the case of an application under section 501(c)(3), all of the following actions, called administrative remedies, must be completed by your organization before an unfavorable ruling or determination letter from the IRS can be appealed to the courts. Form 1040nr The filing of a substantially completed application Form 1023 or group exemption request under section 501(c)(3) (described earlier in this chapter) or the filing of a request for a determination of foundation status (see Private Foundations and Public Charities in chapter 3). Form 1040nr In the case of a late-filed application, requesting relief under Regulations section 301. Form 1040nr 9100 regarding applications for extensions of time for making an election or application for relief from tax (see Application for Recognition of Exemption in chapter 3). Form 1040nr The timely submission of all additional information requested to perfect an exemption application or request for determination of private foundation status. Form 1040nr Exhaustion of all administrative appeals available within the IRS, including protest of an adverse ruling issued by EO Technical in the case of an exemption application. Form 1040nr The actions just described will not be considered completed until the IRS has had a reasonable time to act upon the appeal or protest, as the case may be. Form 1040nr An organization will not be considered to have exhausted its administrative remedies before the earlier of: The completion of the steps just listed and the sending by certified or registered mail of a notice of final determination, or The expiration of the 270-day period in which the IRS has not issued a notice of final determination and the organization has taken, in a timely manner, all reasonable steps to secure a ruling or determination. Form 1040nr 270-day period. Form 1040nr The 270-day period will be considered by the IRS to begin on the date a substantially completed Form 1023 or group exemption request is sent to the IRS. Form 1040nr See Application Procedures , earlier, for information needed to complete Form 1023. Form 1040nr If the application does not contain all of the required items, it will not be further processed and may be returned to the applicant for completion. Form 1040nr The 270-day period, in this event, will not be considered as starting until the date the application is remailed to the IRS with the requested information, or, if a postmark is not evident, on the date the IRS receives a substantially completed application. Form 1040nr Appeal to Courts If the IRS issues an unfavorable determination letter or ruling to your organization and you have exhausted all the administrative remedies just discussed, your organization can seek judicial remedies. Form 1040nr For example, if your organization has paid the tax resulting from the adverse determination and met all other statutory prerequisites, it can file suit for a refund in a U. Form 1040nr S. Form 1040nr District Court or the U. Form 1040nr S. Form 1040nr Court of Federal Claims. Form 1040nr Or, if your organization elected not to pay the tax deficiency resulting from the adverse determination and met all other statutory prerequisites, it can file suit for a redetermination of the tax deficiencies in the United States Tax Court. Form 1040nr For more information on these types of suits, get Publication 556, Examination of Returns, Appeal Rights, and Claims for Refund. Form 1040nr In certain situations, your organization can file suit for a declaratory judgment in the U. Form 1040nr S. Form 1040nr District Court for the District of Columbia, the U. Form 1040nr S. Form 1040nr Court of Federal Claims, or the U. Form 1040nr S. Form 1040nr Tax Court. Form 1040nr This remedy is available if your organization received an adverse notice of final determination, or if the IRS failed to make a timely determination on your initial or continuing qualification or classification as an exempt organization. Form 1040nr However, your exempt status claim must be as: An organization qualifying under section 501(c)(3), An organization to which a deduction for a contribution is allowed under section 170(c)(2), An organization that is a private foundation under section 509(a), A private operating foundation under section 4942(j)(3), or A cooperative organization that is exempt from tax under section 521. Form 1040nr Adverse notice of final determination. Form 1040nr The adverse notice of final determination referred to above is a ruling or determination letter sent by certified or registered mail holding that your organization: Is not described in section 501(c)(3) or section 170(c)(2), Is a private foundation as defined in section 4942(j)(3), or Is a public charity described in a part of section 509(a) or section 170(b)(1)(A) other than the part under which your organization requested classification. Form 1040nr Favorable court rulings - IRS procedure. Form 1040nr If a suit results in a final determination that your organization is exempt from tax, the IRS will issue a favorable ruling or determination letter, provided your organization has filed an application for exemption and submitted a statement that the underlying facts and applicable law are the same as in the period considered by the court. Form 1040nr Group Exemption Letter A group exemption letter is a ruling or determination letter issued to a central organization recognizing on a group basis the exemption under section 501(c) of subordinate organizations on whose behalf the central organization has applied for recognition of exemption. Form 1040nr A central organization is an organization that has one or more subordinates under its general supervision or control. Form 1040nr A subordinate organization is a chapter, local, post, or unit of a central organization. Form 1040nr A central organization may be a subordinate itself, such as a state organization that has subordinate units and is itself affiliated with a national (central) organization. Form 1040nr A subordinate organization may or may not be incorporated, but it must have an organizing document. Form 1040nr A subordinate that is organized and operated in a foreign country cannot be included in a group exemption letter. Form 1040nr A subordinate described in section 501(c)(3) cannot be included in a group exemption letter if it is a private foundation described in section 509(a). Form 1040nr If your organization is a subordinate controlled by a central organization (for example, a church, a veterans' organization, or a fraternal organization), you should check with the central organization to see if it has been issued a group exemption letter that covers your organization. Form 1040nr If it has, you do not have to file a separate application unless your organization no longer wants to be included in the group exemption letter. Form 1040nr If the group exemption letter does not cover your organization, ask your central organization about being included in the next annual group ruling update that it submits to the IRS. Form 1040nr Central Organization Application Procedure If your organization is a central organization with affiliated subordinates under its control, it can apply for a group exemption letter for its subordinates, provided it has obtained recognition of its own exemption before or concurrently with the group exemption. Form 1040nr You should make the application for such subordinates by letter instead of submitting either Form 1023 or 1024. Form 1040nr This procedure relieves each of the subordinates covered by a group exemption letter from filing its own application. Form 1040nr A central organization obtains its own recognition of exemption by sending its application to the IRS address shown on Form 8718 or Form 1023. Form 1040nr If the central organization has previously obtained recognition of its own exemption, it must indicate its employer identification number and the date of the letter recognizing its exemption. Form 1040nr It need not forward documents already submitted. Form 1040nr However, if it has not already done so, the central organization must submit a copy of any amendment to its governing instruments or internal regulations as well as any information about changes in its character, purposes, or method of operation. Form 1040nr Employer identification number. Form 1040nr The central organization must have an EIN before it submits a completed exemption or group exemption application. Form 1040nr Each subordinate must have its own EIN, even if it has no employees. Form 1040nr When submitting its group exemption application, the central organization must provide an EIN for each subordinate organization. Form 1040nr Information required for subordinate organizations. Form 1040nr In addition to the information required to obtain recognition of its own exemption, the central organization must submit information for those subordinates to be included in the group exemption letter. Form 1040nr The information should be forwarded in a letter signed by a principal officer of the central organization setting forth or including as attachments the following. Form 1040nr Information verifying that the subordinates: Are affiliated with the central organization at the close of its annual accounting period; Are subject to its general supervision or control; Are all eligible to qualify for exemption under the same paragraph of section 501(c), though not necessarily the paragraph under which the central organization itself is exempt; Are not private foundations if the application for a group exemption letter involves section 501(c)(3); Are all on the same accounting period as the central organization if they are to be included in group returns; and Are organizations that have been formed within the 15-month period preceding the date of submission of the group exemption application if they are claiming section 501(c)(3) status and are subject to the requirements of section 508(a) and wish to be recognized as exempt from their dates of creation (a group exemption letter may be issued covering subordinates, one or more of which have not been organized within the 15-month period preceding the date of submission, if all subordinates are willing to be recognized as exempt only from the date of application). Form 1040nr A detailed description of the purposes and activities of the subordinates, including the sources of receipts and the nature of expenditures. Form 1040nr A sample copy of a uniform governing instrument (such as a charter or articles of association) adopted by the subordinates, or, in its absence, copies of representative instruments. Form 1040nr An affirmation to the effect that, to the best of the officer's knowledge, the purposes and activities of the subordinates are as stated in (2) and (3), above. Form 1040nr A statement that each of the subordinates has provided a written authorization to the central organization, signed by an authorized officer of the subordinate, agreeing to be included in the group exemption (see also New 501(c)(3) organizations that want to be included , later in this section). Form 1040nr A list of subordinates to be included in the group exemption letter to which the IRS has issued an outstanding ruling or determination letter relating to exemption. Form 1040nr If the application for a group exemption letter involves section 501(c)(3) and is subject to the provisions of the Code requiring that it give timely notice that it is not a private foundation (see Private Foundations in chapter 3), an affirmation to the effect that, to the best of the officer's knowledge and belief, no subordinate to be included in the group exemption letter is a private foundation as defined in section 509(a). Form 1040nr For each subordinate that is a school claiming exemption under section 501(c)(3), the information required by Revenue Ruling 71-447, 1971-2 C. Form 1040nr B. Form 1040nr 230 and Revenue Procedure 75-50, 1975-2 C. Form 1040nr B. Form 1040nr 587 (these requirements are fully described in chapter 3, under Private Schools ; see also Schedule B, Form 1023). Form 1040nr For any school affiliated with a church, the information to show that the provisions of Revenue Ruling 75-231, 1975-1 C. Form 1040nr B. Form 1040nr 158, have been met. Form 1040nr A list of the names, mailing addresses, actual addresses if different, and EINs of subordinates to be included in the group exemption letter. Form 1040nr A current directory of subordinates may be furnished instead of the list if it includes the required information and if the subordinates not to be included in the group exemption letter are identified. Form 1040nr New 501(c)(3) organizations that want to be included. Form 1040nr A new organization, described in section 501(c)(3), that wants to be included in a group exemption letter must submit its authorization (as explained in item number 5, earlier, under Information required for subordinate organizations ) to the central organization before the end of the 15th month after it was formed in order to satisfy the requirement of section 508(a). Form 1040nr The central organization must also include this subordinate in its next annual submission of information, as discussed later, under Information Required Annually . Form 1040nr Keeping the Group Exemption Letter in Force Continued effectiveness of a group exemption letter is based on the following conditions. Form 1040nr The continued existence of the central organization. Form 1040nr The continued qualification of the central organization for exemption under section 501(c). Form 1040nr The submission by the central organization of the information regarding its subordinate organizations that is required annually (described under Information Required Annually). Form 1040nr The annual filing of an information return (Form 990, for example) by the central organization if required. Form 1040nr The continued effectiveness of a group exemption letter as to a particular subordinate is based on these four conditions, as well as on the continued conformity by the subordinate to the requirements for inclusion in a group exemption letter, the authorization for inclusion, and the annual filing of any required information return for the subordinate. Form 1040nr Information Required Annually To maintain a group exemption letter, the central organization must submit annually, at least 90 days before the close of its annual accounting period, all of the following information. Form 1040nr Information about all changes in the purposes, character, or method of operation of the subordinates included in the group exemption letter. Form 1040nr A separate list (that includes the names, mailing addresses, actual addresses if different, and EINs of the affected subordinates) for each of the three following categories. Form 1040nr Subordinates that have changed their names or addresses during the year. Form 1040nr Subordinates no longer to be included in the group exemption letter because they no longer exist or have disaffiliated from or withdrawn their authorization to the central organization. Form 1040nr Subordinates to be added to the group exemption letter because they are newly organized or affiliated or because they have recently authorized the central organization to include them. Form 1040nr An annotated directory of subordinates will not be accepted for this purpose. Form 1040nr If there were none of the above changes, the central organization must submit a statement to that effect. Form 1040nr The same information about new subordinates that was required in the initial application for group exemption. Form 1040nr (This information is listed in items 1 through 10, under Information required for subordinate organizations. Form 1040nr , earlier. Form 1040nr ) If a new subordinate does not differ in any material respects from the subordinates included in the application for group exemption, however, a statement to this effect may be submitted in lieu of detailed information. Form 1040nr The organization should send this information to: Ogden Service Center Mail Stop 6271 Ogden, UT 84404-4749 Submitting the required information annually does not relieve the central organization or any of its subordinates of the duty to submit any other information that may be required by an EO area manager to determine whether the conditions for continued exemption are being met. Form 1040nr Events Causing Loss of Group Exemption A group exemption letter no longer has effect, for either a particular subordinate or the group as a whole, when: The central organization notifies the IRS that it is going out of existence, The central organization notifies the IRS, by its annual submission or otherwise, that any of its subordinates will no longer fulfill the conditions for continued effectiveness, explained earlier, or The IRS notifies the central organization or the affected subordinate that the group exemption letter will no longer have effect for some or all of the group because the conditions for continued effectiveness of a group exemption letter have not been fulfilled. Form 1040nr When notice is given under any of these three conditions, the IRS will no longer recognize the exempt status of the affected subordinates until they file separate applications on their own behalf or the central organization files complete supporting information for their reinclusion in the group exemption at the time of its annual submission. Form 1040nr However, when the notice is given by the IRS and the withdrawal of recognition is based on the failure of the organization to comply with the requirements for recognition of tax-exempt status under the particular subsection of section 501(c), the revocation will ordinarily take effect as of the date of that failure. Form 1040nr The notice, however, will be given only after the appeal procedures described earlier in this chapter are completed. Form 1040nr Prev Up Next Home More Online Publications
Know the Facts
When you borrow money to buy a car or truck, the lender can take your vehicle back if you miss a payment or in some other way violate the contract. You should also be aware that the lender:
- Can repossess with cause without advance notice;
- Can insist you pay off the entire loan balance in order to get the repossessed vehicle back;
- Can sell the vehicle at auction;
- Might be able to sue you for the difference between the vehicle's auction price and what you owe
- Cannot break into your home or physically threaten someone while taking the vehicle
If you know you're going to be late with a payment, talk to the lender to try to work things out. If you and the lender reach an agreement, be sure you get the agreement in writing. Contact your state or local consumer protection office to find out whether your state gives you any additional rights.
Beware of Car Title Loans
Chances are you have seen or heard an ad for a car title loan to help you make ends meet. In a title loan, a consumer in need of quick cash uses the car title as collateral for a short term loan. No job or postdated checks are required. Sounds simple enough, right? Wrong.
What the title lenders don't say in their ads is that you have to turn over your car title and keys when you get the loan. They'll loan you a small fraction of the car value at sky high interest rates- as much as 25% for one month (300% APR) !!! At the end of the month you are expected to pay the whole amount back, plus the interest.
If you can't pay the loan there are only two options. You could roll the loan over for another month, with more fees and interest. However, as the loan amount increases, it becomes almost impossible to repay the debt. The other option is for the lender to repossess your car. Unfortunately, there is no federal regulation of title loans now, but some states have put some rules in place to regulate the interest charged by these lenders.