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Form 1040ez 2012

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Form 1040ez 2012

Form 1040ez 2012 3. Form 1040ez 2012   Reporting Rental Income, Expenses, and Losses Table of Contents Which Forms To UseSchedule E (Form 1040) Schedule C (Form 1040), Profit or Loss From Business Qualified Joint Venture Limits on Rental LossesAt-Risk Rules Passive Activity Limits Casualties and Thefts Example Figuring the net income or loss for a residential rental activity may involve more than just listing the income and deductions on Schedule E (Form 1040). Form 1040ez 2012 There are activities which do not qualify to use Schedule E, such as when the activity is not engaged in to make a profit or when you provide substantial services in conjunction with the property. Form 1040ez 2012 There are also the limitations which may need to be applied if you have a net loss on Schedule E. Form 1040ez 2012 There are two: (1) the limitation based on the amount of investment you have at risk in your rental activity, and (2) the special limits imposed on passive activities. Form 1040ez 2012 You may also have a gain or loss related to your rental property from a casualty or theft. Form 1040ez 2012 This is considered separately from the income and expense information you report on Schedule E. Form 1040ez 2012 Which Forms To Use The basic form for reporting residential rental income and expenses is Schedule E (Form 1040). Form 1040ez 2012 However, do not use that schedule to report a not-for-profit activity. Form 1040ez 2012 See Not Rented for Profit , in chapter 4. Form 1040ez 2012 There are also other rental situations in which forms other than Schedule E would be used. Form 1040ez 2012 Schedule E (Form 1040) If you rent buildings, rooms, or apartments, and provide basic services such as heat and light, trash collection, etc. Form 1040ez 2012 , you normally report your rental income and expenses on Schedule E, Part I. Form 1040ez 2012 List your total income, expenses, and depreciation for each rental property. Form 1040ez 2012 Be sure to enter the number of fair rental and personal use days on line 2. Form 1040ez 2012 If you have more than three rental or royalty properties, complete and attach as many Schedules E as are needed to list the properties. Form 1040ez 2012 Complete lines 1 and 2 for each property. Form 1040ez 2012 However, fill in lines 23a through 26 on only one Schedule E. Form 1040ez 2012 On Schedule E, page 1, line 18, enter the depreciation you are claiming for each property. Form 1040ez 2012 To find out if you need to attach Form 4562, see Form 4562 , later. Form 1040ez 2012 If you have a loss from your rental real estate activity, you also may need to complete one or both of the following forms. Form 1040ez 2012 Form 6198, At-Risk Limitations. Form 1040ez 2012 See At-Risk Rules , later. Form 1040ez 2012 Also see Publication 925. Form 1040ez 2012 Form 8582, Passive Activity Loss Limitations. Form 1040ez 2012 See Passive Activity Limits , later. Form 1040ez 2012 Page 2 of Schedule E is used to report income or loss from partnerships, S corporations, estates, trusts, and real estate mortgage investment conduits. Form 1040ez 2012 If you need to use page 2 of Schedule E, be sure to use page 2 of the same Schedule E you used to enter your rental activity on page 1. Form 1040ez 2012 Also, include the amount from line 26 (Part I) in the “Total income or (loss)” on line 41 (Part V). Form 1040ez 2012 Form 4562. Form 1040ez 2012   You must complete and attach Form 4562 for rental activities only if you are claiming: Depreciation, including the special depreciation allowance, on property placed in service during 2013; Depreciation on listed property (such as a car), regardless of when it was placed in service; or Any other car expenses, including the standard mileage rate or lease expenses. Form 1040ez 2012 Otherwise, figure your depreciation on your own worksheet. Form 1040ez 2012 You do not have to attach these computations to your return, but you should keep them in your records for future reference. Form 1040ez 2012   See Publication 946 for information on preparing Form 4562. Form 1040ez 2012 Schedule C (Form 1040), Profit or Loss From Business Generally, Schedule C is used when you provide substantial services in conjunction with the property or the rental is part of a trade or business as a real estate dealer. Form 1040ez 2012 Providing substantial services. Form 1040ez 2012   If you provide substantial services that are primarily for your tenant's convenience, such as regular cleaning, changing linen, or maid service, you report your rental income and expenses on Schedule C (Form 1040), Profit or Loss From Business, or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040), Net Profit From Business. Form 1040ez 2012 Use Form 1065, U. Form 1040ez 2012 S. Form 1040ez 2012 Return of Partnership Income, if your rental activity is a partnership (including a partnership with your spouse unless it is a qualified joint venture). Form 1040ez 2012 Substantial services do not include the furnishing of heat and light, cleaning of public areas, trash collection, etc. Form 1040ez 2012 For information, see Publication 334, Tax Guide for Small Business. Form 1040ez 2012 Also, you may have to pay self-employment tax on your rental income using Schedule SE (Form 1040), Self-Employment Tax. Form 1040ez 2012 For a discussion of “substantial services,” see Real Estate Rents in Publication 334, chapter 5. Form 1040ez 2012 Qualified Joint Venture If you and your spouse each materially participate (see Material participation under Passive Activity Limits, later) as the only members of a jointly owned and operated real estate business, and you file a joint return for the tax year, you can make a joint election to be treated as a qualified joint venture instead of a partnership. Form 1040ez 2012 This election, in most cases, will not increase the total tax owed on the joint return, but it does give each of you credit for social security earnings on which retirement benefits are based and for Medicare coverage if your rental income is subject to self-employment tax. Form 1040ez 2012 If you make this election, you must report rental real estate income on Schedule E (or Schedule C if you provide substantial services). Form 1040ez 2012 You will not be required to file Form 1065 for any year the election is in effect. Form 1040ez 2012 Rental real estate income generally is not included in net earnings from self-employment subject to self-employment tax and generally is subject to the passive activity limits. Form 1040ez 2012 If you and your spouse filed a Form 1065 for the year prior to the election, the partnership terminates at the end of the tax year immediately preceding the year the election takes effect. Form 1040ez 2012 For more information on qualified joint ventures, go to IRS. Form 1040ez 2012 gov and enter “qualified joint venture” in the search box. Form 1040ez 2012 Limits on Rental Losses If you have a loss from your rental real estate activity, two sets of rules may limit the amount of loss you can deduct. Form 1040ez 2012 You must consider these rules in the order shown below. Form 1040ez 2012 Both are discussed in this section. Form 1040ez 2012 At-risk rules. Form 1040ez 2012 These rules are applied first if there is investment in your rental real estate activity for which you are not at risk. Form 1040ez 2012 This applies only if the real property was placed in service after 1986. Form 1040ez 2012 Passive activity limits. Form 1040ez 2012 Generally, rental real estate activities are considered passive activities and losses are not deductible unless you have income from other passive activities to offset them. Form 1040ez 2012 However, there are exceptions. Form 1040ez 2012 At-Risk Rules You may be subject to the at-risk rules if you have: A loss from an activity carried on as a trade or business or for the production of income, and Amounts invested in the activity for which you are not fully at risk. Form 1040ez 2012 Losses from holding real property (other than mineral property) placed in service before 1987 are not subject to the at-risk rules. Form 1040ez 2012 In most cases, any loss from an activity subject to the at-risk rules is allowed only to the extent of the total amount you have at risk in the activity at the end of the tax year. Form 1040ez 2012 You are considered at risk in an activity to the extent of cash and the adjusted basis of other property you contributed to the activity and certain amounts borrowed for use in the activity. Form 1040ez 2012 Any loss that is disallowed because of the at-risk limits is treated as a deduction from the same activity in the next tax year. Form 1040ez 2012 See Publication 925 for a discussion of the at-risk rules. Form 1040ez 2012 Form 6198. Form 1040ez 2012   If you are subject to the at-risk rules, file Form 6198, At-Risk Limitations, with your tax return. Form 1040ez 2012 Passive Activity Limits In most cases, all rental real estate activities (except those of certain real estate professionals, discussed later) are passive activities. Form 1040ez 2012 For this purpose, a rental activity is an activity from which you receive income mainly for the use of tangible property, rather than for services. Form 1040ez 2012 For a discussion of activities that are not considered rental activities, see Rental Activities in Publication 925. Form 1040ez 2012 Deductions or losses from passive activities are limited. Form 1040ez 2012 You generally cannot offset income, other than passive income, with losses from passive activities. Form 1040ez 2012 Nor can you offset taxes on income, other than passive income, with credits resulting from passive activities. Form 1040ez 2012 Any excess loss or credit is carried forward to the next tax year. Form 1040ez 2012 Exceptions to the rules for figuring passive activity limits for personal use of a dwelling unit and for rental real estate with active participation are discussed later. Form 1040ez 2012 For a detailed discussion of these rules, see Publication 925. Form 1040ez 2012 Real estate professionals. Form 1040ez 2012   If you are a real estate professional, complete line 43 of Schedule E. Form 1040ez 2012      You qualify as a real estate professional for the tax year if you meet both of the following requirements. Form 1040ez 2012 More than half of the personal services you perform in all trades or businesses during the tax year are performed in real property trades or businesses in which you materially participate. Form 1040ez 2012 You perform more than 750 hours of services during the tax year in real property trades or businesses in which you materially participate. Form 1040ez 2012 If you qualify as a real estate professional, rental real estate activities in which you materially participated are not passive activities. Form 1040ez 2012 For purposes of determining whether you materially participated in your rental real estate activities, each interest in rental real estate is a separate activity unless you elect to treat all your interests in rental real estate as one activity. Form 1040ez 2012   Do not count personal services you perform as an employee in real property trades or businesses unless you are a 5% owner of your employer. Form 1040ez 2012 You are a 5% owner if you own (or are considered to own) more than 5% of your employer's outstanding stock, or capital or profits interest. Form 1040ez 2012   Do not count your spouse's personal services to determine whether you met the requirements listed earlier to qualify as a real estate professional. Form 1040ez 2012 However, you can count your spouse's participation in an activity in determining if you materially participated. Form 1040ez 2012 Real property trades or businesses. Form 1040ez 2012   A real property trade or business is a trade or business that does any of the following with real property. Form 1040ez 2012 Develops or redevelops it. Form 1040ez 2012 Constructs or reconstructs it. Form 1040ez 2012 Acquires it. Form 1040ez 2012 Converts it. Form 1040ez 2012 Rents or leases it. Form 1040ez 2012 Operates or manages it. Form 1040ez 2012 Brokers it. Form 1040ez 2012 Choice to treat all interests as one activity. Form 1040ez 2012   If you were a real estate professional and had more than one rental real estate interest during the year, you can choose to treat all the interests as one activity. Form 1040ez 2012 You can make this choice for any year that you qualify as a real estate professional. Form 1040ez 2012 If you forgo making the choice for one year, you can still make it for a later year. Form 1040ez 2012   If you make the choice, it is binding for the tax year you make it and for any later year that you are a real estate professional. Form 1040ez 2012 This is true even if you are not a real estate professional in any intervening year. Form 1040ez 2012 (For that year, the exception for real estate professionals will not apply in determining whether your activity is subject to the passive activity rules. Form 1040ez 2012 )   See the Instructions for Schedule E for information about making this choice. Form 1040ez 2012 Material participation. Form 1040ez 2012   Generally, you materially participated in an activity for the tax year if you were involved in its operations on a regular, continuous, and substantial basis during the year. Form 1040ez 2012 For details, see Publication 925 or the Instructions for Schedule C. Form 1040ez 2012 Participating spouse. Form 1040ez 2012   If you are married, determine whether you materially participated in an activity by also counting any participation in the activity by your spouse during the year. Form 1040ez 2012 Do this even if your spouse owns no interest in the activity or files a separate return for the year. Form 1040ez 2012 Form 8582. Form 1040ez 2012    You may have to complete Form 8582 to figure the amount of any passive activity loss for the current tax year for all activities and the amount of the passive activity loss allowed on your tax return. Form 1040ez 2012 See Form 8582 not required , later in this chapter, to determine if you must complete Form 8582. Form 1040ez 2012   If you are required to complete Form 8582 and are also subject to the at-risk rules, include the amount from Form 6198, line 21 (deductible loss) in column (b) of Form 8582, Worksheet 1 or 3, as required. Form 1040ez 2012 Exception for Personal Use of Dwelling Unit If you used the rental property as a home during the year, any income, deductions, gain, or loss allocable to such use shall not be taken into account for purposes of the passive activity loss limitation. Form 1040ez 2012 Instead, follow the rules explained in chapter 5, Personal Use of Dwelling Unit (Including Vacation Home). Form 1040ez 2012 Exception for Rental Real Estate With Active Participation If you or your spouse actively participated in a passive rental real estate activity, you may be able to deduct up to $25,000 of loss from the activity from your nonpassive income. Form 1040ez 2012 This special allowance is an exception to the general rule disallowing losses in excess of income from passive activities. Form 1040ez 2012 Similarly, you may be able to offset credits from the activity against the tax on up to $25,000 of nonpassive income after taking into account any losses allowed under this exception. Form 1040ez 2012 Example. Form 1040ez 2012 Jane is single and has $40,000 in wages, $2,000 of passive income from a limited partnership, and $3,500 of passive loss from a rental real estate activity in which she actively participated. Form 1040ez 2012 $2,000 of Jane's $3,500 loss offsets her passive income. Form 1040ez 2012 The remaining $1,500 loss can be deducted from her $40,000 wages. Form 1040ez 2012 The special allowance is not available if you were married, lived with your spouse at any time during the year, and are filing a separate return. Form 1040ez 2012 Active participation. Form 1040ez 2012   You actively participated in a rental real estate activity if you (and your spouse) owned at least 10% of the rental property and you made management decisions or arranged for others to provide services (such as repairs) in a significant and bona fide sense. Form 1040ez 2012 Management decisions that may count as active participation include approving new tenants, deciding on rental terms, approving expenditures, and other similar decisions. Form 1040ez 2012 Example. Form 1040ez 2012 Mike is single and had the following income and losses during the tax year:   Salary $42,300     Dividends 300     Interest 1,400     Rental loss (4,000)   The rental loss was from the rental of a house Mike owned. Form 1040ez 2012 Mike had advertised and rented the house to the current tenant himself. Form 1040ez 2012 He also collected the rents, which usually came by mail. Form 1040ez 2012 All repairs were either made or contracted out by Mike. Form 1040ez 2012 Although the rental loss is from a passive activity, because Mike actively participated in the rental property management he can use the entire $4,000 loss to offset his other income. Form 1040ez 2012 Maximum special allowance. Form 1040ez 2012   The maximum special allowance is: $25,000 for single individuals and married individuals filing a joint return for the tax year, $12,500 for married individuals who file separate returns for the tax year and lived apart from their spouses at all times during the tax year, and $25,000 for a qualifying estate reduced by the special allowance for which the surviving spouse qualified. Form 1040ez 2012   If your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) is $100,000 or less ($50,000 or less if married filing separately), you can deduct your loss up to the amount specified above. Form 1040ez 2012 If your MAGI is more than $100,000 (more than $50,000 if married filing separately), your special allowance is limited to 50% of the difference between $150,000 ($75,000 if married filing separately) and your MAGI. Form 1040ez 2012   Generally, if your MAGI is $150,000 or more ($75,000 or more if you are married filing separately), there is no special allowance. Form 1040ez 2012 Modified adjusted gross income (MAGI). Form 1040ez 2012   This is your adjusted gross income from Form 1040, U. Form 1040ez 2012 S. Form 1040ez 2012 Individual Income Tax Return, line 38, or Form 1040NR, U. Form 1040ez 2012 S. Form 1040ez 2012 Nonresident Alien Income Tax Return, line 37, figured without taking into account: The taxable amount of social security or equivalent tier 1 railroad retirement benefits, The deductible contributions to traditional individual retirement accounts (IRAs) and section 501(c)(18) pension plans, The exclusion from income of interest from Series EE and I U. Form 1040ez 2012 S. Form 1040ez 2012 savings bonds used to pay higher educational expenses, The exclusion of amounts received under an employer's adoption assistance program, Any passive activity income or loss included on Form 8582, Any rental real estate loss allowed to real estate professionals, Any overall loss from a publicly traded partnership (see Publicly Traded Partnerships (PTPs) in the Instructions for Form 8582), The deduction allowed for one-half of self-employment tax, The deduction allowed for interest paid on student loans, The deduction for qualified tuition and related fees, and The domestic production activities deduction (see the Instructions for Form 8903). Form 1040ez 2012 Form 8582 not required. Form 1040ez 2012   Do not complete Form 8582 if you meet all of the following conditions. Form 1040ez 2012 Your only passive activities were rental real estate activities in which you actively participated. Form 1040ez 2012 Your overall net loss from these activities is $25,000 or less ($12,500 or less if married filing separately and you lived apart from your spouse all year). Form 1040ez 2012 If married filing separately, you lived apart from your spouse all year. Form 1040ez 2012 You have no prior year unallowed losses from these (or any other passive) activities. Form 1040ez 2012 You have no current or prior year unallowed credits from passive activities. Form 1040ez 2012 Your MAGI is $100,000 or less ($50,000 or less if married filing separately and you lived apart from your spouse all year). Form 1040ez 2012 You do not hold any interest in a rental real estate activity as a limited partner or as a beneficiary of an estate or a trust. Form 1040ez 2012   If you meet all of the conditions listed above, your rental real estate activities are not limited by the passive activity rules and you do not have to complete Form 8582. Form 1040ez 2012 On lines 23a through 23e of your Schedule E, enter the applicable amounts. Form 1040ez 2012 Casualties and Thefts As a result of a casualty or theft, you may have a loss related to your rental property. Form 1040ez 2012 You may be able to deduct the loss on your income tax return. Form 1040ez 2012 Casualty. Form 1040ez 2012   This is the damage, destruction, or loss of property resulting from an identifiable event that is sudden, unexpected, or unusual. Form 1040ez 2012 Such events include a storm, fire, or earthquake. Form 1040ez 2012 Theft. Form 1040ez 2012   This is defined as the unlawful taking and removing of your money or property with the intent to deprive you of it. Form 1040ez 2012 Gain from casualty or theft. Form 1040ez 2012   It is also possible to have a gain from a casualty or theft if you receive money, including insurance, that is more than your adjusted basis in the property. Form 1040ez 2012 Generally, you must report this gain. Form 1040ez 2012 However, under certain circumstances, you may defer paying tax by choosing to postpone reporting the gain. Form 1040ez 2012 To do this, you generally must buy replacement property within 2 years after the close of the first tax year in which any part of your gain is realized. Form 1040ez 2012 In certain circumstances, the replacement period can be greater than 2 years; see Replacement Period in Publication 547 for more information. Form 1040ez 2012 The cost of the replacement property must be equal to or more than the net insurance or other payment you received. Form 1040ez 2012 More information. Form 1040ez 2012   For information on business and nonbusiness casualty and theft losses, see Publication 547. Form 1040ez 2012 How to report. Form 1040ez 2012    If you had a casualty or theft that involved property used in your rental activity, figure the net gain or loss in Section B of Form 4684, Casualties and Thefts. Form 1040ez 2012 Follow the Instructions for Form 4684 for where to carry your net gain or loss. Form 1040ez 2012 Example In February 2008, Marie Pfister bought a rental house for $135,000 (house $120,000 and land $15,000) and immediately began renting it out. Form 1040ez 2012 In 2013, she rented it all 12 months for a monthly rental fee of $1,125. Form 1040ez 2012 In addition to her rental income of $13,500 (12 x $1,125), Marie had the following expenses. Form 1040ez 2012 Mortgage interest $8,000 Fire insurance (1-year policy) 250 Miscellaneous repairs 400 Real estate taxes imposed and paid 500 Maintenance 200 Marie depreciates the residential rental property under MACRS GDS. Form 1040ez 2012 This means using the straight line method over a recovery period of 27. Form 1040ez 2012 5 years. Form 1040ez 2012 She uses Table 2-2d to find her depreciation percentage. Form 1040ez 2012 Because she placed the property in service in February 2008, she continues to use that row of Table 2-2d. Form 1040ez 2012 For year 6, the rate is 3. Form 1040ez 2012 636%. Form 1040ez 2012 Marie figures her net rental income or loss for the house as follows: Total rental income received  ($1,125 × 12) $13,500 Minus: Expenses     Mortgage interest $8,000   Fire insurance 250   Miscellaneous repairs 400   Real estate taxes 500   Maintenance 200   Total expenses 9,350 Balance $4,150 Minus: Depreciation ($120,000 x 3. Form 1040ez 2012 636%) 4,363 Net rental (loss) for house ($213)       Marie had a net loss for the year. Form 1040ez 2012 Because she actively participated in her passive rental real estate activity and her loss was less than $25,000, she can deduct the loss on her return. Form 1040ez 2012 Marie also meets all of the requirements for not having to file Form 8582. Form 1040ez 2012 She uses Schedule E, Part I, to report her rental income and expenses. Form 1040ez 2012 She enters her income, expenses, and depreciation for the house in the column for Property A and enters her loss on line 22. Form 1040ez 2012 Form 4562 is not required. Form 1040ez 2012 Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The Housing Office regulates the housing industry and administers the Federal Housing Adminstration. The regulatory programs administered by the Housing Office include single family housing and multifamily housing programs.

The Form 1040ez 2012

Form 1040ez 2012 Publication 4492 - Introductory Material Table of Contents Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Introduction This publication explains the major provisions of the Katrina Emergency Tax Relief Act of 2005 and the Gulf Opportunity Zone Act of 2005. Form 1040ez 2012 Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 526 Charitable Contributions 536 Net Operating Losses (NOLs) for Individuals, Estates, and Trusts 547 Casualties, Disasters, and Thefts 946 How To Depreciate Property Form (and Instructions) 4506Request for Copy of Tax Return 4506-TRequest for Transcript of Tax Return 4684Casualties and Thefts 5884Work Opportunity Credit 5884-ACredits for Employers Affected by Hurricane Katrina, Rita, or Wilma 8863Education Credits (Hope and Lifetime Learning Credits) 8914Exemption Amount for Taxpayers Housing Individuals Displaced by Hurricane Katrina 8915Qualified Hurricane Retirement Plan Distributions and Repayments Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications