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Form 1040 Ez

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Form 1040 Ez

Form 1040 ez 25. Form 1040 ez   Nonbusiness Casualty and Theft Losses Table of Contents What's New Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: CasualtyFamily pet. Form 1040 ez Progressive deterioration. Form 1040 ez Damage from corrosive drywall. Form 1040 ez Theft Loss on Deposits Proof of Loss Figuring a LossDecrease in Fair Market Value Adjusted Basis Insurance and Other Reimbursements Single Casualty on Multiple Properties Deduction Limits$100 Rule 10% Rule When To Report Gains and LossesDisaster Area Loss How To Report Gains and Losses What's New New Section C of Form 4684 for Ponzi-type investment schemes. Form 1040 ez  Section C of Form 4684 is new for 2013. Form 1040 ez You must complete Section C if you are claiming a theft loss deduction due to a Ponzi-type investment scheme and are using Revenue Procedure 2009-20, as modified by Revenue Procedure 2011-58. Form 1040 ez Section C of Form 4684 replaces Appendix A in Revenue Procedure 2009-20. Form 1040 ez You do not need to complete Appendix A. Form 1040 ez For details, see Losses from Ponzi-type investment schemes , in this chapter. Form 1040 ez Introduction This chapter explains the tax treatment of personal (not business or investment related) casualty losses, theft losses, and losses on deposits. Form 1040 ez The chapter also explains the following  topics. Form 1040 ez How to figure the amount of your loss. Form 1040 ez How to treat insurance and other reimbursements you receive. Form 1040 ez The deduction limits. Form 1040 ez When and how to report a casualty or theft. Form 1040 ez Forms to file. Form 1040 ez    When you have a casualty or theft, you have to file Form 4684. Form 1040 ez You will also have to file one or more of the following forms. Form 1040 ez Schedule A (Form 1040), Itemized Deductions Schedule D (Form 1040), Capital Gains and Losses Condemnations. Form 1040 ez   For information on condemnations of property, see Involuntary Conversions in chapter 1 of Publication 544, Sales and Other Disposition of Assets. Form 1040 ez Workbook for casualties and thefts. Form 1040 ez    Publication 584 is available to help you make a list of your stolen or damaged personal-use property and figure your loss. Form 1040 ez It includes schedules to help you figure the loss on your home, its contents, and your motor vehicles. Form 1040 ez Business or investment-related losses. Form 1040 ez   For information on a casualty or theft loss of business or income-producing property, see Publication 547, Casualties, Disasters, and Thefts. Form 1040 ez Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 544 Sales and Other Dispositions  of Assets 547 Casualties, Disasters, and   Thefts 584 Casualty, Disaster, and Theft   Loss Workbook (Personal-Use  Property) Form (and Instructions) Schedule A (Form 1040) Itemized Deductions Schedule D (Form 1040) Capital Gains and Losses 4684 Casualties and Thefts Casualty A casualty is the damage, destruction, or loss of property resulting from an identifiable event that is sudden, unexpected, or unusual. Form 1040 ez A sudden event is one that is swift, not gradual or progressive. Form 1040 ez An unexpected event is one that is ordinarily unanticipated and unintended. Form 1040 ez An unusual event is one that is not a day-to-day occurrence and that is not typical of the activity in which you were engaged. Form 1040 ez Deductible losses. Form 1040 ez   Deductible casualty losses can result from a number of different causes, including the following. Form 1040 ez Car accidents (but see Nondeductible losses , next, for exceptions). Form 1040 ez Earthquakes. Form 1040 ez Fires (but see Nondeductible losses , next, for exceptions). Form 1040 ez Floods. Form 1040 ez Government-ordered demolition or relocation of a home that is unsafe to use because of a disaster as discussed under Disaster Area Losses in Publication 547. Form 1040 ez Mine cave-ins. Form 1040 ez Shipwrecks. Form 1040 ez Sonic booms. Form 1040 ez Storms, including hurricanes and tornadoes. Form 1040 ez Terrorist attacks. Form 1040 ez Vandalism. Form 1040 ez Volcanic eruptions. Form 1040 ez Nondeductible losses. Form 1040 ez   A casualty loss is not deductible if the damage or destruction is caused by the following. Form 1040 ez Accidentally breaking articles such as glassware or china under normal conditions. Form 1040 ez A family pet (explained below). Form 1040 ez A fire if you willfully set it or pay someone else to set it. Form 1040 ez A car accident if your willful negligence or willful act caused it. Form 1040 ez The same is true if the willful act or willful negligence of someone acting for you caused the accident. Form 1040 ez Progressive deterioration (explained later). Form 1040 ez Family pet. Form 1040 ez   Loss of property due to damage by a family pet is not deductible as a casualty loss unless the requirements discussed earlier under Casualty are met. Form 1040 ez Example. Form 1040 ez Your antique oriental rug was damaged by your new puppy before it was housebroken. Form 1040 ez Because the damage was not unexpected and unusual, the loss is not deductible as a casualty loss. Form 1040 ez Progressive deterioration. Form 1040 ez    Loss of property due to progressive deterioration is not deductible as a casualty loss. Form 1040 ez This is because the damage results from a steadily operating cause or a normal process, rather than from a sudden event. Form 1040 ez The following are examples of damage due to progressive deterioration. Form 1040 ez The steady weakening of a building due to normal wind and weather conditions. Form 1040 ez The deterioration and damage to a water heater that bursts. Form 1040 ez However, the rust and water damage to rugs and drapes caused by the bursting of a water heater does qualify as a casualty. Form 1040 ez Most losses of property caused by droughts. Form 1040 ez To be deductible, a drought-related loss generally must be incurred in a trade or business or in a transaction entered into for profit. Form 1040 ez Termite or moth damage. Form 1040 ez The damage or destruction of trees, shrubs, or other plants by a fungus, disease, insects, worms, or similar pests. Form 1040 ez However, a sudden destruction due to an unexpected or unusual infestation of beetles or other insects may result in a casualty loss. Form 1040 ez Damage from corrosive drywall. Form 1040 ez   Under a special procedure, you may be able to claim a casualty loss deduction for amounts you paid to repair damage to your home and household appliances that resulted from corrosive drywall. Form 1040 ez For details, see Publication 547. Form 1040 ez Theft A theft is the taking and removing of money or property with the intent to deprive the owner of it. Form 1040 ez The taking of property must be illegal under the laws of the state where it occurred and it must have been done with criminal intent. Form 1040 ez You do not need to show a conviction for theft. Form 1040 ez Theft includes the taking of money or property by the following means. Form 1040 ez Blackmail. Form 1040 ez Burglary. Form 1040 ez Embezzlement. Form 1040 ez Extortion. Form 1040 ez Kidnapping for ransom. Form 1040 ez Larceny. Form 1040 ez Robbery. Form 1040 ez The taking of money or property through fraud or misrepresentation is theft if it is illegal under state or local law. Form 1040 ez Decline in market value of stock. Form 1040 ez   You cannot deduct as a theft loss the decline in market value of stock acquired on the open market for investment if the decline is caused by disclosure of accounting fraud or other illegal misconduct by the officers or directors of the corporation that issued the stock. Form 1040 ez However, you can deduct as a capital loss the loss you sustain when you sell or exchange the stock or the stock becomes completely worthless. Form 1040 ez You report a capital loss on Schedule D (Form 1040). Form 1040 ez For more information about stock sales, worthless stock, and capital losses, see chapter 4 of Publication 550. Form 1040 ez Mislaid or lost property. Form 1040 ez   The simple disappearance of money or property is not a theft. Form 1040 ez However, an accidental loss or disappearance of property can qualify as a casualty if it results from an identifiable event that is sudden, unexpected, or unusual. Form 1040 ez Sudden, unexpected, and unusual events are defined earlier. Form 1040 ez Example. Form 1040 ez A car door is accidentally slammed on your hand, breaking the setting of your diamond ring. Form 1040 ez The diamond falls from the ring and is never found. Form 1040 ez The loss of the diamond is a casualty. Form 1040 ez Losses from Ponzi-type investment schemes. Form 1040 ez   If you had a loss from a Ponzi-type investment scheme, see: Revenue Ruling 2009-9, 2009-14 I. Form 1040 ez R. Form 1040 ez B. Form 1040 ez 735 (available at www. Form 1040 ez irs. Form 1040 ez gov/irb/2009-14_IRB/ar07. Form 1040 ez html). Form 1040 ez Revenue Procedure 2009-20, 2009-14 I. Form 1040 ez R. Form 1040 ez B. Form 1040 ez 749 (available at www. Form 1040 ez irs. Form 1040 ez gov/irb/2009-14_IRB/ar11. Form 1040 ez html). Form 1040 ez Revenue Procedure 2011-58, 2011-50 I. Form 1040 ez R. Form 1040 ez B. Form 1040 ez 849 (available at www. Form 1040 ez irs. Form 1040 ez gov/irb/2011-50_IRB/ar11. Form 1040 ez html). Form 1040 ez If you qualify to use Revenue Procedure 2009-20, as modified by Revenue Procedure 2011-58, and you choose to follow the procedures in the guidance, first fill out Section C of Form 4684 to determine the amount to enter on Section B, line 28. Form 1040 ez Skip lines 19 to 27. Form 1040 ez Section C of Form 4684 replaces Appendix A in Revenue Procedure 2009-20. Form 1040 ez You do not need to complete Appendix A. Form 1040 ez For more information, see the above revenue ruling and revenue procedures, and the Instructions for Form 4684. Form 1040 ez   If you choose not to use the procedures in Revenue Procedure 2009-20, you may claim your theft loss by filling out Section B, lines 19 to 39, as appropriate. Form 1040 ez Loss on Deposits A loss on deposits can occur when a bank, credit union, or other financial institution becomes insolvent or bankrupt. Form 1040 ez If you incurred this type of loss, you can choose one of the following ways to deduct the loss. Form 1040 ez As a casualty loss. Form 1040 ez As an ordinary loss. Form 1040 ez As a nonbusiness bad debt. Form 1040 ez Casualty loss or ordinary loss. Form 1040 ez   You can choose to deduct a loss on deposits as a casualty loss or as an ordinary loss for any year in which you can reasonably estimate how much of your deposits you have lost in an insolvent or bankrupt financial institution. Form 1040 ez The choice is generally made on the return you file for that year and applies to all your losses on deposits for the year in that particular financial institution. Form 1040 ez If you treat the loss as a casualty or ordinary loss, you cannot treat the same amount of the loss as a nonbusiness bad debt when it actually becomes worthless. Form 1040 ez However, you can take a nonbusiness bad debt deduction for any amount of loss that is more than the estimated amount you deducted as a casualty or ordinary loss. Form 1040 ez Once you make this choice, you cannot change it without permission from the Internal Revenue Service. Form 1040 ez   If you claim an ordinary loss, report it as a miscellaneous itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 23. Form 1040 ez The maximum amount you can claim is $20,000 ($10,000 if you are married filing separately) reduced by any expected state insurance proceeds. Form 1040 ez Your loss is subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit. Form 1040 ez You cannot choose to claim an ordinary loss if any part of the deposit is federally insured. Form 1040 ez Nonbusiness bad debt. Form 1040 ez   If you do not choose to deduct the loss as a casualty loss or as an ordinary loss, you must wait until the year the actual loss is determined and deduct the loss as a nonbusiness bad debt in that year. Form 1040 ez How to report. Form 1040 ez   The kind of deduction you choose for your loss on deposits determines how you report your loss. Form 1040 ez If you choose: Casualty loss — report it on Form 4684 first and then on Schedule A (Form 1040). Form 1040 ez Ordinary loss — report it on Schedule A (Form 1040) as a miscellaneous itemized deduction. Form 1040 ez Nonbusiness bad debt — report it on Form 8949 first and then on Schedule D (Form 1040). Form 1040 ez More information. Form 1040 ez   For more information, see Special Treatment for Losses on Deposits in Insolvent or Bankrupt Financial Institutions in the Instructions for Form 4684 or Deposit in Insolvent or Bankrupt Financial Institution in Publication 550. Form 1040 ez Proof of Loss To deduct a casualty or theft loss, you must be able to prove that you had a casualty or theft. Form 1040 ez You also must be able to support the amount you take as a deduction. Form 1040 ez Casualty loss proof. Form 1040 ez   For a casualty loss, your records should show all the following. Form 1040 ez The type of casualty (car accident, fire, storm, etc. Form 1040 ez ) and when it occurred. Form 1040 ez That the loss was a direct result of the casualty. Form 1040 ez That you were the owner of the property or, if you leased the property from someone else, that you were contractually liable to the owner for the damage. Form 1040 ez Whether a claim for reimbursement exists for which there is a reasonable expectation of recovery. Form 1040 ez Theft loss proof. Form 1040 ez   For a theft loss, your records should show all the following. Form 1040 ez When you discovered that your property was missing. Form 1040 ez That your property was stolen. Form 1040 ez That you were the owner of the property. Form 1040 ez Whether a claim for reimbursement exists for which there is a reasonable expectation of recovery. Form 1040 ez It is important that you have records that will prove your deduction. Form 1040 ez If you do not have the actual records to support your deduction, you can use other satisfactory evidence to support it. Form 1040 ez Figuring a Loss Figure the amount of your loss using the following steps. Form 1040 ez Determine your adjusted basis in the property before the casualty or theft. Form 1040 ez Determine the decrease in fair market value of the property as a result of the casualty or theft. Form 1040 ez From the smaller of the amounts you determined in (1) and (2), subtract any insurance or other reimbursement you received or expect to receive. Form 1040 ez For personal-use property and property used in performing services as an employee, apply the deduction limits, discussed later, to determine the amount of your deductible loss. Form 1040 ez Gain from reimbursement. Form 1040 ez   If your reimbursement is more than your adjusted basis in the property, you have a gain. Form 1040 ez This is true even if the decrease in the FMV of the property is smaller than your adjusted basis. Form 1040 ez If you have a gain, you may have to pay tax on it, or you may be able to postpone reporting the gain. Form 1040 ez See Publication 547 for more information on how to treat a gain from a reimbursement for a casualty or theft. Form 1040 ez Leased property. Form 1040 ez   If you are liable for casualty damage to property you lease, your loss is the amount you must pay to repair the property minus any insurance or other reimbursement you receive or expect to receive. Form 1040 ez Decrease in Fair Market Value Fair market value (FMV) is the price for which you could sell your property to a willing buyer when neither of you has to sell or buy and both of you know all the relevant facts. Form 1040 ez The decrease in FMV used to figure the amount of a casualty or theft loss is the difference between the property's fair market value immediately before and immediately after the casualty or theft. Form 1040 ez FMV of stolen property. Form 1040 ez   The FMV of property immediately after a theft is considered to be zero, since you no longer have the property. Form 1040 ez Example. Form 1040 ez Several years ago, you purchased silver dollars at face value for $150. Form 1040 ez This is your adjusted basis in the property. Form 1040 ez Your silver dollars were stolen this year. Form 1040 ez The FMV of the coins was $1,000 just before they were stolen, and insurance did not cover them. Form 1040 ez Your theft loss is $150. Form 1040 ez Recovered stolen property. Form 1040 ez   Recovered stolen property is your property that was stolen and later returned to you. Form 1040 ez If you recovered property after you had already taken a theft loss deduction, you must refigure your loss using the smaller of the property's adjusted basis (explained later) or the decrease in FMV from the time just before it was stolen until the time it was recovered. Form 1040 ez Use this amount to refigure your total loss for the year in which the loss was deducted. Form 1040 ez   If your refigured loss is less than the loss you deducted, you generally have to report the difference as income in the recovery year. Form 1040 ez But report the difference only up to the amount of the loss that reduced your tax. Form 1040 ez For more information on the amount to report, see Recoveries in chapter 12. Form 1040 ez Figuring Decrease in FMV— Items To Consider To figure the decrease in FMV because of a casualty or theft, you generally need a competent appraisal. Form 1040 ez However, other measures can also be used to establish certain decreases. Form 1040 ez Appraisal. Form 1040 ez   An appraisal to determine the difference between the FMV of the property immediately before a casualty or theft and immediately afterward should be made by a competent appraiser. Form 1040 ez The appraiser must recognize the effects of any general market decline that may occur along with the casualty. Form 1040 ez This information is needed to limit any deduction to the actual loss resulting from damage to the property. Form 1040 ez   Several factors are important in evaluating the accuracy of an appraisal, including the following. Form 1040 ez The appraiser's familiarity with your property before and after the casualty or theft. Form 1040 ez The appraiser's knowledge of sales of comparable property in the area. Form 1040 ez The appraiser's knowledge of conditions in the area of the casualty. Form 1040 ez The appraiser's method of appraisal. Form 1040 ez    You may be able to use an appraisal that you used to get a federal loan (or a federal loan guarantee) as the result of a federally declared disaster to establish the amount of your disaster loss. Form 1040 ez For more information on disasters, see Disaster Area Losses, in Pub. Form 1040 ez 547. Form 1040 ez Cost of cleaning up or making repairs. Form 1040 ez   The cost of repairing damaged property is not part of a casualty loss. Form 1040 ez Neither is the cost of cleaning up after a casualty. Form 1040 ez But you can use the cost of cleaning up or making repairs after a casualty as a measure of the decrease in FMV if you meet all the following conditions. Form 1040 ez The repairs are actually made. Form 1040 ez The repairs are necessary to bring the property back to its condition before the casualty. Form 1040 ez The amount spent for repairs is not excessive. Form 1040 ez The repairs take care of the damage only. Form 1040 ez The value of the property after the repairs is not, due to the repairs, more than the value of the property before the casualty. Form 1040 ez Landscaping. Form 1040 ez   The cost of restoring landscaping to its original condition after a casualty may indicate the decrease in FMV. Form 1040 ez You may be able to measure your loss by what you spend on the following. Form 1040 ez Removing destroyed or damaged trees and shrubs minus any salvage you receive. Form 1040 ez Pruning and other measures taken to preserve damaged trees and shrubs. Form 1040 ez Replanting necessary to restore the property to its approximate value before the casualty. Form 1040 ez Car value. Form 1040 ez    Books issued by various automobile organizations that list your car may be useful in figuring the value of your car. Form 1040 ez You can use the book's retail values and modify them by such factors as mileage and the condition of your car to figure its value. Form 1040 ez The prices are not official, but they may be useful in determining value and suggesting relative prices for comparison with current sales and offerings in your area. Form 1040 ez If your car is not listed in the books, determine its value from other sources. Form 1040 ez A dealer's offer for your car as a trade-in on a new car is not usually a measure of its true value. Form 1040 ez Figuring Decrease in FMV— Items Not To Consider You generally should not consider the following items when attempting to establish the decrease in FMV of your property. Form 1040 ez Cost of protection. Form 1040 ez   The cost of protecting your property against a casualty or theft is not part of a casualty or theft loss. Form 1040 ez The amount you spend on insurance or to board up your house against a storm is not part of your loss. Form 1040 ez   If you make permanent improvements to your property to protect it against a casualty or theft, add the cost of these improvements to your basis in the property. Form 1040 ez An example would be the cost of a dike to prevent flooding. Form 1040 ez Exception. Form 1040 ez   You cannot increase your basis in the property by, or deduct as a business expense, any expenditures you made with respect to qualified disaster mitigation payments. Form 1040 ez See Disaster Area Losses in Publication 547. Form 1040 ez Incidental expenses. Form 1040 ez   Any incidental expenses you have due to a casualty or theft, such as expenses for the treatment of personal injuries, for temporary housing, or for a rental car, are not part of your casualty or theft loss. Form 1040 ez Replacement cost. Form 1040 ez   The cost of replacing stolen or destroyed property is not part of a casualty or theft loss. Form 1040 ez Sentimental value. Form 1040 ez   Do not consider sentimental value when determining your loss. Form 1040 ez If a family portrait, heirloom, or keepsake is damaged, destroyed, or stolen, you must base your loss on its FMV, as limited by your adjusted basis in the property. Form 1040 ez Decline in market value of property in or near casualty area. Form 1040 ez   A decrease in the value of your property because it is in or near an area that suffered a casualty, or that might again suffer a casualty, is not to be taken into consideration. Form 1040 ez You have a loss only for actual casualty damage to your property. Form 1040 ez However, if your home is in a federally declared disaster area, see Disaster Area Losses in Publication 547. Form 1040 ez Costs of photographs and appraisals. Form 1040 ez    Photographs taken after a casualty will be helpful in establishing the condition and value of the property after it was damaged. Form 1040 ez Photographs showing the condition of the property after it was repaired, restored, or replaced may also be helpful. Form 1040 ez    Appraisals are used to figure the decrease in FMV because of a casualty or theft. Form 1040 ez See Appraisal , earlier, under Figuring Decrease in FMV — Items To Consider, for information about appraisals. Form 1040 ez   The costs of photographs and appraisals used as evidence of the value and condition of property damaged as a result of a casualty are not a part of the loss. Form 1040 ez You can claim these costs as a miscellaneous itemized deduction subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit on Schedule A (Form 1040). Form 1040 ez For information about miscellaneous deductions, see chapter 28. Form 1040 ez Adjusted Basis Adjusted basis is your basis in the property (usually cost) increased or decreased by various events, such as improvements and casualty losses. Form 1040 ez For more information, see chapter 13. Form 1040 ez Insurance and Other Reimbursements If you receive an insurance payment or other type of reimbursement, you must subtract the reimbursement when you figure your loss. Form 1040 ez You do not have a casualty or theft loss to the extent you are reimbursed. Form 1040 ez If you expect to be reimbursed for part or all of your loss, you must subtract the expected reimbursement when you figure your loss. Form 1040 ez You must reduce your loss even if you do not receive payment until a later tax year. Form 1040 ez See Reimbursement Received After Deducting Loss , later. Form 1040 ez Failure to file a claim for reimbursement. Form 1040 ez   If your property is covered by insurance, you must file a timely insurance claim for reimbursement of your loss. Form 1040 ez Otherwise, you cannot deduct this loss as a casualty or theft loss. Form 1040 ez However, this rule does not apply to the portion of the loss not covered by insurance (for example, a deductible). Form 1040 ez Example. Form 1040 ez You have a car insurance policy with a $1,000 deductible. Form 1040 ez Because your insurance did not cover the first $1,000 of an auto collision, the $1,000 would be deductible (subject to the deduction limits discussed later). Form 1040 ez This is true even if you do not file an insurance claim, because your insurance policy would never have reimbursed you for the deductible. Form 1040 ez Types of Reimbursements The most common type of reimbursement is an insurance payment for your stolen or damaged property. Form 1040 ez Other types of reimbursements are discussed next. Form 1040 ez Also see the Instructions for Form 4684. Form 1040 ez Employer's emergency disaster fund. Form 1040 ez   If you receive money from your employer's emergency disaster fund and you must use that money to rehabilitate or replace property on which you are claiming a casualty loss deduction, you must take that money into consideration in computing the casualty loss deduction. Form 1040 ez Take into consideration only the amount you used to replace your destroyed or damaged property. Form 1040 ez Example. Form 1040 ez Your home was extensively damaged by a tornado. Form 1040 ez Your loss after reimbursement from your insurance company was $10,000. Form 1040 ez Your employer set up a disaster relief fund for its employees. Form 1040 ez Employees receiving money from the fund had to use it to rehabilitate or replace their damaged or destroyed property. Form 1040 ez You received $4,000 from the fund and spent the entire amount on repairs to your home. Form 1040 ez In figuring your casualty loss, you must reduce your unreimbursed loss ($10,000) by the $4,000 you received from your employer's fund. Form 1040 ez Your casualty loss before applying the deduction limits discussed later is $6,000. Form 1040 ez Cash gifts. Form 1040 ez   If you receive excludable cash gifts as a disaster victim and there are no limits on how you can use the money, you do not reduce your casualty loss by these excludable cash gifts. Form 1040 ez This applies even if you use the money to pay for repairs to property damaged in the disaster. Form 1040 ez Example. Form 1040 ez Your home was damaged by a hurricane. Form 1040 ez Relatives and neighbors made cash gifts to you that were excludable from your income. Form 1040 ez You used part of the cash gifts to pay for repairs to your home. Form 1040 ez There were no limits or restrictions on how you could use the cash gifts. Form 1040 ez Because it was an excludable gift, the money you received and used to pay for repairs to your home does not reduce your casualty loss on the damaged home. Form 1040 ez Insurance payments for living expenses. Form 1040 ez   You do not reduce your casualty loss by insurance payments you receive to cover living expenses in either of the following situations. Form 1040 ez You lose the use of your main home because of a casualty. Form 1040 ez Government authorities do not allow you access to your main home because of a casualty or threat of one. Form 1040 ez Inclusion in income. Form 1040 ez   If these insurance payments are more than the temporary increase in your living expenses, you must include the excess in your income. Form 1040 ez Report this amount on Form 1040, line 21. Form 1040 ez However, if the casualty occurs in a federally declared disaster area, none of the insurance payments are taxable. Form 1040 ez See Qualified disaster relief payments, under Disaster Area Losses in Publication 547. Form 1040 ez   A temporary increase in your living expenses is the difference between the actual living expenses you and your family incurred during the period you could not use your home and your normal living expenses for that period. Form 1040 ez Actual living expenses are the reasonable and necessary expenses incurred because of the loss of your main home. Form 1040 ez Generally, these expenses include the amounts you pay for the following. Form 1040 ez Rent for suitable housing. Form 1040 ez Transportation. Form 1040 ez Food. Form 1040 ez Utilities. Form 1040 ez Miscellaneous services. Form 1040 ez Normal living expenses consist of these same expenses that you would have incurred but did not because of the casualty or the threat of one. Form 1040 ez Example. Form 1040 ez As a result of a fire, you vacated your apartment for a month and moved to a motel. Form 1040 ez You normally pay $525 a month for rent. Form 1040 ez None was charged for the month the apartment was vacated. Form 1040 ez Your motel rent for this month was $1,200. Form 1040 ez You normally pay $200 a month for food. Form 1040 ez Your food expenses for the month you lived in the motel were $400. Form 1040 ez You received $1,100 from your insurance company to cover your living expenses. Form 1040 ez You determine the payment you must include in income as follows. Form 1040 ez 1) Insurance payment for living expenses $1,100 2) Actual expenses during the month you are unable to use your home because of fire 1,600   3) Normal living expenses 725   4) Temporary increase in living  expenses: Subtract line 3 from line 2 875 5) Amount of payment includible  in income: Subtract line 4  from line 1 $ 225 Tax year of inclusion. Form 1040 ez   You include the taxable part of the insurance payment in income for the year you regain the use of your main home or, if later, for the year you receive the taxable part of the insurance payment. Form 1040 ez Example. Form 1040 ez Your main home was destroyed by a tornado in August 2011. Form 1040 ez You regained use of your home in November 2012. Form 1040 ez The insurance payments you received in 2011 and 2012 were $1,500 more than the temporary increase in your living expenses during those years. Form 1040 ez You include this amount in income on your 2012 Form 1040. Form 1040 ez If, in 2013, you receive further payments to cover the living expenses you had in 2011 and 2012, you must include those payments in income on your 2013 Form 1040. Form 1040 ez Disaster relief. Form 1040 ez   Food, medical supplies, and other forms of assistance you receive do not reduce your casualty loss unless they are replacements for lost or destroyed property. Form 1040 ez Qualified disaster relief payments you receive for expenses you incurred as a result of a federally declared disaster are not taxable income to you. Form 1040 ez For more information, see Disaster Area Losses in Publication 547. Form 1040 ez Disaster unemployment assistance payments are unemployment benefits that are taxable. Form 1040 ez Generally, disaster relief grants and qualified disaster mitigation payments made under the Robert T. Form 1040 ez Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act or the National Flood Insurance Act (as in effect on April 15, 2005) are not includible in your income. Form 1040 ez See Disaster Area Losses in Publication 547. Form 1040 ez Reimbursement Received After Deducting Loss If you figured your casualty or theft loss using your expected reimbursement, you may have to adjust your tax return for the tax year in which you receive your actual reimbursement. Form 1040 ez This section explains the adjustment you may have to make. Form 1040 ez Actual reimbursement less than expected. Form 1040 ez   If you later receive less reimbursement than you expected, include that difference as a loss with your other losses (if any) on your return for the year in which you can reasonably expect no more reimbursement. Form 1040 ez Example. Form 1040 ez Your personal car had an FMV of $2,000 when it was destroyed in a collision with another car in 2012. Form 1040 ez The accident was due to the negligence of the other driver. Form 1040 ez At the end of 2012, there was a reasonable prospect that the owner of the other car would reimburse you in full. Form 1040 ez You did not have a deductible loss in 2012. Form 1040 ez In January 2013, the court awarded you a judgment of $2,000. Form 1040 ez However, in July it became apparent that you will be unable to collect any amount from the other driver. Form 1040 ez You can deduct the loss in 2013 subject to the limits discussed later. Form 1040 ez Actual reimbursement more than expected. Form 1040 ez   If you later receive more reimbursement than you expected after you claimed a deduction for the loss, you may have to include the extra reimbursement in your income for the year you receive it. Form 1040 ez However, if any part of the original deduction did not reduce your tax for the earlier year, do not include that part of the reimbursement in your income. Form 1040 ez You do not refigure your tax for the year you claimed the deduction. Form 1040 ez For more information, see Recoveries in chapter 12. Form 1040 ez If the total of all the reimbursements you receive is more than your adjusted basis in the destroyed or stolen property, you will have a gain on the casualty or theft. Form 1040 ez If you have already taken a deduction for a loss and you receive the reimbursement in a later year, you may have to include the gain in your income for the later year. Form 1040 ez Include the gain as ordinary income up to the amount of your deduction that reduced your tax for the earlier year. Form 1040 ez See Figuring a Gain in Publication 547 for more information on how to treat a gain from the reimbursement of a casualty or theft. Form 1040 ez Actual reimbursement same as expected. Form 1040 ez   If you receive exactly the reimbursement you expected to receive, you do not have to include any of the reimbursement in your income and you cannot deduct any additional loss. Form 1040 ez Example. Form 1040 ez In December 2013, you had a collision while driving your personal car. Form 1040 ez Repairs to the car cost $950. Form 1040 ez You had $100 deductible collision insurance. Form 1040 ez Your insurance company agreed to reimburse you for the rest of the damage. Form 1040 ez Because you expected a reimbursement from the insurance company, you did not have a casualty loss deduction in 2013. Form 1040 ez Due to the $100 rule (discussed later under Deduction Limits ), you cannot deduct the $100 you paid as the deductible. Form 1040 ez When you receive the $850 from the insurance company in 2014, do not report it as income. Form 1040 ez Single Casualty on Multiple Properties Personal property. Form 1040 ez   Personal property is any property that is not real property. Form 1040 ez If your personal property is stolen or is damaged or destroyed by a casualty, you must figure your loss separately for each item of property. Form 1040 ez Then combine these separate losses to figure the total loss from that casualty or theft. Form 1040 ez Example. Form 1040 ez A fire in your home destroyed an upholstered chair, an oriental rug, and an antique table. Form 1040 ez You did not have fire insurance to cover your loss. Form 1040 ez (This was the only casualty or theft you had during the year. Form 1040 ez ) You paid $750 for the chair and you established that it had an FMV of $500 just before the fire. Form 1040 ez The rug cost $3,000 and had an FMV of $2,500 just before the fire. Form 1040 ez You bought the table at an auction for $100 before discovering it was an antique. Form 1040 ez It had been appraised at $900 before the fire. Form 1040 ez You figure your loss on each of these items as follows:     Chair Rug Table 1) Basis (cost) $750 $3,000 $100 2) FMV before fire $500 $2,500 $900 3) FMV after fire –0– –0– –0– 4) Decrease in FMV $500 $2,500 $900 5) Loss (smaller of (1) or  (4)) $500 $2,500 $100           6) Total loss     $3,100 Real property. Form 1040 ez   In figuring a casualty loss on personal-use real property, treat the entire property (including any improvements, such as buildings, trees, and shrubs) as one item. Form 1040 ez Figure the loss using the smaller of the adjusted basis or the decrease in FMV of the entire property. Form 1040 ez Example. Form 1040 ez You bought your home a few years ago. Form 1040 ez You paid $160,000 ($20,000 for the land and $140,000 for the house). Form 1040 ez You also spent $2,000 for landscaping. Form 1040 ez This year a fire destroyed your home. Form 1040 ez The fire also damaged the shrubbery and trees in your yard. Form 1040 ez The fire was your only casualty or theft loss this year. Form 1040 ez Competent appraisers valued the property as a whole at $200,000 before the fire, but only $30,000 after the fire. Form 1040 ez (The loss to your household furnishings is not shown in this example. Form 1040 ez It would be figured separately on each item, as explained earlier under Personal property . Form 1040 ez ) Shortly after the fire, the insurance company paid you $155,000 for the loss. Form 1040 ez You figure your casualty loss as follows: 1) Adjusted basis of the entire property (land, building, and landscaping) $162,000 2) FMV of entire property before fire $200,000 3) FMV of entire property after fire 30,000 4) Decrease in FMV of entire  property $170,000 5) Loss (smaller of (1) or (4)) $162,000 6) Subtract insurance 155,000 7) Amount of loss after reimbursement $7,000 Deduction Limits After you have figured your casualty or theft loss, you must figure how much of the loss you can deduct. Form 1040 ez If the loss was to property for your personal use or your family's use, there are two limits on the amount you can deduct for your casualty or theft loss. Form 1040 ez You must reduce each casualty or theft loss by $100 ($100 rule). Form 1040 ez You must further reduce the total of all your casualty or theft losses by 10% of your adjusted gross income (10% rule). Form 1040 ez You make these reductions on Form 4684. Form 1040 ez These rules are explained next and Table 25-1 summarizes how to apply the $100 rule and the 10% rule in various situations. Form 1040 ez For more detailed explanations and examples, see Publication 547. Form 1040 ez Table 25-1. Form 1040 ez How To Apply the Deduction Limits for Personal-Use Property   $100 Rule 10% Rule General Application You must reduce each casualty or theft loss by $100 when figuring your deduction. Form 1040 ez Apply this rule after you have figured the amount of your loss. Form 1040 ez You must reduce your total casualty or theft loss by 10% of your adjusted gross income. Form 1040 ez Apply this rule after you reduce each loss by $100 (the $100 rule). Form 1040 ez Single Event Apply this rule only once, even if many pieces of property are affected. Form 1040 ez Apply this rule only once, even if many pieces of property are affected. Form 1040 ez More Than One Event Apply to the loss from each event. Form 1040 ez Apply to the total of all your losses from all events. Form 1040 ez More Than One Person— With Loss From the Same Event (other than a married couple filing jointly) Apply separately to each person. Form 1040 ez Apply separately to each person. Form 1040 ez Married Couple—With Loss From the Same Event Filing Jointly Apply as if you were one person. Form 1040 ez Apply as if you were one person. Form 1040 ez Filing Separately Apply separately to each spouse. Form 1040 ez Apply separately to each spouse. Form 1040 ez More Than One Owner (other than a married couple filing jointly) Apply separately to each owner of jointly owned property. Form 1040 ez Apply separately to each owner of jointly owned property. Form 1040 ez Property used partly for business and partly for personal purposes. Form 1040 ez   When property is used partly for personal purposes and partly for business or income-producing purposes, the casualty or theft loss deduction must be figured separately for the personal-use part and for the business or income-producing part. Form 1040 ez You must figure each loss separately because the $100 rule and the 10% rule apply only to the loss on the personal-use part of the property. Form 1040 ez $100 Rule After you have figured your casualty or theft loss on personal-use property, you must reduce that loss by $100. Form 1040 ez This reduction applies to each total casualty or theft loss. Form 1040 ez It does not matter how many pieces of property are involved in an event. Form 1040 ez Only a single $100 reduction applies. Form 1040 ez Example. Form 1040 ez A hailstorm damages your home and your car. Form 1040 ez Determine the amount of loss, as discussed earlier, for each of these items. Form 1040 ez Since the losses are due to a single event, you combine the losses and reduce the combined amount by $100. Form 1040 ez Single event. Form 1040 ez   Generally, events closely related in origin cause a single casualty. Form 1040 ez It is a single casualty when the damage is from two or more closely related causes, such as wind and flood damage caused by the same storm. Form 1040 ez 10% Rule You must reduce the total of all your casualty or theft losses on personal-use property by 10% of your adjusted gross income. Form 1040 ez Apply this rule after you reduce each loss by $100. Form 1040 ez For more information, see the Form 4684 instructions. Form 1040 ez If you have both gains and losses from casualties or thefts, see Gains and losses , later in this discussion. Form 1040 ez Example 1. Form 1040 ez In June, you discovered that your house had been burglarized. Form 1040 ez Your loss after insurance reimbursement was $2,000. Form 1040 ez Your adjusted gross income for the year you discovered the theft is $29,500. Form 1040 ez You first apply the $100 rule and then the 10% rule. Form 1040 ez Figure your theft loss deduction as follows. Form 1040 ez 1) Loss after insurance $2,000 2) Subtract $100 100 3) Loss after $100 rule $1,900 4) Subtract 10% × $29,500 AGI 2,950 5) Theft loss deduction –0– You do not have a theft loss deduction because your loss after you apply the $100 rule ($1,900) is less than 10% of your adjusted gross income ($2,950). Form 1040 ez Example 2. Form 1040 ez In March, you had a car accident that totally destroyed your car. Form 1040 ez You did not have collision insurance on your car, so you did not receive any insurance reimbursement. Form 1040 ez Your loss on the car was $1,800. Form 1040 ez In November, a fire damaged your basement and totally destroyed the furniture, washer, dryer, and other items stored there. Form 1040 ez Your loss on the basement items after reimbursement was $2,100. Form 1040 ez Your adjusted gross income for the year that the accident and fire occurred is $25,000. Form 1040 ez You figure your casualty loss deduction as follows. Form 1040 ez       Base-     Car ment 1) Loss $1,800 $2,100 2) Subtract $100 per incident 100 100 3) Loss after $100 rule $1,700 $2,000 4) Total loss $3,700 5) Subtract 10% × $25,000 AGI 2,500 6) Casualty loss deduction $1,200 Gains and losses. Form 1040 ez   If you had both gains and losses from casualties or thefts to personal-use property, you must compare your total gains to your total losses. Form 1040 ez Do this after you have reduced each loss by any reimbursements and by $100, but before you have reduced the losses by 10% of your adjusted gross income. Form 1040 ez Casualty or theft gains do not include gains you choose to postpone. Form 1040 ez See Publication 547 for information on the postponement of gain. Form 1040 ez Losses more than gains. Form 1040 ez   If your losses are more than your recognized gains, subtract your gains from your losses and reduce the result by 10% of your adjusted gross income. Form 1040 ez The rest, if any, is your deductible loss from personal-use property. Form 1040 ez Gains more than losses. Form 1040 ez   If your recognized gains are more than your losses, subtract your losses from your gains. Form 1040 ez The difference is treated as capital gain and must be reported on Schedule D (Form 1040). Form 1040 ez The 10% rule does not apply to your gains. Form 1040 ez When To Report Gains and Losses Gains. Form 1040 ez   If you receive an insurance or other reimbursement that is more than your adjusted basis in the destroyed or stolen property, you have a gain from the casualty or theft. Form 1040 ez You must include this gain in your income in the year you receive the reimbursement, unless you choose to postpone reporting the gain as explained in Publication 547. Form 1040 ez If you have a loss, see Table 25-2 . Form 1040 ez Table 25-2. Form 1040 ez When To Deduct a Loss IF you have a loss. Form 1040 ez . Form 1040 ez . Form 1040 ez THEN deduct it in the year. Form 1040 ez . Form 1040 ez . Form 1040 ez from a casualty, the loss occurred. Form 1040 ez in a federally declared disaster area, the disaster occurred or the year immediately before the disaster. Form 1040 ez from a theft, the theft was discovered. Form 1040 ez on a deposit treated as a:   • casualty or any ordinary loss, a reasonable estimate can be made. Form 1040 ez • bad debt, deposits are totally worthless. Form 1040 ez Losses. Form 1040 ez   Generally, you can deduct a casualty loss that is not reimbursable only in the tax year in which the casualty occurred. Form 1040 ez This is true even if you do not repair or replace the damaged property until a later year. Form 1040 ez   You can deduct theft losses that are not reimbursable only in the year you discover your property was stolen. Form 1040 ez   If you are not sure whether part of your casualty or theft loss will be reimbursed, do not deduct that part until the tax year when you become reasonably certain that it will not be reimbursed. Form 1040 ez Loss on deposits. Form 1040 ez   If your loss is a loss on deposits in an insolvent or bankrupt financial institution, see Loss on Deposits , earlier. Form 1040 ez Disaster Area Loss You generally must deduct a casualty loss in the year it occurred. Form 1040 ez However, if you have a casualty loss from a federally declared disaster that occurred in an area warranting public or individual assistance (or both), you can choose to deduct the loss on your tax return or amended return for either of the following years. Form 1040 ez The year the disaster occurred. Form 1040 ez The year immediately preceding the year the disaster occurred. Form 1040 ez Gains. Form 1040 ez    Special rules apply if you choose to postpone reporting gain on property damaged or destroyed in a federally declared disaster area. Form 1040 ez For those special rules, see Publication 547. Form 1040 ez Postponed tax deadlines. Form 1040 ez   The IRS may postpone for up to 1 year certain tax deadlines of taxpayers who are affected by a federally declared disaster. Form 1040 ez The tax deadlines the IRS may postpone include those for filing income and employment tax returns, paying income and employment taxes, and making contributions to a traditional IRA or Roth IRA. Form 1040 ez   If any tax deadline is postponed, the IRS will publicize the postponement in your area by publishing a news release, revenue ruling, revenue procedure, notice, announcement, or other guidance in the Internal Revenue Bulletin (IRB). Form 1040 ez Go to www. Form 1040 ez irs. Form 1040 ez gov/uac/Tax-Relief-in-Disaster-Situations to find out if a tax deadline has been postponed for your area. Form 1040 ez Who is eligible. Form 1040 ez   If the IRS postpones a tax deadline, the following taxpayers are eligible for the postponement. Form 1040 ez Any individual whose main home is located in a covered disaster area (defined next). Form 1040 ez Any business entity or sole proprietor whose principal place of business is located in a covered disaster area. Form 1040 ez Any individual who is a relief worker affiliated with a recognized government or philanthropic organization who is assisting in a covered disaster area. Form 1040 ez Any individual, business entity, or sole proprietorship whose records are needed to meet a postponed tax deadline, provided those records are maintained in a covered disaster area. Form 1040 ez The main home or principal place of business does not have to be located in the covered disaster area. Form 1040 ez Any estate or trust that has tax records necessary to meet a postponed tax deadline, provided those records are maintained in a covered disaster area. Form 1040 ez The spouse on a joint return with a taxpayer who is eligible for postponements. Form 1040 ez Any individual, business entity, or sole proprietorship not located in a covered disaster area, but whose records necessary to meet a postponed tax deadline are located in the covered disaster area. Form 1040 ez Any individual visiting the covered disaster area who was killed or injured as a result of the disaster. Form 1040 ez Any other person determined by the IRS to be affected by a federally declared disaster. Form 1040 ez Covered disaster area. Form 1040 ez   This is an area of a federally declared disaster in which the IRS has decided to postpone tax deadlines for up to 1 year. Form 1040 ez Abatement of interest and penalties. Form 1040 ez   The IRS may abate the interest and penalties on underpaid income tax for the length of any postponement of tax deadlines. Form 1040 ez More information. Form 1040 ez   For more information, see Disaster Area Losses in Publication 547. Form 1040 ez How To Report Gains and Losses Use Form 4684 to report a gain or a deductible loss from a casualty or theft. Form 1040 ez If you have more than one casualty or theft, use a separate Form 4684 to determine your gain or loss for each event. Form 1040 ez Combine the gains and losses on one Form 4684. Form 1040 ez Follow the form instructions as to which lines to fill out. Form 1040 ez In addition, you must use the appropriate schedule to report a gain or loss. Form 1040 ez The schedule you use depends on whether you have a gain or loss. Form 1040 ez If you have a: Report it on: Gain Schedule D (Form 1040) Loss Schedule A (Form 1040) Adjustments to basis. Form 1040 ez   If you have a casualty or theft loss, you must decrease your basis in the property by any insurance or other reimbursement you receive, and by any deductible loss. Form 1040 ez Amounts you spend to restore your property after a casualty increase your adjusted basis. Form 1040 ez See Adjusted Basis in chapter 13 for more information. Form 1040 ez Net operating loss (NOL). Form 1040 ez    If your casualty or theft loss deduction causes your deductions for the year to be more than your income for the year, you may have an NOL. Form 1040 ez You can use an NOL to lower your tax in an earlier year, allowing you to get a refund for tax you have already paid. Form 1040 ez Or, you can use it to lower your tax in a later year. Form 1040 ez You do not have to be in business to have an NOL from a casualty or theft loss. Form 1040 ez For more information, see Publication 536, Net Operating Losses (NOLs) for Individuals, Estates, and Trusts. 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