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Filing 2012 Taxes

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Filing 2012 Taxes

Filing 2012 taxes Index C Change in classification Disregarded entity to corporation, Subsequent Elections Disregarded entity to partnership, Change in default classification. Filing 2012 taxes , Subsequent Elections Partnership to corporation, Subsequent Elections Partnership to disregarded entity, Change in default classification. Filing 2012 taxes , Subsequent Elections Recognition of gain or loss, Change in default classification. Filing 2012 taxes , Change in default classification. Filing 2012 taxes , Subsequent Elections Classification as a corporation, LLCs Classified as Corporations Classification as a Disregarded Entity, LLCs Classified as Disregarded Entities Classification as a Partnership, LLCs Classified as Partnerships Classification Election, LLCs Classified as Corporations Classification of an LLC Default classification, Classification of an LLC Elected classification, Classification of an LLC Comments on publication, Comments and suggestions. Filing 2012 taxes E Employer identification number (see Taxpayer identification number) Employment tax, Employment tax and certain excise taxes. Filing 2012 taxes Excise taxes, Employment tax and certain excise taxes. Filing 2012 taxes I Information, How to get more, How To Get More Information S Self-employment tax, Self-employment tax rule for disregarded entity LLCs. Filing 2012 taxes Small Business Administration, Small Business Administration Social security number (see Taxpayer identification number) Subchapter S election, LLCs Classified as Corporations Suggestions for publication, Comments and suggestions. Filing 2012 taxes T Tax help (see Information, How to get more) Taxpayer Advocate, Contacting your Taxpayer Advocate. Filing 2012 taxes Taxpayer identification number, Taxpayer identification number. Filing 2012 taxes Prev  Up     Home   More Online Publications
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American Holidays

Americans celebrate a variety of federal holidays and other national observances.


Federal Holidays

Find the dates for this year's federal holidays.

Federal law establishes the following public holidays for federal employees. If the holiday falls during the weekend, it may be observed on a different day.

Many government offices are closed on federal holidays and some private businesses may close as well. If you plan to visit a government office on or around a federal holiday, you should contact them to determine when they will be open. Find contact information for government departments and agencies.

New Year's Day

New Year's Day is January 1. The celebration of this holiday begins the night before, when Americans gather to wish each other a happy and prosperous coming year. Many Americans make New Year's resolutions. See the New Year's resolutions that are popular every year.

Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr.

Martin Luther King, Jr. Day is celebrated on the third Monday in January. The Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. was an African-American clergyman who is recognized for his tireless efforts to win civil rights for all people through nonviolent means.

Washington's Birthday

Washington's Birthday is observed the third Monday of February in honor George Washington, the first President of the United States. This date is commonly called Presidents' Day and many groups honor the legacy of past presidents on this date.

Memorial Day

Memorial Day is a observed the last Monday of May. It originally honored the people killed in the American Civil War, but has become a day on which the American dead of all wars are remembered.

Independence Day

Independence Day is July 4. This holiday honors the nation's birthday - the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. It is a day of picnics and patriotic parades, a night of concerts, and fireworks.

Labor Day

Labor Day is the first Monday of September. This holiday honors the nation's working people, typically with parades. For most Americans it marks the end of the summer vacation season and the start of the school year.

Columbus Day

Columbus Day is a celebrated on the second Monday in October. The day commemorates October 12, 1492, when Italian navigator Christopher Columbus landed in the New World. The holiday was first proclaimed in 1937 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Veterans Day

Veterans Day is celebrated on November 11. This holiday was originally called Armistice Day and established to honor Americans who had served in World War I. It now honors veterans of all wars in which the U.S. has fought. Veterans' organizations hold parades, and the president places a wreath on the Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia.

Thanksgiving Day

Thanksgiving Day is celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November. In the fall of 1621, the Pilgrims held a three-day feast to celebrate a bountiful harvest. Many regard this event as the nation's first Thanksgiving. The Thanksgiving feast became a national tradition and almost always includes some of the foods served at the first feast: roast turkey, cranberry sauce, potatoes, and pumpkin pie.

Christmas Day

Christmas Day is a celebrated on December 25. Christmas is a Christian holiday marking the birth of the Christ Child. Decorating houses and yards with lights, putting up Christmas trees, giving gifts, and sending greeting cards have become holiday traditions even for many non-Christian Americans. Find tips to help celebrate.

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Other Celebrations and Observances

There are many commonly observed celebrations in the United States that are not federal holidays. Some of these observances honor groups of people, such as National African American History Month and Women's History Month, or causes, such as National Oceans Month and National Substance Abuse Prevention Month. Many of these holidays and observances are proclaimed by the President ever year. View recent Presidential proclamations.

These are some of the most popular American celebrations and observances that occur every year.

Groundhog Day

Groundhog Day is February 2 and has been celebrated since 1887. On Groundhog Day, crowds gather in Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, to see if groundhog Punxsutawney Phil sees his shadow after emerging from his burrow, thus predicting six more weeks of winter weather.

Valentine's Day

Valentine's Day is celebrated on February 14. The day was named after an early Christian martyr, and on Valentine's Day, Americans give presents like candy or flowers to the ones they love. The first mass-produced valentine cards were sold in the 1840s.

Earth Day

Earth Day is observed on April 22. First celebrated in 1970 in the United States, it inspired national legislation such as the Clean Air and Clean Water Acts. Earth Day is designed to promote ecology, encourage respect for life on earth, and highlight concern over pollution of the soil, air, and water.

Arbor Day

National Arbor Day was proclaimed as the last Friday in April by President Richard Nixon in 1970. A number of state Arbor Days are observed at other times of the year to coincide with the best tree planting weather. The observance began in 1872, when Nebraska settlers and homesteaders were urged to plant trees on the largely treeless plains.

Mother's Day

Mother's Day is the second Sunday of May. President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation in 1914 that started the holiday. He asked Americans to give a public expression of reverence to mothers on this day. Carnations have come to represent Mother's Day, following President William McKinley's habit of always wearing a white carnation, his mother's favorite flower.

Flag Day

Flag Day, celebrated June 14, has been a presidentially proclaimed observance since 1916. Although Flag Day is not a federal holiday, Americans are encouraged to display the flag outside their homes and businesses on this day to honor the history and heritage the American flag represents.

Father's Day

Father's Day celebrates fathers every third Sunday of June. Father's Day began in 1909 in Spokane, Washington, when a daughter requested a special day to honor her father, a Civil War veteran who raised his children after his wife died. The first presidential proclamation honoring fathers was issued in 1966 by President Lyndon Johnson.

Patriot Day

September 11, 2001, was a defining moment in American history. On that day, terrorists hijacked four commercial airliners to strike targets in the United States. Nearly 3,000 people died as a consequence of the attacks. Patriot Day and National Day of Service and Remembrance is observed on September 11 in honor of the victims of these attacks.

Halloween

Halloween is celebrated on October 31. On Halloween, American children dress up in funny or scary costumes and go "trick or treating" by knocking on doors in their neighborhood. The neighbors are expected to respond by giving them small gifts of candy or money.

Pearl Harbor Day

Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day is December 7. In 1994, Congress designated this national observance to honor the more than 2,400 military service personnel who died on this date in 1941, during the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, by Japanese forces. The attack on Pearl Harbor caused the United States to enter World War II.

Ethnic and Religious Holidays

Various ethnic and religious groups in America celebrate days with special meaning to them even though these are not national holidays. For example, Christians celebrate the resurrection of Jesus Christ on Easter, Jews observe their high holy days in September, Muslims celebrate Ramadan, and African Americans celebrate Kwanzaa. There are many other religious and ethnic celebrations in the United States.

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The Filing 2012 Taxes

Filing 2012 taxes Tax Changes for Individuals Table of Contents 2001 ChangesNew 5-Year Carryback Rule for Net Operating Losses (NOLs) Wash Sale Rules Do Not Apply to Section 1256 Contracts Other 2001 Changes 2002 ChangesDeduction for Educator Expenses Personal Credits Still Allowed Against Alternative Minimum Tax Later ChangeChild and Dependent Care Expenses 2001 Changes New 5-Year Carryback Rule for Net Operating Losses (NOLs) If you have an NOL from a tax year ending during 2001 or 2002, you must generally carry back the entire amount of the NOL to the 5 tax years before the NOL year (the carryback period). Filing 2012 taxes However, you can still choose to use the previous carryback period. Filing 2012 taxes You also can choose not to carry back an NOL and only carry it forward. Filing 2012 taxes Individuals, estates, and trusts can file Form 1045, Application for Tentative Refund. Filing 2012 taxes The instructions for this form will be revised to reflect the new law. Filing 2012 taxes Wash Sale Rules Do Not Apply to Section 1256 Contracts The wash sale rules that generally apply to losses from the sale of stock or securities, do not apply to any loss arising from a section 1256 contract. Filing 2012 taxes A section 1256 contract is any: Regulated futures contract, Foreign currency contract, Nonequity option, Dealer equity option, or Dealer securities futures contract. Filing 2012 taxes Wash sales and section 1256 contracts are explained in detail in Publication 550, Investment Income and Expenses. Filing 2012 taxes Other 2001 Changes Other changes are discussed in the following chapters. Filing 2012 taxes Chapter 4 Car Expenses Chapter 5 Depreciation 2002 Changes Deduction for Educator Expenses If you are an eligible educator, you can deduct as an adjustment to income up to $250 in qualified expenses. Filing 2012 taxes You can deduct these expenses even if you do not itemize deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040). Filing 2012 taxes This adjustment to income is for expenses paid or incurred in tax years beginning during 2002 or 2003. Filing 2012 taxes Previously, these expenses were deductible only as a miscellaneous itemized deduction subject to the 2% of adjusted gross income limit. Filing 2012 taxes Eligible educator. Filing 2012 taxes   You are an eligible educator if, for the tax year, you meet the following requirements. Filing 2012 taxes You are a kindergarten through grade 12: Teacher, Instructor, Counselor, Principal, or Aide. Filing 2012 taxes You work at least 900 hours during a school year in a school that provides elementary or secondary education, as determined under state law. Filing 2012 taxes Qualified expenses. Filing 2012 taxes   These are unreimbursed expenses you paid or incurred for books, supplies, computer equipment (including related software and services), other equipment, and supplementary materials that you use in the classroom. Filing 2012 taxes For courses in health and physical education, expenses for supplies are qualified expenses only if they are related to athletics. Filing 2012 taxes   To be deductible as an adjustment to income, the qualified expenses must be more than the following amounts for the tax year. Filing 2012 taxes The interest on qualified U. Filing 2012 taxes S. Filing 2012 taxes savings bonds that you excluded from income because you paid qualified higher education expenses, Any distribution from a qualified tuition program that you excluded from income, or Any tax-free withdrawals from your Coverdell education savings account. Filing 2012 taxes Personal Credits Still Allowed Against Alternative Minimum Tax The provision that allowed certain nonrefundable personal credits to reduce both your regular tax and any alternative minimum tax (AMT) has been extended and will be in effect for 2002 and 2003. Filing 2012 taxes This provision, as it applies to the AMT, was originally scheduled to expire after 2001. Filing 2012 taxes Without the extension, these credits could not have been used to reduce any AMT in 2002 or 2003. Filing 2012 taxes Later Change Child and Dependent Care Expenses For the purpose of figuring the child and dependent care credit, your spouse is treated as having at least a minimum amount of earned income for any month that he or she is a full-time student or not able to care for himself or herself. Filing 2012 taxes Beginning in 2003, this amount is increased to $250 a month if there is one qualifying person and to $500 a month if there are two or more qualifying persons. Filing 2012 taxes Before 2003, the amounts were $200 and $400. Filing 2012 taxes The same rule applies for the exclusion of employer-provided dependent care benefits. Filing 2012 taxes For more information about the credit and exclusion, see Publication 503, Child and Dependent Care Expenses. Filing 2012 taxes Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications