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File State Taxes OnlyFile state taxes only Index A Abatement of interest (see Interest, abatement) Appeal rights, Appeal Rights, Appeals to the Courts, Tax Court, District Court and Court of Federal Claims (see also Tax Court) Assistance (see Tax help) Authorization, third party, Third party authorization. File state taxes only B Burden of proof, Burden of proof. File state taxes only C Civil action (see Waivers, tax suits, civil action) Claim for refund, Claims for Refund Disallowance, Explanation of Any Claim for Refund Disallowance Estates on installment method, Claim for refund by estates electing the installment method of payment. File state taxes only Periods of financial disability, Periods of financial disability. File state taxes only Comments on publication, Comments and suggestions. File state taxes only Communications, privileged, Confidentiality privilege. File state taxes only , Confidentiality privilege. File state taxes only Confidentiality, Confidentiality privilege. File state taxes only , Confidentiality privilege. File state taxes only D Disability (see Financial disability, periods of) Disaster areas, abatement of interest, Abatement of Interest for Individuals Affected by Presidentially Declared Disasters or Military or Terrorist Actions E Employment status, Tax Court review of, Jurisdiction for determination of employment status. File state taxes only Estates Claim for refund, Claim for refund by estates electing the installment method of payment. File state taxes only Examination of returns, Examination of Returns F Fast track mediation, Fast track mediation. File state taxes only Financial disability, periods of Claim for refund, Periods of financial disability. File state taxes only Form 8379, Injured spouse exception. File state taxes only 8857, Form 8857. File state taxes only Free tax services, Free help with your tax return. File state taxes only H Help (see Tax help) I Injured spouse, Injured spouse exception. 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File state taxes only J Joint and several liability, relief from, Tax Court review of request for relief from joint and several liability on a joint return. File state taxes only , Relief from joint and several liability on a joint return. File state taxes only L Losses Disaster area, Disaster area claims for refund. File state taxes only Low Income Taxpayer Clinics, Low Income Taxpayer Clinics. File state taxes only M Mediation, fast track, Fast track mediation. File state taxes only More information, Useful Items - You may want to see: N Notice of deficiency Timely mailing, Suspension of interest and penalties. File state taxes only Notices Third party contacts, Notice of IRS contact of third parties. File state taxes only O Offer in compromise, Offer in Compromise Overpayments Offsets against state tax, Offset of past-due state income tax obligations against overpayments. File state taxes only P Penalties, suspended, Suspension of interest and penalties. File state taxes only Practitioners, federally authorized Confidential communications, Confidentiality privilege. File state taxes only , Confidentiality privilege. File state taxes only Presidentially declared disaster, Disaster area claims for refund. File state taxes only Publications (see Tax help) R Refund, Claims for Refund, Periods of financial disability. File state taxes only , Offset of past-due state income tax obligations against overpayments. File state taxes only Reduced, Reduced Refund Refund deadline postponement, Postponed refund deadlines. File state taxes only Refund or credit before court decision, Refund or Credit of Overpayments Before Final Determination Rights Communications, privileged, Confidentiality privilege. File state taxes only , Confidentiality privilege. File state taxes only Requests to waive, Prohibition on requests to taxpayers to give up rights to bring civil action. File state taxes only S Suggestions for publication, Comments and suggestions. File state taxes only T Tax Court, Appeals to the Courts, Tax Court Employment status, review of, Jurisdiction for determination of employment status. File state taxes only Innocent spouse relief, review of request for, Tax Court review of request for relief from joint and several liability on a joint return. File state taxes only Refund or credit before decision, Refund or Credit of Overpayments Before Final Determination Tax help, How To Get Tax Help Taxpayer Advocate, Taxpayer Advocate Service. File state taxes only Taxpayer Advocate Service, Taxpayer Advocate Service. File state taxes only Terrorist attacks, abatement of interest, Abatement of Interest for Individuals Affected by Presidentially Declared Disasters or Military or Terrorist Actions Third party authorization, Third party authorization. File state taxes only TTY/TDD information, How To Get Tax Help W Waivers Tax suits, civil action, Prohibition on requests to taxpayers to give up rights to bring civil action. 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Americans celebrate a variety of federal holidays and other national observances.
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Federal law establishes the following public holidays for federal employees. If the holiday falls during the weekend, it may be observed on a different day.
Many government offices are closed on federal holidays and some private businesses may close as well. If you plan to visit a government office on or around a federal holiday, you should contact them to determine when they will be open. Find contact information for government departments and agencies.
New Year's Day
New Year's Day is January 1. The celebration of this holiday begins the night before, when Americans gather to wish each other a happy and prosperous coming year. Many Americans make New Year's resolutions. See the New Year's resolutions that are popular every year.
Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr.
Martin Luther King, Jr. Day is celebrated on the third Monday in January. The Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. was an African-American clergyman who is recognized for his tireless efforts to win civil rights for all people through nonviolent means.
Washington's Birthday is observed the third Monday of February in honor George Washington, the first President of the United States. This date is commonly called Presidents' Day and many groups honor the legacy of past presidents on this date.
Memorial Day is a observed the last Monday of May. It originally honored the people killed in the American Civil War, but has become a day on which the American dead of all wars are remembered.
Independence Day is July 4. This holiday honors the nation's birthday - the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. It is a day of picnics and patriotic parades, a night of concerts, and fireworks.
Labor Day is the first Monday of September. This holiday honors the nation's working people, typically with parades. For most Americans it marks the end of the summer vacation season and the start of the school year.
Columbus Day is a celebrated on the second Monday in October. The day commemorates October 12, 1492, when Italian navigator Christopher Columbus landed in the New World. The holiday was first proclaimed in 1937 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Veterans Day is celebrated on November 11. This holiday was originally called Armistice Day and established to honor Americans who had served in World War I. It now honors veterans of all wars in which the U.S. has fought. Veterans' organizations hold parades, and the president places a wreath on the Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia.
Thanksgiving Day is celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November. In the fall of 1621, the Pilgrims held a three-day feast to celebrate a bountiful harvest. Many regard this event as the nation's first Thanksgiving. The Thanksgiving feast became a national tradition and almost always includes some of the foods served at the first feast: roast turkey, cranberry sauce, potatoes, and pumpkin pie.
Christmas Day is a celebrated on December 25. Christmas is a Christian holiday marking the birth of the Christ Child. Decorating houses and yards with lights, putting up Christmas trees, giving gifts, and sending greeting cards have become holiday traditions even for many non-Christian Americans. Find tips to help celebrate.
Other Celebrations and Observances
There are many commonly observed celebrations in the United States that are not federal holidays. Some of these observances honor groups of people, such as National African American History Month and Women's History Month, or causes, such as National Oceans Month and National Substance Abuse Prevention Month. Many of these holidays and observances are proclaimed by the President ever year. View recent Presidential proclamations.
These are some of the most popular American celebrations and observances that occur every year.
Groundhog Day is February 2 and has been celebrated since 1887. On Groundhog Day, crowds gather in Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, to see if groundhog Punxsutawney Phil sees his shadow after emerging from his burrow, thus predicting six more weeks of winter weather.
Valentine's Day is celebrated on February 14. The day was named after an early Christian martyr, and on Valentine's Day, Americans give presents like candy or flowers to the ones they love. The first mass-produced valentine cards were sold in the 1840s.
Earth Day is observed on April 22. First celebrated in 1970 in the United States, it inspired national legislation such as the Clean Air and Clean Water Acts. Earth Day is designed to promote ecology, encourage respect for life on earth, and highlight concern over pollution of the soil, air, and water.
National Arbor Day was proclaimed as the last Friday in April by President Richard Nixon in 1970. A number of state Arbor Days are observed at other times of the year to coincide with the best tree planting weather. The observance began in 1872, when Nebraska settlers and homesteaders were urged to plant trees on the largely treeless plains.
Mother's Day is the second Sunday of May. President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation in 1914 that started the holiday. He asked Americans to give a public expression of reverence to mothers on this day. Carnations have come to represent Mother's Day, following President William McKinley's habit of always wearing a white carnation, his mother's favorite flower.
Flag Day, celebrated June 14, has been a presidentially proclaimed observance since 1916. Although Flag Day is not a federal holiday, Americans are encouraged to display the flag outside their homes and businesses on this day to honor the history and heritage the American flag represents.
Father's Day celebrates fathers every third Sunday of June. Father's Day began in 1909 in Spokane, Washington, when a daughter requested a special day to honor her father, a Civil War veteran who raised his children after his wife died. The first presidential proclamation honoring fathers was issued in 1966 by President Lyndon Johnson.
September 11, 2001, was a defining moment in American history. On that day, terrorists hijacked four commercial airliners to strike targets in the United States. Nearly 3,000 people died as a consequence of the attacks. Patriot Day and National Day of Service and Remembrance is observed on September 11 in honor of the victims of these attacks.
Halloween is celebrated on October 31. On Halloween, American children dress up in funny or scary costumes and go "trick or treating" by knocking on doors in their neighborhood. The neighbors are expected to respond by giving them small gifts of candy or money.
Pearl Harbor Day
Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day is December 7. In 1994, Congress designated this national observance to honor the more than 2,400 military service personnel who died on this date in 1941, during the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, by Japanese forces. The attack on Pearl Harbor caused the United States to enter World War II.
Ethnic and Religious Holidays
Various ethnic and religious groups in America celebrate days with special meaning to them even though these are not national holidays. For example, Christians celebrate the resurrection of Jesus Christ on Easter, Jews observe their high holy days in September, Muslims celebrate Ramadan, and African Americans celebrate Kwanzaa. There are many other religious and ethnic celebrations in the United States.