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File past taxes online 13. File past taxes online   How To Get Tax Help Table of Contents Whether it's help with a tax issue, preparing your tax return or a need for a free publication or form, get the help you need the way you want it: online, use a smart phone, call or walk in to an IRS office or volunteer site near you. File past taxes online Free help with your tax return. File past taxes online   You can get free help preparing your return nationwide from IRS-certified volunteers. File past taxes online The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program helps low-to-moderate income, elderly, people with disabilities, and limited English proficient taxpayers. File past taxes online The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program helps taxpayers age 60 and older with their tax returns. File past taxes online Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing and all volunteers will let you know about credits and deductions you may be entitled to claim. File past taxes online In addition, some VITA and TCE sites provide taxpayers the opportunity to prepare their own return with help from an IRS-certified volunteer. File past taxes online To find the nearest VITA or TCE site, you can use the VITA Locator Tool on IRS. File past taxes online gov, download the IRS2Go app, or call 1-800-906-9887. File past taxes online   As part of the TCE program, AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program. File past taxes online To find the nearest AARP Tax-Aide site, visit AARP's website at www. File past taxes online aarp. File past taxes online org/money/taxaide or call 1-888-227-7669. File past taxes online For more information on these programs, go to IRS. File past taxes online gov and enter “VITA” in the search box. File past taxes online Internet. File past taxes online    IRS. File past taxes online gov and IRS2Go are ready when you are —24 hours a day, 7 days a week. File past taxes online Download the free IRS2Go app from the iTunes app store or from Google Play. File past taxes online Use it to check your refund status, order transcripts of your tax returns or tax account, watch the IRS YouTube channel, get IRS news as soon as it's released to the public, subscribe to filing season updates or daily tax tips, and follow the IRS Twitter news feed, @IRSnews, to get the latest federal tax news, including information about tax law changes and important IRS programs. File past taxes online Check the status of your 2013 refund with the Where's My Refund? application on IRS. File past taxes online gov or download the IRS2Go app and select the Refund Status option. File past taxes online The IRS issues more than 9 out of 10 refunds in less than 21 days. File past taxes online Using these applications, you can start checking on the status of your return within 24 hours after we receive your e-filed return or 4 weeks after you mail a paper return. File past taxes online You will also be given a personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund. File past taxes online The IRS updates Where's My Refund? every 24 hours, usually overnight, so you only need to check once a day. File past taxes online Use the Interactive Tax Assistant (ITA) to research your tax questions. File past taxes online No need to wait on the phone or stand in line. File past taxes online The ITA is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and provides you with a variety of tax information related to general filing topics, deductions, credits, and income. File past taxes online When you reach the response screen, you can print the entire interview and the final response for your records. File past taxes online New subject areas are added on a regular basis. File past taxes online  Answers not provided through ITA may be found in Tax Trails, one of the Tax Topics on IRS. File past taxes online gov which contain general individual and business tax information or by searching the IRS Tax Map, which includes an international subject index. File past taxes online You can use the IRS Tax Map, to search publications and instructions by topic or keyword. File past taxes online The IRS Tax Map integrates forms and publications into one research tool and provides single-point access to tax law information by subject. File past taxes online When the user searches the IRS Tax Map, they will be provided with links to related content in existing IRS publications, forms and instructions, questions and answers, and Tax Topics. File past taxes online Coming this filing season, you can immediately view and print for free all 5 types of individual federal tax transcripts (tax returns, tax account, record of account, wage and income statement, and certification of non-filing) using Get Transcript. File past taxes online You can also ask the IRS to mail a return or an account transcript to you. File past taxes online Only the mail option is available by choosing the Tax Records option on the IRS2Go app by selecting Mail Transcript on IRS. File past taxes online gov or by calling 1-800-908-9946. File past taxes online Tax return and tax account transcripts are generally available for the current year and the past three years. File past taxes online Determine if you are eligible for the EITC and estimate the amount of the credit with the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) Assistant. File past taxes online Visit Understanding Your IRS Notice or Letter to get answers to questions about a notice or letter you received from the IRS. File past taxes online If you received the First Time Homebuyer Credit, you can use the First Time Homebuyer Credit Account Look-up tool for information on your repayments and account balance. File past taxes online Check the status of your amended return using Where's My Amended Return? Go to IRS. File past taxes online gov and enter Where's My Amended Return? in the search box. File past taxes online You can generally expect your amended return to be processed up to 12 weeks from the date we receive it. File past taxes online It can take up to 3 weeks from the date you mailed it to show up in our system. File past taxes online Make a payment using one of several safe and convenient electronic payment options available on IRS. File past taxes online gov. File past taxes online Select the Payment tab on the front page of IRS. File past taxes online gov for more information. File past taxes online Determine if you are eligible and apply for an online payment agreement, if you owe more tax than you can pay today. File past taxes online Figure your income tax withholding with the IRS Withholding Calculator on IRS. File past taxes online gov. File past taxes online Use it if you've had too much or too little withheld, your personal situation has changed, you're starting a new job or you just want to see if you're having the right amount withheld. File past taxes online Determine if you might be subject to the Alternative Minimum Tax by using the Alternative Minimum Tax Assistant on IRS. File past taxes online gov. File past taxes online Request an Electronic Filing PIN by going to IRS. File past taxes online gov and entering Electronic Filing PIN in the search box. File past taxes online Download forms, instructions and publications, including accessible versions for people with disabilities. File past taxes online Locate the nearest Taxpayer Assistance Center (TAC) using the Office Locator tool on IRS. File past taxes online gov, or choose the Contact Us option on the IRS2Go app and search Local Offices. File past taxes online An employee can answer questions about your tax account or help you set up a payment plan. File past taxes online Before you visit, check the Office Locator on IRS. File past taxes online gov, or Local Offices under Contact Us on IRS2Go to confirm the address, phone number, days and hours of operation, and the services provided. File past taxes online If you have a special need, such as a disability, you can request an appointment. File past taxes online Call the local number listed in the Office Locator, or look in the phone book under United States Government, Internal Revenue Service. File past taxes online Apply for an Employer Identification Number (EIN). File past taxes online Go to IRS. File past taxes online gov and enter Apply for an EIN in the search box. File past taxes online Read the Internal Revenue Code, regulations, or other official guidance. File past taxes online Read Internal Revenue Bulletins. File past taxes online Sign up to receive local and national tax news and more by email. File past taxes online Just click on “subscriptions” above the search box on IRS. File past taxes online gov and choose from a variety of options. File past taxes online    Phone. File past taxes online You can call the IRS, or you can carry it in your pocket with the IRS2Go app on your smart phone or tablet. File past taxes online Download the free IRS2Go app from the iTunes app store or from Google Play. File past taxes online Call to locate the nearest volunteer help site, 1-800-906-9887 or you can use the VITA Locator Tool on IRS. File past taxes online gov, or download the IRS2Go app. File past taxes online Low-to-moderate income, elderly, people with disabilities, and limited English proficient taxpayers can get free help with their tax return from the nationwide Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program. File past taxes online The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program helps taxpayers age 60 and older with their tax returns. File past taxes online Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing. File past taxes online Some VITA and TCE sites provide IRS-certified volunteers who can help prepare your tax return. File past taxes online Through the TCE program, AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program; call 1-888-227-7669 to find the nearest Tax-Aide location. File past taxes online Call the automated Where's My Refund? information hotline to check the status of your 2013 refund 24 hours a day, 7 days a week at 1-800-829-1954. File past taxes online If you e-file, you can start checking on the status of your return within 24 hours after the IRS receives your tax return or 4 weeks after you've mailed a paper return. File past taxes online The IRS issues more than 9 out of 10 refunds in less than 21 days. File past taxes online Where's My Refund? will give you a personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund. File past taxes online Before you call this automated hotline, have your 2013 tax return handy so you can enter your social security number, your filing status, and the exact whole dollar amount of your refund. File past taxes online The IRS updates Where's My Refund? every 24 hours, usually overnight, so you only need to check once a day. File past taxes online Note, the above information is for our automated hotline. File past taxes online Our live phone and walk-in assistors can research the status of your refund only if it's been 21 days or more since you filed electronically or more than 6 weeks since you mailed your paper return. File past taxes online Call the Amended Return Hotline, 1-866-464-2050, to check the status of your amended return. File past taxes online You can generally expect your amended return to be processed up to 12 weeks from the date we receive it. File past taxes online It can take up to 3 weeks from the date you mailed it to show up in our system. File past taxes online Call 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676) to order current-year forms, instructions, publications, and prior-year forms and instructions (limited to 5 years). File past taxes online You should receive your order within 10 business days. File past taxes online Call TeleTax, 1-800-829-4477, to listen to pre-recorded messages covering general and business tax information. File past taxes online If, between January and April 15, you still have questions about the Form 1040, 1040A, or 1040EZ (like filing requirements, dependents, credits, Schedule D, pensions and IRAs or self-employment taxes), call 1-800-829-1040. File past taxes online Call using TTY/TDD equipment, 1-800-829-4059 to ask tax questions or order forms and publications. File past taxes online The TTY/TDD telephone number is for people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability. File past taxes online These individuals can also contact the IRS through relay services such as the Federal Relay Service. File past taxes online    Walk-in. File past taxes online You can find a selection of forms, publications and services — in-person. File past taxes online Products. File past taxes online You can walk in to some post offices, libraries, and IRS offices to pick up certain forms, instructions, and publications. File past taxes online Some IRS offices, libraries, and city and county government offices have a collection of products available to photocopy from reproducible proofs. File past taxes online Services. File past taxes online You can walk in to your local TAC for face-to-face tax help. File past taxes online An employee can answer questions about your tax account or help you set up a payment plan. File past taxes online Before visiting, use the Office Locator tool on IRS. File past taxes online gov, or choose the Contact Us option on the IRS2Go app and search Local Offices for days and hours of operation, and services provided. File past taxes online    Mail. File past taxes online You can send your order for forms, instructions, and publications to the address below. File past taxes online You should receive a response within 10 business days after your request is received. File past taxes online Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. File past taxes online Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613    The Taxpayer Advocate Service Is Here to Help You. File past taxes online The Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) is your voice at the IRS. File past taxes online Our job is to ensure that every taxpayer is treated fairly and that you know and understand your rights. File past taxes online   What can TAS do for you? We can offer you free help with IRS problems that you can't resolve on your own. File past taxes online We know this process can be confusing, but the worst thing you can do is nothing at all! TAS can help if you can't resolve your tax problem and: Your problem is causing financial difficulties for you, your family, or your business. File past taxes online You face (or your business is facing) an immediate threat of adverse action. File past taxes online You've tried repeatedly to contact the IRS but no one has responded, or the IRS hasn't responded by the date promised. File past taxes online   If you qualify for our help, you'll be assigned to one advocate who'll be with you at every turn and will do everything possible to resolve your problem. File past taxes online Here's why we can help: TAS is an independent organization within the IRS. File past taxes online Our advocates know how to work with the IRS. File past taxes online Our services are free and tailored to meet your needs. File past taxes online We have offices in every state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. File past taxes online   How can you reach us? If you think TAS can help you, call your local advocate, whose number is in your local directory and at Taxpayer Advocate, or call us toll-free at 1-877-777-4778. File past taxes online   How else does TAS help taxpayers?  TAS also works to resolve large-scale, systemic problems that affect many taxpayers. File past taxes online If you know of one of these broad issues, please report it to us through our Systemic Advocacy Management System. File past taxes online Low Income Taxpayer Clinics. File past taxes online   Low Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs) serve individuals whose income is below a certain level and need to resolve tax problems such as audits, appeals, and tax collection disputes. File past taxes online Some clinics can provide information about taxpayer rights and responsibilities in different languages for individuals who speak English as a second language. File past taxes online Visit Taxpayer Advocate or see IRS Publication 4134, Low Income Taxpayer Clinic List. File past taxes online Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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File past taxes online Publication 514 - Main Content Table of Contents Choosing To Take Credit or DeductionChoice Applies to All Qualified Foreign Taxes Making or Changing Your Choice Why Choose the Credit?Credit for Taxes Paid or Accrued Foreign Currency and Exchange Rates Foreign Tax Redetermination Who Can Take the Credit?U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online Citizens Resident Aliens Nonresident Aliens What Foreign Taxes Qualify for the Credit?Tax Must Be Imposed on You You Must Have Paid or Accrued the Tax Tax Must Be the Legal and Actual Foreign Tax Liability Tax Must Be an Income Tax (or Tax in Lieu of Income Tax) Foreign Taxes for Which You Cannot Take a CreditTaxes on Excluded Income Taxes for Which You Can Only Take an Itemized Deduction Taxes on Foreign Mineral Income Taxes From International Boycott Operations Taxes on Combined Foreign Oil and Gas Income Taxes of U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online Persons Controlling Foreign Corporations and Partnerships Taxes Related to a Foreign Tax Credit Splitting Event How To Figure the CreditLimit on the Credit Separate Limit Income Allocation of Foreign Taxes Foreign Taxes From a Partnership or an S Corporation Figuring the Limit Qualified Dividends Capital Gains and Losses Allocation of Foreign and U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online Losses Tax Treaties Carryback and CarryoverTime Limit on Tax Assessment Claim for Refund Taxes All Credited or All Deducted Married Couples How To Claim the CreditForm 1116 Records To Keep Simple Example — Filled-In Form 1116Part I—Taxable Income or Loss From Sources Outside the United States (for Category Checked Above) Part II—Foreign Taxes Paid or Accrued Part III—Figuring the Credit Part IV—Summary of Credits From Separate Parts III Comprehensive Example — Filled-In Form 1116Foreign earned income. File past taxes online Employee business expenses. File past taxes online Forms 1116 Computation of Taxable Income Part I—Taxable Income or Loss From Sources Outside the United States (for Category Checked Above) Part II—Foreign Taxes Paid or Accrued Part III—Figuring the Credit Part IV—Summary of Credits From Separate Parts III Unused Foreign Taxes How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics Choosing To Take Credit or Deduction You can choose whether to take the amount of any qualified foreign taxes paid or accrued during the year as a foreign tax credit or as an itemized deduction. File past taxes online You can change your choice for each year's taxes. File past taxes online To choose the foreign tax credit, in most cases you must complete Form 1116 and attach it to your U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax return. File past taxes online However, you may qualify for the exception that allows you to claim the foreign tax credit without using Form 1116. File past taxes online See How To Figure the Credit , later. File past taxes online To choose to claim the taxes as an itemized deduction, use Schedule A (Form 1040), Itemized Deductions. File past taxes online Figure your tax both ways—claiming the credit and claiming the deduction. File past taxes online Then fill out your return the way that benefits you more. File past taxes online See Why Choose the Credit, later. File past taxes online Choice Applies to All Qualified Foreign Taxes As a general rule, you must choose to take either a credit or a deduction for all qualified foreign taxes. File past taxes online If you choose to take a credit for qualified foreign taxes, you must take the credit for all of them. File past taxes online You cannot deduct any of them. File past taxes online Conversely, if you choose to deduct qualified foreign taxes, you must deduct all of them. File past taxes online You cannot take a credit for any of them. File past taxes online See What Foreign Taxes Qualify for the Credit , later, for the meaning of qualified foreign taxes. File past taxes online There are exceptions to this general rule, which are described next. File past taxes online Exceptions for foreign taxes not allowed as a credit. File past taxes online   Even if you claim a credit for other foreign taxes, you can deduct any foreign tax that is not allowed as a credit if: You paid the tax to a country for which a credit is not allowed because it provides support for acts of international terrorism, or because the United States does not have or does not conduct diplomatic relations with it or recognize its government and that government is not otherwise eligible to purchase defense articles or services under the Arms Export Control Act, You paid withholding tax on dividends from foreign corporations whose stock you did not hold for the required period of time, You paid withholding tax on income or gain (other than dividends) from property you did not hold for the required period of time, You paid withholding tax on income or gain to the extent you had to make related payments on positions in substantially similar or related property, You participated in or cooperated with an international boycott, You paid taxes in connection with the purchase or sale of oil or gas, or You paid or accrued taxes on income or gain in connection with a covered asset acquisition. File past taxes online Covered asset acquisitions include certain acquisitions that result in a stepped-up basis for U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax purposes. File past taxes online For more information, see Internal Revenue Code section 901(m). File past taxes online The IRS intends to issue guidance that will explain this provision in greater detail. File past taxes online   For more information on these items, see Taxes for Which You Can Only Take an Itemized Deduction , later, under Foreign Taxes for Which You Cannot Take a Credit. File past taxes online Foreign taxes that are not income taxes. File past taxes online   In most cases, only foreign income taxes qualify for the foreign tax credit. File past taxes online Other taxes, such as foreign real and personal property taxes, do not qualify. File past taxes online But you may be able to deduct these other taxes even if you claim the foreign tax credit for foreign income taxes. File past taxes online   In most cases, you can deduct these other taxes only if they are expenses incurred in a trade or business or in the production of income. File past taxes online However, you can deduct foreign real property taxes that are not trade or business expenses as an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040). File past taxes online Carrybacks and carryovers. File past taxes online   There is a limit on the credit you can claim in a tax year. File past taxes online If your qualified foreign taxes exceed the credit limit, you may be able to carry over or carry back the excess to another tax year. File past taxes online If you deduct qualified foreign taxes in a tax year, you cannot use a carryback or carryover in that year. File past taxes online That is because you cannot take both a deduction and a credit for qualified foreign taxes in the same tax year. File past taxes online   For more information on the limit, see How To Figure the Credit , later. File past taxes online For more information on carrybacks and carryovers, see Carryback and Carryover , later. File past taxes online Making or Changing Your Choice You can make or change your choice to claim a deduction or credit at any time during the period within 10 years from the regular due date for filing the return (without regard to any extension of time to file) for the tax year in which the taxes were actually paid or accrued. File past taxes online You make or change your choice on your tax return (or on an amended return) for the year your choice is to be effective. File past taxes online Example. File past taxes online You paid foreign taxes for the last 13 years and chose to deduct them on your U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online income tax returns. File past taxes online You were timely in both filing your returns and paying your U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax liability. File past taxes online In February 2013, you file an amended return for tax year 2002 choosing to take a credit for your 2002 foreign taxes because you now realize that the credit is more advantageous than the deduction for that year. File past taxes online Because the regular due date of your 2002 return was April 15, 2003, this choice is timely (within 10 years). File past taxes online Because there is a limit on the credit for your 2002 foreign tax, you have unused 2002 foreign taxes. File past taxes online Ordinarily, you first carry back unused foreign taxes arising in 2002 to, and claim them as a credit in, the 2 preceding tax years. File past taxes online If you are unable to claim all of them in those 2 years, you carry them forward to the 10 years following the year in which they arose. File past taxes online Because you originally chose to deduct your foreign taxes and the 10-year period for changing the choice for 2000 and 2001 has passed, you cannot change your choice and carry the unused 2002 foreign taxes back to tax years 2000 and 2001. File past taxes online Because the 10-year periods for changing the choice have not passed for your 2003 through 2012 income tax returns, you can still choose to claim the credit for those years and carry forward any unused 2002 foreign taxes. File past taxes online However, you must reduce the unused 2002 foreign taxes that you carry forward by the amount that would have been allowed as a carryback if you had timely carried back the foreign tax to tax years 2000 and 2001. File past taxes online You cannot take a credit or a deduction for foreign taxes paid on income you exclude under the foreign earned income exclusion or the foreign housing exclusion. File past taxes online See Foreign Earned Income and Housing Exclusions under Foreign Taxes for Which You Cannot Take a Credit, later. File past taxes online Why Choose the Credit? The foreign tax credit is intended to relieve you of a double tax burden when your foreign source income is taxed by both the United States and the foreign country. File past taxes online In most cases, if the foreign tax rate is higher than the U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online rate, there will be no U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax on the foreign income. File past taxes online If the foreign tax rate is lower than the U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online rate, U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax on the foreign income will be limited to the difference between the rates. File past taxes online The foreign tax credit can only reduce U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online taxes on foreign source income; it cannot reduce U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online taxes on U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online source income. File past taxes online Although no one rule covers all situations, in most cases it is better to take a credit for qualified foreign taxes than to deduct them as an itemized deduction. File past taxes online This is because: A credit reduces your actual U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online income tax on a dollar-for-dollar basis, while a deduction reduces only your income subject to tax, You can choose to take the foreign tax credit even if you do not itemize your deductions. File past taxes online You then are allowed the standard deduction in addition to the credit, and If you choose to take the foreign tax credit, and the taxes paid or accrued exceed the credit limit for the tax year, you may be able to carry over or carry back the excess to another tax year. File past taxes online (See Limit on credit under How To Figure the Credit, later. File past taxes online ) Example 1. File past taxes online For 2013, you and your spouse have adjusted gross income of $80,300, including $20,000 of dividend income from foreign sources. File past taxes online None of the dividends are qualified dividends. File past taxes online You file a joint return and can claim two $3,900 exemptions. File past taxes online You had to pay $2,000 in foreign income taxes on the dividend income. File past taxes online If you take the foreign taxes as an itemized deduction, your total itemized deductions are $15,000. File past taxes online Your taxable income then is $57,500 and your tax is $7,736. File past taxes online If you take the credit instead, your itemized deductions are only $13,000. File past taxes online Your taxable income then is $59,500 and your tax before the credit is $8,036. File past taxes online After the credit, however, your tax is only $6,036. File past taxes online Therefore, your tax is $1,700 lower ($7,736 − $6,036) by taking the credit. File past taxes online Example 2. File past taxes online In 2013, you receive investment income of $5,000 from a foreign country, which imposes a tax of $1,500 on that income. File past taxes online You report on your U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online return this income as well as $56,000 of U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online source wages and an allowable $49,000 partnership loss from a U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online partnership. File past taxes online Your share of the partnership's gross income is $25,000 and your share of its expenses is $74,000. File past taxes online You are single, entitled to one $3,900 exemption, and have other itemized deductions of $6,850. File past taxes online If you deduct the foreign tax on your U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online return, your taxable income is a negative $250 ($5,000 + $56,000 − $49,000 − $1,500 − $6,850 − $3,900) and your tax is $0. File past taxes online If you take the credit instead, your taxable income is $1,250 ($5,000 + $56,000 − $49,000 − $3,900 − $6,850) and your tax before the credit is $126. File past taxes online You can take a credit of only $113 because of limits discussed later. File past taxes online Your tax after the credit is $13 ($126 − $113), which is $13 more than if you deduct the foreign tax. File past taxes online If you choose the credit, you will have unused foreign taxes of $1,387 ($1,500 − $113). File past taxes online When deciding whether to take the credit or the deduction this year, you will need to consider whether you can benefit from a carryback or carryover of that unused foreign tax. File past taxes online Credit for Taxes Paid or Accrued You can claim the credit for a qualified foreign tax in the tax year in which you pay it or accrue it, depending on your method of accounting. File past taxes online “Tax year” refers to the tax year for which your U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online return is filed, not the tax year for which your foreign return is filed. File past taxes online Accrual method of accounting. File past taxes online   If you use an accrual method of accounting, you can claim the credit only in the year in which you accrue the tax. File past taxes online You are using an accrual method of accounting if you report income when you earn it, rather than when you receive it, and you deduct your expenses when you incur them, rather than when you pay them. File past taxes online   In most cases, foreign taxes accrue when all the events have taken place that fix the amount of the tax and your liability to pay it. File past taxes online Generally, this occurs on the last day of the tax year for which your foreign return is filed. File past taxes online Contesting your foreign tax liability. File past taxes online   If you are contesting your foreign tax liability, you cannot accrue it and take a credit until the amount of foreign tax due is finally determined. File past taxes online However, if you choose to pay the tax liability you are contesting, you can take a credit for the amount you pay before a final determination of foreign tax liability is made. File past taxes online Once your liability is determined, the foreign tax credit is allowable for the year to which the foreign tax relates. File past taxes online If the amount of foreign taxes taken as a credit differs from the final foreign tax liability, you may have to adjust the credit, as discussed later under Foreign Tax Redetermination . File past taxes online You may have to post a bond. File past taxes online   If you claim a credit for taxes accrued but not paid, you may have to post an income tax bond to guarantee your payment of any tax due in the event the amount of foreign tax paid differs from the amount claimed. File past taxes online   The IRS can request this bond at any time without regard to the Time Limit on Tax Assessment discussed later under Carryback and Carryover. File past taxes online Cash method of accounting. File past taxes online   If you use the cash method of accounting, you can choose to take the credit either in the year you pay the tax or in the year you accrue it. File past taxes online You are using the cash method of accounting if you report income in the year you actually or constructively receive it, and deduct expenses in the year you pay them. File past taxes online Choosing to take credit in the year taxes accrue. File past taxes online   Even if you use the cash method of accounting, you can choose to take a credit for foreign taxes in the year they accrue. File past taxes online You make the choice by checking the box in Part II of Form 1116. File past taxes online Once you make that choice, you must follow it in all later years and take a credit for foreign taxes in the year they accrue. File past taxes online   In addition, the choice to take the credit when foreign taxes accrue applies to all foreign taxes qualifying for the credit. File past taxes online You cannot take a credit for some foreign taxes when paid and take a credit for others when accrued. File past taxes online   If you make the choice to take the credit when foreign taxes accrue and pay them in a later year, you cannot claim a deduction for any part of the previously accrued taxes. File past taxes online Credit based on taxes paid in earlier year. File past taxes online   If, in earlier years, you took the credit based on taxes paid, and this year you choose to take the credit based on taxes accrued, you may be able to take the credit this year for taxes from more than one year. File past taxes online Example. File past taxes online Last year you took the credit based on taxes paid. File past taxes online This year you chose to take the credit based on taxes accrued. File past taxes online During the year you paid foreign income taxes owed for last year. File past taxes online You also accrued foreign income taxes for this year that you did not pay by the end of the year. File past taxes online You can base the credit on your return for this year on both last year's taxes that you paid and this year's taxes that you accrued. File past taxes online Foreign Currency and Exchange Rates U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online income tax is imposed on income expressed in U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online dollars, while in most cases the foreign tax is imposed on income expressed in foreign currency. File past taxes online Therefore, fluctuations in the value of the foreign currency relative to the U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online dollar may affect the foreign tax credit. File past taxes online Translating foreign currency into U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online dollars. File past taxes online   If you receive all or part of your income or pay some or all of your expenses in foreign currency, you must translate the foreign currency into U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online dollars. File past taxes online How and when you do this depends on your functional currency. File past taxes online In most cases, your functional currency is the U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online dollar unless you are required to use the currency of a foreign country. File past taxes online   You must make all federal income tax determinations in your functional currency. File past taxes online The U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online dollar is the functional currency for all taxpayers except some qualified business units. File past taxes online A qualified business unit is a separate and clearly identified unit of a trade or business that maintains separate books and records. File past taxes online Unless you are self-employed, your functional currency is the U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online dollar. File past taxes online   Even if you are self-employed and have a qualified business unit, your functional currency is the U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online dollar if any of the following apply. File past taxes online You conduct the business primarily in dollars. File past taxes online The principal place of business is located in the United States. File past taxes online You choose to or are required to use the dollar as your functional currency. File past taxes online The business books and records are not kept in the currency of the economic environment in which a significant part of the business activities is conducted. File past taxes online   If your functional currency is the U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online dollar, you must immediately translate into dollars all items of income, expense, etc. File past taxes online , that you receive, pay, or accrue in a foreign currency and that will affect computation of your income tax. File past taxes online If there is more than one exchange rate, use the one that most properly reflects your income. File past taxes online In most cases, you can get exchange rates from banks and U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online Embassies. File past taxes online   If your functional currency is not the U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online dollar, make all income tax determinations in your functional currency. File past taxes online At the end of the year, translate the results, such as income or loss, into U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online dollars to report on your income tax return. File past taxes online    For more information, write to: Internal Revenue Service International Section Philadelphia, PA 19255-0725 Rate of exchange for foreign taxes paid. File past taxes online   Use the rate of exchange in effect on the date you paid the foreign taxes to the foreign country unless you meet the exception discussed next. File past taxes online If your tax was withheld in foreign currency, use the rate of exchange in effect for the date on which the tax was withheld. File past taxes online If you make foreign estimated tax payments, you use the rate of exchange in effect for the date on which you made the estimated tax payment. File past taxes online   The exchange rate rules discussed here apply even if the foreign taxes are paid or accrued with respect to a foreign tax credit splitting event (discussed later). File past taxes online Exception. File past taxes online   If you claim the credit for foreign taxes on an accrual basis, in most cases you must use the average exchange rate for the tax year to which the taxes relate. File past taxes online This rule applies to accrued taxes relating to tax years beginning after 1997 and only under the following conditions. File past taxes online The foreign taxes are paid on or after the first day of the tax year to which they relate. File past taxes online The foreign taxes are paid not later than 2 years after the close of the tax year to which they relate. File past taxes online The foreign tax liability is not denominated in an inflationary currency (defined in the Form 1116 instructions). File past taxes online (This condition applies to taxes paid or accrued in tax years beginning after November 6, 2007. File past taxes online )   For all other foreign taxes, you should use the exchange rate in effect on the date you paid them. File past taxes online Election to use exchange rate on date paid. File past taxes online   If you have accrued foreign taxes that you are otherwise required to convert using the average exchange rate, you may elect to use the exchange rate in effect on the date the foreign taxes are paid if the taxes are denominated in a nonfunctional foreign currency. File past taxes online If any of the accrued taxes are unpaid, you must translate them into U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online dollars using the exchange rate on the last day of the U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax year to which those taxes relate. File past taxes online You may make the election for all nonfunctional currency foreign income taxes or only those nonfunctional currency foreign income taxes that are attributable to qualified business units with a U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online dollar functional currency. File past taxes online Once made, the election applies to the tax year for which made and all subsequent tax years unless revoked with the consent of the IRS. File past taxes online The election is available for tax years beginning after 2004. File past taxes online It must be made by the due date (including extensions) for filing the tax return for the first tax year to which the election applies. File past taxes online Make the election by attaching a statement to the applicable tax return. File past taxes online The statement must identify whether the election is made for all foreign taxes or only for foreign taxes attributable to qualified business units with a U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online dollar functional currency. File past taxes online Foreign Tax Redetermination A foreign tax redetermination is any change in your foreign tax liability that may affect your U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online foreign tax credit claimed. File past taxes online The year in which to claim the credit remains the year to which the foreign taxes paid or accrued relate, even if the change in foreign tax liability occurs in a later year. File past taxes online If a foreign tax redetermination occurs, a redetermination of your U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax liability is required if any of the following conditions apply. File past taxes online The accrued taxes when paid differ from the amounts claimed as a credit. File past taxes online The accrued taxes you claimed as a credit in one tax year are not paid within 2 years after the end of that tax year. File past taxes online If this applies to you, you must reduce the credit previously claimed by the amount of the unpaid taxes. File past taxes online You will not be allowed a credit for the unpaid taxes until you pay them. File past taxes online When you pay the accrued taxes, a new foreign tax redetermination occurs and you must translate the taxes into U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online dollars using the exchange rate as of the date they were paid. File past taxes online The foreign tax credit is allowed for the year to which the foreign tax relates. File past taxes online See Rate of exchange for foreign taxes paid , earlier, under Foreign Currency and Exchange Rates. File past taxes online The foreign taxes you paid are refunded in whole or in part. File past taxes online For taxes taken into account when accrued but translated into dollars on the date of payment, the dollar value of the accrued tax differs from the dollar value of the tax paid because of fluctuations in the exchange rate between the date of accrual and the date of payment. File past taxes online However, no redetermination is required if the change in foreign tax liability for each foreign country is solely attributable to exchange rate fluctuations and is less than the smaller of: $10,000, or 2% of the total dollar amount of the foreign tax initially accrued for that foreign country for the U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax year. File past taxes online In this case, you must adjust your U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax in the tax year in which the accrued foreign taxes are paid. File past taxes online Notice to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) of Redetermination You are required to notify the IRS about a foreign tax credit redetermination that affects your U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax liability for each tax year affected by the redetermination. File past taxes online In most cases, you must file Form 1040X, Amended U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online Individual Income Tax Return, with a revised Form 1116 and a statement that contains information sufficient for the IRS to redetermine your U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax liability for the year or years affected. File past taxes online See Contents of statement , later. File past taxes online You are not required to attach Form 1116 for a tax year affected by a redetermination if: The amount of your creditable taxes paid or accrued during the tax year is not more than $300 ($600 if married filing a joint return) as a result of the foreign tax redetermination, and You meet the requirements listed under Exemption from foreign tax credit limit under How To Figure the Credit, later. File past taxes online There are other exceptions to this requirement. File past taxes online They are discussed later under Due date of notification to IRS . File past taxes online Contents of statement. File past taxes online   The statement must include all of the following. File past taxes online Your name, address, and taxpayer identification number. File past taxes online The tax year or years that are affected by the foreign tax redetermination. File past taxes online The date or dates the foreign taxes were accrued, if applicable. File past taxes online The date or dates the foreign taxes were paid. File past taxes online The amount of foreign taxes paid or accrued on each date (in foreign currency) and the exchange rate used to translate each amount. File past taxes online Information sufficient to determine any interest due from or owing to you, including the amount of any interest paid to you by the foreign government and the dates received. File past taxes online   In the case of any foreign taxes that were not paid before the date two years after the close of the tax year to which those taxes relate, you must provide the amount of those taxes in foreign currency and the exchange rate that was used to translate that amount when originally claimed as a credit. File past taxes online   If any foreign tax was refunded in whole or in part, you must provide the date and amount (in foreign currency) of each refund, the exchange rate that was used to translate each amount when originally claimed as a credit, and the exchange rate for the date the refund was received (for purposes of computing foreign currency gain or loss under Internal Revenue Code section 988). File past taxes online Due date of notification to IRS. File past taxes online   If you pay less foreign tax than you originally claimed a credit for, in most cases you must file a notification by the due date (with extensions) of your original return for your tax year in which the foreign tax redetermination occurred. File past taxes online There is no limit on the time the IRS has to redetermine and assess the correct U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax due. File past taxes online If you pay more foreign tax than you originally claimed a credit for, you have 10 years to file a claim for refund of U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online taxes. File past taxes online See Time Limit on Refund Claims , later. File past taxes online   Exceptions to this due date are explained in the next two paragraphs. File past taxes online Multiple redeterminations of U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax liability for same tax year. File past taxes online   Where more than one foreign tax redetermination requires a redetermination of U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax liability for the same tax year and those redeterminations occur in the same tax year or within two consecutive tax years, you can file for that tax year one notification (Form 1040X with a Form 1116 and the required statement) that reflects all those tax redeterminations. File past taxes online If you choose to file one notification, the due date for that notification is the due date of the original return (with extensions) for the year in which the first foreign tax redetermination that reduced your foreign tax liability occurred. File past taxes online However, foreign tax redeterminations with respect to the tax year for which a redetermination of U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax liability is required may occur after the due date for providing that notification. File past taxes online In this situation, you may have to file more than one Form 1040X for that tax year. File past taxes online Additional U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax due eliminated by foreign tax credit carryback or carryover. File past taxes online   If a foreign tax redetermination requires a redetermination of U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax liability that would otherwise result in an additional amount of U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax due, but the additional tax is eliminated by a carryback or carryover of an unused foreign tax, you do not have to amend your tax return for the year affected by the redetermination. File past taxes online Instead, you can notify the IRS by attaching a statement to the original return for the tax year in which the foreign tax redetermination occurred. File past taxes online You must file the statement by the due date (with extensions) of that return. File past taxes online The statement must show the amount of the unused foreign taxes paid or accrued and a detailed schedule showing the computation of the carryback or carryover (including the amounts carried back or over to the year for which a redetermination on U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax liability is required). File past taxes online Failure-to-notify penalty. File past taxes online   If you fail to notify the IRS of a foreign tax redetermination and cannot show reasonable cause for the failure, you may have to pay a penalty. File past taxes online   For each month, or part of a month, that the failure continues, you pay a penalty of 5% of the tax due resulting from a redetermination of your U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax. File past taxes online This penalty cannot be more than 25% of the tax due. File past taxes online Foreign tax refund. File past taxes online   If you receive a foreign tax refund without interest from the foreign government, you will not have to pay interest on the amount of tax due resulting from the adjustment to your U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax for the time before the date of the refund. File past taxes online   However, if you receive a foreign tax refund with interest, you must pay interest to the IRS up to the amount of the interest paid to you by the foreign government. File past taxes online The interest you must pay cannot be more than the interest you would have had to pay on taxes that were unpaid for any other reason for the same period. File past taxes online Interest also is owed from the time you receive a refund until you pay the additional tax due. File past taxes online Foreign tax imposed on foreign refund. File past taxes online   If your foreign tax refund is taxed by the foreign country, you cannot take a separate credit or deduction for this additional foreign tax. File past taxes online However, when you refigure the foreign tax credit taken for the original foreign tax, reduce the amount of the refund by the foreign tax paid on the refund. File past taxes online Example. File past taxes online You paid a foreign income tax of $3,000 in 2011, and received a foreign tax refund of $500 in 2013 on which a foreign tax of $100 was imposed. File past taxes online When you refigure your credit for 2011, you must reduce the $3,000 you paid by $400. File past taxes online Time Limit on Refund Claims You have 10 years to file a claim for refund of U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax if you find that you paid or accrued a larger foreign tax than you claimed a credit for. File past taxes online The 10-year period begins the day after the regular due date for filing the return (without extensions) for the year in which the taxes were actually paid or accrued. File past taxes online You have 10 years to file your claim regardless of whether you claim the credit for taxes paid or taxes accrued. File past taxes online The 10-year period applies to claims for refund or credit based on: Fixing math errors in figuring qualified foreign taxes, Reporting qualified foreign taxes not originally reported on the return, or Any other change in the size of the credit (including one caused by correcting the foreign tax credit limit). File past taxes online The special 10-year period also applies to making or changing your choice to claim a deduction or credit for foreign taxes. File past taxes online See Making or Changing Your Choice discussed earlier under Choosing To Take Credit or Deduction. File past taxes online Who Can Take the Credit? U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online citizens, resident aliens, and nonresident aliens who paid foreign income tax and are subject to U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax on foreign source income may be able to take a foreign tax credit. File past taxes online U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online Citizens If you are a U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online citizen, you are taxed by the United States on your worldwide income wherever you live. File past taxes online You are normally entitled to take a credit for foreign taxes you pay or accrue. File past taxes online Resident Aliens If you are a resident alien of the United States, you can take a credit for foreign taxes subject to the same general rules as U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online citizens. File past taxes online If you are a bona fide resident of Puerto Rico for the entire tax year, you also come under the same rules. File past taxes online Usually, you can take a credit only for those foreign taxes imposed on income you actually or constructively received while you had resident alien status. File past taxes online For information on alien status, see Publication 519. File past taxes online Nonresident Aliens If you are a nonresident alien, you cannot take the credit in most cases. File past taxes online However, you may be able to take the credit if: You were a bona fide resident of Puerto Rico during your entire tax year, or You pay or accrue tax to a foreign country or U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online possession on income from foreign sources that is effectively connected with a trade or business in the United States. File past taxes online But if you must pay tax to a foreign country or U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online possession on income from U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online sources only because you are a citizen or a resident of that country or U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online possession, do not use that tax in figuring the amount of your credit. File past taxes online For information on alien status and effectively connected income, see Publication 519. File past taxes online What Foreign Taxes Qualify for the Credit? In most cases, the following four tests must be met for any foreign tax to qualify for the credit. File past taxes online The tax must be imposed on you. File past taxes online You must have paid or accrued the tax. File past taxes online The tax must be the legal and actual foreign tax liability. File past taxes online The tax must be an income tax (or a tax in lieu of an income tax). File past taxes online Certain foreign taxes do not qualify for the credit even if the four tests are met. File past taxes online See Foreign Taxes for Which You Cannot Take a Credit, later. File past taxes online Tax Must Be Imposed on You You can claim a credit only for foreign taxes that are imposed on you by a foreign country or U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online possession. File past taxes online For example, a tax that is deducted from your wages is considered to be imposed on you. File past taxes online You cannot shift the right to claim the credit by contract or other means. File past taxes online Foreign country. File past taxes online   A foreign country includes any foreign state and its political subdivisions. File past taxes online Income, war profits, and excess profits taxes paid or accrued to a foreign city or province qualify for the foreign tax credit. File past taxes online U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online possessions. File past taxes online   For foreign tax credit purposes, all qualified taxes paid to U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online possessions are considered foreign taxes. File past taxes online For this purpose, U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online possessions include Puerto Rico and American Samoa. File past taxes online   When the term “foreign country” is used in this publication, it includes U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online possessions unless otherwise stated. File past taxes online You Must Have Paid or Accrued the Tax In most cases, you can claim the credit only if you paid or accrued the foreign tax to a foreign country or U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online possession. File past taxes online However, the paragraphs that follow describe some instances in which you can claim the credit even if you did not directly pay or accrue the tax yourself. File past taxes online Joint return. File past taxes online   If you file a joint return, you can claim the credit based on the total foreign income taxes paid or accrued by you and your spouse. File past taxes online Combined income. File past taxes online   If foreign tax is imposed on the combined income of two or more persons (for example, spouses), the tax is allocated among, and considered paid by, these persons on a pro rata basis in proportion to each person's portion of the combined income, as determined under foreign law and Regulations section 1. File past taxes online 901-2(f)(3)(iii). File past taxes online Combined income with respect to each foreign tax that is imposed on a combined basis (and combined income subject to tax exemption or preferential tax rates) is computed separately, and the tax on that combined income is allocated separately. File past taxes online   These rules apply to foreign taxes paid or accrued in tax years beginning after February 14, 2012. File past taxes online However, you can choose to apply the new rules to foreign taxes paid or accrued in tax years beginning after December 31, 2010, and before February 15, 2012. File past taxes online For more details, see paragraphs (f) and (h) of Regulations section 1. File past taxes online 901-2. File past taxes online For similar rules applicable to prior tax years, see Regulations section 1. File past taxes online 901-2 (revised as of April 1, 2011). File past taxes online Example. File past taxes online You and your spouse reside in Country X, which imposes income tax on your combined incomes. File past taxes online Both of you use the “u” as your functional currency. File past taxes online Country X apportions tax based on income. File past taxes online You had income of 30,000u and your spouse had income of 20,000u. File past taxes online Your filing status on your U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online income tax return is married filing separately. File past taxes online You can claim only 60% (30,000u/50,000u) of the foreign taxes imposed on your income on your U. File past taxes online S income tax return. File past taxes online Your spouse can claim only 40% (20,000u/50,000u). File past taxes online Partner or S corporation shareholder. File past taxes online   If you are a member of a partnership, or a shareholder in an S corporation, you can claim the credit based on your proportionate share of the foreign income taxes paid or accrued by the partnership or the S corporation. File past taxes online These amounts will be shown on the Schedule K-1 you receive from the partnership or S corporation. File past taxes online However, if you are a shareholder in an S corporation that in turn owns stock in a foreign corporation, you cannot claim a credit for your share of foreign taxes paid by the foreign corporation. File past taxes online Beneficiary. File past taxes online   If you are a beneficiary of an estate or trust, you may be able to claim the credit based on your proportionate share of foreign income taxes paid or accrued by the estate or trust. File past taxes online This amount will be shown on the Schedule K-1 you receive from the estate or trust. File past taxes online However, you must show that the tax was imposed on income of the estate and not on income received by the decedent. File past taxes online Mutual fund shareholder. File past taxes online   If you are a shareholder of a mutual fund or other regulated investment company (RIC), you may be able to claim the credit based on your share of foreign income taxes paid by the fund if it chooses to pass the credit on to its shareholders. File past taxes online You should receive from the mutual fund or other RIC a Form 1099-DIV, or similar statement, showing your share of the foreign income, and your share of the foreign taxes paid. File past taxes online If you do not receive this information, you will need to contact the fund. File past taxes online Controlled foreign corporation shareholder. File past taxes online   If you are a shareholder of a controlled foreign corporation and choose to be taxed at corporate rates on the amount you must include in gross income from that corporation, you can claim the credit based on your share of foreign taxes paid or accrued by the controlled foreign corporation. File past taxes online If you make this election, you must claim the credit by filing Form 1118, Foreign Tax Credit—Corporations. File past taxes online Controlled foreign corporation. File past taxes online   A controlled foreign corporation is a foreign corporation in which U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online shareholders own more than 50% of the voting power or value of the stock. File past taxes online You are considered a U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online shareholder if you own, directly or indirectly, 10% or more of the total voting power of all classes of the foreign corporation's stock. File past taxes online See Internal Revenue Code sections 951(b) and 958(b) for more information. File past taxes online Tax Must Be the Legal and Actual Foreign Tax Liability The amount of foreign tax that qualifies is not necessarily the amount of tax withheld by the foreign country. File past taxes online Only the legal and actual foreign tax liability that you paid or accrued during the year qualifies for the credit. File past taxes online Foreign tax refund. File past taxes online   You cannot take a foreign tax credit for income taxes paid to a foreign country if it is reasonably certain the amount would be refunded, credited, rebated, abated, or forgiven if you made a claim. File past taxes online   For example, the United States has tax treaties with many countries allowing U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online citizens and residents reductions in the rates of tax of those foreign countries. File past taxes online However, some treaty countries require U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online citizens and residents to pay the tax figured without regard to the lower treaty rates and then claim a refund for the amount by which the tax actually paid is more than the amount of tax figured using the lower treaty rate. File past taxes online The qualified foreign tax is the amount figured using the lower treaty rate and not the amount actually paid, because the excess tax is refundable. File past taxes online Subsidy received. File past taxes online   Tax payments a foreign country returns to you in the form of a subsidy do not qualify for the foreign tax credit. File past taxes online This rule applies even if the subsidy is given to a person related to you, or persons who participated with you in a transaction or a related transaction. File past taxes online A subsidy can be provided by any means but must be determined, directly or indirectly, in relation to the amount of tax, or to the base used to figure the tax. File past taxes online   The term “subsidy” includes any type of benefit. File past taxes online Some ways of providing a subsidy are refunds, credits, deductions, payments, or discharges of obligations. File past taxes online Shareholder receiving refund for corporate tax in integrated system. File past taxes online   Under some foreign tax laws and treaties, a shareholder is considered to have paid part of the tax that is imposed on the corporation. File past taxes online You may be able to claim a refund of these taxes from the foreign government. File past taxes online You must include the refund (including any amount withheld) in your income in the year received. File past taxes online Any tax withheld from the refund is a qualified foreign tax. File past taxes online Example. File past taxes online You are a shareholder of a French corporation. File past taxes online You receive a $100 refund of the tax paid to France by the corporation on the earnings distributed to you as a dividend. File past taxes online The French government imposes a 15% withholding tax ($15) on the refund you received. File past taxes online You receive a check for $85. File past taxes online You include $100 in your income. File past taxes online The $15 of tax withheld is a qualified foreign tax. File past taxes online Tax Must Be an Income Tax (or Tax in Lieu of Income Tax) In most cases, only income, war profits, and excess profits taxes (income taxes) qualify for the foreign tax credit. File past taxes online Foreign taxes on wages, dividends, interest, and royalties qualify for the credit in most cases. File past taxes online Furthermore, foreign taxes on income can qualify even though they are not imposed under an income tax law if the tax is in lieu of an income, war profits, or excess profits tax. File past taxes online See Taxes in Lieu of Income Taxes , later. File past taxes online Income Tax Simply because the levy is called an income tax by the foreign taxing authority does not make it an income tax for this purpose. File past taxes online A foreign levy is an income tax only if it meets both of the following requirements. File past taxes online It is a tax; that is, you have to pay it and you get no specific economic benefit (discussed below) from paying it. File past taxes online The predominant character of the tax is that of an income tax in the U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online sense. File past taxes online A foreign levy may meet these requirements even if the foreign tax law differs from U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax law. File past taxes online The foreign law may include in income items that U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online law does not include, or it may allow certain exclusions or deductions that U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online law does not allow. File past taxes online Specific economic benefit. File past taxes online   In most cases, you get a specific economic benefit if you receive, or are considered to receive, an economic benefit from the foreign country imposing the levy, and: If there is a generally imposed income tax, the economic benefit is not available on substantially the same terms to all persons subject to the income tax, or If there is no generally imposed income tax, the economic benefit is not available on substantially the same terms to the population of the foreign country in general. File past taxes online   You are considered to receive a specific economic benefit if you have a business transaction with a person who receives a specific economic benefit from the foreign country and, under the terms and conditions of the transaction, you receive directly or indirectly all or part of the benefit. File past taxes online   However, see the exception discussed later under Pension, unemployment, and disability fund payments . File past taxes online Economic benefits. File past taxes online   Economic benefits include the following. File past taxes online Goods. File past taxes online Services. File past taxes online Fees or other payments. File past taxes online Rights to use, acquire, or extract resources, patents, or other property the foreign country owns or controls. File past taxes online Discharges of contractual obligations. File past taxes online   In most cases, the right or privilege merely to engage in business is not an economic benefit. File past taxes online Dual-capacity taxpayers. File past taxes online   If you are subject to a foreign country's levy and you also receive a specific economic benefit from that foreign country, you are a “dual-capacity taxpayer. File past taxes online ” As a dual-capacity taxpayer, you cannot claim a credit for any part of the foreign levy, unless you establish that the amount paid under a distinct element of the foreign levy is a tax, rather than a compulsory payment for a direct or indirect specific economic benefit. File past taxes online    For more information on how to establish amounts paid under separate elements of a levy, write to: Internal Revenue Service International Section Philadelphia, PA 19255-0725 Pension, unemployment, and disability fund payments. File past taxes online   A foreign tax imposed on an individual to pay for retirement, old-age, death, survivor, unemployment, illness, or disability benefits, or for substantially similar purposes, is not payment for a specific economic benefit if the amount of the tax does not depend on the age, life expectancy, or similar characteristics of that individual. File past taxes online    No deduction or credit is allowed, however, for social security taxes paid or accrued to a foreign country with which the United States has a social security agreement. File past taxes online For more information about these agreements, see Publication 54. File past taxes online Soak-up taxes. File past taxes online   A foreign tax is not predominantly an income tax and does not qualify for credit to the extent it is a soak-up tax. File past taxes online A tax is a soak-up tax to the extent that liability for it depends on the availability of a credit for it against income tax imposed by another country. File past taxes online This rule applies only if and to the extent that the foreign tax would not be imposed if the credit were not available. File past taxes online Penalties and interest. File past taxes online   Amounts paid to a foreign government to satisfy a liability for interest, fines, penalties, or any similar obligation are not taxes and do not qualify for the credit. File past taxes online Taxes not based on income. File past taxes online   Foreign taxes based on gross receipts or the number of units produced, rather than on realized net income, do not qualify unless they are imposed in lieu of an income tax, as discussed next. File past taxes online Taxes based on assets, such as property taxes, do not qualify for the credit. File past taxes online Taxes in Lieu of Income Taxes A tax paid or accrued to a foreign country qualifies for the credit if it is imposed in lieu of an income tax otherwise generally imposed. File past taxes online A foreign levy is a tax in lieu of an income tax only if: It is not payment for a specific economic benefit as discussed earlier, and The tax is imposed in place of, and not in addition to, an income tax otherwise generally imposed. File past taxes online A tax in lieu of an income tax does not have to be based on realized net income. File past taxes online A foreign tax imposed on gross income, gross receipts or sales, or the number of units produced or exported can qualify for the credit. File past taxes online In most cases, a soak-up tax (discussed earlier) does not qualify as a tax in lieu of an income tax. File past taxes online However, if the foreign country imposes a soak-up tax in lieu of an income tax, the amount that does not qualify for foreign tax credit is the lesser of the following amounts. File past taxes online The soak-up tax. File past taxes online The foreign tax you paid that is more than the amount you would have paid if you had been subject to the generally imposed income tax. File past taxes online Foreign Taxes for Which You Cannot Take a Credit This part discusses the foreign taxes for which you cannot take a credit. File past taxes online These are: Taxes on excluded income, Taxes for which you can only take an itemized deduction, Taxes on foreign mineral income, Taxes from international boycott operations, A portion of taxes on combined foreign oil and gas income, Taxes of U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online persons controlling foreign corporations and partnerships who fail to file required information returns, and Taxes related to a foreign tax splitting event. File past taxes online Taxes on Excluded Income You cannot take a credit for foreign taxes paid or accrued on certain income that is excluded from U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online gross income. File past taxes online Foreign Earned Income and Housing Exclusions You must reduce your foreign taxes available for the credit by the amount of those taxes paid or accrued on income that is excluded from U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online income under the foreign earned income exclusion or the foreign housing exclusion. File past taxes online See Publication 54 for more information on the foreign earned income and housing exclusions. File past taxes online Wages completely excluded. File past taxes online   If your wages are completely excluded, you cannot take a credit for any of the foreign taxes paid or accrued on these wages. File past taxes online Wages partly excluded. File past taxes online   If only part of your wages is excluded, you cannot take a credit for the foreign income taxes allocable to the excluded part. File past taxes online You find the amount allocable to your excluded wages by multiplying the foreign tax paid or accrued on foreign earned income received or accrued during the tax year by a fraction. File past taxes online   The numerator of the fraction is your foreign earned income and housing amounts excluded under the foreign earned income and housing exclusions for the tax year minus otherwise deductible expenses definitely related and properly apportioned to that income. File past taxes online Deductible expenses do not include the foreign housing deduction. File past taxes online   The denominator is your total foreign earned income received or accrued during the tax year minus all deductible expenses allocable to that income (including the foreign housing deduction). File past taxes online If the foreign law taxes foreign earned income and some other income (for example, earned income from U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online sources or a type of income not subject to U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax), and the taxes on the other income cannot be segregated, the denominator of the fraction is the total amount of income subject to the foreign tax minus deductible expenses allocable to that income. File past taxes online Example. File past taxes online You are a U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online citizen and a cash basis taxpayer, employed by Company X and living in Country A. File past taxes online Your records show the following: Foreign earned income received $125,000 Unreimbursed business travel expenses 20,000 Income tax paid to Country A 30,000 Exclusion of foreign earned  income and housing allowance 97,600     Because you can exclude part of your wages, you cannot claim a credit for part of the foreign taxes. File past taxes online To find that part, do the following. File past taxes online First, find the amount of business expenses allocable to excluded wages and therefore not deductible. File past taxes online To do this, multiply the otherwise deductible expenses by a fraction. File past taxes online That fraction is the excluded wages over your foreign earned income. File past taxes online   $20,000 × $97,600 $125,000 = $15,616             Next, find the numerator of the fraction by which you will multiply the foreign taxes paid. File past taxes online To do this, subtract business expenses allocable to excluded wages ($15,616) from excluded wages ($97,600). File past taxes online The result is $81,984. File past taxes online Then, find the denominator of the fraction by subtracting all your deductible expenses from all your foreign earned income ($125,000 − $20,000 = $105,000). File past taxes online Finally, multiply the foreign tax you paid by the resulting fraction. File past taxes online   $30,000 × $81,984  $105,000 = $23,424 The amount of Country A tax you cannot take a credit for is $23,424. File past taxes online Taxes on Income From Puerto Rico Exempt From U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online Tax If you have income from Puerto Rican sources that is not taxable, you must reduce your foreign taxes paid or accrued by the taxes allocable to the exempt income. File past taxes online For information on figuring the reduction, see Publication 570. File past taxes online Possession Exclusion If you are a bona fide resident of American Samoa and exclude income from sources in American Samoa, you cannot take a credit for the taxes you pay or accrue on the excluded income. File past taxes online For more information on this exclusion, see Publication 570. File past taxes online Extraterritorial Income Exclusion You cannot take a credit for taxes you pay on qualifying foreign trade income excluded on Form 8873, Extraterritorial Income Exclusion. File past taxes online However, see Internal Revenue Code section 943(d) for an exception for certain withholding taxes. File past taxes online Taxes for Which You Can Only Take an Itemized Deduction You cannot claim a foreign tax credit for foreign income taxes paid or accrued under the following circumstances. File past taxes online However, you can claim an itemized deduction for these taxes. File past taxes online See Choosing To Take Credit or Deduction , earlier. File past taxes online Taxes Imposed By Sanctioned Countries (Section 901(j) Income) You cannot claim a foreign tax credit for income taxes paid or accrued to any country if the income giving rise to the tax is for a period (the sanction period) during which: The Secretary of State has designated the country as one that repeatedly provides support for acts of international terrorism, The United States has severed or does not conduct diplomatic relations with the country, or The United States does not recognize the country's government, and that government is not otherwise eligible to purchase defense articles or services under the Arms Export Control Act. File past taxes online The following countries meet this description for 2013. File past taxes online Income taxes paid or accrued to these countries in 2013 do not qualify for the credit. File past taxes online Cuba. File past taxes online Iran. File past taxes online Libya (but see Note later). File past taxes online North Korea. File past taxes online Sudan. File past taxes online Syria. File past taxes online Waiver of denial of the credit. File past taxes online   A waiver can be granted to a sanctioned country if the President of the United States determines that granting the waiver is in the national interest of the United States and will expand trade and investment opportunities for U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online companies in the sanctioned country. File past taxes online The President must report to Congress his intentions to grant the waiver and his reasons for granting the waiver not less than 30 days before the date on which the waiver is granted. File past taxes online Note. File past taxes online Effective December 10, 2004, the President granted a waiver to Libya. File past taxes online Income taxes arising on or after this date qualify for the credit if they meet the other requirements in this publication. File past taxes online Limit on credit. File past taxes online   In figuring the foreign tax credit limit, discussed later, income from a sanctioned country is a separate category of foreign income unless a Presidential waiver is granted. File past taxes online You must fill out a separate Form 1116 for this income. File past taxes online This will prevent you from claiming a credit for foreign taxes paid or accrued to the sanctioned country. File past taxes online Example. File past taxes online You lived and worked in Iran until August, when you were transferred to Italy. File past taxes online You paid taxes to each country on the income earned in that country. File past taxes online You cannot claim a foreign tax credit for the foreign taxes paid on the income earned in Iran. File past taxes online Because the income earned in Iran is a separate category of foreign income, you must fill out a separate Form 1116 for that income. File past taxes online You cannot take a credit for taxes paid on the income earned in Iran, but that income is taxable by the United States. File past taxes online Figuring the credit when a sanction ends. File past taxes online    Table 1 lists the countries for which sanctions have ended or for which a Presidential waiver has been granted. File past taxes online For any of these countries, you can claim a foreign tax credit for the taxes paid or accrued to that country on the income for the period that begins after the end of the sanction period or the date the Presidential waiver was granted. File past taxes online Example. File past taxes online The sanctions against Country X ended on July 31. File past taxes online On August 19, you receive a distribution from a mutual fund of Country X income. File past taxes online The fund paid Country X income tax for you on the distribution. File past taxes online Because the distribution was made after the sanction ended, you may include the foreign tax paid on the distribution to compute your foreign tax credit. File past taxes online Amounts for the nonsanctioned period. File past taxes online   If a sanction period ends (or a Presidential waiver is granted) during your tax year and you are not able to determine the actual income and taxes for that period, you can allocate amounts to that period based on the number of days in the period that fall in your tax year. File past taxes online Multiply the income or taxes for the year by the following fraction to determine the amounts allocable to that period. File past taxes online   Number of nonsanctioned days in year  Number of days in year Example. File past taxes online You are a calendar year filer and received $20,000 of income from Country X in 2013 on which you paid tax of $4,500. File past taxes online Sanctions against Country X ended on July 11, 2013. File past taxes online You are unable to determine how much of the income or tax is for the nonsanctioned period. File past taxes online Because your tax year starts on January 1, and the Country X sanction ended on July 11, 2013, 173 days of your tax year are in the nonsanctioned period. File past taxes online You would compute the income for the nonsanctioned period as follows. File past taxes online 173 365 × $20,000 = $9,479             You would figure the tax for the nonsanctioned period as follows. File past taxes online 173 365 × $4,500 = $2,133 To figure your foreign tax credit, you would use $9,479 as the income from Country X and $2,133 as the tax. File past taxes online Further information. File past taxes online   The rules for figuring the foreign tax credit after a country's sanction period ends are more fully explained in Revenue Ruling 92-62, Cumulative Bulletin 1992-2, page 193. File past taxes online This Cumulative Bulletin can be found in many libraries and IRS offices. File past taxes online Table 1. File past taxes online Countries Removed From the Sanction List or Granted Presidential Waiver   Sanction Period Country Starting Date Ending Date Iraq February 1, 1991 June 27, 2004 Libya January 1, 1987 December 9, 2004* *Presidential waiver granted for qualified income taxes arising after December 9, 2004. File past taxes online Taxes Imposed on Certain Dividends You cannot claim a foreign tax credit for withholding tax (defined later ) on dividends paid or accrued if either of the following applies to the dividends. File past taxes online The dividends are on stock you held for less than 16 days during the 31-day period that begins 15 days before the ex-dividend date (defined later). File past taxes online The dividends are for a period or periods totaling more than 366 days on preferred stock you held for less than 46 days during the 91-day period that begins 45 days before the ex-dividend date. File past taxes online If the dividend is not for more than 366 days, rule (1) applies to the preferred stock. File past taxes online When figuring how long you held the stock, count the day you sold it, but do not count the day you acquired it or any days on which you were protected from risk of loss. File past taxes online Regardless of how long you held the stock, you cannot claim the credit to the extent you have an obligation under a short sale or otherwise to make payments related to the dividend for positions in substantially similar or related property. File past taxes online Withholding tax. File past taxes online   For this purpose, withholding tax includes any tax determined on a gross basis. File past taxes online It does not include any tax which is in the nature of a prepayment of a tax imposed on a net basis. File past taxes online Ex-dividend date. File past taxes online   The ex-dividend date is the first date following the declaration of a dividend on which the purchaser of a stock is not entitled to receive the next dividend payment. File past taxes online Example 1. File past taxes online You bought common stock from a foreign corporation on November 3. File past taxes online You sold the stock on November 19. File past taxes online You received a dividend on this stock because you owned it on the ex-dividend date of November 5. File past taxes online To claim the credit, you must have held the stock for at least 16 days within the 31-day period that began on October 21 (15 days before the ex-dividend date). File past taxes online Because you held the stock for 16 days, from November 4 until November 19, you are entitled to the credit. File past taxes online Example 2. File past taxes online The facts are the same as in Example 1 except that you sold the stock on November 14. File past taxes online You held the stock for only 11 days. File past taxes online You are not entitled to the credit. File past taxes online Exception. File past taxes online   If you are a securities dealer who actively conducts business in a foreign country, you may be able to claim a foreign tax credit for qualified taxes paid on dividends regardless of how long you held the stock or whether you were obligated to make payments for positions in substantially similar or related property. File past taxes online See section 901(k)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code for more information. File past taxes online Taxes Withheld on Income or Gain (Other Than Dividends) For income or gain (other than dividends) paid or accrued on property, you cannot claim a foreign tax credit for withholding tax (defined later): If you have not held the property for at least 16 days during the 31-day period that begins 15 days before the date on which the right to receive the payment arises, or To the extent you have to make related payments on positions in substantially similar or related property. File past taxes online When figuring how long you held the property, count the day you sold it, but do not count the day you acquired it or any days on which you were protected from risk of loss. File past taxes online Withholding tax. File past taxes online   For this purpose, withholding tax includes any tax determined on a gross basis. File past taxes online It does not include any tax which is in the nature of a prepayment of a tax imposed on a net basis. File past taxes online Exception for dealers. File past taxes online   If you are a dealer in property who actively conducts business in a foreign country, you may be able to claim a foreign tax credit for qualified taxes withheld on income or gain from that property regardless of how long you held it or whether you have to make related payments on positions in substantially similar or related property. File past taxes online See section 901(I)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code for more information. File past taxes online Covered Asset Acquisition ???You cannot take a credit for the disqualified portion of any foreign tax paid or accrued in connection with a covered asset acquisition. File past taxes online A covered asset acquisition includes certain acquisitions that result in a stepped-up basis for U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax purposes but not for foreign tax purposes. File past taxes online For more information, see Internal Revenue Code section 901(m). File past taxes online The IRS intends to issue guidance that will explain this provision in greater detail. File past taxes online Taxes in Connection With the Purchase or Sale of Oil or Gas You cannot claim a foreign tax credit for taxes paid or accrued to a foreign country in connection with the purchase or sale of oil or gas extracted in that country if you do not have an economic interest in the oil or gas, and the purchase price or sales price is different from the fair market value of the oil or gas at the time of purchase or sale. File past taxes online Taxes on Foreign Mineral Income You must reduce any taxes paid or accrued to a foreign country or possession on mineral income from that country or possession if you were allowed a deduction for percentage depletion for any part of the mineral income. File past taxes online For details, see Regulations section 1. File past taxes online 901-3. File past taxes online Taxes From International Boycott Operations If you participate in or cooperate with an international boycott during the tax year, your foreign taxes resulting from boycott activities will reduce the total taxes available for credit. File past taxes online See the instructions for line 12 in the Form 1116 instructions to figure this reduction. File past taxes online In most cases, this rule does not apply to employees with wages who are working and living in boycotting countries, or to retirees with pensions who are living in these countries. File past taxes online List of boycotting countries. File past taxes online   A list of the countries which may require participation in or cooperation with an international boycott is published by the Department of the Treasury. File past taxes online As of November 2013, the following countries are listed. File past taxes online Iraq. File past taxes online Kuwait. File past taxes online Lebanon. File past taxes online Libya. File past taxes online Qatar. File past taxes online Saudi Arabia. File past taxes online Syria. File past taxes online United Arab Emirates. File past taxes online Yemen. File past taxes online    For information concerning changes to the list, write to: Internal Revenue Service International Section Philadelphia, PA 19255-0725 Determinations of whether the boycott rule applies. File past taxes online   You may request a determination from the Internal Revenue Service as to whether a particular operation constitutes participation in or cooperation with an international boycott. File past taxes online The procedures for obtaining a determination from the Service are outlined in Revenue Procedure 77-9 in Cumulative Bulletin 1977-1. File past taxes online Cumulative Bulletins are available in most IRS offices and you are welcome to read them there. File past taxes online Public inspection. File past taxes online   A determination and any related background file is open to public inspection. File past taxes online However, your identity and certain other information will remain confidential. File past taxes online Reporting requirements. File past taxes online   You must file a report with the IRS if you or any of the following persons have operations in or related to a boycotting country or with the government, a company, or a national of a boycotting country. File past taxes online A foreign corporation in which you own 10% or more of the voting power of all voting stock but only if you own the stock of the foreign corporation directly or through foreign entities. File past taxes online A partnership in which you are a partner. File past taxes online A trust you are treated as owning. File past taxes online Form 5713 required. File past taxes online   If you have to file a report, you must use Form 5713, International Boycott Report, and attach all supporting schedules. File past taxes online See the Instructions for Form 5713 for information on when and where to file the form. File past taxes online Penalty for failure to file. File past taxes online   If you willfully fail to make a report, in addition to other penalties, you may be fined $25,000 or imprisoned for no more than one year, or both. File past taxes online Taxes on Combined Foreign Oil and Gas Income You must reduce your foreign taxes by a portion of any foreign taxes imposed on combined foreign oil and gas income. File past taxes online The amount of the reduction is the amount by which your foreign oil and gas taxes exceed the amount of your combined foreign oil and gas income multiplied by a fraction equal to your pre-credit U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online tax liability (Form 1040, line 44) divided by your worldwide taxable income. File past taxes online You may be entitled to carry over to other years taxes reduced under this rule. File past taxes online See Internal Revenue Code section 907(f). File past taxes online Combined foreign oil and gas income means the sum of foreign oil related income and foreign oil and gas extraction income. File past taxes online Foreign oil and gas taxes are the sum of foreign oil and gas extraction taxes and foreign oil related taxes. File past taxes online Taxes of U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online Persons Controlling Foreign Corporations and Partnerships If you had control of a foreign corporation or a foreign partnership for the annual accounting period of that corporation or partnership that ended with or within your tax year, you may have to file an annual information return. File past taxes online If you do not file the required information return, you may have to reduce the foreign taxes that may be used for the foreign tax credit. File past taxes online See Penalty for not filing Form 5471 or Form 8865 , later. File past taxes online U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online persons controlling foreign corporations. File past taxes online   If you are a U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online citizen or resident who had control of a foreign corporation for an uninterrupted period of at least 30 days during the annual accounting period of that corporation, you may have to file an annual information return on Form 5471, Information Return of U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online Persons With Respect To Certain Foreign Corporations. File past taxes online Under this rule, you generally had control of a foreign corporation if at any time during your tax year you owned: Stock possessing more than 50% of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock entitled to vote, or More than 50% of the total value of shares of all classes of stock of the foreign corporation. File past taxes online U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online persons controlling foreign partnerships. File past taxes online   If you are a U. File past taxes online S. File past taxes online citizen or resident who had control of a foreign partnership at any time during the partnership's tax year, you may have to file