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File 2012 Taxes H&r Block

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File 2012 Taxes H&r Block

File 2012 taxes h&r block Publication 17(SP) - Introductory Material Table of Contents Qué Hay de Nuevo Recordatorios IntroductionIconos. File 2012 taxes h&r block Para pedir formularios y publicaciones. File 2012 taxes h&r block Preguntas sobre los impuestos. File 2012 taxes h&r block Todo material en esta publicación puede ser reimpreso gratuitamente. File 2012 taxes h&r block Una referencia a El Impuesto Federal sobre los Ingresos (2013) sería apropiada. File 2012 taxes h&r block Las explicaciones y ejemplos en esta publicación representan la interpretación del Servicio de Impuestos Internos (IRS, por sus siglas en inglés) con respecto a: Leyes tributarias promulgadas por el Congreso de los Estados Unidos, Reglamentos del Departamento del Tesoro de los Estados Unidos y Decisiones de los tribunales. File 2012 taxes h&r block Sin embargo, la información provista no abarca cada situación y no se presenta con la intención de reemplazar la ley o cambiar su significado. File 2012 taxes h&r block Esta publicación abarca ciertos temas sobre los cuales un tribunal puede haber dictado un fallo más favorable para los contribuyentes que la interpretación hecha por el IRS. File 2012 taxes h&r block Hasta que estas interpretaciones divergentes sean resueltas por fallos o decretos de un tribunal superior o de alguna otra manera, esta publicación continuará presentando las interpretaciones hechas por el IRS. File 2012 taxes h&r block Todos los contribuyentes tienen derechos importantes cuando tratan con el IRS. File 2012 taxes h&r block Estos derechos están descritos en la sección titulada Derechos del Contribuyente , al final de esta publicación. File 2012 taxes h&r block Qué Hay de Nuevo Esta sección resume ciertos cambios tributarios importantes que entraron en vigor en el año 2013. File 2012 taxes h&r block La mayor parte de estos cambios se abordan en más detalle en esta publicación. File 2012 taxes h&r block Acontecimientos futuros. File 2012 taxes h&r block  Si desea obtener la información más reciente sobre temas de ley tributaria que se explican en esta publicación, incluyendo toda información sobre legislación tributaria, acceda a www. File 2012 taxes h&r block irs. File 2012 taxes h&r block gov/pub17sp. File 2012 taxes h&r block Impuesto Adicional del Medicare. File 2012 taxes h&r block  Comenzando en el año 2013, le corresponderá un Impuesto Adicional del Medicare de 0. File 2012 taxes h&r block 9% sobre los salarios, la compensación por jubilación ferroviaria (RRTA, por sus siglas en inglés) y el ingreso sobre el trabajo por cuenta propia que están sujetos al impuesto al Medicare. File 2012 taxes h&r block El impuesto corresponde si estos ingresos son mayores que: $125,000, si es casado que presenta una declaración por separado, $250,000, si es casado que presenta una declaración conjunta o $200,000, si presenta la declaración utilizando cualquier otro estado civil para efectos de la declaración. File 2012 taxes h&r block Si desea más información, vea el Formulario 8959 y sus Instrucciones, disponibles en inglés. File 2012 taxes h&r block Impuesto sobre los ingresos netos de inversión. File 2012 taxes h&r block  Comenzando en el año 2013, usted podría estar sujeto al impuesto sobre los ingresos netos de inversión (NIIT, por sus siglas en inglés). File 2012 taxes h&r block Este impuesto es el 3. File 2012 taxes h&r block 8% de la cantidad menor entre (a) su ingreso neto de inversión o (b) la cantidad en exceso de su ingreso bruto ajustado modificado sobre: $125,000, si es casado que presenta una declaración por separado, $250,000, si es casado que presenta una declaración conjunta o si es viudo calificado o $200,000, si presenta la declaración utilizando cualquier otro estado civil para efectos de la declaración. File 2012 taxes h&r block Si desea más información, vea el Formulario 8960 y sus Instrucciones, disponibles en inglés. File 2012 taxes h&r block Cambio en las tasas tributarias. File 2012 taxes h&r block  La tasa tributaria mayor es de 39. File 2012 taxes h&r block 6%. File 2012 taxes h&r block Si desea más información, vea la Hoja de Trabajo para el Cálculo del Impuesto del Año 2013 o las Tasas Impositivas de 2013 , las cuales se encuentran al final de esta publicación. File 2012 taxes h&r block Tasa tributaria sobre las ganancias netas de capital y dividendos calificados. File 2012 taxes h&r block  La tasa tributaria máxima de 15% sobre las ganancias netas de capital y los dividendos calificados ha aumentado a 20% para algunos contribuyentes. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea el capítulo 16 . File 2012 taxes h&r block Gastos médicos y dentales. File 2012 taxes h&r block  Usted puede deducir solamente la parte de sus gastos médicos y dentales que sea mayor que el 10% de su ingreso bruto ajustado (7. File 2012 taxes h&r block 5% si usted o su cónyuge tiene 65 años de edad o más). File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea el capítulo 21 . File 2012 taxes h&r block Aumento de la cantidad de la exención personal para determinados contribuyentes. File 2012 taxes h&r block  La exención personal que le corresponde a usted ha aumentado a $3,900. File 2012 taxes h&r block Pero, esta cantidad se reduce si su ingreso bruto ajustado es mayor que: $150,000, si es casado que presenta una declaración por separado, $250,000, si es soltero, $275,000, si es cabeza de familia o $300,000, si presenta la declaración utilizando cualquier otro estado civil para efectos de la declaración. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea el capítulo 3 . File 2012 taxes h&r block Límite sobre las deducciones detalladas. File 2012 taxes h&r block  Usted puede que no tenga derecho de deducir todas sus deducciones detalladas si su ingreso bruto ajustado es mayor que: $150,000, si es casado que presenta una declaración por separado, $250,000, si es soltero, $275,000, si es cabeza de familia o $300,000, si presenta la declaración utilizando cualquier otro estado civil para efectos de la declaración. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea el capítulo 29 . File 2012 taxes h&r block Matrimonio entre el mismo sexo. File 2012 taxes h&r block  Si tiene un cónyuge de su mismo sexo con quien usted se casó en un estado (o jurisdicción o país extranjero) que reconoce el matrimonio entre personas del mismo sexo, usted y su cónyuge tienen que utilizar el estado civil para efectos de la declaración de casados que presentan una declaración conjunta o casado que presenta la declaración por separado en su declaración del año 2013. File 2012 taxes h&r block Utilice uno de estos estados civiles para efectos de la declaración aunque usted y su cónyuge en la actualidad vivan en un estado (o jurisdicción o país extranjero) en donde no se reconozca el matrimonio entre personas del mismo sexo. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea el capítulo 2 . File 2012 taxes h&r block Si reúne ciertos requisitos, quizás podría presentar declaraciones enmendadas para cambiar su estado civil para efectos de la declaración para algunos años anteriores. File 2012 taxes h&r block Si desea saber más detalles sobre declaraciones enmendadas, vea el capítulo 1 . File 2012 taxes h&r block Cuenta flexible de ahorros para gastos médicos (FSA, por sus siglas en inglés). File 2012 taxes h&r block  Comenzando con los años del plan después de 2012, usted no puede hacer aportaciones mediante la reducción de salarios mayores de $2,500 a cuentas flexibles de ahorros para gastos médicos (FSA, por sus siglas en inglés). File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea el capítulo 5 . File 2012 taxes h&r block Créditos tributarios que vencen. File 2012 taxes h&r block  El crédito por vehículo eléctrico enchufable y la parte reembolsable del crédito del impuesto mínimo de años anteriores ha vencido. File 2012 taxes h&r block Usted no puede reclamar ninguno de éstos en su declaración del año 2013. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea el capítulo 37 . File 2012 taxes h&r block Esquemas de inversión de tipo Ponzi. File 2012 taxes h&r block  Hay nuevas reglas sobre cómo reclamar una deducción en el Formulario 4684, en inglés, debido a una pérdida por robo por un esquema de inversión de tipo Ponzi. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea el capítulo 25 . File 2012 taxes h&r block Método simplificado para la deducción por oficina en el hogar. File 2012 taxes h&r block  Si usted puede tomar una deducción por tener una oficina en su hogar, quizás pueda utilizar un método simplificado para calcular dicha deducción. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea la Publicación 587, disponible en inglés. File 2012 taxes h&r block Tarifas estándar por milla. File 2012 taxes h&r block  Para 2013, la tarifa estándar por milla permitida por el costo de operar su automóvil para uso comercial ha aumentado a 56½ centavos por milla. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea el capítulo 26 . File 2012 taxes h&r block Para 2013, la tarifa estándar por milla permitida por el costo de operar su automóvil por razones médicas ha aumentado a 24 centavos por milla. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea el capítulo 21 . File 2012 taxes h&r block Para 2013, la tarifa estándar por milla permitida por el costo de operar su automóvil para determinar los gastos de mudanza ha aumentado a 24 centavos por milla. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea la Publicación 521, Moving Expenses (Gastos de mudanza), en inglés. File 2012 taxes h&r block Recordatorios A continuación aparecen recordatorios importantes y otros asuntos que le podrían ayudar a presentar su declaración de impuestos del año 2013. File 2012 taxes h&r block Muchos de estos asuntos se explican más adelante en esta publicación. File 2012 taxes h&r block Anote su número de Seguro Social (SSN, por sus siglas en inglés) en la declaración. File 2012 taxes h&r block  Anote su número de Seguro Social (SSN, por sus siglas en inglés) en el espacio correspondiente de la declaración de impuestos. File 2012 taxes h&r block Si presentó una declaración conjunta de impuestos en el año 2012 y presenta una declaración conjunta en el año 2013 con el mismo cónyuge, escriba los nombres y números de Seguro Social en el mismo orden en que lo hizo en el año 2012. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea el capítulo 1 . File 2012 taxes h&r block Proteja su documentación tributaria contra el robo de identidad. File 2012 taxes h&r block  El robo de identidad ocurre cuando otra persona usa la información personal de usted sin su autorización para cometer fraude u otros delitos. File 2012 taxes h&r block Dicha información personal podría ser su nombre, número de Seguro Social (SSN, por sus siglas en inglés) u otra información de identificación. File 2012 taxes h&r block Un ladrón de identidad puede usar su SSN para obtener un empleo o puede presentar una declaración de impuestos usando su SSN robado para recibir un reembolso. File 2012 taxes h&r block Si desea más información sobre el robo de identidad e información sobre cómo reducir su riesgo al robo de identidad, vea el capítulo 1 . File 2012 taxes h&r block Números de identificación del contribuyente. File 2012 taxes h&r block  Tiene que proveer el número de identificación del contribuyente de cada persona por la cual reclama ciertos beneficios tributarios. File 2012 taxes h&r block Este requisito se aplica aun en el caso en que la persona haya nacido en el año 2013. File 2012 taxes h&r block Por lo general, este número es el número de Seguro Social de la persona. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea el capítulo 1 . File 2012 taxes h&r block Ingreso de fuentes en el extranjero. File 2012 taxes h&r block  Si es ciudadano de los Estados Unidos con ingresos provenientes de fuentes en el extranjero (ingresos del extranjero), tiene que declarar todos estos ingresos en su declaración de impuestos, a menos que estén exentos conforme a las leyes estadounidenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block Esto es cierto tanto si vive dentro como fuera de los Estados Unidos e independientemente de si recibe o no un Formulario W-2 ó 1099 del pagador extranjero. File 2012 taxes h&r block Esto corresponde al ingreso del trabajo (como salarios y propinas) y también al ingreso no derivado del trabajo (como intereses, dividendos, ganancias de capital, pensiones, alquileres y regalías). File 2012 taxes h&r block Si reside fuera de los Estados Unidos, es posible que pueda excluir la totalidad o parte de su ingreso del trabajo procedente de fuentes en el extranjero. File 2012 taxes h&r block Para más detalles, vea la Publicación 54, Tax Guide for U. File 2012 taxes h&r block S. File 2012 taxes h&r block Citizens and Resident Aliens Abroad (Guía tributaria para ciudadanos y residentes estadounidenses en el extranjero), en inglés. File 2012 taxes h&r block Activos financieros extranjeros. File 2012 taxes h&r block  Si tuvo activos financieros extranjeros en el 2013, es posible que tenga que presentar el nuevo Formulario 8938 con su declaración. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea www. File 2012 taxes h&r block IRS. File 2012 taxes h&r block gov/form8938, en inglés, para más detalles. File 2012 taxes h&r block Prórroga automática de 6 meses para presentar la declaración de impuestos. File 2012 taxes h&r block  Puede usar el Formulario 4868(SP), Solicitud de Prórroga Automática para Presentar la Declaración del Impuesto sobre el Ingreso Personal de los Estados Unidos (o el Formulario 4868, en inglés), para obtener una prórroga automática de 6 meses para presentar su declaración de impuestos. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea el capítulo 1 . File 2012 taxes h&r block Incluya su número de teléfono en la declaración. File 2012 taxes h&r block  Para resolver rápidamente cualquier pregunta que necesitemos hacerle para tramitar su declaración, nos gustaría poder llamarlo. File 2012 taxes h&r block Anote el número de teléfono donde podamos llamarlo durante el día, al lado del espacio donde firma la declaración de impuestos y donde aparece su ocupación. File 2012 taxes h&r block Si usted presenta una declaración conjunta, puede anotar el número de teléfono suyo o el de su cónyuge. File 2012 taxes h&r block Pago de los impuestos. File 2012 taxes h&r block   Puede pagar sus impuestos a través de la Internet, a través del teléfono o por medio de cheque o giro. File 2012 taxes h&r block Puede efectuar una transferencia directa de su cuenta bancaria o utilizar una tarjeta de crédito o débito. File 2012 taxes h&r block Si presenta su declaración electrónicamente (por medio de e-file), puede programar un pago electrónico. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea el capítulo 1 . File 2012 taxes h&r block Maneras más rápidas de presentar su declaración. File 2012 taxes h&r block  El IRS ofrece maneras rápidas y fiables de presentar la información tributaria sin tener que presentar una declaración en papel. File 2012 taxes h&r block Puede usar el sistema electrónico e-file del IRS para presentar su declaración de impuestos. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea el capítulo 1 . File 2012 taxes h&r block Presentación electrónica gratuita de la declaración. File 2012 taxes h&r block  Usted quizás pueda presentar su declaración de impuestos del año 2013 por Internet sin pagar cargo alguno. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea el capítulo 1 . File 2012 taxes h&r block Cambio de dirección. File 2012 taxes h&r block  Si cambia de dirección, debe notificarle al IRS. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea el tema titulado Cambio de Dirección , en el capítulo 1. File 2012 taxes h&r block Reembolsos de una declaración presentada fuera de plazo. File 2012 taxes h&r block  Si a usted se le debe un reembolso pero no presentó una declaración, por lo general tendrá que presentar su declaración dentro de 3 años a partir de la fecha en que la declaración venció (incluidas prórrogas) para obtener ese reembolso. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea el capítulo 1 . File 2012 taxes h&r block Declaraciones de impuestos frívolas. File 2012 taxes h&r block  El IRS ha publicado una lista de posturas identificadas como frívolas. File 2012 taxes h&r block La multa por presentar una declaración de impuestos frívola es de $5,000. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea el capítulo 1 . File 2012 taxes h&r block Reclamación errónea de reembolso o crédito. File 2012 taxes h&r block  Quizás tenga que pagar una multa si reclama erróneamente un reembolso o crédito. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea el capítulo 1 . File 2012 taxes h&r block Información sobre la Ley de Confidencialidad de Información y la Ley de Reducción de Trámites. File 2012 taxes h&r block   La IRS Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998 (Ley de Reestructuración y Reforma del Servicio de Impuestos Internos de 1998), la Privacy Act of 1974 (Ley de Confidencialidad de Información de 1974) y la Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 (Ley de Reducción de Trámites de 1980) requieren que, cuando le solicitemos información, le informemos primero sobre cuál es nuestro derecho legal para solicitar esa información, por qué la estamos solicitando, cómo se usará la información, qué podría suceder si no la recibimos y si su respuesta es voluntaria, necesaria para obtener un beneficio u obligatoria conforme a la ley. File 2012 taxes h&r block Una explicación completa sobre este tema puede encontrarse en las instrucciones de los formularios. File 2012 taxes h&r block Servicio a los contribuyentes. File 2012 taxes h&r block  Puede hacer una cita para recibir ayuda en persona en el Centro de Ayuda al Contribuyente más conveniente en el día laborable que más le convenga. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea el tema titulado Cómo Obtener Ayuda con los Impuestos , al final de esta publicación. File 2012 taxes h&r block Mandato para preparadores de impuestos sobre el sistema e-file. File 2012 taxes h&r block  La mayoría de los preparadores de impuestos remunerados que preparan y presentan declaraciones tienen que presentar electrónicamente por medio del sistema e-file. File 2012 taxes h&r block Puede ser que su preparador le comunique sobre este requisito y las opciones que están a disposición suya. File 2012 taxes h&r block Inspector General del Tesoro para la Administración Tributaria. File 2012 taxes h&r block   Si desea denunciar confidencialmente la mala conducta, ineficacia, el fraude o abuso cometido por un empleado del IRS, puede llamar al 1-800-366-4484 (1-800-877-8339 para personas sordas, con limitación auditiva o que tienen impedimentos del habla, y que usen equipo TTY/TDD). File 2012 taxes h&r block Puede mantenerse anónimo. File 2012 taxes h&r block Fotografías de niños desaparecidos. File 2012 taxes h&r block  El IRS se enorgullece en colaborar con el National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (Centro Nacional de Búsqueda de Niños Desaparecidos y Explotados). File 2012 taxes h&r block Las fotografías de niños desaparecidos que han sido seleccionadas por el Centro pueden aparacer en esta publicación en páginas que de otra manera estarían en blanco. File 2012 taxes h&r block Usted puede ayudar a que estos niños regresen a sus hogares mirando sus fotografías y llamando al número gratuito 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) si reconoce a un niño. File 2012 taxes h&r block Introduction Esta publicación abarca las reglas generales para la presentación de una declaración federal de impuestos sobre el ingreso. File 2012 taxes h&r block La publicación complementa la información contenida en las instrucciones para el formulario de impuestos. File 2012 taxes h&r block Igualmente explica las leyes tributarias para asegurar que usted pague sólo los impuestos que adeuda y nada más. File 2012 taxes h&r block Cómo está organizada esta publicación. File 2012 taxes h&r block   Esta publicación sigue de cerca el Formulario 1040, U. File 2012 taxes h&r block S. File 2012 taxes h&r block Individual Income Tax Return (Declaración de impuestos de los Estados Unidos sobre los ingresos personales), disponible en inglés. File 2012 taxes h&r block Está dividida en seis partes que abarcan distintas secciones del Formulario 1040. File 2012 taxes h&r block Cada parte está subdividida en capítulos que normalmente explican una línea del formulario. File 2012 taxes h&r block No se preocupe si presenta el Formulario 1040A o el Formulario 1040EZ. File 2012 taxes h&r block Todo lo que está incluido en una línea de cualquiera de ambos formularios se incluye también en el Formulario 1040. File 2012 taxes h&r block   La tabla de contenido que aparece al comienzo de esta publicación y el índice que aparece al final le servirán de utilidad para encontrar la información que necesite. File 2012 taxes h&r block Qué se incluye en esta publicación. File 2012 taxes h&r block   Esta publicación comienza con las reglas para la presentación de una declaración de impuestos. File 2012 taxes h&r block La publicación explica: Quién tiene que presentar una declaración, Qué formulario se debe utilizar para declarar los impuestos, Cuándo es la fecha de vencimiento de la declaración, Cómo presentar su declaración usando el sistema electrónico e-file y Otra información general. File 2012 taxes h&r block Esta publicación le ayudará a identificar el estado civil para propósitos de la declaración al cual tiene derecho. File 2012 taxes h&r block Del mismo modo, le ayudará a determinar si puede reclamar algún dependiente y si los ingresos que recibe están sujetos a impuestos. File 2012 taxes h&r block La publicación también explica la deducción estándar, las clases de gastos que quizás pueda deducir y varios créditos que quizás pueda tomar para reducir sus impuestos. File 2012 taxes h&r block   A lo largo de la publicación, hay ejemplos que muestran cómo se aplican las leyes tributarias en situaciones típicas. File 2012 taxes h&r block También hay organigramas y tablas en la publicación que presentan información tributaria en una manera fácil de entender. File 2012 taxes h&r block   Muchos de los temas que se tratan en esta publicación son explicados en mayor detalle en otras publicaciones del IRS. File 2012 taxes h&r block Se hace referencia a dichas publicaciones y se indica si están disponibles en español o en inglés. File 2012 taxes h&r block Iconos. File 2012 taxes h&r block   En la publicación se utilizan pequeños símbolos gráficos, o sea iconos, para llamar su atención a información especial. File 2012 taxes h&r block Vea la Tabla 1 , más adelante, para una explicación de cada icono usado en esta publicación. File 2012 taxes h&r block Qué no se incluye en esta publicación. File 2012 taxes h&r block   Algunos materiales que le podrían ser útiles no se incluyen en esta publicación pero pueden encontrarse en el folleto de instrucciones del formulario de impuestos. File 2012 taxes h&r block Esto incluye listas que identifican lo siguiente: Dónde declarar ciertas partidas que aparecen en documentos informativos y Temas tributarios grabados (temas TeleTax). File 2012 taxes h&r block   Si opera su propio negocio o si tiene otros ingresos del trabajo por cuenta propia, tales como del cuidado de niños o la venta de artesanía, vea las siguientes publicaciones para más información: Publicación 334, Tax Guide for Small Business (For Individuals Who Use Schedule C or C-EZ) (Guía tributaria para pequeños negocios (para personas que usen el Anexo C o C-EZ)), en inglés. File 2012 taxes h&r block Publicación 535, Business Expenses (Gastos de negocios), en inglés. File 2012 taxes h&r block Publicación 587, Business Use of Your Home (Including Use by Daycare Providers) (Uso comercial de su vivienda (incluyendo el uso por proveedores del cuidado de niños)), en inglés. File 2012 taxes h&r block Ayuda del IRS. File 2012 taxes h&r block   Existen muchas maneras en que puede obtener ayuda del IRS. File 2012 taxes h&r block Éstas se explican bajo el tema titulado Cómo Obtener Ayuda con los Impuestos , al final de esta publicación. File 2012 taxes h&r block Comentarios y sugerencias. File 2012 taxes h&r block   Agradeceremos sus comentarios acerca de esta publicación, así como sus sugerencias para ediciones futuras. File 2012 taxes h&r block   Puede enviar sus comentarios a la dirección siguiente:  Internal Revenue Service Tax Forms and Publications Division 1111 Constitution Ave. File 2012 taxes h&r block NW, IR-6526 Washington, DC 20224   Contestamos muchas cartas por teléfono. File 2012 taxes h&r block Por lo tanto, sería útil que incluyera en la correspondencia su número de teléfono, con el código de área, en donde nos podamos comunicar con usted durante el día. File 2012 taxes h&r block   Usted nos puede enviar comentarios desde la página web www. File 2012 taxes h&r block irs. File 2012 taxes h&r block gov/formspubs, en inglés, seleccionando Comment on Tax Forms and Publications (Enviar comentarios sobre los formularios y publicaciones de impuestos), bajo la sección More Information (Información adicional). File 2012 taxes h&r block   Aunque no le podemos contestar individualmente, agradecemos sus comentarios y sugerencias y los tendremos en cuenta para ediciones futuras de nuestros productos tributarios. File 2012 taxes h&r block Para pedir formularios y publicaciones. File 2012 taxes h&r block   Visite www. File 2012 taxes h&r block irs. File 2012 taxes h&r block gov/formspubs para descargar formularios y publicaciones, llame al 1-800-829-3676 para pedir formularios y publicaciones o escriba a la dirección indicada a continuación y recibirá una respuesta dentro de 10 días después de que nosotros recibamos su solicitud. File 2012 taxes h&r block  Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. File 2012 taxes h&r block Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613 Preguntas sobre los impuestos. File 2012 taxes h&r block   Si tiene una pregunta sobre los impuestos, verifique la información disponible en IRS. File 2012 taxes h&r block gov/espanol o llame al 1-800-829-1040. 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The File 2012 Taxes H&r Block

File 2012 taxes h&r block Publication 587 - Main Content Table of Contents Qualifying for a DeductionExclusive Use Regular Use Trade or Business Use Principal Place of Business Place To Meet Patients, Clients, or Customers Separate Structure Figuring the DeductionUsing Actual Expenses Using the Simplified Method Daycare Facility Standard meal and snack rates. File 2012 taxes h&r block Sale or Exchange of Your HomeGain on Sale Depreciation Basis Adjustment Reporting the Sale More Information Business Furniture and EquipmentListed Property Property Bought for Business Use Personal Property Converted to Business Use Recordkeeping Where To DeductSelf-Employed Persons Employees Partners How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics Worksheet To Figure the Deduction for Business Use of Your HomeInstructions for the Worksheet Worksheets To Figure the Deduction for Business Use of Your Home (Simplified Method) Instructions for the Simplified Method Worksheet Instructions for the Daycare Facility Worksheet Instructions for the Area Adjustment Worksheet Qualifying for a Deduction Generally, you cannot deduct items related to your home, such as mortgage interest, real estate taxes, utilities, maintenance, rent, depreciation, or property insurance, as business expenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block However, you may be able to deduct expenses related to the business use of part of your home if you meet specific requirements. File 2012 taxes h&r block Even then, the deductible amount of these types of expenses may be limited. File 2012 taxes h&r block Use this section and Figure A, later, to decide if you can deduct expenses for the business use of your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block To qualify to deduct expenses for business use of your home, you must use part of your home: Exclusively and regularly as your principal place of business (defined later), Exclusively and regularly as a place where you meet or deal with patients, clients, or customers in the normal course of your trade or business, In the case of a separate structure which is not attached to your home, in connection with your trade or business, On a regular basis for certain storage use (see Storage of inventory or product samples , later), For rental use (see Publication 527), or As a daycare facility (see Daycare Facility , later). File 2012 taxes h&r block Additional tests for employee use. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you are an employee and you use a part of your home for business, you may qualify for a deduction for its business use. File 2012 taxes h&r block You must meet the tests discussed earlier plus: Your business use must be for the convenience of your employer, and You must not rent any part of your home to your employer and use the rented portion to perform services as an employee for that employer. File 2012 taxes h&r block If the use of the home office is merely appropriate and helpful, you cannot deduct expenses for the business use of your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block Exclusive Use To qualify under the exclusive use test, you must use a specific area of your home only for your trade or business. File 2012 taxes h&r block The area used for business can be a room or other separately identifiable space. File 2012 taxes h&r block The space does not need to be marked off by a permanent partition. File 2012 taxes h&r block You do not meet the requirements of the exclusive use test if you use the area in question both for business and for personal purposes. File 2012 taxes h&r block Example. File 2012 taxes h&r block You are an attorney and use a den in your home to write legal briefs and prepare clients' tax returns. File 2012 taxes h&r block Your family also uses the den for recreation. File 2012 taxes h&r block The den is not used exclusively in your trade or business, so you cannot claim a deduction for the business use of the den. File 2012 taxes h&r block Exceptions to Exclusive Use You do not have to meet the exclusive use test if either of the following applies. File 2012 taxes h&r block You use part of your home for the storage of inventory or product samples (discussed next). File 2012 taxes h&r block You use part of your home as a daycare facility, discussed later under Daycare Facility . File 2012 taxes h&r block Note. File 2012 taxes h&r block With the exception of these two uses, any portion of the home used for business purposes must meet the exclusive use test. File 2012 taxes h&r block Storage of inventory or product samples. File 2012 taxes h&r block    If you use part of your home for storage of inventory or product samples, you can deduct expenses for the business use of your home without meeting the exclusive use test. File 2012 taxes h&r block However, you must meet all the following tests. File 2012 taxes h&r block You sell products at wholesale or retail as your trade or business. File 2012 taxes h&r block You keep the inventory or product samples in your home for use in your trade or business. File 2012 taxes h&r block Your home is the only fixed location of your trade or business. File 2012 taxes h&r block You use the storage space on a regular basis. File 2012 taxes h&r block The space you use is a separately identifiable space suitable for storage. File 2012 taxes h&r block Example. File 2012 taxes h&r block Your home is the only fixed location of your business of selling mechanics' tools at retail. File 2012 taxes h&r block You regularly use half of your basement for storage of inventory and product samples. File 2012 taxes h&r block You sometimes use the area for personal purposes. File 2012 taxes h&r block The expenses for the storage space are deductible even though you do not use this part of your basement exclusively for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block Regular Use To qualify under the regular use test, you must use a specific area of your home for business on a regular basis. File 2012 taxes h&r block Incidental or occasional business use is not regular use. File 2012 taxes h&r block You must consider all facts and circumstances in determining whether your use is on a regular basis. File 2012 taxes h&r block Trade or Business Use To qualify under the trade-or-business-use test, you must use part of your home in connection with a trade or business. File 2012 taxes h&r block If you use your home for a profit-seeking activity that is not a trade or business, you cannot take a deduction for its business use. File 2012 taxes h&r block Example. File 2012 taxes h&r block You use part of your home exclusively and regularly to read financial periodicals and reports, clip bond coupons, and carry out similar activities related to your own investments. File 2012 taxes h&r block You do not make investments as a broker or dealer. File 2012 taxes h&r block So, your activities are not part of a trade or business and you cannot take a deduction for the business use of your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block Principal Place of Business You can have more than one business location, including your home, for a single trade or business. File 2012 taxes h&r block To qualify to deduct the expenses for the business use of your home under the principal place of business test, your home must be your principal place of business for that trade or business. File 2012 taxes h&r block To determine whether your home is your principal place of business, you must consider: The relative importance of the activities performed at each place where you conduct business, and The amount of time spent at each place where you conduct business. File 2012 taxes h&r block Your home office will qualify as your principal place of business if you meet the following requirements. File 2012 taxes h&r block You use it exclusively and regularly for administrative or management activities of your trade or business. File 2012 taxes h&r block You have no other fixed location where you conduct substantial administrative or management activities of your trade or business. File 2012 taxes h&r block If, after considering your business locations, your home cannot be identified as your principal place of business, you cannot deduct home office expenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block However, see the later discussions under Place To Meet Patients, Clients, or Customers and Separate Structure for other ways to qualify to deduct home office expenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block Administrative or management activities. File 2012 taxes h&r block   There are many activities that are administrative or managerial in nature. File 2012 taxes h&r block The following are a few examples. File 2012 taxes h&r block Billing customers, clients, or patients. File 2012 taxes h&r block Keeping books and records. File 2012 taxes h&r block Ordering supplies. File 2012 taxes h&r block Setting up appointments. File 2012 taxes h&r block Forwarding orders or writing reports. File 2012 taxes h&r block Administrative or management activities performed at other locations. File 2012 taxes h&r block   The following activities performed by you or others will not disqualify your home office from being your principal place of business. File 2012 taxes h&r block You have others conduct your administrative or management activities at locations other than your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block (For example, another company does your billing from its place of business. File 2012 taxes h&r block ) You conduct administrative or management activities at places that are not fixed locations of your business, such as in a car or a hotel room. File 2012 taxes h&r block You occasionally conduct minimal administrative or management activities at a fixed location outside your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block You conduct substantial nonadministrative or nonmanagement business activities at a fixed location outside your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block (For example, you meet with or provide services to customers, clients, or patients at a fixed location of the business outside your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block ) You have suitable space to conduct administrative or management activities outside your home, but choose to use your home office for those activities instead. File 2012 taxes h&r block Please click here for the text description of the image. File 2012 taxes h&r block Can you deduct business use of the home expenses? Example 1. File 2012 taxes h&r block John is a self-employed plumber. File 2012 taxes h&r block Most of John's time is spent at customers' homes and offices installing and repairing plumbing. File 2012 taxes h&r block He has a small office in his home that he uses exclusively and regularly for the administrative or management activities of his business, such as phoning customers, ordering supplies, and keeping his books. File 2012 taxes h&r block John writes up estimates and records of work completed at his customers' premises. File 2012 taxes h&r block He does not conduct any substantial administrative or management activities at any fixed location other than his home office. File 2012 taxes h&r block John does not do his own billing. File 2012 taxes h&r block He uses a local bookkeeping service to bill his customers. File 2012 taxes h&r block John's home office qualifies as his principal place of business for deducting expenses for its use. File 2012 taxes h&r block He uses the home office for the administrative or managerial activities of his plumbing business and he has no other fixed location where he conducts these administrative or managerial activities. File 2012 taxes h&r block His choice to have his billing done by another company does not disqualify his home office from being his principal place of business. File 2012 taxes h&r block He meets all the qualifications, including principal place of business, so he can deduct expenses (subject to certain limitations, explained later) for the business use of his home. File 2012 taxes h&r block Example 2. File 2012 taxes h&r block Pamela is a self-employed sales representative for several different product lines. File 2012 taxes h&r block She has an office in her home that she uses exclusively and regularly to set up appointments and write up orders and other reports for the companies whose products she sells. File 2012 taxes h&r block She occasionally writes up orders and sets up appointments from her hotel room when she is away on business overnight. File 2012 taxes h&r block Pamela's business is selling products to customers at various locations throughout her territory. File 2012 taxes h&r block To make these sales, she regularly visits customers to explain the available products and take orders. File 2012 taxes h&r block Pamela's home office qualifies as her principal place of business for deducting expenses for its use. File 2012 taxes h&r block She conducts administrative or management activities there and she has no other fixed location where she conducts substantial administrative or management activities. File 2012 taxes h&r block The fact that she conducts some administrative or management activities in her hotel room (not a fixed location) does not disqualify her home office from being her principal place of business. File 2012 taxes h&r block She meets all the qualifications, including principal place of business, so she can deduct expenses (subject to certain limitations, explained later) for the business use of her home. File 2012 taxes h&r block Example 3. File 2012 taxes h&r block Paul is a self-employed anesthesiologist. File 2012 taxes h&r block He spends the majority of his time administering anesthesia and postoperative care in three local hospitals. File 2012 taxes h&r block One of the hospitals provides him with a small shared office where he could conduct administrative or management activities. File 2012 taxes h&r block Paul very rarely uses the office the hospital provides. File 2012 taxes h&r block He uses a room in his home that he has converted to an office. File 2012 taxes h&r block He uses this room exclusively and regularly to conduct all the following activities. File 2012 taxes h&r block Contacting patients, surgeons, and hospitals regarding scheduling. File 2012 taxes h&r block Preparing for treatments and presentations. File 2012 taxes h&r block Maintaining billing records and patient logs. File 2012 taxes h&r block Satisfying continuing medical education requirements. File 2012 taxes h&r block Reading medical journals and books. File 2012 taxes h&r block Paul's home office qualifies as his principal place of business for deducting expenses for its use. File 2012 taxes h&r block He conducts administrative or management activities for his business as an anesthesiologist there and he has no other fixed location where he conducts substantial administrative or management activities for this business. File 2012 taxes h&r block His choice to use his home office instead of the one provided by the hospital does not disqualify his home office from being his principal place of business. File 2012 taxes h&r block His performance of substantial nonadministrative or nonmanagement activities at fixed locations outside his home also does not disqualify his home office from being his principal place of business. File 2012 taxes h&r block He meets all the qualifications, including principal place of business, so he can deduct expenses (subject to certain limitations, explained later) for the business use of his home. File 2012 taxes h&r block Example 4. File 2012 taxes h&r block Kathleen is employed as a teacher. File 2012 taxes h&r block She is required to teach and meet with students at the school and to grade papers and tests. File 2012 taxes h&r block The school provides her with a small office where she can work on her lesson plans, grade papers and tests, and meet with parents and students. File 2012 taxes h&r block The school does not require her to work at home. File 2012 taxes h&r block Kathleen prefers to use the office she has set up in her home and does not use the one provided by the school. File 2012 taxes h&r block She uses this home office exclusively and regularly for the administrative duties of her teaching job. File 2012 taxes h&r block Kathleen must meet the convenience-of-the-employer test, even if her home qualifies as her principal place of business for deducting expenses for its use. File 2012 taxes h&r block Her employer provides her with an office and does not require her to work at home, so she does not meet the convenience-of-the-employer test and cannot claim a deduction for the business use of her home. File 2012 taxes h&r block More Than One Trade or Business The same home office can be the principal place of business for two or more separate business activities. File 2012 taxes h&r block Whether your home office is the principal place of business for more than one business activity must be determined separately for each of your trade or business activities. File 2012 taxes h&r block You must use the home office exclusively and regularly for one or more of the following purposes. File 2012 taxes h&r block As the principal place of business for one or more of your trades or businesses. File 2012 taxes h&r block As a place to meet or deal with patients, clients, or customers in the normal course of one or more of your trades or businesses. File 2012 taxes h&r block If your home office is a separate structure, in connection with one or more of your trades or businesses. File 2012 taxes h&r block You can use your home office for more than one business activity, but you cannot use it for any nonbusiness (i. File 2012 taxes h&r block e. File 2012 taxes h&r block , personal) activities. File 2012 taxes h&r block If you are an employee, any use of the home office in connection with your employment must be for the convenience of your employer. File 2012 taxes h&r block See Rental to employer , later, if you rent part of your home to your employer. File 2012 taxes h&r block Example. File 2012 taxes h&r block Tracy White is employed as a teacher. File 2012 taxes h&r block Her principal place of work is the school, which provides her office space to do her school work. File 2012 taxes h&r block She also has a mail order jewelry business. File 2012 taxes h&r block All her work in the jewelry business is done in her home office and the office is used exclusively for that business. File 2012 taxes h&r block If she meets all the other tests, she can deduct expenses for the business use of her home for the jewelry business. File 2012 taxes h&r block If Tracy also uses the office for work related to her teaching, she must meet the exclusive use test for both businesses to qualify for the deduction. File 2012 taxes h&r block As an employee, Tracy must also meet the convenience-of-the-employer test to qualify for the deduction. File 2012 taxes h&r block She does not meet this test for her work as a teacher, so she cannot claim a deduction for the business use of her home for either activity. File 2012 taxes h&r block Place To Meet Patients, Clients, or Customers If you meet or deal with patients, clients, or customers in your home in the normal course of your business, even though you also carry on business at another location, you can deduct your expenses for the part of your home used exclusively and regularly for business if you meet both the following tests. File 2012 taxes h&r block You physically meet with patients, clients, or customers on your premises. File 2012 taxes h&r block Their use of your home is substantial and integral to the conduct of your business. File 2012 taxes h&r block Doctors, dentists, attorneys, and other professionals who maintain offices in their homes generally will meet this requirement. File 2012 taxes h&r block Using your home for occasional meetings and telephone calls will not qualify you to deduct expenses for the business use of your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block The part of your home you use exclusively and regularly to meet patients, clients, or customers does not have to be your principal place of business. File 2012 taxes h&r block Example. File 2012 taxes h&r block June Quill, a self-employed attorney, works 3 days a week in her city office. File 2012 taxes h&r block She works 2 days a week in her home office used only for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block She regularly meets clients there. File 2012 taxes h&r block Her home office qualifies for a business deduction because she meets clients there in the normal course of her business. File 2012 taxes h&r block Separate Structure You can deduct expenses for a separate free-standing structure, such as a studio, workshop, garage, or barn, if you use it exclusively and regularly for your business. File 2012 taxes h&r block The structure does not have to be your principal place of business or a place where you meet patients, clients, or customers. File 2012 taxes h&r block Example. File 2012 taxes h&r block John Berry operates a floral shop in town. File 2012 taxes h&r block He grows the plants for his shop in a greenhouse behind his home. File 2012 taxes h&r block He uses the greenhouse exclusively and regularly in his business, so he can deduct the expenses for its use, subject to certain limitations, explained later. File 2012 taxes h&r block Figuring the Deduction After you determine that you meet the tests under Qualifying for a Deduction , you can begin to figure how much you can deduct. File 2012 taxes h&r block When figuring the amount you can deduct for the business use of your home, you will use either your actual expenses or a simplified method. File 2012 taxes h&r block Electing to use the simplified method. File 2012 taxes h&r block   The simplified method is an alternative to the calculation, allocation, and substantiation of actual expenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block You choose whether or not to figure your deduction using the simplified method each taxable year. File 2012 taxes h&r block See Using the Simplified Method , later. File 2012 taxes h&r block Rental to employer. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you rent part of your home to your employer and you use the rented part in performing services for your employer as an employee, your deduction for the business use of your home is limited. File 2012 taxes h&r block You can deduct mortgage interest, qualified mortgage insurance premiums, real estate taxes, and personal casualty losses for the rented part, subject to any limitations. File 2012 taxes h&r block However, you cannot deduct otherwise allowable trade or business expenses, business casualty losses, or depreciation related to the use of your home (or use the simplified method as an alternative to deducting these actual expenses) in performing services for your employer. File 2012 taxes h&r block Using Actual Expenses If you do not or cannot elect to use the simplified method for a home, you will figure your deduction for that home using your actual expenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block You will also need to figure the percentage of your home used for business and the limit on the deduction. File 2012 taxes h&r block If you are an employee or a partner, or you use your home in your farming business and you file Schedule F (Form 1040), you can use the Worksheet To Figure the Deduction for Business Use of Your Home, near the end of this publication, to help you figure your deduction. File 2012 taxes h&r block If you use your home in a trade or business and you file Schedule C (Form 1040), you will use Form 8829 to figure your deduction. File 2012 taxes h&r block Part-year use. File 2012 taxes h&r block   You cannot deduct expenses for the business use of your home incurred during any part of the year you did not use your home for business purposes. File 2012 taxes h&r block For example, if you begin using part of your home for business on July 1, and you meet all the tests from that date until the end of the year, consider only your expenses for the last half of the year in figuring your allowable deduction. File 2012 taxes h&r block Expenses related to tax-exempt income. File 2012 taxes h&r block   Generally, you cannot deduct expenses that are related to tax-exempt allowances. File 2012 taxes h&r block However, if you receive a tax-exempt parsonage allowance or a tax-exempt military allowance, your expenses for mortgage interest and real estate taxes are deductible under the normal rules. File 2012 taxes h&r block No deduction is allowed for other expenses related to the tax-exempt allowance. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If your housing is provided free of charge and the value of the housing is tax exempt, you cannot deduct the rental value of any portion of the housing. File 2012 taxes h&r block Actual Expenses You must divide the expenses of operating your home between personal and business use. File 2012 taxes h&r block The part of a home operating expense you can use to figure your deduction depends on both of the following. File 2012 taxes h&r block Whether the expense is direct, indirect, or unrelated. File 2012 taxes h&r block The percentage of your home used for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block Table 1, next, describes the types of expenses you may have and the extent to which they are deductible. File 2012 taxes h&r block Table 1. File 2012 taxes h&r block Types of Expenses  Expense  Description  Deductibility Direct Expenses only for  the business part  of your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block Deductible in full. File 2012 taxes h&r block *   Examples:  Painting or repairs  only in the area  used for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block Exception: May be only partially  deductible in a daycare facility. File 2012 taxes h&r block See Daycare Facility , later. File 2012 taxes h&r block Indirect Expenses for  keeping up and running your  entire home. File 2012 taxes h&r block Deductible based on the percentage of your home used for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block *   Examples:  Insurance, utilities, and  general repairs. File 2012 taxes h&r block   Unrelated Expenses only for  the parts of your  home not used  for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block Not deductible. File 2012 taxes h&r block   Examples:  Lawn care or painting  a room not used  for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block   *Subject to the deduction limit, discussed later. File 2012 taxes h&r block Form 8829 and the Worksheet To Figure the Deduction for Business Use of Your Home have separate columns for direct and indirect expenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block Certain expenses are deductible whether or not you use your home for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block If you qualify to deduct business use of the home expenses, use the business percentage of these expenses to figure your total business use of the home deduction. File 2012 taxes h&r block These expenses include the following. File 2012 taxes h&r block Real estate taxes. File 2012 taxes h&r block Qualified mortgage insurance premiums. File 2012 taxes h&r block Deductible mortgage interest. File 2012 taxes h&r block Casualty losses. File 2012 taxes h&r block Other expenses are deductible only if you use your home for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block You can use the business percentage of these expenses to figure your total business use of the home deduction. File 2012 taxes h&r block These expenses generally include (but are not limited to) the following. File 2012 taxes h&r block Depreciation (covered under Depreciating Your Home , later). File 2012 taxes h&r block Insurance. File 2012 taxes h&r block Rent paid for the use of property you do not own but use in your trade or business. File 2012 taxes h&r block Repairs. File 2012 taxes h&r block Security system. File 2012 taxes h&r block Utilities and services. File 2012 taxes h&r block Real estate taxes. File 2012 taxes h&r block   To figure the business part of your real estate taxes, multiply the real estate taxes paid by the percentage of your home used for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block   For more information on the deduction for real estate taxes, see Publication 530, Tax Information for Homeowners. File 2012 taxes h&r block Deductible mortgage interest. File 2012 taxes h&r block   To figure the business part of your deductible mortgage interest, multiply this interest by the percentage of your home used for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block You can include interest on a second mortgage in this computation. File 2012 taxes h&r block If your total mortgage debt is more than $1,000,000 or your home equity debt is more than $100,000, your deduction may be limited. File 2012 taxes h&r block For more information on what interest is deductible, see Publication 936, Home Mortgage Interest Deduction. File 2012 taxes h&r block Qualified mortgage insurance premiums. File 2012 taxes h&r block   To figure the business part of your qualified mortgage insurance premiums, multiply the premiums by the percentage of your home used for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block You can include premiums for insurance on a second mortgage in this computation. File 2012 taxes h&r block If your adjusted gross income is more than $100,000 ($50,000 if your filing status is married filing separately), your deduction may be limited. File 2012 taxes h&r block For more information, see Publication 936, and Line 13 in the Instructions for Schedule A (Form 1040). File 2012 taxes h&r block Casualty losses. File 2012 taxes h&r block    If you have a casualty loss on your home that you use for business, treat the casualty loss as a direct expense, an indirect expense, or an unrelated expense, depending on the property affected. File 2012 taxes h&r block A direct expense is the loss on the portion of the property you use only in your business. File 2012 taxes h&r block Use the entire loss to figure the business use of the home deduction. File 2012 taxes h&r block An indirect expense is the loss on property you use for both business and personal purposes. File 2012 taxes h&r block Use only the business portion to figure the deduction. File 2012 taxes h&r block An unrelated expense is the loss on property you do not use in your business. File 2012 taxes h&r block Do not use any of the loss to figure the deduction. File 2012 taxes h&r block Example. File 2012 taxes h&r block You meet the rules to take a deduction for an office in your home that is 10% of the total area of your house. File 2012 taxes h&r block A storm damages your roof. File 2012 taxes h&r block This is an indirect expense as the roof is part of the whole house and is considered to be used both for business and personal purposes. File 2012 taxes h&r block You would complete Form 4684, Casualties and Thefts, to report your loss. File 2012 taxes h&r block You complete both section A (Personal Use Property) and section B (Business and Income-Producing Property) as your home is used both for business and personal purposes. File 2012 taxes h&r block Since you use 90% of your home for personal purposes, use 90% of the cost or adjusted basis of your home, insurance or other reimbursement, and fair market value, both before and after the storm, to figure the amounts to enter on lines 2, 3, 5, and 6 of Form 4684. File 2012 taxes h&r block Since you use 10% of your home for business purposes, use 10% of the cost or adjusted basis of your home, insurance or other reimbursement, and fair market value, both before and after the storm, to figure the amounts to enter on lines 20, 21, 23, and 24 of Form 4684. File 2012 taxes h&r block Forms and worksheets to use. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you are filing Schedule C (Form 1040), get Form 8829 and follow the instructions for casualty losses. File 2012 taxes h&r block If you are an employee or a partner, or you file Schedule F (Form 1040), use the Worksheet To Figure the Deduction for Business Use of Your Home, near the end of this publication. File 2012 taxes h&r block You will also need to get Form 4684. File 2012 taxes h&r block More information. File 2012 taxes h&r block   For more information on casualty losses, see Publication 547, Casualties, Disasters, and Thefts. File 2012 taxes h&r block Insurance. File 2012 taxes h&r block   You can deduct the cost of insurance that covers the business part of your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block However, if your insurance premium gives you coverage for a period that extends past the end of your tax year, you can deduct only the business percentage of the part of the premium that gives you coverage for your tax year. File 2012 taxes h&r block You can deduct the business percentage of the part that applies to the following year in that year. File 2012 taxes h&r block Rent. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you rent the home you occupy and meet the requirements for business use of the home, you can deduct part of the rent you pay. File 2012 taxes h&r block To figure your deduction, multiply your rent payments by the percentage of your home used for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you own your home, you cannot deduct the fair rental value of your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block However, see Depreciating Your Home , later. File 2012 taxes h&r block Repairs. File 2012 taxes h&r block   The cost of repairs that relate to your business, including labor (other than your own labor), is a deductible expense. File 2012 taxes h&r block For example, a furnace repair benefits the entire home. File 2012 taxes h&r block If you use 10% of your home for business, you can deduct 10% of the cost of the furnace repair. File 2012 taxes h&r block   Repairs keep your home in good working order over its useful life. File 2012 taxes h&r block Examples of common repairs are patching walls and floors, painting, wallpapering, repairing roofs and gutters, and mending leaks. File 2012 taxes h&r block However, repairs are sometimes treated as a permanent improvement and are not deductible. File 2012 taxes h&r block See Permanent improvements , later, under Depreciating Your Home. File 2012 taxes h&r block Security system. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you install a security system that protects all the doors and windows in your home, you can deduct the business part of the expenses you incur to maintain and monitor the system. File 2012 taxes h&r block You also can take a depreciation deduction for the part of the cost of the security system relating to the business use of your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block Utilities and services. File 2012 taxes h&r block   Expenses for utilities and services, such as electricity, gas, trash removal, and cleaning services, are primarily personal expenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block However, if you use part of your home for business, you can deduct the business part of these expenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block Generally, the business percentage for utilities is the same as the percentage of your home used for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block Telephone. File 2012 taxes h&r block   The basic local telephone service charge, including taxes, for the first telephone line into your home (i. File 2012 taxes h&r block e. File 2012 taxes h&r block , landline) is a nondeductible personal expense. File 2012 taxes h&r block However, charges for business long-distance phone calls on that line, as well as the cost of a second line into your home used exclusively for business, are deductible business expenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block Do not include these expenses as a cost of using your home for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block Deduct these charges separately on the appropriate form or schedule. File 2012 taxes h&r block For example, if you file Schedule C (Form 1040), deduct these expenses on line 25, Utilities (instead of line 30, Expenses for business use of your home). File 2012 taxes h&r block Depreciating Your Home If you own your home and qualify to deduct expenses for its business use, you can claim a deduction for depreciation. File 2012 taxes h&r block Depreciation is an allowance for the wear and tear on the part of your home used for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block You cannot depreciate the cost or value of the land. File 2012 taxes h&r block You recover its cost when you sell or otherwise dispose of the property. File 2012 taxes h&r block Before you figure your depreciation deduction, you need to know the following information. File 2012 taxes h&r block The month and year you started using your home for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block The adjusted basis and fair market value of your home (excluding land) at the time you began using it for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block The cost of any improvements before and after you began using the property for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block The percentage of your home used for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block See Business Percentage , later. File 2012 taxes h&r block Adjusted basis defined. File 2012 taxes h&r block   The adjusted basis of your home is generally its cost, plus the cost of any permanent improvements you made to it, minus any casualty losses or depreciation deducted in earlier tax years. File 2012 taxes h&r block For a discussion of adjusted basis, see Publication 551. File 2012 taxes h&r block Permanent improvements. File 2012 taxes h&r block   A permanent improvement increases the value of property, adds to its life, or gives it a new or different use. File 2012 taxes h&r block Examples of improvements are replacing electric wiring or plumbing, adding a new roof or addition, paneling, or remodeling. File 2012 taxes h&r block    You must carefully distinguish between repairs and improvements. File 2012 taxes h&r block See Repairs , earlier, under Actual Expenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block You also must keep accurate records of these expenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block These records will help you decide whether an expense is a deductible or a capital (added to the basis) expense. File 2012 taxes h&r block However, if you make repairs as part of an extensive remodeling or restoration of your home, the entire job is an improvement. File 2012 taxes h&r block Example. File 2012 taxes h&r block You buy an older home and fix up two rooms as a beauty salon. File 2012 taxes h&r block You patch the plaster on the ceilings and walls, paint, repair the floor, install an outside door, and install new wiring, plumbing, and other equipment. File 2012 taxes h&r block Normally, the patching, painting, and floor work are repairs and the other expenses are permanent improvements. File 2012 taxes h&r block However, because the work gives your property a new use, the entire remodeling job is a permanent improvement and its cost is added to the basis of the property. File 2012 taxes h&r block You cannot deduct any portion of it as a repair expense. File 2012 taxes h&r block Adjusting for depreciation deducted in earlier years. File 2012 taxes h&r block   Decrease the basis of your property by the depreciation you deducted, or could have deducted, on your tax returns under the method of depreciation you properly selected. File 2012 taxes h&r block If you deducted less depreciation than you could have under the method you selected, decrease the basis by the amount you could have deducted under that method. File 2012 taxes h&r block If you did not deduct any depreciation, decrease the basis by the amount you could have deducted. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you deducted more depreciation than you should have, decrease your basis by the amount you should have deducted, plus the part of the excess depreciation you deducted that actually decreased your tax liability for any year. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you deducted the incorrect amount of depreciation, see Publication 946. File 2012 taxes h&r block Fair market value defined. File 2012 taxes h&r block   The fair market value of your home is the price at which the property would change hands between a buyer and a seller, neither having to buy or sell, and both having reasonable knowledge of all necessary facts. File 2012 taxes h&r block Sales of similar property, on or about the date you begin using your home for business, may be helpful in determining the property's fair market value. File 2012 taxes h&r block Figuring the depreciation deduction for the current year. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you began using your home for business before 2013, continue to use the same depreciation method you used in past tax years. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you began using your home for business for the first time in 2013, depreciate the business part as nonresidential real property under the modified accelerated cost recovery system (MACRS). File 2012 taxes h&r block Under MACRS, nonresidential real property is depreciated using the straight line method over 39 years. File 2012 taxes h&r block For more information on MACRS and other methods of depreciation, see Publication 946. File 2012 taxes h&r block   To figure the depreciation deduction, you must first figure the part of the cost of your home that can be depreciated (depreciable basis). File 2012 taxes h&r block The depreciable basis is figured by multiplying the percentage of your home used for business by the smaller of the following. File 2012 taxes h&r block The adjusted basis of your home (excluding land) on the date you began using your home for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block The fair market value of your home (excluding land) on the date you began using your home for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block Depreciation table. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If 2013 was the first year you used your home for business, you can figure your 2013 depreciation for the business part of your home by using the appropriate percentage from the following table. File 2012 taxes h&r block Table 2. File 2012 taxes h&r block MACRS Percentage Table for 39-Year Nonresidential Real Property Month First Used for Business Percentage To Use 1 2. File 2012 taxes h&r block 461% 2 2. File 2012 taxes h&r block 247% 3 2. File 2012 taxes h&r block 033% 4 1. File 2012 taxes h&r block 819% 5 1. File 2012 taxes h&r block 605% 6 1. File 2012 taxes h&r block 391% 7 1. File 2012 taxes h&r block 177% 8 0. File 2012 taxes h&r block 963% 9 0. File 2012 taxes h&r block 749% 10 0. File 2012 taxes h&r block 535% 11 0. File 2012 taxes h&r block 321% 12 0. File 2012 taxes h&r block 107%   Multiply the depreciable basis of the business part of your home by the percentage from the table for the first month you use your home for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block See Publication 946 for the percentages for the remaining tax years of the recovery period. File 2012 taxes h&r block Example. File 2012 taxes h&r block In May, George Miller began to use one room in his home exclusively and regularly to meet clients. File 2012 taxes h&r block This room is 8% of the square footage of his home. File 2012 taxes h&r block He bought the home in 2003 for $125,000. File 2012 taxes h&r block He determined from his property tax records that his adjusted basis in the house (exclusive of land) is $115,000. File 2012 taxes h&r block In May, the house had a fair market value of $165,000. File 2012 taxes h&r block He multiplies his adjusted basis of $115,000 (which is less than the fair market value) by 8%. File 2012 taxes h&r block The result is $9,200, his depreciable basis for the business part of the house. File 2012 taxes h&r block George files his return based on the calendar year. File 2012 taxes h&r block May is the 5th month of his tax year. File 2012 taxes h&r block He multiplies his depreciable basis of $9,200 by 1. File 2012 taxes h&r block 605% (. File 2012 taxes h&r block 01605), the percentage from the table for the 5th month. File 2012 taxes h&r block His depreciation deduction is $147. File 2012 taxes h&r block 66. File 2012 taxes h&r block Depreciating permanent improvements. File 2012 taxes h&r block   Add the costs of permanent improvements made before you began using your home for business to the basis of your property. File 2012 taxes h&r block Depreciate these costs as part of the cost of your home as explained earlier. File 2012 taxes h&r block The costs of improvements made after you begin using your home for business (that affect the business part of your home, such as a new roof) are depreciated separately. File 2012 taxes h&r block Multiply the cost of the improvement by the business-use percentage and depreciate the result over the recovery period that would apply to your home if you began using it for business at the same time as the improvement. File 2012 taxes h&r block For improvements made this year, the recovery period is 39 years. File 2012 taxes h&r block For the percentage to use for the first year, see Table 2, earlier. File 2012 taxes h&r block For more information on recovery periods, see Publication 946. File 2012 taxes h&r block Business Percentage To find the business percentage, compare the size of the part of your home that you use for business to your whole house. File 2012 taxes h&r block Use the resulting percentage to figure the business part of the expenses for operating your entire home. File 2012 taxes h&r block You can use any reasonable method to determine the business percentage. File 2012 taxes h&r block The following are two commonly used methods for figuring the percentage. File 2012 taxes h&r block Divide the area (length multiplied by the width) used for business by the total area of your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block If the rooms in your home are all about the same size, you can divide the number of rooms used for business by the total number of rooms in your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block Example 1. File 2012 taxes h&r block Your office is 240 square feet (12 feet × 20 feet). File 2012 taxes h&r block Your home is 1,200 square feet. File 2012 taxes h&r block Your office is 20% (240 ÷ 1,200) of the total area of your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block Your business percentage is 20%. File 2012 taxes h&r block Example 2. File 2012 taxes h&r block You use one room in your home for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block Your home has 10 rooms, all about equal size. File 2012 taxes h&r block Your office is 10% (1 ÷ 10) of the total area of your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block Your business percentage is 10%. File 2012 taxes h&r block Use lines 1-7 of Form 8829, or lines 1-3 on the Worksheet To Figure the Deduction for Business Use of Your Home (near the end of this publication) to figure your business percentage. File 2012 taxes h&r block Deduction Limit If your gross income from the business use of your home equals or exceeds your total business expenses (including depreciation), you can deduct all your business expenses related to the use of your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block If your gross income from the business use of your home is less than your total business expenses, your deduction for certain expenses for the business use of your home is limited. File 2012 taxes h&r block Your deduction of otherwise nondeductible expenses, such as insurance, utilities, and depreciation of your home (with depreciation of your home taken last), that are allocable to the business, is limited to the gross income from the business use of your home minus the sum of the following. File 2012 taxes h&r block The business part of expenses you could deduct even if you did not use your home for business (such as mortgage interest, real estate taxes, and casualty and theft losses that are allowable as itemized deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040)). File 2012 taxes h&r block These expenses are discussed in detail under Actual Expenses , earlier. File 2012 taxes h&r block The business expenses that relate to the business activity in the home (for example, business phone, supplies, and depreciation on equipment), but not to the use of the home itself. File 2012 taxes h&r block If you are self-employed, do not include in (2) above your deduction for one-half of your self-employment tax. File 2012 taxes h&r block Carryover of unallowed expenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If your deductions are greater than the current year's limit, you can carry over the excess to the next year in which you use actual expenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block They are subject to the deduction limit for that year, whether or not you live in the same home during that year. File 2012 taxes h&r block Figuring the deduction limit and carryover. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you are an employee or a partner, or you file Schedule F (Form 1040), use the Worksheet To Figure the Deduction for Business Use of Your Home, near the end of this publication. File 2012 taxes h&r block If you file Schedule C (Form 1040), figure your deduction limit and carryover on Form 8829. File 2012 taxes h&r block Example. File 2012 taxes h&r block You meet the requirements for deducting expenses for the business use of your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block You use 20% of your home for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block In 2013, your business expenses and the expenses for the business use of your home are deducted from your gross income in the following order. File 2012 taxes h&r block    Gross income from business $6,000 Minus:   Deductible mortgage interest and real estate taxes (20%) 3,000 Business expenses not related to the use of your home (100%) (business phone, supplies, and depreciation on equipment) 2,000 Deduction limit $1,000 Minus other expenses allocable to business use of home:   Maintenance, insurance, and utilities (20%) 800 Depreciation allowed (20% = $1,600 allowable, but subject to balance of deduction limit) 200 Other expenses up to the deduction limit $1,000 Depreciation carryover to 2014 ($1,600 − $200) (subject to deduction limit in 2014) $1,400   You can deduct all of the business part of your deductible mortgage interest and real estate taxes ($3,000). File 2012 taxes h&r block You also can deduct all of your business expenses not related to the use of your home ($2,000). File 2012 taxes h&r block Additionally, you can deduct all of the business part of your expenses for maintenance, insurance, and utilities, because the total ($800) is less than the $1,000 deduction limit. File 2012 taxes h&r block Your deduction for depreciation for the business use of your home is limited to $200 ($1,000 minus $800) because of the deduction limit. File 2012 taxes h&r block You can carry over the $1,400 balance and add it to your depreciation for 2014, subject to your deduction limit in 2014. File 2012 taxes h&r block More than one place of business. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If part of the gross income from your trade or business is from the business use of part of your home and part is from a place other than your home, you must determine the part of your gross income from the business use of your home before you figure the deduction limit. File 2012 taxes h&r block In making this determination, consider the time you spend at each location, the business investment in each location, and any other relevant facts and circumstances. File 2012 taxes h&r block If your home office qualifies as your principal place of business, you can deduct your daily transportation costs between your home and another work location in the same trade or business. File 2012 taxes h&r block For more information on transportation costs, see Publication 463, Travel, Entertainment, Gift, and Car Expenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block Using the Simplified Method The simplified method is an alternative to the calculation, allocation, and substantiation of actual expenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block In most cases, you will figure your deduction by multiplying $5, the prescribed rate, by the area of your home used for a qualified business use. File 2012 taxes h&r block The area you use to figure your deduction is limited to 300 square feet. File 2012 taxes h&r block See Simplified Amount , later, for information about figuring the amount of the deduction. File 2012 taxes h&r block For more information about the simplified method, see Revenue Procedure 2013-13, 2013-06 I. File 2012 taxes h&r block R. File 2012 taxes h&r block B. File 2012 taxes h&r block 478, available at www. File 2012 taxes h&r block irs. File 2012 taxes h&r block gov/irb/2013-06_IRB/ar09. File 2012 taxes h&r block html. File 2012 taxes h&r block Actual expenses and depreciation of your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you elect to use the simplified method, you cannot deduct any actual expenses for the business except for business expenses that are not related to the use of the home. File 2012 taxes h&r block You also cannot deduct any depreciation (including any additional first-year depreciation) or section 179 expense for the portion of the home that is used for a qualified business use. File 2012 taxes h&r block The depreciation deduction allowable for that portion of the home is deemed to be zero for a year you use the simplified method. File 2012 taxes h&r block If you figure your deduction for business use of the home using actual expenses in a subsequent year, you will have to use the appropriate optional depreciation table for MACRS to figure your depreciation. File 2012 taxes h&r block More information. File 2012 taxes h&r block   For more information about claiming depreciation in a subsequent year, see Revenue Procedure 2013-13, 2013-06 I. File 2012 taxes h&r block R. File 2012 taxes h&r block B. File 2012 taxes h&r block 478, available at www. File 2012 taxes h&r block irs. File 2012 taxes h&r block gov/irb/2013-06_IRB/ar09. File 2012 taxes h&r block html. File 2012 taxes h&r block See Publication 946 for the optional depreciation tables Although you cannot deduct any depreciation or section 179 expense for the portion of your home used for a qualified business use, you may still claim depreciation or the section 179 expense deduction on other assets used in the business (for example, furniture and equipment). File 2012 taxes h&r block Expenses deductible without regard to business use. File 2012 taxes h&r block   When using the simplified method, treat as personal expenses those business expenses related to the use of the home that are deductible without regard to whether there is a qualified business use of the home. File 2012 taxes h&r block These expenses include mortgage interest, real estate taxes, and casualty losses, subject to any limitations. File 2012 taxes h&r block See Where To Deduct , later. File 2012 taxes h&r block If you also rent part of your home, you must still allocate these expenses between rental use and personal use (for this purpose, personal use includes business use reported using the simplified method). File 2012 taxes h&r block No deduction of carryover of actual expenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you used actual expenses to figure your deduction for business use of the home in a prior year and your deduction was limited, you cannot deduct the disallowed amount carried over from the prior year during a year you figure your deduction using the simplified method. File 2012 taxes h&r block Instead, you will continue to carry over the disallowed amount to the next year that you use actual expenses to figure your deduction. File 2012 taxes h&r block Electing the Simplified Method You choose whether or not to figure your deduction using the simplified method each taxable year. File 2012 taxes h&r block Make the election for a home by using the simplified method to figure the deduction for the qualified business use of that home on a timely filed, original federal income tax return. File 2012 taxes h&r block An election for a taxable year, once made, is irrevocable. File 2012 taxes h&r block A change from using the simplified method in one year to actual expenses in a succeeding taxable year, or vice-versa, is not a change in method of accounting and does not require the consent of the Commissioner. File 2012 taxes h&r block Shared use. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you share your home with someone else who also uses the home in a business that qualifies for this deduction, each of you make your own election. File 2012 taxes h&r block More than one qualified business use. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you conduct more than one business that qualifies for this deduction in your home, your election to use the simplified method applies to all your qualified business uses of that home. File 2012 taxes h&r block More than one home. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you used more than one home during the year (for example, you moved during the year), you can elect to use the simplified method for only one of the homes. File 2012 taxes h&r block You must figure the deduction for any other home using actual expenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block Simplified Amount Your deduction for the qualified business use of a home is the sum of each amount you figure for a separate qualified business use of your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block To figure your deduction for the business use of a home using the simplified method, you will need to know the following information for each qualified business use of the home. File 2012 taxes h&r block The allowable area of your home used in conducting the business. File 2012 taxes h&r block If you did not conduct the business for the entire year in the home or the area changed during the year, you will need to know the allowable area you used and the number of days you conducted the business for each month. File 2012 taxes h&r block The gross income from the business use of your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block The amount of the business expenses that are not related to the use of your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block If the qualified business use is for a daycare facility that uses space in your home on a regular (but not exclusive) basis, you will also need to know the percentage of time that part of your home is used for daycare. File 2012 taxes h&r block To figure the amount you can deduct for qualified business use of your home using the simplified method, follow these 3 steps. File 2012 taxes h&r block Multiply the allowable area by $5 (or less than $5 if the qualified business use is for a daycare that uses space in your home on a regular, but not exclusive, basis). File 2012 taxes h&r block See Allowable area and Space used regularly for daycare , later. File 2012 taxes h&r block Subtract the expenses from the business that are not related to the use of the home from the gross income related to the business use of the home. File 2012 taxes h&r block If these expenses are greater than the gross income from the business use of the home, then you cannot take a deduction for this business use of the home. File 2012 taxes h&r block See Gross income limitation , later. File 2012 taxes h&r block Take the smaller of the amounts from (1) and (2). File 2012 taxes h&r block This is the amount you can deduct for this qualified business use of your home using the simplified method. File 2012 taxes h&r block If you are an employee or a partner, or you use your home in your farming business and file Schedule F (Form 1040), you can use the Simplified Method Worksheet, near the end of this publication, to help you figure your deduction. File 2012 taxes h&r block If you use your home in a trade or business and you file Schedule C (Form 1040), you will use the Simplified Method Worksheet in your Instructions for Schedule C to figure your deduction. File 2012 taxes h&r block Allowable area. File 2012 taxes h&r block   In most cases, the allowable area is the smaller of the actual area (in square feet) of your home used in conducting the business and 300 square feet. File 2012 taxes h&r block Your allowable area may be smaller if you conducted the business as a qualified joint venture with your spouse, the area used by the business was shared with another qualified business use, you used the home for the business for only part of the year, or the area used by the business changed during the year. File 2012 taxes h&r block You can use the Area Adjustment Worksheet (for simplified method), near the end of this publication, to help you figure your allowable area for a qualified business use. File 2012 taxes h&r block Area used by a qualified joint venture. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If the qualified business use of the home is also a qualified joint venture, you and your spouse will figure the deduction for the business use separately. File 2012 taxes h&r block Split the actual area used in conducting business between you and your spouse in the same manner you split your other tax attributes. File 2012 taxes h&r block Then, each spouse will figure the allowable area separately. File 2012 taxes h&r block For more information about qualified joint ventures, see Qualified Joint Venture in the Instructions for Schedule C. File 2012 taxes h&r block Shared use. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you share your home with someone else who uses the home to conduct business that also qualifies for this deduction, you may not include the same square feet to figure your deduction as the other person. File 2012 taxes h&r block You must allocate the shared space between you and the other person in a reasonable manner. File 2012 taxes h&r block Example. File 2012 taxes h&r block Kristin and Lindsey are roommates. File 2012 taxes h&r block Kristin uses 300 square feet of their home for a qualified business use. File 2012 taxes h&r block Lindsey uses 200 square feet of their home for a separate qualified business use. File 2012 taxes h&r block The qualified business uses share 100 square feet. File 2012 taxes h&r block In addition to the portion that they do not share, Kristin and Lindsey can both claim 50 of the 100 square feet or divide the 100 square feet between them in any reasonable manner. File 2012 taxes h&r block If divided evenly, Kristin could claim 250 square feet using the simplified method and Lindsey could claim 150 square feet. File 2012 taxes h&r block More than one qualified business use. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you conduct more than one business qualifying for the deduction, you are limited to a maximum of 300 square feet for all of the businesses. File 2012 taxes h&r block Allocate the actual square footage used (up to the maximum of 300 square feet) among your qualified business uses in a reasonable manner. File 2012 taxes h&r block However, do not allocate more square feet to a qualified business use than you actually use for that business. File 2012 taxes h&r block Rental use. File 2012 taxes h&r block   The simplified method does not apply to rental use. File 2012 taxes h&r block A rental use that qualifies for the deduction must be figured using actual expenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block If the rental use and a qualified business use share the same area, you will have to allocate the actual area used between the two uses. File 2012 taxes h&r block You cannot use the same area to figure a deduction for the qualified business use as you are using to figure the deduction for the rental use. File 2012 taxes h&r block Part-year use or area changes. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If your qualified business use was for a portion of the taxable year (for example, a seasonal business or a business that begins during the taxable year) or you changed the square footage of your qualified business use, your deduction is limited to the average monthly allowable square footage. File 2012 taxes h&r block You calculate the average monthly allowable square footage by adding the amount of allowable square feet you used in each month and dividing the sum by 12. File 2012 taxes h&r block When determining the average monthly allowable square footage, you cannot take more than 300 square feet into account for any one month. File 2012 taxes h&r block Additionally, if your qualified business use was less than 15 days in a month, you must use -0- for that month. File 2012 taxes h&r block Example 1. File 2012 taxes h&r block Andy files his federal income tax return on a calendar year basis. File 2012 taxes h&r block On July 20, he began using 420 square feet of his home for a qualified business use. File 2012 taxes h&r block He continued to use the 420 square feet until the end of the year. File 2012 taxes h&r block His average monthly allowable square footage is 125 square feet, which is figured using 300 square feet for each month August through December divided by the number of months in the taxable year ((0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 300 + 300 + 300 + 300 + 300)/12). File 2012 taxes h&r block Example 2. File 2012 taxes h&r block Amy files her federal income tax return on a calendar year basis. File 2012 taxes h&r block On April 20, she began using 100 square feet of her home for a qualified business use. File 2012 taxes h&r block On August 5, she expanded the area of her qualified use to 330 square feet. File 2012 taxes h&r block Amy continued to use the 330 square feet until the end of the year. File 2012 taxes h&r block Her average monthly allowable square footage is 150 square feet, which is figured using 100 square feet for May through July and 300 square feet for August through December divided by the number of months in the taxable year ((0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 100 + 100 +100 + 300 + 300 + 300 + 300 + 300)/12). File 2012 taxes h&r block Gross income limitation. File 2012 taxes h&r block   Your deduction for business use of the home is limited to an amount equal to the gross income derived from the qualified business use of the home reduced by the business deductions that are unrelated to the use of your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block If the business deductions that are unrelated to the use of your home are greater than the gross income derived from the qualified business use of your home, then you cannot take a deduction for this qualified business use of your home. File 2012 taxes h&r block Business expenses not related to use of the home. File 2012 taxes h&r block   These expenses relate to the business activity in the home, but not to the use of the home itself. File 2012 taxes h&r block You can still deduct business expenses that are unrelated to the use of the home. File 2012 taxes h&r block See Where To Deduct , later. File 2012 taxes h&r block Examples of business expenses that are unrelated to the use of the home are advertising, wages, supplies, dues, and depreciation for equipment. File 2012 taxes h&r block Space used regularly for daycare. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you do not use the area of your home exclusively for daycare, you must reduce the prescribed rate (maximum $5 per square foot) before figuring your deduction. File 2012 taxes h&r block The reduced rate will equal the prescribed rate times a fraction. File 2012 taxes h&r block The numerator of the fraction is the number of hours that the space was used during the year for daycare and the denominator is the total number of hours during the year that the space was available for all uses. File 2012 taxes h&r block You can use the Daycare Facility Worksheet (for simplified method), near the end of this publication, to help you figure the reduced rate. File 2012 taxes h&r block    If you used at least 300 square feet for daycare regularly and exclusively during the year, then you do not need to reduce the prescribed rate or complete the Daycare Facility Worksheet. File 2012 taxes h&r block Daycare Facility If you use space in your home on a regular basis for providing daycare, you may be able to claim a deduction for that part of your home even if you use the same space for nonbusiness purposes. File 2012 taxes h&r block To qualify for this exception to the exclusive use rule, you must meet both of the following requirements. File 2012 taxes h&r block You must be in the trade or business of providing daycare for children, persons age 65 or older, or persons who are physically or mentally unable to care for themselves. File 2012 taxes h&r block You must have applied for, been granted, or be exempt from having, a license, certification, registration, or approval as a daycare center or as a family or group daycare home under state law. File 2012 taxes h&r block You do not meet this requirement if your application was rejected or your license or other authorization was revoked. File 2012 taxes h&r block Figuring the deduction. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you elect to use the simplified method for your home, figure your deduction as described earlier in Using the Simplified Method under Figuring the Deduction. File 2012 taxes h&r block    If you are figuring your deduction using actual expenses and you regularly use part of your home for daycare, figure what part is used for daycare, as explained in Business Percentage , earlier, under Figuring the Deduction. File 2012 taxes h&r block If you also use that part exclusively for daycare, deduct all the allocable expenses, subject to the deduction limit, as explained earlier. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If the use of part of your home as a daycare facility is regular, but not exclusive, you must figure the percentage of time that part of your home is used for daycare. File 2012 taxes h&r block A room that is available for use throughout each business day and that you regularly use in your business is considered to be used for daycare throughout each business day. File 2012 taxes h&r block You do not have to keep records to show the specific hours the area was used for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block You can use the area occasionally for personal reasons. File 2012 taxes h&r block However, a room you use only occasionally for business does not qualify for the deduction. File 2012 taxes h&r block To find the percentage of time you actually use your home for business, compare the total time used for business to the total time that part of your home can be used for all purposes. File 2012 taxes h&r block You can compare the hours of business use in a week with the number of hours in a week (168). File 2012 taxes h&r block Or you can compare the hours of business use for the year with the number of hours in the year (8,760 in 2013). File 2012 taxes h&r block If you started or stopped using your home for daycare in 2013, you must prorate the number of hours based on the number of days the home was available for daycare. File 2012 taxes h&r block Example 1. File 2012 taxes h&r block Mary Lake used her basement to operate a daycare business for children. File 2012 taxes h&r block She figures the business percentage of the basement as follows. File 2012 taxes h&r block Square footage of the basement Square footage of her home = 1,600 3,200 = 50%           She used the basement for daycare an average of 12 hours a day, 5 days a week, for 50 weeks a year. File 2012 taxes h&r block During the other 12 hours a day, the family could use the basement. File 2012 taxes h&r block She figures the percentage of time the basement was used for daycare as follows. File 2012 taxes h&r block Number of hours used for daycare (12 x 5 x 50) Total number of hours in the year (24 x 365) = 3,000 8,760 = 34. File 2012 taxes h&r block 25%           Mary can deduct 34. File 2012 taxes h&r block 25% of any direct expenses for the basement. File 2012 taxes h&r block However, because her indirect expenses are for the entire house, she can deduct only 17. File 2012 taxes h&r block 13% of the indirect expenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block She figures the percentage for her indirect expenses as follows. File 2012 taxes h&r block Business percentage of the basement 50% Multiplied by: Percentage of time used for daycare × 34. File 2012 taxes h&r block 25% Percentage for indirect expenses 17. File 2012 taxes h&r block 13% Mary completes Form 8829, Part I, figuring the percentage of her home used for business, including the percentage of time the basement was used. File 2012 taxes h&r block In Part II, Mary figures her deductible expenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block She uses the following information to complete Part II. File 2012 taxes h&r block Gross income from her daycare business $50,000 Expenses not related to the business use of the home $25,000 Tentative profit $25,000 Rent $8,400 Utilities $850 Painting the basement $500 Mary enters her tentative profit, $25,000, on line 8. File 2012 taxes h&r block (This figure is the same as the amount on line 29 of her Schedule C (Form 1040). File 2012 taxes h&r block ) The expenses she paid for rent and utilities relate to her entire home. File 2012 taxes h&r block Therefore, she enters the amount paid for rent on line 18, column (b), and the amount paid for utilities on line 20, column (b). File 2012 taxes h&r block She shows the total of these expenses on line 22, column (b). File 2012 taxes h&r block For line 23, she multiplies the amount on line 22, column (b) by the percentage on line 7 and enters the result, $1,585. File 2012 taxes h&r block Mary paid $500 to have the basement painted. File 2012 taxes h&r block The painting is a direct expense. File 2012 taxes h&r block However, because she did not use the basement exclusively for daycare, she must multiply $500 by the percentage of time the basement was used for daycare (34. File 2012 taxes h&r block 25% – line 6). File 2012 taxes h&r block She enters $171 (34. File 2012 taxes h&r block 25% × $500) on line 19, column (a). File 2012 taxes h&r block She adds line 22, column (a), and line 23 and enters $1,756 ($171 + $1,585) on line 25. File 2012 taxes h&r block This is less than her deduction limit (line 15), so she can deduct the entire amount. File 2012 taxes h&r block She follows the instructions to complete the rest of Part II and enters $1,756 on lines 33 and 35. File 2012 taxes h&r block She then carries the $1,756 to line 30 of her Schedule C (Form 1040). File 2012 taxes h&r block Example 2. File 2012 taxes h&r block Assume the same facts as in Example 1 except that Mary also has another room that was available each business day for children to take naps in. File 2012 taxes h&r block Although she did not keep a record of the number of hours the room was actually used for naps, it was used for part of each business day. File 2012 taxes h&r block Since the room was available for business use during regular operating hours each business day and was used regularly in the business, it is considered used for daycare throughout each business day. File 2012 taxes h&r block The basement and room are 60% of the total area of her home. File 2012 taxes h&r block In figuring her expenses, 34. File 2012 taxes h&r block 25% of any direct expenses for the basement and room are deductible. File 2012 taxes h&r block In addition, 20. File 2012 taxes h&r block 55% (34. File 2012 taxes h&r block 25% × 60%) of her indirect expenses are deductible. File 2012 taxes h&r block Example 3. File 2012 taxes h&r block Assume the same facts as in Example 1 except that Mary stopped using her home for a daycare facility on June 24, 2013. File 2012 taxes h&r block She used the basement for daycare an average of 12 hours a day, 5 days a week, but for only 25 weeks of the year. File 2012 taxes h&r block During the other 12 hours a day, the family could still use the basement. File 2012 taxes h&r block She figures the percentage of time the basement was used for business as follows. File 2012 taxes h&r block Number of hours used for daycare (12 x 5 x 25) Total number of hours during period used (24 x 175) = 1,500 4,200 = 35. File 2012 taxes h&r block 71%           Mary can deduct 35. File 2012 taxes h&r block 71% of any direct expenses for the basement. File 2012 taxes h&r block However, because her indirect expenses are for the entire house, she can deduct only 17. File 2012 taxes h&r block 86% of the indirect expenses. File 2012 taxes h&r block She figures the percentage for her indirect expenses as follows. File 2012 taxes h&r block Business percentage of the basement 50% Multiplied by: Percentage of time used for daycare × 35. File 2012 taxes h&r block 71% Percentage for indirect expenses 17. File 2012 taxes h&r block 86% Meals. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you provide food for your daycare recipients, do not include the expense as a cost of using your home for business. File 2012 taxes h&r block Claim it as a separate deduction on your Schedule C (Form 1040). File 2012 taxes h&r block You can never deduct the cost of food consumed by you or your family. File 2012 taxes h&r block You can deduct as a business expense 100% of the actual cost of food consumed by your daycare recipients (see Standard meal and snack rates , later, for an optional method for eligible children) and generally only 50% of the cost of food consumed by your employees. File 2012 taxes h&r block However, you can deduct 100% of the cost of food consumed by your employees if its value can be excluded from their wages as a de minimis fringe benefit. File 2012 taxes h&r block For more information on meals that meet these requirements, see Meals in chapter 2 of Publication 15-B, Employer's Tax Guide to Fringe Benefits. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you deduct the actual cost of food for your daycare business, keep a separate record (with receipts) of your family's food costs. File 2012 taxes h&r block   Reimbursements you receive from a sponsor under the Child and Adult Care Food Program of the Department of Agriculture are taxable only to the extent they exceed your expenses for food for eligible children. File 2012 taxes h&r block If your reimbursements are more than your expenses for food, show the difference as income in Part I of Schedule C (Form 1040). File 2012 taxes h&r block If your food expenses are greater than the reimbursements, show the difference as an expense in Part V of Schedule C (Form 1040). File 2012 taxes h&r block Do not include payments or expenses for your own children if they are eligible for the program. File 2012 taxes h&r block Follow this procedure even if you receive a Form 1099-MISC, Miscellaneous Income, reporting a payment from the sponsor. File 2012 taxes h&r block Standard meal and snack rates. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you qualify as a family daycare provider, you can use the standard meal and snack rates, instead of actual costs, to compute the deductible cost of meals and snacks provided to eligible children. File 2012 taxes h&r block For these purposes: A family daycare provider is a person engaged in the business of providing family daycare. File 2012 taxes h&r block Family daycare is childcare provided to eligible children in the home of the family daycare provider. File 2012 taxes h&r block The care must be non-medical, not involve a transfer of legal custody, and generally last less than 24 hours each day. File 2012 taxes h&r block Eligible children are minor children receiving family daycare in the home of the family daycare provider. File 2012 taxes h&r block Eligible children do not include children who are full-time or part-time residents in the home where the childcare is provided or children whose parents or guardians are residents of the same home. File 2012 taxes h&r block Eligible children do not include children who receive daycare services for personal reasons of the provider. File 2012 taxes h&r block For example, if a provider provides daycare services for a relative as a favor to that relative, that child is not an eligible child. File 2012 taxes h&r block   You can compute the deductible cost of each meal and snack you actually purchased and served to an eligible child during the time period you provided family daycare using the standard meal and snack rates shown in Table 3, later. File 2012 taxes h&r block You can use the standard meal and snack rates for a maximum of one breakfast, one lunch, one dinner, and three snacks per eligible child per day. File 2012 taxes h&r block If you receive reimbursement for a particular meal or snack, you can deduct only the portion of the applicable standard meal or snack rate that is more than the amount of the reimbursement. File 2012 taxes h&r block   You can use either the standard meal and snack rates or actual costs to calculate the deductible cost of food provided to eligible children in the family daycare for any particular tax year. File 2012 taxes h&r block If you choose to use the standard meal and snack rates for a particular tax year, you must use the rates for all your deductible food costs for eligible children during that tax year. File 2012 taxes h&r block However, if you use the standard meal and snack rates in any tax year, you can use actual costs to compute the deductible cost of food in any other tax year. File 2012 taxes h&r block   If you use the standard meal and snack rates, you must maintain records to substantiate the computation of the total amount deducted for the cost of food provided to eligible children. File 2012 taxes h&r block The records kept should include the name of each child, dates and hours of attendance in the daycare, and the type and quantity of meals and snacks served. File 2012 taxes h&r block This information can be recorded in a log similar to the one shown in Exhibit A, near the end of this publication. File 2012 taxes h&r block   The standard meal and snack rates include beverages, but do not include non-food supplies used for food preparation, service, or storage, such as containers, paper products, or utensils. File 2012 taxes h&r block These expenses can be claimed as a separate deduction on your Schedule C (Form 1040). File 2012 taxes h&r block     Table 3. File 2012 taxes h&r block Standard Meal and Snack Rates1 Location of Family Daycare Provider Breakfast Lunch Dinner Snack States other than Alaska an