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File 2012 Tax

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File 2012 Tax

File 2012 tax 1. File 2012 tax   Traditional IRAs Table of Contents What's New for 2013 What's New for 2014 Introduction Who Can Open a Traditional IRA?What Is Compensation? When Can a Traditional IRA Be Opened? How Can a Traditional IRA Be Opened?Individual Retirement Account Individual Retirement Annuity Individual Retirement Bonds Simplified Employee Pension (SEP) Employer and Employee Association Trust Accounts Required Disclosures How Much Can Be Contributed?Limit. File 2012 tax When repayment contributions can be made. File 2012 tax No deduction. File 2012 tax Reserve component. File 2012 tax Figuring your IRA deduction. File 2012 tax Reporting the repayment. File 2012 tax Example. File 2012 tax General Limit Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA Limit Filing Status Less Than Maximum Contributions More Than Maximum Contributions When Can Contributions Be Made? How Much Can You Deduct?Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA. File 2012 tax Are You Covered by an Employer Plan? Limit if Covered by Employer Plan Reporting Deductible Contributions Nondeductible Contributions Examples — Worksheet for Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013 What if You Inherit an IRA?Treating it as your own. File 2012 tax Can You Move Retirement Plan Assets?Transfers to Roth IRAs from other retirement plans. File 2012 tax Trustee-to-Trustee Transfer Rollovers Transfers Incident To Divorce Converting From Any Traditional IRA Into a Roth IRA Recharacterizations When Can You Withdraw or Use Assets?Contributions Returned Before Due Date of Return When Must You Withdraw Assets? (Required Minimum Distributions)IRA Owners IRA Beneficiaries Which Table Do You Use To Determine Your Required Minimum Distribution? What Age(s) Do You Use With the Table(s)? Miscellaneous Rules for Required Minimum Distributions Are Distributions Taxable?January 2013 QCDs treated as made in 2012. File 2012 tax 2013 Reporting. File 2012 tax Additional reporting requirements if you made the election to treat a January 2013 QCD as made in 2012. File 2012 tax One-time transfer. File 2012 tax Testing period rules apply. File 2012 tax More information. File 2012 tax Distributions Fully or Partly Taxable Figuring the Nontaxable and Taxable Amounts Recognizing Losses on Traditional IRA Investments Other Special IRA Distribution Situations Reporting and Withholding Requirements for Taxable Amounts What Acts Result in Penalties or Additional Taxes?Prohibited Transactions Investment in Collectibles Excess Contributions Early Distributions Excess Accumulations (Insufficient Distributions) Reporting Additional Taxes What's New for 2013 Traditional IRA contribution and deduction limit. File 2012 tax  The contribution limit to your traditional IRA for 2013 will be increased to the smaller of the following amounts: $5,500, or Your taxable compensation for the year. File 2012 tax If you were age 50 or older before 2014, the most that can be contributed to your traditional IRA for 2013 will be the smaller of the following amounts: $6,500, or Your taxable compensation for the year. File 2012 tax For more information, see How Much Can Be Contributed? in this chapter. File 2012 tax Modified AGI limit for traditional IRA contributions increased. File 2012 tax  For 2013, if you were covered by a retirement plan at work, your deduction for contributions to a traditional IRA is reduced (phased out) if your modified AGI is: More than $95,000 but less than $115,000 for a married couple filing a joint return or a qualifying widow(er), More than $59,000 but less than $69,000 for a single individual or head of household, or Less than $10,000 for a married individual filing a separate return. File 2012 tax If you either lived with your spouse or file a joint return, and your spouse was covered by a retirement plan at work, but you were not, your deduction is phased out if your modified AGI is more than $178,000 but less than $188,000. File 2012 tax If your modified AGI is $188,000 or more, you cannot take a deduction for contributions to a traditional IRA. File 2012 tax See How Much Can You Deduct? in this chapter. File 2012 tax Net Investment Income Tax. File 2012 tax  For purposes of the Net Investment Income Tax (NIIT), net investment income does not include distributions from a qualified retirement plan (for example, 401(a), 403(a), 403(b), 457(b) plans, and IRAs). File 2012 tax However, these distributions are taken into account when determining the modified adjusted gross income threshold. File 2012 tax Distributions from a nonqualified retirement plan are included in net investment income. File 2012 tax See Form 8960, Net Investment Income Tax—Individuals, Estates, and Trusts, and its instructions for more information. File 2012 tax What's New for 2014 Modified AGI limit for traditional IRA contributions increased. File 2012 tax  For 2014, if you are covered by a retirement plan at work, your deduction for contributions to a traditional IRA is reduced (phased out) if your modified AGI is: More than $96,000 but less than $116,000 for a married couple filing a joint return or a qualifying widow(er), More than $60,000 but less than $70,000 for a single individual or head of household, or Less than $10,000 for a married individual filing a separate return. File 2012 tax If you either live with your spouse or file a joint return, and your spouse is covered by a retirement plan at work, but you are not, your deduction is phased out if your modified AGI is more than $181,000 but less than $191,000. File 2012 tax If your modified AGI is $191,000 or more, you cannot take a deduction for contributions to a traditional IRA. File 2012 tax Introduction This chapter discusses the original IRA. File 2012 tax In this publication the original IRA (sometimes called an ordinary or regular IRA) is referred to as a “traditional IRA. File 2012 tax ” A traditional IRA is any IRA that is not a Roth IRA or a SIMPLE IRA. File 2012 tax The following are two advantages of a traditional IRA: You may be able to deduct some or all of your contributions to it, depending on your circumstances. File 2012 tax Generally, amounts in your IRA, including earnings and gains, are not taxed until they are distributed. File 2012 tax Who Can Open a Traditional IRA? You can open and make contributions to a traditional IRA if: You (or, if you file a joint return, your spouse) received taxable compensation during the year, and You were not age 70½ by the end of the year. File 2012 tax You can have a traditional IRA whether or not you are covered by any other retirement plan. File 2012 tax However, you may not be able to deduct all of your contributions if you or your spouse is covered by an employer retirement plan. File 2012 tax See How Much Can You Deduct , later. File 2012 tax Both spouses have compensation. File 2012 tax   If both you and your spouse have compensation and are under age 70½, each of you can open an IRA. File 2012 tax You cannot both participate in the same IRA. File 2012 tax If you file a joint return, only one of you needs to have compensation. File 2012 tax What Is Compensation? Generally, compensation is what you earn from working. File 2012 tax For a summary of what compensation does and does not include, see Table 1-1. File 2012 tax Compensation includes all of the items discussed next (even if you have more than one type). File 2012 tax Wages, salaries, etc. File 2012 tax   Wages, salaries, tips, professional fees, bonuses, and other amounts you receive for providing personal services are compensation. File 2012 tax The IRS treats as compensation any amount properly shown in box 1 (Wages, tips, other compensation) of Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, provided that amount is reduced by any amount properly shown in box 11 (Nonqualified plans). File 2012 tax Scholarship and fellowship payments are compensation for IRA purposes only if shown in box 1 of Form W-2. File 2012 tax Commissions. File 2012 tax   An amount you receive that is a percentage of profits or sales price is compensation. File 2012 tax Self-employment income. File 2012 tax   If you are self-employed (a sole proprietor or a partner), compensation is the net earnings from your trade or business (provided your personal services are a material income-producing factor) reduced by the total of: The deduction for contributions made on your behalf to retirement plans, and The deduction allowed for the deductible part of your self-employment taxes. File 2012 tax   Compensation includes earnings from self-employment even if they are not subject to self-employment tax because of your religious beliefs. File 2012 tax Self-employment loss. File 2012 tax   If you have a net loss from self-employment, do not subtract the loss from your salaries or wages when figuring your total compensation. File 2012 tax Alimony and separate maintenance. File 2012 tax   For IRA purposes, compensation includes any taxable alimony and separate maintenance payments you receive under a decree of divorce or separate maintenance. File 2012 tax Nontaxable combat pay. File 2012 tax   If you were a member of the U. File 2012 tax S. File 2012 tax Armed Forces, compensation includes any nontaxable combat pay you received. File 2012 tax This amount should be reported in box 12 of your 2013 Form W-2 with code Q. File 2012 tax Table 1-1. File 2012 tax Compensation for Purposes of an IRA Includes . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax Does not include . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax   earnings and profits from property. File 2012 tax wages, salaries, etc. File 2012 tax     interest and dividend income. File 2012 tax commissions. File 2012 tax     pension or annuity income. File 2012 tax self-employment income. File 2012 tax     deferred compensation. File 2012 tax alimony and separate maintenance. File 2012 tax     income from certain  partnerships. File 2012 tax nontaxable combat pay. File 2012 tax     any amounts you exclude from income. File 2012 tax     What Is Not Compensation? Compensation does not include any of the following items. File 2012 tax Earnings and profits from property, such as rental income, interest income, and dividend income. File 2012 tax Pension or annuity income. File 2012 tax Deferred compensation received (compensation payments postponed from a past year). File 2012 tax Income from a partnership for which you do not provide services that are a material income-producing factor. File 2012 tax Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) payments reported on Schedule SE (Form 1040), line 1b. File 2012 tax Any amounts (other than combat pay) you exclude from income, such as foreign earned income and housing costs. File 2012 tax When Can a Traditional IRA Be Opened? You can open a traditional IRA at any time. File 2012 tax However, the time for making contributions for any year is limited. File 2012 tax See When Can Contributions Be Made , later. File 2012 tax How Can a Traditional IRA Be Opened? You can open different kinds of IRAs with a variety of organizations. File 2012 tax You can open an IRA at a bank or other financial institution or with a mutual fund or life insurance company. File 2012 tax You can also open an IRA through your stockbroker. File 2012 tax Any IRA must meet Internal Revenue Code requirements. File 2012 tax The requirements for the various arrangements are discussed below. File 2012 tax Kinds of traditional IRAs. File 2012 tax   Your traditional IRA can be an individual retirement account or annuity. File 2012 tax It can be part of either a simplified employee pension (SEP) or an employer or employee association trust account. File 2012 tax Individual Retirement Account An individual retirement account is a trust or custodial account set up in the United States for the exclusive benefit of you or your beneficiaries. File 2012 tax The account is created by a written document. File 2012 tax The document must show that the account meets all of the following requirements. File 2012 tax The trustee or custodian must be a bank, a federally insured credit union, a savings and loan association, or an entity approved by the IRS to act as trustee or custodian. File 2012 tax The trustee or custodian generally cannot accept contributions of more than the deductible amount for the year. File 2012 tax However, rollover contributions and employer contributions to a simplified employee pension (SEP) can be more than this amount. File 2012 tax Contributions, except for rollover contributions, must be in cash. File 2012 tax See Rollovers , later. File 2012 tax You must have a nonforfeitable right to the amount at all times. File 2012 tax Money in your account cannot be used to buy a life insurance policy. File 2012 tax Assets in your account cannot be combined with other property, except in a common trust fund or common investment fund. File 2012 tax You must start receiving distributions by April 1 of the year following the year in which you reach age 70½. File 2012 tax See When Must You Withdraw Assets? (Required Minimum Distributions) , later. File 2012 tax Individual Retirement Annuity You can open an individual retirement annuity by purchasing an annuity contract or an endowment contract from a life insurance company. File 2012 tax An individual retirement annuity must be issued in your name as the owner, and either you or your beneficiaries who survive you are the only ones who can receive the benefits or payments. File 2012 tax An individual retirement annuity must meet all the following requirements. File 2012 tax Your entire interest in the contract must be nonforfeitable. File 2012 tax The contract must provide that you cannot transfer any portion of it to any person other than the issuer. File 2012 tax There must be flexible premiums so that if your compensation changes, your payment can also change. File 2012 tax This provision applies to contracts issued after November 6, 1978. File 2012 tax The contract must provide that contributions cannot be more than the deductible amount for an IRA for the year, and that you must use any refunded premiums to pay for future premiums or to buy more benefits before the end of the calendar year after the year in which you receive the refund. File 2012 tax Distributions must begin by April 1 of the year following the year in which you reach age 70½. File 2012 tax See When Must You Withdraw Assets? (Required Minimum Distributions) , later. File 2012 tax Individual Retirement Bonds The sale of individual retirement bonds issued by the federal government was suspended after April 30, 1982. File 2012 tax The bonds have the following features. File 2012 tax They stop earning interest when you reach age 70½. File 2012 tax If you die, interest will stop 5 years after your death, or on the date you would have reached age 70½, whichever is earlier. File 2012 tax You cannot transfer the bonds. File 2012 tax If you cash (redeem) the bonds before the year in which you reach age 59½, you may be subject to a 10% additional tax. File 2012 tax See Age 59½ Rule under Early Distributions, later. File 2012 tax You can roll over redemption proceeds into IRAs. File 2012 tax Simplified Employee Pension (SEP) A simplified employee pension (SEP) is a written arrangement that allows your employer to make deductible contributions to a traditional IRA (a SEP IRA) set up for you to receive such contributions. File 2012 tax Generally, distributions from SEP IRAs are subject to the withdrawal and tax rules that apply to traditional IRAs. File 2012 tax See Publication 560 for more information about SEPs. File 2012 tax Employer and Employee Association Trust Accounts Your employer or your labor union or other employee association can set up a trust to provide individual retirement accounts for employees or members. File 2012 tax The requirements for individual retirement accounts apply to these traditional IRAs. File 2012 tax Required Disclosures The trustee or issuer (sometimes called the sponsor) of your traditional IRA generally must give you a disclosure statement at least 7 days before you open your IRA. File 2012 tax However, the sponsor does not have to give you the statement until the date you open (or purchase, if earlier) your IRA, provided you are given at least 7 days from that date to revoke the IRA. File 2012 tax The disclosure statement must explain certain items in plain language. File 2012 tax For example, the statement should explain when and how you can revoke the IRA, and include the name, address, and telephone number of the person to receive the notice of cancellation. File 2012 tax This explanation must appear at the beginning of the disclosure statement. File 2012 tax If you revoke your IRA within the revocation period, the sponsor must return to you the entire amount you paid. File 2012 tax The sponsor must report on the appropriate IRS forms both your contribution to the IRA (unless it was made by a trustee-to-trustee transfer) and the amount returned to you. File 2012 tax These requirements apply to all sponsors. File 2012 tax How Much Can Be Contributed? There are limits and other rules that affect the amount that can be contributed to a traditional IRA. File 2012 tax These limits and rules are explained below. File 2012 tax Community property laws. File 2012 tax   Except as discussed later under Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA Limit , each spouse figures his or her limit separately, using his or her own compensation. File 2012 tax This is the rule even in states with community property laws. File 2012 tax Brokers' commissions. File 2012 tax   Brokers' commissions paid in connection with your traditional IRA are subject to the contribution limit. File 2012 tax For information about whether you can deduct brokers' commissions, see Brokers' commissions , later, under How Much Can You Deduct. File 2012 tax Trustees' fees. File 2012 tax   Trustees' administrative fees are not subject to the contribution limit. File 2012 tax For information about whether you can deduct trustees' fees, see Trustees' fees , later, under How Much Can You Deduct. File 2012 tax Qualified reservist repayments. File 2012 tax   If you were a member of a reserve component and you were ordered or called to active duty after September 11, 2001, you may be able to contribute (repay) to an IRA amounts equal to any qualified reservist distributions (defined later under Early Distributions) you received. File 2012 tax You can make these repayment contributions even if they would cause your total contributions to the IRA to be more than the general limit on contributions. File 2012 tax To be eligible to make these repayment contributions, you must have received a qualified reservist distribution from an IRA or from a section 401(k) or 403(b) plan or a similar arrangement. File 2012 tax Limit. File 2012 tax   Your qualified reservist repayments cannot be more than your qualified reservist distributions, explained under Early Distributions , later. File 2012 tax When repayment contributions can be made. File 2012 tax   You cannot make these repayment contributions later than the date that is 2 years after your active duty period ends. File 2012 tax No deduction. File 2012 tax   You cannot deduct qualified reservist repayments. File 2012 tax Reserve component. File 2012 tax   The term “reserve component” means the: Army National Guard of the United States, Army Reserve, Naval Reserve, Marine Corps Reserve, Air National Guard of the United States, Air Force Reserve, Coast Guard Reserve, or Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service. File 2012 tax Figuring your IRA deduction. File 2012 tax   The repayment of qualified reservist distributions does not affect the amount you can deduct as an IRA contribution. File 2012 tax Reporting the repayment. File 2012 tax   If you repay a qualified reservist distribution, include the amount of the repayment with nondeductible contributions on line 1 of Form 8606. File 2012 tax Example. File 2012 tax   In 2013, your IRA contribution limit is $5,500. File 2012 tax However, because of your filing status and AGI, the limit on the amount you can deduct is $3,500. File 2012 tax You can make a nondeductible contribution of $2,000 ($5,500 - $3,500). File 2012 tax In an earlier year you received a $3,000 qualified reservist distribution, which you would like to repay this year. File 2012 tax   For 2013, you can contribute a total of $8,500 to your IRA. File 2012 tax This is made up of the maximum deductible contribution of $3,500; a nondeductible contribution of $2,000; and a $3,000 qualified reservist repayment. File 2012 tax You contribute the maximum allowable for the year. File 2012 tax Since you are making a nondeductible contribution ($2,000) and a qualified reservist repayment ($3,000), you must file Form 8606 with your return and include $5,000 ($2,000 + $3,000) on line 1 of Form 8606. File 2012 tax The qualified reservist repayment is not deductible. File 2012 tax Contributions on your behalf to a traditional IRA reduce your limit for contributions to a Roth IRA. File 2012 tax See chapter 2 for information about Roth IRAs. File 2012 tax General Limit For 2013, the most that can be contributed to your traditional IRA generally is the smaller of the following amounts: $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older), or Your taxable compensation (defined earlier) for the year. File 2012 tax Note. File 2012 tax This limit is reduced by any contributions to a section 501(c)(18) plan (generally, a pension plan created before June 25, 1959, that is funded entirely by employee contributions). File 2012 tax This is the most that can be contributed regardless of whether the contributions are to one or more traditional IRAs or whether all or part of the contributions are nondeductible. File 2012 tax (See Nondeductible Contributions , later. File 2012 tax ) Qualified reservist repayments do not affect this limit. File 2012 tax Examples. File 2012 tax George, who is 34 years old and single, earns $24,000 in 2013. File 2012 tax His IRA contributions for 2013 are limited to $5,500. File 2012 tax Danny, an unmarried college student working part time, earns $3,500 in 2013. File 2012 tax His IRA contributions for 2013 are limited to $3,500, the amount of his compensation. File 2012 tax More than one IRA. File 2012 tax   If you have more than one IRA, the limit applies to the total contributions made on your behalf to all your traditional IRAs for the year. File 2012 tax Annuity or endowment contracts. File 2012 tax   If you invest in an annuity or endowment contract under an individual retirement annuity, no more than $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older) can be contributed toward its cost for the tax year, including the cost of life insurance coverage. File 2012 tax If more than this amount is contributed, the annuity or endowment contract is disqualified. File 2012 tax Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA Limit For 2013, if you file a joint return and your taxable compensation is less than that of your spouse, the most that can be contributed for the year to your IRA is the smaller of the following two amounts: $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older), or The total compensation includible in the gross income of both you and your spouse for the year, reduced by the following two amounts. File 2012 tax Your spouse's IRA contribution for the year to a traditional IRA. File 2012 tax Any contributions for the year to a Roth IRA on behalf of your spouse. File 2012 tax This means that the total combined contributions that can be made for the year to your IRA and your spouse's IRA can be as much as $11,000 ($12,000 if only one of you is age 50 or older or $13,000 if both of you are age 50 or older). File 2012 tax Note. File 2012 tax This traditional IRA limit is reduced by any contributions to a section 501(c)(18) plan (generally, a pension plan created before June 25, 1959, that is funded entirely by employee contributions). File 2012 tax Example. File 2012 tax Kristin, a full-time student with no taxable compensation, marries Carl during the year. File 2012 tax Neither of them was age 50 by the end of 2013. File 2012 tax For the year, Carl has taxable compensation of $30,000. File 2012 tax He plans to contribute (and deduct) $5,500 to a traditional IRA. File 2012 tax If he and Kristin file a joint return, each can contribute $5,500 to a traditional IRA. File 2012 tax This is because Kristin, who has no compensation, can add Carl's compensation, reduced by the amount of his IRA contribution ($30,000 − $5,500 = $24,500), to her own compensation (-0-) to figure her maximum contribution to a traditional IRA. File 2012 tax In her case, $5,500 is her contribution limit, because $5,500 is less than $24,500 (her compensation for purposes of figuring her contribution limit). File 2012 tax Filing Status Generally, except as discussed earlier under Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA Limit , your filing status has no effect on the amount of allowable contributions to your traditional IRA. File 2012 tax However, if during the year either you or your spouse was covered by a retirement plan at work, your deduction may be reduced or eliminated, depending on your filing status and income. File 2012 tax See How Much Can You Deduct , later. File 2012 tax Example. File 2012 tax Tom and Darcy are married and both are 53. File 2012 tax They both work and each has a traditional IRA. File 2012 tax Tom earned $3,800 and Darcy earned $48,000 in 2013. File 2012 tax Because of the Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA limit rule, even though Tom earned less than $6,500, they can contribute up to $6,500 to his IRA for 2013 if they file a joint return. File 2012 tax They can contribute up to $6,500 to Darcy's IRA. File 2012 tax If they file separate returns, the amount that can be contributed to Tom's IRA is limited by his earned income, $3,800. File 2012 tax Less Than Maximum Contributions If contributions to your traditional IRA for a year were less than the limit, you cannot contribute more after the due date of your return for that year to make up the difference. File 2012 tax Example. File 2012 tax Rafael, who is 40, earns $30,000 in 2013. File 2012 tax Although he can contribute up to $5,500 for 2013, he contributes only $3,000. File 2012 tax After April 15, 2014, Rafael cannot make up the difference between his actual contributions for 2013 ($3,000) and his 2013 limit ($5,500). File 2012 tax He cannot contribute $2,500 more than the limit for any later year. File 2012 tax More Than Maximum Contributions If contributions to your IRA for a year were more than the limit, you can apply the excess contribution in one year to a later year if the contributions for that later year are less than the maximum allowed for that year. File 2012 tax However, a penalty or additional tax may apply. File 2012 tax See Excess Contributions , later, under What Acts Result in Penalties or Additional Taxes. File 2012 tax When Can Contributions Be Made? As soon as you open your traditional IRA, contributions can be made to it through your chosen sponsor (trustee or other administrator). File 2012 tax Contributions must be in the form of money (cash, check, or money order). File 2012 tax Property cannot be contributed. File 2012 tax Although property cannot be contributed, your IRA may invest in certain property. File 2012 tax For example, your IRA may purchase shares of stock. File 2012 tax For other restrictions on the use of funds in your IRA, see Prohibited Transactions , later in this chapter. File 2012 tax You may be able to transfer or roll over certain property from one retirement plan to another. File 2012 tax See the discussion of rollovers and other transfers later in this chapter under Can You Move Retirement Plan Assets . File 2012 tax You can make a contribution to your IRA by having your income tax refund (or a portion of your refund), if any, paid directly to your traditional IRA, Roth IRA, or SEP IRA. File 2012 tax For details, see the instructions for your income tax return or Form 8888, Allocation of Refund (Including Savings Bond Purchases). File 2012 tax Contributions can be made to your traditional IRA for each year that you receive compensation and have not reached age 70½. File 2012 tax For any year in which you do not work, contributions cannot be made to your IRA unless you receive alimony, nontaxable combat pay, military differential pay, or file a joint return with a spouse who has compensation. File 2012 tax See Who Can Open a Traditional IRA , earlier. File 2012 tax Even if contributions cannot be made for the current year, the amounts contributed for years in which you did qualify can remain in your IRA. File 2012 tax Contributions can resume for any years that you qualify. File 2012 tax Contributions must be made by due date. File 2012 tax   Contributions can be made to your traditional IRA for a year at any time during the year or by the due date for filing your return for that year, not including extensions. File 2012 tax For most people, this means that contributions for 2013 must be made by April 15, 2014, and contributions for 2014 must be made by April 15, 2015. File 2012 tax Age 70½ rule. File 2012 tax   Contributions cannot be made to your traditional IRA for the year in which you reach age 70½ or for any later year. File 2012 tax   You attain age 70½ on the date that is 6 calendar months after the 70th anniversary of your birth. File 2012 tax If you were born on or before June 30, 1943, you cannot contribute for 2013 or any later year. File 2012 tax Designating year for which contribution is made. File 2012 tax   If an amount is contributed to your traditional IRA between January 1 and April 15, you should tell the sponsor which year (the current year or the previous year) the contribution is for. File 2012 tax If you do not tell the sponsor which year it is for, the sponsor can assume, and report to the IRS, that the contribution is for the current year (the year the sponsor received it). File 2012 tax Filing before a contribution is made. File 2012 tax    You can file your return claiming a traditional IRA contribution before the contribution is actually made. File 2012 tax Generally, the contribution must be made by the due date of your return, not including extensions. File 2012 tax Contributions not required. File 2012 tax   You do not have to contribute to your traditional IRA for every tax year, even if you can. File 2012 tax How Much Can You Deduct? Generally, you can deduct the lesser of: The contributions to your traditional IRA for the year, or The general limit (or the Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA limit, if applicable) explained earlier under How Much Can Be Contributed . File 2012 tax However, if you or your spouse was covered by an employer retirement plan, you may not be able to deduct this amount. File 2012 tax See Limit if Covered by Employer Plan , later. File 2012 tax You may be able to claim a credit for contributions to your traditional IRA. File 2012 tax For more information, see chapter 4. File 2012 tax Trustees' fees. File 2012 tax   Trustees' administrative fees that are billed separately and paid in connection with your traditional IRA are not deductible as IRA contributions. File 2012 tax However, they may be deductible as a miscellaneous itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040). File 2012 tax For information about miscellaneous itemized deductions, see Publication 529, Miscellaneous Deductions. File 2012 tax Brokers' commissions. File 2012 tax   These commissions are part of your IRA contribution and, as such, are deductible subject to the limits. File 2012 tax Full deduction. File 2012 tax   If neither you nor your spouse was covered for any part of the year by an employer retirement plan, you can take a deduction for total contributions to one or more of your traditional IRAs of up to the lesser of: $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older), or 100% of your compensation. File 2012 tax   This limit is reduced by any contributions made to a 501(c)(18) plan on your behalf. File 2012 tax Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA. File 2012 tax   In the case of a married couple with unequal compensation who file a joint return, the deduction for contributions to the traditional IRA of the spouse with less compensation is limited to the lesser of: $5,500 ($6,500 if the spouse with the lower compensation is age 50 or older), or The total compensation includible in the gross income of both spouses for the year reduced by the following three amounts. File 2012 tax The IRA deduction for the year of the spouse with the greater compensation. File 2012 tax Any designated nondeductible contribution for the year made on behalf of the spouse with the greater compensation. File 2012 tax Any contributions for the year to a Roth IRA on behalf of the spouse with the greater compensation. File 2012 tax   This limit is reduced by any contributions to a section 501(c)(18) plan on behalf of the spouse with the lesser compensation. File 2012 tax Note. File 2012 tax If you were divorced or legally separated (and did not remarry) before the end of the year, you cannot deduct any contributions to your spouse's IRA. File 2012 tax After a divorce or legal separation, you can deduct only the contributions to your own IRA. File 2012 tax Your deductions are subject to the rules for single individuals. File 2012 tax Covered by an employer retirement plan. File 2012 tax   If you or your spouse was covered by an employer retirement plan at any time during the year for which contributions were made, your deduction may be further limited. File 2012 tax This is discussed later under Limit if Covered by Employer Plan . File 2012 tax Limits on the amount you can deduct do not affect the amount that can be contributed. File 2012 tax Are You Covered by an Employer Plan? The Form W-2 you receive from your employer has a box used to indicate whether you were covered for the year. File 2012 tax The “Retirement Plan” box should be checked if you were covered. File 2012 tax Reservists and volunteer firefighters should also see Situations in Which You Are Not Covered , later. File 2012 tax If you are not certain whether you were covered by your employer's retirement plan, you should ask your employer. File 2012 tax Federal judges. File 2012 tax   For purposes of the IRA deduction, federal judges are covered by an employer plan. File 2012 tax For Which Year(s) Are You Covered? Special rules apply to determine the tax years for which you are covered by an employer plan. File 2012 tax These rules differ depending on whether the plan is a defined contribution plan or a defined benefit plan. File 2012 tax Tax year. File 2012 tax   Your tax year is the annual accounting period you use to keep records and report income and expenses on your income tax return. File 2012 tax For almost all people, the tax year is the calendar year. File 2012 tax Defined contribution plan. File 2012 tax   Generally, you are covered by a defined contribution plan for a tax year if amounts are contributed or allocated to your account for the plan year that ends with or within that tax year. File 2012 tax However, also see Situations in Which You Are Not Covered , later. File 2012 tax   A defined contribution plan is a plan that provides for a separate account for each person covered by the plan. File 2012 tax In a defined contribution plan, the amount to be contributed to each participant's account is spelled out in the plan. File 2012 tax The level of benefits actually provided to a participant depends on the total amount contributed to that participant's account and any earnings and losses on those contributions. File 2012 tax Types of defined contribution plans include profit-sharing plans, stock bonus plans, and money purchase pension plans. File 2012 tax Example. File 2012 tax Company A has a money purchase pension plan. File 2012 tax Its plan year is from July 1 to June 30. File 2012 tax The plan provides that contributions must be allocated as of June 30. File 2012 tax Bob, an employee, leaves Company A on December 31, 2012. File 2012 tax The contribution for the plan year ending on June 30, 2013, is made February 15, 2014. File 2012 tax Because an amount is contributed to Bob's account for the plan year, Bob is covered by the plan for his 2013 tax year. File 2012 tax   A special rule applies to certain plans in which it is not possible to determine if an amount will be contributed to your account for a given plan year. File 2012 tax If, for a plan year, no amounts have been allocated to your account that are attributable to employer contributions, employee contributions, or forfeitures, by the last day of the plan year, and contributions are discretionary for the plan year, you are not covered for the tax year in which the plan year ends. File 2012 tax If, after the plan year ends, the employer makes a contribution for that plan year, you are covered for the tax year in which the contribution is made. File 2012 tax Example. File 2012 tax Mickey was covered by a profit-sharing plan and left the company on December 31, 2012. File 2012 tax The plan year runs from July 1 to June 30. File 2012 tax Under the terms of the plan, employer contributions do not have to be made, but if they are made, they are contributed to the plan before the due date for filing the company's tax return. File 2012 tax Such contributions are allocated as of the last day of the plan year, and allocations are made to the accounts of individuals who have any service during the plan year. File 2012 tax As of June 30, 2013, no contributions were made that were allocated to the June 30, 2013, plan year, and no forfeitures had been allocated within the plan year. File 2012 tax In addition, as of that date, the company was not obligated to make a contribution for such plan year and it was impossible to determine whether or not a contribution would be made for the plan year. File 2012 tax On December 31, 2013, the company decided to contribute to the plan for the plan year ending June 30, 2013. File 2012 tax That contribution was made on February 15, 2014. File 2012 tax Mickey is an active participant in the plan for his 2014 tax year but not for his 2013 tax year. File 2012 tax No vested interest. File 2012 tax   If an amount is allocated to your account for a plan year, you are covered by that plan even if you have no vested interest in (legal right to) the account. File 2012 tax Defined benefit plan. File 2012 tax   If you are eligible to participate in your employer's defined benefit plan for the plan year that ends within your tax year, you are covered by the plan. File 2012 tax This rule applies even if you: Declined to participate in the plan, Did not make a required contribution, or Did not perform the minimum service required to accrue a benefit for the year. File 2012 tax   A defined benefit plan is any plan that is not a defined contribution plan. File 2012 tax In a defined benefit plan, the level of benefits to be provided to each participant is spelled out in the plan. File 2012 tax The plan administrator figures the amount needed to provide those benefits and those amounts are contributed to the plan. File 2012 tax Defined benefit plans include pension plans and annuity plans. File 2012 tax Example. File 2012 tax Nick, an employee of Company B, is eligible to participate in Company B's defined benefit plan, which has a July 1 to June 30 plan year. File 2012 tax Nick leaves Company B on December 31, 2012. File 2012 tax Because Nick is eligible to participate in the plan for its year ending June 30, 2013, he is covered by the plan for his 2013 tax year. File 2012 tax No vested interest. File 2012 tax   If you accrue a benefit for a plan year, you are covered by that plan even if you have no vested interest in (legal right to) the accrual. File 2012 tax Situations in Which You Are Not Covered Unless you are covered by another employer plan, you are not covered by an employer plan if you are in one of the situations described below. File 2012 tax Social security or railroad retirement. File 2012 tax   Coverage under social security or railroad retirement is not coverage under an employer retirement plan. File 2012 tax Benefits from previous employer's plan. File 2012 tax   If you receive retirement benefits from a previous employer's plan, you are not covered by that plan. File 2012 tax Reservists. File 2012 tax   If the only reason you participate in a plan is because you are a member of a reserve unit of the Armed Forces, you may not be covered by the plan. File 2012 tax You are not covered by the plan if both of the following conditions are met. File 2012 tax The plan you participate in is established for its employees by: The United States, A state or political subdivision of a state, or An instrumentality of either (a) or (b) above. File 2012 tax You did not serve more than 90 days on active duty during the year (not counting duty for training). File 2012 tax Volunteer firefighters. File 2012 tax   If the only reason you participate in a plan is because you are a volunteer firefighter, you may not be covered by the plan. File 2012 tax You are not covered by the plan if both of the following conditions are met. File 2012 tax The plan you participate in is established for its employees by: The United States, A state or political subdivision of a state, or An instrumentality of either (a) or (b) above. File 2012 tax Your accrued retirement benefits at the beginning of the year will not provide more than $1,800 per year at retirement. File 2012 tax Limit if Covered by Employer Plan As discussed earlier, the deduction you can take for contributions made to your traditional IRA depends on whether you or your spouse was covered for any part of the year by an employer retirement plan. File 2012 tax Your deduction is also affected by how much income you had and by your filing status. File 2012 tax Your deduction may also be affected by social security benefits you received. File 2012 tax Reduced or no deduction. File 2012 tax   If either you or your spouse was covered by an employer retirement plan, you may be entitled to only a partial (reduced) deduction or no deduction at all, depending on your income and your filing status. File 2012 tax   Your deduction begins to decrease (phase out) when your income rises above a certain amount and is eliminated altogether when it reaches a higher amount. File 2012 tax These amounts vary depending on your filing status. File 2012 tax   To determine if your deduction is subject to the phaseout, you must determine your modified adjusted gross income (AGI) and your filing status, as explained later under Deduction Phaseout . File 2012 tax Once you have determined your modified AGI and your filing status, you can use Table 1-2 or Table 1-3 to determine if the phaseout applies. File 2012 tax Social Security Recipients Instead of using Table 1-2 or Table 1-3 and Worksheet 1-2, Figuring Your Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013, later, complete the worksheets in Appendix B of this publication if, for the year, all of the following apply. File 2012 tax You received social security benefits. File 2012 tax You received taxable compensation. File 2012 tax Contributions were made to your traditional IRA. File 2012 tax You or your spouse was covered by an employer retirement plan. File 2012 tax Use the worksheets in Appendix B to figure your IRA deduction, your nondeductible contribution, and the taxable portion, if any, of your social security benefits. File 2012 tax Appendix B includes an example with filled-in worksheets to assist you. File 2012 tax Table 1-2. File 2012 tax Effect of Modified AGI1 on Deduction if You Are Covered by a Retirement Plan at Work If you are covered by a retirement plan at work, use this table to determine if your modified AGI affects the amount of your deduction. File 2012 tax IF your filing status is . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax AND your modified adjusted gross income (modified AGI) is . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax THEN you can take . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax single or head of household $59,000 or less a full deduction. File 2012 tax more than $59,000 but less than $69,000 a partial deduction. File 2012 tax $69,000 or more no deduction. File 2012 tax married filing jointly or  qualifying widow(er) $95,000 or less a full deduction. File 2012 tax more than $95,000 but less than $115,000 a partial deduction. File 2012 tax $115,000 or more no deduction. File 2012 tax married filing separately2 less than $10,000 a partial deduction. File 2012 tax $10,000 or more no deduction. File 2012 tax 1 Modified AGI (adjusted gross income). File 2012 tax See Modified adjusted gross income (AGI) , later. File 2012 tax  2 If you did not live with your spouse at any time during the year, your filing status is considered Single for this purpose (therefore, your IRA deduction is determined under the “Single” filing status). File 2012 tax Table 1-3. File 2012 tax Effect of Modified AGI1 on Deduction if You Are NOT Covered by a Retirement Plan at Work If you are not covered by a retirement plan at work, use this table to determine if your modified AGI affects the amount of your deduction. File 2012 tax IF your filing status is . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax AND your modified adjusted gross income (modified AGI) is . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax THEN you can take . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax single, head of household, or qualifying widow(er) any amount a full deduction. File 2012 tax married filing jointly or separately with a spouse who is not covered by a plan at work any amount a full deduction. File 2012 tax married filing jointly with a spouse who is covered by a plan at work $178,000 or less a full deduction. File 2012 tax more than $178,000 but less than $188,000 a partial deduction. File 2012 tax $188,000 or more no deduction. File 2012 tax married filing separately with a spouse who is covered by a plan at work2 less than $10,000 a partial deduction. File 2012 tax $10,000 or more no deduction. File 2012 tax 1 Modified AGI (adjusted gross income). File 2012 tax See Modified adjusted gross income (AGI) , later. File 2012 tax  2 You are entitled to the full deduction if you did not live with your spouse at any time during the year. File 2012 tax For 2014, if you are not covered by a retirement plan at work and you are married filing jointly with a spouse who is covered by a plan at work, your deduction is phased out if your modified AGI is more than $181,000 but less than $191,000. File 2012 tax If your AGI is $191,000 or more, you cannot take a deduction for a contribution to a traditional IRA. File 2012 tax Deduction Phaseout The amount of any reduction in the limit on your IRA deduction (phaseout) depends on whether you or your spouse was covered by an employer retirement plan. File 2012 tax Covered by a retirement plan. File 2012 tax   If you are covered by an employer retirement plan and you did not receive any social security retirement benefits, your IRA deduction may be reduced or eliminated depending on your filing status and modified AGI, as shown in Table 1-2. File 2012 tax For 2014, if you are covered by a retirement plan at work, your IRA deduction will not be reduced (phased out) unless your modified AGI is: More than $60,000 but less than $70,000 for a single individual (or head of household), More than $96,000 but less than $116,000 for a married couple filing a joint return (or a qualifying widow(er)), or Less than $10,000 for a married individual filing a separate return. File 2012 tax If your spouse is covered. File 2012 tax   If you are not covered by an employer retirement plan, but your spouse is, and you did not receive any social security benefits, your IRA deduction may be reduced or eliminated entirely depending on your filing status and modified AGI as shown in Table 1-3. File 2012 tax Filing status. File 2012 tax   Your filing status depends primarily on your marital status. File 2012 tax For this purpose, you need to know if your filing status is single or head of household, married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er), or married filing separately. File 2012 tax If you need more information on filing status, see Publication 501, Exemptions, Standard Deduction, and Filing Information. File 2012 tax Lived apart from spouse. File 2012 tax   If you did not live with your spouse at any time during the year and you file a separate return, your filing status, for this purpose, is single. File 2012 tax Modified adjusted gross income (AGI). File 2012 tax   You can use Worksheet 1-1 to figure your modified AGI. File 2012 tax If you made contributions to your IRA for 2013 and received a distribution from your IRA in 2013, see Both contributions for 2013 and distributions in 2013 , later. File 2012 tax    Do not assume that your modified AGI is the same as your compensation. File 2012 tax Your modified AGI may include income in addition to your compensation (discussed earlier) such as interest, dividends, and income from IRA distributions. File 2012 tax Form 1040. File 2012 tax   If you file Form 1040, refigure the amount on the page 1 “adjusted gross income” line without taking into account any of the following amounts. File 2012 tax IRA deduction. File 2012 tax Student loan interest deduction. File 2012 tax Tuition and fees deduction. File 2012 tax Domestic production activities deduction. File 2012 tax Foreign earned income exclusion. File 2012 tax Foreign housing exclusion or deduction. File 2012 tax Exclusion of qualified savings bond interest shown on Form 8815. File 2012 tax Exclusion of employer-provided adoption benefits shown on Form 8839. File 2012 tax This is your modified AGI. File 2012 tax Form 1040A. File 2012 tax   If you file Form 1040A, refigure the amount on the page 1 “adjusted gross income” line without taking into account any of the following amounts. File 2012 tax IRA deduction. File 2012 tax Student loan interest deduction. File 2012 tax Tuition and fees deduction. File 2012 tax Exclusion of qualified savings bond interest shown on Form 8815. File 2012 tax This is your modified AGI. File 2012 tax Form 1040NR. File 2012 tax   If you file Form 1040NR, refigure the amount on the page 1 “adjusted gross income” line without taking into account any of the following amounts. File 2012 tax IRA deduction. File 2012 tax Student loan interest deduction. File 2012 tax Domestic production activities deduction. File 2012 tax Exclusion of qualified savings bond interest shown on Form 8815. File 2012 tax Exclusion of employer-provided adoption benefits shown on Form 8839. File 2012 tax This is your modified AGI. File 2012 tax Income from IRA distributions. File 2012 tax   If you received distributions in 2013 from one or more traditional IRAs and your traditional IRAs include only deductible contributions, the distributions are fully taxable and are included in your modified AGI. File 2012 tax Both contributions for 2013 and distributions in 2013. File 2012 tax   If all three of the following apply, any IRA distributions you received in 2013 may be partly tax free and partly taxable. File 2012 tax You received distributions in 2013 from one or more traditional IRAs, You made contributions to a traditional IRA for 2013, and Some of those contributions may be nondeductible contributions. File 2012 tax (See Nondeductible Contributions and Worksheet 1-2, later. File 2012 tax ) If this is your situation, you must figure the taxable part of the traditional IRA distribution before you can figure your modified AGI. File 2012 tax To do this, you can use Worksheet 1-5, later. File 2012 tax   If at least one of the above does not apply, figure your modified AGI using Worksheet 1-1, later. File 2012 tax How To Figure Your Reduced IRA Deduction If you or your spouse is covered by an employer retirement plan and you did not receive any social security benefits, you can figure your reduced IRA deduction by using Worksheet 1-2. File 2012 tax Figuring Your Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013. File 2012 tax The Instructions for Form 1040, Form 1040A, and Form 1040NR include similar worksheets that you can use instead of the worksheet in this publication. File 2012 tax If you or your spouse is covered by an employer retirement plan, and you received any social security benefits, see Social Security Recipients , earlier. File 2012 tax Note. File 2012 tax If you were married and both you and your spouse contributed to IRAs, figure your deduction and your spouse's deduction separately. File 2012 tax Worksheet 1-1. File 2012 tax Figuring Your Modified AGI Use this worksheet to figure your modified AGI for traditional IRA purposes. File 2012 tax 1. File 2012 tax Enter your adjusted gross income (AGI) from Form 1040, line 38; Form 1040A, line 22; or Form 1040NR, line 37, figured without taking into account the amount from Form 1040, line 32; Form 1040A, line 17; or Form 1040NR, line 32 1. File 2012 tax   2. File 2012 tax Enter any student loan interest deduction from Form 1040, line 33; Form 1040A, line 18; or Form 1040NR, line 33 2. File 2012 tax   3. File 2012 tax Enter any tuition and fees deduction from Form 1040, line 34, or Form 1040A, line 19 3. File 2012 tax   4. File 2012 tax Enter any domestic production activities deduction from Form 1040, line 35, or Form 1040NR, line 34 4. File 2012 tax   5. File 2012 tax Enter any foreign earned income exclusion and/or housing exclusion from Form 2555, line 45, or Form 2555-EZ, line 18 5. File 2012 tax   6. File 2012 tax Enter any foreign housing deduction from Form 2555, line 50 6. File 2012 tax   7. File 2012 tax Enter any excludable savings bond interest from Form 8815, line 14 7. File 2012 tax   8. File 2012 tax Enter any excluded employer-provided adoption benefits from Form 8839, line 28 8. File 2012 tax   9. File 2012 tax Add lines 1 through 8. File 2012 tax This is your Modified AGI for traditional IRA purposes 9. File 2012 tax   Reporting Deductible Contributions If you file Form 1040, enter your IRA deduction on line 32 of that form. File 2012 tax If you file Form 1040A, enter your IRA deduction on line 17 of that form. File 2012 tax If you file Form 1040NR, enter your IRA deduction on line 32 of that form. File 2012 tax You cannot deduct IRA contributions on Form 1040EZ or Form 1040NR-EZ. File 2012 tax Self-employed. File 2012 tax   If you are self-employed (a sole proprietor or partner) and have a SIMPLE IRA, enter your deduction for allowable plan contributions on Form 1040, line 28. File 2012 tax If you file Form 1040NR, enter your deduction on line 28 of that form. File 2012 tax Nondeductible Contributions Although your deduction for IRA contributions may be reduced or eliminated, contributions can be made to your IRA of up to the general limit or, if it applies, the Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA limit. File 2012 tax The difference between your total permitted contributions and your IRA deduction, if any, is your nondeductible contribution. File 2012 tax Example. File 2012 tax Tony is 29 years old and single. File 2012 tax In 2013, he was covered by a retirement plan at work. File 2012 tax His salary is $62,000. File 2012 tax His modified AGI is $70,000. File 2012 tax Tony makes a $5,500 IRA contribution for 2013. File 2012 tax Because he was covered by a retirement plan and his modified AGI is above $69,000, he cannot deduct his $5,500 IRA contribution. File 2012 tax He must designate this contribution as a nondeductible contribution by reporting it on Form 8606. File 2012 tax Repayment of reservist distributions. File 2012 tax   Nondeductible contributions may include repayments of qualified reservist distributions. File 2012 tax For more information, see Qualified reservist repayments under How Much Can Be Contributed, earlier. File 2012 tax Form 8606. File 2012 tax   To designate contributions as nondeductible, you must file Form 8606. File 2012 tax (See the filled-in Forms 8606 in this chapter. File 2012 tax )   You do not have to designate a contribution as nondeductible until you file your tax return. File 2012 tax When you file, you can even designate otherwise deductible contributions as nondeductible contributions. File 2012 tax   You must file Form 8606 to report nondeductible contributions even if you do not have to file a tax return for the year. File 2012 tax    A Form 8606 is not used for the year that you make a rollover from a qualified retirement plan to a traditional IRA and the rollover includes nontaxable amounts. File 2012 tax In those situations, a Form 8606 is completed for the year you take a distribution from that IRA. File 2012 tax See Form 8606 under Distributions Fully or Partly Taxable, later. File 2012 tax Failure to report nondeductible contributions. File 2012 tax   If you do not report nondeductible contributions, all of the contributions to your traditional IRA will be treated like deductible contributions when withdrawn. File 2012 tax All distributions from your IRA will be taxed unless you can show, with satisfactory evidence, that nondeductible contributions were made. File 2012 tax Penalty for overstatement. File 2012 tax   If you overstate the amount of nondeductible contributions on your Form 8606 for any tax year, you must pay a penalty of $100 for each overstatement, unless it was due to reasonable cause. File 2012 tax Penalty for failure to file Form 8606. File 2012 tax   You will have to pay a $50 penalty if you do not file a required Form 8606, unless you can prove that the failure was due to reasonable cause. File 2012 tax Tax on earnings on nondeductible contributions. File 2012 tax   As long as contributions are within the contribution limits, none of the earnings or gains on contributions (deductible or nondeductible) will be taxed until they are distributed. File 2012 tax Cost basis. File 2012 tax   You will have a cost basis in your traditional IRA if you made any nondeductible contributions. File 2012 tax Your cost basis is the sum of the nondeductible contributions to your IRA minus any withdrawals or distributions of nondeductible contributions. File 2012 tax    Commonly, distributions from your traditional IRAs will include both taxable and nontaxable (cost basis) amounts. File 2012 tax See Are Distributions Taxable, later, for more information. File 2012 tax Recordkeeping. File 2012 tax There is a recordkeeping worksheet, Appendix A. File 2012 tax Summary Record of Traditional IRA(s) for 2013 , that you can use to keep a record of deductible and nondeductible IRA contributions. File 2012 tax Examples — Worksheet for Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013 The following examples illustrate the use of Worksheet 1-2, Figuring Your Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013. File 2012 tax Example 1. File 2012 tax For 2013, Tom and Betty file a joint return on Form 1040. File 2012 tax They are both 39 years old. File 2012 tax They are both employed and Tom is covered by his employer's retirement plan. File 2012 tax Tom's salary is $59,000 and Betty's is $32,555. File 2012 tax They each have a traditional IRA and their combined modified AGI, which includes $5,000 interest and dividend income, is $96,555. File 2012 tax Because their modified AGI is between $95,000 and $115,000 and Tom is covered by an employer plan, Tom is subject to the deduction phaseout discussed earlier under Limit if Covered by Employer Plan . File 2012 tax For 2013, Tom contributed $5,500 to his IRA and Betty contributed $5,500 to hers. File 2012 tax Even though they file a joint return, they must use separate worksheets to figure the IRA deduction for each of them. File 2012 tax Tom can take a deduction of only $5,080. File 2012 tax He can choose to treat the $5,080 as either deductible or nondeductible contributions. File 2012 tax He can either leave the $420 ($5,500 − $5,080) of nondeductible contributions in his IRA or withdraw them by April 15, 2014. File 2012 tax He decides to treat the $5,080 as deductible contributions and leave the $420 of nondeductible contributions in his IRA. File 2012 tax Using Worksheet 1-2, Figuring Your Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013, Tom figures his deductible and nondeductible amounts as shown on Worksheet 1-2. File 2012 tax Figuring Your Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013—Example 1 Illustrated. File 2012 tax Betty figures her IRA deduction as follows. File 2012 tax Betty can treat all or part of her contributions as either deductible or nondeductible. File 2012 tax This is because her $5,500 contribution for 2013 is not subject to the deduction phaseout discussed earlier under Limit if Covered by Employer Plan . File 2012 tax She does not need to use Worksheet 1-2, Figuring Your Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013, because their modified AGI is not within the phaseout range that applies. File 2012 tax Betty decides to treat her $5,500 IRA contributions as deductible. File 2012 tax The IRA deductions of $5,080 and $5,500 on the joint return for Tom and Betty total $10,580. File 2012 tax Example 2. File 2012 tax For 2013, Ed and Sue file a joint return on Form 1040. File 2012 tax They are both 39 years old. File 2012 tax Ed is covered by his employer's retirement plan. File 2012 tax Ed's salary is $45,000. File 2012 tax Sue had no compensation for the year and did not contribute to an IRA. File 2012 tax Sue is not covered by an employer plan. File 2012 tax Ed contributed $5,500 to his traditional IRA and $5,500 to a traditional IRA for Sue (a Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA). File 2012 tax Their combined modified AGI, which includes $2,000 interest and dividend income and a large capital gain from the sale of stock, is $180,555. File 2012 tax Because the combined modified AGI is $115,000 or more, Ed cannot deduct any of the contribution to his traditional IRA. File 2012 tax He can either leave the $5,500 of nondeductible contributions in his IRA or withdraw them by April 15, 2014. File 2012 tax Sue figures her IRA deduction as shown on Worksheet 1-2. File 2012 tax Figuring Your Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013—Example 2 Illustrated. File 2012 tax Worksheet 1-2. File 2012 tax Figuring Your Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013 (Use only if you or your spouse is covered by an employer plan and your modified AGI falls between the two amounts shown below for your coverage situation and filing status. File 2012 tax ) Note. File 2012 tax If you were married and both you and your spouse contributed to IRAs, figure your deduction and your spouse's deduction separately. File 2012 tax IF you . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax AND your  filing status is . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax AND your modified AGI is over . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax THEN enter on  line 1 below . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax       are covered by an employer plan single or head of household $59,000 $69,000     married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) $95,000 $115,000     married filing separately $0 $10,000     are not covered by an employer plan, but your spouse is covered married filing jointly $178,000 $188,000     married filing separately $0 $10,000     1. File 2012 tax Enter applicable amount from table above 1. File 2012 tax   2. File 2012 tax Enter your modified AGI (that of both spouses, if married filing jointly) 2. File 2012 tax     Note. File 2012 tax If line 2 is equal to or more than the amount on line 1, stop here. File 2012 tax  Your IRA contributions are not deductible. File 2012 tax See Nondeductible Contributions , earlier. File 2012 tax     3. File 2012 tax Subtract line 2 from line 1. File 2012 tax If line 3 is $10,000 or more ($20,000 or more if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) and you are covered by an employer plan), stop here. File 2012 tax You can take a full IRA deduction for contributions of up to $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older) or 100% of your (and if married filing jointly, your spouse's) compensation, whichever is less 3. File 2012 tax   4. File 2012 tax Multiply line 3 by the percentage below that applies to you. File 2012 tax If the result is not a multiple of $10, round it to the next highest multiple of $10. File 2012 tax (For example, $611. File 2012 tax 40 is rounded to $620. File 2012 tax ) However, if the result is less than $200, enter $200. File 2012 tax         Married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) and you are covered by an employer plan, multiply line 3 by 27. File 2012 tax 5% (. File 2012 tax 275) (by 32. File 2012 tax 5% (. File 2012 tax 325) if you are age 50 or older). File 2012 tax All others, multiply line 3 by 55% (. File 2012 tax 55) (by 65% (. File 2012 tax 65) if you are age 50 or older). File 2012 tax 4. File 2012 tax   5. File 2012 tax Enter your compensation minus any deductions on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, line 27 (deductible part of self-employment tax) and line 28 (self-employed SEP, SIMPLE, and qualified plans). File 2012 tax If you are filing a joint return and your compensation is less than your spouse's, include your spouse's compensation reduced by his or her traditional IRA and Roth IRA contributions for this year. File 2012 tax If you file Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, do not reduce your compensation by any losses from self-employment 5. File 2012 tax   6. File 2012 tax Enter contributions made, or to be made, to your IRA for 2013, but do not enter more than $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older). File 2012 tax If contributions are more than $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older), see Excess Contributions , later. File 2012 tax 6. File 2012 tax   7. File 2012 tax IRA deduction. File 2012 tax Compare lines 4, 5, and 6. File 2012 tax Enter the smallest amount (or a smaller amount if you choose) here and on the Form 1040, 1040A, or 1040NR line for your IRA, whichever applies. File 2012 tax If line 6 is more than line 7 and you want to make a nondeductible contribution, go to line 8 7. File 2012 tax   8. File 2012 tax Nondeductible contribution. File 2012 tax Subtract line 7 from line 5 or 6, whichever is smaller. File 2012 tax  Enter the result here and on line 1 of your Form 8606 8. File 2012 tax   Worksheet 1-2. File 2012 tax Figuring Your Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013—Example 1 Illustrated (Use only if you or your spouse is covered by an employer plan and your modified AGI falls between the two amounts shown below for your coverage situation and filing status. File 2012 tax ) Note. File 2012 tax If you were married and both you and your spouse contributed to IRAs, figure your deduction and your spouse's deduction separately. File 2012 tax IF you . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax AND your  filing status is . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax AND your modified AGI is over . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax THEN enter on  line 1 below . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax       are covered by an employer plan single or head of household $59,000 $69,000     married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) $95,000 $115,000     married filing separately $0 $10,000     are not covered by an employer plan, but your spouse is covered married filing jointly $178,000 $188,000     married filing separately $0 $10,000     1. File 2012 tax Enter applicable amount from table above 1. File 2012 tax 115,000 2. File 2012 tax Enter your modified AGI (that of both spouses, if married filing jointly) 2. File 2012 tax 96,555   Note. File 2012 tax If line 2 is equal to or more than the amount on line 1, stop here. File 2012 tax  Your IRA contributions are not deductible. File 2012 tax See Nondeductible Contributions , earlier. File 2012 tax     3. File 2012 tax Subtract line 2 from line 1. File 2012 tax If line 3 is $10,000 or more ($20,000 or more if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) and you are covered by an employer plan), stop here. File 2012 tax You can take a full IRA deduction for contributions of up to $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older) or 100% of your (and if married filing jointly, your spouse's) compensation, whichever is less 3. File 2012 tax 18,445 4. File 2012 tax Multiply line 3 by the percentage below that applies to you. File 2012 tax If the result is not a multiple of $10, round it to the next highest multiple of $10. File 2012 tax (For example, $611. File 2012 tax 40 is rounded to $620. File 2012 tax ) However, if the result is less than $200, enter $200. File 2012 tax         Married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) and you are covered by an employer plan, multiply line 3 by 27. File 2012 tax 5% (. File 2012 tax 275) (by 32. File 2012 tax 5% (. File 2012 tax 325) if you are age 50 or older). File 2012 tax All others, multiply line 3 by 55% (. File 2012 tax 55) (by 65% (. File 2012 tax 65) if you are age 50 or older). File 2012 tax 4. File 2012 tax 5,080 5. File 2012 tax Enter your compensation minus any deductions on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, line 27 (deductible part of self-employment tax) and line 28 (self-employed SEP, SIMPLE, and qualified plans). File 2012 tax If you are filing a joint return and your compensation is less than your spouse's, include your spouse's compensation reduced by his or her traditional IRA and Roth IRA contributions for this year. File 2012 tax If you file Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, do not reduce your compensation by any losses from self-employment 5. File 2012 tax 59,000 6. File 2012 tax Enter contributions made, or to be made, to your IRA for 2013, but do not enter more than $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older). File 2012 tax If contributions are more than $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older), see Excess Contributions , later. File 2012 tax 6. File 2012 tax 5,500 7. File 2012 tax IRA deduction. File 2012 tax Compare lines 4, 5, and 6. File 2012 tax Enter the smallest amount (or a smaller amount if you choose) here and on the Form 1040, 1040A, or 1040NR line for your IRA, whichever applies. File 2012 tax If line 6 is more than line 7 and you want to make a nondeductible contribution, go to line 8 7. File 2012 tax 5,080 8. File 2012 tax Nondeductible contribution. File 2012 tax Subtract line 7 from line 5 or 6, whichever is smaller. File 2012 tax  Enter the result here and on line 1 of your Form 8606 8. File 2012 tax 420 Worksheet 1-2. File 2012 tax Figuring Your Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013—Example 2 Illustrated (Use only if you or your spouse is covered by an employer plan and your modified AGI falls between the two amounts shown below for your coverage situation and filing status. File 2012 tax ) Note. File 2012 tax If you were married and both you and your spouse contributed to IRAs, figure your deduction and your spouse's deduction separately. File 2012 tax IF you . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax AND your  filing status is . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax AND your modified AGI is over . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax THEN enter on  line 1 below . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax . File 2012 tax       are covered by an employer plan single or head of household $59,000 $69,000     married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) $95,000 $115,000     married filing separately $0 $10,000     are not covered by an employer plan, but your spouse is covered married filing jointly $178,000 $188,000     married filing separately $0 $10,000     1. File 2012 tax Enter applicable amount from table above 1. File 2012 tax 188,000 2. File 2012 tax Enter your modified AGI (that of both spouses, if married filing jointly) 2. File 2012 tax 180,555   Note. File 2012 tax If line 2 is equal to or more than the amount on line 1, stop here. File 2012 tax  Your IRA contributions are not deductible. File 2012 tax See Nondeductible Contributions , earlier. File 2012 tax     3. File 2012 tax Subtract line 2 from line 1. File 2012 tax If line 3 is $10,000 or more ($20,000 or more if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) and you are covered by an employer plan), stop here. File 2012 tax You can take a full IRA deduction for contributions of up to $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older) or 100% of your (and if married filing jointly, your spouse's) compensation, whichever is less 3. File 2012 tax 7,445 4. File 2012 tax Multiply line 3 by the percentage below that applies to you. File 2012 tax If the result is not a multiple of $10, round it to the next highest multiple of $10. File 2012 tax (For example, $611. File 2012 tax 40 is rounded to $620. File 2012 tax ) However, if the result is less than $200, enter $200. File 2012 tax         Married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) and you are covered by an employer plan, multiply line 3 by 27. File 2012 tax 5% (. File 2012 tax 275) (by 32. File 2012 tax 5% (. File 2012 tax 325) if you are age 50 or older). File 2012 tax All others, multiply line 3 by 55% (. File 2012 tax 55) (by 65% (. File 2012 tax 65) if you are age 50 or older). File 2012 tax 4. File 2012 tax 4,100 5. File 2012 tax Enter your compensation minus any deductions on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, line 27 (deductible part of self-employment tax) and line 28 (self-employed SEP, SIMPLE, and qualified plans). File 2012 tax If you are filing a joint return and your compensation is less than your spouse's, include your spouse's compensation reduced by his or her traditional IRA and Roth IRA contributions for this year. File 2012 tax If you file Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, do not reduce your compensation by any losses from self-employment 5. File 2012 tax 39,500 6. File 2012 tax Enter contributions made, or to be made, to your IRA for 2013, but do not enter more than $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older). File 2012 tax If contributions are more than $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older), see Excess Contributions , later. File 2012 tax 6. File 2012 tax 5,500 7. File 2012 tax IRA deduction. File 2012 tax Compare lines 4, 5, and 6. File 2012 tax Enter the smallest amount (or a smaller amount if you choose) here and on the Form 1040, 1040A, or 1040NR line for your IRA, whichever applies. File 2012 tax If line 6 is more than line 7 and you want to make a nondeductible contribution, go to line 8 7. File 2012 tax 4,100 8. File 2012 tax Nondeductible contribution. File 2012 tax Subtract line 7 from line 5 or 6, whichever is smaller. File 2012 tax  Enter the result here and on line 1 of your Form 8606 8. File 2012 tax 1,400 What if You Inherit an IRA? If you inherit a traditional IRA, you are called a beneficiary. File 2012 tax A beneficiary can be any person or entity the owner chooses to receive the benefits of the IRA after he or she dies. File 2012 tax Beneficiaries of a traditional IRA must include in their gross income any taxable distributions they receive. File 2012 tax Inherited from spouse. File 2012 tax   If you inherit a traditional IRA from your spouse, you generally have the following three choices. File 2012 tax You can: Treat it as your own IRA by designating yourself as the account owner. File 2012 tax Treat it as your own by rolling it over into your IRA, or to the extent it is taxable, into a: Qualified employer plan, Qualified employee annuity plan (section 403(a) plan), Tax-sheltered annuity plan (s
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Tax Information for Plan Participant/Employee

Saving for Retirement
Benefits of saving now, eligibility and participation, putting money in and taking money out of your retirement account

Changes in Your Life May Affect Retirement Planning
Marriage, kids, divorce, or job changes may affect your retirement planning

When You Retire
Required minimum distributions, annuities and taxes on your retirement benefits

Retirement Plan Beneficiaries
When a participant dies

Site Index – Retirement Plans
Alphabetical index of retirement plan topics

Definitions
Common retirement plan terms

Retirement Plan Videos
The IRS Video portal contains video and audio presentations on a range of retirement plan topics of interest to small businesses, individuals and tax professionals.

Additional Resources for Individuals
Forms, publications and other government websites

Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 11-Mar-2014

The File 2012 Tax

File 2012 tax Index A Assistance (see Tax help) C Carryback period, When To Use an NOL Carryback, waiving, Waiving the Carryback Period Carryforward period, When To Use an NOL Carryover from 2012 to 2013 Estates and trusts, Estates and trusts. File 2012 tax Worksheet instructions, Worksheet Instructions Claiming an NOL deduction, How To Claim an NOL Deduction D Deducting a carryback, Deducting a Carryback Deducting a carryforward, Deducting a Carryforward Domestic production activities deduction, Domestic production activities deduction (line 23). File 2012 tax , Modified taxable income. File 2012 tax E Eligible loss, Eligible loss. File 2012 tax F Farming business, Farming business. File 2012 tax Farming loss, Farming loss. File 2012 tax Figuring an NOL Capital losses, Adjustments for capital losses (lines 19–22). File 2012 tax Carryover, How To Figure an NOL Carryover Form 1045, Schedule A, Form 1045, Schedule A. File 2012 tax NOL deduction, NOLs from other years (line 24). File 2012 tax Nonbusiness deductions, Nonbusiness deductions (line 6). File 2012 tax Nonbusiness income, Nonbusiness income (line 7). File 2012 tax Filing status, change in, Change in Filing Status Form 1045, Schedule A, Form 1045, Schedule A. File 2012 tax Form 1045, Schedule B, Form 1045, Schedule B. File 2012 tax Forms and schedules Form 1040X, Form 1040X. File 2012 tax Form 1045, Form 1045. File 2012 tax Form 1045, Schedule A, Form 1045, Schedule A. File 2012 tax Form 1045, Schedule B, Form 1045, Schedule B. File 2012 tax Free tax services, Free help with your tax return. File 2012 tax Future developments, Reminders H Help (see Tax help) How to carry an NOL back or forward, How To Carry an NOL Back or Forward How to figure an NOL, How To Figure an NOL I Illustrated forms and schedules Form 1045, Illustrated Form 1045 Form 1045, Schedule A, Illustrated Form 1045, Schedule A Form 1045, Schedule B, Form 1045, Schedule B. File 2012 tax M Marital status, change in, Change in Marital Status Missing children, photographs of, Reminders Modified taxable income, Modified taxable income. File 2012 tax N NOL resulting in no taxable income, NOL resulting in no taxable income. File 2012 tax NOL year, Introduction, NOL year. File 2012 tax P Publications (see Tax help) Q Qualified disaster loss, Qualified disaster loss. File 2012 tax Qualified small business, Qualified small business. File 2012 tax R Refiguring tax, Refiguring your tax. File 2012 tax S Specified liability loss, Specified liability loss. File 2012 tax Steps in figuring NOL, NOL Steps T Tax help, How To Get Tax Help W Waiving the 10-year carryback, Waiving the 10-year carryback. File 2012 tax Waiving the 5-year carryback, Waiving the 5-year carryback. File 2012 tax Waiving the carryback period, Waiving the Carryback Period When to use an NOL, When To Use an NOL Worksheet (Continued), Carryover from 2012 to 2013, Prev  Up     Home   More Online Publications