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Federal Tax Forms 2011

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Federal Tax Forms 2011

Federal tax forms 2011 Index A Absence, temporary, Temporary absences. Federal tax forms 2011 Address, change of, Reminders Aliens (see Nonresident aliens) Alimony, Alimony. Federal tax forms 2011 , Alimony, Instruments Executed Before 1985 Community income, Alimony (Community Income) Fees paid for getting, Fees for getting alimony. Federal tax forms 2011 No exemption for spouse, Alimony paid. Federal tax forms 2011 Annual exclusion, gift tax, Annual exclusion. Federal tax forms 2011 Annulment decrees Absolute decree, Ending the Marital Community Amended return required, Unmarried persons. Federal tax forms 2011 Considered unmarried, Unmarried persons. Federal tax forms 2011 Archer MSA, Archer medical savings account (MSA). Federal tax forms 2011 Assistance (see Tax help) B Basis Property received in settlement, Basis of property received. Federal tax forms 2011 Benefits paid under QDROs, Benefits paid to a child or other dependent. Federal tax forms 2011 , Benefits paid to a spouse or former spouse. Federal tax forms 2011 Birth of dependent, Death or birth. Federal tax forms 2011 C Change of address, Reminders Change of name, Reminders Change of withholding, Reminders Child custody, Custodial parent and noncustodial parent. Federal tax forms 2011 Child support Alimony, difference from, Child support. Federal tax forms 2011 Clearly associated with contingency, Clearly associated with a contingency. Federal tax forms 2011 Contingency relating to child, Contingency relating to your child. Federal tax forms 2011 Payment specifically designated as, Specifically designated as child support. Federal tax forms 2011 Child support under pre-1985 agreement, Child support under pre-1985 agreement. Federal tax forms 2011 Child tax credit, Exemptions for Dependents Children Birth of child Head of household, qualifying person to file as, Death or birth. Federal tax forms 2011 Claiming parent, when child is head of household, Special rule for parent. Federal tax forms 2011 Custody of, Custodial parent and noncustodial parent. Federal tax forms 2011 Death of child Head of household, qualifying person to file as, Death or birth. Federal tax forms 2011 Photographs of missing children, Reminders Community income, Community Income, Alimony (Community Income) Community property, Community Property, Alimony (Community Income) (see also Community income) Ending the marital community, Ending the Marital Community Laws disregarded, Certain community income not treated as community income by one spouse. Federal tax forms 2011 States, Community property states. Federal tax forms 2011 Costs of getting divorce, Costs of Getting a Divorce Fees for tax advice, Fees for tax advice. Federal tax forms 2011 Nondeductible expenses, Nondeductible expenses. Federal tax forms 2011 Custody of child, Custodial parent and noncustodial parent. Federal tax forms 2011 D Death of dependent, Death or birth. Federal tax forms 2011 Death of recipient spouse. Federal tax forms 2011 , Alimony Requirements Debts of spouse Refund applied to, Tax refund applied to spouse's debts. Federal tax forms 2011 Deductions Alimony paid, Deducting alimony paid. Federal tax forms 2011 Alimony recapture, Deducting the recapture. Federal tax forms 2011 Limits on IRAs, IRA contribution and deduction limits. Federal tax forms 2011 Marital, Marital deduction. Federal tax forms 2011 Dependents Exemption for, Exemptions for Dependents, Special Rule for Qualifying Child of More Than One Person Qualifying child, Exemptions for Dependents Qualifying child (Table 3), Table 3. Federal tax forms 2011 Overview of the Rules for Claiming an Exemption for a Dependent Qualifying relative, Exemptions for Dependents Qualifying relative (Table 3), Table 3. Federal tax forms 2011 Overview of the Rules for Claiming an Exemption for a Dependent Social security numbers, Reminders Divorce decrees Absolute decree, Ending the Marital Community Amended, Amended instrument. Federal tax forms 2011 Costs of getting, Costs of Getting a Divorce Defined for purposes of alimony, Divorce or separation instrument. Federal tax forms 2011 Invalid, Invalid decree. Federal tax forms 2011 Unmarried persons, Unmarried persons. Federal tax forms 2011 Divorced parents, Children of Divorced or Separated Parents (or Parents Who Live Apart) Child custody, Custodial parent and noncustodial parent. Federal tax forms 2011 Domestic relations orders (see Qualified domestic relations orders (QDROs)) Domicile, Community Income E Earned income, Earned income. Federal tax forms 2011 Equitable relief (see Relief from joint liability) Estimated tax, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax Joint payments, Joint estimated tax payments. Federal tax forms 2011 Exemptions, Exemptions, Special Rule for Qualifying Child of More Than One Person Dependents, Exemptions for Dependents, Special Rule for Qualifying Child of More Than One Person Personal, Personal Exemptions Spouse, Exemption for Your Spouse F Fees for tax advice, Fees for tax advice. Federal tax forms 2011 Filing status, Filing Status, More information. Federal tax forms 2011 Head of household, Requirements. Federal tax forms 2011 Form 1040 Deducting alimony paid, Deducting alimony paid. Federal tax forms 2011 Reporting alimony received, Reporting alimony received. Federal tax forms 2011 Form 1040X Annulment, decree of, Unmarried persons. Federal tax forms 2011 Form 8332 Release of exemption to noncustodial parent, Written declaration. Federal tax forms 2011 Form 8379 Injured spouse, Injured spouse. Federal tax forms 2011 Form 8857 Innocent spouse relief, Relief from joint liability. Federal tax forms 2011 Form W-4 Withholding, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax Form W-7 Individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN), Reminders Former spouse Defined for purposes of alimony, Spouse or former spouse. Federal tax forms 2011 Free tax services, How To Get Tax Help G Gift tax, Gift Tax on Property Settlements, Annual exclusion. Federal tax forms 2011 , Gift Tax Return H Head of household, Head of Household Health savings accounts (HSAs), Health savings account (HSA). Federal tax forms 2011 Help (see Tax help) Home owned jointly Alimony payments for, Payments for jointly-owned home. Federal tax forms 2011 Expenses for, as alimony (Table 4), Table 4. Federal tax forms 2011 Expenses for a Jointly-Owned Home Sale of, Sale of home. Federal tax forms 2011 HSAs (Health savings accounts), Health savings account (HSA). Federal tax forms 2011 I Identification number, Reminders Income, Community Income (see also Community income) Alimony received, Reporting alimony received. Federal tax forms 2011 Individual retirement arrangements (IRAs), Individual Retirement Arrangements, IRA contribution and deduction limits. Federal tax forms 2011 Individual taxpayer identification numbers (ITINs), Reminders Injured spouse, Injured spouse. Federal tax forms 2011 Innocent spouse relief, Relief from joint liability. Federal tax forms 2011 Insurance premiums, Life insurance premiums. Federal tax forms 2011 Invalid decree, Invalid decree. Federal tax forms 2011 IRAs (Individual retirement arrangements), Individual Retirement Arrangements, IRA contribution and deduction limits. Federal tax forms 2011 Itemized deductions on separate returns, Itemized deductions. Federal tax forms 2011 ITINs (Individual taxpayer identification numbers), Reminders J Joint liability Relief from, Reminders, Relief from joint liability. Federal tax forms 2011 Joint returns, Married Filing Jointly Change from separate return, Joint return after separate returns. Federal tax forms 2011 Change to separate return, Separate returns after joint return. Federal tax forms 2011 Divorced taxpayers, Divorced taxpayers. Federal tax forms 2011 Exemption for spouse, Joint return. Federal tax forms 2011 Joint and individual liability, Joint and individual liability. Federal tax forms 2011 Relief from joint liability, Relief from joint liability. Federal tax forms 2011 Signing, Signing a joint return. Federal tax forms 2011 Jointly-owned home Alimony payments for, Payments for jointly-owned home. Federal tax forms 2011 Expenses for, as alimony (Table 4), Table 4. Federal tax forms 2011 Expenses for a Jointly-Owned Home Sale of, Sale of Jointly-Owned Property, Sale of home. Federal tax forms 2011 K Kidnapped child Head of household status and, Kidnapped child. Federal tax forms 2011 L Liability for taxes (see Relief from joint liability) Life insurance premiums as alimony, Life insurance premiums. Federal tax forms 2011 M Marital community, ending, Ending the Marital Community Marital status, Marital status. Federal tax forms 2011 Married persons, Married persons. Federal tax forms 2011 Medical savings accounts (MSAs), Archer medical savings account (MSA). Federal tax forms 2011 Missing children, photographs of, Reminders More information (see Tax help) Mortgage payments as alimony, Payments for jointly-owned home. Federal tax forms 2011 MSAs (Medical savings accounts), Archer medical savings account (MSA). Federal tax forms 2011 N Name, change of, Reminders Nondeductible expenses, Nondeductible expenses. Federal tax forms 2011 Nonresident aliens Joint returns, Nonresident alien. Federal tax forms 2011 Withholding, Withholding on nonresident aliens. Federal tax forms 2011 P Parent Head of household, claim for, Special rule for parent. Federal tax forms 2011 Parents, divorced or separated, Children of Divorced or Separated Parents (or Parents Who Live Apart) Personal exemptions, Personal Exemptions Phaseout of Exemptions, Phaseout of Exemptions Property settlements, Property Settlements, Sale of home. Federal tax forms 2011 Publications (see Tax help) Q Qualified domestic relations orders (QDROs), Qualified Domestic Relations Order, Benefits paid to a child or other dependent. Federal tax forms 2011 , Benefits paid to a spouse or former spouse. Federal tax forms 2011 Qualifying child, exemption for, Exemptions for Dependents Qualifying child, exemption for (Table 3), Table 3. Federal tax forms 2011 Overview of the Rules for Claiming an Exemption for a Dependent Qualifying person, head of household, Qualifying person. Federal tax forms 2011 Table 2, Table 2. Federal tax forms 2011 Who Is a Qualifying Person Qualifying You To File as Head of Household?1 Qualifying relative, exemption for, Exemptions for Dependents Qualifying relative, exemption for (Table 3), Table 3. Federal tax forms 2011 Overview of the Rules for Claiming an Exemption for a Dependent R Recapture of alimony, Recapture of Alimony Refunds Injured spouse, community property, Injured spouse. Federal tax forms 2011 Spouse's debts, applied to, Tax refund applied to spouse's debts. Federal tax forms 2011 Release of exemption to noncustodial parent, Written declaration. Federal tax forms 2011 Revocation, Revocation of release of claim to an exemption. Federal tax forms 2011 Relief from joint liability, Reminders, Relief from joint liability. Federal tax forms 2011 Relief from separate return liability Community income, Relief from liability arising from community property law. Federal tax forms 2011 Reporting requirements Alimony received, Reporting alimony received. Federal tax forms 2011 Returns Amended return required, Unmarried persons. Federal tax forms 2011 Joint (see Joint returns) Separate (see Separate returns) Rollovers, Rollovers. Federal tax forms 2011 S Sales of jointly-owned property, Sale of Jointly-Owned Property Section 1041 election, Basis of property received. Federal tax forms 2011 Separate maintenance decrees, Unmarried persons. Federal tax forms 2011 , Divorce or separation instrument. Federal tax forms 2011 , Ending the Marital Community Separate returns, Married Filing Separately Change to or from joint return, Joint return after separate returns. Federal tax forms 2011 Community or separate income, Community or separate income. Federal tax forms 2011 Exemption for spouse, Separate return. Federal tax forms 2011 Itemized deductions, Itemized deductions. Federal tax forms 2011 Relief from liability, Relief from liability arising from community property law. Federal tax forms 2011 Separate liability, Separate liability. Federal tax forms 2011 Tax consequences, Separate returns may give you a higher tax. Federal tax forms 2011 Separated parents, Children of Divorced or Separated Parents (or Parents Who Live Apart) Separation agreements, Ending the Marital Community Defined for purposes of alimony, Divorce or separation instrument. Federal tax forms 2011 Separation of liability (see Relief from joint liability) Settlement of property (see Property settlements) Social security benefits, Social security benefits. Federal tax forms 2011 Social security numbers (SSNs) Alimony recipient's number required, Alimony Dependents, Reminders Spousal IRA, Spousal IRA. Federal tax forms 2011 Spouse Defined for purposes of alimony, Spouse or former spouse. Federal tax forms 2011 Refund applied to debts, Tax refund applied to spouse's debts. Federal tax forms 2011 Statute of limitations Amended return, Unmarried persons. Federal tax forms 2011 Injured spouse allocation, Injured spouse. Federal tax forms 2011 T Tables and figures Exemption for dependents (Table 3), Table 3. Federal tax forms 2011 Overview of the Rules for Claiming an Exemption for a Dependent Itemized deductions on separate returns (Table 1), Table 1. Federal tax forms 2011 Itemized Deductions on Separate Returns Jointly-owned home, expenses for, as alimony (Table 4), Table 4. Federal tax forms 2011 Expenses for a Jointly-Owned Home Property transferred pursuant to divorce (Table 5), Table 5. Federal tax forms 2011 Property Transferred Pursuant to Divorce Qualifying person for head of household (Table 2), Table 2. Federal tax forms 2011 Who Is a Qualifying Person Qualifying You To File as Head of Household?1 Tax advice fees, Fees for tax advice. Federal tax forms 2011 Tax help, How To Get Tax Help Tax withholding (see Withholding) Taxpayer Advocate, The Taxpayer Advocate Service is Here to Help You. Federal tax forms 2011 Taxpayer identification numbers, Reminders Third parties Alimony payments to, Payments to a third party. Federal tax forms 2011 , Payments to a third party. Federal tax forms 2011 Property settlements, transfers to, Transfers to third parties. Federal tax forms 2011 Tiebreaker rules, Tiebreaker rules. Federal tax forms 2011 TTY/TDD information, How To Get Tax Help U Underpayment of alimony, Underpayment. Federal tax forms 2011 Unmarried persons, Unmarried persons. Federal tax forms 2011 W Withholding Change of, Reminders, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax Nonresident aliens, Withholding on nonresident aliens. Federal tax forms 2011 Worksheets Recapture of alimony (Worksheet 1), How to figure and report the recapture. Federal tax forms 2011 Prev  Up     Home   More Online Publications
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Mortgage Transfers and Refinancing

Mortgage Refinancing

Consider refinancing your mortgage if you can get a rate that is at least one percentage point lower than your existing mortgage rate and if you plan to keep the new mortgage for several years. When comparing mortgages, don't forget to include the extra fees you must pay for the new mortgage. You may be able to get some fees waived if you are able to refinance with your current mortgage holder.

In addition, the Making Home Affordable Program offers opportunities to modify or refinance your mortgage to make your monthly payments more affordable. It also includes the Home Affordable Foreclosure Alternatives Program for homeowners who are interested in a short sale or deed-in-lieu of foreclosure.  Visit the website or call 1-888-995-4673 for more information.

Mortgage Transfers

New Federal Reserve rules help mortgage borrowers by requiring that mortgage companies notify them when their loans are transferred to another company. Before the new rules, if your loan was sold or transferred from your current lender to a new lender, the new lender did not have to tell you that it acquired your loan. The new rules ensure that you know who owns your loan, which is important information if you have questions or payment disputes or want to discuss loan modifications.

Under new rules, the company that takes over your loan must send you a notice within 30 days of acquiring it. Even with a new loan owner, the company that "services" or handles your loan might not change and you might continue to send your payments to the same address. If that loan servicer changes, you will receive a separate notice.

For more information about servicing companies, read the Federal Trade Commission's publication "Mortgage Servicing: Making Sure Your Payments Count".

The Federal Tax Forms 2011

Federal tax forms 2011 4. Federal tax forms 2011   Sales and Trades of Investment Property Table of Contents IntroductionNominees. Federal tax forms 2011 Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: What Is a Sale or Trade?Dividend versus sale or trade. Federal tax forms 2011 Worthless Securities Constructive Sales of Appreciated Financial Positions Section 1256 Contracts Marked to Market Basis of Investment PropertyCost Basis Basis Other Than Cost Adjusted Basis Stocks and Bonds How To Figure Gain or LossFair market value. Federal tax forms 2011 Debt paid off. Federal tax forms 2011 Payment of cash. Federal tax forms 2011 Special Rules for Mutual Funds Nontaxable TradesLike-Kind Exchanges Corporate Stocks Exchange of Shares In One Mutual Fund For Shares In Another Mutual Fund Insurance Policies and Annuities U. Federal tax forms 2011 S. Federal tax forms 2011 Treasury Notes or Bonds Transfers Between Spouses Related Party TransactionsGain on Sale or Trade of Depreciable Property Capital Gains and LossesCapital or Ordinary Gain or Loss Holding Period Nonbusiness Bad Debts Short Sales Wash Sales Options Straddles Sales of Stock to ESOPs or Certain Cooperatives Rollover of Gain From Publicly Traded Securities Gains on Qualified Small Business Stock Exclusion of Gain From DC Zone Assets Reporting Capital Gains and LossesException 1. Federal tax forms 2011 Exception 2. Federal tax forms 2011 Section 1256 contracts and straddles. Federal tax forms 2011 Market discount bonds. Federal tax forms 2011 File Form 1099-B or Form 1099-S with the IRS. Federal tax forms 2011 Capital Losses Capital Gain Tax Rates Special Rules for Traders in SecuritiesHow To Report Introduction This chapter explains the tax treatment of sales and trades of investment property. Federal tax forms 2011 Investment property. Federal tax forms 2011   This is property that produces investment income. Federal tax forms 2011 Examples include stocks, bonds, and Treasury bills and notes. Federal tax forms 2011 Property used in a trade or business is not investment property. Federal tax forms 2011 Form 1099-B. Federal tax forms 2011   If you sold property such as stocks, bonds, mutual funds, or certain commodities through a broker during the year, you should receive, for each sale, a Form 1099-B, Proceeds From Broker and Barter Exchange Transactions, or substitute statement, from the broker. Federal tax forms 2011 You should receive the statement by February 15 of the next year. Federal tax forms 2011 It will show the gross proceeds from the sale. Federal tax forms 2011 The IRS will also get a copy of Form 1099-B from the broker. Federal tax forms 2011   Use Form 1099-B (or substitute statement received from your broker) to complete Form 8949. Federal tax forms 2011 If you sold a covered security in 2013, your broker will send you a Form 1099-B (or substitute statement) that shows your basis. Federal tax forms 2011 This will help you complete Form 8949. Federal tax forms 2011 Generally, a covered security is a security you acquired after 2010, with certain exceptions explained in the Instructions for Form 8949. Federal tax forms 2011    For more information on Form 8949 and Schedule D (Form 1040), see Reporting Capital Gains and Losses in this chapter. Federal tax forms 2011 Also see the Instructions for Form 8949 and the Instructions for Schedule D (Form 1040). Federal tax forms 2011 Nominees. Federal tax forms 2011   If someone receives gross proceeds as a nominee for you, that person will give you a Form 1099-B, which will show gross proceeds received on your behalf. Federal tax forms 2011   If you receive a Form 1099-B that includes gross proceeds belonging to another person, see Nominees , later under Reporting Capital Gains and Losses for more information. Federal tax forms 2011 Other property transactions. Federal tax forms 2011   Certain transfers of property are discussed in other IRS publications. Federal tax forms 2011 These include: Sale of your main home, discussed in Publication 523, Selling Your Home; Installment sales, covered in Publication 537; Various types of transactions involving business property, discussed in Publication 544, Sales and Other Dispositions of Assets; Transfers of property at death, covered in Publication 559; and Disposition of an interest in a passive activity, discussed in Publication 925. Federal tax forms 2011 Topics - This chapter discusses: What Is a Sale or Trade? , Basis of Investment Property , Adjusted Basis , How To Figure Gain or Loss , Nontaxable trades , Transfers Between Spouses , Related Party Transactions , Capital Gains and Losses , Reporting Capital Gains and Losses , and Special Rules for Traders in Securities . Federal tax forms 2011 Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 551 Basis of Assets Form (and Instructions) Schedule D (Form 1040) Capital Gains and Losses 6781 Gains and Losses From Section 1256 Contracts and Straddles 8582 Passive Activity Loss Limitations 8824 Like-Kind Exchanges 8949 Sales and Other Dispositions of Capital Assets See chapter 5, How To Get Tax Help , for information about getting these publications and forms. Federal tax forms 2011 What Is a Sale or Trade? This section explains what is a sale or trade. Federal tax forms 2011 It also explains certain transactions and events that are treated as sales or trades. Federal tax forms 2011 A sale is generally a transfer of property for money or a mortgage, note, or other promise to pay money. Federal tax forms 2011 A trade is a transfer of property for other property or services, and may be taxed in the same way as a sale. Federal tax forms 2011 Sale and purchase. Federal tax forms 2011   Ordinarily, a transaction is not a trade when you voluntarily sell property for cash and immediately buy similar property to replace it. Federal tax forms 2011 The sale and purchase are two separate transactions. Federal tax forms 2011 But see Like-Kind Exchanges under Nontaxable Trades, later. Federal tax forms 2011 Redemption of stock. Federal tax forms 2011   A redemption of stock is treated as a sale or trade and is subject to the capital gain or loss provisions unless the redemption is a dividend or other distribution on stock. Federal tax forms 2011 Dividend versus sale or trade. Federal tax forms 2011   Whether a redemption is treated as a sale, trade, dividend, or other distribution depends on the circumstances in each case. Federal tax forms 2011 Both direct and indirect ownership of stock will be considered. Federal tax forms 2011 The redemption is treated as a sale or trade of stock if: The redemption is not essentially equivalent to a dividend — see Dividends and Other Distributions in chapter 1, There is a substantially disproportionate redemption of stock, There is a complete redemption of all the stock of the corporation owned by the shareholder, or The redemption is a distribution in partial liquidation of a corporation. Federal tax forms 2011 Redemption or retirement of bonds. Federal tax forms 2011   A redemption or retirement of bonds or notes at their maturity generally is treated as a sale or trade. Federal tax forms 2011 See Stocks, stock rights, and bonds and Discounted Debt Instruments under Capital or Ordinary Gain or Loss, later. Federal tax forms 2011   In addition, a significant modification of a bond is treated as a trade of the original bond for a new bond. Federal tax forms 2011 For details, see Regulations section 1. Federal tax forms 2011 1001-3. Federal tax forms 2011 Surrender of stock. Federal tax forms 2011   A surrender of stock by a dominant shareholder who retains ownership of more than half of the corporation's voting shares is treated as a contribution to capital rather than as an immediate loss deductible from taxable income. Federal tax forms 2011 The surrendering shareholder must reallocate his or her basis in the surrendered shares to the shares he or she retains. Federal tax forms 2011 Trade of investment property for an annuity. Federal tax forms 2011   The transfer of investment property to a corporation, trust, fund, foundation, or other organization, in exchange for a fixed annuity contract that will make guaranteed annual payments to you for life, is a taxable trade. Federal tax forms 2011 If the present value of the annuity is more than your basis in the property traded, you have a taxable gain in the year of the trade. Federal tax forms 2011 Figure the present value of the annuity according to factors used by commercial insurance companies issuing annuities. Federal tax forms 2011 Transfer by inheritance. Federal tax forms 2011   The transfer of property of a decedent to the executor or administrator of the estate, or to the heirs or beneficiaries, is not a sale or other disposition. Federal tax forms 2011 No taxable gain or deductible loss results from the transfer. Federal tax forms 2011 Termination of certain rights and obligations. Federal tax forms 2011   The cancellation, lapse, expiration, or other termination of a right or obligation (other than a securities futures contract) with respect to property that is a capital asset (or that would be a capital asset if you acquired it) is treated as a sale. Federal tax forms 2011 Any gain or loss is treated as a capital gain or loss. Federal tax forms 2011   This rule does not apply to the retirement of a debt instrument. Federal tax forms 2011 See Redemption or retirement of bonds , earlier. Federal tax forms 2011 Worthless Securities Stocks, stock rights, and bonds (other than those held for sale by a securities dealer) that became completely worthless during the tax year are treated as though they were sold on the last day of the tax year. Federal tax forms 2011 This affects whether your capital loss is long term or short term. Federal tax forms 2011 See Holding Period , later. Federal tax forms 2011 Worthless securities also include securities that you abandon after March 12, 2008. Federal tax forms 2011 To abandon a security, you must permanently surrender and relinquish all rights in the security and receive no consideration in exchange for it. Federal tax forms 2011 All the facts and circumstances determine whether the transaction is properly characterized as an abandonment or other type of transaction, such as an actual sale or exchange, contribution to capital, dividend, or gift. Federal tax forms 2011 If you are a cash basis taxpayer and make payments on a negotiable promissory note that you issued for stock that became worthless, you can deduct these payments as losses in the years you actually make the payments. Federal tax forms 2011 Do not deduct them in the year the stock became worthless. Federal tax forms 2011 How to report loss. Federal tax forms 2011   Report worthless securities in Form 8949, Part I or Part II, whichever applies. Federal tax forms 2011    Report your worthless securities transactions on Form 8949 with the correct box checked for these transactions. Federal tax forms 2011 See Form 8949 and the Instructions for Form 8949. Federal tax forms 2011 Filing a claim for refund. Federal tax forms 2011   If you do not claim a loss for a worthless security on your original return for the year it becomes worthless, you can file a claim for a credit or refund due to the loss. Federal tax forms 2011 You must use Form 1040X, Amended U. Federal tax forms 2011 S. Federal tax forms 2011 Individual Income Tax Return, to amend your return for the year the security became worthless. Federal tax forms 2011 You must file it within 7 years from the date your original return for that year had to be filed, or 2 years from the date you paid the tax, whichever is later. Federal tax forms 2011 (Claims not due to worthless securities or bad debts generally must be filed within 3 years from the date a return is filed, or 2 years from the date the tax is paid, whichever is later. Federal tax forms 2011 ) For more information about filing a claim, see Publication 556. Federal tax forms 2011 Constructive Sales of Appreciated Financial Positions You are treated as having made a constructive sale when you enter into certain transactions involving an appreciated financial position (defined later) in stock, a partnership interest, or certain debt instruments. Federal tax forms 2011 You must recognize gain as if the position were disposed of at its fair market value on the date of the constructive sale. Federal tax forms 2011 This gives you a new holding period for the position that begins on the date of the constructive sale. Federal tax forms 2011 Then, when you close the transaction, you reduce your gain (or increase your loss) by the gain recognized on the constructive sale. Federal tax forms 2011 Constructive sale. Federal tax forms 2011   You are treated as having made a constructive sale of an appreciated financial position if you: Enter into a short sale of the same or substantially identical property, Enter into an offsetting notional principal contract relating to the same or substantially identical property, Enter into a futures or forward contract to deliver the same or substantially identical property (including a forward contract that provides for cash settlement), or Acquire the same or substantially identical property (if the appreciated financial position is a short sale, an offsetting notional principal contract, or a futures or forward contract). Federal tax forms 2011   You are also treated as having made a constructive sale of an appreciated financial position if a person related to you enters into a transaction described above with a view toward avoiding the constructive sale treatment. Federal tax forms 2011 For this purpose, a related person is any related party described under Related Party Transactions , later in this chapter. Federal tax forms 2011 Exception for nonmarketable securities. Federal tax forms 2011   You are not treated as having made a constructive sale solely because you entered into a contract for sale of any stock, debt instrument, or partnership interest that is not a marketable security if it settles within 1 year of the date you enter into it. Federal tax forms 2011 Exception for certain closed transactions. Federal tax forms 2011   Do not treat a transaction as a constructive sale if all of the following are true. Federal tax forms 2011 You closed the transaction on or before the 30th day after the end of your tax year. Federal tax forms 2011 You held the appreciated financial position throughout the 60-day period beginning on the date you closed the transaction. Federal tax forms 2011 Your risk of loss was not reduced at any time during that 60-day period by holding certain other positions. Federal tax forms 2011   If a closed transaction is reestablished in a substantially similar position during the 60-day period beginning on the date the first transaction was closed, this exception still applies if the reestablished position is closed before the 30th day after the end of your tax year in which the first transaction was closed and, after that closing, (2) and (3) above are true. Federal tax forms 2011   This exception also applies to successive short sales of an entire appreciated financial position. Federal tax forms 2011 For more information, see Revenue Ruling 2003-1 in Internal Revenue Bulletin 2003-3. Federal tax forms 2011 This bulletin is available at www. Federal tax forms 2011 irs. Federal tax forms 2011 gov/pub/irs-irbs/irb03-03. Federal tax forms 2011 pdf. Federal tax forms 2011 Appreciated financial position. Federal tax forms 2011   This is any interest in stock, a partnership interest, or a debt instrument (including a futures or forward contract, a short sale, or an option) if disposing of the interest would result in a gain. Federal tax forms 2011 Exceptions. Federal tax forms 2011   An appreciated financial position does not include the following. Federal tax forms 2011 Any position from which all of the appreciation is accounted for under marked-to-market rules, including section 1256 contracts (described later under Section 1256 Contracts Marked to Market ). Federal tax forms 2011 Any position in a debt instrument if: The position unconditionally entitles the holder to receive a specified principal amount, The interest payments (or other similar amounts) with respect to the position are payable at a fixed rate or a variable rate described in Regulations section 1. Federal tax forms 2011 860G-1(a)(3), and The position is not convertible, either directly or indirectly, into stock of the issuer (or any related person). Federal tax forms 2011 Any hedge with respect to a position described in (2). Federal tax forms 2011 Certain trust instruments treated as stock. Federal tax forms 2011   For the constructive sale rules, an interest in an actively traded trust is treated as stock unless substantially all of the value of the property held by the trust is debt that qualifies for the exception to the definition of an appreciated financial position (explained in (2) above). Federal tax forms 2011 Sale of appreciated financial position. Federal tax forms 2011   A transaction treated as a constructive sale of an appreciated financial position is not treated as a constructive sale of any other appreciated financial position, as long as you continue to hold the original position. Federal tax forms 2011 However, if you hold another appreciated financial position and dispose of the original position before closing the transaction that resulted in the constructive sale, you are treated as if, at the same time, you constructively sold the other appreciated financial position. Federal tax forms 2011 Section 1256 Contracts Marked to Market If you hold a section 1256 contract at the end of the tax year, you generally must treat it as sold at its fair market value on the last business day of the tax year. Federal tax forms 2011 Section 1256 Contract A section 1256 contract is any: Regulated futures contract, Foreign currency contract, Nonequity option, Dealer equity option, or Dealer securities futures contract. Federal tax forms 2011 Exceptions. Federal tax forms 2011   A section 1256 contract does not include: Interest rate swaps, Currency swaps, Basis swaps, Interest rate caps, Interest rate floors, Commodity swaps, Equity swaps, Equity index swaps, Credit default swaps, or Similar agreements. Federal tax forms 2011 For more details, including definitions of these terms, see section 1256. Federal tax forms 2011 Regulated futures contract. Federal tax forms 2011   This is a contract that: Provides that amounts which must be deposited to, or can be withdrawn from, your margin account depend on daily market conditions (a system of marking to market), and Is traded on, or subject to the rules of, a qualified board of exchange. Federal tax forms 2011 A qualified board of exchange is a domestic board of trade designated as a contract market by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, any board of trade or exchange approved by the Secretary of the Treasury, or a national securities exchange registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Federal tax forms 2011 Foreign currency contract. Federal tax forms 2011   This is a contract that: Requires delivery of a foreign currency that has positions traded through regulated futures contracts (or settlement of which depends on the value of that type of foreign currency), Is traded in the interbank market, and Is entered into at arm's length at a price determined by reference to the price in the interbank market. Federal tax forms 2011   Bank forward contracts with maturity dates longer than the maturities ordinarily available for regulated futures contracts are considered to meet the definition of a foreign currency contract if the above three conditions are satisfied. Federal tax forms 2011   Special rules apply to certain foreign currency transactions. Federal tax forms 2011 These transactions may result in ordinary gain or loss treatment. Federal tax forms 2011 For details, see Internal Revenue Code section 988 and Regulations sections 1. Federal tax forms 2011 988-1(a)(7) and 1. Federal tax forms 2011 988-3. Federal tax forms 2011 Nonequity option. Federal tax forms 2011   This is any listed option (defined later) that is not an equity option. Federal tax forms 2011 Nonequity options include debt options, commodity futures options, currency options, and broad-based stock index options. Federal tax forms 2011 A broad-based stock index is based on the value of a group of diversified stocks or securities (such as the Standard and Poor's 500 index). Federal tax forms 2011 Warrants based on a stock index that are economically, substantially identical in all material respects to options based on a stock index are treated as options based on a stock index. Federal tax forms 2011 Cash-settled options. Federal tax forms 2011   Cash-settled options based on a stock index and either traded on or subject to the rules of a qualified board of exchange are nonequity options if the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) determines that the stock index is broad based. Federal tax forms 2011   This rule does not apply to options established before the SEC determines that the stock index is broad based. Federal tax forms 2011 Listed option. Federal tax forms 2011   This is any option traded on, or subject to the rules of, a qualified board or exchange (as discussed earlier under Regulated futures contract). Federal tax forms 2011 A listed option, however, does not include an option that is a right to acquire stock from the issuer. Federal tax forms 2011 Dealer equity option. Federal tax forms 2011   This is any listed option that, for an options dealer: Is an equity option, Is bought or granted by that dealer in the normal course of the dealer's business activity of dealing in options, and Is listed on the qualified board of exchange where that dealer is registered. Federal tax forms 2011   An “options dealer” is any person registered with an appropriate national securities exchange as a market maker or specialist in listed options. Federal tax forms 2011 Equity option. Federal tax forms 2011   This is any option: To buy or sell stock, or That is valued directly or indirectly by reference to any stock or narrow-based security index. Federal tax forms 2011  Equity options include options on a group of stocks only if the group is a narrow-based stock index. Federal tax forms 2011 Dealer securities futures contract. Federal tax forms 2011   For any dealer in securities futures contracts or options on those contracts, this is a securities futures contract (or option on such a contract) that: Is entered into by the dealer (or, in the case of an option, is purchased or granted by the dealer) in the normal course of the dealer's activity of dealing in this type of contract (or option), and Is traded on a qualified board or exchange (as defined under Regulated futures contract , earlier). Federal tax forms 2011 A securities futures contract that is not a dealer securities futures contract is treated as described later under Securities Futures Contracts . Federal tax forms 2011 Marked-to-Market Rules A section 1256 contract that you hold at the end of the tax year will generally be treated as sold at its fair market value on the last business day of the tax year, and you must recognize any gain or loss that results. Federal tax forms 2011 That gain or loss is taken into account in figuring your gain or loss when you later dispose of the contract, as shown in the example under 60/40 rule, below. Federal tax forms 2011 Hedging exception. Federal tax forms 2011   The marked-to-market rules do not apply to hedging transactions. Federal tax forms 2011 See Hedging Transactions , later. Federal tax forms 2011 60/40 rule. Federal tax forms 2011   Under the marked-to-market system, 60% of your capital gain or loss will be treated as a long-term capital gain or loss, and 40% will be treated as a short-term capital gain or loss. Federal tax forms 2011 This is true regardless of how long you actually held the property. Federal tax forms 2011 Example. Federal tax forms 2011 On June 22, 2012, you bought a regulated futures contract for $50,000. Federal tax forms 2011 On December 31, 2012 (the last business day of your tax year), the fair market value of the contract was $57,000. Federal tax forms 2011 You recognized a $7,000 gain on your 2012 tax return, treated as 60% long-term and 40% short-term capital gain. Federal tax forms 2011 On February 1, 2013, you sold the contract for $56,000. Federal tax forms 2011 Because you recognized a $7,000 gain on your 2012 return, you recognize a $1,000 loss ($57,000 − $56,000) on your 2013 tax return, treated as 60% long-term and 40% short-term capital loss. Federal tax forms 2011 Limited partners or entrepreneurs. Federal tax forms 2011   The 60/40 rule does not apply to dealer equity options or dealer securities futures contracts that result in capital gain or loss allocable to limited partners or limited entrepreneurs (defined later under Hedging Transactions ). Federal tax forms 2011 Instead, these gains or losses are treated as short term. Federal tax forms 2011 Terminations and transfers. Federal tax forms 2011   The marked-to-market rules also apply if your obligation or rights under section 1256 contracts are terminated or transferred during the tax year. Federal tax forms 2011 In this case, use the fair market value of each section 1256 contract at the time of termination or transfer to determine the gain or loss. Federal tax forms 2011 Terminations or transfers may result from any offsetting, delivery, exercise, assignment, or lapse of your obligation or rights under section 1256 contracts. Federal tax forms 2011 Loss carryback election. Federal tax forms 2011   An individual having a net section 1256 contracts loss (defined later), generally can elect to carry this loss back 3 years instead of carrying it over to the next year. Federal tax forms 2011 See How To Report , later, for information about reporting this election on your return. Federal tax forms 2011   The loss carried back to any year under this election cannot be more than the net section 1256 contracts gain in that year. Federal tax forms 2011 In addition, the amount of loss carried back to an earlier tax year cannot increase or produce a net operating loss for that year. Federal tax forms 2011   The loss is carried to the earliest carryback year first, and any unabsorbed loss amount can then be carried to each of the next 2 tax years. Federal tax forms 2011 In each carryback year, treat 60% of the carryback amount as a long-term capital loss and 40% as a short-term capital loss from section 1256 contracts. Federal tax forms 2011   If only a portion of the net section 1256 contracts loss is absorbed by carrying the loss back, the unabsorbed portion can be carried forward, under the capital loss carryover rules, to the year following the loss. Federal tax forms 2011 (See Capital Losses under Reporting Capital Gains and Losses, later. Federal tax forms 2011 ) Figure your capital loss carryover as if, for the loss year, you had an additional short-term capital gain of 40% of the amount of net section 1256 contracts loss absorbed in the carryback years and an additional long-term capital gain of 60% of the absorbed loss. Federal tax forms 2011 In the carryover year, treat any capital loss carryover from losses on section 1256 contracts as if it were a loss from section 1256 contracts for that year. Federal tax forms 2011 Net section 1256 contracts loss. Federal tax forms 2011   This loss is the lesser of: The net capital loss for your tax year determined by taking into account only the gains and losses from section 1256 contracts, or The capital loss carryover to the next tax year determined without this election. Federal tax forms 2011 Net section 1256 contracts gain. Federal tax forms 2011   This gain is the lesser of: The capital gain net income for the carryback year determined by taking into account only gains and losses from section 1256 contracts, or The capital gain net income for that year. Federal tax forms 2011  Figure your net section 1256 contracts gain for any carryback year without regard to the net section 1256 contracts loss for the loss year or any later tax year. Federal tax forms 2011 Traders in section 1256 contracts. Federal tax forms 2011   Gain or loss from the trading of section 1256 contracts is capital gain or loss subject to the marked-to-market rules. Federal tax forms 2011 However, this does not apply to contracts held for purposes of hedging property if any loss from the property would be an ordinary loss. Federal tax forms 2011 Treatment of underlying property. Federal tax forms 2011   The determination of whether an individual's gain or loss from any property is ordinary or capital gain or loss is made without regard to the fact that the individual is actively engaged in dealing in or trading section 1256 contracts related to that property. Federal tax forms 2011 How To Report If you disposed of regulated futures or foreign currency contracts in 2013 (or had unrealized profit or loss on these contracts that were open at the end of 2012 or 2013), you should receive Form 1099-B, or substitute statement, from your broker. Federal tax forms 2011 Form 6781. Federal tax forms 2011   Use Part I of Form 6781 to report your gains and losses from all section 1256 contracts that are open at the end of the year or that were closed out during the year. Federal tax forms 2011 This includes the amount shown in box 10 of Form 1099-B. Federal tax forms 2011 Then enter the net amount of these gains and losses on Schedule D (Form 1040), line 4 or line 11, as appropriate. Federal tax forms 2011 Include a copy of Form 6781 with your income tax return. Federal tax forms 2011   If the Form 1099-B you receive includes a straddle or hedging transaction, defined later, it may be necessary to show certain adjustments on Form 6781. Federal tax forms 2011 Follow the Form 6781 instructions for completing Part I. Federal tax forms 2011 Loss carryback election. Federal tax forms 2011   To carry back your loss under the election procedures described earlier, file Form 1040X or Form 1045, Application for Tentative Refund, for the year to which you are carrying the loss with an amended Form 6781 and an amended Schedule D (Form 1040) attached. Federal tax forms 2011 Follow the instructions for completing Form 6781 for the loss year to make this election. Federal tax forms 2011 Hedging Transactions The marked-to-market rules, described earlier, do not apply to hedging transactions. Federal tax forms 2011 A transaction is a hedging transaction if both of the following conditions are met. Federal tax forms 2011 You entered into the transaction in the normal course of your trade or business primarily to manage the risk of: Price changes or currency fluctuations on ordinary property you hold (or will hold), or Interest rate or price changes, or currency fluctuations, on your current or future borrowings or ordinary obligations. Federal tax forms 2011 You clearly identified the transaction as being a hedging transaction before the close of the day on which you entered into it. Federal tax forms 2011 This hedging transaction exception does not apply to transactions entered into by or for any syndicate. Federal tax forms 2011 A syndicate is a partnership, S corporation, or other entity (other than a regular corporation) that allocates more than 35% of its losses to limited partners or limited entrepreneurs. Federal tax forms 2011 A limited entrepreneur is a person who has an interest in an enterprise (but not as a limited partner) and who does not actively participate in its management. Federal tax forms 2011 However, an interest is not considered held by a limited partner or entrepreneur if the interest holder actively participates (or did so for at least 5 full years) in the management of the entity, or is the spouse, child (including a legally adopted child), grandchild, or parent of an individual who actively participates in the management of the entity. Federal tax forms 2011 Hedging loss limit. Federal tax forms 2011   If you are a limited partner or entrepreneur in a syndicate, the amount of a hedging loss you can claim is limited. Federal tax forms 2011 A “hedging loss” is the amount by which the allowable deductions in a tax year that resulted from a hedging transaction (determined without regard to the limit) are more than the income received or accrued during the tax year from this transaction. Federal tax forms 2011   Any hedging loss allocated to you for the tax year is limited to your taxable income for that year from the trade or business in which the hedging transaction occurred. Federal tax forms 2011 Ignore any hedging transaction items in determining this taxable income. Federal tax forms 2011 If you have a hedging loss that is disallowed because of this limit, you can carry it over to the next tax year as a deduction resulting from a hedging transaction. Federal tax forms 2011   If the hedging transaction relates to property other than stock or securities, the limit on hedging losses applies if the limited partner or entrepreneur is an individual. Federal tax forms 2011   The limit on hedging losses does not apply to any hedging loss to the extent that it is more than all your unrecognized gains from hedging transactions at the end of the tax year that are from the trade or business in which the hedging transaction occurred. Federal tax forms 2011 The term “unrecognized gain” has the same meaning as defined under Loss Deferral Rules in Straddles, later. Federal tax forms 2011 Sale of property used in a hedge. Federal tax forms 2011   Once you identify personal property as being part of a hedging transaction, you must treat gain from its sale or exchange as ordinary income, not capital gain. Federal tax forms 2011 Self-Employment Income Gains and losses derived in the ordinary course of a commodity or option dealer's trading in section 1256 contracts and property related to these contracts are included in net earnings from self-employment. Federal tax forms 2011 See the Instructions for Schedule SE (Form 1040). Federal tax forms 2011 In addition, the rules relating to contributions to self-employment retirement plans apply. Federal tax forms 2011 For information on retirement plan contributions, see Publication 560 and Publication 590. Federal tax forms 2011 Basis of Investment Property Basis is a way of measuring your investment in property for tax purposes. Federal tax forms 2011 You must know the basis of your property to determine whether you have a gain or loss on its sale or other disposition. Federal tax forms 2011 Investment property you buy normally has an original basis equal to its cost. Federal tax forms 2011 If you get property in some way other than buying it, such as by gift or inheritance, its fair market value may be important in figuring the basis. Federal tax forms 2011 Cost Basis The basis of property you buy is usually its cost. Federal tax forms 2011 The cost is the amount you pay in cash, debt obligations, or other property or services. Federal tax forms 2011 Unstated interest. Federal tax forms 2011   If you buy property on a time-payment plan that charges little or no interest, the basis of your property is your stated purchase price, minus the amount considered to be unstated interest. Federal tax forms 2011 You generally have unstated interest if your interest rate is less than the applicable federal rate. Federal tax forms 2011 For more information, see Unstated Interest and Original Issue Discount (OID) in Publication 537. Federal tax forms 2011 Basis Other Than Cost There are times when you must use a basis other than cost. Federal tax forms 2011 In these cases, you may need to know the property's fair market value or the adjusted basis of the previous owner. Federal tax forms 2011 Fair market value. Federal tax forms 2011   This is the price at which the property would change hands between a buyer and a seller, neither being forced to buy or sell and both having reasonable knowledge of all the relevant facts. Federal tax forms 2011 Sales of similar property, around the same date, may be helpful in figuring fair market value. Federal tax forms 2011 Property Received for Services If you receive investment property for services, you must include the property's fair market value in income. Federal tax forms 2011 The amount you include in income then becomes your basis in the property. Federal tax forms 2011 If the services were performed for a price that was agreed to beforehand, this price will be accepted as the fair market value of the property if there is no evidence to the contrary. Federal tax forms 2011 Restricted property. Federal tax forms 2011   If you receive, as payment for services, property that is subject to certain restrictions, your basis in the property generally is its fair market value when it becomes substantially vested. Federal tax forms 2011 Property becomes substantially vested when it is transferable or is no longer subject to substantial risk of forfeiture, whichever happens first. Federal tax forms 2011 See Restricted Property in Publication 525 for more information. Federal tax forms 2011 Bargain purchases. Federal tax forms 2011   If you buy investment property at less than fair market value, as payment for services, you must include the difference in income. Federal tax forms 2011 Your basis in the property is the price you pay plus the amount you include in income. Federal tax forms 2011 Property Received in Taxable Trades If you received investment property in trade for other property, the basis of the new property is its fair market value at the time of the trade unless you received the property in a nontaxable trade. Federal tax forms 2011 Example. Federal tax forms 2011 You trade A Company stock for B Company stock having a fair market value of $1,200. Federal tax forms 2011 If the adjusted basis of the A Company stock is less than $1,200, you have a taxable gain on the trade. Federal tax forms 2011 If the adjusted basis of the A Company stock is more than $1,200, you have a deductible loss on the trade. Federal tax forms 2011 The basis of your B Company stock is $1,200. Federal tax forms 2011 If you later sell the B Company stock for $1,300, you will have a gain of $100. Federal tax forms 2011 Property Received in Nontaxable Trades If you have a nontaxable trade, you do not recognize gain or loss until you dispose of the property you received in the trade. Federal tax forms 2011 See Nontaxable Trades , later. Federal tax forms 2011 The basis of property you received in a nontaxable or partly nontaxable trade is generally the same as the adjusted basis of the property you gave up. Federal tax forms 2011 Increase this amount by any cash you paid, additional costs you had, and any gain recognized. Federal tax forms 2011 Reduce this amount by any cash or unlike property you received, any loss recognized, and any liability of yours that was assumed or treated as assumed. Federal tax forms 2011 Property Received From Your Spouse If property is transferred to you from your spouse (or former spouse, if the transfer is incident to your divorce), your basis is the same as your spouse's or former spouse's adjusted basis just before the transfer. Federal tax forms 2011 See Transfers Between Spouses , later. Federal tax forms 2011 Recordkeeping. Federal tax forms 2011 The transferor must give you the records necessary to determine the adjusted basis and holding period of the property as of the date of the transfer. Federal tax forms 2011 Property Received as a Gift To figure your basis in property that you received as a gift, you must know its adjusted basis to the donor just before it was given to you, its fair market value at the time it was given to you, the amount of any gift tax paid on it, and the date it was given to you. Federal tax forms 2011 Fair market value less than donor's adjusted basis. Federal tax forms 2011   If the fair market value of the property at the time of the gift was less than the donor's adjusted basis just before the gift, your basis for gain on its sale or other disposition is the same as the donor's adjusted basis plus or minus any required adjustments to basis during the period you hold the property. Federal tax forms 2011 Your basis for loss is its fair market value at the time of the gift plus or minus any required adjustments to basis during the period you hold the property. Federal tax forms 2011 No gain or loss. Federal tax forms 2011   If you use the basis for figuring a gain and the result is a loss, and then use the basis for figuring a loss and the result is a gain, you will have neither a gain nor a loss. Federal tax forms 2011 Example. Federal tax forms 2011 You receive a gift of investment property having an adjusted basis of $10,000 at the time of the gift. Federal tax forms 2011 The fair market value at the time of the gift is $9,000. Federal tax forms 2011 You later sell the property for $9,500. Federal tax forms 2011 You have neither gain nor loss. Federal tax forms 2011 Your basis for figuring gain is $10,000, and $9,500 minus $10,000 results in a $500 loss. Federal tax forms 2011 Your basis for figuring loss is $9,000, and $9,500 minus $9,000 results in a $500 gain. Federal tax forms 2011 Fair market value equal to or more than donor's adjusted basis. Federal tax forms 2011   If the fair market value of the property at the time of the gift was equal to or more than the donor's adjusted basis just before the gift, your basis for gain or loss on its sale or other disposition is the donor's adjusted basis plus or minus any required adjustments to basis during the period you hold the property. Federal tax forms 2011 Also, you may be allowed to add to the donor's adjusted basis all or part of any gift tax paid, depending on the date of the gift. Federal tax forms 2011 Gift received before 1977. Federal tax forms 2011   If you received property as a gift before 1977, your basis in the property is the donor's adjusted basis increased by the total gift tax paid on the gift. Federal tax forms 2011 However, your basis cannot be more than the fair market value of the gift at the time it was given to you. Federal tax forms 2011 Example 1. Federal tax forms 2011 You were given XYZ Company stock in 1976. Federal tax forms 2011 At the time of the gift, the stock had a fair market value of $21,000. Federal tax forms 2011 The donor's adjusted basis was $20,000. Federal tax forms 2011 The donor paid a gift tax of $500 on the gift. Federal tax forms 2011 Your basis for gain or loss is $20,500, the donor's adjusted basis plus the amount of gift tax paid. Federal tax forms 2011 Example 2. Federal tax forms 2011 The facts are the same as in Example 1 except that the gift tax paid was $1,500. Federal tax forms 2011 Your basis is $21,000, the donor's adjusted basis plus the gift tax paid, but limited to the fair market value of the stock at the time of the gift. Federal tax forms 2011 Gift received after 1976. Federal tax forms 2011   If you received property as a gift after 1976, your basis is the donor's adjusted basis increased by the part of the gift tax paid that was for the net increase in value of the gift. Federal tax forms 2011 You figure this part by multiplying the gift tax paid on the gift by a fraction. Federal tax forms 2011 The numerator (top part) is the net increase in value of the gift and the denominator (bottom part) is the amount of the gift. Federal tax forms 2011   The net increase in value of the gift is the fair market value of the gift minus the donor's adjusted basis. Federal tax forms 2011 The amount of the gift is its value for gift tax purposes after reduction by any annual exclusion and marital or charitable deduction that applies to the gift. Federal tax forms 2011 Example. Federal tax forms 2011 In 2013, you received a gift of property from your mother. Federal tax forms 2011 At the time of the gift, the property had a fair market value of $101,000 and an adjusted basis to her of $40,000. Federal tax forms 2011 The amount of the gift for gift tax purposes was $87,000 ($101,000 minus the $14,000 annual exclusion), and your mother paid a gift tax of $21,000. Federal tax forms 2011 You figure your basis in the following way: Fair market value $101,000 Minus: Adjusted basis 40,000 Net increase in value of gift $61,000 Gift tax paid $21,000 Multiplied by . Federal tax forms 2011 701 ($61,000 ÷ $87,000) . Federal tax forms 2011 701 Gift tax due to net increase in value $14,721 Plus: Adjusted basis of property to  your mother 40,000 Your basis in the property $54,721 Part sale, part gift. Federal tax forms 2011   If you get property in a transfer that is partly a sale and partly a gift, your basis is the larger of the amount you paid for the property or the transferor's adjusted basis in the property at the time of the transfer. Federal tax forms 2011 Add to that amount the amount of any gift tax paid on the gift, as described in the preceding discussion. Federal tax forms 2011 For figuring loss, your basis is limited to the property's fair market value at the time of the transfer. Federal tax forms 2011 Gift tax information. Federal tax forms 2011   For information on gift tax, see Publication 950, Introduction to Estate and Gift Taxes. Federal tax forms 2011 For information on figuring the amount of gift tax to add to your basis, see Property Received as a Gift in Publication 551. Federal tax forms 2011 Property Received as Inheritance Before or after 2010. Federal tax forms 2011   If you inherited property from a decedent who died before or after 2010, or who died in 2010 and the executor of the decedent's estate elected not to file Form 8939, Allocation of Increase in Basis for Property Acquired From a Decedent, your basis in that property generally is its fair market value (its appraised value on Form 706, United States Estate (and Generation-Skipping Transfer) Tax Return) on: The date of the decedent's death, or The later alternate valuation date if the estate qualifies for, and elects to use, alternate valuation. Federal tax forms 2011 If no Form 706 was filed, use the appraised value on the date of death for state inheritance or transmission taxes. Federal tax forms 2011 For stocks and bonds, if no Form 706 was filed and there are no state inheritance or transmission taxes, see the Form 706 instructions for figuring the fair market value of the stocks and bonds on the date of the decedent's death. Federal tax forms 2011 Appreciated property you gave the decedent. Federal tax forms 2011   Your basis in certain appreciated property that you inherited is the decedent's adjusted basis in the property immediately before death rather than its fair market value. Federal tax forms 2011 This applies to appreciated property that you or your spouse gave the decedent as a gift during the 1-year period ending on the date of death. Federal tax forms 2011 Appreciated property is any property whose fair market value on the day you gave it to the decedent was more than its adjusted basis. Federal tax forms 2011 More information. Federal tax forms 2011   See Publication 551 for more information on the basis of inherited property, including community property, property held by a surviving tenant in a joint tenancy or tenancy by the entirety, a qualified joint interest, and a farm or closely held business. Federal tax forms 2011 Inherited in 2010 and executor elected to file Form 8939. Federal tax forms 2011   If you inherited property from a decedent who died in 2010 and the executor made the election to file Form 8939, see Publication 4895, Tax Treatment of Property Acquired From a Decedent Dying in 2010, to figure your basis. Federal tax forms 2011 Adjusted Basis Before you can figure any gain or loss on a sale, exchange, or other disposition of property or figure allowable depreciation, depletion, or amortization, you usually must make certain adjustments (increases and decreases) to the basis of the property. Federal tax forms 2011 The result of these adjustments to the basis is the adjusted basis. Federal tax forms 2011 Adjustments to the basis of stocks and bonds are explained in the following discussion. Federal tax forms 2011 For information about other adjustments to basis, see Publication 551. Federal tax forms 2011 Stocks and Bonds The basis of stocks or bonds you own generally is the purchase price plus the costs of purchase, such as commissions and recording or transfer fees. Federal tax forms 2011 If you acquired stock or bonds other than by purchase, your basis is usually determined by fair market value or the previous owner's adjusted basis as discussed earlier under Basis Other Than Cost . Federal tax forms 2011 The basis of stock must be adjusted for certain events that occur after purchase. Federal tax forms 2011 For example, if you receive more stock from nontaxable stock dividends or stock splits, you must reduce the basis of your original stock. Federal tax forms 2011 You must also reduce your basis when you receive nondividend distributions (discussed in chapter 1). Federal tax forms 2011 These distributions, up to the amount of your basis, are a nontaxable return of capital. Federal tax forms 2011 The IRS partners with companies that offer Form 8949 and Schedule D (Form 1040) software that can import trades from many brokerage firms and accounting software to help you keep track of your adjusted basis in securities. Federal tax forms 2011 To find out more, go to www. Federal tax forms 2011 irs. Federal tax forms 2011 gov/Filing/Filing-Options. Federal tax forms 2011 Identifying stock or bonds sold. Federal tax forms 2011   If you can adequately identify the shares of stock or the bonds you sold, their basis is the cost or other basis of the particular shares of stock or bonds. Federal tax forms 2011 Adequate identification. Federal tax forms 2011   You will make an adequate identification if you show that certificates representing shares of stock from a lot that you bought on a certain date or for a certain price were delivered to your broker or other agent. Federal tax forms 2011 Broker holds stock. Federal tax forms 2011   If you have left the stock certificates with your broker or other agent, you will make an adequate identification if you: Tell your broker or other agent the particular stock to be sold or transferred at the time of the sale or transfer, and Receive a written confirmation of this from your broker or other agent within a reasonable time. Federal tax forms 2011  Stock identified this way is the stock sold or transferred even if stock certificates from a different lot are delivered to the broker or other agent. Federal tax forms 2011 Single stock certificate. Federal tax forms 2011   If you bought stock in different lots at different times and you hold a single stock certificate for this stock, you will make an adequate identification if you: Tell your broker or other agent the particular stock to be sold or transferred when you deliver the certificate to your broker or other agent, and Receive a written confirmation of this from your broker or other agent within a reasonable time. Federal tax forms 2011   If you sell part of the stock represented by a single certificate directly to the buyer instead of through a broker, you will make an adequate identification if you keep a written record of the particular stock that you intend to sell. Federal tax forms 2011 Bonds. Federal tax forms 2011   These methods of identification also apply to bonds sold or transferred. Federal tax forms 2011 Identification not possible. Federal tax forms 2011   If you buy and sell securities at various times in varying quantities and you cannot adequately identify the shares you sell, the basis of the securities you sell is the basis of the securities you acquired first. Federal tax forms 2011 Except for certain mutual fund shares, discussed later, you cannot use the average price per share to figure gain or loss on the sale of the shares. Federal tax forms 2011 Example. Federal tax forms 2011 You bought 100 shares of stock of XYZ Corporation in 1998 for $10 a share. Federal tax forms 2011 In January 1999 you bought another 200 shares for $11 a share. Federal tax forms 2011 In July 1999 you gave your son 50 shares. Federal tax forms 2011 In December 2001 you bought 100 shares for $9 a share. Federal tax forms 2011 In April 2013 you sold 130 shares. Federal tax forms 2011 You cannot identify the shares you disposed of, so you must use the stock you acquired first to figure the basis. Federal tax forms 2011 The shares of stock you gave your son had a basis of $500 (50 × $10). Federal tax forms 2011 You figure the basis of the 130 shares of stock you sold in 2013 as follows: 50 shares (50 × $10) balance of stock bought in 1998 $ 500 80 shares (80 × $11) stock bought in January 1999 880 Total basis of stock sold in 2013 $1,380 Shares in a mutual fund or REIT. Federal tax forms 2011    The basis of shares in a mutual fund (or other regulated investment company) or a real estate investment trust (REIT) is generally figured in the same way as the basis of other stock and usually includes any commissions or load charges paid for the purchase. Federal tax forms 2011 Example. Federal tax forms 2011 You bought 100 shares of Fund A for $10 a share. Federal tax forms 2011 You paid a $50 commission to the broker for the purchase. Federal tax forms 2011 Your cost basis for each share is $10. Federal tax forms 2011 50 ($1,050 ÷ 100). Federal tax forms 2011 Commissions and load charges. Federal tax forms 2011   The fees and charges you pay to acquire or redeem shares of a mutual fund are not deductible. Federal tax forms 2011 You can usually add acquisition fees and charges to your cost of the shares and thereby increase your basis. Federal tax forms 2011 A fee paid to redeem the shares is usually a reduction in the redemption price (sales price). Federal tax forms 2011   You cannot add your entire acquisition fee or load charge to the cost of the mutual fund shares acquired if all of the following conditions apply. Federal tax forms 2011 You get a reinvestment right because of the purchase of the shares or the payment of the fee or charge. Federal tax forms 2011 You dispose of the shares within 90 days of the purchase date. Federal tax forms 2011 You acquire new shares in the same mutual fund or another mutual fund, for which the fee or charge is reduced or waived because of the reinvestment right you got when you acquired the original shares. Federal tax forms 2011   The amount of the original fee or charge in excess of the reduction in (3) is added to the cost of the original shares. Federal tax forms 2011 The rest of the original fee or charge is added to the cost basis of the new shares (unless all three conditions above also apply to the purchase of the new shares). Federal tax forms 2011 Choosing average basis for mutual fund shares. Federal tax forms 2011   You can choose to use the average basis of mutual fund shares if you acquired the identical shares at various times and prices, or you acquired the shares after 2010 in connection with a dividend reinvestment plan, and left them on deposit in an account kept by a custodian or agent. Federal tax forms 2011 The methods you can use to figure average basis are explained later. Federal tax forms 2011 Undistributed capital gains. Federal tax forms 2011   If you had to include in your income any undistributed capital gains of the mutual fund or REIT, increase your basis in the stock by the difference between the amount you included and the amount of tax paid for you by the fund or REIT. Federal tax forms 2011 See Undistributed capital gains of mutual funds and REITs under Capital Gain Distributions in chapter 1. Federal tax forms 2011 Reinvestment right. Federal tax forms 2011   This is the right to acquire mutual fund shares in the same or another mutual fund without paying a fee or load charge, or by paying a reduced fee or load charge. Federal tax forms 2011      The original cost basis of mutual fund shares you acquire by reinvesting your distributions is the amount of the distributions used to purchase each full or fractional share. Federal tax forms 2011 This rule applies even if the distribution is an exempt-interest dividend that you do not report as income. Federal tax forms 2011 Table 4-1. Federal tax forms 2011 This is a worksheet you can use to keep track of the adjusted basis of your mutual fund shares. Federal tax forms 2011 Enter the cost per share when you acquire new shares and any adjustments to their basis when the adjustment occurs. Federal tax forms 2011 This worksheet will help you figure the adjusted basis when you sell or redeem shares. Federal tax forms 2011 Table 4-1. Federal tax forms 2011 Mutual Fund Record Mutual Fund Acquired1 Adjustment to Basis Per Share Adjusted2 Basis Per Share Sold or redeemed Date Number of Shares Cost Per Share Date Number of Shares                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1 Include share received from reinvestment of distributions. Federal tax forms 2011 2 Cost plus or minus adjustments. Federal tax forms 2011 Automatic investment service. Federal tax forms 2011   If you participate in an automatic investment service, your basis for each share of stock, including fractional shares, bought by the bank or other agent is the purchase price plus a share of the broker's commission. Federal tax forms 2011 Dividend reinvestment plans. Federal tax forms 2011   If you participate in a dividend reinvestment plan and receive stock from the corporation at a discount, your basis is the full fair market value of the stock on the dividend payment date. Federal tax forms 2011 You must include the amount of the discount in your income. Federal tax forms 2011 Public utilities. Federal tax forms 2011   If, before 1986, you excluded from income the value of stock you had received under a qualified public utility reinvestment plan, your basis in that stock is zero. Federal tax forms 2011 Stock dividends. Federal tax forms 2011   Stock dividends are distributions made by a corporation of its own stock. Federal tax forms 2011 Generally, stock dividends are not taxable to you. Federal tax forms 2011 However, see Distributions of Stock and Stock Rights under Dividends and Other Distributions in chapter 1 for some exceptions. Federal tax forms 2011 If the stock dividends are not taxable, you must divide your basis for the old stock between the old and new stock. Federal tax forms 2011 New and old stock identical. Federal tax forms 2011   If the new stock you received as a nontaxable dividend is identical to the old stock on which the dividend was declared, divide the adjusted basis of the old stock by the number of shares of old and new stock. Federal tax forms 2011 The result is your basis for each share of stock. Federal tax forms 2011 Example 1. Federal tax forms 2011 You owned one share of common stock that you bought for $45. Federal tax forms 2011 The corporation distributed two new shares of common stock for each share held. Federal tax forms 2011 You then had three shares of common stock. Federal tax forms 2011 Your basis in each share is $15 ($45 ÷ 3). Federal tax forms 2011 Example 2. Federal tax forms 2011 You owned two shares of common stock. Federal tax forms 2011 You bought one for $30 and the other for $45. Federal tax forms 2011 The corporation distributed two new shares of common stock for each share held. Federal tax forms 2011 You had six shares after the distribution—three with a basis of $10 each ($30 ÷ 3) and three with a basis of $15 each ($45 ÷ 3). Federal tax forms 2011 New and old stock not identical. Federal tax forms 2011   If the new stock you received as a nontaxable dividend is not identical to the old stock on which it was declared, the basis of the new stock is calculated differently. Federal tax forms 2011 Divide the adjusted basis of the old stock between the old and the new stock in the ratio of the fair market value of each lot of stock to the total fair market value of both lots on the date of distribution of the new stock. Federal tax forms 2011 Example. Federal tax forms 2011 You bought a share of common stock for $100. Federal tax forms 2011 Later, the corporation distributed a share of preferred stock for each share of common stock held. Federal tax forms 2011 At the date of distribution, your common stock had a fair market value of $150 and the preferred stock had a fair market value of $50. Federal tax forms 2011 You figure the basis of the old and new stock by dividing your $100 basis between them. Federal tax forms 2011 The basis of your common stock is $75 (($150 ÷ $200) × $100), and the basis of the new preferred stock is $25 (($50 ÷ $200) × $100). Federal tax forms 2011 Stock bought at various times. Federal tax forms 2011   Figure the basis of stock dividends received on stock you bought at various times and at different prices by allocating to each lot of stock the share of the stock dividends due to it. Federal tax forms 2011 Taxable stock dividends. Federal tax forms 2011   If your stock dividend is taxable when you receive it, the basis of your new stock is its fair market value on the date of distribution. Federal tax forms 2011 The basis of your old stock does not change. Federal tax forms 2011 Stock splits. Federal tax forms 2011   Figure the basis of stock splits in the same way as stock dividends if identical stock is distributed on the stock held. Federal tax forms 2011 Stock rights. Federal tax forms 2011   A stock right is a right to acquire a corporation's stock. Federal tax forms 2011 It may be exercised, it may be sold if it has a market value, or it may expire. Federal tax forms 2011 Stock rights are rarely taxable when you receive them. Federal tax forms 2011 See Distributions of Stock and Stock Rights under Dividends and Other Distributions in chapter 1. Federal tax forms 2011 Taxable stock rights. Federal tax forms 2011   If you receive stock rights that are taxable, the basis of the rights is their fair market value at the time of distribution. Federal tax forms 2011 The basis of the old stock does not change. Federal tax forms 2011 Nontaxable stock rights. Federal tax forms 2011   If you receive nontaxable stock rights and allow them to expire, they have no basis. Federal tax forms 2011   If you exercise or sell the nontaxable stock rights and if, at the time of distribution, the stock rights had a fair market value of 15% or more of the fair market value of the old stock, you must divide the adjusted basis of the old stock between the old stock and the stock rights. Federal tax forms 2011 Use a ratio of the fair market value of each to the total fair market value of both at the time of distribution. Federal tax forms 2011   If the fair market value of the stock rights was less than 15%, their basis is zero. Federal tax forms 2011 However, you can choose to divide the basis of the old stock between the old stock and the stock rights. Federal tax forms 2011 To make the choice, attach a statement to your return for the year in which you received the rights, stating that you choose to divide the basis of the stock. Federal tax forms 2011 Basis of new stock. Federal tax forms 2011   If you exercise the stock rights, the basis of the new stock is its cost plus the basis of the stock rights exercised. Federal tax forms 2011 Example. Federal tax forms 2011 You own 100 shares of ABC Company stock, which cost you $22 per share. Federal tax forms 2011 The ABC Company gave you 10 nontaxable stock rights that would allow you to buy 10 more shares at $26 per share. Federal tax forms 2011 At the time the stock rights were distributed, the stock had a market value of $30, not including the stock rights. Federal tax forms 2011 Each stock right had a market value of $3. Federal tax forms 2011 The market value of the stock rights was less than 15% of the market value of the stock, but you chose to divide the basis of your stock between the stock and the rights. Federal tax forms 2011 You figure the basis of the rights and the basis of the old stock as follows: 100 shares × $22 = $2,200, basis of old stock   100 shares × $30 = $3,000, market value of old stock   10 rights × $3 = $30, market value of rights   ($3,000 ÷ $3,030) × $2,200 = $2,178. Federal tax forms 2011 22, new basis of old stock   ($30 ÷ $3,030) × $2,200 = $21. Federal tax forms 2011 78, basis of rights   If you sell the rights, the basis for figuring gain or loss is $2. Federal tax forms 2011 18 ($21. Federal tax forms 2011 78 ÷ 10) per right. Federal tax forms 2011 If you exercise the rights, the basis of the stock you acquire is the price you pay ($26) plus the basis of the right exercised ($2. Federal tax forms 2011 18), or $28. Federal tax forms 2011 18 per share. Federal tax forms 2011 The remaining basis of the old stock is $21. Federal tax forms 2011 78 per share. Federal tax forms 2011 Investment property received in liquidation. Federal tax forms 2011   In general, if you receive investment property as a distribution in partial or complete liquidation of a corporation and if you recognize gain or loss when you acquire the property, your basis in the property is its fair market value at the time of the distribution. Federal tax forms 2011 S corporation stock. Federal tax forms 2011   You must increase your basis in stock of an S corporation by your pro rata share of the following items. Federal tax forms 2011 All income items of the S corporation, including tax-exempt income, that are separately stated and passed through to you as a shareholder. Federal tax forms 2011 The nonseparately stated income of the S corporation. Federal tax forms 2011 The amount of the deduction for depletion (other than oil and gas depletion) that is more than the basis of the property being depleted. Federal tax forms 2011   You must decrease your basis in stock of an S corporation by your pro rata share of the following items. Federal tax forms 2011 Distributions by the S corporation that were not included in your income. Federal tax forms 2011 All loss and deduction items of the S corporation that are separately stated and passed through to you. Federal tax forms 2011 Any nonseparately stated loss of the S corporation. Federal tax forms 2011 Any expense of the S corporation that is not deductible in figuring its taxable income and not properly chargeable to a capital account. Federal tax forms 2011 The amount of your deduction for depletion of oil and gas wells to the extent the deduction is not more than your share of the adjusted basis of the wells. Federal tax forms 2011 However, your basis in the stock cannot be reduced below zero. Federal tax forms 2011 Specialized small business investment company stock or partnership interest. Federal tax forms 2011   If you bought this stock or interest as replacement property for publicly traded securities you sold at a gain, you must reduce the basis of the stock or interest by the amount of any postponed gain on that sale. Federal tax forms 2011 See Rollover of Gain From Publicly Traded Securities , later. Federal tax forms 2011 Qualified small business stock. Federal tax forms 2011   If you bought this stock as replacement property for other qualified small business stock you sold at a gain, you must reduce the basis of this replacement stock by the amount of any postponed gain on the earlier sale. Federal tax forms 2011 See Gains on Qualified Small Business Stock , later. Federal tax forms 2011 Short sales. Federal tax forms 2011   If you cannot deduct payments you make to a lender in lieu of dividends on stock used in a short sale, the amount you pay to the lender is a capital expense, and you must add it to the basis of the stock used to close the short sale. Federal tax forms 2011   See Payments in lieu of dividends , later, for information about deducting payments in lieu of dividends. Federal tax forms 2011 Premiums on bonds. Federal tax forms 2011   If you buy a bond at a premium, the premium is treated as part of your basis in the bond. Federal tax forms 2011 If you choose to amortize the premium paid on a taxable bond, you must reduce the basis of the bond by the amortized part of the premium each year over the life of the bond. Federal tax forms 2011   Although you cannot deduct the premium on a tax-exempt bond, you must amortize it to determine your adjusted basis in the bond. Federal tax forms 2011 You must reduce the basis of the bond by the premium you amortized for the period you held the bond. Federal tax forms 2011   See Bond Premium Amortization in chapter 3 for more information. Federal tax forms 2011 Market discount on bonds. Federal tax forms 2011   If you include market discount on a bond in income currently, increase the basis of your bond by the amount of market discount you include in your income. Federal tax forms 2011 See Market Discount Bonds in chapter 1 for more information. Federal tax forms 2011 Bonds purchased at par value. Federal tax forms 2011   A bond purchased at par value (face amount) has no premium or discount. Federal tax forms 2011 When you sell or otherwise dispose of the bond, you figure the gain or loss by comparing the bond proceeds to the purchase price of the bond. Federal tax forms 2011 Example. Federal tax forms 2011 You purchased a bond several years ago for its par value of $10,000. Federal tax forms 2011 You sold the bond this year for $10,100. Federal tax forms 2011 You have a gain of $100. Federal tax forms 2011 However, if you had sold the bond for $9,900, you would have a loss of $100. Federal tax forms 2011 Acquisition discount on short-term obligations. Federal tax forms 2011   If you include acquisition discount on a short-term obligation in your income currently, increase the basis of the obligation by the amount of acquisition discount you include in your income. Federal tax forms 2011 See Discount on Short-Term Obligations in chapter 1 for more information. Federal tax forms 2011 Original issue discount (OID) on debt instruments. Federal tax forms 2011   Increase the basis of a debt instrument by the OID you include in your income. Federal tax forms 2011 See Original Issue Discount (OID) in chapter 1. Federal tax forms 2011 Discounted tax-exempt obligations. Federal tax forms 2011   OID on tax-exempt obligations is generally not taxable. Federal tax forms 2011 However, when you dispose of a tax-exempt obligation issued after September 3, 1982, that you acquired after March 1, 1984, you must accrue OID on the obligation to determine its adjusted basis. Federal tax forms 2011 The accrued OID is added to the basis of the obligation to determine your gain or loss. Federal tax forms 2011   For information on determining OID on a long-term obligation, see Debt Instruments Issued After July 1, 1982, and Before 1985 or Debt Instruments Issued After 1984, whichever applies, in Publication 1212 under Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments. Federal tax forms 2011   If the tax-exempt obligation has a maturity of 1 year or less, accrue OID under the rules for acquisition discount on short-term obligations. Federal tax forms 2011 See Discount on Short-Term Obligations in chapter 1. Federal tax forms 2011 Stripped tax-exempt obligation. Federal tax forms 2011   If you acquired a stripped tax-exempt bond or coupon after October 22, 1986, you must accrue OID on it to determine its adjusted basis when you dispose of it. Federal tax forms 2011 For stripped tax-exempt bonds or coupons acquired after June 10, 1987, part of this OID may be taxable. Federal tax forms 2011 You accrue the OID on these obligations in the manner described in chapter 1 under Stripped Bonds and Coupons . Federal tax forms 2011   Increase your basis in the stripped tax-exempt bond or coupon by the taxable and nontaxable accrued OID. Federal tax forms 2011 Also increase your basis by the interest that accrued (but was not paid and was not previously reflected in your basis) before the date you sold the bond or coupon. Federal tax forms 2011 In addition, for bonds acquired after June 10, 1987, add to your basis any accrued market discount not previously reflected in basis. Federal tax forms 2011 How To Figure Gain or Loss You figure gain or loss on a sale or trade of property by comparing the amount you realize with the adjusted basis of the property. Federal tax forms 2011 Gain. Federal tax forms 2011   If the amount you realize from a sale or trade is more than the adjusted basis of the property you transfer, the difference is a gain. Federal tax forms 2011 Loss. Federal tax forms 2011   If the adjusted basis of the property you transfer is more than the amount you realize, the difference is a loss. Federal tax forms 2011 Amount realized. Federal tax forms 2011   The amount you realize from a sale or trade of property is everything you receive for the property minus your expenses of sale (such as redemption fees, sales commissions, sales charges, or exit fees). Federal tax forms 2011 Amount realized includes the money you receive plus the fair market value of any property or services you receive. Federal tax forms 2011   If you finance the buyer's purchase of your property and the debt instrument does not provide for adequate stated interest, the unstated interest that you must report as ordinary income will reduce the amount realized from the sale. Federal tax forms 2011 For more information, see Publication 537. Federal tax forms 2011   If a buyer of property issues a debt instrument to the seller of the property, the amount realized is determined by reference to the issue price of the debt instrument, which may or may not be the fair market value of the debt instrument. Federal tax forms 2011 See Regulations section 1. Federal tax forms 2011 1001-1(g). Federal tax forms 2011 However, if the debt instrument was previously issued by a third party (one not part of the sale transaction), the fair market value of the debt instrument is used to determine the amount realized. Federal tax forms 2011 Fair market value. Federal tax forms 2011   Fair market value is the price at which property would change hands between a buyer and a seller, neither being forced to buy or sell and both having reasonable knowledge of all the relevant facts. Federal tax forms 2011 Example. Federal tax forms 2011 You trade A Company stock with an adjusted basis of $7,000 for B Company stock with a fair market value of $10,000, which is your amount realized. Federal tax forms 2011 Your gain is $3,000 ($10,000 – $7,000). Federal tax forms 2011 If you also receive a note for $6,000 that has an issue price of $6,000, your gain is $9,000 ($10,000 + $6,000 – $7,000). Federal tax forms 2011 Debt paid off. Federal tax forms 2011   A debt against the property, or against you, that is paid off as a part of the transaction or that is assumed by the buyer must be included in the amount realized. Federal tax forms 2011 This is true even if neither you nor the buyer is personally liable for the debt. Federal tax forms 2011 For example, if you sell or trade property that is subject to a nonrecourse loan, the amount you realize generally includes the full amount of the note assumed by the buyer even if the amount of the note is more than the fair market value of the property. Federal tax forms 2011 Example. Federal tax forms 2011 You sell stock that you had pledged as security for a bank loan of $8,000. Federal tax forms 2011 Your basis in the stock is $6,000. Federal tax forms 2011 The buyer pays off your bank loan and pays you $20,000 in cash. Federal tax forms 2011 The amount realized is $28,000 ($20,000 + $8,000). Federal tax forms 2011 Your gain is $22,000 ($28,000 – $6,000). Federal tax forms 2011 Payment of cash. Federal tax forms 2011   If you trade property and cash for other property, the amount you realize is the fair market value of the property you receive. Federal tax forms 2011 Determine your gain or loss by subtracting the cash you pay and the adjusted basis of the property you trade in from the amount you realize. Federal tax forms 2011 If the result is a positive number, it is a gain. Federal tax forms 2011 If the result is a negative number, it is a loss. Federal tax forms 2011 No gain or loss. Federal tax forms 2011   You may have to use a basis for figuring gain that is different from the basis used for figuring loss. Federal tax forms 2011 In this case, you may have neither a gain nor a loss. Federal tax forms 2011 See No gain or loss in the discussion on the basis of property you received as a gift under Basis Other Than Cost, earlier. Federal tax forms 2011 Special Rules for Mutual Funds To figure your gain or loss when you dispose of mutual fund shares, you need to determine which shares were sold and the basis of those shares. Federal tax forms 2011 If your shares in a mutual fund were acquired all on the same day and for the same price, figuring their basis is not difficu