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Federal Tax Forms 2007

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Federal Tax Forms 2007

Federal tax forms 2007 1. Federal tax forms 2007   Gain or Loss Table of Contents Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: Sales and ExchangesGain or Loss From Sales and Exchanges Abandonments Foreclosures and RepossessionsAmount realized on a nonrecourse debt. Federal tax forms 2007 Amount realized on a recourse debt. Federal tax forms 2007 Involuntary ConversionsCondemnations Nontaxable ExchangesLike-Kind Exchanges Other Nontaxable Exchanges Transfers to Spouse Rollover of Gain From Publicly Traded Securities Gains on Sales of Qualified Small Business Stock Exclusion of Gain From Sale of DC Zone Assets Topics - This chapter discusses: Sales and exchanges Abandonments Foreclosures and repossessions Involuntary conversions Nontaxable exchanges Transfers to spouse Rollovers and exclusions for certain capital gains Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 523 Selling Your Home 537 Installment Sales 547 Casualties, Disasters, and Thefts 550 Investment Income and Expenses 551 Basis of Assets 908 Bankruptcy Tax Guide 4681 Canceled Debts, Foreclosures, Repossessions, and Abandonments Form (and Instructions) Schedule D (Form 1040) Capital Gains and Losses 1040 U. Federal tax forms 2007 S. Federal tax forms 2007 Individual Income Tax Return 1040X Amended U. Federal tax forms 2007 S. Federal tax forms 2007 Individual Income Tax Return 1099-A Acquisition or Abandonment of Secured Property 1099-C Cancellation of Debt 4797 Sales of Business Property 8824 Like-Kind Exchanges 8949 Sales and Other Dispositions of Capital Assets Although the discussions in this chapter may at times refer mainly to individuals, many of the rules discussed also apply to taxpayers other than individuals. Federal tax forms 2007 However, the rules for property held for personal use usually will not apply to taxpayers other than individuals. Federal tax forms 2007 See chapter 5 for information about getting publications and forms. Federal tax forms 2007 Sales and Exchanges A sale is a transfer of property for money or a mortgage, note, or other promise to pay money. Federal tax forms 2007 An exchange is a transfer of property for other property or services. Federal tax forms 2007 The following discussions describe the kinds of transactions that are treated as sales or exchanges and explain how to figure gain or loss. Federal tax forms 2007 Sale or lease. Federal tax forms 2007    Some agreements that seem to be leases may really be conditional sales contracts. Federal tax forms 2007 The intention of the parties to the agreement can help you distinguish between a sale and a lease. Federal tax forms 2007   There is no test or group of tests to prove what the parties intended when they made the agreement. Federal tax forms 2007 You should consider each agreement based on its own facts and circumstances. Federal tax forms 2007 For more information, see chapter 3 in Publication 535, Business Expenses. Federal tax forms 2007 Cancellation of a lease. Federal tax forms 2007    Payments received by a tenant for the cancellation of a lease are treated as an amount realized from the sale of property. Federal tax forms 2007 Payments received by a landlord (lessor) for the cancellation of a lease are essentially a substitute for rental payments and are taxed as ordinary income in the year in which they are received. Federal tax forms 2007 Copyright. Federal tax forms 2007    Payments you receive for granting the exclusive use of (or right to exploit) a copyright throughout its life in a particular medium are treated as received from the sale of property. Federal tax forms 2007 It does not matter if the payments are a fixed amount or a percentage of receipts from the sale, performance, exhibition, or publication of the copyrighted work, or an amount based on the number of copies sold, performances given, or exhibitions made. Federal tax forms 2007 Nor does it matter if the payments are made over the same period as that covering the grantee's use of the copyrighted work. Federal tax forms 2007   If the copyright was used in your trade or business and you held it longer than a year, the gain or loss may be a section 1231 gain or loss. Federal tax forms 2007 For more information, see Section 1231 Gains and Losses in chapter 3. Federal tax forms 2007 Easement. Federal tax forms 2007   The amount received for granting an easement is subtracted from the basis of the property. Federal tax forms 2007 If only a specific part of the entire tract of property is affected by the easement, only the basis of that part is reduced by the amount received. Federal tax forms 2007 If it is impossible or impractical to separate the basis of the part of the property on which the easement is granted, the basis of the whole property is reduced by the amount received. Federal tax forms 2007   Any amount received that is more than the basis to be reduced is a taxable gain. Federal tax forms 2007 The transaction is reported as a sale of property. Federal tax forms 2007   If you transfer a perpetual easement for consideration and do not keep any beneficial interest in the part of the property affected by the easement, the transaction will be treated as a sale of property. Federal tax forms 2007 However, if you make a qualified conservation contribution of a restriction or easement granted in perpetuity, it is treated as a charitable contribution and not a sale or exchange, even though you keep a beneficial interest in the property affected by the easement. Federal tax forms 2007   If you grant an easement on your property (for example, a right-of-way over it) under condemnation or threat of condemnation, you are considered to have made a forced sale, even though you keep the legal title. Federal tax forms 2007 Although you figure gain or loss on the easement in the same way as a sale of property, the gain or loss is treated as a gain or loss from a condemnation. Federal tax forms 2007 See Gain or Loss From Condemnations, later. Federal tax forms 2007 Property transferred to satisfy debt. Federal tax forms 2007   A transfer of property to satisfy a debt is an exchange. Federal tax forms 2007 Note's maturity date extended. Federal tax forms 2007   The extension of a note's maturity date is not treated as an exchange of an outstanding note for a new and different note. Federal tax forms 2007 Also, it is not considered a closed and completed transaction that would result in a gain or loss. Federal tax forms 2007 However, an extension will be treated as a taxable exchange of the outstanding note for a new and materially different note if the changes in the terms of the note are significant. Federal tax forms 2007 Each case must be determined by its own facts. Federal tax forms 2007 For more information, see Regulations section 1. Federal tax forms 2007 1001-3. Federal tax forms 2007 Transfer on death. Federal tax forms 2007   The transfer of property of a decedent to an executor or administrator of the estate, or to the heirs or beneficiaries, is not a sale or exchange or other disposition. Federal tax forms 2007 No taxable gain or deductible loss results from the transfer. Federal tax forms 2007 Bankruptcy. Federal tax forms 2007   Generally, a transfer (other than by sale or exchange) of property from a debtor to a bankruptcy estate is not treated as a disposition. Federal tax forms 2007 Consequently, the transfer generally does not result in gain or loss. Federal tax forms 2007 For more information, see Publication 908, Bankruptcy Tax Guide. Federal tax forms 2007 Gain or Loss From Sales and Exchanges You usually realize gain or loss when property is sold or exchanged. Federal tax forms 2007 A gain is the amount you realize from a sale or exchange of property that is more than its adjusted basis. Federal tax forms 2007 A loss is the adjusted basis of the property that is more than the amount you realize. Federal tax forms 2007   Table 1-1. Federal tax forms 2007 How To Figure Whether You Have a Gain or Loss IF your. Federal tax forms 2007 . Federal tax forms 2007 . Federal tax forms 2007 THEN you have a. Federal tax forms 2007 . Federal tax forms 2007 . Federal tax forms 2007 Adjusted basis is more than the amount realized, Loss. Federal tax forms 2007 Amount realized is more than the adjusted basis, Gain. Federal tax forms 2007 Basis. Federal tax forms 2007   You must know the basis of your property to determine whether you have a gain or loss from its sale or other disposition. Federal tax forms 2007 The basis of property you buy is usually its cost. Federal tax forms 2007 However, if you acquired the property by gift, inheritance, or in some way other than buying it, you must use a basis other than its cost. Federal tax forms 2007 See Basis Other Than Cost in Publication 551, Basis of Assets. Federal tax forms 2007 Special rules apply to property acquired from a decedent who died in 2010 and the executor made the election to file Form 8939, Allocation of Increase in Basis for Property Received From a Decedent. Federal tax forms 2007 See Publication 4895, Tax Treatment of Property Acquired From a Decedent Dying in 2010, for details. Federal tax forms 2007 Adjusted basis. Federal tax forms 2007   The adjusted basis of property is your original cost or other basis plus (increased by) certain additions and minus (decreased by) certain deductions. Federal tax forms 2007 Increases include costs of any improvements having a useful life of more than 1 year. Federal tax forms 2007 Decreases include depreciation and casualty losses. Federal tax forms 2007 For more details and additional examples, see Adjusted Basis in Publication 551. Federal tax forms 2007 Amount realized. Federal tax forms 2007   The amount you realize from a sale or exchange is the total of all money you receive plus the fair market value (defined below) of all property or services you receive. Federal tax forms 2007 The amount you realize also includes any of your liabilities that were assumed by the buyer and any liabilities to which the property you transferred is subject, such as real estate taxes or a mortgage. Federal tax forms 2007 Fair market value. Federal tax forms 2007   Fair market value (FMV) is the price at which the property would change hands between a buyer and a seller when both have reasonable knowledge of all the necessary facts and neither is being forced to buy or sell. Federal tax forms 2007 If parties with adverse interests place a value on property in an arm's-length transaction, that is strong evidence of FMV. Federal tax forms 2007 If there is a stated price for services, this price is treated as the FMV unless there is evidence to the contrary. Federal tax forms 2007 Example. Federal tax forms 2007 You used a building in your business that cost you $70,000. Federal tax forms 2007 You made certain permanent improvements at a cost of $20,000 and deducted depreciation totaling $10,000. Federal tax forms 2007 You sold the building for $100,000 plus property having an FMV of $20,000. Federal tax forms 2007 The buyer assumed your real estate taxes of $3,000 and a mortgage of $17,000 on the building. Federal tax forms 2007 The selling expenses were $4,000. Federal tax forms 2007 Your gain on the sale is figured as follows. Federal tax forms 2007 Amount realized:     Cash $100,000   FMV of property received 20,000   Real estate taxes assumed by buyer 3,000   Mortgage assumed by  buyer 17,000   Total 140,000   Minus: Selling expenses 4,000 $136,000 Adjusted basis:     Cost of building $70,000   Improvements 20,000   Total $90,000   Minus: Depreciation 10,000   Adjusted basis   $80,000 Gain on sale $56,000 Amount recognized. Federal tax forms 2007   Your gain or loss realized from a sale or exchange of property is usually a recognized gain or loss for tax purposes. Federal tax forms 2007 Recognized gains must be included in gross income. Federal tax forms 2007 Recognized losses are deductible from gross income. Federal tax forms 2007 However, your gain or loss realized from certain exchanges of property is not recognized for tax purposes. Federal tax forms 2007 See Nontaxable Exchanges, later. Federal tax forms 2007 Also, a loss from the sale or other disposition of property held for personal use is not deductible, except in the case of a casualty or theft. Federal tax forms 2007 Interest in property. Federal tax forms 2007   The amount you realize from the disposition of a life interest in property, an interest in property for a set number of years, or an income interest in a trust is a recognized gain under certain circumstances. Federal tax forms 2007 If you received the interest as a gift, inheritance, or in a transfer from a spouse or former spouse incident to a divorce, the amount realized is a recognized gain. Federal tax forms 2007 Your basis in the property is disregarded. Federal tax forms 2007 This rule does not apply if all interests in the property are disposed of at the same time. Federal tax forms 2007 Example 1. Federal tax forms 2007 Your father dies and leaves his farm to you for life with a remainder interest to your younger brother. Federal tax forms 2007 You decide to sell your life interest in the farm. Federal tax forms 2007 The entire amount you receive is a recognized gain. Federal tax forms 2007 Your basis in the farm is disregarded. Federal tax forms 2007 Example 2. Federal tax forms 2007 The facts are the same as in Example 1, except that your brother joins you in selling the farm. Federal tax forms 2007 The entire interest in the property is sold, so your basis in the farm is not disregarded. Federal tax forms 2007 Your gain or loss is the difference between your share of the sales price and your adjusted basis in the farm. Federal tax forms 2007 Canceling a sale of real property. Federal tax forms 2007   If you sell real property under a sales contract that allows the buyer to return the property for a full refund and the buyer does so, you may not have to recognize gain or loss on the sale. Federal tax forms 2007 If the buyer returns the property in the year of sale, no gain or loss is recognized. Federal tax forms 2007 This cancellation of the sale in the same year it occurred places both you and the buyer in the same positions you were in before the sale. Federal tax forms 2007 If the buyer returns the property in a later tax year, you must recognize gain (or loss, if allowed) in the year of the sale. Federal tax forms 2007 When the property is returned in a later year, you acquire a new basis in the property. Federal tax forms 2007 That basis is equal to the amount you pay to the buyer. Federal tax forms 2007 Bargain Sale If you sell or exchange property for less than fair market value with the intent of making a gift, the transaction is partly a sale or exchange and partly a gift. Federal tax forms 2007 You have a gain if the amount realized is more than your adjusted basis in the property. Federal tax forms 2007 However, you do not have a loss if the amount realized is less than the adjusted basis of the property. Federal tax forms 2007 Bargain sales to charity. Federal tax forms 2007   A bargain sale of property to a charitable organization is partly a sale or exchange and partly a charitable contribution. Federal tax forms 2007 If a charitable deduction for the contribution is allowable, you must allocate your adjusted basis in the property between the part sold and the part contributed based on the fair market value of each. Federal tax forms 2007 The adjusted basis of the part sold is figured as follows. Federal tax forms 2007 Adjusted basis of entire property × Amount realized (fair market value of part sold)   Fair market value of entire property   Based on this allocation rule, you will have a gain even if the amount realized is not more than your adjusted basis in the property. Federal tax forms 2007 This allocation rule does not apply if a charitable contribution deduction is not allowable. Federal tax forms 2007   See Publication 526, Charitable Contributions, for information on figuring your charitable contribution. Federal tax forms 2007 Example. Federal tax forms 2007 You sold property with a fair market value of $10,000 to a charitable organization for $2,000 and are allowed a deduction for your contribution. Federal tax forms 2007 Your adjusted basis in the property is $4,000. Federal tax forms 2007 Your gain on the sale is $1,200, figured as follows. Federal tax forms 2007 Sales price $2,000 Minus: Adjusted basis of part sold ($4,000 × ($2,000 ÷ $10,000)) 800 Gain on the sale $1,200 Property Used Partly for Business or Rental Generally, if you sell or exchange property you used partly for business or rental purposes and partly for personal purposes, you must figure the gain or loss on the sale or exchange as though you had sold two separate pieces of property. Federal tax forms 2007 You must subtract depreciation you took or could have taken from the basis of the business or rental part. Federal tax forms 2007 However, see the special rule below for a home used partly for business or rental. Federal tax forms 2007 You must allocate the selling price, selling expenses, and the basis of the property between the business or rental part and the personal part. Federal tax forms 2007 Gain or loss on the business or rental part of the property may be a capital gain or loss or an ordinary gain or loss, as discussed in chapter 3 under Section 1231 Gains and Losses. Federal tax forms 2007 Any gain on the personal part of the property is a capital gain. Federal tax forms 2007 You cannot deduct a loss on the personal part. Federal tax forms 2007 Home used partly for business or rental. Federal tax forms 2007    If you use property partly as a home and partly for business or to produce rental income, the computation and treatment of any gain on the sale depends partly on whether the business or rental part of the property is part of your home or separate from it. Federal tax forms 2007 See Property Used Partly for Business or Rental, in Publication 523. Federal tax forms 2007 Property Changed to Business or Rental Use You cannot deduct a loss on the sale of property you purchased or constructed for use as your home and used as your home until the time of sale. Federal tax forms 2007 You can deduct a loss on the sale of property you acquired for use as your home but changed to business or rental property and used as business or rental property at the time of sale. Federal tax forms 2007 However, if the adjusted basis of the property at the time of the change was more than its fair market value, the loss you can deduct is limited. Federal tax forms 2007 Figure the loss you can deduct as follows. Federal tax forms 2007 Use the lesser of the property's adjusted basis or fair market value at the time of the change. Federal tax forms 2007 Add to (1) the cost of any improvements and other increases to basis since the change. Federal tax forms 2007 Subtract from (2) depreciation and any other decreases to basis since the change. Federal tax forms 2007 Subtract the amount you realized on the sale from the result in (3). Federal tax forms 2007 If the amount you realized is more than the result in (3), treat this result as zero. Federal tax forms 2007 The result in (4) is the loss you can deduct. Federal tax forms 2007 Example. Federal tax forms 2007 You changed your main home to rental property 5 years ago. Federal tax forms 2007 At the time of the change, the adjusted basis of your home was $75,000 and the fair market value was $70,000. Federal tax forms 2007 This year, you sold the property for $55,000. Federal tax forms 2007 You made no improvements to the property but you have depreciation expense of $12,620 over the 5 prior years. Federal tax forms 2007 Although your loss on the sale is $7,380 [($75,000 − $12,620) − $55,000], the amount you can deduct as a loss is limited to $2,380, figured as follows. Federal tax forms 2007 Lesser of adjusted basis or fair market value at time of the change $70,000 Plus: Cost of any improvements and any other additions to basis after the change -0-   70,000 Minus: Depreciation and any other decreases to basis after the change 12,620   57,380 Minus: Amount you realized from the sale 55,000 Deductible loss $2,380 Gain. Federal tax forms 2007   If you have a gain on the sale, you generally must recognize the full amount of the gain. Federal tax forms 2007 You figure the gain by subtracting your adjusted basis from your amount realized, as described earlier. Federal tax forms 2007   You may be able to exclude all or part of the gain if you owned and lived in the property as your main home for at least 2 years during the 5-year period ending on the date of sale. Federal tax forms 2007 However, you may not be able to exclude the part of the gain allocated to any period of nonqualified use. Federal tax forms 2007   For more information, see Business Use or Rental of Home in Publication 523. Federal tax forms 2007 In addition, special rules apply if the home sold was acquired in a like-kind exchange. Federal tax forms 2007 See Special Situations in Publication 523. Federal tax forms 2007 Also see Like-Kind Exchanges, later. Federal tax forms 2007 Abandonments The abandonment of property is a disposition of property. Federal tax forms 2007 You abandon property when you voluntarily and permanently give up possession and use of the property with the intention of ending your ownership but without passing it on to anyone else. Federal tax forms 2007 Generally, abandonment is not treated as a sale or exchange of the property. Federal tax forms 2007 If the amount you realize (if any) is more than your adjusted basis, then you have a gain. Federal tax forms 2007 If your adjusted basis is more than the amount you realize (if any), then you have a loss. Federal tax forms 2007 Loss from abandonment of business or investment property is deductible as a loss. Federal tax forms 2007 A loss from an abandonment of business or investment property that is not treated as a sale or exchange generally is an ordinary loss. Federal tax forms 2007 This rule also applies to leasehold improvements the lessor made for the lessee that were abandoned. Federal tax forms 2007 If the property is foreclosed on or repossessed in lieu of abandonment, gain or loss is figured as discussed later under Foreclosure and Repossessions. Federal tax forms 2007 The abandonment loss is deducted in the tax year in which the loss is sustained. Federal tax forms 2007 If the abandoned property is secured by debt, special rules apply. Federal tax forms 2007 The tax consequences of abandonment of property that is secured by debt depend on whether you are personally liable for the debt (recourse debt) or you are not personally liable for the debt (nonrecourse debt). Federal tax forms 2007 For more information, including examples, see chapter 3 of Publication 4681. Federal tax forms 2007 You cannot deduct any loss from abandonment of your home or other property held for personal use only. Federal tax forms 2007 Cancellation of debt. Federal tax forms 2007   If the abandoned property secures a debt for which you are personally liable and the debt is canceled, you may realize ordinary income equal to the canceled debt. Federal tax forms 2007 This income is separate from any loss realized from abandonment of the property. Federal tax forms 2007   You must report this income on your tax return unless one of the following applies. Federal tax forms 2007 The cancellation is intended as a gift. Federal tax forms 2007 The debt is qualified farm debt. Federal tax forms 2007 The debt is qualified real property business debt. Federal tax forms 2007 You are insolvent or bankrupt. Federal tax forms 2007 The debt is qualified principal residence indebtedness. Federal tax forms 2007 File Form 982, Reduction of Tax Attributes Due to Discharge of Indebtedness (and Section 1082 Basis Adjustment), to report the income exclusion. Federal tax forms 2007 For more information, including other exceptions and exclusion, see Publication 4681. Federal tax forms 2007 Forms 1099-A and 1099-C. Federal tax forms 2007   If you abandon property that secures a loan and the lender knows the property has been abandoned, the lender should send you Form 1099-A showing information you need to figure your loss from the abandonment. Federal tax forms 2007 However, if your debt is canceled and the lender must file Form 1099-C, the lender may include the information about the abandonment on that form instead of on Form 1099-A, and send you Form 1099-C only. Federal tax forms 2007 The lender must file Form 1099-C and send you a copy if the amount of debt canceled is $600 or more and the lender is a financial institution, credit union, federal government agency, or any organization that has a significant trade or business of lending money. Federal tax forms 2007 For abandonments of property and debt cancellations occurring in 2013, these forms should be sent to you by January 31, 2014. Federal tax forms 2007 Foreclosures and Repossessions If you do not make payments you owe on a loan secured by property, the lender may foreclose on the loan or repossess the property. Federal tax forms 2007 The foreclosure or repossession is treated as a sale or exchange from which you may realize gain or loss. Federal tax forms 2007 This is true even if you voluntarily return the property to the lender. Federal tax forms 2007 You also may realize ordinary income from cancellation of debt if the loan balance is more than the fair market value of the property. Federal tax forms 2007 Buyer's (borrower's) gain or loss. Federal tax forms 2007   You figure and report gain or loss from a foreclosure or repossession in the same way as gain or loss from a sale or exchange. Federal tax forms 2007 The gain or loss is the difference between your adjusted basis in the transferred property and the amount realized. Federal tax forms 2007 See Gain or Loss From Sales and Exchanges, earlier. Federal tax forms 2007 You can use Table 1-2 to figure your gain or loss from a foreclosure or repossession. Federal tax forms 2007 Amount realized on a nonrecourse debt. Federal tax forms 2007   If you are not personally liable for repaying the debt (nonrecourse debt) secured by the transferred property, the amount you realize includes the full debt canceled by the transfer. Federal tax forms 2007 The full canceled debt is included even if the fair market value of the property is less than the canceled debt. Federal tax forms 2007 Example 1. Federal tax forms 2007 Chris bought a new car for $15,000. Federal tax forms 2007 He paid $2,000 down and borrowed the remaining $13,000 from the dealer's credit company. Federal tax forms 2007 Chris is not personally liable for the loan (nonrecourse debt), but pledges the new car as security. Federal tax forms 2007 The credit company repossessed the car because he stopped making loan payments. Federal tax forms 2007 The balance due after taking into account the payments Chris made was $10,000. Federal tax forms 2007 The fair market value of the car when repossessed was $9,000. Federal tax forms 2007 The amount Chris realized on the repossession is $10,000. Federal tax forms 2007 That is the outstanding amount of the debt canceled by the repossession, even though the car's fair market value is less than $10,000. Federal tax forms 2007 Chris figures his gain or loss on the repossession by comparing the amount realized ($10,000) with his adjusted basis ($15,000). Federal tax forms 2007 He has a $5,000 nondeductible loss. Federal tax forms 2007 Example 2. Federal tax forms 2007 Abena paid $200,000 for her home. Federal tax forms 2007 She paid $15,000 down and borrowed the remaining $185,000 from a bank. Federal tax forms 2007 Abena is not personally liable for the loan (nonrecourse debt), but pledges the house as security. Federal tax forms 2007 The bank foreclosed on the loan because Abena stopped making payments. Federal tax forms 2007 When the bank foreclosed on the loan, the balance due was $180,000, the fair market value of the house was $170,000, and Abena's adjusted basis was $175,000 due to a casualty loss she had deducted. Federal tax forms 2007 The amount Abena realized on the foreclosure is $180,000, the balance due and debt canceled by the foreclosure. Federal tax forms 2007 She figures her gain or loss by comparing the amount realized ($180,000) with her adjusted basis ($175,000). Federal tax forms 2007 She has a $5,000 realized gain. Federal tax forms 2007 Amount realized on a recourse debt. Federal tax forms 2007   If you are personally liable for the debt (recourse debt), the amount realized on the foreclosure or repossession includes the lesser of: The outstanding debt immediately before the transfer reduced by any amount for which you remain personally liable immediately after the transfer, or The fair market value of the transferred property. Federal tax forms 2007 You are treated as receiving ordinary income from the canceled debt for the part of the debt that is more than the fair market value. Federal tax forms 2007 The amount realized does not include the canceled debt that is your income from cancellation of debt. Federal tax forms 2007 See Cancellation of debt, below. Federal tax forms 2007 Seller's (lender's) gain or loss on repossession. Federal tax forms 2007   If you finance a buyer's purchase of property and later acquire an interest in it through foreclosure or repossession, you may have a gain or loss on the acquisition. Federal tax forms 2007 For more information, see Repossession in Publication 537. Federal tax forms 2007    Table 1-2. Federal tax forms 2007 Worksheet for Foreclosures and Repossessions Part 1. Federal tax forms 2007 Use Part 1 to figure your ordinary income from the cancellation of debt upon foreclosure or repossession. Federal tax forms 2007 Complete this part only  if you were personally liable for the debt. Federal tax forms 2007 Otherwise,  go to Part 2. Federal tax forms 2007   1. Federal tax forms 2007 Enter the amount of outstanding debt immediately before the transfer of   property reduced by any amount for which you remain personally liable after   the transfer of property   2. Federal tax forms 2007 Enter the fair market value of the transferred property   3. Federal tax forms 2007 Ordinary income from cancellation of debt upon foreclosure or    repossession. Federal tax forms 2007 * Subtract line 2 from line 1. Federal tax forms 2007   If less than zero, enter zero   Part 2. Federal tax forms 2007 Figure your gain or loss from foreclosure or repossession. Federal tax forms 2007   4. Federal tax forms 2007 If you completed Part 1, enter the smaller of line 1 or line 2. Federal tax forms 2007   If you did not complete Part 1, enter the outstanding debt immediately before   the transfer of property   5. Federal tax forms 2007 Enter any proceeds you received from the foreclosure sale   6. Federal tax forms 2007 Add lines 4 and 5   7. Federal tax forms 2007 Enter the adjusted basis of the transferred property   8. Federal tax forms 2007 Gain or loss from foreclosure or repossession. Federal tax forms 2007 Subtract line 7  from line 6   * The income may not be taxable. Federal tax forms 2007 See Cancellation of debt. Federal tax forms 2007 Cancellation of debt. Federal tax forms 2007   If property that is repossessed or foreclosed on secures a debt for which you are personally liable (recourse debt), you generally must report as ordinary income the amount by which the canceled debt is more than the fair market value of the property. Federal tax forms 2007 This income is separate from any gain or loss realized from the foreclosure or repossession. Federal tax forms 2007 Report the income from cancellation of a debt related to a business or rental activity as business or rental income. Federal tax forms 2007    You can use Table 1-2 to figure your income from cancellation of debt. Federal tax forms 2007   You must report this income on your tax return unless one of the following applies. Federal tax forms 2007 The cancellation is intended as a gift. Federal tax forms 2007 The debt is qualified farm debt. Federal tax forms 2007 The debt is qualified real property business debt. Federal tax forms 2007 You are insolvent or bankrupt. Federal tax forms 2007 The debt is qualified principal residence indebtedness. Federal tax forms 2007 File Form 982 to report the income exclusion. Federal tax forms 2007 Example 1. Federal tax forms 2007 Assume the same facts as in Example 1 under Amount realized on a nonrecourse debt, earlier, except Chris is personally liable for the car loan (recourse debt). Federal tax forms 2007 In this case, the amount he realizes is $9,000. Federal tax forms 2007 This is the lesser of the canceled debt ($10,000) or the car's fair market value ($9,000). Federal tax forms 2007 Chris figures his gain or loss on the repossession by comparing the amount realized ($9,000) with his adjusted basis ($15,000). Federal tax forms 2007 He has a $6,000 nondeductible loss. Federal tax forms 2007 He also is treated as receiving ordinary income from cancellation of debt. Federal tax forms 2007 That income is $1,000 ($10,000 − $9,000). Federal tax forms 2007 This is the part of the canceled debt not included in the amount realized. Federal tax forms 2007 Example 2. Federal tax forms 2007 Assume the same facts as in Example 2 under Amount realized on a nonrecourse debt, earlier, except Abena is personally liable for the loan (recourse debt). Federal tax forms 2007 In this case, the amount she realizes is $170,000. Federal tax forms 2007 This is the lesser of the canceled debt ($180,000) or the fair market value of the house ($170,000). Federal tax forms 2007 Abena figures her gain or loss on the foreclosure by comparing the amount realized ($170,000) with her adjusted basis ($175,000). Federal tax forms 2007 She has a $5,000 nondeductible loss. Federal tax forms 2007 She also is treated as receiving ordinary income from cancellation of debt. Federal tax forms 2007 (The debt is not exempt from tax as discussed under Cancellation of debt, above. Federal tax forms 2007 ) That income is $10,000 ($180,000 − $170,000). Federal tax forms 2007 This is the part of the canceled debt not included in the amount realized. Federal tax forms 2007 Forms 1099-A and 1099-C. Federal tax forms 2007   A lender who acquires an interest in your property in a foreclosure or repossession should send you Form 1099-A showing the information you need to figure your gain or loss. Federal tax forms 2007 However, if the lender also cancels part of your debt and must file Form 1099-C, the lender may include the information about the foreclosure or repossession on that form instead of on Form 1099-A and send you Form 1099-C only. Federal tax forms 2007 The lender must file Form 1099-C and send you a copy if the amount of debt canceled is $600 or more and the lender is a financial institution, credit union, federal government agency, or any organization that has a significant trade or business of lending money. Federal tax forms 2007 For foreclosures or repossessions occurring in 2013, these forms should be sent to you by January 31, 2014. Federal tax forms 2007 Involuntary Conversions An involuntary conversion occurs when your property is destroyed, stolen, condemned, or disposed of under the threat of condemnation and you receive other property or money in payment, such as insurance or a condemnation award. Federal tax forms 2007 Involuntary conversions are also called involuntary exchanges. Federal tax forms 2007 Gain or loss from an involuntary conversion of your property is usually recognized for tax purposes unless the property is your main home. Federal tax forms 2007 You report the gain or deduct the loss on your tax return for the year you realize it. Federal tax forms 2007 You cannot deduct a loss from an involuntary conversion of property you held for personal use unless the loss resulted from a casualty or theft. Federal tax forms 2007 However, depending on the type of property you receive, you may not have to report a gain on an involuntary conversion. Federal tax forms 2007 Generally, you do not report the gain if you receive property that is similar or related in service or use to the converted property. Federal tax forms 2007 Your basis for the new property is the same as your basis for the converted property. Federal tax forms 2007 This means that the gain is deferred until a taxable sale or exchange occurs. Federal tax forms 2007 If you receive money or property that is not similar or related in service or use to the involuntarily converted property and you buy qualifying replacement property within a certain period of time, you can elect to postpone reporting the gain on the property purchased. Federal tax forms 2007 This publication explains the treatment of a gain or loss from a condemnation or disposition under the threat of condemnation. Federal tax forms 2007 If you have a gain or loss from the destruction or theft of property, see Publication 547. Federal tax forms 2007 Condemnations A condemnation is the process by which private property is legally taken for public use without the owner's consent. Federal tax forms 2007 The property may be taken by the federal government, a state government, a political subdivision, or a private organization that has the power to legally take it. Federal tax forms 2007 The owner receives a condemnation award (money or property) in exchange for the property taken. Federal tax forms 2007 A condemnation is like a forced sale, the owner being the seller and the condemning authority being the buyer. Federal tax forms 2007 Example. Federal tax forms 2007 A local government authorized to acquire land for public parks informed you that it wished to acquire your property. Federal tax forms 2007 After the local government took action to condemn your property, you went to court to keep it. Federal tax forms 2007 But, the court decided in favor of the local government, which took your property and paid you an amount fixed by the court. Federal tax forms 2007 This is a condemnation of private property for public use. Federal tax forms 2007 Threat of condemnation. Federal tax forms 2007   A threat of condemnation exists if a representative of a government body or a public official authorized to acquire property for public use informs you that the government body or official has decided to acquire your property. Federal tax forms 2007 You must have reasonable grounds to believe that, if you do not sell voluntarily, your property will be condemned. Federal tax forms 2007   The sale of your property to someone other than the condemning authority will also qualify as an involuntary conversion, provided you have reasonable grounds to believe that your property will be condemned. Federal tax forms 2007 If the buyer of this property knows at the time of purchase that it will be condemned and sells it to the condemning authority, this sale also qualifies as an involuntary conversion. Federal tax forms 2007 Reports of condemnation. Federal tax forms 2007   A threat of condemnation exists if you learn of a decision to acquire your property for public use through a report in a newspaper or other news medium, and this report is confirmed by a representative of the government body or public official involved. Federal tax forms 2007 You must have reasonable grounds to believe that they will take necessary steps to condemn your property if you do not sell voluntarily. Federal tax forms 2007 If you relied on oral statements made by a government representative or public official, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) may ask you to get written confirmation of the statements. Federal tax forms 2007 Example. Federal tax forms 2007 Your property lies along public utility lines. Federal tax forms 2007 The utility company has the authority to condemn your property. Federal tax forms 2007 The company informs you that it intends to acquire your property by negotiation or condemnation. Federal tax forms 2007 A threat of condemnation exists when you receive the notice. Federal tax forms 2007 Related property voluntarily sold. Federal tax forms 2007   A voluntary sale of your property may be treated as a forced sale that qualifies as an involuntary conversion if the property had a substantial economic relationship to property of yours that was condemned. Federal tax forms 2007 A substantial economic relationship exists if together the properties were one economic unit. Federal tax forms 2007 You also must show that the condemned property could not reasonably or adequately be replaced. Federal tax forms 2007 You can elect to postpone reporting the gain by buying replacement property. Federal tax forms 2007 See Postponement of Gain, later. Federal tax forms 2007 Gain or Loss From Condemnations If your property was condemned or disposed of under the threat of condemnation, figure your gain or loss by comparing the adjusted basis of your condemned property with your net condemnation award. Federal tax forms 2007 If your net condemnation award is more than the adjusted basis of the condemned property, you have a gain. Federal tax forms 2007 You can postpone reporting gain from a condemnation if you buy replacement property. Federal tax forms 2007 If only part of your property is condemned, you can treat the cost of restoring the remaining part to its former usefulness as the cost of replacement property. Federal tax forms 2007 See Postponement of Gain, later. Federal tax forms 2007 If your net condemnation award is less than your adjusted basis, you have a loss. Federal tax forms 2007 If your loss is from property you held for personal use, you cannot deduct it. Federal tax forms 2007 You must report any deductible loss in the tax year it happened. Federal tax forms 2007 You can use Part 2 of Table 1-3 to figure your gain or loss from a condemnation award. Federal tax forms 2007 Main home condemned. Federal tax forms 2007   If you have a gain because your main home is condemned, you generally can exclude the gain from your income as if you had sold or exchanged your home. Federal tax forms 2007 You may be able to exclude up to $250,000 of the gain (up to $500,000 if married filing jointly). Federal tax forms 2007 For information on this exclusion, see Publication 523. Federal tax forms 2007 If your gain is more than you can exclude but you buy replacement property, you may be able to postpone reporting the rest of the gain. Federal tax forms 2007 See Postponement of Gain, later. Federal tax forms 2007 Table 1-3. Federal tax forms 2007 Worksheet for Condemnations Part 1. Federal tax forms 2007 Gain from severance damages. Federal tax forms 2007  If you did not receive severance damages, skip Part 1 and go to Part 2. Federal tax forms 2007   1. Federal tax forms 2007 Enter gross severance damages received   2. Federal tax forms 2007 Enter your expenses in getting severance damages   3. Federal tax forms 2007 Subtract line 2 from line 1. Federal tax forms 2007 If less than zero, enter -0-   4. Federal tax forms 2007 Enter any special assessment on remaining property taken out of your award   5. Federal tax forms 2007 Net severance damages. Federal tax forms 2007 Subtract line 4 from line 3. Federal tax forms 2007 If less than zero, enter -0-   6. Federal tax forms 2007 Enter the adjusted basis of the remaining property   7. Federal tax forms 2007 Gain from severance damages. Federal tax forms 2007 Subtract line 6 from line 5. Federal tax forms 2007 If less than zero, enter -0-   8. Federal tax forms 2007 Refigured adjusted basis of the remaining property. Federal tax forms 2007 Subtract line 5 from line 6. Federal tax forms 2007 If less than zero, enter -0-   Part 2. Federal tax forms 2007 Gain or loss from condemnation award. Federal tax forms 2007   9. Federal tax forms 2007 Enter the gross condemnation award received   10. Federal tax forms 2007 Enter your expenses in getting the condemnation award   11. Federal tax forms 2007 If you completed Part 1, and line 4 is more than line 3, subtract line 3 from line 4. Federal tax forms 2007 If you did not complete Part 1, but a special assessment was taken out of your award, enter that amount. Federal tax forms 2007 Otherwise, enter -0-   12. Federal tax forms 2007 Add lines 10 and 11   13. Federal tax forms 2007 Net condemnation award. Federal tax forms 2007 Subtract line 12 from line 9   14. Federal tax forms 2007 Enter the adjusted basis of the condemned property   15. Federal tax forms 2007 Gain from condemnation award. Federal tax forms 2007 If line 14 is more than line 13, enter -0-. Federal tax forms 2007 Otherwise, subtract line 14 from  line 13 and skip line 16   16. Federal tax forms 2007 Loss from condemnation award. Federal tax forms 2007 Subtract line 13 from line 14     (Note: You cannot deduct the amount on line 16 if the condemned property was held for personal use. Federal tax forms 2007 )   Part 3. Federal tax forms 2007 Postponed gain from condemnation. Federal tax forms 2007  (Complete only if line 7 or line 15 is more than zero and you bought qualifying replacement property or made expenditures to restore the usefulness of your remaining property. Federal tax forms 2007 )   17. Federal tax forms 2007 If you completed Part 1, and line 7 is more than zero, enter the amount from line 5. Federal tax forms 2007 Otherwise, enter -0-   18. Federal tax forms 2007 If line 15 is more than zero, enter the amount from line 13. Federal tax forms 2007 Otherwise, enter -0-   19. Federal tax forms 2007 Add lines 17 and 18. Federal tax forms 2007 If the condemned property was your main home, subtract from this total the gain you excluded from your income and enter the result   20. Federal tax forms 2007 Enter the total cost of replacement property and any expenses to restore the usefulness of your remaining property   21. Federal tax forms 2007 Subtract line 20 from line 19. Federal tax forms 2007 If less than zero, enter -0-   22. Federal tax forms 2007 If you completed Part 1, add lines 7 and 15. Federal tax forms 2007 Otherwise, enter the amount from line 15. Federal tax forms 2007 If the condemned property was your main home, subtract from this total the gain you excluded from your income and enter the result   23. Federal tax forms 2007 Recognized gain. Federal tax forms 2007 Enter the smaller of line 21 or line 22. Federal tax forms 2007   24. Federal tax forms 2007 Postponed gain. Federal tax forms 2007 Subtract line 23 from line 22. Federal tax forms 2007 If less than zero, enter -0-   Condemnation award. Federal tax forms 2007   A condemnation award is the money you are paid or the value of other property you receive for your condemned property. Federal tax forms 2007 The award is also the amount you are paid for the sale of your property under threat of condemnation. Federal tax forms 2007 Payment of your debts. Federal tax forms 2007   Amounts taken out of the award to pay your debts are considered paid to you. Federal tax forms 2007 Amounts the government pays directly to the holder of a mortgage or lien against your property are part of your award, even if the debt attaches to the property and is not your personal liability. Federal tax forms 2007 Example. Federal tax forms 2007 The state condemned your property for public use. Federal tax forms 2007 The award was set at $200,000. Federal tax forms 2007 The state paid you only $148,000 because it paid $50,000 to your mortgage holder and $2,000 accrued real estate taxes. Federal tax forms 2007 You are considered to have received the entire $200,000 as a condemnation award. Federal tax forms 2007 Interest on award. Federal tax forms 2007   If the condemning authority pays you interest for its delay in paying your award, it is not part of the condemnation award. Federal tax forms 2007 You must report the interest separately as ordinary income. Federal tax forms 2007 Payments to relocate. Federal tax forms 2007   Payments you receive to relocate and replace housing because you have been displaced from your home, business, or farm as a result of federal or federally assisted programs are not part of the condemnation award. Federal tax forms 2007 Do not include them in your income. Federal tax forms 2007 Replacement housing payments used to buy new property are included in the property's basis as part of your cost. Federal tax forms 2007 Net condemnation award. Federal tax forms 2007   A net condemnation award is the total award you received, or are considered to have received, for the condemned property minus your expenses of obtaining the award. Federal tax forms 2007 If only a part of your property was condemned, you also must reduce the award by any special assessment levied against the part of the property you retain. Federal tax forms 2007 This is discussed later under Special assessment taken out of award. Federal tax forms 2007 Severance damages. Federal tax forms 2007    Severance damages are not part of the award paid for the property condemned. Federal tax forms 2007 They are paid to you if part of your property is condemned and the value of the part you keep is decreased because of the condemnation. Federal tax forms 2007   For example, you may receive severance damages if your property is subject to flooding because you sell flowage easement rights (the condemned property) under threat of condemnation. Federal tax forms 2007 Severance damages also may be given to you if, because part of your property is condemned for a highway, you must replace fences, dig new wells or ditches, or plant trees to restore your remaining property to the same usefulness it had before the condemnation. Federal tax forms 2007   The contracting parties should agree on the specific amount of severance damages in writing. Federal tax forms 2007 If this is not done, all proceeds from the condemning authority are considered awarded for your condemned property. Federal tax forms 2007   You cannot make a completely new allocation of the total award after the transaction is completed. Federal tax forms 2007 However, you can show how much of the award both parties intended for severance damages. Federal tax forms 2007 The severance damages part of the award is determined from all the facts and circumstances. Federal tax forms 2007 Example. Federal tax forms 2007 You sold part of your property to the state under threat of condemnation. Federal tax forms 2007 The contract you and the condemning authority signed showed only the total purchase price. Federal tax forms 2007 It did not specify a fixed sum for severance damages. Federal tax forms 2007 However, at settlement, the condemning authority gave you closing papers showing clearly the part of the purchase price that was for severance damages. Federal tax forms 2007 You may treat this part as severance damages. Federal tax forms 2007 Treatment of severance damages. Federal tax forms 2007   Your net severance damages are treated as the amount realized from an involuntary conversion of the remaining part of your property. Federal tax forms 2007 Use them to reduce the basis of the remaining property. Federal tax forms 2007 If the amount of severance damages is based on damage to a specific part of the property you kept, reduce the basis of only that part by the net severance damages. Federal tax forms 2007   If your net severance damages are more than the basis of your retained property, you have a gain. Federal tax forms 2007 You may be able to postpone reporting the gain. Federal tax forms 2007 See Postponement of Gain, later. Federal tax forms 2007    You can use Part 1 of Table 1-3 to figure any gain from severance damages and to refigure the adjusted basis of the remaining part of your property. Federal tax forms 2007 Net severance damages. Federal tax forms 2007   To figure your net severance damages, you first must reduce your severance damages by your expenses in obtaining the damages. Federal tax forms 2007 You then reduce them by any special assessment (described later) levied against the remaining part of the property and retained out of the award by the condemning authority. Federal tax forms 2007 The balance is your net severance damages. Federal tax forms 2007 Expenses of obtaining a condemnation award and severance damages. Federal tax forms 2007   Subtract the expenses of obtaining a condemnation award, such as legal, engineering, and appraisal fees, from the total award. Federal tax forms 2007 Also, subtract the expenses of obtaining severance damages, which may include similar expenses, from the severance damages paid to you. Federal tax forms 2007 If you cannot determine which part of your expenses is for each part of the condemnation proceeds, you must make a proportionate allocation. Federal tax forms 2007 Example. Federal tax forms 2007 You receive a condemnation award and severance damages. Federal tax forms 2007 One-fourth of the total was designated as severance damages in your agreement with the condemning authority. Federal tax forms 2007 You had legal expenses for the entire condemnation proceeding. Federal tax forms 2007 You cannot determine how much of your legal expenses is for each part of the condemnation proceeds. Federal tax forms 2007 You must allocate one-fourth of your legal expenses to the severance damages and the other three-fourths to the condemnation award. Federal tax forms 2007 Special assessment retained out of award. Federal tax forms 2007   When only part of your property is condemned, a special assessment levied against the remaining property may be retained by the governing body out of your condemnation award. Federal tax forms 2007 An assessment may be levied if the remaining part of your property benefited by the improvement resulting from the condemnation. Federal tax forms 2007 Examples of improvements that may cause a special assessment are widening a street and installing a sewer. Federal tax forms 2007   To figure your net condemnation award, you must reduce the amount of the award by the assessment retained out of the award. Federal tax forms 2007 Example. Federal tax forms 2007 To widen the street in front of your home, the city condemned a 25-foot deep strip of your land. Federal tax forms 2007 You were awarded $5,000 for this and spent $300 to get the award. Federal tax forms 2007 Before paying the award, the city levied a special assessment of $700 for the street improvement against your remaining property. Federal tax forms 2007 The city then paid you only $4,300. Federal tax forms 2007 Your net award is $4,000 ($5,000 total award minus $300 expenses in obtaining the award and $700 for the special assessment retained). Federal tax forms 2007 If the $700 special assessment was not retained out of the award and you were paid $5,000, your net award would be $4,700 ($5,000 − $300). Federal tax forms 2007 The net award would not change, even if you later paid the assessment from the amount you received. Federal tax forms 2007 Severance damages received. Federal tax forms 2007   If severance damages are included in the condemnation proceeds, the special assessment retained out of the severance damages is first used to reduce the severance damages. Federal tax forms 2007 Any balance of the special assessment is used to reduce the condemnation award. Federal tax forms 2007 Example. Federal tax forms 2007 You were awarded $4,000 for the condemnation of your property and $1,000 for severance damages. Federal tax forms 2007 You spent $300 to obtain the severance damages. Federal tax forms 2007 A special assessment of $800 was retained out of the award. Federal tax forms 2007 The $1,000 severance damages are reduced to zero by first subtracting the $300 expenses and then $700 of the special assessment. Federal tax forms 2007 Your $4,000 condemnation award is reduced by the $100 balance of the special assessment, leaving a $3,900 net condemnation award. Federal tax forms 2007 Part business or rental. Federal tax forms 2007   If you used part of your condemned property as your home and part as business or rental property, treat each part as a separate property. Federal tax forms 2007 Figure your gain or loss separately because gain or loss on each part may be treated differently. Federal tax forms 2007   Some examples of this type of property are a building in which you live and operate a grocery, and a building in which you live on the first floor and rent out the second floor. Federal tax forms 2007 Example. Federal tax forms 2007 You sold your building for $24,000 under threat of condemnation to a public utility company that had the authority to condemn. Federal tax forms 2007 You rented half the building and lived in the other half. Federal tax forms 2007 You paid $25,000 for the building and spent an additional $1,000 for a new roof. Federal tax forms 2007 You claimed allowable depreciation of $4,600 on the rental half. Federal tax forms 2007 You spent $200 in legal expenses to obtain the condemnation award. Federal tax forms 2007 Figure your gain or loss as follows. Federal tax forms 2007     Resi- dential Part Busi- ness Part 1) Condemnation award received $12,000 $12,000 2) Minus: Legal expenses, $200 100 100 3) Net condemnation award $11,900 $11,900 4) Adjusted basis:       ½ of original cost, $25,000 $12,500 $12,500   Plus: ½ of cost of roof, $1,000 500 500   Total $13,000 $13,000 5) Minus: Depreciation   4,600 6) Adjusted basis, business part   $8,400 7) (Loss) on residential property ($1,100)   8) Gain on business property $3,500 The loss on the residential part of the property is not deductible. Federal tax forms 2007 Postponement of Gain Do not report the gain on condemned property if you receive only property that is similar or related in service or use to the condemned property. Federal tax forms 2007 Your basis for the new property is the same as your basis for the old. Federal tax forms 2007 Money or unlike property received. Federal tax forms 2007   You ordinarily must report the gain if you receive money or unlike property. Federal tax forms 2007 You can elect to postpone reporting the gain if you buy property that is similar or related in service or use to the condemned property within the replacement period, discussed later. Federal tax forms 2007 You also can elect to postpone reporting the gain if you buy a controlling interest (at least 80%) in a corporation owning property that is similar or related in service or use to the condemned property. Federal tax forms 2007 See Controlling interest in a corporation, later. Federal tax forms 2007   To postpone reporting all the gain, you must buy replacement property costing at least as much as the amount realized for the condemned property. Federal tax forms 2007 If the cost of the replacement property is less than the amount realized, you must report the gain up to the unspent part of the amount realized. Federal tax forms 2007   The basis of the replacement property is its cost, reduced by the postponed gain. Federal tax forms 2007 Also, if your replacement property is stock in a corporation that owns property similar or related in service or use, the corporation generally will reduce its basis in its assets by the amount by which you reduce your basis in the stock. Federal tax forms 2007 See Controlling interest in a corporation, later. Federal tax forms 2007 You can use Part 3 of Table 1-3 to figure the gain you must report and your postponed gain. Federal tax forms 2007 Postponing gain on severance damages. Federal tax forms 2007   If you received severance damages for part of your property because another part was condemned and you buy replacement property, you can elect to postpone reporting gain. Federal tax forms 2007 See Treatment of severance damages, earlier. Federal tax forms 2007 You can postpone reporting all your gain if the replacement property costs at least as much as your net severance damages plus your net condemnation award (if resulting in gain). Federal tax forms 2007   You also can make this election if you spend the severance damages, together with other money you received for the condemned property (if resulting in gain), to acquire nearby property that will allow you to continue your business. Federal tax forms 2007 If suitable nearby property is not available and you are forced to sell the remaining property and relocate in order to continue your business, see Postponing gain on the sale of related property, next. Federal tax forms 2007   If you restore the remaining property to its former usefulness, you can treat the cost of restoring it as the cost of replacement property. Federal tax forms 2007 Postponing gain on the sale of related property. Federal tax forms 2007   If you sell property that is related to the condemned property and then buy replacement property, you can elect to postpone reporting gain on the sale. Federal tax forms 2007 You must meet the requirements explained earlier under Related property voluntarily sold. Federal tax forms 2007 You can postpone reporting all your gain if the replacement property costs at least as much as the amount realized from the sale plus your net condemnation award (if resulting in gain) plus your net severance damages, if any (if resulting in gain). Federal tax forms 2007 Buying replacement property from a related person. Federal tax forms 2007   Certain taxpayers cannot postpone reporting gain from a condemnation if they buy the replacement property from a related person. Federal tax forms 2007 For information on related persons, see Nondeductible Loss under Sales and Exchanges Between Related Persons in chapter 2. Federal tax forms 2007   This rule applies to the following taxpayers. Federal tax forms 2007 C corporations. Federal tax forms 2007 Partnerships in which more than 50% of the capital or profits interest is owned by  C corporations. Federal tax forms 2007 All others (including individuals, partnerships (other than those in (2)), and S corporations) if the total realized gain for the tax year on all involuntarily converted properties on which there is realized gain of more than $100,000. Federal tax forms 2007   For taxpayers described in (3) above, gains cannot be offset with any losses when determining whether the total gain is more than $100,000. Federal tax forms 2007 If the property is owned by a partnership, the $100,000 limit applies to the partnership and each partner. Federal tax forms 2007 If the property is owned by an S corporation, the $100,000 limit applies to the S corporation and each shareholder. Federal tax forms 2007 Exception. Federal tax forms 2007   This rule does not apply if the related person acquired the property from an unrelated person within the replacement period. Federal tax forms 2007 Advance payment. Federal tax forms 2007   If you pay a contractor in advance to build your replacement property, you have not bought replacement property unless it is finished before the end of the replacement period (discussed later). Federal tax forms 2007 Replacement property. Federal tax forms 2007   To postpone reporting gain, you must buy replacement property for the specific purpose of replacing your condemned property. Federal tax forms 2007 You do not have to use the actual funds from the condemnation award to acquire the replacement property. Federal tax forms 2007 Property you acquire by gift or inheritance does not qualify as replacement property. Federal tax forms 2007 Similar or related in service or use. Federal tax forms 2007   Your replacement property must be similar or related in service or use to the property it replaces. Federal tax forms 2007   If the condemned property is real property you held for productive use in your trade or business or for investment (other than property held mainly for sale), like-kind property to be held either for productive use in trade or business or for investment will be treated as property similar or related in service or use. Federal tax forms 2007 For a discussion of like-kind property, see Like-Kind Property under Like-Kind Exchanges, later. Federal tax forms 2007 Owner-user. Federal tax forms 2007   If you are an owner-user, similar or related in service or use means that replacement property must function in the same way as the property it replaces. Federal tax forms 2007 Example. Federal tax forms 2007 Your home was condemned and you invested the proceeds from the condemnation in a grocery store. Federal tax forms 2007 Your replacement property is not similar or related in service or use to the condemned property. Federal tax forms 2007 To be similar or related in service or use, your replacement property must also be used by you as your home. Federal tax forms 2007 Owner-investor. Federal tax forms 2007   If you are an owner-investor, similar or related in service or use means that any replacement property must have the same relationship of services or uses to you as the property it replaces. Federal tax forms 2007 You decide this by determining all the following information. Federal tax forms 2007 Whether the properties are of similar service to you. Federal tax forms 2007 The nature of the business risks connected with the properties. Federal tax forms 2007 What the properties demand of you in the way of management, service, and relations to your tenants. Federal tax forms 2007 Example. Federal tax forms 2007 You owned land and a building you rented to a manufacturing company. Federal tax forms 2007 The building was condemned. Federal tax forms 2007 During the replacement period, you had a new building built on other land you already owned. Federal tax forms 2007 You rented out the new building for use as a wholesale grocery warehouse. Federal tax forms 2007 The replacement property is also rental property, so the two properties are considered similar or related in service or use if there is a similarity in all the following areas. Federal tax forms 2007 Your management activities. Federal tax forms 2007 The amount and kind of services you provide to your tenants. Federal tax forms 2007 The nature of your business risks connected with the properties. Federal tax forms 2007 Leasehold replaced with fee simple property. Federal tax forms 2007   Fee simple property you will use in your trade or business or for investment can qualify as replacement property that is similar or related in service or use to a condemned leasehold if you use it in the same business and for the identical purpose as the condemned leasehold. Federal tax forms 2007   A fee simple property interest generally is a property interest that entitles the owner to the entire property with unconditional power to dispose of it during his or her lifetime. Federal tax forms 2007 A leasehold is property held under a lease, usually for a term of years. Federal tax forms 2007 Outdoor advertising display replaced with real property. Federal tax forms 2007   You can elect to treat an outdoor advertising display as real property. Federal tax forms 2007 If you make this election and you replace the display with real property in which you hold a different kind of interest, your replacement property can qualify as like-kind property. Federal tax forms 2007 For example, real property bought to replace a destroyed billboard and leased property on which the billboard was located qualify as property of a like-kind. Federal tax forms 2007   You can make this election only if you did not claim a section 179 deduction for the display. Federal tax forms 2007 You cannot cancel this election unless you get the consent of the IRS. Federal tax forms 2007   An outdoor advertising display is a sign or device rigidly assembled and permanently attached to the ground, a building, or any other permanent structure used to display a commercial or other advertisement to the public. Federal tax forms 2007 Substituting replacement property. Federal tax forms 2007   Once you designate certain property as replacement property on your tax return, you cannot substitute other qualified property. Federal tax forms 2007 But, if your previously designated replacement property does not qualify, you can substitute qualified property if you acquire it within the replacement period. Federal tax forms 2007 Controlling interest in a corporation. Federal tax forms 2007   You can replace property by acquiring a controlling interest in a corporation that owns property similar or related in service or use to your condemned property. Federal tax forms 2007 You have controlling interest if you own stock having at least 80% of the combined voting power of all classes of stock entitled to vote and at least 80% of the total number of shares of all other classes of stock of the corporation. Federal tax forms 2007 Basis adjustment to corporation's property. Federal tax forms 2007   The basis of property held by the corporation at the time you acquired control must be reduced by your postponed gain, if any. Federal tax forms 2007 You are not required to reduce the adjusted basis of the corporation's properties below your adjusted basis in the corporation's stock (determined after reduction by your postponed gain). Federal tax forms 2007   Allocate this reduction to the following classes of property in the order shown below. Federal tax forms 2007 Property that is similar or related in service or use to the condemned property. Federal tax forms 2007 Depreciable property not reduced in (1). Federal tax forms 2007 All other property. Federal tax forms 2007 If two or more properties fall in the same class, allocate the reduction to each property in proportion to the adjusted basis of all the properties in that class. Federal tax forms 2007 The reduced basis of any single property cannot be less than zero. Federal tax forms 2007 Main home replaced. Federal tax forms 2007   If your gain from a condemnation of your main home is more than you can exclude from your income (see Main home condemned under Gain or Loss From Condemnations, earlier), you can postpone reporting the rest of the gain by buying replacement property that is similar or related in service or use. Federal tax forms 2007 The replacement property must cost at least as much as the amount realized from the condemnation minus the excluded gain. Federal tax forms 2007   You must reduce the basis of your replacement property by the postponed gain. Federal tax forms 2007 Also, if you postpone reporting any part of your gain under these rules, you are treated as having owned and used the replacement property as your main home for the period you owned and used the condemned property as your main home. Federal tax forms 2007 Example. Federal tax forms 2007 City authorities condemned your home that you had used as a personal residence for 5 years prior to the condemnation. Federal tax forms 2007 The city paid you a condemnation award of $400,000. Federal tax forms 2007 Your adjusted basis in the property was $80,000. Federal tax forms 2007 You realize a gain of $320,000 ($400,000 − $80,000). Federal tax forms 2007 You purchased a new home for $100,000. Federal tax forms 2007 You can exclude $250,000 of the realized gain from your gross income. Federal tax forms 2007 The amount realized is then treated as being $150,000 ($400,000 − $250,000) and the gain realized is $70,000 ($150,000 amount realized − $80,000 adjusted basis). Federal tax forms 2007 You must recognize $50,000 of the gain ($150,000 amount realized − $100,000 cost of new home). Federal tax forms 2007 The remaining $20,000 of realized gain is postponed. Federal tax forms 2007 Your basis in the new home is $80,000 ($100,000 cost − $20,000 gain postponed). Federal tax forms 2007 Replacement period. Federal tax forms 2007   To postpone reporting your gain from a condemnation, you must buy replacement property within a certain period of time. Federal tax forms 2007 This is the replacement period. Federal tax forms 2007   The replacement period for a condemnation begins on the earlier of the following dates. Federal tax forms 2007 The date on which you disposed of the condemned property. Federal tax forms 2007 The date on which the threat of condemnation began. Federal tax forms 2007   The replacement period generally ends 2 years after the end of the first tax year in which any part of the gain on the condemnation is realized. Federal tax forms 2007 However, see the exceptions below. Federal tax forms 2007 Three-year replacement period for certain property. Federal tax forms 2007   If real property held for use in a trade or business or for investment (not including property held primarily for sale) is condemned, the replacement period ends 3 years after the end of the first tax year in which any part of the gain on the condemnation is realized. Federal tax forms 2007 However, this 3-year replacement period cannot be used if you replace the condemned property by acquiring control of a corporation owning property that is similar or related in service or use. Federal tax forms 2007 Five-year replacement period for certain property. Federal tax forms 2007   The replacement period ends 5 years after the end of the first tax year in which any part of the gain is realized on the compulsory or involuntary conversion of the following qualified property. Federal tax forms 2007 Property in any Midwestern disaster area compulsorily or involuntarily converted on or after the applicable disaster date as a result of severe storms, tornadoes, or flooding, but only if substantially all of the use of the replacement property is in a Midwestern disaster area. Federal tax forms 2007 Property in the Kansas disaster area compulsorily or involuntarily converted after May 3, 2007, but only if substantially all of the use of the replacement property is in the Kansas disaster area. Federal tax forms 2007 Property in the Hurricane Katrina disaster area compulsorily or involuntarily converted after August 24, 2005, as a result of Hurricane Katrina, but only if substantially all of the use of the replacement property is in the Hurricane Katrina disaster area. Federal tax forms 2007 Extended replacement period for taxpayers affected by other federally declared disasters. Federal tax forms 2007    If you are affected by a federally declared disaster, the IRS may grant disaster relief by extending the periods to perform certain tax-related acts for 2013, including the replacement period, by up to one year. Federal tax forms 2007 For more information visit www. Federal tax forms 2007 irs. Federal tax forms 2007 gov/uac/Tax-Relief-in-Disaster-Situations. Federal tax forms 2007 Weather-related sales of livestock in an area eligible for federal assistance. Federal tax forms 2007   Generally, if the sale or exchange of livestock is due to drought, flood, or other weather-related conditions in an area eligible for federal assistance, the replacement period ends 4 years after the close of the first tax year in which you realize any part of your gain from the sale or exchange. Federal tax forms 2007    If the weather-related conditions continue for longer than 3 years, the replacement period may be extended on a regional basis until the end of your first drought-free year for the applicable region. Federal tax forms 2007 See Notice 2006-82. Federal tax forms 2007 You can find Notice 2006-82 on page 529 of Internal Revenue Bulletin 2006-39 at www. Federal tax forms 2007 irs. Federal tax forms 2007 gov/irb/2006-39_IRB/ar13. Federal tax forms 2007 html. Federal tax forms 2007    Each year, the IRS publishes a list of counties, districts, cities, or parishes for which exceptional, extreme, or severe drought was reported during the preceding 12 months. Federal tax forms 2007 If you qualified for a 4-year replacement period for livestock sold or exchanged on account of drought and your replacement period is scheduled to expire at the end of 2013 (or at the end of the tax year that includes August 31, 2013), see Notice 2013-62. Federal tax forms 2007 You can find Notice 2013-62 on page 466 of Internal Revenue Bulletin 2013-45 at www. Federal tax forms 2007 irs. Federal tax forms 2007 gov/irb/2013-45_IRB/ar04. Federal tax forms 2007 html. Federal tax forms 2007 The replacement period will be extended under Notice 2006-82 if the applicable region is on the list included in Notice 2013-62. Federal tax forms 2007 Determining when gain is realized. Federal tax forms 2007   If you are a cash basis taxpayer, you realize gain when you receive payments that are more than your basis in the property. Federal tax forms 2007 If the condemning authority makes deposits with the court, you realize gain when you withdraw (or have the right to withdraw) amounts that are more than your basis. Federal tax forms 2007   This applies even if the amounts received are only partial or advance payments and the full award has not yet been determined. Federal tax forms 2007 A replacement will be too late if you wait for a final determination that does not take place in the applicable replacement period after you first realize gain. Federal tax forms 2007   For accrual basis taxpayers, gain (if any) accrues in the earlier year when either of the following occurs. Federal tax forms 2007 All events have occurred that fix the right to the condemnation award and the amount can be determined with reasonable accuracy. Federal tax forms 2007 All or part of the award is actually or constructively received. Federal tax forms 2007 For example, if you have an absolute right to a part of a condemnation award when it is deposited with the court, the amount deposited accrues in the year the deposit is made even though the full amount of the award is still contested. Federal tax forms 2007 Replacement property bought before the condemnation. Federal tax forms 2007   If you buy your replacement property after there is a threat of condemnation but before the actual condemnation and you still hold the replacement property at the time of the condemnation, you have bought your replacement property within the replacement period. Federal tax forms 2007 Property you acquire before there is a threat of condemnation does not qualify as replacement property acquired within the replacement period. Federal tax forms 2007 Example. Federal tax forms 2007 On April 3, 2012, city authorities notified you that your property would be condemned. Federal tax forms 2007 On June 5, 2012, you acquired property to replace the property to be condemned. Federal tax forms 2007 You still had the new property when the city took possession of your old property on September 4, 2013. Federal tax forms 2007 You have made a replacement within the replacement period. Federal tax forms 2007 Extension. Federal tax forms 2007   You can request an extension of the replacement period from the IRS director for your area. Federal tax forms 2007 You should apply before the end of the replacement period. Federal tax forms 2007 Your request should explain in detail why you need an extension. Federal tax forms 2007 The IRS will consider a request filed within a reasonable time after the replacement period if you can show reasonable cause for the delay. Federal tax forms 2007 An extension of the replacement period will be granted if you can show reasonable cause for not making the replacement within the regular period. Federal tax forms 2007   Ordinarily, requests for extensions are granted near the end of the replacement period or the extended replacement period. Federal tax forms 2007 Extensions are usually limited to a period of 1 year or less. Federal tax forms 2007 The high market value or scarcity of replacement property is not a sufficient reason for granting an extension. Federal tax forms 2007 If your replacement property is being built and you clearly show that the replacement or restoration cannot be made within the replacement peri
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The Federal Tax Forms 2007

Federal tax forms 2007 Index A Assistance (see Tax help) C Capital construction fund, Capital Construction Fund Comments, Comments and suggestions. Federal tax forms 2007 F Free tax services, How To Get Tax Help H Help (see Tax help) M More information (see Tax help) P Publications (see Tax help) S Suggestions, Comments and suggestions. Federal tax forms 2007 T Tax help, How To Get Tax Help Taxpayer Advocate, Contacting your Taxpayer Advocate. Federal tax forms 2007 TTY/TDD information, How To Get Tax Help Prev  Up     Home   More Online Publications