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Ez40Ez40 3. Ez40 Credit for Withholding and Estimated Tax for 2013 Table of Contents Introduction Topics - This chapter discusses: WithholdingForm W-2 Form W-2G The 1099 Series Form Not Correct Form Received After Filing Separate Returns Fiscal Years (FY) Estimated TaxSeparate Returns Divorced Taxpayers Excess Social Security or Railroad Retirement Tax WithholdingJoint returns. Ez40 Worksheet for Nonrailroad Employees Worksheets for Railroad Employees Introduction When you file your 2013 income tax return, take credit for all the income tax and excess social security or railroad retirement tax withheld from your salary, wages, pensions, etc. Ez40 Also take credit for the estimated tax you paid for 2013. Ez40 These credits are subtracted from your total tax. Ez40 Because these credits are refundable, you should file a return and claim these credits, even if you do not owe tax. Ez40 If the total of your withholding and your estimated tax payments for any payment period is less than the amount you needed to pay by the due date for that period, you may be charged a penalty, even if the total of these credits is more than your tax for the year. Ez40 Topics - This chapter discusses: How to take credit for withholding, How to take credit for estimated taxes you paid, and How to take credit for excess social security, Medicare, or railroad retirement tax withholding. Ez40 Withholding If you had income tax withheld during 2013, you generally should be sent a statement by January 31, 2014, showing your income and the tax withheld. Ez40 Depending on the source of your income, you will receive: Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, Form W-2G, Certain Gambling Winnings, or A form in the 1099 series. Ez40 Form W-2 Your employer is required to provide or send Form W-2 to you no later than January 31, 2014. Ez40 You should receive a separate Form W-2 from each employer you worked for. Ez40 If you stopped working before the end of 2013, your employer could have given you your Form W-2 at any time after you stopped working. Ez40 However, your employer must provide or send it to you by January 31, 2014. Ez40 If you ask for the form, your employer must send it to you within 30 days after receiving your written request or within 30 days after your final wage payment, whichever is later. Ez40 If you have not received your Form W-2 by January 31, contact your employer or payer to request a copy. Ez40 If you still do not get the form by February 15, the IRS can help you by requesting the form from your employer. Ez40 The phone number for the IRS is listed in chapter 5. Ez40 You will be asked for the following information. Ez40 Your name, address, city and state, zip code, and social security number. Ez40 Your employer's name, address, city, state, zip code, and the employer's identification number (if known). Ez40 An estimate of the wages you earned, the federal income tax withheld, and the period you worked for that employer. Ez40 The estimate should be based on year-to-date information from your final pay stub or leave-and-earnings statement, if possible. Ez40 Form W-2 shows your total pay and other compensation and the income tax, social security tax, and Medicare tax that was withheld during the year. Ez40 Total the federal income tax withheld (shown in box 2 of all Forms W-2 received) and enter that amount on the appropriate line of your tax return. Ez40 In addition, Form W-2 is used to report any taxable sick pay you received and any income tax withheld from your sick pay. Ez40 Your sick pay may be combined with other wages in one Form W-2 or you may receive a separate Form W-2 for sick pay. Ez40 If you file a paper tax return, attach Copy B of Form W-2 to your return. Ez40 Form W-2G If you had gambling winnings in 2013, the payer may have withheld income tax. Ez40 If tax was withheld, the payer will give you a Form W-2G showing the amount you won and the amount of tax withheld. Ez40 Report the amounts you won on line 21 of Form 1040. Ez40 Take credit for the tax withheld on line 62 of Form 1040. Ez40 If you had gambling winnings, you must use Form 1040; you cannot use Form 1040A or Form 1040EZ. Ez40 Gambling losses can be deducted on Schedule A (Form 1040) as a miscellaneous itemized deduction. Ez40 However, you cannot deduct more than the gambling winnings you report on Form 1040. Ez40 File Form W-2G with your income tax return only if it shows any federal income tax withheld in box 2. Ez40 The 1099 Series Most forms in the 1099 series are not filed with your return. Ez40 In general, these forms should be furnished to you by January 31, 2014. Ez40 Unless instructed to file any of these forms with your return, keep them for your records. Ez40 There are several different forms in this series, including: Form 1099-B, Proceeds From Broker and Barter Exchange Transactions; Form 1099-C, Cancellation of Debt; Form 1099-DIV, Dividends and Distributions; Form 1099-G, Certain Government Payments; Form 1099-INT, Interest Income; Form 1099-K, Payment Card and Third-Party Network Transactions; Form 1099-MISC, Miscellaneous Income; Form 1099-OID, Original Issue Discount; Form 1099-PATR, Taxable Distributions Received From Cooperatives; Form 1099-Q, Payments From Qualified Education Programs (Under Sections 529 and 530); Form 1099-R, Distributions From Pensions, Annuities, Retirement or Profit-Sharing Plans, IRAs, Insurance Contracts, etc. Ez40 ; Form SSA-1099, Social Security Benefit Statement; and Form RRB-1099, Payments by the Railroad Retirement Board. Ez40 If you received the types of income reported on some forms in the 1099 series, you may not be able to use Form 1040A or Form 1040EZ. Ez40 See the instructions to these forms for details. Ez40 Reporting your withholding. Ez40 Report on your tax return all federal income tax withholding shown on your Form 1099, Form SSA-1099, and/or Form RRB-1099. Ez40 Include the amount withheld in the total on line 62 of Form 1040, line 36 of Form 1040A, or line 7 of Form 1040EZ. Ez40 Form 1099-R. Ez40 Attach Form 1099-R to your paper return if federal income tax withholding is shown in box 4. Ez40 Do not attach any other Form 1099. Ez40 Form Not Correct If you receive a form with incorrect information, you should ask the payer for a corrected form. Ez40 Call the telephone number or write to the address given for the payer on the form. Ez40 The corrected Form W-2G or Form 1099 you receive will have an “X” in the “CORRECTED” box at the top of the form. Ez40 A special form, Form W-2c, Corrected Wage and Tax Statement, is used to correct a Form W-2. Ez40 In certain situations, you will receive two forms in place of the original incorrect form. Ez40 This will happen when your taxpayer identification number is wrong or missing, your name and address are wrong, or you received the wrong type of form (for example, a Form 1099-DIV instead of a Form 1099-INT). Ez40 One new form you receive will be the same incorrect form or have the same incorrect information, but all money amounts will be zero. Ez40 This form will have an “X” in the “CORRECTED” box at the top of the form. Ez40 The second new form should have all the correct information, prepared as though it is the original (the “CORRECTED” box will not be checked). Ez40 Form Received After Filing If you file your return and you later receive a form for income that you did not include on your return, report the income and take credit for any income tax withheld by filing Form 1040X, Amended U. Ez40 S. Ez40 Individual Income Tax Return. Ez40 Separate Returns If you are married but file a separate return, you can take credit only for the tax withheld from your own income. Ez40 Do not include any amount withheld from your spouse's income. Ez40 However, different rules may apply if you live in a community property state. Ez40 Community property states. Ez40 The following are community property states. Ez40 Arizona. Ez40 California. Ez40 Idaho. Ez40 Louisiana. Ez40 Nevada. Ez40 New Mexico. Ez40 Texas. Ez40 Washington. Ez40 Wisconsin. Ez40 Generally, if you live in a community property state and file a separate return, you and your spouse each must report half of all community income in addition to your own separate income. Ez40 If you are required to report half of all community income, you are entitled to take credit for half of all taxes withheld on the community income. Ez40 If you were divorced during the year, each of you generally must report half the community income and can take credit for half the withholding on that community income for the period before the divorce. Ez40 For more information on these rules, and some exceptions, see Publication 555, Community Property. Ez40 Fiscal Years (FY) If you file your tax return on the basis of a fiscal year (a 12-month period ending on the last day of any month except December), you must follow special rules, described below, to determine your credit for federal income tax withholding. Ez40 Fiscal year withholding. Ez40 You can claim credit on your tax return only for the tax withheld during the calendar year (CY) ending within your fiscal year. Ez40 You cannot claim credit for any of the tax withheld during the calendar year beginning in your fiscal year. Ez40 You will be able to claim credit for that withholding on your return for your next fiscal year. Ez40 The Form W-2 or 1099 you receive for the calendar year that ends during your fiscal year will show the tax withheld and the income you received during that calendar year. Ez40 Although you take credit for all the withheld tax shown on the form, report only the part of the income shown on the form that you received during your fiscal year. Ez40 Add to that the income you received during the rest of your fiscal year. Ez40 Example. Ez40 Miles Hanson files his return for a fiscal year ending June 30, 2013. Ez40 In January 2013, he received a Form W-2 that showed that his wages for 2012 were $31,200 and that his income tax withheld was $3,380. Ez40 His records show that he had received $15,000 of the wages by June 30, 2012, and $16,200 from July 1 through December 31, 2012. Ez40 See Table 3-1 . Ez40 On his return for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2013, Miles will report the $16,200 he was paid in July through December of 2012, plus the $18,850 he was paid during the rest of the fiscal year, January 1, 2013, through June 30, 2013. Ez40 However, he takes credit for all $3,380 that was withheld during 2012. Ez40 On his return for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2012, he reported the $15,000 he was paid in January through June 2012, but took no credit for the tax withheld during that time. Ez40 On his return for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2014, he will take the credit for any tax withheld during 2013 but not for any tax withheld during 2014. Ez40 Table 3-1. Ez40 Example for Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 2013—Miles Hanson Date Form W-2 Miles' records Tax return for FY ending 6/30/20121 Tax return for FY ending 6/30/2013 Wages With- holding Wages With- holding Wages With- holding Wages With- holding CY 20122 $31,200 $3,380 1/1/2012 – 6/30/2012 $15,000 $1,600 $15,000 7/1/2012 – 12/31/2012 $16,200 $1,780 $16,200 $3,380 CY 2013 $37,700 $4,316 3 1/1/2013 – 6/30/2013 $18,850 $2,158 $18,850 7/1/2013 – 12/31/2013 $18,850 4 $2,158 1Miles' tax return for FY ending 6/30/2012 also included his wages for 7/1–12/31/2011 and the withholding shown on his 2011 Form W-2. Ez40 2Calendar year (January 1 – December 31). Ez40 3Withholding shown on 2013 Form W-2 ($4,316) will be included in Miles' tax return for FY ending 6/30/2014, the fiscal year in which calendar year 2013 ends. Ez40 4Wages for 7/1–12/31/2013 ($18,850) will be included in Miles' tax return for FY ending 6/30/2014, the fiscal year in which the wages were received. Ez40 Backup withholding. Ez40 If income tax has been withheld under the backup withholding rule, take credit for it on your tax return for the fiscal year in which you received the income. Ez40 Example. Ez40 Emily Smith's records show that she received income in November 2013 and February 2014 from which there was backup withholding ($100 and $50, respectively). Ez40 Emily takes credit for the entire $150 of backup withholding on her tax return for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2014. Ez40 Estimated Tax Take credit for all your estimated tax payments for 2013 on line 63 of Form 1040 or line 37 of Form 1040A. Ez40 Include any overpayment from 2012 that you had credited to your 2013 estimated tax. Ez40 You must use Form 1040 or Form 1040A if you paid estimated tax. Ez40 You cannot file Form 1040EZ. Ez40 If you were a beneficiary of an estate or trust, you should receive a Schedule K-1 (Form 1041), Beneficiary's Share of Income, Deductions, Credits, etc. Ez40 , from the fiduciary. Ez40 If you have estimated taxes credited to you from the estate or trust (from Schedule K-1 (Form 1041)), you must report the estimated taxes on Schedule E (Form 1040). Ez40 On the dotted line next to the entry space for line 37 of Schedule E (Form 1040), enter “ES payment claimed” and the amount. Ez40 However, do not include this amount in the total on line 37. Ez40 Instead, enter the amount on Form 1040, line 63. Ez40 This estimated tax payment for 2013 is treated as being made by you on January 15, 2014. Ez40 Name changed. Ez40 If you changed your name, and you made estimated tax payments using your former name, attach a statement to the front of your paper tax return indicating: When you made the payments, The amount of each payment, Your name when you made the payments, and The social security number under which you made the payments. Ez40 The statement should cover payments you made jointly with your spouse as well as any you made separately. Ez40 Be sure to report the change to your local Social Security Administration office before filing your 2014 tax return. Ez40 This prevents delays in processing your return and issuing refunds. Ez40 It also safeguards your future social security benefits. Ez40 For more information, call the Social Security Administration at 1-800-772-1213. Ez40 Separate Returns If you and your spouse made separate estimated tax payments for 2013 and you file separate returns, you can take credit only for your own payments. Ez40 If you made joint estimated tax payments, you must decide how to divide the payments between your returns. Ez40 One of you can claim all of the estimated tax paid and the other none, or you can divide it in any other way you agree on. Ez40 If you cannot agree, you must divide the payments in proportion to each spouse's individual tax as shown on your separate returns for 2013. Ez40 Example. Ez40 James and Evelyn Brown made joint estimated tax payments for 2013 totaling $3,000. Ez40 They file separate 2013 Forms 1040. Ez40 James' tax is $4,000 and Evelyn's is $1,000. Ez40 If they do not agree on how to divide the $3,000, they must divide it proportionately between their returns. Ez40 Because James' tax ($4,000) is 80% of the total tax ($5,000), his share of the estimated tax is $2,400 (80% of $3,000). Ez40 The balance, $600 (20% of $3,000), is Evelyn's share. Ez40 Divorced Taxpayers If you made joint estimated tax payments for 2013 and you were divorced during the year, either you or your former spouse can claim all of the joint payments, or you each can claim part of them. Ez40 If you cannot agree on how to divide the payments, you must divide them in proportion to each spouse's individual tax as shown on your separate returns for 2013. Ez40 See Example earlier under Separate Returns. Ez40 If you claim any of the joint payments on your tax return, enter your former spouse's social security number (SSN) in the space provided at the top of page 1 of Form 1040 or Form 1040A. Ez40 If you divorced and remarried in 2013, enter your present spouse's SSN in that space. Ez40 Enter your former spouse's SSN, followed by “DIV,” under Payments to the left of Form 1040, line 63, or in the blank space to the left of Form 1040A, line 37. Ez40 Excess Social Security or Railroad Retirement Tax Withholding Most employers must withhold social security tax from your wages. Ez40 In some cases, however, the federal government and state and local governments do not have to withhold social security tax from their employees' wages. Ez40 If you work for a railroad employer, that employer must withhold tier 1 railroad retirement (RRTA) tax and tier 2 RRTA tax. Ez40 Two or more employers. Ez40 If you worked for two or more employers in 2013, too much social security tax or tier 1 RRTA tax may have been withheld from your pay. Ez40 You may be able to claim the excess as a credit against your income tax when you file your return. Ez40 Table 3-2 shows the maximum amount that should have been withheld for any of these taxes for 2013. Ez40 Figure the excess withholding on the appropriate worksheet. Ez40 Table 3-2. Ez40 Maximum Social Security and RRTA Withholding for 2013 Type of tax Maximum wages subject to tax Tax rate Maximum tax to be withheld Social security $113,700 6. Ez40 2% $7,049. Ez40 40 Tier 1 RRTA $113,700 6. Ez40 2% $7,049. Ez40 40 Tier 2 RRTA $84,300 4. Ez40 4% $3,709. Ez40 20 Joint returns. Ez40 If you are filing a joint return, you and your spouse must figure any excess social security or tier 1 RRTA separately. Ez40 Note. Ez40 All wages are subject to Medicare tax withholding. Ez40 Employer's error. Ez40 If you had only one employer and he or she withheld too much social security, Medicare, or tier 1 RRTA tax, ask the employer to refund the excess amount to you. Ez40 If the employer refuses to refund the overcollection, ask for a statement indicating the amount of the overcollection to support your claim. Ez40 File a claim for refund using Form 843, Claim for Refund and Request for Abatement. Ez40 Worksheet for Nonrailroad Employees If you did not work for a railroad during 2013, figure the excess social security withholding on Worksheet 3-1. Ez40 Note. Ez40 If you worked for both a railroad employer and a nonrailroad employer, use Worksheet 3-2, to figure excess social security and tier 1 RRTA tax. Ez40 Where to claim credit for excess social security withholding. Ez40 If you file Form 1040, enter the excess on line 69. Ez40 If you file Form 1040A, include the excess in the total on line 41. Ez40 Write “Excess SST” and show the amount of the credit in the space to the left of the line. Ez40 You cannot claim excess social security tax withholding on Form 1040EZ. Ez40 Worksheets for Railroad Employees If you worked for a railroad during 2013, figure your excess withholding on Worksheet 3-2 and 3-3, as appropriate. Ez40 Where to claim credit for excess tier 1 RRTA withholding. Ez40 If you file Form 1040, enter the excess on line 69. Ez40 If you file Form 1040A, include the excess in the total on line 41. Ez40 Write “Excess SST” and show the amount of the credit in the space to the left of the line. Ez40 You cannot claim excess tier 1 RRTA withholding on Form 1040EZ. Ez40 How to claim refund of excess tier 2 RRTA. Ez40 To claim a refund of tier 2 tax, use Form 843. Ez40 Be sure to attach a copy of all of your Forms W-2. Ez40 See Worksheet 3-3 and the Instructions for Form 843, for more details. Ez40 Worksheet 3-1. Ez40 Excess Social Security—Nonrailroad Employees 1. Ez40 Add all social security tax withheld (but not more than $7,049. Ez40 40 for each employer). Ez40 This tax should be shown in box 4 of your Forms W-2. Ez40 Enter the total here 1. Ez40 2. Ez40 Enter any uncollected social security tax on tips or group-term life insurance on Form 1040, line 60, identified by “UT” 2. Ez40 3. Ez40 Add lines 1 and 2. Ez40 If $7,049. Ez40 40 or less, stop here. Ez40 You cannot claim the credit 3. Ez40 4. Ez40 Social security limit 4. Ez40 $7,049. Ez40 40 5. Ez40 Excess. Ez40 Subtract line 4 from line 3 5. Ez40 Worksheet 3-2. Ez40 Excess Social Security and Tier 1 RRTA—Railroad Employees 1. Ez40 Add all social security and tier 1 RRTA tax withheld (but not more than $7,049. Ez40 40 for each employer). Ez40 Social security tax should be shown in box 4 and tier 1 RRTA should be shown in box 14 of your Forms W-2. Ez40 Enter the total here 1. Ez40 2. Ez40 Enter any uncollected social security and tier 1 RRTA tax on tips or group-term life insurance on Form 1040, line 60, identified by “UT” 2. Ez40 3. Ez40 Add lines 1 and 2. Ez40 If $7,049. Ez40 40 or less, stop here. Ez40 You cannot claim the credit 3. Ez40 4. Ez40 Social security and tier 1 RRTA tax limit 4. Ez40 $7,049. Ez40 40 5. Ez40 Excess. Ez40 Subtract line 4 from line 3 5. Ez40 Worksheet 3-3. Ez40 Excess Tier 2 RRTA—Railroad Employees 1. Ez40 Add all tier 2 RRTA tax withheld (but not more than $3,709. Ez40 20 for each employer). Ez40 Box 14 of your Forms W-2 should show tier 2 RRTA tax. Ez40 Enter the total here 1. Ez40 2. Ez40 Enter any uncollected tier 2 RRTA tax on tips or group-term life insurance on Form 1040, line 60, identified by “UT” 2. Ez40 3. Ez40 Add lines 1 and 2. Ez40 If $3,709. Ez40 20 or less, stop here. Ez40 You cannot claim the credit. Ez40 3. Ez40 4. Ez40 Tier 2 RRTA tax limit 4. Ez40 $3,709. Ez40 20 5. Ez40 Excess. Ez40 Subtract line 4 from line 3. 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