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2010 Federal Tax Forms And Instructions

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2010 Federal Tax Forms And Instructions

2010 federal tax forms and instructions 6. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   Tip Income Table of Contents Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Keeping a Daily Tip RecordElectronic tip record. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Reporting Tips to Your EmployerElectronic tip statement. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Final report. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Reporting Tips on Your Tax Return Allocated Tips Introduction This chapter is for employees who receive tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions All tips you receive are income and are subject to federal income tax. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You must include in gross income all tips you receive directly, charged tips paid to you by your employer, and your share of any tips you receive under a tip-splitting or tip-pooling arrangement. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The value of noncash tips, such as tickets, passes, or other items of value, is also income and subject to tax. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Reporting your tip income correctly is not difficult. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You must do three things. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Keep a daily tip record. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Report tips to your employer. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Report all your tips on your income tax return. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions  This chapter will explain these three things and show you what to do on your tax return if you have not done the first two. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions This chapter will also show you how to treat allocated tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For information on special tip programs and agreements, see Publication 531. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 531 Reporting Tip Income 1244 Employee's Daily Record of Tips and Report to Employer Form (and Instructions) 4137 Social Security and Medicare Tax on Unreported Tip Income 4070 Employee's Report of Tips to Employer Keeping a Daily Tip Record Why keep a daily tip record. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   You must keep a daily tip record so you can: Report your tips accurately to your employer, Report your tips accurately on your tax return, and Prove your tip income if your return is ever questioned. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions How to keep a daily tip record. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   There are two ways to keep a daily tip record. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You can either: Write information about your tips in a tip diary, or Keep copies of documents that show your tips, such as restaurant bills and credit or debit card charge slips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You should keep your daily tip record with your tax or other personal records. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You must keep your records for as long as they are important for administration of the federal tax law. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For information on how long to keep records, see How long to keep records in chapter 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions    If you keep a tip diary, you can use Form 4070A, Employee's Daily Record of Tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions To get Form 4070A, ask the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) or your employer for Publication 1244. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Also, Publication 1244 is available online at www. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions irs. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions gov/pub/irs-pdf/p1244. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions pdf. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Publication 1244 includes a 1-year supply of Form 4070A. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Each day, write in the information asked for on the form. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   In addition to the information asked for on Form 4070A, you also need to keep a record of the date and value of any noncash tips you get, such as tickets, passes, or other items of value. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Although you do not report these tips to your employer, you must report them on your tax return. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you do not use Form 4070A, start your records by writing your name, your employer's name, and the name of the business (if it is different from your employer's name). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Then, each workday, write the date and the following information. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Cash tips you get directly from customers or from other employees. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Tips from credit and debit card charge customers that your employer pays you. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The value of any noncash tips you get, such as tickets, passes, or other items of value. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The amount of tips you paid out to other employees through tip pools or tip splitting, or other arrangements, and the names of the employees to whom you paid the tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Electronic tip record. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   You can use an electronic system provided by your employer to record your daily tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If you do, you must receive and keep a paper copy of this record. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Service charges. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions    Do not write in your tip diary the amount of any service charge that your employer adds to a customer's bill and then pays to you and treats as wages. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions This is part of your wages, not a tip. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions See examples below. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Example 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Good Food Restaurant adds an 18% charge to the bill for parties of 6 or more customers. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Jane’s bill for food and beverages for her party of 8 includes an amount on the tip line equal to 18% of the charges for food and beverages, and the total includes this amount. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Because Jane did not have an unrestricted right to determine the amount on the “tip line,” the 18% charge is considered a service charge. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Do not include the 18% charge in your tip diary. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Service charges that are paid to you are considered wages, not tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Example 2. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Good Food Restaurant also includes sample calculations of tip amounts at the bottom of its bills for food and beverages provided to customers. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions David’s bill includes a blank “tip line,” with sample tip calculations of 15%, 18%, and 20% of his charges for food and beverages at the bottom of the bill beneath the signature line. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Because David is free to enter any amount on the “tip line” or leave it blank, any amount he includes is considered a tip. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Be sure to include this amount in your tip diary. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Reporting Tips to Your Employer Why report tips to your employer. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   You must report tips to your employer so that: Your employer can withhold federal income tax and social security, Medicare, Additional Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes, Your employer can report the correct amount of your earnings to the Social Security Administration or Railroad Retirement Board (which affects your benefits when you retire or if you become disabled, or your family's benefits if you die), and You can avoid the penalty for not reporting tips to your employer (explained later). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions What tips to report. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   Report to your employer only cash, check, and debit and credit card tips you receive. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If your total tips for any 1 month from any one job are less than $20, do not report the tips for that month to that employer. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you participate in a tip-splitting or tip-pooling arrangement, report only the tips you receive and retain. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Do not report to your employer any portion of the tips you receive that you pass on to other employees. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions However, you must report tips you receive from other employees. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions    Do not report the value of any noncash tips, such as tickets or passes, to your employer. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You do not pay social security, Medicare, Additional Medicare or railroad retirement taxes on these tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions How to report. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions    If your employer does not give you any other way to report tips, you can use Form 4070. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Fill in the information asked for on the form, sign and date the form, and give it to your employer. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions To get a 1-year supply of the form, ask the IRS or your employer for Publication 1244. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you do not use Form 4070, give your employer a statement with the following information. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Your name, address, and social security number. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Your employer's name, address, and business name (if it is different from your employer's name). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The month (or the dates of any shorter period) in which you received tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The total tips required to be reported for that period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You must sign and date the statement. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Be sure to keep a copy with your tax or other personal records. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   Your employer may require you to report your tips more than once a month. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions However, the statement cannot cover a period of more than 1 calendar month. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Electronic tip statement. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   Your employer can have you furnish your tip statements electronically. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions When to report. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   Give your report for each month to your employer by the 10th of the next month. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If the 10th falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, give your employer the report by the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Example. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You must report your tips received in September 2014 by October 10, 2014. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Final report. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If your employment ends during the month, you can report your tips when your employment ends. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Penalty for not reporting tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you do not report tips to your employer as required, you may be subject to a penalty equal to 50% of the social security, Medicare, and Additional Medicare taxes or railroad retirement tax you owe on the unreported tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions (For information about these taxes, see Reporting social security, Medicare, Additional Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes on tips not reported to your employer under Reporting Tips on Your Tax Return, later. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions ) The penalty amount is in addition to the taxes you owe. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   You can avoid this penalty if you can show reasonable cause for not reporting the tips to your employer. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions To do so, attach a statement to your return explaining why you did not report them. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Giving your employer money for taxes. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   Your regular pay may not be enough for your employer to withhold all the taxes you owe on your regular pay plus your reported tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If this happens, you can give your employer money until the close of the calendar year to pay the rest of the taxes. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you do not give your employer enough money, your employer will apply your regular pay and any money you give in the following order. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions All taxes on your regular pay. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Social security, Medicare, and Additional Medicare taxes or railroad retirement taxes on your reported tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Federal, state, and local income taxes on your reported tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions    Any taxes that remain unpaid can be collected by your employer from your next paycheck. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If withholding taxes remain uncollected at the end of the year, you may be subject to a penalty for underpayment of estimated taxes. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions See Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax, for more information. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions    Uncollected taxes. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You must report on your tax return any social security and Medicare taxes or railroad retirement tax that remained uncollected at the end of 2013. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions These uncollected taxes will be shown on your 2013 Form W-2. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions See Reporting uncollected social security, Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes on tips reported to your employer under Reporting Tips on Your Tax Return, later. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Reporting Tips on Your Tax Return How to report tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions    Report your tips with your wages on Form 1040, line 7; Form 1040A, line 7; or Form 1040EZ, line 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions What tips to report. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   You must report all tips you received in 2013 on your tax return, including both cash tips and noncash tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Any tips you reported to your employer for 2013 are included in the wages shown in box 1 of your Form W-2. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Add to the amount in box 1 only the tips you did not report to your employer. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions    If you received $20 or more in cash and charge tips in a month and did not report all of those tips to your employer, see Reporting social security, Medicare, Additional Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes on tips not reported to your employer, later. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions    If you did not keep a daily tip record as required and an amount is shown in box 8 of your Form W-2, see Allocated Tips, later. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you kept a daily tip record and reported tips to your employer as required under the rules explained earlier, add the following tips to the amount in box 1 of your Form W-2. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Cash and charge tips you received that totaled less than $20 for any month. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The value of noncash tips, such as tickets, passes, or other items of value. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Example. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Ben Smith began working at the Blue Ocean Restaurant (his only employer in 2013) on June 30 and received $10,000 in wages during the year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Ben kept a daily tip record showing that his tips for June were $18 and his tips for the rest of the year totaled $7,000. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions He was not required to report his June tips to his employer, but he reported all of the rest of his tips to his employer as required. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Ben's Form W-2 from Blue Ocean Restaurant shows $17,000 ($10,000 wages plus $7,000 reported tips) in box 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions He adds the $18 unreported tips to that amount and reports $17,018 as wages on his tax return. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Reporting social security, Medicare, Additional Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes on tips not reported to your employer. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions    If you received $20 or more in cash and charge tips in a month from any one job and did not report all of those tips to your employer, you must report the social security, Medicare, and Additional Medicare taxes on the unreported tips as additional tax on your return. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions To report these taxes, you must file a return even if you would not otherwise have to file. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You must use Form 1040. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions (You cannot file Form 1040EZ or Form 1040A. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions )    Use Form 4137 to figure social security and Medicare taxes. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Enter the tax on your return as instructed, and attach the completed Form 4137 to your return. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Use Form 8959 to figure Additional Medicare Tax. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions    If you are subject to the Railroad Retirement Tax Act, you cannot use Form 4137 to pay railroad retirement tax on unreported tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions To get railroad retirement credit, you must report tips to your employer. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Reporting uncollected social security, Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes on tips reported to your employer. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   You may have uncollected taxes if your regular pay was not enough for your employer to withhold all the taxes you owe and you did not give your employer enough money to pay the rest of the taxes. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For more information, see Giving your employer money for taxes , under Reporting Tips to Your Employer, earlier. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If your employer could not collect all the social security and Medicare taxes or railroad retirement tax you owe on tips reported for 2013, the uncollected taxes will be shown in box 12 of your Form W-2 (codes A and B). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You must report these amounts as additional tax on your return. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Unlike the uncollected portion of the regular (1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 45%) Medicare tax, the uncollected Additional Medicare Tax is not reported in box 12 of Form W-2 with code B. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions    To report these uncollected taxes, you must file a return even if you would not otherwise have to file. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You must report these taxes on Form 1040, line 60. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions See the instructions for Form 1040, line 60. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions (You cannot file Form 1040EZ or Form 1040A. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions ) Allocated Tips If your employer allocated tips to you, they are shown separately in box 8 of your Form W-2. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions They are not included in box 1 with your wages and reported tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If box 8 is blank, this discussion does not apply to you. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions What are allocated tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   These are tips that your employer assigned to you in addition to the tips you reported to your employer for the year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Your employer will have done this only if: You worked in an establishment (restaurant, cocktail lounge, or similar business) that must allocate tips to employees, and The tips you reported to your employer were less than your share of 8% of food and drink sales. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions No income, social security, Medicare, Additional Medicare or railroad retirement taxes are withheld on allocated tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions How were your allocated tips figured. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   The tips allocated to you are your share of an amount figured by subtracting the reported tips of all employees from 8% (or an approved lower rate) of food and drink sales (other than carryout sales and sales with a service charge of 10% or more). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Your share of that amount was figured using either a method provided by an employer-employee agreement or a method provided by IRS regulations based on employees' sales or hours worked. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For information about the exact allocation method used, ask your employer. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Must you report your allocated tips on your tax return. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   You must report all tips you received in 2013 on your tax return, including both cash tips and noncash tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Any tips you reported to your employer for 2013 are included in the wages shown in box 1 of your Form W-2. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Add to the amount in box 1 only the tips you did not report to your employer. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions This should include any allocated tips shown in box 8 on your Form(s) W-2, unless you have adequate records to show that you received less tips in the year than the allocated figures. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   See What tips to report under Reporting Tips on Your Tax Return, and Keeping a Daily Tip Record , earlier. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions How to report allocated tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   Report the amount in box 1 and the allocated tips in box 8 of your Form(s) W-2 as wages on Form 1040, line 7; Form 1040NR, line 8; or Form 1040NR-EZ, line 3. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions (You cannot file Form 1040A or Form 1040EZ when you have allocated tips. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions )    Because social security, Medicare, and Additional Medicare taxes were not withheld from the allocated tips, you must report those taxes as additional tax on your return. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Complete Form 4137, and include the allocated tips on line 1 of the form. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions See Reporting social security, Medicare, Additional Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes on tips not reported to your employer under Reporting Tips on Your Tax Return, earlier. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The 2010 Federal Tax Forms And Instructions

2010 federal tax forms and instructions Publication 1212 - Main Content Table of Contents Definitions Debt Instruments on the OID List Debt Instruments Not on the OID List Information for Brokers and Other MiddlemenShort-Term Obligations Redeemed at Maturity Long-Term Debt Instruments Certificates of Deposit Bearer Bonds and Coupons Backup Withholding Information for Owners of OID Debt InstrumentsExceptions. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Adjustment for premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Adjustment for acquisition premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Adjustment for market discount. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Form 1099-OID How To Report OID Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments Figuring OID on Stripped Bonds and Coupons How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics Definitions The following terms are used throughout this publication. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions “Original issue discount” is defined first. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The other terms are listed alphabetically. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Original issue discount (OID). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   OID is a form of interest. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions It is the excess of a debt instrument's stated redemption price at maturity over its issue price (acquisition price for a stripped bond or coupon). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Zero coupon bonds and debt instruments that pay no stated interest until maturity are examples of debt instruments that have OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   An accrual period is an interval of time used to measure OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The length of an accrual period can be 6 months, a year, or some other period, depending on when the debt instrument was issued. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Acquisition premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   Acquisition premium is the excess of a debt instrument's adjusted basis immediately after purchase, including purchase at original issue, over the debt instrument's adjusted issue price at that time. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions A debt instrument does not have acquisition premium, however, if the debt instrument was purchased at a premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions See Premium, later. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Adjusted issue price. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   The adjusted issue price of a debt instrument at the beginning of an accrual period is used to figure the OID allocable to that period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions In general, the adjusted issue price at the beginning of the debt instrument's first accrual period is its issue price. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The adjusted issue price at the beginning of any subsequent accrual period is the sum of the issue price and all the OID includible in income before that accrual period minus any payment previously made on the debt instrument, other than a payment of qualified stated interest. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   The term “debt instrument” means any instrument or contractual arrangement that constitutes indebtedness under general principles of federal income tax law (including, for example, a bond, debenture, note, certificate, or other evidence of indebtedness). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions It generally does not include an annuity contract. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Issue price. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   For debt instruments listed in Section I-A and Section I-B, the issue price generally is the initial offering price to the public (excluding bond houses and brokers) at which a substantial amount of these instruments was sold. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Market discount. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   Market discount arises when a debt instrument purchased in the secondary market has decreased in value since its issue date, generally because of an increase in interest rates. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions An OID debt instrument has market discount if your adjusted basis in the debt instrument immediately after you acquired it (usually its purchase price) was less than the debt instrument's issue price plus the total OID that accrued before you acquired it. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The market discount is the difference between the issue price plus accrued OID and your adjusted basis. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   A debt instrument is purchased at a premium if its adjusted basis immediately after purchase is greater than the total of all amounts payable on the debt instrument after the purchase date, other than qualified stated interest. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The premium is the excess of the adjusted basis over the payable amounts. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions See Publication 550 for information on the tax treatment of bond premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Qualified stated interest. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   In general, qualified stated interest is stated interest that is unconditionally payable in cash or property (other than debt instruments of the issuer) at least annually over the term of the debt instrument at a single fixed rate. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Stated redemption price at maturity. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   A debt instrument's stated redemption price at maturity is the sum of all amounts (principal and interest) payable on the debt instrument other than qualified stated interest. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Yield to maturity (YTM). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   In general, the YTM is the discount rate that, when used in figuring the present value of all principal and interest payments, produces an amount equal to the issue price of the debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The YTM is generally shown on the face of the debt instrument or in the literature you receive from your broker. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If you do not have this information, consult your broker, tax advisor, or the issuer. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Debt Instruments on the OID List The OID list on the IRS website can be used by brokers and other middlemen to prepare information returns. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If you own a listed debt instrument, you generally should not rely on the information in the OID list to determine (or compare) the OID to be reported on your tax return. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The OID amounts listed are figured without reference to the price or date at which you acquired the debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For information about determining the OID to be reported on your tax return, see the instructions for figuring OID under Information for Owners of OID Debt Instruments, later. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The following discussions explain what information is contained in each section of the list. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Section I. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   This section contains publicly offered, long-term debt instruments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Section I-A: Corporate Debt Instruments Issued Before 1985. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Section I-B: Corporate Debt Instruments Issued After 1984. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Section I-C: Inflation-Indexed Debt Instruments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For each publicly offered debt instrument in Section I, the list contains the following information. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The name of the issuer. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The Committee on Uniform Security Identification Procedures (CUSIP) number. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The issue date. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The maturity date. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The issue price expressed as a percent of principal or of stated redemption price at maturity. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The annual stated or coupon interest rate. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions (This rate is shown as 0. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 00 if no annual interest payments are provided. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions ) The yield to maturity will be added to Section I-B for bonds issued after December 31, 2006. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The total OID accrued up to January 1 of a calendar year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions (This information is not available for every instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions ) For long-term debt instruments issued after July 1, 1982, the daily OID for the accrual periods falling in a calendar year and a subsequent year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The total OID per $1,000 of principal or maturity value for a calendar year and a subsequent year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Section II. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   This section contains stripped coupons and principal components of U. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions S. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Treasury and Government-Sponsored Enterprise debt instruments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions These stripped components are available through the Department of the Treasury's Separate Trading of Registered Interest and Principal of Securities (STRIPS) program and government-sponsored enterprises such as the Resolution Funding Corporation. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions This section also includes debt instruments backed by U. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions S. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Treasury securities that represent ownership interests in those securities. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   The obligations listed in Section II are arranged by maturity date. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The amounts listed are the total OID for a calendar year per $1,000 of redemption price. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Section III. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   This section contains short-term discount obligations. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Section III-A: Short-Term U. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions S. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Treasury Bills. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Section III-B: Federal Home Loan Banks. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Section III-C: Federal National Mortgage Association. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Section III-D: Federal Farm Credit Banks. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Section III-E: Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Section III-F: Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions    Information that supplements Section III-A is available on the Internet at http://www. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions treasurydirect. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions gov/tdhome. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions htm. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   The short-term obligations listed in this section are arranged by maturity date. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For each obligation, the list contains the CUSIP number, maturity date, issue date, issue price (expressed as a percent of principal), and discount to be reported as interest for a calendar year per $1,000 of redemption price. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Brokers and other middlemen should rely on the issue price information in Section III only if they are unable to determine the price actually paid by the owner. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Debt Instruments Not on the OID List The list of debt instruments discussed earlier does not contain the following items. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions U. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions S. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions savings bonds. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Certificates of deposit and other face-amount certificates issued at a discount, including syndicated certificates of deposit. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Obligations issued by tax-exempt organizations. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions OID debt instruments that matured or were entirely called by the issuer before the tables were posted on the IRS website. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Mortgage-backed securities and mortgage participation certificates. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Long-term OID debt instruments issued before May 28, 1969. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Short-term obligations, other than the obligations listed in Section III. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Debt instruments issued at a discount by states or their political subdivisions. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions REMIC regular interests and CDOs. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Commercial paper and banker's acceptances issued at a discount. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Obligations issued at a discount by individuals. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Foreign obligations not traded in the United States and obligations not issued in the United States. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Information for Brokers and Other Middlemen The following discussions contain specific instructions for brokers and middlemen who hold or redeem a debt instrument for the owner. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions In general, you must file a Form 1099 for the debt instrument if the interest or OID to be included in the owner's income for a calendar year totals $10 or more. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You also must file a Form 1099 if you were required to deduct and withhold tax, even if the interest or OID is less than $10. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions See Backup Withholding, later. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If you must file a Form 1099, furnish a copy to the owner of the debt instrument by January 31 in the year it is due. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions File all your Forms 1099 with the IRS, accompanied by Form 1096, by February 28 in the year it is due (March 31 if you file electronically). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Electronic payee statements. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   You can issue Form 1099-OID electronically with the consent of the recipient. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions More information. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   For more information, including penalties for failure to file (or furnish) required information returns or statements, see the General Instructions for Certain Information Returns (Forms 1098, 1099, 3921, 3922, 5498, and W-2G) for the appropriate calendar year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Short-Term Obligations Redeemed at Maturity If you redeem a short-term discount obligation for the owner at maturity, you must report the discount as interest on Form 1099-INT. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions To figure the discount, use the purchase price shown on the owner's copy of the purchase confirmation receipt or similar record, or the price shown in your transaction records. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If you sell the obligation for the owner before maturity, you must file Form 1099-B to reflect the gross proceeds to the seller. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Do not report the accrued discount to the date of sale on either Form 1099-INT or Form 1099-OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If the owner's purchase price cannot be determined, figure the discount as if the owner had purchased the obligation at its original issue price. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions A special rule is used to determine the original issue price for information reporting on U. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions S. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Treasury bills (T-bills) listed in Section III-A. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Under this rule, you treat as the original issue price of the T-bill the noncompetitive (weighted average of accepted auction bids) discount price for the longest-maturity T-bill maturing on the same date as the T-bill being redeemed. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions This noncompetitive discount price is the issue price (expressed as a percent of principal) shown in Section III-A. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions A similar rule is used to figure the discount on short-term discount obligations issued by the organizations listed in Section III-B through Section III-F. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Example 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions There are 13-week and 26-week T-bills maturing on the same date as the T-bill being redeemed. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The price actually paid by the owner cannot be established by owner or middleman records. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You treat as the issue price of the T-bill the noncompetitive discount price (expressed as a percent of principal) shown in Section III-A for a 26-week bill maturing on the same date as the T-bill redeemed. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The interest you report on Form 1099-INT is the OID (per $1,000 of principal) shown in Section III-A for that obligation. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Long-Term Debt Instruments If you hold a long-term OID debt instrument as a nominee for the true owner, you generally must file Form 1099-OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For this purpose, you can rely on Section I of the OID list to determine the following information. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Whether a debt instrument has OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The OID to be reported on the Form 1099-OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions In general, you must report OID on publicly offered, long-term debt instruments listed in Section I. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You also can report OID on other long-term debt instruments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Form 1099-OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   On Form 1099-OID for a calendar year show the following information. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Box 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The OID for the actual dates the owner held the debt instruments during a calendar year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions To determine this amount, see Figuring OID, next. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Box 2. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The qualified stated interest paid or credited during the calendar year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Interest reported here is not reported on Form 1099-INT. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The qualified stated interest on Treasury inflation-protected securities may be reported on Form 1099-INT in box 3 instead. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Box 3. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Any interest or principal forfeited because of an early withdrawal that the owner can deduct from gross income. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Do not reduce the amounts in boxes 1 and 2 by the forfeiture. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Box 4. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Any backup withholding for this debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Box 7. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The CUSIP number, if any. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If there is no CUSIP number, give a description of the debt instrument, including the abbreviation for the stock exchange, the abbreviation used by the stock exchange for the issuer, the coupon rate, and the year of maturity (for example, NYSE XYZ 12. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 50 2006). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If the issuer of the debt instrument is other than the payer, show the name of the issuer in this box. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Box 8. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The OID on a U. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions S. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Treasury obligation for the part of the year the owner held the debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Box 9. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Investment expenses passed on to holders of a single-class REMIC. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Boxes 10-12. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Use to report any state income tax withheld for this debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Figuring OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   You can determine the OID on a long-term debt instrument by using either of the following. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Section I of the OID list. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The income tax regulations. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Using Section I. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If the owner held the debt instrument for the entire calendar year, report the OID shown in Section I for the calendar year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Because OID is listed for each $1,000 of stated redemption price at maturity, you must adjust the listed amount to reflect the debt instrument's actual stated redemption price at maturity. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For example, if the debt instrument's stated redemption price at maturity is $500, report one-half the listed OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If the owner held the debt instrument for less than the entire calendar year, figure the OID to report as follows. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Look up the daily OID for the first accrual period in the calendar year during which the owner held the debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Multiply the daily OID by the number of days the owner held the debt instrument during that accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Repeat steps (1) and (2) for any remaining accrual periods for the year during which the owner held the debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Add the results in steps (2) and (3) to determine the owner's OID per $1,000 of stated redemption price at maturity. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If necessary, adjust the OID in (4) to reflect the debt instrument's stated redemption price at maturity. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Report the result on Form 1099-OID in box 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Using the income tax regulations. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   Instead of using Section I to figure OID, you can use the regulations under sections 1272 through 1275 of the Internal Revenue Code. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For example, under the regulations, you can use monthly accrual periods in figuring OID for a debt instrument issued after April 3, 1994, that provides for monthly payments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions (If you use Section I-B, the OID is figured using 6-month accrual periods. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions )   For a general explanation of the rules for figuring OID under the regulations, see Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments under Information for Owners of OID Debt Instruments, later. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Certificates of Deposit If you hold a bank certificate of deposit (CD) as a nominee, you must determine whether the CD has OID and any OID includible in the income of the owner. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You must file an information return showing the reportable interest and OID, if any, on the CD. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions These rules apply whether or not you sold the CD to the owner. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Report OID on a CD in the same way as OID on other debt instruments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions See Short-Term Obligations Redeemed at Maturity and Long-Term Debt Instruments, earlier. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Bearer Bonds and Coupons If a coupon from a bearer bond is presented to you for collection before the bond matures, you generally must report the interest on Form 1099-INT. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions However, do not report the interest if either of the following apply. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You hold the bond as a nominee for the true owner. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The payee is a foreign person. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions See Payments to foreign person under Backup Withholding, later. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Because you cannot assume the presenter of the coupon also owns the bond, you should not report OID on the bond on Form 1099-OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The coupon may have been “stripped” (separated) from the bond and separately purchased. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions However, if a long-term bearer bond on the OID list is presented to you for redemption upon call or maturity, you should prepare a Form 1099-OID showing the OID for that calendar year, as well as any coupon interest payments collected at the time of redemption. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Backup Withholding If you report OID on Form 1099-OID or interest on Form 1099-INT for a calendar year, you may be required to apply backup withholding to the reportable payment at a rate of 28%. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The backup withholding is deducted at the time a cash payment is made. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions See Pub. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 1281, Backup Withholding for Missing and Incorrect Name/TIN(s), for more information. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Backup withholding generally applies in the following situations. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The payee does not give you a taxpayer identification number (TIN). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The IRS notifies you that the payee gave an incorrect TIN. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The IRS notifies you that the payee is subject to backup withholding due to payee underreporting. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For debt instruments acquired after 1983: The payee does not certify, under penalties of perjury, that he or she is not subject to backup withholding under (3), or The payee does not certify, under penalties of perjury, that the TIN given is correct. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions However, for short-term discount obligations (other than government obligations), bearer bonds and coupons, and U. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions S. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions savings bonds, backup withholding applies only if the payee does not give you a TIN or gives you an obviously incorrect number for a TIN. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Short-term obligations. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   Backup withholding applies to OID on a short-term obligation only when the OID is paid at maturity. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions However, backup withholding applies to any interest payable before maturity when the interest is paid or credited. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If the owner of a short-term obligation at maturity is not the original owner and can establish the purchase price of the obligation, the amount subject to backup withholding must be determined by treating the purchase price as the issue price. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions However, you can choose to disregard that price if it would require significant manual intervention in the computer or recordkeeping system used for the obligation. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If the purchase price of a listed obligation is not established or is disregarded, you must use the issue price shown in Section III. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Long-term obligations. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If no cash payments are made on a long-term obligation before maturity, backup withholding applies only at maturity. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The amount subject to backup withholding is the OID includible in the owner's gross income for the calendar year when the obligation matures. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The amount to be withheld is limited to the cash paid. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Registered long-term obligations with cash payments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If a registered long-term obligation has cash payments before maturity, backup withholding applies when a cash payment is made. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The amount subject to backup withholding is the total of the qualified stated interest (defined earlier under Definitions) and OID includible in the owner's gross income for the calendar year when the payment is made. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If more than one cash payment is made during the year, the OID subject to withholding for the year must be allocated among the expected cash payments in the ratio that each bears to the total of the expected cash payments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For any payment, the required withholding is limited to the cash paid. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Payee not the original owner. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If the payee is not the original owner of the obligation, the OID subject to backup withholding is the OID includible in the gross income of all owners during the calendar year (without regard to any amount paid by the new owner at the time of transfer). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The amount subject to backup withholding at maturity of a listed obligation must be determined using the issue price shown in Section I. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Bearer long-term obligations with cash payments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If a bearer long-term obligation has cash payments before maturity, backup withholding applies when the cash payments are made. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For payments before maturity, the amount subject to withholding is the qualified stated interest (defined earlier under Definitions) includible in the owner's gross income for the calendar year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For a payment at maturity, the amount subject to withholding is only the total of any qualified stated interest paid at maturity and the OID includible in the owner's gross income for the calendar year when the obligation matures. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The required withholding at maturity is limited to the cash paid. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Sales and redemptions. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you report the gross proceeds from a sale, exchange, or redemption of a debt instrument on Form 1099-B for a calendar year, you may be required to withhold 28% of the amount reported. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Backup withholding applies in the following situations. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The payee does not give you a TIN. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The IRS notifies you that the payee gave an incorrect TIN. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For debt instruments held in an account opened after 1983, the payee does not certify, under penalties of perjury, that the TIN given is correct. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Payments outside the United States to U. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions S. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions person. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   The requirements for backup withholding and information reporting apply to payments of OID and interest made outside the United States to a U. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions S. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions person, a controlled foreign corporation, or a foreign person at least 50% of whose income for the preceding 3-year period is effectively connected with the conduct of a U. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions S. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions trade or business. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Payments to foreign person. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   The following discussions explain the rules for backup withholding and information reporting on payments to foreign persons. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions U. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions S. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions -source amount. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   Backup withholding and information reporting are not required for payments of U. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions S. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions -source OID, interest, or proceeds from a sale or redemption of an OID instrument if the payee has given you proof (generally the appropriate Form W-8 or an acceptable substitute) that the payee is a foreign person. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions A U. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions S. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions resident is not a foreign person. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For proof of the payee's foreign status, you can rely on the appropriate Form W-8 or on documentary evidence for payments made outside the United States to an offshore account or, in case of broker proceeds, a sale effected outside the United States. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Receipt of the appropriate Form W-8 does not relieve you from information reporting and backup withholding if you actually know the payee is a U. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions S. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions person. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   For information about the 28% withholding tax that may apply to payments of U. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions S. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions -source OID or interest to foreign persons, see Publication 515. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Foreign-source amount. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   Backup withholding and information reporting are not required for payments of foreign-source OID and interest made outside the United States. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions However, if the payments are made inside the United States, the requirements for backup withholding and information reporting will apply unless the payee has given you the appropriate Form W-8 or acceptable substitute as proof that the payee is a foreign person. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions More information. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   For more information about backup withholding and information reporting on foreign-source amounts or payments to foreign persons, see Regulations section 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 6049-5. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Information for Owners of OID Debt Instruments This section is for persons who prepare their own tax returns. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions It discusses the income tax rules for figuring and reporting OID on long-term debt instruments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions It also includes a similar discussion for stripped bonds and coupons, such as zero coupon bonds available through the Department of the Treasury's STRIPS program and government-sponsored enterprises such as the Resolution Funding Corporation. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions However, the information provided does not cover every situation. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions More information can be found in the regulations under sections 1271 through 1275 of the Internal Revenue Code. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Including OID in income. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   Generally, you include OID in income as it accrues each year, whether or not you receive any payments from the debt instrument issuer. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Exceptions. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   The rules for including OID in income as it accrues generally do not apply to the following debt instruments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions U. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions S. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions savings bonds. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Tax-exempt obligations. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions (However, see Tax-Exempt Bonds and Coupons, later. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions ) Obligations issued by individuals before March 2, 1984. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Loans of $10,000 or less between individuals who are not in the business of lending money. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions (The dollar limit includes outstanding prior loans by the lender to the borrower. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions ) This exception does not apply if a principal purpose of the loan is to avoid any federal tax. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   See chapter 1 of Publication 550 for information about the rules for these and other types of discounted debt instruments, such as short-term and market discount obligations. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Publication 550 also discusses rules for holders of REMIC interests and CDOs. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions De minimis rule. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   You can treat OID as zero if the total OID on a debt instrument is less than one-fourth of 1% (. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 0025) of the stated redemption price at maturity multiplied by the number of full years from the date of original issue to maturity. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Debt instruments with de minimis OID are not listed in this publication. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions There are special rules to determine the de minimis amount in the case of debt instruments that provide for more than one payment of principal. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Also, the de minimis rules generally do not apply to tax-exempt obligations. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Example 2. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You bought at issuance a 10-year debt instrument with a stated redemption price at maturity of $1,000, issued at $980 with OID of $20. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions One-fourth of 1% of $1,000 (the stated redemption price) times 10 (the number of full years from the date of original issue to maturity) equals $25. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Under the de minimis rule, you can treat the OID as zero because the $20 discount is less than $25. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Example 3. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Assume the same facts as Example 2, except the debt instrument was issued at $950. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You must report part of the $50 OID each year because it is more than $25. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Choice to report all interest as OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   Generally, you can choose to treat all interest on a debt instrument acquired after April 3, 1994, as OID and include it in gross income by using the constant yield method. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions See Constant yield method under Debt Instruments Issued After 1984, later, for more information. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   For this choice, interest includes stated interest, acquisition discount, OID, de minimis OID, market discount, de minimis market discount, and unstated interest, as adjusted by any amortizable bond premium or acquisition premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For more information, see Regulations section 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 1272-3. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Purchase after date of original issue. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   A debt instrument you purchased after the date of original issue may have premium, acquisition premium, or market discount. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If so, the OID reported to you on Form 1099-OID may have to be adjusted. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For more information, see Showing an OID adjustment under How To Report OID, later. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The following rules generally do not apply to contingent payment debt instruments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Adjustment for premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If your debt instrument (other than an inflation-indexed debt instrument) has premium, do not report any OID as ordinary income. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Your adjustment is the total OID shown on your Form 1099-OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Adjustment for acquisition premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If your debt instrument has acquisition premium, reduce the OID you report. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Your adjustment is the difference between the OID shown on your Form 1099-OID and the reduced OID amount figured using the rules explained later under Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Adjustment for market discount. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If your debt instrument has market discount that you choose to include in income currently, increase the OID you report. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Your adjustment is the accrued market discount for the year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions See Market Discount Bonds in chapter 1 of Publication 550 for information on how to figure accrued market discount and include it in your income currently and for other information about market discount bonds. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If you choose to use the constant yield method to figure accrued market discount, also see Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments, later. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The constant yield method of figuring accrued OID, explained in those discussions under Constant yield method, is also used to figure accrued market discount. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For more information concerning premium or market discount on an inflation-indexed debt instrument, see Regulations section 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 1275-7. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Sale, exchange, or redemption. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   Generally, you treat your gain or loss from the sale, exchange, or redemption of a discounted debt instrument as a capital gain or loss if you held the debt instrument as a capital asset. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If you sold the debt instrument through a broker, you should receive Form 1099-B or an equivalent statement from the broker. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Use the Form 1099-B or other statement and your brokerage statements to complete Form 8949, and Schedule D (Form 1040). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   Your gain or loss is the difference between the amount you realized on the sale, exchange, or redemption and your basis in the debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Your basis, generally, is your cost increased by the OID you have included in income each year you held it. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions In general, to determine your gain or loss on a tax-exempt bond, figure your basis in the bond by adding to your cost the OID you would have included in income if the bond had been taxable. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   See chapter 4 of Publication 550 for more information about the tax treatment of the sale or redemption of discounted debt instruments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Example 4. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Larry, a calendar year taxpayer, bought a corporate debt instrument at original issue for $86,235. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 00 on November 1 of Year 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The 15-year debt instrument matures on October 31 of Year 16 at a stated redemption price of $100,000. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The debt instrument provides for semiannual payments of interest at 10%. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Assume the debt instrument is a capital asset in Larry's hands. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The debt instrument has $13,765. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 00 of OID ($100,000 stated redemption price at maturity minus $86,235. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 00 issue price). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Larry sold the debt instrument for $90,000 on November 1 of Year 4. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Including the OID he will report for the period he held the debt instrument in Year 4, Larry has included $4,556. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 00 of OID in income and has increased his basis by that amount to $90,791. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 00. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Larry has realized a loss of $791. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 00. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions All of Larry's loss is capital loss. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Form 1099-OID The issuer of the debt instrument (or your broker, if you purchased or held the debt instrument through a broker) should give you a copy of Form 1099-OID or a similar statement if the accrued OID for the calendar year is $10 or more and the term of the debt instrument is more than 1 year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Form 1099-OID shows all OID income in box 1 except OID on a U. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions S. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Treasury obligation, which is shown in box 8. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions It also shows, in box 2, any qualified stated interest you must include in income. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions (However, any qualified stated interest on Treasury inflation-protected securities can be reported on Form 1099-INT in box 3. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions ) A copy of Form 1099-OID will be sent to the IRS. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Do not attach your copy to your tax return. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Keep it for your records. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If you are required to file a tax return and you receive Form 1099-OID showing taxable amounts, you must report these amounts on your return. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions A 20% accuracy-related penalty may be charged for underpayment of tax due to either negligence or disregard of rules and regulations or substantial understatement of tax. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Form 1099-OID not received. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you held an OID debt instrument for a calendar year but did not receive a Form 1099-OID, refer to the discussions under Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments, later, for information on the OID you must report. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Refiguring OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   You must refigure the OID shown on Form 1099-OID, in box 1 or box 8, to determine the proper amount to include in income if one of the following applies. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You bought the debt instrument at a premium or at an acquisition premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The debt instrument is a stripped bond or coupon (including zero coupon bonds backed by U. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions S. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Treasury securities). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The debt instrument is a contingent payment or inflation-indexed debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions See the discussions under Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments or Figuring OID on Stripped Bonds and Coupons, later, for the specific computations. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Refiguring interest. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you disposed of a debt instrument or acquired it from another holder between interest dates, see the discussion under Bonds Sold Between Interest Dates in chapter 1 of Publication 550 for information about refiguring the interest shown on Form 1099-OID in box 2. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Nominee. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you are the holder of an OID debt instrument and you receive a Form 1099-OID that shows your taxpayer identification number and includes amounts belonging to another person, you are considered a “nominee. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions ” You must file another Form 1099-OID for each actual owner, showing the OID for the owner. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Show the owner of the debt instrument as the “recipient” and you as the “payer. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions ”   Complete Form 1099-OID and Form 1096 and file the forms with the Internal Revenue Service Center for your area. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You must also give a copy of the Form 1099-OID to the actual owner. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions However, you are not required to file a nominee return to show amounts belonging to your spouse. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions See the Form 1099 instructions for more information. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   When preparing your tax return, follow the instructions under Showing an OID adjustment in the next discussion. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions How To Report OID Generally, you report your taxable interest and OID income on the interest line of Form 1040EZ, Form 1040A, or Form 1040. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Form 1040 or Form 1040A required. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   You must use Form 1040 or Form 1040A (you cannot use Form 1040EZ) under either of the following conditions. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You received a Form 1099-OID as a nominee for the actual owner. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Your total interest and OID income for the year was more than $1,500. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Form 1040 required. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   You must use Form 1040 (you cannot use Form 1040A or Form 1040EZ) if you are reporting more or less OID than the amount shown on Form 1099-OID, other than because you are a nominee. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For example, if you paid a premium or an acquisition premium when you purchased the debt instrument, you must use Form 1040 because you will report less OID than shown on Form 1099-OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Also, you must use Form 1040 if you were charged an early withdrawal penalty. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Where to report. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   List each payer's name (if a brokerage firm gave you a Form 1099, list the brokerage firm as the payer) and the amount received from each payer on Form 1040A, Schedule B, Part I, line 1, or Form 1040, Schedule B, line 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Include all OID and periodic interest shown on any Form 1099-OID, boxes 1, 2, and 8, you received for the tax year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Also include any other OID and interest income for which you did not receive a Form 1099. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Showing an OID adjustment. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you use Form 1040 to report more or less OID than shown on Form 1099-OID, list the full OID on Schedule B, Part I, line 1, and follow the instructions under 1 or 2, next. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you use Form 1040A to report the OID shown on a Form 1099-OID you received as a nominee for the actual owner, list the full OID on Schedule B, Part I, line 1 and follow the instructions under 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If the OID, as adjusted, is less than the amount shown on Form 1099-OID, show the adjustment as follows. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Under your last entry on line 1, subtotal all interest and OID income listed on line 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Below the subtotal, write “Nominee Distribution” or “OID Adjustment” and show the OID you are not required to report. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Subtract that OID from the subtotal and enter the result on line 2. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If the OID, as adjusted, is more than the amount shown on Form 1099-OID, show the adjustment as follows. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Under your last entry on line 1, subtotal all interest and OID income listed on line 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Below the subtotal, write “OID Adjustment” and show the additional OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Add that OID to the subtotal and enter the result on line 2. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments How you figure the OID on a long-term debt instrument depends on the date it was issued. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions It also may depend on the type of the debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions There are different rules for each of the following debt instruments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Corporate debt instruments issued after 1954 and before May 28, 1969, and government debt instruments issued after 1954 and before July 2, 1982. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Corporate debt instruments issued after May 27, 1969, and before July 2, 1982. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Debt instruments issued after July 1, 1982, and before 1985. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Debt instruments issued after 1984 (other than debt instruments described in (5) and (6)). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Contingent payment debt instruments issued after August 12, 1996. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Inflation-indexed debt instruments (including Treasury inflation-protected securities) issued after January 5, 1997. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Zero coupon bonds. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   The rules for figuring OID on zero coupon bonds backed by U. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions S. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Treasury securities are discussed under Figuring OID on Stripped Bonds and Coupons, later. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Corporate Debt Instruments Issued After 1954 and Before May 28, 1969, and Government Debt Instruments Issued After 1954 and Before July 2, 1982 If you hold these debt instruments as capital assets, you include OID in income only in the year the debt instrument is sold, exchanged, or redeemed, and only if you have a gain. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The OID, which is taxed as ordinary income, generally equals the following amount. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   number of full months you held the debt instrument  number of full months from date of original issue to date of maturity X original issue discount The balance of the gain is capital gain. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If there is a loss on the sale of the debt instrument, the entire loss is a capital loss and no OID is reported. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Corporate Debt Instruments Issued After May 27, 1969, and Before July 2, 1982 If you hold these debt instruments as capital assets, you must include part of the OID in income each year you own the debt instruments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For information about showing the correct OID on your tax return, see the discussion under How To Report OID, earlier. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Your basis in the debt instrument is increased by the OID you include in income. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Form 1099-OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   You should receive a Form 1099-OID showing OID for the part of the year you held the debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions However, if you paid an acquisition premium, you may need to refigure the OID to report on your tax return. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions See Reduction for acquisition premium, later. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If you held an OID debt instrument in a calendar year but did not receive a Form 1099-OID, see Form 1099-OID not received, immediately below, and refer to Section I-A available at www. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions irs. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions gov/pub1212 by clicking the link under Recent Developments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Form 1099-OID not received. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions    The OID listed is for each $1,000 of redemption price. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You must adjust the listed amount if your debt instrument has a different principal amount. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For example, if you have a debt instrument with a $500 principal amount, use one-half the listed amount to figure your OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you held the debt instrument the entire year, use the OID shown in Section I-A for a calendar year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions (If your debt instrument is not listed in Section I-A, consult the issuer for information about the issue price and the OID that accrued for that year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions ) If you did not hold the debt instrument the entire year, figure your OID using the following method. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Divide the OID shown by 12. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Multiply the result in (1) by the number of complete and partial months (for example, 6½ months) you held the debt instrument during a calendar year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions This is the OID to include in income unless you paid an acquisition premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The reduction for acquisition premium is discussed next. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Reduction for acquisition premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you bought the debt instrument at an acquisition premium, figure the OID to include in income as follows. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Divide the total OID on the debt instrument by the number of complete months, and any part of a month, from the date of original issue to the maturity date. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions This is the monthly OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Subtract from your cost the issue price and the accumulated OID from the date of issue to the date of purchase. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions (If the result is zero or less, stop here. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You did not pay an acquisition premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions ) Divide the amount figured in (2) by the number of complete months, and any part of a month, from the date of your purchase to the maturity date. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Subtract the amount figured in (3) from the amount figured in (1). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions This is the OID to include in income for each month you hold the debt instrument during the year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Transfers during the month. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you buy or sell a debt instrument on any day other than the same day of the month as the date of original issue, the ratable monthly portion of OID for the month of sale is divided between the seller and the buyer according to the number of days each held the debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Your holding period for this purpose begins the day you acquire the debt instrument and ends the day before you dispose of it. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Debt Instruments Issued After July 1, 1982, and Before 1985 If you hold these debt instruments as capital assets, you must include part of the OID in income each year you own the debt instruments and increase your basis by the amount included. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For information about showing the correct OID on your tax return, see How To Report OID, earlier. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Form 1099-OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   You should receive a Form 1099-OID showing OID for the part of the year you held the debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions However, if you paid an acquisition premium, you may need to refigure the OID to report on your tax return. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions See Constant yield method and the discussions on acquisition premium that follow, later. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If you held an OID debt instrument in a calendar year but did not receive a Form 1099-OID, see Form 1099-OID not received, immediately below, and refer to Section I-A available at www. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions irs. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions gov/pub1212 by clicking the link under Recent Developments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Form 1099-OID not received. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions    The OID listed is for each $1,000 of redemption price. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You must adjust the listed amount if your debt instrument has a different principal amount. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For example, if you have a debt instrument with a $500 principal amount, use one-half the listed amount to figure your OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you held the debt instrument the entire year, use the OID shown in Section I-A. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions (If your instrument is not listed in Section I-A, consult the issuer for information about the issue price, the yield to maturity, and the OID that accrued for that year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions ) If you did not hold the debt instrument the entire year, figure your OID using either of the following methods. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Method 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions    Divide the total OID for a calendar year by 365 (366 for leap years). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Multiply the result in (1) by the number of days you held the debt instrument during that particular year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions  This computation is an approximation and may result in a slightly higher OID than Method 2. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Method 2. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions    Look up the daily OID for the first accrual period you held the debt instrument during a calendar year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions (See Accrual period under Constant yield method, next. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions ) Multiply the daily OID by the number of days you held the debt instrument during that accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If you held the debt instrument for part of both accrual periods, repeat (1) and (2) for the second accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Add the results of (2) and (3). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions This is the OID to include in income, unless you paid an acquisition premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions (The reduction for acquisition premium is discussed later. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions ) Constant yield method. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   This discussion shows how to figure OID on debt instruments issued after July 1, 1982, and before 1985, using a constant yield method. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions OID is allocated over the life of the debt instrument through adjustments to the issue price for each accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   Figure the OID allocable to any accrual period as follows. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Multiply the adjusted issue price at the beginning of the accrual period by the debt instrument's yield to maturity. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Subtract from the result in (1) any qualified stated interest allocable to the accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   An accrual period for any OID debt instrument issued after July 1, 1982, and before 1985 is each 1-year period beginning on the date of the issue of the obligation and each anniversary thereafter, or the shorter period to maturity for the last accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Your tax year will usually include parts of two accrual periods. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Daily OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   The OID for any accrual period is allocated equally to each day in the accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You must include in income the sum of the OID amounts for each day you hold the debt instrument during the year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If your tax year includes parts of two or more accrual periods, you must include the proper daily OID amounts for each accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Figuring daily OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   The daily OID for the initial accrual period is figured using the following formula. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   (ip × ytm) − qsi     p   ip = issue price ytm = yield to maturity qsi = qualified stated interest p = number of days in accrual period         The daily OID for subsequent accrual periods is figured the same way except the adjusted issue price at the beginning of each period is used in the formula instead of the issue price. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Reduction for acquisition premium on debt instruments purchased before July 19, 1984. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you bought the debt instrument at an acquisition premium before July 19, 1984, figure the OID includible in income by reducing the daily OID by the daily acquisition premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Figure the daily acquisition premium by dividing the total acquisition premium by the number of days in the period beginning on your purchase date and ending on the day before the date of maturity. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Reduction for acquisition premium on debt instruments purchased after July 18, 1984. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you bought the debt instrument at an acquisition premium after July 18, 1984, figure the OID includible in income by reducing the daily OID by the daily acquisition premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions However, the method of figuring the daily acquisition premium is different from the method described in the preceding discussion. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions To figure the daily acquisition premium under this method, multiply the daily OID by the following fraction. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The numerator is the acquisition premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The denominator is the total OID remaining for the debt instrument after your purchase date. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Section I-A is available at www. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions irs. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions gov/pub1212 and clicking the link under Recent Developments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Using Section I-A to figure accumulated OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you bought your corporate debt instrument in a calendar year or the subsequent year, you can figure the accumulated OID to the date of purchase by adding the following amounts. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The amount from the “Total OID to January 1, YYYY” column for your debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The OID from January 1 of a calendar year to the date of purchase, figured as follows. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Multiply the daily OID for the first accrual period in the calendar year by the number of days from January 1 to the date of purchase, or the end of the accrual period if the debt instrument was purchased in the second or third accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Multiply the daily OID for each subsequent accrual period by the number of days in the period to the date of purchase or the end of the accrual period, whichever applies. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Add the amounts figured in (2a) and (2b). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Debt Instruments Issued After 1984 If you hold debt instruments issued after 1984, you must report part of the OID in gross income each year that you own the debt instruments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You must include the OID in gross income whether or not you hold the debt instrument as a capital asset. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Your basis in the debt instrument is increased by the OID you include in income. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For information about showing the correct OID on your tax return, see How To Report OID, earlier. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Form 1099-OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   You should receive a Form 1099-OID showing OID for the part of a calendar year you held the debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions However, if you paid an acquisition premium, you may need to refigure the OID to report on your tax return. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions See Constant yield method and Reduction for acquisition premium, later. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   You may also need to refigure the OID for a contingent payment or inflation-indexed debt instrument on which the amount reported on Form 1099-OID is inaccurate. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions See Contingent Payment Debt Instruments or Inflation-Indexed Debt Instruments, later. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If you held an OID debt instrument in a calendar year but did not receive a Form 1099-OID, see Form 1099-OID not received, immediately below, and refer to Section I-B available at www. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions irs. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions gov/pub1212 by clicking the link under Recent Developments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Form 1099-OID not received. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   The OID listed is for each $1,000 of redemption price. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You must adjust the listed amount if your debt instrument has a different principal amount. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For example, if you have a debt instrument with a $500 principal amount, use one-half the listed amount to figure your OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   Use the OID shown in Section I-B for a calendar year if you held the debt instrument the entire year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions (If your debt instrument is not listed in Section I-B, consult the issuer for information about the issue price, the yield to maturity, and the OID that accrued for that year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions ) If you did not hold the debt instrument the entire year, figure your OID as follows. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Look up the daily OID for the first accrual period in which you held the debt instrument during a calendar year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions (See Accrual period under Constant yield method, later. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions ) Multiply the daily OID by the number of days you held the debt instrument during that accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Repeat (1) and (2) for any remaining accrual periods in which you held the debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Add the results of (2) and (3). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions This is the OID to include in income for that year, unless you paid an acquisition premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions (The reduction for acquisition premium is discussed later. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions ) Tax-exempt bond. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you own a tax-exempt bond, figure your basis in the bond by adding to your cost the OID you would have included in income if the bond had been taxable. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You need to make this adjustment to determine if you have a gain or loss on a later disposition of the bond. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions In general, use the rules that follow to determine your OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Constant yield method. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   This discussion shows how to figure OID on debt instruments issued after 1984 using a constant yield method. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions (The special rules that apply to contingent payment debt instruments and inflation-indexed debt instruments are explained later. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions ) OID is allocated over the life of the debt instrument through adjustments to the issue price for each accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   Figure the OID allocable to any accrual period as follows. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Multiply the adjusted issue price at the beginning of the accrual period by a fraction. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The numerator of the fraction is the debt instrument's yield to maturity and the denominator is the number of accrual periods per year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The yield must be stated appropriately taking into account the length of the particular accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Subtract from the result in (1) any qualified stated interest allocable to the accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   For debt instruments issued after 1984 and before April 4, 1994, an accrual period is each 6-month period that ends on the day that corresponds to the stated maturity date of the debt instrument or the date 6 months before that date. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For example, a debt instrument maturing on March 31 has accrual periods that end on September 30 and March 31 of each calendar year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Any short period is included as the first accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   For debt instruments issued after April 3, 1994, accrual periods may be of any length and may vary in length over the term of the debt instrument, as long as each accrual period is no longer than 1 year and all payments are made on the first or last day of an accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions However, the OID listed for these debt instruments in Section I-B has been figured using 6-month accrual periods. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Daily OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   The OID for any accrual period is allocated equally to each day in the accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Figure the amount to include in income by adding the OID for each day you hold the debt instrument during the year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Since your tax year will usually include parts of two or more accrual periods, you must include the proper daily OID for each accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If your debt instrument has 6-month accrual periods, your tax year will usually include one full 6-month accrual period and parts of two other 6-month periods. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Figuring daily OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   The daily OID for the initial accrual period is figured using the following formula. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   (ip × ytm/n) − qsi     p   ip = issue price ytm = yield to maturity n = number of accrual periods in 1 year qsi = qualified stated interest p = number of days in accrual period       The daily OID for subsequent accrual periods is figured the same way except the adjusted issue price at the beginning of each period is used in the formula instead of the issue price. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Example 5. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions On January 1 of Year 1, you bought a 15-year, 10% debt instrument of A Corporation at original issue for $86,235. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 17. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions According to the prospectus, the debt instrument matures on December 31 of Year 15 at a stated redemption price of $100,000. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The yield to maturity is 12%, compounded semiannually. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The debt instrument provides for qualified stated interest payments of $5,000 on June 30 and December 31 of each calendar year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The accrual periods are the 6-month periods ending on each of these dates. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The number of days for the first accrual period (January 1 through June 30) is 181 days (182 for leap years). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The daily OID for the first accrual period is figured as follows. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   ($86,235. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 17 x . 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 12/2) – $5,000     181 days     = $174. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 11020 = $. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 96193   181           The adjusted issue price at the beginning of the second accrual period is the issue price plus the OID previously includible in income ($86,235. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 17 + $174. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 11), or $86,409. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 28. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The number of days for the second accrual period (July 1 through December 31) is 184 days. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The daily OID for the second accrual period is figured as follows. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   ($86,409. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 28 x . 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 12/2) – $5,000     184 days     = $184. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 55681 = $1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 00303   184 Since the first and second accrual periods coincide exactly with your tax year, you include in income for Year 1 the OID allocable to the first two accrual periods, $174. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 11 ($. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 95665 × 182 days) plus $184. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 56 ($1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 00303 × 184 days), or $358. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 67. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Add the OID to the $10,000 interest you report on your income tax return for Year 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Example 6. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Assume the same facts as in Example 5, except that you bought the debt instrument at original issue on May 1 of Year 1, with a maturity date of April 30, Year 16. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Also, the interest payment dates are October 31 and April 30 of each calendar year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The accrual periods are the 6-month periods ending on each of these dates. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The number of days for the first accrual period (May 1 through October 31) is 184 days. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The daily OID for the first accrual period is figured as follows. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   ($86,235. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 17 x . 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 12/2) – $5,000     184 days     = $174. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 11020 = $. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 94625   184           The number of days for the second accrual period (November 1 through April 30) is 181 days (182 for leap years). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The daily OID for the second accrual period is figured as follows. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   ($86,409. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 28 x . 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 12/2) – $5,000     181 days     = $184. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 55681 = $1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 01965   181 If you hold the debt instrument through the end of Year 1, you must include $236. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 31 of OID in income. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions This is $174. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 11 ($. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 94625 × 184 days) for the period May 1 through October 31 plus $62. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 20 ($1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 01965 × 61 days) for the period November 1 through December 31. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The OID is added to the $5,000 interest income paid on October 31 of Year 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Your basis in the debt instrument is increased by the OID you include in income. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions On January 1 of Year 2, your basis in the A Corporation debt instrument is $86,471. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 48 ($86,235. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 17 + $236. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 31). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Short first accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   You may have to make adjustments if a debt instrument has a short first accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For example, a debt instrument with 6-month accrual periods that is issued on February 15 and matures on October 31 has a short first accrual period that ends April 30. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions (The remaining accrual periods begin on May 1 and November 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions ) For this short period, figure the daily OID as described earlier, but adjust the yield for the length of the short accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You may use any reasonable compounding method in determining OID for a short period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Examples of reasonable compounding methods include continuous compounding and monthly compounding (that is, simple interest within a month). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Consult your tax advisor for more information about making this computation. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   The OID for the final accrual period is the difference between the amount payable at maturity (other than a payment of qualified stated interest) and the adjusted issue price at the beginning of the final accrual period. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Reduction for acquisition premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you bought the debt instrument at an acquisition premium, figure the OID includible in income by reducing the daily OID by the daily acquisition premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions To figure the daily acquisition premium, multiply the daily OID by the following fraction. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The numerator is the acquisition premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The denominator is the total OID remaining for the debt instrument after your purchase date. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Example 7. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Assume the same facts as in Example 6, except that you bought the debt instrument on November 1 of Year 1 for $87,000, after its original issue on May 1 of Year 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The adjusted issue price on November 1 of Year 1 is $86,409. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 28 ($86,235. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 17 + $174. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 11). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions In this case, you paid an acquisition premium of $590. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 72 ($87,000 − $86,409. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 28). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The daily OID for the accrual period November 1 through April 30, reduced for the acquisition premium, is figured as follows. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 1) Daily OID on date of purchase (2nd accrual period) $1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 01965*  2)  Acquisition premium $590. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 72    3)  Total OID remaining after purchase date ($13,764. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 83 − $174. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 11) 13,590. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 72   4) Line 2 ÷ line 3 . 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 04346  5)  Line 1 × line 4 . 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 04432  6)  Daily OID reduced for the acquisition premium. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Line 1 − line 5 $0. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 97533  * As shown in Example 6. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The total OID to include in income for Year 1 is $59. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 50 ($. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 97533 × 61 days). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Contingent Payment Debt Instruments This discussion shows how to figure OID on a contingent payment debt instrument issued after August 12, 1996, that was issued for cash or publicly traded property. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions In general, a contingent payment debt instrument provides for one or more payments that are contingent as to timing or amount. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If you hold a contingent payment bond, you must report OID as it accrues each year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Because the actual payments on a contingent payment debt instrument cannot be known in advance, issuers and holders cannot use the constant yield method (discussed earlier under Debt Instruments Issued After 1984) without making certain assumptions about the payments on the debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions To figure OID accruals on contingent payment debt instruments, holders and issuers must use the noncontingent bond method. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Noncontingent bond method. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions    Under this method, the issuer must compute a comparable yield for the debt instrument and, based on this yield, construct a projected payment schedule for the instrument, which includes a projected fixed amount for each contingent payment. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions In general, holders and issuers accrue OID on this projected payment schedule using the constant yield method that applies to fixed payment debt instruments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions When a contingent payment differs from the projected fixed amount, the holders and issuers make adjustments to their OID accruals. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If the actual contingent payment is larger than expected, both the issuer and the holder increase their OID accruals. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If the actual contingent payment is smaller than expected, holders and issuers generally decrease their OID accruals. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Form 1099-OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   The amount shown on Form 1099-OID in box 1 you receive for a contingent payment debt instrument may not be the correct amount to include in income. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For example, the amount may not be correct if the contingent payment was different from the projected amount. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If the amount in box 1 is not correct, you must figure the OID to report on your return under the following rules. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions For information on showing an OID adjustment on your tax return, see How To Report OID, earlier. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Figuring OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   To figure OID on a contingent payment debt instrument, you need to know the “comparable yield” and “projected payment schedule” of the debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The issuer must make these available to you. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Comparable yield. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   The comparable yield generally is the yield at which the issuer would issue a fixed rate debt instrument with terms and conditions similar to those of the contingent payment debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The comparable yield is determined as of the debt instrument's issue date. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Projected payment schedule. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   The projected payment schedule for a contingent payment debt instrument includes all fixed payments due under the instrument and a projected fixed amount for each contingent payment. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions The projected payment schedule is created by the issuer as of the debt instrument's issue date. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions It is used to determine the issuer's and holder's interest accruals and adjustments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Steps for figuring OID. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   Figure the OID on a contingent payment debt instrument in two steps. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Figure the OID using the constant yield method (discussed earlier under Debt Instruments Issued After 1984 ) that applies to fixed payment debt instruments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Use the comparable yield as the yield to maturity. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions In general, use the projected payment schedule to determine the instrument's adjusted issue price at the beginning of each accrual period (other than the initial period). 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Do not treat any amount payable as qualified stated interest. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Adjust the OID in (1) to account for actual contingent payments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If the contingent payment is greater than the projected fixed amount, you have a positive adjustment. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If the contingent payment is less than the projected fixed amount, you have a negative adjustment. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Net positive adjustment. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   A net positive adjustment exists for a tax year when the total of any positive adjustments described in (2) above for the tax year is more than the total of any negative adjustments for the tax year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Treat a net positive adjustment as additional OID for the tax year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Net negative adjustment. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   A net negative adjustment exists for a tax year when the total of any negative adjustments described in (2) above for the tax year is more than the total of any positive adjustments for the tax year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Use a net negative adjustment to offset OID on the debt instrument for the tax year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If the net negative adjustment is more than the OID on the debt instrument for the tax year, you can claim the difference as an ordinary loss. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions However, the amount you can claim as an ordinary loss is limited to the OID on the debt instrument you included in income in prior tax years. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions You must carry forward any net negative adjustment that is more than the total OID for the tax year and prior tax years and treat it as a negative adjustment in the next tax year. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Basis adjustments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   In general, increase your basis in a contingent payment debt instrument by the OID included in income. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Your basis, however, is not affected by any negative or positive adjustments. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Decrease your basis by any noncontingent payment received and the projected contingent payment scheduled to be received. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Treatment of gain or loss on sale or exchange. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   If you sell a contingent payment debt instrument at a gain, your gain is ordinary income (interest income), even if you hold the debt instrument as a capital asset. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If you sell a contingent payment debt instrument at a loss, your loss is an ordinary loss to the extent of your prior OID accruals on the debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions If the debt instrument is a capital asset, treat any loss that is more than your prior OID accruals as a capital loss. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions See Regulations section 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 1275-4 for exceptions to these rules. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Premium, acquisition premium, and market discount. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions   The rules for accruing premium, acquisition premium, and market discount do not apply to a contingent payment debt instrument. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions See Regulations section 1. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions 1275-4 to determine how to account for these items. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions Inflation-Indexed Debt Instruments This discussion shows how you figure OID on certain inflation-indexed debt instruments issued after January 5, 1997. 2010 federal tax forms and instructions An inflation-indexed debt instrument is generally a debt instrument on which the payments are adjusted for inflation and d