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2010 Federal Income Tax Forms

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2010 Federal Income Tax Forms

2010 federal income tax forms 1. 2010 federal income tax forms   Travel Table of Contents Traveling Away From HomeTax Home Tax Home Different From Family Home Temporary Assignment or Job What Travel Expenses Are Deductible?Employee. 2010 federal income tax forms Business associate. 2010 federal income tax forms Bona fide business purpose. 2010 federal income tax forms Meals Travel in the United States Travel Outside the United States Luxury Water Travel Conventions If you temporarily travel away from your tax home, you can use this chapter to determine if you have deductible travel expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms This chapter discusses: Traveling away from home, Temporary assignment or job, and What travel expenses are deductible. 2010 federal income tax forms It also discusses the standard meal allowance, rules for travel inside and outside the United States, luxury water travel, and deductible convention expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms Travel expenses defined. 2010 federal income tax forms   For tax purposes, travel expenses are the ordinary and necessary expenses of traveling away from home for your business, profession, or job. 2010 federal income tax forms   An ordinary expense is one that is common and accepted in your trade or business. 2010 federal income tax forms A necessary expense is one that is helpful and appropriate for your business. 2010 federal income tax forms An expense does not have to be required to be considered necessary. 2010 federal income tax forms   You will find examples of deductible travel expenses in Table 1-1 , later. 2010 federal income tax forms Traveling Away From Home You are traveling away from home if: Your duties require you to be away from the general area of your tax home (defined later) substantially longer than an ordinary day's work, and You need to sleep or rest to meet the demands of your work while away from home. 2010 federal income tax forms This rest requirement is not satisfied by merely napping in your car. 2010 federal income tax forms You do not have to be away from your tax home for a whole day or from dusk to dawn as long as your relief from duty is long enough to get necessary sleep or rest. 2010 federal income tax forms Example 1. 2010 federal income tax forms You are a railroad conductor. 2010 federal income tax forms You leave your home terminal on a regularly scheduled round-trip run between two cities and return home 16 hours later. 2010 federal income tax forms During the run, you have 6 hours off at your turnaround point where you eat two meals and rent a hotel room to get necessary sleep before starting the return trip. 2010 federal income tax forms You are considered to be away from home. 2010 federal income tax forms Example 2. 2010 federal income tax forms You are a truck driver. 2010 federal income tax forms You leave your terminal and return to it later the same day. 2010 federal income tax forms You get an hour off at your turnaround point to eat. 2010 federal income tax forms Because you are not off to get necessary sleep and the brief time off is not an adequate rest period, you are not traveling away from home. 2010 federal income tax forms Members of the Armed Forces. 2010 federal income tax forms   If you are a member of the U. 2010 federal income tax forms S. 2010 federal income tax forms Armed Forces on a permanent duty assignment overseas, you are not traveling away from home. 2010 federal income tax forms You cannot deduct your expenses for meals and lodging. 2010 federal income tax forms You cannot deduct these expenses even if you have to maintain a home in the United States for your family members who are not allowed to accompany you overseas. 2010 federal income tax forms If you are transferred from one permanent duty station to another, you may have deductible moving expenses, which are explained in Publication 521, Moving Expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms   A naval officer assigned to permanent duty aboard a ship that has regular eating and living facilities has a tax home (explained next) aboard the ship for travel expense purposes. 2010 federal income tax forms Tax Home To determine whether you are traveling away from home, you must first determine the location of your tax home. 2010 federal income tax forms Generally, your tax home is your regular place of business or post of duty, regardless of where you maintain your family home. 2010 federal income tax forms It includes the entire city or general area in which your business or work is located. 2010 federal income tax forms If you have more than one regular place of business, your tax home is your main place of business. 2010 federal income tax forms See Main place of business or work , later. 2010 federal income tax forms If you do not have a regular or a main place of business because of the nature of your work, then your tax home may be the place where you regularly live. 2010 federal income tax forms See No main place of business or work , later. 2010 federal income tax forms If you do not have a regular or main place of business or post of duty and there is no place where you regularly live, you are considered an itinerant (a transient) and your tax home is wherever you work. 2010 federal income tax forms As an itinerant, you cannot claim a travel expense deduction because you are never considered to be traveling away from home. 2010 federal income tax forms Main place of business or work. 2010 federal income tax forms   If you have more than one place of work, consider the following when determining which one is your main place of business or work. 2010 federal income tax forms The total time you ordinarily spend in each place. 2010 federal income tax forms The level of your business activity in each place. 2010 federal income tax forms Whether your income from each place is significant or insignificant. 2010 federal income tax forms Example. 2010 federal income tax forms You live in Cincinnati where you have a seasonal job for 8 months each year and earn $40,000. 2010 federal income tax forms You work the other 4 months in Miami, also at a seasonal job, and earn $15,000. 2010 federal income tax forms Cincinnati is your main place of work because you spend most of your time there and earn most of your income there. 2010 federal income tax forms No main place of business or work. 2010 federal income tax forms   You may have a tax home even if you do not have a regular or main place of work. 2010 federal income tax forms Your tax home may be the home where you regularly live. 2010 federal income tax forms Factors used to determine tax home. 2010 federal income tax forms   If you do not have a regular or main place of business or work, use the following three factors to determine where your tax home is. 2010 federal income tax forms You perform part of your business in the area of your main home and use that home for lodging while doing business in the area. 2010 federal income tax forms You have living expenses at your main home that you duplicate because your business requires you to be away from that home. 2010 federal income tax forms You have not abandoned the area in which both your historical place of lodging and your claimed main home are located; you have a member or members of your family living at your main home; or you often use that home for lodging. 2010 federal income tax forms   If you satisfy all three factors, your tax home is the home where you regularly live. 2010 federal income tax forms If you satisfy only two factors, you may have a tax home depending on all the facts and circumstances. 2010 federal income tax forms If you satisfy only one factor, you are an itinerant; your tax home is wherever you work and you cannot deduct travel expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms Example 1. 2010 federal income tax forms You are single and live in Boston in an apartment you rent. 2010 federal income tax forms You have worked for your employer in Boston for a number of years. 2010 federal income tax forms Your employer enrolls you in a 12-month executive training program. 2010 federal income tax forms You do not expect to return to work in Boston after you complete your training. 2010 federal income tax forms During your training, you do not do any work in Boston. 2010 federal income tax forms Instead, you receive classroom and on-the-job training throughout the United States. 2010 federal income tax forms You keep your apartment in Boston and return to it frequently. 2010 federal income tax forms You use your apartment to conduct your personal business. 2010 federal income tax forms You also keep up your community contacts in Boston. 2010 federal income tax forms When you complete your training, you are transferred to Los Angeles. 2010 federal income tax forms You do not satisfy factor (1) because you did not work in Boston. 2010 federal income tax forms You satisfy factor (2) because you had duplicate living expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms You also satisfy factor (3) because you did not abandon your apartment in Boston as your main home, you kept your community contacts, and you frequently returned to live in your apartment. 2010 federal income tax forms Therefore, you have a tax home in Boston. 2010 federal income tax forms Example 2. 2010 federal income tax forms You are an outside salesperson with a sales territory covering several states. 2010 federal income tax forms Your employer's main office is in Newark, but you do not conduct any business there. 2010 federal income tax forms Your work assignments are temporary, and you have no way of knowing where your future assignments will be located. 2010 federal income tax forms You have a room in your married sister's house in Dayton. 2010 federal income tax forms You stay there for one or two weekends a year, but you do no work in the area. 2010 federal income tax forms You do not pay your sister for the use of the room. 2010 federal income tax forms You do not satisfy any of the three factors listed earlier. 2010 federal income tax forms You are an itinerant and have no tax home. 2010 federal income tax forms Tax Home Different From Family Home If you (and your family) do not live at your tax home (defined earlier), you cannot deduct the cost of traveling between your tax home and your family home. 2010 federal income tax forms You also cannot deduct the cost of meals and lodging while at your tax home. 2010 federal income tax forms See Example 1 , later. 2010 federal income tax forms If you are working temporarily in the same city where you and your family live, you may be considered as traveling away from home. 2010 federal income tax forms See Example 2 , later. 2010 federal income tax forms Example 1. 2010 federal income tax forms You are a truck driver and you and your family live in Tucson. 2010 federal income tax forms You are employed by a trucking firm that has its terminal in Phoenix. 2010 federal income tax forms At the end of your long runs, you return to your home terminal in Phoenix and spend one night there before returning home. 2010 federal income tax forms You cannot deduct any expenses you have for meals and lodging in Phoenix or the cost of traveling from Phoenix to Tucson. 2010 federal income tax forms This is because Phoenix is your tax home. 2010 federal income tax forms Example 2. 2010 federal income tax forms Your family home is in Pittsburgh, where you work 12 weeks a year. 2010 federal income tax forms The rest of the year you work for the same employer in Baltimore. 2010 federal income tax forms In Baltimore, you eat in restaurants and sleep in a rooming house. 2010 federal income tax forms Your salary is the same whether you are in Pittsburgh or Baltimore. 2010 federal income tax forms Because you spend most of your working time and earn most of your salary in Baltimore, that city is your tax home. 2010 federal income tax forms You cannot deduct any expenses you have for meals and lodging there. 2010 federal income tax forms However, when you return to work in Pittsburgh, you are away from your tax home even though you stay at your family home. 2010 federal income tax forms You can deduct the cost of your round trip between Baltimore and Pittsburgh. 2010 federal income tax forms You can also deduct your part of your family's living expenses for meals and lodging while you are living and working in Pittsburgh. 2010 federal income tax forms Temporary Assignment or Job You may regularly work at your tax home and also work at another location. 2010 federal income tax forms It may not be practical to return to your tax home from this other location at the end of each work day. 2010 federal income tax forms Temporary assignment vs. 2010 federal income tax forms indefinite assignment. 2010 federal income tax forms   If your assignment or job away from your main place of work is temporary, your tax home does not change. 2010 federal income tax forms You are considered to be away from home for the whole period you are away from your main place of work. 2010 federal income tax forms You can deduct your travel expenses if they otherwise qualify for deduction. 2010 federal income tax forms Generally, a temporary assignment in a single location is one that is realistically expected to last (and does in fact last) for 1 year or less. 2010 federal income tax forms    However, if your assignment or job is indefinite, the location of the assignment or job becomes your new tax home and you cannot deduct your travel expenses while there. 2010 federal income tax forms An assignment or job in a single location is considered indefinite if it is realistically expected to last for more than 1 year, whether or not it actually lasts for more than 1 year. 2010 federal income tax forms   If your assignment is indefinite, you must include in your income any amounts you receive from your employer for living expenses, even if they are called travel allowances and you account to your employer for them. 2010 federal income tax forms You may be able to deduct the cost of relocating to your new tax home as a moving expense. 2010 federal income tax forms See Publication 521 for more information. 2010 federal income tax forms Exception for federal crime investigations or prosecutions. 2010 federal income tax forms   If you are a federal employee participating in a federal crime investigation or prosecution, you are not subject to the 1-year rule. 2010 federal income tax forms This means you may be able to deduct travel expenses even if you are away from your tax home for more than 1 year provided you meet the other requirements for deductibility. 2010 federal income tax forms   For you to qualify, the Attorney General (or his or her designee) must certify that you are traveling: For the federal government, In a temporary duty status, and To investigate, prosecute, or provide support services for the investigation or prosecution of a federal crime. 2010 federal income tax forms Determining temporary or indefinite. 2010 federal income tax forms   You must determine whether your assignment is temporary or indefinite when you start work. 2010 federal income tax forms If you expect an assignment or job to last for 1 year or less, it is temporary unless there are facts and circumstances that indicate otherwise. 2010 federal income tax forms An assignment or job that is initially temporary may become indefinite due to changed circumstances. 2010 federal income tax forms A series of assignments to the same location, all for short periods but that together cover a long period, may be considered an indefinite assignment. 2010 federal income tax forms   The following examples illustrate whether an assignment or job is temporary or indefinite. 2010 federal income tax forms Example 1. 2010 federal income tax forms You are a construction worker. 2010 federal income tax forms You live and regularly work in Los Angeles. 2010 federal income tax forms You are a member of a trade union in Los Angeles that helps you get work in the Los Angeles area. 2010 federal income tax forms Your tax home is Los Angeles. 2010 federal income tax forms Because of a shortage of work, you took a job on a construction project in Fresno. 2010 federal income tax forms Your job was scheduled to end in 8 months. 2010 federal income tax forms The job actually lasted 10 months. 2010 federal income tax forms You realistically expected the job in Fresno to last 8 months. 2010 federal income tax forms The job actually did last less than 1 year. 2010 federal income tax forms The job is temporary and your tax home is still in Los Angeles. 2010 federal income tax forms Example 2. 2010 federal income tax forms The facts are the same as in Example 1, except that you realistically expected the work in Fresno to last 18 months. 2010 federal income tax forms The job actually was completed in 10 months. 2010 federal income tax forms Your job in Fresno is indefinite because you realistically expected the work to last longer than 1 year, even though it actually lasted less than 1 year. 2010 federal income tax forms You cannot deduct any travel expenses you had in Fresno because Fresno became your tax home. 2010 federal income tax forms Example 3. 2010 federal income tax forms The facts are the same as in Example 1, except that you realistically expected the work in Fresno to last 9 months. 2010 federal income tax forms After 8 months, however, you were asked to remain for 7 more months (for a total actual stay of 15 months). 2010 federal income tax forms Initially, you realistically expected the job in Fresno to last for only 9 months. 2010 federal income tax forms However, due to changed circumstances occurring after 8 months, it was no longer realistic for you to expect that the job in Fresno would last for 1 year or less. 2010 federal income tax forms You can only deduct your travel expenses for the first 8 months. 2010 federal income tax forms You cannot deduct any travel expenses you had after that time because Fresno became your tax home when the job became indefinite. 2010 federal income tax forms Going home on days off. 2010 federal income tax forms   If you go back to your tax home from a temporary assignment on your days off, you are not considered away from home while you are in your hometown. 2010 federal income tax forms You cannot deduct the cost of your meals and lodging there. 2010 federal income tax forms However, you can deduct your travel expenses, including meals and lodging, while traveling between your temporary place of work and your tax home. 2010 federal income tax forms You can claim these expenses up to the amount it would have cost you to stay at your temporary place of work. 2010 federal income tax forms   If you keep your hotel room during your visit home, you can deduct the cost of your hotel room. 2010 federal income tax forms In addition, you can deduct your expenses of returning home up to the amount you would have spent for meals had you stayed at your temporary place of work. 2010 federal income tax forms Probationary work period. 2010 federal income tax forms   If you take a job that requires you to move, with the understanding that you will keep the job if your work is satisfactory during a probationary period, the job is indefinite. 2010 federal income tax forms You cannot deduct any of your expenses for meals and lodging during the probationary period. 2010 federal income tax forms What Travel Expenses Are Deductible? Once you have determined that you are traveling away from your tax home, you can determine what travel expenses are deductible. 2010 federal income tax forms You can deduct ordinary and necessary expenses you have when you travel away from home on business. 2010 federal income tax forms The type of expense you can deduct depends on the facts and your circumstances. 2010 federal income tax forms Table 1-1 summarizes travel expenses you may be able to deduct. 2010 federal income tax forms You may have other deductible travel expenses that are not covered there, depending on the facts and your circumstances. 2010 federal income tax forms When you travel away from home on business, you should keep records of all the expenses you have and any advances you receive from your employer. 2010 federal income tax forms You can use a log, diary, notebook, or any other written record to keep track of your expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms The types of expenses you need to record, along with supporting documentation, are described in Table 5-1 (see chapter 5). 2010 federal income tax forms Separating costs. 2010 federal income tax forms   If you have one expense that includes the costs of meals, entertainment, and other services (such as lodging or transportation), you must allocate that expense between the cost of meals and entertainment and the cost of other services. 2010 federal income tax forms You must have a reasonable basis for making this allocation. 2010 federal income tax forms For example, you must allocate your expenses if a hotel includes one or more meals in its room charge. 2010 federal income tax forms Travel expenses for another individual. 2010 federal income tax forms    If a spouse, dependent, or other individual goes with you (or your employee) on a business trip or to a business convention, you generally cannot deduct his or her travel expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms Employee. 2010 federal income tax forms   You can deduct the travel expenses of someone who goes with you if that person: Is your employee, Has a bona fide business purpose for the travel, and Would otherwise be allowed to deduct the travel expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms Business associate. 2010 federal income tax forms   If a business associate travels with you and meets the conditions in (2) and (3), earlier, you can deduct the travel expenses you have for that person. 2010 federal income tax forms A business associate is someone with whom you could reasonably expect to actively conduct business. 2010 federal income tax forms A business associate can be a current or prospective (likely to become) customer, client, supplier, employee, agent, partner, or professional advisor. 2010 federal income tax forms Bona fide business purpose. 2010 federal income tax forms   A bona fide business purpose exists if you can prove a real business purpose for the individual's presence. 2010 federal income tax forms Incidental services, such as typing notes or assisting in entertaining customers, are not enough to make the expenses deductible. 2010 federal income tax forms Table 1-1. 2010 federal income tax forms Travel Expenses You Can Deduct   This chart summarizes expenses you can deduct when you travel away from home for business purposes. 2010 federal income tax forms IF you have expenses for. 2010 federal income tax forms . 2010 federal income tax forms . 2010 federal income tax forms THEN you can deduct the cost of. 2010 federal income tax forms . 2010 federal income tax forms . 2010 federal income tax forms transportation travel by airplane, train, bus, or car between your home and your business destination. 2010 federal income tax forms If you were provided with a free ticket or you are riding free as a result of a frequent traveler or similar program, your cost is zero. 2010 federal income tax forms If you travel by ship, see Luxury Water Travel and Cruise Ships (under Conventions) for additional rules and limits. 2010 federal income tax forms taxi, commuter bus, and airport limousine fares for these and other types of transportation that take you between: The airport or station and your hotel, and The hotel and the work location of your customers or clients, your business meeting place, or your temporary work location. 2010 federal income tax forms baggage and shipping sending baggage and sample or display material between your regular and temporary work locations. 2010 federal income tax forms car operating and maintaining your car when traveling away from home on business. 2010 federal income tax forms You can deduct actual expenses or the standard mileage rate, as well as business-related tolls and parking. 2010 federal income tax forms If you rent a car while away from home on business, you can deduct only the business-use portion of the expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms lodging and meals your lodging and meals if your business trip is overnight or long enough that you need to stop for sleep or rest to properly perform your duties. 2010 federal income tax forms Meals include amounts spent for food, beverages, taxes, and related tips. 2010 federal income tax forms See Meals for additional rules and limits. 2010 federal income tax forms cleaning dry cleaning and laundry. 2010 federal income tax forms telephone business calls while on your business trip. 2010 federal income tax forms This includes business communication by fax machine or other communication devices. 2010 federal income tax forms tips tips you pay for any expenses in this chart. 2010 federal income tax forms other other similar ordinary and necessary expenses related to your business travel. 2010 federal income tax forms These expenses might include transportation to or from a business meal, public stenographer's fees, computer rental fees, and operating and maintaining a house trailer. 2010 federal income tax forms Example. 2010 federal income tax forms Jerry drives to Chicago on business and takes his wife, Linda, with him. 2010 federal income tax forms Linda is not Jerry's employee. 2010 federal income tax forms Linda occasionally types notes, performs similar services, and accompanies Jerry to luncheons and dinners. 2010 federal income tax forms The performance of these services does not establish that her presence on the trip is necessary to the conduct of Jerry's business. 2010 federal income tax forms Her expenses are not deductible. 2010 federal income tax forms Jerry pays $199 a day for a double room. 2010 federal income tax forms A single room costs $149 a day. 2010 federal income tax forms He can deduct the total cost of driving his car to and from Chicago, but only $149 a day for his hotel room. 2010 federal income tax forms If he uses public transportation, he can deduct only his fare. 2010 federal income tax forms Meals You can deduct the cost of meals in either of the following situations. 2010 federal income tax forms It is necessary for you to stop for substantial sleep or rest to properly perform your duties while traveling away from home on business. 2010 federal income tax forms The meal is business-related entertainment. 2010 federal income tax forms Business-related entertainment is discussed in chapter 2 . 2010 federal income tax forms The following discussion deals only with meals that are not business-related entertainment. 2010 federal income tax forms Lavish or extravagant. 2010 federal income tax forms   You cannot deduct expenses for meals that are lavish or extravagant. 2010 federal income tax forms An expense is not considered lavish or extravagant if it is reasonable based on the facts and circumstances. 2010 federal income tax forms Expenses will not be disallowed merely because they are more than a fixed dollar amount or take place at deluxe restaurants, hotels, nightclubs, or resorts. 2010 federal income tax forms 50% limit on meals. 2010 federal income tax forms   You can figure your meals expense using either of the following methods. 2010 federal income tax forms Actual cost. 2010 federal income tax forms The standard meal allowance. 2010 federal income tax forms Both of these methods are explained below. 2010 federal income tax forms But, regardless of the method you use, you generally can deduct only 50% of the unreimbursed cost of your meals. 2010 federal income tax forms   If you are reimbursed for the cost of your meals, how you apply the 50% limit depends on whether your employer's reimbursement plan was accountable or nonaccountable. 2010 federal income tax forms If you are not reimbursed, the 50% limit applies whether the unreimbursed meal expense is for business travel or business entertainment. 2010 federal income tax forms Chapter 2 discusses the 50% Limit in more detail, and chapter 6 discusses accountable and nonaccountable plans. 2010 federal income tax forms Actual Cost You can use the actual cost of your meals to figure the amount of your expense before reimbursement and application of the 50% deduction limit. 2010 federal income tax forms If you use this method, you must keep records of your actual cost. 2010 federal income tax forms Standard Meal Allowance Generally, you can use the “standard meal allowance” method as an alternative to the actual cost method. 2010 federal income tax forms It allows you to use a set amount for your daily meals and incidental expenses (M&IE), instead of keeping records of your actual costs. 2010 federal income tax forms The set amount varies depending on where and when you travel. 2010 federal income tax forms In this publication, “standard meal allowance” refers to the federal rate for M&IE, discussed later under Amount of standard meal allowance . 2010 federal income tax forms If you use the standard meal allowance, you still must keep records to prove the time, place, and business purpose of your travel. 2010 federal income tax forms See the recordkeeping rules for travel in chapter 5 . 2010 federal income tax forms Incidental expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms   The term “incidental expenses” means fees and tips given to porters, baggage carriers, hotel staff, and staff on ships. 2010 federal income tax forms   Incidental expenses do not include expenses for laundry, cleaning and pressing of clothing, lodging taxes, costs of telegrams or telephone calls, transportation between places of lodging or business and places where meals are taken, or the mailing cost of filing travel vouchers and paying employer-sponsored charge card billings. 2010 federal income tax forms Incidental-expenses-only method. 2010 federal income tax forms   You can use an optional method (instead of actual cost) for deducting incidental expenses only. 2010 federal income tax forms The amount of the deduction is $5 a day. 2010 federal income tax forms You can use this method only if you did not pay or incur any meal expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms You cannot use this method on any day that you use the standard meal allowance. 2010 federal income tax forms This method is subject to the proration rules for partial days. 2010 federal income tax forms See Travel for days you depart and return , later in this chapter. 2010 federal income tax forms Note. 2010 federal income tax forms The incidental-expenses-only method is not subject to the 50% limit discussed below. 2010 federal income tax forms Federal employees should refer to the Federal Travel Regulations at www. 2010 federal income tax forms gsa. 2010 federal income tax forms gov. 2010 federal income tax forms Find the “Most Requested Links” on the upper left and click on “Regulations: FAR, FMR, FTR” for Federal Travel Regulation (FTR) for changes affecting claims for reimbursement. 2010 federal income tax forms 50% limit may apply. 2010 federal income tax forms   If you use the standard meal allowance method for meal expenses and you are not reimbursed or you are reimbursed under a nonaccountable plan, you can generally deduct only 50% of the standard meal allowance. 2010 federal income tax forms If you are reimbursed under an accountable plan and you are deducting amounts that are more than your reimbursements, you can deduct only 50% of the excess amount. 2010 federal income tax forms The 50% limit is discussed in more detail in chapter 2, and accountable and nonaccountable plans are discussed in chapter 6. 2010 federal income tax forms There is no optional standard lodging amount similar to the standard meal allowance. 2010 federal income tax forms Your allowable lodging expense deduction is your actual cost. 2010 federal income tax forms Who can use the standard meal allowance. 2010 federal income tax forms   You can use the standard meal allowance whether you are an employee or self-employed, and whether or not you are reimbursed for your traveling expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms Use of the standard meal allowance for other travel. 2010 federal income tax forms   You can use the standard meal allowance to figure your meal expenses when you travel in connection with investment and other income-producing property. 2010 federal income tax forms You can also use it to figure your meal expenses when you travel for qualifying educational purposes. 2010 federal income tax forms You cannot use the standard meal allowance to figure the cost of your meals when you travel for medical or charitable purposes. 2010 federal income tax forms Amount of standard meal allowance. 2010 federal income tax forms   The standard meal allowance is the federal M&IE rate. 2010 federal income tax forms For travel in 2013, the rate for most small localities in the United States is $46 a day. 2010 federal income tax forms    Most major cities and many other localities in the United States are designated as high-cost areas, qualifying for higher standard meal allowances. 2010 federal income tax forms    You can find this information (organized by state) on the Internet at www. 2010 federal income tax forms gsa. 2010 federal income tax forms gov/perdiem. 2010 federal income tax forms Enter a zip code or select a city and state for the per diem rates for the current fiscal year. 2010 federal income tax forms Per diem rates for prior fiscal years are available by using the drop down menu under “Search by State. 2010 federal income tax forms ”   Per diem rates are listed by the Federal government's fiscal year which runs from October 1 to September 30. 2010 federal income tax forms You can choose to use the rates from the 2013 fiscal year per diem tables or the rates from the 2014 fiscal year tables, but you must consistently use the same tables for all travel you are reporting on your income tax return for the year. 2010 federal income tax forms   If you travel to more than one location in one day, use the rate in effect for the area where you stop for sleep or rest. 2010 federal income tax forms If you work in the transportation industry, however, see Special rate for transportation workers , later. 2010 federal income tax forms Standard meal allowance for areas outside the continental United States. 2010 federal income tax forms   The standard meal allowance rates above do not apply to travel in Alaska, Hawaii, or any other location outside the continental United States. 2010 federal income tax forms The Department of Defense establishes per diem rates for Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, Midway, the Northern Mariana Islands, the U. 2010 federal income tax forms S. 2010 federal income tax forms Virgin Islands, Wake Island, and other non-foreign areas outside the continental United States. 2010 federal income tax forms The Department of State establishes per diem rates for all other foreign areas. 2010 federal income tax forms    You can access per diem rates for non-foreign areas outside the continental United States at: www. 2010 federal income tax forms defensetravel. 2010 federal income tax forms dod. 2010 federal income tax forms mil/site/perdiemCalc. 2010 federal income tax forms cfm. 2010 federal income tax forms You can access all other foreign per diem rates at: www. 2010 federal income tax forms state. 2010 federal income tax forms gov/travel/. 2010 federal income tax forms Click on “Travel Per Diem Allowances for Foreign Areas,” under “Foreign Per Diem Rates” to obtain the latest foreign per diem rates. 2010 federal income tax forms Special rate for transportation workers. 2010 federal income tax forms   You can use a special standard meal allowance if you work in the transportation industry. 2010 federal income tax forms You are in the transportation industry if your work: Directly involves moving people or goods by airplane, barge, bus, ship, train, or truck, and Regularly requires you to travel away from home and, during any single trip, usually involves travel to areas eligible for different standard meal allowance rates. 2010 federal income tax forms If this applies to you, you can claim a standard meal allowance of $59 a day ($65 for travel outside the continental United States). 2010 federal income tax forms   Using the special rate for transportation workers eliminates the need for you to determine the standard meal allowance for every area where you stop for sleep or rest. 2010 federal income tax forms If you choose to use the special rate for any trip, you must use the special rate (and not use the regular standard meal allowance rates) for all trips you take that year. 2010 federal income tax forms Travel for days you depart and return. 2010 federal income tax forms   For both the day you depart for and the day you return from a business trip, you must prorate the standard meal allowance (figure a reduced amount for each day). 2010 federal income tax forms You can do so by one of two methods. 2010 federal income tax forms Method 1: You can claim 3/4 of the standard meal allowance. 2010 federal income tax forms Method 2: You can prorate using any method that you consistently apply and that is in accordance with reasonable business practice. 2010 federal income tax forms Example. 2010 federal income tax forms Jen is employed in New Orleans as a convention planner. 2010 federal income tax forms In March, her employer sent her on a 3-day trip to Washington, DC, to attend a planning seminar. 2010 federal income tax forms She left her home in New Orleans at 10 a. 2010 federal income tax forms m. 2010 federal income tax forms on Wednesday and arrived in Washington, DC, at 5:30 p. 2010 federal income tax forms m. 2010 federal income tax forms After spending two nights there, she flew back to New Orleans on Friday and arrived back home at 8:00 p. 2010 federal income tax forms m. 2010 federal income tax forms Jen's employer gave her a flat amount to cover her expenses and included it with her wages. 2010 federal income tax forms Under Method 1, Jen can claim 2½ days of the standard meal allowance for Washington, DC: 3/4 of the daily rate for Wednesday and Friday (the days she departed and returned), and the full daily rate for Thursday. 2010 federal income tax forms Under Method 2, Jen could also use any method that she applies consistently and that is in accordance with reasonable business practice. 2010 federal income tax forms For example, she could claim 3 days of the standard meal allowance even though a federal employee would have to use Method 1 and be limited to only 2½ days. 2010 federal income tax forms Travel in the United States The following discussion applies to travel in the United States. 2010 federal income tax forms For this purpose, the United States includes the 50 states and the District of Columbia. 2010 federal income tax forms The treatment of your travel expenses depends on how much of your trip was business related and on how much of your trip occurred within the United States. 2010 federal income tax forms See Part of Trip Outside the United States , later. 2010 federal income tax forms Trip Primarily for Business You can deduct all of your travel expenses if your trip was entirely business related. 2010 federal income tax forms If your trip was primarily for business and, while at your business destination, you extended your stay for a vacation, made a personal side trip, or had other personal activities, you can deduct only your business-related travel expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms These expenses include the travel costs of getting to and from your business destination and any business-related expenses at your business destination. 2010 federal income tax forms Example. 2010 federal income tax forms You work in Atlanta and take a business trip to New Orleans in May. 2010 federal income tax forms Your business travel totals 850 miles round trip. 2010 federal income tax forms On your way, you stop in Mobile to visit your parents. 2010 federal income tax forms You spend $2,120 for the 9 days you are away from home for travel, meals, lodging, and other travel expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms If you had not stopped in Mobile, you would have been gone only 6 days, and your total cost would have been $1,820. 2010 federal income tax forms You can deduct $1,820 for your trip, including the cost of round-trip transportation to and from New Orleans. 2010 federal income tax forms The deduction for your meals is subject to the 50% limit on meals mentioned earlier. 2010 federal income tax forms Trip Primarily for Personal Reasons If your trip was primarily for personal reasons, such as a vacation, the entire cost of the trip is a nondeductible personal expense. 2010 federal income tax forms However, you can deduct any expenses you have while at your destination that are directly related to your business. 2010 federal income tax forms A trip to a resort or on a cruise ship may be a vacation even if the promoter advertises that it is primarily for business. 2010 federal income tax forms The scheduling of incidental business activities during a trip, such as viewing videotapes or attending lectures dealing with general subjects, will not change what is really a vacation into a business trip. 2010 federal income tax forms Part of Trip Outside the United States If part of your trip is outside the United States, use the rules described later in this chapter under Travel Outside the United States for that part of the trip. 2010 federal income tax forms For the part of your trip that is inside the United States, use the rules for travel in the United States. 2010 federal income tax forms Travel outside the United States does not include travel from one point in the United States to another point in the United States. 2010 federal income tax forms The following discussion can help you determine whether your trip was entirely within the United States. 2010 federal income tax forms Public transportation. 2010 federal income tax forms   If you travel by public transportation, any place in the United States where that vehicle makes a scheduled stop is a point in the United States. 2010 federal income tax forms Once the vehicle leaves the last scheduled stop in the United States on its way to a point outside the United States, you apply the rules under Travel Outside the United States . 2010 federal income tax forms Example. 2010 federal income tax forms You fly from New York to Puerto Rico with a scheduled stop in Miami. 2010 federal income tax forms You return to New York nonstop. 2010 federal income tax forms The flight from New York to Miami is in the United States, so only the flight from Miami to Puerto Rico is outside the United States. 2010 federal income tax forms Because there are no scheduled stops between Puerto Rico and New York, all of the return trip is outside the United States. 2010 federal income tax forms Private car. 2010 federal income tax forms   Travel by private car in the United States is travel between points in the United States, even though you are on your way to a destination outside the United States. 2010 federal income tax forms Example. 2010 federal income tax forms You travel by car from Denver to Mexico City and return. 2010 federal income tax forms Your travel from Denver to the border and from the border back to Denver is travel in the United States, and the rules in this section apply. 2010 federal income tax forms The rules under Travel Outside the United States apply to your trip from the border to Mexico City and back to the border. 2010 federal income tax forms Travel Outside the United States If any part of your business travel is outside the United States, some of your deductions for the cost of getting to and from your destination may be limited. 2010 federal income tax forms For this purpose, the United States includes the 50 states and the District of Columbia. 2010 federal income tax forms How much of your travel expenses you can deduct depends in part upon how much of your trip outside the United States was business related. 2010 federal income tax forms Travel Entirely for Business or Considered Entirely for Business You can deduct all your travel expenses of getting to and from your business destination if your trip is entirely for business or considered entirely for business. 2010 federal income tax forms Travel entirely for business. 2010 federal income tax forms   If you travel outside the United States and you spend the entire time on business activities, you can deduct all of your travel expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms Travel considered entirely for business. 2010 federal income tax forms   Even if you did not spend your entire time on business activities, your trip is considered entirely for business if you meet at least one of the following four exceptions. 2010 federal income tax forms Exception 1 - No substantial control. 2010 federal income tax forms   Your trip is considered entirely for business if you did not have substantial control over arranging the trip. 2010 federal income tax forms The fact that you control the timing of your trip does not, by itself, mean that you have substantial control over arranging your trip. 2010 federal income tax forms   You do not have substantial control over your trip if you: Are an employee who was reimbursed or paid a travel expense allowance, and Are not related to your employer, or Are not a managing executive. 2010 federal income tax forms    “Related to your employer” is defined later in chapter 6 under Per Diem and Car Allowances . 2010 federal income tax forms   A “managing executive” is an employee who has the authority and responsibility, without being subject to the veto of another, to decide on the need for the business travel. 2010 federal income tax forms   A self-employed person generally has substantial control over arranging business trips. 2010 federal income tax forms Exception 2 - Outside United States no more than a week. 2010 federal income tax forms   Your trip is considered entirely for business if you were outside the United States for a week or less, combining business and nonbusiness activities. 2010 federal income tax forms One week means 7 consecutive days. 2010 federal income tax forms In counting the days, do not count the day you leave the United States, but do count the day you return to the United States. 2010 federal income tax forms Example. 2010 federal income tax forms You traveled to Brussels primarily for business. 2010 federal income tax forms You left Denver on Tuesday and flew to New York. 2010 federal income tax forms On Wednesday, you flew from New York to Brussels, arriving the next morning. 2010 federal income tax forms On Thursday and Friday, you had business discussions, and from Saturday until Tuesday, you were sightseeing. 2010 federal income tax forms You flew back to New York, arriving Wednesday afternoon. 2010 federal income tax forms On Thursday, you flew back to Denver. 2010 federal income tax forms Although you were away from your home in Denver for more than a week, you were not outside the United States for more than a week. 2010 federal income tax forms This is because the day you depart does not count as a day outside the United States. 2010 federal income tax forms You can deduct your cost of the round-trip flight between Denver and Brussels. 2010 federal income tax forms You can also deduct the cost of your stay in Brussels for Thursday and Friday while you conducted business. 2010 federal income tax forms However, you cannot deduct the cost of your stay in Brussels from Saturday through Tuesday because those days were spent on nonbusiness activities. 2010 federal income tax forms Exception 3 - Less than 25% of time on personal activities. 2010 federal income tax forms   Your trip is considered entirely for business if: You were outside the United States for more than a week, and You spent less than 25% of the total time you were outside the United States on nonbusiness activities. 2010 federal income tax forms For this purpose, count both the day your trip began and the day it ended. 2010 federal income tax forms Example. 2010 federal income tax forms You flew from Seattle to Tokyo, where you spent 14 days on business and 5 days on personal matters. 2010 federal income tax forms You then flew back to Seattle. 2010 federal income tax forms You spent 1 day flying in each direction. 2010 federal income tax forms Because only 5/21 (less than 25%) of your total time abroad was for nonbusiness activities, you can deduct as travel expenses what it would have cost you to make the trip if you had not engaged in any nonbusiness activity. 2010 federal income tax forms The amount you can deduct is the cost of the round-trip plane fare and 16 days of meals (subject to the 50% limit), lodging, and other related expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms Exception 4 - Vacation not a major consideration. 2010 federal income tax forms   Your trip is considered entirely for business if you can establish that a personal vacation was not a major consideration, even if you have substantial control over arranging the trip. 2010 federal income tax forms Travel Primarily for Business If you travel outside the United States primarily for business but spend some of your time on other activities, you generally cannot deduct all of your travel expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms You can only deduct the business portion of your cost of getting to and from your destination. 2010 federal income tax forms You must allocate the costs between your business and other activities to determine your deductible amount. 2010 federal income tax forms See Travel allocation rules , later. 2010 federal income tax forms You do not have to allocate your travel expenses if you meet one of the four exceptions listed earlier under Travel considered entirely for business . 2010 federal income tax forms In those cases, you can deduct the total cost of getting to and from your destination. 2010 federal income tax forms Travel allocation rules. 2010 federal income tax forms   If your trip outside the United States was primarily for business, you must allocate your travel time on a day-to-day basis between business days and nonbusiness days. 2010 federal income tax forms The days you depart from and return to the United States are both counted as days outside the United States. 2010 federal income tax forms   To figure the deductible amount of your round-trip travel expenses, use the following fraction. 2010 federal income tax forms The numerator (top number) is the total number of business days outside the United States. 2010 federal income tax forms The denominator (bottom number) is the total number of business and nonbusiness days of travel. 2010 federal income tax forms Counting business days. 2010 federal income tax forms   Your business days include transportation days, days your presence was required, days you spent on business, and certain weekends and holidays. 2010 federal income tax forms Transportation day. 2010 federal income tax forms   Count as a business day any day you spend traveling to or from a business destination. 2010 federal income tax forms However, if because of a nonbusiness activity you do not travel by a direct route, your business days are the days it would take you to travel a reasonably direct route to your business destination. 2010 federal income tax forms Extra days for side trips or nonbusiness activities cannot be counted as business days. 2010 federal income tax forms Presence required. 2010 federal income tax forms   Count as a business day any day your presence is required at a particular place for a specific business purpose. 2010 federal income tax forms Count it as a business day even if you spend most of the day on nonbusiness activities. 2010 federal income tax forms Day spent on business. 2010 federal income tax forms   If your principal activity during working hours is the pursuit of your trade or business, count the day as a business day. 2010 federal income tax forms Also, count as a business day any day you are prevented from working because of circumstances beyond your control. 2010 federal income tax forms Certain weekends and holidays. 2010 federal income tax forms   Count weekends, holidays, and other necessary standby days as business days if they fall between business days. 2010 federal income tax forms But if they follow your business meetings or activity and you remain at your business destination for nonbusiness or personal reasons, do not count them as business days. 2010 federal income tax forms Example 1. 2010 federal income tax forms Your tax home is New York City. 2010 federal income tax forms You travel to Quebec, where you have a business appointment on Friday. 2010 federal income tax forms You have another appointment on the following Monday. 2010 federal income tax forms Because your presence was required on both Friday and Monday, they are business days. 2010 federal income tax forms Because the weekend is between business days, Saturday and Sunday are counted as business days. 2010 federal income tax forms This is true even though you use the weekend for sightseeing, visiting friends, or other nonbusiness activity. 2010 federal income tax forms Example 2. 2010 federal income tax forms If, in Example 1, you had no business in Quebec after Friday, but stayed until Monday before starting home, Saturday and Sunday would be nonbusiness days. 2010 federal income tax forms Nonbusiness activity on the way to or from your business destination. 2010 federal income tax forms   If you stopped for a vacation or other nonbusiness activity either on the way from the United States to your business destination, or on the way back to the United States from your business destination, you must allocate part of your travel expenses to the nonbusiness activity. 2010 federal income tax forms   The part you must allocate is the amount it would have cost you to travel between the point where travel outside the United States begins and your nonbusiness destination and a return to the point where travel outside the United States ends. 2010 federal income tax forms   You determine the nonbusiness portion of that expense by multiplying it by a fraction. 2010 federal income tax forms The numerator (top number) of the fraction is the number of nonbusiness days during your travel outside the United States and the denominator (bottom number) is the total number of days you spend outside the United States. 2010 federal income tax forms Example. 2010 federal income tax forms You live in New York. 2010 federal income tax forms On May 4 you flew to Paris to attend a business conference that began on May 5. 2010 federal income tax forms The conference ended at noon on May 14. 2010 federal income tax forms That evening you flew to Dublin where you visited with friends until the afternoon of May 21, when you flew directly home to New York. 2010 federal income tax forms The primary purpose for the trip was to attend the conference. 2010 federal income tax forms If you had not stopped in Dublin, you would have arrived home the evening of May 14. 2010 federal income tax forms You do not meet any of the exceptions that would allow you to consider your travel entirely for business. 2010 federal income tax forms May 4 through May 14 (11 days) are business days and May 15 through May 21 (7 days) are nonbusiness days. 2010 federal income tax forms You can deduct the cost of your meals (subject to the 50% limit), lodging, and other business-related travel expenses while in Paris. 2010 federal income tax forms You cannot deduct your expenses while in Dublin. 2010 federal income tax forms You also cannot deduct 7/18 of what it would have cost you to travel round-trip between New York and Dublin. 2010 federal income tax forms You paid $750 to fly from New York to Paris, $400 to fly from Paris to Dublin, and $700 to fly from Dublin back to New York. 2010 federal income tax forms Round-trip airfare from New York to Dublin would have been $1,250. 2010 federal income tax forms You figure the deductible part of your air travel expenses by subtracting 7/18 of the round-trip fare and other expenses you would have had in traveling directly between New York and Dublin ($1,250 × 7/18 = $486) from your total expenses in traveling from New York to Paris to Dublin and back to New York ($750 + $400 + $700 = $1,850). 2010 federal income tax forms Your deductible air travel expense is $1,364 ($1,850 − $486). 2010 federal income tax forms Nonbusiness activity at, near, or beyond business destination. 2010 federal income tax forms   If you had a vacation or other nonbusiness activity at, near, or beyond your business destination, you must allocate part of your travel expenses to the nonbusiness activity. 2010 federal income tax forms   The part you must allocate is the amount it would have cost you to travel between the point where travel outside the United States begins and your business destination and a return to the point where travel outside the United States ends. 2010 federal income tax forms   You determine the nonbusiness portion of that expense by multiplying it by a fraction. 2010 federal income tax forms The numerator (top number) of the fraction is the number of nonbusiness days during your travel outside the United States and the denominator (bottom number) is the total number of days you spend outside the United States. 2010 federal income tax forms   None of your travel expenses for nonbusiness activities at, near, or beyond your business destination are deductible. 2010 federal income tax forms Example. 2010 federal income tax forms Assume that the dates are the same as in the previous example but that instead of going to Dublin for your vacation, you fly to Venice, Italy, for a vacation. 2010 federal income tax forms You cannot deduct any part of the cost of your trip from Paris to Venice and return to Paris. 2010 federal income tax forms In addition, you cannot deduct 7/18 of the airfare and other expenses from New York to Paris and back to New York. 2010 federal income tax forms You can deduct 11/18 of the round-trip plane fare and other travel expenses from New York to Paris, plus your meals (subject to the 50% limit), lodging, and any other business expenses you had in Paris. 2010 federal income tax forms (Assume these expenses total $4,939. 2010 federal income tax forms ) If the round-trip plane fare and other travel-related expenses (such as food during the trip) are $1,750, you can deduct travel costs of $1,069 (11/18 × $1,750), plus the full $4,939 for the expenses you had in Paris. 2010 federal income tax forms Other methods. 2010 federal income tax forms   You can use another method of counting business days if you establish that it more clearly reflects the time spent on other than business activities outside the United States. 2010 federal income tax forms Travel Primarily for Personal Reasons If you travel outside the United States primarily for vacation or for investment purposes, the entire cost of the trip is a nondeductible personal expense. 2010 federal income tax forms However, if you spend some time attending brief professional seminars or a continuing education program, you can deduct your registration fees and other expenses you have that are directly related to your business. 2010 federal income tax forms Example. 2010 federal income tax forms The university from which you graduated has a continuing education program for members of its alumni association. 2010 federal income tax forms This program consists of trips to various foreign countries where academic exercises and conferences are set up to acquaint individuals in most occupations with selected facilities in several regions of the world. 2010 federal income tax forms However, none of the conferences are directed toward specific occupations or professions. 2010 federal income tax forms It is up to each participant to seek out specialists and organizational settings appropriate to his or her occupational interests. 2010 federal income tax forms Three-hour sessions are held each day over a 5-day period at each of the selected overseas facilities where participants can meet with individual practitioners. 2010 federal income tax forms These sessions are composed of a variety of activities including workshops, mini-lectures, role playing, skill development, and exercises. 2010 federal income tax forms Professional conference directors schedule and conduct the sessions. 2010 federal income tax forms Participants can choose those sessions they wish to attend. 2010 federal income tax forms You can participate in this program since you are a member of the alumni association. 2010 federal income tax forms You and your family take one of the trips. 2010 federal income tax forms You spend about 2 hours at each of the planned sessions. 2010 federal income tax forms The rest of the time you go touring and sightseeing with your family. 2010 federal income tax forms The trip lasts less than 1 week. 2010 federal income tax forms Your travel expenses for the trip are not deductible since the trip was primarily a vacation. 2010 federal income tax forms However, registration fees and any other incidental expenses you have for the five planned sessions you attended that are directly related and beneficial to your business are deductible business expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms These expenses should be specifically stated in your records to ensure proper allocation of your deductible business expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms Luxury Water Travel If you travel by ocean liner, cruise ship, or other form of luxury water transportation for business purposes, there is a daily limit on the amount you can deduct. 2010 federal income tax forms The limit is twice the highest federal per diem rate allowable at the time of your travel. 2010 federal income tax forms (Generally, the federal per diem is the amount paid to federal government employees for daily living expenses when they travel away from home, but in the United States, for business purposes. 2010 federal income tax forms ) Daily limit on luxury water travel. 2010 federal income tax forms   The highest federal per diem rate allowed and the daily limit for luxury water travel in 2013 is shown in the following table. 2010 federal income tax forms   2013 Dates Highest Federal Per Diem Daily Limit on Luxury Water Travel   Jan. 2010 federal income tax forms 1 – Mar. 2010 federal income tax forms 31 $367 $734   Apr. 2010 federal income tax forms 1 – June 30 312 624   July 1 – Aug. 2010 federal income tax forms 31 310 620   Sept. 2010 federal income tax forms 1 – Sept. 2010 federal income tax forms 30 366 732   Oct. 2010 federal income tax forms 1 – Dec. 2010 federal income tax forms 31 374 748 Example. 2010 federal income tax forms Caroline, a travel agent, traveled by ocean liner from New York to London, England, on business in May. 2010 federal income tax forms Her expense for the 6-day cruise was $5,200. 2010 federal income tax forms Caroline's deduction for the cruise cannot exceed $3,744 (6 days × $624 daily limit). 2010 federal income tax forms Meals and entertainment. 2010 federal income tax forms   If your expenses for luxury water travel include separately stated amounts for meals or entertainment, those amounts are subject to the 50% limit on meals and entertainment before you apply the daily limit. 2010 federal income tax forms For a discussion of the 50% Limit , see chapter 2. 2010 federal income tax forms Example. 2010 federal income tax forms In the previous example, Caroline's luxury water travel had a total cost of $5,200. 2010 federal income tax forms Of that amount, $3,700 was separately stated as meals and entertainment. 2010 federal income tax forms Caroline, who is self-employed, is not reimbursed for any of her travel expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms Caroline figures her deductible travel expenses as follows. 2010 federal income tax forms Meals and entertainment $3,700   50% limit × . 2010 federal income tax forms 50   Allowable meals &     entertainment $1,850   Other travel expenses + 1,800   Allowable cost before the daily limit $3,650 Daily limit for May 2013 $624   Times number of days × 6   Maximum luxury water travel     deduction $3,744 Amount of allowable deduction $3,650 Caroline's deduction for her cruise is limited to $3,650, even though the limit on luxury water travel is slightly higher. 2010 federal income tax forms Not separately stated. 2010 federal income tax forms   If your meal or entertainment charges are not separately stated or are not clearly identifiable, you do not have to allocate any portion of the total charge to meals or entertainment. 2010 federal income tax forms Exceptions The daily limit on luxury water travel (discussed earlier) does not apply to expenses you have to attend a convention, seminar, or meeting on board a cruise ship. 2010 federal income tax forms See Cruise Ships under Conventions. 2010 federal income tax forms Conventions You can deduct your travel expenses when you attend a convention if you can show that your attendance benefits your trade or business. 2010 federal income tax forms You cannot deduct the travel expenses for your family. 2010 federal income tax forms If the convention is for investment, political, social, or other purposes unrelated to your trade or business, you cannot deduct the expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms Your appointment or election as a delegate does not, in itself, determine whether you can deduct travel expenses. 2010 federal income tax forms You can deduct your travel expenses only if your attendance is connected to your own trade or business. 2010 federal income tax forms Convention agenda. 2010 federal income tax forms   The convention agenda or program generally shows the purpose of the convention. 2010 federal income tax forms You can show your attendance at the convention benefits your trade or business by comparing the agenda with the official duties and responsibilities of your position. 2010 federal income tax forms The agenda does not have to deal specifically with your official duties and responsibilities; it will be enough if the agenda is so related to your position that it shows your attendance was for business purposes. 2010 federal income tax forms Conventions Held Outside the North American Area You cannot deduct expenses for attending a convention, seminar, or similar meeting held outside the North American area unless: The meeting is directly related to your trade or business, and It is reasonable to hold the meeting outside the North American area. 2010 federal income tax forms See Reasonableness test , later. 2010 federal income tax forms If the meeting meets these requirements, you also must satisfy the rules for deducting expenses for business trips in general, discussed earlier under Travel Outside the United States . 2010 federal income tax forms North American area. 2010 federal income tax forms   The North American area includes the following locations. 2010 federal income tax forms American Samoa Johnston Island Antigua and Barbuda Kingman Reef Aruba Marshall Islands Bahamas Mexico Baker Island Micronesia Barbados Midway Islands Bermuda Netherlands Antilles Canada Northern Mariana Costa Rica Islands Dominica Palau Dominican Republic Palmyra Atoll Grenada Panama Guam Puerto Rico Guyana Trinidad and Tobago Honduras USA Howland Island U. 2010 federal income tax forms S. 2010 federal income tax forms Virgin Islands Jamaica Wake Island Jarvis Island   The North American area also includes U. 2010 federal income tax forms S. 2010 federal income tax forms islands, cays, and reefs that are possessions of the United States and not part of the fifty states or the District of Columbia. 2010 federal income tax forms Reasonableness test. 2010 federal income tax forms   The following factors are taken into account to determine if it was reasonable to hold the meeting outside the North American area. 2010 federal income tax forms The purpose of the meeting and the activities taking place at the meeting. 2010 federal income tax forms The purposes and activities of the sponsoring organizations or groups. 2010 federal income tax forms The homes of the active members of the sponsoring organizations and the places at which other meetings of the sponsoring organizations or groups have been or will be held. 2010 federal income tax forms Other relevant factors you may present. 2010 federal income tax forms Cruise Ships You can deduct up to $2,000 per year of your expenses of attending conventions, seminars, or similar meetings held on cruise ships. 2010 federal income tax forms All ships that sail are considered cruise ships. 2010 federal income tax forms You can deduct these expenses only if all of the following requirements are met. 2010 federal income tax forms The convention, seminar, or meeting is directly related to your trade or business. 2010 federal income tax forms The cruise ship is a vessel registered in the United States. 2010 federal income tax forms All of the cruise ship's ports of call are in the United States or in possessions of the United States. 2010 federal income tax forms You attach to your return a written statement signed by you that includes information about: The total days of the trip (not including the days of transportation to and from the cruise ship port), The number of hours each day that you devoted to scheduled business activities, and A program of the scheduled business activities of the meeting. 2010 federal income tax forms You attach to your return a written statement signed by an officer of the organization or group sponsoring the meeting that includes: A schedule of the business activities of each day of the meeting, and The number of hours you attended the scheduled business activities. 2010 federal income tax forms Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies

Made up of members of the House and Senate, the Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies is responsible for planning and carrying out the President's swearing-in ceremony at the U.S. Capitol.

The 2010 Federal Income Tax Forms

2010 federal income tax forms Publication 971 - Introductory Material Table of Contents What's New IntroductionOrdering forms and publications. 2010 federal income tax forms Questions about innocent spouse relief. 2010 federal income tax forms Useful Items - You may want to see: What's New Expanded filing deadline for equitable relief. 2010 federal income tax forms  The period of time in which you may request equitable relief has been expanded. 2010 federal income tax forms See How To Request Relief later. 2010 federal income tax forms More information. 2010 federal income tax forms   For more information about the latest developments on Publication 971, go to www. 2010 federal income tax forms irs. 2010 federal income tax forms gov/pub971. 2010 federal income tax forms Introduction When you file a joint income tax return, the law makes both you and your spouse responsible for the entire tax liability. 2010 federal income tax forms This is called joint and several liability. 2010 federal income tax forms Joint and several liability applies not only to the tax liability you show on the return but also to any additional tax liability the IRS determines to be due, even if the additional tax is due to income, deductions, or credits of your spouse or former spouse. 2010 federal income tax forms You remain jointly and severally liable for the taxes, and the IRS still can collect from you, even if you later divorce and the divorce decree states that your former spouse will be solely responsible for the tax. 2010 federal income tax forms In some cases, a spouse (or former spouse) will be relieved of the tax, interest, and penalties on a joint tax return. 2010 federal income tax forms Three types of relief are available to married persons who filed joint returns. 2010 federal income tax forms Innocent spouse relief. 2010 federal income tax forms Separation of liability relief. 2010 federal income tax forms Equitable relief. 2010 federal income tax forms Married persons who did not file joint returns, but who live in community property states, may also qualify for relief. 2010 federal income tax forms See Community Property Laws , later. 2010 federal income tax forms This publication explains these types of relief, who may qualify for them, and how to get them. 2010 federal income tax forms You can also use the Innocent Spouse Tax Relief Eligibility Explorer at IRS. 2010 federal income tax forms gov by entering “Innocent Spouse” in the search box. 2010 federal income tax forms What this publication does not cover. 2010 federal income tax forms   This publication does not discuss injured spouse relief. 2010 federal income tax forms You are an injured spouse if your share of the overpayment shown on your joint return was, or is expected to be, applied (offset) against your spouse's legally enforceable past-due federal taxes, state income taxes, state unemployment compensation debts, child or spousal support payments, or a federal nontax debt, such as a student loan. 2010 federal income tax forms If you are an injured spouse, you may be entitled to receive a refund of your share of the overpayment. 2010 federal income tax forms For more information, see Form 8379, Injured Spouse Allocation. 2010 federal income tax forms Comments and suggestions. 2010 federal income tax forms   We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions. 2010 federal income tax forms   You can write to us at the following address:  Internal Revenue Service Individual Forms and Publications Branch SE:W:CAR:MP:T:I 1111 Constitution Ave. 2010 federal income tax forms NW, IR-6526 Washington, DC 20224   We respond to many letters by telephone. 2010 federal income tax forms Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence. 2010 federal income tax forms   You can email us at taxforms@irs. 2010 federal income tax forms gov. 2010 federal income tax forms Please put “Publications Comment” on the subject line. 2010 federal income tax forms You can also send us comments from www. 2010 federal income tax forms irs. 2010 federal income tax forms gov/formspubs/, select “Comment on Tax Forms and Publications” under “Information about. 2010 federal income tax forms ”   Although we cannot respond individually to each email, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax products. 2010 federal income tax forms Ordering forms and publications. 2010 federal income tax forms   Visit www. 2010 federal income tax forms irs. 2010 federal income tax forms gov/formspubs to download forms and publications, call 1-800-829-3676, or write to the address below and receive a response within 10 days after your request is received. 2010 federal income tax forms  Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. 2010 federal income tax forms Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613 Questions about innocent spouse relief. 2010 federal income tax forms The IRS can help you with your request for innocent spouse relief. 2010 federal income tax forms If you are working with an IRS employee, you can ask that employee, or you can call 866-897-4270. 2010 federal income tax forms Useful Items - You may want to see: Publications 504 Divorced or Separated Individuals 555 Community Property 556 Examination of Returns, Appeal Rights, and Claims for Refund 594 The IRS Collection Process Forms (and Instructions) 8857 Request for Innocent Spouse Relief Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications