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140ez 7. 140ez   Coverdell Education Savings Account (ESA) Table of Contents Introduction What Is a Coverdell ESAQualified Education Expenses ContributionsContribution Limits Additional Tax on Excess Contributions Rollovers and Other TransfersRollovers Changing the Designated Beneficiary Transfer Because of Divorce DistributionsTax-Free Distributions Taxable Distributions When Assets Must Be Distributed Introduction If your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) is less than $110,000 ($220,000 if filing a joint return), you may be able to establish a Coverdell ESA to finance the qualified education expenses of a designated beneficiary. 140ez For most taxpayers, MAGI is the adjusted gross income as figured on their federal income tax return. 140ez There is no limit on the number of separate Coverdell ESAs that can be established for a designated beneficiary. 140ez However, total contributions for the beneficiary in any year cannot be more than $2,000, no matter how many accounts have been established. 140ez See Contributions , later. 140ez This benefit applies not only to higher education expenses, but also to elementary and secondary education expenses. 140ez What is the tax benefit of the Coverdell ESA. 140ez   Contributions to a Coverdell ESA are not deductible, but amounts deposited in the account grow tax free until distributed. 140ez   If, for a year, distributions from an account are not more than a designated beneficiary's qualified education expenses at an eligible educational institution, the beneficiary will not owe tax on the distributions. 140ez See Tax-Free Distributions , later. 140ez    Table 7-1 summarizes the main features of the Coverdell ESA. 140ez Table 7-1. 140ez Coverdell ESA at a Glance Do not rely on this table alone. 140ez It provides only general highlights. 140ez See the text for definitions of terms in bold type and for more complete explanations. 140ez Question Answer What is a Coverdell ESA? A savings account that is set up to pay the qualified education expenses of a designated beneficiary. 140ez Where can it be established? It can be opened in the United States at any bank or other IRS-approved entity that offers Coverdell ESAs. 140ez Who can have a Coverdell ESA? Any beneficiary who is under age 18 or is a special needs beneficiary. 140ez Who can contribute to a Coverdell ESA? Generally, any individual (including the beneficiary) whose modified adjusted gross income for the year is less than $110,000 ($220,000 in the case of a joint return). 140ez Are distributions tax free? Yes, if the distributions are not more than the beneficiary's adjusted qualified education expenses for the year. 140ez What Is a Coverdell ESA A Coverdell ESA is a trust or custodial account created or organized in the United States only for the purpose of paying the qualified education expenses of the Designated beneficiary (defined later) of the account. 140ez When the account is established, the designated beneficiary must be under age 18 or a special needs beneficiary. 140ez To be treated as a Coverdell ESA, the account must be designated as a Coverdell ESA when it is created. 140ez The document creating and governing the account must be in writing and must satisfy the following requirements. 140ez The trustee or custodian must be a bank or an entity approved by the IRS. 140ez The document must provide that the trustee or custodian can only accept a contribution that meets all of the following conditions. 140ez The contribution is in cash. 140ez The contribution is made before the beneficiary reaches age 18, unless the beneficiary is a special needs beneficiary. 140ez The contribution would not result in total contributions for the year (not including rollover contributions) being more than $2,000. 140ez Money in the account cannot be invested in life insurance contracts. 140ez Money in the account cannot be combined with other property except in a common trust fund or common investment fund. 140ez The balance in the account generally must be distributed within 30 days after the earlier of the following events. 140ez The beneficiary reaches age 30, unless the beneficiary is a special needs beneficiary. 140ez The beneficiary's death. 140ez Qualified Education Expenses Generally, these are expenses required for the enrollment or attendance of the designated beneficiary at an eligible educational institution. 140ez For purposes of Coverdell ESAs, the expenses can be either qualified higher education expenses or qualified elementary and secondary education expenses. 140ez Designated beneficiary. 140ez   This is the individual named in the document creating the trust or custodial account to receive the benefit of the funds in the account. 140ez Contributions to a qualified tuition program (QTP). 140ez   A contribution to a QTP is a qualified education expense if the contribution is on behalf of the designated beneficiary of the Coverdell ESA. 140ez In the case of a change in beneficiary, this is a qualified expense only if the new beneficiary is a family member of that designated beneficiary. 140ez See chapter 8, Qualified Tuition Program . 140ez Eligible Educational Institution For purposes of Coverdell ESAs, an eligible educational institution can be either an eligible postsecondary school or an eligible elementary or secondary school. 140ez Eligible postsecondary school. 140ez   This is any college, university, vocational school, or other postsecondary educational institution eligible to participate in a student aid program administered by the U. 140ez S. 140ez Department of Education. 140ez It includes virtually all accredited public, nonprofit, and proprietary (privately owned profit-making) postsecondary institutions. 140ez The educational institution should be able to tell you if it is an eligible educational institution. 140ez   Certain educational institutions located outside the United States also participate in the U. 140ez S. 140ez Department of Education's Federal Student Aid (FSA) programs. 140ez Eligible elementary or secondary school. 140ez   This is any public, private, or religious school that provides elementary or secondary education (kindergarten through grade 12), as determined under state law. 140ez Qualified Higher Education Expenses These are expenses related to enrollment or attendance at an eligible postsecondary school. 140ez As shown in the following list, to be qualified, some of the expenses must be required by the school and some must be incurred by students who are enrolled at least half-time. 140ez The following expenses must be required for enrollment or attendance of a designated beneficiary at an eligible postsecondary school. 140ez Tuition and fees. 140ez Books, supplies, and equipment. 140ez Expenses for special needs services needed by a special needs beneficiary must be incurred in connection with enrollment or attendance at an eligible postsecondary school. 140ez Expenses for room and board must be incurred by students who are enrolled at least half-time (defined below). 140ez The expense for room and board qualifies only to the extent that it is not more than the greater of the following two amounts. 140ez The allowance for room and board, as determined by the school, that was included in the cost of attendance (for federal financial aid purposes) for a particular academic period and living arrangement of the student. 140ez The actual amount charged if the student is residing in housing owned or operated by the school. 140ez Half-time student. 140ez   A student is enrolled “at least half-time” if he or she is enrolled for at least half the full-time academic work load for the course of study the student is pursuing, as determined under the standards of the school where the student is enrolled. 140ez Qualified Elementary and Secondary Education Expenses These are expenses related to enrollment or attendance at an eligible elementary or secondary school. 140ez As shown in the following list, to be qualified, some of the expenses must be required or provided by the school. 140ez There are special rules for computer-related expenses. 140ez The following expenses must be incurred by a designated beneficiary in connection with enrollment or attendance at an eligible elementary or secondary school. 140ez Tuition and fees. 140ez Books, supplies, and equipment. 140ez Academic tutoring. 140ez Special needs services for a special needs beneficiary. 140ez The following expenses must be required or provided by an eligible elementary or secondary school in connection with attendance or enrollment at the school. 140ez Room and board. 140ez Uniforms. 140ez Transportation. 140ez Supplementary items and services (including extended day programs). 140ez The purchase of computer technology, equipment, or Internet access and related services is a qualified elementary and secondary education expense if it is to be used by the beneficiary and the beneficiary's family during any of the years the beneficiary is in elementary or secondary school. 140ez (This does not include expenses for computer software designed for sports, games, or hobbies unless the software is predominantly educational in nature. 140ez ) Contributions Any individual (including the designated beneficiary) can contribute to a Coverdell ESA if the individual's MAGI (defined later under Contribution Limits ) for the year is less than $110,000. 140ez For individuals filing joint returns, that amount is $220,000. 140ez Organizations, such as corporations and trusts, can also contribute to Coverdell ESAs. 140ez There is no requirement that an organization's income be below a certain level. 140ez Contributions must meet all of the following requirements. 140ez They must be in cash. 140ez They cannot be made after the beneficiary reaches age 18, unless the beneficiary is a special needs beneficiary. 140ez They must be made by the due date of the contributor's tax return (not including extensions). 140ez Contributions can be made to one or several Coverdell ESAs for the same designated beneficiary provided that the total contributions are not more than the contribution limits (defined later) for a year. 140ez Contributions can be made, without penalty, to both a Coverdell ESA and a QTP in the same year for the same beneficiary. 140ez Table 7-2 summarizes many of the features of contributing to a Coverdell ESA. 140ez When contributions considered made. 140ez   Contributions made to a Coverdell ESA for the preceding tax year are considered to have been made on the last day of the preceding year. 140ez They must be made by the due date (not including extensions) for filing your return for the preceding year. 140ez   For example, if you make a contribution to a Coverdell ESA in February 2014, and you designate it as a contribution for 2013, you are considered to have made that contribution on December 31, 2013. 140ez Contribution Limits There are two yearly limits: One on the total amount that can be contributed for each designated beneficiary in any year, and One on the amount that any individual can contribute for any one designated beneficiary for a year. 140ez Limit for each designated beneficiary. 140ez   For 2013, the total of all contributions to all Coverdell ESAs set up for the benefit of any one designated beneficiary cannot be more than $2,000. 140ez This includes contributions (other than rollovers) to all the beneficiary's Coverdell ESAs from all sources. 140ez Rollovers are discussed under Rollovers and Other Transfers , later. 140ez Example. 140ez When Maria Luna was born in 2012, three separate Coverdell ESAs were set up for her, one by her parents, one by her grandfather, and one by her aunt. 140ez In 2013, the total of all contributions to Maria's three Coverdell ESAs cannot be more than $2,000. 140ez For example, if her grandfather contributed $2,000 to one of her Coverdell ESAs, no one else could contribute to any of her three accounts. 140ez Or, if her parents contributed $1,000 and her aunt $600, her grandfather or someone else could contribute no more than $400. 140ez These contributions could be put into any of Maria's Coverdell ESA accounts. 140ez Limit for each contributor. 140ez   Generally, you can contribute up to $2,000 for each designated beneficiary for 2013. 140ez This is the most you can contribute for the benefit of any one beneficiary for the year, regardless of the number of Coverdell ESAs set up for the beneficiary. 140ez Example. 140ez The facts are the same as in the previous example except that Maria Luna's older brother, Edgar, also has a Coverdell ESA. 140ez If their grandfather contributed $2,000 to Maria's Coverdell ESA in 2013, he could also contribute $2,000 to Edgar's Coverdell ESA. 140ez Reduced limit. 140ez   Your contribution limit may be reduced. 140ez If your MAGI (defined on this page) is between $95,000 and $110,000 (between $190,000 and $220,000 if filing a joint return), the $2,000 limit for each designated beneficiary is gradually reduced (see Figuring the limit , later). 140ez If your MAGI is $110,000 or more ($220,000 or more if filing a joint return), you cannot contribute to anyone's Coverdell ESA. 140ez Table 7-2. 140ez Coverdell ESA Contributions at a Glance Do not rely on this table alone. 140ez It provides only general highlights. 140ez See the text for more complete explanations. 140ez Question Answer Are contributions deductible? No. 140ez What is the annual contribution limit per designated beneficiary? $2,000 for each designated beneficiary. 140ez What if more than one Coverdell ESA has been opened for the same designated beneficiary? The annual contribution limit is $2,000 for each beneficiary, no matter how many Coverdell ESAs are set up for that beneficiary. 140ez What if more than one individual makes contributions for the same designated beneficiary? The annual contribution limit is $2,000 per beneficiary, no matter how many individuals contribute. 140ez Can contributions other than cash be made to a Coverdell ESA? No. 140ez When must contributions stop? No contributions can be made to a beneficiary's Coverdell ESA after he or she reaches age 18, unless the beneficiary is a special needs beneficiary. 140ez Modified adjusted gross income (MAGI). 140ez   For most taxpayers, MAGI is adjusted gross income (AGI) as figured on their federal income tax return. 140ez MAGI when using Form 1040A. 140ez   If you file Form 1040A, your MAGI is the AGI on line 22 of that form. 140ez MAGI when using Form 1040. 140ez   If you file Form 1040, your MAGI is the AGI on line 38 of that form, modified by adding back any: Foreign earned income exclusion, Foreign housing exclusion, Foreign housing deduction, Exclusion of income by bona fide residents of American Samoa, and Exclusion of income by bona fide residents of Puerto Rico. 140ez MAGI when using Form 1040NR. 140ez   If you file Form 1040NR, your MAGI is the AGI on line 36 of that form. 140ez MAGI when using Form 1040NR-EZ. 140ez   If you file Form 1040NR-EZ, your MAGI is the AGI on line 10 of that form. 140ez   If you have any of these adjustments, you can use Worksheet 7-1. 140ez MAGI for a Coverdell ESA , later, to figure your MAGI for Form 1040. 140ez Worksheet 7-1. 140ez MAGI for a Coverdell ESA 1. 140ez Enter your adjusted gross income  (Form 1040, line 38)   1. 140ez   2. 140ez Enter your foreign earned income exclusion and/or housing exclusion (Form 2555, line 45, or Form 2555-EZ, line 18)   2. 140ez       3. 140ez Enter your foreign housing deduction (Form 2555, line 50)   3. 140ez         4. 140ez Enter the amount of income from Puerto Rico you are excluding   4. 140ez       5. 140ez Enter the amount of income from American Samoa you are excluding (Form 4563, line 15)   5. 140ez       6. 140ez Add lines 2, 3, 4, and 5   6. 140ez   7. 140ez Add lines 1 and 6. 140ez This is your  modified adjusted gross income   7. 140ez   Figuring the limit. 140ez    To figure the limit on the amount you can contribute for each designated beneficiary, multiply $2,000 by a fraction. 140ez The numerator (top number) is your MAGI minus $95,000 ($190,000 if filing a joint return). 140ez The denominator (bottom number) is $15,000 ($30,000 if filing a joint return). 140ez Subtract the result from $2,000. 140ez This is the amount you can contribute for each beneficiary. 140ez You can use Worksheet 7-2. 140ez Coverdell ESA Contribution Limit to figure the limit on contributions. 140ez    Worksheet 7-2. 140ez Coverdell ESA Contribution Limit 1. 140ez Maximum contribution   1. 140ez $2,000 2. 140ez Enter your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) for purposes of figuring the contribution limit to a Coverdell ESA (see definition or Worksheet 7-1, earlier)   2. 140ez   3. 140ez Enter $190,000 if married filing jointly; $95,000 for all other filers   3. 140ez   4. 140ez Subtract line 3 from line 2. 140ez If zero or less, enter -0- on line 4, skip lines 5 through 7, and enter $2,000 on line 8   4. 140ez   5. 140ez Enter $30,000 if married filing jointly; $15,000 for all other filers   5. 140ez     Note. 140ez If the amount on line 4 is greater than or equal to the amount on line 5, stop here. 140ez You are not allowed to contribute to a Coverdell ESA for 2013. 140ez       6. 140ez Divide line 4 by line 5 and enter the result as a decimal (rounded to at least 3 places)   6. 140ez . 140ez 7. 140ez Multiply line 1 by line 6   7. 140ez   8. 140ez Subtract line 7 from line 1   8. 140ez   Note: The total Coverdell ESA contributions from all sources for the designated beneficiary during the tax year may not exceed $2,000. 140ez Example. 140ez Paul, who is single, had a MAGI of $96,500 for 2013. 140ez Paul can contribute up to $1,800 in 2013 for each beneficiary, as shown in the illustrated Worksheet 7-2, Coverdell ESA Contribution Limit–Illustrated. 140ez Worksheet 7-2. 140ez Coverdell ESA Contribution Limit—Illustrated 1. 140ez Maximum contribution   1. 140ez $2,000 2. 140ez Enter your modified adjusted gross  income (MAGI) for purposes of figuring the contribution limit to a Coverdell ESA (see definition or Worksheet 7-1, earlier)   2. 140ez 96,500 3. 140ez Enter $190,000 if married filing jointly; $95,000 for all other filers   3. 140ez 95,000 4. 140ez Subtract line 3 from line 2. 140ez If zero or less, enter -0- on line 4, skip lines 5 through 7, and enter $2,000 on line 8   4. 140ez 1,500 5. 140ez Enter $30,000 if married filing jointly; $15,000 for all other filers   5. 140ez 15,000   Note. 140ez If the amount on line 4 is greater than or equal to the amount on line 5,  stop here. 140ez You are not allowed to  contribute to a Coverdell ESA for 2013. 140ez       6. 140ez Divide line 4 by line 5 and enter the result as a decimal (rounded to at least 3 places)   6. 140ez . 140ez 100 7. 140ez Multiply line 1 by line 6   7. 140ez 200 8. 140ez Subtract line 7 from line 1   8. 140ez 1,800 Note: The total Coverdell ESA contributions from all sources for the designated beneficiary during the tax year may not exceed $2,000. 140ez Additional Tax on Excess Contributions The beneficiary must pay a 6% excise tax each year on excess contributions that are in a Coverdell ESA at the end of the year. 140ez Excess contributions are the total of the following two amounts. 140ez Contributions to any designated beneficiary's Coverdell ESA for the year that are more than $2,000 (or, if less, the total of each contributor's limit for the year, as discussed earlier). 140ez Excess contributions for the preceding year, reduced by the total of the following two amounts: Distributions (other than those rolled over as discussed later) during the year, and The contribution limit for the current year minus the amount contributed for the current year. 140ez Exceptions. 140ez   The excise tax does not apply if excess contributions made during 2013 (and any earnings on them) are distributed before the first day of the sixth month of the following tax year (June 1, 2014, for a calendar year taxpayer). 140ez   However, you must include the distributed earnings in gross income for the year in which the excess contribution was made. 140ez You should receive Form 1099-Q, Payments From Qualified Education Programs, from each institution from which excess contributions were distributed. 140ez Box 2 of that form will show the amount of earnings on your excess contributions. 140ez Code “2” or “3” entered in the blank box below boxes 5 and 6 indicate the year in which the earnings are taxable. 140ez See Instructions for Recipient on the back of copy B of your Form 1099-Q. 140ez Enter the amount of earnings on line 21 of Form 1040 (or Form 1040NR) for the applicable tax year. 140ez For more information, see Taxable Distributions , later. 140ez   The excise tax does not apply to any rollover contribution. 140ez Note. 140ez Contributions made in one year for the preceding tax year are considered to have been made on the last day of the preceding year. 140ez Example. 140ez In 2012, Greta's parents and grandparents contributed a total of $2,300 to Greta's Coverdell ESA— an excess contribution of $300. 140ez Because Greta did not withdraw the excess before June 1, 2013, she had to pay an additional tax of $18 (6% × $300) when she filed her 2012 tax return. 140ez In 2013, excess contributions of $500 were made to Greta's account, however, she withdrew $250 from that account to use for qualified education expenses. 140ez Using the steps shown earlier under Additional Tax on Excess Contributions , Greta figures the excess contribution in her account at the end of 2013 as follows. 140ez (1)   $500 excess contributions made in 2013     + (2)   $300 excess contributions in ESA at end of 2012     − (2a)   $250 distribution during 2013         $550 excess at end of 2013   × 6%=$33           If Greta limits 2014 contributions to $1,450 ($2,000 maximum allowed − $550 excess contributions from 2013), she will not owe any additional tax in 2014 for excess contributions. 140ez Figuring and reporting the additional tax. 140ez   You figure this excise tax in Part V of Form 5329. 140ez Report the additional tax on Form 1040, line 58 (or Form 1040NR, line 56). 140ez Rollovers and Other Transfers Assets can be rolled over from one Coverdell ESA to another or the designated beneficiary can be changed. 140ez The beneficiary's interest can be transferred to a spouse or former spouse because of divorce. 140ez Rollovers Any amount distributed from a Coverdell ESA is not taxable if it is rolled over to another Coverdell ESA for the benefit of the same beneficiary or a member of the beneficiary's family (including the beneficiary's spouse) who is under age 30. 140ez This age limitation does not apply if the new beneficiary is a special needs beneficiary. 140ez An amount is rolled over if it is paid to another Coverdell ESA within 60 days after the date of the distribution. 140ez Do not report qualifying rollovers (those that meet the above criteria) anywhere on Form 1040 or 1040NR. 140ez These are not taxable distributions. 140ez Members of the beneficiary's family. 140ez   For these purposes, the beneficiary's family includes the beneficiary's spouse and the following other relatives of the beneficiary. 140ez Son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, adopted child, or a descendant of any of them. 140ez Brother, sister, stepbrother, or stepsister. 140ez Father or mother or ancestor of either. 140ez Stepfather or stepmother. 140ez Son or daughter of a brother or sister. 140ez Brother or sister of father or mother. 140ez Son-in-law, daughter-in-law, father-in-law, mother-in-law, brother-in-law, or sister-in-law. 140ez The spouse of any individual listed above. 140ez First cousin. 140ez Example. 140ez When Aaron graduated from college last year he had $5,000 left in his Coverdell ESA. 140ez He wanted to give this money to his younger sister, who was still in high school. 140ez In order to avoid paying tax on the distribution of the amount remaining in his account, Aaron contributed the same amount to his sister's Coverdell ESA within 60 days of the distribution. 140ez Only one rollover per Coverdell ESA is allowed during the 12-month period ending on the date of the payment or distribution. 140ez This rule does not apply to the rollover of a military death gratuity or payment from Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance (SGLI). 140ez Military death gratuity. 140ez   If you received a military death gratuity or a payment from Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance (SGLI), you may roll over all or part of the amount received to one or more Coverdell ESAs for the benefit of members of the beneficiary's family (see Members of the beneficiary's family , earlier). 140ez Such payments are made to an eligible survivor upon the death of a member of the armed forces. 140ez The contribution to a Coverdell ESA from survivor benefits received cannot be made later than 1 year after the date on which you receive the gratuity or SGLI payment. 140ez   This rollover contribution is not subject to (but is in addition to) the contribution limits discussed earlier under Contribution Limits . 140ez The amount you roll over cannot exceed the total survivor benefits you received, reduced by contributions from these benefits to a Roth IRA or other Coverdell ESAs. 140ez   The amount contributed from the survivor benefits is treated as part of your basis (cost) in the Coverdell ESA, and will not be taxed when distributed. 140ez See Distributions , later. 140ez The limit of one rollover per Coverdell ESA during a 12-month period does not apply to a military death gratuity or SGLI payment. 140ez Changing the Designated Beneficiary The designated beneficiary can be changed. 140ez See Members of the beneficiary's family , earlier. 140ez There are no tax consequences if, at the time of the change, the new beneficiary is under age 30 or is a special needs beneficiary. 140ez Example. 140ez Assume the same situation for Aaron as in the last example (see Rollovers , earlier). 140ez Instead of closing his Coverdell ESA and paying the distribution into his sister's Coverdell ESA, Aaron could have instructed the trustee of his account to simply change the name of the beneficiary on his account to that of his sister. 140ez Transfer Because of Divorce If a spouse or former spouse receives a Coverdell ESA under a divorce or separation instrument, it is not a taxable transfer. 140ez After the transfer, the spouse or former spouse treats the Coverdell ESA as his or her own. 140ez Example. 140ez In their divorce settlement, Peg received her ex-husband's Coverdell ESA. 140ez In this process, the account was transferred into her name. 140ez Peg now treats the funds in this Coverdell ESA as if she were the original owner. 140ez Distributions The designated beneficiary of a Coverdell ESA can take a distribution at any time. 140ez Whether the distributions are tax free depends, in part, on whether the distributions are equal to or less than the amount of Adjusted qualified education expenses (defined later) that the beneficiary has in the same tax year. 140ez See Table 7-3, Coverdell ESA Distributions at a Glance, for highlights. 140ez Table 7-3. 140ez Coverdell ESA Distributions at a Glance Do not rely on this table alone. 140ez It provides only general highlights. 140ez See the text for definitions of terms in bold type and for more complete explanations. 140ez Question Answer Is a distribution from a Coverdell ESA to pay for a designated beneficiary's qualified education expenses tax free? Generally, yes, to the extent the amount of the distribution is not more than the designated beneficiary's adjusted qualified education expenses. 140ez After the designated beneficiary completes his or her education at an eligible educational institution, can amounts remaining in the Coverdell ESA be distributed? Yes. 140ez Amounts must be distributed when the designated beneficiary reaches age 30, unless he or she is a special needs beneficiary. 140ez Also, certain transfers to members of the beneficiary's family are permitted. 140ez Does the designated beneficiary need to be enrolled for a minimum number of courses to take a tax-free distribution? No. 140ez Adjusted qualified education expenses. 140ez   To determine if total distributions for the year are more than the amount of qualified education expenses, reduce total qualified education expenses by any tax-free educational assistance. 140ez Tax-free educational assistance includes: The tax-free part of scholarships and fellowships (see Tax-Free Scholarships and Fellowships in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions), Veterans' educational assistance (see Veterans' Benefits in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions), Pell grants (see Pell Grants and Other Title IV Need-Based Education Grants in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions), Employer-provided educational assistance (see chapter 11, Employer-Provided Educational Assistance ), and Any other nontaxable (tax-free) payments (other than gifts or inheritances) received as educational assistance. 140ez The amount you get by subtracting tax-free educational assistance from your total qualified education expenses is your adjusted qualified education expenses. 140ez Tax-Free Distributions Generally, distributions are tax free if they are not more than the beneficiary's adjusted qualified education expenses for the year. 140ez Do not report tax-free distributions (including qualifying rollovers) on your tax return. 140ez Taxable Distributions A portion of the distributions is generally taxable to the beneficiary if the total distributions are more than the beneficiary's adjusted qualified education expenses for the year. 140ez Excess distribution. 140ez   This is the part of the total distribution that is more than the beneficiary's adjusted qualified education expenses for the year. 140ez Earnings and basis. 140ez   You will receive a Form 1099-Q for each of the Coverdell ESAs from which money was distributed in 2013. 140ez The amount of your gross distribution will be shown in box 1. 140ez For 2013, instead of dividing the gross distribution between your earnings (box 2) and your basis (already-taxed amount) (box 3), the payer or trustee may report the fair market value (account balance) of the Coverdell ESA as of December 31, 2013. 140ez This will be shown in the blank box below boxes 5 and 6. 140ez   The amount contributed from survivor benefits (see Military death gratuity , earlier) is treated as part of your basis and will not be taxed when distributed. 140ez Figuring the Taxable Portion of a Distribution The taxable portion is the amount of the excess distribution that represents earnings that have accumulated tax free in the account. 140ez Figure the taxable portion for 2013 as shown in the following steps. 140ez Multiply the total amount distributed by a fraction. 140ez The numerator is the basis (contributions not previously distributed) at the end of 2012 plus total contributions for 2013 and the denominator is the value (balance) of the account at the end of 2013 plus the amount distributed during 2013. 140ez Subtract the amount figured in (1) from the total amount distributed during 2013. 140ez The result is the amount of earnings included in the distribution(s). 140ez Multiply the amount of earnings figured in (2) by a fraction. 140ez The numerator is the adjusted qualified education expenses paid during 2013 and the denominator is the total amount distributed during 2013. 140ez Subtract the amount figured in (3) from the amount figured in (2). 140ez The result is the amount the beneficiary must include in income. 140ez The taxable amount must be reported on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, line 21. 140ez Example. 140ez You received an $850 distribution from your Coverdell ESA, to which $1,500 had been contributed before 2013. 140ez There were no contributions in 2013. 140ez This is your first distribution from the account, so your basis in the account on December 31, 2012, was $1,500. 140ez The value (balance) of your account on December 31, 2013, was $950. 140ez You had $700 of adjusted qualified education expenses (AQEE) for the year. 140ez Using the steps in Figuring the Taxable Portion of a Distribution , earlier, figure the taxable portion of your distribution as follows. 140ez   1. 140ez $850 (distribution) × $1,500 basis + $0 contributions  $950 value + $850 distribution       =$708 (basis portion of distribution)     2. 140ez $850 (distribution)−$708 (basis portion of distribution)     =$142 (earnings included in distribution)   3. 140ez $142 (earnings) × $700 AQEE  $850 distribution           =$117 (tax-free earnings)     4. 140ez $142 (earnings)−$117 (tax-free earnings)=$25 (taxable earnings)                 You must include $25 in income as distributed earnings not used for qualified education expenses. 140ez Report this amount on Form 1040, line 21, listing the type and amount of income on the dotted line. 140ez Worksheet 7-3, Coverdell ESA–Taxable Distributions and Basis , at the end of this chapter, can help you figure your adjusted qualified education expenses, how much of your distribution must be included in income, and the remaining basis in your Coverdell ESA(s). 140ez Coordination With American Opportunity and Lifetime Learning Credits The American opportunity or lifetime learning credit can be claimed in the same year the beneficiary takes a tax-free distribution from a Coverdell ESA, as long as the same expenses are not used for both benefits. 140ez This means the beneficiary must reduce qualified higher education expenses by tax-free educational assistance, and then further reduce them by any expenses taken into account in determining an American opportunity or lifetime learning credit. 140ez Example. 140ez Derek Green had $5,800 of qualified higher education expenses for 2013, his first year in college. 140ez He paid his college expenses from the following sources. 140ez     Partial tuition scholarship (tax free) $1,500     Coverdell ESA distribution 1,000     Gift from parents 2,100     Earnings from part-time job 1,200           Of his $5,800 of qualified higher education expenses, $4,000 was tuition and related expenses that also qualified for an American opportunity credit. 140ez Derek's parents claimed a $2,500 American opportunity credit (based on $4,000 expenses) on their tax return. 140ez Before Derek can determine the taxable portion of his Coverdell ESA distribution, he must reduce his total qualified higher education expenses. 140ez     Total qualified higher education expenses $5,800     Minus: Tax-free educational assistance −1,500     Minus: Expenses taken into account in  figuring American opportunity credit − 4,000     Equals: Adjusted qualified higher education  expenses (AQHEE) $ 300           Since the adjusted qualified higher education expenses ($300) are less than the Coverdell ESA distribution ($1,000), part of the distribution will be taxable. 140ez The balance in Derek's account was $1,800 on December 31, 2013. 140ez Prior to 2013, $2,100 had been contributed to this account. 140ez Contributions for 2013 totaled $400. 140ez Using the four steps outlined earlier, Derek figures the taxable portion of his distribution as shown below. 140ez   1. 140ez $1,000 (distribution) × $2,100 basis + $400 contributions  $1,800 value + $1,000 distribution           =$893 (basis portion of distribution)     2. 140ez $1,000 (distribution)−$893 (basis portion of distribution)     = $107 (earnings included in distribution)   3. 140ez $107 (earnings) × $300 AQHEE  $1,000 distribution       =$32 (tax-free earnings)     4. 140ez $107 (earnings)−$32 (tax-free earnings)=$75 (taxable earnings)                 Derek must include $75 in income (Form 1040, line 21). 140ez This is the amount of distributed earnings not used for adjusted qualified higher education expenses. 140ez Coordination With Qualified Tuition Program (QTP) Distributions If a designated beneficiary receives distributions from both a Coverdell ESA and a QTP in the same year, and the total distribution is more than the beneficiary's adjusted qualified higher education expenses, those expenses must be allocated between the distribution from the Coverdell ESA and the distribution from the QTP before figuring how much of each distribution is taxable. 140ez The following two examples illustrate possible allocations. 140ez Example 1. 140ez In 2013, Beatrice graduated from high school and began her first semester of college. 140ez That year, she had $1,000 of qualified elementary and secondary education expenses (QESEE) for high school and $3,000 of qualified higher education expenses (QHEE) for college. 140ez To pay these expenses, Beatrice withdrew $800 from her Coverdell ESA and $4,200 from her QTP. 140ez No one claimed Beatrice as a dependent, nor was she eligible for an education credit. 140ez She did not receive any tax-free educational assistance in 2013. 140ez Beatrice must allocate her total qualified education expenses between the two distributions. 140ez Beatrice knows that tax-free treatment will be available if she applies her $800 Coverdell ESA distribution toward her $1,000 of qualified education expenses for high school. 140ez The qualified expenses are greater than the distribution, making the $800 Coverdell ESA distribution tax free. 140ez Next, Beatrice matches her $4,200 QTP distribution to her $3,000 of QHEE, and finds she has an excess QTP distribution of $1,200 ($4,200 QTP − $3,000 QHEE). 140ez She cannot use the extra $200 of high school expenses (from (1) above) against the QTP distribution because those expenses do not qualify a QTP for tax-free treatment. 140ez Finally, Beatrice figures the taxable and tax-free portions of her QTP distribution based on her $3,000 of QHEE. 140ez (See Figuring the Taxable Portion of a Distribution in chapter 8, Qualified Tuition Program for more information. 140ez ) Example 2. 140ez Assume the same facts as in Example 1 , except that Beatrice withdrew $1,800 from her Coverdell ESA and $3,200 from her QTP. 140ez In this case, she allocates her qualified education expenses as follows. 140ez Using the same reasoning as in Example 1, Beatrice matches $1,000 of her Coverdell ESA distribution to her $1,000 of QESEE—she has $800 of her distribution remaining. 140ez Because higher education expenses can also qualify a Coverdell ESA distribution for tax-free treatment, Beatrice allocates her $3,000 of QHEE between the remaining $800 Coverdell ESA and the $3,200 QTP distributions ($4,000 total). 140ez   $3,000 QHEE × $800 ESA distribution  $4,000 total distribution = $600 QHEE (ESA)     $3,000 QHEE × $3,200 QTP distribution  $4,000 total distribution = $2,400 QHEE (QTP)   Beatrice then figures the taxable part of her: Coverdell ESA distribution based on qualified education expenses of $1,600 ($1,000 QESEE + $600 QHEE). 140ez See Figuring the Taxable Portion of a Distribution , earlier, in this chapter. 140ez   QTP distribution based on her $2,400 of QHEE (see Figuring the Taxable Portion of a Distribution in chapter 8, Qualified Tuition Program). 140ez The above examples show two types of allocation between distributions from a Coverdell ESA and a QTP. 140ez However, you do not have to allocate your expenses in the same way. 140ez You can use any reasonable method. 140ez Losses on Coverdell ESA Investments If you have a loss on your investment in a Coverdell ESA, you may be able to deduct the loss on your income tax return. 140ez You can deduct the loss only when all amounts from that account have been distributed and the total distributions are less than your unrecovered basis. 140ez Your basis is the total amount of contributions to that Coverdell ESA. 140ez You claim the loss as a miscellaneous itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 23 (Schedule A (Form 1040NR), line 9), subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit. 140ez If you have distributions from more than one Coverdell ESA account during a year, you must combine the information (amount of distribution, basis, etc. 140ez ) from all such accounts in order to determine your taxable earnings for the year. 140ez By doing this, the loss from one ESA account reduces the distributed earnings (if any) from any other ESA account. 140ez For examples of the calculation, see Losses on QTP Investments in chapter 8, Qualified Tuition Program. 140ez Additional Tax on Taxable Distributions Generally, if you receive a taxable distribution, you also must pay a 10% additional tax on the amount included in income. 140ez Exceptions. 140ez   The 10% additional tax does not apply to distributions: Paid to a beneficiary (or to the estate of the designated beneficiary) on or after the death of the designated beneficiary. 140ez Made because the designated beneficiary is disabled. 140ez A person is considered to be disabled if he or she shows proof that he or she cannot do any substantial gainful activity because of his or her physical or mental condition. 140ez A physician must determine that his or her condition can be expected to result in death or to be of long-continued and indefinite duration. 140ez Included in income because the designated beneficiary received: A tax-free scholarship or fellowship (see Tax-Free Scholarships and Fellowships in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions), Veterans' educational assistance (see Veterans' Benefits in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions), Employer-provided educational assistance (see chapter 11, Employer-Provided Educational Assistance ), or Any other nontaxable (tax-free) payments (other than gifts or inheritances) received as educational assistance. 140ez Made on account of the attendance of the designated beneficiary at a U. 140ez S. 140ez military academy (such as the USMA at West Point). 140ez This exception applies only to the extent that the amount of the distribution does not exceed the costs of advanced education (as defined in section 2005(d)(3) of title 10 of the U. 140ez S. 140ez Code) attributable to such attendance. 140ez Included in income only because the qualified education expenses were taken into account in determining the American opportunity or lifetime learning credit (see Coordination With American Opportunity and Lifetime Learning Credits , earlier). 140ez Made before June 1, 2014, of an excess 2013 contribution (and any earnings on it). 140ez The distributed earnings must be included in gross income for the year in which the excess contribution was made. 140ez Exception (3) applies only to the extent the distribution is not more than the scholarship, allowance, or payment. 140ez Figuring the additional tax. 140ez    Use Part II of Form 5329, to figure any additional tax. 140ez Report the amount on Form 1040, line 58, or Form 1040NR, line 56. 140ez When Assets Must Be Distributed Any assets remaining in a Coverdell ESA must be distributed when either one of the following two events occurs. 140ez The designated beneficiary reaches age 30. 140ez In this case, the remaining assets must be distributed within 30 days after the beneficiary reaches age 30. 140ez However, this rule does not apply if the beneficiary is a special needs beneficiary. 140ez The designated beneficiary dies before reaching age 30. 140ez In this case, the remaining assets must generally be distributed within 30 days after the date of death. 140ez Exception for Transfer to Surviving Spouse or Family Member If a Coverdell ESA is transferred to a surviving spouse or other family member as the result of the death of the designated beneficiary, the Coverdell ESA retains its status. 140ez (“Family member” was defined earlier under Rollovers . 140ez ) This means the spouse or other family member can treat the Coverdell ESA as his or her own and does not need to withdraw the assets until he or she reaches age 30. 140ez This age limitation does not apply if the new beneficiary is a special needs beneficiary. 140ez There are no tax consequences as a result of the transfer. 140ez How To Figure the Taxable Earnings When a total distribution is made because the designated beneficiary either reached age 30 or died, the earnings that accumulated tax free in the account must be included in taxable income. 140ez You determine these earnings as shown in the following two steps. 140ez Multiply the amount distributed by a fraction. 140ez The numerator is the basis (contributions not previously distributed) at the end of 2012 plus total contributions for 2013 and the denominator is the balance in the account at the end of 2013 plus the amount distributed during 2013. 140ez Subtract the amount figured in (1) from the total amount distributed during 2013. 140ez The result is the amount of earnings included in the distribution. 140ez For an example, see steps (1) and (2) of the Example under Figuring the Taxable Portion of a Distribution, earlier. 140ez The beneficiary or other person receiving the distribution must report this amount on Form 1040, line 21, or Form 1040NR, line 21, listing the type and amount of income on the dotted line. 140ez Worksheet 7-3 Instructions. 140ez Coverdell ESA—Taxable Distributions and Basis Line G. 140ez Enter the total distributions received from all Coverdell ESAs during 2013. 140ez Do not include amounts rolled over to another ESA within 60 days (only one rollover is allowed during any 12-month period). 140ez Also, do not include excess contributions that were distributed with the related earnings (or less any loss) before the first day of the sixth month of the tax year following the year for which the contributions were made. 140ez Line 2. 140ez Your basis (amount already taxed) in this Coverdell ESA as of December 31, 2012, is the total of:   •All contributions to this Coverdell ESA before 2013 •Minus the tax-free portion of any distributions from this Coverdell ESA before 2013. 140ez   If your last distribution from this Coverdell ESA was before 2013, you must start with the basis in your account as of the end of the last year in which you took a distribution. 140ez For years before 2002, you can find that amount on the last line of the worksheet in the Instructions for Form 8606, Nondeductible IRAs, that you completed for that year. 140ez For years after 2001, you can find that amount by using the ending basis from the worksheet in Publication 970 for that year. 140ez You can determine your basis in this Coverdell ESA as of December 31, 2012, by adding to the basis as of the end of that year any contributions made to that account after the year of the distribution and before 2013. 140ez Line 4. 140ez Enter the total distributions received from this Coverdell ESA in 2013. 140ez Do not include amounts rolled over to another Coverdell ESA within 60 days (only one rollover is allowed during any 12-month period). 140ez   Also, do not include excess contributions that were distributed with the related earnings (or less any loss) before the first day of the sixth month of the tax year following the year of the contributions. 140ez Line 7. 140ez Enter the total value of this Coverdell ESA as of December 31, 2013, plus any outstanding rollovers contributed to the account after 2012, but before the end of the 60-day rollover period. 140ez A statement should be sent to you by January 31, 2014, for this Coverdell ESA showing the value on December 31, 2013. 140ez   A rollover is a tax-free withdrawal from one Coverdell ESA that is contributed to another Coverdell ESA. 140ez An outstanding rollover is any amount withdrawn within 60 days before the end of 2013 (November 2 through December 31) that was rolled over after December 31, 2013, but within the 60-day rollover period. 140ez Worksheet 7-3. 140ez Coverdell ESA—Taxable Distributions and Basis How to complete this worksheet. 140ez • • • Complete Part I, lines A through H, on only one worksheet. 140ez  Complete a separate Part II, lines 1 through 15, for each of your Coverdell ESAs. 140ez  Complete Part III, the Summary (line 16), on only one worksheet. 140ez Part I. 140ez Qualified Education Expenses (Complete for total expenses)       A. 140ez Enter your total qualified education expenses for 2013   A. 140ez   B. 140ez Enter those qualified education expenses paid for with tax-free educational assistance (for example, tax-free scholarships, veterans' educational benefits, Pell grants, employer-provided educational assistance)   B. 140ez         C. 140ez Enter those qualified higher education expenses deducted on Schedule C or C-EZ (Form 1040). 140ez Schedule F (Form 1040), or as a miscellaneous itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040 or 1040NR)   C. 140ez         D. 140ez Enter those qualified higher education expenses on which  an American opportunity or lifetime learning credit was based   D. 140ez         E. 140ez Add lines B, C, and D   D. 140ez   F. 140ez Subtract line E from line A. 140ez This is your adjusted qualified education expense for 2013   E. 140ez   G. 140ez Enter your total distributions from all Coverdell ESAs during 2013. 140ez Do not include rollovers  or the return of excess contributions (see instructions)   F. 140ez   H. 140ez Divide line F by line G. 140ez Enter the result as a decimal (rounded to at least 3 places). 140ez If the  result is 1. 140ez 000 or more, enter 1. 140ez 000   G. 140ez . 140ez Part II. 140ez Taxable Distributions and Basis (Complete separately for each account) 1. 140ez Enter the amount contributed to this Coverdell ESA for 2013, including contributions made for 2013 from January 1, 2014, through April 15, 2014. 140ez Do not include rollovers or the return of excess contributions   1. 140ez   2. 140ez Enter your basis in this Coverdell ESA as of December 31, 2012 (see instructions)   2. 140ez   3. 140ez Add lines 1 and 2   3. 140ez   4. 140ez Enter the total distributions from this Coverdell ESA during 2013. 140ez Do not include rollovers  or the return of excess contributions (see instructions)   4. 140ez   5. 140ez Multiply line 4 by line H. 140ez This is the amount of adjusted qualified  education expense attributable to this Coverdell ESA   5. 140ez         6. 140ez Subtract line 5 from line 4   6. 140ez         7. 140ez Enter the total value of this Coverdell ESA as of December 31, 2013,  plus any outstanding rollovers (see instructions)   7. 140ez         8. 140ez Add lines 4 and 7   8. 140ez         9. 140ez Divide line 3 by line 8. 140ez Enter the result as a decimal (rounded to  at least 3 places). 140ez If the result is 1. 140ez 000 or more, enter 1. 140ez 000   9. 140ez . 140ez       10. 140ez Multiply line 4 by line 9. 140ez This is the amount of basis allocated to your  distributions, and is tax free   10. 140ez     Note. 140ez If line 6 is zero, skip lines 11 through 13, enter -0- on line 14, and go to line 15. 140ez       11. 140ez Subtract line 10 from line 4   11. 140ez   12. 140ez Divide line 5 by line 4. 140ez Enter the result as a decimal (rounded to  at least 3 places). 140ez If the result is 1. 140ez 000 or more, enter 1. 140ez 000   12. 140ez . 140ez       13. 140ez Multiply line 11 by line 12. 140ez This is the amount of qualified education  expenses allocated to your distributions, and is tax free   13. 140ez   14. 140ez Subtract line 13 from line 11. 140ez This is the portion of the distributions from this  Coverdell ESA in 2013 that you must include in income   14. 140ez   15. 140ez Subtract line 10 from line 3. 140ez This is your basis in this Coverdell ESA as of December 31, 2013   15. 140ez   Part III. 140ez Summary (Complete only once)       16. 140ez Taxable amount. 140ez Add together all amounts on line 14 for all your Coverdell ESAs. 140ez Enter here  and include on Form 1040, line 21, or Form 1040NR, line 21, listing the type and amount of income on the dotted line   16. 140ez   Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The 140ez

140ez Index A Additional Medicare Tax, Reminders, Additional Medicare Tax withholding. 140ez Adjustments, Reporting Adjustments to Form 941-SS, 944-SS, 944, or 943 Agricultural labor, Deposits. 140ez Aliens, nonresidents, Deposits. 140ez Assistance (see Tax help) C Calendar, Calendar Comments on publication, Comments and suggestions. 140ez Common-law employee, Employee status under common law. 140ez Corrected wage and tax statement, Correcting Forms W-2AS, W-2CM, W-2GU, W-2VI, and Form W-3SS. 140ez Crew leaders, Farm Crew Leaders Current period adjustments, Current Period Adjustments D Deposit How to deposit, How To Deposit Penalties, Deposit Penalties Period, Deposit Period Requirements, 8. 140ez Depositing Taxes Rules $100,000 next-day deposit, $100,000 Next-Day Deposit Rule Accuracy of deposits, Accuracy of Deposits Rule Schedules Monthly, Monthly Deposit Schedule Semiweekly, Semiweekly Deposit Schedule When to deposit, When To Deposit E Electronic deposits, Electronic deposit requirement. 140ez Electronic filing and payment, Reminders Employee, 2. 140ez Who Are Employees? Employer identification number (EIN), 1. 140ez Employer Identification Number (EIN) F Family employees, Deposits. 140ez Farm crew leaders, Farm Crew Leaders Farmworkers, 6. 140ez Social Security and Medicare Taxes for Farmworkers, Employers of farmworkers. 140ez Federal employees, Deposits. 140ez Fishing, Deposits. 140ez Form, Calendar, Lookback period for employers of nonfarm workers. 140ez 4070, 5. 140ez Tips 4070A, 5. 140ez Tips 8274, Deposits. 140ez 940, Calendar 941-SS, Calendar, Current Period Adjustments 941-X, Adjustments to lookback period taxes. 140ez 943, Calendar 943-X, Adjustments to lookback period taxes. 140ez 944-X, Adjustments to lookback period taxes. 140ez Schedule H (Form 1040), Household employers reporting social security and Medicare taxes. 140ez SS-4, 1. 140ez Employer Identification Number (EIN) SS-5, Reminders, Employee's social security card. 140ez SS-8, IRS help. 140ez W-2c, Employee's social security card. 140ez , Correcting Forms W-2AS, W-2CM, W-2GU, W-2VI, and Form W-3SS. 140ez Fringe benefits, Fringe Benefits, Deposits. 140ez FUTA tax, 11. 140ez Federal Unemployment (FUTA) Tax—U. 140ez S. 140ez Virgin Islands Employers Only G Government employees, nonfederal, Deposits. 140ez Group-term life insurance, Deposits. 140ez H Help (see Tax help) Hiring new employees, Reminders Homeworkers, Deposits. 140ez Hospital interns, Deposits. 140ez Household employers, Household employers reporting social security and Medicare taxes. 140ez Household workers, Household employers reporting social security and Medicare taxes. 140ez , Deposits. 140ez How to deposit, How To Deposit I Insurance agents, Deposits. 140ez IRS help (employee v. 140ez subcontractor), IRS help. 140ez L Lookback period Farmworkers, Lookback period for employers of farmworkers. 140ez Nonfarm workers, Lookback period for employers of nonfarm workers. 140ez M Meals and lodging, Deposits. 140ez Ministers, Deposits. 140ez Monthly deposit schedule, Monthly Deposit Schedule Moving expenses, Deposits. 140ez N Newspaper delivery, Deposits. 140ez Noncash payments, Deposits. 140ez Nonprofit organizations, Deposits. 140ez P Partners, Deposits. 140ez Penalties, Deposit Penalties Pension plans, Deposits. 140ez Prior period adjustments, Prior Period Adjustments Private delivery services, Reminders Publications (see Tax help) R Recordkeeping, Reminders Religious orders, Deposits. 140ez Retirement and pension plans, Deposits. 140ez S Salespersons, Deposits. 140ez Scholarships and fellowships, Deposits. 140ez Semiweekly deposit schedule, Semiweekly Deposit Schedule Severance pay, Deposits. 140ez Sick pay, Sick pay. 140ez , Sick pay payments. 140ez , Deposits. 140ez Social security number (SSN), 3. 140ez Employee's Social Security Number (SSN) Statutory employee, Statutory employees. 140ez Statutory nonemployee, Statutory nonemployees. 140ez Students, Deposits. 140ez Suggestions for publication, Comments and suggestions. 140ez Supplemental unemployment compensation benefits, Deposits. 140ez T Tax help, How To Get Tax Help Tax Help, Tax help. 140ez Taxes paid by employer, Employee's portion of taxes paid by employer. 140ez Tips, 5. 140ez Tips, Deposits. 140ez Travel and business expenses, Travel and business expenses. 140ez Trust fund recovery penalty, Trust fund recovery penalty. 140ez W Wage and Tax Statement, 10. 140ez Wage and Tax Statements Prev  Up     Home   More Online Publications