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1040ez 2010

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1040ez 2010

1040ez 2010 4. 1040ez 2010   Figuring Depreciation Under MACRS Table of Contents Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Which Depreciation System (GDS or ADS) Applies? Which Property Class Applies Under GDS?Rent-to-own dealer. 1040ez 2010 Rent-to-own contract. 1040ez 2010 What Is the Placed in Service Date? What Is the Basis for Depreciation? Which Recovery Period Applies?Recovery Periods Under GDS Recovery Periods Under ADS Additions and Improvements Which Convention Applies? Which Depreciation Method Applies?Depreciation Methods for Farm Property Electing a Different Method How Is the Depreciation Deduction Figured?Using the MACRS Percentage Tables Figuring the Deduction Without Using the Tables Figuring the Deduction for Property Acquired in a Nontaxable Exchange Figuring the Deduction for a Short Tax Year How Do You Use General Asset Accounts?Grouping Property Figuring Depreciation for a GAA Disposing of GAA Property Terminating GAA Treatment Electing To Use a GAA When Do You Recapture MACRS Depreciation? Introduction The Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS) is used to recover the basis of most business and investment property placed in service after 1986. 1040ez 2010 MACRS consists of two depreciation systems, the General Depreciation System (GDS) and the Alternative Depreciation System (ADS). 1040ez 2010 Generally, these systems provide different methods and recovery periods to use in figuring depreciation deductions. 1040ez 2010 To be sure you can use MACRS to figure depreciation for your property, see What Method Can You Use To Depreciate Your Property in chapter 1. 1040ez 2010 This chapter explains how to determine which MACRS depreciation system applies to your property. 1040ez 2010 It also discusses other information you need to know before you can figure depreciation under MACRS. 1040ez 2010 This information includes the property's recovery class, placed in service date, and basis, as well as the applicable recovery period, convention, and depreciation method. 1040ez 2010 It explains how to use this information to figure your depreciation deduction and how to use a general asset account to depreciate a group of properties. 1040ez 2010 Finally, it explains when and how to recapture MACRS depreciation. 1040ez 2010 Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 225 Farmer's Tax Guide 463 Travel, Entertainment, Gift, and Car  Expenses 544 Sales and Other Dispositions of Assets 551 Basis of Assets 587 Business Use of Your Home (Including Use by Daycare Providers) Form (and Instructions) 2106 Employee Business Expenses 2106-EZ Unreimbursed Employee Business Expenses 4562 Depreciation and Amortization See chapter 6 for information about getting publications and forms. 1040ez 2010 Which Depreciation System (GDS or ADS) Applies? Your use of either the General Depreciation System (GDS) or the Alternative Depreciation System (ADS) to depreciate property under MACRS determines what depreciation method and recovery period you use. 1040ez 2010 You generally must use GDS unless you are specifically required by law to use ADS or you elect to use ADS. 1040ez 2010 If you placed your property in service in 2013, complete Part III of Form 4562 to report depreciation using MACRS. 1040ez 2010 Complete section B of Part III to report depreciation using GDS, and complete section C of Part III to report depreciation using ADS. 1040ez 2010 If you placed your property in service before 2013 and are required to file Form 4562, report depreciation using either GDS or ADS on line 17 in Part III. 1040ez 2010 Required use of ADS. 1040ez 2010   You must use ADS for the following property. 1040ez 2010 Listed property used 50% or less in a qualified business use. 1040ez 2010 See chapter 5 for information on listed property. 1040ez 2010 Any tangible property used predominantly outside the United States during the year. 1040ez 2010 Any tax-exempt use property. 1040ez 2010 Any tax-exempt bond-financed property. 1040ez 2010 All property used predominantly in a farming business and placed in service in any tax year during which an election not to apply the uniform capitalization rules to certain farming costs is in effect. 1040ez 2010 Any property imported from a foreign country for which an Executive Order is in effect because the country maintains trade restrictions or engages in other discriminatory acts. 1040ez 2010 If you are required to use ADS to depreciate your property, you cannot claim any special depreciation allowance (discussed in chapter 3) for the property. 1040ez 2010 Electing ADS. 1040ez 2010   Although your property may qualify for GDS, you can elect to use ADS. 1040ez 2010 The election generally must cover all property in the same property class that you placed in service during the year. 1040ez 2010 However, the election for residential rental property and nonresidential real property can be made on a property-by-property basis. 1040ez 2010 Once you make this election, you can never revoke it. 1040ez 2010   You make the election by completing line 20 in Part III of Form 4562. 1040ez 2010 Which Property Class Applies Under GDS? The following is a list of the nine property classifications under GDS and examples of the types of property included in each class. 1040ez 2010 These property classes are also listed under column (a) in section B, Part III, of Form 4562. 1040ez 2010 For detailed information on property classes, see Appendix B, Table of Class Lives and Recovery Periods, in this publication. 1040ez 2010 3-year property. 1040ez 2010 Tractor units for over-the-road use. 1040ez 2010 Any race horse over 2 years old when placed in service. 1040ez 2010 (All race horses placed in service after December 31, 2008, and before January 1, 2014, are deemed to be 3-year property, regardless of age. 1040ez 2010 ) Any other horse (other than a race horse) over 12 years old when placed in service. 1040ez 2010 Qualified rent-to-own property (defined later). 1040ez 2010 5-year property. 1040ez 2010 Automobiles, taxis, buses, and trucks. 1040ez 2010 Computers and peripheral equipment. 1040ez 2010 Office machinery (such as typewriters, calculators, and copiers). 1040ez 2010 Any property used in research and experimentation. 1040ez 2010 Breeding cattle and dairy cattle. 1040ez 2010 Appliances, carpets, furniture, etc. 1040ez 2010 , used in a residential rental real estate activity. 1040ez 2010 Certain geothermal, solar, and wind energy property. 1040ez 2010 7-year property. 1040ez 2010 Office furniture and fixtures (such as desks, files, and safes). 1040ez 2010 Agricultural machinery and equipment. 1040ez 2010 Any property that does not have a class life and has not been designated by law as being in any other class. 1040ez 2010 Certain motorsports entertainment complex property (defined later) placed in service before January 1, 2014. 1040ez 2010 Any natural gas gathering line placed in service after April 11, 2005. 1040ez 2010 See Natural gas gathering line and electric transmission property , later. 1040ez 2010 10-year property. 1040ez 2010 Vessels, barges, tugs, and similar water transportation equipment. 1040ez 2010 Any single purpose agricultural or horticultural structure. 1040ez 2010 Any tree or vine bearing fruits or nuts. 1040ez 2010 Qualified small electric meter and qualified smart electric grid system (defined later) placed in service on or after October 3, 2008. 1040ez 2010 15-year property. 1040ez 2010 Certain improvements made directly to land or added to it (such as shrubbery, fences, roads, sidewalks, and bridges). 1040ez 2010 Any retail motor fuels outlet (defined later), such as a convenience store. 1040ez 2010 Any municipal wastewater treatment plant. 1040ez 2010 Any qualified leasehold improvement property (defined later) placed in service before January 1, 2014. 1040ez 2010 Any qualified restaurant property (defined later) placed in service before January 1, 2014. 1040ez 2010 Initial clearing and grading land improvements for gas utility property. 1040ez 2010 Electric transmission property (that is section 1245 property) used in the transmission at 69 or more kilovolts of electricity placed in service after April 11, 2005. 1040ez 2010 See Natural gas gathering line and electric transmission property , later. 1040ez 2010 Any natural gas distribution line placed in service after April 11, 2005 and before January 1, 2011. 1040ez 2010 Any qualified retail improvement property placed in service before January 1, 2014. 1040ez 2010 20-year property. 1040ez 2010 Farm buildings (other than single purpose agricultural or horticultural structures). 1040ez 2010 Municipal sewers not classified as 25-year property. 1040ez 2010 Initial clearing and grading land improvements for electric utility transmission and distribution plants. 1040ez 2010 25-year property. 1040ez 2010 This class is water utility property, which is either of the following. 1040ez 2010 Property that is an integral part of the gathering, treatment, or commercial distribution of water, and that, without regard to this provision, would be 20-year property. 1040ez 2010 Municipal sewers other than property placed in service under a binding contract in effect at all times since June 9, 1996. 1040ez 2010 Residential rental property. 1040ez 2010 This is any building or structure, such as a rental home (including a mobile home), if 80% or more of its gross rental income for the tax year is from dwelling units. 1040ez 2010 A dwelling unit is a house or apartment used to provide living accommodations in a building or structure. 1040ez 2010 It does not include a unit in a hotel, motel, or other establishment where more than half the units are used on a transient basis. 1040ez 2010 If you occupy any part of the building or structure for personal use, its gross rental income includes the fair rental value of the part you occupy. 1040ez 2010 Nonresidential real property. 1040ez 2010 This is section 1250 property, such as an office building, store, or warehouse, that is neither residential rental property nor property with a class life of less than 27. 1040ez 2010 5 years. 1040ez 2010 Qualified rent-to-own property. 1040ez 2010   Qualified rent-to-own property is property held by a rent-to-own dealer for purposes of being subject to a rent-to-own contract. 1040ez 2010 It is tangible personal property generally used in the home for personal use. 1040ez 2010 It includes computers and peripheral equipment, televisions, videocassette recorders, stereos, camcorders, appliances, furniture, washing machines and dryers, refrigerators, and other similar consumer durable property. 1040ez 2010 Consumer durable property does not include real property, aircraft, boats, motor vehicles, or trailers. 1040ez 2010   If some of the property you rent to others under a rent-to-own agreement is of a type that may be used by the renters for either personal or business purposes, you still can treat this property as qualified property as long as it does not represent a significant portion of your leasing property. 1040ez 2010 However, if this dual-use property does represent a significant portion of your leasing property, you must prove that this property is qualified rent-to-own property. 1040ez 2010 Rent-to-own dealer. 1040ez 2010   You are a rent-to-own dealer if you meet all the following requirements. 1040ez 2010 You regularly enter into rent-to-own contracts (defined below) in the ordinary course of your business for the use of consumer property. 1040ez 2010 A substantial portion of these contracts end with the customer returning the property before making all the payments required to transfer ownership. 1040ez 2010 The property is tangible personal property of a type generally used within the home for personal use. 1040ez 2010 Rent-to-own contract. 1040ez 2010   This is any lease for the use of consumer property between a rent-to-own dealer and a customer who is an individual which— Is titled “Rent-to-Own Agreement,” “Lease Agreement with Ownership Option,” or other similar language. 1040ez 2010 Provides a beginning date and a maximum period of time, not to exceed 156 weeks or 36 months from the beginning date, for which the contract can be in effect (including renewals or options to extend). 1040ez 2010 Provides for regular periodic (weekly or monthly) payments that can be either level or decreasing. 1040ez 2010 If the payments are decreasing, no payment can be less than 40% of the largest payment. 1040ez 2010 Provides for total payments that generally exceed the normal retail price of the property plus interest. 1040ez 2010 Provides for total payments that do not exceed $10,000 for each item of property. 1040ez 2010 Provides that the customer has no legal obligation to make all payments outlined in the contract and that, at the end of each weekly or monthly payment period, the customer can either continue to use the property by making the next payment or return the property in good working order with no further obligations and no entitlement to a return of any prior payments. 1040ez 2010 Provides that legal title to the property remains with the rent-to-own dealer until the customer makes either all the required payments or the early purchase payments required under the contract to acquire legal title. 1040ez 2010 Provides that the customer has no right to sell, sublease, mortgage, pawn, pledge, or otherwise dispose of the property until all contract payments have been made. 1040ez 2010 Motorsports entertainment complex. 1040ez 2010   This is a racing track facility permanently situated on land that hosts one or more racing events for automobiles, trucks, or motorcycles during the 36-month period after the first day of the month in which the facility is placed in service. 1040ez 2010 The events must be open to the public for the price of admission. 1040ez 2010 Qualified smart electric grid system. 1040ez 2010   A qualified smart electric grid system means any smart grid property used as part of a system for electric distribution grid communications, monitoring, and management placed in service after October 3, 2008, by a taxpayer who is a supplier of electrical energy or a provider of electrical energy services. 1040ez 2010 Smart grid property includes electronics and related equipment that is capable of: Sensing, collecting, and monitoring data of or from all portions of a utility's electric distribution grid, Providing real-time, two-way communications to monitor or to manage the grid, and Providing real-time analysis of an event prediction based on collected data that can be used to provide electric distribution system reliability, quality, and performance. 1040ez 2010 Retail motor fuels outlet. 1040ez 2010   Real property is a retail motor fuels outlet if it is used to a substantial extent in the retail marketing of petroleum or petroleum products (whether or not it is also used to sell food or other convenience items) and meets any one of the following three tests. 1040ez 2010 It is not larger than 1,400 square feet. 1040ez 2010 50% or more of the gross revenues generated from the property are derived from petroleum sales. 1040ez 2010 50% or more of the floor space in the property is devoted to petroleum marketing sales. 1040ez 2010 A retail motor fuels outlet does not include any facility related to petroleum and natural gas trunk pipelines. 1040ez 2010 Qualified leasehold improvement property. 1040ez 2010    Generally, this is any improvement to an interior part of a building (placed in service before January 1, 2014) that is nonresidential real property, provided all of the requirements discussed in chapter 3 under Qualified leasehold improvement property are met. 1040ez 2010   In addition, an improvement made by the lessor does not qualify as qualified leasehold improvement property to any subsequent owner unless it is acquired from the original lessor by reason of the lessor's death or in any of the following types of transactions. 1040ez 2010 A transaction to which section 381(a) applies, A mere change in the form of conducting the trade or business so long as the property is retained in the trade or business as qualified leasehold improvement property and the taxpayer retains a substantial interest in the trade or business, A like-kind exchange, involuntary conversion, or reacquisition of real property to the extent that the basis in the property represents the carryover basis, or Certain nonrecognition transactions to the extent that your basis in the property is determined by reference to the transferor's or distributor's basis in the property. 1040ez 2010 Examples include the following. 1040ez 2010 A complete liquidation of a subsidiary. 1040ez 2010 A transfer to a corporation controlled by the transferor. 1040ez 2010 An exchange of property by a corporation solely for stock or securities in another corporation in a reorganization. 1040ez 2010 Qualified restaurant property. 1040ez 2010   Qualified restaurant property is any section 1250 property that is a building placed in service after December 31, 2008, and before January 1, 2014. 1040ez 2010 Also, more than 50% of the building's square footage must be devoted to preparation of meals and seating for on-premises consumption of prepared meals. 1040ez 2010 Qualified smart electric meter. 1040ez 2010   A qualified smart electric meter is any time-based meter and related communication equipment which is placed in service by a supplier of electric energy or a provider of electric energy services and which is capable of being used by you as part of a system that: Measures and records electricity usage data on a time-differentiated basis in at least 24 separate time segments per day; Provides for the exchange of information between the supplier or provider and the customer's smart electric meter in support of time-based rates or other forms of demand response; Provides data to the supplier or provider so that the supplier or provider can provide energy usage information to customers electronically, and Provides all commercial and residential customers of such supplier or provider with net metering. 1040ez 2010 Net metering means allowing a customer a credit, if any, as complies with applicable federal and state laws and regulations for providing electricity to the supplier or provider. 1040ez 2010 Natural gas gathering line and electric transmission property. 1040ez 2010   Any natural gas gathering line placed in service after April 11, 2005, is treated as 7-year property, and electric transmission property (that is section 1245 property) used in the transmission at 69 or more kilovolts of electricity and any natural gas distribution line placed in service after April 11, 2005, are treated as 15-year property, if the following requirements are met. 1040ez 2010 The original use of the property must have begun with you after April 11, 2005. 1040ez 2010 Original use means the first use to which the property is put, whether or not by you. 1040ez 2010 Therefore, property used by any person before April 12, 2005, is not original use. 1040ez 2010 Original use includes additional capital expenditures you incurred to recondition or rebuild your property. 1040ez 2010 However, original use does not include the cost of reconditioned or rebuilt property you acquired. 1040ez 2010 Property containing used parts will not be treated as reconditioned or rebuilt if the cost of the used parts is not more than 20% of the total cost of the property. 1040ez 2010 The property must not be placed in service under a binding contract in effect before April 12, 2005. 1040ez 2010 The property must not be self-constructed property (property you manufacture, construct, or produce for your own use), if you began the manufacture, construction, or production of the property before April 12, 2005. 1040ez 2010 Property that is manufactured, constructed, or produced for your use by another person under a written binding contract entered into by you or a related party before the manufacture, construction, or production of the property is considered to be manufactured, constructed, or produced by you. 1040ez 2010 What Is the Placed in Service Date? You begin to claim depreciation when your property is placed in service for either use in a trade or business or the production of income. 1040ez 2010 The placed in service date for your property is the date the property is ready and available for a specific use. 1040ez 2010 It is therefore not necessarily the date it is first used. 1040ez 2010 If you converted property held for personal use to use in a trade or business or for the production of income, treat the property as being placed in service on the conversion date. 1040ez 2010 See Placed in Service under When Does Depreciation Begin and End in chapter 1 for examples illustrating when property is placed in service. 1040ez 2010 What Is the Basis for Depreciation? The basis for depreciation of MACRS property is the property's cost or other basis multiplied by the percentage of business/investment use. 1040ez 2010 For a discussion of business/investment use, see Partial business or investment use under Property Used in Your Business or Income-Producing Activity in chapter 1 . 1040ez 2010 Reduce that amount by any credits and deductions allocable to the property. 1040ez 2010 The following are examples of some credits and deductions that reduce basis. 1040ez 2010 Any deduction for section 179 property. 1040ez 2010 Any deduction under section 179B of the Internal Revenue Code for capital costs to comply with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur regulations. 1040ez 2010 Any deduction under section 179C of the Internal Revenue Code for certain qualified refinery property placed in service after August 8, 2005, and before January 1, 2014. 1040ez 2010 Any deduction under section 179D of the Internal Revenue Code for certain energy efficient commercial building property placed in service after December 31, 2005, and before January 1, 2014. 1040ez 2010 Any deduction under section 179E of the Internal Revenue Code for qualified advanced mine safety equipment property placed in service after December 20, 2006, and before January 1, 2014 . 1040ez 2010 Any deduction for removal of barriers to the disabled and the elderly. 1040ez 2010 Any disabled access credit, enhanced oil recovery credit, and credit for employer-provided childcare facilities and services. 1040ez 2010 Any special depreciation allowance. 1040ez 2010 Basis adjustment for investment credit property under section 50(c) of the Internal Revenue Code. 1040ez 2010 For additional credits and deductions that affect basis, see section 1016 of the Internal Revenue Code. 1040ez 2010 Enter the basis for depreciation under column (c) in Part III of Form 4562. 1040ez 2010 For information about how to determine the cost or other basis of property, see What Is the Basis of Your Depreciable Property in chapter 1 . 1040ez 2010 Which Recovery Period Applies? The recovery period of property is the number of years over which you recover its cost or other basis. 1040ez 2010 It is determined based on the depreciation system (GDS or ADS) used. 1040ez 2010 Recovery Periods Under GDS Under GDS, property that is not qualified Indian reservation property is depreciated over one of the following recovery periods. 1040ez 2010 Property Class Recovery Period 3-year property   3 years 1   5-year property   5 years     7-year property   7 years     10-year property   10 years     15-year property   15 years 2   20-year property   20 years     25-year property   25 years 3   Residential rental property   27. 1040ez 2010 5 years     Nonresidential real property   39 years 4   15 years for qualified rent-to-own property placed in service before August 6, 1997. 1040ez 2010 239 years for property that is a retail motor fuels outlet placed in service before August 20, 1996 (31. 1040ez 2010 5 years if placed in service before May 13, 1993), unless you elected to depreciate it over 15 years. 1040ez 2010 320 years for property placed in service before June 13, 1996, or under a binding contract in effect before June 10, 1996. 1040ez 2010 431. 1040ez 2010 5 years for property placed in service before May 13, 1993 (or before January 1, 1994, if the purchase or construction of the property is under a binding contract in effect before May 13, 1993, or if construction began before May 13, 1993). 1040ez 2010 The GDS recovery periods for property not listed above can be found in Appendix B, Table of Class Lives and Recovery Periods. 1040ez 2010 Residential rental property and nonresidential real property are defined earlier under Which Depreciation System (GDS or ADS) Applies. 1040ez 2010 Enter the appropriate recovery period on Form 4562 under column (d) in section B of Part III, unless already shown (for 25-year property, residential rental property, and nonresidential real property). 1040ez 2010 Office in the home. 1040ez 2010   If your home is a personal-use single family residence and you begin to use part of your home as an office, depreciate that part of your home as nonresidential real property over 39 years (31. 1040ez 2010 5 years if you began using it for business before May 13, 1993). 1040ez 2010 However, if your home is an apartment in an apartment building that you own and the building is residential rental property as defined earlier under Which Depreciation System (GDS or ADS) Applies , depreciate the part used as an office as residential rental property over 27. 1040ez 2010 5 years. 1040ez 2010 See Publication 587 for a discussion of the tests you must meet to claim expenses, including depreciation, for the business use of your home. 1040ez 2010 Home changed to rental use. 1040ez 2010   If you begin to rent a home that was your personal home before 1987, you depreciate it as residential rental property over 27. 1040ez 2010 5 years. 1040ez 2010 Indian Reservation Property The recovery periods for qualified property you placed in service on an Indian reservation after 1993 and before 2014 are shorter than those listed earlier. 1040ez 2010 The following table shows these shorter recovery periods. 1040ez 2010 Property Class Recovery  Period 3-year property 2 years 5-year property 3 years 7-year property 4 years 10-year property 6 years 15-year property 9 years 20-year property 12 years Nonresidential real property 22 years Nonresidential real property is defined earlier under Which Property Class Applies Under GDS . 1040ez 2010 Use this chart to find the correct percentage table to use for qualified Indian reservation property. 1040ez 2010 IF your recovery period is: THEN use the following table in Appendix A: 2 years A-21 3 years A-1, A-2, A-3, A-4, or A-5 4 years A-22 6 years A-23 9 years A-14, A-15, A-16, A-17, or A-18 12 years A-14, A-15, A-16, A-17, or A-18 22 years A-24 Qualified property. 1040ez 2010   Property eligible for the shorter recovery periods are 3-, 5-, 7-, 10-, 15-, and 20-year property and nonresidential real property. 1040ez 2010 You must use this property predominantly in the active conduct of a trade or business within an Indian reservation. 1040ez 2010 The rental of real property that is located on an Indian reservation is treated as the active conduct of a trade or business within an Indian reservation. 1040ez 2010   The following property is not qualified property. 1040ez 2010 Property used or located outside an Indian reservation on a regular basis, other than qualified infrastructure property. 1040ez 2010 Property acquired directly or indirectly from a related person. 1040ez 2010 Property placed in service for purposes of conducting or housing class I, II, or III gaming activities. 1040ez 2010 These activities are defined in section 4 of the Indian Regulatory Act (25 U. 1040ez 2010 S. 1040ez 2010 C. 1040ez 2010 2703). 1040ez 2010 Any property you must depreciate under ADS. 1040ez 2010 Determine whether property is qualified without regard to the election to use ADS and after applying the special rules for listed property not used predominantly for qualified business use (discussed in chapter 5). 1040ez 2010 Qualified infrastructure property. 1040ez 2010   Item (1) above does not apply to qualified infrastructure property located outside the reservation that is used to connect with qualified infrastructure property within the reservation. 1040ez 2010 Qualified infrastructure property is property that meets all the following rules. 1040ez 2010 It is qualified property, as defined earlier, except that it is outside the reservation. 1040ez 2010 It benefits the tribal infrastructure. 1040ez 2010 It is available to the general public. 1040ez 2010 It is placed in service in connection with the active conduct of a trade or business within a reservation. 1040ez 2010 Infrastructure property includes, but is not limited to, roads, power lines, water systems, railroad spurs, and communications facilities. 1040ez 2010 Related person. 1040ez 2010   For purposes of item (2) above, see Related persons in the discussion on property owned or used in 1986 under What Method Can You Use To Depreciate Your Property in chapter 1 for a description of related persons. 1040ez 2010 Indian reservation. 1040ez 2010   The term Indian reservation means a reservation as defined in section 3(d) of the Indian Financing Act of 1974 (25 U. 1040ez 2010 S. 1040ez 2010 C. 1040ez 2010 1452(d)) or section 4(10) of the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (25 U. 1040ez 2010 S. 1040ez 2010 C. 1040ez 2010 1903(10)). 1040ez 2010 Section 3(d) of the Indian Financing Act of 1974 defines reservation to include former Indian reservations in Oklahoma. 1040ez 2010 For a definition of the term “former Indian reservations in Oklahoma,” see Notice 98-45 in Internal Revenue Bulletin 1998-35. 1040ez 2010 Recovery Periods Under ADS The recovery periods for most property generally are longer under ADS than they are under GDS. 1040ez 2010 The following table shows some of the ADS recovery periods. 1040ez 2010 Property Recovery  Period Rent-to-own property 4 years Automobiles and light duty trucks 5 years Computers and peripheral equipment 5 years High technology telephone station equipment installed on customer premises 5 years High technology medical equipment 5 years Personal property with no class life 12 years Natural gas gathering lines 14 years Single purpose agricultural and horticultural structures 15 years Any tree or vine bearing fruit or nuts 20 years Initial clearing and grading land  improvements for gas utility property 20 years Initial clearing and grading land  improvements for electric utility  transmission and distribution plants 25 years Electric transmission property used in the transmission at 69 or more kilovolts of electricity 30 years Natural gas distribution lines 35 years Any qualified leasehold improvement property 39 years Any qualified restaurant property 39 years Nonresidential real property 40 years Residential rental property 40 years Section 1245 real property not listed in Appendix B 40 years Railroad grading and tunnel bore 50 years The ADS recovery periods for property not listed above can be found in the tables in Appendix B. 1040ez 2010 Rent-to-own property, qualified leasehold improvement property, qualified restaurant property, residential rental property, and nonresidential real property are defined earlier under Which Property Class Applies Under GDS . 1040ez 2010 Tax-exempt use property subject to a lease. 1040ez 2010   The ADS recovery period for any property leased under a lease agreement to a tax-exempt organization, governmental unit, or foreign person or entity (other than a partnership) cannot be less than 125% of the lease term. 1040ez 2010 Additions and Improvements An addition or improvement you make to depreciable property is treated as separate depreciable property. 1040ez 2010 See How Do You Treat Repairs and Improvements in chapter 1 for a definition of improvements. 1040ez 2010 Its property class and recovery period are the same as those that would apply to the original property if you had placed it in service at the same time you placed the addition or improvement in service. 1040ez 2010 The recovery period begins on the later of the following dates. 1040ez 2010 The date you place the addition or improvement in service. 1040ez 2010 The date you place in service the property to which you made the addition or improvement. 1040ez 2010 If the improvement you make is qualified leasehold improvement property, qualified restaurant property, or qualified retail improvement property, the GDS recovery period is 15 years (39 years under ADS). 1040ez 2010 Example. 1040ez 2010 You own a rental home that you have been renting out since 1981. 1040ez 2010 If you put an addition on the home and place the addition in service this year, you would use MACRS to figure your depreciation deduction for the addition. 1040ez 2010 Under GDS, the property class for the addition is residential rental property and its recovery period is 27. 1040ez 2010 5 years because the home to which the addition is made would be residential rental property if you had placed it in service this year. 1040ez 2010 Which Convention Applies? Under MACRS, averaging conventions establish when the recovery period begins and ends. 1040ez 2010 The convention you use determines the number of months for which you can claim depreciation in the year you place property in service and in the year you dispose of the property. 1040ez 2010 The mid-month convention. 1040ez 2010   Use this convention for nonresidential real property, residential rental property, and any railroad grading or tunnel bore. 1040ez 2010   Under this convention, you treat all property placed in service or disposed of during a month as placed in service or disposed of at the midpoint of the month. 1040ez 2010 This means that a one-half month of depreciation is allowed for the month the property is placed in service or disposed of. 1040ez 2010   Your use of the mid-month convention is indicated by the “MM” already shown under column (e) in Part III of Form 4562. 1040ez 2010 The mid-quarter convention. 1040ez 2010   Use this convention if the mid-month convention does not apply and the total depreciable bases of MACRS property you placed in service during the last 3 months of the tax year (excluding nonresidential real property, residential rental property, any railroad grading or tunnel bore, property placed in service and disposed of in the same year, and property that is being depreciated under a method other than MACRS) are more than 40% of the total depreciable bases of all MACRS property you placed in service during the entire year. 1040ez 2010   Under this convention, you treat all property placed in service or disposed of during any quarter of the tax year as placed in service or disposed of at the midpoint of that quarter. 1040ez 2010 This means that 1½ months of depreciation is allowed for the quarter the property is placed in service or disposed of. 1040ez 2010   If you use this convention, enter “MQ” under column (e) in Part III of Form 4562. 1040ez 2010    For purposes of determining whether the mid-quarter convention applies, the depreciable basis of property you placed in service during the tax year reflects the reduction in basis for amounts expensed under section 179 and the part of the basis of property attributable to personal use. 1040ez 2010 However, it does not reflect any reduction in basis for any special depreciation allowance. 1040ez 2010 The half-year convention. 1040ez 2010   Use this convention if neither the mid-quarter convention nor the mid-month convention applies. 1040ez 2010   Under this convention, you treat all property placed in service or disposed of during a tax year as placed in service or disposed of at the midpoint of the year. 1040ez 2010 This means that a one-half year of depreciation is allowed for the year the property is placed in service or disposed of. 1040ez 2010   If you use this convention, enter “HY” under column (e) in Part III of Form 4562. 1040ez 2010 Which Depreciation Method Applies? MACRS provides three depreciation methods under GDS and one depreciation method under ADS. 1040ez 2010 The 200% declining balance method over a GDS recovery period. 1040ez 2010 The 150% declining balance method over a GDS recovery period. 1040ez 2010 The straight line method over a GDS recovery period. 1040ez 2010 The straight line method over an ADS recovery period. 1040ez 2010 For property placed in service before 1999, you could have elected the 150% declining balance method using the ADS recovery periods for certain property classes. 1040ez 2010 If you made this election, continue to use the same method and recovery period for that property. 1040ez 2010 Table 4–1 lists the types of property you can depreciate under each method. 1040ez 2010 It also gives a brief explanation of the method, including any benefits that may apply. 1040ez 2010 Depreciation Methods for Farm Property If you place personal property in service in a farming business after 1988, you generally must depreciate it under GDS using the 150% declining balance method unless you are a farmer who must depreciate the property under ADS using the straight line method or you elect to depreciate the property under GDS or ADS using the straight line method. 1040ez 2010 You can depreciate real property using the straight line method under either GDS or ADS. 1040ez 2010 Fruit or nut trees and vines. 1040ez 2010   Depreciate trees and vines bearing fruit or nuts under GDS using the straight line method over a recovery period of 10 years. 1040ez 2010 ADS required for some farmers. 1040ez 2010   If you elect not to apply the uniform capitalization rules to any plant produced in your farming business, you must use ADS. 1040ez 2010 You must use ADS for all property you place in service in any year the election is in effect. 1040ez 2010 See the regulations under section 263A of the Internal Revenue Code for information on the uniform capitalization rules that apply to farm property. 1040ez 2010 Electing a Different Method As shown in Table 4–1 , you can elect a different method for depreciation for certain types of property. 1040ez 2010 You must make the election by the due date of the return (including extensions) for the year you placed the property in service. 1040ez 2010 However, if you timely filed your return for the year without making the election, you still can make the election by filing an amended return within 6 months of the due date of the return (excluding extensions). 1040ez 2010 Attach the election to the amended return and write “Filed pursuant to section 301. 1040ez 2010 9100-2” on the election statement. 1040ez 2010 File the amended return at the same address you filed the original return. 1040ez 2010 Once you make the election, you cannot change it. 1040ez 2010 If you elect to use a different method for one item in a property class, you must apply the same method to all property in that class placed in service during the year of the election. 1040ez 2010 However, you can make the election on a property-by-property basis for nonresidential real and residential rental property. 1040ez 2010 150% election. 1040ez 2010   Instead of using the 200% declining balance method over the GDS recovery period for nonfarm property in the 3-, 5-, 7-, and 10-year property classes, you can elect to use the 150% declining balance method. 1040ez 2010 Make the election by entering “150 DB” under column (f) in Part III of Form 4562. 1040ez 2010 Straight line election. 1040ez 2010   Instead of using either the 200% or 150% declining balance methods over the GDS recovery period, you can elect to use the straight line method over the GDS recovery period. 1040ez 2010 Make the election by entering  “S/L” under column (f) in Part III of Form 4562. 1040ez 2010 Election of ADS. 1040ez 2010   As explained earlier under Which Depreciation System (GDS or ADS) Applies , you can elect to use ADS even though your property may come under GDS. 1040ez 2010 ADS uses the straight line method of depreciation over fixed ADS recovery periods. 1040ez 2010 Most ADS recovery periods are listed in Appendix B, or see the table under Recovery Periods Under ADS , earlier. 1040ez 2010   Make the election by completing line 20 in Part III of Form 4562. 1040ez 2010 Farm property. 1040ez 2010   Instead of using the 150% declining balance method over a GDS recovery period for property you use in a farming business (other than real property), you can elect to depreciate it using either of the following methods. 1040ez 2010 The straight line method over a GDS recovery period. 1040ez 2010 The straight line method over an ADS recovery period. 1040ez 2010 Table 4-1. 1040ez 2010 Depreciation Methods Note. 1040ez 2010 The declining balance method is abbreviated as DB and the straight line method is abbreviated as SL. 1040ez 2010 Method Type of Property Benefit GDS using 200% DB • Nonfarm 3-, 5-, 7-, and 10-year property • Provides a greater deduction during the earlier recovery years • Changes to SL when that method provides an equal or greater deduction GDS using 150% DB • All farm property (except real property) • All 15- and 20-year property (except qualified leasehold improvement property, qualified restaurant property, and qualified retail improvement property placed in service before January 1, 2014) • Nonfarm 3-, 5-, 7-, and 10-year property • Provides a greater deduction during the earlier recovery years • Changes to SL when that method provides an equal or greater deduction1 GDS using SL • Nonresidential real property • Qualified leasehold improvement property placed in service before January 1, 2014 • Qualified restaurant property placed in service before January 1, 2014 • Qualified retail improvement property placed in service before January 1, 2014 • Residential rental property • Trees or vines bearing fruit or nuts • Water utility property • All 3-, 5-, 7-, 10-, 15-, and 20-year property2 • Property for which you elected section 168(k)(4) • Provides for equal yearly deductions (except for the first and last years) ADS using SL • Listed property used 50% or less for business • Property used predominantly outside the U. 1040ez 2010 S. 1040ez 2010  • Tax-exempt property • Tax-exempt bond-financed property • Farm property used when an election not to apply the uniform capitalization rules is in effect • Imported property3 • Any property for which you elect to use this method4 • Provides for equal yearly deductions (except for the first and last years) 1The MACRS percentage tables in Appendix A have the switch to the straight line method built into their rates 2See section 168(b)(5) of the Internal Revenue Code. 1040ez 2010 3See section 168(g)(6) of the Internal Revenue Code 4See section 168(g)(7) of the Internal Revenue Code How Is the Depreciation Deduction Figured? To figure your depreciation deduction under MACRS, you first determine the depreciation system, property class, placed in service date, basis amount, recovery period, convention, and depreciation method that applies to your property. 1040ez 2010 Then, you are ready to figure your depreciation deduction. 1040ez 2010 You can figure it using a percentage table provided by the IRS, or you can figure it yourself without using the table. 1040ez 2010 Using the MACRS Percentage Tables To help you figure your deduction under MACRS, the IRS has established percentage tables that incorporate the applicable convention and depreciation method. 1040ez 2010 These percentage tables are in Appendix A near the end of this publication. 1040ez 2010 Which table to use. 1040ez 2010    Appendix A contains the MACRS Percentage Table Guide, which is designed to help you locate the correct percentage table to use for depreciating your property. 1040ez 2010 The percentage tables immediately follow the guide. 1040ez 2010 Rules Covering the Use of the Tables The following rules cover the use of the percentage tables. 1040ez 2010 You must apply the rates in the percentage tables to your property's unadjusted basis. 1040ez 2010 You cannot use the percentage tables for a short tax year. 1040ez 2010 See Figuring the Deduction for a Short Tax Year, later, for information on the short tax year rules. 1040ez 2010 Once you start using the percentage tables for any item of property, you generally must continue to use them for the entire recovery period of the property. 1040ez 2010 You must stop using the tables if you adjust the basis of the property for any reason other than— Depreciation allowed or allowable, or An addition or improvement to that property that is depreciated as a separate item of property. 1040ez 2010 Basis adjustments other than those made due to the items listed in (4) include an increase in basis for the recapture of a clean-fuel deduction or credit and a reduction in basis for a casualty loss. 1040ez 2010 Basis adjustment due to recapture of clean-fuel vehicle deduction or credit. 1040ez 2010   If you increase the basis of your property because of the recapture of part or all of a deduction for clean-fuel vehicles or the credit for clean-fuel vehicle refueling property placed in service before January 1, 2006, you cannot continue to use the percentage tables. 1040ez 2010 For the year of the adjustment and the remaining recovery period, you must figure the depreciation deduction yourself using the property's adjusted basis at the end of the year. 1040ez 2010 See Figuring the Deduction Without Using the Tables, later. 1040ez 2010 Basis adjustment due to casualty loss. 1040ez 2010   If you reduce the basis of your property because of a casualty, you cannot continue to use the percentage tables. 1040ez 2010 For the year of the adjustment and the remaining recovery period, you must figure the depreciation yourself using the property's adjusted basis at the end of the year. 1040ez 2010 See Figuring the Deduction Without Using the Tables, later. 1040ez 2010 Example. 1040ez 2010 On October 26, 2012, Sandra Elm, a calendar year taxpayer, bought and placed in service in her business a new item of 7-year property. 1040ez 2010 It cost $39,000 and she elected a section 179 deduction of $24,000. 1040ez 2010 She also took a special depreciation allowance of $7,500 [50% of $15,000 ($39,000 − $24,000)]. 1040ez 2010 Her unadjusted basis after the section 179 deduction and special depreciation allowance was $7,500 ($15,000 − $7,500). 1040ez 2010 She figured her MACRS depreciation deduction using the percentage tables. 1040ez 2010 For 2012, her MACRS depreciation deduction was $268. 1040ez 2010 In July 2013, the property was vandalized and Sandra had a deductible casualty loss of $3,000. 1040ez 2010 She must adjust the property's basis for the casualty loss, so she can no longer use the percentage tables. 1040ez 2010 Her adjusted basis at the end of 2013, before figuring her 2013 depreciation, is $4,232. 1040ez 2010 She figures that amount by subtracting the 2012 MACRS depreciation of $268 and the casualty loss of $3,000 from the unadjusted basis of $7,500. 1040ez 2010 She must now figure her depreciation for 2013 without using the percentage tables. 1040ez 2010 Figuring the Unadjusted Basis of Your Property You must apply the table rates to your property's unadjusted basis each year of the recovery period. 1040ez 2010 Unadjusted basis is the same basis amount you would use to figure gain on a sale, but you figure it without reducing your original basis by any MACRS depreciation taken in earlier years. 1040ez 2010 However, you do reduce your original basis by other amounts, including the following. 1040ez 2010 Any amortization taken on the property. 1040ez 2010 Any section 179 deduction claimed. 1040ez 2010 Any special depreciation allowance taken on the property. 1040ez 2010 For business property you purchase during the year, the unadjusted basis is its cost minus these and other applicable adjustments. 1040ez 2010 If you trade property, your unadjusted basis in the property received is the cash paid plus the adjusted basis of the property traded minus these adjustments. 1040ez 2010 MACRS Worksheet You can use this worksheet to help you figure your depreciation deduction using the percentage tables. 1040ez 2010 Use a separate worksheet for each item of property. 1040ez 2010 Then, use the information from this worksheet to prepare Form 4562. 1040ez 2010 Do not use this worksheet for automobiles. 1040ez 2010 Use the Depreciation Worksheet for Passenger Automobiles in chapter 5. 1040ez 2010 MACRS Worksheet Part I   1. 1040ez 2010 MACRS system (GDS or ADS)   2. 1040ez 2010 Property class   3. 1040ez 2010 Date placed in service   4. 1040ez 2010 Recovery period   5. 1040ez 2010 Method and convention   6. 1040ez 2010 Depreciation rate (from tables)   Part II   7. 1040ez 2010 Cost or other basis* $     8. 1040ez 2010 Business/investment use   %   9. 1040ez 2010 Multiply line 7 by line 8   $ 10. 1040ez 2010 Total claimed for section 179 deduction and other items   $ 11. 1040ez 2010 Subtract line 10 from line 9. 1040ez 2010 This is your tentative basis for depreciation   $ 12. 1040ez 2010 Multiply line 11 by . 1040ez 2010 50 if the 50% special depreciation allowance applies. 1040ez 2010 This is your special depreciation allowance. 1040ez 2010 Enter -0- if this is not the year you placed the property in service, the property is not qualified property, or you elected not to claim a special allowance   $ 13. 1040ez 2010 Subtract line 12 from line 11. 1040ez 2010 This is your basis for depreciation     14. 1040ez 2010 Depreciation rate (from line 6)     15. 1040ez 2010 Multiply line 13 by line 14. 1040ez 2010 This is your MACRS depreciation deduction   $ *If real estate, do not include cost (basis) of land. 1040ez 2010 The following example shows how to figure your MACRS depreciation deduction using the percentage tables and the MACRS worksheet. 1040ez 2010 Example. 1040ez 2010 You bought office furniture (7-year property) for $10,000 and placed it in service on August 11, 2013. 1040ez 2010 You use the furniture only for business. 1040ez 2010 This is the only property you placed in service this year. 1040ez 2010 You did not elect a section 179 deduction and the property is not qualified property for purposes of claiming a special depreciation allowance so your property's unadjusted basis is its cost, $10,000. 1040ez 2010 You use GDS and the half-year convention to figure your depreciation. 1040ez 2010 You refer to the MACRS Percentage Table Guide in Appendix A and find that you should use Table A-1. 1040ez 2010 Multiply your property's unadjusted basis each year by the percentage for 7-year property given in Table A-1. 1040ez 2010 You figure your depreciation deduction using the MACRS worksheet as follows. 1040ez 2010 MACRS Worksheet Part I 1. 1040ez 2010 MACRS system (GDS or ADS) GDS 2. 1040ez 2010 Property class 7-year 3. 1040ez 2010 Date placed in service 8/11/13 4. 1040ez 2010 Recovery period 7-Year 5. 1040ez 2010 Method and convention 200%DB/Half-Year 6. 1040ez 2010 Depreciation rate (from tables) . 1040ez 2010 1429 Part II 7. 1040ez 2010 Cost or other basis* $10,000     8. 1040ez 2010 Business/investment use 100 %   9. 1040ez 2010 Multiply line 7 by line 8   $10,000 10. 1040ez 2010 Total claimed for section 179 deduction and other items   -0- 11. 1040ez 2010 Subtract line 10 from line 9. 1040ez 2010 This is your tentative basis for depreciation   $10,000 12. 1040ez 2010 Multiply line 11 by . 1040ez 2010 50 if the 50% special depreciation allowance applies. 1040ez 2010 This is your special depreciation allowance. 1040ez 2010 Enter -0- if this is not the year you placed the property in service, the property is not qualified property, or you elected not to claim a special allowance   -0- 13. 1040ez 2010 Subtract line 12 from line 11. 1040ez 2010 This is your basis for depreciation   $10,000 14. 1040ez 2010 Depreciation rate (from line 6)   . 1040ez 2010 1429 15. 1040ez 2010 Multiply line 13 by line 14. 1040ez 2010 This is your MACRS depreciation deduction   $1,429 *If real estate, do not include cost (basis) of land. 1040ez 2010 If there are no adjustments to the basis of the property other than depreciation, your depreciation deduction for each subsequent year of the recovery period will be as follows. 1040ez 2010 Year   Basis Percentage Deduction 2014 $ 10,000 24. 1040ez 2010 49%   $2,449   2015   10,000 17. 1040ez 2010 49   1,749   2016   10,000 12. 1040ez 2010 49   1,249   2017   10,000 8. 1040ez 2010 93   893   2018   10,000 8. 1040ez 2010 92   892   2019   10,000 8. 1040ez 2010 93   893   2020   10,000 4. 1040ez 2010 46   446   Examples The following examples are provided to show you how to use the percentage tables. 1040ez 2010 In both examples, assume the following. 1040ez 2010 You use the property only for business. 1040ez 2010 You use the calendar year as your tax year. 1040ez 2010 You use GDS for all the properties. 1040ez 2010 Example 1. 1040ez 2010 You bought a building and land for $120,000 and placed it in service on March 8. 1040ez 2010 The sales contract showed that the building cost $100,000 and the land cost $20,000. 1040ez 2010 It is nonresidential real property. 1040ez 2010 The building's unadjusted basis is its original cost, $100,000. 1040ez 2010 You refer to the MACRS Percentage Table Guide in Appendix A and find that you should use Table A-7a. 1040ez 2010 March is the third month of your tax year, so multiply the building's unadjusted basis, $100,000, by the percentages for the third month in Table A-7a. 1040ez 2010 Your depreciation deduction for each of the first 3 years is as follows: Year   Basis Percentage Deduction 1st $ 100,000 2. 1040ez 2010 033%   $2,033   2nd   100,000 2. 1040ez 2010 564   2,564   3rd   100,000 2. 1040ez 2010 564   2,564   Example 2. 1040ez 2010 During the year, you bought a machine (7-year property) for $4,000, office furniture (7-year property) for $1,000, and a computer (5-year property) for $5,000. 1040ez 2010 You placed the machine in service in January, the furniture in September, and the computer in October. 1040ez 2010 You do not elect a section 179 deduction and none of these items is qualified property for purposes of claiming a special depreciation allowance. 1040ez 2010 You placed property in service during the last 3 months of the year, so you must first determine if you have to use the mid-quarter convention. 1040ez 2010 The total bases of all property you placed in service during the year is $10,000. 1040ez 2010 The $5,000 basis of the computer, which you placed in service during the last 3 months (the fourth quarter) of your tax year, is more than 40% of the total bases of all property ($10,000) you placed in service during the year. 1040ez 2010 Therefore, you must use the mid-quarter convention for all three items. 1040ez 2010 You refer to the MACRS Percentage Table Guide in Appendix A to determine which table you should use under the mid-quarter convention. 1040ez 2010 The machine is 7-year property placed in service in the first quarter, so you use Table A-2. 1040ez 2010 The furniture is 7-year property placed in service in the third quarter, so you use Table A-4. 1040ez 2010 Finally, because the computer is 5-year property placed in service in the fourth quarter, you use Table A-6. 1040ez 2010 Knowing what table to use for each property, you figure the depreciation for the first 2 years as follows. 1040ez 2010 Year Property Basis Percentage Deduction 1st Machine $4,000 25. 1040ez 2010 00 $1,000   2nd Machine 4,000 21. 1040ez 2010 43 857   1st Furniture 1,000 10. 1040ez 2010 71 107   2nd Furniture 1,000 25. 1040ez 2010 51 255   1st Computer 5,000 5. 1040ez 2010 00 250   2nd Computer 5,000 38. 1040ez 2010 00 1,900   Sale or Other Disposition Before the Recovery Period Ends If you sell or otherwise dispose of your property before the end of its recovery period, your depreciation deduction for the year of the disposition will be only part of the depreciation amount for the full year. 1040ez 2010 You have disposed of your property if you have permanently withdrawn it from use in your business or income-producing activity because of its sale, exchange, retirement, abandonment, involuntary conversion, or destruction. 1040ez 2010 After you figure the full-year depreciation amount, figure the deductible part using the convention that applies to the property. 1040ez 2010 Half-year convention used. 1040ez 2010   For property for which you used a half-year convention, the depreciation deduction for the year of the disposition is half the depreciation determined for the full year. 1040ez 2010 Mid-quarter convention used. 1040ez 2010   For property for which you used the mid-quarter convention, figure your depreciation deduction for the year of the disposition by multiplying a full year of depreciation by the percentage listed below for the quarter in which you disposed of the property. 1040ez 2010 Quarter Percentage First 12. 1040ez 2010 5% Second 37. 1040ez 2010 5 Third 62. 1040ez 2010 5 Fourth 87. 1040ez 2010 5 Example. 1040ez 2010 On December 2, 2010, you placed in service an item of 5-year property costing $10,000. 1040ez 2010 You did not claim a section 179 deduction and the property does not qualify for a special depreciation allowance. 1040ez 2010 Your unadjusted basis for the property was $10,000. 1040ez 2010 You used the mid-quarter convention because this was the only item of business property you placed in service in 2010 and it was placed in service during the last 3 months of your tax year. 1040ez 2010 Your property is in the 5-year property class, so you used Table A-5 to figure your depreciation deduction. 1040ez 2010 Your deductions for 2010, 2011, and 2012 were $500 (5% of $10,000), $3,800 (38% of $10,000), and $2,280 (22. 1040ez 2010 80% of $10,000). 1040ez 2010 You disposed of the property on April 6, 2013. 1040ez 2010 To determine your depreciation deduction for 2013, first figure the deduction for the full year. 1040ez 2010 This is $1,368 (13. 1040ez 2010 68% of $10,000). 1040ez 2010 April is in the second quarter of the year, so you multiply $1,368 by 37. 1040ez 2010 5% to get your depreciation deduction of $513 for 2013. 1040ez 2010 Mid-month convention used. 1040ez 2010   If you dispose of residential rental or nonresidential real property, figure your depreciation deduction for the year of the disposition by multiplying a full year of depreciation by a fraction. 1040ez 2010 The numerator of the fraction is the number of months (including partial months) in the year that the property is considered in service. 1040ez 2010 The denominator is 12. 1040ez 2010 Example. 1040ez 2010 On July 2, 2011, you purchased and placed in service residential rental property. 1040ez 2010 The property cost $100,000, not including the cost of land. 1040ez 2010 You used Table A-6 to figure your MACRS depreciation for this property. 1040ez 2010 You sold the property on March 2, 2013. 1040ez 2010 You file your tax return based on the calendar year. 1040ez 2010 A full year of depreciation for 2013 is $3,636. 1040ez 2010 This is $100,000 multiplied by . 1040ez 2010 03636 (the percentage for the seventh month of the third recovery year) from Table A-6 . 1040ez 2010 You then apply the mid-month convention for the 2½ months of use in 2013. 1040ez 2010 Treat the month of disposition as one-half month of use. 1040ez 2010 Multiply $3,636 by the fraction, 2. 1040ez 2010 5 over 12, to get your 2013 depreciation deduction of $757. 1040ez 2010 50. 1040ez 2010 Figuring the Deduction Without Using the Tables Instead of using the rates in the percentage tables to figure your depreciation deduction, you can figure it yourself. 1040ez 2010 Before making the computation each year, you must reduce your adjusted basis in the property by the depreciation claimed the previous year. 1040ez 2010 Figuring MACRS deductions without using the tables generally will result in a slightly different amount than using the tables. 1040ez 2010 Declining Balance Method When using a declining balance method, you apply the same depreciation rate each year to the adjusted basis of your property. 1040ez 2010 You must use the applicable convention for the first tax year and you must switch to the straight line method beginning in the first year for which it will give an equal or greater deduction. 1040ez 2010 The straight line method is explained later. 1040ez 2010 You figure depreciation for the year you place property in service as follows. 1040ez 2010 Multiply your adjusted basis in the property by the declining balance rate. 1040ez 2010 Apply the applicable convention. 1040ez 2010 You figure depreciation for all other years (before the year you switch to the straight line method) as follows. 1040ez 2010 Reduce your adjusted basis in the property by the depreciation allowed or allowable in earlier years. 1040ez 2010 Multiply this new adjusted basis by the same declining balance rate used in earlier years. 1040ez 2010 If you dispose of property before the end of its recovery period, see Using the Applicable Convention, later, for information on how to figure depreciation for the year you dispose of it. 1040ez 2010 Figuring depreciation under the declining balance method and switching to the straight line method is illustrated in Example 1 , later, under Examples. 1040ez 2010 Declining balance rate. 1040ez 2010   You figure your declining balance rate by dividing the specified declining balance percentage (150% or 200% changed to a decimal) by the number of years in the property's recovery period. 1040ez 2010 For example, for 3-year property depreciated using the 200% declining balance method, divide 2. 1040ez 2010 00 (200%) by 3 to get 0. 1040ez 2010 6667, or a 66. 1040ez 2010 67% declining balance rate. 1040ez 2010 For 15-year property depreciated using the 150% declining balance method, divide 1. 1040ez 2010 50 (150%) by 15 to get 0. 1040ez 2010 10, or a 10% declining balance rate. 1040ez 2010   The following table shows the declining balance rate for each property class and the first year for which the straight line method gives an equal or greater deduction. 1040ez 2010 Property Class Method Declining Balance Rate Year 3-year 200% DB 66. 1040ez 2010 667% 3rd 5-year 200% DB 40. 1040ez 2010 0 4th 7-year 200% DB 28. 1040ez 2010 571 5th 10-year 200% DB 20. 1040ez 2010 0 7th 15-year 150% DB 10. 1040ez 2010 0 7th 20-year 150% DB 7. 1040ez 2010 5 9th Straight Line Method When using the straight line method, you apply a different depreciation rate each year to the adjusted basis of your property. 1040ez 2010 You must use the applicable convention in the year you place the property in service and the year you dispose of the property. 1040ez 2010 You figure depreciation for the year you place property in service as follows. 1040ez 2010 Multiply your adjusted basis in the property by the straight line rate. 1040ez 2010 Apply the applicable convention. 1040ez 2010 You figure depreciation for all other years (including the year you switch from the declining balance method to the straight line method) as follows. 1040ez 2010 Reduce your adjusted basis in the property by the depreciation allowed or allowable in earlier years (under any method). 1040ez 2010 Determine the depreciation rate for the year. 1040ez 2010 Multiply the adjusted basis figured in (1) by the depreciation rate figured in (2). 1040ez 2010 If you dispose of property before the end of its recovery period, see Using the Applicable Convention , later, for information on how to figure depreciation for the year you dispose of it. 1040ez 2010 Straight line rate. 1040ez 2010   You determine the straight line depreciation rate for any tax year by dividing the number 1 by the years remaining in the recovery period at the beginning of that year. 1040ez 2010 When figuring the number of years remaining, you must take into account the convention used in the year you placed the property in service. 1040ez 2010 If the number of years remaining is less than 1, the depreciation rate for that tax year is 1. 1040ez 2010 0 (100%). 1040ez 2010 Using the Applicable Convention The applicable convention (discussed earlier under Which Convention Applies ) affects how you figure your depreciation deduction for the year you place your property in service and for the year you dispose of it. 1040ez 2010 It determines how much of the recovery period remains at the beginning of each year, so it also affects the depreciation rate for property you depreciate under the straight line method. 1040ez 2010 See Straight line rate in the previous discussion. 1040ez 2010 Use the applicable convention as explained in the following discussions. 1040ez 2010 Half-year convention. 1040ez 2010   If this convention applies, you deduct a half-year of depreciation for the first year and the last year that you depreciate the property. 1040ez 2010 You deduct a full year of depreciation for any other year during the recovery period. 1040ez 2010   Figure your depreciation deduction for the year you place the property in service by dividing the depreciation for a full year by 2. 1040ez 2010 If you dispose of the property before the end of the recovery period, figure your depreciation deduction for the year of the disposition the same way. 1040ez 2010 If you hold the property for the entire recovery period, your depreciation deduction for the year that includes the final 6 months of the recovery period is the amount of your unrecovered basis in the property. 1040ez 2010 Mid-quarter convention. 1040ez 2010   If this convention applies, the depreciation you can deduct for the first year you depreciate the property depends on the quarter in which you place the property in service. 1040ez 2010   A quarter of a full 12-month tax year is a period of 3 months. 1040ez 2010 The first quarter in a year begins on the first day of the tax year. 1040ez 2010 The second quarter begins on the first day of the fourth month of the tax year. 1040ez 2010 The third quarter begins on the first day of the seventh month of the tax year. 1040ez 2010 The fourth quarter begins on the first day of the tenth month of the tax year. 1040ez 2010 A calendar year is divided into the following quarters. 1040ez 2010 Quarter Months First January, February, March Second April, May, June Third July, August, September Fourth October, November, December   Figure your depreciation deduction for the year you place the property in service by multiplying the depreciation for a full year by the percentage listed below for the quarter you place the property in service. 1040ez 2010 Quarter Percentage First 87. 1040ez 2010 5% Second 62. 1040ez 2010 5 Third 37. 1040ez 2010 5 Fourth 12. 1040ez 2010 5   If you dispose of the property before the end of the recovery period, figure your depreciation deduction for the year of the disposition by multiplying a full year of depreciation by the percentage listed below for the quarter you dispose of the property. 1040ez 2010 Quarter Percentage First 12. 1040ez 2010 5% Second 37. 1040ez 2010 5 Third 62. 1040ez 2010 5 Fourth 87. 1040ez 2010 5   If you hold the property for the entire recovery period, your depreciation deduction for the year that includes the final quarter of the recovery period is the amount of your unrecovered basis in the property. 1040ez 2010 Mid-month convention. 1040ez 2010   If this convention applies, the depreciation you can deduct for the first year that you depreciate the property depends on the month in which you place the property in service. 1040ez 2010 Figure your depreciation deduction for the year you place the property in service by multiplying the depreciation for a full year by a fraction. 1040ez 2010 The numerator of the fraction is the number of full months in the year that the property is in service plus ½ (or 0. 1040ez 2010 5). 1040ez 2010 The denominator is 12. 1040ez 2010   If you dispose of the property before the end of the recovery period, figure your depreciation deduction for the year of the disposition the same way. 1040ez 2010 If you hold the property for the entire recovery period, your depreciation deduction for the year that includes the final month of the recovery period is the amount of your unrecovered basis in the property. 1040ez 2010 Example. 1040ez 2010 You use the calendar year and place nonresidential real property in service in August. 1040ez 2010 The property is in service 4 full months (September, October, November, and December). 1040ez 2010 Your numerator is 4. 1040ez 2010 5 (4 full months plus 0. 1040ez 2010 5). 1040ez 2010 You multiply the depreciation for a full year by 4. 1040ez 2010 5/12, or 0. 1040ez 2010 375. 1040ez 2010 Examples The following examples show how to figure depreciation under MACRS without using the percentage tables. 1040ez 2010 Figures are rounded for purposes of the examples. 1040ez 2010 Assume for all the examples that you use a calendar year as your tax year. 1040ez 2010 Example 1—200% DB method and half-year convention. 1040ez 2010 In February, you placed in service depreciable property with a 5-year recovery period and a basis of $1,000. 1040ez 2010 You do not elect to take the section 179 deduction and the property does not qualify for a special depreciation allowance. 1040ez 2010 You use GDS and the 200% declining balance (DB) method to figure your depreciation. 1040ez 2010 When the straight line (SL) method results in an equal or larger deduction, you switch to the SL method. 1040ez 2010 You did not place any property in service in the last 3 months of the year, so you must use the half-year convention. 1040ez 2010 First year. 1040ez 2010 You figure the depreciation rate under the 200% DB method by dividing 2 (200%) by 5 (the number of years in the recovery period). 1040ez 2010 The result is 40%. 1040ez 2010 You multiply the adjusted basis of the property ($1,000) by the 40% DB rate. 1040ez 2010 You apply the half-year convention by dividing the result ($400) by 2. 1040ez 2010 Depreciation for the first year under the 200% DB method is $200. 1040ez 2010 You figure the depreciation rate under the straight line (SL) method by dividing 1 by 5, the number of years in the recovery period. 1040ez 2010 The result is 20%. 1040ez 2010 You multiply the adjusted basis of the property ($1,000) by the 20% SL rate. 1040ez 2010 You apply the half-year convention by dividing the result ($200) by 2. 1040ez 2010 Depreciation for the first year under the SL method is $100. 1040ez 2010 The DB method provides a larger deduction, so you deduct the $200 figured under the 200% DB method. 1040ez 2010 Second year. 1040ez 2010 You reduce the adjusted basis ($1,000) by the depreciation claimed in the first year ($200). 1040ez 2010 You multiply the result ($800) by the DB rate (40%). 1040ez 2010 Depreciation for the second year under the 200% DB method is $320. 1040ez 2010 You figure the SL depreciation rate by dividing 1 by 4. 1040ez 2010 5, the number of years remaining in the recovery period. 1040ez 2010 (Based on the half-year convention, you used only half a year of the recovery period in the first year. 1040ez 2010 ) You multiply the reduced adjusted basis ($800) by the result (22. 1040ez 2010 22%). 1040ez 2010 Depreciation under the SL method for the second year is $178. 1040ez 2010 The DB method provides a larger deduction, so you deduct the $320 figured under the 200% DB method. 1040ez 2010 Third year. 1040ez 2010 You reduce the adjusted basis ($800) by the depreciation claimed in the second year ($320). 1040ez 2010 You multiply the result ($480) by the DB rate (40%). 1040ez 2010 Depreciation for the third year under the 200% DB method is $192. 1040ez 2010 You figure the SL depreciation rate by dividing 1 by 3. 1040ez 2010 5. 1040ez 2010 You multiply the reduced adjusted basis ($480) by the result (28. 1040ez 2010 57%). 1040ez 2010 Depreciation under the SL method for the third year is $137. 1040ez 2010 The DB method provides a larger deduction, so you deduct the $192 figured under the 200% DB method. 1040ez 2010 Fourth year. 1040ez 2010 You reduce the adjusted basis ($480) by the de
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Updated IRS Smartphone App IRS2Go Version 4.0 Now Available

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IR-2014-11, Feb. 4, 2014

WASHINGTON — The Internal Revenue Service today announced the release of IRS2Go 4.0, an update to its smartphone application featuring new added features available in both English and Spanish.

The redesigned IRS2Go provides new features for taxpayers to access the latest information to help them in the preparation of their tax returns. In this version, IRS2Go highlights the addition of an innovative new refund status tracker, providing taxpayers an easy-to-use feature to follow their tax return throughout the process.

 “The new version of IRS2Go provides taxpayers another way to quickly get information and help around the clock,” said IRS Commissioner John Koskinen. “The IRS is focused on providing taxpayers with convenient self-service tools like IRS2Go, which provides details on everything from tax refunds to free tax assistance.”

There have been about 3.5 million downloads of IRS2Go since its inception in 2011. iPhone and iPod Touch users can update or download the free IRS2Go application by visiting the iTunes App Store. Android users can visit Google Play to download the free IRS2Go app.

The newest version of the free mobile app offers a number of safe and secure ways for taxpayers to access other popular tools and the most up-to-date tax information, including:

  • Refund Status. Taxpayers can check the status of their federal tax refund through IRS2Go. People simply enter their Social Security number, which will be masked and encrypted for security purposes, then select their filing status and enter the amount of their anticipated refund for their 2013 tax return. A new refund status tracker has been added so that taxpayers can follow their tax return throughout the process. Users can check their refund status 24 hours after the IRS acknowledges receipt of an e-filed return, or four weeks after mailing a paper return. The IRS reminds taxpayers the tool is updated just once a day, usually overnight, so there is no reason to check more than once a day.

  • Free Tax Prep Providers. The IRS Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) and the Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) Programs offer free tax help for taxpayers who qualify. This brand new tool on IRS2Go will help taxpayers find the nearest VITA site to their home by simply entering their zip code and selecting a mileage range. By clicking on the directions button within the results, the maps application on the device will load with the address, making it easy to navigate to your desired location.

  • Tax Records. Taxpayers can request their tax account or tax return transcript from IRS2Go. The transcript will be delivered via the U.S. Postal Service to their address of record.

  • Stay Connected. Taxpayers can interact with the IRS by following the IRS on Twitter, @IRSnews or @IRSenEspanol, watching helpful videos on YouTube, signing up for email updates or by using the Contact Us feature.

For more information on IRS2Go, products and services through social media channels and other media products, visit www.IRS.gov.

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Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 04-Feb-2014

The 1040ez 2010

1040ez 2010 20. 1040ez 2010   Standard Deduction Table of Contents What's New Introduction Standard Deduction Amount Standard Deduction for Dependents Who Should ItemizeWhen to itemize. 1040ez 2010 Married persons who filed separate returns. 1040ez 2010 What's New Standard deduction increased. 1040ez 2010  The standard deduction for some taxpayers who do not itemize their deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040) is higher for 2013 than it was for 2012. 1040ez 2010 The amount depends on your filing status. 1040ez 2010 You can use the 2013 Standard Deduction Tables in this chapter to figure your standard deduction. 1040ez 2010 Introduction This chapter discusses the following topics. 1040ez 2010 How to figure the amount of your standard deduction. 1040ez 2010 The standard deduction for dependents. 1040ez 2010 Who should itemize deductions. 1040ez 2010 Most taxpayers have a choice of either taking a standard deduction or itemizing their deductions. 1040ez 2010 If you have a choice, you can use the method that gives you the lower tax. 1040ez 2010 The standard deduction is a dollar amount that reduces your taxable income. 1040ez 2010 It is a benefit that eliminates the need for many taxpayers to itemize actual deductions, such as medical expenses, charitable contributions, and taxes, on Schedule A (Form 1040). 1040ez 2010 The standard deduction is higher for taxpayers who: Are 65 or older, or Are blind. 1040ez 2010 You benefit from the standard deduction if your standard deduction is more than the total of your allowable itemized deductions. 1040ez 2010 Persons not eligible for the standard deduction. 1040ez 2010   Your standard deduction is zero and you should itemize any deductions you have if: Your filing status is married filing separately, and your spouse itemizes deductions on his or her return, You are filing a tax return for a short tax year because of a change in your annual accounting period, or You are a nonresident or dual-status alien during the year. 1040ez 2010 You are considered a dual-status alien if you were both a nonresident and resident alien during the year. 1040ez 2010 Note. 1040ez 2010 If you are a nonresident alien who is married to a U. 1040ez 2010 S. 1040ez 2010 citizen or resident alien at the end of the year, you can choose to be treated as a U. 1040ez 2010 S. 1040ez 2010 resident. 1040ez 2010 (See Publication 519, U. 1040ez 2010 S. 1040ez 2010 Tax Guide for Aliens. 1040ez 2010 ) If you make this choice, you can take the standard deduction. 1040ez 2010 If an exemption for you can be claimed on another person's return (such as your parents' return), your standard deduction may be limited. 1040ez 2010 See Standard Deduction for Dependents, later. 1040ez 2010 Standard Deduction Amount The standard deduction amount depends on your filing status, whether you are 65 or older or blind, and whether an exemption can be claimed for you by another taxpayer. 1040ez 2010 Generally, the standard deduction amounts are adjusted each year for inflation. 1040ez 2010 The standard deduction amounts for most people are shown in Table 20-1. 1040ez 2010 Decedent's final return. 1040ez 2010   The standard deduction for a decedent's final tax return is the same as it would have been had the decedent continued to live. 1040ez 2010 However, if the decedent was not 65 or older at the time of death, the higher standard deduction for age cannot be claimed. 1040ez 2010 Higher Standard Deduction for Age (65 or Older) If you are age 65 or older on the last day of the year and do not itemize deductions, you are entitled to a higher standard deduction. 1040ez 2010 You are considered 65 on the day before your 65th birthday. 1040ez 2010 Therefore, you can take a higher standard deduction for 2013 if you were born before January 2, 1949. 1040ez 2010 Use Table 20-2 to figure the standard deduction amount. 1040ez 2010 Higher Standard Deduction for Blindness If you are blind on the last day of the year and you do not itemize deductions, you are entitled to a higher standard deduction. 1040ez 2010 Not totally blind. 1040ez 2010   If you are not totally blind, you must get a certified statement from an eye doctor (ophthalmologist or optometrist) that: You cannot see better than 20/200 in the better eye with glasses or contact lenses, or Your field of vision is 20 degrees or less. 1040ez 2010   If your eye condition is not likely to improve beyond these limits, the statement should include this fact. 1040ez 2010 You must keep the statement in your records. 1040ez 2010   If your vision can be corrected beyond these limits only by contact lenses that you can wear only briefly because of pain, infection, or ulcers, you can take the higher standard deduction for blindness if you otherwise qualify. 1040ez 2010 Spouse 65 or Older or Blind You can take the higher standard deduction if your spouse is age 65 or older or blind and: You file a joint return, or You file a separate return and can claim an exemption for your spouse because your spouse had no gross income and cannot be claimed as a dependent by another taxpayer. 1040ez 2010 You cannot claim the higher standard deduction for an individual other than yourself and your spouse. 1040ez 2010 Examples The following examples illustrate how to determine your standard deduction using Tables 20-1 and 20-2. 1040ez 2010 Example 1. 1040ez 2010 Larry, 46, and Donna, 33, are filing a joint return for 2013. 1040ez 2010 Neither is blind, and neither can be claimed as a dependent. 1040ez 2010 They decide not to itemize their deductions. 1040ez 2010 They use Table 20-1. 1040ez 2010 Their standard deduction is $12,200. 1040ez 2010 Example 2. 1040ez 2010 The facts are the same as in Example 1 except that Larry is blind at the end of 2013. 1040ez 2010 Larry and Donna use Table 20-2. 1040ez 2010 Their standard deduction is $13,400. 1040ez 2010 Example 3. 1040ez 2010 Bill and Lisa are filing a joint return for 2013. 1040ez 2010 Both are over age 65. 1040ez 2010 Neither is blind, and neither can be claimed as a dependent. 1040ez 2010 If they do not itemize deductions, they use Table 20-2. 1040ez 2010 Their standard deduction is $14,600. 1040ez 2010 Standard Deduction for Dependents The standard deduction for an individual who can be claimed as a dependent on another person's tax return is generally limited to the greater of: $1,000, or The individual's earned income for the year plus $350 (but not more than the regular standard deduction amount, generally $6,100). 1040ez 2010 However, if the individual is 65 or older or blind, the standard deduction may be higher. 1040ez 2010 If you (or your spouse, if filing jointly) can be claimed as a dependent on someone else's return, use Table 20-3 to determine your standard deduction. 1040ez 2010 Earned income defined. 1040ez 2010   Earned income is salaries, wages, tips, professional fees, and other amounts received as pay for work you actually perform. 1040ez 2010    For purposes of the standard deduction, earned income also includes any part of a scholarship or fellowship grant that you must include in your gross income. 1040ez 2010 See Scholarships and fellowships in chapter 12 for more information on what qualifies as a scholarship or fellowship grant. 1040ez 2010 Example 1. 1040ez 2010 Michael is single. 1040ez 2010 His parents can claim an exemption for him on their 2013 tax return. 1040ez 2010 He has interest income of $780 and wages of $150. 1040ez 2010 He has no itemized deductions. 1040ez 2010 Michael uses Table 20-3 to find his standard deduction. 1040ez 2010 He enters $150 (his earned income) on line 1, $500 ($150 + $350) on line 3, $1,000 (the larger of $500 and $1,000) on line 5, and $6,100 on line 6. 1040ez 2010 His standard deduction, on line 7a, is $1,000 (the smaller of $1,000 and $6,100). 1040ez 2010 Example 2. 1040ez 2010 Joe, a 22-year-old full-time college student, can be claimed as a dependent on his parents' 2013 tax return. 1040ez 2010 Joe is married and files a separate return. 1040ez 2010 His wife does not itemize deductions on her separate return. 1040ez 2010 Joe has $1,500 in interest income and wages of $3,800. 1040ez 2010 He has no itemized deductions. 1040ez 2010 Joe finds his standard deduction by using Table 20-3. 1040ez 2010 He enters his earned income, $3,800 on line 1. 1040ez 2010 He adds lines 1 and 2 and enters $4,150 on line 3. 1040ez 2010 On line 5, he enters $4,150, the larger of lines 3 and 4. 1040ez 2010 Because Joe is married filing a separate return, he enters $6,100 on line 6. 1040ez 2010 On line 7a he enters $4,150 as his standard deduction because it is smaller than $6,100, the amount on line 6. 1040ez 2010 Example 3. 1040ez 2010 Amy, who is single, can be claimed as a dependent on her parents' 2013 tax return. 1040ez 2010 She is 18 years old and blind. 1040ez 2010 She has interest income of $1,300 and wages of $2,900. 1040ez 2010 She has no itemized deductions. 1040ez 2010 Amy uses Table 20-3 to find her standard deduction. 1040ez 2010 She enters her wages of $2,900 on line 1. 1040ez 2010 She adds lines 1 and 2 and enters $3,250 on line 3. 1040ez 2010 On line 5, she enters $3,250, the larger of lines 3 and 4. 1040ez 2010 Because she is single, Amy enters $6,100 on line 6. 1040ez 2010 She enters $3,250 on line 7a. 1040ez 2010 This is the smaller of the amounts on lines 5 and 6. 1040ez 2010 Because she checked one box in the top part of the worksheet, she enters $1,500 on line 7b. 1040ez 2010 She then adds the amounts on lines 7a and 7b and enters her standard deduction of $4,750 on line 7c. 1040ez 2010 Example 4. 1040ez 2010 Ed is single. 1040ez 2010 His parents can claim an exemption for him on their 2013 tax return. 1040ez 2010 He has wages of $7,000, interest income of $500, and a business loss of $3,000. 1040ez 2010 He has no itemized deductions. 1040ez 2010 Ed uses Table 20-3 to figure his standard deduction. 1040ez 2010 He enters $4,000 ($7,000 - $3,000) on line 1. 1040ez 2010 He adds lines 1 and 2 and enters $4,350 on line 3. 1040ez 2010 On line 5 he enters $4,350, the larger of lines 3 and 4. 1040ez 2010 Because he is single, Ed enters $6,100 on line 6. 1040ez 2010 On line 7a he enters $4,350 as his standard deduction because it is smaller than $6,100, the amount on line 6. 1040ez 2010 Who Should Itemize You should itemize deductions if your total deductions are more than the standard deduction amount. 1040ez 2010 Also, you should itemize if you do not qualify for the standard deduction, as discussed earlier under Persons not eligible for the standard deduction . 1040ez 2010 You should first figure your itemized deductions and compare that amount to your standard deduction to make sure you are using the method that gives you the greater benefit. 1040ez 2010 You may be subject to a limit on some of your itemized deductions if your adjusted gross income is more than: $250,000 if single ($275,000 if head of household, $300,000 if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er); or $150,000 if married filing separately). 1040ez 2010 See chapter 29 or the instructions for Schedule A (Form 1040) for more information on figuring the correct amount of your itemized deductions. 1040ez 2010 When to itemize. 1040ez 2010   You may benefit from itemizing your deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040) if you: Do not qualify for the standard deduction, or the amount you can claim is limited, Had large uninsured medical and dental expenses during the year, Paid interest and taxes on your home, Had large unreimbursed employee business expenses or other miscellaneous deductions, Had large uninsured casualty or theft losses, Made large contributions to qualified charities, or Have total itemized deductions that are more than the standard deduction to which you otherwise are entitled. 1040ez 2010 These deductions are explained in chapters 21–28. 1040ez 2010    If you decide to itemize your deductions, complete Schedule A and attach it to your Form 1040. 1040ez 2010 Enter the amount from Schedule A, line 29, on Form 1040, line 40. 1040ez 2010 Electing to itemize for state tax or other purposes. 1040ez 2010   Even if your itemized deductions are less than your standard deduction, you can elect to itemize deductions on your federal return rather than take the standard deduction. 1040ez 2010 You may want to do this if, for example, the tax benefit of itemizing your deductions on your state tax return is greater than the tax benefit you lose on your federal return by not taking the standard deduction. 1040ez 2010 To make this election, you must check the box on line 30 of Schedule A. 1040ez 2010 Changing your mind. 1040ez 2010   If you do not itemize your deductions and later find that you should have itemized — or if you itemize your deductions and later find you should not have — you can change your return by filing Form 1040X, Amended U. 1040ez 2010 S. 1040ez 2010 Individual Income Tax Return. 1040ez 2010 See Amended Returns and Claims for Refund in chapter 1 for more information on amended returns. 1040ez 2010 Married persons who filed separate returns. 1040ez 2010   You can change methods of taking deductions only if you and your spouse both make the same changes. 1040ez 2010 Both of you must file a consent to assessment for any additional tax either one may owe as a result of the change. 1040ez 2010    You and your spouse can use the method that gives you the lower total tax, even though one of you may pay more tax than you would have paid by using the other method. 1040ez 2010 You both must use the same method of claiming deductions. 1040ez 2010 If one itemizes deductions, the other should itemize because he or she will not qualify for the standard deduction. 1040ez 2010 See Persons not eligible for the standard deduction , earlier. 1040ez 2010 2013 Standard Deduction Tables If you are married filing a separate return and your spouse itemizes deductions, or if you are a dual-status alien, you cannot take the standard deduction even if you were born before January 2, 1949, or are blind. 1040ez 2010 Table 20-1. 1040ez 2010 Standard Deduction Chart for Most People* If your filing status is. 1040ez 2010 . 1040ez 2010 . 1040ez 2010 Your standard deduction is: Single or Married filing separately $6,100 Married filing jointly or Qualifying widow(er) with dependent child 12,200 Head of household 8,950 *Do not use this chart if you were born before January 2, 1949, are blind, or if someone else can claim you (or your spouse if filing jointly) as a dependent. 1040ez 2010 Use Table 20-2 or 20-3 instead. 1040ez 2010 Table 20-2. 1040ez 2010 Standard Deduction Chart for People Born Before January 2, 1949, or Who are Blind Check the correct number of boxes below. 1040ez 2010 Then go to the chart. 1040ez 2010 You: Born before January 2, 1949 □ Blind □ Your spouse, if claiming spouse's exemption: Born before January 2, 1949 □ Blind □ Total number of boxes checked   IF  your filing status is. 1040ez 2010 . 1040ez 2010 . 1040ez 2010 AND the number in the box above is. 1040ez 2010 . 1040ez 2010 . 1040ez 2010 THEN your standard deduction is. 1040ez 2010 . 1040ez 2010 . 1040ez 2010 Single 1 $7,600   2 9,100 Married filing jointly 1 $13,400 or Qualifying 2 14,600 widow(er) with 3 15,800 dependent child 4 17,000 Married filing 1 $7,300 separately 2 8,500   3 9,700   4 10,900 Head of household 1 $10,450   2 11,950 *If someone else can claim you (or your spouse if filing jointly) as a dependent, use Table 20-3 instead. 1040ez 2010 Table 20-3. 1040ez 2010 Standard Deduction Worksheet for Dependents Use this worksheet only if someone else can claim you (or your spouse if filing jointly) as a dependent. 1040ez 2010 Check the correct number of boxes below. 1040ez 2010 Then go to the worksheet. 1040ez 2010 You:   Born before January 2, 1949 □ Blind □ Your spouse, if claiming spouse's exemption: Born before January 2, 1949 □ Blind □ Total number of boxes checked 1. 1040ez 2010 Enter your earned income (defined below). 1040ez 2010 If none, enter -0-. 1040ez 2010 1. 1040ez 2010   2. 1040ez 2010 Additional amount. 1040ez 2010 2. 1040ez 2010 $350 3. 1040ez 2010 Add lines 1 and 2. 1040ez 2010 3. 1040ez 2010   4. 1040ez 2010 Minimum standard deduction. 1040ez 2010 4. 1040ez 2010 $1,000 5. 1040ez 2010 Enter the larger of line 3 or line 4. 1040ez 2010 5. 1040ez 2010   6. 1040ez 2010 Enter the amount shown below for your filing status. 1040ez 2010 Single or Married filing separately—$6,100 Married filing jointly—$12,200 Head of household—$8,950 6. 1040ez 2010   7. 1040ez 2010 Standard deduction. 1040ez 2010         a. 1040ez 2010 Enter the smaller of line 5 or line 6. 1040ez 2010 If born after January 1, 1949, and not blind, stop here. 1040ez 2010 This is your standard deduction. 1040ez 2010 Otherwise, go on to line 7b. 1040ez 2010 7a. 1040ez 2010     b. 1040ez 2010 If born before January 2, 1949, or blind, multiply $1,500 ($1,200 if married) by the number in the box above. 1040ez 2010 7b. 1040ez 2010     c. 1040ez 2010 Add lines 7a and 7b. 1040ez 2010 This is your standard deduction for 2013. 1040ez 2010 7c. 1040ez 2010   Earned income includes wages, salaries, tips, professional fees, and other compensation received for personal services you performed. 1040ez 2010 It also includes any amount received as a scholarship that you must include in your income. 1040ez 2010 Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications